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ONLINE VERSION

The Building Regulations 2010

M
Access to and use of
buildings

APPROVED DOCUMENT

Volume 1: Dwellings
M4(1) Category 1: Visitable dwellings
M4(2) Category 2: Accessible and adaptable dwellings
M4(3) Category 3: Wheelchair user dwellings

2015 edition incorporating 2016 amendments –
for use in England*

ONLINE VERSION

ONLINE VERSION

Main changes in the 2015 edition
This volume of this approved document supports requirements M4(1), M4(2) and M4(3) of Schedule
1 to the Building Regulations 2010. It takes effect on 1 October 2015 for use in England*. The 2004
edition of Approved Document M with 2010 and 2013 amendments will continue to apply to work
started before 1 October 2015 or work subject to a building notice, full plans application or initial
notice submitted before that date.
The main changes are:
• Approved Document M has been split into two parts:
o Volume 1: Dwellings
o Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings.
• Requirement M4 ‘Sanitary conveniences in dwellings’ has been replaced by new requirements:
o M4(1) Category 1: Visitable dwellings
o M4(2) Category 2: Accessible and adaptable dwellings
o M4(3) Category 3: Wheelchair user dwellings.
Regulation M4(1) is mandatory for all new dwellings unless one of the optional requirements M4(2)
or M4(3) applies.

Main changes made by the 2016 amendments
The changes are corrections and clarifications, as set out in the 2016 AD M Volume 1 Corrigenda.

* This approved document gives guidance for compliance with the Building Regulations for building
work carried out in England. It also applies to building work carried out on excepted energy
buildings in Wales as defined in the Welsh Ministers (Transfer of Functions) (No.2) Order 2009.

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The
Listapproved documents
of approved documents
The following documents have been published to give guidance on how to meet the Building
Regulations. You can find the date of the edition approved by the Secretary of State at
www.gov.uk.
What is an approved document?
The Secretary
Approved of StateAhas approved a series of documents
Document Approved thatDocument
give practical
M guidance about how
to meet the requirements of the Building Regulations
Structure 2010 for
Access England.
to and use ofApproved
buildings documents give
guidance on each of the technical parts of the regulations and on regulation
Volume 1: Dwellings 7 (see the back of
Approved Document
this document). B
Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings
Fire safety
Approved
Volume documents set out what, in ordinary circumstances,
1: Dwellinghouses Approved may be accepted
Document P as reasonable
provision for compliance with the relevant
Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellinghouses requirements of the Building Regulations
Electrical safety – Dwellings to which
they refer. If you follow the guidance in an approved document, there will be a presumption
Approved
of complianceDocument
with theC requirements covered by theApproved
guidance.Document Q
However, compliance is not
Site preparation and resistance to Security – Dwellings
guaranteed; for example, ‘normal’ guidance may not apply if the particular case is unusual in
contaminants
some way. and moisture Approved Document 7
Approved Document D
Note that there may be other ways to comply with Materials and workmanship
the requirements – there is no obligation to
Toxic substances
adopt any particular solution contained in an approved document. If you prefer to meet a relevant
requirement
Approved in some other
Document E way than described in an approved document, you should discuss this
with the relevant
Resistance building of
to the passage control
soundbody.
In additionDocument
Approved to guidance,
F some approved documents include provisions that must be followed
exactly, as
Ventilation required by regulations or where methods of test or calculation have been prescribed
by the Secretary of State.
Approved Document G
Each approved
Sanitation, document
hot water safetyrelates only to the particular requirements of the Building Regulations
and water
that the
efficiencydocument addresses. However, building work must also comply with any other applicable
requirements of the Building Regulations.
Approved Document H
How to use this approved document
Drainage and waste disposal
Approved Document J
This document uses the following conventions.
Combustion appliances and fuel storage
a. Text against a green background is an extract from the Building Regulations 2010 or the Building
systems
(Approved Inspectors etc.) Regulations 2010 (both as amended). These extracts set out the legal
Approved Document
requirements of theK regulations.
Protection from falling, collision and impact
b. Key terms, printed in green, are defined in Appendix A.
Approved Document L1A
c. When thisof
Conservation approved
fuel anddocument refers to a named standard or other document, the relevant
power in new
version is listed in Appendix B (standards) or Appendix C (other documents). However, if the
dwellings
issuing body has revised or updated the listed version of the standard or document, you may
Approved
use theDocument
new version L1Bas guidance if it continues to address the relevant requirements of the
Conservation
Building Regulations. power in existing
of fuel and
dwellings
NOTE: Standards and technical approvals may also address aspects of performance or matters
Approved
that are notDocument
covered by L2Athe Building Regulations, or they may recommend higher standards than
Conservation of fuel and power in new
required by the Building Regulations.
buildings other than dwellings
Approved Document L2B
Conservation of fuel and power in existing
buildings other than dwellings

Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1, 2015 edition iii
ONLINE VERSION

a.uk b. The Government website: www. If you are registered with a competent person scheme: from the scheme operator d. some of which are listed below. If your query is highly technical: from a specialist or an industry technical body for the relevant subject.gov. you can seek further help through a number of routes. If you are the person undertaking the building work: either from your local authority building control service or from an approved inspector c. iv Approved Document M Volume 1. ONLINE VERSION Where you can get further help If you do not understand the technical guidance or other information in this approved document or the additional detailed technical references to which it directs you. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .

2015 edition v ONLINE VERSION .uk. Guidance on materials and workmanship is given in Approved Document 7. Building work includes: a. the building may need to be upgraded in some way. For work on an existing building that did not comply with the applicable requirements of the Building Regulations: (i) the work itself must comply with the applicable requirements of the Building Regulations (ii) the building must be no more unsatisfactory in relation to the requirements than before the work was carried out. For new buildings or work on a building that complied with the applicable requirements of the Building Regulations: the building complies with the applicable requirements of the Building Regulations. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. the erection or extension of a building b. b. building work must be carried out in a workmanlike manner using adequate and proper materials. The Building Regulations set out requirements that must be met before a building can be used for a new purpose. Where there is any doubt you should consult the full text of the regulations. available at www. Materials and workmanship In accordance with regulation 7.gov. Material change of use Regulation 5 defines a ‘material change of use’ in which a building or part of a building that was previously used for one purpose will be used for another. Regulation 4 states that building work should be carried out in such a way that. If a building is extended or renovated. when work is complete: a. the provision or extension of a controlled service or fitting c.legislation. the material alteration of a building or a controlled service or fitting. Energy efficiency requirements Part 6 of the Building Regulations imposes additional specific requirements for energy efficiency. the energy efficiency of the existing building or part of it may need to be upgraded. Building work Regulation 3 of the Building Regulations defines ‘building work’. To meet the requirements. ONLINE VERSION The Building Regulations The following is a high level summary of the Building Regulations relevant to most types of building work.

builder or installer) must ensure that the work complies with all applicable requirements of the Building Regulations. agent. Responsibility for compliance People who are responsible for building work (e. The building owner may also be responsible for ensuring that work complies with the Building Regulations. It is work that will be self-certified by a registered competent person or certified by a registered third party. vi Approved Document M Volume 1. the Building Regulations. designer.g. the building owner may be served with an enforcement notice. ONLINE VERSION Notification of work Most building work and material changes of use must be notified to a building control body unless one of the following applies. a. If building work does not comply with the Building Regulations. b. It is work exempted from the need to notify by regulation 12(6A) of. or Schedule 4 to. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .

ONLINE VERSION Contents The approved documents Page i The Building Regulations iii Section 0: Approved Document M. 2015 edition vii ONLINE VERSION . Volume 1: Access to and use of dwellings 1 Summary 1 Application 1 Optional requirements 1 Interaction with other legislation 1 Mixed use development 2 Material alterations 2 Historic buildings 2 Interaction with Parts C and K of the Building Regulations 2 Requirement M4(1): Category 1 – Visitable dwellings 3 Performance 3 Section 1: Category 1 – Visitable dwellings 4 Section 1A: Approach to the dwelling 4 Application 4 Approach routes 4 Communal entrances 5 Communal lifts and stairs 6 Section 1B: Private entrances and spaces within the dwelling 7 Application 7 Private entrances 7 Circulation areas and internal doorways 7 Sanitary facilities 8 Services and controls 9 Optional requirement M4(2): Category 2 – Accessible and adaptable dwellings 10 Performance 10 Section 2: Category 2 – Accessible and adaptable dwellings 11 Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.

internal doorways and storage 32 Habitable rooms 36 Sanitary facilities 40 Services and controls 49 Private outdoor space 50 Appendix A: Key terms 51 Appendix B: Standards referred to 54 Appendix C: Other documents referred to 55 Appendix D: Furniture schedule 56 Index 57 viii Approved Document M Volume 1. and connected to. the dwelling 30 Application 30 Private entrances 30 Circulation areas. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . ONLINE VERSION Section 2A: Approach to the dwelling 11 Application 11 Approach routes 11 Car parking and drop-off 13 Communal entrances 14 Communal lifts and stairs 15 Section 2B: Private entrances and spaces within the dwelling 16 Application 16 Private entrances 16 Circulation areas and internal doorways 17 Habitable rooms 18 Sanitary facilities 19 Services and controls 22 Optional requirement M4(3): Category 3 – Wheelchair user dwellings 23 Performance 23 Section 3: Category 3 – Wheelchair user dwellings 24 Section 3A: Approach to the dwelling 24 Application 24 Approach routes 24 Car parking and drop-off 27 Communal entrances 27 Communal lifts and stairs 28 Section 3B: Private entrances and spaces within.

3 Requirements M4(2) and M4(3) are ‘optional requirements’ as defined in the Building Regulations. is shared between dwellings of different categories. Where no condition is imposed. Optional requirements 0. including vertical circulation in the common parts of a block of flats. dwellings only need to meet requirements M4(1). 2015 edition 1 ONLINE VERSION .8 The Workplace (Health. optional requirement M4(3)(2)(a) will apply by default requiring that dwellings should be wheelchair adaptable. An optional requirement only applies where a condition that one or more dwellings should meet the relevant optional requirement is imposed on new development as part of the process of granting planning permission. It contains the following sections: Section 1: Category 1 – Visitable dwellings Section 2: Category 2 – Accessible and adaptable dwellings Section 3: Category 3 – Wheelchair user dwellings Application 0.4 Where any part of an approach route. Safety and Welfare) Regulations 0. Compliance should be assessed against only one of requirements M4(1).7 If people. and dwellings undergoing material alteration. 0. For further information see www.6 The person carrying out building work must inform the building control body where any optional requirements apply. such as cleaners and caretakers. are employed to work in the common parts of flats and similar buildings the Workplace (Health. 0. Safety and Welfare) Regulations will apply. Section A of the optional requirement for the highest numbered category of dwelling served will apply to that part of the approach route. They do not apply to the extension of a dwelling. 0. Safety and Welfare) Regulations contain some requirements that affect building design. The main requirements are covered by the Building Regulations. M4(2) and M4(3) of the Building Regulations. only.2 The recommendations of this volume of this approved document apply to newly erected dwellings. ONLINE VERSION Section 0: Approved Document M Volume 1: Access to and use of dwellings Summary 0.5 Where a local planning authority sets a planning condition for Category 3 (wheelchair user) housing it can specify which dwellings should be wheelchair accessible by including in the planning permission a condition stating that optional requirement M4(3)(2)(b) applies. M4(2) or M4(3) for any given dwelling. Interaction with other legislation The Workplace (Health.1 This approved document gives guidance about how to comply with requirements M4(1).hse.uk. 0. Where no such condition is applied.gov. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.

14 Requirements M4(1). areas of outstanding natural beauty. the building should be no less compliant with requirement M4(1) than it was prior to the building work taking place. 0.15 In meeting the provisions of Part M by providing a level or ramped approach and level threshold. 2 Approved Document M Volume 1. buildings of architectural and historic merit within national parks.10 Common areas in mixed use development containing both domestic and non domestic functions should meet the requirements for non-domestic buildings in Approved Document M: Volume 2. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . Interaction with Parts C and K of the Building Regulations 0. harassment and victimisation.13 Requirements for accessibility should be balanced against preserving historic buildings or environments. world heritage sites and vernacular buildings of traditional form and construction. Part K sets out requirements for stepped or ramped approaches which form part of a building other than where the requirements of Part M are applicable. 0. M4(2) and M4(3) of Part M set out requirements for stepped and ramped approaches forming part of accessible approach routes in and around dwellings. English Heritage and the views of local access groups. requirement M4(1).9 Those who dispose of. In achieving an appropriate balance it would be appropriate to take into account the advice of the local authority’s conservation and access officers. care must be taken to ensure the moisture resistance and design of the dwelling as a whole also complies with requirements C2 and C4. M4(2) or M4(3) as appropriate of Part M takes precedence.11 Where a dwelling is subject to a material alteration. Mixed use development 0. buildings of architectural merit referred to as a material consideration in a Local Plan. ONLINE VERSION The Equality Act 2010 and Equality Act 2010 (Disability) Regulations 0. Historic buildings 0. The Act protects people who meet the Act’s definition of a disabled person from disability discrimination. Material alterations 0. The provisions in Part 4 of the Act do not apply to the erection of new dwellings.12 Historic buildings include listed buildings. Where both Part M and Part K apply. let or manage premises are subject to the provisions in Part 4 of the Equality Act 2010. buildings in conservation areas.

