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PROPIETARIO MUNICIPALIDAD DE ISLAY

CONTRATISTA : CONSORCIO MOLLENDO

LINEAS Y REDES PRIMARIAS
LINEAS DE SUB TRANSMISION
LINEAS DE TRANSMISION
: PROYECTO: “SISTEMA DE UTILIZACION EN MEDIA TENSION 10.0 KV,
ESTUDIO DEFINITIVO
MEJORAMIENTO Y AMPLIACION DE LA GESTION INTEGRAL DE LOS RE
PROYECTO :

DEPARTAMENTOS : ISLAY
PROVINCIA : MOLLENDO
DISTRITO :
FECHA : NOVIEMBRE 2017
:
ENCABEZADO 1 : : SELECCION DEL NIVEL DE AISLAMIENTO Y DE AISLADORES PARA

MEDIA TENSION 10.0 KV,
TION INTEGRAL DE LOS RESIDUOS SOLIDOS MUNICIPALES DE LOS DISTRITOS DE MOLLENDO, MEJIA E ISLAY – AREQUIP

DE AISLADORES PARA

PROPIETARIO

CONSULTORA:

SUPERVISION

FECHA (1) (4) (5) .

DUOS SOLIDOS MUNICIPALES DE LOS DISTRITOS DE MOLLENDO. MEJIA E ISLAY – AREQUIPA.” MUNICIPALIDAD DE ISLAY ESTUDIO DEFINITIVO CONSORCIO MOLLENDO SEAL .

MEJIA E ISLAY – AREQUIPA.” .NOVIEMBRE 2017 PROYECTO: “SISTEMA DE UTILIZACION EN MEDIA TENSION 10.0 KV. MEJORAMIENTO Y AMPLIACION DE LA GESTION INTEGRAL DE LOS RESIDUOS SOLIDOS MUNICIPALES DE LOS DISTRITOS DE MOLLENDO.

1 .

DEPARTAMENTO PROVINCIA DISTRITO AREQUIPA ISLAY MOLLENDO .

ZONA B ITEM ESTACION METEOROLOGICA NOMBRE CODIGO ELEVACION TEMPERATURA MEDIA TEMPERATURA MAXIMA TEMPERATURA MINIMA TEMPERATURA MEDIA ANUAL VIENTO MAXIMO (13h) .

3 4 2900 m.n.m.AREA 2 2900 .m. 4500 m.n.n.s.s.s.4600 m.m. 12 °C 3 °C 19 °C 15 °C 3 °C 3 °C 12 °C 8 °C 16 km/h 15 km/h .

m. VALORES A CONSIDER AR 7 °C 17 °C 3 °C 10 °C 15 km/h .00 m.s.n.

E.s. TRIFASICO DEL SISTEMA EQ.E. ESTUDIO DEFINITIVO PROYECTO: “SISTEMA DE UTILIZACION EN MEDIA TE MEJORAMIENTO Y AMPLIACION DE LA GESTION INTEGRAL DE LOS RESIDUOS SO MOLLENDO.1250 1. MEJIA E ISLAY – AREQUIPA SELECCION DEL NIVEL DE AISLAMIENTO Y DE AI LINEAS Y REDES PRIMARIAS 10 [kV CONDICIONES DE OPERACIÓN DEL SISTEMA ELECTRICO Tensión nominal de servicio entre fases Tensión máxima de servicio entre fases Punto más alto de la zona de Proyecto Temperatura media Nivel de contaminación ambiental Tipo de Conexión del Neutro Nivel Ceráunico 1.4500 1. TRIFASICO DEL EQUIPO [kVrms] [kVrms] [m.1000 FACTORES DE CORRECCION FACTORES DE CORRECCION ALTITUD ZONA Según C. 11 MUNICIPALIDAD DE ISLAY .C.3750 1.n.] 10 12 0 .3000 1.2500 1. Tomo IV-Norma IEC 137 m.s. SELECCION DEL NIVEL DE AISLAMIENTO NIVEL BASICO DE AISLAMIENTO NORMALIZADO A N TENSION NOMINAL MAXIMA TENSION TRIFASICO DEL SISTEMA O TRIFASICA DEL EQUIPO ALTITUD EQ.4000 1. CRITERIOS PARA LA SELECCION DE AISLADORES A).4000 39 103 180 .2000 1. POR ALTITUD POR TEMPERATURA 2000 I 1000 .N.00 4000 III 3001 .n. 71-1) NIVEL BASICO DE AISLAMIENTO AISLADORES ALTITUD A FRECUENCIA AL IMPULSO TIPO PIN ZONA DE SERVICIO POSITIVO m.m.00 3000 II 2001 .00 2.s. SOBRETENSIONES EXTERNAS (NORMA I.2000 28 75 180 II 2001 .m.4600 1.n.00 4600 IV 4001 .m. [kVeficaz] [kVpico] [kVpico] I 1000 .3000 35 94 180 III 3001 .

