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ONLINE VERSION

The Building Regulations 2010

M
Access to and use of buildings
APPROVED DOCUMENT

VOLUME 2 – BUILDINGS OTHER
THAN DWELLINGS
M1 Access and use of buildings other
than dwellings
M2 Access to extensions to buildings
other than dwellings
M3 Sanitary conveniences in extensions
to buildings other than dwellings
on
iti
ed
15
20

For use in England*
ONLINE VERSION

ONLINE VERSION
MAIN CHANGES IN THE
2015 EDITION
This volume of this approved document
supports requirements M1, M2 and M3
of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations
2010. It takes effect on 1 October 2015
for use in England*. The 2004 edition of
Approved Document M with 2010 and
2013 amendments will continue to apply
to work started before 1 October 2015
or work subject to a building notice, full
plans application or initial notice submitted
before that date.
The main changes are:
• Approved Document M has been split
into two parts:
– Volume 1: Dwellings
– Volume 2: Buildings other than
dwellings.
• The following sections of the previous
version of Approved Document M have
been deleted and replaced by Volume 1
of this approved document:
– Section 6: Means of access to and
into the dwelling
– Section 7: Circulation within the
entrance storey of the dwelling
– Section 8: Accessible switches and
sockets in the dwelling
– Section 9: Passenger lifts and
common stairs in blocks of flats
– Section 10: WC provision in the
entrance storey of the dwelling.

*This approved document gives guidance for
compliance with the Building Regulations for
building work carried out in England. It also
applies to building work carried out on excepted
energy buildings in Wales as defined in the Welsh
Ministers (Transfer of Functions) (No 2) Order 2009.

ONLINE VERSION

ONLINE VERSION M
Contents
PAGE PAGE

Use of guidance 5 Ramped access 19
The approved documents 5 Stepped access 20
Limitations on requirements 5 Handrails to external stepped and
Materials and workmanship 5 ramped access 22

Mixed use development 6 Hazards on access routes 23

The Workplace (Health, Safety and Section 2: Access into buildings
Welfare) Regulations 1992 6 other than dwellings 24
The Equality Act 2010 and the Equality Objectives 24
Act 2010 (Disability) Regulations 2010 6 Accessible entrances 24
Relationship with guidance in Doors to accessible entrances 24
Approved Document K (Protection
from falling collision and impact) 7 Manually operated non-powered
entrance doors 25
The Requirements 8 Powered entrance doors 26
Section 0: General guidance 11 Glass doors and glazed screens 27
Performance 11 Entrance lobbies 27
Where the requirements apply 11 Section 3: Horizontal and vertical
Application of Part M 11 circulation in buildings other
Extensions of non-domestic than dwellings 29
buildings 11 Objective 29
Material alterations of Entrance hall and reception area 29
non-domestic buildings 12
Internal doors 29
Material changes of use 12
Corridors and passageways 31
Car parking and setting down 12
What requirements apply 12 Internal lobbies 32

Educational establishments 13 Vertical circulation within the building 32

Historic buildings 13 Provision of lifting devices 32

Access strategy 14 General requirements for
lifting devices 33
Definitions 14
Passenger lifts 33
Section 1: Access to buildings other Lifting platforms 35
than dwellings 16
Wheelchair platform stairlifts 36
Objectives 16
Internal stairs 37
Level approach from the boundary
of the site and car parking 16 Internal ramps 37

On-site car parking and setting down 17 Handrails to internal steps, stairs
and ramps 37

Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings

ONLINE VERSION 1

Handrail design 23 Audience and spectator facilities 38 Note: Diagram 8 has been moved to Refreshment facilities 40 Approved Document K. An example of a self-contained key dimensions 22 changing room for individual use 54 23. Relationship of ramp gradient to 20. Effective clear width of doors 25 Aids to communication 45 10. Height of various fittings in toilet the going of a flight 19 accommodation 51 4. An example of wheelchair space provision in a cinema or theatre 41 Standards referred to 59 16. Tactile paving and an example of toilet with corner WC 50 its use at an uncontrolled crossing 17 19. Height and arrangement of 2. Key dimensions associated with passenger lifts 34 Objectives 47 Note: Diagram 12 has been moved to Sanitary accommodation generally 47 Approved Document K. Unisex wheelchair-accessible 1. Section 10. An example of a shower room incorporating a corner WC for individual use 56 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 2 ONLINE VERSION . Possible location of wheelchair and shower facilities 52 spaces in front of a rear aisle 41 Wheelchair-accessible bathrooms 56 15. An example of wheelchair spaces Toilets in separate-sex washrooms 51 in a lecture theatre 39 Wheelchair-accessible changing 14. all other numbering remains Sleeping accommodation 42 the same Switches. WC cubicle for ambulant and use of hazard warning surface 21 disabled people 52 5. Examples of acceptable step Section 4: Facilities in buildings profiles and key dimensions for other than dwellings 38 external stairs 22 Objectives 38 7. Parking bay designated for fittings in a unisex wheelchair- disabled people 18 accessible toilet 50 3. An example of a self-contained shower room for individual use 55 24. all Provision of toilet accommodation 48 other numbering remains the same Wheelchair-accessibile unisex toilets 48 13. An example of a shared refreshment facility 42 Other publications referred to 60 17 One example of a wheelchair- Index 63 accessible hotel bedroom with en-suite sanitary facilities 44 DIAGRAMS 18.M CONTENTS O N L I N E V E R S I O N PAGE PAGE 6. outlets and controls 43 9. Key dimensions for lobbies with single leaf doors 28 Section 5: Sanitary accommodation in buildings other than dwellings 47 11. External steps and stairs – 22. Stepped access – key dimensions 21. Section 1.

Section 1. An example of a bathroom incorporating a corner WC 57 26. Grab rails and fittings associated with a bath 58 Note: Diagrams 27 to 29 deleted – refer to Approved Document M: Volume 1 Note: Diagram 30 has been moved to Approved Document K. Provision of wheelchair space in audience seating 39 Note: Table 4 deleted – refer to Approved Document M: Volume 1 Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 3 . Limits for ramp gradients 19 2.CONTENTS ONLINE VERSION M PAGE 25. all other numbering remains the same Note: Diagrams 31 and 32 deleted – refer to Approved Document M: Volume 1 TABLES 1. Minimum effective clear widths of doors 25 3.

ONLINE VERSION ONLINE VERSION .

building users. However. Other requirements Building Regulations are made for specific purposes. the refers is the one listed at the end of the requirements in Parts A to D. The guidance contained in an Approved welfare and convenience of people and for Document relates only to the particular energy conservation. provide guidance for some of the more common building situations. Part L is excluded from At the back of this document is a list Regulation 8 because it addresses the of all the documents that have been conservation of fuel and power. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 5 . performance or matters which. in Approved Document 7. However. (and any others who may be affected by buildings or matters connected with buildings). than health and safety. and on Regulation 7. Approved Document if you prefer to Guidance on meeting these requirements meet the relevant requirement in some on materials and workmanship is contained other way. the new version may be anything to be done except for the purpose used as a source of guidance provided it of securing reasonable standards of health continues to address the relevant and safety for persons in or about buildings requirements of the Regulations. if this version has for paragraphs H2 and J7) of Schedule 1 to been revised or updated by the issuing the Building Regulations do not require standards body. However. Standards and other requirements of the Regulations which the technical specifications may provide document addresses. requirements imposed by Schedule 1 to Thus there is no obligation to adopt the Building Regulations shall be carried any particular solution contained in an out in accordance with regulation 7. that may be Approved Documents are intended to addressed by Building Regulations. of State for the purpose of providing with resistance to the passage of sound. of any other relevant paragraphs in they may also address other aspects of Schedule 1 to the Regulations. All these approved and issued by the Secretary matters are amongst the purposes. This is one of the categories of purpose for which building regulations may be made. When an Approved Document makes reference to a named standard. practical guidance with respect to the and access to and use of buildings) are requirements of Schedule 1 to and excluded from Regulation 8 because they Regulation 7 of the Building Regulations address the welfare and convenience of 2010 for England and Wales (SI 2010/2214). The building work will relevant guidance to the extent that they also have to comply with the requirements relate to these considerations. MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP there may well be alternative ways of Any building work which is subject to the achieving compliance with the requirements. been approved and issued by the Secretary Parts E and M (which deal. F to K (except publication. are not guidance on each of the Parts of Schedule 1 covered by the Building Regulations.. other of State for this purpose. respectively. ONLINE VERSION M Use of guidance THE APPROVED DOCUMENTS Paragraphs H2 and J7 are excluded from Regulation 8 because they deal directly with This document is one of a series that has prevention of the contamination of water. the LIMITATION ON REQUIREMENTS relevant version of the standard to which it In accordance with regulation 8. although There are Approved Documents which give they relate to health and safety etc. primarily the health and safety.

uk/ REGULATIONS 1992 ukpga/2010/15/contents) imposes a duty The Workplace (Health. the provisions this will include designing features or may still be required in the situations making reasonable adjustments to features described above in order to satisfy the which are outside the scope of Approved Workplace Regulations. tends to Welfare) Regulations 1992. SAFETY AND WELFARE) The EA (http://www. if followed. is appropriate. The main providers).legislation. feature which might put a disabled person Where the requirements of the Building at a substantial disadvantage compared to Regulations that are covered by this Part a non-disabled person. necessarily equate to compliance with the The Workplace (Health. Regulations 1992 apply to the common This is because service providers and parts of flats and similar buildings if people employers are required by the EA to make such as cleaners and caretakers are reasonable adjustment to any physical employed to work in these common parts. The duty is set out in Schedule 2 (in (SI 2002/2174) contain some requirements relation to public functions and service which affect building design. this does not 1992 (ISBN 0 7176 0413 6). Approved Code demonstrate compliance with Part M of the of Practice’ L24. with the aims of strengthening and domestic use should apply in any shared also harmonising existing provisions into a parts of the building.M ONLINE USE OF GUIDANCE VERSION MIXED USE DEVELOPMENT THE EQUALITY ACT 2010 AND In mixed use developments part of a THE EQUALITY ACT 2010 building may be used as a dwelling while (DISABILITY) REGULATIONS 2010 another part has a non-domestic use. Safety and Document. the requirements for non. information see: ‘Workplace health. Document M. Workplace (Health. safety Although the guidance in this Approved and welfare.gov. It remains for the persons undertaking building works to consider if further provision. The Equality Act 2010 (the EA) brings In such cases. Schedule 8 (in relation to requirements are now covered by the employers) and Schedule 15 (in relation to Building Regulations. but for further associations) of the EA. single streamlined framework of equalities legislation to deliver better outcomes for THE WORKPLACE (HEALTH. Safety and to make reasonable adjustments to a Welfare) Regulations 1992 as amended physical feature in order to comply with the by The Health and Safety (Miscellaneous requirements set out in section 20 of the Amendments) Regulations 2002 EA. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 6 ONLINE VERSION . Regulations for dwellings and non-domestic including the Disability Discrimination Act use differ. Safety and Welfare) obligations and duties set out in the EA. In some instances do not apply to dwellings. Published by HSE Books Building Regulations. the protected groups listed. 1995. if the requirements of the together existing equalities legislation. beyond that described in Approved Document M.

and relates only to the duty to make associations reasonable adjustments to physical An exemption setting out when an features built in strict accordance with the adjustment is not reasonable in relation to guidance provided in the relevant approved design standards is provided in regulation document. local authorities and a blanket exemption from duties under the EA. parts of this Approved feature satisfies the relevant design Document state that the requirements of standard if it complied with the objectives. completed. ONLINE USE OF GUIDANCE VERSION M 10 Year Exemption for service Applicants should be aware that this is not providers. The Schedule to the Regulations provides that a physical Where applicable. It is for applicants. with these applicable requirements set out in Approved Document K in these This provision will not apply where more circumstances will be regarded as than 10 years have elapsed since: compliance with a relevant design standard – the day on which construction or for the purposes of regulation 9 and the installation of the feature was Schedule to the Regulations. Compliance were carried out. Regulation 9 prescribes circumstances in not building control bodies. Approved Document M. or an association to remove or RELATIONSHIP WITH GUIDANCE alter a physical feature which has been IN APPROVED DOCUMENT K provided to assist access to the building or (PROTECTION FROM FALLING its facilities and which accords with the COLLISION AND IMPACT) relevant design standard. or – in the case of a physical feature provided as part of a larger building project. Part M will be satisfied by compliance with design considerations and provisions set the applicable parts of the guidance within out in the edition of Approved Document M Approved Document K (Protection from that applied at the time the building works falling. services. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 7 . collision and impact). As with all other types of 9 (Reasonableness and design standards) building work. service providers will still of and the Schedule to the Equality Act need to consider the needs of disabled 2010 (Disability) Regulations 2010 (the people which are outside the scope of Regulations). a public authority carrying out its functions. to consider which it is not reasonable for a provider of how these obligations are to be met. the day on which the works in relation to that project were completed.

M2 and M3 of Part M of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 2010. the building and its facilities. or otherwise having occasion to enter the extension.  Reasonable provision must be made Requirement M1 does not apply to for people to— any part of a building that is used solely to (a) gain access to.  Suitable independent access must be Requirement M2 does not apply where provided to the extension where reasonably suitable access to the extension is provided practicable. there is reasonable provision for sanitary reasonable provision shall be made within conveniences elsewhere in the building. and enable the building or any service or fitting (b) use. through the building that is extended. such that people occupied in.M ACCESS TO O NUSE AND LINOFEBUILDINGS VERSION The Requirements This Approved Document deals with requirements M1. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 8 ONLINE VERSION . in the building to be inspected. Requirement Limits on application PART M ACCESS TO AND USE OF BUILDINGS Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings M1. repaired or maintained. the extension for sanitary conveniences. Sanitary conveniences in extensions to buildings other than dwellings M3. Access to extensions to buildings other than dwellings M2. can gain access to and use those sanitary conveniences.  If sanitary conveniences are provided Requirement M3 does not apply where in any building that is to be extended.

scope of Part M and AD M is limited to Interpretation (Regulation 2) matters of access to. the change: BS 8300:2001 Design of buildings and a. the building is not a building described is complementary to the BS. the building is used as an hotel or a on good practice in the design of domestic boarding house. collision and impact) part which does not require the user to contains guidance on internal and external pass through any other part of the building. into and use of a building. Schedule 1 to the Act and for the purposes Manifestation on glazed doors and of these Regulations. in AD M differs from the recommendation h. recommendations are based on user trials where previously it was not. where previously it and non-domestic buildings and their was not. their approaches to meet the needs where previously it was not. The design d. the building contains a room for residential in BS 8300. although the in Classes 1 to 6 in Schedule 2. collision and the purposes for which or the circumstances impact) contains guidance on in which a building is used. 1997 and 2001 by DETR. part of a research project commissioned in where previously it was not. contains a greater or lesser regulation. the building. the building is used as a dwelling. which contains at least one for. where previously it did not. The guidance in this Approved Document is based on and f. and validated desk studies which formed e. the building is used as a public building. the guidance number of dwellings than it did previously. form part of the principal entrances and alternative accessible entrances. or not considered appropriate g. 5810:1979. recommendations in the BS. BS 8300 provides guidance c. a part of a building (including any extension Stairs and ramps: Approved Document K to that building) a route of access to that (Protection from falling. the building contains a flat. rooms than it did previously. Compliance with the purposes. Also. the building is used as an institution. the building. steps. therefore. is not room for residential purposes. Additional guidance is ‘institution’. where this supersedes BS 5619:1978 and BS previously it did not. ‘public building’ and ‘shop’ provided in this Approved Document when used in Regulation 5 are explained in external stepped and ramped access also Regulation 2. for which definition: reference should be made to Approved ‘independent access’ means in relation to Document B – ‘Fire Safety’. O NOF ACCESS TO AND USE L BUILDINGS INE VERSION M Notes Attention is drawn to the following extracts Means of escape in case of fire: the from The Building Regulations 2010. or Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 9 . and when Meaning of material change of use they form part of the access route to the (regulation 5) building from the boundary of the site and For the purposes of paragraph 8 (1)(e) of car parking. there is a material glazed screens: Approved Document K change of use where there is a change in (Protection from falling. of disabled people. in a few cases. Code of Practice: b. which contains at least one while ensuring good practice. inclusion in guidance accompanying dwelling. where BS contains much additional material that previously it was. It does not extend to means Regulation 2 contains the following of escape in the event of fire. stairs and ramps when they are part The meanings of the expressions of the building. so that after manifestation. is not apt for. approaches so that they are convenient to use by disabled people. I. contains necessarily equivalent to compliance a greater or lesser number of such with the guidance in AD M.

