You are on page 1of 41

Vertical Transportation: A Glossary

Packed full of terms & illustrations to assist you!

Acceleration A period during which the elevator moves at an ever increasing rate of speed, usually referring to the period
from standstill to full speed.

Alternating Current AC - An electrical current that continuously cycles through a series of positive and negative values.

Anchor bolts Bolt designed to fasten rail brackets, door sills, headers or other objects to beams or hoistway walls.

Application Geared, Gearless or Hydraulic. These different types of elevators may be used for
different applications.
For example, a three-story medical office building will typically utilize hydraulic
elevators whereas tall, busy office buildings may require the speeds available with
the use of gearless traction elevators. Hydraulic elevators operate at slower speeds
and serve up to 79’-0” of travel. Geared traction elevators typically serve mid-rise
buildings with speeds up to 500 feet per minute. Gearless traction elevators can
serve buildings of any height with speeds of 500 feet per minute and higher.

Astragal Rubber molding on the leading edge of car and hoistway doors. It is furnished to quiet the operation of the
doors as they reach their fully closed position.

Auxiliary Panel A second car operating station, typically containing only floor buttons. The auxiliary panel may be used at the

rear return with Front and Rear door configurations. It may also be used with center opening doors where a
car operating station is desired on each side of the door opening.

Baked enamel
finishes
available

White Antique Rich Desert
No. F-116 white cream sand
No. F-115 No. F-101 No. F-106

Fawn Dusty Nordic Williams-
No. F-808 rose blue burg blue
No. F-103 No. F-102 No. F-111

Wine Cedar Sable Black
No. F-104 brown No. F-909 No. F-112
No. F-105

Basement
The traction elevator machine is placed either in the basement or adjacent to the hoistway at an upper floor,
/Adjacent Machine
rather than directly overhead as standard
room

Bolster assembly The bottom horizontal member of a hydraulic car sling, to which the platen plate attaches.

Brace Rod A rod extending from the elevator platform framing to another part of the elevator car frame or sling for the
purpose of supporting the platform or holding it securely in position. Brace robs are supports for the outer
corners of the platform, each of which tie to upper portions of the stile.

Brackets (Guide
The steel plates, angles, or beams used to attach the rails firmly to the hoistway.
Rail)

Brake A spring loaded clamping device that prevents the elevator from moving when the car is at rest and no power
is applied to the hoistway motor.

Brake Drum A round, machined surface on the motor shaft which the brake clams for stopping.

Building Type Required to determine the requirements for service.

For example, an office building typically requires more elevators than an apartment building due to heavier
loads & traffic. Elevator professionals often use building type to assist in recommending solutions based on
different types of building traffic.

Buffer A device designed to stop a descending car or counterweight beyond its normal limit and to soften the force
with which the elevator runs into the pit during an emergency.

Buffer channel A channel in the pit floor of a traction elevator that supports buffers and guide rails.

Buffer springs Large diameter springs that are permanently placed in a traction elevator pit for the purpose of stopping a
descending car or counterweight beyond its normal limit of travel.

Buffer stroke The distance that a buffer will compress.

Cab The decorative enclosure on a passenger elevator platform in which people are carried.

Cab walls Flat steel wall cab – constructed of steel to create a flat cab interior. Basic options include a baked enamel
finish from our standard selection as shown below. Other available options are brushed, polished or 5WL
patterned stainless steel.

Laminated plastic cab – walls of wood core construction, faced with decorative high-pressure plastic
laminate, as selected from our standard range of choices. Custom laminates may be selected; additional
charges will apply. Please contact your local ThyssenKrupp Elevator representative for a full-color Design
with Style plastic laminate selector.

Applied panel cab - Cab walls constructed of steel with applied decorative panels. Panels may be finished
from our standard selections of plastic laminate or wood veneer. Wood veneer finishes include Cherry,
Walnut, Red Oak, Honduras Mahogany and Maple.

Also available are brushed & polished stainless or bronze, as well as 5WL patterned stainless steel.

Cables Ropes, usually 4 to 6 in number, used to support the car. Ropes pass over the drive sheave to the
counterweight, either pulling up the car or lowering it.

Cable Wrap The amount of the drive sheave actually in contact with the cable.

