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1|mg¯— passage wU c‡o Speaker (e³v) person spoken to (‡kªvZv

Ges Sentence ¸‡jvi verb pattern fv‡jv K‡i †`‡L wb‡Z n‡e|

2| Reporting verb -wU gv‡S ev †k‡l _vK‡jI Indirect Kivi mgq
Zv‡K Sentence Gi ïi“‡Z wb‡q Avm‡Z n‡e|

Direct: “But I won’t read and write.” Rose said quickly
Indirect: But Rose said quickly that she would not read and write.

3|‡Kvb e³vi ci ci GKvwaK Dw³(Speech) _vK‡j cieZ©x Dw³¸‡jvi
†¶‡G added, further added, also said ,again said BZ¨vw` e¨envi Kiv
nq| wKš—y 2wU Sentence cici _vK‡j wØZxqwUi †¶‡Î again /also
asked nq|

Direct: Onile said to Munmun, ”Why are you talking in the class?
You should behave yourself.”
Indirect: Onile asked Munmun why she was talking in the class.
He added that she (M) should behave herself.

4. Reported Speech G “yes” or ”no” _vK‡j Indirect Kivi mgq h_vµ‡g
replied in the affirmative that Ges replied in the negative that e¨envi
Ki‡Z n‡e|
Subject+c~‡e©i cÖkœ ev‡K¨i m‡½ m½wZc~Y© auxiliary verb
emv‡Z n‡e|

Direct: Oshin said to Mumu, ”Are you going to Chittagong tomorrow?”
“No, I have changed my decision.”said Mumu.
Indirect: Oshin asked Mumu if she was going to Chittagong the next day.
Mumu replied in the negative that she had changed her decision.

5. Direct Speech-G “Sir” _vK‡j Indirect Speech-G “Sir”-Gi cwie‡Z©
respectfully e¨envi Ki‡Z nq|

Direct: “Yes, sir.” She replied. ”I have done my duty.”
Indirect: She replied respectfully in the affirmative that she had done her

” Indirect: Addressing them as his friends he bade them good-bye.bye.6. “Good-bye.” Indirect: He bade his friends good. . He swore by Allah that he would not leave that house. the girl asked if they were brothers. Indirect: Turning to the boys. Direct Speech G “Thank you” _vK‡j Indirect Kivi mgq reporting verb Gi subject+ thanked+ reporting verb Gi object e‡m| 11. Nargis asked me if I had remembered how she had looked all those years. 10. “I will not leave this house. 9. my friends. by my life BZ¨vw` _vK‡j swearing by Allah/Jove/God BZ¨vw` e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡e| Direct: “By Allah. 8. he replied that he would not leave that house.” Indirect: Swearing by Allah. Inverted comma-Gi evB‡i †Kvb Phrase ev Clause _vK‡j Zv AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq ïi“‡Z e‡m|G‡¶‡Î Present Participle hy³ Ask _vK‡j Zv ïi“‡Z †jLvB fv‡jv| Direct: ”Are you brothers?” asked the girl.” she replied. by Jove. ”You have remembered how she looked all these years?” Indirect: Being surprised. Diretct Speech-G hw` KvD‡K address Kiv nq Z‡e addressing as w`‡q Indirect speech ïi“ Ki‡Z n‡e| Direct: He said. Direct Speech -G “Good bye” _vK‡j Kivi mgq reporting verb Gi subject+ bade+ object+ good bye e‡m| Direct: He said “Good-bye my friends. Or. turning to the boys. Direct Speech-G Assertive Sentence Gi †k‡l cÖkœ‡evaK wPý _vK‡j Indirect Kivi mgq reporting verb Gi c~‡e© being surprised wjL‡Z nq Ges reporting verb wU‡K ask/asked w`‡q cwieZ©b Ki‡Z nq| Direct: Nargis said to me. by God. Diretct Speech G by Allah. 7.

Sentence-Gi cÖ_‡g pronoun Ges c‡i noun _vK‡j pronoun Gi cwie‡Z© noun †jLvB fv‡jv| . Direct Speech -G Good morning/Good Evening/Good night _vK‡j Indirect Kivi mgq reporting verb Gi subject+wished+good evening/good night/good morning e‡m| Direct: I said to her.” I wished her good morning.12.”Good morning. 13.