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Career Opportunities for Nurses

By Laura Williams, M.S.Ed.

Many nursing specialties are in demand.
There are many career opportunities for nurses and the number of
nurses needed is only projected to increase as the population ages.
Nurses are in demand in a variety of specialties and work settings, so if
you have a nursing degree, chances are you will be able to find a
position suited to your skills and interests.
Nurses Are In Demand
The Bureau of Labor Statistics, part of the U.S. Department of Labor, reports that
registered nursing is the largest health career occupation, with over 2 million jobs
for registered nurses (RNs) in the United States. About 25 percent of RNs work
part time.

Employment of RNs is expected to increase over 20 percent through 2014. The
growth is projected to come from new job openings at new general and
specialized hospitals as well as the need to replace nurses who leave full time
employment to work part time, retire or to make career changes. There is
currently a nursing shortage, both at the RN level as well as at the nursing
assistant and nursing aide levels.

About three out of every five nursing jobs are in the inpatient and outpatient
departments of hospitals. The remaining nursing jobs are in:

 Physicians' offices
 Nursing care facilities
 Home health care
 Employment services
 Government agencies
 Outpatient care centers
 Social service agencies
 Education - both public and private schools, colleges and universities

Career Opportunities for Nurses

surgery and childbirth.Certified vocational nurses. Specifically. They also help employers detect potential health hazards.In general.  Critical Care Nurses: These nurses work in hospitals in the critical care or intensive care units.  Perioperative Nurses: These nurses help surgeons by handing them instruments. RNs are responsible for treating and educating patients while providing advice and support to family members. nursing assistants and nursing aides back up the nurses by providing basic patient care and monitoring. biofeedback and aroma therapy.  Emergency Room or Trauma Nurses: These nurses treat patients with life-threatening conditions such as accidents.  Long-term Care Nurses: Long term care nurses provide medical services to patients with chronic physical or mental disorders  Medical-surgical Nurses: These nurses provide basic medical care to a wide variety of patients in both in-patient and out-patient settings.  Psychiatric Nurses: These nurses treat patients with personality and mood disorders. Types of Patient Care RN Positions  Ambulatory Care Nurses: These nurses treat patients outside of the hospital setting. RNs record medical histories and symptoms. acupuncture.  Hospice Nurses: These nurses provide care for terminally ill patients outside of hospitals.  Holistic Nurses: These nurses treat a patient's mental and spiritual health in addition to their physical health.  Occupational Health Nurses: These nurses specialize in providing treatment for job-related injuries and illnesses. control bleeding and suturing incisions. respiratory or cardiac failure.  Perianesthesia Nurses: These nurses provide pre and post operative care to surgical patients who receive anesthesia.  Infusion Nurses: These nurses provide injections to administer medications. They work in hospital emergency rooms or as flight nurses on medical helicopters. . administer medications and treatments and help with patient follow-up and rehabilitation. strokes and heart attacks. either in physician's offices or clinics. They provide care in massage. blood and other fluids into patients' veins.  Home Health Care Nurses: These nurses provide at-home care for patients who are recovering from accidents. They work with patients who have pulmonary.

Camp Nurse 4. Developmental Disability Nurse 12. Many of these positions have an 8 AM to 5 PM schedule and do not require weekend work or on-call duty.  Transplant Nurses: These nurses care for both transplant recipients and donors. Charge Nurse 8. Gastroenterology Nurse 19. Fertility Nurse 16. Hospice Nurse . Each Nursing Specialty or Career 1. Dermatology Nurse 11. Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory Nurse 6. Cardiac Care Nurse 5.  Rehabilitation Nurses: These nurses care for patients with temporary and permanent disabilities. Emergency Room Nurse 14. Home Health Nurse 23. Genetic Nurse 20. Flight Nurse 17. Cardiovascular Operating Room (CVOR) Nurse 10. Correctional Nurse 9. Case Management Nurse 7. Geriatric Nurse 21. Enterostomy Nurse 15.  Radiologic Nurses: These nurses provide care to patients who are undergoing diagnostic radiation procedures such as ultrasounds and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Holistic Nurse 22. Ambulatory Care Nurse 2. Burn Care Nurse 3. Forensic Nurse 18. Domestic Violence Nurse 13.

