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Reservoir Fluid Study for Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited Eremor-1 (OML-46) RFLN 20050018 The analyses,http://www.corelab.com " id="pdf-obj-0-2" src="pdf-obj-0-2.jpg">
Reservoir Fluid Study for Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited Eremor-1 (OML-46) RFLN 20050018 The analyses,http://www.corelab.com " id="pdf-obj-0-4" src="pdf-obj-0-4.jpg">

Reservoir Fluid Study for

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited Eremor-1 (OML-46)

RFLN 20050018

The analyses, opinions or interpretations in this report are based on observations and material supplied by the client to whom, and for whose exclusive and confidential use, this report is made. The interpretations or opinions expressed represent the best judgement of CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED, (all errors and omissions excepted); but CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED and its officers and employees assume no responsibility and make no warranty or representations as to the productivity, proper operation or profitability of any oil, gas or any other mineral well formation in connection with which such report is used or relied upon.

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

Plot 66 Trans Amadi Industral Layout, P.O. Box 13132, Port Harcourt, Nigeria Tel: +234 (0) 84 239116 Fax: +234 (0) 84 239117 Web: http://www.corelab.com

18th August 2005 Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited House of His Glory Building 3rd Floorhttp://www.corelab.com Subject : Reservoir Fluid Study: well: Eremor-1 (OML-46); our file: RFLN 20050018. On the 21st June 2005, two pressurised SSB, two 25L dead oil and three 500cc dead oil samples collected from the subject well were delivered to our Port Harcourt laboratory for analysis. Instructions were received to transfer the two SSB samples and perform validation analysis which consisted of sample restoration and compositional analysis. Upon review of the data one of the pressurised samples was selected for full PVT analysis. Presented in the following report are the results of the analyses requested. The samples were transferred into Core Lab storage cylinders and the empty SSB chambers were returned to Schlumberger on the 15th July 2005. On the 18th August 2005 Core Lab were instructed to drain the contents of the bottomhole samples into a 1 litre IATA can and despatch the crude oil sample to Core Lab's Aberdeen facility for assay analyses. The storage cylinders were removed from rental to Excel Exploration on the 19th August 2005. CoreLab Nigeria Limited are very pleased to have been of service to Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited in this work. Should any questions arise concerning the data presented in this report, or if CoreLab Nigeria Limited may be of assistance in any other matter, please do not hesitate to contact us. Yours sincerely, for CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED Murray Macleod Project Co-ordinator " id="pdf-obj-1-2" src="pdf-obj-1-2.jpg">

18th August 2005

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited House of His Glory Building 3rd Floor Lekki Expressway, Victoria Island, Lagos

Attention : John Elgar

Dear Sir,

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

RC.253833

Plot 66 Trans Amadi Industrial Layout P.O. Box 13132 Port Harcourt, Nigeria Tel: +234 (0) 84 239116 Fax: +234 (0) 84 239117 Web: http://www.corelab.com

Subject : Reservoir Fluid Study: well: Eremor-1 (OML-46); our file: RFLN 20050018.

On the 21st June 2005, two pressurised SSB, two 25L dead oil and three 500cc dead oil samples collected from the subject well were delivered to our Port Harcourt laboratory for analysis. Instructions were received to transfer the two SSB samples and perform validation analysis which consisted of sample restoration and compositional analysis. Upon review of the data one of the pressurised samples was selected for full PVT analysis. Presented in the following report are the results of the analyses requested.

The samples were transferred into Core Lab storage cylinders and the empty SSB chambers were returned to Schlumberger on the 15th July 2005. On the 18th August 2005 Core Lab were instructed to drain the contents of the bottomhole samples into a 1 litre IATA can and despatch the crude oil sample to Core Lab's Aberdeen facility for assay analyses. The storage cylinders were removed from rental to Excel Exploration on the 19th August 2005.

