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CONTENTS

Vol 01 No 4 March 2018 Pages 52 COLUMNS
Chairman of the Board

Viveck Goenka
Sr Vice President - BPD
13 MARKET INSIGHTS
By Frost & Sullivan

Neil Viegas WATER WISE
Editor 14 By WaterAid
Mayur Sharma*
URBAN WATER
DESIGN 18 By Robert Brears
National Design Editor

Bivash Barua
Assistant Art Director APPLICATION
Pravin Temble
Chief Designer

Prasad Tate 28 CORRECT APPLICATION OF
MBBR & IFAS TECHNOLOGY
IN BIOLOGICAL WATER
Senior Designer TREATMENT
Rekha Bisht
Graphic Designer

Gauri Deorukhkar
CASE STUDY
DIGITAL TEAM

30 CSR FUNDING DELIVERS A

WATER - DEMAND &
Head of Internet PUBLIC SANITATION
Viraj Mehta PROJECT
The significant challenges of
Web Developer
this project were low water
Dhaval Das usage and low-cost sustain-
Senior Executive - Online ability.

SUPPLYISSUES
Pushkar Worlikar FINE SCREEN AND
Executive - Online

Salil Sule
32 CLARIFIER PLAY VITAL ROLE
IN COMMUNITY PLANT
The Spiraflo clarifier and
SCHEDULING & COORDINATION Raptor screen help in upgra-
Santosh Lokare dation work of Addison

Photo Editor
As the water supply is under severe pressure due to Wastewater Treatment Plant in
the New York state.
Sandeep Patil increased demand and water treatment plant issues,
Express Water explores the various points of concern CLEVER KAYAK RIG
MARKETING

Kailash Shirodkar with the industry stakeholders.
34 NAVIGATES TRICKY
BATHYMETRY CHALLENGE
Webb’s study of lake bottom
CIRCULATION

Mohan Varadakar
17-27 indicated that more than
313,000 cubic yards of sediment
has collected in Lake Forest
PRODUCTION since 1958, an accumulation of
General Manager OUT OF THE BOX approx. 16,200 tons per year.

B R Tipnis
Manager MARKET
KSB GROUP TAKES ACTION AGAINST ASIAN
Bhadresh Valia
49 BRAND AND TRADEMARK INFRINGERS
Express Water® While counterfeiting is a serious global problem for
all pump manufacturers, it is also a problem for 38 HEALTH CONCERNS OF
CONSUMERS INCREASE
DEMAND FOR BOTTLED
REGD. WITH RNI NO. MAHENG/2017/74894. would-be pump buyers.
DRINKING WATER
Printed by The Indian Express (P) Ltd.
and published by Ms Vaidehi Thakar on
behalf of The Indian Express Press, Plot
No. EL-208, TTC Industrial Area,
39 IAPMO INDIA TO RUN
WATER QUALITY INDIA
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INSPIRES NEW,
ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY
Express Towers, 1st Floor, Nariman P16 : MOVEMENTS AND MORE HYGIENIC
Point, Mumbai – 400021) WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Copyright © 2017
The Indian Express (P) Limited. All rights reserved throughout the world. Reproduction in any manner, electronic or otherwise, in whole or in part, without prior written permission is prohibited.
*Responsible for selection of news under PRB Act

4 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
EDITOR’S NOTE

Before It’s Too Late…
Recently, one of my friends shared an interesting ject, the Hamburg Water Cycle, and the City of Tuc-
article by the noted water expert Prof. Asit K. Biswas son’s Rainwater Harvesting Rebate.
where he rightly points out the fundamental problem We interacted with Mark Nicol - the Senior Direc-
of our water management practice: While the focus tor of International Sales & Operations at Echolog-
has always been on increasing the supply, no effort ics about pipeline condition assessment, smart wa-
has been made to manage demand and increase effi- ter infrastructure, water supply systems and latest
ciencies. leak detection technologies. The case study by KSB
As 40-60% of water produced by the Indian urban highlights modern pumps boosting energy-efficiency
utilities is regularly lost (non-revenue water), the in a drinking water supply system by upto 21%.
problem has only been increasing with a consistent In another case, Haifa’s water utility company Mei
migration of population towards the urban regions. Carmel had one of the most complicated water grids
According to World Water Council, urbanization is in Israel with a 600 km network of water mains.
one of the most transformative trends in the 21st cen- TaKaDu helped them to make improvements in its
tury. And facts support it - 70% of the world’s popu- operations and efficiency levels and deliver signifi-
lation will live in cities by 2030, while 60% of urban cant NRW (non-revenue water) savings.
settlements remain to be built. Around 2 million peo- The monthly column by Australian Water Part-
ple will have migrated to cities, placing unprece- nership (AWP) highlights eight golden rules for mak-
dented pressure on infrastructure and resources,
“…the worst time to
ing the transition to a drought-resilient society.
particularly those related to water. By 2030, there will respond to a drought is in Though it may be late for a city like Cape Town to im-
be a 50% increase in demand for energy and water, the midst of one.At that plement these rules, other world cities would be wise
requiring a water infrastructure capital investment to begin implementing them now.
of three times the current level. And by 2030, more point,there are few,if any, From this issue, we are adding a new column by
than 40% of the world’s population will live in river good options available to Frost & Sullivan called ‘Market Insights’. It will cover
basins under severe water stress and 20% of the pop- avoid the worst impacts of market trends and sustainable water technologies
ulation will be at risk from floods. every month. The focus in this issue is the potential for
This makes me wonder about the upcoming days of drought,and combined membrane-based water & wastewater treatment
imbalance between the demand and supply. In the with enflamed passions systems in Europe.
cover story section this month, we are exploring this As always, I welcome editorial contributions from
topic of ‘Water - Demand & Supply Issues’ from differ-
and politics,reaching water professionals on the issues they find signifi-
ent viewpoints. The focus is on increasing efficiencies consensus on solutions is cant for the water sector. And keep sending updates
in the current system. nearly impossible.” on water & wastewater projects, policies and people.
The monthly column by Robert Brears on ‘Urban
Water’ talks about developing ‘alternative’ water sup- - From an open letter to the MAYUR SHARMA
Editor
plies. And it gives examples of Singapore’s NEWater, US Senate mayur.sharma@expressindia.com
Melbourne’s City West Water’s Recycled Water Pro- @TheExpressWater

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EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 5
IN THE NEWS

Rs.4,000 Crore Worth Projects Approved in
National Mission for Clean Ganga
biological and tertiary treat- includes construction of a 30
ment, installation of Zero MLD STP at Pankha. Installation of STPs Under Namami Gange Programme
Liquid Discharge (ZLD)-based In Allahabad, a project Under Namami Gange Programme, 12 Sewage Treatment
pilot plant of 200 KLD capacity worth Rs 904 crore for rehabil- Plants (STPs) have been completed and commissioned dur-
among other components. The itation and integration of ing 2015-16 to 2017-18 (5 in Uttarakhand, 5 in Uttar Pradesh,
sewage treatment infrastruc- and 2 in West Bengal). The additional treatment capacity gen-
Funds Unutilized in ture was approved under erated through these installed Sewage Treatment Plants
NMCG & State Programs Hybrid Annuity-PPP mode. An (STPs) is 137.35 Million Liters Per Day (MLD).
In its 39th Report, CAG online monitoring system for
has reported that an amount all STPs and SPS for proper structure projects have been respectively. The central share
of Rs. 2,133.76 crore and Rs. implementation has also been accorded revised approvals in in these three projects is Rs
EW Staff 422.13 crore remained unuti- approved. Bihar at an estimated cost of 161.04 crore, Rs. 213.63 crore
New Delhi lized in National Mission for One project of in-situ/ex- Rs. 230.06 crore, Rs. 305.18 and Rs. 205.81 crore respec-
Clean Ganga (NMCG) and situ bio-remediation treatment crore and Rs. 294.02 crore tively.
IN THE 9TH Executive the State Program of drains going into river
Committee meeting of National Management Groups, Ganga has also been given
Mission for Clean Ganga respectively, as on 31 March approval at an estimated cost Water Quality Monitoring Project by CPCB
(NMCG), projects worth nearly 2017. of Rs. 410 crore. Under the Namami Gange programme, Central Pollution
Rs 4,000 crore were approved One project for rehabilita- Control Board (CPCB) has undertaken a project in which it is
including a 20 MLD Common central share of this project is tion with Operation & carrying out the water quality monitoring of river Ganga from
Effluent Treatment Plant Rs. 472 crore. Maintenance of 15 years for Gangotri to West Bengal. It is assessing the water quality of 540
(CETP) for tannery cluster at Another project in Kanpur Garden Reach STP (57 MLD) rivers including River Ganga and the Yamuna at 1533 locations
Jajmau in Kanpur in Uttar was approved at an estimated and Keorapukur STP (50 in association with State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution
Pradesh. This 3-phased project cost of Rs 967.23 crore for reha- MLD) in West Bengal under Control Committees throughout the country. Water quality
at an estimated cost of Rs. 629 bilitation and integration of Hybrid Annuity mode has also monitoring data of CPCB for the period 2015-17 indicates that
crore includes pre-treatment sewage treatment infrastruc- been approved at an estimated Dissolved Oxygen (DO) has been found to be within acceptable
unit in 380 individual tannery ture under Hybrid Annuity- cost of Rs 165.16 crore. limits of notified primary water quality criteria for bathing.
units, a 20 CETP with physical, PPP mode. This project also Besides, three sewage infra-

31 Sewage Management Projects Uma Bharti Launches
Worth Rs 1024.5 Crore Under Second Project of Swajal
Execution in Uttarakhand Yojana in Rajasthan
EW Staff cost of Rs 1024.5 crore, to cre- Haridwar generates an EW Staff ing water to every household
Uttarakhand ate 155.45 MLD STP capacity estimated 114 MLD of sewage, Rajasthan around the year, the project
and to lay/rehabilitate 151.02 but its existing three sewage would also generate employ-
CITIES LIKE HARIDWAR kms of sewer network. Out of treatment plants are able to UNION MINISTER OF ment.
and Rishikesh will soon have these, 13 projects have been treat only 63 MLD of sewage, Drinking Water and She inaugurated the pilot
100% sewage treatment facili- completed, which has created while the remaining dis- Sanitation, Sushri Uma Bharti Swajal Project at Bhikampura
ty as sewage management 24 MLD STP capacity at a charges directly into river recently launched the Swajal with a budget of more than
interventions in Uttarakhand cost of Rs 139.5 crore. Of the Ganga. In Rishikesh town, an pilot project in the Village 54.17 lakh rupees. Swajal is a
near completion. There are 31 remaining 18 projects, 16 have estimated 15 MLD of sewage is Bhikampura, Karauli, community-owned drinking
sewage management projects already been awarded, while generated, which is likely to Rajasthan. Besides ensuring water programme for sus-
sanctioned at an estimated two are under tendering. increase in the future. the availability of clean drink- tained drinking water supply.

6 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
IN THE NEWS

Coimbatore City Municipal Corporation Selects
SUEZ to Improve the Water Distribution Services
The 26-year project, worth near €400 million, is the largest water services contract won by
SUEZ in India.

EW Staff tion and operation of the entire water ices in major metropolitan cities supplying 5.5 billion liters of drinking
Coimbatore distribution system (reservoirs, water including Bangalore and Kolkata. The water to more than 44 million inhabi-
network, house connections, water group’s activity in India contributes to tants per day.
COIMBATORE CITY MUNICIPAL meters, valves, etc.) which will cover
Corporation has chosen SUEZ to man-
age and operate the water distribution
system within the entire city to ensure
continuous drinking water access to
its 1.6 million inhabitants.
Coimbatore is one of the largest
an area of over 100 km2 with 150,000
connections and a distribution net-
work of 1,200 km. The contract also
aims to improve customer services
with a state-of-the-art customer call
center and customer agencies to

“Population and urban growth in India, linked with
economic development, has resulted in citizens’new
expectations for quality services. Our longstanding
textiles and industrial hubs in the ensure a personalized service and
southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. faster complaints resolution.
experience in supplying water to cities such as Algiers,
The city has called upon SUEZ to Since winning its first contract in Casablanca and Chongqing, and more recently to Indian
improve the quality of water services India to improve water supply and dis- cities, enables us to guarantee continuous access to
and ensure permanent access to drink- tribution services in the Malviya
ing water, 24 hours a day, seven days a Nagar district of Delhi in 2012, SUEZ
quality drinking water to the population of Coimbatore.”
week, to its rapidly-growing popula- has secured a substantial market posi- Marie-Ange Debon
tion. The scope of the contract tion in India, winning significant con- Group Senior Executive VP in charge of the international division
includes the optimization, rehabilita- tracts for water distribution and serv-

SUEZ to Provide Sludge Treatment €191 Million Drinking Water
and Recovery Services in China Production Plant Extension Agreement
The company joins hands with SE Environment to
Signed bySUEZin Indonesia
provide the services for the city of Shenzhen.
EW Staff This project will improve
EW Staff and treatment center in the Indonesia access to drinking water for
China city of Shenzhen. With a the fast-growing population of
capacity of up to 800 tons of PDAM TIRTANADI, THE the city of Medan and con-
SUEZ NWS AND SE sludge per day, it will optimize Water Corporation of the tribute to local authorities’
Environment have signed a the treatment of sludge from Province of North Sumatra goal of supplying more than
shareholder agreement in more than 10 municipal waste- has awarded SUEZ the con- 84% of the population with
order to establish the joint water treatment plants in the tract for extension of drinking drinking water by 2020, as
venture SE SUEZ Longgang district and the water production plant in compared with 73.2% today.
Environmental Technology, downtown of Shenzhen, and Shenzhen and will use the Medan, the third largest city In 2001, SUEZ finalized the
which will be in charge of will thus contribute to the pro- Thermylis technology for the in Indonesia. The extension of first phase of Medan drinking
managing the Shangyang tection of the city's environ- first time in China. this BOT (Build-Operate- water production plant build-
Project for the treatment and ment. Successfully deployed in Transfer) contract for a peri- ing, which the Group has been
recovery of sludge in the city Constructed by SUEZ more than 40 plants built by od of 25 years and €191 million, operating since. With a pro-
of Shenzhen for a contract NWS, the Shenzhen SUEZ in Europe and North includes funding, building, the duction capacity of 43,200
duration of 30 years. Shangyang sludge treatment America, Thermylis signifi- operation and transfer of two m3/day, this plant supplies
The Shangyang Project is plant is the first sludge-to- cantly reduces energy con- additional water production drinking water to the 150,000
the largest sludge recovery energy recovery center in sumption. units for the Medan plant. inhabitants.

8 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
IN THE NEWS

L&T Construction Wins Orders Worth Rs. 2257 Crores
in Water & Effluent Treatment Business Segments
EW Staff appurtenant structures. (DBO) basis for Package -1. treatment technology - MBR, house service connections.
Mumbai It has bagged another The scope includes 360 km of have been proposed under the One more EPC order has
order from Karnataka Potable Water Supply, Sewage project. been secured from Rural
L&T CONSTRUCTION HAS Neeravari Nigam Limited Collection & Recycle Water Another EPC order has Water Supply and Sanitation,
secured its first order from (KNNL), Government of Supply network and 85 km of been secured from the Odisha for providing water
Bihar Urban Infrastructure Karnataka for the execution of Precast Utility Ducts. HT/LT Madhya Pradesh Jal Nigam supply to Komana, Nuapada,
Development Corporation a lift irrigation system in Power Cabling, Smart Street Maryadit (MPJNM), Boden and Khariar Blocks of
Limited (BUIDCO), Harapanahalli Taluk, Lighting, Fiber Optic Cables, Government of Madhya Nuapada District in Odisha.
Government of Bihar to lay a Davanagere district. Online Analyzers & SCADA Pradesh, for providing water The scope of work includes
new sewerage network and One EPC order has been form major components of the to the Seoni and Chappara supply and laying of transmis-
construct pumping stations at secured from Bangalore Electrical & Instrumentation Blocks of Seoni District. sion & distribution pipelines,
Saidpur. The scope includes Development Authority for scope. The scope includes supply design and construction of an
survey, review of designs, executing Utility In addition, five Sewage and laying of pipelines, design intake well, pump houses,
redesign & build the new sew- Development and Treatment Plants of com- and construction of intake water treatment plants and
erage network of 172 Km Management for Nadaprabhu bined capacity 22.5 Million pump houses, water treat- water storage structures with
length, design & construct 4 Kempegowda Layout on a Liters per Day (MLD) using ment plant & various water associated electromechanical
pumping stations and all Design, Build & Operate the most advanced sewage storage structures including & instrumentation works.

Project to Upgrade the World’s Ninth WABAG to Build a NewDrinking Water
Largest Drinking Water Treatment Plant Treatment Plant in Vietnam
EW Staff needs for about 3 million peo-
EW Staff and receive a technical 60 million, will be realized Vietnam ple in Hanoi and the surround-
Philippines upgrade during continuous together with a local civil JV ing provinces and constitutes.
operation over the course of partner. VA TECH WABAG HAS cap- WABAG will complete the
VA TECH WABAG HAS been the next 3 years. The Angat River is the tured an order, worth USD 13 order on turnkey basis within
awarded the contract for the WABAG Philippines won largest and most important million, for the 150,000 m3/d an ambitious timescale of only
plant retrofit and upgrade the contract for the retrofit, water source for Metro Duong River Water 11 months. Commissioning
with a value of USD 60 million rehabilitation and upgrade of Manila. The water is stored in Treatment Plant. This project shall be completed in
together with a JV partner. the large-scale La Mesa 2 reservoirs and then treated in aims to meet the clean water September 2018.
The La Mesa-2 WTP produces water treatment plant in the La Mesa 1 &2 and Balara
900,000 m3 of water per day Quezon City in October 2017. plants to make it potable. The
and is one of three Metro The plant produces 900,000 plants employ four main treat-
Manila drinking water plants, m3/d for around five million ment steps consisting of coag-
which ensure the safe supply people in the Manila metropo- ulation/flocculation, sedimen-
of clean water to the megacity. lis and the project, which has a tation, filtration and disinfec-
The plant will be refurbished total contractual value of USD tion. However, over the years,
the technology employed at
La Mesa-2 WTP has become
Looking for Partners on WATSAN Programs in India outdated and therefore WABAG Achieves Global Leadership in Green Building
WABAG is looking for proposals from NGOs/Trusts for CSR requires refurbishment and Certification
projects in thematic areas of water, sanitation and environmen- modernization. WABAG HOUSE - the global head office of VA Tech Wabag,
tal sustainability based on sustainable models. Its CSR pro- The scope of supply in India, has been certified as Platinum rated Green Building
grams include water augmentation, watershed development, includes design & engineering, under CII-IGBC Green Existing Building Category. The entire
capacity building for wetland management, water and waste- equipment, installation and wastewater at the facility is treated through an in-house highly
water treatment plants for hospitals and institutions, hygiene commissioning. After comple- efficient compact STP and treated water is being used for flush-
improvement practices in backward villages, and water conser- tion, which is scheduled for ing and horticulture. Due to an efficient water use, 81% savings
vation like the implementation of micro-irrigation systems. It is the end of 2020, WABAG will is achieved as compared to baseline water requirement.
also keen to receive proposals on sanitation like building toilets also be responsible for process WABAG is the first pure play water technology company in
and Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants (FSTP), etc. proving for one year. world to achieve this prestigious certification in green building.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 9
IN THE NEWS

Wastewater Treatment Plant Utrecht More Sustainable
with Royal Haskoningdhv’s Aquasuite® Software
largest sewage treatment software, Royal sludge transport. with a self-learning function.
plants in the Netherlands and HaskoningDHV makes a sig- According to Danny This enables the self-learning
once complete, will treat 84 nificant contribution to public Traksel - Director Business sludge line to adjust to
million liters of sewage. cost savings, sustainability, Development at Royal changes in the sludge's com-
Aquasuite® MINE will opti- the circular economy and cli- HaskoningDHV - there will be position, demographic trends
mize the operation and main- mate adaptation in the Dutch an annual 10% reduction of and climate changes."
tenance of the Nereda® sludge and international water chain. operating costs at Utrecht In 2017, the Vallei and
line (430,000 PE) and the Aquasuite® is applied in more sewage treatment plant. Veluwe Water Authority also
external sludge line (400,000 than 100 complex water sys- Traksel: "Due to the integrat- signed up to have its
EW Staff PE). This will enable the tems throughout the world. ed approach and predictive, Aquasuite® platform
The Netherlands Stichtse Rijnlanden Water The Aquasuite modules adaptive management of the enhanced to include these
Authority, which owns the use self-learning algorithms entire sludge line, we will be sludge self-learning modules.
ROYAL HASKONINGDHV treatment plant, to operate for various purposes, includ- able to save hundreds of thou- The controller for manag-
WILL implement Aquasuite® more sustainably and to sig- ing predicting the volume of sands of euros per year. And ing the Amersfoort Sewage
software at Utrecht sewage nificantly reduce its sludge sludge and its quality, self-reg- because no two sewage treat- Treatment Plant's sludge line
treatment plant in 2018. processing costs. ulating thickeners, cen- ment plants are the same, will be installed and commis-
Utrecht operates one of the With the smart Aquasuite® trifuges, chemical dosing and Aquasuite MINE is equipped sioned in 2018.

ABB and TaKaDu to Strengthen Ho Chi Hagihon and TaKaDu Renew
Contract for Another 3 Years
Minh City’s Water Distribution System
Jerusalem’s water corporation has
EW Staff lyzes and manages network to the city’s industries and
been using TaKaDu since 2010 for
Vietnam events and incidents such as eight million residents. At a leak detection and increased water
leaks, bursts, faulty assets, first estimate, SAWACO will
ABB AND TAKADU are pro- telemetry and data issues and hit 50 Mio m³/year of water efficiency.
viding a water management operational failures. savings, equivalent to 20,000
solution that will boost effi- This massive urban project Olympic-size swimming pools,
ciency and reduce water leak- aims to increase efficiency, while production cost savings
age in Ho Chi Minh City, one of reduce water leakage, prevent could be higher than 10 MUSD EW Staff recently detected a leak in a
the world’s fastest-growing disruptions and ensure every- a year. Jerusalem specific area of the city. We
cities. one has access to clean water “We’re excited to partner quickly understood that it was
Saigon Water Supply in Ho Chi Minh City - with ABB on this project in JERUSALEM WATER COR- in a private household and
Corporation (SAWACO) is Vietnam’s economic power- one of Asia’s most dynamic PORATION Hagihon has immediately alerted the cus-
deploying ABB’s digital con- house. Last year, Ho Chi Minh countries,” said Amir Peleg, extended its agreement with tomer, preventing further
trol and monitoring technolo- City lost nearly 30 percent of TaKaDu’s Founder & CEO. TaKaDu. It has been using damage and an increased
gies together with TaKaDu’s its potable water to leaking “By converting raw data into TaKaDu as its main tool for water bill.” Gombosh contin-
Integrated Event and damaged pipes. knowledge, we can help water loss reduction since ued, “TaKaDu enables us to
Management Solution as part ABB’s and TaKaDu’s com- SAWACO reduce hundreds of 2010, with significant cost sav- focus on events which are
of its restoration of Ho Chi plementary solutions will thousands of cubic meters of ings. Hagihon has been able to more important or have the
Minh City’s water distribution enable SAWACO to monitor non-revenue water lost per respond faster to every type of most impact on our water sys-
network. the network conditions digi- day while significantly event, including hidden leaks. tem. Sharing and cross-refer-
The ABB solution - ABB tally through multiple data improving its operational effi- Dani Gombosh, Deputy encing the events across
Ability™ Symphony® Plus collection points, such as sen- ciency.” CEO, for Water, Hagihon, said, departments helps us to
SCADA - will monitor and sors and meters, and offer ABB is a leading provider “We’re implemented TaKaDu improve operational efficiency
control the entire water distri- actionable insights to reduce of integrated power & across the entire metropolitan across the board, from cus-
bution system and integrate non-revenue water. SAWACO automation solutions with area of Jerusalem, giving us tomer service to repair main-
TaKaDu’s Event Management will then be able to increase experience in partnering with actionable insights. For exam- tenance and asset manage-
Solution, which detects, ana- the amount of water delivered energy and water industries. ple, the TaKaDu system ment.”