Reasonable provision is made if the dwelling complies with all of the following. It is possible to gain access to the dwelling. Where the habitable rooms and the WC are located on the entrance storey. Reasonable provision should be made for Requirement M4(1) does not apply to: people to— (a)  an extension to a dwelling. or (a) gain access to. Visitors can access and use the habitable rooms and a WC within the entrance storey of the dwelling (or the principal storey where the entrance storey does not contain a habitable room). from the most likely point of alighting from a car. repaired or maintained. and (b)  any part of a building that is used solely to (b) use. requirement M4(1) will be met when a new dwelling makes reasonable provision for most people. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. Wall-mounted switches and socket outlets in habitable rooms are reasonably accessible to people who have reduced reach. or the building containing the dwelling. to approach and enter the dwelling and to access habitable rooms and sanitary facilities on the entrance storey. c. access between them is step free. f. e. Requirement Requirement Limits on application Category 1 – visitable dwelling Access and use M4(1). it is possible to approach and gain access to the dwelling. a. Performance In the Secretary of State’s view. A disabled person who is able to walk is able to visit any dwelling in a building containing one or more dwellings. ONLINE VERSION M4(1) Requirement M4(1): Category 1 – Visitable dwellings This section of the approved document deals with the following requirement from Part M of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 2010. 2015 edition 3 ONLINE VERSION . including wheelchair users. the dwelling and its facilities enable the building or any service or fitting in the building to be inspected. b. Within the curtilage of the dwelling or the building containing the dwelling. d.

gently sloping. 1. including a disabled person. approach routes should comply with all of the following. c. The approach route is a minimum of 900mm wide with a maximum cross fall of 1 in 40. the approach route. On steeply sloping plots. an additional allowance of at least 900mm wide should be provided so that a wheelchair user can pass a parked car. Where a driveway forms all. External ramps forming part of an approach route 1. All external parts of the approach route have a suitable ground surface. a stepped approach can be used. 4 Approved Document M Volume 1. The approach route is level.3 The approach route should be safe and convenient for everyone. 1. or part of. or the building containing the dwelling. This point of access may be within or outside the plot of the dwelling. would expect to get in and out of a car.M4(1) ONLINE VERSION Section 1: Category 1 – Visitable dwellings Section 1A: Approach to the dwelling Application 1. 1. ramped or. access to a suitable alternative entrance would be reasonable. d. Individual flights are: • for gradients up to 1:15 – not more than 10m long • for gradients up to 1:12 – not more than 5m long b. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . These provisions do not apply beyond the curtilage of the development. including older and disabled people and some wheelchair users. b. a. Every flight has a minimum clear width of 900mm.5 Normally these provisions will apply to the principal private entrance but where this is not possible.1 The provisions of Section 1A apply to external and internal areas and elements that form part of the approach route to the dwelling and fall within the plot (or curtilage) of the individual dwelling.6 To enable most people to approach the dwelling. or. the provisions apply to the approach route between the dwelling and the nearest point at which a visitor. stepped. gently sloping. where necessary. or the building containing the dwelling (such as a block of flats).7 A ramped approach should comply with all of the following.4 The approach route should be level. 1. a.2 Where parking is not provided within the curtilage. It should adopt the shallowest gradient that can reasonably be achieved and be step-free where possible. ramped. where unavoidable. Approach routes General 1.

Steps have suitable tread nosings. External stepped approach 1. a. This grippable handrail is 850-1000mm above the pitch line of the flight and extends a minimum of 300mm beyond the top and bottom nosings. 2015 edition 5 ONLINE VERSION . b. An intermediate landing is provided between individual flights and at any change of direction. Every flight with three or more risers has a suitable handrail to one side. a.1 Measurement of clear opening width of external and internal doors b. Top and bottom and. c. ONLINE VERSION M4(1) c. Handles. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. clear of the swing of any door (or gate). where necessary. c. Every flight has a minimum clear width of 900mm.9 The principal communal entrance door of the building containing the dwelling should comply with all of the following. intermediate landings. d. Steps are uniform with a rise of 75-150mm and a minimum going of 280mm (for tapered steps measured at a point 270mm from the ‘inside’ (narrow end) of the step). The door has a minimum clear opening width of 775mm. d. Every flight has a top and bottom landing.1. Any threshold is an accessible threshold. No individual flight has a rise of more than 1800mm between landings. e. a b distance a-b = clear opening width Diagram 1. Key: a inside face of door (when open) c d b inside edge of door frame or stop c leading edge d following edge Notes: 1. e.8 Where it is not possible to achieve step-free access to any private entrance (as may occur on a steeply sloping plot) a stepped approach is acceptable if it complies with all of the following. when measured in accordance with Diagram 1. Every landing is a minimum of 1200mm long. The ground surface (or entrance flooring) does not impede wheelchairs. are provided and every landing has a minimum length of 900mm. Communal entrances 1. f. other door furniture and weatherboards may be ignored when measuring clear opening width.

11 A suitable lift should comply with all of the following.M4(1) ONLINE VERSION Communal lifts and stairs General provisions 1. NOTE: A lift complying with BS EN 81-70 type 1 would satisfy the requirements of provisions f. h. the stair meets the requirements of Park K for a utility stair. 6 Approved Document M Volume 1. a. to confirm the floor selected.11. it should be suitable for a wheelchair user. is provided on the landing and adjacent to the lift call button. Communal stairs 1. Tactile indication. to j. j. g. Where lift access cannot reasonably be achieved it is acceptable to provide a suitable stair. e. The lift incorporates a signalling system that gives visual notification that the lift is answering a landing call. or adjacent to. the lift buttons within the car. i. The car is a minimum 900mm wide and 1250mm deep inside. Where the dwelling is on an upper floor and does have lift access. of paragraph 1. Where the dwelling is on an upper floor and does not have lift access. is provided on. b. f. k. it provides visual and audible indicators to identify the floor reached. Where a lift is provided. the stair meets the requirements of Part K for a general access stair. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . c. The lift has a dwell time of five seconds before its doors begin to close after they are fully open. b. Landing and car controls are between 900mm and 1200mm above the car floor and a minimum 400mm (measured horizontally) from the inside of the front wall. There is a clear landing a minimum 1500mm long and 1500mm wide directly in front of the lift door at every floor level.10 A passenger lift is the most convenient way for many people to move from one storey to another. Communal passenger lifts 1.12 The principal communal stairs that give access to the dwelling should comply with one of the following: a. The load capacity is at least 400kg. The doors have a minimum clear opening width of 800mm. d. When the lift serves more than three storeys. to identify each storey. Tactile indication. provided that the lift door remains fully open for at least three seconds. The system can be overridden by a door re-activating device that relies on appropriate electronic methods (but not a door edge pressure system).

door and hall widths should comply with all of the following (see Diagram 1. the provisions of Section 1B apply to the principal private entrance and to key areas within the entrance storey (or where there are no habitable rooms on the entrance storey. and is no longer than 2m in length. 775mm 800mm 750mm 900mm 900mm 750mm 1050mm 2m max. Where a step into the dwelling is unavoidable. does not occur opposite or close to a doorway. when measured in accordance with Diagram 1. Every door to a habitable room and the room containing the WC has a minimum clear opening width as set out in Table 1. and the corridor is not reduced below a minimum 750mm width at any point.13 Except where noted. b. Private entrances 1.1. 2m max. Any localised obstruction. c.14 The principal private entrance to the dwelling (or the alternative entrance where the approach route is not to the principal private entrance) should comply with all of the following. Circulation areas and internal doorways Door and hall widths 1.2). Key: 750mm Localised obstruction not permitted in shaded zone Permitted obstruction 1200mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 1.2 Minimum door width. the principal storey) of the dwelling. This applies to all dwelling types. the rise is a maximum 150mm and is aligned with the outside face of the door threshold. hall widths and localised obstructions Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. such as a radiator.15 To facilitate access into habitable rooms and to a WC in the entrance storey. b. Any threshold is an accessible threshold. ONLINE VERSION M4(1) Section 1B: Private entrances and spaces within the dwelling Application 1. The door has a minimum clear opening width of 775mm. a. including upper floor flats. 2015 edition 7 ONLINE VERSION . when measured in accordance with Diagram 1.1.1. a.

All dimensions minimum unless otherwise stated. b.17 To enable easy access to a WC. c. A room (which may be a WC/cloakroom or a bathroom) containing a WC is provided on the entrance storey or. 8 Approved Document M Volume 1. Any basin is positioned to avoid impeding access.3 WC access zones NOTE: Examples of compliant WC/cloakrooms are shown in Diagram 1. 3. a.3A – Clear access for frontal transfer Diagram 1.M4(1) ONLINE VERSION Table 1. d.16 To provide easy access between rooms on the entrance storey.1. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . 450*mm 400mm 450*mm 450*mm Example 1. a stepped change of level within the entrance storey should be avoided where possible. The door to the room opens outwards and has a clear opening width in accordance with Table 1.1  Minimum widths of corridors and passageways for a range of doorway widths Doorway clear opening width (mm) Corridor clear passageway width (mm) 750 or wider 900 (when approached head on) 750 1200 (when approach is not head-on) 775 1050 (when approach is not head-on) 800 900 (when approach is not head on) NOTE: A standard 826mm door leaf up to 44mm thick will be deemed to satisfy a requirement for a clear opening width of 775mm. they should comply with the provisions of Part K. Notes: Opening to front of WC 1. * denotes minimum but 500mm preferred.3. Sanitary facilities WC facilities 1.3A – Clear access for oblique transfer Example 1.4. where there are no habitable rooms on the entrance storey. There is clear space to access the WC in accordance with Diagram 1. a dwelling should comply with all of the following. Basins should not project into access zones in such a 250mm way as to impede access. on the principal storey or the entrance storey. If internal steps or stairs on the entrance level are unavoidable. 750mm 750mm 2. Private stairs and changes of level within the entrance storey 1.

telephone jack points entry phones TV sockets door bells. Switches and sockets. Doors should open outwards.4A – oblique access WC Example 1. services and controls should comply with all of the following.4B – frontal access WC Diagram 1. TV aerials and telephone jacks. sockets etc. 2015 edition 9 ONLINE VERSION . entry phones.5. Dimensions for illustration purposes only 2. as shown in Diagram 1. switches sockets 1200mm 450mm Diagram 1. Consumer units are mounted so that the switches are 1350-1450mm above floor level. ONLINE VERSION M4(1) Notes: 850mm 1.5 Heights of switches. a.4 Examples of WC/cloakrooms Services and controls 1.18 To assist people who have reduced reach. 750mm 750mm 1600mm 1500mm 250mm 450mm 400mm 450mm 450mm 1050mm Example 1. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. light switches. b. serving habitable rooms throughout the dwelling have their centre line 450-1200mm above floor level. including door bells. power sockets.

the dwelling and its facilities.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION Optional requirement M4(2): Category 2 – Accessible and adaptable dwellings This section of the approved document deals with the following optional requirement from Part M of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 2010. (c)  does not apply where optional requirement (2) The provision made must be sufficient to— M4(3) applies. A wide range of people. or of the building containing the dwelling. optional requirement M4(2) will be met where a new dwelling makes reasonable provision for most people to access the dwelling and incorporates features that make it potentially suitable for a wide range of occupants. Features are provided to enable common adaptations to be carried out in future to increase the accessibility and functionality of the dwelling. and to any associated private outdoor space directly connected to the entrance storey. Reasonable provision is made if the dwelling complies with all of the following. a. (d)  does not apply to any part of a building that is including some older or disabled people. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . it is possible to approach and gain step-free access to the dwelling and to any associated parking space and communal facilities intended for the occupants to use. Within the curtilage of the dwelling. socket outlets and other controls are reasonably accessible to people who have reduced reach. including older and disabled people and some wheelchair users. (b) use. or maintained. d. e. c. b. (a) gain access to. Performance In the Secretary of State’s view. are able to use the accommodation and its sanitary facilities. (a) meet the needs of occupants with differing needs. those with reduced mobility and some wheelchair users. repaired changing needs of occupants over time. Requirement Optional requirement Limits on application Part M access to and use of buildings Category 2 – accessible and adaptable dwellings M4(2) optional requirement Optional requirement M4(2)— (1) Reasonable provision must be made for people to— (a)  may apply only in relation to a dwelling that is erected. including older people. 10 Approved Document M Volume 1. and (b)  will apply in substitution for requirement M4(1). and used solely to enable the building or any service (b) to allow adaptation of the dwelling to meet the or fitting in the building to be inspected. There is step-free access to the WC and other accommodation within the entrance storey. Wall-mounted switches.

communal gates. Approach routes General 2. a step-free approach route should be provided to a suitable alternative private entrance instead.3 The provisions also apply to the approach route between the dwelling and the point. at which an occupant or visitor. paths.4 Reasonable provision should be made to ensure that the approach route to any communal facilities that serve the dwelling meets these provisions. 2. an additional stepped route meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.6 The approach route should be safe and convenient.2 The provisions of Section 2A apply to external and internal areas and elements that form part of the approach route to the individual dwelling and fall within the plot (or curtilage) of the dwelling or the building containing the dwelling. including a disabled person. adopt the shallowest gradient that can reasonably be achieved and be step-free. 2015 edition 11 ONLINE VERSION .8 Where a communal ramped approach route is provided and has an overall rise of 300mm or more. but for a dwelling within a larger building (typically a block of flats) the approach route will usually involve one. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. or more. These provisions do not apply beyond the curtilage of the development.11 should also be provided. lobbies. ONLINE VERSION M4(2) Section 2: Category 2 – Accessible and adaptable dwellings Section 2A: Approach to the dwelling Application 2. 2. 2. 2. doors. as well as communal lifts and stairs. such as those used for depositing refuse and recycling. or points. or a gate and a path. corridors and access decks.3 to 0. for example for meter reading. or points. 2.6).1 The provisions of Section 2A apply only where a planning condition requires compliance with optional requirement M4(2) for accessible and adaptable dwellings (see paragraphs 0.5 For a house (or other dwelling that sits within its own plot) the approach route will often only involve a driveway. would expect to get in and out of a car. entrances.7 Where it is not reasonable to achieve a step-free approach route to the principal private entrance. Communal facilities include storage areas. This point. The provisions for approach routes (other than those relating specifically to step-free access) should still apply to both the route to the principal private entrance and the route to the alternative private entrance. of access may be within or outside the plot of the dwelling or the building containing the dwelling (typically a block of flats). but not plant rooms or other service areas unless occupants need regular access. 2. irrespective of the storey on which the dwelling is located.