CoreLab Nigeria Limited are very pleased to have been of service to Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited in this work. Should any questions arise concerning the data presented in this report, or if CoreLab Nigeria Limited may be of assistance in any other matter, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Yours sincerely,

for CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Murray Macleod Project Co-ordinator

18th August 2005 Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited House of His Glory Building 3rd Floorhttp://www.corelab.com Subject : Reservoir Fluid Study: well: Eremor-1 (OML-46); our file: RFLN 20050018. On the 21st June 2005, two pressurised SSB, two 25L dead oil and three 500cc dead oil samples collected from the subject well were delivered to our Port Harcourt laboratory for analysis. Instructions were received to transfer the two SSB samples and perform validation analysis which consisted of sample restoration and compositional analysis. Upon review of the data one of the pressurised samples was selected for full PVT analysis. Presented in the following report are the results of the analyses requested. The samples were transferred into Core Lab storage cylinders and the empty SSB chambers were returned to Schlumberger on the 15th July 2005. On the 18th August 2005 Core Lab were instructed to drain the contents of the bottomhole samples into a 1 litre IATA can and despatch the crude oil sample to Core Lab's Aberdeen facility for assay analyses. The storage cylinders were removed from rental to Excel Exploration on the 19th August 2005. CoreLab Nigeria Limited are very pleased to have been of service to Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited in this work. Should any questions arise concerning the data presented in this report, or if CoreLab Nigeria Limited may be of assistance in any other matter, please do not hesitate to contact us. Yours sincerely, for CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED Murray Macleod Project Co-ordinator " id="pdf-obj-1-34" src="pdf-obj-1-34.jpg">

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

RF_L_N 2_0_0_5_0 0_1_8_

Table of Contents

Section A - Summary of Analysis Methods

Page

Summary of analysis methods

....................................................................................................................

A.1

Summary of PVT analysis data

...................................................................................................................

A.2

Section B - Summary of Samples Received and Validation Data

Reported well and sampling information

.....................................................................................................

B.1

Summary of samples received and validation data

.....................................................................................

B.2

Section C - Compositional Analysis Data

Compositional analysis of reservoir fluid sample no. 1.01 to C36+

.............................................................

C.1-C.2

Fingerprint profile of flashed oil ex. sample no. 1.01

...................................................................................

C.3

Compositional analysis of reservoir fluid sample no. 1.02 to C36+

.............................................................

C.4-C.5

Fingerprint profile of flashed oil ex. sample no. 1.02

...................................................................................

C.6

Section D - Compositional Analysis Data - Dead Oil Samples

Compositional analysis of dead oil sample no. 1 to C36+

...........................................................................

D.1-D.2

Fingerprint profile of dead oil sample no. 1

.................................................................................................

D.3

Compositional analysis of dead oil sample no. 2 to C36+

...........................................................................

D.4-D.5

Fingerprint profile of dead oil sample no. 2

.................................................................................................

D.6

Section E - Constant Composition Expansion Data

Single phase properties at 126°F

................................................................................................................

E.1

Constant composition expansion data at 126°F

..........................................................................................

E.2

Section F - Differential Vaporisation Data

Differential vaporisation data at 126°F ........................................................................................................

F.1

Graphs from differential vaporisation ..........................................................................................................

F.2

Compositional analysis of differential vaporisation gases to C11+ .............................................................

F.3

Compositional analysis of differential vaporisation residual oil to C36+ ......................................................

F.4-F.5

Differential vaporisation data converted to laboratory separator test conditions

.........................................

F.6

Section G - Viscosity Data

Single Phase Reservoir Fluid Viscosity Data at 126°F ................................................................................

G.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Table of Contents

Section H - Separator Test Data

Separator test data

......................................................................................................................................

H.1

Compositional analysis of evolved gases from separator test to C11+

.......................................................

H.2

Compositional analysis of stocktank oil from separator test to C36+

..........................................................

H.3-H.4

Section I - Appendix

Data used in gas compositional calculations ..............................................................................................

I.1

Data used in liquid compositional calculations ............................................................................................

I.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Section A - Summary of Analysis Methods

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Summary of Analysis Methods

Sample Validation

The SSB cylinders were maintained in single phase at 5000 psig at all times and the cylinders subject to heat treatment to 200°F. The samples were stabilised for 24 hours with thorough agitation to ensure any precipitated solids re-dissolved in solution. The samples were then transferred into Core Lab cylinders for long term storage.