F1 (means of ventilation) (d). applicable requirements of the following paragraphs of Schedule 1: h. (g). E4 (acoustic ensure that the building complies with the conditions in schools). A1 to A3 (structure). (c). and G6 (kitchen and food preparation areas) d. use of the whole of a building. d. in the case of a building exceeding independent access to that part or 15m in height. B1 (means of warning and escape) 2. Where there is a material change of B2 (internal fire spread – linings) use of part only of a building. that part complies in all cases with any fire service) applicable requirements referred to in C2(c) (interstitial and surface paragraph (1)(a). in a case to which sub-paragraphs (b). (h). where the material change provides new residential accommodation. in all cases. C1(2) (resistance to contaminants). the building is used as a shop. and P1 (electrical safety). the building complies with b. in the case of material change of use described in regulation 5(a). (e) or a. (c). the whole washing facilities) building complies with the requirement G5 (bathrooms) referred to in that sub-paragraph. (b). described in Regulation 5(a). Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 10 ONLINE VERSION . that part complies with the requirements G3(1) to (3) (hot water supply and referred to in the relevant sub-paragraph. (d). if where the public building consists any. in the case of a material change of use requirement M1(a) of Schedule 1 to described in Regulations 5(c). Where there is a material change of use described in Regulation 5(e). shall be carried out as is necessary to of or contains a school.M ACCESS TO O NUSE AND LINOFEBUILDINGS VERSION j. Requirements relating to material (h) or (i). that part and any sanitary J1 to J4 (combustion appliances) conveniences provided in or in L1 (conservation of fuel and power connection with that part comply – dwellings) with the requirements referred to in that sub-paragraph. such work. (d). (i) or. M1 (access and use). ii. in the case of a material change of 1. in a case to which sub-paragraph (c) G4 (sanitary conveniences and of paragraph (1) applies. E1 to E3 (resistance to the change of use (Regulation 6) passage of sound). (e) or the extent that reasonable provision (f). the building to that part. such work. shall be carried out as is necessary to B4(2) (external fire spread – roofs) ensure that: B5 (access and facilities for the a. (g). in a case to which sub-paragraph (i) of H1 (foul water drainage) paragraph (1) applies: H6 (solid waste storage) i. if B3 (internal fire spread – structure) any. (b). where f. B4(1) (external fire suitable access through spread – walls). e. in the case of a material change of use previously it was not. (j). (e) or (f) of paragraph (1) apply. in the case of material change of use described in Regulation 5(a). is made to provide either suitable c. C4 (resistance to weather and ground moisture). g. in the case of a material change of use described in Regulation 5(c). (d). condensation) b. systems) c. (f).

people using the extension to gain access to and to use sanitary conveniences in the Extensions of non-domestic buildings existing building. regardless of disability. As in the case of access 0.8 Under Requirement M3. so that the Limit on who live or work in them. the existing building so that the where reasonably practicable. Under the Limit on Application of Requirement M3 Limits on Application. provision must be made within the there will be obligations under the Equality extension for sanitary conveniences. constraints and cost considerations will be institution.2-0. The terms ‘institution’.M ONLINE VERSION Section 0: General guidance PERFORMANCE so as to provide suitable access through the building to the extension. this requirement does not physical features in buildings. Application of Requirement M2 applies. apply if there is reasonable provision for 0. if sanitary conveniences are provided in any building It should be noted that. that buildings are accessible and usable. M2 and M3 will be met boundary of the site and from on-site car by making reasonable provision to ensure parking where provided. under the Limit on Application of employers to consider barriers created by Requirement M3. both as visitors and as people Requirement M1(a).5 An extension to a non-domestic to an extension. age or not to provide independent access to a gender. The concept In the Secretary of State’s view of access encompasses access from the Requirements M1. M2 and M3 The extensions and the alterations of the apply if: existing building could be planned and a. 0. erected. ‘public building’ and ‘shop’ are explained in regulation 2. an existing building or part of an existing is reasonably practicable for suitable building undergoes a material change independent access to be provided. an existing non-domestic building is relying on the existing building is sufficient extended. it is open to building building should be treated in the same owners preferring not to make provisions manner as a new building. or M2 to apply. or undergoes a material for the Limit on Application of Requirement alteration. In this case. Such modification work would be a material alteration.1 Requirements M1.6 If the owners of a building prefer People. a non-domestic building is newly carried out as a single project. or to modify the existing building and/or Where the requirements apply the approach to it so that the Limit on Application of Part M Application applies. 0. it is open to them either • gain access to buildings and to gain to demonstrate that the existing building access within buildings and use their and the approach to it already comply with facilities. public building or shop. 0. 0.25 below. as regards its for sanitary conveniences in a planned own compliance with Part M. practical of use to a hotel or boarding house.20 and 0. and in judging whether it c. the extension and does not apply where the building that is the modifications to the existing building extended complies with Requirement M1(a) Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 11 . too.4 Text deleted. relevant – see also ‘Access Strategies’ paragraphs 0. Act 2010 for service providers and However. reasonable compliance with Building Regulations. or independent access to the extension to modify. should be able to: planned extension.7 In judging whether access provision b. Under extension either to demonstrate that Requirement M2 there must be suitable reasonable provision already exists in. Requirement M2 applies. regardless of that is to be extended.

public a material alteration of a building. In the context of hotel or boarding house. Reasonable accommodation. and with Part M. Where new features elsewhere in the building. setting down points within the site. to upgrade access to the Sections 1 to 5 of this Approved Document building entrance from the site boundary in relation to the relevant non-domestic and from on-site car parking where provided. as amended. it is building or shop. must be no less compliant 0. an institution. so as to comply with M1 (Access and use). there must relevant to the compliance of a building be reasonable provision for people to with Part M are provided. a public Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 12 ONLINE VERSION . arrangements for people to get from or in connection with. so that people. where an where provided. attention is drawn to the note in (see also MIXED USE DEVELOPMENT paragraph 1. not necessary. where there is a material change of use of outside the building. where provided. upgraded if need be. it should be should be made: noted that ‘shop’ includes use as a a. where relevant. as amended. carried out as is necessary to ensure that: Material alterations of non-domestic • there is reasonable provision for people buildings to gain access to that part from the site boundary and from on-site car parking 0. can reach the principal 0. including access to it from the site provision with the relevant building control boundary and from on-site car parking body as set out in paragraphs 0. with Requirement M1. these must also gain access to and use that sanitary comply with Requirement M1. and in part as a dwelling.20 to 0.10 Under regulation 6.M ONLINE GENERAL GUIDANCE VERSION could be planned and carried out as a building or a shop. regardless of disability.12 Where a material change of use with Requirement M1 following a material results in a building being used in part as a alteration of a building. under Use of Guidance). as regards the Building regard should be had to the guidance in Regulations. accommodation and to the common parts However. boarding house. In particular.14 If Part M applies.13 Part M applies to those features. This means that alterations to features • that part itself complies with M1 (access relevant to the compliance of a building and use). The building as a have assessed what is reasonable whole. age or gender. a public building or edge of the site and from car parking and a shop. provision must be made for people to gain access to and to use new or altered Developers will need to agree how they sanitary conveniences. that part comply one level to another within the building. The terms ‘institution’. restaurant. such work if any shall be single project.9 Under regulation 4. 0.11 Under regulation 6. comply. either by means of an alteration of a non-domestic building is independent access or by means of a a material alteration. if necessary. with Requirement M1: if users of that part must result in features that comply with have the use of sanitary conveniences Requirement M1. the work itself must route to and through the building. reasonable provision in regulation 2. an institution. bar or public house. above about the Equality Act. What requirements apply ‘public building’ and ‘shop’ are explained 0. Material changes of use Car parking and setting down 0. such as entrances or • any sanitary conveniences provided in. if entrance to the building and other an existing building undergoes a change entrances described in this Approved of use such that part is used as a hotel or Document from the site boundary. the building must be upgraded. institution. which are needed to the whole of a building to a hotel or boarding provide access to the building from the house.25.

(m). age or gender. assist in wayfinding. so that people.17 to 4. reception balance between historic building areas.16 Purpose-built student living and rooflights. of the historic building. especially outstanding natural beauty and world people with impaired sight. areas of constitute a hazard to users. Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB).15 From 1 April 2001.19 Particular issues relating to work in Regulations. ticket offices and at information conservation and accessibility. should (e. buildings which are of architectural and Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 13 . including that in the form b. They are a finite to the usual gender-related conventions resource with cultural importance. for sanitary accommodation for the access officers. Certain school-specific historic buildings that warrant sympathetic standards relating to Parts K and M treatment and where advice from others contained in the DfES 1997 Constructional could therefore be beneficial include: Standards as described in Circular a.37 (b). In arriving at an appropriate in auditoria. materials and techniques. always provided that disabilities.36. listed buildings. or a hospital). 1. 0. in Educational establishments order to make the building as accessible as possible.18 The need to conserve the special and within. and English Heritage. maintained schools ceased to have exemption from the Building 0. restoring the historic character of DfES/0142/2001 are subsumed in this a building that had been subject to revision to AD M (see 1.17 Historic buildings include: term decay problems: see Information a. the choice of appropriate construction internal facilities (see 4. d.24). following a fire or filling in a gap be treated as hotel/motel accommodation site in a terrace). for suitable accommodation for people accessibility where and to the extent that it in wheelchairs. as users of the building. or people with other is practically possible. for aids to communication for people of long-term deterioration to the building with an impairment of hearing or sight fabric or fittings. Sheet No. e. e. In regarding sanitary accommodation.33 – Note re: (l) and previous inappropriate alteration. replacement windows. 4 from The Society for the b. a school authority’s development plan.g. making Historic buildings provisions enabling the fabric to ‘breathe’ to control moisture and potential long- 0. in respect of space requirements and c. meeting rooms. 0. can have access into. buildings of architectural and historic b. subject must be recognised. or increase the risk e. and construction. and appropriate to take into account the advice of the local authority’s conservation and f. 1. well as the views of local access groups. e. any storey of the building characteristics of such historic buildings and to the building’s facilities. but rather heritage sites. ONLINE GENERAL GUIDANCE VERSION M from car parking within the site. it would be points. buildings situated in conservation areas.g. and historical interest and which are referred from other buildings on the same site to as a material consideration in a local (such as a university campus. such work the aim should be to improve d.g. vernacular buildings of traditional form c. regardless of disability. so that elements of the building do not interest within national parks. c. doors 0. rebuilding a former historic building of flats as defined in regulation 2(1). in audience or spectator the work does not prejudice the character seating. accommodation.

this Approved Document. or fitting within the building. and to discuss the best way to demonstrate the access strategy for Definitions the building work taking place.20 It is important that applicants clearly agreed as to the appropriate level of communicate to the building control body provision in the completed building work. if any of these proposed approaches should be 0. as building work and whether provision in retrospective alterations can be costly some circumstances should exceed that and disruptive. complex works designed to indicate only one way in which or where there are significant constraints those requirements may be met.25 It should be noted that approval of evidence or reference to recognised British proposed works by a building control body Standards as necessary to support the does not by necessity indicate compliance chosen approach. entry or exit. how their chosen approach to meeting the accessibility needs of the likely end-users 0. and applicant to agree which. when used to indicate strategy is not required to accompany a the visual perception of one element of building control application though it may the building. nature and supported by annotated drawings as well intended use of the building they must still as face to face meetings to resolve key demonstrate compliance with the relevant issues.24 In smaller or simpler works this could of a building and its facilities demonstrates be achieved by having a conversation to compliance with the requirements of Part review the proposals and recording the M of the Building Regulations. for example by showing that agreed level of provision should be clearly it is equivalent to the provisions set out in recorded. are able to gain access. The outcome of discussions by guidance in this Approved Document is correspondence. communication terms throughout this Approved Document. that the appropriate level of provision is Applicants need to consider these wider agreed with the building control body equality obligations when undertaking prior to commencing building work. To ensure 0. scale. This should include the use of appropriate research 0. The relationship between Part M of the 0. proposals diverge from the guidance in this Accessible. the onus remains with the that the functional requirements of Part M applicant to demonstrate that those of the Building Regulations are satisfied.23 Provision of a written Access Contrast visually. It is for the building control body functional requirement. depending on the size.21 Where alternative solutions are used on a case by case basis to ensure proposed. Whilst imposed by an existing site. age or gender. with respect to buildings Approved Document rather than providing or parts of buildings. issues and risks. solutions are appropriate and meet the Whichever approach is adopted.M ONLINE GENERAL GUIDANCE VERSION Access strategy focus should be on ensuring that applicants and building control bodies are 0. the requirements. The key against another means that the difference Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 14 ONLINE VERSION . means that people. set out within this Approved Document. 0.22 Applicants should therefore seek to Building Regulations and the Equality Act engage with building control bodies at the 2010 is set out on page 7 of this Approved earliest possible stage to identify key Document. approach. It is advisable to ensure with duties under the Equalities Act 2010. In large. equally satisfactory ways of involve a written document setting out key meeting the requirements can be adopted aspects of the access approach. an exhaustive explanation where features regardless of disability.26 The following meanings apply to satisfactory outcomes. are in accordance with the guidance. this might alternative. be useful in some circumstances. between applicants and building control bodies should focus on areas where Access.

Principal entrance. a stair used for escape. with respect to the surfaces of a level approach. with respect to buildings or parts of buildings. surfaces is greater than 30 points. Suitable. the amount of light falling on a surface. ONLINE GENERAL GUIDANCE VERSION M in light reflectance value between the two Utility stair. age or gender. new blocks of flats built as student accommodation are to be treated as though they are hotel/motel accommodation in respect of space requirements and internal facilities (see 4. or purposes other illuminance on surfaces is greater than 200 than as a usual route for moving between lux. should be a minimum of 20 points. Light reflectance value (LRV). but with a maximum gradient along the direction of travel of 1:60. means that they are designed for use by people regardless of disability. contrast and perception – Design guidance for internal built environments – Reading University. Illuminance. reference should be made to Colour. General access stair. However. as a normal route between levels. Level. Where door opening furniture projects beyond the face of the door or otherwise creates enhanced differentiation and shade. Dwelling.17 to 4. means a house or a flat (‘flat’ is defined in regulation 2(1)). For further information. with respect to means of access and facilities. Where access for maintenance. a difference in light reflectance value levels on a day-to-day basis. a stair intended for all users of a building on a day-to day- basis. access routes and landings associated with steps. means that they are convenient for independent use. measured in lumens per square metre (lm/m2) or lux (lx). stairs and ramps means predominantly level. a minimum difference in light reflectance value of 15 points is considered adequate. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 15 . but subject to the usual gender-related conventions regarding sanitary accommodation. the total quantity of visible light reflected by a surface at all wavelengths and directions when illuminated by a light source. Usable. the entrance which a visitor not familiar with the building would normally expect to approach.24).

3 It is important to be aware that Generally.1 The aim is to provide a suitable is generally required between entrances. so that the difference in level between the 1. whether over its whole length or in part.7 Where a difference in level between 1. including wheelchair the approach may have a gentle gradient users. within a complex are also accessible. gradients within the approach people’s capabilities vary.g. are avoided 1. when approaching and passing be level from the boundary of the site. outside the building.11 A surface width of 1800mm can Pedestrian and Transport Infrastructure’ accommodate any amount of non-vehicular gives detailed guidance on designing the traffic without the need for passing places. for some people. Access approach) or it may incorporate a number routes that are too narrow can also make it of shorter parts at a steeper gradient. It is also of accessible entrances should be important that routes between buildings determined accordingly.M1/M2 ONLINE VERSION Section 1: Access to buildings other than dwellings OBJECTIVES or. e.5 It is also important that potential along them easily. a stair is easier to use 1. to the principal entrance and any entrance used exclusively for staff Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 16 ONLINE VERSION . to any alternative accessible entrances.10 There should be sufficient space for so that people. this access should and from any car parking that is provided as far as possible be level. than a ramp. without excessive effort hazards on access routes adjacent to and without the risk of tripping or falling. or means of access for people from the between alternative accessible entrances entrance point at the boundary of the site. that part of the approach within the overall constraints of space. it should be recognised that designated for disabled people and the changes in level are difficult for many building is unavoidable due to site constraints. should be designed as ramped access.8 Where the gradient of the approach. external environment. people to negotiate.2 In designing an approach to the the boundary of the site or car parking building. access should sight.9 All access routes to principal. 1:20 or steeper. to the building. with difficult for people to pass each other. 1. subject to of the site and car parking agreement with the building control body.12 It is important to reduce the risks to Design considerations people. direction and carry out all necessary Note: The publication ‘Inclusive Mobility: manoeuvres. If access 1. should be as gentle as possible. level landings at intervals as rest points. if either of these is not accessible. is 1. open windows. particularly children and people to approach the building. A Guide to Best Practice on Access to 1. people who need to use walking over a long distance (for all or part/s of the aids and people with impaired sight.4 The building should be designed. are others who are travelling in the opposite not injured. around the perimeter of the building under and from any car parking designated for all lighting conditions. buildings. surfaced so that people are able to travel 1. pass those with impaired sight or hearing. particularly people with impaired 1. disabled people. entrances should be is minimised. 1. 1. For example. A surface width of 1200mm may be Level approach from the boundary acceptable on restricted sites.6 As far as possible. The site level on the site. or entrance storey and the site entry point alternative accessible.

and ‘Guidance on the use of Tactile Paving Surfaces’). O N LOTHER ACCESS TO BUILDINGS I N ETHAN V EDWELLINGS RSION M1/M2 Provisions Diagram 1 Tactile paving and an 1. Design considerations g. the danger of inadvertently walking into their vehicle.13 A ‘level approach’ (from the boundary example of its use at an of the site and from car parking spaces uncontrolled crossing designated for disabled people to the principal entrance. On-site car parking and no deeper than 5mm and no wider than setting down 10mm or. its surface is firm. where there is an uncontrolled etc. d. if unfilled. surface (see Diagram 1. the route to the principal entrance (or alternative accessible entrance) is 1. passing places at least 1. durable and slip resistant. if recessed. c. route and. in all cases with a cross-fall gradient no steeper than 1:40. then walk. the staff crossing point across the vehicular route. free of obstructions to a height of 2. to a staff entrance or to an alternative accessible entrance) will satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if: a. entrance or any alternative accessible this is identified by a buff coloured blister entrance of the building. where there are different materials along the access route. Inappropriate materials might be loose sand or gravel. buildings by car need to be able to park. to the principal entrance. have sufficient space to enter and leave h.1m. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 17 . with passing places. b.14 People who need to travel to clearly identified and well lit. between landings). or less steep than 1:20 with level landings (see 1.5m.8m wide and at least 2m long are provided within sight of each other (the width of the passing place may be included in the width of the level approach). no wider than 5mm. e. the difference in level at joints between paving units is no greater than 5mm. they have similar frictional characteristics. f. with undulations not exceeding 3mm under a 1m straight edge for formless materials. but in any case spaced at a distance no greater than 50m.26(k)) introduced for each 500mm rise of the access (where necessary. the gradient along its length is either no steeper than 1:60 along its whole length. on occasions move to the a vehicular access route is minimised rear of their vehicle. with joints filled flush or. it has a surface width of at least 1. travel in a by providing a separate pedestrian wheelchair or with pushchairs or luggage.

