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One-way Joist Slabs

Hollow Cement Filler Blocks (Hordure)

38 / 31 / 35

12 to 34

42 / 35 / 37 20 cm

h = 17 cm  30 cm

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Locally (our market) most of the time form fillers are permanent. The Joist (ribs) are at least 4(10cm) width and are usually Tapered (slope) (12:1) and are spaced so that the clear spacing distance between adjacent ribs does not exceed 30 76cm  1:2 12:24 Tapered 4'' (10cm) During construction. Besides ACI deflection requirements Table6. sometimes called “Ribbed Slab Construction” consist of regularly spaced ribs monolithically built with top floor slab and arranged to a span in one direction. Fillers are made of light-weight or normal weight concrete blocks (Hordure). The slab is in the range of 2 5cm  to 410cm  thick. removable and reusable form fillers might be used in spaces between Joists.1 (gives us min h to control deflection) and some other requirements dictate the design and they include: 2 . but may occasionally be as much as 6(15cm). ( Indicates rib direction) The dimensions of a one way Joist floor system are usually such that only temperature and shrinkage reinforcement is required in the slab.One-Way Joist Slabs One-Way Joist floor construction.

The vertical shells of permanent fillers in contact with the Joist are permitted to be included in the strength calculations involving shear or negative moments provided that f ' c ( black )  f ' c ( Joist ) and in this case the slab min thickness should be 1 1. 3 .1. h-total depth If h is more.The Joist spacing face to face should not exceed 30 76cm  30'' (76cm) 1 2.The ribs shall not be less than 410cm  wide and a depth of not more than 3 times 2 the minimum width of the rib 14 35cm .When removable forms of fillers are used having less compressive strength.5 4cm  or of the clear distance between the Joists whichever is smaller. 12 4. the 1 thickness of concrete slab shell should not be less than clear distance between ribs 12 nor less than 2 5cm . use 2 way slab 3.

max 14'' (35cm) 2''(5cm) 4''(10cm) min 12 1 20'' (40cm) 30'' (76cm) min 4'' (10cm) (Carry Concentrated Load) Girder Column Joist Beam 4 .

The shrinkage and temperature reinforcement placed at right angles to the Joists.5 f 'c Mn  Mu 1 3 1 b 2c  3 MC M bh 2    I 12 12 2 2 bh f I S S    bc  C C C 3 6 h C 2 5 f 'c  psi frn  no min al rupture stress   0. the Joist (rib) and the girders. The concrete slab is treated as if it is plain concrete. The short clear spans between joists are considered as fixed at both ends.Design Consideration The design of concrete Joist floor systems involves: The slabs. Note Rupture strength of plain concrete f r  7.1475 f 'c kg / cm 2 Mn Mu 6 Mu frn    S S bh 2 6 Mu hf  Safe Design bfrn 5 .

6 Mu h f min  bfrn Use greater value.   2 5cm 6 .

Mu max  Wu l 2 (fixed-fixed) P=spacing 12 Wu  1. LL  80 psf and DL  20 psf .Example: Design a one-way Joists slab system with 30 spacing to span center to center 26 . fixed-fixed both sides continuous a) Solid-Slab design P  30 fixed-fixed Continuous l 30 1.5'' A A' 30'' CL Cross section AA’ Top View l  30 .h f    1.2W DL  1.07 but hmin  2 28 28 Use h  2 1 2.6W LL  lb  2  WDL  WC  b DL   bh  b DL   150 3  1 ft   1 20  45lb  ft  12  WLL  b LL   1  80  80lb / ft 7 . Clear span is 24 _ 6 . f ' c  3KSI and f y  60 KSI Solution: CL 30'' 26' 24'-6''=24.

0018bh f  0.44 and h fassumed  2 OK required provided 4. Wu  1.As req  As min  0.86 h f min  1.2 45  1.9  2.058in 2 / ft 6'' 6'' 8 .9 As  0.79 3.325 f 'c kg / cm 2  f rn  5 3000  273.6 80  182lb / ft 2 Mumax  1 182  30   94.79lb _ ft 12  12  6Mu 6  94.Use wire mesh 66 W 2.0432in 2 / ft 5. h f min  bf rn  1 f rn  required 5 f '  psi f rn  c  1.0018112  2  0.

hmin    14.5 7.b  l / 4   78 use b  38"  4 s  bw  spacing  8  30  38 4.6WLL  706.857  use h  15 21 21 2.b) Joist Design b=38'' hf =2'' h=15'' 30'' bw=8'' S P 26  12 1.324lb / ft 9 .5 bw 2 2 h 15 bw    10 1.Wc    s  bw h f   bw h c    38  8 2  815  150  187.33lb / ft Wu  1.Assume bw  4 h h 15 1.5   2  bw    7.5   20  250.833lb / ft 12 WLL  S  LL   253.2WDL  1.5 144 38 WDL  Wc  S  DL   187.5 1.5  bw  10 bw must be a multiple of 2 and 3  8  bw  10 (will fit up to 2#bars) USE bw  8" 2#8 16h f  bw  16 2  8  40   26 12 3.

5  15  2.061   req  0.0033 As req   req bd  0.1)  1 Mu max  Wu l n2 11 l n  24.324 24.85  f ' c  bh f  d    0.50k  ft 16  hf  Mn F  0.5 2 3  2  0.5  12.0013   min 60  0.5 2  26.15  MuT  Re c tan gular T  beam 26.85  3  Use  min  0.85  1  1    0.57 IN 2 10 .73 Mn F  167.5  1.0033  38  12.85  5  38  2   d   12 2  2   2 d  h  2.5 ft   Positive steel Mu max 1  Mu max   706. 1 Wu ln2 16 -ive 1 Wu ln2 11 For interior span  1 Mu max  Wu l n2 16 (Table 12.061KSI 0.9  38  12.5 Rnreq   0.5 IN Mn F  185.