A portion (50 cc) of each reservoir fluid sample was charged into a high pressure visual cell and thermally expanded to the reservoir temperature. A partial constant composition expansion was carried out during which the bubble point pressure was determined.

Compositional Analysis

The composition of each sample was determined using a combination of flash separation and gas chromatography techniques. Each fluid was flashed at a controlled temperature (120°F) and separated into oil and gas components.

The gas was analysed using extended gas chromatography and the flashed oil by temperature programmed chromatography. The two analyses were then mathematically recombined to the flash gas-oil ratio.

Constant Composition Expansion

A portion of the selected reservoir fluid sample was charged to a high pressure visual cell and thermally expanded to the reservoir temperature. A constant composition expansion was carried out during which the bubble point pressure was determined and pressure-volume data for the single phase and two phase fluid were measured. The density of the single phase fluid was determined by weighing measured volumes pumped from the cell at 5000 psig. Density data for other pressures were calculated using the volumetric data.

Differential Vaporisation

This was carried out in the high pressure visual cell at reservoir temperature following the constant composition expansion. At several pressure stages, below the observed saturation pressure, the sample was stabilised. The gas evolved was then pumped out of the cell and the volume, compressibility and composition were determined. The final stage was carried out at atmospheric pressure when the residual liquid was pumped out of the cell and its density and composition were determined.

Viscosity

This was measured in a Electromagnetic viscometer (EMV) at reservoir temperature. The instrument contains two magnetic coils inside a stainless steel body. A low mass stainless steel piston inside the measurement chamber is magnetically forced back and forth in the fluid. The time required for the piston to move a fixed distance is then very accurately related to the viscosity of the fluid in the chamber by use of calibration constants. Viscosity measurements were carried out over a wide range of pressures from above the reservoir pressure to saturation pressure.

The measurements were repeated at each pressure stage until five successive results agreed to within 0.5% of each other.

After discussions with Excel Exploration we were requested not to perform any two phase viscosity measurements during this study.

Separator Test

A single stage separator test was carried out using a pressurised test separator cell. A portion of the sample, at a pressure above saturation pressure, was pumped into the separator cell and stabilised at the pressure and temperature required for the first stage separation. The gas evolved was pumped out of the cell and the volume and composition were determined. The final stage was carried out at atmospheric pressure and 60°F and the density of the residual liquid was determined.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

A.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Summary of PVT Analysis Data

Constant Composition Expansion at 126°F

Saturation pressure (bubble-point)

 

1018 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 psig

1.0246 vol / vol

Average single phase compressibility (From 2388 psig to 1018 psig)

5.14 x 10 -6 psi-1

Density at saturation pressure

0.8871

g cm-3

Differential Vaporisation at 126°F

 

Solution gas-oil ratio at saturation pressure

 

122

scf/bbl of residual oil at 60°F

Relative oil volume at saturation pressure

1.067

vol/vol of residual oil at 60°F

Reservoir Fluid Viscosity at 126°F

 

Viscosity at reservior pressure

 

11.612

centipoise at 2388 psig

Viscosity at saturation pressure

9.421

centipoise at 1018 psig

Separator Test Data

Pressure

Temperature

Formation Volume

Total Solution

Stocktank Oil

(psig)

(°F)

Factor

Gas-oil ratio

Density

 

(scf/bbl)

(g cm-3)

1018

126

1.066

120

100

80

0

60

0.9310

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

A.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Section B - Summary of Samples Received and Validation Data

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Reported Well and Sampling Information

Reservoir and Well Information

Field

....................................................................................................

Eremor (OML-46)

Well

.....................................................................................................

Eremor-1

Formation

............................................................................................

D3 Sand

Reservoir Fluid

....................................................................................

Oil

Datum Depth

.......................................................................................

n/a

Reservoir Pressure .............................................................................

2388 psig

Reservoir Temperature

.......................................................................

126°F

Installation

...........................................................................................

