Box Culvert Single Part2

© All Rights Reserved

1 views

Box Culvert Single Part2

© All Rights Reserved

- a05v8n2
- ANSYS Stress Linearization
- ISO 377-1997
- CE8395 Strength of Materials for Mechanical Engineers Questions and Answers
- Previous Year UPTU End Sem Exam Papers - SOM / MOS Paper 3
- Sr059210303 Mechanics of Solids
- Ansys Manual
- Thermal Strees
- Lect, Notes on Som
- t5
- bridge
- Chapter 3-Load and Stress Analysis
- Ulrikke Brandt
- Allowable Stress.pdf
- Mechanics CBT FE Manual 9.2 pgs 76-82,153,155,158,65-67,
- lec24
- UT Lift 1.2 Users Guide
- Basile 2014w
- Disha Publication Mechanical Concept Notes With Exercises Strength of Materials
- (a Treatise on Natural Philosophy 2 (Kelvin Tait 1912)

You are on page 1of 30

Clear height m 1.50

Height of fillet m 0.15

Top slab cm 25.0

Bottom slab cm 25.0

Cover of reinforcement bar (between concrete surface and center of reinforcement bar)

Side wall Outside cm 6.0

Inside cm 6.0

Top slab Upper cm 6.0

Lower cm 6.0

Bottom slab Lower cm 6.0

Upper cm 6.0

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Middle inside Tensile bar mm 12@250

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Upper outside Tensile bar mm 16@250

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Lower middle Tensile bar mm 16@250

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Upper middle Tensile bar mm 12@125

Distribution bar mm 12@250

Lower edge Fillet bar mm 12@250

2 Design Parameters

3

Backfill soil (wet) s = 1.8 tf/m

3

(submerged) s'= 1.0 tf/m

Truck load at rear wheel P= 5.0 tf

Impact coefficient (for Class I to IV road) Ci= 0.3 (D<4.0m)

0.0 (D>4.0m)

Pedestrian load (for Class V roads) 0 tf/m2

(K300) Allowable Compressive Stress ca= 100 kgf/cm2

Allowable Shearing Stress a= 10 kgf/cm2

(U24, deformed bar) Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar sy= 5,000 kgf/cm2

1/1 SingleBoxCulvert/01Summary

STRUCTURAL CALCULATION OF BOX CULVERT Type: B1.00m x H1.50m Class III Road

Soil Cover Depth: 6.0 m

1 Dimensions and Parameters

Basic Parameters asumsi

Ka: Coefficient of static earth pressure 0.5

w: Unit weight of water (t/m3) 1.00 t/m3

d: Unit weight of soil (dry) (t/m3) 1.80 t/m3

Gwd

s: Unit weight of soil (saturated) (t/m3) 2.00 t/m3

D

c: Unit weight of reinforced concrete (t/m3) 2.40 t/m3

ck: Concrete Design Strength 300 kgf/m2

ca Allowable Stress of Concrete 100 kgf/m2

t2

sa: Allowable Stress of Reinforcement Bar 2400 kgf/m2 400

a: Allowable Stress of Shearing (Concrete) 10 kgf/m2

sy: Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar 5000 kgf/m2

n: Young's Modulus Ratio 8

H

Hf Fa: Safety factor against uplift 1.2

HT

Basic Dimensions

Hf

H: Internal Height of Box Culvert 3 1.50 m

t3 B: Internal Width of Box Culvert 4 1.00 m

t1 t1 Hf: Fillet Height 0.15 m

B t1: Thickness of Side Wall 5 0.25 m (> 0.25m)

t2: Thickness of Top Slab 6 0.25 m (> 0.25m)

BT t3: Thickness of Invert (Bottom Slab) 7 0.25 m (> 0.25m)

BT: Gross Width of Box Culvert 1.50 m

HT: Gross Height of Box Culvert 2.00 m

D: Covering Depth 8 6.00 m

Gwd: Underground Water Depth for Case 1, 2 6.00 m (= D)

hiw: Internal Water Depth for Case 1, 2 0.00 m

for Case 3, 4 1.50 m

Top Slab d2 0.06 m Classification of Live load by truck Class 3

Side Wall d1 0.06 m PTM: Truck load of Middle Tire 5.00 t

Bottom Slab d3 0.06 m Ii: Impact coefficient (D≧4.0m:0, D<4.0m:0.3) 0

am: Ground contact length of Middle Tire 0.10 m

bm: Ground contact width of Middle Tire 0.25 m

PTR: Truck load of Rear Tire 5.00 t

ar: Ground contact length of Rear Tire 0.10 m

br: Ground contact width of Rear Tire 0.25 m

PTF: Truck load of Front wheel 1.25 t

af: Ground contact length of Front Tire 0.10 m

bf: Ground contact width of Front Tire 0.25 m

qp: Pedestrian load 0.00 t/m2

Dimension of frame

t1 B t1

H0: Height of frame t2/2 + H + t3/2 1.750 m

D1 B0: Width of frame B + t1 1.250 m

t2 D1: Covering depth at middle of top slab D + t2/2 6.125 m

H H0

t3

B0

1/ 6 (1)SingleBoxCulvert, 02Load

Load distribution of truck tire

a) distributed load of middle tire

Pvtm: distributed load of middle tire 2PTM(1+Ii)/(am'bm') = 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

am': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+bm = 14.000 m

bm': width of distributed load 2D+am = 12.100 m

b) distributed load of rear tire

Pvtr: distributed load of rear tire 2PTR(1+Ii)/(ar'br') 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

ar': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+br = 14.000 m

br': width of distributed load 2D+ar = 12.100 m

c) distributed load of front tire

Pvtf: distributed load of front tire 2PTF(1+Ii)/(af'bf') 0.0148 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

af': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+bf = 14.000 m

bf': width of distributed load 2D+af = 12.100 m

a) distributed load of middle tire

Pvtm: distributed load of middle tire 2PTM(1+Ii)/(am'bm') = 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

am': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+bm = 14.000 m

bm': width of distributed load 2D+am = 12.100 m

b) distributed load of rear tire

Pvtr: distributed load of rear tire 2PTR(1+Ii)/(ar'br') 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

ar': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+br = 14.000 m

br': width of distributed load 2D+ar = 12.100 m

c) distributed load of front tire

Pvtf: distributed load of front tire 2PTF(1+Ii)/(af'bf') 0.0148 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

af': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+bf = 14.000 m

bf': width of distributed load 2D+af = 12.100 m

a) distributed load of rear tire

Pvtr: distributed load of rear tire 2PTR(1+Ii)/(ar'br') = 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

ar': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+br = 14.000 m

br': width of distributed load 2D+ar = 12.100 m

b) distributed load of middle tire

Pvtm: distributed load of middle tire 2PTM(1+Ii)/(am'bm') 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m

am': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+bm = 14.000 m

bm': width of distributed load 2D+am = 12.100 m

c) distributed load of front tire

Pvtf: distributed load of front tire not reach to top slab 0.0000 tf/m2, B= 0.000 m

af': length of distributed load 2D+1.75+bf = 14.000 m

bf': width of distributed load 2D+af = 12.100 m

Case.L1: Pvt1 = 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m Combination for Case.L2 (2) (2) (3) (3)

Pvt2 = 0.0590 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m a) + b) a) + c) a) + b) a) + c)

Case.L2: Pvt1 = 0.1181 tf/m2, B= 1.250 m Distributed load total 0.1181 0.0738 0.1181 0.0590

Pvt2 = 0.0000 tf/m2, B= 0.000 m Select the combination case of 0.1181 tf/m2,

for Case.L2, which is the largest load to the top slab.

