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Global Designing Cities Initiative

,
NACTO Designing Cities Conference, Austin, October 2015 Skye Duncan
skye@nacto.org
Global Street Design Guide // Preview @GlobalStreets
September  2014  announced:  
2015-­‐2019  
$125  Million  to  Global  Road  Safety  
1.25 million
traffic fatalities
annually
Global  Leading  Causes  of  Death  
Today       2030      
Rank  Disease/Injury     Rank  Disease/Injury    
1  Heart  Disease     1  Heart  Disease    
2  Stroke     2  Stroke    
3  Respiratory  InfecIon     3  Pulmonary  Disease    
4  Pulmonary  Disease     4  Respiratory  InfecIon    
5  Diarrhoeal  Disease     5  Diabetes    
6  HIV/AIDS     6  Throat/Lung  Cancer    
7  Throat/Lung  Cancer     7  Traffic  Injuries    
8  Diabetes     8  HIV/AIDS    
9  Traffic  Injuries     9  Diarrhoeal  Disease    
10  Hypertension     10  Hypertension    

Source:  WHO  Global  Road  Safety  Report
Auckland,  New  Zealand  
Prague,  Czech  Republic  
Sydney, Australia
Amsterdam,  Netherlands  
London,  United  Kingdom  
Buenos  Aires,  ArgenIna  
Mexico  City,  Mexico  
Glasgow,  Scotland  
Barcelona, Spain
Prishtina, Kosovo
Urban
Bikeway
Design
Guide
National Association of
City Transportation Officials

Second Edition
Transport for London

Improving walkability
Good practice guidance on improving pedestrian
conditions as part of development opportunities

September 2005
Global  Expert  Network   70  ciIes  from  40  counIes  
What  Is  Possible  
A  New  Approach  to  Street  
UsersDesign  
Identify people who use a street
Context
Examine how the context of a
today and quantify when and how street defines the physical scale
they use it. Determine the desired and character of the space. Look
breakdown of users for future at how the surrounding land uses,

Users
street conditions and ensure
that a design meets the needs of
Contextdensities, and larger network
influence mobility patterns and
everyone. how the street is used.

Street Design

Desired Outcomes
Desired
•  Health Outcome
and Safety
Urban streets should serve the demands of more
access. Instead, it •  people
Livability
than they doand Quality
today. They of Life
must be designed
to support the myriad challenges cities will face
ch based on local context, and •  Multi-modal
should Access
achieve desired outcomes in the
users, and larger social, following areas.
nmental goals.
•  Environmental Sustainability
•  Health
› Public Economicand Safety Benefits
› Mobility and Access for All
lustrate three different •  Equity
› Livability and Quality of Life
ze, function, and context. › Environmental Sustainability
and conditions common
USERS  
Streets  Users  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  -­‐  Pedestrians  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  -­‐  Cyclists  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  –  CollecIve  Transport  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  –  Personal  Motor  Vehicles  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  –  Moving  Goods  &  City  Services  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  -­‐  Business  

NEW IMAGE
Streets  Users  –  User  Comparison    
Relative Scale Average Distances / 10 mins

2.4 km

and should be considered with regard to transit access, 3.3 km
0.8 km

4.2 km
Streets  Users  –  User  Comparison    

Space to move
50 people
Streets  Users  –  User  Comparison    

How many people can fit
in the same area?
Pedestrians  
Speed, Variations and Dimensions
Pedestrians  
Key Network Considerations
 
•  ConnecIvity  
•  Safety  
•  Permeability  
•  Choice  
•  Human  Scale  and  Complexity  
•  Key  DesInaIons  
•  Variety  of  Users  
•  Volume  of  Users  
•  Green  Corridors  
•  Character  and  IdenIty  
 
Pedestrians  
Geometry

Residential Residential Neighborhood Medium Large
Residential Neighborhood
Ribbon Sidewalk Main Street 1 Commercial Commercial
Sidewalk Main Street 2
Sidewalks with Trees Sidewalks Sidewalks
Pedestrians  
Elements

Sidewalks* Pedestrian Pedestrian Refuge Curb Extensions*
Crossings* Islands*

Pedestrian
Signage and Countdown
Accessibility Vision-Impaired
Wayfinding Signals + Clocks
Ramps Guidance

Lighting Seating Water Weather
Fountains Protection

Active Trees and
Waste
Curbs Building Landscaping
Receptacles
Edges
Pedestrians  
Elements: Sidewalks

Frontage Zone Clear Path Street Furniture/Curb Zone Enhancement/
Buffer Zone
Pedestrians  
Elements: Pedestrian Crossings
Pedestrians  
Elements: Raised Crossings
Pedestrians  
Further Guidance

Designing with Existing Utilities Designing with Existing Trees
Cyclists  
Speed, Variations and Dimensions

Cycles Tricycles, Cycle-Rickshaw, & Pedicabs. Cargo-bikes & Cycle Trucks
Cyclists  
Key Network Considerations
 
•  Safe  
•  Connected  and  ConInuous  
•  Comprehensive  Coverage  
•  Direct  
•  Key  DesInaIons  
•  Sight  lines  
•  Comfort  and  Quality  
•  Signage  and  CommunicaIon  
 
Cyclists  
Geometry

Buffered Curbside Parking Raised Cycle Cycle Street Greenway
Conventional
Cycle Lane Cycle Lane Buffered Protected Track
Cycle Lane Cycle Track
Cyclists  
Elements

Elements

Cycle Cycle Cycle At-grade Advanced Two-stage Corner
Racks Parking Parking marked Stop Boxes Turn Queue Refuge
Corral Structures Buffers Box Islands

Planted Concrete Traffic Wayfinding Cycle Cycle Cycle Bridges
Buffer Buffer Diverters Signals Share &
Stations Underpasses
Cyclists  
Further Guidance