Niger Blossom 1 (HWO)

Run No

................................................................................................ Tested Interval ....................................................................................

n/a 5775 - 5818 ft MD

Sampling Information

Date sampled ...................................................................................... Time sampled .....................................................................................

Type of samples Sampling company

..................................................................................

..............................................................................

Choke

.................................................................................................. Status of well

.......................................................................................

Bottomhole pressure Bottomhole temperature

...........................................................................

......................................................................

Wellhead pressure

.............................................................................. Wellhead temperature

.........................................................................

Separator pressure ............................................................................. Separator temperature .......................................................................

Pressure base

..................................................................................... Temperature base ..............................................................................

4th June 2005

19:40

SSB Monophasic Bottomhole samples Schlumberger

32/64" Adjustable

n/d

2388 psig

126°F

235 psig

82°F

n/a

n/a

14.73 psia

60°F

Comments: Well data supplied by Schlumberger

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

B.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Summary of Samples Received (21/06/2005)

Eremor-1 (OML-46) - SSB Samples

 
 

CLB

Reported

Sample Chamber Sampling

Sampling :-

Reservoir :-

Transfer

Sample

Sample

Number Number

Depth

Date

Time

Pressure

Temp.

Cylinder

Volume

Nature

ft MD RT

(psig)

(°F)

Number

(cm3)

 

1.01

11323-MA

5556.3

04/06/05

19:40

2388

126

813055

580

Oil

1.02

11318-MA

5541.9

04/06/05

19:40

2388

126

TS-28319

580

Oil

Notes:

 

1.

Sample information provided by Schlumberger

 

2.

n/a - not available

 

Eremor-1 (OML-46)

- Atmospheric Samples

 

Sample Number Sample Description

 
 

1

25 litre IATA can containing dead oil

 

2

25 litre IATA can containing dead oil

3

3 x 0.5 litre plastic bottles containing oil/water

 

SSB Validation Data

 

Sample

Chamber

Cylinder

Transfer

Water

Bubble Point :-

Flashed Oil

Base Oil

Number

Number

Number

Volume

Recovered

Pressure

Temp.

at 60°F

Contamination

 

(cm3)

(cm3)

(psig)

(°F)

(g cm-3)

(% by wt.)

 

1.01

11323-MA

813055

580

0

1013

126

0.9313

n/a

1.02

11318-MA

TS-28319

480

0

1011

126

0.9311

n/a

Notes:

 

1.

Sample number 1.01 (Cyl. No. 813055) was selected for full PVT analyses.

 

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

B.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Section C - Compositional Analysis Data

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Reservoir Fluid Sample No. 1.01 to C36+

 

Component

Mole %

Weight %

H2

Hydrogen

0.00

0.00

H2S

Hydrogen Sulphide

0.00

0.00

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

0.32

0.06

N2

Nitrogen

0.14

0.02

C1

Methane

20.75

1.50

C2

Ethane

0.08

0.01

C3

Propane

0.00

0.00

iC4

i-Butane

0.00

0.00

nC4

n-Butane

0.00

0.00

C5

Neo-Pentane

0.02

0.01

iC5

i-Pentane

0.00

0.00

nC5

n-Pentane

0.00

0.00

C6

Hexanes

0.02

0.01

 

M-C-Pentane

0.01

0.00

Benzene

0.00

0.00

Cyclohexane

0.00

0.00

C7

Heptanes

0.01

0.00

 

M-C-Hexane

0.00

0.00

Toluene

0.00

0.00

C8

Octanes

0.03

0.02

 

E-Benzene

0.00

0.00

M/P-Xylene

0.02

0.01

O-Xylene

0.01

0.00

C9

Nonanes

0.12

0.07

 

