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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK

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Three-Phase Shunt Active Power Filter for Power
Improvement Quality using Sliding Mode Controller

ABSTRACT:
In this paper, experimental study of Sliding Mode Controller (SMC) DC bus voltage of three
phase shunt active power filter (APF), to improve power quality by compensating harmonics and
reactive power required by nonlinear load is proposed. The algorithm used to identify the
reference currents is based on the Self Tuning Filter (STF). For generation of the pulse switching
of the IGBTs inverter the hysteresis current controller is used, implemented into an analogue
card. Finally, various experimental results are presented under steady state and transient
conditions.

KEYWORDS:

1. Shunt Active Power Filter (APF)
2. Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
3. Sliding Mode Controller (SMC)
4. Self Tuning Filter (STF)

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

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BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1: The basic compensation principle of the shunt APF.

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EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. Experimental APF results: load current iL (A), filter current iF (A)
and source current iS (A). Ch1 to Ch4 scale: 5 A/div. Time scale: 20 ms/div.

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Fig. 3. Experimental APF results: load current iL (A), filter current iF (A),
source current iS (A) and source voltage Vs (V). Ch1 and Ch3 scale: 5 A/div;
Ch2 scale: 100 V/div;Ch4 scale: 80 V/div; Time scale: 10 ms/div.

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Figure 4. Experimental APF results : load current iL(A), filter current iF(A) ,
source current iS(A) and DC voltage Vdc(V). Ch1,Ch3 and Ch4 scale: 10
A/div. Ch2 scale: 100 V/div. Time scale: 20 ms/div.

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Figure 5. Experimental APF results: DC voltage Vdc (V) and DC reference
voltage V*dc (V). Ch1 and Ch2 scale: 100 V/div. Time scale: 1s/div

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CONCLUSION:
The control of the shunt Active Power Filter was divided in three parts, the first one realized by
the dSPACE system to generate the reference currents, the second one achieved by an analogue
card for the switching pattern generation, implementing a hysteresis current controller and the
third party use a sliding mode controller SMC. A SMC controlled shunt active power filter has
been studied to improve the power quality by compensating both harmonics and reactive power
requirement of the nonlinear load. The performance of the SMC controller has been developed in
real time process and successfully tested in the laboratory The results of experiment study of
APF control technique presented in this paper are found quite satisfactory to eliminate harmonics
and reactive power components from utility current. The shunt APF presented in this paper for
the compensation of harmonic current components in non-linear load was effective for harmonic
isolation and keeping the utility supply line current sinusoidal. The validity of this technique was
proved on the basis of experiment results. The APF is found effective to meet IEEE- 519-1992
standard recommendations on harmonics levels.
REFERENCES:
[1] Chaoui; J.P.Gaubert; F.Krim; G.Champenois, “PI Controlled Threephase Shunt Active Power
Filter for Power Quality Improvement” A. “Electric Power Components and Systems, 1532-
5016, Volume 35, Issue 12, 2007, Pages 1331 – 1344.
[2] D. Benatous, R. Abdessemed, “Digital voltage control of AC/DC PWM Converter with
improved power factor and supply current ”, Journal of electric machines and power systems,
Taylor and francis, 2000.
[3] G. A. Capolino, A. Golea, H. Henao, “Système de réduction des perturbations réseau pour
commande vectorielle ”, Proc. Colloque SEE Perturbations Réciproques des Convertisseurs et
des Réseaux, Nantes, 6 juillet 1992.

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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK
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[4] M. Abdusalam, P. Poure and S. Saadate,’’ A New control scheme of hybrid active filter using
Self-Tuning Filter,’’ POWERENG, International Conference on Power Engineering , Energy and
Electrical Drives, Setubal Portugal,12-14 April (2007).
[5] M. Abdusalam, P. Poure and S. Saadate, « Study and experimental validation of harmonic
isolation based on Self-Tuning-Filter for threephase active filter ». ISIE, IEEE International
Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Cambridge, UK, (2008).

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