Flights within a communal approach route have a minimum clear width of 1200mm. 2. External and internal ramps forming part of an approach route 2. Every gate (or gateway) along the approach route has both: • a minimum clear opening width of 850mm • a 300mm nib to the leading edge of the gate. All external parts of the approach route have a suitable ground surface. c. Flights within a private approach route have a minimum clear width of 900mm. b.9 An approach route for a Category 2 dwelling should comply with all of the following. Any localised obstruction does not occur opposite or close to a doorway. Communal parts of the approach route (except communal stairs) have a minimum clear width of 1200mm or 1050mm where there are localised obstructions. c. a. The gradient is between 1:20 and 1:12. d. A site gradient of 1:15 will usually 444 require a series of ramps of 1:12 1:18 interspersed with landings where 412 necessary. d.g. 1:17 375 1:16 333 1:15 1:14 286 231 1:13 83 166 1:12 does not comply steeper 1:11 satisfactory 1:10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Maximum length of ramp flight (m) Diagram 2. The approach route is level.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION 2. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . Private parts of the approach route have a minimum clear width of 900mm or 750mm where there are localised obstructions. a. Gradient x length of flight = rise 474 shallower 1:19 e. Gradient Rise (mm) of ramp 500 1:20 Notes: 1.1 Maximum length of ramp at a given gradient 12 Approved Document M Volume 1. The length of each flight at a given gradient meets the provisions of Diagram 2. e. and is no longer than 2m in length. the ramp should comply with all of the following.1. gently sloping or.10 To enable people to use a ramp safely. or at a change of direction. where necessary. f. 1/20 x 10 = 500mm. b. ramped.

Every flight has a top and bottom landing. a. intermediate landings are provided and every landing has a minimum length of 900mm. a stepped approach should comply with all of the following. b. it should comply with all of the following. Where communal parking is provided to blocks of flats. It is level or. where unavoidable.12 Where a parking space is provided for the dwelling. c. Car parking and drop-off Parking space 2. Access between the parking bay and the principal private entrance or. Top and bottom and. Steps are uniform with a rise of between 150mm and 170mm and a going of between 280mm and 425mm (for tapered steps measured at a point 270mm from the ‘inside’ (narrow end) of the step). Drop-off point 2. f. e. where necessary. (or to both sides where the flight is wider than 1000mm). a. Every flight has a minimum clear width of 900mm. Where the parking is within the private curtilage of the dwelling (but not within a carport or garage) at least one space is a standard parking bay that can be widened to 3. where unavoidable. at least one standard parking bay is provided close to the communal entrance of each core of the block (or to the lift core where the parking bay is internal). c. External steps forming part of an additional route 2. b. 2015 edition 13 ONLINE VERSION . This grippable handrail is 850-1000mm above the pitch line of the flight and extends a minimum of 300mm beyond the top and bottom nosings. where necessary. b. f. gently sloping. it should comply with all of the following. No individual flight has a rise between landings of more than 1800mm.3m. gently sloping. d. g. ONLINE VERSION M4(2) e. Every flight with three or more risers has a suitable grippable handrail to one side. c. f. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.11 To enable a wide range of people to use steps safely.13 Where a drop-off point is provided for the dwelling. The parking bay should have a minimum clear access zone of 900mm to one side and a dropped kerb in accordance with paragraph 2. a. It is located close to the principal communal entrance of the building containing the dwelling. The parking space is level or. An intermediate landing is provided between individual flights and at any change of direction. The gradient is as shallow as the site permits. e. Steps have suitable tread nosings. It has a suitable ground surface. The parking space has a suitable ground surface. d. Every landing is a minimum 1200mm long.13d. clear of any door (or gate) swing. the alternative private entrance to the dwelling is step free.

e. Key: a inside face of door (when open) c d b inside edge of door frame or stop c leading edge d following edge e nib to leading edge (300mm min) f reveal depth (200mm max to door face when closed) e Notes: 1. Communal entrances Principal communal entrance 2. The reveal on the leading side of the door (usually the inside) has a maximum depth of 200mm. f. The ground surface (or entrance flooring) does not impede wheelchair movement. Where a dropped kerb is provided.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION d. There is a level landing a minimum of 1500mm wide and 1500mm long directly outside the entrance and clear of the swing of any door. h. are mounted 900-1000mm above finished ground level. k. The landing is covered to a minimum width of 1200mm and depth of 900mm. and at least 300mm away from any projecting corner. distance a-b = clear opening width *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 2. the main (or leading) leaf provides the required minimum clear opening width. the doors are a minimum of 1500mm apart and there is a minimum of 1500mm between door swings. a. f 2.2. g. j.2 Measurement of clear opening width and other features of external and internal doors 14 Approved Document M Volume 1. The entrance door (or gate) has a minimum clear opening width of 850mm. reasonably flush with the adjoining ground and has a maximum gradient of 1:12. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . where provided. i. A minimum 300mm nib is provided to the leading edge of the door (or gate) and the extra width created by this nib is maintained for a minimum distance of 1200mm beyond it. The threshold is an accessible threshold. Door entry controls. when measured in accordance with Diagram 2. Lighting is provided which uses fully diffused luminaires activated automatically by a dusk to dawn timer or by detecting motion. c. Handles. it is a minimum of 1000mm wide.14 The principal communal entrance should comply with all of the following. Skirting boards may be ignored when measuring door nibs (from finished wall b face to inside edge of door frame). b. Where there are double doors (or gates). d. other door furniture and weatherboards may be ignored when a measuring clear opening width. Where there is a lobby or porch.

The car is a minimum of 1100mm wide and 1400mm deep inside. Doors have a minimum clear opening width of 800mm. e.14.16 A wide range of people. to k. f. directly in front of the lift door at every floor level. b. including accompanied wheelchair users. Landing and car controls are 900-1200mm above the car floor and a minimum of 400mm (measured horizontally) from the inside of the front wall. or gate. Communal lifts and stairs Communal lifts 2. The lift has an initial dwell time of five seconds before its doors begin to close after they are fully open. Every passenger lift that gives access to the dwelling should comply with all of the following. There is a clear landing. ONLINE VERSION M4(2) Other communal doors 2. Communal stairs 2. c. a. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. 2015 edition 15 ONLINE VERSION . of paragraph 2.17 The principal communal stair that gives access to the dwelling should meet the requirements of Part K for a general access stair. along the approach route should comply with provisions d.15 Every communal door. should be able to access and use the lift. a minimum of 1500mm long and 1500mm wide. d. The lift is equivalent to or meets the requirements of BS EN 81-70:2003 for a type 2 lift.

to i.2.19 The provisions of Section 2B apply to private entrances. Other external doors 2. d. or connected to. Where there are double doors. g. f. e. or the alternative private entrance where step-free access cannot be achieved to the principal private entrance. There is a level external landing with a minimum width and depth of 1200mm. a. the doors are a minimum of 1500mm apart and there is at least 1500mm between door swings. of paragraph 2. 2. The door has a minimum clear opening width of 850mm when measured in accordance with Diagram 2. The landing is covered for a minimum width of 900mm and a minimum depth of 600mm.21 All other external doors – including doors to and from a private garden. Where there is a lobby or porch. conservatory or storage area that is integral with. garage. the dwelling – should comply with provisions d. b. the main (or leading) leaf provides the required minimum clear opening width.20. carport. A minimum 300m nib is provided to the leading edge of the door and the extra width created by this nib is maintained for a minimum distance of 1200mm beyond it.3 to 0. balcony.20 The principal private entrance.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION Section 2B: Private entrances and spaces within the dwelling Application 2. i. 16 Approved Document M Volume 1. The depth of the reveal on the leading side of the door (usually the inside) is a maximum of 200mm h. The threshold is an accessible threshold. should comply with all of the following. other external doors and key elements within the dwelling. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . terrace. Lighting is provided which uses fully diffused luminaires activated automatically by a dusk to dawn timer or by detecting motion.18 The provisions of Section 2B apply only where a planning condition requires compliance with optional requirement M4(2) for accessible and adaptable dwellings (see paragraphs 0. c.6). Private entrances Principal private entrance and alternative entrance 2.

29. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. 2015 edition 17 ONLINE VERSION .1  Minimum widths of corridors and passageways for a range of doorway widths Doorway clear opening width (mm) Corridor clear passageway width 750 or wider 900 (when approached head on) 750 1200 (when approach is not head-on) 775 1050 (when approach is not head-on) 800 900 (when approach is not head-on) NOTE 1: The provisions of paragraph 2. The minimum clear width of every hall or landing is 900mm. Any localised obstruction. does not occur opposite or close to a doorway or at a change of direction and is no longer than 2m in length.3). doors and corridors should comply with all of the following (see Diagram 2.26 to 2. Every door has a minimum clear opening width as set out in Table 2.22 To facilitate movement into. A minimum 300mm nib is provided to the leading edge of every door within the entrance storey. c. or • en-suite bathrooms or showers that are additional to the provisions of paragraphs 2. and between. 1200mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 2.22 do not apply to: • cupboards unless large enough to be entered. a. 1500mm Key: 750mm Localised obstruction not Note 1: 300mm nib permitted in shaded zone only required where Permitted obstruction door opens inward (shown dotted). b. d. rooms throughout the dwelling.1. and the corridor is not reduced below a minimum 750mm width at any point.3 Minimum door and hall widths and restrictions on localised obstructions Table 2. 775mm 800mm 900mm 900mm 750mm 300mm 800mm 1050mm 1500mm 1500mm 300mm 300mm 2m max. such as a radiator. ONLINE VERSION M4(2) Circulation areas and internal doorways Door and hall widths 2.

d. a. NOTE: For the purpose of demonstrating compliance with these provisions. 18 Approved Document M Volume 1. At least one double bedroom (the principal bedroom) can provide a clear access zone a minimum 750mm wide to both sides and the foot of the bed. NOTE 3: A standard 826mm door leaf up to 44mm thick will be deemed to satisfy a requirement for a clear opening width of 775mm.29). c. c. Level changes within every other storey are avoided where possible. a WC and the principal private entrance.23 To allow people to move between storeys.24 To provide usable living spaces and easy.25 To enable a wide range of people to access and use them. dining room or a combined kitchen and dining room). Habitable rooms Living.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION NOTE 2: Double doors effectively provide nibs where each leaf is at least 300mm wide. It can be demonstrated (for example by providing dimensioned bedroom layouts. Private stairs and changes of level within the dwelling 2. Bedrooms 2. b. b. kitchen and eating areas 2. and to allow a stair-lift to be fitted to the stairs from the entrance storey to the storey above (or the storey below where this contains the bathroom required by the provisions of paragraph 2. A minimum 1200mm clear space is provided in front of and between all kitchen units and appliances. key accommodation should comply with all of the following. a. a. d. stairs should comply with all of the following. b. c. e. Every other double bedroom can provide a clear access zone a minimum 750mm wide to one side and the foot of the bed. Access to all rooms and facilities within the entrance storey is step-free. Within the entrance storey there is a living area (which may be a living room. similar to the example in Diagram 2. All stairs meet the provisions of Part K for private stairs. All single and twin bedrooms can provide a clear access zone a minimum 750mm wide to one side of each bed. beds should be of the size set out in the furniture schedule in Appendix D. Every bedroom can provide a clear access route a minimum 750mm wide from the doorway to the window. Glazing to the principal window of the principal living area starts a maximum of 850mm above floor level or at the minimum height necessary to comply with the requirements of Part K for guarding to windows. The stair from the entrance storey to the storey above (or below) has a minimum clear width of 850mm when measured 450mm above the pitch line of the treads (ignoring any newel post). step-free access between a living area.4) that the provisions above can be achieved. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . bedrooms should comply with all of the following.

seats and other adaptations that could impose a load of up to 1.4 Clear access zones to principal bedroom Sanitary facilities General provisions 2.3 and the basin does not impede access to the WC. where reasonable.5. Bedside furniture permitted in zone ‘a’. WC and basin (together with their associated clear access zones) meet the provisions of Diagram 2. Clear access required to window and no localised obstructions intruding on 750mm 750mm access zone. Every dwelling has a room within the entrance storey that provides a WC and basin (which may be within a WC/cloakroom or a bathroom). and the shower. Bed size in accordance with the furniture schedule in Appendix D. d. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. In a two or three storey dwelling with three or more bedrooms. Examples of compliant WC layouts are shown in Diagram 2.6. NOTE: The loading for strengthened walls is considered suitable for many types of adaptations but additional localised strengthening may be required if adaptations are fitted that impose high point loads. 750mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 2. 2. to make provision for showering. c. bathroom and shower room should be strong enough to support grab rails.27 To provide step-free access to a WC that is suitable and convenient for some wheelchair users and. a. Additional sanitary facilities beyond those required to comply with this guidance need not have strengthened walls. 3. ONLINE VERSION M4(2) 600mm a a Notes: 1. b. the WC (together with its associated clear access zone) meets the provisions of Diagram 1.26 All walls. 2015 edition 19 ONLINE VERSION .5kN/m2. The door opens outwards. In a two or three storey dwelling with one or two bedrooms. WC facilities on the entrance storey 2. the room with the WC and basin also provides an installed level access shower or a potential level access shower. dwellings should comply with all of the following. ducts and boxings to the WC/cloakroom.