Calculated Interval Measured in seconds, this is the time between elevator departures from the lobby during morning up peak.
An interval of 30 seconds means that a car will be leaving the lobby every 30 seconds with a load of
passengers. Traditional elevator theory can be used to show that the interval is equal to the calculated round
trip time divided by the number of elevators.

Calculated 5 The number of people that can be transported from the lobby in a five minute period, expressed as a
Minute percentage of the population. Elevator systems with a handling capacity of 12% can handle incoming
Handling passenger traffic up to a rate of 12% before lobby crowding occurs. Although traffic handling capacity
Capacity guidelines have been debated for years, typically this measurement is an estimate of how many people arrive
to use the elevators during the heaviest five minutes of morning rush hour.

Capacity The load rating, measured in pounds, for which an elevator is designed and powered. The actual weight on
the elevator should never exceed its rated capacity.

stainless steel or bronze finishes. door panel. Ceiling types Suspended ceiling (diffused lighting) – Included as ThyssenKrupp Elevator’s standard design. The panels are available in baked enamel. alarm. Disc light ceiling – These metal ceiling panels have circular cutouts with translucent diffusers for the fluorescent lighting. The standard metal frame is baked enamel with upgrade design to stainless steel or bronze finishes. Standard metal frame is black baked enamel. Car riding lantern A signal fixture mounted in the return & strike columns. Car operating A panel mounted in the car containing the car operating controls. of the car's entrance to provide visual and audible indication that a car has arrived and its next direction of travel. and any other buttons or keyswitches that may be required for operation. or bronze finish ceiling panels. stainless steel or bronze finishes. this ceiling has white translucent diffusers for the fluorescent lighting. or in the soffitt. stainless steel 5WL. car station open and close. It is also available in aluminum. Halogen Downlight ceiling – Metal pan downlight ceiling with halogen lighting that brilliantly illuminates the . Incandescent Downlight ceiling – Metal pan downlight ceiling with multiple low voltage lights mounted in baked enamel. emergency stop. such as call register (floor) buttons..Car call Indication of the passenger's destination floor as entered from the car operating station by pushing the corresponding floor push button.

Troughs are available in baked enamel. Indirect lighting is provided by four fluorescent fixtures mounted above the ceiling. 5WL. Rail Special clip designed to fasten guide rails to guide rail brackets. and wall mounted painted steel troughs. or bronze finish ceiling panels. cab while using fewer bulbs than incandescent. The ceiling houses a concealed emergency exit as well as concealed metal framework. stainless steel. Clutch A device mounted on the car door which pulls the hoistway doors as the car door moves open or closed. Clips. 5WL. Coved light ceiling – Ceiling is constructed of painted steel panelized sections. Floating (island) perimeter lighting – This ceiling is constructed of a particleboard core faced with plastic laminate. this ceiling is constructed of a particleboard core faced with plastic laminate. which forms the car tops. requiring less maintenance. . Lights are mounted in baked enamel. The ceiling houses a concealed emergency exit as well as concealed metal framework. Fluorescent light fixtures are mounted to the side walls and concealed above the troughs. clamps rails firmly in place. or bronze finishes. The car top is available in baked enamel or stainless steel finishes. stainless steel or bronze. Island type halogen downlight ceiling – Featuring small halogen downlights. stainless steel or bronze. stainless steel.

installation and maintenance of elevators. manufacturing. Major components of a conventional jack system are shown in the diagram below: .Code. Conventional Jack The type of hydraulic elevator mechanism whose cylinder must be installed in the ground. ASME System of regulations pertaining to design.

chain or other design to counterbalance transfer of hoist rope weight from one side of the hoisting machine to the other as the car moves within the hoistway. Control Valve The device which on hydraulic elevators controls the oil flow to and from the jack.Column The vertical sections of the car's entrance frame. One end of the chain attaches under the chain elevator and one end is fastened to the counterweight. Compensation Using ropes. Controller An electrical panel which performs many computer functions by which it operates an elevator. . Compensating Wire roping installed to obtain hoist rope weight compensation. Again. one end attached to the underside of rope the car and one end fastens to the counterweight. Compensating Welded-link chain used to compensate the weight of hoist rope.

fillers Crosshead The upper member of the car frame. usually to accommodate doors in adjacent hoistway walls. . The traction car & counterweight diagrams is shown below: Counterweight Metal pieces stacked and bolted together within a frame to form the counterweight. Counterweight Added weight on traction elevators which counterbalances the weight of an elevator car plus approximately 40% of the capacity load.Corner Post A method of mounting rails in opposite corners of the hoistway.

