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Cambridge University Press

978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank
Peter Crosthwaite , Natasha De Souza , Marc Loewenthal
Excerpt
More Information

UNIT / 01: THE MAN-MADE ENVIRONMENT

READING
IN THIS UNIT YOU WILL
LEARN HOW TO
• skim a text quickly to understand the general idea
• scan a text for specific information to answer
short-answer questions
• use skimming and scanning to locate the
answer quickly
• understand and produce paraphrasing
• use the present continuous and
present simple correctly.

LEAD-IN

01 A common topic in the exam is ‘home’. Put these words under the correct heading
in the table.

apartment beach bungalow castle ceiling cellar remote island
city centre countryside dining room floor garage stone glamorous
leather mountains mansion marble modern simple skyscraper
spacious staircase traditional wood window gym

Location Building type Style Rooms Parts of a room Materials
apartment

02 In pairs, use the vocabulary from exercise 1 to help you describe your dream home.
My dream house would be on the beach near the sea. It would be a simple bungalow with wooden
floors. It would have a large dining room …

SKIMMING AND SCANNING

Skimming and scanning are important reading techniques which are very useful in IELTS. As time
is limited in the exam, skimming and scanning help you to find the answers you need quickly.
You skim a text quickly to understand the general idea.
You scan a text quickly in order to find specific information.

08 UNIT 01 / READING

© in this web service Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org

Alternatively. Named after the mythical island Antilia.a place where libraries and a health spa. because the family wanted as much the propert y has 27 floors. describes her home as ‘an C The skyscraper has a multi-storey garage elevated house on with space for 168 cars. A D The Ambani residence is clearly designed to Mukesh Ambani is one of the richest men in the world. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information 03 For each activity. Many of the expensive home. There is even an ‘ice-room’ which creates man-made snow. What do you like or dislike about the design? You are only reading for the main ideas at this stage. reception areas and nine lift s. E The living quarters are on the top floors. vast *helipad . rare wood and fine are at home. so remember to ignore 05 Skim the text to understand the main ideas.cambridge. decide whether you would use skimming or scanning.org . and the first man to own a entertain guests. including a a single helicopter can take gym. a Hindu prayer room and several floors of gardens. Mrs Ambani. The 400. Natasha De Souza . It has a theatre which seats private residence costing more than one 50. the 3 choosing a book from a library or bookshop better you will become at 4 finding a particular news story in a newspaper each technique. Mumbai and the Arabian Sea. There are also several floors for dining. offering spectacular views of books’. The home is on ballroom filled with chandeliers.000 ft 2 residence requires B The interior of the home is very 600 staff. comparing it rooms have floor-to-ceiling glass to an ‘unstable pile of windows. however. unknown words. 5 finding the price of a product in a catalogue 6 looking through a magazine for an interesting article 04 The home in the photo cost about one billion dollars TIP 05 to build. rugs are just some of the design features used to create this extravagant home. UNIT 01 / READING 09 © in this web service Cambridge University Press www. Marble floors.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . several guest bedrooms and a grand billion dollars to build. The lobby has numerous an Indian heart’. Altamout Road in Mumbai. one of the most expensive addresses in the world. The more you practise. but all three Ambani glamorous and each floor is made from children are required to clean different materials to give an individual their own rooms when they look. TIP 03 1 looking up a word in the dictionary scanning Try to practise these or similar 2 browsing the internet for the latest news stories activities as much as possible. several swimming pools and yoga off and land facilities. top of a garden’ and there are also three helipads on the roof ‘a modern home with of the building. sunlight as possible. F Several experts have criticised The lotus flower and the sun are common the architecture of this very symbols used throughout.