2000 16 192 744 3000 II 2001 . 12 SELECCION DEL NIVEL DE AISLAMIENTO Y DE AI LINEAS Y REDES PRIMARIAS 10 [kV CONDICIONES DE OPERACIÓN DEL SISTEMA ELECTRICO Tensión nominal de servicio entre fases Tensión máxima de servicio entre fases Punto más alto de la zona de Proyecto Temperatura media Nivel de contaminación ambiental Tipo de Conexión del Neutro Nivel Ceráunico IV 4001 . se tiene un nivel de contaminación del tipo I.C.4000 16 264 744 4600 IV 4001 .E.4600 41 109 180 B). Según la Tabla II.3000 16 240 744 4000 III 3001 .4600 16 278 744 NOTA: En la Area 2 del proyecto. CONTAMINACION AMBIENTAL (NORMA I.m. 815) Minima Distancia de Fuga Específica Nominal: BAJO 16 LONGITUD DE LINEA DE FUGA POR AISLADORES ALTITUD CONTAMINACION AMBIENTAL CALCULADO TIPO PIN ZONA 1 LINEA DE FUGA m.n.s. de la Norma IEC-815 al cual le corresponde una mínima distancia de fuga específica nominal de: 16 [mm/kV] . [mm/kV] [mm] [mm] 2000 I 1000 .

38 1. EGRAL DE LOS RESIDUOS SOLIDOS MUNICIPALES DE LOS DISTRITOS DE O. ESTUDIO DEFINITIVO E UTILIZACION EN MEDIA TENSION 10.” EL DE AISLAMIENTO Y DE AISLADORES PARA AS Y REDES PRIMARIAS 10 [kV] ACIÓN DEL SISTEMA ELECTRICO 4 kV 10 kV 12 m.25 1.00 1. 13 NICIPALIDAD DE ISLAY .m.9 Nivel BAJO Tipo MRT Torm.00 1. MEJIA E ISLAY – AREQUIPA.00 1./Año 0 SLAMIENTO NORMALIZADO A NIVEL DEL MAR NIVEL BASICO DE AISLAMIENTO REFERIDO AL NIVEL DEL MAR A FRECUENCIA DE SERVICIO AL IMPULSO [kVrms] [kVpico] 28 75 ACTORES DE CORRECCION DE CORRECCION FACTOR omo IV-Norma IEC 137 DE CORRECCION POR TEMPERATURA RESULTANTE 1. 282 °C 21.45 AISLADORES AISLADORES TIPO PIN TIPO SUSPENSION POLIMERICO POSITIVO NEGATIVO POLIMERICO 16 [kVpico] [kVpico] 16 POLIM_24kV_L 125 0 POLIM_24kV_L POLIM_24kV_L 125 0 POLIM_24kV_L POLIM_24kV_L 125 0 POLIM_24kV_L .0 KV.s.n.00 1.00 1.

s. 282 °C 21. de la Norma IEC-815 .m.n./Año 0 POLIM_24kV_L 125 0 POLIM_24kV_L [mm/kV] AISLADORES AISLADORES TIPO PIN TIPO SUSPENSION POLIMERICO LINEA DE FUGA NEGATIVO POLIMERICO 16 [mm] [kVpico] 16 POLIM_24kV_L 744 355 POLIM_24kV_L POLIM_24kV_L 744 355 POLIM_24kV_L POLIM_24kV_L 744 355 POLIM_24kV_L POLIM_24kV_L 744 355 POLIM_24kV_L Según la Tabla II.9 Nivel BAJO Tipo MRT Torm. 14 EL DE AISLAMIENTO Y DE AISLADORES PARA AS Y REDES PRIMARIAS 10 [kV] ACIÓN DEL SISTEMA ELECTRICO 4 kV 10 kV 12 m.