Deceleration A period during which the elevator moves at an ever decreasing rate of speed. (DC) Doors . Door interlock Prevents the operation on the machine unless the hoistway door is locked in a closed position. Also prevents . Door Gibs Devices at the bottom of horizontal sliding door panels which stick into sill grooves and hold the door panels in alignment. Supports and allows horizontal sliding movement of the door panel. Opening Doors .Center A door type which consists of two horizontal sliding panels which move in opposite directions.Horizontal Entrance protection for both car and hoistway (usually for passenger elevators) which moves sideways. The door track is part of the hanger assembly. Sliding Available as single-slide or double-slide. Door hanger Rolling assembly fastened to the top of the door panel. Direct Current An electrical current that flows constantly in one direction. usually referring to the period from full speed to leveling speed.Biparting Protective devices for hoistway openings of freight elevators consisting of two steel panels which move vertically and counterweight each other. Doors .

Door Type Door speed. Because door operation happens at each stop. and door opening width effect the door opening and closing times of your elevator. Ultimately. . Door Panel A portion of the door or gate which covers the opening and moves to uncover the opening. Dot Matrix Position indicator with a display that uses small light emitting diodes (LED) to display a character (see Position Position Indicator Indicator Types) Dust covers Sheet metal cover that protects the door hangar track assembly. a one second difference in opening and/or closing time makes a major difference in calculated performance. door operation. the opening of hoistway doors from the landing side unless the elevator is in the landing zone and is either stopped or coming to a stop. Door Operator A machine mounted on the car directly above the opening which drives the car door open and closed. this impacts performance and interval.

Full automatic operation (Group) – (Traction or Hydraulic applications: 10-D4A) Upon loss of normal power. allow passengers to exit. After passengers have exited the elevator. where the hoist ropes pass around a secondary sheave and back over the drive sheave again. When normal power is restored. so the traction (friction) of the ropes on the drive sheave is increased Emergency power Automatic Lowering using a Building-supplied Standby Power Source – (Hydraulic Applications: 10- operation DOA) Upon loss of the normal power supply. Once the loss of normal power has been detected and standby power is available. Full automatic operation (Simplex) – (Traction or Hydraulic applications: 10-D4A) Upon loss of the normal power supply. building-supplied standby power is available to the elevator on the same wires as the normal power. This process is repeated . Once the loss of normal power has been detected and standby power is available. the elevator automatically resumes operation. building-supplied standby power is available on the same wires as the normal power supply. The next available car in the group will then be selected to lower. At this time the elevator is automatically allowed to continue service using the building-supplied standby power.(hanger cover) Double-wrapped Roping arrangement on (gearless) traction elevators. the doors are closed and the car is shut down. After passengers have exited the elevator. the doors are closed and the car shuts down. close the doors and shutdown. After passengers have exited the elevator. the doors are closed. one elevator at a time from each group will be lowered to a pre-designated landing and will open the doors. building-supplied standby power is available to the elevator on the same wires as the normal power. the elevator is lowered to a pre-designated landing and will open the doors. Once the loss of normal power is detected and standby power is available. the elevator is lowered to a pre- designated landing and the doors are opened.

hardware. When normal power becomes available. which connects the hoistway door hanger to the sill to prevents pinch points and ledges. until all cars in the group have been lowered and parked. End Post A method of mounting the two stacks of rails on a common wall at the end of the hoistway. the emergency exit permits passengers to be evacuated from the elevator during emergency. when thrown to the off position stops the Switch elevator and prohibits it from running. including the door assembly panels. Fascia Steel plate installed in the hoistway vertically to extend from the top of the hoistway door hanger header to the sill at the landing above. After passengers have exited the car. The elevator will lower to a predetermined level and open the doors. Battery lowering operation – (Hydraulic applications: 10-DOC) When the loss of normal power is detected. a battery lowering feature is to be activated. the elevators automatically resume operation. transom panels. the elevator will automatically resume operation. At this time. Entrance Closes the hoistway enclosures openings that are normally used for loading and unloading. The battery lowering feature is included in the elevator contract and does not utilize a building-supplied standby power source. an elevator is automatically allowed to continue service using the building-supplied standby power. Emergency Stop A hand operated switch in the car push button station. A manual selection switch is available to override the automatic selection and allow and car in the group to provide service to the building. Emergency exit The removable opening in the car top panel of the cab. Removable only from the top of the car. the doors will close and the car will shutdown. When normal power is restored. . and frames. which.