In case of covering depth (D) is over 3.0m, uniform load of 1.0 tf/m2 is applied on the top slab of culvert instead of live load calculated above.

Analysis is made considering empty inside of box culvert.

Fs=Vd/U > Fa Fs= 6.6360 > 1.2 ok

where, Vd: Total dead weight (t/m) Vd= 19.908 tf/m

U: Total uplift (t.m)

U=BT*HT*w U= 3.000 tf/m

Wc: Self weight of box culvert Wc = (HT*BT-H*B+2*Hf^2)*c = 3.708 tf/m

Fa: Safety factor against uplift Fa= 1.2

2/ 6 (1)SingleBoxCulvert, 02Load

3 Load calculation

Case 1: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L1

1) vertical load against top slab

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wtop= (t2*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wtop= 0.7632

Pvd=Gwd*gd+(D-Gwd)*gs Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Pv1= 12.5632

Acting Load (tf/m2) Horizontal pressure by track tire

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000 we1= 1.0000 tf/m2

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000 we2= 0.0000 tf/m2

P3=Ka*gd*Gwd P3= 5.4000

P4=Ka*gs*(D1-Gwd) P4= 0.1250

P5=gw*(D1-Gwd) P5= 0.1250

Ph1= 6.1500

Acting Load (tf/m2)

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000

P3=Ka*d*Gwd P3= 5.4000

P4=Ka*s*(D1+H0-Gwd) P4= 1.8750

P5=w*(D1+H0-Gwd) P5= 1.8750

Ph2= 9.6500

Acting Load (tf/m)

Wsw=t1*H*c Wsw= 0.9000

5) ground reaction

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wbot=(t3*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wbot= 0.7632

Wtop Wtop= 0.7632

Ws=Wsw*2/B0 Ws= 1.4400

Pvd Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/B0 Wiw= 0.0000 hiw: internal water depth 0.00 m

Up=-U/B0 U= -2.4000

Q= 12.3664

Item V H x y M

(tf/m) (tf/m) (m) (m) (tf.m/m) acting point of resultant force

Self weight top slab 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 X = M/V = 0.625 m

side wall (left) 0.9000 - 0.0000 - 0.0000 e = B0/2 - X = 0.000 m

side wall (right) 0.9000 - 1.2500 - 1.1250

invert 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 ground reaction

load on top slab Pvd 13.5000 - 0.6250 - 8.4375 q1 = V/Bo + 6Ve/Bo^2 = 12.3664 tf/m2

Pvt1 1.2500 - 0.6250 - 0.7813 q2 = V/Bo - 6Ve/Bo^2 = 12.3664 tf/m2

Pvt2 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

soil pressure side wall (left) - 13.8250 - 0.8104 11.2036

side wall (right) - -13.8250 - 0.8104 -11.2036

internal water 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

uplift -3.0000 - 0.6250 - -1.8750

total 15.4580 9.6613

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Pvd 10.8000

Pvt1 1.0000

Pvt2 0.0000

Wtop 0.7632

Ws 1.4400

Pq= 14.0032

3/ 6 (1)SingleBoxCulvert, 02Load

Case 2: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L2

1) vertical load against top slab

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wtop= (t2*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wtop= 0.7632

Pvd=Gwd*gd+(D-Gwd)*gs Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Pv1= 12.5632

Acting Load (tf/m2) Horizontal pressure by track tire

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000 we1= 1.0000 tf/m2

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000 we2= 0.0000 tf/m2

P3=Ka*gd*Gwd P3= 5.4000

P4=Ka*gs*(D1-Gwd) P4= 0.1250

P5=gw*(D1-Gwd) P5= 0.1250

Ph1= 6.1500

Acting Load (tf/m2)

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000

P3=Ka*d*Gwd P3= 5.4000

P4=Ka*s*(D1+H0-Gwd) P4= 1.8750

P5=w*(D1+H0-Gwd) P5= 1.8750

Ph2= 9.6500

Acting Load (tf/m)

Wsw=t1*H*c Wsw= 0.9000

5) ground reaction

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wbot=(t3*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wbot= 0.7632

Wtop Wtop= 0.7632

Ws=Wsw*2/B0 Ws= 1.4400

Pvd Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/B0 Wiw= 0.0000 hiw: internal water depth 0.00 m

Up=-U/B0 U= -2.4000

Q= 12.3664

Item V H x y M

(tf/m) (tf/m) (m) (m) (tf.m/m) acting point of resultant force

Self weight top slab 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 X = M/V = 0.6250 m

side wall (left) 0.9000 - 0.0000 - 0.0000 e = B0/2 - X = 0.0000 m

side wall (right) 0.9000 - 1.2500 - 1.1250

invert 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 ground reaction

load on top slab Pvd 13.5000 - 0.6250 - 8.4375 q1 = V/Bo + 6Ve/Bo^2 = 12.3664 tf/m2

Pvt1 1.2500 - 0.6250 - 0.7813 q2 = V/Bo - 6Ve/Bo^2 = 12.3664 tf/m2

Pvt2 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

soil pressure side wall (left) - 13.8250 - 0.8104 11.2036

side wall (right) - -13.8250 - 0.8104 -11.2036

internal water 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

uplift -3.0000 - 0.6250 - -1.8750

total 15.4580 9.6613

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Pvd 10.8000

Pvt1 1.0000

Pvt2 0.0000

Wtop 0.7632

Ws 1.4400

total Pq= 14.0032

4/ 6 (1)SingleBoxCulvert, 02Load

Case 3: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L1

1) vertical load against top slab

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wtop= (t2*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wtop= 0.7632

Pvd=D*d Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Pv1= 12.5632

Acting Load (tf/m2) Horizontal pressure by track tire

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000 we1= 1.0000 tf/m2

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000 we2= 0.0000 tf/m2

P3=Ka*d*D1 P3= 5.5125

WP=-w*0 P4= 0.0000

Ph1= 6.0125

Acting Load (tf/m2)

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000

P3=Ka*d*(D1+H0) P3= 7.0875

WP=-w*H P4= -1.5000

Ph2= 6.0875

Acting Load (tf/m)

Wsw=t1*H*c Wsw= 0.9000

5) ground reaction

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wbot=(t3*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wbot= 0.7632

Wtop Wtop= 0.7632

Ws=Wsw*2/B0 Ws= 1.4400

Pvd Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/B0 Wiw= 1.1640 hiw: internal water depth 1.500 m

Up=0 U= 0.0000

Q= 15.9304

Item V H x y M

(tf/m) (tf/m) (m) (m) (tf.m/m) acting point of resultant force

Self weight top slab 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 X = M/V = 0.6250 m

side wall (left) 0.9000 - 0.0000 - 0.0000 e = B0/2 - X = 0.0000 m

side wall (right) 0.9000 - 1.2500 - 1.1250

invert 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 ground reaction

load on top slab Pvd 13.5000 - 0.6250 - 8.4375 q1 = V/Bo + 6Ve/Bo^2 = 15.9304 tf/m2