Cycles at Transit Stops Protected Cycle Intersections
Cyclists  
Cycle Share
Station Coverage and Size Station Location
CONTEXT  
Local  Culture  &  Character  
Street  AcIvity  
Building  Edges  
Street  Scale  &  Width  
Block  Size  
DesInaIons  
 
Mix   of  Uses  
 Density  

Network  &  Hierarchy  
Natural  Environment  
Mode  Share  
 
STREETS  
Streets  

Pedestrian   Shared   Neighborhood   Large    
Special  CondiIons Special  
Shared  
Priority  Streets   S treets   Streets   Streets   Streets   CondiIons  

8.
Streets  in  Context  
Neighborhood  Main  Street  
Neighborhood  Main  Street  
ResidenIal  Streets  
ResidenIal  Streets  
Grand  Streets  
Grand  Streets  
Shared  Streets  in  Commercial  Areas  
Shared  Streets  in  Commercial  Areas  
Shared  Streets  in  ResidenIal  Areas  
Shared  Streets  in  ResidenIal  Areas  
Streets  with  Elevated  Structures  
Streets  with  Elevated  Structures  
Context  1:    
Neighborhood  Main  Street  

NEW IMAGE
Context  2:    
Central  Two-­‐way  Street  
Context  3:    
Transit  Mall  
Global  Case  Studies  
Global  Case  Studies  
Grand Streets: Avenida 9 de Julio, Buenos Aires, Argentina  

NEW IMAGE

Credit: City of Buenos Aires
Global  Case  Studies  
Grand Streets: Avenida 9 de Julio, Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Global  Case  Studies  
Grand Streets: Avenida 9 de Julio, Buenos Aires, Argentina  

Credit: City of Buenos Aires
Global  Case  Studies  
Neighborhood Main Streets: St. Mark’s Road, Bangalore, India  

Credit: Jana Urban Space
Global  Case  Studies  
Neighborhood Main Streets: St. Mark’s Road, Bangalore, India  
Global  Case  Studies  
Neighborhood Main Streets: St. Mark’s Road, Bangalore, India  

Credit: Jana Urban Space
Global  Case  Studies  
Share Streets: Fort Street, Auckland, New Zealand  

Credit: Auckland City Council
Global  Case  Studies  
Share Streets: Fort Street, Auckland, New Zealand  
Global  Case  Studies  
Share Streets: Fort Street, Auckland, New Zealand  

Credit: Auckland City Council
Melbourne,  
Australia    
Swanston  St  
Richard  Smithers  
Stockholm,  
Sweden    
Gotgatan      
Daniel  Firth  
METRICS  
Before  &  AMer  

Project  Site   Use  &  AcIvity   Outcomes  
CondiIons  
Pedestrian  
•  Context  
Priority   Streets   •  Counts  by  user   •  Road  Safety  
•  Scale  &  size   •  Variety  of  acIviIes   •  MulI-­‐modal  
•  FaciliIes  by  user   •  Use  at  different   Mobility  &  access  
•  Signals  &  Signs   Imes  of  the  day  &   •  Speed  
•  Surface  Quality   night   •  User  saIsfacIon  
•  Landscape   •  Travel  &  wait  Imes   •  Air  Quality  
•  Artwork   •  Commercial  acIvity   •  Urban  Heat  Island  
•  Noise   •  …..etc   Effect  
•  Air  Quality   •  Storm  water  treated  
•  …….etc   •  ….etc  
HOW  DO  WE  MEASURE  SUCCESS?  
Mobility-­‐Automobile  Safety   Mobility-­‐Automobile  Safety   Mobility-­‐Automobile  Safety  

Mobility-­‐Automobile  Safety   Mobility-­‐Automobile  Safety   Mobility-­‐Automobile  Safety  

THEN  
HOW  DO  WE  MEASURE  SUCCESS?  
Access/Mobility  (MulI-­‐modal)   Public  Health  +  Safety   Economy  

Environmental  Quality     Livability/  Quality  of  Life   Equity  

NOW  
APPLYING THE TOOLS
ACCRA, GHANA
Existing Street
Existing Street

Remove Cars, Allow
Limited Loading

Temporary Surface
Treatment
Temporary Street Closure

Remove Cars. Allow
Limited Loading

Temporary Surface
Treatment
Temporary Street Closure
Temporary Street Closure

Loading at
Trees to add Limited Hours
Shade

New Paving
Permanent Street Closure

Loading at
Trees to add Limited Hours
Shade

New Paving
Permanent Street Closure
BANDUNG, INDONESIA
Remove
Pedestrian
Bridge
Remove
Pedestrian
Bridge
Add At-grade
pedestrian
crossing
Add At-grade
pedestrian
crossing
Widen
Sidewalks
Widen
Sidewalks
Exchange
space for
private vehicles
for cycles and
public transport
Exchange
space for
private vehicles
for cycles and
public transport
growingCities
quickly,
areand their quickly,
growing streets and theirTransportation
streets decisions made todaydecisions
Transportation will impact the today will impact the
made Cities face a decision Cities
every time
face they investevery
a decision in Designing
time they invest in urban streets to minimize
Designing urbanauto–dependency
streets to minimize auto–de

Changing  Streets,  C   hanging  the  World  
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are changing. local the world, localdevelopment of cities,development
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can become more car–oriented, and promotealternatives can help alternatives c
safe, sustainable
people, their social equity andtheir
people, stability,
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Available  early  2016  

PRE-­‐ORDER  TODAY  
www.globaldesigningciIes.org  

Skye  Duncan  
  Designing  
Director,  Global     C   iSes  I  niSaSve
       
skye@nacto.org  
 
 

@GlobalStreets