form that makes the original meaning clearer. 4 What are the common symbols used throughout the house? 5 How many cars does the garage have space for? 6 How many people are required to work in the home? PARAPHRASING ‘Paraphrasing’ is another important technique to 08 These statements paraphrase each of the paragraphs in the text.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . 09 The key to paraphrasing is understanding synonyms and words or phrases with a similar meaning. verbs. 6 The home is fully equipped to make visitors feel welcome. 4 Antilia is situated in Mumbai and owned by Mukesh Ambani. numbers? 2 Discuss with a partner what you remember about the text. The house also has magnificent views of the city. in a simpler and shorter 2 The family live on the top floor because they want exposure to sunlight. A–F.org . often either drive or fly to the home. 1–6. 1 When you were skim reading the text. Paraphrasing is when you repeat something 1 The house has many desirable facilities and outside spaces. 1 desirable facilities a guests 2 outside spaces b Mumbai 3 inside c expensive 4 extravagant d rare wood and fine rugs 5 city e health spa and libraries 6 visitors f gardens 7 equipped to make visitors feel welcome g interior 8 expensive materials h designed to entertain guests 10 UNIT 01 / READING © in this web service Cambridge University Press www. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information 06 Answer these questions. which of these types of word did you focus on: prepositions. adjectives. 3 Mrs Ambani and the architecture experts have different opinions about the house.cambridge. 07 TIP 07 1 Who owns the property? In many of the IELTS 2 How many floors does it have? reading tasks. a where the family live b opinions on the house c the materials used for the interior d the cost and address of the house e the facilities in the house f the owner of the house g information about the theatre and ballroom Now scan the text for the information to answer these questions. the 3 What are the floors made out of? answers appear in the same order as the text. 5 The appearance inside the house is very extravagant and expensive materials have been used. understand and use in the Match each statement. names. articles. exam. Natasha De Souza . Match these words and expressions. 3 What overall title would you give the text? 4 Put the information in the order in which it appears in the passage. with the correct paragraph. Guests can using different words.

COMPLETING SENTENCES 11 Complete the sentences. 5 Mrs Ambani entertains her guests in the ballroom at the moment. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information SHORT-ANSWER QUESTIONS Questions which require an answer of just a few words. they are cleaning their own rooms. These The answers for short- are known as short-answer questions and they ask about answer questions come in factual details. the text. 10 Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. requires an answer of only a few words. 4 When the children are at home. UNIT 01 / READING 11 © in this web service Cambridge University Press www.cambridge. completion task’. the same order as they appear in the text. 1 How many lift s does the home have? TIP 10 11 2 What can you find in the ice-room? Remember to check that 3 What do the Ambani children have to do when at home? your sentences are grammatically correct when you have chosen an answer. Put these words and phrases with the appropriate tense in the mindmap. 2 Mrs Ambani is believing that her home has an Indian heart. which also A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. like TIP 10 11 those in exercise 7. 3 The family live on the top floor because they want as much exposure to sunlight as possible. 1 Mukesh Ambani is living in Mumbai. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A similar type of task. are a common feature of the exam. is the ‘sentence 1 The name Antilia comes from a . temporary repeated actions general facts opinions an action which is not complete happening at the time of speaking Present continuous Present simple temporary 13 Using the rules in the mindmap.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . Natasha De Souza . The sentences 2 There are many facilities to accommodate a large paraphrase words and ideas from number of . 3 Opinions on the of the house vary. correct these sentences where necessary. GRAMMAR FOCUS: PRESENT SIMPLE/PRESENT CONTINUOUS 12 A ‘mindmap’ is a type of diagram with lines and circles for organising information so that it is easier to remember.org .

11 Although the zoo is now closed. This will help you to have a rough idea of where to locate your answers on a second read-through. 1 Currently. Hearst enjoyed his holidays to . 12 The family donated the property because of . read the text and answer the questions 15 which follow.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . Natasha De Souza . still walk about the hillside. 1 What job did William Hearst do? 2 Who helped Hearst design the Castle? 3 How much did Hearst spend on art during his lifetime? 4 How many times was the Neptune pool rebuilt before Hearst was happy with it? 5 What were visitors to the Castle required to do every evening? 6 Who owns the mansion now? Complete the sentences. my mum (work) in the study. could help. 9 Builders spent creating the magnificent Neptune Pool. 3 I (think) that buying a new house now would be a very good idea.org . Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information 14 Complete the sentences using the word in brackets and the correct form of the present continuous or the present simple.cambridge. 10 Hearst took animals from for his private zoo. • Skim read the text for the main ideas. practise locating information • Make sure you have understood the question correctly – underlining key words quickly for the exam. 7 As a child. so they are in your mind when you read the text. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. TIP 15 Time yourself: try to do this Locating the answer: one approach task as quickly as possible to • Read the questions first. 2 I (rent) in the city centre for now. 5 Every day his mum (clean) the house. EXAM SKILLS Using the approach below. 12 UNIT 01 / READING © in this web service Cambridge University Press www. 4 What is that going to be? They (build) a new accommodation block for students. 8 Hearst inherited the land from his .

