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OHHA Findings
Finding Recommendations Priority Responsibility To Be
Closed By
Noise Exposure Prolonged exposure to high noise levels may lead to Major Drilling End of 2nd
1. Noise levels in several locations hearing loss among affected employees. Contractor Quarter
(sources) such as engine rooms, 2011
power generators, injection pumps 1.1 The contractor(s) should consider installing a noise
and drilling rigs were found above barrier between the power generator and
the 12 hours noise Permissible accommodation portables at the camp area. This will
Exposure Level (PEL) of 87 decibels minimize the effects of echoes and reverberation and
(dBA) and ACGIH TLV of 83.5 dBA reduces the noise to significant level that hopefully
therefore, employees assigned to meets the recommended indoor Noise Criteria range
routine operations and for resting and sleeping areas.
maintenance activities are likely to Contractor must develop a noise atlas and have it in a
exceed the 85 dBA action level on a visible place.
regular basis.
1.2 For the rig site; continue the provision of hearing
2. Employees working in noisy areas protection devices and instruct workers on the
are not enrolled in a Hearing effective use of these devices especially at or near
Conservation Program (HCP). the noise sources. Due to the nature of the work
environment the ear muffs are more practical than
ear plugs.

2. Operators working at or near the noisy areas shall be
enrolled in a hearing conservation program (HCP)
annual audiometric test. Show screening evidence,
screening program and number of enrolled personnel
Exposure to Heat 1. Contractor(s) should consider administrative controls Minor Drilling End of 2nd
As the drilling activities are conducted in an to set acceptable exposure times, allow sufficient Contractor Quarter
outdoor desert environment, workers are recovery, and limit physiological/bodily strain. 2011

as well as condition and correctly worn. ideal body weight and electrolyte balance Exposure to chemical hazards 1. such as adding and mixing PPE/RPE devices and that these devices are in good chemicals in the mud tank area. Consult Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for protection equipment (PPE) or if worn chemicals used in your site to ensure that all means incorrectly. Consider pre-placement medical screening to identify those susceptible to systemic heat injury. Ensure that the operator wears the recommended chemicals. and other information about heat stress and strain. Adjust expectations of those returning to work after direct sunrays further to their long working absence from hot exposure situations and encourage hours and the 28 days working shift that consumption of salty food (with approval of physician requires acclimatization after coming back if on a salt-restricted diet) from their home country after their 28 days off.generally exposed to summer heat and 2.  Encourage health lifestyles. N95 particulate filter shall not be used against oily . annual training program.  Encourage employee to report symptoms of heat- related disorders to supervisor. 3.  Monitor the heat stress conditions and reports of heat-related disorders. materials through the activities of handling 3. palatable water (or other acceptable fluid replacement drink) about every 20 minutes.  Encourage co-workers observation to detect signs and symptoms of heat strain in others. General recommended controls:  Provide accurate verbal and written instructions. the operator will be exposed to of the recommended personal protection are harmful concentrations of hazardous available in your facility.  Encourage drinking small volumes (approximately one cup) of cool. during the preparation of pickling and/or 4. Develop site-specific operational instructions for Major Drilling End of 2nd handling hazardous chemical and post it in the work Contractor Quarter In the absence of adequate respiratory area bulletin board. 2011 protection equipment (RPE) and personal 2.

85% to 1. Chemical goggles shall be worn with face shield for handling chemicals and inadequacy of some mixing chemicals activities. the possibility of excessive exposure to toxic substances and corrosive Behavioral program records should show personnel materials are present. The changing or recharging of flushing fluid in shower and eyewash units were found these devices and their overall maintenance shall at chemical storage yards. (PPP). Medical Surveillance Programs Enroll the welders and chemical mixing operators in the Minor Drilling End of 2nd PPP (annual lung function test) that includes clinical Contractor Quarter Welders and mud mixing operators are not examination. As per SAES-B-069 item 5. the flushing fluid in Minor Drilling End of 2nd self-contained units shall use an isotonic saline Contractor Quarter 1.1. This is the only way to verify full compliance. Emergency Showers and Eyewash 1. No portable or stationary emergency agent.acid treatment. spirometry and chest film rating (ILO 2011 enrolled in a Pulmonary Protection Program classification). aerosols. extra personnel to be considered as replacement while program is in progress Exposure to Ultra Violet (UV) Light Consider equipping the welding shop with a movable or Minor Drilling End of 2nd roll-up type welding screen. Show evidence.0% NaCl buffered to a pH from 2011 eyewashes is not changed frequently. commitment on this matter. meet the manufacturer's instructions to avoid dangerous build-up of contaminants. The flushing fluid in portable solution 0. 7. PPE and RPE. ------------------------- Note: The air fan could reduce and dilute the emitted airborne contaminants during pouring or mixing the chemicals at the mud tank but this will spread the pollutant and may affect passerby as well as polluting the surrounding environment.3 to 7. Exposure to UV light can cause blindness. enrollment program.4 and preserved with a suitable anti-bacterial 2. Maintenance .3. Contractor Quarter There are no welding screens to protect 2011 casual observers or people walking by Set welder work area away from other working areas during welding activities. In view of the current methods used for 5.