1,2,4-TMB

0.18

0.10

C10

Decanes

0.80

0.52

C11

Undecanes

2.61

1.74

C12

Dodecanes

3.62

2.64

C13

Tridecanes

4.91

3.89

C14

Tetradecanes

6.74

5.80

C15

Pentadecanes

6.64

6.20

C16

Hexadecanes

5.76

5.79

C17

Heptdecanes

4.46

4.79

C18

Octadecanes

5.28

6.00

C19

Nonadecanes

4.65

5.53

C20

Eicosanes

4.23

5.26

C21

Heneicosanes

3.49

4.60

C22

Docosanes

2.89

3.98

C23

Tricosanes

2.51

3.61

C24

Tetracosanes

2.08

3.11

C25

Pentacosanes

2.06

3.22

C26

Hexacosanes

1.71

2.78

C27

Heptacosanes

1.55

2.63

C28

Octacosanes

1.40

2.47

C29

Nonacosanes

1.64

2.99

C30

Triacontanes

1.58

2.98

C31

Hentriacontanes

1.71

3.33

C32

Dotriacontanes

1.18

2.38

C33

Tritriacontanes

1.00

2.07

C34

Tetratriacontanes

0.76

1.63

C35

Pentatriacontanes

0.55

1.22

C36+ Hexatriacontanes Plus

2.48

7.03

 

Totals :

100.00

100.00

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

C.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Reservoir Fluid Sample No. 1.01 to C36+

Calculated Residue Properties

C

7 +

C

11 +

C

20 +

C

36 +

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole % Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

78.67

276

0.8653

77.49

278

0.8662

32.82

372

0.8933

2.48

626

0.9377

Whole Sample Properties

Average mole weight (g mol-1)

Flash Gas-Oil Ratio (scf/bbl) 1 (from atmospheric flash at 120°F)

221

121

(1) Cubic feet of gas at 14.73 psia and 60°F per barrel of residual oil at 60°F.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

C.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Fingerprint Profile of Flashed Oil ex Sample No. 1.01

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r _ e _ m o _ r _

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

C.3

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Reservoir Fluid Sample No. 1.02 to C36+

 

Component

Mole %

Weight %

H2

Hydrogen

0.00

0.00

H2S

Hydrogen Sulphide

0.00

0.00

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

0.32

0.06

N2

Nitrogen

0.12

0.01

C1

Methane

21.03

1.53

C2

Ethane

0.09

0.01

C3

Propane

0.00

0.00

iC4

i-Butane

0.00

0.00

nC4

n-Butane

0.00

0.00

C5

Neo-Pentane

0.02

0.01

iC5

i-Pentane

0.00

0.00

nC5

n-Pentane

0.00

0.00

C6

Hexanes

0.04

0.01

 

M-C-Pentane

0.01

0.00

Benzene

0.00

0.00

Cyclohexane

0.00

0.00

C7

Heptanes

0.01

0.00

 

M-C-Hexane

0.00

0.00

Toluene

0.00

0.00

C8

Octanes

0.03

0.02

 

E-Benzene

0.00

0.00

M/P-Xylene

0.02

0.01

O-Xylene

0.01

0.01

C9

Nonanes

0.13

0.07

 

1,2,4-TMB

0.18

0.10

C10

Decanes

0.80

0.52

C11

Undecanes

2.57

1.72

C12

Dodecanes

3.60

2.64

C13

Tridecanes

4.89

3.89

C14

Tetradecanes

6.74

5.82

C15

Pentadecanes

6.58

6.15

C16

Hexadecanes

5.67

5.72

C17

Heptdecanes

4.55

4.90

C18

Octadecanes

5.23

5.97

C19

Nonadecanes

4.70

5.62

C20

Eicosanes

4.14

5.17

C21

Heneicosanes

3.52

4.66

C22

Docosanes

2.80

3.88

C23

Tricosanes

2.47

3.56

C24

Tetracosanes

2.16

3.25

C25

Pentacosanes

2.05

3.21

C26

Hexacosanes

1.65

2.68

C27

Heptacosanes

1.54

2.62

C28

Octacosanes

1.45

2.56

C29

Nonacosanes

1.61

2.94

C30

Triacontanes

1.64

3.10

C31

Hentriacontanes

1.68

3.28

C32

Dotriacontanes

1.21

2.43

C33

Tritriacontanes

0.98

2.04

C34

Tetratriacontanes

0.76

1.64

C35

Pentatriacontanes

0.54

1.18

C36+ Hexatriacontanes Plus

2.46

7.01

 

