You are on page 1of 31

Angle Pair

Relationships
Angle Pair Relationship
Essential Questions

How are special angle pairs
identified?
Straight Angles

Opposite rays are two rays that are part of a the same line and have
___________
only their endpoints in common.

Y X Z

opposite rays
XY and XZ are ____________.

The figure formed by opposite rays is also referred to as a
straight angle A straight angle measures 180 degrees.
____________.
Angles – sides and vertex

There is another case where two rays can have a common endpoint.

angle
This figure is called an _____. S
Some parts of angles have special names.
vertex
The common endpoint is called the ______,
and the two rays that make up the sides of
the angle are called the sides of the angle.
side T
R

vertex
Naming Angles
There are several ways to name this angle.
S
1) Use the vertex and a point from each side.
SRT or TRS
The vertex letter is always in the middle.

1
2) Use the vertex only. R
side T
R
vertex
If there is only one angle at a vertex, then the
angle can be named with that vertex.

3) Use a number.
1
Angles

An angle is a figure formed by two noncollinear rays that
have a common endpoint.
D Symbols: DEF
Definition FED
of Angle E 2

E
F
2
Angles
1) Name the angle in four ways.
ABC C
A
CBA
1
B
1 B

2) Identify the vertex and sides of this angle.
vertex: Point B

sides: BA and BC
Angles
1) Name all angles having W as their vertex. X

1
2 1 W
2
XWZ
Y

2) What are other names for 1 ? Z

XWY or YWX

3) Is there an angle that can be named W?
No!
Angle Measure
Once the measure of an angle is known, the angle can be classified
as one of three types of angles. These types are defined in relation
to a right angle.
Types of Angles

A A A

obtuse angle right angle acute angle
90 < m A < 180 m A = 90 0<m A < 90
Angle Measure
Classify each angle as acute, obtuse, or right.

110°

40°
90°

Obtuse Right Acute

50°

130° 75°

Acute Obtuse Acute
Adjacent Angles

When you “split” an angle, you create two angles.

The two angles are called A
adjacent angles
_____________

adjacent = next to, joining. 2
B
1

C
1 and 2 are examples of adjacent angles.
They share a common ray.

Name the ray that 1 and 2 have in common. BD
____
Adjacent Angles
Adjacent angles are angles that:
A) share a common side
B) have the same vertex, and
C) have no interior points in common
Definition of
Adjacent J
Angles

1 and 2 are adjacent
2
R with the same vertex R and
1

common side RM
N
Adjacent Angles
Determine whether 1 and 2 are adjacent angles.

No. They have a common vertex B, but
no common side
_____________
1 2

B

Yes. They have the same vertex G and a
1
2 common side with no interior points in
G
common.

N No. They do not have a common vertex or
L
1
a____________
common side
J
2
The side of 1 is ____
LN
JN
The side of 2 is ____
Adjacent Angles and Linear Pairs of Angles
Determine whether 1 and 2 are adjacent angles.

No.
1 2

Yes.

1 2
X D Z

In this example, the noncommon sides of the adjacent angles form a
straight line
___________.
linear pair
These angles are called a _________
Linear Pairs of Angles
Two angles form a linear pair if and only if (iff):
A) they are adjacent and
B) their noncommon sides are opposite rays

A B D

1 2
Definition of
Linear Pairs
1 and 2 are a linear pair.

BA and BD form AD
1  2  180
Linear Pairs of Angles
In the figure, CM and CE are opposite rays.
H
1) Name the angle that forms a
T
linear pair with 1.
ACE A 2
3 4 E
1
C
ACE and 1 have a common side CA
the same vertex C, and opposite rays M

CM and CE

2) Do 3 and TCM form a linear pair? Justify your answer.
No. Their noncommon sides are not opposite rays.
Complementary and Supplementary Angles
Two angles are complementary if and only if (iff)
The sum of their degree measure is 90.

E

A D 60°

Definition of 30° F
B
Complementary C

Angles

mABC + mDEF = 30 + 60 = 90
Complementary and Supplementary Angles
If two angles are complementary, each angle is a
complement of the other.

ABC is the complement of DEF and DEF is the
complement of ABC.
E
A
D 60°
30°
B
C F

Complementary angles DO NOT need to have a common side
or even the same vertex.
Complementary and Supplementary Angles
Some examples of complementary angles are shown below.

I
75°
15° mH + mI = 90
H

P
Q
40°
50°
mPHQ + mQHS = 90
H S

U
V
T 60°
30°
mTZU + mVZW = 90
Z W
Complementary and Supplementary Angles
If the sum of the measure of two angles is 180, they form a
special pair of angles called supplementary angles.

Two angles are supplementary if and only if (iff) the
sum of their degree measure is 180.
D
C

Definition of 130°
50°
Supplementary B E F
A
Angles

mABC + mDEF = 50 + 130 = 180
Complementary and Supplementary Angles
Some examples of supplementary angles are shown below.

I
75°
105° mH + mI = 180
H

Q

130° 50° mPHQ + mQHS = 180
P H S

U
V mTZU + mUZV = 180
60° and
120° 60°
Z mTZU + mVZW = 180
W
T
Congruent Angles

measure
Recall that congruent segments have the same ________.

Congruent angles
_______________ also have the same measure.
Congruent Angles
Two angles are congruent iff, they have the same
degree measure
______________.
Definition of
Congruent B  V iff
Angles
50° mB = mV
50°
B
V
Congruent Angles
arcs
To show that 1 is congruent to 2, we use ____.

1 2

To show that there is a second set of congruent angles, X and Z,
we use double arcs.

This “arc” notation states that:
X  Z
mX = mZ
X Z
Vertical Angles

When two lines intersect, four
____ angles are formed.

There are two pair of nonadjacent angles.
vertical angles
These pairs are called _____________.

1
4 2
3
Vertical Angles

Two angles are vertical iff they are two
nonadjacent angles formed by a pair of
intersecting lines.
Definition of Vertical angles:
Vertical
Angles 1 and 3
1
4 2
3 2 and 4
Vertical Angles

Vertical angles are congruent.

n
Theorem 3-1 m 2
Vertical 1  3
3
Angle 1

Theorem 4 2  4
Vertical Angles

Find the value of x in the figure:

The angles are vertical angles.
130°
So, the value of x is 130°.

Vertical Angles

Find the value of x in the figure:

The angles are vertical angles.
(x – 10)° (x – 10) = 125.
x – 10 = 125.
125°
x = 135.
Congruent Angles
Suppose A  B and mA = 52.
Find the measure of an angle that is supplementary to B.

52° 1
A
B

B + 1 = 180
1 = 180 – B
1 = 180 – 52
1 = 128°
Congruent Angles G
D
1
2
1) If m1 = 2x + 3 and the A 4 B C
3
m3 = 3x + 2, then find the
m3 E
H
x = 17; 3 = 37°

2) If mABD = 4x + 5 and the mDBC = 2x +
1, then find the mEBC

x = 29; EBC = 121°
3) If m1 = 4x - 13 and the m3 = 2x + 19, then find the m4
x = 16; 4 = 39°
4) If mEBG = 7x + 11 and the mEBH = 2x + 7, then find the m1
x = 18; 1 = 43°