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Statement of Changes in Financial

Position : Cash Flow Statement

Presented by:
Hitesh Baid
The Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement provides

information about:
• Cash Receipts (cash inflows)
• Uses of Cash (cash outflows)
• During a Period of Time
Inflows and outflows are reported for:
• Operating activities
• Investing activities
• Financing activities
Cash Inflows and Outflows
Classification of Business Activities :
Inflow and Outflow of Cash

Operating Activities

Cash Inflow Cash Outflow

1) Cash Sales 1) Cash Purchases

2) Received from Debtor 2) Payment to Creditors
3) Commission & Fees 3) Cash Operating Expenses
4) Royalty 4) Payment of Wages
5) Income Tax
6) Manufacturing Expenses

Cash effects the transaction on Net Income

Classification of Business Activities :
Inflow and Outflow of Cash

Investing Activities

Cash Inflow Cash Outflow

1) Sale of Fixed Assets 1) Purchase of Fixed Assets

2) Sale of investments 2) Purchase of Investments
3) Interest Received 3) Working Capital
4) Dividend Received
5) Working Capital Recovery
Classification of Business Activities :
Inflow and Outflow of Cash

Financing Activities

Cash Inflow Cash Outflow

1) Issue of Shares in Cash 1) Payment of Loans

2) Issue of Debentures in 2) Redemption of Preference
Cash Shares
3) Proceeds from long-term 3) Payment of Dividends
borrowings 4) Interest Paid
5) Repayment of Finance/
Lease Liability
Objectives of Cash Flow Statement

1. Highlighting cash flow from different

2. Short-term Planning
3. Cash Flow information helps to
understand liquidity
4. Efficient cash management
5. Prediction of sickness
6. Comparison with budget
7. Cash position
Cash Flow Statement : Limitations

• Does not show the liquidity position of the


• It is not a substitute of income statement

• Does not show the financial position of the

firm in totality
Distinction between Cash flow Statement and
Funds Flow Statement

Basis Of Difference Cash Flow Funds Flow

It recognizes Cash basis It is based upon accrual
Basis of Of accounting Basis of accounting I.e
Accounting Working capital

Significance It is useful for short- It is useful for long-term

Term financial planning Financial planning
Schedule of Such a schedule is not Schedule of changes in
Changes in Prepared for preparing Working capital is
Working Capital Cash flow statement Prepared separately

It studies only the

Causes of It studies causes of Ch-
Causes of cash
Variation variation
ange in working capital
Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows

• Use net operating income as the starting

point to get net operating cash flow
• Add back any non-cash expense
(Example - Depreciation)

Net Cash Flow = Cash Inflow - Cash Outflow

Net Operating Cash Flow = Income after Taxes

+ Depreciation
Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows

Order of Presentation:
Direct Method
1. Operating activities.
Indirect Method
2. Investing activities.

3.Financing activities.
Three Sources of Information:
1. Comparative balance sheets

2. Current income statement

3. Additional information
Cash Flow from Operating Activities : Direct Method

Cash Flow from Operating Activities Amount Amount

(Rs.) (Rs.)

Cash Receipts from :

Commission & Fees XXX
Interest Received
Cash Payment for :
Purchases XXX
Payments to and for employees XXX
Operating Expenses XXX
Interest Payments XXX
Direct Taxes Paid XXX

Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities
Cash Flow from Operating Activities : Indirect
Cash Flow from Operating Activities Amount Amount
(Rs.) (Rs.)

Net Profit before Tax xxx

Adjustment for :
Depreciation xxx
Loss on Sale of Fixed Assets
Loss on revaluation
xxx xxx
Operating Profit before Working Capital Changes
Adjustment* for :
Trade and other Receivables
Inventories or Stocks xxx
Trade Payments or (Creditors and B/P) xxx xxx
Cash Generated from Operations xxx
Interest Paid xxx xxx
Taxes Paid xxx
Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities
Preparing the Statement of
Cash Flows

Indirect and Direct Methods

Companies favor the indirect
method for two reasons:
1. It is easier and less costly
to prepare, and
2. It focuses on the
differences between net
income and net cash flow
from operating activities.
Book Approach

Income Statement Cash Flow Statement

Revenues +Net Income
+Depreciation Operating
Cost of Goods Sold -Capital Investment +
Depreciation* +Salvage Proceeds
Operating Expenses -Gain Tax Investing
Taxable Income -Working Inv Cap
Income Taxes +Working Cap Recovery
Net Income
+Borrowed Funds
-Repayment of Principal

*Assumes Tax Depreciation = Book Depreciation

Thus, no deferred taxes
Format for Cash Flow Statement
End of Presentation

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