Infusion Nurse 27. Ophthalmic Nurse 48. Neuroscience Nurse 36. Long-Term Care Nurse 30. Orthopaedic Nurse 50. Nurse Administrator 38. Operating Room Nurse 47. Obstetrics (OB) Nurse 44. Parish Nurse 54. Perianesthesia Nurse 56. Pain Management Nurse 52. Labor and Delivery Nurse 28. ICU Nurse 25. Missionary Nurse 34. Public Health Nurse . NICU Nurse 37. Nurse Attorney 40. Managed Care Nurse 31. Plastic Surgery Nurse 58. Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse 55. Oncology Nurse 46. Occupational Health Nurse 45.24. Perinatal Nurse 57. Nurse Entrepreneur 41. Nurse Advocate 39. Nurse Executive 42. Palliative Care Nurse 53. Nephrology Nurse 35. Legal Nurse Consultant 29. Postpartum Nurse 59. Organ Procurement Coordinator 49. Psychiatric Nurse 60. Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) Nurse 51. Infection Control Nurse 26. Medical-Surgical Nurse 32. Nurse Manager 43. Military Nurse 33.

Trauma Nurse 73. Camp nurses provide care to campers and staff in both residential and day camps. perform stress test evaluations. Substance Abuse Nurse 68. Radiology Nurse 62. university health center. They may provide cardiac and vascular monitoring. who often work in the ICU or Burn Care Units (BCUs) of hospitals. and any number of general nursing duties for patients. Rehabilitation Nurse 63. government institution or other healthcare settings where patients are not required to stay overnight. Cardiac care nurses treat patients with heart diseases or conditions. pacemaker implants. cleaning and dressing of burn wounds and assisting in pain management and rehabilitation. Rheumatology Nurse 66. They perform a variety of tasks including assessing symptoms. Respiratory Nurse 65. Telephone Triage Nurse 70. Cardiac . 3. Burn care nurses care for patients who have suffered physical wounds as a result of burns. emergency care. or trauma are best suited for this role. so camp nurses must have excellent clinical and managerial skills. Wound Care Nurse 1. and/or help with pain management in cardiac patients. or other heart surgeries. Ambulatory care nurses provide high quality nursing care in an outpatient setting. medical office. administer medication. They may also tend to post-op patients recovering from bypasses.61. Transcultural Nurse 71. also play a critical role in the assessment of a patient’s emotional and psychological wellbeing and ensure patients receive compassionate care as they recover physically and emotionally from their injuries. RNs with a background in pediatrics. and treat everything from colds to bug bites to allergies. providing care for injury or illness. taking vital signs. 4. This type of nurse may work in a clinic. Telemetry Nurse 69. They often work solo or independently. 2. Transplant Nurse 72. Travel Nurse 74. Camp nurses complete pre-camp health assessments. as providing care to children with both urgent and non-urgent medical needs is a large part of the job. Research Nurse 64. Burn care nurses. School Nurse 67. This includes the immediate stabilization of acutely burned patients.