Pvt1 1.2500 - 0.6250 - 0.7813 q2 = V/Bo - 6Ve/Bo^2 = 15.9304 tf/m2

Pvt2 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

soil pressure side wall (left) - 10.5875 - 0.8732 9.2449

side wall (right) - -10.5875 - 0.8732 -9.2449

internal water 1.4550 - 0.6250 - 0.9094

uplift 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

total 19.9130 12.4456

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Pvd 10.8000

Pvt1 1.0000

Pvt2 0.0000

Wtop 0.7632

Ws 1.4400

total Pq= 14.0032

5/ 6 (1)SingleBoxCulvert, 02Load

Case 4: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L2

1) vertical load against top slab

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wtop= (t2*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wtop= 0.7632

Pvd=D*d Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Pv1= 12.5632

Acting Load (tf/m2) Horizontal pressure by track tire

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000 we1= 1.0000 tf/m2

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000 we2= 0.0000 tf/m2

P3=Ka*d*D1 P3= 5.5125

WP=-w*0 P4= 0.0000

Ph1= 6.0125

Acting Load (tf/m2)

P1=Ka*we1 P1= 0.5000

P2=Ka*we2 P2= 0.0000

P3=Ka*d*(D1+H0) P3= 7.0875

WP=-w*H P4= -1.5000

Ph2= 6.0875

Acting Load (tf/m)

Wsw=t1*H*c Wsw= 0.9000

5) ground reaction

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Wbot=(t3*BT+Hf^2)*c/B0 Wbot= 0.7632

Wtop Wtop= 0.7632

Ws=Wsw*2/B0 Ws= 1.4400

Pvd Pvd= 10.8000

Pvt1 Pvt1= 1.0000

Pvt2 Pvt2= 0.0000

Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*w/B0 Wiw= 1.1640 hiw: internal water depth 1.500 m

Up=0 U= 0.0000

Q= 15.9304

Item V H x y M

(tf/m) (tf/m) (m) (m) (tf.m/m) acting point of resultant force

Self weight top slab 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 X = M/V = 0.6250 m

side wall (left) 0.9000 - 0.0000 - 0.0000 e = B0/2 - X = 0.0000 m

side wall (right) 0.9000 - 1.2500 - 1.1250

invert 0.9540 - 0.6250 - 0.5963 ground reaction

load on top slab Pvd 13.5000 - 0.6250 - 8.4375 q1 = V/Bo + 6Ve/Bo^2 = 15.9304 tf/m2

Pvt1 1.2500 - 0.6250 - 0.7813 q2 = V/Bo - 6Ve/Bo^2 = 15.9304 tf/m2

Pvt2 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

soil pressure side wall (left) - 10.5875 - 0.8732 9.2449

side wall (right) - -10.5875 - 0.8732 -9.2449

internal water 1.4550 - 0.6250 - 0.9094

uplift 0.0000 - 0.6250 - 0.0000

total 19.9130 12.4456

Acting Load (tf/m2)

Pvd 10.8000

Pvt1 1.0000

Pvt2 0.0000

Wtop 0.7632

Ws 1.4400

total Pq= 14.0032

Item Pv1 Ph1 Ph2 Pq Wsw q1

Case (tf/m2) (tf/m2) (tf/m2) (tf/m2) (tf/m) (tf/m2)

Case.1 12.5632 6.1500 9.6500 14.0032 0.9000 12.3664

Case.2 12.5632 6.1500 9.6500 14.0032 0.9000 12.3664

Case.3 12.5632 6.0125 6.0875 14.0032 0.9000 15.9304

Case.4 12.5632 6.0125 6.0875 14.0032 0.9000 15.9304

6/ 6 (1)SingleBoxCulvert, 02Load

4 Analysis of Plane Frame

Case 1: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L1

Ph1 Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall 6.150 tf/m2

Ph2 Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall 9.650 tf/m2

Pv1 Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab 12.563 tf/m2

Pv2 Vertical Pressure(2) on top slab 0.000 tf/m2

Pq Reaction to bottom slab 14.003 tf/m2

a Distance from joint B to far end of Pv2 1.250 m B (t2) C

b Distance from joint B to near end of Pv2 0.000 m

H0 Height of plane frame 1.750 m

H0 (t1) (t1)

B0 Width of plane frame 1.250 m

t1 Thickness of side wall 0.250 m

t2 Thickness of top slab 0.250 m A (t3) D

t3 Thickness of invert (bottom slab) 0.250 m

B0

CBA = CCD = (3Ph1+2Ph2)H02/60 = 1.92682 tf･m

2 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 2

CBC = CCB = Pv1B0 /12 + {(a -b )B0 /2 - 2B0(a -b )/3 + (a -b )/4}Pv2/B0 = 1.63583 tf･m

2

CDA = CAD = PqB0 /12 = 1.82333 tf･m

k1 = 1.0

k2 = H0t23/(B0t13) = 1.4000

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13) = 1.4000

k1 2(k1+k2) k2 0 -3k1 B CBC - CBA

0 k2 2(k1+k2) k1 -3k1 C = CCD - CCB

k3 0 k1 2(k1+k3) -3k1 D CDA - CDC

k1 k1 k1 k1 -4k1 R 0

A = -D B = -C R =0

=

k1 2k1+k2 B CBC - CBA

=

1.0 3.4000 B -0.29098958

A = 0.11839 C = 0.12041

B = -0.12041 D = -0.11839

1/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

MAB = k1(2A +B) - CAB = -1.9891 tf･m

MBA = k1(2B+A)+CBA = 1.8044 tf･m

MBC = k2(2B+C) - CBC = -1.8044 tf･m

MCB = k2(2C+B)+CCB = 1.8044 tf･m

MCD = k1(2C+D) - CCD = -1.8044 tf･m

MDC =k1 (2D+ C)+CDC = 1.9891 tf･m

MDA = k3(2D+A) - CDA = -1.9891 tf･m

MAD = k3(2A+D)+CAD = 1.9891 tf･m

2-1) Side Wall in left

a) Shearing Force at joint MBA

w2

w1 Load at end A 9.650 tf/m2

w2 Load at end B 6.150 tf/m2 B

MAB Bending moment at end A -1.9891 tf･m

MBA Bending moment at end B 1.8044 tf･m

L

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m x

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m A

w1

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L MAB

= 7.528 tf

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2 = -6.297 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

Sx1 = 4.006 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.370 m

Sx2 = -3.815 tf

c) Bending Moment

MA = MAB = -1.989 tf･m

MB = -MBA = -1.804 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 7.5284 -9.6500 x + 1.0000 x2 , x = 8.794

0.856

Bending moment at x = 0.8561 m is;

Mmax = SABx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MAB = 1.129 tf・m

2/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

2-2) Top Slab

a) Shearing Force at joint

a

w2 Uniform load 0.000 tf/m2 b

a Distance from end B to near end of w 0.000 m

b Length of uniform load w2 1.250 m

MBC Bending moment at end B -1.8044 tf･m w2

MCB Bending moment at end C 1.8044 tf･m

L Length of member (=Bo) 1.250 m w1

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m B C

d Effective height of member 0.190 m

MBC x MCB

SBC = (w1L+w2b)/2-(MBC+MCB)/L = 7.852 tf L

SCB = SBC -w1L - w2b = -7.852 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx1 = 3.078 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.078 tf

c) Bending Moment

MB = MBC = -1.804 tf･m

MC = -MCB = -1.804 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the center of member due to symmetry loading distribution.