Although the zoo is now closed. It is on top of a hill and has wonderful views of the mountains. It took 15 years to build and includes the front of an ancient Roman temple. 19 sitting rooms and remains and about 52. Natasha De Souza . during his lifetime. the took 28 years to build. He even included cathedral ceilings and Roman columns in his home. they designed a State of California. Since then. Today. of land when his mother died in 1919.000 km2 dinner table. zebras can still be seen on the hillside. was never completed has 56 bedrooms.000 m2 of garden. They were invited to stay as long as they wanted. E As well as the Casa Grande (the main house). but were free to do what they liked during the day. he had planned to build just a small bungalow. the first female architect in maintenance would be. with palm trees and water. there are also three guest houses on the property: Casa Del Monte. Guests had to attend formal dinners every evening. Hearst loved trees and 70. D Although the inside of the house is very European. UNIT 01 / READING 13 © in this web service Cambridge University Press www. it has been open for public tours magnificent castle which cost 10 million dollars and and the site attracts millions of tourists every year. The castle was also home to the world’s largest private zoo. C One of the highlights of the estate is the Neptune Pool. but the A William Randolph Hearst was a successful American longer they stayed. with one piece alone valued at $10 million.000 were planted on the property during his lifetime. 61 bathrooms. However. the further away they sat from Hearst at the newspaper publisher who received over 1. ocean and main house. holding animals from every continent. his collection is worth much more. spent $3. Hearst entertained a great number of Hollywood stars and political leaders at the castle and many used his private airfield. however. and the mansion was donated to the California. Hearst was also a keen art collector and. so he F When Hearst died in 1951.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . Together.cambridge. Initially. unfinished. the outside is very Californian. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information HEARST CASTLE HOME ABOUT PHOTOS BOOKING B Hearst loved travelling to Europe when he was a child and we can see this in the overall design of the house. The property. his family learnt how expensive hired Julia Morgan. named Hearst family is still allowed to use it when they wish.5 million on his collection. which is displayed in the rooms at Hearst Castle. The pool was rebuilt three times until he was satisfied. Casa Del Sol and Casa Del Mar.org . The castle La Cuesta Encantada (The Enchanted Mountain).

363 00:03:20 86.000 27.31% drama: 1 (5%) 4 volunteer work 6.38% 15.203 00:09:04 47.000 17. chart and table in order to describe them accurately • use suitable verbs. row line graph bar chart column horizontal axis key title bar pie chart segment table vertical axis line 4 30.26% 12.000 20.908 00:03:35 84. Then label the diagrams with words from the box.000 0 Chocolate Vanilla Strawberry 0 Ice-cream sellers 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Harpo Chico Groucho Years 3 1 line graph 5 7 8 Favourite type of movie Keyword Visits Avg.org 5.41% 61.57% romance: 6 (30%) 8 volunteering 3. adjectives and adverbs to describe trends in different ways • compare different graphs or information in the same graph and write a summary of the main features.com 3.500 500 25.105 00:11:07 21.78% 11 12 14 UNIT 01 / WRITING © in this web service Cambridge University Press www.75% 5 volunteering.721 00:02:42 90.84% 12.103 00:10:05 19.org .000 100 5.46% 56.000 400 20.24% 13 9 idealist.26% 3 volunteer 12.500 300 Sales Sales (USD) 15.43% 9 10 nonprofit jobs 2.76% 53.78% 6 non profit jobs 5.000 6 25. LEAD-IN In Writing Part 1.63% 12.733 00:10:45 15.000 15.341 00:10:39 31.org 27. Time % New Bounce on Site Visits Rate sci-fi: 4 (20%) comedy: 4 (20%) 1 idealist 33.cambridge.55% 59.idealist.68% action: 5 (25%) 7 www.org 4. be very familiar with this kind of vocabulary. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information UNIT / 01: THE MAN-MADE ENVIRONMENT WRITING IN THIS UNIT YOU WILL LEARN HOW TO • select key features of different types of graph.73% 10 2 idealist.645 00:03:15 87.865 00:08:35 37. so it is important to the IELTS exam. Natasha De Souza .000 200 2 10.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite .94% 14.01% 18. you could be given graphs/charts or tables to 01 Look at these examples of the types of diagram you might encounter in write about.

Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . World’s most expensive cities (2015) How much can you buy for one million dollars? 50 1 What does the title say the graph is about? Buying price US$ per m2 2 What does the vertical axis describe? 40 3 What does the horizontal axis describe? 30 4 What do the columns/bars represent? 20 5 Which is the tallest and shortest bar? 6 How do the bars compare to one another? 10 0 Monaco Hong Kong London New York Singapore Home ownership rates in selected European countries Cities 120 100 7 What does the title say the graph is about? Percentage 80 8 What does the vertical axis describe? 60 9 What does the horizontal axis describe? 10 What do the highest/lowest points of the line show? 40 11 What is the general trend of the line? 20 12 Are there any sharp decreases or increases? 0 Romania Italy UK France Germany Switzerland Countries Average house size in selected countries Canada 95 m2 45 m2 181 m2 USA 13 What does the title say the graph is about? Australia 14 What do the segments represent? Hong Kong 15 Which is the largest/smallest segment? 16 Are some segments similar in size? 214 m2 Japan 201 m2 Average house size in selected European countries Country Size United Kingdom 76 m2 17 What does the title say about the table? France 112 m2 18 How many columns are there? What do they represent? Denmark 137 m2 19 Which country has the biggest average house size? Germany 109 m2 20 Which country has the smallest average house size? 21 Which countries have a similar average house size? Italy 61 m2 Spain 97 m2 Greece 126 m2 UNIT 01 / WRITING 15 © in this web service Cambridge University Press www.org .cambridge. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information SELECTING KEY FEATURES 02 Study these graphs and make notes about their main features – use questions 1–12 to help you. Natasha De Souza .

This is most probably due to the size 04 Did the writer make any other errors. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information USING ACCURATE DATA It is very important that the information you provide in your 03 The sample answer describes the pie chart and table in exercise 2. with 2 of just 45 m . Can you think of any more words for each category? 1 Rise 7 Fall 14 Maintain 2 In 8 Decr 15 Remain 3 Cl 9 De 16 Stay 4 Go 10 Go d 5 Ro 11 Plu 6 So 12 Plun 13 Dr 06 Answer these questions. The country with the Canada with the average size being 2 residences being an average smallest houses is Hong Kong. Rewrite the sample answer. the table illustrates dom and Italy have the smallest European countries. 1 Which of the verbs in the boxes are used to describe a sudden increase? 2 Which of the verbs in the boxes are used to describe a sudden decrease? 16 UNIT 01 / WRITING © in this web service Cambridge University Press www. 201 m2. it is easily apparent that In conclusion. The United King the largest. what were they? DESCRIBING TRENDS 05 Complete the words with the missing letters. two graphs. The average house houses and Denmark and Greece have 2 size in Denmark is 137 m . not related to data? If so.cambridge. Natasha De Souza . houses in Europe are much smaller 6 5 ses and Italy has the smallest. correcting any errors in data. when comparing the than in non-European countries. the Australians have the size worldwide. Overall. answer accurately reflects the information given in the text. Australia has the biggest hou of each country. 3 4 the average house size in all In comparison. This is perhaps 2 1 most space with the average house The second largest houses are in because it is such a large country.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . SAMPLE ANSWER rmation about the average house The pie char t and table provide info char t.org . According to the pie size being 214 m .

property prices (rocket) substantially this year. Note: these verbs are also commonly used as nouns. 4 House prices (go up) next year. Adjectives describe nouns and usually come before the noun. 1 Last year house prices (rise) by 5%. *These adjectives usually go after the noun. to rise / a rise to fall / a fall to decrease / a decrease to increase / an increase to drop / a drop to dip / a dip to decline / a decline to peak / a peak 08 Complete the table with the adjectives from the box. ✔ Complete the sentences using the verb in brackets in the correct tense. Big change Small change Gradual or no change UNIT 01 / WRITING 17 © in this web service Cambridge University Press www. Marc Loewenthal Excerpt More Information 07 When using these verbs. USEFUL ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES Once you know the common verbs used to describe charts and graphs. 2 Monaco’s property market (remain) stable. it is important to add adverbs and adjectives to your sentences in order to demonstrate your range of vocabulary. it is important that you also consider the tense used.Cambridge University Press 978-1-316-64015-9 — Mindset for IELTS Level 2 Student's Book and Online Modules with Testbank Peter Crosthwaite . The number of young people buying property plummet last year. 5 In Ireland. Natasha De Souza . ✗ The number of young people buying property plummeted last year.org . 3 The line graph illustrates that since 2010 home ownership (decrease). USEFUL ADJECTIVES Adjectives can be used to demonstrate your range of vocabulary. TIP 08 Make sure you know how to spell slight modest significant dramatic these adjectives correctly as it is stable steady* substantial unchanged* common for students to make errors with these. Look at this example.cambridge. There may be more than one correct form of the verb.