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Mechanical Engineering Laboratory Report

HEAT CONDUCTION

Name: MUHAMMAD NADEEM ATTA

Student ID: SUKD1400458

Group ID: N

Course Code: EGE3431

Course Name: Laboratory Investigation 4

Submission Date: 25-09-2017

Power meter.6 46.2 29.4 29.1 29. 2.2 49.5 29.2 29. T1 T2 T3 T7 T8 T9 Q(watts) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) 1 4 42.9 46.6 46.0 4 7 47.0 29.1 28.2 29.9 43.2 45.8 29.3 29. RESULTS & CALCULATIONS: Temperature Distribution along Stainless Steel Test No.2 41.3 29.FACULTY OF ENGINEERING & BUILT ENVIROMENT SUBJECT: EGE 3431 LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS 4 EXPERIMENT 3: HEAT CONDUCTION 1.8 47.3 40.2 2 5 43.4 29.3 29.1 3 6 46.3 29.9 42.7 29.0 28.9 6 9 52. and to evaluate the heat conduction coefficient.1 29.3 44.9 .0 5 8 49.8 42.3 29. k due to the effect of different materials along the composite bar. OBJECTIVE: To study the heat conduction along a composite bar.

8 50.4 55.8 Graph: Stainless steel: 1.6 4 11 58.9 49.8 5 12 61.8 6 13 662. Temperature Distribution along Brass Test No.1 28.7 49.9 28.2 28.8 28.1 28. T1 T2 T3 T7 T8 T9 Q(watts) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) (˚C) 1 8 53. Distance vs Temperature 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 4 watts 5 watts 6 watts 7 watts 8 watts 9 watts .2 49.1 29. Graph of Hot temperature.9 28.8 2 9 53.0 52.1 29.1 29.5 50.8 58.9 27.1 28.9 28.0 28.7 50.1 53.2 29.7 3 10 57.2 60.3 29.2 56. Power meter.2 28.5 62.9 29.

3 29.2 29.1 29 28. 2. Graph of Hot temperature.4 29.5 29. Distance vs Temperature 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 8 watts 9 watts 10 watts 11 watts 12 watts 13 watts . Graph of Cooler temperature. Distance vs Temperature 29.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 4 watts 5 watts 6 watts 7 watts 8 watts 9 watts Brass: 3.9 28.6 29.

025 2 Area = πr 2 = π( ) 2 = 4.91×10-4 m2 . 4.7 28.3 29.8 28.4 29. Graph of Cooler temperature. Distance vs Temperature 29.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 8 watts 9 watts 10 watts 11 watts 12 watts 13 watts Calculation: 0.6 28.2 29.9 28.1 29 28.

03 4.75 W/moC for 8 watts KS = 27.5−50.91×10−4 0.58 W/moC for 13 watts Average KH = 82.1 = KS = KC 4.28 W/moC for 6 watts KS = 28.01 KH = 81.82 W/moC 4 8 = U (42.7 = KH = KC 4.03W/moC for 10 watts KS = 27.2−41.42 W/moC for 9 watts KS = 25.58 W/moC for 5 watts KH = 65.24 W/moC for 7 watts KS = 28.36 W/moC for 9 watts KS = 25.01 4.2) = U (53.For Stainless Steel: For Brass: 4 42.3−29.64 W/m2oC U = 5819.16 W/moC for 12 watts KS = 31.2-41.5 8 49.2 8 53.79 W/moC for 13 watts Average KS = 26.44 W/moC for 8 watts Using same equation Using same equation KS = 24.46 W/moC for 9 watts KH = 87.06 W/moC for 5 watts KS = 27.03 KS = 22.1−29.5-50.56 W/moC Average KS = 26.50 W/moC Average KH = 64.19 W/moC for 8 watts Using same equation Using same equation KH = 92.91×10−4 4.61 W/moC 4 40.91×10−4 0.23×10-4 = 1.12 W/moC for 11 watts KS = 28.10 W/moC for 7 watts KH = 67.72×10-4 U U .91×10−4 0.65 W/moC for 10 watts KH = 89.06 W/moC for 8 watts KH = 67.89 W/moC for 12 watts KH = 70.63 W/moC for 4 watts KS = 24.50 W/moC for 9 watts KH = 64.47 W/moC for 4 watts KH = 58.28 W/moC for 6 watts KH = 63.03 W/m2oC 1 1 = 1.91×10−4 U = 8146.7) 4.89 W/moC for 11 watts KH = 74.91×10−4 0.

4. Total heat transfer coefficient and total calculated heat transfer coefficient was compared in this experiment. There will be the difference between the theoretical value and experimental value of U is different just because of the difference in variables in which input power. area. 3. When we compare the value of U using this equation 𝑈 = then 𝐴(𝑇𝐻𝑆 −𝑇𝐶𝑆 ) we can get to know the difference between theoretical and experimental values. Discussion: Heat conduction or thermal condition is to transfer heat by thermal radiation or convection. temperature distance and thermal conductivity used. CONCLUSION: When the input power increase the input will effect the heat transfer coefficient and the total heat transfer coefficient will decrease. While evaluating the heat transfer coefficient using the thermal 1 𝑋𝐻 𝑋𝑆 𝑋𝐶 geometry equation ( = + + ). the total transfer coefficient U will decrease. . This experiment was focusing on the cylindrical metal bar arrangement for heat conduction. In this experiment the heat conduction occurs in three dimensions which often requires extensive computation to analyze. According to the graph it displays that when we increase the input power Q (watt). The purpose of this experiment is to study the conduction of heat along the complex bar and to calculate the total heat transfer coefficient. K used for brass and stainless steel to find the total 𝑈 𝐾𝐻 𝐾𝑆 𝐾𝐶 𝑄 transfer coefficient U.