Bending moment at x = 0.625 m is;

Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 - w2(x-a)2/2 + MBC = 0.649 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Load at end D 9.650 tf/m2

w1

MCD Bending moment at end C -1.8044 tf･m C

MDC Bending moment at end D 1.9891 tf･m L x

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m D w2

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m MDC

= 6.297 tf

SDC = SCD - L(w1+w2)/2 = -7.528 tf

3/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

Sx1 = 3.815 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.370 m

Sx2 = -4.006 tf

c) Bending Moment

MC = MCD = -1.804 tf･m

MD = -MDC = -1.989 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 6.2966 -6.1500 x -1.0000 x2 , x = -7.044

0.894

Bending moment at x = 0.8939 m is;

Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MCD = 1.12889 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Reaction at end A 14.003 tf/m2 L

MDA Bending moment at end B -1.98909 tf･m MAD x MDA

MAD Bending moment at end C 1.98909 tf･m

L Length of member (=B0) 1.250 m A D

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m w2 w1

= 8.752 tf

SAD = SDA - L(w1+w2)/2 = -8.752 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SDA- w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 3.431 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.431 tf

c) Bending Moment

MD = MDA = -1.989 tf･m

MA = -MAD = -1.989 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SDA - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 8.7520 -14.0032 x , x = 0.625

Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MDA = 0.746 tf・m

4/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

Case 2: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L2

Ph1 Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall 6.150 tf/m2

Ph2 Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall 9.650 tf/m2

Pv1 Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab 12.563 tf/m2

Pv2 Vertical Pressure(2) on top slab 0.000 tf/m2

Pq Reaction to bottom slab 14.003 tf/m2

a Distance from joint B to far end of Pv2 1.250 m B (t2) C

b Distance from joint B to near end of Pv2 0.000 m

H0 Height of plane frame 1.750 m

H0 (t1) (t1)

B0 Width of plane frame 1.250 m

t1 Thickness of side wall 0.250 m

t2 Thickness of top slab 0.250 m A (t3) D

t3 Thickness of invert (bottom slab) 0.250 m

B0

2

CBA = CCD = (3Ph1+2Ph2)H0 /60 = 1.92682 tf･m

CBC = CCB = Pv1B02/12 + {(a2-b2)B02/2 - 2B0(a3-b3)/3 + (a4-b4)/4}Pv2/B02 = 1.63583 tf･m

2

CDA = CAD = PqB0 /12 = 1.82333 tf･m

k1 = 1.0

k2 = H0t23/(B0t13) = 1.40000

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13) = 1.40000

k1 2(k1+k2) k2 0 -3k1 B CBC - CBA

0 k2 2(k1+k2) k1 -3k1 C = CCD - CCB

k3 0 k1 2(k1+k3) -3k1 D CDA - CDC

k1 k1 k1 k1 -4k1 R 0

A = -D B = -C R =0

=

k1 2k1+k2 B CBC - CBA

=

1.0 3.4000 B -0.29098958

A = 0.11839 C = 0.12041

B = -0.12041 D = -0.11839

5/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

MAB = k1(2A +B) - CAB = -1.9891 tf･m

MBA = k1(2B+A)+CBA = 1.8044 tf･m

MBC = k2(2B+C) - CBC = -1.8044 tf･m

MCB = k2(2C+B)+CCB = 1.8044 tf･m

MCD = k1(2C+D) - CCD = -1.8044 tf･m

MDC =k1 (2D+ C)+CDC = 1.9891 tf･m

MDA = k3(2D+A) - CDA = -1.9891 tf･m

MAD = k3(2A+D)+CAD = 1.9891 tf･m

2-1) Side Wall in left

a) Shearing Force at joint MBA

w2

w1 Load at end A 9.650 tf/m2

w2 Load at end B 6.150 tf/m2 B

MAB Bending moment at end A -1.9891 tf･m

MBA Bending moment at end B 1.8044 tf･m

L

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m x

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m A

w1

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L MAB

= 7.5284 tf

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2 = -6.2966 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

Sx1 = 4.006 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.37 m

Sx2 = -3.815 tf

c) Bending Moment

MA = MAB = -1.989 tf･m

MB = -MBA = -1.804 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 7.5284 -9.6500 x + 1.0000 x2 , x = 8.794

0.856

Bending moment at x = 0.8561 m is;

Mmax = SABx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MAB = 1.129 tf・m

6/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

2-2) Top Slab

a) Shearing Force at joint

a

w2 Uniform load 0.000 tf/m2 b

a Distance from end B to near end of w 0.000 m

b Length of uniform load w2 1.250 m

MBC Bending moment at end B -1.8044 tf･m w2

MCB Bending moment at end C 1.8044 tf･m

L Length of member (=Bo) 1.250 m w1

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m B C

d Effective height of member 0.190 m

MBC x MCB

SBC = (w1L+w2b)/2-(MBC+MCB)/L = 7.852 tf L

SCB = SBC -w1L - w2b = -7.852 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx1 = 3.078 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.078 tf

c) Bending Moment

MB = MBC = -1.804 tf･m

MC = -MCB = -1.804 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the center of member due to symmetry loading distribution.

Bending moment at x = 0.625 m is;

Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 - w2(x-a)2/2 + MBC = 0.649 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Load at end D 9.650 tf/m2

w1

MCD Bending moment at end C -1.8044 tf･m C

MDC Bending moment at end D 1.9891 tf･m L x

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m D w2

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m MDC

= 6.297 tf

SDC = SCD - L(w1+w2)/2 = -7.528 tf

7/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 3.815 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.370 m

Sx2 = -4.006 tf

c) Bending Moment

MC = MCD = -1.804 tf･m

MD = -MDC = -1.989 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 6.2966 -6.1500 x -1.0000 x2 , x = -7.0439

0.8939

Bending moment at x = 0.8939 m is;

Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MCD = 1.1289 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Reaction at end A 14.003 tf/m2 L

MDA Bending moment at end B -1.9891 tf･m MAD x MDA

MAD Bending moment at end C 1.9891 tf･m

L Length of member (=B0) 1.250 m A D

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m w2 w1

= 8.752 tf

SAD = SDA - L(w1+w2)/2 = -8.752 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SDA- w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 3.431 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.431 tf

c) Bending Moment

MD = MDA = -1.989 tf･m

MA = -MAD = -1.989 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SDA - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 8.7520 -14.0032 x , x = 0.6250

Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MDA = 0.746 tf・m

8/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

Case 3: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L1

Ph1 Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall 6.013 tf/m2

Ph2 Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall 6.088 tf/m2

Pv1 Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab 12.563 tf/m2

Pv2 Vertical Pressure(2) on top slab 0.000 tf/m2

Pq Reaction to bottom slab 14.003 tf/m2

a Distance from joint B to far end of Pv2 1.250 m B (t2) C

b Distance from joint B to near end of Pv2 0.000 m

H0 Height of plane frame 1.750 m

H0 (t1) (t1)

