Indices and Surd

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Indices and Surd

© All Rights Reserved

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m

Indices are used to describe the general term with a power. For an example: a ; a is called the base and m is the power.

The power is also often referred to as the “the index” or “the exponent”. Indices rules only apply when the base values are

the same.

The laws of indices

1 2

16 4

9

3 4

343 16

81

5 6

512 32

243

1

IGCSE ADD MATH 0606

7 4 ×8 8 16 ÷4

9 125 ÷ 25 10 243 ÷ 81

11 27 × 9 12 32 ÷ 4

13 4 ×8 14 27 ×9

2

IGCSE ADD MATH 0606

15 3 p (2 p ) =

2 2 2 16 (2 xy z ) (2 xy z ) =

2 3 2 2 3

17 (7 r ) 2 7 r 3 = 18 (3 y 2 ) 4 (9 y ) 1 =

19 1 20 1

1

( 4a ) a

2 2 2

(2 x y ) 4

3

= 1

=

2 1 2 2

2a (8 x y )

21 125 ÷ 625 22 64 ÷ 16

3

IGCSE ADD MATH 0606

23 128 ÷ 64 24 9 × 81

25 625 × 25 26 9 ÷ 81

25 × 5 2 + 20(8 )

3(2 )

1 4 a 32 2 3

p2 8

4

IGCSE ADD MATH 0606

3 4 = 512 4 9 = 243

5 25 = 625 6 16 = 64

9 7 =1 10 11 −1=0

11

2 12 2 4 x 8 x 1 32

x 3

9

5

IGCSE ADD MATH 0606

13 (2 ) 4

a 3 a 1

16 14 9 y

81

27 2 y 1

15 27 3 x 3 x2 16 7 8 49 x 343 x

9 x 4 6561

17 9 18 1

1

15 p q (3 p 5q ) x 2x

3 3

1.

125

19 1024 = 8 × 16 20 32 × 625

=2 5

8 × 25

6

IGCSE ADD MATH 0606

21 3 243 22 4 × 125

= =2 5

3 27 25 × 16

23 9 × 25 24 16 ÷ 25

=3 5 =2 5

125 × 81 125 ×4

25 16 × 243 26 243 × 25

=2 3 =3 5

81 ×4 125 ÷ 81

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