10 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
IN THE NEWS

KSB Pumps Wins Euros 55 Million Order to Supply
Primary Coolant Pumps to NPCIL
EW Staff ed accessories. These pumps KSB Pumps Ltd has pio- taken up the challenge of man-
Haryana will be installed at NPCIL’s neered the indigenous manu- ufacturing the primary
Gorakhpur Anu Vidyut facture of vertical canister coolant pumps in India.
WITH THE INDIAN Pariyojana 1 & 2 project in pumps and boiler feed pumps For the Gorakhpur and
Government’s ambitious Haryana. for supercritical power plants, future projects of NPCIL,
growth plans in the energy With the completion of the some of which have already KSB Pumps Ltd is now geared
sector, and the aim to raise initial technical as well as been supplied or are at the up to supply the primary
contribution in indigenous commercial formalities, man- dispatch stage. coolant pumps following
manufacturing under “Make ufacturing the pumps will Nuclear Power receipt of this order.
in India” initiative, M/s commence at KSB’s Energy Corporation has embarked on The company will also be
Nuclear Power Corporation of Pumps Division in Shirwal, an ambitious program of 12 able to manufacture the main
India (NPCIL) has awarded an near Pune. Delivery of these PHWR 700 MW projects at feed water pumps for the new
order worth Euros 55 million pumps is expected to com- various locations throughout projects at the Energy Pumps
(Rupees 4130 million) to KSB mence in June 2021 with a tar- the country, including the No. Division, should this part of
Pumps Limited for the supply get to complete the order by 2 project at Gorakhpur for the project be secured by KSB
of eight primary coolant pumps - RSR 400/2 and relat- March 2023. which KSB Pumps Ltd have Pumps Ltd.

Chinese Smart Cities Project Uses SonicSens
EW Staff sor from HWM to help achieve into becoming ‘smart cities’ by technology for remote monitor- Guangzhou, Nanchang and
China this. The integration of modern the end of 2017. ing of open channels, combined Zhongshan.
technologies as solutions to Smart cities can use elec- sewer overflows, storm drains, SonicSens was recently
IN CHINA, A national project many of the challenges faced by tronic data monitoring and the storage tank levels and flood demonstrated in the city of
which aims to incorporate the big cities is a growing trend in Internet of Things (IoT) to effi- warning systems. As part of the Wuzhen as part of the recent
wireless monitoring of most China. According to Economic ciently manage transportation, national project, SonicSens is annual World Internet
municipal facilities, including Information Daily, more than utilities, healthcare provision, currently being used in a variety Conference, which has been
wastewater has chosen the 500 Chinese cities are expected education and more. of Chinese cities including hosted there for the past four
SonicSens ultrasonic level sen- to have started transformations SonicSens uses ultrasonic Beijing, Jinan, Zibo, Nantong, years.

Veolia to Supply World’s Largest Discfilter System Salher® Opens its First
to City of Houston, Proving Everything Really is
Bigger in Texas Branch Office in Malaysia
EW Staff tal and long-term O&M costs Discfilter system was deter- EW Staff once again its interest in the
USA in order to select a manufac- mined to be the best value and Malaysia international expansion to
turer based on the overall best was selected for the City’s ter- adapt its efforts to cover the
THE EXISTING TRAVEL- value. tiary filtration treatment SALHER® HAS STARTED needs of each client.
ING bridge filters at the 69th Another key factor for upgrade. the year 2018 with the opening Salher® is a reference com-
Street WWTP needed Houston in the selection The 440 MGD peak daily of a branch office in Kuala pany in the treatment of urban
replacement. A team of the process was the efficiency of flow tertiary Discfilter system Lumpur. The company had wastewater and industrial
City’s employees and their equipment in regards to oper- is designed to handle influent already collaborated in impor- wastewater, separation of
local consultant evaluated ation and maintenance over with a peak TSS of = 100 tant water treatment projects hydrocarbons and oily water,
proposals to replace the fil- the course of the technology’s mg/L, and produce an average in the country and with this greywater reuse and water
ters. The team reviewed capi- lifecycle. Veolia’s Hydrotech monthly effluent of = 10 mg/L. important step demonstrates purification.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 11
IN THE NEWS

ANDRITZto Upgrade Evaporation Plant at Xylem Announces Acquisition
Stora Enso’s Enocell Mill in Finland of EmNet,LLC
Start-up of the upgraded evaporation plant, which was
EW Staff ly,” said Patrick Decker, Xylem
originally delivered by ANDRITZ in 1992, is planned for USA President and Chief Executive
the 3rd quarter of 2019. Officer. “This is an important
XYLEM INC HAS acquired addition to our smart infra-
EmNet, LLC, provider of smart structure portfolio because it
solutions that enable municipal- significantly increases our abili-
nally to 800 t/h. The proven ities to manage the urban water ty to help customers manage
ANDRITZ lamella technology cycle and wastewater and their wastewater network and
utilized for the evaporator’s stormwater systems. This addi- stormwater systems, areas of
heating surface provides for a tion further expands Xylem’s growing concern. Cities and
high heat transfer while being growing portfolio of advanced utilities around the world are
extremely easy to clean, thus infrastructure analytics solu- trying to effectively manage the
maximizing plant availability tions and capabilities. Financial challenges of aging infrastruc-
and minimizing the time terms were not disclosed. ture with limited resources.
required for washing of the EmNet’s expertise in real- EmNet is leveraging technology
heating surface. time decision support systems to provide more effective solu-
The ANDRITZ scope of (RT-DSS) was developed as a tions that actually improve their
supply includes two new evap- multidisciplinary approach to customers’ overall economics.”
oration units, additional sur- solve the toughest watershed “We couldn’t be more
face condensers and the relat- and collection system chal- pleased to be joining Xylem,”
EW Staff Enocell Mill in Finland. ed piping and erection work. lenges. Their open architecture said Luis Montestruque,
Finland The upgrade to the exist- Enocell Mill is part of Stora platform, called BLU-X, brings President and Chief Technology
ing evaporator train, using Enso’s Biomaterials division the power of big data analytics Officer of EmNet. “Joining
ANDRITZ HAS RECEIVED ANDRITZ’s lamella evapora- and will be converted entirely in real time to water and waste- Xylem empowers our team to
an order from Stora Enso to tion technology, will increase to produce around 430,000 water systems management. greatly accelerate our progress
increase the capacity of the the mill’s black liquor evapora- tons of dissolving pulp per “We are very pleased to wel- and expand our mission to a
evaporation plant of their tion capacity from 600 origi- year. come EmNet to the Xylem fami- global scale.”

IDE Technologies to Open Two ‘Wastewater Reuse Demo Facilities’in California
The demo facilities will utilize IDE’s advanced water reuse processes to demonstrate a safe
and efficient water supply.

EW Staff California and the Sanitation cient solution with reduced and hence avoiding the forma- ment plant for further purifi-
USA Districts of Los Angeles chemical consumption to pro- tion of N- cation. The facility will have a
County. duce purified water. The facil- Nitrosodimethylamine capacity of 500,000 gallons of
IDE TECHNOLOGIES HAS As California has been ity will have a capacity of (NDMA) - an organic contam- water/day. IDE’s RO will be
announced that its technology severely impacted by drought 58,000 gallons of water per inant suspected as carcino- integrated into a novel
will be used in two new waste- and the state continues to face day. It will allow IDE to genic. process using membrane
water reuse demo facilities in a shortage of groundwater, demonstrate and test its pro- IDE will demonstrate its bioreactors (MBR) as a pre-
California: The Central Coast advanced water reuse is prov- prietary recycled water reverse osmosis (RO) process treatment to RO to remove
Blue Advanced Water ing to be a sustainable alter- process, Ecological Reuse for wastewater reuse in the tiny particles, biodegradable
Purification Demo Facility, in native for a clean and safe (Eco-Reuse). Regional Recycled Water pollutants and nitrogen com-
partnership with the City of water source for groundwater As told to Express Water, Advanced Purification Center pounds. The RO system will
Pismo Beach, and the replenishment in the state. this Eco-Reuse process is Demo Facility located in then be used to remove sus-
Regional Recycled Water For the Central Coast Blue designed to optimize perform- Carson. Once wastewater is pended and dissolved compo-
Advanced Purification Center Advanced Water Purification ance while minimizing costs. discharged from homes, busi- nents, such as bacteria, virus-
Demo Facility, in partnership Demo Facility located in the It uses a proprietary preven- nesses and industries, it will es, pharmaceuticals and salts,
with the Metropolitan Water City of Pismo Beach, IDE will tative maintenance approach be cleaned and treated then eliminating more than 99% of
District of Southern demonstrate an energy-effi- without the use of chloramine sent to advanced water treat- all impurities.

12 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
COLUMN MARKET INSIGHTS

The Potential for Membrane-Based Water &
Wastewater Treatment Systems in Europe
Frost & Sullivan

and ability to produce high- cant installed base in the based decentralized systems and follow a similar trend as
quality water. Many countries municipal and industrial seg- mainly in small municipalities that of the polymeric mem-
like US, Japan, Singapore and ment), plant refurbishment & along the coastal regions as it brane which once was envis-
as well as regions like Europe upgrades, and stringent dis- is heavily gearing up to com- aging higher CAPEX. Besides
have always used advanced charge regulations. Due to ply with EU regulations. It is being employed in
membrane technology for stringent regulation in also predicted that core mem- municipal/industrial water
treating water and waste- Europe, specialized mem- brane investments are likely and wastewater treatment,
water both in the industrial branes will always be on to shift from Western to ceramic membranes are gain-
and municipal segment. As demand to treat wastewater Eastern Europe attributable ing prevalence in digestate
many states and cities across for reuse and safe disposal of to focus on upgrading water treatment and landfill
the globe are addressing sus- the treated effluent in water and wastewater infrastruc- leachate in Europe.
tainability, water reuse will bodies of sensitive areas. ture to meet EU standards. Although membranes sys-
become an integral part of Frost and Sullivan esti- The microfiltration and tems are gaining a lot of
sustainability and membranes mates the total membrane ultrafiltration membranes are mileage in Europe, membrane
Deepthi Sugumar technologies will play a crucial systems market for water and prominent amongst the companies face the challenge
role in addressing the same. wastewater treatment in municipal water treatment of inadequate operation and
GROWING INDUSTRIAL- Europe has been a leader Europe with an overall size of segment mainly for its suit- maintenance skills resulting in
IZATION COMBINED with in employing membrane tech- $1.33 Billion in 2016. The ability to remove key impuri- end-user challenges. A major
a rapid increase in population nology in some of the circular installed base of all countries ties, especially microorgan- requirement for membrane to
& urbanization has resulted in economy shaped water and in Europe, mainly in the isms, compared to other con- perform efficiently is that the
pressure on limited water wastewater treatment proj- municipal segment indicates ventional filtration equip- influent/raw water quality
resources. As a result, munic- ects. The water & wastewater growth opportunity for ment. These membranes have should remain constant and
ipal and industrial segments treatment market in Europe is replacement, refurbishment, always reported higher water plant should be operating
are encouraged to move driven by legislations in drink- and upgrades. reuse and recovery as well. As under steady state condition.
towards a circular economy of ing water as well as waste- The growth rate in munici- far as Europe is concerned, it Failure to monitor raw
water reuse through use of water treatment. In the con- pal segment is sporadic and is is a water surplus region and water quality and lack of tech-
advanced treatment technolo- text of drinking water, the attributed to fewer but high- the Mediterranean region is nical skills in plant operators
gies such as membranes. treatment episodes of bacteri- value membrane based water home to membrane-based result in membrane degrada-
Nearly one-fifth of global pop- ological contamination and and wastewater treatment desalination market. tion, fouling, frequent cleaning
ulation is inhabited in water agricultural run-off in the late projects in a year. For example In recent times, Ceramic and use of membrane cleaning
scarce areas and in some 90s have led to a significant - 90 MLD ceramic membranes membranes have particularly chemicals leading to higher
cases also experience high number of membrane installa- municipal drinking water proven to be a promising operational costs.
industrial activity and rapid tions for drinking water plant in South West England alternative technology for its Most industrial plants in
urbanization. Water reuse will across the Europe. Focus on is first combined technology low fouling tendency, longer Europe with membrane tech-
play an indispensable role as it industrial wastewater lies in planned to be installed in the lifespan, and scarcer opera- nology are automated and dur-
offers resilience and enhances water reuse and recycling, UK. The industrial segments tional difficulties. Most impor- ing breakdown, highly skilled,
water security. It also reduces especially in Southern and will have fewer large capacity tantly, ceramic membranes well-trained and experienced
the stress on groundwater Mediterranean regions. plants, however, there is a are particularly suited for personnel are required to ana-
and freshwater resources. Energy efficiency of mem- constant need for highly effi- tackling harsh industrial lyze and restore operations
Besides being a sustainable brane treatment systems has cient membrane treatment wastewaters. As of now, poly- within a short period of time.
water source, water reuse in amassed greater attention in technologies to meet stringent meric membranes are still Most end users scout for mem-
industries can bring down the recent times with many com- discharge regulations. widely used, however, ceramic brane treatment options that
direct cost of water and panies investing capaciously Countries such as France, membranes are gradually require minimum operator
decrease the already over- in research and development Germany, Netherlands, and gaining traction on account of attention and have a longer
stretched capacity of urban for energy efficient membrane UK can be considered as favorable TOTEX. Though lifespan. Thus, companies that
wastewater treatment plant. treatment systems. prospective replacement mar- CAPEX of ceramic mem- can address these prevailing
There are many technolo- According to findings of ket. Germany especially has a branes is high, from a TOTEX challenges with ease are
gies for treating water and Frost and Sullivan, key mar- significant installed base of perspective, ceramic mem- expected to create an edge.
wastewater of which mem- ket drivers for the membrane ultrafiltration membranes for branes have laudable creden- Deepthi Sugumar is a
brane technologies have been industry in Europe - mem- treating potable water and tials. Few ceramic membrane Research Analyst at Frost and
garnering momentous inter- brane price, membrane backwash water as well. Italy manufacturers predict that Sullivan
est because of its reliability replacement (due to signifi- will have more membrane the CAPEX is likely to reduce @FrostSullivanEE

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 13
COLUMN WATER WISE

Taxing Bathtubs,Reviving Rivers and
Saving Turtles
Impressions from the State level Jal Chaupal in Uttar Pradesh

multi-country (Nepal, India, Vikram Singh referred to negotiations when it began. obstructing the natural way of
and Bangladesh) project Article 243G of 73rd Within a day, according to him, storage of water underneath;
around the Ganga river basin. Constitutional Amendment 9300 laborers were mobilized by bringing perennial water
In India, the project focused on Act (enacted over two decades to work on the project. Today, inside, we forget that there is a
three Gram Panchayats, each ago) which has mentioned that river no.1 is revived with natural pattern to rivers where
of two adjoining districts of states ‘may’ transfer 29 servic- perennial water. The efforts lean flow during summers
Kanpur and Fatehpur. es to the panchayats ensuring won not just him, but the dis- allows vegetation and breeding
Barely a year old, the proj- true devolution of power to the trict officials several national of species.
ect focuses upon (i) looking at local governments. Thus, awards. A senior official empha-
water through a gender lens, Uttar Pradesh had transferred In the process, he also sized on the need to look at
(ii) climate change and its only 16 of the services, but fee- raised some serious thinking government’s efforts and the
impact, and (iii) water budget- bly. about our state dependent pat- challenges lying before them.
ing at the community level. During extensive discus- terns of development where The fact that the state alone
The locations of the project are sions on the dying rivers, peo- autonomous spaces for people had 52,000 Gram Panchayats
Avinash Kumar facing rapid decline (up to 60- ple from varied walks of life have gradually disappeared with very limited funds, need-
80 feet) of groundwater, and talked about their ongoing which helped retain a ed attention.
DO YOU KNOW if you see tur- borewells chasing them deeper engagement with the issue. resilience in traditional soci- She also mentioned how
tles hanging around a river, it’s and deeper. A religious saint, Swami eties. most of these funds are dis-
a sure sign that the river is liv- Savita, a local community Vigyananada Saraswati from Dr. Venkatesh Dutta from bursed downstream, with the
ing? leader, revealed that women Fatehpur, shared how the dis- Ambedkar University, need for a bottom-up pressure
Do you know that rivers spent as much as 2 to 3 hours trict has five rivers flowing Lucknow talked about his own towards their proper utiliza-
retain their surface levels every day to fetch water, while throughout the year, and yet it research around river Gomti, tion.
drawing from the groundwa- the men were silent watchers falls under the ‘dark zone’ of very often undertaking his Such a rich discussion
ter? for such an exhausting task. water availability. While Ganga own padyatras. His travels brought forth three key take-
Can we ask the government The process forced men and is unable to revitalize ground- highlighted five aspects of aways: (i) How do we integrate
to levy a small tax on the sale boys to acknowledge their water within 100 feet of its river culture (namely, boat cul- vital learnings from such a
of bathtubs in this country? If responsibility of sharing the vicinity, Yamuna is able to do it ture - which doesn’t exist any- brief project in our ongoing
nothing, it will force people to burden alongside women. only when the river is flooded. more, village culture - which programmes around commu-
think about how much water The collective process gen- The place has a peculiar topog- has an organized system nity-led, gender-sensitive
they are using without bother- erated an understanding of the raphy that doesn’t allow land around river water, women - water planning; (ii) How do we
ing about its source! linkage between loss of to be recharged (perhaps an integral part, sacred groves do a larger systems thinking
The last suggestion came groundwater and drying requiring in-depth research). - thoughtfully planned by the around conservation, revival
from Vikram Singh, a Member rivers, and that rivers depend He also recalled the exis- riverside, and turtle culture and rejuvenation of our water
of Legislative Assembly from on groundwater to maintain tence of two more rivers, including crocodiles - a sign of bodies including rivers which
Fatehpur Cantt constituency their flow levels. This demand- called Sasur Khaderi rivers no. security of the river and need are led by people and not plan-
in Uttar Pradesh. Many such ed a collective decision-making 1 and 2, which dried long ago. to be preserved). According to ners; and (iii) How do we con-
riveting and revealing insights around different water needs He shared about several pady- him, 55 km of the river has tinue building on this larger
surfaced during a meeting that for different purposes, initiat- atras (travelling on feet) along already died, while the state space where people from dif-
I attended in Lucknow. ing a process of water budget- the dried river beds; meeting has undertaken a glamorous ferent worlds get to meet and
The ‘State-level Jal ing, considering all available and convincing people to project of transforming the deliberate on common con-
Chaupal in Uttar Pradesh’ is sources - surface water, revive these rivers, and allay- riverfront into a picnic spot for cerns, like water?
an initiative to bring together groundwater, and rainwater. ing their fears around poten- Lucknow citizens. This is the democratization
activists working on water, Interestingly, the women tial loss of agricultural lands. Through several pictures of process, which will certainly
community members, people launched a campaign around Reaching out to senior officials the riverfront in the making, lead to many more changes
from relevant government rainwater harvesting - ‘Har from district to state, he he argued that there is a prob- than we have seen in the short
departments, and even reli- Ghar Akash Ganga’ - Ganga assured them that if they per- lem of hierarchy in our system, life of a project so far.
gious saints, to deliberate on from the sky in each home. mitted the work, he would find where engineers take prece- Avinash Kumar is Director -
how to plan around water However, the need for a larger laborers to work under MGN- dence over the locals and those Programme, and Policy at
needs and thus ensure commu- systemic change was also real- REGA, an employment guar- who have worked around the WaterAid India.
nity ownership. It is also a plat- ized, to ensure large-scale antee programme. It took 6-7 rivers. He described how we
form to share the learnings of a water conservation. years and several rounds of concretize river banks thereby Avinashkoomar

14 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
PRODUCTS

KSB
ready-to-install self-cleaning The tank itself is made of glass
Amaclean tank insert. Amaclean fibre reinforced polyester, which
decreases the amount of stagnant has a good chemical resistance.
water in the pump sump and Steel reinforcement enhances
reduces the need for maintenance anchoring in the concrete and
and cleaning. transfers the weight-induced
In combination with select forces of the pumps, supported by
impeller types featuring in the the flanged bends, into the sur-
wastewater pumps used, this tank rounding concrete jacket of the
insert eliminates the need for wastewater tank.
Endress+Hauser flushing valves. Amaclean’s patent- All wetted parts are made of plas-
ed design and gel-coated inner sur- tic-coated cast iron or corrosion-
Endress+Hauser has announced the Picomag elec- face prevent waste and fibers con- resistant stainless steel. Amaclean
tromagnetic flowmeter, an in-line transmitter for tained in the wastewater from is available in three sizes for waste-
measuring temperature and flow of conductive liq- depositing in and at the lower water sumps with an inside diame-
uids in pipe sizes ranging from ½” to 2”, such as KSB SE & Co. has presented its parts of the structure. ter of 1200, 1500 and 2000 mm.
drinking and industrial water. It measures flow up to
198 gal/minute with ±0.5% full scale accuracy and
±0.2% repeatability, and temperatures from 14 to new value in capital projects and make plant opera- dynamic and offer a high torque-overload ratio. They
158°F (-10 to 70°C) with ±4.5°F accuracy. The tions more connected and productive. The latest are perfectly suited for applications such as plastics
Picomag combines a sensor and transmitter in the release provides significant innovations to the entire processing, printing presses and servo pumps. With a
same housing, with a 1.4-inch TFT color display DeltaV architecture and was built with customers’ flange size of 142 mm, the new motors deliver excel-
showing flow, totalizer and temperature readings, as digital transformation initiatives in mind. This major lent torque density. Customers profit from more
well as warning and alarm messages. Outputs power with smaller space requirements. They can be
include 4-20mA, pulse, switch and 2-10V. IO-Link combined with any of B&R's many gearbox options
connectivity provides flexible integration into and shipped as pre-assembled motor-gearbox combi-
automation systems. The Bluetooth wireless inter- nations. All motors from the 8LS series are offered
face allows direct access to process and diagnostics with an optional digital encoder and optional safety
data, and enables the user to configure the measur- functions.
ing device on the fly. The device can be operated and
configured on Android and iOS devices via the free
SmartBlue App. The flowmeter is ideal for use on Flexicon
process skids, where space is often limited, or in dif- update to the DeltaV automation system includes A new Stand-alone
ficult to reach locations. several meaningful enhancements to eliminate costs Dust Collector from
and reduce complexity in capital projects, plus Flexicon removes air-
improve productivity during operations through borne dust from
Alfa Laval enhanced access to production and equipment data, upstream processes,
improved usability and greater security. Continuing and discharges it into
to advance the impact of DeltaV Electronic containers positioned
Marshalling with CHARMs on capital project engi- below the collection hop-
neering, CHARM I/O Block takes CHARMs-which per, protecting opera-
achieved more than one million deployments at more tors and improving
than 1100 sites in only five years-closer to the field. plant hygiene, while
DeltaV will offer its users a new level of confidence eliminating material
and protection from cybersecurity threats by being waste. The housing is
one of the only systems to have a top-to-bottom equipped with a 15 mm
cybersecurity certification. diameter side inlet port,
Led by PureBallast 3.1, UV ballast water treatment dual filter cartridges, a
systems are challenging the notion that electro-chlo- 1.5 kW fan motor, a 70
rination is the default for large ballast water flows. B&R Automation liter collection hopper
Today’s UV systems compete easily in terms of foot- B&R has taken with flanged slide gate valve and automated controls.
print and energy efficiency, even at flows of 1000 the next step in Any upstream process that generates dust can be
m3/h or above. This adds to their long-standing oper- development of its vented to the system through hard piping or a flexi-
ational advantages, which include a chemical-free 8LS servo ble connection, drawing dust onto dual filter car-
process that poses no corrosion risk. The shift motors. Three tridges. At timed intervals, an automatic reverse-
towards UV is evident in a string of recent orders newly designed pulse filter cleaning system releases short blasts of
won by PureBallast 3.1 in the large-flow range. size 5 motors in the compressed plant air inside the filters, causing
lengths A, B and C dust build-up on the outer filter surfaces to fall into
fill out the mid- the hopper. The system's stainless steel housing and
Emerson range of the 8LS support structure, together with water-resistant con-
Emerson is expanding its Plantweb™ digital ecosys- product line. Compared to their predecessors, they trols and wash-down-duty fan motor, allow rapid
tem with the launch of DeltaV version 14, a cyberse- offer more compact dimensions and improved ther- cleaning or sanitizing of the entire unit between
curity-certified control system designed to deliver mal design. The new 8LS servo motors are highly product runs.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 15
MOVEMENTS