ranging from hospitals and clinics to hospice facilities and nursing homes.but within the firm boundaries of the penal system. 8. Charge nurses manage and supervise the staff nurses in hospital wards and busy medical facilities. They provide staff guidance. Dermatology nurses provide care and treatment for patients with a variety of skin conditions and diseases such as psoriasis. and other healthcare environments and work with patients of all ages. Most cath lab nurses work in hospitals and outpatient clinics and see regular patients as well as emergency cases. Cardiovascular operating room nurses work as part of the surgical services and operating room teams that treat open-heart (cardiovascular) patients. 6. 9. A mix of clinical and managerial leadership skills are needed to excel in this role. during and following surgical procedures. maintain supplies. dermatology nurses also perform many cosmetic dermatology treatments such as chemical peels. CVOR nurses assist with patient care before. 7. A specialized field within operating room nursing. skin cancer and acne. the correctional nurse is concerned for patient health as well as the overall safety and security of themselves. Charge nurses also typically treat patients themselves. cardiovascular centers. educate patients and their caregivers on their treatment options and have the opportunity to work in a variety of healthcare settings. Correctional nurses are a highly valued part of the corrections team. Cardiac Catheterization Lab nurses are highly qualified nurses who meet the challenges of their patient load and procedures in order to help save lives. A demanding role. and oversee patient education and care. In addition to assisting with skin examinations. ensuring sterile conditions in the operating room and providing critical quality control to ensure patient safety during surgical procedures. corrections nurses are the front-line response for patient/offender healthcare needs. inmates and the general community. With extensive training that spans triage and medical/surgical. 5. many dermatology nurses focus on early detection. case management nurses coordinate doctors’ appointments and surgeries. They assist in specialized cardiac and vascular procedures like angiograms. and heart monitoring. and often take control when a medical emergency is presented. 10. their fellow corrections employees. An especially rewarding field of nursing that allows RNs to develop long-term relationships with their patients. exercise and dietary changes that could prolong or improve patient outcomes. coordinate and implement comprehensive medical care plans over the course of an illness. as well as a holistic approach to treating the patient . Case management nurses work with patients and their medical teams to develop. treatment and patient education . stent placements. set schedules. while informing patients and families of lifestyle. care nurses work in hospitals. In response to the increase in skin cancer in the United States.

issues with conception. . as many patients may be too traumatized to speak about their experiences readily. ER or ‘Emergency Room’ nurses are efficient. Fertility or reproductive nurses treat and educate patients and couples on all areas involving fertility (i. Experts on developmental disabilities and delays. and after enterostomy procedures. the ER nurse is responsible for continuously prioritizing the needs of the patients in the emergency ward in order to ensure everyone remains stable as doctors move to treat. fertility treatments. 11. 13. and suggesting care techniques. and they may even be called to testify in domestic abuse cases. physical. and emotional wounds. 14. egg donation and IVF. and work with doctors and law enforcement officers to report injuries. 15. With a varied intake. A wide and varied field. triage and care for those who have been a victim of a sudden accident or illness. They must also keep meticulous records and collect evidence for use in court. effective and calm. social and emotional traits that are associated with developmental disabilities and other special needs and assistive devices that may need to be accommodated for. A leader with a strong ethical sense and calm demeanor. ER nurses have equal parts strong stomach. during. Many Developmental Disability nurses are fierce advocates of patient rights and the Americans With Disabilities Act. often referred to as ET or stoma nurses. admit. They may also assist researchers with the latest scientific advancements in reproductive technology. Developmental Nurses work with patients and their facilities to understand a patients' immediate and lifelong abilities. Domestic violence nurses combine compassionate healthcare and forensic techniques to care for domestic abuse victims. there is a wealth of career opportunities for dermatology nurses.e. or they may focus on counseling and education. treat patients before. Their prescences and skills are both general – as the Emergency Room admits all kinds of patients with all kinds of trauma – and highly specialized to assess. Domestic violence nurses must be patient. They can work in reproductive centers assisting physicians with fertility treatments and procedures. efficient pace. which depends on the day and sometimes on the hour. recommending supplies. cognitive. on how to prevent skin cancer. and assertive personality. These nurses examine domestic violence patients for physical. ET nurses monitor the ostomy site and teach a patient and their family how to properly care for the ostomy to prevent infection and other complications. empathetic. Enterostomy therapy nurses. or refer to ancillary care. 12. Once a patient has an ostomy. and more). They also assist in cleaning and changing ostomy appliances and are a valuable resource in identifying problems. and observant. mental.