Fireman telephone A special phone jack that can be built into a car operating panel or hall station. and permits special operation for firefighters or emergency personnel. Fish Plates A steel plate which spans the joint where two length of guide rails in a stack meet. . which enables firefighter jack communication.Fire service A group of devices that removes all cars from normal use. sends them to a designated landing.

.A fixture style which features round buttons and triangular lenses.Fixture Styles Aurora . Hall and car riding lanterns are available with triangular and round lenses.A fixture style featuring round buttons with red illuminating halos.A fixture style that features fewer breakable parts to survive non-friendly environments. Hall and car riding lanterns are available with either round or triangular lenses. Vandal Resistant . Traditional .

the main car operating panel will be in the front return. Column type swing return .One side of the car station is secured to the front with a hinge while the other aligns vertically with the column. speeds of elevators are measured in FPM Freight Enclosure The ruggedly built room on a freight elevator in which material is being carried. typically this measurement is an estimate of how many people arrive to use the elevators during the heaviest five minutes of morning rush hour. the front is the entrance side closest to the main car station. expressed as a Capacity percentage of the population.The car station's operating controls are built into box that is recessed into the front return wall. Elevator systems with a handling capacity of 12% can handle incoming passenger traffic up to a rate of 12% before lobby crowding occurs. Front Return The side of cab at which the entrance is located if the car has a single entrance.5 Minute Handling The number of people that can be transported from the lobby in a five minute period. . Typically. FPM For Imperial measurements. An applied faceplate is secured to the front panel with screws. Although traffic handling capacity guidelines have been debated for years. Front Types Conventional return with applied faceplate . On cars with front & rear entrances.

Double A vertical sliding counterweighted device used to provide entrance protection on freight elevators. It consists Blade of two panels usually made of expanded metal.Single A vertical sliding counterweighted device used to provide entrance protection on freight elevators and Blade consisting of one panel. Gear . usually made of expanded metal. Gate .Housing The enclosure containing a traction machine's gears.One side of the car station is secured to the adjoining cab wall with a hinge while the other wraps around the column and meets the door.One side of the car station is secured to the front with a hinge while the other wraps around the column and meets the door. . The entire front return swings open. The blades telescope to reduce overhead space requirements. Gate . The filler panel is stationary. Full-width wrap around swing return . Wrap around swing return .

sling. Group operation Scanning a system of two or more cars for hall calls then dispatching cars appropriately based on calculated estimated time of arrival. Governor The speed monitoring device on traction elevators that triggers the safety when the elevator over-speeds.Ring A large gear driven by the worm gear which is attached to the drive sheave.Gear . and rated capacity. cab. Gross load The combined weight of the platform. Guide Rails “T” or Omega shaped sections installed vertically in the hoistway to guide and direct the course of travel of either an elevator or its counterweight Guide Rollers Guide shoes with rollers which rotate on the guide rails. Glass back An elevator cab with one wall made entirely or partially of glass. Roller Guides . Gear .Worm A spiral gear connected to and driven by the motor and which drives the ring gear.

Hall call. landing Indication of the passenger's destination direction entered from the hall by pushing the corresponding button. call Hall lantern A light fixture mounted in the hallway to provide visual and audible indication that a car is about to arrive and the direction of travel when it leaves. indicator combo .Guide Shoes Devices on the sling which slide or roll on the rails to guide the elevator through the hoistway. Hall A light fixture mounted in the hallway to provide visual and audible indication that a car is about to arrive. and the relative position of the car in the hoistway. the Lantern/position direction of travel when it leaves.

Hanger Track The track through which the hanger rollers are guided. Hanger Rollers Rollers (two per panel) from which horizontal door panels are suspended. . Terminal Hall Stations have only one button for up or down. Fire service switch and signage are typically included in the main hall station. Intermediate hall stations are provided for landings where up and down are options.Hall station The signal fixture with directional buttons mounted at each landing used to request an elevator.