barriers to wheelchairs or hazards from tripping. 1.15 The surface of a parking bay Diagram 2 Parking bay designated for designated for disabled people. in particular disabled people the area surrounding the bay. 1.17 People with mobility impairments who arrive as passengers should be able to alight from a vehicle close to the principal entrance. or alternative accessible entrance. 1200mm above the ground and a plinth which does not project in front of the b. is firm. should allow the safe transfer of a passenger or driver to a wheelchair and transfer from the parking bay to the access route to the building without undue effort. with – vehicular control barriers. c. Inappropriate materials might be loose Provisions sand or gravel.M1/M2 ACCESS TO O N L I N OTHER BUILDINGS E V ETHAN R S DWELLINGS ION 1. at least one parking bay designated for stature. 1. and a 1200mm safety zone on e. and undulations not exceeding 3mm under a – multi-storey car parks.16 If people need to obtain tickets for pay and display parking. ticket machines. or a person of short stature. where necessary for satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if: wheelchair users and people of short a. (with a 1200mm accessibility zone between. the dimensions of the designated face of the machine in a way that parking bays are as shown in Diagram 2 prevents its convenient use.18 Car parking and setting down will d. the parking bays. a clearly sign-posted setting down point the vehicular side of. the surface of the accessibility zone – ticket dispensing machines. is located on firm and level ground as and with a dropped kerb when there is close as practicable to the principal or a pedestrian route at the other side of alternative accessible entrance with its the parking bay). Note: Guidance is available in BS 8300 on: – the provision of parking bays designated for disabled people in different building types. 1m straight edge for formless materials. surface level with the carriageway at that point to allow convenient access to and from the entrance for people with walking difficulties or people using a wheelchair. the ticket dispensing machines should be located in a way that allows a person in a wheelchair. to gain access close to the machine and reach the payment and ticket dispensing functions. are adjacent to the designated disabled people is provided on firm and parking bays for disabled people and level ground as close as feasible to the have controls between 750mm and principal entrance of the building. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 18 ONLINE VERSION . durable and slip resistant. of the building in a way that is convenient for entry into the building.

as steep gradients create Going of a flight Maximum gradient Maximum rise difficulties for some wheelchair users who 10m 1:20 500mm lack the strength to propel themselves up 5m 1:15 333mm 2m 1:12 166mm a slope or have difficulty in slowing down or stopping when descending. – lighting ramped access. approach to it is clearly sign-posted.19 If site constraints necessitate an between landings are in accordance approach of 1:20 or steeper. i.22 Some people need to be able to stop frequently. and convenient for ambulant disabled people.23 Wheelchair users need adequate space to stop on landings. Ramps are beneficial for or a rise of more than 500mm. e. to open and pass through doors without having to reverse into circulation routes or to face the risk of rolling back down slopes. 1. O N LOTHER ACCESS TO BUILDINGS I N ETHAN V EDWELLINGS RSION M1/M2 Ramped access Provisions Note: Where there appears to be a conflict 1.21 Ramps are also not necessarily safe between the maximum gradients. see the Notes to a. provided. either it is readily apparent or the the Requirements. a lift. an approach with Table 1 and Diagram 3.5m. no flight has a going greater than 10m. it can be unacceptably tiringfor wheelchair users and some people with d. incorporating ramped access should be c. wheelchair users and people pushing prams. when landings are provided. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 19 . there is an alternative means of access walking difficulties. 1:14 for a 4m going or 1:19 for a 9m going (see Diagram 3).26 A ramped access will satisfy between the guidance in Part M and Part K. some people who can walk but have restricted mobility find it more difficult to negotiate a ramp than a stair. pushchairs and bicycles. Design considerations b. Note: For goings between 2m and 10m. upstands or kerbs of at least 1. Requirement M1 or M2 if: Part M takes precedence. 1. It is therefore a flight beneficial to have steps as well as a ramp.20 Gradients should be as shallow as Table 1 Limits for ramp gradients practicable. Note: Guidance is given in BS 8300 on: e. Diagram 3 Relationship of ramp adverse weather conditions increase the gradient to the going of risk of slipping on a ramp. the gradient of a ramp flight and its going 1. 1. the total rise is greater than 2m.g. even if a number of rest for wheelchair users. it is acceptable to interpolate 1. 1. it has a surface width between walls. for instance to regain strength or breath. 1.24 Some people have a weakness on one side. In addition. For example. or to ease pain. This leads to a requirement for support at both sides of ramps.25 If the total rise of a ramped approach is too high.e.

33 A stepped access will satisfy the Requirements. or other obstructions. 1. tread to be sufficient for them to be able to place their feet square onto it. Note: Where there appears to be a conflict Provisions between the guidance in Part M and Part K.2m long and clear 1. 1. Part M takes precedence. sufficiently deep to allow a person to stand and rest at any point within the flight. that it might be missed in a single stride. clearly sign-posted steps are provided. for these people.29 Materials for treads should not and landing surfaces are similar. intermediate landings at least 1800mm have stiffness in hip or knee joints are wide and 1800mm long are provided as particularly at risk of tripping or catching passing places when it is not possible their feet beneath nosings. 1. g. as the tread is l. it easier to negotiate a flight of steps than a ramp and. and of a colour sufficiently in advance of the hazard to that contrasts visually with that of the allow time to stop and not be so narrow landings.27 People with impaired sight risk b. People with for a wheelchair user to see from one a weakness on one side or with a sight end of the ramp to the other or the impairment need the dimensions of the ramp has three flights or more. there is a kerb on the open side of any should be noted that excessive rounding ramp or landing at least 100mm high. when the rise of the ramp is greater than 300mm (equivalent to Note: Guidance is given in BS 8300 on: 2 x 150mm steps). Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 20 ONLINE VERSION . see the Notes to 1. intermediate landing. the presence n. It m.M1/M2 ACCESS TO O N L I N OTHER BUILDINGS E V ETHAN R S DWELLINGS ION f. no warning that steps provide a change in level. a level landing is provided at the top Design considerations and bottom of each flight. there is a handrail on both sides. a ‘corduroy’ hazard warning surface head of a flight of steps when a person is provided at top and bottom landings is descending.5m long and clear of any door swings open rises. the ramp surface is slip resistant. the frictional characteristics of the ramp 1. The risk is most hazardous at the c. of the ramp at least 1. – lighting stepped access. which contrasts visually with the ramp or landing in addition to any guarding 1.30 People should be able to appreciate of any door swings or other obstructions.31 People who wear callipers or who j.32 Many ambulant disabled people find required under Part K.28 The warning should be placed especially when wet. of nosings reduces the effective going. any intermediate landings are at least highlighting nosings and avoiding 1. If the k. the unobstructed length of each landing tripping or losing their balance if there is is not less than 1200mm. all landings are level. subject to a going is towards the upper end of the maximum gradient of 1:60 along their dimensional range. Requirement M1 or M2 if: a. the flight may rise to length and a maximum cross-fall a greater height without the need for an gradient of 1:40. of handrails for support is essential. especially when h. of a series of flights to give advance warning of a change in level in accordance with Diagram 4. and Stepped access – slip resistance (Annex C). there is a landing at the foot and head the surface is wet. present a slip hazard. in addition. easily where to place their feet by i.

between enclosing walls. all nosings are made apparent by side access 400mm from the intermediate means of a permanently contrasting landing if there is a continuous handrail material 55mm wide on both the tread opposite the side access. strings or upstands is not less than 1. no doors swing across landings. there are no single steps. the projection of a step nosing over the tread below is avoided but. to accommodate the surface outside the line of the side access. the rise of a flight between landings hazard warning surface 400mm deep contains no more than 12 risers for a is provided either on the intermediate going of less than 350mm and no more landing 400mm from both upper and than 18 risers for a going of 350mm or lower flights. it has flights whose surface width not more than 25mm (see Diagram 6). or within the i. a ‘corduroy’ h. f. if necessary. O N LOTHER ACCESS TO BUILDINGS I N ETHAN V EDWELLINGS RSION M1/M2 Diagram 4 Stepped access – key dimensions and use of hazard warning surface d. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 21 . j. e. if there is sufficient space greater (see Diagram 5).2m. intermediate landing. and the riser. where there is side access onto an g.

for use by children of a handrail that can be gripped easily. the top and bottom of a flight of steps. and negotiating changes of level need the help particularly in schools. the going of each step is between 280mm and 425mm. n. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 22 ONLINE VERSION . is comfortable to touch and.M1/M2 ACCESS TO O N L I N OTHER BUILDINGS E V ETHAN R S DWELLINGS ION Diagram 5 External steps and stairs Diagram 6 Examples of acceptable step – key dimensions profiles and key dimensions for external stairs k. the rise of each step is between 150mm and 170mm. 1. to give both stability and warning of the presence of a change in level.37 Handrailing to external ramped and 1. 1. ramped access Consideration should be given to the Design considerations provision of a second handrail on stairs 1.34 People who have physical difficulty in in a wide range of building types. p.8m wide where the overall unobstructed width is more than 1. for that are convenient for all users of the school buildings. the case for a different rise is agreed with the building control body.36 Handrails should be set at heights Note: In respect of 1.35 Handrails should be spaced away stepped access will satisfy Requirement from the wall and rigidly supported in a M1 or M2 if: way that avoids impeding finger grip.8m. preferably. there is a continuous handrail on each side of a flight and landings. or Handrails to external stepped and a ramp. the preferred dimensions building and should extend safely beyond are a rise of 150mm. due to dimensional constraints. rises are not open.33(l) and (m). additional handrails divide the flight into channels not less than 1m wide and not more than 1. the rise and going of each step is consistent throughout a flight. Provisions provides good forearm support. o. m. and people of short stature. l. except adjacent to existing buildings where. and a going of 280mm.

is 600mm. O N LOTHER ACCESS TO BUILDINGS I N ETHAN V EDWELLINGS RSION M1/M2 a. f. and Circular handrail 32mm to 50mm diameter 50mm wide and 39mm deep having rounded edges from the surface of a landing is between 900 and 1100mm (see Diagram 5). g. where provided. use of metals with relatively low thermal conductivity may be appropriate. without being highly reflective. it contrasts visually with the background against which it is seen. where there is full height structural guarding. i. or a flight of steps. Approved Document K. it protrudes no more than 100mm into Provisions the surface width of the ramped or stepped access where this would 1. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 23 . Section 10. sections 6 and 10 are complied with. or a flight of steps.38 Features of a building that occasionally between 32 and 50mm. should not present a hazard to building users. or cause a danger overhead. Design considerations h. Non-circular handrail is between 900mm and 1000mm.39 Requirement M1 or M2 will be impinge on the stair width requirement satisfied in relation to hazards on access of Part B1. all other numbering remains the same. the vertical height to the top of the Diagram 7 Handrail design upper handrail from the pitch line of the surface of a ramp. k. or the top and bottom nosing of a flight or flights of steps. its inner face is located no more than 50mm beyond the surface width of the ramped or stepped access. b. or non-circular. j. while not projecting into an access route. obstruct an access route. the vertical height to the top of a second lower handrail from the pitch line of the surface of a ramp. c. it extends at least 300mm horizontally beyond the top and bottom of a ramped access. its profile is either circular with a diameter 1. there is a clearance of at least 50mm between a cranked support and the underside of the handrail. e. it is continuous across the flights and landings of ramped or stepped access. particularly if 50mm wide and 39 mm deep having they are partially transparent and therefore rounded edges with a radius a minimum indistinct. d. l. of 15mm (see Diagram 7). routes where Approved Document K. in areas where resistance to vandalism or low maintenance are key factors. its surface is slip resistant and not cold to the touch. there is a clearance of between 50 and 75mm between the handrail and any Note: Diagram 8 has been moved to adjacent wall surface. it terminates in a way that reduces the Hazards on access routes risk of clothing being caught.

are useful in impede the movement of wheelchairs.7 Accessible entrances will satisfy Design considerations Requirement M1 or M2 if: 2. weather protection is provided at 2. Provisions Doors to accessible entrances 2.g. e. threshold is unavoidable. h. and accessible. in which case an alternative people who cannot speak. the threshold should provide weather i. to all.5 Accessible entrances should be manual non-powered entrance doors. j. but should not e. any structural supports at the entrance any main staff entrance. clear of any door swings. it has a total height of not more than 15mm.1 The aim for all new buildings is for the principal entrance or entrances and c. with any upstands higher than 5mm chamfered or rounded. any door entry systems are accessible principal or main staff entrance to be to deaf and hard of hearing people. they are clearly sign-posted. particularly wheelchair users and from the edge of the site and from the people with limited physical dexterity. g. staff entrance or entrances to be accessible. for the principal or main 1500mm. and any lobbies.6 The route from the exterior across trip hazard. where mat wells are provided. 2. or alternative a. principal entrance (if this is not accessible). people. movement of wheelchairs. Entrance doors may be manually operated b. 2. internal floor surfaces adjacent to the Any structural elements.2 Where it is not possible. they are easily identified among the without powered assistance. not coir matting. incorporating accessible. or power other elements of the building and the operated under manual or automatic Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 24 ONLINE VERSION .g. immediately in front of the entrance and an alternative accessible entrance should of a material that does not impede the be provided. the threshold is level or. there is a level landing at least 1500 x existing building.M1/M2 ONLINE VERSION Section 2: Access into buildings other than dwellings OBJECTIVES immediate environment. a Accessible entrances minimum number of upstands and Design considerations slopes.8 Doors to the principal. by lighting and/or visual contrast. identifying the entrance. where provided as an alternative especially for doors in frequent use. Inclusive mobility and the Sign served by the principal or main staff design guide. accessible entrance may be necessary. e. entrances. an accessible Note: Guidance on sign-posting is given in internal route is provided to the spaces BS 8300. impaired people.4 Steeply sloping or restricted sites sometimes make it impossible for the f. entrance should be accessible the International Symbol of Access. accessible entrance. in an d. for example threshold are of materials that do not supports for a canopy. if a raised people when entering the building. floor materials do not create a potential 2. clearly sign-posted and easily recognisable. 2. 2. and changes in present a hazard. the protection.g. do not present a hazard for visually to be accessible. A level threshold is preferred. and not present a barrier for surface of the mat is level with the wheelchair users or a trip hazard for other surface of the adjacent floor finish.3 It is important to reduce the risks to e.

` Provisions 2. people carrying luggage. either manually controlled or automatically operated by sensors.11 Once open.9 A non-powered manually operated the opening cycle. thereby allowing sufficient reaction time for both parties to avoid a collision. be borne in mind when determining an a weather board. system. Entrance doors should be capable to 30° open. all doors to accessible At right angles to an access route 800 750 at least 1500mm wide entrances should be wide enough to allow unrestricted passage for a variety of users. particularly those who are wheelchair accordance with Diagram 9. fitted with a self-closing b. a Manually operated non-powered power-operated door opening and entrance doors closing system is used when through Design considerations calculation and experience it appears that it will not be possible otherwise for 2.13 Doors to accessible entrances will satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if: a. users or who have limited strength. refer to ‘’accessible sports facilities’. 2. oblique approach) 2. where right angles to the wall in which the door is situated from the outside of the door stop on the door closing side to any obstruction on relevant to the building type. entrance door.10 A powered door opening and closing Approved Document K. At right angles to an access route 825 775 at least 1200mm wide including wheelchair users.5N of being held closed when not in use. seals is unlikely to be openable by many and the rules for measurement are in people. or one leaf of a double wind forces and the resistance of draught leaf door. this should the hinge side. people with assistance dogs.14 Self-closing devices on manually a person to open the door using a force operated non-powered swing doors not more than 30N at the leading edge disadvantage many people who have from 0° (the door in the closed position) limited upper body strength. the door or the door stop (see Diagram 9). where required to be self-closing. c. is in accordance with Table 2. whether this be projecting door opening furniture. is the most satisfactory solution for most people. they are installed in accordance with 2. and External doors to buildings used by the general public 1000 775 parents with pushchairs and small children. There may be circumstances in existing buildings where it is not practicable Diagram 9 Effective clear width of doors or cost-effective to adopt the preferred effective clear widths for new buildings. O N L IOTHER ACCESS INTO BUILDINGS NE V E RDWELLINGS THAN SION M1/M2 control. For specific guidance on the effective clear widths of doors in sports appropriate effective clear width for an accommodation. section 10. Table 2 Minimum effective clear An automatic sliding door arrangement is widths of doors particularly beneficial as it avoids the risks Direction and New Existing associated with automatic swing doors width of approach buildings buildings (mm) (mm) and its use can make it possible to reduce Straight-on (without a turn or 800 750 the length of any entrance lobby.12 People should be able to see other people approaching from the opposite direction. Exceptions may be acceptable for reasons of privacy or security. and not more than 22. Note: It should be noted that double buggies are The effective clear width is the width of the opening measured at wider than wheelchairs and that. the effective clear width through a device capable of closing the door against single leaf door. are pushing Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 25 . at the leading edge from 30° to 60° of 2. entrance door.

when they are swing doors that open c. activated if the doors begin to close Powered entrance doors when a person is passing through. and not – automatically by a motion sensor more than 22. swinging or folding a.18 Activation (e. mobility problems and for parents with 2. operable doors should be clearly distinguishable with a closed fist and.21 Powered entrance doors will satisfy entrance doors will satisfy Requirement M1 Requirement M1 or M2 if: or M2 if: a. any manual controls for powered door of people who cannot react quickly. systems are located between 750mm 2.17 or 2.19 Manual controls for powered entrance and 1000mm above floor level. b. e. of a door should be provided to enable 2. when installed. door handle. motion sensors and power failure. push buttons). powered entrance door (see Diagram 9). having used the control. c. If a revolving non-powered doors should be easy to door is used.M1/M2 OBUILDINGS ACCESS INTO N L I N EOTHER V E RTHAN SIO N DWELLINGS prams or are carrying heavy objects. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 26 ONLINE VERSION . automatic sensors are set least 300mm on the pull side of the door so that automatically operated doors between the leading edge of the door open early enough. for people with assistance releasing hold on the handle and without dogs. visually with the surface of the door and d. leading edge from 0° (the door in the coded entry or remote control. there is an unobstructed space of at b. the door opening towards people approaching the doors. or closed position) to 30° open. where fitted with a latch. Provisions Provisions 2. people with visual impairment or the footrest colliding with the return wall.5N at the leading edge or other proximity sensor.g. unless the door is a enough. when on the against the background and not located opening side of the door. to show that it is accessible. card swipe. furniture can be operated with one hand visual and audible warnings are provided using a closed fist. they incorporate a safety stop that is is not cold to the touch. needs to move to avoid contact with the 2. they revert to manual control or fail safe in the open position in the event of a 2. They create particular difficulties. 1400mm from the leading edge of the door when fully open and contrast visually with the background against which they are seen.21 should be provided dexterity. Design considerations e. and be readily apparent against immediately adjacent to it and signed the background of the door. an entrance door complying operate by people with limited manual with 2. they do not project into any through powered door systems should adjacent access route. to permit safe entry and exit. safety features and the time-lapse allowed for entry and exit f. all door opening furniture contrasts when both opening and shutting.g. the opening force at the leading edge action controlled: of the door is not more than 30N at the – manually by a push pad.16 Door furniture on manually operated children and/or pushchairs. they have a sliding. and stay open long and any return wall. to warn people of their automatic operation d.15 A space alongside the leading edge door as it opens. then open the door without and risk of injury. a from 30° to 60° of the opening cycle.20 Revolving doors are not considered a wheelchair user to reach and grip the accessible. contact mat.17 Manually operated non-powered 2. when open. be carefully considered to suit the needs g. e.g. a lever handle. are set back so that a person.