taking vitals. and more. 17. dietary education. usually in trauma or ER wards. perform resuscitation or ventilation procedures. Crohn's disease. This certified RN takes a mind-body- spirit approach to the practice of professional nursing and may use techniques such as massage. Genetics nurses care for patients who are at risk for. and monitor vital signs to keep patients stable until arrival. They also assist in getting patients into and out of the aircraft and ensure that they are secured safely once onboard. A holistic or complementary health nurse focuses on treating the patient as a whole rather than merely treating individual symptoms. or assist coroners and medical examiners. including hospitals. Working in a variety of healthcare settings from specialty genetics clinics and reproductive centers to hospitals and research institutions. 22. medication management. 21. liver. also referred to as transport nurses. diseases or conditions with a genetic component. They help this demographic with things like maintaining functional mobility. and administration of conscious sedation. This includes acid reflux. Gastroenterology (gastrointestinal. administer first aid. 19. home healthcare. or GI) nurses treat patients with illnesses or disorders of the GI tract. Upon arrival at the hospital. nursing homes. 23. genetics nurses assess and analyze a patient’s risk factors for genetic diseases and provide compassionate care and education to patients and their caregivers. They can work in hospitals. bedside nursing and more. In addition to treating these patients. provide critical care to patients en route to a hospital or medical facility on board an aircraft.16. managing their symptoms. and more. 18. such as a helicopter or rescue flight. Typical duties of a GI nurse include assisting with procedures like endoscopies. Home health nursing staff are responsible for caring for patients in their homes. and . or are affected by. skilled nursing facilities. they work alongside law enforcement to collect evidence. This includes making them as comfortable as possible. 20. and cancers of the stomach. or Eastern healing methods alongside traditional treatments. pancreas. photograph injuries. Forensic nurses are specially trained to care for victims of trauma and abuse. Geriatric nurses work with elderly patients in a variety of settings. and nurse assistants. performing various tasks if patients and/or their families are unable to care for themselves. Flight nurses. LVNs/LPNs. Hospice nurses care for patients who are at the end of their lives. and more. and even testify in court if necessary. wound care. maintaining their hygiene. flight nurses update the onsite medical staff to ensure a smooth hand-off. This specialty is available to RNs. They assess patients. acupuncture. assisting with mobility. medication management. Tasks may include medication administration.

They can work in law offices. Infection control nurses specialize in preventing the spread of infectious agents. 24. Their duties may include reviewing and summarizing medical records. The Labor and Delivery (L&D) RN ensures the safety of both mother and baby during the childbirth process. or hospice centers. The L&D nurse must think and act quickly while constantly assessing for emergencies and initiating appropriate interventions. ICU nurses can choose to specialize by patient population or by affliction. initiate and monitor fetal heart rates. administering medications. They develop plans. They may also act as leaders and coordinators if any outbreaks occur. or venous access port. They work diligently to prevent and control infectious outbreaks in hospitals and other healthcare settings. They work with the interdisciplinary team to bring life safely into the world. post-trauma. hospitals. 27. Frequently. In addition to . patients with disabilities and those with chronic illnesses. surgical ICU or medical ICU to name but a few. sometimes called 'Critical Care' nurses or simply ICU nurses are a highly specialized and trained subsection of the nursing profession. They insert these lines and assist with things like chemotherapy administration. nutrition replacement/vitamin infusions. investigating patient claims. and those who are transitioning to end of life care measures. Long-term care nurses provide care for patients requiring extended care. 29. government agencies. intensive care nurses work with patients out of surgery. Legal nurse consultants are highly educated RNs who work as experts on cases involving medical issues. Hospice nurses typically work in hospitals. central line. They also provide important communication and support to family and other caregivers. and insurance companies. including the elderly. With a low patient to nurse ratio. nursing homes. educate and train staff. private homes. and more. monitor and assist with epidurals. common specializations include neo- natal ICU (NICU nurse). serving as expert witnesses. and ultimately work to find the safest and most effective ways to healthy childbirth. 28. Intensive care nurses. The L&D RN works closely with the interdisciplinary team including obstetricians and anesthesiologists to provide mothers and newborns with the best possible outcomes. pediatric ICU (PICU nurse). This RN may assist with caesarean sections. 25. auditing medical bills. induce labor. 26. Infusion nurses specialize in administering medications and fluids via an intravenous (IV) line. the ICU nurse is responsible for the individual tasks and subtasks that are involved in caring for a patient in order to stabilize their condition. and more. blood transfusions. during complicated phases of disease. fluid/electrolyte infusions. such as viruses and bacteria. and implement infection control practices in order to bring the rate of infections down within a particular facility and prevent outbreaks.

