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1. 1.

Definition of News Item

News item is a text which informs readers about events of the day. The events are considered newsworthy or
important.

1. 2. Generic Structure of News Item

1. Main event

2. Elaboration (background, participant, time, place)

3. Resource of information

1. 3. Language Feature of News Item

1. Focusing on circumstances

2. Using material process

1. 4. Examples and structures of the text

Town ‘Contaminated
Newsworthy events Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear
catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town.
Background Events Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the
explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near
Vladivostock.
The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disaster, spread
radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by
officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of
the Victor-class submarine during a refit had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear
explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than
600 tones of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.

News item is a text which informs readers about events of the day. The events are considered newsworthy or
important. (News item adalah teks yang memberikan informasi tentang kejadian / peristiwa harian.
Peristiwa harian ini dianggap pantas dijadikan berita atau [bisa dibilang] penting)

Artinya, jika ada suatu peristiwa penting yang patut diketahui oleh banyak orang, maka peristiwa ini pantas
dijadikan berita. Nah, teks berita itulah yang dinamakan dengan news item. Namun, jika ada peristiwa yang
tidak pantas diketahui oleh orang banyak, maka peristiwa tersebut jelas tidak layak dijadikan berita.

Generic Structure of News Item

Ada tiga susunan umum dalam menulis news item, berikut adalah generic structure dari News item :

1. Main Events : Kejadian utama yang pantas dijadikan berita.
2. Elaboration : Penjelasan mengenai latar belakang adanya peristiwa tersebut; orang-orang yang
terlibat dalam peristiwa tersebut; tempat peristiwa terjadi; dan lain-lain..
3. Resource of Information [Source] : Sumber berita; komentar para saksi; pendapat para ahli; dan lain-
lain.

Diva is not the first Pamekasan student to win an international science competition. a student from Pamekasan Junior High School. Oktavian Latief. won the same award in 2010. “Thank God I won. Shohibul Maromi. Catatan :  Action verb adalah kata kerja yang menunjukan aktifitas. Beberapa lagi diantaranya : 1.” she said. Another student. Sering menggunakan action verbs 2. which she said had been very tight. Misalnya: Pak Momod Pergi ke Pasar Membeli Beras. Analisis Contoh News Item di atas : Paragraf Pertama : Main Events Paragraf Kedua & Ketiga : Elaboration Paragraf Keempat : Sources. memberitakan. won the gold medal at the International Mathematics Contest held in Romania between March 22 to 29. I will study harder. :) Ciri-Ciri News Item Banyak sekali ciri umum news item text.  Adverb baca : Jenis Adverb Contoh News Item Pamekasan student wins math contest in Romania Alyssa Diva Mustika. adverb of manner. kejadian utama harus benar-benar pantas diberitakan. waduh siapa tuh pak Momod. adverb of place.. Antara news agency reported. East Java. mengutip". .. mengatakan. Diva said she was glad that she had been able to win the competition. Dominan menggunakan saying verbs 3. dikatakan. Jangan sampai ada hal ga penting dijadikan heboh karena masuk berita. Banyak menggunakan adverb of time. nanti dianggap pembaca / penonton berita tidak menyukai berita tersebut. Indonesia sent 10 students to the competition in Romania. Speaking to journalists.Untuk poin pertama. (lebih jelas lagi baca : Dynamic Verbs)  Saying verb seperti "diberitakan. a student from SMA Negeri 1 Pamekasan won gold at the International Physics Olympiad in 2006.” Pamekasan Regent Kholilurrahman said as quoted by Antara. ciri paling menonjol adalah bahasanya singkat padat dan tidak bertele-tele. “I thank Diva for giving a good name to Indonesia and Pamekasan on the international stage. dikutip.