Where both doors of be in no doubt as to the location of glass a lobby are automatic sliding doors. reflections from glazing. • to maintain comfort by controlling draughts c. not coir matting. their length with single swing doors is providing a lobby: in accordance with Diagram 10. The choice of a different are involved. glazing within the lobby does not create However. if ‘reduced glazed screen can help to differentiate swing’ door sets are used. ducts and similar full height wheelchair user to open doors and guide elements that project into the lobby by the wheelchair through. the doors. by the use of cleaning mats.g. accommodating a companion helping a h.5N at the leading edge from 30° to a potential trip hazard. their width (excluding any projections • to increase security into the space) is at least 1200mm (or • to provide transitional lighting. The minimum more than 100mm are protected by a length of the lobby is related to the chosen visually contrasting guard rail. especially when they are within a length can be reduced as no door swings glazed screen. and not more changes in floor materials do not create than 22. potential hazards from local obstructions steps should be taken to avoid people within the lobby and minimise distracting being harmed by walking into the door.g. Where it can be held open.22 People with visual impairment should companion pushing. satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if they comply e. nor is space required for style of manifestation for the door and the manual operation. the door before opening the second door. apparent not only when it is shut but also 2.25 There are a number of reasons for a.27 The lobby should be large enough and rainwater from shoes and wheelchairs. It is also desirable if rainwater from shoes or the wheels of Provisions wheelchairs is not taken into the building 2. (DL1 or DL2) + 300mm) whichever is the 2. even in these circumstances. surface of the mat is level with the The lobby should also be capable of surface of the adjacent floor finish. their length with double swing doors is at least (DP1 + DP2 + 1570mm).26 The provision of a lobby may make greater when single leaf doors are used.28 The aim should be to reduce when it is open. floor surface materials within the to meet the opening force criterion of 30N lobby do not impede the movement of at the leading edge from 0° (the door in the wheelchairs. O N L IOTHER ACCESS INTO BUILDINGS NE V E RDWELLINGS THAN SION M1/M2 Glass doors and glazed screens door size. the length can between them. d. of a shape to allow a wheelchair user or a person pushing a pram to move clear of one g. f. 60° of the opening cycle (see 2. e.23 The presence of the door should be door into the lobby is reduced. • to limit air infiltration b.9). the swing of each door. the projection of the door into the lobby and Design considerations the size of an occupied wheelchair with a 2.29 Entrance lobbies will satisfy Design considerations Requirement M1 or M2 if: 2. and closed position) to 30° open. rating than might otherwise be the case. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 27 . Provisions Entrance lobbies 2. may not be possible for the entrance door e. Similarly. be reduced because the projection of the 2. the floor surface helps to remove 2. it possible for an external door to have a and at least 1800mm when double leaf self-closing device with a lower power size doors are used. any columns. with Approved Document K. Section 7. where mat wells are provided. it distracting reflections.24 Glass doors and glazed screens will where it becomes a potential slip hazard.

M1/M2 OBUILDINGS ACCESS INTO N L I N EOTHER V E RTHAN SIO N DWELLINGS Diagram 10 Key dimensions for lobbies with single leaf doors Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 28 ONLINE VERSION .

and on the use of have limited upper body strength. located behind the reception point. point. If doors are required. ONLINE VERSION M1/M2 Section 3: Horizontal and vertical circulation in buildings other than dwellings OBJECTIVE a. not less should also be wheelchair-accessible on than 700mm. any reception point is provided with a 3. and a knee recess. any reception point is easily identifiable relevant facilities.1 The objective is for all people to providing a view of it) where there is a travel vertically and horizontally within risk that external noise will be a problem. as described in Note: Guidance on aids to communication 2.2 As the entrance hall is the first point 1200mm deep and 1800mm wide if of contact with a building’s activities and there is a knee recess at least 500mm resources. above floor level. Any lower section 760mm. such as glazed screens. pushing prams or are carrying heavy objects. e.3 Where a service building has a to accommodate both standing and reception or sales counter. buildings conveniently and without discomfort in order to make use of all b. or light sources or reflective wall g. any reception desk or counter is designed 3. any reception point is located away from the principal entrance (while still 3. could Internal doors compromise the ability of a person with a hearing impairment to lip read or follow Design considerations sign language. an glazed screens in front of the reception induction loop. surfaces.g. also convenient to use. the floor surface is slip resistant. the clear manoeuvring space in front Design considerations of any reception desk or counter is 3. electrically powered hold-open 3. e. manoeuvre and design features that make it c. f. the reception area in particular deep. the use from a reception point or gathered from of self-closing devices should be minimised notice boards and signs.14. Provisions Where closing devices are needed for fire control. with its surface no higher than user or a seated person. the design of the approach to any possible for people to travel independently reception point allows space for within buildings.5 It should be possible for information their use should be avoided whenever about the building to be easily obtained appropriate. and in the main. 3. d. or 1400mm deep and 2200mm should not only be easily accessible but wide if there is no knee recess. to the the approach to it is direct and free from provision of sufficient space for wheelchair obstructions.4 Designers should also be aware that hearing enhancement system. the reception side. there should seated visitors such that at least one be convenient access to it and part of it section of the counter is at least 1500mm should be at a level suitable for a wheelchair wide. they disadvantage many people who is available in BS 8300. This objective relates from the entrance doors or lobby.6 An entrance hall and reception area devices or swing-free closing devices will satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if: should be used as appropriate. These are Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 29 . are signs in the Sign design guide. 3.7 Since doors are potential barriers. but not exclusively. wheelchair users to gain access to Entrance hall and reception area the reception point. (particularly in parts of buildings used by the general public) since.

of 3. whether open to be held open. or door has power-controlled opening or when the power supply fails. unless the or the building’s fire alarm system. if necessary interrupted under ‘Manually operated non-powered between 800mm and 1150mm above entrance doors’ and should be referred to the floor. leaf door. fire doors. – electrically powered hold-open devices i. Low energy visually with the surface of the door. to accommodate an for guidance. should be apparent to visually with the other door surfaces and its impaired people through the careful choice surroundings. it provides access to a standard hotel bedroom. e. or is likely 3. where needing to be opened manually.g. section 7.g. is in accordance with Table 2 – the power supply fails. Section 10). or one leaf of a double smoke alarm system. when a door is h. where fitted with a latch. a lever handle. but self-close when: from 30° to 60° of the opening cycle. or to a main fire/ single leaf door. m. powered door systems may be used in f.9 Other design considerations for visibility between 500mm and 1500mm internal doors are as set out in 2. in powered mode or in opening furniture can be operated with power-assisted mode.5N device. on both sides. e. the opening force at the leading edge of the door is not more than 30N from k. – activated by smoke detectors linked to b. g. particularly those in corridors. heavy traffic as the opening and closing action is relatively slow. when of glass or fully glazed. have vertical dimensions which include at least the minimum zone.10 Internal doors will satisfy Requirement clearly differentiated from any adjacent M1 or M2 if: glazed wall or partition by the provision of a high-contrast strip at the top and a.16 from the floor. Provisions j. when of glass. and Diagram 9. and not more than 22. contrasts visually or closed. where appropriate in door leaves or side open. one hand using a closed fist. intermediate horizontal rail (see Note: Guidance is available in BS 8300 on: Approved Document K. the door manual mode. HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M2 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION devices whose closing mechanism is only e. – low energy powered door systems. the effective clear width through a the door individually. 0° (the door in the closed position) to are held open with an electro-magnetic 30° open. they are 3. the surface of the leading edge of any door that is not self-closing. they are clearly defined – swing-free systems with manifestation on the glass that complies with Approved Document K. all door opening furniture contrasts activated in case of emergency. least 300mm on the pull side of the are fitted with swing-free devices that door between the leading edge of the close when activated by smoke detectors door and any return wall. vision panels able to identify the door opening within the towards the leading edge of the door wall. any low energy powered swing door system is capable of being operated in d. or zones. – activated by a hand-operated switch.8 The presence of doors.14 to 2. particularly to individual rooms. fire doors. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 30 ONLINE VERSION . people with impaired sight should be panels wider than 450mm. c. there is an unobstructed space of at l. the door frames contrast visually with locations not subject to frequent use or the surrounding wall. For example. of colour and material for the door and its surroundings. as well as the leading edge of the door.

impairment to appreciate the size of a space they have entered. but less steep than be able to pass other people and. such as small store rooms and locked duct cupboards. where they have an unobstructed width on the glass that complies with Approved of less than 1800mm. f. access route or an escape route. access to adjacent rooms and spaces. on crutches to pass others on the access e. to allow wheelchair users to pass each other. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 31 . j. any door opening towards a corridor.11 Corridors and passageways should or steeper designed as an internal ramp be wide enough to allow people with and in accordance with Table 1 and buggies. long (with a gradient no steeper than 1:60). floor finishes are slip resistant. at archways). Wheelchair users should also have gradient.13 Good acoustic design should be employed to achieve an acoustic environment h. turn through 180°. people carrying cases or people Diagram 3. the floor is level or predominantly level (with a gradient no steeper than 1:60). escape route. of level are avoided. it does not project attention to surface finishes should be into the corridor space. any door from a unisex wheelchair- that is neither too reverberant nor too accessible toilet projects when open absorbent so that announcements and into a corridor that is not a major conversations can be heard clearly.g. in the direction of travel. on a major access route or an escape satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if: route. if not. Such that. b.12 In order to help people with visual protected by guarding. when fully open. provided the corridor is at least Provisions 1800mm wide at that point. 3. or to find their g.g. the extensions. might be reasonable in some locations. it rises no more than 500mm necessary. radiators double doors with leaves of unequal and fire hoses do not project into the width is on the same side of the corridor corridor. a throughout the length of the corridor. they have passing Document K. except where coupled with good natural and artificial the doors are to minor utility facilities. could be mistaken for steps or changes is provided. means of directing people around them. (excluding any projections into the space) l. section 7. where a section of the floor has a route. they have an unobstructed width k. way around.HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M2 Corridors and passageways d. lighting design. where necessary. should be recessed so and between the wall and the floor. places at least 1800mm long and with an unobstructed width of at least 1800mm at reasonable intervals. 3. the wider leaf of a series of a. exposed edge is clearly identified by visual contrast and.14 Corridors and passageways will i. there should be a visual which is a major access route or an contrast between the wall and the ceiling. any sloping section extends the full such as in existing buildings or in some width of the corridor or. Design considerations with any section with a gradient of 1:20 3. e. where 1:20. or localised narrowing (e. are clearly defined with manifestation c. elements such as columns. floor surface finishes with patterns that such as a visually contrasting guard rail. 3. at corridor junctions. any glazed screens alongside a corridor along their length of at least 1200mm. Corridors without a level rest area at least 1500mm narrower than indicated in this guidance. steeper than 1:60. or where this is unavoidable.

HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS
M1/M2 OTHER THANODWELLINGS
NLINE VERSION
Note: In respect of 3.14(b), for school 3.18 Signs indicating the location of
buildings, the preferred corridor width a lifting device accessible by mobility-
dimension is 2700mm where there are impaired people should be clearly visible
lockers within the corridor. from the building entrance. Additionally, a
sign identifying the floor reached should be
Internal lobbies provided on each landing in a location that
Design considerations can be easily seen from the lifting device
and is designed so that it contrasts visually
3.15 An internal lobby should allow a with its surrounding.
wheelchair user, with or without a companion,
or a person pushing a pram or buggy to 3.19 Whatever lifting device is chosen,
move clear of one door before attempting internal stairs should always be provided
to open the second door, as indicated in as an alternative means of vertical access,
2.27, under ‘External lobbies’. and designed to suit ambulant disabled
people and those with impaired sight.
Provisions
3.20 A ramp may also be provided on an
3.16 Internal lobbies will satisfy internal circulation route to a suitable lifting
Requirement M1 or M2 if: device, if a change of level is unavoidable.
a. their length with single swing doors is Provision of lifting devices
in accordance with Diagram 10;
b. their length with double swing doors is Design considerations
at least (DP1 + DP2 + 1570mm); 3.21 For all buildings, a passenger lift
c. their width (excluding any projections is the most suitable form of access for
into the space) is at least 1200mm (or people moving from one storey to another.
(DL1 or DL2) + 300mm) whichever is the 3.22 For existing buildings, and in
greater when single leaf doors are used, exceptional circumstances for new
and at least 1800mm when double leaf developments with particular constraints
doors are used; (e.g. a listed building or an infill site in a
d. glazing within the lobby does not create historic town centre), where a passenger
distracting reflections; lift cannot be accommodated, a vertical
lifting platform (platform lift), although not
e. any junctions of floor surface materials equivalent to a passenger lift, may be
at the entrance to the lobby area do not considered as an alternative option to
create a potential trip hazard; provide access for persons with impaired
f. any columns, ducts and similar full mobility.
height elements that project into the 3.23 In exceptional circumstances in an
lobby by more than 100mm are protected existing building, a wheelchair platform
by a visually contrasting guard rail. stairlift may be considered, provided
Vertical circulation within its installation does not conflict with
requirements for means of escape.
the building
Provisions
Design considerations
3.24 The provision of lifting devices will
3.17 A passenger lift is the most suitable satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if:
means of vertical access and should be
provided wherever possible. However, a. new developments have a passenger lift
given the space constraints in some serving all storeys;
buildings, it may not always be possible
to install the type and size of passenger lift
that would be suitable for use by all, and
other options may need to be considered
to provide for users with mobility impairments.
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HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS
ONLINE VERSION
OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M2
b. new developments, where due to site b. the landing call buttons are located
constraints a passenger lift cannot be between 900mm and 1100mm from the
accommodated to provide access to floor of the landing and at least 500mm
persons with impaired mobility, have a from any return wall;
lifting platform, of a type designed for c. the landing call button symbols, where
the vertical height to be travelled; provided, and lifting device control
c. existing buildings have a passenger lift button symbols are raised to facilitate
serving all storeys or, if a passenger lift tactile reading;
cannot reasonably be accommodated d. all call and control buttons contrast
to provide access to persons with visually with the surrounding face plate,
impaired mobility, they have a lifting and the face plate similarly contrasts
platform, of a type designed for the with the surface on which it is mounted;
vertical height to be travelled;
e. the floor of the lifting device should not
d. existing buildings have a wheelchair be of a dark colour and should have
platform stairlift serving an intermediate frictional qualities similar to, or higher
level or a single storey, only in exceptional than, the floor of the landing;
circumstances.
f. a handrail is provided on at least one
General requirements for wall of the lifting device with its top
lifting devices surface at 900mm (nominal) above the
floor and located so that it does not
Design considerations obstruct the controls or the mirror;
3.25 In selecting the appropriate lifting g. a suitable emergency communication
device care should be taken to ensure it is system is fitted.
fit for purpose. Relevant legislation includes
the Lift Regulations 1997 SI 1997/831, the Passenger lifts
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment
Design considerations
Regulations 1998 SI 1998/2307, the
Provision and Use of Work Equipment 3.29 A wheelchair user needs sufficient
Regulations 1998 SI 1998/2306 and the space and time to enter and leave a
Management of Health and Safety at Work passenger lift, particularly when sharing
Regulations 1999 SI 1999/3242. it with other people. Lift sizes should
therefore be chosen to suit the anticipated
3.26 The illumination in the passenger
density of use of the building and the
lift car, on the lifting platform or on the
needs of disabled people. The minimum
wheelchair platform stairlift should minimise
size lift car shown in the provisions below
glare, reflection, confusing shadows or
accommodates a wheelchair user with an
pools of light and dark.
accompanying person. A larger lift size
3.27 All users including wheelchair users (2000mm wide by 1400mm deep) will
should be able to reach and use the controls accommodate any type of wheelchair
that summon and direct the lifting device. together with several other passengers.
Note: Further guidance is available in It will also allow a wheelchair user or a
BS 8300. person with a walking frame to turn
through 180°.
Provisions
3.30 Lift door systems should be designed
3.28 The installation of lifting devices will to allow adequate time for people, and any
satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if: assistance dogs, to enter or leave the lift
a. there is an unobstructed manoeuvring without coming into contact with closing doors.
space of 1500mm x 1500mm, or a 3.31 People using or waiting for a lift need
straight access route 900mm wide, audible and visual information to tell them
in front of each lifting device; that a lift has arrived, which floor it has