Head Jamb The top horizontal piece of an entrance door frame which connects the side members. Header Formed steel positioned horizontally in the hoistway to provide structural support to the door hanger and vertical struts on sliding type entrances.) . (Hoistway is sometimes called "hatchway" or "hatch". extending from the pit floor to the roof. Hitch Plate A plate (on traction elevators) clamped to the underside of the crosshead and to which the shackles are attached. Hoistway The space enclosed by fireproof walls and hoistway doors in which the elevator travels.

. deactivate hall/car riding lanterns. Traditional Elevatoring theory can be used to show that the interval is equal to the calculated round trip time divided by the number of elevators. “In Use” lights Signal on freight elevators used to indicate that the elevator is either running or has the doors open. Hydraulic Elevator Power elevator where the energy is applied. Also known as hospital emergency operation. Interlock A device that provides a physical lock for hoistway door and gives an electrical signal which allows the car to run. An interval of 30 seconds means that a car will be leaving the lobby every 30 seconds with a load of passengers. This is only used on freight elevators with manual bi-parting doors. Independent When activated through a key switch. in a hydraulic jack. Hoistway Door The side of the elevator door visible in the lobby or hallway which may be opened only when the car is at that landing and the door operator engages both the hoistway and the car doors. Depressing the key switch moves the car up and down the hoistway at leveling speed and enables access to the top of the car or the pit. Interval The time (in seconds) between elevator departures from the lobby during morning up peak. and respond only to car calls.Hoistway Access An option which allows access to the hoistway from the lowest and uppermost landing through a spring return key switch at each access landing. the car is removed from group operation and will bypass all landing service calls. by means of a liquid under pressure.

.Drip Ring A flange on the guide used to collect oil from the plunger so it can drain into a collector. Isolated platforms are not applicable to holeless or telescoping jacks.Guide An assembly bolted to the upper end of the cylinder which centers the plunger in the cylinder.Babbitt A soft metal used in the guide to reduce scratching of the plunger surface. packing and plunger of a hydraulic elevator. Jack . Jack .Isolated platform Car platform that is mounted on rubber vibration absorbing material to reduce the transmission of noise and vibration.Plunger The inner piece of the jack which supports the car. The device that “pushes” the elevator up by means of liquid under pressure. Jack Assembly of cylinder. Jack .Cylinder The part of the hydraulic jack mechanism which contains the plunger and oil. Jack hole A man-made opening in the earth for the placement of the cylinder for a hydraulic elevator. Jack . Jack .

this door provide access to the hoistway when the elevator is on hoistway access .Seal A device mounted on the guide to minimize oil escaping around the plunger.Jack . Junction box Box with a cover that serves the purpose of joining different runs of cables and providing space for the connection of conductors. Junction box Box with a cover that serves the purpose of joining different runs of cables and providing space for the connection of conductors. Kick plate Metal plate. fastened to lower face of the elevator doors to minimum damage to the face of the door. often finished in stainless steel. Landing doors The movable door at the entrance of an elevator.

then you may enter a lobby height of 42 feet (18' for lobby and 12' for each of floors 2 and 3). The hoist ropes pass over a traction drive sheaves. Machine . Hall calls are typically locked out by using keyswitches. . Lobby Floor Height The main lobby is often taller than other floors. Power from the motor is transmitted to the drive sheave through reduction gears. Load Capacity rating in pounds which an elevator is designed to safely handle.Landing zone A zone extending from a point 18” below an elevator or material life landing. card readers. Machine . card readers. Machine Room A room where traction machines or hydraulic power units for elevators are located. key pads and computer-based monitoring systems. if the cars do not stop at floors 2 and 3.Geared Geared Traction machines for elevators of 500 fpm of less in which the drive sheave is connected to the motor through a gear train. For example. Small express zones may be accommodated by using the distance from the lobby to the next landing served by the elevator. which is integral with the armature. Lubricator Applicators which feed oil to the rail and provide proper lubrication for sliding guide shoes. Hall Call Lockout – a feature which allows the user to prevent hall calls from being registered at specific floors. to a point 18” above the landing. Leveling A slow rate of speed used for the final approach to a floor to ensure an accurate floor stop. Car calls are typically locked out by using keyswitches. Lobby height should be entered separately as the distance from the top of the lobby's finished floor to the top of the finished floor of the next landing. key pads and computer-based monitoring systems. the movement of an elevator toward the landing sill when it is within the leveling zone Limited Access Car Call Lockout – a feature which allows the user to prevent car calls from being registered at specific Features floors. Gearless Traction machines for elevator of 500 fpm or higher in which the drive sheave is directly connected Gearless to the motor.