model or make) is used. The employer (the contractor) shall ensure that an employee using a tight-fitting facepiece respirator have to pass an appropriate fit test prior to initial use of the respirator. and at least annually thereafter. Fit Testing Procedures (Mandatory). as contained in T8 CCR. required to use the respirator in the workplace. before the employee is fit tested or 2011 made.  Materials handled at elevated temperatures. 2. 2. Injurious chemicals that can cause immediate or irreversible damage on contact or that have adverse systemic effects on contact. Section 5144. Appendix A. Note: The fit test must be administered by using an OSHA- accepted qualitative fit testing (QLFT) or quantitative fit testing (QNFT) protocol. Provide permanent or temporary emergency eyewash and shower units at hazardous material storages or wherever there is a potential for exposure of personnel to:  Eye or skin irritants that are toxic by absorption. The employer may discontinue an employee’s medical evaluations when the employee is no longer required to use a respirator. . trial test to be performed by toolpusher randomly Respirators Fit Testing 1.  This will be audited on a monthly basis. records shall be maintained and be readily available. The employer (the contractor) shall provide a medical Minor Drilling End of 2nd evaluation to determine the employee's ability to use Contractor Quarter No respirator (mask) fit testing has been a respirator. whenever a different respirator facepiece (size. style.

[If economically feasible. 5. This will prevent portable storage shelters.OHHA SAFETY CONCERNS RECOMMENDATIONS RESPONSIBILITY TO BE CLOSED BY Outdoor Chemical Storage 1. 4. 3. Ensure that incompatible chemicals are properly Drilling Contractor End of 2nd Quarter 1. Incompatible chemicals shall not be stored near each other. mixing between incompatible materials when However.] 3. 2. Indoor Chemical Storage 1. construct new portable shelters that could contain the remaining flammables and other chemicals that are sensitive to heat and/or water. Consult the materials MSDSs 2011 stored next to or on top of each for this purpose. The gas cylinders are 2. 3. Incompatible chemicals were segregated and stored. Toxic substances (if any) shall be segregated in a well- identified area with local exhaust ventilation. other. 2. If applicable. rearrange the gas cylinders to face north- south and cover/shade the southern side to provide whole day shade for cylinders. Users shall periodically examine chemical containers for integrity. existing shelters. some flammables are offloading shipments. Ensure that all flammables are stored inside the partially/poorly shaded. you may consider dividing the yard into equipped with number of identified and labeled sections. Storage on bench tops or at high levels is not recommended. Most of the facilities are [If applicable.] stored under direct sunray. . Indoor storage of flammable and combustible Drilling End of 2nd Quarter Flammables are stored in wooden materials shall be in approved metal flame resistant Contractors 2011 shelves/cabinets cabinets.

Mujahideen Guards should be trained on H2S hazards. Some operators who handle hazards. faucet with for proper seal and vapor control. . the care and proper use of personal Contractors 2011 hazardous chemicals were protection devices is required. bonding and grounding applying pumps to vacuum chemicals from drums wires for flammables. Mujahideen Guards were not mandatory safety roles.. extension tube and vent valve to pour caustic soda with less splashes (if liquid) or less dusting (if powder). Training on the effects of physical and chemical 1. which may pass availability of some instruments at site. lifting belt or  Appropriate drum lifting and carrying tools. 2. the calibration due dates by a month or two. They protection measure (e. PPE. Some and maintenance of these instrument are maintained and contractors tend to call for gas done before the calibration due dates. found not fully aware of its 2. Training 1.OHHA SAFETY CONCERNS RECOMMENDATIONS RESPONSIBILITY TO BE CLOSED BY Handling of Chemical Containers Provide all necessary and appropriate handling tools Drilling Contractor End of 2nd Quarter including but not limited to: 2011 Absence of appropriate chemical  Safety drum faucets for hazardous liquid pouring. detectors calibration only during rig Calibration shall be made at least in two sets to ensure the movement periods. Saudi Aramco hazards and the recommended emergency evacuation plan and safety measures. should be instructed through the appropriate channels proper handling …) to comply with and adhere to the drilling facility 2. strap to lift plastic drums. container handling tools including  Safety funnels for hazardous liquids pouring but not limited to. Gas Detection System The gas detection system is the first line of defense against Drilling End of 2nd Quarter Inadequate calibration schedules toxic gases and vapors.g. Evidence of compliance emergency evacuation plan and what to do in case of H2S incidental release. lifting  Utilize buttress adapter and vent valve when trolleys. aware of the facility’s 3. users shall ensure that calibration Contractors 2011 for toxic gas detectors. Drilling End of 2nd Quarter 1.