administer vaccinations and medicines and educate patients about proper hygiene and how to prevent disease and infection. as well as share their spiritual beliefs with local communities. kidney transplants. managed care nurses counsel patients on the importance of preventative healthcare and ensure patients receive the consistent care they need while keeping costs low for patients and insurance companies. As the single largest population of nurses. such as epilepsy. conducting vital sign checks and performing therapeutic treatments. caring for patients who otherwise would not have access to modern medicine and basic healthcare. 31. Military nurses are RNs who serve in a branch of the military and are specially trained to provide medical care to patients in military clinics or hospitals. Nephrology nurses may perform dialysis. veterans. multiple sclerosis. or are at risk for. and more. They help perform physical assessments . regardless of where their career path takes them afterward. student loan repayment. 34. and pensions. 35. missionary nurses treat common illnesses and injuries. or in makeshift medical facilities near combat zones. administering medication. 32. Often working with the elderly and low income individuals who rely on government funded healthcare assistance programs like Medicare and Medicaid. Military nurses are required to make at least a three year commitment to serve their country. Missionary nurses work in underdeveloped and developing regions of the world. and other diseases and issues. dressing and bathing. dialysis centers. non-profit organizations and humanitarian groups. or service members' families. long-term care nurses assist their patients in daily activities such as feeding. but in return can receive benefits such as housing stipends. They typically work in hospitals. clinics. Nephrology nurses care for patients who have. 30. and physicians' offices. They may care for soldiers or other military personnel. 33. While Med-Surg nursing used to be viewed as an entry-level position for nurses looking to gain experience after graduation and licensure. perspective has shifted somewhat in that to be competent and effective requires mastery of so many different specialties that med-surg has become something of a specialty in itself. kidney problems including Chronic Kidney Disease. or who are recovering from surgery. strokes. provide prevention information and education. Neuroscience nurses treat patients with nervous system diseases or disorders. Managed care nurses evaluate the healthcare needs of patients and use specialized knowledge of the managed care system to connect them to quality. Often working with churches. as well as provide emotional support and education for patients and their loved ones. help manage symptoms. most nurses will find their practice greatly enhanced by a position on the med-surg ward. and more. Medical-Surgical nurses work mostly in caring for adult patients who have an acute condition or illness. cost-effective healthcare providers. monitor patients. Still viewed as foundational.

42. Aside from treating these newborns. and more. Requiring strong business skills. and more. and develop and maintain department budgets. and assist with things like mobility. 40. 41. working with risk management departments in hospitals to ensure that healthcare policies are followed. They help patients and families navigate the healthcare system and act as a liaison between patients. 39. 36. They manage and oversee the nursing staff in medical facilities. physical rehabilitation. 37. resources. They work in places such as hospitals. including premature congenital disabilities. set their own schedule and follow their passions in the nursing field. They also provide resources to patients and families and track the healing process. oversight of patient care and some management or . also known as NICU nurses. becoming a nurse entrepreneur offers nurses a unique opportunity to take control of their careers. cardiac malformations. Nurse attorneys may work in either legal or medical settings doing things like reviewing medical records for insurance companies. and other facilities. Nurse administrators are high-level nurses who oversee staff in hospitals or other medical environments. They primarily work in the NICU department of hospitals. create healthcare budgets. This means that both a nursing degree and law degree are required. although they can occasionally work in other settings. healthcare providers. shape healthcare policies. This role usually reports to the hospital CEO and is office-based rather than patient-facing. A nurse advocate works on behalf of patients to maintain quality of care and protect patients' rights. and insurance benefits and assist with any disputes a patient may have with their care. creativity and a lot of hard work. or lobbying for healthcare organizations. 38. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit nurses. and neurological exams. and insurance companies. That includes direction of nursing staff. dangerous infections. design and manage patient care. and other tasks to help patients get back to activities of daily living. Nurse entrepreneurs use their professional nursing experience and business savvy to launch and run their own business ventures within the healthcare field. healthcare organizations. They play a big role in educating patients on healthcare decisions. A nurse attorney is trained as both a registered nurse and an attorney. Nurse executives are highly educated RNs who also usually hold an advanced business degree. nursing schools. hire and train new nurses. Nurse managers are responsible for supervising a nursing unit in a hospital or clinic. care for newborn infants who have a variety of medical ailments. they also train and educate families on how to care for the infant and communicate with them regarding the infant's treatment and progress. Experience in both nursing and business is necessary to succeed in the role. They set policies and procedures.