it is very unusual that 21 people will crowd into the car. This number is derived from a traditional Elevators traffic calculation during morning up peak. the door retracts. elevator car and counterweights.front Openings and rear doors. In this scenario. Some modernizations are accomplished by adding new architectural features. Indicated by a star symbol in the car operating panel next to the appropriate pushbutton and in the hall jamb symbols. Number of Most elevators feature doors on one side of the car. Request a full simulation to analyze more complicated situations where a group of cars controlled by specific dispatcher logic serves lunchtime or down peak passenger traffic. ADA compliant features.Machine beams Horizontal steel beams that support the elevator driving machine of a traction application. Number of The number of elevators necessary to meet your requirements. Even though the nameplate on a 3500 pound car lists the capacity as 21 persons. Some applications will require two sets of doors . . an elevator loads at the lobby. the time the car remains at that floor is diminished since passengers may disembark more rapidly. This averages about 80% but can vary depending upon tenant behavior and culture. and returns empty for the next trip. Modernization Process of upgrading existing elevator equipment to modern standards. Whenever interference with these beams is detected. Main egress The floor of a building that is the “entry” & “exit” point of the building. Microlight ThyssenKrupp Elevator’s version of a door protection device in the form of a curtain of light beams extending in front of the car door's leading edge. or upgrading due to safety features on equipment. On floors where both sets of doors open. delivers passengers to their floors. Max Car Loading The percentage of total capacity that the car carries on each round trip. The machine beams carry the load of the drive machine.

With 1:1 roping. Oil Line The piping on a hydraulic elevator that channels the oil from the power unit to the jack. and hoist ropes all travel at the same speed. the car. A very simple form of elevator operation where the elevator runs only as long as a button is pushed and can Constant Pressure handle only one call at a time. Buffers are located in the elevator pit. remembers that call and dispatches Pressure or Full the car in the proper direction. Operation . Operation - Momentary A simple form of elevator operation that accepts only one call at a time. One to One Arrangement of elevator hoist ropes in which one end of each hoist rope passes from the car hitch over the roping (1:1) machine sheaves to the counterweight hitch. counterweights.Oil Buffer One type of buffer (for traction elevators with speeds higher than 200 fpm) which uses a combination of oil and springs to cushion a descending car or counterweight. One Floor Run A special circuit used when the elevator must run from one floor to another wherein the distance is so short Circuit that acceleration and deceleration might overlap. Collective . Automatic Operation - A modern form of elevator operation where the system accepts and remembers an infinity number of calls Selective and answers them as the car moves in the appropriate direction. Operation The system by which the elevator responds to car and hall calls.

manufacturing or installation inaccuracies. the machine room is located above the elevator machine hoistway Overtravel A short distance beyond the terminal floor as allowance for building inaccuracies.Overspeed Valve A valve which reduces the speed of a hydraulic elevator when it detects that the speed exceeds a predetermined rate. Overhead is determined by the elevator application. Overhead The upper portion of the elevator hoistway. Overhead Standard machine room location on a traction elevator. Panel The arrangement/layout of the applied panels inside an elevator cab. Protection pads Removable canvas or vinyl pads used inside the elevator cab to protect the wall & front finishes. Arrangement Horizontal Vertical .

. Both Passenger An elevator used to carry people. Platen plate A plate. used to attach the jack to the bolster assembly of a hydraulic elevator. Pit Channels Steel channels on the pit floor to distribute the hydraulic elevator load from pit brackets across the floor. placed in the sling and supported by brace rods in each corner. Elevator Penthouse The machine room above the hoistway on traction elevators. Platform The floor of the elevator. extending from the sill level of the lowest landing to the floor at the bottom of the hoistway. Pit The area at the bottom of the hoistway under the car. Pickup Rollers Devices on the hoistway door which mate with the clutch on the car door to allow the hoistway doors to be pulled open and closed. and support car and counterweight buffers. on which passenger stand or the load is carried. anchor the guide rails and other pit-mounted devices.

Inside the cab. moveable part of a hydraulic jack that is attached to the platen plate of a car sling. . it is referred to as a hall position indicator. When placed in a lobby/landing. Plunger The inside. it is referred to as a car position indicator.Platform Isolation Rubber or other vibration absorbing material which reduces the transmission of vibration and noise to the Pads platform. Position Indicator A light fixture which indicates the relative position of the elevator within the hoistway.

