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# AP Statistics

UNIT 1 - Chapter 1
Name______________________________
Worksheet #2/3

1) Each observation in the following data set is the number housing units sold
during November 1992 in a region corresponding to a particular Orange County CA
zip code.

## Construct a stem and leaf and comment on any interesting features.

25 18 16 6 26 11 29 7 5 15 12 37
35 11 16 35 20 27 17 30 10 16 28 13
26 11 12 8 9 29 0 20 30 12 45 26
21 30 18 31 0 46 47 14 13 29 11 18
10 27 5 18 67 21 35 48 42 70 43 0
30 17 35 40 61 18 17 17

2) The accompanying observations are lengths (in yards) for a sample of golf
courses recently listed by Golf Magazine as being among the most challenging in
the U.S. Construct a stem and leaf display and explain why your choices of stems
seems preferable to any other of the possible choices. The lengths are:

## 6526 6770 6936 6583 6464 7005 6927 6790 7209

7040 6850 6700 6614 7022 6506 6527 6470 6900
6605 6873 6798 6745 7280 7131 6435 6694 6433
6870 7169 7011 7168 6713 7051 6904 7105 7165
7050 7113 6890
3) Box Office totals for the top summer films in 2002 are given in the table below
(USA Today 2002). Use a dotplot to display these data. Comment on notable
features.
Film Box Office (millions of dollars)
SpiderMan 403.7
Star Wars Episode II 300.1
Austin Powers in Goldmember 203.5
Signs 195.1
Men in Black II 189.7
Scooby Doo 151.6
Lilo & Stitch 141.8
Minority Report 130.1
Mr. Deeds 124.0
XXX 123.9
The Sum of All Fears 118.5
The Bourne Identity 118.1
My Big Fat Greek Wedding 82.3
Spirit 73.2
Spy Kids 2 69.1
Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood 68.8
Insomnia 67.0
Stuart Little 2 61.9
Unfaithful 52.8

4) An article (1998) examined the reasons that college seniors leave their college
programs before graduating. 42 college seniors at a large public university who
dropped out before graduation were interviewed and asked for the main reason
why they dropped out. Construct a bar chart for the data in the table below.

## Reason for Leaving Frequency

Needed a break 2
Economic Reasons 11
Family Responsibilities 4
To attend another school 9
Personal Problems 3
Other 3
5) A sample of 708 bus drivers employed by public corporations was selected and
the number of accidents in which each driver was involved during a 4-year period
was determined. The frequency distribution table follows. Construct a frequency
histogram and a relative frequency histogram.

## Number of Accidents Frequency Relative Frequency

0 117
1 157
2 158
3 115
4 78
5 44
6 21
7 7
8 6
9 1
10 3
11 1

6) Living donor kidney transplants are becoming more common. Often a living donor
has chosen to donate a kidney to a relative with kidney disease. The following
appeared in USA Today (2002).

a. Construct a time series plot for the number of living donor kidney transplants
where the donor is a relative. Describe the trend in the plot.
b. Use the data from 1994 and 2001 to construct a comparative bar chart.

## Number of Kidney Transplants

Year Living Donor to Relative Living Donor to Unrelated Person
1994 2390 202
1995 2906 400
1996 2916 526
1997 3144 607
1998 3324 814
1999 3359 930
2000 3679 1325
2001 3879 1399
7) A paper (1998) gave estimates of the percentage of college freshmen
nationwide who hoped to have a medical career. These numbers were based on an
annual survey of a nationally representative sample of all entering college students.
Construct a comparative bar graph that shows the proportion with medical career
aspirations for men and women over time.

## Percentage with Medical Career Aspirations

1975 1980 1985 1990
Men 3.9 4.4 4.1 3.9
Women 2.5 2.9 3.4 3.7

8) How unusual is a game with no hits in major league baseball, and how frequently
does a game have more than 10, 15, or 20 hits? The following table is a frequency
distribution for the number of hits per game for all 9-inning games that were
played between 1989 and 1993.

0 20 14 569
1 72 15 393
2 209 16 253
3 527 17 171
4 1048 18 97
5 1457 19 53
6 1988 20 31
7 2256 21 19
8 2403 22 13
9 2256 23 5
10 1967 24 1
11 1509 25 0
12 1230 26 1
13 834 27 1

## a. Calculate the relative frequencies and then construct a relative frequency

histogram.
b. Describe the key features of the histogram.
c. What proportion of the games had at least 2 hits?
d. What proportion of the games had between 5 and 10 hits?
e. What proportion of the games had more than 15 hits?