Totals :

100.00

100.00

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

C.4

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Reservoir Fluid Sample No. 1.02 to C36+

Calculated Residue Properties

C

7 +

C

11 +

C

20 +

C

36 +

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole % Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

78.38

276

0.8653

77.19

278

0.8663

32.66

372

0.8934

2.46

627

0.9378

Whole Sample Properties

Average mole weight (g mol-1)

Flash Gas-Oil Ratio (scf/bbl) 1 (from atmospheric flash at 120°F)

220

122

(1) Cubic feet of gas at 14.73 psia and 60°F per barrel of residual oil at 60°F.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

C.5

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Fingerprint Profile of Flashed Oil ex Sample No. 1.02

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r _ e _ m o _ r _

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

C.6

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Section D - Compositional Analysis Data - Dead Oils

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Dead Oil Sample No. 1 to C36+

 

Component

Mole %

Weight %

H2

Hydrogen

0.00

0.00

H2S

Hydrogen Sulphide

0.00

0.00

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

0.00

0.00

N2

Nitrogen

0.00

0.00

C1

Methane

0.03

0.00

C2

Ethane

0.00

0.00

C3

Propane

0.00

0.00

iC4

i-Butane

0.00

0.00

nC4

n-Butane

0.00

0.00

C5

Neo-Pentane

0.01

0.00

iC5

i-Pentane

0.00

0.00

nC5

n-Pentane

0.00

0.00

C6

Hexanes

0.02

0.01

 

M-C-Pentane

0.01

0.00

Benzene

0.00

0.00

Cyclohexane

0.00

0.00

C7

Heptanes

0.02

0.01

 

M-C-Hexane

0.01

0.00

Toluene

0.00

0.00

C8

Octanes

0.11

0.05

 

E-Benzene

0.05

0.02

M/P-Xylene

0.04

0.02

O-Xylene

0.05

0.02

C9

Nonanes

0.39

0.18

 

1,2,4-TMB

0.22

0.10

C10

Decanes

1.31

0.69

C11

Undecanes

3.30

1.80

C12

Dodecanes

4.84

2.90

C13

Tridecanes

6.62

4.31

C14

Tetradecanes

8.27

5.84

C15

Pentadecanes

8.72

6.67

C16

Hexadecanes

7.40

6.11

C17

Heptdecanes

6.65

5.86

C18

Octadecanes

6.91

6.45

C19

Nonadecanes

6.18

6.05

C20

Eicosanes

5.22

5.34

C21

Heneicosanes

4.53

4.90

C22

Docosanes

3.57

4.05

C23

Tricosanes

3.03

3.58

C24

Tetracosanes

2.68

3.30

C25

Pentacosanes

2.65

3.40

C26

Hexacosanes

1.88

2.51

C27

Heptacosanes

1.72

2.39

C28

Octacosanes

1.61

2.32

C29

Nonacosanes

1.93

2.89

C30

Triacontanes

1.58

2.44

C31

Hentriacontanes

1.92

3.07

C32

Dotriacontanes

1.35

2.22

C33

Tritriacontanes

0.91

1.55

C34

Tetratriacontanes

0.87

1.52

C35

Pentatriacontanes

0.55

1.00

C36+ Hexatriacontanes Plus

2.84

6.43

 

Totals :

100.00

100.00

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

D.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Dead Oil Sample No. 1 to C36+

Calculated Residue Properties

C

7 +

C

11 +

C

20 +

C

36 +

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole % Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

99.94

269

0.8623

97.73

272

0.8638

38.84

366

0.8918

2.84

609

0.9355

Whole Sample Properties

Notes

Average mole weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3) [Measured]

269

0.9180

Core Lab carried out some investigations into the level of contamination present in the dead oil samples and estimate the level to be around ~10 Wt%. This was calculated using our mud contamination spreadsheet which can mathematically back out contamination within fluids using the gas chromatography analyses. In this case we used a typical diesel composition for the purposes of the contaminant.