Aegion Corporation confident that Brian’s leader- India, Egypt and Latin Having received his
ship, combined with the depth American countries in collabo- Mechanical Engineering
of the Corrosion Protection ration with a leading Chinese degree in 2002 from the
management team, position appliance company. University of Applied Sciences
the platform for success in Catherine Yang holds a bache- in Kaiserslautern, Germany,
2018 and beyond.” lor’s degree in computer sci- he went on to complete his
ences from the University of Ph.D. at the Institute of Fluid
Texas at Austin and a master’s Machinery and Fluid Flow in
degree in information net- 2007 while working as the
working from Carnegie Mellon Project Manager for Energy
University. She also holds an Efficiency of Pumping
MBA degree from the Systems with KSB Service
Wharton School at the GmbH in Frankenthal,
University of Pennsylvania. Germany.
Catherine is bilingual in In 2009, Dr. Schäfer became
Brian Groody Chinese and English. She is a the Head of the SES System
Catherine Yang
US citizen, born and raised in Efficiency Services
Aegion Corporation has
announced that Brian Groody
Grundfos China. Dr. Falk Schäfer Department, working to
increase business volume
has joined Aegion as President Grundfos Group had appoint- ny, Dr. Schäfer is equipped to before becoming Vice
of its Corrosion Protection ed Catherine Yang as new KSB, Inc. support the KSB mission for President of Engineering
platform. Regional Managing Director Dr. Falk Schäfer has assumed optimum reliability and maxi- Services in 2013.
Brian will have full P&L of its China Sales Region. In his new role in the United mized performance. While serving as the VP of
responsibility for the this function, Catherine will be States as Managing Director Dr. Schäfer began his career Engineering Services, Dr.
Corrosion Protection plat- based at the Regional of KSB, Inc., which is head- with KSB in 1994 as an indus- Schäfer took on the additional
form, which generated over Headquarters in Shanghai quartered in Richmond, trial mechanic and spent the role in 2015 of Director of
USD 400 million in revenues reporting to Executive Vice Virginia. With over two next two decades expanding Pump Service and managed
in 2017. He will also focus on President Poul Due Jensen. decades of experience, and his areas of expertise and the KSB pump service center
enhancing operational disci- She follows Humphrey Lau, having grown with the compa- growing with the company. in Frankenthal, Germany.
pline while developing the who is now Regional
platform’s long-term strategy. Managing Director of
Brian most recently served as Grundfos’ Western Europe LANXESS
Executive Vice President of Sales Region.
Operations at Strike, LLC, a Catherine Yang joins Grundfos
large midstream engineering from a previous position as
and construction firm, where Managing Director of Carrier
he was responsible for leader- Commercial Refrigeration
ship of their pipeline equip- Asia, at United Technologies
ment business. Prior to Strike, Corporation (UTC), in
Brian was President and CEO Shanghai where she has led
of Spitzer Industries where he the Commercial Refrigeration
led the company’s growth business in Asia with opera-
strategy in the upstream, mid- tions in several countries and
stream and downstream ener- regions. Catherine Yang has
gy construction markets. over 22 years working experi-
Brian’s career began with ence, including 13 years in
Schlumberger Oilfield China, 8 in the US, and 1 in the
Services where he held a vari- UK.
ety of leadership roles in the Catherine Yang started her
United States, Africa, Europe, career as a software engineer
Dr. Rolf Stomberg
Latin America, Russia and in the telecommunications
Central Asia over a 17-year industry in the US. Later she Chairman of Supervisory Wolfgruber has a doctorate in Pamela Knapp is expected to
period, culminating with became an investment banker Board at LANXESS, Dr. Rolf chemistry, served as be promoted as a new mem-
responsibility for operations in at UBS in New York, where Stomberg will resign from his Chairman of the Board of ber of the Supervisory Board
the Offshore Russia and she advised corporate clients office as a member and Management of Altana AG, for LANXESS. She graduat-
Central Asia areas. on corporate finance strate- Chairman of the Supervisory and has belonged to the ed in Economics and most
Charles R. Gordon, Aegion’s gies and executed M&A and Board after the end of the supervisory body as a repre- recently served as the Chief
President, and CEO said, financing transactions. In the Annual Stockholders’ sentative for stockholders Financial Officer (CFO) for
“Brian’s broad global experi- past 13 years, she has worked Meeting on May 15, 2018. since 2015. The new chair- GfK SE, the listed market
ence, focus on customer rela- for UTC and has had a broad Stomberg has recommended man will be elected by the research company based in
tionships and disciplined range of responsibilities such Dr. Matthias L. Wolfgruber to Supervisory Board at its con- Nuremberg, Germany. Prior
approach to achieving strate- as leading various business succeed him for the position stituent, first meeting after to that, she was active in var-
gic goals uniquely qualify him development efforts in Asia as of Chairman of the the Annual Stockholders’ ious management roles at the
for the role of Corrosion well as establishing and man- Supervisory Board. Meeting in 2018. Siemens Group.
Protection President. I am aging joint ventures in China,

16 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
COVER STORY

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 17
COLUMN
COVER STORY URBAN WATER

Developing Alternative Water Supplies
There are a variety of alternative water supply sources which cities have developed and
encouraged to achieve urban water security including water recycling and reuse facilities,
which collect, treat, and use wastewater.
By Robert Brears


EVEN AFTER THE success- let light ensuring any remain- in Hamburg. The Gut how to develop a rainwater
ful implementation of demand ing organisms are eradicated. Karlshöhe project is a 9-acre harvesting project plan. There
management strategies to bal- Because of its ultra-clean environmental theme park are two incentives available to
ance rising demand with limit- state, NEWater is used for
Even after the created by the Hamburg applicants able to apply for
ed supplies of water, there are industrial and air-con cooling successful Climate Protection Foundation both, provided the total does
regions around the world purposes at water fabrication implementation of for educational purposes. The not exceed $2,000 for the com-
where water scarcity requires plants, industrial estates, and site will serve as an HWC exhi- bination per property. The first
the seeking of alternative commercial buildings.
demand bition site to demonstrate both incentive is for simple/passive
water supply sources. NEWater is delivered to these management in theory and practice how rain gardens, with applicants
There are a variety of alter- commercial customers via a strategies there are new approaches to closing the able to receive 50 percent of
native water supply sources dedicated pipe network. loop, including turning waste the costs of eligible materials
which cities have developed During dry periods, NEWater
regions which need into a resource, can be devel- and labor up to $500. Passive
and encouraged to achieve is also added to the Public alternative water oped. One of the features of the earthworks include directing
urban water security including Utilities Board’s (PUB) reser- supply sources. site will be the development of and retaining water in land-
water recycling and reuse voirs to blend with raw water. a wetland for greywater scapes, using site-appropriate
facilities, which collect, treat, The raw water from the reser- purification. Overall, the site practices including basins,
and use wastewater for irriga- voir is then treated at the the West Wyndham Recycled will provide a comprehensive berms, terraces, swales, infil-
tion and industrial purposes, waterworks before being sup- Water Project is to create a education for up to 140,000 tration trenches, and curb
as well as for domestic purpos- plied to consumers as tap supply of 100 percent recycled people per year. On a larger- cuts. The second incentive is
es if properly treated, grey water. To educate the popula- water. The recycled water will scale, the HWC will be imple- for complex/active rain tanks
water systems that use tion on NEWater, PUB oper- come from Melbourne Water’s mented as part of the with rebates covering the cost
untreated water that has not ates the NEWater Visitor Western Treatment Plant, Jenfelder Au project, which is of system based on a gallon per
come into contact with toilet Centre for all ages to show how where it will be further a residential area of around 35 capacity of tank up to $2,000.
waste for non-potable activi- NEWater is produced with processed and sent to homes acres that will house around
ties, and rainwater harvesting, daily interactive tours as well and open spaces in the 2,000 residents. On-site, the Conclusions
which is the capturing and as educational workshops. Wyndham area through a ded- HWC will be applied in approx- Cities facing acute water
storing of rainwater for benefi- icated ‘purple pipe’ recycled imately 630 residential units scarcity can develop a variety
cial uses including irrigation. Melbourne’s City West Wa- water system. that will separate out blackwa- of alternative water supply
ter’s Recycled Water Pro- ter, greywater, and stormwa- sources including: water recy-
Singapore’s NEWater ject The Hamburg Water Cycle ter. cling and reuse facilities that
Singapore’s NEWater In Melbourne, City West Hamburg Wasser is devel- treat water to a high quality for
process recycles treated used Water’s West Wyndham oping the HAMBURG WATER City of Tucson’s Rainwater industrial purposes, blending
water into ultra-clean, high- Recycled Water Project aims CYCLE (HWC), which entails Harvesting Rebate with reservoir water during
grade reclaimed water. In to deliver high quality, Class A the separation of the material To encourage the capture, times of scarcity or non-
total, five NEWater plants sup- recycled water to housing flows of wastewater: blackwa- diversion, and storage of rain- potable domestic uses; grey-
ply up to 40% of the city-state’s estates in the Wyndham area, ter (wastewater from toilets) is water for plant irrigation, water systems in new urban
current water needs. By 2060, as well as a number of open separated from the greywater Tucson Water in Arizona is developments that recycle
it is projected that NEWater spaces managed by the (wastewater from kitchens, providing rebates for qualify- water for non-potable house-
will meet up to 55% of Wyndham City Council (Class bathrooms, and washing ing rainwater harvesting sys- hold use as well as replenish
Singapore’s future water A recycled water can only be machines), rainwater is col- tems up to $2,000 per proper- local waters; and rainwater
demand. NEWater is created used for toilet flushing, car lected separately, while sepa- ty. To qualify, applicants must harvesting systems to reduce
from a three-step process washing on grassed areas, gar- rated greywater can be be Tucson Water customers demand for potable water for
involving microfiltration, den watering, filling water fea- cleaned with minimal energy and attend an approved non-potable-required uses
where microscopic particles tures, providing drinking consumption and either recy- Rainwater Harvesting including irrigation.
including bacteria are filtered water for pets, and washing cled for household use, such as Incentives Program Workshop Robert Brears is the author of
out, reverse osmosis, in which machines). Currently, recycled watering the garden or flush- that covers topics including Urban Water Security, Founder
contaminants are removed to water – a mix of drinking ing of toilets, or returned back what rainwater harvesting is, of Mitidaption, and Our Future
create high-grade water, and water and recycled water – is to nature to replenish local best methods to conserve Water."
ultraviolet disinfection, where supplied to around 3,750 waters. The HWC is being potable water by utilizing rain-
water passes through ultravio- homes in the area. The aim of implemented in two locations water harvesting systems, and @Mitidaption

18 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
COVER STORY WATER - DEMAND & SUPPLY ISSUES

70% of the World’s Population Will Live in
Cities by2030,While 60% of Urban
Settlements Remain to be Built
By World Water Council (WWC)

WITHIN A DECADE, 70% of highlight the importance of to meet these challenges. Sustainable Development
the Earth’s population will live urbanization as a source of Furthermore, as more than Goals (SDGs). Water invest-
in cities. This reality places global development and social three-quarters (76%) of the ment thus becomes a unifying
them at the forefront of sus- inclusion. world’s mega-cities are factor in fostering healthier
tainable development and fac- Urbanization is one of the coastal, there will be a consid- and more prosperous cities, By 2030 more than
ing global challenges, including 21st century’s most transfor- erable impact on water ecosys- offering impoverished popula-
climate change. In light of this, mative trends. Cities are the tems from ridge to reef. tions a real chance at progress. 40% of the world’s
five organizations have joined dominant force in sustainable Because of this, local and “Water has a significant place population will live
forces to create greater sup- economic growth, develop- regional authorities lead initia- throughout all these agendas.
port for these issues. Local ment, and prosperity in both tives targeting water-related Local Authorities play an in river basins
Governments for developed and developing obstacles, including housing essential role in providing under severe water
Sustainability (ICLEI), United countries. Currently, gaps, climate change and an services to their citizens and in
54% of the world’s population increased demand for food, ensuring adapted and sustain-
stress and 20% of
(4 billion people) resides in energy, and water. able infrastructure for their the population will
urban areas. By 2030, 2 billion Climate change, in particu- residents,” stated Mohamed
people will have migrated to lar, represents a daunting chal- Boussraoui of UCLG during a
be at risk from
cities, placing unprecedented lenge for cities, as 40% of the session he moderated on floods.
pressure on infrastructure and world’s population will live in resilient cities during the
By 2030 there will resources, particularly those river basins under severe recent International no one else,” commented
be a 50% increase related to water. The world’s water stress, while 20% will Conference on Water and Mayor Fatimetou Abdel
ten biggest cities will include risk floods by 2030. “Flooding Climate (ICWC) held in Malick, from Tevragh-Zeina,
in demand for Tokyo (37.2 million), Delhi (36.1 and droughts have increased Marseille on 3-4 October. Mauritania during the recent
energy and water, million), Shanghai (30.8 mil- globally and the impact is dev- Although much of the ICWC conference.
lion), Mumbai (27.8 million), astating. Cities across the implementation of these agen- The signed Partnership
requiring a water Beijing (27.7 million), Dhaka world are already experiencing das will be led by national gov- Agreement will serve as an
infrastructure (27.4 million), Karachi (24.8 effects of climate change. ernments, success will also important stepping stone for
million), Cairo (24.5 million), Infrastructure and houses are rely on the commitment and the preparation and organiza-
capital investment Lagos (24.2 million) and destroyed and we call on gov- empowerment of local and tion of the Local and Regional
of three times the Mexico City (23.9 million). ernments to be aware of the regional authorities to do their Authorities Conference to be
From 2016 to 2030, a 35% pop- effects that adequate water part. Cities and regions often held in conjunction with the
current level. ulation increase is expected in infrastructure can have to lack guidance on how to World Water Forum between
these top ten mega-cities. improve or aid these situa- achieve them locally, con- 18-23 March 2018 in Brasilia,
Cities and Local Governments Forecasts indicate cities in tions,” comments World Water tribute to nationally set targets Brazil.
(UCLG), the Global Water developing countries including Council President, Benedito and implement concrete solu-
Operators’ Partnerships Karachi, Lagos, and Dhaka will Braga. Financing needs tions. Mayors, and the net- The World Water Council
Alliance (GWOPA/UN- surpass cities like New York, should, therefore, be centered works they belong to, need to The World Water Council
Habitat), the Brazilian Osaka, and Sao Paolo by 2030. on urban areas and infrastruc- develop strategies to deliver (WWC) is an international
Confederation of This represents a 50% ture in both urban and rural and adopt integrated multi-stakeholder platform
Municipalities (CNM) and the increase in demand for energy areas that serve these cities, approaches to overcome politi- organization, the founder, and
World Water Council (WWC) and water, generating chal- driven by local needs for which cal, financial, technological co-organizer of the World
are bringing together decision- lenges that exert pressure on local solutions are necessary. and behavioral barriers. “You Water Forum. Headquartered
makers, local leaders and prac- water resources and threaten Numerous UN sanctioned can’t find a more intimate link in Marseille, France, and creat-
titioners to tackle local water global water security. This has global agreements compliment to citizens than Local ed in 1996, the World Water
challenges. This year, the a palpable effect on public these actions including the Authorities. This relationship Council brings together over
United Nations has selected health, economies, and devel- Paris Climate Agreement, the of proximity can lead us to 300 member organizations
the theme Innovative opment. Local solutions for New Urban Agenda, the mobilize citizens and raise from more than 50 different
Governance, Open Cities to local problems are most suited Sendai Framework and the their awareness for issues like countries.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 19
COVER STORY

Market Opportunities in Fixed Leak Detection
will Only Increase with Aging Infrastructure
Mark Nicol is the Senior Director of International Sales & Operations for Echologics. The
Echologics is a subsidiary of Mueller Water Products Inc., a leading manufacturer and
marketer of products and services used in the transmission, distribution and measurement
of water. Mayur Sharma recently interacted with him about various issues from smart water
infrastructure, water supply systems to their latest leak detection technologies.

water pipelines to help valves or directly in contact How was the concept of
address and resolve non-rev- with a pipe. A sound wave is soundwave technology de-
enue water challenges. induced in the pipeline and a veloped?
Throughout the past six years, pair of acoustic sensors cap- Mark: This concept devel-
I have witnessed how ture the time it takes the opment was catalyzed by a
Echologics’ suite of non-inva- sound wave to travel between noticeable shift in asset man-
sive solutions has helped pro- two sensor stations. The agers’ mentality from passive
vide utilities with visibility of speed at which the sound to proactive decision making
their water network system, wave travels is dictated by the within the industry. Without
which has translated into condition of the pipe wall. going too much into the detail,
more efficient and effective As the sound wave travels, Echologics’ founder and gen-
operations. With the emer- it pushes water molecules eral manager, Marc Bracken,
gence of Internet of Things toward each other. Because became aware of pipe condi-
(IoT) and predictive analytics, water is incompressible, the tion assessment and leak
I am excited to continue molecules push outward on detection technology in the
applying my knowledge and the pipe wall. This places a early 2000’s when he was
experience to enable water microscopic flex on the pipe working with the National
operators to make smart deci- wall - and greater the flex, the Research Council of Canada
sions on existing water infra- weaker the pipe. Through this (NRCC) and Aercoustics,
structure and plan for the method, ePulse measures the focusing on the study of
future. actual strength of the pipe ground-borne vibrations.
wall which is an ideal measure During this time, Osama
What was the process be- of actual pipe condition. Hunaidi, a researcher from
hind ePulse? Once the acoustic data is NRCC was working on a study
Mark: One of the chal- captured, Echologics’ engi- for American Water Works
lenges of maintaining water neers use patented algorithms Association (AWWA), investi-
supply systems is that a huge to convert the data into a gating the reasons why avail-
part of the process takes place measure of the average mini- able leak detection methods
underground, out of view. mum remaining wall thick- did not work on plastic pipes.
Unlike pigging a line or cut- ness of the inspected pipe seg- With both of them combin-
ting a section of pipe out to ment. For metallic and ing their knowledge and expe-
Mark Nicol assess its condition, where asbestos cement pipe, the cal- rience, the fruit of their labor
both will result in service dis- culated wall thickness meas- saw the commercialization of
What is your background? Echologics as the Senior ruption, Mueller’s Echologics urement is compared to the LeakFinder RT system and
What led you to Echolog- Director of Sales and acoustic technology, offers a original thickness of the pipe put Echologics on the map in
ics? Operations - International, non-invasive pipe condition to determine the average per- the world of acoustic-based
Mark: After completing a where I am responsible for all assessment method that pro- centage of wall loss. leak detection and condition
Master’s degree in water mod- business outside of the U.S. vides water utilities with an This technology is the assessment for transmission
elling and management at the and Canada. accurate measurement of the industry’s first solution that and distribution water sys-
University of Reading, I went I joined Echologics in 2011 remaining wall thickness of can identify the condition of tems.
on to work for utilities as the Business Development selected pipes in their water both transmission and distri-
(Thames Water) and consult- Manager for Asia as I saw a systems. bution mains, while simulta- What are the limitations of
ants (Mouchel, Ranhill and real need in this region to Acoustic sensors are neously searching for leaks - this technology?
AECOM) in the UK and Asia empower utilities with attached to existing contact all without the need for serv- Mark: ePulse technology
before my current stint at improved knowledge of their points, such as fire hydrants, ice disruptions. offers survey-level inspection

20 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
COVER STORY

tribution network of over
35,000km, supplying water to
4.3 million customers and
water recycling services to 5.5
million.
Over a five-year Asset
Management Period (AMP),
our client was due to replace
402km of water mains in a
drive to optimize financial
returns for its pipeline
replacement program. ePulse
condition assessment was
used to help determine if and
when certain sections of pipe
needed replacement.
We found that a 198m sec-
tion on the replacement plan
was actually in good condition
and did not need to be
replaced.
As this section ran under
an environmental protection
area, complexity of the work
and risk of negative environ-
mental impact would have
added to the cost. This led to a
direct cost saving of over USD
150,000, along with the added
benefits of reducing the envi-
ronmental impact, carbon
footprint and disruption to
Echologic's Field Specialist Determining Length of Pipe Segment for Inspection local customers’ daily life.

and while it works on both organization sponsored by the the need to improve process (ICT) into water management Where do you see the com-
small and large diameter World Bank Group’s efficiencies and performance, - forming the backbone of a pany going in terms of
mains and most pipe materi- International Finance we already see some clients smart water grid system. The growth and future projects?
als, it is not applicable on PE Corporation, today, three out riding the digital revolution key aspects of a smart water Mark: The market oppor-
or PVC pipe. Having said that, of every four of the world’s wave; it is a positive sign. grid involve improving opera- tunities that lie ahead in fixed
Mueller Water Products has jobs depend on water. When tions and processes through leak detection and pipe condi-
been relentlessly investing on you mash this data up with This technology can be seen automation of water distribu- tion assessment are already
research and development that of rapid population a part of a wider move to- tion system data to enable huge and will only increase
with the commission of its growth and existing climate wards ‘smart cities’, what better decision making. with aging infrastructure and
Echologics innovation site in change, water scarcity is not are your thoughts about an Simply put, this is happen- population growth. Utilities
2015. Located beside the just a threat to us as individu- increasingly interconnected ing to ensure good quality and water distribution compa-
Walkerton Clean Water als, but also to societies’ eco- infrastructure network and water is supplied to everyone nies are becoming more
Centre, our R&D site aims at nomic, political and social sta- why is this happening? 24 hours a day, seven days a proactive because it’s cost-
advancing innovations in bility and well-being. Mark: In my opinion, the week. Here, in Singapore, effective, knowing the condi-
water main leak detection and Against this backdrop, we ultimate goal of smart cities is where we have a shrinking tion of pipe systems and find-
pipeline assessment technolo- are seeing big data, IoT and to warrant a sustainable and ageing workforce, a smart ing leaks to fix is vital for this
gies. With more than 600 artificial intelligence (AI) pro- future for generations to water grid could well be the approach.
meters of plastic and metallic gressively making their way come, through an effective conclusive solution to enable Requests are coming in to
water mains, trainers, in, pushing the envelope and and efficient use of limited streamlining of manpower. conduct pilot test for pipe con-
researchers and staff are taking us into water’s digital resources such as water, ener- dition assessment and our
given the room to replicate future. Here is where the chal- gy and safe housing, just to Could you give an example fixed leak detection systems
real-world conditions that can lenge lies: As exciting and name a few. The increase in of where Echologics has are being deployed globally.
affect leak detection and promising as this sounds, the interconnected infrastructure deployed its system and We are actively adding chan-
pipeline condition assess- adoption of these digital tech- network is a natural progress the results? nel partners to provide cover-
ment. nologies has not been fast of the implementation of this Mark: ePulse has been age in new markets, all while
enough, in part because of the goal. For the water industry, deployed in many countries, reducing waste in the supply
What is the biggest chal- non-competitive nature of the the disruption from IoT, cloud but here’s a recent success chain.
lenge facing the leak de- industry and an “out of sight, computing and big data ana- story that comes to mind. This To remain at the forefront
tection industry? out of mind” mentality. On the lytics have helped to break client is a water company of this industry, we will contin-
Mark: According to data upside, driven by continued down siloed operation, while which serves the second ue to build a foundation based
presented by the 2030 Water water regulations, increased integrating information and largest geographic area in the on engineering and innova-
Resources Group (WRG) - an customer expectations, and communication technologies UK. They manage a water dis- tion.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 21
COVER STORY WATER - DEMAND & SUPPLY ISSUES