Alternative permitted locations for 1100mm a wash hand basin (in a 750mm bathroom) or a hand a rinse basin (in a WC) 200mm e. 4. The access zone to the basin may extend under it as far as any fixed obstruction. such as a vanity unit.5 Sanitary fittings. d. 5. 3. c. WC access zone b. associated clear access zones and permitted encroachment of basins 20 Approved Document M Volume 1. In WC/cloakrooms the basin and/or WC may encroach into the shower space but this should be minimised. Access zones may overlap except where noted. Diagram 2. 2. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . Other larger sizes may affect the overall size of a bathroom or WC/cloakroom. Any radiator or towel rail should be clear of all access zones.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION 350mm 1000mm 750mm c 200mm Max b 700mm Key: a. pedestal or trap. Sizes of fittings are minima based on the furniture schedule in Appendix D.may overlap with shower 700mm 500mm R750 mm 1100mm 1000mm 1000mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Notes: 1. Maximum 1100mm Max encroachment 200mm for a hand rinse f. Maximum encroachment 300mm for a wash hand basin e f d 400-500mm 1500mm diameter clear turning circle .

described as the principal bedroom in paragraph 2.5. Dimensions for illustration purposes only. ONLINE VERSION M4(2) 1450mm 1450mm 450mm 1000mm 1000mm 450mm Notes: 1. c. The WC. a. Example 2. the WC/cloakroom may comply with the provisions of Diagram 1.7. Bathrooms 2. 2015 edition 21 ONLINE VERSION .3.28 Where the dwelling provides both an accessible bathroom with a WC and a WC/cloakroom within the same storey. the dwelling should comply with all of the following. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. basin and bath (together with their associated clear access zones) meet the provisions of Diagram 2.6A Example 2. Doors should 1000mm open outwards. that is located on the same floor as the double bedroom. Every dwelling has a bathroom that contains a WC. 350mm 1800mm 1800mm 350mm 3.6 Examples of WC/cloakroom layouts 2. a basin and a bath.29 To provide convenient access to a suitable bathroom. Provision for a potential level access shower is made within the bathroom if not provided elsewhere within the dwelling. b. Stack and 750mm drainage positions to be shown clear of access zones where located within WC / Cloarkroom. 1000mm 2.6B Diagram 2. Examples of bathroom layouts are shown in Diagram 2.25b.

Alternative door positions shown dotted. d. Dimensions for illustration purposes only. e. Stack and drainage positions to be shown clear of access zones where located within WC / Cloakroom. Switches. 3. sockets. c. Consumer units are mounted so that the switches are between 1350mm and 1450mm above floor level. unless the window is fitted with a remote opening device that is within this height range. Diagram 2. unless fitted with a remote opening device that is within this height range. The handle to at least one window in the principal living area is located between 450mm and 1200mm above floor level.30 To assist people who have reduced reach.7 Examples of Category 2 bathrooms Services and controls 2. stopcocks and controls have their centre line between 450mm and 1200mm above floor level and a minimum of 300mm (measured horizontally) from an inside corner.M4(2) ONLINE VERSION 2150mm 2150mm 450mm 450mm 300mm 1900mm 2000mm 1700mm Example 2. Either: • boiler timer controls and thermostats are mounted between 900mm and 1200mm above finished floor level on the boiler. 22 Approved Document M Volume 1. a. 2.7A Example 2.7B Notes: 1. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . NOTE: Controls that are part of a radiator or cooker hood are exempt from these provisions. or • separate controllers (wired or wireless) are mounted elsewhere in an accessible location within the same height range. b. services and controls should comply with all of the following. Handles to all other windows are located between 450mm and 1400mm above floor level.

could be easily altered to meet the needs of a wheelchair user or. The dwelling is wheelchair adaptable such that key parts of the accommodation. parking space and communal facility for occupants’ use. repaired or maintained. the dwelling is wheelchair accessible. for a wheelchair user to live in the dwelling and use any associated private outdoor space. either at completion or at a point following completion. b. (a) gain access to. e. fitting in the building to be inspected. Within the curtilage of the dwelling or of the building containing the dwelling. Optional requirement M4(3) (2)(b) applies only where the planning permission under which the building work is carried out specifies that it shall be complied with. parking and communal facilities that may be provided for the use of the occupants. including sanitary facilities and kitchens. Reasonable provision is made if the dwelling complies with all of the following. (c) does not apply where optional requirement M4(2) (2) The provision made must be sufficient to— applies. Performance In the Secretary of State’s view. Access to the WC and other accommodation within the entrance storey is step-free and the dwelling is designed to have the potential for step-free access to all other parts. a wheelchair user can approach and gain step-free access to every private entrance to the dwelling and to every associated private outdoor space. (b) use. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) Optional requirement M4(3): Category 3 – Wheelchair user dwellings This section of the approved document deals with the following optional requirement from Part M of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 2010. controls and socket outlets are accessible to people who have reduced reach. and (b) will apply in substitution for requirement M4(1). or used solely to enable the building or any service or (b) meet the needs of occupants who use wheelchairs. d. Wall-mounted switches. There is sufficient internal space to make accommodation within the dwelling suitable for a wheelchair user. (a) allow simple adaptation of the dwelling to meet (d) does not apply to any part of a building that is the needs of occupants who use wheelchairs. the dwelling and its facilities. 2015 edition 23 ONLINE VERSION . where required by a local planning authority. optional requirement M4(3) will be met where a new dwelling makes reasonable provision. c. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. Requirement Optional requirement Limits on application Category 3 – wheelchair user dwellings M4(3) optional requirement Optional requirement M4(3)— (1) Reasonable provision must be made for people to— (a) may apply only in relation to a dwelling that is erected. a.

corridors and access decks. entrances. would expect to get in and out of a car. doors. at which a wheelchair user.3 The provisions of Section 3A also apply to the approach route between the dwelling and the point. be at the shallowest gradient that can reasonably be achieved. 3.2 The provisions of Section 3A apply to specific external and internal areas and elements that form part of the approach route to the dwelling and fall within the plot (or curtilage) of the individual dwelling. and be step-free. of access may be within or outside the plot of the dwelling.1 The provisions of Section 3A apply only where a planning condition requires compliance with optional requirement M4(3) for a wheelchair user dwelling (see paragraphs 0. For a dwelling within a larger building (typically a block of flats) the approach route usually involves one.6 All the provisions of Section 3A apply to wheelchair adaptable and wheelchair accessible dwellings. 3. such as those used for depositing refuse and recycling. Communal facilities include storage areas. for example for meter reading. 3. 24 Approved Document M Volume 1. or the building containing the dwelling. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . 3.11 should also be provided.5 For a house (or other dwelling that sits within its own plot) the approach route will often only involve a driveway. or a gate and a path. or other disabled occupant or visitor.6). 3. irrespective of the storey on which the dwelling is located. or points.3 to 0. Approach routes to dedicated storage for mobility scooters (where provided) should also be step-free. lobbies. but not plant rooms or other service areas unless occupants need regular access to equipment within these spaces. communal gates. Where a communal ramped approach route is provided and has an overall rise of 300mm or more.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION Section 3: Category 3 – Wheelchair user dwellings Section 3A: Approach to the dwelling Application 3. This point.7 The approach route should be safe and convenient for everyone. These provisions do not apply beyond the curtilage of the development. paths. or the building containing the dwelling. or more. or points.4 Reasonable provision should also be made to ensure that the approach route to any communal facilities intended to serve the dwelling meets these provisions.8 A step-free approach route should be provided to all private entrances. 3. an additional stepped route meeting the requirements of paragraph 3. Approach routes General provisions 3. as well as communal lifts and stairs.

a. g. d. b. Every landing is level and a minimum of 1200mm clear of any door (or gate) swing. The length of each flight at a given gradient meets the provisions of Diagram 3. A level space with a minimum width and depth of 1500mm for passing or turning is provided at each end of the approach route and at maximum intervals of 10m.10 External and internal ramps should comply with all of the following. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) 3. c.1. External parts of the approach route have a suitable ground surface. f. e. The approach route (whether private or communal) has a minimum clear width of 1200mm. Flights (whether within a private or communal approach route) have a minimum clear width of 1200mm. An intermediate landing is provided between individual flights and at any change of direction. gently sloping or ramped. 2015 edition 25 ONLINE VERSION . d. External parts of the approach route are illuminated by fully diffused lighting activated automatically by a dusk to dawn timer or by detecting motion. Any localised obstruction does not occur opposite or close to a doorway or at a change of direction and is no longer than 2m in length. c. Every gate (or gateway) between the footway and the main communal or private entrance has all of the following: • a minimum clear opening width of 850mm • a minimum 300mm nib to the leading edge • a minimum 200mm nib to the following edge. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.9 An accessible step-free approach route that is specifically suitable for a wheelchair user should comply with all of the following. External and internal ramps forming part of an approach route 3. f. The gradient is between 1:20 and 1:15. a. e. The approach route is level. b. Top and bottom landings are provided to every flight.

1/20 x 10 = 500mm. Steps have suitable tread nosings. g.11 To enable a wide range of people to use them safely. f.g. b. No individual flight has a rise of more than 1800mm between landings. Gradient x length of flight = rise 474 shallower 1:19 e. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . 26 Approved Document M Volume 1. Top. d. e. a. Steps are uniform with a rise of between 150mm and 170mm and a going of between 280mm and 425mm (for tapered steps measured at a point 270mm from the ‘inside’ (narrow end) of the step). intermediate landings are provided and every landing is a minimum 900mm long.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION Gradient Rise (mm) of ramp 500 1:20 Notes: 1. c. where necessary. Every flight with three or more risers has a suitable grippable handrail on one side of the flight (or to both sides where the flight is wider than 1000mm). This grippable handrail is 850-1000mm above the pitch line of the flight and extends at least 300mm beyond the top and bottom nosings. 444 1:18 412 1:17 375 1:16 67 133 200 268 333 1:15 1:14 1:13 1:12 does not comply 1:11 steeper satisfactory 1:10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Maximum length of ramp flight (m) Diagram 3.1 Maximum length of ramp at a given gradient External steps forming part of an additional route 3. bottom and. Single steps are avoided. external steps should comply with all of the following. Every flight has a minimum clear width of 900mm.

b. The drop-off point is level. a. A minimum 300mm nib is provided to the leading edge of the door (or gate) and the extra width created by this nib is maintained for a minimum of 1800mm beyond it. d. Drop-off point 3. e. Where a dropped kerb is provided. a. Lighting is provided which uses fully diffused luminaires activated automatically by a dusk to dawn timer or by detecting motion. A clear turning circle 1500mm in diameter is provided inside the entrance area. The parking space has a suitable ground surface. The drop-off point has a suitable ground surface. c. 2015 edition 27 ONLINE VERSION . The parking space has a minimum clear headroom of 2200mm. it is a minimum of 1000mm wide. f. The landing is covered to a minimum width and depth of 1200mm. Where double doors (or gates) are provided. There is a level landing with a minimum width and depth of 1500mm outside the entrance. NOTE: The side access zones in communal parking areas may be shared by two bays.14 To enable a wheelchair user to enter the principal communal entrance. The parking space is level. Where the parking space is within the private curtilage of a dwelling (including a carport or garage) it is a standard parking bay with an additional minimum clear access zone of 1200mm to one side and to the rear. b. Where it is within a communal parking area. c. d. The entrance door (or gate) has a minimum clear opening width of 850mm when measured in accordance with Diagram 3. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) Car parking and drop-off Parking space 3. to enable a wheelchair user to get into and out of a car from both sides and access the boot space. a. The drop-off point is located close to the principal communal entrance of the core of the building that contains the dwelling.13 Where a drop-off point (or setting down point) is provided for the dwelling. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. it should comply with all of the following. Communal entrances Principal communal entrance 3. c. it should comply with all of the following. the main leaf provides the required minimum clear opening width. it is a standard parking bay with an additional minimum clear access zone of 1200mm to both sides. e.2.12 Where a dwelling has a parking space. is reasonably flush with the adjoining ground and has a maximum gradient of 1:15. d. the parking space should comply with all of the following. g. behind the entrance door when closed. b.