2) Ratio leakage distance measured between phase and earth over the r. characterited by no rain for long periods exposed to strong winds carring sand and salt. Médium 20 3 III. a higher value of specific creepage distance c but in some instances tha practicability of washing or greasing (see Appendix B) may have to be considered. 1) Use of fertilzens by spraying. Very heavy 31 1) For the actual creepage distance. Médium § Areas with high density of houses and/or industries but subjected to frequent winds and/or rainfall. phase value of the highest voltge for the eq publication 71-1) Notes 1. or the buraing of crop 2) Distancescan residues. II. Very heavy from the sea. TABLE II Minimum nominal specific creepage distance1) Pollution Level [mm/kV2)] 1 I. Light § Agricultural areas1) § Mountainous areas All those areas shall be situated at leas: 10 km to 20 km from the sea and shall not be exposed to winds directly fro § Areas with industries not producing particularty polluting smoke and/or with average density of houses equip heating plants. § Areas exposed to wind from the sea but not too close to the coast ( least several kilometres distant) 2) § Areas with high density of industries and suburbs of large cities with high density of heating plants producing III. subjected to conductive dusts and to industrial smoke producing particula conductive depposits. Heavy § Areas close to the sea or in say case exposed to relatively strong winds form the sea 2) § Areas generally of moderate extent. the especified manufacturing tolerances are aplicable (see IEC Publication 273: Di Outdoor Post Insulators and Post Insutator Units for for Systems with Nominal Voltajes Greater than 1000 V. § Areas with low density of industries or houses but subjected fruquent winds and/or rainfall. NIVELES DE CONTAMINACION AMBIENTAL Y DISTANCIAS DE FUGA NORMA IEC 815: GUIDE FOR THE SELECTION OF INSULATORS IN RESPECT OF POLLUTED COND TABLE I Pollution Level Examples of typical environments § Areas without industries and with low density of houses equipped with heating plants. In the case of exceptional pollution severity. very close to the coast and exposed to sea-sprig or to very strong and po IV. Light 16 2 II. § Desert areas.m. a especific nominal creepage distance of 31 mm/kV may not be ade Depending on service experience and/or on laboratory test results. In very lightly polluted areas. I. TABLE III Specific Artificial Pollution Test . IEC Publication 433: Characteristics of String Ins Rod Type. and IEC Publication 720: Characteristics of Line Post Insulators). 2. and sub regular condensation. § Areas generally of moderate extent.s. IEC P Charasteristics of String Insulator Units of the Cap and Pin Type. specific nominal creepage distances lower than 16 mm/kV can be used depending service experience 12 mm/kV seems to be a lower limit. from lead seatocoast a higher depend pollution on thelevel topography due to of the coastal area and on the extreme wind conditio dispersal by wind. Heavy 25 4 IV.

60 31 > 160 - 1) S.10 to 0. Severity withstand values it the phase to earth voltaje creepage distances Solid layer methods (see column 2 Table II) Salt fog method S.20 25 40 to 112 0. .D.1) [mm/kV] [kg/m3] [gr/cm3] 16 5 to 14 0.D.30 to 0.03 to 0. Salt Deposit Density.D.D.06 20 14 to 40 0.

very close to the coast and exposed to sea-sprig or to very strong and poluting winds rited by no rain for long periods exposed to strong winds carring sand and salt.TAMINACION AMBIENTAL Y DISTANCIAS DE FUGA NORMA IEC 815: N OF INSULATORS IN RESPECT OF POLLUTED CONDITIONS TABLE I Examples of typical environments es and with low density of houses equipped with heating plants. d from the sea but not too close to the coast ( least several kilometres distant) 2) y of industries and suburbs of large cities with high density of heating plants producing pollution. ty.m. washing or greasing (see Appendix B) may have to be considered. phase value of the highest voltge for the equipment ( see IEC minal creepage distances lower than 16 mm/kV can be used depending on a lower limit.s. TABLE III Artificial Pollution Test . Pollution Level BAJO MEDIO PESADO MUY PESADO d manufacturing tolerances are aplicable (see IEC Publication 273: Dimensions of Indoor and nits for for Systems with Nominal Voltajes Greater than 1000 V. a higher value of specific creepage distance can be used. or in say case exposed to relatively strong winds form the sea 2) derate extent. a especific nominal creepage distance of 31 mm/kV may not be adequate. IEC Publication 433: Characteristics of String Insulator Units of the Long ristics of Line Post Insulators). y of industries or houses but subjected fruquent winds and/or rainfall. IEC Publication 305: e Cap and Pin Type. and subjected to opography of the coastal area and on the extreme wind conditions. subjected to conductive dusts and to industrial smoke producing particularty thick derate extent. n laboratory test results. ated at leas: 10 km to 20 km from the sea and shall not be exposed to winds directly from the sea 2) not producing particularty polluting smoke and/or with average density of houses equipped with y of houses and/or industries but subjected to frequent winds and/or rainfall. se and earth over the r.

