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Relationships

Angle Pair Relationship

Essential Questions

**How are special angle pairs
**

identified?

Straight Angles

**Opposite rays are two rays that are part of a the same line and have
**

___________

only their endpoints in common.

Y X Z

opposite rays

XY and XZ are ____________.

**The figure formed by opposite rays is also referred to as a
**

straight angle A straight angle measures 180 degrees.

____________.

Angles – sides and vertex

There is another case where two rays can have a common endpoint.

angle

This figure is called an _____. S

Some parts of angles have special names.

vertex

The common endpoint is called the ______,

and the two rays that make up the sides of

the angle are called the sides of the angle.

side T

R

vertex

Naming Angles

There are several ways to name this angle.

S

1) Use the vertex and a point from each side.

SRT or TRS

The vertex letter is always in the middle.

1

2) Use the vertex only. R

side T

R

vertex

If there is only one angle at a vertex, then the

angle can be named with that vertex.

3) Use a number.

1

Angles

**An angle is a figure formed by two noncollinear rays that
**

have a common endpoint.

D Symbols: DEF

Definition FED

of Angle E 2

E

F

2

Angles

1) Name the angle in four ways.

ABC C

A

CBA

1

B

1 B

**2) Identify the vertex and sides of this angle.
**

vertex: Point B

sides: BA and BC

Angles

1) Name all angles having W as their vertex. X

1

2 1 W

2

XWZ

Y

2) What are other names for 1 ? Z

XWY or YWX

**3) Is there an angle that can be named W?
**

No!

Angle Measure

Once the measure of an angle is known, the angle can be classified

as one of three types of angles. These types are defined in relation

to a right angle.

Types of Angles

A A A

**obtuse angle right angle acute angle
**

90 < m A < 180 m A = 90 0<m A < 90

Angle Measure

Classify each angle as acute, obtuse, or right.

110°

40°

90°

Obtuse Right Acute

50°

130° 75°

**Acute Obtuse Acute
**

Adjacent Angles

When you “split” an angle, you create two angles.

**The two angles are called A
**

adjacent angles

_____________

**adjacent = next to, joining. 2
**

B

1

C

1 and 2 are examples of adjacent angles.

They share a common ray.

**Name the ray that 1 and 2 have in common. BD
**

____

Adjacent Angles

Adjacent angles are angles that:

A) share a common side

B) have the same vertex, and

C) have no interior points in common

Definition of

Adjacent J

Angles

**1 and 2 are adjacent
**

2

R with the same vertex R and

1

common side RM

N

Adjacent Angles

Determine whether 1 and 2 are adjacent angles.

**No. They have a common vertex B, but
**

no common side

_____________

1 2

B

**Yes. They have the same vertex G and a
**

1

2 common side with no interior points in

G

common.

**N No. They do not have a common vertex or
**

L

1

a____________

common side

J

2

The side of 1 is ____

LN

JN

The side of 2 is ____

Adjacent Angles and Linear Pairs of Angles

Determine whether 1 and 2 are adjacent angles.

No.

1 2

Yes.

1 2

X D Z

**In this example, the noncommon sides of the adjacent angles form a
**

straight line

___________.

linear pair

These angles are called a _________

Linear Pairs of Angles

Two angles form a linear pair if and only if (iff):

A) they are adjacent and

B) their noncommon sides are opposite rays

A B D

1 2

Definition of

Linear Pairs

1 and 2 are a linear pair.

BA and BD form AD

1 2 180

Linear Pairs of Angles

In the figure, CM and CE are opposite rays.

H

1) Name the angle that forms a

T

linear pair with 1.

ACE A 2

3 4 E

1

C

ACE and 1 have a common side CA

the same vertex C, and opposite rays M

CM and CE

**2) Do 3 and TCM form a linear pair? Justify your answer.
**

No. Their noncommon sides are not opposite rays.

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Two angles are complementary if and only if (iff)

The sum of their degree measure is 90.

E

A D 60°

Definition of 30° F

B

Complementary C

Angles

mABC + mDEF = 30 + 60 = 90

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

If two angles are complementary, each angle is a

complement of the other.

**ABC is the complement of DEF and DEF is the
**

complement of ABC.

E

A

D 60°

30°

B

C F

**Complementary angles DO NOT need to have a common side
**

or even the same vertex.

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Some examples of complementary angles are shown below.

I

75°

15° mH + mI = 90

H

P

Q

40°

50°

mPHQ + mQHS = 90

H S

U

V

T 60°

30°

mTZU + mVZW = 90

Z W

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

If the sum of the measure of two angles is 180, they form a

special pair of angles called supplementary angles.

**Two angles are supplementary if and only if (iff) the
**

sum of their degree measure is 180.

D

C

Definition of 130°

50°

Supplementary B E F

A

Angles

**mABC + mDEF = 50 + 130 = 180
**

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Some examples of supplementary angles are shown below.

I

75°

105° mH + mI = 180

H

Q

**130° 50° mPHQ + mQHS = 180
**

P H S

U

V mTZU + mUZV = 180

60° and

120° 60°

Z mTZU + mVZW = 180

W

T

Congruent Angles

measure

Recall that congruent segments have the same ________.

Congruent angles

_______________ also have the same measure.

Congruent Angles

Two angles are congruent iff, they have the same

degree measure

______________.

Definition of

Congruent B V iff

Angles

50° mB = mV

50°

B

V

Congruent Angles

arcs

To show that 1 is congruent to 2, we use ____.

1 2

**To show that there is a second set of congruent angles, X and Z,
**

we use double arcs.

**This “arc” notation states that:
**

X Z

mX = mZ

X Z

Vertical Angles

**When two lines intersect, four
**

____ angles are formed.

**There are two pair of nonadjacent angles.
**

vertical angles

These pairs are called _____________.

1

4 2

3

Vertical Angles

**Two angles are vertical iff they are two
**

nonadjacent angles formed by a pair of

intersecting lines.

Definition of Vertical angles:

Vertical

Angles 1 and 3

1

4 2

3 2 and 4

Vertical Angles

Vertical angles are congruent.

n

Theorem 3-1 m 2

Vertical 1 3

3

Angle 1

Theorem 4 2 4

Vertical Angles

Find the value of x in the figure:

**The angles are vertical angles.
**

130°

So, the value of x is 130°.

x°

Vertical Angles

Find the value of x in the figure:

**The angles are vertical angles.
**

(x – 10)° (x – 10) = 125.

x – 10 = 125.

125°

x = 135.

Congruent Angles

Suppose A B and mA = 52.

Find the measure of an angle that is supplementary to B.

52° 1

A

B

B + 1 = 180

1 = 180 – B

1 = 180 – 52

1 = 128°

Congruent Angles G

D

1

2

1) If m1 = 2x + 3 and the A 4 B C

3

m3 = 3x + 2, then find the

m3 E

H

x = 17; 3 = 37°

**2) If mABD = 4x + 5 and the mDBC = 2x +
**

1, then find the mEBC

**x = 29; EBC = 121°
**

3) If m1 = 4x - 13 and the m3 = 2x + 19, then find the m4

x = 16; 4 = 39°

4) If mEBG = 7x + 11 and the mEBH = 2x + 7, then find the m1

x = 18; 1 = 43°

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