Driving Operational Efficiency and
Reducing Water Loss in Israel
Haifa’s water utility company Mei Carmel has one of the most complicated water grids in
Israel. The network includes 600 km of water mains and over 100 different pressure zones.
By TaKaDu

COVERING A CHALLENG- Reduction Process, led by Stav In early 2016, Mei Carmel network’s events and inci- a hidden creek outside the res-
ING area with a steep topo- Avraham, Mei Carmel’s COO. took a decision to take further dents, including leaks, bursts, idential area - a place where no
graphical terrain and serving Stav implemented a multi-dis- measures to improve its water changes in water pressure and one usually goes - saving Mei
about 500,000 people, Haifa’s ciplinary program combining efficiency. Although proud of faulty assets. Carmel approximately
water utility company Mei engineering, design, reorgani- its low water loss levels, it Integrated at the highest US$90,000.
Carmel has one of the most zation and technological steps understood the value of har- level, TaKaDu enables every Pressure Decrease Event
complicated water grids in focused on long-term water nessing data to gain further event and anomaly to be TaKaDu detected a reduc-
Israel. The network includes loss reduction. insights into network events. detected, analyzed, managed tion in pressure in a PRV
600 km of water mains and Mei Carmel proceeded to Mei Carmel turned to and resolved as quickly as pos- (pressure relief valve) located
over 100 different pressure take active measures to cut TaKaDu’s Event Management sible. For example, TaKaDu between two reservoirs. The
zones. In April 2016, Mei down on water loss. A dedicat- Solution to enable them to has enabled Mei Carmel to valve needed to be opened to
Carmel initiated a pilot with ed team was established with a monitor the water network detect hidden leaks (see the clean one of the reservoirs, but
TaKaDu’s Integrated Event specific budget, defined automatically and provide example below), extract night- the maintenance team had for-
Management solution to pro- assignments and scheduled early detection of ‘incidents’ line trends for identifying leaks gotten to close back the valve
vide greater visibility of its weekly meetings. Mei Carmel without being dependent on before they turn into bursts and TaKaDu alerted to an
water network and reduce set up main zone DMA (dis- manual feedback from the and carry out individual water anomaly in the behavior of the
water loss. Since deployment, trict metered areas) installa- field. loss analysis by examining data. Mei Carmel thought that
TaKaDu has helped the Haifa tions, meter transmissions, Following a successful pilot, deviations from fixed patterns. something was wrong with the
utility to make huge improve- ‘back to back’ AMR (automatic the utility signed a three-year TaKaDu’s software is also meter, however, after checking
ments in its operations and meter reading) with supply contract with TaKaDu in June integrated with Mei Carmel’s the meter, they saw that it was-
efficiency levels and deliver connections and acoustic sen- 2017. Today Mei Carmel has Customer Call Center and n’t the problem. TaKaDu con-
significant NRW (non-revenue sors for real data, including over 80 DMAs and control other departments, ensuring tinued to send an anomaly
water) savings. night flows and basic balance. zones with the entire network cross-organizational coordina- alert. Mei Carmel then got
With access to real data, covered by TaKaDu’s integrat- tion on an ongoing basis. The another alert regarding an
Business Need the team found the main caus- ed event management solution. TaKaDu system provides man- increase in the level of the
Founded in 2010, Mei es for water loss to be the agerial dashboards, actionable reservoir, and, together with
Carmel spent the first three faulty measurements of water Solution insights and detailed reports the TaKaDu alert, understood
years dealing with malfunc- sources, unmetered landscape TaKaDu - The ‘Umbrella’ to management teams, what happened. They sent a
tioning infrastructure; the util- irrigation connections, water Management Layer, enabling smarter decision- member of the team to open
ity replaced over 120,000 theft, unobserved pipeline Managing the Flood of Data making. back the valves and the event
water meters and established bursts and incorrect consumer Realizing that the huge was resolved.
a control system. meter readings. Leaks were amount of data, generated by Event Examples
A couple of years later, Mei still mostly discovered through several sources, could no Hidden Leak Event Results
Carmel started a Water Loss regular checks. longer be handled separately, TaKaDu’s software showed By taking a holistic
Mei Carmel started using a major leak in the city of Haifa approach to water efficiency,
TaKaDu as its daily network through a significant flow Mei Carmel has implemented
management platform. increase in one of the areas. A an effective PPT (People,
TaKaDu oversees an imple- field team was dispatched to Processes, and Technology)
mentation process involving the area and they proceeded to strategy using TaKaDu. Mei
different technologies, such as find and repair two small Carmel has made huge
acoustic leakage sensors, leaks. Although it was improvements in its opera-
meters, water balance and assumed that the problem was tional efficiency levels and
pressure monitoring, and a solved, TaKaDu continued to reduced its NRW loss.
range of engineering decisions. report a flow increase. The TaKaDu’s tangible and
Acting as the ‘umbrella’ layer field team was sent again to intangible benefits include:
for all events, TaKaDu pro- investigate more deeply. This • Repairs Validation:
Graph Showing the Start of the Event in TaKaDu vides in-depth insights into the time, they found a huge leak in Ensuring that a leak has

22 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
COVER STORY WATER - DEMAND & SUPPLY ISSUES

Contract Extended
Mei Carmel also extended
its contract with TaKaDu for
three years. This was followed
from the successful one-year TaKaDu has helped
use of the service where
TaKaDu enabled Mei Carmel the Haifa utility to
to reduce NRW (non-revenue make huge
water) levels and improve its
operational efficiency. improvements in
Mei Carmel now uses its operations and
TaKaDu as a daily network
management platform to over- efficiency levels
see and manage an implemen- and deliver
tation process involving differ-
ent technologies, such as sen- significant NRW
sors and meters, and a range of (non-revenue
Graph Showing the Reduction of Water Loss at Mei Carmel (2009-2017) engineering decisions. The
TaKaDu platform has provided water) savings. Mei
greater insights into network Carmel has made
been successfully repaired • Improved Customer • Cross-Departmental events throughout the Haifa
by monitoring the event life- Service and Customer Coordination: Information vicinity, including leaks, huge
cycle from start to finish. Satisfaction: Leading to is shared with representa- bursts, water pressure improvements in
Events are closed in the sys- reduced service interrup- tives from different depart- changes and faulty assets.
tem only after TaKaDu has tions and faster response ments Stav Avraham, COO of Mei
its operational
verified that it has been times • Enhanced Prioritization: Carmel, says, “TaKaDu has efficiency levels
fixed and the usage pattern • Regulatory Compliance: Enabled by the granular helped us to make huge
has returned to normal. Enabling objective visibility view of network issues and improvements in our opera-
and reduced its
• Leakage Awareness Time: into KPIs, network metrics, capabilities, events can be tions and efficiency levels as NRW loss.
Detecting small leaks within and operational activities sorted based on priority and well as reduce water loss.
hours and trend leaks which through dashboards specific need. Acting as the ‘umbrella’ layer efficiency, by combining people
wouldn’t have been identi- for all events, TaKaDu man- (managers), new processes


fied otherwise ages all our technology imple- and a unique technology.”
• Reduction in Analyst mentations and gives us Data Driven Actions
Time: Providing automatic greater visibility of our water Amir Peleg, Chairman, The
alerts, an intuitive user The implementation of TaKaDu at Mei network. It’s also integrated Smart Water Networks Forum
interface and a variety of Carmel proved to be perfect timing. Firstly, with our customer call center (Swan), and Founder & CEO of
graphs and reports. and other departments, ensur- Takadu was recently recog-
Previously, Mei Carmel’s
this was due to the quantity and quality of ing cross-organizational coor- nized by a leading publication
analyst would have spent a data gathered from the water network, which dination on an ongoing basis.” in their list of Top 25 Global
full working day preparing a required extensive and complex analysis, TaKaDu’s automated cloud- Water Leaders. TaKaDu is a
report with specific informa- based service enables utilities global software provider of
tion per DMA.
and was difficult to manage manually and to detect, analyze and manage Integrated Event Management
• Avoiding Collateral prioritize.TaKaDu's analytical tools were able network events and incidents solutions for the water indus-
Damage: Detecting growing to take in the vast amount of information and such as leaks, bursts, faulty try. Our automated cloud-
leaks before they become assets, telemetry and data based service enables utilities
failures and bursts and
gain real operational value. Secondly,Takadu issues, operational failures and to Detect, Analyze and
reducing outages of critical is an open platform for any new data sources more. The system provides Manage network events and
facilities being added, such as pressure control, managerial dashboards, incidents such as leaks, bursts,
• Improved Network actionable insights and faulty assets, telemetry and
Operations: Identifying
acoustics sensors and more, enabling cross- detailed reports to manage- data issues, operational fail-
breaches between DMAs, referencing of information and focused ment teams. ures, and more. Converting
saving pumping energy and decision-making.Thirdly,TaKaDu allowed us Ziv Zaretsky, EVP Sales raw data into knowledge,
detecting network operation and Operations of TaKaDu, TaKaDu provides visibility and
failures via the detection of
to follow night line targets and cross-check says, “Mei Carmel, one of the actionable insights for
abnormal flows or pressures them with historical nightline behavior.This most advanced utilities in increased operational efficien-
• Visibility of Network proved to be a very efficient way to monitor Israel, has integrated TaKaDu cy and water loss reduction.
Availability: Increasing sys- at the highest level. Every TaKaDu offers water utili-
tem up-time through the
network performance, such as identifying event is managed and resolved ties more than just detecting
ongoing monitoring of sen- network leaks and other anomalies, and to as quickly as possible, with leaks or faulty PRVs (pressure
sors and telemetry solve the problem rapidly, reducing water proven water and energy sav- relief valves), it provides infor-
• Maintenance Cost Savings ings.” mation to improve operational
and Shorter Repair Cycles:
loss. Zaretsky continues, “Mei performance by focusing on
Via the early detection of Stav Avraham Carmel offers an excellent case events which are more impor-
network inefficiencies and a COO, Mei Carmel study of the benefits of taking tant or just have the most
centralized view a holistic approach to water impact on your water system.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 23
COVER STORY

Modern Pumps Boost Energy-
Efficiency in Drinking Water Supply
The reductions achieved in power consumption totalled 21%, with 18% being attributed to
the pump motors and 3% to the hydraulically optimized piping.
By Bryan Orchard

Study achieve energy savings. “As the availability of high-effi-
Although a complete over- well as securing reliable water ciency in-line pumps whose
haul of pumping equipment supply, the principle planning discharge and suction nozzles
was not considered necessary criteria were energy efficien- lie in a straight line of piping.
in 2016, the operators had cy and potential reductions in The design requirement
their eyes on the future: “After electricity costs,” says was met by the installation of
a long operating period the Michael Reissnecker. KSB Omega pumps with
system as a whole was start- SuPremE® motors and the
ing to show its age, and we Hydraulically Optimized PumpDrive variable speed
wanted to expand our focus to Piping Geometry with system. The pump casings
include energy efficiency as Matching In-Line Pumps were installed vertically to
The Hart Machine House is the Centrepiece of Facilities of Ruhstorfer well as reliable water supply,” The first stage was exten- ensure optimal hydraulic
Group, a Water Supply Company Based in Lower Bavaria. It Employs explains Armin Bauer, plant sive planning work covering properties. “This explains why
Pumps Driven by Synchronous Reluctance Motors Capable of Achieving manager for the Ruhstorfer more than just pump selec- the pump motors are installed
Optimum Efficiencies Even in Part Load Operation. (Photo Courtesy: KSB) Group. As part of an energy tion. The existing pumps’ cav- vertically at the top of the
study, 50 % of which was itation damage occurred high-pressure pumps rather
FOR THE RUHSTORFER with a capacity of around financed by the German gov- because the connecting than on their sides as is
Group water supply company 2000 m³. The source of the ernment, the Bavarian water pipework had to include usual,” says Miriam Nagler,
in Germany ensuring a secure drinking water is two wells in supply company checked its bends, leading to turbulent the consultant for water/
water supply for its customers the regions around network for possible leaks and flow. The modernization plan, wastewater applications at
is the absolute priority. This is Osterholzen and Aigener analyzed its facilities to deter- therefore, included a renewal KSB. This meant that
closely followed by a wish to Forst. mine their energy efficiency. of the piping system that hydraulically optimized piping
reduce power consumption of Although the number of Reissnecker and Eberhart, would allow for the system’s geometry could be achieved
the pump motors in their households to be supplied has the Regensburg-based engi- hydraulic optimization. despite the facility’s spatial
main pumping station. increased since 1975, water neering company contracted Working together with the constraints.
Following the replacement of consumption over the last two to perform the study, devel- operators, the engineering
the original pumping system decades has not risen at the oped a set of energy-saving company planned for the “Pumps Must be Capable
in 2016 and commissioning of same rate: When viewed in measures. “We presented the pump station’s entire piping of Flexible Operation”
a new facility, measurements conjunction with the number results of the study and our system to be situated on one On average, the pump sys-
indicate that energy consump- of households being supplied, aim of implementing the pro- level so that pipe bends lead- tem comprising three vertical
tion has dropped by around this development in water posed measures to the ing from floor to floor could be high-pressure pumps delivers
20%. consumption volume suggests Group’s board members. The avoided. This design required 75 l/s into the supply network;
The Ruhstorfer Group sup- that consumers have become equipment in the Hart
plies drinking water to around more economical, and that machine house was in need of
12,000 households in the water consumption has modernization in the medium
region around the spa towns dropped thanks to more effi- term due to evidence of cavi-
of Bad Füssing and Bad cient household appliances. tation damage caused to the
Griesbach, home to around The Ruhstorfer Group deliv- pumps and the age of the pip-
40,000 inhabitants as well as ers between 2.5 and 2.8 cubic ing which dates back to the
accommodation for approxi- meters of drinking water system’s early days,” reports
mately 8,000 visitors. The annually into the 75km long Armin Bauer. Further proj-
Hart machine house, commis- supply network, with 80% of ects from the energy study
sioned in 1975, is the central this amount is supplied by the were implemented alongside
element in drinking water pumping station in the Hart these measures. This enabled
pumping station and its task machine house. the Ruhstorfer Group to The Vertically Installed In-line Pumps from KSB’s Omega Series Can be
is to balance the supply pres- obtain DIN EN ISO 50001 cer- Connected to DIN 300 Piping System in a Straight Line, Enabling a Flow-
sure and the fill level in two Ambitious Energy-Saving tification as it continued its Optimized Connection. Variable Speed Systems Match the Flow Rate to
distant water towers, each Goals Following Energy consistent endeavors to the Actual Demand. (Photo Courtesy: KSB)

24 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
COVER STORY

match the operating point cy service was able to offer a anticipated savings in pump ply. In terms of energy effi-
depending on demand. “This guaranteed efficiency level for power consumption of around ciency, the modernization also
demand is determined by the the pump system selected. 100,000 kWh/year. However, featured the installation of a
fill level in the water towers “Contractor and pump manu- annual consumption projec- photovoltaic system supplying
and the current consumption facturer entered into a con- tions based on performance 60.9 kWp for the facility’s use.
levels in the network. The sys- tractual agreement that the measurements following the Our upgraded pumping sta-
tem’s previous configuration efficiency level promised is modernization indicate even tion can now most certainly be
with smaller pumps and limit- actually achieved in operation,” larger savings, namely that considered a great example of
ed speeds did not allow for explains Michael Reissnecker. consumption had dropped by a modern system,” summa-
demand-driven operation - In order to ensure that the effi- over 20%, which raised a few rizes Armin Bauer.
during most operating condi- ciency level offered did not eyebrows in the waterworks:
tions, two pumps provided too turn out to be an empty prom- “When the power con-
PumpMeter, the Digital Display much output, and one pump ise, the customer requested sumption was initially record-
and Analysis Unit, Shows the too little,” reports Alexander KSB to simulate pump opera- ed in the first month after
Technical Operating Personnel the Hutterer, water manager for tion with the original pumps commissioning, administra-
Pumps’ Operating Data at a systems technology and ener- including motors and frequen- tive staff enquired as to
Glance and Helps Them Check gy management officer for the cy inverters. This was under- whether consumption levels
Whether the Pumps are Running Ruhstorfer Group. taken in the certified test facili- this low might not be some
at Optimum Efficiency. (Photo ty at KSB’s Halle factory using kind of mistake,” recalls
Courtesy: KSB) Pump Motors Offering the measured hydraulic system Hutterer. The reductions
High-Efficiency Levels, data. achieved in power consump-
the flow rate varies across a Even in Part-Load Opera- tion totalled 21%, with 18%
performance range of 75 to 115 tion Modernization While in Op- being attributed to the pump
l/s. In order to determine The tender specified IE4- eration motors and 3% to the
pump sizing, the consultant class drives and this require- The installation of the new hydraulically optimized pip- About the Author
engineers worked with the ment could be met by the KSB pumps in autumn 2016 was ing. “As a future-oriented Bryan Orchard is an
water supply company’s tech- SuPremE® motor range, accompanied by the renewal water supply company, we international freelance jour-
nical staff to measure the as-is whose gold colored housing of the 40-year-old piping sys- now consider power consump- nalist who specializes in water
volume flow rates and use this are conspicuous in the Hart tem. The straight pipework tion alongside our focus on and environmental engineer-
data as a basis for selecting machine house. “Their ability (DN 300) leading to the pump ensuring the reliability of sup- ing.
the pumps. “Precise data for to achieve high-efficiency lev- connection facilitated swift
pump selection can only be els in part load operation modification – a task that was
obtained if the system’s actual makes these motors particu- already looking challenging Fact Sheet
operation is analyzed. This larly suitable for applications for the water supply compa-
allows new pumps matching with fluctuating demand. ny’s staff and the specialist Project:
the optimum operating point These pump motors use syn- company performing the Hart Drinking Water Pumping Station, Kirchham
to be selected. A central crite- chronous reluctance motor work: “Pump operation could Water Supply Company:
rion in planning the system technology which offers a only be interrupted for a max- ZV Wasserversorgung Ruhstorfer Gruppe, 94060 Pocking,
was that the new pumps could clear advantage in terms of imum of six hours. That is how Founded: 1963
be operated extremely flexibly efficiency in part load opera- long it takes before the water Measures Implemented:
and achieve good hydraulic tion when compared with con- towers are empty and at least • Replacement of pumps and frequency inverters,
efficiency levels across their ventional asynchronous one pump has to begin opera- • Replacement of piping system,
entire speed range,” explains motors,” explains Miriam tion,” explains Hutterer. • Installation of a photovoltaic system for the station’s
Reissnecker. Nagler. The engineering company power requirements (60.9 kWp)
The KSB PumpDrive vari- The IE4 requirements only developed a plan by which the Aim and Results:
able speed system continuous- refer to efficiencies achieved installation work would be • Securing reliable water supply, reducing costs for pump
ly adjusts the output power of in full load operation, but in performed in stages. “Thanks power consumption, improving energy efficiency
the 110 kW pump motors to practice, this rarely occurs - to this pre-emptive planning, • Pump system power consumption prior to modernization:
especially in applications with only a few brief interruptions 630,000 kWh/year
fluctuating demand. “In terms to the station’s operation were • Pump system power consumption following moderniza-
of supply reliability it was necessary during the modifi- tion: 485,000 kWh/year (projection based on performance
important for us that one cation work. It was thus possi- measurements)
pump alone could cover the ble to complete the modern- Specialist Planning:
water quantities required at ization in only two months Engineering company Reißnecker & Eberhart
the two lowest demand levels, without interrupting the Partnerschaft mbB, 93055 Regensburg
but at the same time that the region’s water supply,” reports Pump System:
pumps could be run in part specialist consultant Michael • KSB Omega V 150-460, with coating for drinking water
Energy-Efficiency in Water Supply: load operation without their Reissnecker. systems
The Drive Technology of efficiency being compro- • Design flow rate based on measured as-is operating data
Synchronous Reluctance Pump mised,” explains Hutterer. Energy Savings Exceed Ex- of the existing system: flow rate 90 … 120 l/s, head 57 … 72
Motors Reduces Pump Power The solution implemented pectations m, variable speed operation
Consumption by Around 20% in a represents the result of December 2016 saw the • Pump motors KSB SuPremE®, efficiency class IE4, vari-
Drinking Water Pumping Station detailed planning work by the operators officially begin able speed operation
Operated by Ruhstorfer Group engineering company. Based operation of the new 264,000 Pump System Manufacturer:
Water Supply Company. (Photo on the selection data calculat- Euros pump equipment and KSB Aktiengesellschaft
Courtesy: KSB) ed, KSB’s technical consultan- piping system. Project staff

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 25
COLUMN
COVER STORY KNOWING OUR WATERS

WhyWe Should All PayAttention to Cape
Town’s Drought
By Dean Muruven, IWC for the Australian Water Partnership (AWP)


you haven’t, the city’s water looking at Cape Town as a
crisis is now so severe that its unique case rather than
taps are set to run dry in less urgently sitting up and reflect-
…the worst time to than three months. ing on how the lessons from
respond to a drought WWF-South Africa have this crisis should inform their
started releasing “weekly own drought risk management
is in the midst of one. water updates” to help prepare strategies.
At that point, there residents for ‘Day Zero’ - the Cape Town’s response to
are few, if any, good day when Cape Town will the drought has stuck to the
become the first major city on traditional, reactive playbook.
options available to the globe to run out of the It is time for cities to trans-
avoid the worst water. form their approach to
impacts of drought, Since the onset of the drought risk management. We
drought, a lot has been written need to move away from an Source: ©Martin Harvey / WWF
and combined with about the problems that exist episodic emergency “all hands
enflamed passions in South Africa’s water sector, on deck” approach to a contin- the General Institute of Water associated uncertainty)
and politics, ranging from the ageing infra- uous process that proactively Resources and Hydropower effectively and widely.
structure, poor governance manages risk. At the heart of Planning and Design (the 7. Understand inherent contro-
reaching consensus and the significant funding this transformation is the strategic planning arm of versies and trade-offs.
on solutions is nearly that will be required to recognition that there are China’s Ministry of Water 8. Embed a continuous process
impossible. address these challenges. interdependencies between Resources). of review and adaptation.
None of these are unique to freshwater ecosystems and the These eight golden rules
South Africa and many devel- well-being of human systems. It provides insights and dis- are no silver bullet, but they do
THIS IS AN EXTRACT from oping countries are faced with What cities exposed to tills eight golden rules for mak- provide guidance to help cities
an open letter to the US similar if not identical chal- drought risk should be consid- ing the transition to a drought- and governments develop a
Senate from a coalition of lenges. ering is how to develop a resilient society. more strategic approach to
sporting and conservation Unsurprisingly, there is drought-resilient society, dealing with drought.
advocates in 2015 in response plenty of finger-pointing and “I where individual needs and 1. Set multiple goals and objec- But achieving a water
to the drought in California. told you so’s” going around ecosystem services are safe- tives that promote positive secure future and building
Fast-forward to 2018 and these Cape Town at the moment, guarded and economic long-term outcomes for soci- resilient societies cannot be
words sound as if they were which is typical during a crisis. impacts minimized during a ety. done by governments alone. It
written specifically about Cape What is also typical is the fact drought. Obviously, this is eas- 2. Encourage stakeholders will require engaged water cit-
Town. As a South African, I’ve that Ministries of Water and ier said than done but taking a from a variety of different izens and an active private sec-
been following Cape Town’s water utilities in other major proactive approach to drought sectors and realms to partic- tor, which understands and
drought quite closely. In case cities around the world are risk management will at least ipate. mitigates its water risk by pro-
give us all a chance. 3. Implement a portfolio of moting collective action and
Cape Town faces a new nor- measures to prepare for, good water stewardship.
mal when this drought breaks. respond to, and recover It’s too late for Cape Town
Things will be different for from drought and transform to implement the Golden Rules
people, the economy, and society’s resilience to as their priority is to keep the
nature. The city will have to drought. taps running. Other countries
change its strategy and so 4. Utilize limited resources still have time on their sides.
should all other cities at risk efficiently and fairly to The Australian Water
from drought. This is as good a reduce risk and maximize Partnership (AWP) is an
time as any for them to review opportunities. Australian Government develop-
their strategic drought man- 5. Assess whole system behav- ment initiative enhancing the
agement plans. A good place to ior and associated risks and sustainable management of
start is WWF’s book on strate- uncertainties over the short- water across the Indo-Pacific.
gic drought risk management, and long-term.
Source: ©WWF produced in collaboration with 6. Communicate risks (and @WaterPartnersAU

