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Introduction to

• It is Life Blood of any Business Enterprise
• Lays the Basic Foundation for all Economic
• Holds the Master Key for all Manufacturing
and Merchandizing Activity
• Efficiency of Business of any size has to be
closely linked to Management of Finance

Financial Management

• Financial Management encompasses the

procurement of funds in the most economic
and prudent manner and employment of
these funds in the most optimum way to
maximize the return to the owner.
Objective of Financial Management

• To Maximize Profit

• To Maximize Earning Per Share

• To Minimize Cost

• To Maximize the value of companies stock

Scope of financial management
• Financial Management provides a conceptual
and analytical framework for decision making
• Financial Management can be broken down
into two major decisions as functions of
1. Investment decision
2. Financing Decision
Investment decision
 It relates to selection of assets in which
funds will be invested by a firm.
 The assets are long term assets which yield a
return over a period of time in future. Or
short term assets which are converted into
cash within a short period of time.
 The first aspect is known as capital
budgeting and second is known as working
capital management.
Financing Decision

Capital Structure refers to the proportion of debt

and equity capital
 The financing decision of a firm relates to the
choice of the proportion of these sources to
finance the investment requirement
The use of debt implies a higher return to the
shareholder but is also increases the financial risk
A capital structure with reasonable proportion of
debt and equity is called optimum capital

Sources of Fund
Application of Fund
(Investing Decision)

Short Term Short Term

Long Term Long Term
Funds Investment
Funds Investment

Own Funds Borowed Funds

Current Liabilities Current Assets Fixed Assets
(Capital Structure (Working Capital (Working Capital (Capital
Decision) Management) Management) Budgeting
Market Value, Financial Decisions and Risk
and Return tradeoff

Organization Chart

Interface Between Finance and
Other Functions
 Marketing- Finance
Significant impact on profitability of firm.
Impact of credit extended to customers
Eagerness to meet sales target with liberal credit
Cost of maintaining large inventory
Product Pricing
Sales promotion and advertisement
Choice of product mix and
Distribution policy

Production - Finance
Controls major part of investment in
◦ Equipment, material and man power
◦ Effective use of equipment and man power
◦ Inventory of working process, stores and
◦ Cost of output
◦ Make, Buy or Lease decisions.

Top Management and finance
• Interested in ensuring achievement of overall
–Use of financial statements as means
for information and effectiveness
– Strong linkage with finance for strategic planning,
management control and other relevant basic
inputs for effective and efficient management.

Financial System
• Financial system comprises of "a set of
complex and closely interconnected financial
institutions, markets, instruments, services,
practices, and transactions”.
• The financial system includes a complex of
institutions and mechanisms which affect the
generation of savings and their transfer to
those who will invest