The Global Competitiveness Index in detail

INDICATOR

RANK/139

INDICATOR

1st pillar: Institutions
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21

Property rights.........................................................................63
Intellectual property protection ...............................................72
Diversion of public funds.........................................................63
Public trust of politicians .........................................................59
Irregular payments and bribes.................................................82
Judicial independence .............................................................79
Favoritism in decisions of government officials ......................52
Wastefulness of government spending ..................................74
Burden of government regulation ...........................................61
Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes ..................57
Efficiency of legal framework in challenging regulations ........53
Transparency of government policymaking.............................76
Business costs of terrorism ....................................................84
Business costs of crime and violence.....................................57
Organized crime ......................................................................58
Reliability of police services ....................................................62
Ethical behavior of firms..........................................................76
Strength of auditing and reporting standards........................100
Efficacy of corporate boards ...................................................64
Protection of minority shareholders’ interests ........................58
Strength of investor protection* ...........................................127

2nd pillar: Infrastructure
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.05
2.06
2.07
2.08
2.09

Quality of overall infrastructure ...............................................71
Quality of roads .......................................................................88
Quality of railroad infrastructure ..............................................37
Quality of port infrastructure ...................................................62
Quality of air transport infrastructure ......................................67
Available airline seat kilometers* ............................................46
Quality of electricity supply .....................................................66
Fixed telephone lines* ............................................................91
Mobile telephone subscriptions* ............................................89

3rd pillar: Macroeconomic environment
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.06

Government budget balance* .................................................39
National savings rate* .............................................................21
Inflation*..................................................................................33
Interest rate spread* ...............................................................21
Government debt* ..................................................................98
Country credit rating*..............................................................63

4th pillar: Health and primary education
4.01
4.02
4.03
4.04
4.05
4.06
4.07
4.08
4.09
4.10

Business impact of malaria .......................................................1
Malaria incidence*.....................................................................1
Business impact of tuberculosis .............................................99
Tuberculosis incidence* ..........................................................93
Business impact of HIV/AIDS................................................105
HIV prevalence* ......................................................................22
Infant mortality* ....................................................................101
Life expectancy* .....................................................................88
Quality of primary education .................................................100
Primary education enrollment rate* ........................................99

5th pillar: Higher education and training
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.05
5.06
5.07
5.08

RANK/139

6th pillar: Goods market efficiency

Secondary education enrollment rate* .................................110
Tertiary education enrollment rate*.......................................102
Quality of the educational system.........................................105
Quality of math and science education...................................67
Quality of management schools .............................................49
Internet access in schools.......................................................83
Local availability of research and training services..................60
Extent of staff training.............................................................87

6.01
6.02
6.03
6.04
6.05
6.06
6.07
6.08
6.09
6.10
6.11
6.12
6.13
6.14
6.15

Intensity of local competition ..................................................69
Extent of market dominance...................................................68
Effectiveness of anti-monopoly policy ....................................71
Extent and effect of taxation.................................................100
Total tax rate* ..........................................................................73
Number of procedures required to start a business* .............34
Time required to start a business*..........................................42
Agricultural policy costs.........................................................108
Prevalence of trade barriers ..................................................104
Trade tariffs*..........................................................................128
Prevalence of foreign ownership ............................................74
Business impact of rules on FDI .............................................74
Burden of customs procedures...............................................60
Degree of customer orientation ..............................................57
Buyer sophistication ................................................................95

2.1: Country/Economy Profiles

Morocco

7th pillar: Labor market efficiency
7.01
7.02
7.03
7.04
7.05
7.06
7.07
7.08
7.09

Cooperation in labor-employer relations................................120
Flexibility of wage determination ............................................71
Rigidity of employment* .......................................................132
Hiring and firing practices........................................................66
Redundancy costs* ...............................................................106
Pay and productivity ................................................................50
Reliance on professional management .................................105
Brain drain ...............................................................................76
Female participation in labor force* ......................................135

8th pillar: Financial market development
8.01
8.02
8.03
8.04
8.05
8.06
8.07
8.08
8.09

Availability of financial services ...............................................61
Affordability of financial services.............................................56
Financing through local equity market ....................................31
Ease of access to loans...........................................................44
Venture capital availability........................................................40
Restriction on capital flows ...................................................105
Soundness of banks ................................................................69
Regulation of securities exchanges ........................................43
Legal rights index* ................................................................103

9th pillar: Technological readiness
9.01
9.02
9.03
9.04
9.05
9.06

Availability of latest technologies ............................................68
Firm-level technology absorption ............................................74
FDI and technology transfer....................................................45
Internet users* ........................................................................71
Broadband Internet subscriptions* .........................................87
Internet bandwidth* ................................................................64

10th pillar: Market size
10.01 Domestic market size index* ..................................................56
10.02 Foreign market size index* .....................................................68

11th pillar: Business sophistication
11.01
11.02
11.03
11.04
11.05
11.06
11.07
11.08
11.09

Local supplier quantity.............................................................52
Local supplier quality ...............................................................78
State of cluster development..................................................69
Nature of competitive advantage ............................................73
Value chain breadth .................................................................70
Control of international distribution .......................................103
Production process sophistication...........................................71
Extent of marketing.................................................................76
Willingness to delegate authority............................................96

12th pillar: Innovation
12.01
12.02
12.03
12.04
12.05
12.06
12.07

Capacity for innovation ............................................................94
Quality of scientific research institutions ................................93
Company spending on R&D....................................................97
University-industry collaboration in R&D ...............................104
Gov’t procurement of advanced tech products ......................71
Availability of scientists and engineers ...................................46
Utility patents per million population*.....................................86

Notes: Ranks of notable competitive advantages are highlighted. An asterisk (*) indicates that data are from sources other than the World Economic Forum.
For further details and explanation, please refer to the section “How to Read the Country/Economy Profiles” at the beginning of this chapter.

The Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011 © 2010 World Economic Forum

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