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 27
APPLICATION

Correct Application of MBBR &
IFAS Technologyin Biological
Water Treatment
By Christian Börner and René Trübenbach

discharge requirements. In
consequence, further media
will have to be added whereas
it is questionable if this will be
possible at all with regard to
the admissible media filling
rate (max 50-70%).
In case that the design
temperature used for the cal-
culation is considered to be
low, e.g. 10°C, the tank size as
well as the carrier media
quantity will be correspond-
ingly larger although the
water temperature will most
MBBR and IFAS Processes likely be higher in practice
than assumed for the calcula-
THE DETAILED DESIGN At a first glance it seems to be tion of specific product factors rate will be considered in the tion. Larger tank volumes
and engineering of waste- easy: a reaction tank is filled of the carrier media. Here, the calculation and hence the car- with higher carrier media fills
water treatment plants is full with a plastic-made carrier loads are being calculated rier media requirement as are not negative in terms of
of obstacles. Any mistakes which is mixed in water or in a from the flow rate (m³/h or well as the reaction tank vol- the biological aspects, but
made during the implementa- water/sludge mixture, respec- m³/d) and the respective pol- ume will be low (favourable they are unnecessarily
tion can hardly be remedied. tively. The difference between lutant concentrations, e.g. price offer). increasing the investment
What is the reason? IFAS and MBBR is that in the COD (mg/l). Crucial factors During normal plant oper- costs (high price offer).
Worldwide, the MBBR as well IFAS system the activated for the dimensioning of ation, the relating result will In order to obtain the
as the IFAS technology are sludge from the sludge recir- MBBR/ IFAS plants are the be that at lower temperatures, appropriate design for your
increasingly being applied for culation is additionally used wastewater temperature at e.g. at 25°C, the reaction tank MBBR/IFAS plants, it is nec-
biological water treatment. and hence the combination of the design point, the yield and volume and the quantity of essarily required to determine
Numerous qualified and well- activated sludge and carrier- product specific removal rates carrier media will not be suffi- the minimum and maximum
skilled procedural biotechnol- fixed biofilms is used in the (removal efficiency) of the cient for complying with the design temperatures and to
ogists with technical know- same reaction tank volume. carrier media chosen.
how are available for the engi- Which factors are impor- Why is the water tempera-
neering of suchlike plants. tant? Initially, the appropriate ture relevant? For the design
However, it is not quite unusu- and complete task to be per- calculation as well as for the
al that inexperienced plant formed in the project in ques- comparison of techno-com-
construction companies as tion has to be specified first. mercial design proposals
well as plastic manufacturers Apart from the space condi- offered by different suppliers,
without any process-techno- tions and requirements on a detailed consideration of the
logical knowledge try to site, a detailed determination water temperature in the
implement, or rather said to of the wastewater influent MBBR/IFAS is highly essen-
copy this technology based on parameters and of the treated tial. An incorrect assumption
collected information. effluent quality is required. of the water design tempera-
The term MBBR is the The size of the MBBR/ ture results in the following
abbreviation of Moving Bed IFAS tanks and the related effects:
Biofilm Reactor, while IFAS carrier media filling rate are If the design temperature
stands for Integrated Fixed determined based on the pol- is considered to be high, e.g.
film Activated sludge System. lutant loads and in considera- 35°C, a high biological removal Mutag MultiFlow 50 from 2002

28 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
APPLICATION

This reaction is hence com- and are hence the “center- bility of the theoretically chips which is crucial for the
pletely reverse to the calcula- piece” required for an optimal determined surface area. This removal efficiency but the
tion of the removal rates. performance. The removal is the reason for the surface quantity of biomass which can
As a consequence, the fol- rates required for designing area comparison of different be immobilized per volumetric
lowing general rule applies: MBBR/IFAS plants are the product shapes and manufac- unit of carriers. There are dra-
• The lower temperature • is measuring unit of the turers. matic differences in terms of
considered for calculating “removal efficiency”. A surface area comparison the removal capacity when
the required tank and carri- Generally, the carrier media with a foamed carrier having looking at pore systems, and a
er media volume supplier must know the a pore system will be mean- pure comparison of the sur-
• The higher temperature • is removal efficiency of his carri- ingful only in a conditional face areas may result in dire
considered for the calcula- er media; otherwise he trans- way or not at all, which is due consequences with regard to
Mutag Chip (14 mm) After R&D tion of the oxygen supply fers all risks to his customers. to the fact that the removal the conceptual plant design. In
from 2008 Why does the yield matter? Removal rates are resulting efficiency depends on the con- order to minimize the risks of
For dimensioning from many years of opera- centration of active biomass an inaccurate plant dimen-
simultaneously make sure MBBR/IFAS systems, the tional experience with the under the specific process sioning, the removal perform-
that these values have really yield is another essential fac- product “carrier”, obtained conditions, as explained ance of porous carriers used in
been taken into consideration. tor which impacts the tank from large-scale plants, pilot above. A comparison of the the specific type of waste-
For reasons of “competi- size/carrier media volume and trials or lab-scale studies. surface areas for evaluating water to be treated has to be
tiveness”, the real require- the oxygen supply. The yield is Individual and project-specif- the removal efficiency is pos- proven on binding basis, and/
ments are often not taken into used for considering the bio- ic factors such as the origin of sible to perform only after or the bidder/ plastic material
consideration by the bidder. In mass growth in the calcula- the wastewater, specific having conducted long-term supplier must possess the
case of certain missing data, it tion; it is an “empirical value” wastewater characteristics, comparative tests under knowledge of the real per-
also happens that assump- obtained in pilot trials, refer- water temperature, nutrient exactly the same process con- formance data of the finally
tions are made by the bidder ence plants and it differs & oxygen supply, etc. have a ditions for the specific waste- chosen carrier type in the spe-
in his own favor, without hav- depending on the individual significant impact on the water. If the Chip from 2008 cific case of application.
ing explicitly asked the cus- origin of the wastewater. A removal performance. with its pore system would Please take seriously into
tomer for providing the miss- wrong selected yield figure Providing general (i.e. global) have provided the same per- account that any assumptions
ing data. For this reason, it is can be the reason for an inac- removal rates is as irresponsi- formance, it would surely not or estimations will not be of
hence indispensable to care- curate dimensioning of ble as copying them from have become necessary to assistance to you and a simple
fully review and compare any MBBR/IFAS plants. Any fur- other carrier types. optimize the product to the comparison of the carrier sur-
design proposal. ther, more detailed explana- With regard to this, further Mutag BioChip blue™ which face area is not leading to reli-
If there should be the need tions on the yield would go differentiation should be has an average diameter of 25 able results.
to specify the oxygen require- beyond the scope of this arti- made. Certain types of hollow- mm. The optimization of the About the Authors
ment for designing the aera- cle. body carriers have been used pore system which holds a Christian Börner and
tion system, one should keep What is the reason for in MBBR/IFAS plants for sev- high amount of active biomass René Trübenbach are work-
in mind that the higher one of determining removal rates? eral decades, whereas their has been confirmed by means ing for Multi
the two water design temper- As mentioned above, the car- relating removal rates are of extensive studies per- Umwelttechnologie AG. The
ature values is used for this riers are substantially con- available from publications. formed by Mutag as well as by company has over 20 years of
purpose. The reason for this is tributing to the pollutant Due to various disadvantages several institutes/ universi- experience in the application
that the oxygen dissolubility in removal (i.e. degradation of of these hollow-bodies, further ties. of biofilm media in the treat-
warm water is worse than in the wastewater pollutant activities in Research & ment of wastewater, and offers
lower temperature ranges. load) in MBBR/IFAS plants Development had been per- Summary solutions for biological waste-
formed within the last ten In comparison, it is not the water treatment systems in
years resulting in e.g. porous surface area of the porous form of Mutag BioChip™, etc.
chip-type carrier made of
foamed PE material.
During the years of prod-
uct development and opti-
mization, the technological
market leader and carrier
media manufacturer Multi
Umwelttechnologie AG
(Mutag) simultaneously made
huge efforts in the process-
technological application in
many different types of waste-
waters as well as fields of
application in order to allow
for giving reliable statements
in terms of the removal effi-
ciency of this special product.
If hollow-body carriers are
applied, then the microorgan-
isms are immobilizing on the
carrier surface until they are
being sheared off. This fact
Mutag BioChip blue™ (25 mm) from 2017 allows for a comparison possi-

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 29
CASE STUDY

CSR Funding Delivers a Public Sanitation
Project
The significant challenges of this project were low water usage and low-cost sustainability.
By Clearford India Pvt Ltd

department of Infrastructure village in Gujarat. dents of waterborne disease
Leasing & Financial Services Jambudiyapura is an agri- and illness, a problem exacer-
Limited (IL&FS), one of cultural tribal village having a bated by flooding during the
India’s leading infrastructure population of 250-300 people monsoon season. Hence, there
development and finance with 56 homes, a school and was a need for a low-cost san-
companies. An output-based an Anganwadi (child health- itation solution with private
aid (OBA) model was selected care center). toilets and bathrooms, as well
that transfers the perform- The main sources of as sustainable wastewater col-
ance risk to the solution income in the village are agri- lection and treatment.
providers, thereby offering a culture and manual labor.
new tool in the effort to sus- While there is water supply to Project Objectives
tainably end open defecation the homes from a communal The goal of the CSR initia-
in India. water tower and distribution tive was to use the principles
network, only ten family of OBA to transform sanita-
Background homes had toilets while the tion practices in the village
Gujarat Road & majority of residents prac- away from open defecation
Infrastructure Co. Ltd ticed open defecation in the towards a locally sustainable
(GRICL), a special purpose fields around the village. Most model that improves the long-
vehicle of IL&FS, has adopted homes had outdoor bathing term health of residents. The spread open defecation in
a number of tribal villages areas with cloth screens for specific project objectives rural India is (attributable) to
along their toll road between privacy. The practice of open were to: beliefs, values, and norms
Vadodara and Halol in Gujarat defecation poses a clear public • Build private toilet, shower about purity, pollution, caste,
State as part of their CSR pro- health concern and, especially and washing facilities for and untouchability….” (Coffey
gram. Under this initiative for women, a threat to person- individual homes; et al. 2017).
and with support from the al safety and dignity. The • Collect all wastewater from For this project, an inter-
Introduction Gujarat Government, the vil- ponding of greywater from homes using a communal esting observation that came
A small agricultural com- lage of Jambudiyapura was bathing areas and household sewerage system; out of interviews with the vil-
munity is the first Open- designated as a model site for washing activities also pre- • Convey wastewater to a lagers was that two groups of
Defecation Free (ODF) tribal the creation of the first ODF sented a health risk to resi- low-cost treatment facility people were most opposed to
village in Gujarat State thanks with minimal power stopping open defecation -
to Corporate Social requirements; older men habituated to using
Responsibility (CSR) funding • Treat wastewater to a qual- the outdoors and, more unex-
for an affordable wastewater ity that is safe for discharge pectedly, young girls aged 12-
technology and public sanita- and reusable for agricultur- 16 who valued going in groups
tion outreach. al irrigation in accordance as an opportunity to socialize
A new communal waste- with all regulatory require- and get out of the house.
water system with private toi- ments; and These viewpoints were
lets and bathrooms were suc- • Minimize operation and addressed by talking directly
cessfully delivered along with maintenance requirements to individuals and explaining
public outreach programming such that activities can be the benefits of moving away
to enable residents to achieve performed by trained vil- from open defecation prac-
public health objectives and lagers. tices in terms of social status,
environmental stewardship in Social Barriers towards health and hygiene.
their community. Improved Sanitation in
The public sanitation proj- India Challenges
ect was carefully planned and A study by Research The challenges of provid-
implemented within a strict Institute for Compassionate ing improved sanitation and
budget through the CSR Economics found that “wide- sustainable wastewater serv-

30 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
CASE STUDY

described in the sidebar made to ensure affordable life- system.
Fact File below. cycle operation and mainte- Furthermore, the village
• Location: Gujarat, India Interceptor Tanks nance of the system for long- will assume responsibility for
• Community: Rural tribal village ClearDigest™ tanks were term improved sanitation in operating the system after
• Population: Approx. 250 people built next to each bathroom to the village. training from the technology
• Challenges: Low water usage and low cost sustainability capture sewage solids before Clearford One System supplier.
• Solution: Public outreach and Clearford One™ sanitation releasing the liquid effluent to Features
solution with household toilets and bathrooms, and a low the sewer network. The tanks The new sanitary infra- Remarks
maintenance treatment facility were constructed in place structure is designed for mini- Since construction was
from bricks and cement with a mal maintenance. The inter- completed in May 2016, the
working volume of 2000 liters ceptor tanks do not require village has established sani-
icing in rural India are com- of the new system. each. Wastewater is pretreat- electricity or additives. The tary management zones to
plex and well documented. Households contributed an ed by digesting the organic removal of solids, oils and encourage proper use of the
There is a critical need for affordable but non-negligible pollutants and trapping the grease in the tanks protects new facilities. Households
solutions that provide a low amount to the communal fund inorganic solids. the small bore sewers from have dismantled their old out-
life-cycle cost of building and as a commitment to the proj- Small Bore Sewers blockages, so that practically door washing areas and
maintaining sanitary infra- ect objectives. This financial ClearConvey™ small diam- no maintenance is required. improved their home plumb-
structure, while also provid- consideration was paired with eter gravity sewers were Meanwhile, anaerobic diges- ing in order to benefit from
ing reliable performance a commitment by the village installed to collect effluent tion in the tanks minimizes delivering clean water to their
under different operating con- leaders to manage and main- wastewater from the intercep- sludge production, thereby new toilets and bathrooms.
ditions that are typically tain the system into the tor tanks. Flexible high densi- requiring only infrequent A plan for treated water
encountered in developed future. The design for system ty polyethylene (HDPE) pipe pump-out compared to alter- reuse is being developed for
communities. performance was developed was installed in shallow cut- native systems such as septic farmers to receive water for
Low Water Usage to support the village in their and-cover trenches to accom- tanks. irrigation of their fields, which
The community has limit- commitments. modate the irregular sewer Low Cost Treatment is expected to lead to greater
ed water supply resulting in Technology Selection alignment through the back- The treatment facility uses drinking water conservation
low water usage of only 70 The Client’s project team yards. Small cleanouts were just 15 kWh/day of electricity and improved agricultural
litres/person/day (compared evaluated different waste- provided throughout the costing around Rs. 2250 per productivity.
to 200-450 in North America). water technology options for sewer network instead of month. Most maintenance Towards Sustainable
This poses a significant con- sustainable low-cost servicing. large manhole structures. work requires no more skill Sanitation
cern because conventional In order to accommodate Thermal fusion of pipe and fit- than that possessed by a Although long-term suc-
sewers rely on the flow of the low water supply of 70 ting joints ensures zero infil- trained handyman or gardener. cess of the project remains to
water to carry sewage solids liters/person/day, a Clearford tration of groundwater and no Long-Term Funding for be confirmed, the positive
through gravity pipes. When One™ system was selected for contamination of soils through Operation response and involvement of
less water is being used, more solids-free wastewater con- leaky joints in the sewer net- A communal fund made up the community are clear steps
solids accumulate in the pipe veyance. work. of government and household towards achieving sustainable
network leading to blockages A low-cost vertical soil Treatment Facility contributions was set up to sanitation and public health in
that can cause sewer backups. biotechnology treatment facil- ClearRecover™ treatment sustain the operation of the the village. The experience in
Other technical challenges ity was chosen for final treat- is provided at a treatment system for at least 15 years, Jambudiyapura offers an
for the project included: ment because of its simplicity facility supplied by Vision removing the common risk in appealing model for output-
• Black cotton soils and satu- for operation and mainte- Earthcare Pvt. Ltd using the India of systems failing short- based CSR funding of projects
rated ground, nance. CAMUS-SBT soil biotechnol- ly after installation. A new in rural India through commu-
• Sewer alignment con- ogy that was developed by the sanitation committee of resi- nity engagement, careful
straints from existing devel- Solution Indian Institute of Technology dents will manage funds and selection of technologies, and
opment, A Clearford One™ system Mumbai. A small pumping lead the village in responsible thoughtful project planning
• Limited power supply for was designed with four com- station is required to lift use and maintenance of the and implementation.
pumping and mechanical ponents to meet the project wastewater from the buried
treatment operations. objectives while overcoming sewer network to an above-
Low Cost Sustainability the technical and social chal- ground vertical structure. The CSR in India
There are two linked lenges related to the imple- facility was built in place and In 2013, India’s Parliament passed legislation requiring
aspects of sustainability - mentation of the new system. filled with selected soil media that companies doing business in India must spend 2% of
social and financial - that had Private Bathrooms and plantings that achieve the their net profit on approved CSR activities, such as promot-
to be addressed. Social barri- Bathroom facilities were treated effluent standards set ing health care, education, gender equality, and ensuring
ers, such as traditional atti- constructed in the backyard of by the Ministry of environmental sustainability.
tudes around personal each home to provide safe, pri- Environment and Forest and Special mention is made of contributions to the Swachh
hygiene. The Client and vate access to a toilet, shower Central Public Health and Bharat ‘Clean India’ Mission towards improved hygiene,
Government worked with vil- and washing area. Each bath- Environmental Engineering cleanliness and sanitation across India.
lage leaders to leverage finan- room was constructed of Organisation (CPHEEO).
cial considerations along with durable materials and Recovered water is safely Targeted Public Outreach
public outreach for social equipped with lighting and returned to the environment Targeted public outreach was used to promote accept-
acceptance of the project. plumbing, including a rooftop for reuse for agricultural irri- ance of new sanitation practices and to communicate the
Since capital costs were water tank to store clean gation, particularly in the dry value of the project to residents. Besides public health, the
paid under the CSR budget, water for daily use. The chal- summer months. project would allow the recovery of treated reuse water for
government subsidies were lenges associated with bath- agriculture. Other outreach activities included community
directed towards a communal room design and their accept- Operation & Maintenance involvement in project planning and a public ceremony of
fund for long-term operation ance by residents are The following efforts were personal commitment to improved sanitation.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 31
CASE STUDY

Fine Screen and Clarifier PlayVital Role
in CommunityPlant
The Spiraflo clarifier and Raptor screen help in upgradation work of Addison Wastewater
Treatment Plant in the New York state.
By Lakeside Equipment Corporation

equipment that have very paper and heavier particles
steadily kept on doing their before they can get to the clar-
job at the (average) 220,000 ifier”.
gallons per day (420,000 per- The Lakeside Spiraflo
mitted) plant are a Spiraflo Clarifier was retrofitted into
Clarifier and a Raptor Fine the existing concrete struc-
Screen, which were both sup- ture to replace an old center-
plied by Lakeside Equipment feed peripheral take-off clari-
Corporation in 2008. fier that performed poorly due
“I do my best to keep to short-circuiting. With the
everything clean and running new peripheral-feed center
smoothly”, said Chuck Wright take-off Spiraflo Clarifier,
at Addison, “but I have no Chuck Wright certainly does-
problems at all with the clari- n’t have to worry about short-
fier or the screen. Apart from circuiting because its spiral-
occasional oil changes and a ing flow pattern flows around
few squirts of grease, these the baffle skirt and under the
keep working very well” skirt to ensure maximum use
He added: “Compared to of the entire tank volume (26-
some pieces of equipment, feet diameter – and shallow
Clarifier Pre-Construction at Addison, Worn Gearbox, Cracked Walls and a Worn Arm that Would Often Stick Lakeside’s seals and bearings 8.5-feet depth).
are of exceptional quality. This is in contrast to a typ-
WORKING ALONE IN retained emerging national lems within the Village. Nothing gums up or clogs. ical center-feed clarifier flow
NEW YORK State, approxi- architecture, engineering, and Amidst the substantial The Raptor Fine Screen does pattern that is subject to the
mately 90-100 miles south of survey firm Larson Design improvements, two pieces of a great job getting rid of the waterfall effect and sludge
Rochester and Lake Ontario, Group (LDG) for design and
plant operator Chuck Wright construction services, devel-
depends on the good perform- oping the project scope and
ance and reliability of the funding applications for reha-
equipment he diligently looks bilitation of the anaerobic
after near the Village of digester unit, replacement of a
Addison. wastewater pumping station,
With such a high level of installation of a standby emer-
responsibility, the beauty of gency generator and a
well-engineered, low mainte- mechanical bar screen.
nance equipment cannot be Other improvements
underestimated - and follow- under LDG’s contract includ-
ing a $3.34M upgrade to bring ed the major task of replacing
the 34-year-old treatment the clarifier internals, as well
facility up to code and meet as raw wastewater pumps,
New York State Department trickling filter recirculation,
Environmental Conservation and HVAC upgrades. Larson
(DEC) requirements, Chuck is Design Group has also provid-
rightly proud of the clean and ed engineering services for
well maintained Addison the Village’s water supply and
Wastewater Treatment Plant. treatment system, local
The Village of Addison had streets, and drainage prob- Looking into the New Lakeside Raptor Screen at Addison

32 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
CASE STUDY

ing, the rake reverses direc-
tion and passes through a
hinged comb. The central
screw conveyor then trans-
ports the material as it is
washed, compacted and dewa-
tered on its way to the dis-
charge chute. After discharge,
dewatered screenings have a
solids content exceeding 40
percent.
Screenings are initially
washed as they are deposited
in the collection trough.
In the upper section of the
transport tube, screenings are
washed a second time. The
macerating action of the
screw breaks down large
organic particles, which are
then washed back into the
flow stream. A spray wash
New Lakeside Raptor Screen at Addison system in the dewatering
chamber removes any collect-
wall creep, which allows the is directed along the narrow designed race baffle skirt, “Before the recent main ed material to ensure free
influent to short-circuit raceway formed by the baffle which extends down to upgrade, the previous clarifier drainage of water, which is
directly to the effluent weirs, skirt and the outer wall. This approximately two feet above was getting overloaded and then removed in the com-
allowing solids carry over. The flow pattern dissipates the the tank floor. The Spiraflo had started exceeding recom- paction process.
center-feed flow pattern flows wastewater's hydraulic ener- hydraulic flow pattern is in the mended values, so we had to LDG is currently working
counter-current (outward), gy as it flows around the race- same direction (inward) as the act then to keep the Addison with the Village to address
compared to the sludge way and eventually spirals sludge collector is rotating plant in compliance”. infiltration and inflow (I&I)
scraper that is moving solids down under the skirt. and moving the solids He added: “We’d had previ- issues into the wastewater
inward to the sludge draw-off Wastewater enters the main (inward) to the sludge draw- ous experience with Lakeside collection system. During
pit. settling area from the full cir- off pit. The spiralling flow pat- and always found them good periods of wet weather, the
This short-circuiting pre- cumference of the skirt and tern makes use of total tank to work with. We also knew of flow through the wastewater
vents the complete use of the slowly rises to pass over the volume for more effective the many advantages of the system can sometimes triple,
tank volume for the settling centrally located effluent solids settling. Spiraflo Clarifier, the Raptor indicating that water is enter-
process. weirs. Gregory M. Cummings, Screen, and their proven ing the system where it
Conversely, wastewater The inflow is prevented PE, Twin Tiers Director of track record. Nine years later, shouldn’t be. Work includes
enters the Spiraflo Clarifier at from flowing directly to the LDG’s Operations (Civil this equipment certainly uncovering buried manholes,
the periphery of the tank and effluent weir by the specially Division), commented: meets the ‘fit and forget’ televising the entire collection
description. There haven’t system and rehabilitating por-
been any problems at all”. tions of the system where I&I
As well as screening issues are identified to be at
Addison’s wastewater, the their worst.
Lakeside Raptor also washes, Gregory M. Cummings,
compacts and transports the added: “At Larson Design
screenings. With a screen Group we very much embrace
diameter of 26 to 71 inches innovation and welcome cut-
and maximum flow capacities ting-edge, new approaches
higher than 20 MGD, liquid within our practice areas, but
flows through the Raptor’s 3- the tried and tested design and
plane screening basket, with cost-effectiveness of the
solids efficiently trapped by Lakeside Spiraflo are hard to
the screen bars that form the beat. There’s the superior per-
circular basket. When liquid formance, not to mention the
rises to a predetermined level, savings that are made on con-
the rake begins to rotate, struction and installation. The
cleaning the screen bars. The Raptor Screen is also very well
rake's teeth pass between the designed and extremely
bars of the screen to remove durable, so we are happy with
captured materials. When the the knowledge that as the vil-
rake reaches the top of the lage of Addison’s trusted advi-
screen, the captured material sor, we are providing high-qual-
drops into the central screw ity long-lasting solutions for the
New Lakeside Spiraflo Clarifier at Addison conveyor. For complete clean- well-being of the community”.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 33
CASE STUDY