B0 Width of plane frame 1.250 m

t1 Thickness of side wall 0.250 m

t2 Thickness of top slab 0.250 m A (t3) D

t3 Thickness of invert (bottom slab) 0.250 m

B0

2

CBA = CCD = (3Ph1+2Ph2)H0 /60 = 1.54210 tf･m

CBC = CCB = Pv1B02/12 + {(a2-b2)B02/2 - 2B0(a3-b3)/3 + (a4-b4)/4}Pv2/B02 = 1.63583 tf･m

2

CDA = CAD = PqB0 /12 = 1.82333 tf･m

k1 = 1.0

k2 = H0t23/(B0t13) = 1.40000

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13) = 1.40000

k1 2(k1+k2) k2 0 -3k1 B CBC - CBA

0 k2 2(k1+k2) k1 -3k1 C = CCD - CCB

k3 0 k1 2(k1+k3) -3k1 D CDA - CDC

k1 k1 k1 k1 -4k1 R 0

A = -D B = -C R =0

=

k1 2k1+k2 B CBC - CBA

=

1.0 3.4000 B 0.09373698

A = -0.09819 C = -0.05645

B = 0.05645 D = 0.09819

9/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

MAB = k1(2A +B) - CAB = -1.68586 tf･m

MBA = k1(2B+A)+CBA = 1.55680 tf･m

MBC = k2(2B+C) - CBC = -1.55680 tf･m

MCB = k2(2C+B)+CCB = 1.55680 tf･m

MCD = k1(2C+D) - CCD = -1.55680 tf･m

MDC =k1 (2D+ C)+CDC = 1.68586 tf･m

MDA = k3(2D+A) - CDA = -1.68586 tf･m

MAD = k3(2A+D)+CAD = 1.68586 tf･m

2-1) Side Wall in left

a) Shearing Force at joint MBA

w2

w1 Load at end A 6.088 tf/m2

w2 Load at end B 6.013 tf/m2 B

MAB Bending moment at end A -1.6859 tf･m

MBA Bending moment at end B 1.5568 tf･m

L

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m x

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m A

w1

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L MAB

= 5.378 tf

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2 = -5.209 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

Sx1 = 3.068 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.370 m

Sx2 = -2.921 tf

c) Bending Moment

MA = MAB = -1.686 tf･m

MB = -MBA = -1.557 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 5.3784 -6.0875 x + 0.0214 x2 , x = 283.197

0.886

Bending moment at x = 0.8863 m is;

Mmax = SABx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MAB = 0.695 tf・m

10/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

2-2) Top Slab

a) Shearing Force at joint

a

w2 Uniform load 0.000 tf/m2 b

a Distance from end B to near end of w 0.000 m

b Length of uniform load w2 1.250 m

MBC Bending moment at end B -1.557 tf･m w2

MCB Bending moment at end C 1.557 tf･m

L Length of member (=Bo) 1.250 m w1

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m B C

d Effective height of member 0.190 m

MBC x MCB

SBC = (w1L+w2b)/2-(MBC+MCB)/L = 7.852 tf L

SCB = SBC -w1L - w2b = -7.852 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx1 = 3.078 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.078 tf

c) Bending Moment

MB = MBC = -1.557 tf･m

MC = -MCB = -1.557 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the center of member due to symmetry loading distribution.

Bending moment at x = 0.625 m is;

Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 - w2(x-a)2/2 + MBC = 0.897 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Load at end D 6.088 tf/m2

w1

MCD Bending moment at end C -1.557 tf･m C

MDC Bending moment at end D 1.686 tf･m L x

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m D w2

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m MDC

= 5.209 tf

SDC = SCD - L(w1+w2)/2 = -5.378 tf

11/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 2.921 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.370 m

Sx2 = -3.068 tf

c) Bending Moment

MC = MCD = -1.557 tf･m

MD = -MDC = -1.686 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 5.2091 -6.0125 x -0.0214 x2 , x = -281.45

0.864

Bending moment at x = 0.8637 m is;

Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MCD = 0.695 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Reaction at end A 14.003 tf/m2 L

MDA Bending moment at end B -1.686 tf･m MAD x MDA

MAD Bending moment at end C 1.686 tf･m

L Length of member (=B0) 1.250 m A D

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m w2 w1

= 8.752 tf

SAD = SDA - L(w1+w2)/2 = -8.752 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SDA- w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 3.431 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.431 tf

c) Bending Moment

MD = MDA = -1.686 tf･m

MA = -MAD = -1.686 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SDA - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 8.7520 -14.0032 x , x = 0.625

Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MDA = 1.049 tf・m

12/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

Case 4: Box Culvert Inside is Full, Underground Water up to invert, Track load Case. L2

Ph1 Horizontal Pressure at top of side wall 6.013 tf/m2

Ph2 Horizontal Pressure at bottom of side wall 6.088 tf/m2

Pv1 Vertical Pressure(1) on top slab 12.563 tf/m2

Pv2 Vertical Pressure(2) on top slab 0.000 tf/m2

Pq Reaction to bottom slab 14.003 tf/m2

a Distance from joint B to far end of Pv2 1.250 m B (t2) C

b Distance from joint B to near end of Pv2 0.000 m

H0 Height of plane frame 1.750 m

H0 (t1) (t1)

B0 Width of plane frame 1.250 m

t1 Thickness of side wall 0.250 m

t2 Thickness of top slab 0.250 m A (t3) D

t3 Thickness of invert (bottom slab) 0.250 m

B0

2

CBA = CCD = (3Ph1+2Ph2)H0 /60 = 1.54210 tf･m

2 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 2

CBC = CCB = Pv1B0 /12 + {(a -b )B0 /2 - 2B0(a -b )/3 + (a -b )/4}Pv2/B0 = 1.63583 tf･m

2

CDA = CAD = PqB0 /12 = 1.82333 tf･m

k1 = 1.0

k2 = H0t23/(B0t13) = 1.40000

k3 = H0t33/(B0t13) = 1.40000

k1 2(k1+k2) k2 0 -3k1 B CBC - CBA

0 k2 2(k1+k2) k1 -3k1 C = CCD - CCB

k3 0 k1 2(k1+k3) -3k1 D CDA - CDC

k1 k1 k1 k1 -4k1 R 0

A = -D B = -C R =0

=

k1 2k1+k2 B CBC - CBA

=

1.0 3.4000 B 0.09373698

A = -0.09819 C = -0.05645

B = 0.05645 D = 0.09819

13/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

MAB = k1(2A +B) - CAB = -1.68586 tf･m

MBA = k1(2B+A)+CBA = 1.55680 tf･m

MBC = k2(2B+C) - CBC = -1.55680 tf･m

MCB = k2(2C+B)+CCB = 1.55680 tf･m

MCD = k1(2C+D) - CCD = -1.55680 tf･m

MDC =k1 (2D+ C)+CDC = 1.68586 tf･m

MDA = k3(2D+A) - CDA = -1.68586 tf･m

MAD = k3(2A+D)+CAD = 1.68586 tf･m

2-1) Side Wall in left

a) Shearing Force at joint MBA

w2

w1 Load at end A 6.088 tf/m2

w2 Load at end B 6.013 tf/m2 B

MAB Bending moment at end A -1.686 tf･m

MBA Bending moment at end B 1.557 tf･m

L

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m x

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m A

w1

SAB = (2w1+w2)L/6 - (MAB+MBA)/L MAB

= 5.378 tf

SBA = SAB - L(w1+w2)/2 = -5.209 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