Oncology nurses are the first line of communication. In other words. 47. Working directly with ophthalmologists. 48. and after pregnancy and childbirth. and infertility. during. and educating the patient's family. ultrasounds. instead of spending their day screening patients and checking vitals. 44. tend to and document workplace injuries and illnesses. and can also help with the childbirthing process. The OR nurse promotes the health and welfare of the patient under a variety of conditions. Oncology nursing care is sometimes referred to as Hematology/Oncology or 'Heme/Onc' nursing. Obstetrics (OB) nurses care for female patients before. In addition to this. maternity wards in hospitals. coordinating meetings and making personnel decisions. and look into instances of on-the-job injuries or unsafe procedures to protect a company and ensure worker health. though they can work in areas such as urgent care as well. 45. With the promotion of a supportive. providing care for the patient. Organ procurement coordinators are registered nurses who oversee and assist in the process of organ transplant surgeries. Most coordinators are RNs who have a surgical background and complete the Certified Procurement Transplant Coordinator examination. These nurses specialize in caring for individuals who have been diagnosed with a bloodborne cancer (like leukemia) or a solid cancer (like a tumor). they are establishing work schedules. cancer screenings. and/or perform drug and alcohol testing. doctor's offices and clinics. intra-surgery and post-surgery. They help prepare the deceased body for transplant. they also assist with other women's health issues such as birth control information. or in birthing centers. Working with both adult and pediatric populations. budget decisions. Occupational health nurses help prevent and investigate workplace ailments and injuries. 46. there's an OR nurse to help navigate the process. and manage symptoms throughout treatment. help to match a donor to a recipient. inform about next steps. They may also assist with various surgical procedures and care for patients prior to and following surgery. They promote safe and healthy workplaces. care and education that patients learn to lean on as they undergo a scary and often challenging path to remission. and coordinate with doctors and surgeons regarding transportation of the organ. Ophthalmic nurses specialize in treating patients with various eye diseases and injuries. ophthalmic nurses assist with eye exams. screenings. In every aspect of pre-surgery. as well as educate patients on how to care for their eye disease or injury at home. . care-focused and positive environment. the Oncology nurse helps patients and families track results and studies. the OR nurse is a valuable addition to many hospitals. perform vision tests and administer medications. 43. amongst other tasks. assisting the surgical team. They may help establish safety and security protocols for companies. They most often work in OB/GYN physician offices. They assist an OB/GYN doctor with prenatal checkups.