On the basis of our findings Core Lab suggested that the level of contamination was too high to merit using these samples for crude assay analyses.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

D.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Fingerprint Profile of Dead Oil Sample No. 1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r _ e _ m o _ r _

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CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

D.3

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Dead Oil Sample No. 2 to C36+

 

Component

Mole %

Weight %

H2

Hydrogen

0.00

0.00

H2S

Hydrogen Sulphide

0.00

0.00

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

0.00

0.00

N2

Nitrogen

0.00

0.00

C1

Methane

0.03

0.00

C2

Ethane

0.00

0.00

C3

Propane

0.00

0.00

iC4

i-Butane

0.00

0.00

nC4

n-Butane

0.00

0.00

C5

Neo-Pentane

0.01

0.00

iC5

i-Pentane

0.01

0.00

nC5

n-Pentane

0.01

0.00

C6

Hexanes

0.03

0.01

 

M-C-Pentane

0.01

0.00

Benzene

0.00

0.00

Cyclohexane

0.01

0.00

C7

Heptanes

0.02

0.01

 

M-C-Hexane

0.01

0.00

Toluene

0.00

0.00

C8

Octanes

0.12

0.05

 

E-Benzene

0.05

0.02

M/P-Xylene

0.05

0.02

O-Xylene

0.05

0.02

C9

Nonanes

0.40

0.19

 

1,2,4-TMB

0.21

0.09

C10

Decanes

1.33

0.70

C11

Undecanes

3.31

1.80

C12

Dodecanes

4.80

2.86

C13

Tridecanes

6.58

4.26

C14

Tetradecanes

8.23

5.78

C15

Pentadecanes

8.62

6.59

C16

Hexadecanes

7.46

6.13

C17

Heptdecanes

6.53

5.72

C18

Octadecanes

6.80

6.32

C19

Nonadecanes

6.22

6.05

C20

Eicosanes

5.21

5.30

C21

Heneicosanes

4.40

4.73

C22

Docosanes

3.59

4.05

C23

Tricosanes

3.09

3.63

C24

Tetracosanes

2.63

3.22

C25

Pentacosanes

2.64

3.37

C26

Hexacosanes

1.86

2.48

C27

Heptacosanes

1.73

2.39

C28

Octacosanes

1.61

2.31

C29

Nonacosanes

1.89

2.81

C30

Triacontanes

1.64

2.52

C31

Hentriacontanes

1.84

2.93

C32

Dotriacontanes

1.32

2.16

C33

Tritriacontanes

1.04

1.75

C34

Tetratriacontanes

0.87

1.51

C35

Pentatriacontanes

0.57

1.02

C36+ Hexatriacontanes Plus

3.17

7.20

 

Totals :

100.00

100.00

Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

D.4

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Dead Oil Sample No. 2 to C36+

Calculated Residue Properties

C

7 +

C

11 +

C

20 +

C

36 +

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole% Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

Mole % Molecular Weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3)

99.91

271

0.8629

97.65

274

0.8644

39.10

369

0.8926

3.17

611

0.9358

Whole Sample Properties

Notes

Average mole weight (g mol-1) Density at 60°F (g cm-3) [Measured]

270

0.9181

Core Lab carried out some investigations into the level of contamination present in the dead oil samples and estimate the level to be around ~10 Wt%. This was calculated using our mud contamination spreadsheet which can mathematically back out contamination within fluids using the gas chromatography analyses. In this case we used a typical diesel composition for the purposes of the contaminant.

On the basis of our findings Core Lab suggested that the level of contamination was too high to merit using these samples for crude assay analyses.

(1) Cubic feet of gas at 14.73 psia and 60°F per barrel of residual oil at 60°F.