Clever Kayak Rig Navigates Tricky
Bathymetry Challenge
Webb’s study of lake bottom indicated that more than 313,000 cubic yards of sediment has
collected in Lake Forest since 1958, an accumulation of approx. 16,200 tons per year.
By Xylem-SonTek

Inspired by literature he
had read about kayak-based
surveying, Webb committed
part of his grant money to
purchase a kayak. Then he
went to a home improvement
store to stock up on parts to
mount the M9 to the hull. He
dubbed his creation the
JagYak in honor of University
of South Alabama’s mascot,
the Jaguars. The concept was
simple, he says, but confesses
that making the first cut was
tough.
“You go to the store not
anticipating spending $600 on
a kayak, then the first thing
you do when you go home is
cut a 5-inch hole in the bot-
The Lake Created for the Lake Forest Subdivision is Completely Surrounded by Private Property, Making Access Difficult for Surveyors. tom. There’s a little trepida-
tion there,” Webb laughs.
IT WAS A SMALL LAKE, plish on foot, Webb tried back- trying to maneuver the trailer ing with paper clips and chew- After cutting a length of 5-
but a big challenge. Covering ing a trailer down a narrow on the dam’s spillway, which ing gum like the TV character, inch (12.7-cm) PVC pipe to act
about 43 acres (17 ha), the cen- footpath to launch his JagSki, he realized could easily lead to Webb specializes in PVC and as a sleeve for the M9, Webb
terpiece of the Lake Forest a Kawasaki Ultra LX personal a 25-foot slide ending with his electronics. After all, he had fashioned a collar that could
subdivision in Daphne, watercraft outfitted with a equipment - trailer, truck and already built a JagSki. He just fasten on either side of the
Alabama, was completely sur- SonTek HydroSurveyor/ all - in the lake. needed to find a lighter plat- kayak’s hull to create a water-
rounded by private property. RiverSurveyor-M9 acoustic Instead, he tried backing form. proof seal around the instru-
There was no public boat Doppler profiler (ADP) and down a footpath to the lake,
access, and heavy overgrowth YSI Portable SeaKeeper mul- but the path’s angle was too
prevented surveying eleva- tiparameter sampling system. steep, and Webb ended up
tions above the pool level. He had used the JagSki to cramming the impeller and
Bret Webb, associate pro- great effect in the wake of the water intake full of mud and
fessor of Civil, Coastal and 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil vegetation, disabling the
Environmental Engineering at spill in the Gulf of Mexico, JagSki. Recovering the craft
the University of South examining water and oil from the lake, he damaged his
Alabama, was starting a movement among breaches in trailer and hitch. Webb real-
month-long study of sedimen- the barrier islands of the ized he needed a more nimble
tation in the lake to help Gulf’s Mobile Bay. approach.
authorities evaluate flood With a top speed of 40
storage capacity and potential knots and the ability to run in Resourceful
restoration activities, but he just a few inches of water, Like the hero of the televi-
was having trouble reaching Webb figured the maneuver- sion series MacGyver, Webb is
the water. able JagSki would make quick a master of cobbling together
When his team had com- work of mapping the lake bed. clever fixes with the tools Down to the Bottom of his Budget, Bret Webb Built His Own Sediment
pleted what it could accom- He had already opted out of close at hand. Instead of work- Sampler from PVC Plumbing Parts.

34 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
CASE STUDY

Instead of running the sys-
tem through his laptop on the Stretching the Boundaries
water, Webb utilized the dual- Bret Webb built the ideal sampling platform to map
function capability of the M9, shoals and pools in Daphne, Alabama’s Lake Forest - mount-
switching from its ing a 9-beam HydroSurveyor/ RiverSurveyor-M9 acoustic
HydroSurveyor mode - which Doppler profiler on an ocean kayak. But before his JagYak
would have enabled him to touched the water, he had to tackle a thorny challenge with
navigate with a display of his a computer rather than pipe adhesive.
line plan on his laptop screen “We needed to determine the volume of sediment that
and view his measurements in had accumulated since the time of construction,” he
real-time - to its explains. “To do that required a comparison of two surveys:
RiverSurveyor function. The pre-construction and present-day.
switch allowed instrument- “The only pre-construction survey we had was from
based data-logging of depth 1958, and while of very good quality, it did not have any coor-
and velocity readings that dinate reference or stated vertical datum,” Webb notes.
Webb processed afterward on Bret Webb of the University of “Furthermore, the survey contained no recognizable fea-
his laptop, which was left safe- South Alabama is a Master at tures or landmarks that could be used for geo-referencing,
ly in his truck during his sur- Cobbling Together Clever because the entire area has changed substantially due to
A PVC Sleeve Contains a SonTek vey forays to the lake. Solutions in Challenging development since 1958!
M9 Webb Used to Survey the Lake Isaac Jones, the Product Situations. When He Realized He “We had to get very creative,” he says.
Bottom; the Orange SonTek Manager for the Couldn’t Launch His Instrument- Ultimately, Webb and his team found a U.S. Geological
CastAway Provided Quick H y d r o S u r v e y o r/ Laden JagSki Watercraft at Lake Survey (USGS) quadrangle map from about the same year
Conductivity, Temperature and RiverSurveyor-M9 at SonTek Forest, He Rigged a Bathymetry- as the pre-construction survey, and stretched and scaled the
Depth Data for Correcting Sound- (a Xylem brand) in San Diego, Surveying Kayak - the JagYak. 1958 survey over the map until the 20-foot contours of both
Speed Variations. California, notes that the M9 charts were in perfect alignment. Webb could then geo-ref-
offers users the choice of gather. He’s extremely cre- erence the 1958 survey using known coordinates from the
ment. Originally, he also con- RiverSurveyor or ative and has been a real pio- USGS quadrangle.
structed a waterproof enclo- HydroSurveyor mode. neer in the field. His work In all, Webb and his team manually digitized more than
sure for his laptop in hopes “RiverSurveyor and with the JagYak - not just the 800 elevations from the 1958 survey. That set the stage for a
that he could reference the HydroSurveyor modes are dif- way he deployed the M9 on 12,000-point survey of Lake Forest and a new understanding
M9’s HydroSurveyor software ferent firmware packages for the kayak, but the way he uti- of sedimentation in the system.
as he paddled, but the com- the M9 hardware, allowing lized its capabilities - is a per-
puter kept overheating during users to optimize the system fect illustration of that.”
testing. for their needs,” Jones not necessary, he notes. He ure five discrete depths in a
“It’s probably not smart to explains. “RiverSurveyor Counting Strokes just surveyed the water level 50-degree swath. The ADP is
take a computer on a kayak firmware optimizes the M9 to Counting his paddle into NAVD88 and corrected equipped with an integrated
anyhow, so this was likely a emphasize velocity measure- strokes and navigating by the measured depths to accu- GPS, so each data point is
blessing in disguise,” Webb ments and calculate dis- compass and transect plan rately labeled elevations. geolocated. Where the instru-
concludes. charge. HydroSurveyor mode printouts, Webb was still able The M9 uses five of its nine ment’s acoustic beams have a
is optimized for depth meas- to follow his survey plan. And acoustic beams at a time - good fix on the bottom - with-
Onboard Capabilities urement, with less emphasis because the water level in the selecting the optimum fre- out heavy vegetation or mov-
on velocity, and displays real- lake was constant, vertical quency for sampling condi- ing sediments - it can also pro-
time and historical data on a data from absolute RTK were tions at the moment - to meas- vide additional flexibility by
map. That makes
HydroSurveyor mode better
suited for bathymetry. Users
specify the package they want
when they purchase an M9
and can unlock the other
mode if their needs change -
for instance, if they need to
switch from river measure-
ments to lake bathymetry sur-
veys.
“Bret Webb has worked
with the M9 since we intro-
duced it, and has become an
expert in processing raw data
from the system to meet his
Early Efforts to Create a needs,” Jones adds. “He has
Waterproof Case for Webb’s developed the ability to
Laptop Led to the Computer process raw data from the M9
Overheating. Ultimately, Webb to achieve the results other
Left the Computer on Shore and users would tap the
Relied on M9’s Internal Memory to HydroSurveyor or Webb’s JagYak Offered Mobility, Shallow-Water Access, and a Highly Maneuverable Platform for His SonTek M9
Log Readings. RiverSurveyor firmware to Acoustic Doppler Profiler and Home-Made Sediment Sampler.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 35
CASE STUDY

CastAway and reeling it back
Two Instruments in One up at a steady rate provides
Thanks to its innovative firmware packages, the SonTek geolocated conductivity, tem-
M9 acoustic Doppler profiler (ADP) is really two instruments perature and depth readings
in one - a RiverSurveyor and a HydroSurveyor. for the water column.
The M9 uses a total of nine beams - five at a time - to meas- “Even though there were
ure velocity, direction, and depth in the water column. With not ‘salinity’ changes in the
SonTek’s SmartPulseHDTM technology, the M9 utilizes a vari- reservoir, there were certainly
ety of ping types and frequencies - 3.0 Mhz, 1.0 Mhz, and 0.5 temperature differences, and
Mhz - as well as a range of processing technologies to optimize even some conductivity differ-
the instrument for current data gathering conditions. ences, that could affect the
The firmware packages add a further level of optimization. speed value,” Webb points out.
In its RiverSurveyor mode, the instrument allocates a “There were a couple of deep
greater proportion of its measurement capabilities to captur- spots right in front of the dam
ing velocity data, processing onboard discharge calculations. where there was a fairly sub- Webb’s Creativity Extends Well Beyond Clever Workshop Projects. To Chart
In HydroSurveyor mode, more of the M9’s acoustic pings stantial change in tempera- Changes in Lake Bottom Elevations, He Manipulated a 1958 Survey Map to
are oriented toward depth measurement. Users can chart ture (with depth) in those Exactly Fit a 2016 USGS Quadrangle Map.
their survey and visualize their data in real-time on a laptop, holes.
and the processing software easily yields bathymetric maps. “I would never collect data Through his survey, Webb locations around the lake.
Most users specify their preferred firmware package, without using a CTD profiler,” determined that the lake had Analyzing and sorting grain
based on their primary application, when purchasing an M9, he adds. “And since I was on a enough capacity to capture size, Webb determined that
notes SonTek product manager Isaac Jones, though they can kayak, the CastAway CTD sediment for the next 90 years the sediments in Lake Forest
unlock the other firmware package if needed for a fraction of was ideal due to its size and at the rate it has been flowing were precisely the same mate-
the cost of purchasing a second unit. built-in GPS.” since it was built. Quantifying rial that was lacking down-
“For significantly less than the cost of a new M9, users can the amount of sediment stream in Mobile Bay to bol-
unlock the functionality of the RiverSurveyor or Massive Build-up already in the lake also helped ster beaches and barriers.
HydroSurveyor package, saving them from having to buy a Webb’s study of the lake him estimate the staggering “They’re essentially identi-
second instrument as your needs change,” Jones says. “We are bottom indicated that more cost of dredging and sediment cal to what we find on our bay
seeing a lot of interest in that from consultants who use a sin- than 313,000 cubic yards of relocation. But Webb also beaches,” Webb says. “We’re
gle M9 for contracts that range from discharge studies to sediment has collected in wanted to study the sedi- not seeing beaches able to
bathymetric mapping. As budgets get tighter, many govern- Lake Forest since 1958, an ments themselves. keep up with sea level rise,
ment agencies are also moving in this direction. accumulation of approximate- mostly due to a lack of sedi-
“The HydroSurveyor and RiverSurveyor functionality, cou- ly 16,200 tons per year. Depth Sediment Samples ment inputs.”
pled with the built-in SmartPulseHD technology, make the M9 has been reduced by 5 to 10 “We wanted to collect sedi- Someday, funds permit-
a remarkably versatile instrument,” he adds. feet in most of the lake, and ment push cores, but had no ting, some of the 700,000 tons
pool volume has been reduced budget left to purchase a com- of sediment that have built up
by 45 to 60 percent since mercial device,” he explains. in Lake Forest since 1958
engaging its bottom tracking locations. development began - from 356 So, while he was in the could be used to rebuild dwin-
feature, which uses acoustic- Webb supported his M9 acre-feet in 1958 to less than plumbing department of the dling beaches and eroding
derived speed and position data with readings from a 197 acre-feet in 2016. home improvement center riverbanks.
over the ground to derive CastAway CTD, a palm-sized The lake has experienced buying parts to outfit the Upstream of Lake Forest,
position. instrument from SonTek that significant sediment build-up JagYak, Webb also stocked up the conservation work, along-
In all, between wading provides vital data for cor- on more than 78 percent of its on supplies to craft a home- with its two primary tributar-
measurements and data from recting sound-speed varia- area, shoals of five feet or made sediment sampler. ies, has substantially reduced
the JagYak, Webb’s bathymet- tions in his depth and velocity more have built-up on more An off-the-shelf sampler the volume of sediments flow-
ric survey included position readings - a vital step in than 19 acres of the lake bot- cost $400 to $500. With $30 in ing into the lake. With Bret
and elevation measurements ensuring accurate depth tom. At the same time, signifi- parts - including PVC pipe, a 1- Webb’s detailed maps in hand,
for more than 12,000 discrete measurement. Lowering the cant erosion has occurred in inch ball valve, and clear plas- decision makers will have a
front of the dam, leaving deep tic coring tubes - Webb built great tool for planning the
pools that are susceptible to his own. Using the homemade future of Lake Forest - made
low dissolved oxygen levels. If sampler, he and his team col- possible by a scientist with a
that hypoxic water is drawn to lected 20-inch (50-cm) push creative mind and a talent for
the upper levels of the water cores of sediment from eight improvisation.
column by wind or surface
cooling, it could be released
into the spillway and dis- Attracting Alligators’Attention
charged into Mobile Bay, Mapping Alabama’s Lake Forest in a modified kayak pro-
Webb notes. vided University of South Alabama’s Bret Webb with a
Quantifying the massive detailed bathymetric survey. It also provided a few thrills.
build-up of sediment in Lake “I have never before worked in an area with so many
Forest was an important step active alligators,” Webb says. “They were very curious the
in helping the decision-mak- entire time we were working, especially the little baby alliga-
ers understand the lake’s tors. So, every time I attracted the attention of a baby alliga-
The M9’s HydroSurveyor Mode Allows Users to Track their Survey Patterns potential role in capturing tor, I was quickly looking around to find out where Big
on an Onscreen Map in Real-Time. Without his Laptop, Webb Counted His floodwater and its expected Momma was!”
Paddle Strokes and Navigated by Compass to Maintain His Pattern. reserve of sediment storage.

36 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
CASE STUDY

Del Monte Philippines Harvest Free Green
Energyfrom Food Process Water
The wastewater treatment installation at the pineapple canning plant has achieved 93%
organic pollution (COD) removal in its anaerobic reactors.
By Global Water Engineering

company has installed more • Anaerobic digestion in four that reduce energy and water
than 150 waste-to-green energy ANUBIX™ B (UASB type) intensity.
plants worldwide and ca. 400 methane reactors of a type The winning entry involved
high-quality industrial waste- proven globally for low-to- pulp processing at the Chok
water and waste treatment medium strength mainly sol- Chai Starch cassava processing
plants, the benefits of which are uble carbohydrate containing plant in Thailand. The
applicable to any manufactur- effluents, attaining outstand- Institution of Chemical
ing operation with one or more ing COD removal efficiencies, Engineers is the global profes-
organically loaded wastewater in some cases even up to 99% sional institution for chemical
and waste streams. • Aerobic activated sludge and process engineers with
Green Energy Generators Powered by Biogas (Methane) from Wastewater at “The DMPI plant has sub- type polishing treatment of 40,000 members across 120
Del Monte Philippines Transform a Problem into to a Profit. stantially exceeded even the the anaerobic reactor efflu- countries.
high environmental goals set by ent (upgrade of existing facil- “Biogas from wastewater is
A WASTE-TO-ENERGY proj- heat from the gensets is also the company for the treating ities) an outstanding source of base-
ect undertaken by the world’s put to use to heat up steam boil- more than 13,000 cubic meters • Mechanical sludge dewater- load power. As part of a
largest integrated pineapple er feed water, which is a further a day of wastewater, or nearly ing of the aerobic excess renewable energy mix - com-
operation, Del Monte reduction of fossil fuel use in five million cubic meters a sludge (by reuse of existing plementing wind and solar
Philippines Inc. (DMPI), has the factory, says GWE year.” facilities) generation, for example - elec-
exceeded even the high effluent Chairman and CEO Jean- “Process results are sub- • Biogas sweetening in a 2 step tricity generated with biogas
quality targets originally set for Pierre Ombregt. stantially better than the (physicochemical followed by is highly reliable and consis-
the job. DMPI processes more than guaranteed levels of the proj- biological) SULFURIX™, tent.”
The Global Water 700,000 tons of pineapple and ect, with anaerobic effluent BIOSULFURIX™ process “As the major component
Engineering (GWE) waste- papaya a year to produce more achieving ca. 40 mg/l COD (93 for sulphur removal, followed of natural gas, methane is an
water treatment installation at than 100 food and vegetable percent removal) and final by GASODRIX™ biogas dry- environmentally attractive
the Cagayan de Oro pineapple variants. DMPI is owned by Del effluent achieving 70 mg/l ing alternative to fossil fuels,” said
canning plant has achieved 93 Monte Pacific Ltd (DMPL), who COD, or a further 83 percent • Feed of the sweetened and Mr. Ombregt, whose company
percent organic pollution also owns Del Monte Foods removal.” dried biogas to the 2 electric- was complimented by DMPI
(COD) removal in its anaerobic Inc., the company that owns the “This is remarkable in an ity generation sets on achieving better than guar-
reactors, producing in the Del Monte brand in the USA. operation so large and a com- GWE anaerobic technolo- anteed process results.
process enough green energy DMPI is one of the largest pro- pliment to the foresight of gies have been successfully GWE was subsequently
(methane-rich biogas) to power ducers, distributors, and mar- DMPI. In terms of the positive deployed on diverse organic awarded a supervision contract
two 1.4 MW generating electri- keters of premium quality, environmental impact and the and agribusiness waste extending until 2017 to opti-
cal power generator units or branded food products for the virtually free electricity gains streams produced by industries mize plant operation.
gensets. The effluent of the US retail market through its going straight to the bottom including food and beverage
anaerobic digestion step is fur- affiliate DMFI, as well as pri- line, this is an exemplary proj- processing, starch and fermen-
ther polished in an activated vate label products. ect for food, beverage and tation industry, pulp & paper,
sludge type final treatment step Benefits of the company’s agribusiness processors and many other type of agro-
to satisfy the local DENR dis- new wastewater and green worldwide.” industry.
charge effluent standards. energy plant mean that DMPI Elements of the GWE Their success was recogniz
DMPI - which accounts for can replace fossil fuels with process tailored to the needs of ed by GWE’s successful entry
about 10 percent of the world’s green energy, and given the the DMPI include: in the 2014 IChemE award for
annual production of processed high prices of electricity from • Pre-treatment of flume the best project or process to
pineapple products - will bene- the Grid and the sometimes wastewater for large solids demonstrate innovation in
fit from environmentally clean erratic supply, the plant will and sand removal before join- renewable energy, alternative
electricity to replace fossil fuels achieve rapid ROI payback. ing with the rest of the efflu- energy sources, efficient ener-
typically used in electrical Generally, this takes only 2 to 5 ents which pass a primary gy use or the development of GWE Chairman and CEO Jean Pierre
power plants. And the waste years, says Mr Ombregt, whose clarifier. energy production methods Ombregt

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 37
MARKET

Health Concerns of Consumers Increase
Demand for Bottled Drinking Water
By The Business Research Company

THE GLOBAL BOTTLED market is expected to further market is highly fragmented water consumption in the US to the growing concerns about
water market did not end the grow to over 600 billion liters with a large number of local reached 39.3 gallons per capi- rising obesity levels.
year 2017 without surprises. in 2021 at a CAGR of above 9%. players present in most coun- ta, while the carbonated soft Carbonated water can lead to
After years of strong growth Analysts from The tries, with very few major drinks consumption fell to problems such as digestive
in the USA, bottled water Business Research Company players having more than 5% 38.5 gallons per capita. issues, weight gain, heart-
sales surpassed carbonated have also forecasted the glob- market share. It is a highly burn, etc. This is making con-
soft drinks to become the al per capita average bottled competitive market and has Growing Acceptance of sumers shift towards the low-
largest beverage category by water expenditure to grow to many manufacturers operat- Premium Bottled Water calorie flavored water and
volume in 2016, and numbers over $45 by 2021. ing across multiple product The acceptance of premi- functional water. Companies
do not stay idle. According to segments and geographies. um bottled water is gradually are launching products in this
a report on the bottled water Regional Analysis The leading players in the increasing in emerging segment in response to rising
market published by The The consumption of bot- global market that have a economies such as Brazil. opportunities in this product
Business Research Company tled water in 2017 was the multi-country presence are Premium bottled water has
(TBRC), from 2014 to 2017, the highest in the Asia Pacific DANONE, Nestle, Coca-Cola, less sodium content, high min-
global bottled market grew to region, accounting for more and Pepsi-Co. eral content and special glass
over $200 billion following a than two-fifths of the global To stand out among the or plastic packaging, and is
9% yearly growth. This was consumption. Asia Pacific numerous competitors, com- priced higher than normal
due to the increase in health region is a host for two most panies have started changing bottled water. The prices
concerns caused by consump- populated countries where the look and feel of packaging established for premium bot-
tion of contaminated water. In poor public infrastructure is to get more traction in mar- tled water brands are not as
addition to the health con- quite common and access to ket. The aim of the producers high as imported brands, thus
cerns, rising disposable clean drinking water is limit- has become to establish differ- enabling consumers to opt for
income also let people in the ed, which drove the market to entiation and a brand image in premium bottled water. The
Asia Pacific region influence such numbers. These condi- the bottled water market. consumption of premium bot-
the growth of the market sig- tions, in particular, raise con- Innovative packaging comes tled water is also highly incen-
nificantly. sumers’ hygiene standards in hand, which includes re- tivized by restaurants in coun-
By volume, the market towards drinking water to sealable and recyclable can tries such as Brazil since it is
grew by above 100 billion maintain a healthy life. packaging material, transpar- not common to serve tap
liters. The predictions for the Following the health aware- ent sophisticated bottles, and water. This is expected to
bottled water market are ness trend, bottled water con- inks and coatings applied on a drive the demand for premi-
above expectations. By value, sumers in the Asia Pacific can to enhance customer um bottled water in the fore-
the market is going to reach region are also increasingly experience through unique cast period.
around $350 billion by 2021 adopting new products with visual effects along with an
following a double digit year health benefits, such as func- increasing shelf-appeal. Innovations in Bottled Wa-
on year growth. The growth tional water, which has added ter Products
rate of volume will be a bit functional value in the form of Market Trends Bottled water manufactur-
lower, but not by a significant minerals, oxygen, and vita- The Business Research ing companies are increasing-
number, at over 9%. Global mins. Since consumers prefer Company’s report on the glob- ly introducing new products
per capita average bottled to try new tastes and follow al bottled water market high- to offer functional benefits,
water expenditure will also the best of them, the availabil- lights the following major better taste, and convenience
raise from $32.3 per head in ity of a range of flavors and trends shaping the market: to consumers. These innova-
2017 to $45.3 by 2021. options in functional water The Shift from Carbonated tive products have several type. For instance, Pepsi has
will boost the market growth. Soft Drinks to Water health benefits and are also launched new sparkling
Per Capita Consumption The second largest region Consumers, particularly in priced higher than regular Aquafina flavored waters to
and Expenditure of Bottled in terms of volume was North America, are gradually bottled water products. cater to rising consumer
Water American continent. High shifting from soda to bottled Increasing Obesity Rate demand in the flavored and
The bottled water con- average prices per liter of water. This shift is driven by a Boosts Demand for Flavored functional water segments.
sumption market grew in 2017 drinking water made the shift in consumers’ prefer- and Functional Water The Business Research
at a compound annual growth region rank first in value. ences from unnatural and Bottled water companies Company is a market research
rate (CAGR) of more than 7% high-sugar drinks towards are increasingly offering fla- and intelligence company which
to over 400 billion liters. The Competitor Landscape healthier alternatives. For vored and functional water, excels in company, market and
bottled water consumption The global bottled water example, in 2017 the bottled which is in high demand due consumer research.