A clear landing.15 Every communal door. n. of paragraph 3. 28 Approved Document M Volume 1. k. The threshold is an accessible threshold. a minimum of 1500mm long and 1500mm wide. other door furniture and g weatherboards may be ignored when measuring clear opening width. or gate. to access and use the lift.2 Measurement of clear opening width and other features of external and internal doors Other communal doors 3. including accompanied wheelchair users. Skirting boards may be ignored when measuring door nibs (from finished wall face to inside edge of door frame). f distance a-b = clear opening width *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3. to n. a. Handles. i.14. l. c d Key: a inside face of door (when open) b inside edge of door frame or stop c leading edge d following edge e nib to leading edge (300mm min) f nib to following edge (200mm min) a g reveal depth (200mm max to door e face when closed) Notes: 1.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION h. Door entry controls. m.16 To enable a wide range of people. along the approach route should comply with provisions e. j. b 2. the doors are a minimum of 1500mm apart and there is a minimum of 1500mm clear space between door swings. The door is located reasonably centrally within the thickness of the wall while ensuring that the depth of the reveal on the leading face of the door (usually the inside) is a maximum of 200mm. is directly in front of the lift door at every floor level. A minimum 200mm nib is provided to the following edge of the door (or gate) and the extra width created by this nib is maintained for a distance of a minimum 1800mm beyond it. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .5N from 30° to 60° of the opening cycle. Communal lifts and stairs Communal lifts 3. every communal passenger lift that gives access to the dwelling should comply with all of the following. The ground surface (or entrance flooring) does not impede movement by wheelchair users. Power assisted opening is provided where the opening force of the door is more than 30N from 0° to 30° or more than 22. where provided. are mounted 900-1000mm above finished ground level a minimum of 300mm away from any projecting corner. Where there is a lobby or porch.

Landing and car controls are located 900-1200mm above the car floor and a minimum of 400mm (measured horizontally) from the inside of the front wall. Doors have a minimum clear opening width of 800mm. f. 2015 edition 29 ONLINE VERSION . Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) b. The lift is equivalent to or complies with requirements of BS EN 81-70:2003 for a type 2 lift. The lift has an initial dwell time of five seconds before its doors begin to close after they are fully open. Communal stairs 3.17 The principal communal stair that gives access to the dwelling should meet the provisions of Part K for a general access stair. The lift car is a minimum of 1100mm wide and 1400mm deep d. c. e.

6).21 All the provisions of Section 3B apply to wheelchair adaptable and wheelchair accessible dwellings. 3.22 The principal private entrance to the individual dwelling should comply with all of the following (see Diagram 3. when measured in accordance with Diagram 3. b. d. and connected to. the dwelling Application 3. furnished plan layouts that show the access zones and other provisions of Section 3B and the furniture of the furniture schedule included as Appendix D of this approved document should be provided to a scale of at least 1:100. other external doors and key elements within the dwelling. except where noted otherwise. a. They also cover any associated private outdoor space. 3. g.18 The provisions of Section 3B apply only where a planning condition requires compliance with optional requirement M4(3) for a wheelchair user dwelling (see paragraphs 0.19 The provisions of Section 3B apply to private entrances. the main (or leading) leaf provides the required minimum clear opening width.20 In order to demonstrate that the dwelling is capable of meeting the functional and spatial provisions for a wheelchair adaptable or wheelchair accessible dwelling.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION Section 3B: Private entrances and spaces within. e. 30 Approved Document M Volume 1. c. The door has a minimum clear opening width of 850mm. There is a minimum 1500mm clear turning circle inside the entrance area. 3. A minimum 200mm nib is provided to the following edge of the door and the extra width created by the nib is maintained for a minimum of 1500mm beyond it. Where there are double doors. f. garden.3 to 0. The landing area is covered for a minimum width and depth of 1200mm. A minimum 150mm nib is provided to the hinge side of the door (to allow for the fitting of a cage to the inside face of the letter box). in front of the door when closed.3). There is a level external landing with a minimum width and depth of 1500mm and clear of any door swing. balcony or private roof terrace. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . Private entrances Principal private entrance 3. A minimum 300mm nib is provided to the leading edge of the door and the extra width created by this nib is maintained for a minimum of 1800mm beyond it.2. Lighting is provided which uses fully diffused luminaires activated automatically by a dusk to dawn timer or by detecting motion.

3 Features associated with principal private entrance Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) n 1500mm clear width 1800mm l m f j k 300mm e 200mm 850mm g i clear opening width Key: a garden gate (850mm clear opening width) b 300mm nib c private approach route (1200mm clear h width) 1500mm d level landing area (1500 x 1500mm) e accessible threshold (see key terms) f private main entrance door (850mm clear opening width) g activated light h canopy (1200 x 1200mm shown dotted) i nib to following edge (200mm) d j nib to leading edge (300mm) 1500mm k recess for letter cage (150mm) l side clearance zone (300 x 1800mm) m 1500mm clear turning circle c n localised obstruction 1200mm a 300mm 850mm b clear opening width *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3. 2015 edition 31 ONLINE VERSION .

where provided. unless a 1500mm turning circle is provided immediately outside the door. carport. the dwelling comply with provisions f.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION h. as shown in Diagram 3. terrace. Door entry controls. f. l. approach or landing is 1050mm. NOTE 1: The provisions of paragraph 3.43. such as a radiator. The threshold is an accessible threshold. internal doorways and storage Hall and door widths 3. d. balcony.41 to 3. to k.22 and should have a minimum 300m nib to the leading edge of the door with the extra width created by this nib extending for a minimum 1800mm beyond it. is provided on the hinge side of the door. g. NOTE 2: Double doors effectively provide nibs where each leaf is a minimum of 300mm wide. does not occur opposite or close to a doorway or at a change of direction and is no longer than 2m in length.24 To facilitate wheelchair movement into and between rooms. are mounted 900-1000mm above finished ground level a minimum of 300mm away from any external return corner.5. irrespective of the direction of entry. garage.4.4). Circulation areas. k. conservatory or storage area that is integral with. Where an outward opening door is located close to a corner and another door is located on the return wall within 800mm of that corner. Where there is a lobby or porch. The minimum clear width of every hallway. The door is located reasonably centrally within the thickness of the wall while ensuring that the depth of the reveal on the leading face of the door (usually the inside) is a maximum of 200mm. e. j. c. A minimum 200mm nib is provided to the following edge of every door. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .23 All other external doors – including doors to and from a private garden. a.24 do not apply to: • cupboards unless they are large enough to be entered. Other external doors 3. Any localised obstruction. the doors are a minimum of 1500mm apart and there is a minimum of 1500mm between door swings. of paragraph 3. internal halls and doors should comply with all of the following (see Diagram 3.2. suitable for the fitting of a powered door opener. when measured in accordance with Diagram 3. A fused spur. b. Where the approach to a doorway is not head-on. as shown in Diagram 3. or • en-suite bathrooms or showers that are additional to the provisions of paragraphs 3. the minimum clear width of the hallway or approach is 1200mm. or connected. Every door has a minimum clear opening width of 850mm. A minimum 300mm nib is provided to the leading edge of every door. i. the leading edge of the outward opening door is a minimum of 800mm from the corner. 32 Approved Document M Volume 1.

Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.5A Figure 3. a dwelling should have a storage and transfer space which complies with all of the following.5 Outward opening doors in a corner Wheelchair storage and transfer space 3. as shown in Diagram 3.5B Figure 3. A power socket is provided within the space. preferably close to the principal private entrance. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) 900mm 1050mm 1050mm 850mm 300mm a 800mm 300mm 200mm Obstruction 2m max. a.4 Minimum door and hall widths and restrictions on localised obstructions 800mm 300mm 800mm m Circulation area m 00 15 Circulation area Circulation area Figure 3. c. b.5C *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3. 1200mm Key: 1500mm 850mm Localised obstruction not permitted in shaded zone a Hall or landing width dictated by position of door and nib Permitted obstruction 1200mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3.6. Is accessible from a space that has a minimum clear width of 1200mm. 2015 edition 33 ONLINE VERSION . A minimum 1100mm deep by 1700mm wide space is available on the entrance storey.25 To enable a person to charge and store up to two wheelchairs and transfer between an outdoor and an indoor wheelchair.

2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . 3. Any floors.0 NOTE: For the purposes of Table 3.26 To make adequate provision for the storage of household items.26.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION d. 34 Approved Document M Volume 1.35.5 2. general built-in storage space should comply with Table 3.0 3. and • the space is additional to the minimum requirements for storage.28 for a wheelchair adaptable dwelling or 3. The space for the liftway can. include areas with reduced headroom as follows: • headroom between 900mm and 1500mm: at 50% of its area • lower than 900mm: do not count.1. Table 3. The full area under a stair that forms part of the storage provision should be counted as 1m2.1  Minimum area of general built-in storage Number of bedrooms 1 2 3 4 5 6 Minimum storage area (m2) 1. living spaces and bedrooms set out in paragraphs 3. be used for another purpose (such as storage or part of a habitable room) providing it is demonstrated that the dwelling complies with all of the following.28 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair adaptable.6 Wheelchair storage and transfer space General storage space 3. walls and doors that have been installed to allow the potential liftway to be used as storage or for other purposes could be easily removed without structural alteration.0 2. however. a. it should be easy to install a lift. 3.31 and 3.27 To ensure that provision can be made for a wheelchair user to access to all parts of a dwelling on more than one floor level.25 can be met without alteration to structure or services. In wheelchair adaptable dwellings the storage and transfer space may be used for another purpose such as general storage (and doors fitted if required) provided that: • the provisions of paragraph 3.29 for a wheelchair accessible dwelling. Through-floor lifting device provision 3.5 4. the dwelling should comply with either the requirements of paragraph 3.1.5 3. 1100mm 1200mm 1700mm Power socket *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3.

A power socket. clear of the liftway door when open at 90 degrees. kitchen and eating area set out in paragraph 3. A lifting platform may require a larger liftway than stated in paragraph 3. c. Drawings demonstrate how all the provisions of paragraph 3. b.29 and may also require a three-phase power supply.29 can be complied with if a suitable lifting device is fitted in the future. as shown in Diagram 3. they can be easily reinstated without the need for structural works and would not compromise compliance with this or any other part of the Building Regulations. c. is provided close to the liftway. 3. e. f.29 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair accessible.7 Access to through floor lift Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. There is a continuous liftway a minimum 1100mm wide and 1650mm long internally linking every floor level of the dwelling. d. g. e. Circulation 1500mm clear area turning circle Notes: 1. a. The shaft is positioned to allow the lift to run between the circulation areas in every storey of the dwelling (irrespective of the number of storeys). 2015 edition 35 ONLINE VERSION .31. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) b. The liftway can be entered from the same one of its narrower ends at every floor level. Future provision for the liftway is a minimum of 1100mm wide and 1650mm long internally linking circulation areas at every floor level of the dwelling.7. Where walls forming the liftway enclosure are not initially installed. suitable for powering the lifting device. A minimum 1500mm clear turning circle.* lift space 1100mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3.Turning circle should be clear of top step of any adjacent flight Lift or future of steps. The space for the future lift installation is not used to meet other requirements and in particular is not included in the minimum living. NOTE: In a two storey dwelling the requirement can typically be met by a home lift to BS 5900 or lifting platforms to BS EN 81-41. All doors to be power operated. d. Doors are power operated. could be provided in front of the liftway door at every floor level. a suitable through-floor lift or lifting platform should be installed and commissioned and the dwelling should comply with all of the following. Lifting devices should be positioned with the end opposite to the entry point located against a wall at every floor level. 1650mm 2.

