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rll DETACHABLE

**ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
**

Paper II

I Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 300 I

QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

There are EIGHT questions divided in TWO Sections.

Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.

**Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted
**

choosing at least ONE question from each Section.

The number of marks carried by a question / part is indicated against it.

**Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated
**

clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided.

No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized one.

Assume suitable data, if considered necessary and indicate the same clearly.

Unless otherwise mentioned, symbols and notations carry their usual standard meanings.

**Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall
**

be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-

Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

1 zlx-d-ete

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two zeros and a variable gain K. (ii) An Analog voltage signal whose highest significant frequency is 4 KHz is to be digitally encoded with a resolution of 0·0 1% covering the voltage range of 0 .10 V using PCM. 0·005. Calculate modulation index. what is new deviation ? Now if both audio voltage and frequency are changed to 10 V and 200 Hz calculate deviation and modulation Index.examrace.com . The zeros are located at -2 and . (ii) Zero mean white Gausian noise with a two sided power spectral density of 4 W/ KHz is passed through an ideal low pass filter with cut off frequency of 2 KHz and pass land gain of unity to produce the noise output n(t). (e) Write about the process details of Chemical Vapor Deposition.. 10 2. (d) Consider the feedback control system shown R(s) ｦＭｾ＠ C(s) 25(s + I) ｦＭｾ＠ K s+5 s(s+ l) Find the sensitivity of transfer function T(s) = c(s) IR(s) to variations in parameter K.(a) (i) Explain and differentiate between baseland communication and carrier communication. (a) Explain source coding.1. ｮ ｾＬ＠ m3 . 0·3 . 0·04. 15 1. ｮｾｽ＠ with probabilities {0·35. A discrete message source emits seven symbols {m1. SECTION 'A' 1.. If the voltage of audio signal now increased to 8·2 V. 10 1.0·1 and + 1..(b) (i) With the help of proper block diagram explain the basic elements of PCM system. Using Routh's stability criterion. (c) A unity negative feedback control system has an open-loop transfer function consisting of two poles.. 20 zlx-d-ete 2 www. determine the range of values of K for which the closed-loop system has 0. An audio FM system with audio frequency of l KHz and audio frequency voltage of 4·8 V is used with frequency deviation of 7 ·2 KHz. and the poles at . 1 or 2 poles in the right-half s-plane.. In order to avoid loss in information and to maintain given resolution determine (A) Minimum sampling rate (a) Number of bits needed for encoded PCM. What is its magnitude at m = 5 for K = 1 ? 10 1. 15 l. 0·2. 0·1 . ＨｾＩ＠ Find auto correlation function E [n(t) n(t+r)] of the nOise n(t) as a function of r. 0·005} respectively. Calculate code efficiency. (A) Obtain the total power in n(t). Give Hulfman codes for these symbols and calculate average bits of information and average binary digits of information per symbol.

4 W/ Hz. T 1 = 0·2 and T2 = 0·05 ? 20 2. having channel-1 in write mode. (ii) Determine the basis function for this binary PSK scheme. comment on the settling time. 20 3 3. 12 (ii) Sketch its root-locus plot also asK varies from 0 to oo. Using root-locus plot. s(l + s7l )(1 + sJ2) Find an expression for gain Kin terms of T 1. (i) Determine the transmitted signal energy per bit. A binary PSK modulator is employed to transmit these bits over a noisy channel. (b) Consider the feedback system shown : R(s) K C(s) s(s+a ) (i) If the resonant peak and resonant frequency of this system is 1·04 and 11·55 rad/sec respectively. (b) The open-loop transfer function of a unity feedback system is given by G(s) ｾ＠ K . The 0 and 1 are represented by v 0 and v 1. (c) Given a 3-stage Lattice filter with· reflection co-efficients K 1 = _!_ . 0 is generated three times more frequently than 1.examrace. K 2 = _!_ and 4 4 K 3 = _!_. 20 2 3.com . find its settling time and bandwidth.(c) (i) Write a program to transfer the data of 100 Bytes from RAM starting at address FOOOH to the place at address IOOOH. using 8237. 10 ( ii) Write an 8085 assembly language program to clear 65 16 consecutive bytes starting at 20001 6· 10 3 zlx-d-ete www. 8 3. (a) A discrete memory less source generates either 0 or 1 at a rate of 160 Kbps. v 0 = -6-JZ cos640n x 103 t V v 1= 6-J2 cos640n x 103 t V respectively. Determine FIR filter co-efficients for the direct form structure. T2 and specified gain margin G111 • What is its phase margin for K = 1.2. (iii) Determine the probability of error when channel is assumed to be zero mean AWGN with pSd of No = 3·125 x 10.