Pump (power The device which draws oil from the tank and pushes it through the oil line to the jack to move the elevator unit/pumping unit) up. indicating a demand for service at or to the landing for which the button was pressed. . Rated speed The elevator speed in the up direction with the rated load in the car.Power Doors Doors which are propelled by electric motor(s). Power doors on Freight Applications are supplied by the general contractor. Return The area behind a wall or enclosure where a sliding door panel or gate slides when opening. Protection pads Quilted vinyl which can be hung by hooks or buttons on the cab walls for protection. Power Unit The device on hydraulic elevators which supplies the motive force to run the car. Registered call A signal initiated by pressing a car or landing pushbutton. typically measures 2 inches. adjacent to the entrance. Reveals The area on a cab wall between applied panels. Pushbutton An insulated button that operates electrical contacts when pressed Push Button A decorative device containing one or more hand-operated devices (buttons or switches) by which the Station passenger or freight handler tells the controller what action is desired. Return panel The panel at the front of the passenger elevator car. Rise Vertical distance from the finished floor level of the terminal landing to the finished floor of the top landing. behind which a sliding door passes when opening and closing. See also: Travel Roller Guides Guide shoes that use rollers to rotate on the guide rails instead of slide guides.

Safety Device on the car or counterweight that will stop the car or counterweight and keep the elevator from falling in case of overspeed. The ropes are used to raise and lower an elevator. Safety Edge .Ropes (Hoist) For traction elevators. A small steel cable attached from the car or counterweight or a drum on the selector by which car motion is Cable transferred to the selector. Safety Edge A mechanical device driven by the elevator. free-fall. or rope stretch. a strong cord of twisted fibers such as steel which connects the elevator car sling assembly and the counterweight passing over or around the drive sheave. Wipers . which simulates elevator movements. Safety Edge - Electrical signaling devices located on the selector carriage and which contact segments of floor bars and Cams-Fingers. thereby pass circuits to a controller.

Sheave Wheel that is mounting in bearings and having one or more grooves over which a rope or number of ropes may pass Sheave . A cylindrical device on the selector. to which the selector cable is attached.Safety Edge - A simulated car located in the selector which carries cams through which electrical signals are passed. which (through the gears) Drum transfers the car motion to the selector carriage. Shackle Threaded rods to which the hoist cables are socketed and which bolt to the hitch plate and the counterweight. Setting the Safety The act of triggering the safety to stop the elevator from falling. Carriage Safety Edge . Safety Plank The bottom member of a sling for a traction elevator which contains the safety. Safety Edge - Simulated floor devices on a selector through which cams pass electrical signals. Floor Bars Safety Housing A large clamp that anchors the car to the building to keep the elevator from falling. A pulley located on the car and on the counterweight. under which the hoist cables run to double the capacity . Seismic Switch Activated by movement in the ground that provides a signal that a potentially damaging earthquake is imminent.

Drive The grooved wheel of a traction machine over which hoist ropes are passed and through which motion is initiated.Deflector A pulley aligned with the drive sheave. Shut Off Valve A valve in the oil line that may be engaged manually to allow inspection and maintenance of a hydraulic .Compound and reduce the speed of an elevator. which provides a path for the cables to drop straight to the counterweight.1. Sheave . To deflect the cable for a straight drop to the counterweight. A pulley on a gearless machine which serves two purposes . 2. Sheave . Shims Devices used as fillers to ensure accurate positioning of bolted pieces (such as rails). Sheave . To allow each cable a second pass over the Secondary drive sheave.

hallway at landings. or in the car. Also refers to the arrangement of buttons or other devices used by passengers to indicate their destination. Light fixtures that provide visual and audible indication that a car is about to arrive. in the entrance. Signal fixtures. front-to-back. elevator system. Side Post The normal practice of mounting rails on opposite hoistway wall midways. . Sight Guard A strip of sheet metal mounted vertically on the leading edge of side sliding elevator doors used to reduce the opening between the leading edges of the hoistway and car doors and to block any sight of the hoistway with the doors are open. These may be located in the lobby. the direction of travel signal equipment when it leaves. or the relative position of the car in the hoistway.