41). There are no changes of level within any other storey.31 To provide usable living spaces that have a convenient. Kitchen and eating areas should comply with all of the following.3. all kitchen units and appliances. and kitchen space Number of bedspaces 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Minimum floor area m 2 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 Kitchen and eating areas 3. and located within the entrance storey.2. 36 Approved Document M Volume 1. d. a. storeys. b. dining and kitchen space meets the provisions of Table 3. b.32 The relationship between the kitchen. a. the kitchen should comply with all of the following. or connected to each other. dining and living areas should be convenient and step-free. A power socket suitable for powering a stair-lift is provided close to the foot or head of any stair to which a stair lift may be fitted. dining. The kitchen and principal eating area are within the same room. The principal living area is within the entrance storey. and between. living areas should comply with all of the following. The stair from the entrance storey to the storey above (or below) and any stair within the storey above (or below) has a minimum clear width of 850mm when measured at 450mm above the pitch line of the treads (ignoring any newel post). step-free relationship between the living space. WC and principal private entrance. a. e. c. The overall length of kitchen worktop meets at least the provisions of Table 3. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .2  Minimum combined floor area for living.30 An ambulant disabled person should be able to move within. and between. a.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION Private stairs and changes of level within the dwelling 3. Glazing to the principal window of this living area starts a maximum of 850mm above floor level or at the minimum height reasonable in achieving compliance with the provisions of Part K for guarding to windows.33 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair adaptable. It should also be possible to fit a stair-lift to the stairs from the entrance storey to the storey above (or the storey below where this contains the bathroom required by the provisions of paragraph 3. The minimum combined internal floor area of living. Habitable rooms Living areas 3. Access to all rooms and facilities within the entrance storey is step-free. All stairs meet the provisions of Part K for private stairs.32. There is a minimum clear access zone 1500mm wide in front of. The dwelling should comply with all of the following. b. in addition to the provisions of paragraph 3. Table 3. c. 3.

Shaded units represent additional requirements for a wheelchair accessible layout over an equivalent wheelchair adaptable layout. not the front or rear edge.3 Minimum length of kitchen worktop. insulated sink bowl with swivel. 2015 edition 37 ONLINE VERSION . 400mm length of worktop to at least one side of the oven and fridge/freezer. h d e f Wheelchair accessible layout Key: a sink and drainer b hob c suitable space for built-in oven (c/l 800-900mm) d dishwasher e washing machine f fridge freezer g recycling h storage base units (inc. 1800mm total b 2200mm Height adjustable or lowerable section of worktop with open leg room below. to be fitted at completion for a wheelchair adaptable dwelling Number of bedspaces 2 3&4 5 6–8 Minimum worktop length (mm) 4330 4730 5630 6730 h c h g Notes: 1. Table 3. corner units) Allow for shallow. 600mm 800mm 400mm 2. stacks or concealed drainage. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) b. Unit length should be measured through mid-line of the worktop. mixer tap and flexible plumbing and provide a min. Drawings demonstrate how the kitchen could be easily adapted to meet the provisions of paragraph 3. Height adjustable a Minimum 300mm worktop each side of corner where height 600mm 630mm 600mm adjustable or lowerable section is in a corner. including fittings and appliances.34 and Table 3. *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3.8 Example of a wheelchair accessible kitchen layout Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.4 at a future date without compromising the space in any other part of the dwelling and without the need to move structural walls.

a. c. Drainage is either flexible. b. • The section of worktop is a minimum 2200mm long. • There are no fixed white goods (appliances) placed beneath this section of worktop. Taps should be lever operated and capable of easy operation.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION 3. or is fixed but easily adaptable to suit worktop heights between 700mm and 950mm above finished floor level. Every bedroom can provide a minimum clear access route. • The section of worktop is either a height adjustable worktop. The sink is not more than 150mm deep with insulation to the underside to prevent scalding of a wheelchair user’s legs. from the doorway to the window. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . i. The ceiling structure to every bedroom is strong enough to allow for the fitting of an overhead hoist capable of carrying a load of 200kg. There is a minimum of 400mm of worktop to at least one side of the oven and fridge or fridge freezer where this is taller than the worktop height (or to one side of a pair of tall appliances where they are located together at the end of a run). the kitchen should comply with all of the following (see in Diagram 3. d. to be fitted at completion for a wheelchair accessible dwelling Number of bedspaces 2 3&4 5 6–8 Minimum worktop length (mm) 6130 6530 7430 8530 Bedrooms 3.4. h. b. g. or is a fixed section capable of being refixed at alternate heights. A pull out shelf is provided beneath the oven enclosure. including fittings and appliances. f.35 One bedroom should be close to an accessible bathroom suitable for a wheelchair user. c. The overall length of kitchen worktop meets the provisions of Table 3. Bedrooms should comply with all of the following. in addition to the provisions of paragraph 3. 750mm wide.32.4 Minimum length of kitchen worktop. A suitable space has been identified for a built-in oven (with its centre line between 800mm and 900mm above floor level) to be installed.8). clear of the bed and the door (when the door is in the closed position). Water supply to sinks includes isolation valves and flexible tails. a. and all of the following. • This section of worktop provides clear and continuous open leg space underneath (capable of achieving a minimum of 700mm clearance above floor level). The worktop includes a continuous section that incorporates a combined sink and drainer unit and a hob. e. Table 3. Every bedroom can provide a minimum 1200mm by 1200mm manoeuvring space inside the doorway. All other bedrooms should be accessible to a wheelchair user.34 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair accessible. 38 Approved Document M Volume 1.

NOTE 1: When demonstrating compliance with these provisions. All single and twin bedrooms provide a minimum 1000mm clear access zone to one side of each bed and in front of all furniture. f. at 1000mm the bedhead end only. A chair may encroach into any part of the access zone. bed sizes and furniture should comply with the requirements of the furniture schedule in Appendix D. h. Every single bedroom has a minimum floor area of 8. or the storey above (or below) the entrance storey.9 Clear access zones and manoeuvering spaces to principal bedroom Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. i. NOTE 2: The loading for strengthened ceilings is considered suitable for many types of adaptations but additional localised strengthening may be required to support high point loads at the time that adaptations are fitted. Clear access required to window. A principal double bedroom is located on the entrance storey. g. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) d. and a minimum 1200mm by 1200mm manoeuvring space on both sides of the bed (see Diagram 3. The principal double bedroom can provide a minimum 1000mm wide clear access zone to both sides and the foot of the bed and in front of all furniture. 1200 x 1200mm and radiator clear of all access 1200 x 1200mm zones 4. Every other double bedroom can provide a 1000mm wide clear access zone to one side and the foot of the bed. has a minimum floor area of 13.9). radiators).4m wide. 3.5m2 and is a minimum of 3m wide clear of obstructions (e. 2.5m2 and is a minimum of 3m wide.g. 600mm Notes: 1. and in front of all furniture. Furniture may encroach into the 1000mm access zones by up to 600mm. e.5m2 and is at least 2. 2015 edition 39 ONLINE VERSION . Every other double (or twin) bedroom has a minimum floor area of 12. Bedroom layout and shape is illustrative only 1000mm 1200 x 1200mm *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Diagram 3.

a dwelling should comply with all of the following. WC facilities are provided which comply with the relevant requirements of paragraphs 3. and equal to or greater than 12.5m2 and below 12. Any dwelling with four or more bedspaces provides access to a minimum of two WCs in separate bathrooms or WC/cloakrooms (see Table 3.37 to 3. g. Stacks or soil and vent pipes should only be positioned adjacent to WC where there is no practical alternative and should always be on the wall side of the WC.5). a bedroom at or above 8.41 to 3.5kN/m2. e. bath and shower room are strong enough to support grab rails. seats and other adaptations that could impose a load of 1.40. f.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION Sanitary facilities General provisions 3. Where sanitary facilities are wheelchair accessible. basins and sinks should be wall hung (typically with their rim 770-850mm above finished floor level) and the clear zone beneath basins.5m2 in size is counted as one bedspaces. ducts and boxings to every WC/cloakroom. WC flush controls are positioned on the front of the cistern on the transfer side and can be easily gripped. All walls. and bathroom facilities are provided which comply with the relevant requirements of paragraphs 3. To provide suitable and convenient sanitary facilities. WC pans should be a minimum of 400mm high. Ideally this clear zone should be in the range 400-600mm from finished floor level. b. a. 40 Approved Document M Volume 1. d. NOTE 3: For the purposes of establishing number of bedspaces relevant to these requirements.43. c. h. The ceiling structure to bathrooms and WC/cloakrooms required by paragraphs 3.40 is strong enough to allow for the fitting of an overhead hoist capable of carrying a load of 200kg.5m2 as two bedspaces. NOTE 2: The provisions of paragraph 3. a lever flush handle.36 to 3. i.g. Where sanitary facilities are wheelchair accessible.36 to 3. Where sanitary facilities are wheelchair accessible.40. services and pedestals is maximised to enable wheelchair users to approach. Every room that contains an installed level access shower is constructed as a wet room.36 Dwellings should provide suitable WC and washing facilities.36 do not apply to sanitary facilities that are additional to the provisions of paragraphs 3. Reasonable provision will vary depending on whether dwellings are wheelchair adaptable or wheelchair accessible. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . e. NOTE 1: The loading for strengthened walls is considered suitable for many types of adaptations but additional localised strengthening may be required if adaptations are fitted that impose high point loads.

ONLINE VERSION M4(3) Table 3.43) Single storey dwelling (typically a flat or bungalow) Occupancy Typical minimum sanitary provision 2 or 3 bedspaces Bathroom with level access shower 4 bedspaces Bathroom with level access shower and separate WC/cloakroom 5 bedspaces or more Bathroom with level access shower and separate WC/cloakroom (or second bathroom). Wheelchair accessible dwellings must also provide both a level access shower and a bath Two or three storey dwelling (typically a house or maisonette) Occupancy Typical minimum sanitary provision 2 or 3 bedspaces Bathroom with level access shower on same level as principal bedroom + entrance storey WC/cloakroom (where bathroom not on the entrance storey) 4 bedspaces Bathroom with level access shower on same level as principal bedroom and entrance storey WC/cloakroom or second bathroom 5 bedspaces or more Bathroom with level access shower on same level as principal bedroom and entrance storey WC/cloakroom or second bathroom.36-3.5 Summary of minimum requirements for sanitary provision in typical dwelling types (dwellings should also comply with relevant detailed requirements set out in paragraphs 3.37 To make suitable and convenient provision for a wheelchair user to use a WC. b. basin and shower (and their associated clear access zones) meet the provisions in Diagram 3. The door to the WC facility opens outwards.39. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. a wet room (which may be a WC/cloakroom or a bathroom) that contains a WC. Where the dwelling provides both a bathroom and a WC/cloakroom on the same storey.10. Every dwelling has. WC facilities should also comply with all of the following. 3. on the entrance storey. a. the WC facility need only comply with the requirements of paragraph 3. the dwelling should comply with all of the following.39. c. a. The WC. It is demonstrated how the WC/cloakroom could be easily adapted in future to meet the provisions of paragraph 3. b.38 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair adaptable.40.12.38 or 3. Wheelchair accessible dwellings must also provide both a level access shower and a bath WC facilities on the entrance storey 3. An example of a compliant design is shown in Diagram 3. 2015 edition 41 ONLINE VERSION . a basin and an installed level access shower and complies with the requirements of either paragraph 3.

Maximum 200mm encroachment 200mm Max for a hand rinse basin 1100mm f. 3. Other sizes may affect the overall size of a bathroom or WC/cloakroom. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .may overlap fully with shower 700mm 500mm R750 mm 1100mm Level access shower within bathroom 1200 x 1200mm (1000 x 1000mm permitted in WC/cloakroom) *all dimensions are minimum except where noted Notes: 1. Maximum encroachment 300mm for a wash hand basin e f d 450-500mm 1500mm diameter clear turning circle . Diagram 3. Access zones may overlap except where noted.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION 350mm 1000mm 750mm c 200mm Max Key: 200mm a.10 Sanitary fittings associated clear access zones and permitted encroachment of basins – wheelchair adaptable 42 Approved Document M Volume 1. WC access zone b b. Sizes of fittings are minima based on the furniture schedule in Appendix D. 4. c. 2. In WC/cloakrooms the basin and/or WC may encroach into the shower space but this should be minimised. Alternative permitted locations for a wash hand basin (in a 700mm 1100mm bathroom) or a hand 750mm rinse basin (in a WC) a e. Any radiator or towel rail should be clear of all access zones. d.

WC facilities should also comply with all of the following. example 3. in bathrooms 450-500mm 800mm 1500mm diameter clear turning circle – may overlap max 500mm with shower R750 500mm 50 a. Access zones may overlap except where noted. Level access shower within bathroom 1200 x 1200mm (or 1000 x 1200mm where potential to widen when bath removed) as shown in Diagram 3. The WC. 0m m m ax 1700mm a. Fittings can encroach 500mm a. Sizes of fittings are minima based on the furniture schedule in Appendix D.12. 2. Alternative permitted locations for a wash hand basin (in a 750mm bathroom) or a hand 2200mm a rinse basin (in a WC) 1650mm 200mm Hatched area shows 800mm Max 1000mm long x 1000mm 800mm between high x 100mm wide zone c/l of WC and kept for fitting of grab edge of shower rails.39 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair accessible. associated clear access zones and permitted encroachment of basins – wheelchair accessible Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. Examples of compliant designs are shown in Diagram 3. Notes: 1. 3. level access shower may *all dimensions are minimum except where noted be 1000 x 1000mm. c.11. Diagram 3. Other sizes may affect the overall size of a bathroom or WC/cloakroom. Any radiator or towel rail should be clear of all access zones.17B. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) 3. a.17. 2015 edition 43 ONLINE VERSION . basin and shower (and their associated clear access zones) meet the provisions in Diagram 3. up to 500mm one side or the other (not both). WC access zone b b. 350mm 1200mm 750mm c 200mm Max Key: 800mm a. 4. In WC/cloakroom.11 Sanitary fittings. Clear access zone minimum 400mm-600mm high required under all basins other than essential traps and drainage connections providing these do not impede approach by a wheelchair user.