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HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS
M1/M2 OTHER THANODWELLINGS
NLINE VERSION
reached and where in a bank of lifts it c. the minimum dimensions of the lift cars
is located. are 1100mm wide and 1400mm deep
3.32 The use of visually and acoustically (see Diagram 11);
reflective wall surfaces can cause d. for lifts of a size that does not allow a
discomfort for people with visual and wheelchair user to turn around within
hearing impairment. the lift car, a mirror is provided in the lift
3.33 Where planning allows, lift cars (used car to enable a wheelchair user to see
for access between two levels only) may the space behind the wheelchair;
be provided with opposing doors to allow a e. power-operated horizontal sliding doors
wheelchair user to leave without reversing out. provide an effective clear width of at
least 800mm (nominal);
Provisions
f. doors are fitted with timing devices and
3.34 Passenger lifts will satisfy Requirement re-opening activators to allow adequate
M1 or M2 if: time for people and any assistance
a. they conform to the requirements of dogs to enter or leave;
the Lift Regulations 1997, SI 1997/831 g. car controls are located between 900mm
(Note: These regulations may be met by and 1200mm (preferably 1100mm) from
compliance with, among other things, the car floor and at least 400mm from
the relevant British Standards, EN 81 any return wall;
series of standards, in particular BS EN
81-70:2003 Safety rules for the construction h. landing call buttons are located between
and installation of lifts. Particular 900mm and 1100mm from the floor of
applications for passenger and good the landing and at least 500mm from
passenger lifts, or, where necessary, any return wall;
by product certification issued by a i. lift landing and car doors are
Notified Body); distinguishable visually from the
b. they are accessible from the remainder adjoining walls;
of the storey;

Diagram 11 Key dimensions associated with passenger lifts

Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2
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43 Lifting platforms will satisfy conforms to the relevant recommendations Requirement M1 or M2 if: of BS 5588-8.15m/s.40 It is important when selecting a lifting provided. d. products with should be able to reach and use the controls a travel exceeding 3m must have a that summon and direct the lifting platform. 3. it 3. In their not exceed 0. floor of the landing and at least 500mm particular attention should be paid to the from any return wall. in which case a wider platform would be required.HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M2 j. the minimum clear dimensions of the 3. audible and visual indication of lift 3.38 Lifting platforms travel slowly penetration. the rated speed of the platform does continuous pressure controls. product’s designed duty cycle. another means of continuous between 800mm and 1100mm from the pressure control may need to be considered floor of the lifting platform and at least to accommodate the needs of users with 400mm from any return wall. lifting platform are: platforms may be provided with opposing i. SI 1992/3073 (Note: These Design considerations regulations may be met by compliance. product certificate issued by a 3. they conform to the requirements of the Lifting platforms Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 1992.42 The use of visually and acoustically arrival and location is provided in the lift reflective wall surfaces should be minimised car and the lift lobby. In some cases. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 35 .35 A lifting platform should only be among other things. where there is no liftway enclosure and no floor 3. varying degrees of manual dexterity. continuous pressure controls are 3. landing call buttons are located an unsupervised environment.36 All users including wheelchair users European Standards. second door at 90° to the first. In the absence of relevant harmonised 3. where the lift is to be used to evacuate Provisions disabled people in an emergency. with the relevant provided to transfer wheelchair users.41 Where planning allows. more than 2m. and which floor it has reached. 800mm wide and 1250mm deep. between landings and may not be suitable for lone users with certain disabilities. not more than 2m. hearing impairment. where necessary. doors when used for access between two where the lifting platform is not levels only. certification issued by a Notified Body. where there is a those easily fatigued. l. lifting platform controls are located However. i. areas of glass are identifiable by people discomfort for people with visual and with impaired vision. platform that due care and attention is paid to its intended use particularly if located in f. Where between 900mm and 1100mm from the management control cannot be exercised. simplest form these may be push buttons.39 Lifting platforms are operated by c. platform need audible and visual information b.37 People using or waiting for a lifting Notified Body). to allow a wheelchair user to enclosed and where provision is leave without reversing out. the vertical travel distance is: to tell them that the platform has arrived. within the lifting platform to prevent k. liftway enclosure. being made for an unaccompanied it may be more convenient to provide a wheelchair user. EN81 series of with impaired mobility and their companions standards or.g. 3. e. g. a. ii. e. people British Standards. by product vertically between levels or storeys.

m.15m/s. a wheelchair user to travel independently up and down stairs while remaining seated g. iii. f. i. 3. e.49 Wheelchair platform stairlifts will j. another lifting platform is enclosed or where means of continuous pressure control may provision is being made for an need to be considered to accommodate users accompanied wheelchair user. they conform to the requirements of the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations k. the lifting platform entrances are satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if accessible from the remainder of the storey. b. a staff rest room or a training room. doors are distinguishable visually from 1992. those easily fatigued. the required clear width of the flight of Wheelchair platform stairlifts stairs and landings for means of escape Design considerations is maintained when the wheelchair platform is in the parked position 3. However. controls are designed to prevent small areas with a unique function. A wheelchair platform at least 800mm is provided. 1100mm wide and 1400mm deep 3. an unaccompanied wheelchair user. 900mm wide and 1400mm deep. relative to each other and where the commonly a joystick. areas of glass are identifiable by people with impaired vision. supervision can be ensured. small library gallery. e. a. stairlifts travel up the string of a stair. with the relevant of platform arrival and level reached is British Standards. an audible and visual announcement among other things. with varying degrees of manual dexterity. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 36 ONLINE VERSION . doors have an effective clear width of at 3. EN81 series of provided. standards or where necessary Notified Body approval).48 Wheelchair platform stairlifts are only least 900mm for an 1100mm wide and suitable where users can be instructed in 1400mm deep lifting platform and at their safe use and where management least 800mm in other cases.g. e.45 A wheelchair platform stairlift allows for use. Such provided.47 Wheelchair platform stairlifts are where two doors are located at 90° operated by continuous pressure controls. stairlift may be more suitable for use in h. 3. intended for the transportation of wheelchair users and should only be considered for c. the rated speed of the platform does conversions and alterations where it is not exceed 0. continuous pressure controls are passenger lift or a lifting platform. they are fitted with clear instructions Provisions for use. in a building with a single stairway. they are fitted with clear instructions 3. access with an effective clear width of in a wheelchair. by other people. SI 1992/3073 (Note: These the adjoining walls.46 Wheelchair platform stairlifts travel where the lifting platform is enclosed slowly between landings and may not be and where provision is being made for suitable for users with certain disabilities.44 Wheelchair platform stairlifts are only (see also Approved Document B). a unauthorised use. l. regulations may be met by compliance. h. not practicable to install a conventional d. HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M2 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION ii.g. the minimum clear dimensions of They should not be installed where their the platform are 800mm wide and operation restricts the safe use of the stair 1250mm deep.

has a shallow gradient and the rise is no more than the minimum that can be provided by two risers.32). stairs and warning surface for use internally which ramps will satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if can be guaranteed not to constitute a trip they comply with Approved Document K. surfaces with different frictional resistance characteristics. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 37 .53 Internal ramps will satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if they comply with Approved Document K. Unless. Provisions 3. Note: Diagram 12 has been moved to Approved Document K. Provisions 3. therefore. However.25).52 With the exception of issues relating specifically to the external environment.29 stepped and ramped access’ in 1.34 to 1. designers should be aware of the potential risk of having a stair directly in line with an access route. a going of at least 300mm is preferred. Internal ramps Design considerations 3. to 1. section 2.HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M2 Internal stairs Handrails to internal steps. It is worth reiterating that ramps are not necessarily safe and convenient for ambulant disabled people. other 3. section 1.19 to 1. Section 1. Design considerations stairs and ramps 3. steps should be provided as well as a ramp. the design considerations for internal ramps are as those for ‘Ramped access’ (see 1. a ramp is short. hazard when used alongside flooring sections 1–3. It is not reasonable to require a hazard warning surface at the head of Provisions internal stairs since there is no recognised 3. For mobility-impaired people.50 With the exception of the need for Design considerations hazard warning surfaces on landings. For example.36.54 The design considerations for handrails design considerations for internal stairs are are as those for ‘Handrails to external as those for ‘Stepped access’ (see 1. some people who can walk but have restricted mobility find it more difficult to negotiate a ramp than a stair.55 Handrails to internal steps.51 Internal stairs will satisfy Requirement M1 or M2 if they comply with Approved Document K. all other numbering remains the same.

It should also be seated person or a companion wheelchair possible for them to have a clear view of the user. but may have mobility. accommodation in hotels.5. Audience and spectator facilities 4. sports facilities (e. may provide extra legroom The remainder should include facilities that for people of large stature. or at for independent use by wheelchair users. committee meetings and Note: The guidance here relates mainly to study groups. All people should be able to seating. but also as easily. theatres/ cinemas) 4. They should be provided with entertainment or leisure and social venues. dining rooms and bedroom suites. desirable for seating to contrast visually with the surroundings. users than the minimum provision shown in 4. motels and 4. such as lavatories. refer to 3. All rows).2 to 3.3 In refreshment facilities.M1 ONLINE VERSION Section 4: Facilities in buildings other than dwellings OBJECTIVES Audience facilities generally 4. projection Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 38 ONLINE VERSION .1 The aim is for all people to have 4. Consideration should be given to activity taking place while not obstructing providing an area next to certain seats for the view of others. stadia). conferences.g. the end of rows. a.2 Where permanent or removable users.g. should be given to good sight lines and the design and location of lecture equipment (demonstration table. Consideration sales counters.6 Wheelchair users and those with access to. all the facilities mobility or sensory impairment may need provided within buildings. lecture/conference facilities Lecture/conference facilities b. even when located at different achieved and a greater number of wheelchair levels.9 People with hearing impairments should be able to participate fully in c. of an event. greater flexibility in location can be floor areas. It is sensory. or be able to participate in the proceedings sit in the front for lip reading or to read sign at lecture/conference facilities and at interpreters. while ensuring they are not segregated into special areas. an assistance dog to rest. and the use of. lectern.8 All users of facilities should be able Design considerations to locate suitable seating and move safely 4. bars and removable seating at the front and back counters (or sections of them) should be of blocks of seats (possibly in complete at a level suitable for wheelchair users. these locations may also use a wheelchair. entertainment facilities (e. dexterity or learning difficulties. seats with fixed arms and those with allowance should be made for disabled assistance dogs should also have the people to have a choice of seating location choice of sitting next to a conventionally at spectator events. be suitable for wheelchair users.4 A proportion of the sleeping Table 3 can be accommodated.7 Greater spacing between rows of student accommodation should be designed seats at the rear of a block of seating. With several make them suitable for people who do not seats removed. For guidance on reception and use presentation facilities. should be accessible. and which offer them a clear view participants and/or staff.5 Audience and spectator facilities fall and easily to and from the seating area and primarily into three categories: ancillary accommodation. spaces into which they can manoeuvre not only as spectators. By having some 4. They should also to view or listen from a particular side. people who have difficulty in using seating is provided as part of the design. Wheelchair 4.

the route to wheelchair spaces is accessible by wheelchair users.11 For guidance on integrating the needs (see Diagram 13). 4. h. and access to. Reference should also be made to Technical standard for places d. e. g. see Guide to spaces in a lecture theatre safety at sports grounds. leisure and social facilities capacity (rounded up) a total of 6 Over 600 1% of total seating Additional provision. a range of views of the event at each c.g. but less than capacity (rounded up) if desired theatres and cinemas.000 or more. with standard seating on at least one side 4. Care is needed For seating capacities of 10.34 to 1. permanent or created by removing Sports facilities seats) are provided in pairs. guidance is given in ‘Accessible stadia: a good practice guide to the design of facilities in the design and location of wheelchair to meet the needs of disabled spectators and other users’.32 to 4. users is in accordance with Table 3. Up to 600 1% of total seating Remainder to make Entertainment. Table 3 Provision of wheelchair space poor interior lighting or very bright natural in audience seating back-lighting does not have a detrimental effect on the ability of people to receive Seating Minimum provision of capacity spaces for wheelchairs information from a sign language interpreter Permanent Removable or a lip speaker (see 4.12 Audience and spectator facilities will satisfy Requirement M1 if: For audience seating generally a. the floor of each wheelchair space is horizontal. spaces so that all visitors can enjoy the atmosphere. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 39 . Provisions 4. of disabled people into the design of spectator facilities. b. where more than two wheelchair spaces seating are provided with fixed handrails are provided. as well as at the front and back removable spaces provided for wheelchair of the seating area. the minimum number of permanent and side.000 seating to be more closely packed than Note: in other types of auditoria. some wheelchair spaces (whether of entertainment. the clear space allowance for an occupied wheelchair in a parked position is 900mm wide by 1400mm deep. it is normal for 10. O N L OTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS I N E THAN V E RDWELLINGS SION M1 screen) to ensure that patterned walls. they are located to give (see 1. suitable spaces for Diagram 13 An example of wheelchair wheelchair users in stadia.10 In facilities for entertainment. in particular the provision of. Accessible stadia: a good practice guide to the design of facilities to meet the needs of disabled spectators and other users and accessible sports facilities.37 for details of handrails). f. the minimum clear space provided for access to wheelchair spaces is 900mm.34). stepped access routes to audience e.

Staff areas should also be accessible. the arrangement in Diagram 15 being c. l. between an external seating area and m. part at a higher in accordance with Diagram 14 or 15. such as restaurants and bars. above the floor with a clear space subject to the approval of the licensing beneath at least 700mm above the floor authority. part of the working surface of a bar or serving counter is permanently accessible For seating on a stepped terraced floor to wheelchair users. a hearing enhancement system in the interior of the facility. and at a level of k. all users have access to all parts of j. changes in level are used to differentiate between different functions or to create a certain atmosphere through interior design. a wheelchair-accessible threshold wheelchair users have access to it by (see 2.7(e)) is located at the transition means of a ramp or lifting platform.16 Refreshment facilities will satisfy owner and rest in front of.4(a) and (b). where a podium or stage is provided. or under. Where premises contain self-service and waiter service. 4. b. public telephones and external terraces should be accessible. all patrons should have access to both. Requirement M1 if: the seat. Refreshment facilities Design considerations 4.36 is provided for people with impaired hearing. standard seats at the ends of rows the facility.15 In many refreshment facilities. the worktop of a shared refreshment particularly suitable for entertainment facility (e. accordance with 4.13 Refreshment facilities. for tea making) is at 850mm buildings. d. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 40 ONLINE VERSION . arms. Changes of floor level are acceptable provided the different levels are accessible. some seats are located so that an Provisions assistance dog can accompany its 4. level for people standing.g. should be designed so that they can be reached and used by all people independently or with companions.14 All public areas.M1 O N L I NOTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS E VE R SDWELLINGS THAN ION i. or lift-up. including lavatory accommodation. a. 4. such as theatres or cinemas. where necessary. and next to wheelchair spaces have detachable. (see Diagram 16) and the delivery of For lecture/conference facilities water complies with 5. wheelchair spaces at the back of a not more than 850mm above the floor stepped terraced floor are provided and.