Sills extend the full width of the door travel. A traffic analysis is not complete until other scenarios such as lunch time and down peak are examined through a full simulation. ThyssenKrupp Elevator offers a Freedom sill. Sill Support The means by which a hoistway door sill is secured to the flooring so that the sill is level with the floor.Silencer A muffler type device installed in the oil line of a hydraulic elevator pump designed to reduce noise produced as oil moves through the line. An elevator loads at the lobby. Sill The threshold of a door opening. Most sills include grooves to guide the bottom of the car or hoistway door. which is grooveless and is guided from under the sill. Simulation Tools A complex set of computer tools used by trained experts to simulate a group of elevators responding to hall calls and car calls. and returns empty for the next trip. . Simplex operation Controller operation that involves only one car. delivers passengers to their floors. Both the Basic and Enhanced Calculator are based on the traditional metrics of Morning Up Peak Traffic.

Spring Buffer One type of buffer. With ALS. Stile The vertical member of the car sling. behind the return panel. that fasten the crosshead to the safety plank. Across the line starting – an economical motor starter used with motors up to 30 horsepower. Speed The number of feet an elevator travels at the full rated velocity per minute for Imperial measurements. . Solid state starting is standard on motors with a horsepower of 40 or greater. It is located in the elevator pit. for elevators with speeds less than 200 feet per minute. Stack An accurate. vertical line of rails located in the hoistway. a heavy contactor is wired directly to the building power supply. The number of meters traveled per second in Metric. ("Stack: may also be used when referring to conduit and electrical wiring) Starting Solid state starting – an electronic reduced voltage starter featuring adjustable starting currents.Single Speed Door Door type with one panel which slides to one side. a crosshead and a bolster or safety plank which supports the platform and cab of an elevator. one on each side. which cushions the elevator. ALS produces higher starting current than a solid state starter. Sling The basic frame which consists of two stiles. Soffit Top horizontal piece that forms the entrance frame inside the elevator cab. It is optional on motors less than 40 horsepower.

. Strike jamb Column against which a horizontal sliding car door closes. Support (Brace) Slender metal pieces which extend from the platform and are secured another part of the frame to support Rods the platform. Tank (Reservoir) A container to store the oil used to move the elevator.Stopping The action of final motion of the elevator from leveling speed to an accurate floor level.

See also: Rise . Travel Vertical distance from the finished floor level of the terminal landing to the finished floor of the top landing. Toe guards are secured to the edge of the car platform or the hoistway edge of the sill of the lowest terminal landing. traction refers to the friction developed between the hoist ropes and drive sheave Transom A panel or panels above an entrance used to close the hoistway enclosure.Terminal landings The top or bottom landing to which an elevator travels. Toe Guards Steel plates with a flat and an angled surface which reduce the shearing action of the sill or threshold if the (Platform guards) doors are opened when the car is not at a landing. whereby the elevator is "pulled" up by cables. Torque The pulling effort developed by the motor Traction One of two methods by which an elevator is moved.

Frequency (VVVF) Valve A hydraulic elevator mechanism that regulates the motion of the elevator by regulating the flow of oil. Two to One Arrangement of hoist ropes in which one end of each hoist rope passes from a dead-end hitch in the Roping (2:1) overhead. Use the Enhanced Calculator when your lobby height is different than the floor to floor height.Net The distance from the top floor to the bottom floor. The strike jamb panel travels at twice the speed of the return jamb panel and slide in back of it as the doors open and close. . The car speed is one-half the rope speed. Variable Voltage A method of controlling a DC-driven machine which produces may different speeds. Travel . Two Speed Door A type of door consisting of two horizontal sliding panels which move in the same direction. A method of controlling an AC motor to vary the torque and speed by varying voltage amplitude and Variable frequency. up over the drive sheave. Variable Voltage.Total Net travel plus top and bottom overtravels. under a car sheave. down around a counterweight shave and up to another dead-end hitch in the overhead.Travel . Typical Floor to The distance between the surface of the finished floor on one landing to the surface of the finished floor on Floor Height the landing above.

. used on geared machines. Wainscoting Walls extending from the platform to the handrail or in some cases to the underside of the car top.Vertical The class of transport for moving people or equipment in the vertical direction transportation V-Groove A groove in the drive sheave which produces a pinching or wedging effect on the cable. Typically referred to as the finish of walls in a freight elevator.