2. Stack and drainage positions to be shown clear of access zones where located within WC / Cloakroom.12B – Wheelchair Wheelchair adaptable WC accessible WC cloakroom cloakroom Notes: 1. Doors must be capable of opening outwards – in wheelchair adaptable bathrooms the door may open inwards providing that the door can be easily rehung to open outwards (e.12 Example of wheelchair adaptable WC/cloakroom layout with potential to be wheelchair accessible 44 Approved Document M Volume 1. 3. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .g.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION 1650mm 1650mm 450mm 1000mm 450mm 1000mm 2200mm 2200mm 750 Example 3.12A – Example 3. door stops are planted and easily moved). Diagram 3. Dimensions for illustration purposes only.

2. Dimensions for illustration purposes only. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) 3.40 Where the dwelling provides both a bathroom and a WC/cloakroom on the same storey. associated access zones and permitted encroachment of basis for second WC/cloakroom where on same floor level as first WC 1200mm 1300mm 450mm 450mm Notes: 1. this need not be provided in adaptable bathrooms on other storeys. Stack and drainage Example 3. *all dimensions are minimum except where noted 450-500mm Diagram 3. Diagram 3. the WC and basin in the WC/cloakroom (and their associated clear access zones) should as a minimum comply with the provisions shown in Diagram 3.5) b. 3.14B access zones shown where located within bathroom. Doors should open outwards.13. 350mm 750mm Key: a WC clear access zone (refer to 200mm max 700mm 200mm max Diagram 2.14. 2015 edition 45 ONLINE VERSION .14 Examples of compliant second WC/cloakrooms where on the same floor level as the first WC Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.c Alternative permitted locations for a wash hand basin (within 900mm a bathroom) or a 750mm 200mm max hand rinse basin (within a WC) 900mm Dashed zones show 200mm max areas where a basin may encroach into the WC clear access zone. 3.14A positions to be clear of Example 3. Examples of compliant designs are shown in Diagram 3.13 Sanitary fittings. Where future shower 1600mm 1700mm provision is provided in entrance level WC's.

either room (but not both) may be an en-suite bathroom. The WC.11.16. NOTE 3: In dwellings with up to four bedspaces it would be reasonable for a bath to be fitted above the installed level access shower at the point that the works are completed. In dwellings with five bedspaces or more. Examples of compliant designs are shown in Diagram 3. NOTE 1: In dwellings with five bedspaces or more. The bathroom (or bathrooms) provides a minimum 1500mm clear turning circle.43 are satisfied by providing both a bathroom and a shower room. a. Examples of compliant designs are shown in Diagram 3.43 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair accessible. b.41 To make suitable and convenient provision for a wheelchair user to bathe or use a wheelchair accessible shower. where the provisions of paragraphs 3. In dwellings with up to four bedspaces. both a useable bath and an installed level access shower are provided (either in one bathroom or in more than one bathroom on the same storey as the principal bedroom). b.42 Where the dwelling is defined as wheelchair adaptable. an installed level access shower is provided as the default but a bath can be accommodated as an alternative if required. d. meet the provisions in Diagram 3. bath and shower (and their associated clear access zones) meet at least the provisions shown in Diagram 3. The bathroom containing the installed level access shower should be located on the same storey as the principal double bedroom described in paragraph 3. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION .15. Dwellings with up to four bedspaces should have as a minimum a bathroom that contains a WC. not both). a. a separate room providing the bath need only comply with the requirements set out in paragraph 2. c. with shower controls fitted on the adjacent wall. NOTE 2: Where there is a fully accessible shower room on the same storey as the principal bedroom. a basin and an installed level access shower with the potential for a bath to be installed above it (unless a bath is provided in addition to the installed level access shower within this bathroom or elsewhere on the same storey).17. 3.42 or 3. with assistance where necessary. bath (where provided) and shower (and their associated clear access zones). The level access shower is positioned in a corner to enable a shower seat to be fitted on one wall. Examples of bathrooms with shower and bath are provided in Diagram 3. basin. 46 Approved Document M Volume 1. the dwelling should comply with all of the following. b.29 for a Category 2 bathroom. the bathroom should also comply with all of the following.43 (but need only show either a bath or level access shower.10.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION Bathroom facilities 3. a. 3. it is assumed that most commonly a bath will be installed over a useable level access shower. The WC. though this is not a requirement. e. Drawings illustrate how the bathroom could be easily adapted in future to meet the provisions for a wheelchair accessible bathroom set out in paragraph 3. basin.35. Wheelchair adaptable bathrooms should also comply with all of the following.

Doors must be capable of opening outwards – in wheelchair adaptable bathrooms the door may open inwards providing that the door can be easily rehung to open outwards (e. Diagram 3.15B – wheelchair adaptable bathroom (based on adaptable bathroom (based on wheelchair accessible layout 3. door stops are planted and easily moved).15 Examples of wheelchair adaptable bathroom layouts with potential to be wheelchair accessible Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.16A) wheelchair accessible layout 3.16B) Notes: 1. 3. 2.15A – wheelchair Example 3. Dimensions for illustration purposes only. Stack and drainage positions to be shown clear of access zones where located within bathroom.g. 2015 edition 47 ONLINE VERSION . ONLINE VERSION M4(3) 2600mm 2450mm 1200mm 950mm 450mm 1200mm 800mm 450mm 2200mm 2450mm Example 3.

choice of bath or shower 2450mm 2450mm 1200mm 800mm 450mm Example 3.16C – wheelchair accessible 1000 x 1000 x 100mm zone kept 1200mm bathroom with clear to enable fitting of rails. Stack and drainage positions to be shown clear of access zones where located within bathroom. Dimensions for illustration purposes only.16B – wheelchair accessible 1000 x 1000 x 100mm zone kept bathroom with clear to enable fitting of rails. choice of bath 750mm min. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . shower only – 2200mm suitable where bath provided in wheelchair accessible bathroom elsewhere Diagram 3. 2.16A – wheelchair accessible 1000 x 1000 x 100mm zone kept bathroom with clear to enable fitting of rails. 2450mm 1200mm 800mm 450mm Example 3. 3. WC doors must be capable of opening outwards.M4(3) ONLINE VERSION 2600mm 1200mm 800mm 450mm 150mm Example 3. or shower 2200mm Notes for all diagrams: 1.16 Examples of wheelchair accessible bathrooms 48 Approved Document M Volume 1.

Diagram 3. a.44 To assist wheelchair users who have reduced reach. sockets. stopcocks and controls. services and controls should comply with all of the following. Stack and drainage positions to be shown clear of access zones where 800mm located within bathroom. and are not positioned behind appliances. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. 2015 edition 49 ONLINE VERSION . 2900mm Example 3. 2600mm 3. Switches.17A – wheelchair accessible bathroom with bath and 1000 x 1200mm shower with capacity for larger shower if bath removed 1200mm 1700mm 1000 x 1000 x 100mm zone kept 2200mm 750mm clear to enable fitting of rails.17B – wheelchair 700mm 1000mm 1200mm accessible bathroom with bath and 1200 x 1200mm shower 150mm Notes for all diagrams: 1. b. except controls to radiators. are located with their centre line 700-1000mm above floor level and a minimum of 700mm (measured horizontally) from an inside corner. Dimensions for illustration purposes 1200mm only. 800mm 450mm 1000 x 1000 x 100mm zone kept clear to enable fitting of rails. ONLINE VERSION M4(3) 3100mm 1000mm 800mm 450mm 150mm Example 3.17 Examples of wheelchair accessible bathrooms with both bath and shower Services and controls 3. 1700mm 2. WC doors must be capable of opening outwards. Consumer units should be mounted so that the switches are between 1350mm and 1450mm above floor level.

M4(3) ONLINE VERSION

c. Kitchen appliances in wheelchair accessible dwellings have isolators located within the same
height range.
d. The handle to at least one window in the principal living area is 700-1000mm above floor level,
unless fitted with a remote opening device that is within this height range.
e. Handles to all other windows are 450-1200mm above floor level, unless the window is fitted
with a remote opening device that is within this height range.
f. Door handles, locks, latches and catches are both:
• easy to grip and use, and
• fitted 850-1000mm above floor level.
g. Light switches are on individual plates unless wide rocker or full plate fittings are provided.
h. Switches to double socket outlets are located at the outer ends of the plate (rather than in the
centre).
i. A door entry phone with remote door release facility is provided in the main living space and
the principal bedroom.
j. Suitable provision is made in the principal bedroom to install bedhead controls in the future
(comprising a 2-way light switch, telephone and broadband socket, TV aerial and power socket
outlets, and the door entry phone provision described above, grouped adjacent to the head of
the bed), for example, by providing blank sockets, conduit and draw wires.
k. A main electrical power socket and a telephone point are provided together in the main living space.
l. Taps and bathroom controls are suitable for a person with limited grip to operate and for
single handed operation.
m. Boiler timer controls and thermostats are either mounted 900-1200mm above finished floor
level on the boiler, or separate controllers (wired or wireless) are mounted elsewhere in an
accessible location within the same height range.
n. In wheelchair accessible dwellings, radiator controls are mounted 450-1000mm above floor level.

Private outdoor space
3.45 To enable a wheelchair user to use every private outdoor space that is provided, whether a private
garden, balcony or roof terrace, outdoor space should comply with all of the following.
a. Every outdoor space both:
• has a minimum clear width of 1500mm, and
• provides a minimum 1500mm level clear turning circle, free of any door swing.
b. There is a level or gently sloping path with a minimum clear width of 1050mm to every private
refuse, recycling, cycle or other external store.
c. Every path terminates in a clear turning circle a minimum of 1500mm in diameter.
d. Every gate (or gateway) has a minimum clear opening width of 850mm, a minimum 300mm nib
to the leading edge and a minimum 200mm nib to the following edge.
e. The door to every private external store that is integral with, or connected to, the dwelling has
a minimum clear opening width of 850mm.
f. All paved areas have a suitable ground surface.

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ONLINE VERSION
A
Appendix A: Key terms

The following are key terms used in this document:
Note: Terms shown with * are defined in legislation, Clear opening width
either in the Building Act 1984 or the Building
Clear distance measured between the inside face
Regulations 2010, where the definition may be fuller
of the doorframe (or door stop) and the face of
than the definition given here.
the door when open at 90 degrees. Door furniture
Accessible threshold and ironmongery may be disregarded when
A threshold that is level or, if raised, has a total measuring the clear opening width.
height of not more than 15mm, a minimum number Clear turning circle
of upstands and slopes and with any upstands
higher than 5mm chamfered. Other acceptable Clear floor space, represented by a circle, or an
solutions are described in Accessible thresholds in ellipse, that allows a wheelchair user to turn
new housing – Guidance for house builders and independently in a single movement. A door swing
developers, The Stationery Office Ltd. ISBN 0 11 is permitted within a clear turning space unless
702333 3. 1999. stated otherwise.

Approach route Clear width

Internal or external path or corridor usually Clear distance measured between walls or
leading to the principal private entrance of a other fixed obstructions (except permitted
dwelling from a defined starting point (typically localised obstructions) or across a path. Skirtings
the pavement immediately outside of the totalling up to 50mm total thickness and shallow
curtilage or plot boundary). projecting ducts or casings above 1800mm may be
discounted when measuring clear width.
Bedspace
Communal or common (area, facilities or entrances)
A suitable sleeping area for one person. (A single
bedroom provides one bedspace and a double Shared area accessed by, or intended for the use
or twin bedroom provides two bedspaces where of, more than one dwelling.
these rooms also meet any other requirements for Dwelling*
the relevant category of dwelling).
A house or flat. Student accommodation is treated
Clear access route as hotel/motel accommodation.
Clear, unobstructed ‘pathway’ to access a window Entrance storey
or other feature. Localised obstructions are not
permitted unless specifically stated. The floor level (of the dwelling) on which the
principal private entrance is located.
Clear access zone
Flat*
Clear, unobstructed space for access or
manoeuvring. Localised obstructions are not Separate and self-contained premises constructed
permitted unless specifically stated. or adapted for residential purposes and forming
part of a building from which it is divided
horizontally.

