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Second Year Botany - AP May 2017

SECTION - A (10 × 2 = 20)
Note: Answer ALL the questions. Each answer may be limited to 5 lines.
(1). Differentiate osmosis from diffusion.
(2). Define the law of limiting factors proposed by Blackman.
(3). What are Pleomorphic Bacteria? Give one example.
(4). Explain the terms Phenotype and Genotype.
(5). Who proved that DNA is genetic material? What is the organism they worked on?
(6). What is meant by Capping and Tailing?
(7). What is Down Stream Processing?
(8). What is GEAC and what are its objectives?
(9). Give two examples of Fungi used in SCP production.
(10). What are Fermentors?
SECTION - B (6 × 4 = 24)
Note: Answer ANY SIX questions. Each answer may be limited to 20 lines.
(11). “Transpiration is a necessary evil.” Explain.
(12). Write In brief how plants synthesize amino acids.
(13). Write briefly about Enzyme Inhibitors.
(14). Write any four physiological effects of Cytokinins in plants.
(15). Explain the structure of TMV.
(16). Explain the law of dominance using a monohybrid cross.
(17). Write briefly on Nucleosomes.
(18). List out the beneficial aspects of Transgenic Plants.
SECTION - C (2 × 8 = 16)
Note: Answer ANY TWO questions. Each answer may be limited to 60 lines.
(19). Give an account of Glycolysis. Where does it occur? What are the end products?
Trace the fate of these products in both aerobic and anaerobic respirations.
(20). Give a brief account of the tools of recombinant DNA technology.
(21). You are a Botanist working in the area of plant breeding. Describe the various
steps that you will undertake to release a new variety.
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Second Year Botany - AP March 2017
SECTION - A (10 × 2 = 20)
Note: Answer ALL the questions. Each answer may be limited to 5 lines.
(1). Differentiate osmosis from diffusion.
(2). Where does the photolysis of H2O occur ? What is its significance?
(3). What is Conjugation? Who discovered it and in which organism?
(4). Who proposed the chromosome theory of inheritance?
(5). What are the components of a nucleotide?
(6). Write any two chemical differences between DNA and RNA.
(7). What are molecular scissors? Where are they obtained from?
(8). Can a disease be detected before its symptoms appear? Explain the principle
involved.
(9). Give two examples of fungi used in SCP production.
(10). Name any two industrially important enzymes.
SECTION - B (6 × 4 = 24)
Note: Answer ANY SIX questions. Each answer may be limited to 20 lines.
(11). “Transpiration is a necessary evil.” Explain.
(12). Explain the steps involved in the formation of root module.
(13). Write briefly about enzyme inhibitors.
(14). Write a note on agricultural/ horticultural applications of Auxins.
(15). Explain the structure of T-even bacteriophases.
(16). Mention the advantages of selecting pea plant for experiment by Mendel.
(17). Write the important features of Genetic Code.
(18). What are some bio-safety issues concerned with genetically modified crops?
SECTION - C (2 × 8 = 16)
Note: Answer ANY TWO questions. Each answer may be limited to 60 lines.
(19). Explain the reactions of Krebs Cycle.
(20). Explain briefly the various processes of recombinant DNA technology.
(21). Describe the tissue culture technique and what are the advantages of tissue-culture
over conventional method of plant breeding in crop improvement programmes.

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Second Year Botany - AP May 2016
SECTION - A (10 × 2 = 20)
Note: Answer ALL the questions. Each answer may be limited to 5 lines.
(1). How does guttation differ from transpiration?
(2). Distinguish between apoenzyme and cofactor.
(3). What is a prophage?
(4). What is point mutation? Give an example.
(5). Given below is the sequence of coding strand of DNA in a transcription unit:
‘3-AATGCAGOTATTAGG-5’
Write the sequence of: (a) its complementary strand (b)the mRNA.
(6). Write any two chemical differences between DNA and RNA.
(7). What is downstream processing?
(8). Give one example for each of transgenic plants which are suitable for food
processing and those with improved nutritional quality.
(9). What is meant by “hidden hunger”?
(10). Name the scientists who were credited for showing the role of penicillin as an
antibiotic.
SECTION - B (6 × 4 = 24)
Note: Answer ANY SIX questions. Each answer may be limited to 20 lines.
(11). Explain pressure flow hypothesis of translocation of Sugars in plants.
(12). Explain the nitrogen cycle, giving relevant examples.
(13). Draw a neat labelled diagram of chloroplast.
(14). Write the physiological responses of gibberellins in plants.
(15). Explain the conjugation in bacteria.
(16). Define and design a test-cross.
(17). Write the important features of Genetic Code.
(18). List out the beneficial aspects of transgenic plants.
SECTION - C (2 × 8 = 16)