O N L OTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS I N E THAN V E RDWELLINGS SION M1 Diagram 14 Possible location of wheelchair spaces in front of a rear aisle Diagram 15 An example of wheelchair space provision in a cinema or theatre Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 41 .

bedrooms not designed to accommodate wheelchair users. balconies.17 Sleeping accommodation. as this dexterity. therefore. In for independent use by a person in a student accommodation. or when on holiday with their families. and operate switches and controls. Wheelchair users should be able to manoeuvre around and use the facilities in the room. built-in wardrobes and shelving are accessible and convenient Design considerations to use. it is beneficial to wheelchair need to have the outer door have a wheelchair-accessible toilet available wide enough to be accessible to a for use by disabled visitors. In A proportion of rooms will. It would be beneficial if entrance doors to wheelchair-accessible 4. 4. 4. motels and student as rods or pull cords. there should be at least as many en-suite shower rooms as en-suite bathrooms. with or without assistance.22 For a proportion of wheelchair- reach all the facilities available within the accessible bedrooms. than other bedrooms.21 Wheelchair users should also be able for all. Sleeping accommodation in all bedrooms. Unless there are compelling reasons for not doing so. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 42 ONLINE VERSION . wheelchair user.g. It is an advantage if curtains and 4. accommodation. electronic card-activated locks could avoid the need for the 300mm for bedroom entrance doors and lever taps access space adjacent to the leading in sanitary accommodation can be an edge of the door. En-suite sanitary facilities are the preferred option for wheelchair-accessible bedrooms. to require greater provision of space and for example when attending conferences access to en-suite sanitary accommodation. it would be useful to building. need these instances. They should also be able to gain access to and conveniently use sanitary accommodation and. where blinds are provided with automatic or other provided for a significant number of remotely controlled opening devices such people.19 Wheelchair-accessible bedrooms Diagram 16 An example of a shared should be sufficiently spacious to enable a refreshment facility wheelchair user to transfer to one side of a bed. e. People who use wheelchairs are likely to visit companions in other bedrooms. as mobility-impaired people may find it easier to use a shower than a bath. advantage. should aim to be convenient 4. as well as a wash basin or basin in a vanity unit. in hotels. In general.20 It is also important to ensure that. An en-suite shower room or bathroom would benefit from having a finger rinse basin adjacent to the WC.23 For people with limited manual bedrooms were powered opening. where provided.18 Wheelchair users should be able to 4.M1 O N L I NOTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS E VE R SDWELLINGS THAN ION 4. accessible bedrooms provide a connecting door to an adjacent should be no less advantageously situated bedroom for a companion.

there are no permanent obstructions g. any room numbers are indicated in has no horizontal transoms between embossed characters. to 5. outlets and controls doors’ (see 3. that it can be operated both from the bed and from an adjacent floor area. An example For all bedrooms of a wheelchair-accessible bedroom a. the effective clear width of any door to exceptions to height requirements for an en-suite bathroom or shower room some outlets. has a signal. Table 2 and the need for a clear space 4. an emergency assistance alarm h. a balcony. openable windows and window controls 1050mm and 1500mm above floor level. has a level threshold and f. with Table 2. are located at d. bedrooms. all bedrooms have a visual fire alarm wheelchair-accessible bedroom. j. wide angle viewers. c. wheelchair-accessible bedroom complies with the relevant provisions of ‘Internal Switches. q. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 43 . bathrooms’ or ‘Wheelchair-accessible shower facilities’. b. in particular the Design considerations maximum permissible opening force. so that it can be easily seen and heard by those able to give assistance and. wheelchair-accessible bedroom. sited so the building. are located between 800 and 1000mm to enable viewing by people who are above the floor and are easy to operate seated or standing.10). or part thereof.g. the effective clear width of the door layout is shown in Diagram 17. where provided visually with the surface of the door. handles on hinged and sliding doors are easy to grip and operate and contrast n. operation. bedroom complies with Table 2. However. then transfer independently to it. sanitary facilities. visibility. at least one wheelchair-accessible in a zone 1500mm back from any bedroom is provided for every 20 balcony doors. at a central control point. swing doors. in the entrance door to a wheelchair- accessible bedroom. from the access corridor complies m.15 wardrobes and other storage systems. For wheelchair-accessible bedrooms p. i. an emergency assistance call signal location and have a standard of amenity outside an accessible bedroom is located equivalent to that of other bedrooms. o. where provided to a e.21 for ‘Wheelchair-accessible open through 180°.24 Sleeping accommodation will satisfy bedrooms allows for a wheelchair user Requirement M1 if: to manoeuvre at the side of a bed. those set into the floor within the wheelchair-accessible in open plan offices. the door from the access corridor to a in any case. where provided for built-in comply with the provisions of 5. in addition to the requirements door whose effective clear width complies of Part B. wheelchair-accessible bedrooms are designed to provide a choice of r. the size of wheelchair-accessible 4. height and freedom from obstruction. e. there will be k.25 The key factors that affect the use of of 300mm from the leading edge of the switches. without using both hands simultaneously. O N L OTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS I N E THAN V E RDWELLINGS SION M1 Provisions l. wheelchair-accessible bedrooms are (together with a reset button) is located located on accessible routes that lead in a wheelchair-accessible bedroom to all other available facilities within and activated by a pull cord. outlets and controls are ease of door to the side wall. 900mm and 1200mm above the floor. en-suite to a with Table 2.

know which setting it is on and use between 400mm and 1000mm above it without inadvertently changing its setting. wall-mounted socket outlets.27 All users should be able to locate a points and TV sockets are located control. ‘on’ and ‘off’ for switches and controls. outlets and controls will the ease with which people manipulate satisfy Requirement M1 if: switches and controls. as are light appliances are located between 400mm switches that are activated by a large push and 1200mm above the floor. simple push button controls that require outlets are well separated.26 A consistent relationship with Provisions doorways and corners will further reinforce 4. 4. telephone 4. with a preference for the lower 4. or in the form of limited dexterity are not more than large touch plates.M1 O N L I NOTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS E VE R SDWELLINGS THAN ION Diagram 17 One example of a wheelchair-accessible hotel bedroom with en-suite sanitary facilities 4. The colours red and green should not needed at a higher level for particular be used in combination as indicators of appliances. a. their surroundings are more convenient b. switches for permanently wired for visually impaired people. between 750mm and 1200mm above the floor.28 Controls that contrast visually with end of the range.29 It is also an advantage if individual switches on panels and on multiple socket d. It may be useful to use text or a pictogram to c. to avoid the inadvertent 1200mm above the floor. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 44 ONLINE VERSION .30 Switches. selection of an adjacent control by visually impaired people and people with limited dexterity. unless pad. all switches and controls that require clarify the purpose and status of multiple precise hand movements are located switches and controls. the floor.

This would apply to locations taken by a person sitting or standing (with such as reception areas with enquiry desks thermostats at the top of the range). infrared and radio. but in any case no nearer systems should be chosen carefully to than 350mm from room corners. visual. Where appropriate. except where this amplified in both volume and signal to mode of operation is necessary for noise ratio. The three systems commonly safety reasons. where switches described in 4. ensure intelligibility. O N L OTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS I N E THAN V E RDWELLINGS SION M1 e. pull cords for emergency alarm systems the boundaries of rooms or spaces. induction loop would be acceptable. located as close to access routes and receive information. The design of the acoustic environment should also ensure h. 4. in relation to doorways and room hearing enhancement and telephone corners. one set at surfaces. It should be recognised that there is the Aids to communication danger where adjacent spaces each have Design considerations an induction loop system that the signals may overlap.30(h) lighting should illuminate the face of a cannot be provided. finishes. to make lip reading are set between 900mm and 1100mm easier where one-to-one communication above floor level. used to provide this enhanced level of k. whether they are ‘on’. audible and tactile signs. identify are coloured red. distinguishable visually from any emergency assistance pull cord. lighting pull cords person speaking. For a wall as possible and have two red example. 4. 100mm and the other set between should be avoided in spaces where visual 800mm and 1000mm above the floor. In larger spaces.31 People will benefit most if there is an integrated system for wayfinding. needs to be made for a permanent system. and those who lip read or use sign above the floor so that readings may be language.35 In order to obtain the full benefit of attending public performances or taking j the operation of switches. g. socket outlets are located consistently 4. i. can help visually impaired people appreciate Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 45 . Sound field systems are also increasingly being used. glare and reflections from shiny 50mm diameter bangles.32 The appropriate choice of floor.34 Artificial lighting should be designed the range 900 to 1100mm.33 The type and quality of public address. public Note: Detailed guidance on surface address and hearing enhancement. controls that need close vision are communication for people with impaired located between 1200mm and 1400mm vision. m. outlets and part in discussions. switched socket outlets indicate sound are induction loop. particularly in educational l. is available in BS 8300. without creating glare or pools of bright light and strong shadows. provision clearly indicate that they are on or off. a portable backgrounds. wall choice and use of hearing enhancement and ceiling surface materials and finishes systems. a person with impaired controls does not require the simultaneous hearing needs to receive a signal that is use of both hands. Uplighters mounted at low 50mm diameter bangle visually or floor level can disorientate some visually contrasting with its background and impaired people and should be avoided. front plates contrast visually with their but in small meeting rooms. acuity is critical as they will hamper f. as well as the characteristics and appropriate 4. and speakers’ rostrums in lecture halls. and fitted with a is necessary. location when entering a room. light switches for use by the general that audible information can be heard clearly. and large repeating patterns. mains and circuit isolator switches establishments. for ease of to give good colour rendering of all surfaces. public have large push pads and align horizontally with door handles within 4.

a clearly audible public address system is supplemented by visual information. telephones suitable for hearing aid users are clearly indicated by the standard ear and ‘T’ symbol and incorporate an inductive coupler and volume control. e. d. artificial lighting is designed to be compatible with other electronic and radio frequency installations. and at service or reception counters when they are situated in noisy areas or they are behind glazed screens. text telephones for deaf and hard of hearing people are clearly indicated by the standard symbol. classes. spectator sport or films. provision for a hearing enhancement system is installed in rooms and spaces designed for meetings.36 Aids to communication will satisfy Requirement M1 if: a. the presence of an induction loop or infrared hearing enhancement system is indicated by the standard symbol. b. lectures. c.M1 O N L I NOTHER FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS E VE R SDWELLINGS THAN ION Provisions 4. performances. f. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 46 ONLINE VERSION .

confirm that an emergency call has Provisions been received. controlled automatically. from the outside. with limited dexterity and. to wheelchair-accessible unisex toilets. iii. when open. can be opened using a force Sanitary accommodation generally at the leading edge of not more than Design considerations 30N from 0° (the door in the closed position) to 30° open. g. WC compartment doors. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 47 . 5. the door swing should not encroach into the wheelchair turning space h. any lighting controls comply with the relating to Schedule 2: Requirements provisions for ‘Switches and controls’.3 A number of issues need to be than 22.4 Sanitary accommodation will satisfy ii. any bath or washbasin tap is either changing seat. by lever action. Taps and WC cubicle doors that they are capable of being opened should be operable by people with limited outwards. visually and audibly from the fire alarm. see 4. the consistent changing rooms or shower rooms are location of toilets on each floor can help fitted with light action privacy bolts so people with learning difficulties to locate that they can be operated by people these facilities easily. people of either sex of ‘Internal doors’.2 In multi-storey buildings.5 of the Guidance Document I.1 In principle. WC compartment doors.g. in case of strength or manual dexterity and doors emergency. ambulant comply with provisions 3.5N from 30° to 60° of the considered in connection with all forms of opening cycle. suitable sanitary SI 1999/1148. Preferably.30.28). with babies and small children or people d. any fire alarm emits a visual and audible all doors to WC cubicles and wheelchair- signal to warn occupants with hearing accessible unisex toilets open out or. them while inside the cubicle. a signal that is distinguishable e. door handles and other ironmongery designed for wheelchair users. system has: light switches with large push pads should i. sanitary accommodation. b. and doors encumbered by luggage. of the Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations 1999. and people whose lack of tactile sensitivity changing rooms or shower rooms have can cause them to be injured by touching an emergency release mechanism so hot surfaces. These relate to the needs of people with visual or hearing e. doors. visual and audible indicators to be used in preference to pull cords (see 4. people with learning difficulties to wheelchair-accessible unisex toilets. they open in. if required to self-close. terminal fittings comply with Guidance Note G18. do not obstruct opened if a person has collapsed against emergency escape routes. Where possible. or is capable of being operated using a closed fist. 5.10 (d) and (e) disabled people. to cubicles should be capable of being f. accommodation should be available to everybody. including sanitary accommodation c. 5. any emergency assistance alarm or minimum activity space. a reset control reachable from a Requirement M1 or M3 if: wheelchair and the WC. ONLINE VERSION M1/M3 Section 5: Sanitary accommodation in buildings other than dwellings OBJECTIVES for Water Fittings. and doors impairments. or from the wheelchair and the shower/ a. and not more 5. if or visual impairments.

separate-sex toilet accommodation for contained unisex toilet. Wheelchair-accessible Wheelchair-accessible unisex toilets should not be used for baby unisex toilets changing. Design considerations 5. transfer to and use the sanitary of benefit to ambulant disabled people. a self-contained unisex toilet d. and accessible unisex type. It is important that the guidance is available from the Changing transfer space alongside the WC is kept Places Campaign website (www. the surface finish of sanitary fittings a. For wheelchair users use by ambulant disabled people. Wheelchair. any heat emitters are either screened or Provisions have their exposed surfaces kept at a 5. refer to ‘accessible grab rail (which is thought to give a more sports facilities’. SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M3 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION j. a partner or carer of a different accommodation.org) or by reference to guidance in to and from their wheelchair. need horizontal support rails. accessible accommodation in separate-sex toilet washrooms. the WC to the finger rinse basin and other separate facilities for baby changing and accessories should allow a person to wash an enlarged unisex toilet incorporating an and dry hands while seated on the WC. one of these is an sex can enter to give assistance. but of greater there is also visual contrast between width to accommodate a standing wall and floor finishes. space provided for manoeuvring should Facilities incorporating adult changing enable wheelchair users to adopt various tables are more commonly known as transfer techniques that allow independent Changing Places Toilets and further or assisted use. or a self. where there is space for only one toilet and grab bars contrasts visually with in a building.7 The provision of toilet accommodation temperature below 43°C. The adult changing table are desirable. it can be a wall-mounted in sports buildings. The rail on Note: For specific guidance on the the open side is a drop-down rail. as facilities provided within a building. will satisfy Requirement M1or M3 if: k. in addition to provided in addition to any wheelchair. some people section 12. This well as parents with children and people (e. it is of a wheelchair- background wall and floor finishes. The relationship of space.6 The provision of an enlarged cubicle 5. enlarged cubicle for use by people accessible unisex toilets should always be who need extra space. suitable toilet accommodation may take the form of a specially designed cubicle c. people.8 Wheelchair users should be able to in a separate-sex toilet washroom can be approach. in particular. but for visitors to a building. When transferring places. any provision under 5. height wash basin. clear to the back wall. at least one WC cubicle is provided in in separate-sex toilet washrooms. at least one wheelchair-accessible Design considerations unisex toilet is provided at each location in a building where sanitary facilities 5. where there are four or more WC is always the preferred option since. Provision of toilet accommodation b. not only for disabled people. For disabled working in the building.7 and Annex G of BS 8300. or by people all people who use the building. but on provision of sanitary accommodation the wall side.7(c). In large building developments.g.5 Toilet accommodation needs to be are provided for use by customers and suitable. if cubicles in separate-sex toilet necessary.changing. Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 48 ONLINE VERSION . requires the provision of a wheelchair- those with luggage) who need an enlarged accessible unisex toilet.

wall adjacent to the WC is set so that its b. for them. where the horizontal support rail on the Provisions wall adjacent to the WC is set with the minimum spacing from the wall. i. would be acceptable. more than a 40m combined find it difficult to use a standard height WC horizontal distance where the unisex seat and. comply with Diagram 19 and. on each floor of a multi-storey building.9 A unisex toilet is approached separately 1. but is accessible seat riser. as well as appropriate sanitary comply with Diagram 18. an 5. available in other than multi-storey a second drop-down rail in addition to the buildings. they are located in a similar position drop-down rail. building. accommodation. h. alternatively.5m to 2m and it includes a standing from other sanitary accommodation. WC pans manufactured to the by passenger lift (if a lifting platform key dimensions given in BS EN 997:2012 is installed. It is height washbasin. when it is the only toilet facility in the same degree of support. there is no additional c. bar fixed to the inside face. Diagram 20. a unisex toilet enables one or two unless a greater distance can be agreed assistants of either sex to assist a disabled with the building control body on the person. l. where the horizontal support rail on the the building. The time needed to reach a wheelchair. the wall and therefore does not give the e. In i. the heights and arrangement of fittings and allow for right. Some wheelchair users ii. is given in BS 8300. finger rinse basin associated with the WC. vertical travel to a unisex WC pans and WC suites with integral trap toilet is limited to one storey). it is important that the toilet accommodation is on another WC pan can accept a variable height toilet floor of the building.g. doors are preferably outward opening important as some disabled people need to and are fitted with a horizontal closing use a toilet more frequently than other users. one is located as close as possible to from the centre line of the WC. disabled people. by the installation disposal unit in wheelchair-accessible WC of doors with hold-open devices. they are not located in a way that centre line is 400mm from the centre compromises the privacy of users. Consideration should be given grounds that the circulation route is to installing a chemical sanitary waste unobstructed.and left-hand in a wheelchair-accessible unisex toilet transfer on alternate floors. j. This is particularly g. it is more likely to be available when required. they are located on accessible routes washroom and. e.SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M3 rigid handhold) set at a greater distance d. the width is increased from 5. techniques used to transfer from a wheelchair a wheelchair-accessible unisex toilet to a WC. more than 40m on the same floor. a choice of layouts suitable wall-mounted grab rail where the grab rail for left-hand and right-hand transfer is spaced at the minimum distance from is provided. the entrance and/or waiting area of k. and other fittings. line of the WC. any wheelchair user does not have accessible toilet should therefore be kept to travel: to a minimum when considering the location of unisex toilet accommodation. addition.10 Wheelchair-accessible unisex toilets additional drop-down rail is provided will satisfy Requirement M1 or M3 if: on the wall side at a distance of 320mm a. as appropriate. provided it is used only by that are direct and obstruction free. the minimum overall dimensions of. when more than one unisex toilet is than normal from the wall or. Note: More detailed guidance on the various and the arrangement of fittings within. in addition to the more easily identified than a wheelchair. accessible cubicle in a separate-sex toilet f. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 49 .

SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M3 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION Diagram 18 Unisex wheelchair-accessible toilet with corner WC Diagram 19 Heights and arrangement of fittings in a unisex wheelchair-accessible toilet (looking towards wall A in diagram 18) Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 50 ONLINE VERSION .

or otherwise have located so that it can be easily seen and impaired leg movements.g.13 Where a separate-sex toilet washroom transfer side of the space. the findings indicate that there compartment within any separate-sex toilet should be at least the same number of Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 51 . have the opportunity to use a WC In general. children and babies. this facility helps avoid unnecessary travel to unisex toilet accommodation.9).SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M3 Diagram 20 Height of various fittings in toilet accommodation m. it of handing. and include a n. people carrying q.11 Ambulant disabled people should has been the subject of recent research. WC pans conform to BS EN 997:2012 luggage and also ambulant disabled people. height toilet seat riser (see 5. The compartment should be is provided. complying with 5.4. The presence of heard by those able to give assistance. an emergency assistance pull cord ambulant disabled people find it difficult is easily identifiable (see 4. an emergency assistance alarm system washroom. p. for reachable from the WC and from the them. cisterns for WCs that will be used by of any door swing.30(e)) and to use a standard height WC seat and. irrespective can be accessed by wheelchair users.g. Some o. Standard WC compartments should also have a minimum manoeuvring space clear r. The relative numbers of urinals for men and WC compartments for women 5. any heat emitters are located so that 5. and a washbasin Toilets in separate-sex washrooms at a lower height than is provided for other Design considerations users. the emergency assistance call signal minimum activity space to accommodate outside the toilet compartment is people who use crutches. it is important that the WC pan can floor close to the WC. in terms of key dimensions in order to Consideration should be given to installing accommodate the use of a variable a fold-down table.12 Separate-sex toilet washrooms they do not restrict the minimum clear above a certain size should also include wheelchair manoeuvring space. parents with from the wheelchair to the WC. accept a variable height toilet seat riser. for baby changing. wheelchair users have their flushing mechanism positioned on the open or 5. should be possible for them to use both a urinal. e. where appropriate. e. fitted with support rails. nor the an enlarged WC cubicle for use by people space beside the WC used for transfer who need extra space.

a wheelchair-accessible compartment for ambulant disabled people. including (where provided) has the same layout the activity space.9 and 5. height toilet seat riser (see 5. and the arrangement and fittings as the unisex toilet. Wheelchair-accessible changing and shower facilities Design considerations 5. For guidance on the provision of en-suite shower facilities associated with hotel bedrooms. an enlarged compartment for those Note: More detailed guidance on appropriate who need extra space (based on the sanitary and other fittings is given in BS 8300. comply with Diagram 21. of grab bars and other fittings within the g. a. any wheelchair-accessible washroom compartment. d.11). see 4. any compartment for use by ambulant to standard WC compartments is such disabled people has a WC pan that that a 450mm diameter manoeuvring conforms to BS EN 997:2012 in terms space is maintained between the swing of key dimensions. the minimum dimensions of compartments f. the swing of any inward opening doors e. positioned either side of the urinal. whereas some will require the privacy and convenience of an individual self-contained cubicle or compartment. 5. doors to compartments for ambulant for some building types. large retail disabled people are preferably outward buildings. at least one urinal with its Diagram 21 WC cubicle for ambulant rim set at 380mm above the floor. has at least one washbasin with its rim set at 720 to 740mm above the floor and. at least twice as many.15 A choice of shower layout combined with the correct location of shower controls and fittings will allow disabled people to use the facilities independently or be assisted by others when necessary. The dimensions Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 52 ONLINE VERSION . SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M3 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION WCs (for women) as urinals (for men) and c. many disabled people will be content to use changing and shower areas that are open but provided with subdivisions.g. in order to of the door. Consideration opening and are fitted with a horizontal should be given to providing a low level closing bar fixed to the inside face. urinal for children in male washrooms. a vertical grab bar on the rear wall toilet washrooms will satisfy Requirement and space for a shelf and fold-down M1 or M3 if: changing table. compartment for ambulant disabled people) is 1200mm wide and includes Provisions a horizontal grab bar adjacent to the 5.19.16 In buildings where changing facilities are associated with showering facilities.14 WC compartments within separate-sex WC. with disabled people two 600mm long vertical grab bars with their centre lines at 1100mm above the floor. for men. e. the WC pan and the side accommodate the use of a variable wall of the compartment. b.

appropriate sanitary and other fittings For shower facilities is given in BS 8300. a shower curtain. the floor of the shower and shower area changing facilities. a WC. details the floor of a changing area is level and of different types of changing and shower slip resistant when dry or when wet. In large h. an emergency assistance alarm system complying with 5. a choice of layouts suitable for left-hand be provided. Note 1: For sports buildings.SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M3 of the self-contained compartment allow d. building complexes. facilities for limb storage are included e. there is a manoeuvring space 1500mm facilities’. such as retail parks and and the arrangement of equipment and large sports centres. k. an emergency assistance pull cord. shower seat or from the wheelchair. 5. in communal shower facilities and o. it may be difficult to provide a e. i. f. mounted slip-resistant tip-up seats before or after transfer. fittings recommended for an individual For changing facilities self-contained changing cubicle in a sports building should be provided.18 Wheelchair-accessible changing and l. Document relating to Schedule 2: Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 53 . In open changing and shower communal separate-sex facilities. in sports facilities. is provided (not spring loaded).g. configuration of handrails. is easily seat suitable for all disabled people to use. individual self-contained shower Provisions facilities comply with Diagram 23. they are provided with wall-mounted n. they are provided is slip resistant and self-draining. g. of including an adult changing table. where showers are provided in shower facilities will satisfy Requirement commercial developments for the M1 or M3 if: benefit of staff. for toiletries.4(h) is provided. b. individual self- space for a helper.17 In the case of individual changing rooms not associated with showering. individual self-contained wheelchair-accessible unisex toilet capable changing facilities comply with Diagram 22. can be operated is available. areas. from the shower seat. facilities are given in ‘accessible sports j. with subdivisions that have the same configuration of space and equipment p. a shower terminal fitting complies with as for self-contained facilities but Guidance Note G18. which encloses the more than one individual changing seat and the rails when they are in a compartment or shower compartment horizontal position. c. if it contains floor. there should be one controls within. it should not be the only wheelchair- accessible toilet accommodation. Any combined facility contained shower facilities and changing should be divided into distinct ‘wet’ and facilities are available in addition to ‘dry’ areas. identifiable and reachable from the Individual self-contained accommodation wall-mounted tip-up seat. controls and complying with 4. 5. or from the is therefore preferred although.30(e). when associated with shower facilities. deep in front of lockers in self-contained Note 2: More detailed guidance on or communal changing areas.5 of the Guidance without doors. and right-hand transfer is provided when m. the dimensions and for the benefit of amputees. at least one wheelchair- accessible shower compartment For changing and shower facilities complying with Diagram 23 should a. in clothes shops. the minimum overall dimensions of. a shelf that can be reached from the drop-down support rails and wall.

e. and the markings on s.g. the minimum overall dimensions of. an individual self-contained shower area Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 54 ONLINE VERSION . of floor surfaces is given in Annex C of For shower facilities incorporating a WC BS 8300. shower controls are positioned Note: Guidance prepared by the Health between 750 and 1000mm above and Safety Executive on the slip resistance the floor. 1999. a choice of left-hand and right-hand the shower control are logical and clear. and the arrangement of fittings within. transfer layouts is available when more q. comply with Diagram 24. SI 1999/1148. where wheelchair-accessible shower than one shower area incorporating a facilities are available in communal corner WC is provided. r. SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M3 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION Diagram 22 An example of a self-contained changing room for individual use Requirement for Water Fittings. of the incorporating a corner WC. in a Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations sports building. areas.

SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M3 Diagram 23 An example of a self-contained shower room for individual use Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 55 .

19 Wheelchair users and ambulant sanitary and other fittings. and the arrangement of fittings within. b. including disabled people should be able to wash or facilities for the use of mobile and fixed bathe either independently or with assistance hoists is given in BS 8300. motels. For guidance on the provision of en-suite Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 56 ONLINE VERSION . Providing a choice of bathroom will satisfy Requirement M1 or M3 if: layout. from others.19. a choice of layouts suitable for left-hand and to student accommodation and sports and right-hand transfer is provided when facilities where baths are provided as an more than one bathroom for individual alternative.21 Wheelchair-accessible bathrooms critical. wherever possible. where provided in buildings such as hotels. see 4. will meet the needs of many disabled people and help a.20 The guidance covered here applies a corner WC comply with Diagrams 25 to wheelchair-accessible bathing facilities and 26. use incorporating a corner WC is available. and to the space Provisions required for manoeuvring. to showers. maintain their independence. the minimum overall dimensions of. The relationship of the bath to other sanitary fittings. SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M3 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION Diagram 24 An example of a shower room incorporating a corner WC for individual use Wheelchair-accessible bathrooms bathrooms associated with hotel bedrooms. or as a supplement. Design considerations Note: More detailed guidance on appropriate 5. a bathroom for individual use incorporating 5. relatives’ accommodation in hospitals. is therefore 5.

e. an emergency assistance pull-cord complying with 4. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 57 . Note: Guidance prepared by the Health and Safety Executive on the slip resistance of floor surfaces is given in Annex C of BS 8300.4(h) is provided. doors are preferably outward opening and are fitted with a horizontal closing bar fixed to the inside face. the bath is provided with a transfer seat. d. g. the floor of a bathroom is slip resistant when dry or when wet. f.30(e) is easily identifiable and reachable from the bath or from the floor. 400mm deep and equal to the width of the bath.SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS ONLINE VERSION OTHER THAN DWELLINGS M1/M3 Diagram 25 An example of a bathroom incorporating a corner WC c. an emergency assistance alarm system complying with 5.

SANITARY ACCOMMODATION IN BUILDINGS M1/M3 OTHER THANODWELLINGS NLINE VERSION Diagram 26 Grab rails and fittings associated with a bath Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 58 ONLINE VERSION .

AMD 714 1971. AMD 4922 1989. BS 5588-8:1999 Fire precautions in the design. ladders and walkways. BS 8300: 2009 +A1:2010 (For Changing Places Toilets) Design of buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people. Code of practice for means of escape for disabled people. construction and use of buildings. Code of practice for the design. Code of practice. AMD 14675 2003. BS 5395-1:2000 Stairs. ONLINE VERSION M Standards referred to BS EN 81-70:2003 Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts. Accessibility to lifts for persons including persons with disability. Particular applications for passenger and good passengers lifts. AMD 14922 2004. BS 3402:1969 Specification for quality of vitreous china sanitary appliances. construction and maintenance of straight stairs and winders. BS 8300:2001 Design of buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people – Code of practice. AMD 14751 2003. BS 7594:1993 Code of practice for audio-frequency induction-loop systems (AFILS). AMD 15982 2005. BS EN 997:2012 WC pans and WC suites with integral trap. AMD 15617 2005. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 59 .

Management search tool for references on accessibility and design guide.M ONLINE VERSION Other publications referred to Department for Education and Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Employment (DfEE) Committee (DPTAC) Building Bulletin 91 Access for disabled Access directory – an online directory and people to school buildings. Available to download Sign design guide.sportengland. 2002.dptac.pdf Department for Transport (DfT) JMU Access Partnership and Sign Inclusive mobility: A guide to best practice Design Society on access to pedestrian and transport infrastructure. 1998.gov.dft.gov. Available to download from www. Building Bulletin 94 Inclusive school design.hcsp as hardcopy from DfT free literature service on 0870 1226236 (ref: IM/01) or as an audio cassette from the DfT Mobility and Inclusion Unit on 020 7944 6100 or Minicom 020 7944 3277 Department of National Heritage (DNH) Guide to safety at sports grounds (The green guide). from www. Food and Technicians (ABTT) Rural Affairs (DEFRA) Technical standards for places of Water supply (water fittings) regulations entertainment.org/disabled.uk/stellent/groups/dft_ mobility/documents/page/dft_mobility_ 503282-01. 2002. 4th edition. 2001. ISBN 0 11300 095 2 Department of the Environment Transport and the Regions (DETR) Guidance on the use of tactile paving surfaces. Sports Ground and Stadia Guide No 1 uk/environment/water/industry/wsregs99/ Accessible stadia. ISBN 1 90403 105 6 1999.defra.uk/stellent/groups/ dft_mobility/documents/pdf/dft_mobility_ pdf_503283.gov.uk/ educational needs and disabilities in District Surveyors Association (DSA) mainstream schools.gov.dft.htm Available to download from www. ISBN 0 11271 062 X guidance for the built environment. ISBN 0 95462 930 2 guide/section8. Guidance document relating to Football Stadia Improvement Fund (FSIF) Schedule 1: Fluid categories and Schedule and Football Licensing Authority (FLA) 2: Requirements for water fittings. 1999. Available to download from www. Available to download from Accommodating pupils with special www.pdf Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 60 ONLINE VERSION . 2000. 2003. 1997. ISBN 0 11271 109 X and Association of British Theatre Department for Environment.

Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998.sportengland.asp?id=1144644 Research Group for Inclusive Environments Colour. Guidance for house builders and designers. gov. SI 1999/1148. University of Reading. Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations 1999. tel 0118 9316734. Available from Research Group for Inclusive Environments. Available to download from http://www. SI 1999/3242.org/facilities__ planning/design_and_cost_guidance/idoc. A good practice guide. ISBN 1 85112 604 X Available to download from www. O N REFERRED OTHER PUBLICATIONS L I N E VTO ERSION M Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) Planning and access for disabled people. textphone 0118 9864253 Sport England Accessible sports facilities. 2004. SI 1997/831. Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999. SI 1998/2306. ISBN 0 11702 333 7 Legislation Equality Act 2010 Equality Act 2010 (Disability) Regulations 2010 Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998. contrast and perception.uk/index. Lifts Regulations 1997. School of Construction Management.odpm. Design guidance for internal built environments. Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 61 . SI 1998/2307. ashx?docid=62299267-f2a5-451f-8731- 4bcfdafa08ea&version=-1 The Stationery Office (TSO) Accessible thresholds in new housing. 1999. 2003. 2010 (Formerly known as Access for Disabled People).

M ONLINE VERSION Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 62 ONLINE VERSION .

4.13 Bedrooms – wardrobes  4.43 Changing rooms.43.6 C Audible emergency assistance call signals  Car parking  0.7 Communication aids  0.27–1. Ceilings – surface materials  4.13 4.34 Approaches – surfaces  1.4 Change of use  0.24 Approaches – lighting  1.11.12 Audible information – lifting devices  3.38–1.29 Balconies  4. 5. 3.10.18 note. see Material alterations Bedrooms – hotels and motels  4.19–1.5–5.26 Bedrooms – balconies  4.8.9.31–4.35 note. see Sanitary accommodation Access strategy  0.5–4. ONLINE VERSION M Index A B Access – definition  0.13 Bedrooms – en-suite bedrooms  4.2.1–1.24 Accessible entrances  1. 1.21 note Approaches – widths  1. see Approaches Bars – refreshment facilities  4.24 Alterations. 4. 3.24 Access routes to buildings.19.12 Colour contrast. 4. 1.34.1–0. 1. 4.1. 2.12 Access into buildings  2. 1.21 Clothes shops – changing facilities  5.27 note.24 Acoustic design  3. 0.13 BS EN 997  5. 4.17–4. 4.10–1. 4.2.10–0.26 BS EN 81 series  3. 3.20.24 Accessible – definition  0. 3. see Visual contrast Audience seating – legroom  4.6. 3.17–4.5.11. see Sports facilities Audible signs  4. 4. 3.14 Bathrooms. 4.10.18 4.5.36 Audience seating – wheelchair spaces  4. 3. 1.8.20 Approaches – hazards  1.19.4.5 BS EN 81–70  3.17 note.19.17–4.5. see Lighting Assistance dogs  2. 5. 0.22–4.7 Bedrooms – doors  3.35 note Cinemas  4.3. 3.12 Connecting doors  4. 1.49 Approaches – steps  1.34 Approaches – ramps  1.12 Audible warnings – doors  2. 4.17 Audience seating  4. 1. 5.26 Baby changing facilities  5.6–1. 4. 0.14.9 note.32 3.36 Audience seating – sight lines  4.25 Bedrooms  4.14 Artificial lighting.37.6.24 Application of Part M  0.6. 5.1–2. 4.31.10.11.9-5.13–4. 5.13 BS 8300  0.22 Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 63 .37 BS 5588-8  3.7.34.9.24 Approaches – objectives  1. 4.20–0. 5.14–1.24. 4.13 Bedrooms – window controls  4.1–2. 3.21.5.13. 4.9 Conference facilities  4.10–4.39 Bedrooms – wheelchair accessible  Approaches – level (non-domestic)  1.5 note. 4.9.6–4.16 Access routes within buildings  0.

14.27. 3.10 District Surveyors Association  4.24 Doors – visual contrast  3. 5. 3. 4.7. 5.24.30 Doors – handles  4.30.27–3. 3.9 note.10 alarms  4.18 Doors – internal  3.10.7–3.23 devices  3.41.9. 3.22. 4.21 Door furniture  2. 2.14 Dimensions – parking bays  1.21 Drop-down rails  5.3.9 note.10 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 64 ONLINE VERSION . 5.16 Doors – privacy bolts  5.26 Doors – self-closing devices  2.21 Doors.21 Definitions 0.13. 5.33–3.10.4 Corridors 3.18–2. 3. 5.16–2.13. 5. 5. 3.14 Dimensions – wheelchair-accessible Doors – vision panels  3. 5.10. Doors – lifting platforms  3.4 Controls – height  4. 3.20 Doors – revolving  2.7 bathrooms 5. 4.24.22 Electrically powered hold-open Doors – controls  2.19. 5. 3.18 Doors – toilets  3. 3. Controls – showers  5. 5.25.10 bedrooms 4. 2. 2.5 2.23 Electric card-activated locks  4.24.43.10. 3. see also Entrance doors Doors – wide angle viewers  4.7 Dimensions – doors  2.43.23 Doors – connecting hotel bedrooms  4.7.21 Doors – entry systems  2. 4.20 D Doors – safety stops  2. Doors – wardrobes  4.29 Doors – swing  2.21.17.10 Controls – powered doors  2. 3. 3.10.24. 5. 4. 3.8. 3.9 note.10 Doors – visual warnings  2.14–2.4 Doors – wheelchair-accessible Door mats  2.11–3.4 Curtain opening devices  4.17. 4. 3.24 4.30.24.7 Emergency assistance call signals  Doors – fire doors  3. 2.43 3.9. 4.10.30. 2. 3.24 Doors – audible warnings  2.13.28.7.14.14 Doors – passenger lifts  3.29.10 Doors – dimensions  2.21.24 Dimensions – internal lobbies  3.49 Doors – swings  5.18.27.34.21 E Doors – card-activated locks  4.4.13. 3. 3. see also Fire devices  3. 5. 3. 3.30.49 Doors – low energy powered door systems  Controls – lighting  4. 5.10 Embossed room numbers  4.25–4.3.9 note. Department for Transport  1.M INDEX ONLINE VERSION Controls 4. 2. 3.34 Counters – reception desks  3.16 Doors – swing-free closing devices  3.21.21 Doors – manually operated  2.10 Doors – sliding doors  2. 5.18 2.10 Dimensions – lifting devices  3.18 Counters – refreshment facilities  4.10 Doors – glass doors  2.10. 2.26.10 Controls – lifting devices  3.8.4 3. 2.24 Dimensions – entrance lobbies  2.6 Doors – powered  2.24 Doors – opening force  2. 3.24 Doors – electrically powered hold-open Emergency assistance alarms.10.10 4. 3.9 Controls – windows  4.7. 2.13.18 Doors – bathrooms  5.