3  bw  8 OK   Negative steel Mu max 26  12 b  38 or l / 10   31.41 0.0075  8  12.30IN 2  controls 60000 As min  As req  As  1.32 IN 2 3#6  bmin  8.2#8 bmin  7.8 fit in b  31.30 IN 2 As  1.55 60000 As min 3 3000  38  12.5  1.5 38.5  0.54k  ft 11 d  h  2.54  12 Rn   0.2  3#6 2#8 11 .5  0.5 2  38.32 24.75 IN 2 6 3000  8  12.5 2  req  0.0075 As req  0.9  8  12.5  12.2 10 1 Mu max   706.

Example: Design a joist one-way slab f ' c  280kg / cm 2 and f y  4200kg / cm 2 service LL  300kg / m 2 loads  DL  75kg / m 2 Use 37 / 35 Filler Blocks Top view 5m Every 5m a column direction of Joist 5m doesn't matter because 5x5m 5m 5m 5m Cross section both ends continous Solid Slab Joist hordure 37/35 Typical interior would control 12 .

25  5  26.5  2   bw  bw 2 1.25cm use hw  30cm  h  30  5  35cm h h h 1.25cm 16 hwhordure  h  h f  31.Solution: Solid Slab design parametric Both ends continuous l hmin  l  hordure 28 l  37cm 37 h f min   1.5  bw  23.32cm but h f min  5cm 28 Use h f  5cm Joist Design parametric Design with hordure block l Simply supported hmin  l  span 16 l  5m 5  100 hmin   31.33 If I use bw  18cm  2 30 (largest) 13 .5 17.

514kg  m  12  100     6 Mu  h freq   bf rn    for plain concrete  f rn  0.514  hreq   4.71  h provided  5cm ok  1  2.2W DL  1.468   14 .2W DL  1.1475 280  2.6WLL  834kg / m 2  M u max  1  834 37   9.6WLL W DL  W H  WC  b DL   bh f  c  b Whw  weight portion  b DL    1m  5 100  2500kg / m 3  5 block m 19kg / block   1 75kg / m 2    295kg / m For 37 / 35 hw  30cm  weight per block  19kg / m WLL  1 300   300kg / m Wu  1. 5 cm Temp & Shrinkage l = 5m 35 cm main 35 cm 18 cm 37 cm Solid Slab Design: 1 Mu max  Wu l 2 l  distance between two supports 12 Wu  1.468    6  9.

h freq  h fprovided  slab is designed as plain concrete.2 340  1.2WDL  1.6165  672kg / m 5m 15 .90cm 2 / m  6mm at 25cm As  4.13cm 2 / m S  3h or 45cm  25cm Controls Joist Design: Wu  1. provide temperature and shrinkage steel in both directions As min  0.6W LL S  37  18  55cm  WDL   s  bw h f  bwh    5blocks m  weight of block  S  DL  2500    55  18 5  18 35   5  19  55 75  340kg / m 100 2 WLL  S  LL   55  300  165kg / m Wu  1.2WDL  1.0018  100cm  5  0.6WLL  1.

5 cm 35 cm 18 cm 37 cm Wu=672 kg/m l=5m R 5m Handout page 754 Case 1 P -R PL3 ( RPL ) L33       3EI Case 2 3EI 3EI W wL4   8 EI Deflection 1  Deflection 2  0 RI 3 wl 4 0   free   3EI 8 EI 3 R wL 8 16 .

G.2  2  Mn F  0.00068   min use  min  0.0033 Asreq  0.31cm 2 710mm As  5.9  55   29  2  req  0.83kg.25  15609.m  M u max Rectangular T-Beam 1184 .84 0.9  17344. 17 .85 f ' c   bh f  d   5 29  5  2    0. Wu 3 F  0.50cm 2 4 layers N. V  Wu l  Wu l  0 8 MR V M sup port  0.85  280  55  100  17344.0033  55  29  5. 3 Wu l 8 V 3 L M R  Wu L L   Wu L   0 5 Wu l 8 8 2 3 Wu l Wu l 2 8 MR  M 9Wu l 2 8 x 128 (-) steel (+) steel 2 Wu l 8 MR Wu To find x x V 5 V  Wu l 8 To find x 3 M  Wu  l  x   Wu  l  x  0  x 2 8 2 Wu l 2 672  5 2 M umax    2100kg  m 8 8 9 9 M umax  Wu l 2   672  5 2  1181 .25  100 Rn   2.25kg  m 128 128 M umax : b  37  18  55cm d  35  6  29cm  hf Mn F   0.

75  0.85  bh f  bw 1 c  h f  fy   c   y       280  0 . 2 20mm As  6.05cm 2 .0038  As req  0.795   55  29  5.10 5  2φ20 mm  Mu max : 2100  100 Rn   15.11 ok 4200   4200   0.4cm  d assumed  2  Mn  MuT  f 'c   d  As max  0.G.28cm 2 ok bmin 16  18  1  d actual  h  C  d s  d b   35   40  6  0.09cm 2 b  16cm  50cm ok 18 .85  55  5  18  5   19. 316mm As  6.75  0.31cm 2 4200 280 As min  0.41 0.003     2.4  0. 280 1.0038  18  29  1.98cm 2 .5 20  / 10  29.G. As  5.9  18  29 2  req  0.65cm 2 3 layers N.59   18  29  3.003  29.05cm 2 controls 4200 l Steel placed in b  55cm or  50cm whichever is smaller 10 Choose 218 As  5.85  0.03cm 2 2 layers N. 512mm As  5.

2φ18 3D view φ6 mm @25mm 2φ18 2φ20 19 .