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A ONLINE VERSION

Following edge (of door) Pitch Line
The surface of a door which follows into (or faces A line that connects the nosing of the treads of a
away from) the room or space into which the stair.
door is being opened – sometimes referred to as
‘the push side’. Plot gradient
The gradient measured between the entrance
Gently sloping
storey finished floor level of the dwelling and the
Gradient between 1:60 and 1:20 point of access.
Habitable room Point of access
A room used, or intended to be used, for dwelling The point at which a person visiting a dwelling
purposes, including a kitchen but not a bathroom would normally get out of a car before
or utility room. approaching the dwelling. The point of access may
be within or outside the plot.
Installed level access shower
Potential level access shower
Step-free area with no lips or upstands, suitable
for showering, with a floor laid to shallow falls Space capable of providing a level access shower
towards a floor gulley connected to the drainage without the need to move walls, remove screed
system. or other solid flooring. It should include a capped-
off floor gulley, set at an appropriate level and
Leading edge (of door) connected to the drainage system. (Usually
The surface of a door which leads into (or faces) provided within a wet room).
the room or space into which the door is being
Principal communal entrance
opened – sometimes referred to as ‘the pull side’.
The communal entrance (to the core of the
Level building containing the dwelling) which a visitor
Gradient not exceeding 1:60 not familiar with the building would normally
expect to approach (usually the common entrance
Liftway to the core of a block of flats).
Vertical route linking all floors of a dwelling
Principal private entrance
accommodating (or capable of accommodating) a
lift or lifting platform. The entrance to the individual dwelling that
a visitor not familiar with the dwelling would
Localised obstruction normally approach (usually the ‘front door’ to a
Short, fixed element, such as a bollard lighting house or ground floor flat).
column or radiator, not more than 150mm deep
Principal storey
that may intrude into a path, route, or corridor,
that does not unduly restrict the passage of a The floor level (of the dwelling) on which the
wheelchair user. main living space is located, where this is not the
entrance storey.
Manoeuvring space
Private (area, facilities or entrances)
Clear floor space, represented by a rectangle
which allows a wheelchair user to turn Area belonging to an individual dwelling.
independently in a series of manoeuvres. A door
Ramped
swing is permitted within a clear manoeuvring
space unless stated otherwise Gradient between 1:20 and 1:12

52 Approved Document M Volume 1, 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010
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Step-free Route without steps but that may include a ramp or a lift suitable for a wheelchair user. Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. even.4m wide x 4. Wheelchair accessible Category 3 dwelling constructed to be suitable for immediate occupation by a wheelchair user where the planning authority specifies that optional requirement M4(3)(2)(b) applies.2 of Approved Document K. Wet room WC or bathroom compartment with tanking and drainage laid to fall to a connected gulley capable of draining the floor area when used as a shower. Wheelchair adaptable Category 3 dwelling constructed with the potential to be adapted for occupation by a wheelchair user where optional requirement M4(3)(2)(a) applies. 2015 edition 53 ONLINE VERSION . smooth enough to be wheeled over. is not covered with loose laid materials such as gravel and shingle. Suitable tread nosings Nosings that conform with one of the options shown in Diagram 1. Suitable ground surface External ground surface that is firm. and has a maximum crossfall of 1:40.8m long Steeply sloping plot A plot where the gradient exceeds 1:15. ONLINE VERSION A Standard parking bay A parking bay 2.

B ONLINE VERSION Appendix B: Standards referred to BS EN 81-70 Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . Specification [2012] 54 Approved Document M Volume 1. Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability [2003] BS 5900 Powered home-lifts with partially enclosed carriers and no liftway enclosures. Particular applications for passenger and goods passenger lifts.

Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.15) Equality Act 2010 (Disability) Regulations (SI 2010/2128) The Workplace (Health. The Stationery Office Ltd. 2015 edition 55 ONLINE VERSION . Other documents Accessible thresholds in new housing – Guidance for house builders and developers. 1999. Safety and Welfare) Regulations (SI 1992/3004)(as amended). ISBN 0 11 702333 3. ONLINE VERSION C Appendix C: Other documents referred to Legislation Building Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/2214)(as amended) Equality Act 2010 (2010 c.

2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . D ONLINE VERSION Appendix D: Furniture schedule Number bedspaces / number furniture items required Space Furniture to be shown Furniture size (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Living space Arm chair (or number 850x850 2 3 1 2 3 4 1   sofa seats in addition to   minimum sofa provision)   2 seat settee (optional) 850x1300       3 seat settee 850x1850   1 1 1 1       TV 220x650 1 1 1 1 1 1 1   coffee table 500x1050 or 750     diameter occasional table 450x450     storage units 500 x length shown 1000 1000 1500 2000 2000 2000   (1 only required) Dining space dining chair   2 3 4 5 6 7 +   dining table 800 x length shown 800 1000 1200 1350 1500 1650   (1 only required) Bedrooms  Double Bedroom Principal bedroom double 2000x1500 1 1 1 1 1 1 1   bed. or 1500x1500   Turning ellipse 1400x1700 56 Approved Document M Volume 1. or   single bed (2 number in twin) 1900x900 2 2 2 2 2 2 2     bedside table 400x400 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 desk and chair 500x1050 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 chest of drawers 450x750 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 double Wardrobe 600x1200 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Twin bedroom single bed (2 number in twin) 1900x900   2 2 2 2 2   bedside table 400x400   2 2 2 2 2   chest of drawers 450x750   1 1 1 1 1     table and chair 500x1050   1 1 1 1 1 double wardrobe 600x1200   1 1 1 1 1 Single Bedroom single bed 1900x900   1 1 1 1 1 1   bedside table 400x400   1 1 1 1 1 1   chest of drawers 450x750   1 1 1 1 1 1     table and chair 500x1050   1 1 1 1 1 1 double wardrobe 600x1200   1 1 1 1 1 1 Bathrooms WC + cistern 500x700   Bath 700x1700   Wash hand basin 600x450 Hand rinse basin 350x200 Manoeuvring zone Bedrooms Manoeuvring square 1200x1200 as per requirements Living rooms Turning circle. or   Other double bedroom 1900x1350 1 1 1 1 1 1 1   double bed.

18.11. Diagram 2. Category 1 1. Table 2.10.2 bedrooms 2.15–2.16.40.4. Diagram 2.5 corridors B Category 1 1.41–3. Diagram 2.21 wheelchair adaptable 3. 3.24.13. 2.9. 3.2 3.12 Category 1 1. Category 3.38–3. 2. 3. Diagram 1.17 external doors 2.20. 2. 3.12 access zones Category 3 3. 3.11 wheelchair accessible dwellings 3. 3. 3.12 bathrooms 2.15. Diagrams 3.30. 3.25. 3.25 principal private entrance 2. Diagrams 3. 3.1 sanitary fittings Diagrams 2.29.11 Category 2.1–2.15 Category 2 2.14–3.10.10.11 optional requirement 0.15 principal communal entrance 1. 3. 3.22.36 bathrooms D Category 2 2.22. 2. 2.10. 3. 2. Diagram 3.3 basins Category 3 3.4. Diagram 1. Diagrams 1.8 Category 3 3.3. 2015 edition 57 ONLINE VERSION .24 3. 3. Diagram 2.5.35 internal. 3.11.2. 3.24. 2.17.4.29 drop-off points 2.14 Category 3 – Wheelchair user dwellings C A car parking accessible and adaptable dwellings 2.1–3.14.16 see also clear opening width BS 5900 3.10.9 internal.4 Category 2 2.10. 3.4 permitted encroachment Diagrams 2.17 clear opening width Diagrams 1.15 Category 2 – Accessible and adaptable dwellings Part K 0.16 Category 1 1.29.16 Category 2 2.32 communal entrances parking spaces 2.1–2. Diagram 2.9 cloakrooms see WC facilities kitchens 3.7.15. 2.10 controls 1. 3.1.15–3. circulation areas 1.35.17 Category 3 3.12. bedrooms 3.42. Table 2.1. 3. Table 1. 1.2 clear access zones Diagrams 2. Diagram 3. 3.2 WC facilities 2.12. Diagrams 2.43.3 Category 3 3.1–1. 3.2 Category 2 2.15.27.15.43.14.42. 3. 3. Diagram 1.5.5 BS EN 81-70 1.9.44. ONLINE VERSION Index Note: Building Regulations 2010 Category 1 – Visitable dwellings Part C 0. Diagrams 2.1.30 Category 2 2.3 British Standards internal.22.1.1.13 Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1. Category 3 3. 3.15 wheelchair accessible 3.16. Category 2 2. 1.43.11 on approach routes 2.11 communal stairs 1. Diagram 1. Diagrams 3.15.7 doorways Category 3 3.22. Table 1. Diagram 3. 3.5.13 communal lifts approach route Category 1 1.

34.16.21 historic buildings 0. Table 3.6 principal bedroom 3. private material alterations 0.33.9.10. 2.31–3. 3.7 services 1. Diagram 3.3 S L sanitary facilities Category 1 1.11 entrances.32.30 58 Approved Document M Volume 1.25 P Equality Act 2010 0.24. 3.44.10.30.3 principal storey habitable rooms WC facilities 1.10 Table 3.10.26–28 Building Regulations 2010 0.1. ONLINE VERSION E M entrances see communal entrances.5 The Workplace (Health.22.25 private entrances Category 3 3. see also communal lifts see also bathrooms.17. 3.5. on approach route 1. mixed use development 0.1 wheelchair adaptable dwellings 3.14.20 H Category 3 3.9 Category 2 2.36–3.7–0. Table 3.14.14 Halls see corridors Category 2 2.17 legislation 0.2 stairs communal 1. wheelchair accessible dwellings 3.12 private 2. 2. 1. 3. Table 3.36–3. Diagram 1.18 O kitchen and eating areas 3.11. 3.13–1. principal communal entrances. Safety and Welfare) wheelchair accessible dwellings Diagrams 3.24–2. 3. 3.12.13–1.14 principal private entrances furniture schedule Appendix D Category 2 2. 3.27.5 wheelchair adaptable dwellings 3.43.5 Equality Act 2010 0.41. Diagram 2.45 K R kitchens ramps wheelchair accessible dwellings 3. 2.10 principal private entrances entrance storey 1.37–3. 3. 3.8 maximum length for gradient Diagrams 2.17 lifts wheelchair adaptable dwellings Diagrams 3.32 optional requirements 0. sanitary fittings living area 2. 0.8 3.23.9 parking spaces 2.31.12-0.15 Category 3 3.7.27. 3. WC facilities Equality Act 2010 (Disability) Regulations 0.28 showers 2.9 see also bathrooms.27 Category 2 2.39. 2015 edition Building Regulations 2010 ONLINE VERSION . 2.25 F principal communal entrances 1. 3.20–2. Regulations 0.3–0.35 Category 1 1.9 sanitary fittings Diagram 2.18. 3. 3.12 principal bedroom 2.35 WC facilities 1. Table 3.39 wheelchair storage 3.14 Diagram 3.29.32.13 private outdoor space 3.7–0.5. Diagram 3.4.

36–3.25 WC facilities 3.10.11 wheelchair adaptable dwellings Diagram 3.29.10.14 wheelchair accessible dwellings Diagram 3.45 wheelchair accessible dwellings bathrooms 3. 3.27. Table 3. Diagrams 3. 3. Diagram 3.14 wheelchair user dwellings 3. Diagram 3.15 kitchens 3.16. 3.1 wheelchair storage and transfer 3.3.11 Category 3 3.1–1. 2015 edition 59 ONLINE VERSION .1–3.18 W WC access zones Diagrams 1. 3.11. Table 3.43.25.10 WC facilities Category 1 1.5 WC facilities 3.4.36.17. 3. Diagrams 3. ONLINE VERSION stepped approach Category 1 1.40.26.11 steps see stepped approach storage space general storage 3.3 lifting devices 3. 3.11. Diagram 2.42. Diagrams 3.8 worktops Tables 3. 3.11–3.36. Table 3. 3.6 Category 3 3.6 V visitable dwellings 1. 3.12 wheelchair adaptable dwellings bathrooms 3.17 kitchens 3.8 Category 2 2.4 Category 2 2.7 optional requirement 0.28 storage space 3.34.39. Diagrams 3. Diagram 1.33.3.12 Workplace (Health.4 Building Regulations 2010 Approved Document M Volume 1.7–0.38.3 lifting devices 3. Diagram 3.13. Diagrams 3. Safety and Welfare) Regulations 0. 3.

ONLINE VERSION List of approved documents The following documents have been published to give guidance on how to meet the Building Regulations. You can find the date of the edition approved by the Secretary of State at www.gov. Approved Document A Approved Document M Structure Access to and use of buildings Volume 1: Dwellings Approved Document B Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings Fire safety Volume 1: Dwellinghouses Approved Document P Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellinghouses Electrical safety – Dwellings Approved Document C Approved Document Q Site preparation and resistance to Security – Dwellings contaminants and moisture Approved Document 7 Approved Document D Materials and workmanship Toxic substances Approved Document E Resistance to the passage of sound Approved Document F Ventilation Approved Document G Sanitation. collision and impact Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power in new dwellings Approved Document L1B Conservation of fuel and power in existing dwellings Approved Document L2A Conservation of fuel and power in new buildings other than dwellings Approved Document L2B Conservation of fuel and power in existing buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION .uk. hot water safety and water efficiency Approved Document H Drainage and waste disposal Approved Document J Combustion appliances and fuel storage systems Approved Document K Protection from falling.

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