38 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
MARKET

IAPMO India to Run Water Quality
India Association’s Operations
Express Water Exclusive
expanding education and professional certi-
fication, administering the “Seal of Purity”
product certification program, providing
meeting space and logistics for WQIA,
maintaining WQIA website and social
media accounts, attending meetings and
trade shows on WQIA’s behalf, leveraging
our industry relationships to introduce
WQIA into foreign markets (US, Mexico,
Canada, Australia, Indonesia and other
countries where IAPMO has a presence),
producing WQIA’s quarterly newsletter, and
coordinating with WQIA’s legal and
PLUMBING CODES AND sary scientific and intellectual accounting firm.
Standards India Private input to help associations Mayur Sharma talked to Dr. K. I will oversee all the activities on a day-
Limited (known as IAPMO meet their goals and objec- Chandrasekhar (Interim Managing to-day basis and report to the WQIA board.
India) has signed a tives,” said Dr. K. Director, IAPMO India and Chief Operating I will also be taking their guidance and
Memorandum of Chandrasekhar, Interim Officer, WQIA). Excerpts... directions to run the association.
Understanding (MoU) with Managing Director of IAPMO
the Water Quality India India. Chandrasekhar will also What does this development mean for Please tell us about your own journey
Association (WQIA) calling serve as Chief Operating IAPMO and WQIA? in the Indian water sector.
for IAPMO India to execute Officer of the WQIA and will Dr. K. Chandrasekhar: IAPMO India Dr. K. Chandrasekhar: It has been a
the WQIA’s operations in India work closely with the WQIA has taken the responsibility of running fantastic journey of nearly ten years in the
as the management agency. board to manage its activities. operations of WQIA on a day-to-day basis water treatment industry with so many
IAPMO India will manage In “This strategic association under the guidance and direction of WQIA changes in terms of new innovations, invest-
addition to managing the with IAPMO India will not board-members who are in senior positions ments and above all so much awareness for
WQIA’s daily administrative only help in better manage- in their respective companies or are the the safe drinking water. I got an opportuni-
tasks, IAPMO India will pro- ment of the WQIA and its pro- owners of companies. IAPMO India will ty to run WQA India Task Force for nearly 8
vide direction to help the asso- grams but by including the help WQIA in being recognized as a reliable years and was able to interact with thou-
ciation achieve its strategic plumbing industry sets the resource of information about water quality sands of traders and manufacturers of resi-
goals. tone to broaden the scope of issues and improving water quality to dential water treatment systems. Regional
IAPMO India will manage water quality in India, where enhance the quality of life for everyone associations like WAPTAG, WAPTEMA,
and organize membership, focus on water quality is nas- through right water treatment technologies SRW, and IWA, with their huge member-
meetings, standard develop- cent today,” said outgoing and services. base, are helping traders and manufactur-
ment, training, certifications, WQIA President Rajul Parikh, The objectives are promoting standards ers to make good products.
public relations, social media Director of Alfaa UV. & product certification, promoting con-
initiatives, and the website, in The WQIA’s incoming sumer awareness about water quality, train- How do you see the growth of Indian
addition to other routine President, Sarjan Watertech ing & education, marketplace protection, water sector in near future?
administrative functions. India Pvt. Ltd. Managing liaising with Government bodies, and net- Dr. K. Chandrasekhar: Many reports
The leading association for Director Sunil Trivedi, said, working. The overall aim will be to see say that Indian water sector is growing at
the water treatment industry “IAPMO’s assistance in the WQIA become the “Voice of Industry”. the rate of 25-30% every year and will grow
in India, WQIA will now have effective management of our further. The safe drinking water availability
IAPMO India’s support in pro- association will help the What will be the scope of work for is a great challenge for 1.3 billion people of
moting industry initiatives WQIA penetrate deeply IAPMO? And your responsibilities? this country. WQIA will play a key role in
throughout the country. The across the country with vari- Dr. K. Chandrasekhar: IAPMO India helping industry make quality products
MoU was signed on February ous activities for all categories has an excellent staff in place in Bengaluru using relevant standards available, creating
21. of members and to be a strong which will perform activities like marketing new standards for water treatment, and
“The IAPMO Group has supporter of the water indus- the WQIA membership and its programs, providing education & professional certifi-
vast experience in managing try. It will also help the WQIA organizing WQIA meetings and conducting cation for service engineers and salespeo-
associations all over the fulfill its vision and mission by WQIA board meetings, initiating standard ple, and making the consumers aware about
world, providing the neces- achieving its objectives.” development activities, promoting and the benefits of safe drinking water.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 39
MARKET

Jewel-of-the-Ocean Inspires New,
Environment-Friendly and More Hygienic
Wastewater Treatment
By CST Wastewater Solutions

Lord Howe Island

AN ENVIRONMENT systems. and commercial system is also brother Peter Bambridge
FRIENDLY and cost-efficient The new system - incorpo- treated at this facility, drawn worked extensively with the CST proposed a new
wastewater treatment system rating the world’s best tech- from about 220 wastewater Lord Howe Island Board’s two-stage system:
is being engineered by nology into an Australian systems on the island, 25 of Project Manager to find an
Australian company CST engineered package - has been which are commercial opera- optimal solution that com- • The first stage is a CST
Wastewater Solutions for selected for use by the Island tions. Currently, pumpouts bined outstanding environ- Screen Extractor with a
smaller, remote and ecologi- Board of World-Heritage list- are delivered to the facility via mental performance with coarse screening at 6.0mm
cally sensitive community, ed Lord Howe Island after a 1,800 liter wastewater equally strong OHS perform- up front to remove plastic,
municipal, agribusiness and extensive testing to determine tanker. ance - and which has a much rags and other disposals
industrial applications the best solution for the man- “CST Wastewater smaller footprint than the typically found in the com-
throughout the Asia-Pacific. agement and disposal of waste Solutions was tasked to drying rack system used cur- munity, commercial and
The two-stage system uses generated on the island. review a “best fit” sludge rently. industrial wastewater treat-
a combination of coarse and The existing waste man- dewatering system for the “The extensive work done ment plants.
fine screening and advanced agement facility for the Island, septic waste because the cur- by Peter with the Lord Howe • The second stage employed
dry compaction technology to 900 km off the coast of rent infrastructure is becom- Island Board Project Manager CST’s new KDS Separator
produce a more hygienic and Eastern Australia, sorts vari- ing outdated and the existing inspired us to take a fresh look technology for fine screen-
more compact output that is ous waste streams including drying beds are to be decom- at the type of environmental ing and dewatering of the
easier to handle and trans- food waste, paper & card- missioned,” said CST solutions on offer to communi- fines. The clog-free auto-
port. The system is more eco- board, green waste, recyclable Wastewater Solutions ties and industries in environ- matic liquid-to-solid waste
nomical, compact and uses materials re-usable materials Chemical Engineer and mentally sensitive locations separator is being intro-
less energy and minimal and general waste. Septic Managing Director Michael throughout the Asia-Pacific,” duced to the Asia-Pacific by
water compared to alternative Waste from the residential Bambridge. Michael and his said Michael. CST Wastewater Solutions

40 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
MARKET

dissolved air flotation sludge -
a very common application
throughout wastewater oper-
ations - in which role it
achieves solids capture of 97
percent thickened sludge at a
dryness of 17 percent. Waste
activated sludge dryness lev-
els are typically 15-25 percent.
The compact rotational
oval plate structure achieves
high transportation and sepa-
ration efficiencies, while the
simplicity of the machine’s
overall structure offers low
maintenance, achieving cost
and OH&S benefits through
less handling being required
to clear hazardous materials.
The applications, for which
the separator is designed,
The New Clog-Free Automatic Liquid-to-Solid KDS Waste Separator (Left), and the More Hygienic and Easily Handled Output Obtained in the Lord include:
Howe Island Application (right) • Food processing waste,
including snack-foods,
for compact dewatering under the supervision of the separator offers a high tion of resources in small-to- kitchen and restaurant
applications ranging from Board’s Project Manager, throughput within a small medium applications, the waste, raw wastewater (pri-
food processing, food waste, obtaining impressive results body, with the smallest model energy-efficient KDS separa- mary screening) and sludge
grease trap and waste oil from the pilot plant KDS being just under 350mm wide tor consumes as little as • Sewage treatment, includ-
through to municipal waste- Separator, with high screen- and weighing 50 kg. It is ideal 0.06kW hr of electricity and ing raw wastewater (pri-
water sludge, livestock ing capture and effective for applications such as Lord uses no wash water, says mary screening) and sludge
manure, and agribusiness dewatering of the fines from Howe Island and other small- Mike. Compared to alternate to the landfill
processes. The KDS system the wastewater delivered by er communities and industrial technologies it saves on • Abattoir, feedlots, and dairy
was developed in Japan, a the tanker servicing the com- applications throughout the power, space and money. farm wastewater and
country which is highly munity,” said Michael. Asia-Pacific, including coastal, “The KDS separator uses a sludge. Cattle manure cake
focused on food and water The compact KDS multi- remote and ecologically sensi- fraction of the power of a cen- dryness of 25-35 percent is
purity. CST Wastewater disc roller separator features tive areas. It is more hygienic trifuge and involves no water typically achieved
Technologies engineers a unique self-cleaning dewa- and produces an output that is usage during operation, unlike • Pig farm raw manure and
KDS’ latest technologies tering and conveying system twice as light and half the cost a belt press or a screw press. sludge, with cake dryness of
into Australian-engineered with oval plate separation and to transport for disposal, com- For a relatively low invest- 20-30 percent.
packages specified to transfer structure that pre- pared to other systems. It is ment cost, it offers a high-per- • Barrel polishing water,
achieve best results in indi- vents clogging and permits also extremely compact, ener- formance alternative for water-based paint waste-
vidual locations, such as automatic continuous opera- gy efficient and uses minimal example to sludge drying beds water, grease trap waste,
Lord Howe Island. tion that handles oily and water.” and geobags, says Michael. dyeing wastewater, waste
“CST completed successful fibrous material with ease. Designed for efficiency, The KDS technology can oil, and plastic recycling.
trials on Lord Howe Island “This simple-to-maintain sustainability, and conserva- also be used for thickening of • Seafood processing

The Unique Self-Cleaning Action of the KDS Separator, Which is
Available in Hydraulic Capacities from 264-4092 gal/hr (Approx. 1000-
15490 Litres) with Input Solids Content of 2%

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 41
MARKET

Where to Start with Electronic Instrumentation
and Automation in Water Distribution Systems?
By Justin Arseneault

Mechanical Methods - Pilot Actuators a control signal. They are not
What Options Do I Have? Pilot actuators fit over a limited to a few pre-chosen
When first adding electron- pilot and turn the set-point set-points but instead can
ic automation, it can be easier adjusting screw in response to adjust the pilot to any set-
to use products that work with
existing mechanical compo-
nents rather than to replace
them completely. There are a
number of products that
enhance valve control by
adding the ability to change
set-points or actuate valves
electronically. These methods
retain the original mechanical
control mechanism but
remove the need to send per-
sonnel into the field to adjust a
pilot screw when a pressure
needs to be adjusted.
Pilot System with 5 Pressure Reducing Pilots, Each with a Different Set-
point. A Latching Solenoid is Paired with Each, Allowing a Controller to Battery-Operated Latching
Switch Between Set-points at Pre-Program. Solenoids
Battery-Operated Latching
ADDING ELECTRONIC sors to monitor pressures, Solenoids that can be paired
INSTRUMENTATION and flow rates, tank levels, valve with a programmable timer
automation to a water man- positions and other parame- are solenoid valves that do not
agement system can provide ters throughout your system. need constant power to hold a
enormous benefits, but it can Sensors provide valuable feed- position but instead switch
seem daunting when first back that enables operators position when they receive a
moving from a purely and engineers to monitor sites pulse of power. They are ideal
hydraulic system. While there and gain a deeper understand- for low power applications in
are many instrumentation and ing of their system’s perform- remote locations which need
automation options available, ance. Even when control is pressure modulation set-point
an electronic control system accomplished by hydraulic changes.
does not have to be overly and mechanical means, having Latching Solenoids are
complicated. Control valves sensor feedback is critical to commonly used to address the
are a natural place to start setting up that control effec- need in water distribution sys-
since they already perform tively. For example, a flowme- tems for pressure regulation
much of the control in water ter can give data valuable to to two set-points at varying
management. For those con- setting up a PRV chamber and times throughout the day.
sidering instrumentation and ensuring equal flow across Lowering system pressure
automation for their valves, multiple lines. Electronic during off-peak hours reduces
but unsure of where to start, instrumentation has become pipe wear and breakage and
here are some simple sugges- increasingly common in many lowers costs in maintenance
tions that can have a large parts of the industry as a fun- and water loss. A latching
impact. damental piece of water sys- solenoid on a control valve can
tems and it is worth incorpo- switch between high and low-
I Don’t Have Any Electron- rating if it is not already. pressure pilots at preset
ics - Where Do I start? times, removing the need for
A good first step into the I’m Interested in Electronic manual set-point adjustment,
world of electronics is on the Automation, But I Don’t but retaining mechanical pilot
instrumentation side: add sen- Want to Abandon Reliable control. Pilot Actuator

42 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
MARKET

What If I Want More Control and MCP-TP are a good option. Custom Instrumentation and Automation
Flexibility? panels require more communication to Engineer for Singer Valve, is part of
To get the full potential of electron- design to your needs, but ultimately the design and commissioning team
ic automation, consider full electronic they are only as complicated as your
control. For diaphragm valves, that requirements.
means solenoid pilot systems. The
main valve is still operated hydrauli- I’m Still Unsure of What I Need…
cally via the diaphragm; however, the When in doubt, ask questions. Valve
mechanical pilots are replaced with manufacturers and their local repre-
Two Way Solenoid Control Valve electronic solenoid pilots. For modu- sentatives are usually happy to help in
lating control, a two-solenoid pilot sys- determining the best fit for a given
point in its range. This makes them a tem is used. A two-solenoid control application.
good addition to control-valves in valve sometimes called a “double click- Talking to others who have already
applications that need multiple set- er”, works by having the solenoids implemented electronic automation in
points. pulse on and off at varying lengths to their systems can also be helpful for
Pilot actuators are ideal for adding control the flow of water entering or seeing what is possible. Also be sure to
electronic automation to an existing leaving the valve bonnet, similar to know what you want your valve to do
valve because they are easy to retrofit how a mechanical pilot throttles the and what benefits you want to see from
and simple to control. Since the bonnet flow to modulate the valve. The adding electronics. Knowing what you
mechanical pilot is doing the actual pulse lengths are determined by a con- want, seeing what others have done
modulation, the actuator does not trol algorithm to smoothly and accu- and talking to the experts will get you
require a complicated control algo- rately bring the valve to its set-point. on the right track to bringing electron-
rithm. Dealing with control algorithms can ic automation to your valves. for innovative electronic automation
Instead, operators just send the be one of the most daunting aspects of About the Author solutions that improve control valve
desired 4-20mA set-point signal from a adding electronic automation. Justin Arseneault, an efficiency and functionality.
control panel, SCADA system, or sig- However, manufacturers who offer
nal generator. The actuator then electronic control valves often also
adjusts the pilot set-point and the pilot offer control panels pre-programmed STATEMENT ABOUT OWNERSHIP AND OTHER PARTICULARS OF
EXPRESS WATER, MUMBAI, AS REQUIRED UNDER RULE 8
continues to control the valve as usual. with algorithms tailored to control OF THE REGISTRATION OF NEWSPAPERS (CENTRAL) RULES, 1956
their valves. These kinds of ready-
Valve Actuators made, plug-and-play options greatly
FORM - IV
Valve actuators are used for butter- simplify the switch to electronic (SEE RULE 8)
fly valves, ball valves, and other direct automation and make it easy for oper-
acting valves. They work similarly to ators and engineers to adapt to. A 1. Place of Publication : Express Towers,1st Floor
pilot actuators, except that they are panel like the SCP-TP (as seen below) Nariman Point, Mumbai-400 021
mounted on the main valve rather than allows both local and remote set- 2. Periodicity of its publication : MONTHLY
on a pilot. These actuators can typical- points, data logging, signal retransmis- 3. Printer's Name : Ms. Vaidehi Thakar
ly be controlled with a 4-20mA signal. sion, alarm notifications, and SCADA Whether citizen of India : Yes
Address : Express Towers,
However, valve actuators require a communication. It also allows valve Nariman Point, Mumbai-400 021
control algorithm and can have com- control speed and accuracy to be 4. Publisher's Name : Ms. Vaidehi Thakar
plex behavior in modulating applica- adjusted through the panel. Whether citizen of India : Yes
tions, making them a bit more difficult These panels can be connected to Address : Express Towers,
to control. These actuators can be SCADA for remote control or act as Nariman Point, Mumbai-400 021
retrofitted onto existing valves and are standalone units. For applications with 5. Editor's name : Mayur Sharma
Whether citizen of India : Yes
ideal for adding electronic automation multiple processes or custom require- Address : Express Towers, 1st Floor
to butterfly valves and ball valves. ments, custom panels like Singer’s Nariman Point, Mumbai-400 021
6. Name and address of individuals : The Indian Express (P) Ltd
who own the newspaper Express Towers, Nariman Point,
Solenoid Valve: Mumbai 400021
An electronic on/off valve driven by Sensor/ Transmitter: AND
an electromagnet. Solenoids are “Sensor” and “Transmitter” are Shareholders holding more than : Indian Express Holdings & Entp Private
often used in valve pilot systems for terms often used interchangeably One per cent of the total capital Limited, Express Towers,
Nariman Point, Mumbai 400021
electronic control and can be 2-way, for devices that measure character-
3-way, or 4-way, similar to ball istics of a system such as pressure, : Mr. Viveck Goenka & Mr. Anant Goenka
valves. Solenoids usually hold one flow, level, or valve position, and Express Towers, Nariman Point,
position (open or closed) when produce an electric signal from that Mumbai 400021
unpowered and the other when measurement.
powered. : Mr. Shekhar Gupta & Mrs. Neelam Jolly
SCADA: C-6/53, Safdarjung Development Area
Actuator: Supervisory Control And Data New Delhi 110 016
Components that move other parts. Acquisition (SCADA) is the overar-
I, Vaidehi Thakar, hereby declare that the particulars given above are true and to the
Within the scope of electronic ching computer system that moni- best of my knowledge and belief.
automation, actuators are generally tors and controls an entire plant or
electric motors that can be used to water distribution system, usually sd/-
VAIDEHI THAKAR
open/close a valve. from a central control room. Date : 1/3/2018 Publisher

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 43
MARKET

POSTEVENT
TECHNICAL SEMINAR ON ADVANCES IN RO
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES
By EW News Bureau

Express Water Exclusive
DURING THE SEMINAR, Mayur Sharma ibly happy with our polymer quality.
talked to - Anand Sathya - Director -
Geofluid Processors, and the team of LG Please tell us about the growth markets
Chem (Water Solutions Division) - Yasushi of these membranes.
Maeda - SME/ Asia Pacific Technical Leader Anand Sathya: We have many sewage
and Younghoon Ko - Application Engineering treatment plants coming up across India, for
Manager - Sales & Marketing Team, and example a big one in Vizag. Chennai has the
Mohd Imran Umar - Country Manager first desalination plant, with a second one
Indian Subcontinent. Excerpts... coming up soon, followed by a gigantic one in
Mumbai. Both desalination and reuse require
Yasushi Maeda - SME/Asia Pacific Please tell us a little about Geofluid’s as- RO and there is unbelievable potential in the
Technical Leader (Water Solutions The Interactive Session in Progress sociation with LG Chem. market as the biggest growth rate in technol-
Division) - LG Chem Anand Sathya: We had been trying to ogy is in RO. The membrane is here to stay
tions were followed by a round associate with a company which could really and we anticipate the market to grow by at
A TECHNICAL SEMINAR of questions and answers. make a difference in terms of normal TFC least thirty percent every year.
on the Advances in RO As the LG team explained membranes which have been running in the
Membrane Technologies was in detail, NanoH2OTM RO market for years. Suddenly NanoH2OTM What were the ideas behind the event?
organized on 9th February membranes are developed came in and said we have invented a revolu- Anand Sathya: After every such event, we
2018 at the Hyatt Regency in based on innovative Thin Film tionary new membrane. And that is when I get a lot of customers and we would like to
Chennai for a selective gather- Nanocomposite (TFN) tech- approached them. Everybody has normal bring them inside and educate them that
ing of around 60 water profes- nology which improves mem- TFC membranes. A TFN membrane is a tech- membranes are not a commodity, but a tech-
sionals. brane performance by embed- nological change from the TFC which was nology. There has been a dramatic drop in
The team of LG Cheam ding benign nanomaterials in invented by Dow. Before TFC, we were all prices of membranes due to sheer volumes,
made technical presentations the surface of the membrane. using cellulose acetate, and we had to wait for leading it to be treated like a commodity. But
about LG Water Solutions These membranes are said to fifteen-twenty years for the change of technol- it is the most sacred technology in water
which is part of LG Chem Ltd deliver best in class flux and ogy from TFC to TFN. The TFN is an amaz- today, and that is our primary objective for
and manufactures the full line salt rejection. These mem- ing technology and that is why we decided to this event. We are also distributing a water
of NanoH2OTM sweater, branes are provided in various bridge the gap and be a technological partner diary with the complete basics of water treat-
brackish water and residen- spiral wound configurations with them about two years ago (before ment - people should know technology for
tial reverse osmosis (RO) that fit easily into new or NanoH2OTM was acquired by LG Chem). If sure, but they should know water better.
membranes. The presenta- existing RO systems. you have an amazing polymer you will under-
stand that the membrane’s consistent flow How do you see India as a market for LG
rate and consistent pressures will be main- Chem?
tained for a longer period of time, unlike cer- LG Team: India is a large market, especial-
tain TFC membranes. ly with the power plants coming up as well as
desalination plants. The applications for RO
So, you are now presenting LG Chem in are wide, so we have large potential markets.
India exclusively? Indians know LG as a brand and we aim to let
Anand Sathya: Yes, we are presenting them know that we are in water as well
and promoting them exclusively in India. We through such events, exhibitions and other
also have huge installations with respect to marketing ways. Currently, we have one prod-
replacing competitors. Our strategy forward uct - Reverse Osmosis. For over 40 years TFC
is that we pick up a competitor site and we do was used and we have brought this down to
a piloting. For example, we have just done one TFN, which gives better results with same
Joint Team of LG Chem and Geofluid Processors at the Seminar such piloting in Gujarat and they were incred- feed pressures.

