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The Operational Guidelines

- Authenticity and Integrity -

Prof. Dr. Marie-Theres Albert
Chair Intercultural Studies, UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies, Director of IGS Heritage Studies

provides a practical basis for examining the authenticity of such properties and is summarized below. Dr. Knowledge and understanding of these sources of information. Annex 4 which includes the Nara Document on Authenticity. may differ from culture to culture. UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. Properties nominated under criteria (i) to (vi) must meet the conditions of authenticity. Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. The respect due to all cultures requires that cultural heritage must be considered and judged primarily within the cultural contexts to which it belongs. Director of IGS Heritage Studies . as well as the credibility of related information sources. Authenticity 2 Authenticity in the Operational Guidelines 79. 80. in relation to original and subsequent characteristics of the cultural heritage. and their meaning. and even within the same culture. 81. Judgments about value attributed to cultural heritage. are the requisite bases for assessing all aspects of authenticity. The ability to understand the value attributed to the heritage depends on the degree to which information sources about this value may be understood as credible or truthful. Prof.

Prof. and other forms of intangible heritage. for example. Director of IGS Heritage Studies . • spirit and feeling. • use and function. • location and setting. but nevertheless are important indicators of character and sense of place. Attributes such as spirit and feeling do not lend themselves easily to practical applications of the conditions of authenticity. • language. Depending on the type of cultural heritage. • materials and substance. Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. techniques and management systems. and • other internal and external factors. Authenticity 3 Authenticity in the Operational Guidelines 82. 83. and its cultural context. UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. properties may be understood to meet the conditions of authenticity if their cultural values (as recognized in the nomination criteria proposed) are truthfully and credibly expressed through a variety of attributes including: • form and design. • traditions. in communities maintaining tradition and cultural continuity. Dr.

Authenticity 4 Authenticity in the Operational Guidelines 84. Reconstruction is acceptable only on the basis of complete and detailed documentation and to no extent on conjecture. In relation to authenticity. each of these significant attributes. Director of IGS Heritage Studies . or expressed by. historic. 85. specificities. 86. oral. the reconstruction of archaeological remains or historic buildings or districts is justifiable only in exceptional circumstances. When the conditions of authenticity are considered in preparing a nomination for a property. written. Prof. which make it possible to know the nature. The statement of authenticity should assess the degree to which authenticity is present in. "Information sources“ are defined as all physical. and figurative sources. meaning. Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. Dr. and history of the cultural heritage. and scientific dimensions of the cultural heritage being examined. the State Party should first identify all of the applicable significant attributes of authenticity. social. UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. The use of all these sources permits elaboration of the specific artistic.

Examining the conditions of integrity. Prof. therefore requires assessing the extent to which the property: a) includes all elements necessary to express its Outstanding Universal Value. Integrity is a measure of the wholeness and intactness of the natural and/or cultural heritage and its attributes. Integrity 5 Integrity in the Operational Guidelines 87. (Decision 20 COM IX. UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. Dr. All properties nominated for inscription on the World Heritage List shall satisfy the conditions of integrity. b) is of adequate size to ensure the complete representation of the features and processes which convey the property’s significance. Director of IGS Heritage Studies .13) 88. This should be presented in a statement of integrity. Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. c) suffers from adverse effects of development and/or neglect.

striations. in the case of volcanoes. would meet the conditions of integrity if it includes adjacent catchment and downstream areas that are integrally linked to the maintenance of the aesthetic qualities of the property. Prof. the magmatic series should be complete and all or most of the varieties of effusive rocks and types of eruptions be represented. For example. a corresponding condition of integrity has been defined for each criterion. pioneer stages of plant succession. Integrity 6 Integrity in the Operational Guidelines 91. the glacier itself and samples of cutting patterns.g. UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. deposition and colonization (e. for properties nominated under criteria (vii) to (x). 92. etc. Properties proposed under criterion (vii) should be of Outstanding Universal Value and include areas that are essential for maintaining the beauty of the property. Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. In addition. Dr. Properties proposed under criterion (viii) should contain all or most of the key interrelated and interdependent elements in their natural relationships.). an "ice age" area would meet the conditions of integrity if it includes the snow field. a property whose scenic value depends on a waterfall. Director of IGS Heritage Studies . 93. moraines. For example.

Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. Dr. patch systems and naturally regenerating patches. For example. Prof. seagrass. similarly a coral reef should include. changes in topography and soil types. Director of IGS Heritage Studies . UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. mangrove or other adjacent ecosystems that regulate nutrient and sediment inputs into the reef. Integrity 7 Integrity in the Operational Guidelines 94. Properties proposed under criterion (ix) should have sufficient size and contain the necessary elements to demonstrate the key aspects of processes that are essential for the long term conservation of the ecosystems and the biological diversity they contain. for example. an area of tropical rain forest would meet the conditions of integrity if it includes a certain amount of variation in elevation above sea level.

a tropical savannah would meet the conditions of integrity if it includes a complete assemblage of co-evolved herbivores and plants. Director of IGS Heritage Studies . Only those properties which are the most biologically diverse and/or representative are likely to meet this criterion. for an area containing migratory species. a property containing wide ranging species should be large enough to include the most critical habitats essential to ensure the survival of viable populations of those species. UNESCO Chair in Heritage Studies. Prof. Integrity 8 Integrity in the Operational Guidelines 95. an island ecosystem should include habitats for maintaining endemic biota. seasonal breeding and nesting sites. wherever they are located. should be adequately protected. Properties proposed under criterion (x) should be the most important properties for the conservation of biological diversity. and migratory routes. Dr. Marie-Theres Albert Chair Intercultural Studies. For example. The properties should contain habitats for maintaining the most diverse fauna and flora characteristic of the bio-geographic province and ecosystems under consideration.