Sx1 = 3.068 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.37 m

Sx2 = -2.921 tf

c) Bending Moment

MA = MAB = -1.686 tf･m

MB = -MBA = -1.557 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SAB - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 5.3784 -6.0875 x + 0.0214 x2 , x = 283.197

0.886

Bending moment at x = 0.8863 m is;

2 3

Mmax = SABx - w1x /2 - (w2-w1)x /(6L) + MAB = 0.695 tf・m

14/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

2-2) Top Slab

a) Shearing Force at joint

a

w2 Uniform load 0.000 tf/m2 b

a Distance from end B to near end of w 0.000 m

b Length of uniform load w2 1.250 m

MBC Bending moment at end B -1.557 tf･m w2

MCB Bending moment at end C 1.557 tf･m

L Length of member (=Bo) 1.250 m w1

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m B C

d Effective height of member 0.190 m

MBC x MCB

SBC = (w1L+w2b)/2-(MBC+MCB)/L = 7.852 tf L

SCB = SBC -w1L - w2b = -7.852 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx1 = 3.078 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.078 tf

c) Bending Moment

MB = MBC = -1.557 tf･m

MC = -MCB = -1.557 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the center of member due to symmetry loading distribution.

Bending moment at x = 0.625 m is;

Mmax = SBCx - w1x2/2 - w2(x-a)2/2 + MBC = 0.897 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Load at end D 6.088 tf/m2

w1

MCD Bending moment at end C -1.557 tf･m C

MDC Bending moment at end D 1.686 tf･m L x

L Length of member (=H0) 1.750 m

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m D w2

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m MDC

= 5.209 tf

SDC = SCD - L(w1+w2)/2 = -5.378 tf

15/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

b) Shearing Force at 2d point from joint

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 2.9212 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 1.370 m

Sx2 = -3.0683 tf

c) Bending Moment

MC = MCD = -1.557 tf･m

MD = -MDC = -1.686 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SCD - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 5.2091 -6.0125 x -0.0214 x2 , x = -281.4

0.864

Bending moment at x = 0.8637 m is;

Mmax = SCDx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MCD = 0.695 tf・m

a) Shearing Force at joint

w2 Reaction at end A 14.003 tf/m2 L

MDA Bending moment at end B -1.686 tf･m MAD x MDA

MAD Bending moment at end C 1.686 tf･m

L Length of member (=B0) 1.250 m A D

ch Protective covering height 0.060 m

t Thickness of member (height) 0.250 m

d Effective height of member 0.190 m w2 w1

= 8.752 tf

SAD = SDA - L(w1+w2)/2 = -8.752 tf

Shearing force at the point with a distance of 2d from joint is calculated by following equation.

Sx = SDA- w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

(i) In case of x1 = 0.380 m

Sx1 = 3.431 tf

(ii) In case of x2 = 0.870 m

Sx2 = -3.431 tf

c) Bending Moment

MD = MDA = -1.686 tf･m

MA = -MAD = -1.686 tf･m

The maximum bending moment occurs at the point of that shearing force equal to zero.

Sx = 0 = SDA - w1x - (w2 - w1)x2/(2L)

= 8.7520 -14.0032 x , x = 0.625

Mmax = SDAx - w1x2/2 - (w2-w1)x3/(6L) + MDA = 1.049 tf・m

16/16 (2)SingleBoxCulvert03MSN

Summary of Internal forces

Check M N S (tf)

Member Case

Point (tf･m) (tf) at joint at 2d

Side wall A -1.989 8.752 7.528 4.006

(left) Case.1 Middle 1.129 8.312 0.000 -

B -1.804 7.852 -6.297 -3.815

A -1.989 8.752 7.528 4.006

Case.2 Middle 1.129 8.312 0.000 -

B -1.804 7.852 -6.297 -3.815

A -1.686 8.752 5.378 3.068

Case.3 Middle 0.695 8.296 0.000 -

B -1.557 7.852 -5.209 -2.921

A -1.686 8.752 5.378 3.068

Case.4 Middle 0.695 8.296 0.000 -

B -1.557 7.852 -5.209 -2.921

Top slab B -1.804 6.297 7.852 3.078

Case.1 Middle 0.649 6.297 0.000 -

C -1.804 6.297 -7.852 -3.078

B -1.804 6.297 7.852 3.078

Case.2 Middle 0.649 6.297 0.000 -

C -1.804 6.297 -7.852 -3.078

B -1.557 5.209 7.852 3.078

Case.3 Middle 0.897 5.209 0.000 -

C -1.557 5.209 -7.852 -3.078

B -1.557 5.209 7.852 3.078

Case.4 Middle 0.897 5.209 0.000 -

C -1.557 5.209 -7.852 -3.078

Side wall C -1.804 7.852 6.297 3.815

(right) Case.1 Middle 1.129 8.312 0.000 -

D -1.989 8.752 -7.528 -4.006

C -1.804 7.852 6.297 3.815

Case.2 Middle 1.129 8.312 0.000 -

D -1.989 8.752 -7.528 -4.006

C -1.557 7.852 5.209 2.921

Case.3 Middle 0.695 8.296 0.000 -

D -1.686 8.752 -5.378 -3.068

C -1.557 7.852 5.209 2.921

Case.4 Middle 0.695 8.296 0.000 -

D -1.686 8.752 -5.378 -3.068

Invert D -1.989 7.528 8.752 3.431

Case.1 Middle 0.746 7.528 0.000 -

A -1.989 7.528 -8.752 -3.431

D -1.989 7.528 8.752 3.431

Case.2 Middle 0.746 7.528 0.000 -

A -1.989 7.528 -8.752 -3.431

D -1.686 5.378 8.752 3.431

Case.3 Middle 1.049 5.378 0.000 -

A -1.686 5.378 -8.752 -3.431

D -1.686 5.378 8.752 3.431

Case.4 Middle 1.049 5.378 0.000 -

A -1.686 5.378 -8.752 -3.431

5 Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar

5-1 Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar

1) At Joint "A" of side wall

Case.1

M= 1.9891 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.7520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 7.5284 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 4.0058 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 22.73 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 75.526 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +428.74 c^2 -12754 c -1913160.30

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.2011

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.3660 cm2

Case.2

M= 1.9891 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.7520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 7.5284 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 4.0058 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 22.73 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 75.526 kgf/cm2 ( -5E-05 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +428.74 c^2 -12754 c -1913160.30

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.2011

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.3660 cm2

Case.3

M= 1.6859 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.7520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 5.3784 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.0683 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 19.26 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 70.268 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +431.26 c^2 -11242 c -1686372.09