1) Major Drilling End of 2nd Control Point plan not Contractor Quarter 2011 implemented at any of the rigs The operator of each food establishment is required to carry out a food safety risk assessment by developing and implementing an appropriate and effective HACCP (SASC-S- 04. Precautions shall be taken to ensure that food.) Most rigs are not maintaining SASC-S-04-26. or date of disinfection No records or evidence of water Tanks need to be drained.7. inspected. and 3) include monitoring of control procedures to ensure continuing effectiveness. being adequately disinfected  Add . and disinfected Major Drilling End of 2nd tank cleaning every 12 months. concentration of the solution. A vehicle with suitable freezer and chiller must be provided to ensure required temperature of food during transportation and rig move. Records need to be maintained. (SASC-S-01. The operator shall 1) identify any steps in the operation that are critical to food safety.CEHA FINDINGS FINDINGS RECOMMENDATIONS PRIORITY RESPONSIBILITY TO BE CLOSED BY Drinking and raw water are not (SASC-S-01-6) Major Drilling Immediately. Contractor Quarter 2011 4) HACCP-Hazard Analysis Critical (SASC-04.7.1).2 Major Drilling End of 2nd foods at required temperature Contractor Quarter 2011 during rig moves All perishable foods shall be transported in a way that protects food against deterioration. solution. cleaned. particularly cold stored and transport in the same quality and sanitary condition. spoilage or lowering of quality. (NAECU may be contacted for more information.3 Major Drilling End of 2nd .5 mg of chlorine per liter of water Contractor This is a  Max chlorine to not exceed 3.0 ppm significant No records regarding disinfection  Maintain log health hazard. 2) make provision for incorporating adequate safety controls into the operations. Salads not being cleaned correctly SASC-S-04-31.

display cases and similar equipment. the frequency of cleaning.1/2 Major Drilling End of 2nd display counters to protect food  Potentially hazardous foods shall be kept at a temperature Contractor/Cate Quarter 2011 from contamination. as well as other means of protection.4. As far as possible. diner.7. Temperatures not or higher during display and service. Those to be processed raw shall be sanitized in a solution containing 100 milligrams per liter (100 parts per million) residual chlorine with a minimum contact time of 10 minutes. as well as the step-by- step procedure and method required to properly clean and sanitize each item.7/8: A written cleaning schedule shall be drafted Major Drilling End of 2nd and implemented which describes in detail the equipment or Contractor/Cate Quarter 2011 appliance to be cleaned. a single individual shall be assigned to clean. Some rigs lacked chilled/heated SASC-S-04. The temperature of cold and hot foods must be checked and logged to ensure that these units are working properly. No written cleaning programs SASC-S-09. This person should be fully trained in the use of cleaning/sanitizing chemicals and techniques necessary to accomplish this task No litmus paper provided to check Litmus paper must be provided to check the disinfectant Major Drilling End of 2nd . Raw fruits and raw vegetables shall be washed thoroughly Contractor Quarter 2011 before being cooked. or at a temperature of 60°C (140°F) ring Contractor protection. The chemicals and tools to accomplish the task shall be specified. No sneeze of 5°C (41°F) or lower.34. Food on display shall measured or recorded be protected from consumer contamination by the use of easily cleanable. Salads and vegetables must be cleaned and sanitized properly. The Master shall check the effectiveness of the schedule at all areas of the rigs from the kitchen. and the ring Contractor procedure to be followed. clinics and through to communal recreation areas and worksites. counter-protector devices.  Proper Bain Maries and cold display counters must be provided to ensure that all potentially hazardous foods are maintained at required temperatures. This should be his primary duty.