Severity withstand values it the phase to earth voltaje Solid layer methods Layer Conductivity [μS] 15 to 20 24 to 35 36 - .

and Canada Rated Test voltage Impulse voltage Rated Test voltage 60 Hz.3 I 100 .76 I 19 .5 I 160 . 60 - 125 145 25.A. permmisible only for effectively earthed neutral . 29 - 60 70 8. 1 min.S. Voltage 50 Hz. 176 - 72.) 136: New specifications for dielectric tests European practice end other countries U.5 140 160 325 375 72.5 F 175 145 193 160 100 E 150 175 380 440 100 185 210 450 520 123 E 185 210 450 520 123 230 265 550 630 145 E 230 265 550 630 Above Um = 100 kV.5 F 50 45 55 50 24 50 60 95 4) 110 4) 25.6 10 12 20 4) 23 4) 4. 88 - 170 195 38 F 95 80 105 88 52 48. 110 - 95 110 250 290 48.25 I 26 .O. 55 - 95 110 15.5 I 50 .1976: Coordination of insulation Draft 17A (C.8 F 70 60 77 66 36 70 80 145 4) 165 4) 38 I 80 .25 F 35 30 39 33 12 28 32 60 4) 70 4) 15 I 36 .Standardized Test Voltage IEC Publication 71-1.5 38 45 75 4) 85 4) 15. Service voltage of the network between phases 2) RMS value I = Indoor execution 3) Peak value F = Outdoor execution 4) For effectively earthed neutral with additional overvoltage protection or lightning arresters E = Reduced insulation.2 20 23 40 4) 46 4) 8. 40 - 75 85 17.2/50 ms Voltage to across to across To earth Across open contacts 1) Um earth open earth open Um Dry Wet Dry Wet contacts 1) contacts 1) 1 min 10 s 1 min 10 s 2) 2) 2) 3) 3) 2) 2) 2) 2) 2) kV kV kV kV kV kV kV kV kV kV 3. 21 - 40 46 7.3 F 120 100 132 110 72. 1. es European practice 145 275 315 650 750 170 E 275 315 650 750 170 323 375 750 860 245 E 360 415 850 950 245 E 395 460 930 1050 245 460 530 1050 1200 1) Only for isolators and earthing switches Um = Max.8 I 60 .

Service voltage of the network between phases IS = Lightning surge 3) Peak value SS = Switching surge . 1min 1.O.2/50 ms 250/2500 ms 250/25 2) 2) 3) 3) 2) 3) 3) 3) 3) kV kV kV kV kV kV kV kV kV 300 380 950 750 435 950 +170 850 700 1050 850 1050 +170 362 450 1050 850 520 1050 +205 950 800 1175 950 1175 +205 420 520 1300 950 610 1300 +240 1050 900 1425 1050 1425 +240 525 620 1425 1050 760 1425 +300 1175 900 1550 1175 1550 +300 765 830 1800 1300 1100 1800 +435 1550 1100 2100 1425 2100 +435 2) RMS value Um = Max. IEC Publication 71-1.1976:B34 Coordination of insulation Draft 17A (C. 1min 1.) 136: New specifications for dielectric tests Rated To earth Across open contacts Voltage Test Impulse Switching Test Bias test: IS + 50 Hz Switching Bias test: SS + 50 Um voltage voltage surge voltage Lightning 2 surge Switching  0 .7  U m  surge 3 surge 50Hz.2/50 ms 250/2500 ms 50Hz.

permmisible only for effectively earthed neutral . U.S. and Canada Impulse voltage 1.A.2/50 ms to across earth open contacts 1) 3) 3) kV kV 60 66 75 83 95 105 95 105 110 121 110 121 125 138 150 165 150 165 200 220 200 220 250 275 350 385 350 385 E = Reduced insulation.

7  U m  3 250/2500 ms 3) kV +245 +295 +345 +430 +625 .Across open contacts Bias test: SS + 50 Hz 2  0 .