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1898

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 1.6319 cm2

Case.4

M= 1.6859 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.7520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 5.3784 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.0683 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 19.26 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 70.268 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +431.26 c^2 -11242 c -1686372.09

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1898

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 1.6319 cm2

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 2.3660 cm2 in Case. 1 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 2.3660 2.3660 1.6319 1.6319 (cm2)

Case.1

M= 1.8044 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.8520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 6.2966 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.8152 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 22.98 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 71.329 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +430.76 c^2 -11542 c -1731278.45

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1921

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.1519 cm2

Case.2

M= 1.8044 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.8520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 6.2966 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.8152 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 22.98 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 71.329 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +430.76 c^2 -11542 c -1731278.45

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1921

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.1519 cm2

Case.3

M= 1.5568 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.8520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 5.2091 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 2.9212 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 19.83 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 66.885 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +432.82 c^2 -10307 c -1546092.54

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1823

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 1.5549 cm2

Case.4

M= 1.5568 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.8520 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 5.2091 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 2.9212 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 19.83 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 66.885 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +432.82 c^2 -10307 c -1546092.54

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1823

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 1.5549 cm2

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 2.1519 cm2 in Case. 1 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 2.1519 2.1519 1.5549 1.5549 (cm2)

Case.1

M= 1.8044 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 6.2966 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 7.8520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.0780 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 28.66 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 69.537 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +431.6 c^2 -11038 c -1655660.33

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1882

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.5559 cm2

Case.2

M= 1.8044 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 6.2966 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 7.8520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.0780 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 28.66 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 69.537 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +431.6 c^2 -11038 c -1655660.33

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1882

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.5559 cm2

Case.3

M= 1.5568 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.2091 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 7.8520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.0780 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 29.89 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 63.684 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +434.25 c^2 -9450.7 c -1417606.34

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1751

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.2438 cm2

Case.4

M= 1.5568 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.2091 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 7.8520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.0780 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 29.89 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 63.684 kgf/cm2 ( -4E-06 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +434.25 c^2 -9450.7 c -1417606.34

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1751

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.2438 cm2

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 2.5559 cm2 in Case. 1 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 2.5559 2.5559 2.2438 2.2438 (cm2)

4) At Joint "A" of invert

Case.1

M= 1.9891 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.5284 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 8.7520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.4308 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 26.42 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 74.170 kgf/cm2 ( -1E-05 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +429.4 c^2 -12358 c -1853677.45

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1982

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.6829 cm2

Case.2

M= 1.9891 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.5284 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 8.7520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.4308 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 26.42 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 74.170 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +429.4 c^2 -12358 c -1853677.45

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1982

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.6829 cm2

Case.3

M= 1.6859 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.3784 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 8.7520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.4308 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 31.34 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 66.302 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +433.08 c^2 -10149 c -1522366.39

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1810

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.5094 cm2

Case.4

M= 1.6859 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.3784 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

S0= 8.7520 tf n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

S2d= 3.4308 tf c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 31.34 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 66.302 kgf/cm2 ( 4.8E-07 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +433.08 c^2 -10149 c -1522366.39

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1810

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 2.5094 cm2

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 2.6829 cm2 in Case. 1 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 2.6829 2.6829 2.5094 2.5094 (cm2)

Case.1

M= 1.1289 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.3117 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 13.58 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 59.2954 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +436.13 c^2 -8322.6 c -1248395.80

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1650

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.4103 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.2

M= 1.1289 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.3117 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 13.58 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 59.295 kgf/cm2 ( 0.0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +436.13 c^2 -8322.6 c -1248395.80

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1650

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.4103 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.3

M= 0.6951 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.2962 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 8.38 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 50.144 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +439.74 c^2 -6154.5 c -923176.51

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1432

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.0000 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.4

M= 0.6951 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 8.2962 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 8.38 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 50.144 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +439.74 c^2 -6154.5 c -923176.51

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1432

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.0000 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 0.4103 cm2 in Case. 1 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 0.4103 0.4103 0.0000 0.0000 (cm2)

Side inside inside inside inside

Case.1

M= 0.6493 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 6.2966 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 10.31 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 46.088 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +441.2 c^2 -5278.5 c -791767.42

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1332

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.0000 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.2

M= 0.6493 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 6.2966 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 10.31 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 46.088 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +441.2 c^2 -5278.5 c -791767.42

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1332

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.0000 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.3

M= 0.8969 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.2091 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 17.22 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 50.172 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +439.73 c^2 -6160.6 c -924085.25

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1433

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.6750 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.4

M= 0.8969 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.2091 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 17.22 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 50.172 kgf/cm2 ( 1.3E-06 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +439.73 c^2 -6160.6 c -924085.25

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1433

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.6750 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 0.6750 cm2 in Case. 3 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 0.0000 0.0000 0.6750 0.6750 (cm2)

Side inside inside inside inside

7) At Middle of invert

Case.1

M= 0.7459 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.5284 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 9.91 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 50.1655 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k. h d

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0 d

0 = c^3 +439.73 c^2 -6159.2 c -923880.96

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1433

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.0000 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.2

M= 0.7459 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 7.5284 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 9.91 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 50.166 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +439.73 c^2 -6159.2 c -923880.96

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1433

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.0000 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.3

M= 1.0491 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.3784 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 19.51 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 53.734 kgf/cm2 ( 5.1E-05 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +438.38 c^2 -6974.3 c -1046146.31

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1519

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.9900 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

Case.4

M= 1.0491 tf･m ca = 100 kgf/m2 h= 25 cm (height of member)

N= 5.3784 tf sa = 2400 kgf/m2 d= 19 cm (effective height of member)

n= 8 d' = 6 cm (protective covering depth)

c= 6.50 cm (distance from neutral axis)

b= 100 cm

e = M/N = 19.51 cm

Solving the formula shown below, c = 53.734 kgf/cm2 ( 0 kgf/cm2) o.k.

c^3+{3sa/(2n) - 3N(e+c)/(bd^2)}c^2 - 6N(e+c)sac/(nbd^2) - 3N(e+c)sa^2/(n^2bd^2) = 0

0 = c^3 +438.38 c^2 -6974.3 c -1046146.31

s = nc/(nc+sa) = 0.1519

Asreq = (c*s/2 - N/(bd))bd/sa = 0.9900 cm2 Tensile is on inside of member

The maximum requirement of reinforcement bar is 0.9900 cm2 in Case. 3 from above calculation.

Case. 1 2 3 4

Requirement 0.0000 0.0000 0.9900 0.9900 (cm2)

Side inside inside inside inside

Required reinforcement for design is the maximum required reinforcement calculated above in 1) - 4).