2) changed between patients unless roll paper is used. Only licensed medical staff Or use roll paper for examination shall be employed. table No dishwasher was provided and SASC-S-04 Minor Drilling End of 2nd the utensils were not being Either a dishwasher must be provided or a 3 compartment sink Contractor/Cate Quarter 2011 cleaned and sanitized properly. including examination tables and chairs shall Proper bedding procedures not be easily cleanable. by continuously cooking from the frozen state until the food is thoroughly cooked. place the frozen food in a refrigerator operating at a temperature of 5°C (41°F) or less. (This refers to frozen food items. Regulated Blankets.e. Thaw food in a microwave oven and immediately transfer to regular cooking units as part of a continuous cooking process. This is unacceptable practice and it may lead to ring Contractor food poisoning. sheets. pillowcases not medical waste shall be segregated from the general waste changed between patients stream at the point of generation. Contractor/Cate Quarter 2011 ring Contractor Frozen chicken being defrosted at SASC-S-04-31. b. which. Thaw food in a microwave oven when the entire uninterrupted cooking process takes place in the microwave oven. system.5. c.6 Major Drilling End of 2nd room temperature Frozen chickens and meat were found to be defrosted at room Contractor/Cate Quarter 2011 temperature. Cloth sheets and pillowcases shall be followed (SASC-S-10-2. As part of the continuous uninterrupted regular cooking process. may be cooked directly from frozen). according to manufacturer’s instructions. d. Lack of written policy/procedures SASC-S-10 and SASC-S-10-2.2 Major Drilling End of 2nd particularly for patients requiring Written policies and procedures shall be developed and Contractor Quarter 2011 isolation or blood spill implemented for the following: Examination and Treatment rooms: furniture. Approximately 24 to 48 hours in advance of planned cooking time. i.concentration of sanitizer solution solution and ensure the proper dose is being maintained. as per the Saudi Aramco Sanitary Code needs to be ring Contractor .5. Food must be placed in proper trays and one of the following defrosting methods should be followed: a.

4) Damaged Kitchen Work Surfaces Repair or replace damaged kitchen and improve the Minor Catering End of 2nd preventive maintenance program. both inside and outside of the ng Contractor inside the dining and kitchen camp. No Color-Coded System A color-coding system should be provided and implemented Minor Catering End of 2nd correctly to prevent contamination of ‘clean-purpose boards’ Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 from ‘unclean-purpose boards’ i. both inside and outside of the ng Contractor . salad vs. Flies noted and propagation of vermin. inspecting and Minor Catering End of 2nd the main entrance door at the exterminating. using proper detergent and sanitizer are required. Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 growth noted. meat. kitchens and the gap between the threshold and doors must be sealed. ng Contractor Cockroaches noted in the kitchens. (SASC-S-04-31. Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 ng Contractor The cabinets underneath toilet Replace or repair of broken cabinets. Improve the preventive maintenance program. Flying insects fan must be fixed at the main doors to the facilities. Rags were being used to clean Single use paper towels must be provided and used to prevent Minor Catering End of 2nd food contact services in both cross contamination. shall be used to minimize the entry. such as excluding. Effective measures. implemented. may be used for cleaning non food contact surfaces provided ng Contractor they are stored in a solution containing 100 parts per million (ppm) free chlorine residual between each use (8 ml liquid bleach (Clorox) per a gallon of water will provide the required strength chlorine solution) Vegetables and fruits were stored Such items must be stored in food grade bags and kept in Minor Catering End of 2nd in the chillers in rotten cartons. If no color ng Contractor cutting boards could be found in the market. then boards should be identified by marks at corners. such as excluding.e. impervious and easily cleanable plastic trays. shall be used to minimize the entry. inspecting and Minor Catering End of 2nd exterminating. Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 ng Contractor No hot water in the kitchen sink Provide hot and cold water via combination fixture to ensure Minor Catering End of 2nd proper cleaning and sanitizing of the food utensils and Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 equipment. presence Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 and propagation of vermin. presence Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 junior staff diner. Sponges and similar multiple use cloths Contractor/Drilli Quarter 2011 kitchens. Regular thorough Minor Catering End of 2nd sinks were broken and algae cleaning. ng Contractor No fly curtains were provided to Effective measures.

cleaning of hard to reach areas and proper storage practices must be considered to minimize the harborages and food for the insects must considered. Closing of all openings/cracks. Regular treatment by Experienced Pest Control personnel who are fully familiar with using chemical must be carried out. .kitchen.