You are on page 1of 1

OSI Model

#CiscoCert Shortcuts

APPLICATION/ CENTRAL DEVICE DOD4
LAYER
EXAMPLE PROTOCOLS MODEL

APPLICATION (7) End User Layer: Program
Serves as the window for users that opens what was User Applications
and application processes to sent or creates what is SMTP
access the network services. to be sent

PRESENTATION (6)
Formats the data to be presented Syntax Layer:
JPEG/ASCII/EBDIC/
to the Application layer. It can be Encrypt & decrypt Process
TIFF/GIF/PICT
viewed as the “Translator” for (if needed)
the network.

SESSION (5)
Allow session embellshment Synch & send to ports
Logical Ports G
RPC/SQL/NFS/
between processes running on (logical ports)
different stations.
NetBIOS names A

TRANSPORT (4)
T
PACKET FILTERING

Ensures that messages are
delivered error-free, in sequence,
TCP: Host to Host,
Flow Control TCP/SPX/UDP
E Host to
Host
and with no losses or duplications.
W
NETWORK (3)
Routers
A
Controls the operations of the Packets: “letter”, Internet
IP/IPX/ICMP
subnet, deciding which physical
path the data takes.
contains IP address Y

DATA LINK (2)
Land Based Layers

Frames: “envelopes”, Switch
Provides error-free transfer of
contains layer 2 address Bridge WAP
data frames from one node to PPP/SLIP
another over the Physical layer. (ex MAC address)
Network
PHYSICAL (1)
Concerned with the transmission
Physical structure: Hub
and reception of the unstructured Cables, hubs, etc.
raw bit stream over the physical
medium.