and starting up support groups. etc. and educate patients and parents on treatments and prevention methods. Also known as ENT nurses. Palliative care nurses provide compassionate nursing care to patients with chronic or terminal illnesses. Otorhinolaryngology nurses specialize in treating patients with various diseases and injuries of the ear. mentoring volunteers or other members of their parish. including medications. and after orthopaedic surgeries and assist in casting and wound dressing. Pediatric endocrinology nurses treat children with endocrine disorders. They help to orient . Parish nurses may be responsible for tasks such as providing spiritual support to patients. Pediatric endocrinology nurses typically work in hospitals and pediatricians' or physicians' offices. and more. such as juvenile diabetes. administer medications and record symptoms and medical histories. 52. nursing homes. Perianesthesia nurses prep patients for surgery. They must constantly assess and reassess patients to make sure they are comfortable and cared for without doing harm to them by over-medicating. exercise/diet changes. Most orthopaedic nurses are RNs with a BSN who have passed the Orthopaedic Nurses Certification exam. 53. or wherever a patient requires this type of care. during. joint replacements. and adrenal diseases. arthritis. 50. but their main duty is to care for patients coming off of anesthesia or sedation following a surgical procedure. Pain management nurses may work in hospitals. educating patients on the importance of faith in relation to health and wellness. also known as faith community nurses. 55. otorhinolaryngology nurses assist with patient exams. They work alongside pediatricians to test and monitor children with these disorders. Pain management nurses are RNs who help to provide pain relief to patients experiencing chronic pain due to illness or injury. parish nurses must also have a strong foundation in and knowledge of their particular faith. 51. assisted living facilities. and more. which may include lifestyle changes. sports medicine centers. Parish nurses. Orthopaedic nurses deal with musculoskeletal issues including broken or fractured bones. They help patients with pain and symptom management to ensure that they carry out their final days in comfort. nose. stress relief techniques. They employ a wide variety of techniques in order to achieve this. and other places where patients may be seeking pain relief. They may also assist with various surgical procedures and care for patients prior to and following surgery. and more. and private homes. integrating faith and healing to promote health and wellness. They monitor patients before. rehabilitation facilities. 54. clinics. Aside from the necessary medical training. head and neck. pituitary problems. throat. They can work in churches. hospitals.49. Orthopaedic nurses also help patients get on a pain management schedule and help administer pain medications. These nurses work in hospitals. They also often provide emotional support to the patient and their friends/family. are RNs who serve a parish or other faith community. social services agencies. collect samples.

Additionally. These nurses most commonly work in hospitals. This includes things like breast augmentation. 61. or private public-health agencies. They work in hospitals and birthing centers and often work alongside lactation consultants and labor and delivery nurses to ensure that a new mother recovers from the birth properly and is educated on caring for an infant. They assess and monitor patients. or outpatient care facilities. in Post-Anesthesia Care Units (PACUs). and make sure the patient isn't suffering from any side effects or adverse reactions from the anesthesia. RNs in this field must be supportive and non-judgmental as many plastic surgeries deal with enhancing body self-image. 59. They may work alongside a physician or nurse midwife during labor as well. liposuction. Psychiatric nurses care for patients who suffer from mental health illnesses as well as those struggling with addiction and substance abuse problems. including cancer. during. providing education and resources. schools. 57. such as county or city health departments. and after the procedure. and after pregnancy. and help both mother and baby for the first few weeks of the newborn's life. operate the machines. They typically work in hospitals. Radiology nurses care for patients who must undergo diagnostic imaging procedures (such as x-rays. and in community settings where mental healthcare is needed. medical offices. Perinatal nurses care for women before. 58. These nurses educate the patients on the need for the procedure. and more. correctional facilities. 56. . CT scans. umbilical cord care. Postpartum nurses provide physical and emotional care for mothers and newborn babies following a delivery. Psychiatric nurses work in hospitals. work with an interdisciplinary team including psychiatrists and social workers. They also provide important pain management and postpartum monitoring for the new mother. Public health nurses serve a community. and more. check vitals including blood pressure and respiration rate. 60. Plastic surgery nurses care for patients undergoing cosmetic or aesthetic procedures. during. face/neck lifts. and MRIs). A large part of their job is working with underserved and underprivileged populations. or for those undergoing radiation therapy for certain illnesses. and help administer medications. prepare the patients on the day of the procedure. These nurses screen patients for surgery and care for them before. the patient. and monitor the patient after the procedure. administer any contrast dyes. they screen and assess patients for high-risk pregnancies and perform a multitude of routine pregnancy tests. reconstructions after trauma. Public health nurses can work in local government. diagnostic imaging facilities. promoting health and wellness and providing medical services. They educate patients and families on things like childbirth options. mental health facilities.