29. see also Doors.12.8–2.14.18 F Enquiry desks.INDEX ONLINE VERSION M Emergency assistance pull cords  4.2.18–2.37. see Sanitary accommodation controls 2.22–6. 2. 4.19.10. 5. 4. 4. 1.25–2. 2.7 H Entrance doors – visual warnings  2.13. see Doors Entrance doors – powered  2.29 Hazards – approach routes  1.39 Entrance lobbies – dimensions  2. 1. 5.4 Entrance doors.6.17 Glass doors. Principal Fire doors.13.21 Floor surfaces – materials  4.14 lifting devices  3. 3.9.6–2.7 Handrails – audience seating  4.7–1.6.14–2.4 Emergency escape routes  3.11 2.9.54– Entrance halls  3.21 Equality Act 2010   0. see Doors entrance 2.14 2.26. see Sanitary desks 4.16–2.24.21 Grab rails. see Storeys Entrance doors – glass – manifestation  Football Stadia Improvement Fund  4. 2. see also Reception Finger rinse basins. Glazed screens  2. Entrance doors – card swipes  2. Floor surfaces – reception areas  3.38–1.55 Entrance lobbies  2. 5.32 Entrance doors – dimensions  2. 2. Entrances 0.14.32 accommodation Entertainment facilities.1. 4.10.24 English Heritage  0.21 Habitable rooms – definition  0. 4. 3. 5. 5.26 2.27.5–0. 2.24 G Entrance doors – manually operated  2.13 Handrails   1.16 2. 5.8 En-suite facilities – hotel rooms  4.18. 0.24.32. see also Surfaces  2.2–0.12 Entrance doors – width  2.21 Entrance doors – glass  2.10. 3. Entrance doors – door furniture  2.18. 3.4 Extensions – non-domestic buildings  Emergency evacuation – passenger lifts  3.28 Extensions – dwellings  0.15 Entrance doors – audible warnings  2.25 Emergency communication systems – Escape routes – internal corridors  3. 5. 0.14 5.13.22.24 Floors.19–1.22.26 Entrance doors – weather protection  Halls of residence  0. see also Cinemas. 3.24 Floor levels – refreshment facilities  4. see Sanitary accommodation Entrance doors – safety stops  2.26 Guard rails – hazards in lobbies  3.21 Gradients – approaches  1.34–1.10.17 5.9.36 assistance alarms  3.6 3.21 Goings – stepped access  1. 1.33 Entrance doors – powered – manual Grab bars.8.16. Fire alarms.20.23 Floor surfaces – slip resistant  3.21 Floor surfaces. 1. 3.14 Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 65 .6–2.21 Entrance doors – coded entry  2. 2.29 Entrance doors – thresholds  2.21 2. 2.5.5.1.29 Hazards – corridors  3. 4.11.14.22–2. 3.34 0. 3. 1. 2.16 Entrance doors – swing doors  2.14.7.6 6. see also Emergency Theatres  4.18.30.4. Entrance doors – self-closing devices  1.

1.28–4.34 Lifting devices – podiums and stages  4.4 J Lighting – uplighters  4.43. see Approaches – level Manifestation – glass doors and screens  Lifting devices  3.18 Leisure facilities  4.22 Lifting devices – wall surfaces  3. 3.34.34. see Sanitary accommodation Lobbies  2. 3. see Bedrooms Light switches  4.43 Communication aids Lifting devices – visual information  3.21–3.16 Lecture facilities  4.44–3.31.43.34. N 3.34 Joysticks – wheelchair platform stairlifts  3.34. see 3.9 Infrared signals. 3.28.14 Lifting devices – accessibility to toilets  5. 3.34 Lavatories.43 Historic buildings  0. 4.35–3.36 M Level approaches. 3.12 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 66 ONLINE VERSION .34.26 Lighting – sanitary facilities  5.4.9 Lifting devices – call buttons  3.4 International Symbol of Access  2. see Lifting devices Hotel bedrooms.29. 2. 4. 3.17–0.M INDEX ONLINE VERSION Hazards – internal lobbies  3.34.19. see Doors Lifting devices – passenger lifts  3. see Lifting devices Hot surfaces  5.36 Induction loops. see Communication aids Lighting – controls  4. 0. L 4.16 Lifting devices – speeds  3.1–0.30.18.9.24. 3.33.36 Lockers  3.49 2.3 Lifts. Heat emitters  5.49 Motel bedrooms.1–3.49 Horizontal circulation  3. see Communication aids Lighting – conference facilities  4.29.24. Mirrors in passenger lifts.20 note Lifting devices – wheelchair platform stairlifts  3.36 Inductive couplers.49 Notice boards  3. 3.17.14 note. 4.49 Hazards – warning surfaces  1.5 Lifting devices – lifting platforms  3.4.9. 4.32.25–2.43 Mixed use development  0.32.24.47 Limb storage facilities  5. see Bedrooms Lifting devices – illumination  3. 3. 5.29–3.22. 4. 5. 3. 3.6. 4.50 Lifting devices – visual contrast  3. 3.17–3. 4. 3. 3.28. 5.16 Lifting platforms. 3.42 Hoists – bathrooms  5. 4.21 Lifting devices – instructions for use  3.10 3.18.3 I Lighting  4.18 Lip reading and speaking  3. 3.4.37.30. Hearing enhancement systems.22.15–3.23–3.5.10 Material alterations  0.1. 4.43 O Lifting devices – mirrors  3.32–4.34 Opening force of doors.43.10.9. 3.12 Lifting devices – dimensions  3. 5.26 Motion sensors  2. see Lifting devices 3.13. 3.7 Lighting – lifting devices  3. 4. see Communication aids Lighting – artificial  4. 1. 4. 3.

13–4.7. 1. see Lifting devices Sanitary accommodation – bathrooms  4.13. 10.6.13–4.10.7.14.14 Radio signals.18 lifting platforms Sanitary accommodation – cubicle doors  Podiums.14. 4. 3.30. 4.18 Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 67 .20.24.52–3.14 Reception desks.19–5.37 5. 5.19. 5. see Lifting devices – 5.19–1. 5.2–3.15–1. see Corridors 4.15–5.14.4. 5.17–1.15–5.1–10. 5.21.3 Remote controls  2. 10. 5.2. 5.21. see 10.20. 5.10. 5. 3. 4.1–10.2 Restaurants 4.32 Sanitary accommodation – mixer taps  5. 5.3.8.5–5. 5. see also Rostrums  4. see Wall surfaces Sanitary accommodation – outward Refreshment facilities  4. 5.8 R Sanitary accommodation – grab bars  5. 4.16 opening doors  5. 4.34–1.14 Rostrums.20 note Ramps – internal  3.30 Sanitary accommodation – finger rinse Push pads  2.18.3 Parking ticket machines  1.32 Sanitary accommodation – showers  4. see also Enquiry desks  Sanitary accommodation – lever taps  4.11.3 Passenger lifts.17 Rises – steps and stairs  1.24.10.19.26. 10. 4.21 Sanitary accommodation – provision  0. 1.14 rooms  4.6. 5.21. 5.8.1–5. 5.12. 5.39 Sanitary accommodation – entrance storey Push buttons – switches and socket of dwellings  10.18 Sanitary accommodation  0.21 Sanitary accommodation – changing rooms  Platform lifts.19. see also Podiums  4.2 Planning system  0.3.23 3.24.26 5.6 Sanitary accommodation – dimensions  Pull cords  4.3 Communication aids Sanitary accommodation – en-suite hotel Public telephones  4.3 Principal entrance  0. 5.18 Ramps – corridors  3. 3.INDEX ONLINE VERSION M P S Parking 1.12 5.18.18.4 Reflective wall surfaces.24 washrooms 5.53 Sanitary accommodation – inward opening Ramps – podiums and stages  4. 5. 5.14. 1.28–4.4.24 Push buttons – doors  2.14 Push buttons – lifting platforms  3. 5.30.1–10.33 Sanitary accommodation – separate-sex Room numbers – embossed  4. 10.14. Passageways. 2.21 Sanitary accommodation – enlarged cubicles  5.19. see Communication aids Sanitary accommodation – grab rails  Ramps – approach routes  1.3. 4. 4.11–5.26. 4.14 Sanitary accommodation – hoists  Ramps – handrails  1.18 Sales counters  3.16 Sanitary accommodation – refreshment Revolving doors.12 doors  5. 5.24.21 Sanitary accommodation – dwellings  Public address systems. see Doors facilities  4.3 outlets 4. 10.3 basins 5. 0. 10.3 5.1–10.3.16.

5. 4.14.13–5. see Audible signs.20 5. 5.14 5.9 Sanitary accommodation – provision  Sign-posting  2.18 Sanitary accommodation – unisex toilets  Sanitary accommodation – cubicle doors  5.7. 4.5–5.5 washrooms 5.11 Slip-resistant seats  5.23 Sign language  3. 5.15–5.3.12.35 note Sanitary accommodation – separate-sex Signs – accessible entrances  2. 2. 5.4.6 Sanitary accommodation – taps  4.16 Signs  2.8.23. 5.20 note Shower facilities. 5. 4.14 School buildings – steps  1.1–5. 1.8–5.19.7 0. 5. see Bedrooms Sanitary accommodation – toilet doors  Sliding doors – handles  4. 5.19.14.14. 4. 2.14 5.8.13 Signals.13–5.21 Sanitary accommodation – transfer Sanitary accommodation – seats 5.3.16 basins 5.5.14 Sight lines  4.21 5.5. 0.14 Sign language interpreters  4.4.4 Slip-resistant floor surfaces.7.5.24.19.7. 5. see Floor Sanitary accommodation – toilet pans  surfaces – slip resistant 5.3–5. 5.9.15.15–5.14.10 5. 5.5–5.10.21 Sanitary accommodation – transfer Sanitary accommodation – changing rooms  space  5. 5.18.3–5.18 Sanitary accommodation – showers  4.24 3. 5.19.15–5.1.9 Sanitary accommodation – lever taps  4.32 Sanitary accommodation – outward opening doors  5. 0. 5.11–5. 5.4.18 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 68 ONLINE VERSION . cubicles  5.18 Site boundary  0.21 Sanitary accommodation – finger rinse School buildings  0. see School buildings 5.8. 5.9. 3. 4. 4. 5. 4.24.5. Sanitary accommodation  0.18.35 note 4.14 note Sanitary accommodation – grab bars  5. 5.8 School buildings – corridors  3.7.14 Signs – lifting devices  3.19–5.21 bathrooms  4.3 Sanitary accommodation – toilets  4. 4. 4.11 Sales counters  3.24 Sanitary accommodation – wheelchair- Sanitary accommodation – enlarged accessible facilities  4. 5.3. 5.8.33 note Sanitary accommodation – grab rails  Schools. 3.24. 5. Visual Sanitary accommodation – refreshment fire-alarm signals facilities  4.18 Seating areas – refreshment facilities  4.4 Sanitary accommodation – urinals  Sanitary accommodation – dimensions  5.17.10 Sanitary accommodation – washbasins  Sanitary accommodation – en-suite hotel 5. 4.6.2.5.6. 5. see Sanitary Sanitary accommodation – inward opening accommodation – showers doors  5.7.19.9–5.M INDEX ONLINE VERSION S Sanitary accommodation – toilet seat risers  5. 5. 5.10.3–5.11.14 4.4.19. 5.4 Sleeping accommodation. 1.6. 5. Signs – tactile  4. 5.16 Sanitary accommodation – hoists  Shelving – hotel rooms  4. 5.14 rooms  4. 5.

3.27–1.16–5.16–5. Vertical lifting platforms.30 Sports facilities – showers  5.32.14.13.14 Stepped terraced floors  4.32.13 Social facilities  4.8.13.17–4. 4.13 Switches 4. 3. Wall surfaces 4.33 Society for the Protection of Ancient Surfaces – finishes  4. see also Goings. 4.6 note. 1.25–4.50 Socket outlets  4. Rises and Taps.16 Touch plates  4.21 5. 3.10 Approved Document M Volume 2 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION 69 .29 Student accommodation – bedrooms  4.5–4.12. 3.9. see also Goings.11. 5. 4.50–3.51 Terraces 4.33 Sports facilities – changing rooms  Swing doors. 3.11 Sports facilities – stadia  4.36 Sports facilities – spectators  4. 3.11 T Sports facilities – toilets  5. see Doors 5. 1.36 Steps – internal stairs  3.13.12 Steps.50 Telephones 4.5.18 Surfaces – tactile paving  1.2.30 Surfaces – lifting devices  3. Rises and Stairs Text telephones.12 Tactile signs  4.42 Sound field systems.6 note Tactile paving.19 Surfaces – hazard warning  1. 4.13. 1. see Communication aids Steps – approach routes  1.14 Toilets. see Surfaces Stages. 5.18 Symbols 4.1 Surfaces – corduroy hazard warning  1. 5.25–4.35–4. see Sanitary accommodation Uplighters 4. Sport England  2.18 Swing-free closing devices. 4.INDEX ONLINE VERSION M Smoke detectors  3. see also Floor surfaces.12 Surfaces – sanitary accommodation  5.51 Thresholds.4.11. Sports facilities  2.33. see Communication aids Surfaces – materials  4. see Doors Sports facilities – doors  2.19. see Lifting devices 1. see Sanitary accommodation Student accommodation  0.5.51 Telephone systems. 4. 5.21.34 – grab rails V Surfaces.18.37 Theatres  4.24 U Support rails. 4. 1. see also Rostrums  4.32 Vertical circulation  3.17 note Surfaces – slip-resistant floors  3.21 note 5.12 Terraces – auditoria  4.33.36 Surfaces – parking bays  1.15.55 Surfaces – approaches  1.19.26.33 Vision panels  3. 4. 4.10 Surfaces – blister  1. 3.16–5.35 note Stairs.18 note.35 note Buildings 0.14.50–3. 4.6. 3.18 Spectator facilities  4.4.2.6 note. 4.17–3. 1.13.6 Spectator seating  0. 5.1.32 Spectator events  4. see Communication aids Stairs – hazard warning surfaces  1.14 Stairs – internal  3. 1. see Sanitary accommodation Steps  1.10.33 note thresholds Storeys – accessibility  0.11. 5.12 Surfaces – reception area floors  3.33. see Entrance doors – Steps – school buildings  1. 4. 4.

see Entrance doors – weather protection Wheelchair-accessible bedrooms.28.4 Wall surfaces – lifting platforms  3.43.43 Visual contrast – push pads  4. 3. 3.43 Visual warnings – entrance doors  2.12.31. 3. 3.42 Wall surfaces – materials  4. 3.10 Visual contrast – lifting devices  3. 3.34.16 Access to and use of buildings other than dwellings Approved Document M Volume 2 70 ONLINE VERSION . 3. 2. see Sanitary accommodation Weather protection. see Lifting devices Widths.28.8.17 Visual contrast – internal doors  3.31 WCs.4. 3. 3.32 Wardrobes.28. 5.18.24 Visual information – lifting devices  3.7 Visual fire alarm signals  4. see Dimensions Window controls in hotel bedrooms. 4. 3.10.21 W Wall surfaces. 3.32 Wall surfaces – passenger lifts  3.26 Visual contrast – door furniture  2. 3.17.M INDEX ONLINE VERSION Visual contrast  0.18.37.34. 3.28 Visual contrast – sanitary fittings  5. see Bedrooms Worktops – refreshment facilities  4. see Bedrooms Wheelchair platform stairlifts.4 Visual contrast – controls  4.26.28 Visual contrast – definition  0. 3.32 Wall surfaces – reflective  3.8. see Bedrooms Wash basins.4 Visual contrast – seating  4. see also Surfaces  3. see Sanitary accommodation Wayfinding 4.34. 3.

gov. You can find the date of the edition approved by the Secretary of State at www.uk. hot water safety and water efficiency Approved Document H Drainage and waste disposal Approved Document J Combustion appliances and fuel storage systems Approved Document K Protection from falling. collision and impact Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power in new dwellings Approved Document L1B Conservation of fuel and power in existing dwellings Approved Document L2A Conservation of fuel and power in new buildings other than dwellings Approved Document L2B Conservation of fuel and power in existing buildings other than dwellings ONLINE VERSION . Approved Document A Approved Document M Structure Access to and use of buildings Approved Document B Volume 1: Dwellings Fire safety Volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings Volume 1: Dwellinghouses Approved Document P Volume 2: Buildings other than Electrical Safety – Dwellings dwellinghouses Approved Document Q Approved Document C Security – Dwellings Site preparation and resistance to Approved Document 7 contaminants and moisture Materials and workmanship Approved Document D Toxic substances Approved Document E Resistance to the passage of sound Approved Document F Ventilation Approved Document G Sanitation. ONLINE VERSION LIST OF APPROVED DOCUMENTS The following documents have been published to give guidance on how to meet the Building Regulations.

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