Item Side wall Side wall Top slab Invert Side wall Top slab Invert

Point bottom top end end middle middle middle

Side outside outside outside outside inside inside inside

Calculation 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

Requirement 2.366 2.152 2.556 2.683 0.410 0.675 0.990 (cm2)

6 Bar Arrangement and Calculation of Stress

Type: B1.00m x H1.50m

Side wall Top slab Invert

bottom middle top end middle end middle

outside inside outside outside inside outside inside

Bending moment M kgfcm 198,909 112,889 180,440 180,440 89,695 198,909 104,914

Shearing force (joint) S kgf 7,528 0 6,297 7,852 0 8,752 0

Shearing force (2d) S2d kgf 4,006 - 3,815 3,078 - 3,431 -

Axial force N kgf 8,752 8,312 7,852 6,297 5,209 7,528 5,378

Height of member h cm 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

Covering depth d' cm 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

Effective height d cm 19 19 19 19 19 19 19

Effective width b cm 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Effective area bd cm2 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900 1900

Young's modulus ratio n - 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

Required R-bar Asreq cm2 2.37 0.41 2.15 2.56 0.67 2.68 0.99

Perimeter of R-bar U ｃｍ 20.11 15.08 20.11 20.11 20.11 20.11 30.16

M/N e cm 22.727 13.582 22.980 28.657 17.219 26.421 19.506

Dist. from neutral axis c cm 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50 6.50

a' 30.7 3.2 31.4 48.5 14.2 41.8 21.0

b' 112.8 43.6 113.8 135.7 91.5 127.0 113.0

c' -2143.1 -827.8 -2161.6 -2577.9 -1739.2 -2413.9 -2146.5

x 6.24 7.09 6.22 5.76 7.14 5.91 6.97

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

(check) ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Compressive stress c kgf/cm2 48.4 28.3 44.0 45.0 20.8 49.3 24.1

Allowable stress ca kgf/cm2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Tensile stress s kgf/cm2 791.9 380.7 724.1 828.8 276.7 873.6 332.5

Allowable stress sa kgf/cm2 2400.0 2400.0 2400.0 2400.0 2400.0 2400.0 2400.0

ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Shearing stress at joint kgf/cm2 3.96 0.00 3.31 4.13 0.00 4.61 0.00

Allowable stress a kgf/cm2 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00

ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Shearing stress at 2d 2d kgf/cm2 2.11 - 2.01 1.62 - 1.81 -

Allowable stress 2da kgf/cm2 10.00 - 10.00 10.00 - 10.00 -

ok - ok ok - ok -

Resisting Moment Mr kgfcm 390,591 316,064 389,167 386,939 385,562 388,679 403,250

Mr for compression Mrc kgfcm 390,591 316,064 389,167 386,939 385,562 388,679 403,250

x for Mrc cm 5.181 4.206 5.088 4.930 4.823 5.055 5.062

s for Mrc kgf/cm2 2133.6 2813.8 2187.5 2283.0 2351.5 2207.1 2202.6

Mr for tensile Mrs kgfcm 555,087 351,366 539,510 512,860 494,432 533,938 554,411

x for Mrs cm 5.960 4.926 5.864 5.694 5.571 5.829 5.859

c for Mrs kgf/cm2 137.1 105.0 133.9 128.4 124.5 132.8 133.7

Distribution bar (>As/6 and >Asmin) 12@250 12@250 12@250 12@250 12@250 12@250 12@250

Reinforcement As cm2 4.52 4.52 4.52 4.52 4.52 4.52 4.52

ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Reinforcement bar for fillet 12@250 12@250

Reinforcement As cm2 4.52 4.52

- a05v8n2Uploaded byshamsukarim2009
- ANSYS Stress LinearizationUploaded byTiago Candeias
- ISO 377-1997Uploaded byChan UeiNian
- CE8395 Strength of Materials for Mechanical Engineers Questions and AnswersUploaded byvijayan R
- Previous Year UPTU End Sem Exam Papers - SOM / MOS Paper 3Uploaded bynitin_johri
- Sr059210303 Mechanics of SolidsUploaded byandhracolleges
- Ansys ManualUploaded bygmahaadev
- Thermal StreesUploaded byRoberth Sallago Espinoza
- Lect, Notes on SomUploaded bydearsaswat
- t5Uploaded byBeny Abdou
- bridgeUploaded byzakko
- Chapter 3-Load and Stress AnalysisUploaded byNguyễnBảoKhánh
- Ulrikke BrandtUploaded byRyanPhillips50
- Allowable Stress.pdfUploaded bysudoku
- Mechanics CBT FE Manual 9.2 pgs 76-82,153,155,158,65-67,Uploaded byhanchau
- lec24Uploaded bydrp
- UT Lift 1.2 Users GuideUploaded byJunfeng
- Basile 2014wUploaded byOng Yin Hoe
- Disha Publication Mechanical Concept Notes With Exercises Strength of MaterialsUploaded byAhmad Jamal
- (a Treatise on Natural Philosophy 2 (Kelvin Tait 1912)Uploaded byLurzizare
- Sacramento.pdfUploaded byMárcio Alves
- Single Cell BoxCulvertUploaded byTony Hartono Bagio
- Analysis and Design of Concrete Structures JM RobertsUploaded bySachin Dhiman
- SubUploaded byBryam Cabrera
- IJCE v7n3p141 EnUploaded bygutian259
- aci thep damUploaded byminhthanha6
- LessonPlan New Theory (4)Uploaded byelaraja
- R K Konodia Civil gate previous year - By EasyEngineering.net 1.pdfUploaded byAbhishek Verma
- (ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0000210Uploaded bykhat
- Lista 7Uploaded bySamuel Corazza Junges

- Nikon D600Uploaded byThanuj Perera
- erich alden resume 1 5 2015 online editionUploaded byapi-239035369
- Maple Medley-Orchestra Maple Story Medley Orchestra 메이플스토리 BGM 메들리 오케스트라 by Abe KimUploaded byRima K.
- Tilly Turtle Came to TeaUploaded byRosie Guerra-Hunt
- Marketing Project on HP laptopsUploaded byNikhil_Gharat
- Truk Sampah Heil DP PythonUploaded byPrayitnoTarakan
- FINAL PQRUploaded bybirdtai
- Book 1Uploaded byYerimLee
- Eric Sammut Libertango PDFUploaded byNiranjan
- Banachek PDFUploaded byjamie Marsden
- qs.xlsUploaded byShanelleSeanAlexander
- Full A4 Catalogue i FlexUploaded byfaisaladeem
- critical review 1Uploaded byapi-286904025
- Soundtrack Pro User ManualUploaded byDBmarx
- Last Year at MarienbadUploaded byGrahamCoxon22
- Live and Let Die - Trombone.pdfUploaded byMario Bertoluci
- Rem Etive A4Uploaded byPramod Kumar
- 8. Amen UnisonUploaded byabrytau
- The Century Mark a Century Later NYC 999Uploaded bystaustell92
- Shop Window on Lifestyle Phuket October 2010Uploaded byWINDOW on Phuket
- Calculate Cement Sand and Aggregate _ Nominal Mix ConcreteUploaded byonyejekwe
- Surat Pemesanan BarangUploaded byLea Vang
- CDX_GT500U service manual.pdfUploaded bySiva Kumar
- Pokemon Mystery Dungeon Wiiware English WadUploaded byJoãoVictorMarques
- Perfect ModalsUploaded byCorina Goitia
- Central MindanaoUploaded byLastTheater
- Calling TouchesUploaded byHarold Cataquet
- Service Manual for TOSHIBA Portege 3480CT 459a4ddcb5 3400seriesUploaded byBert
- 198102 Crazy Magazine v1 071Uploaded byRaja Rajveer Rajyana
- Butano State Park BrochureUploaded byCalifornia State Parks