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DEFINITIONS  List of what might go wrong
 Equipment that can break down
BEI - Biological Exposure Indices  Natural hazards
DEP - Design and Engineering Practices  Mistakes people can make
EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment  Transport
FAC - First Aid Case
FTW - Fitness to Work Assessing Hazards
HEMP - Health and Effects Management Process  Assess hazards and determine probability
HIA - Health Impact Assessment  Potential for damage
HRA - Health Risk Assessment  Resources needed to control them
HSEMS - Health, Safety, and Environment Management System  Low Risk: Low probability of kick, inflow would be water, and
JSA - Job Safety Analysis wellhead pressure would be low.
LTI - Lost Time Incident  High Risk: Kick with H2S gas, with high wellhead pressures and
MES - Minimum Environmental Standards faulty equipment.
MHMS - Minimum Health Management Standards
MOPO - Manual of Permitted Operations Controlling Hazards
MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheets  Controls need to be specified
MTC - Medical Treatment Case  Equipment, procedures, and system defences
OEL - Occupational Exposure Limits  For low-risk situations, procedures may be adequate (see kick
PIC - Person in Charge example above)
POB - Personnel on Board  For high-risk situations (kick example), may need special
PPE - Personal Protective Equipment procedures, wellhead materials, BOPs with added
PTD - Permanent Total Disability redundancies, etc.
PTW - Permit to Work  Design casing to be set just above potential problem formation
RWC - Restricted Work Case and specify mud weight required.
SCOP - Safety Critical Operations Procedure  Revision of well program by senior company representative,
SHOC - Safe Handling of Chemicals and get signatures.
SIA - Social Impact Assessment  Equipment:
SMS - Safety Management System - Can the hazard be controlled by the installation of certain
TLV - Threshold Limit Values equipment?
TRC - Total Reportable Cases - Special equipment may need to be inspected by a 3rd party.
TRCF - Total Reportable Case Frequency  Procedures:
TROI - Total Reportable Occupational Illness - Follow a procedure
TROIF - Total Reportable Occupational Illness Frequency - Procedures in place to guard against foreseen hazards
- Operations manuals
PERMIT TO WORK - Permits to work
 Hot work  System Defences:
 Welding - Last resort
 Working overboard for offshore rig (i.e. painting) - If consequences serious, add redundancy (i.e. safety valves,
 Isolating and repairing a mud pump PPE, etc.)
 Handling a radioactive source
 Pressure testing Recovery
 Entry into confined spaces  Non Life Threatening:
 Heavy lifts - Inconvenience
 Work on high voltage equipment - Low probability of escalation to life threatening
 Work requiring the isolation of safety systems - Procedures put in place to cope with event
 Non-routine work at height
 Concurrent operations  Life Threatening:
 Non-routine use of dangerous substances - Special procedures
 Well servicing well entry activity on live wells - Contingency plans
 Handling of radioactive material - Control - draw up contingency plans

 PPE required
 Complete list of equipment (including backup) and personnel that will STEP 1: Identify hazards and potential effects
be going to rig Systematically identify the hazards, the threats and potential
 Review the load ratings for critical equipment (i.e. bails, elevators, hazardous events and effects, which may affect, or arise from, a
etc.) company's operation throughout the total life cycle of the operation.

STEP 2: Evaluate associated risks
ON ARRIVAL ON THE RIG Systematically evaluate and assess the risks from the identified
 Orientation (video/tour) hazards against accepted screening criteria, taking into account
 Site specific hazards/muster points the likelihood of occurrence and the severity of any consequences
 Reminder of PPE required to employees, assets, the environment, and the public. This
 Review Permit to Work system includes the risks associated with deviation from limits set for
 Review STOP program, or equivalent environmental and occupational health hazards. The Group HSE
 Electrical isolation requirements Risk Matrix is used to assess the level of risk associated with a

AFTER RIGGING UP EQUIPMENT Having determined the probability and consequences of the
 Review JSA for the specific operation (i.e. running casing) different scenarios, it is possible to represent the risk graphically
 Pre-job safety meeting with rig crews using the Risk Matrix described in EP 95-0100.
 PPE reminder
STEP 3: Identify controls and mitigation measures
Select, evaluate, and implement appropriate measures to reduce,
HEMP SYSTEM or eliminate risks. Risk reduction measures include those to
1. Identify prevent, or control incidence (i.e. reducing the probability of
2. Assess occurrence) and to mitigate effects (i.e. reducing the
3. Control consequences). Mitigation measures include steps to prevent
4. Recover escalation of developing abnormal situations and to lessen adverse
effects on HSE. Risk reduction measures also include recovery
preparedness measures, which address emergency procedures as
well as restoration and compensation procedures to recover.

controls and mitigation measures Record all those hazards and effects identified as significant in relation to the screening criteria in on of the following documents:  HSE MS Activities Catalogue  HSE Activity Specification Sheets  Hazards and Effects Register  HSE Critical Operating Procedures  Manual of Permitted Operations (MOPO) These documents will then be included in Parts 3 and 5 of the HSE MS and HSE Case. Proper pressure test program . Valve flying off choke (Has occurred in industry . and Strategic Objectives. Slipping on ice (Happens several time a year .  Example: .B) . Rig crews are adequately trained to identify and targets for the project or installation. Derrick is rated to handle depths (barrier so criteria that rig does not collapse) Compare the evaluated risks against the detailed HSE objectives . Qualified contractors performing tests . Worker competence . BOPs are rated to anticipated pressure . EMS. Improper metallurgy of valve  Barriers to prevent hazard from being released . Corrosion of metal . STEP 5: Record Hazards and Effects. it's the pressure in the line and the person walking. Person is injured. NOT the likelihood of the hazard being released. STEP 4: Compare with objectives and establish performance . which in turn must comply with the Company's HSE Management System.  The hazard is not the valve flying off. stop pressure test. and recovery. Metallurgy program . Proper inspection procedures . . EMS (medial personal to assist injured) . Improper test fluid . Valve flying off choke (Fatality . Exclusion zones (no personal in test zone) . Proper pre-test inspection procedures  Controls to prevent hazard from being released . HSE CASE  Performing pressure testing on pressure control equipment and valve fails and hits someone. . Valve flying off choke (B-4) . Performance standards at all levels must meet the criteria set in the HSE Case. For example:  Threats for releasing the pressure: . assess risks.D)  Therefore. Accumulator unit has capacity to function rams/annular as per Shell regulations.  The first four actions you would likely take are: a) Sound alarm.4) . the final risk matrix rating would be: . standards.2)  Have to look at worst case. . and then look at the likelihood of the potential consequence occurring. QA&QC . and shut in flow b) Attend to casualty c) Implement emergency response plan (ambulance. Improper installation procedures . Whipcheck (make sure lines are tied down) . for example. For all cases these targets hazards and adhere to Shell's safety must be maintained and be consistent with the Company Policy. control. The threat is what will release the hazard. Slipping on ice (D-2) HEMP PROCEDURE  HEMP is to identify hazards. ERP (emergency response plan) TECHNICAL AREAS FOR NEW RIG  Consider whether proper barriers are in place to prevent release of hazard: . or the ice the person slips on. Slipping on ice (Minor Injury . Design flaw (pressure testing too high) . Stars air ambulance) depending on severity of injury d) Assist with a full investigation and report RISK MATRIX  First look at worst-case consequence. Proper sized mud tanks for drill depth so there will not be a shortage of mud if encounter kick/loss situation.