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Jordan Gross

Ms. Diane Nicoll

7th Grade History

October 27, 2017

Buddhism in Tang China, Korea, and Japan

Describe the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of

Buddhism in Tang China, Korea, and Japan.

Buddhism in Tang China was a large influence of the spread of Buddhism. “Buddhism

played a dominant role in Tang dynasty China, its influence evident in poetry and art of the

period” (“Key Points In Developments In East Asia”). The start of Buddhism in China was back

around 213 BCE. It grew due to munks going to places in China practicing Buddhism.

Eventually people caught on. It also grew from trade. Buddhism in China resulted in more

practice of Buddhism and more trade on the Silk Road due to the trade of Buddhism on it.

However, not just Tang China was a influence of the spread Buddhism (“Key Points In

Developments In East Asia”).

Buddhism in Korea was a large influence of the spread of Buddhism. “Buddhism

incorporated elements of the local religion, Shamanism, into its ideology” (“History of

Buddhism in Korea”). Buddhism spreading with incorporated elements of the local religion,

flourished and spread throughout the peninsula. Buddhism flourished during the Goryo Dynasty

(918 to 1392 CE). However, the arrival of the Joseon Dynasty (1392 to 1910 CE) resulted in

expression repression of Buddhist monks and believers as it was replaced by Neo-Confucian

ideology. With more and more Buddhism spreading in Korea, travelers brought a little back with
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them to their home which resulted in more spread, like in Japan (“History of Buddhism in

Korea”).

Buddhism in Japan was a large influence of the spread of Buddhism. “Modern Japan has

produced an astounding number of ‘new religions,’ some nominally Buddhist in origin”

(“Japanese History/Buddhism in Japan”). The first active propagators of Buddhism in Japan

were Soga no Umako and Prince Umayado . They built temples and paid for running them and

training monks and nuns. It was not until about 50 years later that the first temple was built by an

emperor, and it was another two generations after that before the government established two

departments of religion, one to supervise Buddhism and the other Shinto. This resulted in more

practice of Buddhism. Japan was a influence of the spread of Buddhism along with other

countries (“Japanese History/Buddhism in Japan”).

The reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty were reasons for the expansion of

Buddhism in Tang China, Korea, and Japan. As a result, Buddhism also spread to Korea. Also, a

result of that was that Buddhism also spread to Japan. An outcome of everything was, Buddhism

spread through lots of land in the Tang and Sung period.
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Works Cited

“History of Buddhism in Korea” ​Korea4expats, ​2015,

http://www.korea4expats.com/article-Korean-buddhism.html. Accessed October 18,

2017.

“Japanese History/Buddhism in Japan” ​Wiki Books​, 2017,

https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Japanese_History/Buddhism_in_Japan. Accessed October

19, 2017.

“Key Points In Developments In East Asia” ​Asia for Educators, ​2009,

http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/kpct/kp_tang.htm. Accessed October 18, 2017.