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vi

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN

LEMBAR ORISINALITAS

KATA PENGANTAR ......................................................................................... iii

DAFTAR ISI ........................................................................................................ vi

DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................ xi

DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................... xii

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ...................................................................................... xiv

ABSTRAK .......................................................................................................... xvi

ABSTRACT ...................................................................................................... xviii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

1.1 Latar Belakang ............................................................................................ 1

1.2 Perumusan Masalah .................................................................................... 3

1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ........................................................................................ 3

1.4 Manfaat Penelitian .......................................................................................3

..................... ...............1..................................................... 4 2.......................................2 Lapisan Kulit .....................................................1 Metode DPPH ................ 16 2.................1 Pengertian Kosmetik ..................................1.......................2................. 13 2.................................................... ..............................1..............2 Daerah Tumbuh ... 5 2................... 8 2.........................................................1............................................. 18 2........... 20 2................. .....................................................................................6 Mekanisme Kerja Antioksidan ......7..... vii BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA 2...............................................1........................ 18 2.....3 Morfologi Tumbuhan ......................7................................1 Pengertian Kulit .1 Klasifikasi Rumput laut ............ 6 2...........................................................5 Kandungan Kimia Rumput Laut Coklat .........................................2 Penggolongan Kosmetik ............................ 7 2.........................................................1 Rumput Laut Coklat ......................................................... 20 2..........................................3 Fungsi Kulit .. 15 2................................5..... 19 2............................. 21 ..........................................4 Antioksidan............................... 8 2............4 Nama Daerah ......2 Kulit ..................... 6 2............. 7 2................ 5 2.......6 Manfaat Rumput Laut Coklat ....3 Radikal Bebas...........................2............................................7 Kosmetik .................................. ............1................ 9 2...........................2...........................5 Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan ....

................................ 25 2............................................3 Objek Penelitian ...........................9 Monografi Bahan ............................................. 29 3..................................2 Metode Pustaka ........................ 31 .......................................2 Waktu Penelitian ..............................................................................5 Alat dan Bahan Penelitian ..................8.......... 24 2.......................................................9........................................... 23 2...................3 Nipasol ................................................... 27 2.......................... 23 2...............................................................................................9..... 29 3.....................6 Formulasi Sediaan Serum Antioksidan Rumput Laut .............................................. 22 2............................................................... viii 2....................................................8.4......................................1 Gliserin ........ 27 2...................................5 Komponen Gel .................... 29 3..................... 26 2................................4 Hal yang Perlu di Perhatikan dalam Formulasi Gel .................2 Keuntungan gel .2 Nipagin .............................................................................................3 Kekurangan gel ................................1 Kegunaan gel ............... 28 3..............................4 Metode Penelitian ................ 29 3.......8.................4 NaCMC ...................7 Prosedur Penelitian ....8...................... 22 2.......1 Tempat Penelitian ................... 30 3............................................8 Gel ......................................... 26 2..............5 Aquadest ..................................................................... 28 3.................................8................4...9..................... 28 3..9............ 26 2.....................................................9................................. 27 BAB III METODE PENELITIAN 3.....1 Metode Eksperimental ......................................

.................. 31 3................................7..................................................7.......................3 Pembuatan Ekstra Rumput Laut.......................3................................. 50 4......... 31 3...................... 59 ..................8 Uji Kesukaan ... ix 3..............1.......2 Pengolahan Rumput Laut ...... 41 4........7 Uji Stabilitas ..........................................................3........................ 40 4...................................... 54 4..3.3 Evaluasi Sediaan Serum Gel Wajah ...1................2 Hasil Penentuan Antioksidan Pada Rumput Laut (Sargassum polycystum) dan Vitamin C dengan metode DPPH .............................4 Uji Pengamatan Fisik .................................1 Determinasi Rumput Laut ...............................7.... 40 4....................2 Formulasi Sediaan Serum Gel Wajah .........................3 Pembahasan .............. 31 3..................................... 36 3................................3 Evaluasi Fisik Sediaan Serum Gel Wajah ... 38 BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN 4.............................. 54 4.................. 38 3...........7..................4 Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan ....1 Determinasi Rumput Laut ............ 55 4......6 Evaluasi Sediaan ..... 35 3......................3..........................7.............................................1.................................................... 40 4......2 Hasil Ekstraksi Rumput Laut ................. 32 3........7.................................1 Hasil Determinasi Rumput Laut ......................................................................7........5 Pembuatan Serum Antioksidan Dari Rumput Laut .....................................7..................... 54 4.1 Hasil Penelitian ..................

........................................................................................ 62 BAB 5 PENUTUP 5................................ .6 Penentuan Nilai Antioksidan.............................1 Kesimpulan ..................................5 Uji Kesukaan ..................................................................3........................................................................................................................ 64 5.......................3.............. 64 DAFTAR PUSTAKA ........65 RIWAYAT HIDUP .........................2 Saran ........................ x 4...................................69 ....................................... 60 4.........................68 LAMPIRAN ....................................................