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Northeastern

Plain
Gobi Desert
Taklimakan
Desert
Huang He River Yellow
Sea
Tibet-Qinghai North Plain
Plateau
Chang Jiang River

East
Chang-Jiang China
Basins Sea
King

The Shang discovered how to make Nobles


bronze from a mixture of tin and
copper. The bronze was used to make Craftspeople
weapons.
Traders
Kings who died were buried with food,
weapons, and chariots. Slaves &
servants were also sacrificed and buried Farmers
in the tomb in order to serve the king in
the afterlife. Slaves

ANCESTOR WORSHIP – honoring q written character that bronze


ancestors through rituals, such as represents a word
offering food and wine to the dead.
jade
The Shang believed that the dead had
the power to help or harm the living.

A way for a king to get advice from the


Bronze allowed the Shang to make
dead ancestors. A holy man would
many weapons of war which helped
press a hot needle into a turtle shell or
them remain in power.
cow shoulder blade so that it helped to unify the Chinese people
it would crack. The pattern
of the crack was believed
to be a message. more than 500 years
Society works well when all people act properly based on
their roles and relationships with others. Rulers should
have good character to work as an honest and fair
Confucius government official (lead by example).

People will gain happiness and peace by living in


harmony with the way of nature. True harmony comes
from balancing opposite forces of nature (yin and yang).
Laozi People should live simply and the best rulers are those
who rule the least (don’t make many rules).

Most people are naturally selfish and cannot be relied


upon to have a good influence on one another. Therefore,
rulers need to establish strict laws and harsh punishments
Hanfeizi to keep society under control.

a power or law believed to be granted by a god

a system of government based on landowners and tenants


military might spies bribery alliances

Legalism

rich and poor were punished equally if money, weights, and measures were the writing system was simplified by
a law was broken standardized so trade deals were fair dropping many written characters
used across China

to protect the empire from invaders

mostly peasants, farmers, craftspeople

geography (mountains, deserts, swamps) and weather (bitterly cold winters and blazing hot summers)

he executed people teaching Confucian ideas, burned


all Confucian books, and threatened death to those who criticized the government

death he searched for


a magic potion that magicians told him would make him immortal

the army was


created to protect the Emperor of Qin in the afterlife
The leaders believed that improved strength and changed from Legalism to a moved water to help irrigate
they could not rule using quality of armor & weapons less-harsh bureaucracy the fields
force alone (like Legalism). (picture a pyramid: few people
Gradually, the government on top to rule, lots of people
began to follow more on the bottom) made plowing more efficient
favorite weapon, two pieces
Confucian-like ideals (moral of wood in shape of a cross
& fair leadership).
based on their ability and
knowledge, candidates had to
send messages and to frighten take an exam and learn five made it easier to move heavy
enemies (eerie sounds made from books by heart
bamboo pipes attached to kites) loads

the art of fine handwriting


restoring balance in the body
an instrument for detecting
foot-powered reeling by sticking tips of thin needles
earthquakes
machine that threaded silk into specific locations
fibers more efficiently
using heat from powdered leaves
an instrument for detecting
that have been placed on skin and
paper was much cheaper set on fire to reduce pain and direction
than writing on silk so people promote healing
people learned how to mine
salt from the ground could afford to write more
something that takes away a type of iron ore (used in
the feeling of pain ancient compasses)
explorer named Zhang Qian

at first, only the Chinese knew how to make silk

they kept their process secret to maintain trade value

glassware and gold

thieves, sandstorms, mirages that


lead travelers off the main path
trading
midpoint between East & West roads

mountains, deserts filled with tigers,


lions, scorpions, and flies
• Horses
The words in yellow are
• Spices You should have the most important!
• Gold
• Jade at least four of
• Cotton
• Furs these things
• Pearls
• Ivory listed on your


Glass Products
Asbestos
paper (you do


Coral
Perfumes
not need to list


Cosmetics
Carpets
them all).

You should have • Silk


at least four of • Dishware
these things • Ornaments
• Jewelry
listed on your • Cast-Iron
paper (you do Products
not need to list • Decorative
them all). Boxes
The DBQ
response will
be graded
separate
from the
study guide.

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