Note: Answer ANY TWO questions. Each answer may be limited to 60 lines.
(19). Explain the reactions of Krebs Cycle.
(20). Explain briefly the various processes of recombinant DNA technology.
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(21). Describe the tissue culture technique. What are the advantages of tissue culture
over conventional method of plant breeding in crop improvement programmes?
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Second Year Botany - AP March 2016
SECTION - A (10 × 2 = 20)
Note: Answer ALL the questions. Each answer may be limited to 5 lines.
(1). Define the law of limiting factors proposed by Blackman.
(2). Distinguish between action spectrum and absorption spectrum
(3). What is transduction? Who discovered it and in which organism?
(4). Explain the terms, phenotype and genotype.
(5). What are the components of a transcription unit?
(6). Name any three viruses which have RNA as the genetic material.
(7). What is downstream processing?
(8). Name the nematode that infects the roots of tobacco plants. Name the srategy
adopted to prevent this infestation.
(9). Name an immunosuppressive agent.
(10). Why does “Swiss cheese” have big holes? Name the bacteria responsible for it.
SECTION - B (6 × 4 = 24)
Note: Answer ANY SIX questions. Each answer may be limited to 20 lines.
(11). Write in brief, how plants synthesize amino acids.
(12). Explain the different types of cofactors.
(13). Write any four physiological effects of cytokinins in plants.
(14). What is meant by plasmolysis? How is it practically useful to us?
(15). Explain the lytic cycle with reference to certain viruses.
(16). Define and design a test cross.
(17). Write the important features of genetic code.
(18). What are some biosafety issues concerned with genetically modified crops?
SECTION - C (2 × 8 = 16)

Note: Answer ANY TWO questions. Each answer may be limited to 60 lines.
(19). Explain the reactions of Krebs’ cycle.
(20). Explain briefly the various processes of recombinant DNA technology.
(21). Describe the tissue culture technique. What are the advantages of tissue culture
over conventional method of plant breeding in crop improvement programmes?
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Second Year Botany - AP June 2015
SECTION - A (10 × 2 = 20)
Note: Answer ALL the questions. Each answer may be limited to 5 lines.
(1). Differentiate Osmosis from Diffusion.
(2). Describe the terms quiescence and dormancy.
(3). What is transduction? Who discovered it and in which organism?
(4). Who proposed the chromosome theory of Inheritance?
(5). What are the components of nucleotide?
(6). In a typical DNA molecule the proportion of Thymine is 30% of the N bases. Find
out the percentages of the other N bases.
(7). What are cloning vectors? Give an example.
(8). What is Green Revolution? Who is regarded as Father of Green Revolution?
(9). Give two examples of fungi used in SCP production.
(10). What Nucleopolyhedro virus is being used for now-a-days?

SECTION - B (6 × 4 = 24)
Note: Answer ANY SIX questions. Each answer may be limited to 20 lines.
(11). What is meant by plasmolysis? How is it useful in our daily life?
(12). Explain the steps involved in the formation of root nodule.
(13). Explain different types of co-factors.
(14). Define RQ. Write a short note on RQ.
(15). Explain the structure of T-even bacteriophage.
(16). Mention the advantages of selecting pea plant for experiment by Mendel.
(17). Write the important features of genetic code.
(18). List out the beneficial aspects of transgenic plants.
SECTION - C (2 × 8 = 16)

Note: Answer ANY TWO questions. Each answer may be limited to 60 lines.
(19). Explain the reactions of Calvin cycle.
(20). Explain briefly the various processes of recombinant DNA technology.
(21). You are a Botanist working in the area of plant breeding. Describe the various
steps that you will undertake to release a new variety.
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Second Year Botany - AP March 2015
SECTION - A (10 × 2 = 20)
Note: Answer ALL the questions. Each answer may be limited to 5 lines.
(1). Explain the role of the pink colour pigment in the root nodule of legume plants.
What is it called?
(2). Define the terms Quiescence and Dormancy.
(3). Mention the differences between Virulent phages and Temperate phages.
(4). What is genotype of wrinkled phenotype of Pea seeds?
(5). In a typical DNA molecule, the proportion of thymine is 20% of the N bases. Find
out the percentages of other N bases.
(6). Define Stop Codon. Write the Codons.
(7). How does one visualize DNA on an agar gel?
(8). What is GEAC and what are its objectives?
(9). Give two examples of fungi used in SCP production.
(10). Name a microbe used for Statin production. How do statins lower blood
cholesterol level?
SECTION - B (6 × 4 = 24)
Note: Answer ANY SIX questions. Each answer may be limited to 20 lines.
(11). How does ascent of sap occur in tall trees?
(12). Write briefly about enzyme inhibitors.
(13). Tabulate any eight differences between C3 and C4 plants / cycles.
(14). What are the physiological processes that are regulated by Ethylene in plants?
(15). What are the nutritional groups of bacteria based on their source of energy and
carbon?
(16). Explain the law of Dominance using a monohybrid cross.
(17). Draw the schematic / diagrammatic presentation of the lac Operon.
(18). Give a brief account of Bt cotton.
SECTION - C (2 × 8 = 16)

Note: Answer ANY TWO questions. Each answer may be limited to 60 lines.
(19). Give an account of Glycolysis. Where does it occur? What are the end products?
Trace the fate of these products in both aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

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(20). Give a brief account of the tools of recombinant DNA technology.
(21). Describe the tissue culture technique and what are the advantages of tissue culture
over conventional method of plant breeding in crop improvement programmes.
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