determine whether the system Is stable when the feedback path is closed. Determine the maximum distance (without repeaters) provided by the system when the transmission rate is 1 Mbps.com . F = ｾｭＨｏＬ＠ 1. The APD receiver requires 1200 incident photons in order to register a binary 1 with a BER of 10. 10.4. 10 Y1 Y1 Y2 (ii) Consider the open-loop unstable system with the transfer function G( ) H( ) s+2 s s = (s + 1)(s . 4.(c) (i) Implement the given logic using multiplexes (3 x8). The signal is then routed to a transponder with a noise temperah1re of 500 K. The transmitter output power is set to 100 W at a frequency of 6·1 00 GHz.10. Also find Y?. (a) (i) What are the different types of error in Delta Modulation ? How can these be removed ? (ii) An optical fiber system employs an LED transmitter which launches an average of 300 UW of optical power at a wavelength of 0·8 Urn into the optical cable. a bandwidth of 36 MHz and a gain of 110 dB. 14. The cable has an overall attenuation o( 4 dB/Km. The signal is received by a satellite at a distance of 37500 km by an antenna with a gain of 26 dB. 3.(a) A c-band earth station has an antenna with a transmit gain of 54 dB. zlx-d-ete 4 www. 20 4. 10 4. 2. 11. 10 [b 11 . 15) 10 (ii) Determine the range of a and b for which LTI system with impulse 11 a • >0 response h( n) = ' n is stable. (b) ( i) Consider the signal flow graph shown : Yt . n<0 SECTION 'B' S.1) Using Nyquist stability criterion.examrace.H3 Find y 2 and y 6 .

(b) An Engineer wishes to make a silica-core.(e) Write down binary equivalent of decimal (.5·25) in Fixed Point Notation and also in Floating Point Notation assuming Two's complement for negative numbers and decimal exponent. ( ii) . 2 1• Find land 2 1• 20 5 zlx-d-ete www. a load ZL = 200 + j 100 n is to be matched to a 40 n line. l.X and z axis respectively. using a length. 4+6 6. what should be the core size and cladding index ? 10 5. (ii) Calculate the power at the output port of the satellite antenna.. cttP and flz are unit . for a medium size city.examrace. (c) Determine the divergence of the vector fields. 10 5.(b) In a circuit as shown. (d) In a non-magnetic medium ｾ＠ 7 1\ £=4sin(2nx 10 t . If the separation between two antennas is 10 km and carrier frequency is 1000 MHz.0·8 x)az V/m .vectors in cylindrical co-ordinate system. (iii) Calculate the carrier power in watts at the transponder output. 20 6. If n 1 = 1-458. of loss less transmission line of characteristics impedance. step index fiber with V = 75 and a numerical aperture NA = 0·30 to be used at 1300 nm. compute the path loss and antenna height correction factor. </> ap Q-7 = p sm 1\ 2 1\ + p zal/J+z 1\ cos</> az where ctP. Find the E. 5+5+5 5. uses a transmitting and receiving antennas of heights 30 metres and 4 metres respectively. (a) A cellular communication network. 15 5. Also compute the time- average power carried by the wave.com . ｾ＠ 2 1\ 1\ (i) P = x yz ax+xzaz where flx and flz are unit vectors along . ( i) Calculate the path loss at 6·1 GHz if the wavelength is 0·04918 m . and the intrinsic ｩｭｰ･､ｾｮ｣＠ of the medium.

examrace. (iii) Calculate the maximum bit rate Br that can be transmitted over the fiber without significant errors. (a) Consider an optical link consisting of a 5 krn long step-index fiber with core index n 1 = 1-49 and relative index difference 1%. (ii) Give examples of Linear search and Binary search of an array. 10 (ii) Write a code (pseudo code or that of any standard programming language (specify)) for interchanging the values of two variables by using a third variable by not using any extra variable. 6·5 and 7·2 GHz. Determine (A) The group velocity (s) The guided wavelength (c) Calculate cut off frequency ( o) What will be the attenuation if operating frequency drops to 2 GHz ? 10+ 10 7. ( ii) An air filled waveguide of cross-section 5 em x 2 em IS ｯｰｾｲ｡ｴｩｮｧ＠ m TE 10 mode at a frequency of 4 GHz.(c) (i) Write dQwn with example one method of Deadlock Prevention in operating systems. 20 zlx-d-ete 6 www.com . Find the dimensions of the cavity. 10+ 10 7. (b) (i) Explain the term reflection coefficient and standing wave ratio for a transmission line terminated by load impedance ZL.(a) An air-filled rectangular cavity resonator has its first three resonant modes at frequencies 5·2. 10 8. (i) Find the delay difference at the fiber end between the slowest and fastest modes. (ii) Find the rms pulse broadening caused by intennodel dispersion. Exhibit them. 20 7.6. (c) ( i) Prove that the mmtmum number of instructions in a high-level Computer Programming Language for Complete Procedural Programming is FIVE ( 05).

(c) In parameter passing in programming give examples to differentiate between (i) CALL BY VALUE (ii) CALL BY REFERENCE Illustrate with the help of a block diagram their mechanisms.com .d 4 ? = . 2 dipole placed in front of a flat reflector as shown.8. 7+7+ 6 7 zlx-d-ete www. (b) PEC Reflector Dipole ｾＭＫ､＠ A Derive an expression for the half-power beamwidth of the x-y plane pattern of a - . 20 8.examrace. A beamwidth if . What is the half-power .

examrace.www.com .

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