A challenging career path that requires an advanced nursing education and specialized training in research methodology. lupus. Respiratory nurses. and administrators to promote health in the school system. alcohol and other substances. lung cancer. Telemetry nurses care for patients with heart problems who have moved out of the ICU. Trained in mental health care in addition to general nursing. Aside from caring for these patients. fibromyalgia. treatments. A nursing position that requires a high level of compassion. Research nurses design and implement scientific studies within the healthcare field. machines and alerting the doctor to any dangerous changes. . treat patients with a variety of respiratory illnesses. They help develop treatment plans for their patients. education and emotional support for patients and their families who are struggling with addiction. School nurses provide health education to students and work with teachers. Substance abuse nurses care for patients addicted to drugs. and more. Many patients with rheumatic diseases require on-going care and can form long-lasting relationships with rheumatology nurses. injuries. They work in a variety of educational institutions and may travel between schools in a district. or EKG. parents. or procedures. 67. or chronic illnesses with any personal limitations that may have arisen because of them. 63. and alert parents and emergency services when a health issue is severe. 64. They can work in outpatient or inpatient settings and may work with patients on an on-going basis. Rehabilitation nurses assist patients with disabilities. also referred to as pulmonary care nurses. including rheumatoid arthritis. Telemetry nurses also educate patients on cardiac health and may recommend lifestyle or diet changes to promote a healthy heart. substance abuse nurses provide pain management services. substance abuse nurses have the opportunity to provide a lifeline for patients in crisis. They treat and assess illnesses and injuries. These nurses help patients with pain relief and symptom management. They also monitor other vital signs including blood pressure and breathing patterns and may assist the doctor with diagnoses. bronchitis. 65. emphysema.62. 66. doctors and medical researchers with the ultimate goal of improving healthcare services and patient outcomes. which sometimes includes the use of mechanical devices to help aid breathing. Their primary goal is to help patients regain independence and functionality to the best of their ability. analyze data and report their findings to other nurses. They specialize in monitoring the readings of electrocardiogram. and more. 68. they also provide education on things like smoking cessation and healthy habits. nurse researchers make discoveries that have the potential to save lives and change the healthcare industry. School nurses attend to the physical and mental health of children on a school campus. including asthma. Rheumatology nurses care for patients with a variety of rheumatic diseases that affect the joints and muscles.

69. Transcultural nurses help treat foreign patients with a primary focus on care that is culturally sensitive and inclusive. Wound care nurses also help doctors assess whether further treatment such as antibiotics or surgery is necessary. 73. This type of nurse also helps care for bedridden patients who have bedsores. or the emergency room. Transcultural nurses must be highly familiar with a variety of cultures and their corresponding values in order to deliver compassionate medical care. They communicate with these patients and act as a bridge between the patient's culture and healthcare practices. people suffering from complications of diabetes. They prepare patients for surgery. Telephone triage nurses. and more. a physician's or specialist's office. Trauma nurses specialize in caring for patients with acute injuries or illnesses. Travel nurses are RNs from various clinical backgrounds who work for independent staffing agencies. They are crucial healthcare resources for those who may live far away from a medical facility or need help and advice after-hours. They perform standard registered nursing tasks. gunshot or stab wounds. They typically work in emergency environments and are charged with stabilizing patients. Transplant nurses care for patients who are in need of organ or tissue transplant surgeries. This type of nurse may work domestically or internationally. cleaning. provide care to patients over the phone or via video chat. whether that's home care. amongst other things. Wound care nurses treat patients with ostomies and serious wounds. and may work in a hospital. This includes wound debridement. assaults. Telephone triage nurses help to assess the patient's medical issue and refer them to the proper line of care. including accidents. They are assigned to different care areas on a temporary basis to fill in short-term employment gaps. 71. assist surgeons during harvest and donation procedures and provide patient education and crucial post-operative care. They also document a patient's care and may work with any law enforcement officers involved. 72. nursing home. filling in where the need arises. and bandaging. . 74. including monitoring for complications such as infection or organ rejection. 70. but may need to adapt to certain challenges such as language differences or particular local illness/disease outbreaks. or other long-term care setting. also known as telehealth nurses and TTNs. as well as living donors who have volunteered to donate tissues or organs.