You are on page 1of 4

Cause and Effect

Some transition words and phrases show a cause and effect relationship between ideas. In
a cause and effect relationship, one action (the cause) makes another action happen (the
effect).
These words and phrases introduce the cause.

since because because of due to as

I always eat at restaurants because I dislike cooking.
effect cause
Since the weather was so bad, we cancelled our plans.
cause effect

These words and phrases introduce the effect.

so thus therefore consequently
for this reason as a consequence

I dislike cooking, so I always eat at restaurants.
cause effect
The weather was bad. For this reason, we canceled our plans.
cause effect

Most of these words and phrases are used at the beginning of a sentence or clause.

Drivers should not use cell phones because they are distracting.

It is dangerous to talk on the phone while driving. Therefore, it should be illegal to
use a cell phone while driving.

Since restaurant meals are expensive, it is better for the family budget to eat at home.

Many people are too busy to care for their elderly relatives at home. Consequently,
there is a growing need for nursing homes.

Because ofand due to are followed by a noun or gerund.

People usually gain weight because of lack of exercise.

Some people don't have time to exercise because of working long hours.

Due to the increase in prices, sales went down.

(because) 5 Cause: The rents in this district are very high. (so) 3 Cause: Many websites contain information that isn't suitable for children. (therefore) 4 Effect: Many farmers lost their crops. Effect: Parents should control how their children use the Internet. linking the ideas with the transition word or phrase provided.PRACTICES Rewrite each pair of sentences. Effect: Many people can't afford to live here. Effect: I always stay there when rm in town. Cause: There was a severe drought in that region. I Effect: It is easy to stay informed about current events. Cause: The Internet provides us with instant access to news. (since) 2 Cause: The Grand Hotel has comfortable rooms at reasonable rates. (for this reason) .

hi.9..g......L:J.C?.. (cause) There were numerous accidents on the highway.......�...���r..�.........�0. Rewrite the sen­ tences.....�Y..��.�h�............i.....f�.0..�.L:J...��Y..�.�9......r�... ...��r........�Y..�JC?.!'1.. : ...r:�.......'!'!.0�:t:....1��f�.f�....�.�.�fr.....·. Example A major blizzard struck the region yesterday.�.g.. B Parents don't have enough opportunities to spend quality time with their children........�r...�..�.... linking the ideas with a transition word or phrase..�... l A Smoking is popular among teenagers..�!!?.��9. Use pronouns as appropriate..i0�! !7:�.Y..��j9... 2 A In most modern families.....��.�..g....... T Ihx.�.����.�gJ9. rewrite the sentences again using a different transition word......�.....�. (effect) !>..iRn.�J�ti.........r:..9......PRACTICE9 In each pair of sentences.���r.r:�.�R. both parents work full time..i:tl.r1 .. identify which is the cause and which is the effect...�n:t��...�. ....... ..... . r...r1'=1. B Teenagers don't understand the health consequences of smoking..�h�....... n�m�rR��...�J* J..1�L��.0...t:1:1.... Then.......�...�...t��f.igh��Y..��........'=1...

5 A I would like to find a new job as soon as possible. B I have decided to take a trip around the world. B Zoo animals are kept locked up in cages. .3 A I recently inherited a large amount of money. and the salary is low. 4 A Many people think the zoos are cruel places. B My current job is boring.