44 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
MARKET

POSTEVENT
THIRD NATIONALSUMMITON SUSTAINABLE
WATER & SANITATION INDIA
Over two days, the event brought together water and sanitation professionals from all over
the country.
By EW News Bureau

interesting keynote from Ravi
Narayanan - Chair, Asia
Pacific Water Forum.
The second day focused on
Sustainable Sanitation and
Fecal Sludge Management
spearheaded by a presentation
from Madhu Krishna, Country
Head, WASH from the Bill &
Melinda Gates Foundation
(BMGF) along with case stud-
ies by Utkarsha Kavadi from
the AIILSG followed by an
interactive discussion moder-
ated by Krishnan Hariharan
NISPANA INNOVATIVE Administration, Govt. of gates. summit hosted more than 30+ from DASRA and a panel dis-
PLATFORMS, in association Telangana, Thiru Prakash Over 250 participants speakers who made insightful cussion on Groundwater and
with CDD Society India, suc- Govindsamy, Director, attended the summit from presentations and case studies Sanitation moderated by Prof.
cessfully organized the 3rd Municipal Administration, more than 65 cities, towns and and joined in interactive panel Vishwanath from BIOME.
National Summit Sustainable Govt. of Tamilnadu and other water & sanitation boards discussions. A special field trip to the
Water & Sanitation 2018 at the distinguished guests and per- from all across India. The highlights of the open- Devanahalli Sewage
Sheraton Grande Bengaluru sonalities. The participants also took ing day was a case study on Treatment Plant (STP) was
from 18-19 January 2018. The While speaking at the inau- a unique Swacchta Pledge to Water Harvesting presented also arranged for the interest-
two-day summit was inaugu- gural session, Minister promote cleanliness and move by Dr. Rajendra Singh ed participants.
rated by Eshwara Khandre, Eshwara Khandre emphasized towards a cleaner India. The (Waterman of India) and an Photos Courtesy: Nispana
Minister of Municipalities and the need for effective water
Local Bodies (Urban resource management and
Development Department) also the initiatives towards
and Department of Public fecal sludge management in
Enterprises, Karnataka State Karnataka. He also announced
Government in the presence of the sanctions by the State
Anjum Parvez, Secretary, Govt. of Karnataka towards
Urban Development this sector. He also visited the
Department, Dr. Sreedevi - exhibition stalls and interact-
Director Municipal ed with the speakers and dele-

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 45
MARKET

Express Water Exclusive
Mayur Sharma, Editor of Express structure to these increased num- gurate it. I must congratulate the implemented it. It has been success-
Water, talked to Eshwara Khandre, bers. Already we have great pressure organizers for this international level fully done in Devanahalli and I was
the Minister of Municipalities and to provide safe drinking water, roads, summit where a lot of people have really impressed with it, as it will save
Local Bodies (Urban Development drainage, sanitation, etc. come and where lots of new technolo- time, it will save money and solve
Department) and Department of When I became the minister, I gies and innovations have been show- other ground level difficulties. I have,
Public Enterprises, Karnataka State spoke with the Honourable Chief cased. This summit will create aware- therefore, proposed the implementa-
Government, during the event. Minister of Karnataka and we are ness and give input to the government tion of FSSM from 2018-2019 in
Excerpts... planning to allocate more funds for to act and make Swachh Bharat, and approximately thirty ULBs.
infrastructure projects in the state. In Nirmal Bharat a successful mission. We plan to gradually implement
Please tell us about the ongoing fact, this is our top priority. For exam- FSSM in all Karnataka towns wher-
efforts on the sustainable water ple, the Nagarothana project got Your thoughts on the FSSM? ever there is no underground
and sanitation, specifically in re- sanctioned by the government for Mr. Khandre: I would like to drainage system in place. There are
gard to Karnataka state. about 2,857 crores across the state. emphasize on FSSM - Faecal Sludge around 276 ULBs in Karnataka, and if
Mr. Khandre: Today, the major There are approximately 276 and Septage Management because we exclude ten corporations then
challenge in the world is sustainable ULBs in Karnataka, 256 of which underground drainage systems and there are around 266 ULBs, out of
water and sanitation, especially in come under me, all of these have been sewage treatment is practically which nearly 120 are having their
urban areas because urban areas are allocated funds and given top priority becoming quite difficult for the devel- underground drain - though in some
growing. There has been an increase for sanitation and drinking water. The oped cities. places a lot of problems are there. We
in urbanization mainly due to rural projects have already begun. Most cites have grown without are going to earmark approximately
migration. proper planning, which makes the 2,000 crores funding for this from the
In Karnataka itself, the urban pop- In your opinion, how an event like application of underground drainage Karnataka Government and I have
ulation is at forty percent and is this is helpful for the cause? systems very difficult. FSSM is a solu- already sent the proposal. I hope
expected to rise to fifty percent in the Mr. Khandre: This summit organ- tion which was just introduced a few within one year Karnataka will lead in
next couple of years. This will put ized by Nispana, CDD, and BODA, is a years back by CDD - they have con- FSSM and will be a pioneer in the
major pressure on us to provide infra- great event and I am honored to inau- ceptualized, planned, designed and implementation of technology.

Eshwara Khandre, the Minister of Municipalities and Local Bodies (Urban Development Department)
and Department of Public Enterprises, Karnataka State Government during interaction with Mayur
Sharma, Editor, Express Water VR Raman, Head of Policy, WaterAid India (Photo Credit: WaterAid)

Express Water Exclusive
VR Raman, the Head of Policy, sense, all these conferences play an them into these conferences and tak- would be able to reflect if the matter
WaterAid India was one of the speak- important role, but who is approach- ing them through the knowledge ele- was being approached correctly, and
ers at the summit. Mayur Sharma ing it from which angle, that is the dif- ments and evidence. This would how are we going about this. That is
talked to him about the event and ficult question. The industry may be assist them in making informed deci- of importance.
issues like water availability for all approaching to take the knowledge sions. Their presence is very much
and water security. from the experts, which is a very required especially like during the There was a pledge taken by all
important angle. Or it could only be a inaugural session here - where the the participants at the event. And
What are your thoughts on the marketing angle. We need to, there- ten specific things about the event the minister also seemed to ap-
event? fore, approach events from the over- theme were presented. This would preciate it a lot.
Mr. Raman: This event can play all outcome and perspective. definitely make an impact on the min- Mr. Raman: That’s an important
an important role because it brings For the politicians, I think getting ister and allow him to think from a soft action. And the hard part is, of
together various actors. In that them involved is the angle, getting very reflective point of view. He course, the implementation - the ten

46 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
MARKET

specific things mentioned, how are I will look at how we are matching important question. I have seen this sectors should be tapped for this pur-
you implementing those is the ques- that ambition. What installations and happening in Bihar and Telangana pose. You can take profit, but not
tion. But I’m sure he will be attending measures have we set up? Are they where there are very clear alloca- beyond a certain point, so this should
to that so that’s quite positive. adequate? If we are to provide all tions for this purpose. Many other be regulated. Then you see what kind
One reason why these events are rural habitats with piped water, what states still do the traditional alloca- of water source people are getting,
so important is that we get to ask is this going to entail in terms of fund- tion. It is also not very clear whether how communities can manage it
some pertinent questions: Are we ing? That is the starting point. piped drinking water is there in the together, their capacity building, etc.,
actually identifying the right question Last year, our budget was approx- mission or not, so one major thing we all that needs to be thought through.
to answer while developing the objec- imately 6000 crores and we need need to work towards is getting the We don’t have a parallel system to
tives of the conference? What are the approximately 600,000 crores for the commitment of the state govern- watch what is happening, some sort
exact questions this conference is entire 3-4 years of the mission, which ments. It starts with their commit- of a watchdog function in the commu-
going to answer? Are we answering means we need more than 60,000 ment. nities. There should be some sort of a
the already answered questions? Do crores per annum but we are only triangulation with the government.
we have something new to contribute allocating about 6,000. This is proba- How to ensure the quality of There should be some parallel citizen
to the knowledge field? This is what I bly because the Swach Bharat mis- drinking water at the ground system which reconfirms that our
look for in each conference. Here, I sion requires more allocations. So, level? water supply is as good as the govern-
am yet to see if we are reaching there, the government has to look at the Mr. Raman: We already have dis- ment says or that our water supply is
but the discussions and sessions money allocated - that is the chal- trict level laboratories set up but they not up to the mark.
which included me have definitely lenge - how the government is going are only looking at specific chemical It should be both ways - to verify
raised some new dimensions. to find the resources for making this contamination. Once a water source and question what the government
commitment a reality. is found to be a contaminated water says. This system should be there at a
Please summarize your panel dis- source, what are we doing with it? Is community level. Like many other
cussion session for us. If power has not reached all the it closed? The protocol is that it is red lateral governments our government
Mr. Raman: The session was villages yet, how will water marked and closed. But the access should also set up community level
largely based on the options for sus- reach? that we report continues, meaning monitoring systems, data triangula-
tainable solutions for water security Mr. Raman: One of the interest- the water source is still reported tion systems, and other such mecha-
from an ecological perspective and ing twists between power and water despite it being shut down. Thus, the nisms.
from a long-term perspective. is that water is a shared resource numbers that we see about water For technologies, we can probably
There are many answers which available at the community level. access are a major mismatch. That is set up community level apps using
have come up. How to make partner- Power is something you have to where local sources are useful. How android phones, having programs to
ships between the government, socie- bring. You don’t have to necessarily are we decentralizing the quality look at the water quality in all the
ty, private sector and all other play- bring water. In Telangana, they are testing and once the quality is found various necessary parameters. How
ers, with clear role clarities. We also trying to do it through the mission to be poor or contaminated or can we report back the water quality
discussed how to integrate strategic Bhagirathi program, making the undrinkable, then what are the imme- to the central government and get
planning as a pre-process and not as water travel a long distance. diate next steps as a protocol that the back feedback on that situation, what
kind of a fire-fighting arrangement, Similarly, there is the Sardar Sarovar district or state level government kind of actions can be taken, these
which is quite a critical point. project in Gujarat. But that is not should take - this binding should be are things we need to do via techno-
Facilitating the right kind of research needed for small communities - here there. logical introductions.
for decision making was also dis- you can look for and tap the One of the gaps here is that water
cussed. What can I, as a decision resources of the groundwater and is seen as a right to life as per the Can you give us examples where
maker, take away from this session? solar power is very much there. With principles of the constitution, but this is currently happening?
In that aspect, each session needs to alternative energy, you need to find there is no specific right to water. Mr. Raman: It is happening in
have its own objectives and these the sources to use it, so these are the This often becomes an issue - when- India as well on the pilot basis. AKVO
objectives need to be known to all the places we can use alternative energy. ever there is a convenience, water is such an organization, and the
panelists. Thereafter all the panelists About power again, in China - which becomes a right. Whenever there is a INREM Foundation. They are actual-
should contribute accordingly. is, of course, a much larger country difficulty, water becomes a service ly providing these alternative solu-
and much larger population, they and welfare kind of a measure. We tions in a very important way. And
Can you highlight the challenges have small decentralized hydropower need to have systems for quality when there is a water leakage issue in
in India in terms of state of water, projects which cater to a small area checking in terms of chemical con- the drinking water supply system you
and the way forward? rather than looking for a mega proj- tamination and in terms of bacterial/ can use a sensor to understand where
Mr. Raman: We have set up a very ect. This is something we should also biological contamination. For this the leak is and immediately fix it.
ambitious goal for ourselves as a aim for - if we have to address large purpose, our current system needs to This kind of new thinking needs to
country. The government says that scale then probably the scale of proj- be revamped and we need more happen rather than going by the old
by 2022, ninety percent of all house- ects should be large rather than trained lab technicians - trained very PHED systems. PHED also needs to
holds will have individual piped water mega. specifically on how to handle things be revamped.
connections. We are currently stand- We cannot look at national gov- in a very faster way rather than rou-
ing at seventeen percent - in terms of ernment policies and predict what is tinely. Please tell us more about educat-
access it is thirty-five percent but in going to happen at the state-level, but ing the community.
terms of household level, it is seven- state level policies are equally impor- Can the Government do this on Mr. Raman: Currently we are
teen percent. By 2017, we were sup- tant. In that sense, the seriousness its own, or does it need to rope in using the Jaldhara kit which can look
posed to be at fifty percent access. with which central policies are com- the private sector? at many of these things and parame-
These numbers itself are saying it is municated, and the follow-up action Mr. Raman: Whenever we use the ters. Thus, you can test the water
important to be ambitious at the gov- the central government takes with word private, the first thing which quality then and there and if there is
ernment level, otherwise we cannot the state government to make a simi- comes to mind is the profit point. The a problem, you send it to the govern-
achieve our target. lar reflection by the state, is the social responsibility of the private ment for verification.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 47
OUT OF THE BOX

KSB Group Takes Action Against Asian
Brand and TrademarkInfringers
While counterfeiting is a serious global problem for all pump manufacturers, it is also a
problem for would-be pump buyers.
By Bryan Orchard

Association represents more presence on all continents buyers.”
than 3,200 mostly medium- with its own sales and market- Not content to sit back and
sized companies in the capital ing organizations, manufac- let this situation continue,
goods industry, making it the turing facilities and service KSB is being proactive in tack-
largest industry association in operations. The success of the ling both the manufacturers
Europe. In its 2016 Product company is based on innova- and the online shops selling
Piracy Study, 70 percent of its tive technology that is the fruit the counterfeit products. To
participating companies indi- of its own research and devel- put a stop to these activities
cated that they were victims of opment activities in that are harmful to its busi-
product or brand piracy. Its hydraulics, materials develop- ness, KSB has now established
findings indicated that the ment and the automation of a task force to combat these
damage to Germany’s mechan- pumps and valves. illicit activities. In cooperation
ical engineering sector was According to Franz with Italian project partner
estimated to be € 7.1 billion Bosbach, KSB Technology Convey, KSB is reporting
The KSB Etanorm Pump Series is an International Best Seller, But Has every year. Foresight, a significant num- these infringements to the
Been the Subject of Counterfeiting. ber of Asian manufacturers platform operators and
Internet Expansion are using the good reputation instructing them to take down
WHEN THE SUBJECTS OF ‘low-end disruption’. Whilst the rapid growth in of the long-established manu- the offending offers. If neces-
counterfeiting and infringing Cynics may say that the the internet has brought huge facturer KSB to market their sary, legal action is also
trademarks and patents are global leaders in pump tech- benefits, it has also created products. “Under protected brought against the brand and
discussed, it is a commonly- nology would want to close opportunities for unscrupu- KSB brand names, they offer trademark infringers. It is
held view that this happens down any competition in order lous individuals and organiza- pumps and valves as well as proving to be highly successful
predominantly in the con- to maintain their profit mar- tions to conduct illegal opera- spare parts for sale on interna- for in its first year, starting in
sumer goods markets where gins, and there may be an ele- tions that can seriously harm tional trading platforms,” com- July 2016, the KSB Group
large global organizations go ment of truth in this. However, legitimate businesses. Within ments Bosbach. “In particular, identified 420 marketers on
to extreme lengths to protect the use of counterfeit pumps the framework of the global- the names of well-known prod- eight different online plat-
their brands and corporate across all areas of fluid han- ization and digitalization of ucts such as Etanorm, Omega, forms who had been illegally
identities. The global market dling puts the end-users at the business models, large-sized and BOA, are frequently used. misusing its product names.
in counterfeit goods costs risk of damaging their produc- and high-priced investment But the umbrella brand ‘KSB’ Between April and August
companies many billions in tion equipment, producing goods are now also sold over is also often misused to mali- 2017 it uncovered 4,000 illegal
lost revenues and it goes way sub-standard products that do the Internet. This is leading to ciously deceive the targeted offers and had them removed
beyond high profile consumer not comply with international a sharp increase in brand and
goods. regulations, contributing to trademark infringements
Manufacturers of capital environmental pollution and regarding offers made on
goods are also affected signifi- putting employees and the online platforms.
cantly by the illegal activities public at risk. Those end-users Over the last few years, the
of enterprises that go to great that knowingly purchase German-based pump and
lengths to copy their products counterfeit pumps and compo- valve manufacturer KSB has
and distribute and sell them as nents are equally complicit in been closely monitoring this
genuine items. They have no this pernicious trade. situation. The KSB Group is
concerns about the potentially Many German industrial among the world’s leading
dangerous consequences of enterprises are complaining suppliers of pumps, valves,
their illegal activities. The about soaring problems with and related services, with
international pump industry is counterfeit products from applications ranging from
no stranger to counterfeiting China. The VDMA (Verbund building services, industry and
and the challenges that many Deutscher Maschinen- und water transport to wastewater KSB Goes to Great Lengths to Protect its Brands and Reputation Around
of the leading brands face in Anlagenbau) Mechanical treatment and power plant the World and Has Set-Up a Task Force to Combat and Shut Down Illicit
trying to fight what is termed Engineering Industry processes. The company has a Activities.

EXPRESS WATER March, 2018 49
OUT OF THE BOX

from the associated trading Franz Bosbach says that they are the starting off a obliged to cease transmission companies have secure access
platforms. KSB is highly active in track- point in the trade. It is very in such instances. If they do and are able to examine the
“This is a great success for ing down counterfeiters and difficult to shut down the man- not take action, then they associated legal bases. Convey
KSB since KSB stands for reli- getting them closed down. ufacturers, but we can take become liable to prosecution takes care of that for KSB as
ability, quality, and know-how, “The problem is that it can steps to reduce and shut-down by KSB. This approach is very its team includes law enforce-
especially in Asia. Our policy take a long time to take them their sales over the internet. effective. Most sellers remove ment specialists who are qual-
is to continue identifying coun- down. For a single company We have sophisticated tech- their offers after the first ified in trademark and patent
terfeits on Chinese trading like us, it is difficult to get a nologies called ‘crawlers’ warning.” law and speak Mandarin
platforms in order to defend platform to take down a coun- designed in-house that can Many websites operate a Chinese fluently. In close coop-
KSB’s brand and trademark terfeiter’s site so it was for analyze hundreds of thou- penalty points system, so eration with its subsidiary in
rights more vigorously,” con- that reason we teamed up with sands of web pages on the when the first notice of Shanghai and local lawyers,
tinues Bosbach. Convey,” he reports. “They internet each day. We are able infringement is issued they KSB takes legal action against
have established connections to detect all the shops selling will be served a penalty point. serious violations of law.
Global Challenge with all the major platforms KSB products and we can see If they ignore this, a second
Clearly counterfeiting is a and this gives them consider- the products that they are sell- penalty is issued and again if Summary
serious global problem for all able influence.” ing, the prices, suppliers and this is ignored then the site is The pump industry is prob-
pump manufacturers, but it is Italian-based Convey is an where they have come from.” shut down with immediate ably one of the most exposed
also a problem for would-be internet brand protection KSB recognizes that coun- effect. Within the pumps and to counterfeiting and it is huge
pump buyers. Many of the agency and hunts down fakes. terfeiting has been a problem valves industry, it is highly and is worth many billions of
counterfeiters use sophisticat- The internet is probably the for a long time, but identifying probable that the trader is dollars. For KSB, and for a
ed techniques to replicate the cornerstone of the counterfeit rogue sellers has been difficult selling any number of manu- great many other companies,
OEM’s website and this makes industry, and Convey has a and taking them down took a facturers’ brands, so by shut- the major problem is what
it very difficult to check prod- dedicated team of engineers to long time and involved consid- ting down the website, the happens when a company
uct authenticity. Buying develop new products to erable resources. With the trader can lose its entire port- buys what it believes to be a
pumps that claim to be from detect counterfeiters and expansion of the internet and folio of products. This genuine product and it turns
the OEM (Original Equipment multi-lingual experts in inter- growth in counterfeiters set- approach is more effective out to be a fake. The failure of
Manufacturer) and then fail national property rights. Once ting up websites, the incidents than instigating legal proce- a pump or valve can have very
because they are counterfeits, a counterfeiter has been of counterfeiting have a higher dures which are expensive, serious consequences, so
can do major harm to the tracked down, Convey take the visibility so it is possible to complicated and take a long should such a situation arise
user’s business, not to mention appropriate action to defend take them down more effec- time. In the meantime, the then the user will usually take
the OEM’s reputation. its clients’ brands. Whilst tively. However, as soon as seller can move their trade issue with the manufacturer.
Counterfeiters will go to great China leads the world in the KSB takes a site down which elsewhere or continue under a Problems can also arise when
lengths to replicate the true manufacture and sales of has been selling counterfeit new name. Convey makes sure a counterfeit component is fit-
product employing reverse counterfeit products, the irony products, the site re-emerges an offer is taken off the inter- ted as a replacement in a gen-
engineering techniques. This is that some Chinese manufac- often selling competitors’ net within days and that the uine KSB pump and then
low-end disruption is a prob- turers are turning to the products. seller is removed from the causes damage to the pump.
lem that is of major concern resources of companies like Convey has been checking marketplace. Investigating claims for com-
not only to KSB but many Convey to protect their own twenty online trading plat- pensation can be complex and
other global brands. products. forms and eight social media The China Connection costly and the onus is on the
“KSB has many brands “Throughout the world, channels for KSB to root out In China, arresting the peo- manufacturer to prove that
that are several years old and there are a great many plat- counterfeits. In future, patent ple behind the counterfeits is the product is a counterfeit.
are well-established and are forms which make it easy to and design rights are to be one of the central elements of Where litigation is
regarded as a premium prod- set up an online shop,” says added to the monitoring of the work with KSB. It is not enforced, courts may well
uct,” says Bosbach. “We are Michele Provera, Vice- brand and trademark rights. It enough to merely delete a acknowledge that the product
constantly upgrading these President IPR Protection is also possible that the num- counterfeiter’s offer. The goal is a counterfeit. However, they
brands to meet our customer’s Convey SRL. “In the pumps ber of trading platforms to be must be to shut down this will argue that it is not suffi-
requirement and to offer and valves industries, there checked will be increased and shop on the respective trading cient to prove that it is a coun-
improved operation, but this are the manufacturers who that the project will be further platform and ensure through terfeit but to demonstrate
adds costs to the purchase make counterfeit products expanded globally. constant checks that the trad- that the manufacturer has
prices and end-users are not and traders who sell counter- “KSB has a great many er does not open a new shop. taken action against the coun-
always willing to pay more. We feit products. Many of these registered trademarks and This requires close coopera- terfeiter. If it can be shown
are aware of one Chinese man- traders sell any number of patent rights so we can see if tion between the parties that efforts were not under-
ufacturer that has built up a pump and valve brands and the products being offered are involved. taken then the manufacturer
considerable customer base not all customers are end- registered,” says Provera. “If Due to the excellent con- can be charged with negli-
selling a copy of one of our users. Thus the counterfeit they are not then we can insti- tacts between Convey and the gence. What KSB is doing by
established brands. The quali- sales chain is complex. The gate enforcement procedures platform provider Alibaba and working with Convey is to
ty is not the same as the KSB internet provides counterfeit- to take the offending websites their IP complaint systems, show that it is taking all possi-
product, but some customers ers with a world-wide market down. The seller receives a these infringements of law can ble steps to close eliminate
are willing to accept the risk and anonymity. Then there are warning and if they fail to be quickly eliminated. This is counterfeiters internationally
because it is cheaper than the spare parts, where the num- respond we alert their service also in Alibaba’s interest since and protect its patents and
true KSB pump. By taking ber of units purchased can run provider to the violation of the company does not wish to trademarks.
down these manufacturers into thousands.” intellectual property rights via find these infringements of
before they get too big we pro- Michele Provera continues: their network. This involves law in the wider Chinese e- About the Author
tect our brands, quality and “In our first year of working issuing Take Down notices to shopping marketplace either. Bryan Orchard is an inter-
sales reputation.” with KSB we concentrated on the website hosting providers According to Michele Provera national freelance journalist
manufacturers selling in informing them of infringe- those responsible at Alibaba who specializes in water &
Convey Cooperation China and South East Asia as ments, for they are legally want to ensure that Western environmental engineering.

50 March, 2018 EXPRESS WATER
REGD. WITH RNI NO. MAHENG/2017/74894