_

CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

D.5

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Fingerprint Profile of Dead Oil Sample No. 2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r _ e _ m o _ r _

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CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

D.6

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Section E - Constant Composition Expansion Data

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Constant Composition Expansion at 126°F

Single-phase Fluid Properties

Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure)

1018 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 psig (Vol at 126°F)/(Vol at 60°F)

1.0246 vol / vol

Average single phase compressibility (From 2388 psig to 1018 psig)

5.14 x 10 -6 psi-1

Density at saturation pressure

0.8871 g cm-3

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities

 

Pressure Range

Mean

Initial Pressure

Final Pressure

Compressibility

(psig)

(psig)

(psi-1) (1)

  • 5000 4000

4.36

x 10 -6

  • 4000 3000

4.58

x 10 -6

  • 3000 2388

4.80

x 10 -6

  • 2388 2000

4.96

x 10 -6

  • 2000 1018

5.21

x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

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CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

E.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Constant Composition Expansion at 126°F

Pressure

Relative

Density

Y-function (3)

(psig)

Volume (1)

(g cm-3)

5000

0.9813

0.9040

4000

0.9856

0.9001

3000

0.9901

0.8960

2388

Reservoir pressure

0.9930

0.8934

2000

0.9949

0.8917

1500

0.9974

0.8894

1400

0.9980

0.8889

1300

0.9985

0.8884

1200

0.9990

0.8880

1100

0.9996

0.8875

1018

Saturation pressure

1.0000

0.8871

1006

1.0031

995

1.0061

985

1.0088

970

1.0130

960

1.0159

900

1.0350

3.687

790

1.0786

3.605

641

1.1645

3.496

469

1.3368

3.370

307

1.6795

3.252

229

2.0129

3.196

172

2.4359

3.155

124

3.0647

3.121

83

4.0939

3.092

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure. (2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2) (3) Y-function = (Psat - P ) / ((Pabs)(V/Vsat - 1)).

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CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

E.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Section F - Differential Vaporisation Data

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Differential Vaporisation at 126°F

Solution

Relative

Relative

Deviation

Gas

Incremental

Pressure

Gas-Oil

Oil

Total

Density

Factor

Formation

Gas Gravity

(psig)

Ratio

Volume

Volume

(g cm-3)

(Z)

Volume

(Air = 1.000)

Rs(1)

Bod(2)

Btd(3)

Factor (4)

 

1018

122

1.067

1.067

0.8871

Saturation Pressure

  • 800 1.058

95

1.148

0.8913

0.939

0.01913

0.570

  • 600 1.051

72

1.278

0.8948

0.947

0.02558

0.567

  • 400 1.043

49

1.544

0.8984

0.962

0.03849

0.568

  • 200 1.036

25

2.338

0.9021

0.977

0.07554

0.571

  • 100 1.031

13

3.803

0.9046

0.988

0.14289

0.579

0

0

1.027

0.9069

0.595

At 60°F =

1.000

 

Density of residual oil

0.9312

g cm-3 at 60°F

API

20.3

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.73 psia and 60°F per barrel of residual oil at 60°F. (2) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of residual oil at 60°F. (3) Volume of oil plus liberated gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of residual oil at 60°F. (4) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.73 psia and 60°F.

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CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

F.1

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Graphs of Differential Vaporisation

Solution Gas-Oil Ratio v Pressure

0 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 Gas-Oil Ratio (scf / bbl) 1200 1000 600
0
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
Gas-Oil Ratio (scf / bbl)
1200
1000
600
400
200
800
0

Pressure (psig)

Relative Oil Volume v Pressure

Relative Oil Volume (V/Vr) 1.070 1.060 1.050 1.040 1.030 1.020 1.010 1.080 1.000 1000 1200 600
Relative Oil Volume (V/Vr)
1.070
1.060
1.050
1.040
1.030
1.020
1.010
1.080
1.000
1000
1200
600
400
200
800
0

Pressure (psig)

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CORELAB NIGERIA LIMITED

Reservoir Fluids Group

F.2

Excel Exploration and Production Company Limited E r_e_m o_r_-_1 (O M L_-_4_6_)

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Compositional Analysis of Differential Vaporisation Gases to C11+

Sample I.D.
Sample I.D.
 

Test Stage

1

2

3

4

5

6

Stage Pressure (psig)

800

600

400

200

100

0

 

Component (Mole%)

H 2

Hydrogen

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00