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HeartCode BLS

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1. emphasis on high-quality CPR 100 18. what is the first step when using an AED turn it on.
compression rate of at least after the victim is secured?
___ per minute.
19. the AED will _____ shock, charges itself, advise, the
2. depth of compressions for 2 inches prompts that everyone is clear and prompts shock button
children to adult rescuers to press ___ _____ ____.
3. depth of compression for 1/3 of anterior/posterior 20. resucers immediately resume CPR with no shock is
infants diameter of chest. 1 1/2" chest compression if ___ ___ _ ___ or after a needed
shock is delivered.
4. compressions should be 10 seconds of recognition of
started what time limit? cardiac arrest. 21. compression-to-breaths ratio for 2-rescuer 15:2
child CPR is __ compression to __ breaths.
5. what are the signs of cardiac victim is unresponsive/not
arrest? breathing/ineffective 22. compression to breath ratio for lone rescuer 30:2
breathing child CPR is __ compressions to __ breaths.
6. time frame to start cpr once 10 seconds. 23. an infant;s central pulse (located at the inside, elbow,
suspect of cardia arrest? brachial artery) you must palpate the ___ of shoulder
the upper arm between the ___ and the ____.
7. you should take no longer 10, pulse
than___ seconds to check for 24. depth of compression for the infant is ___the 1/3, 1 1/2", or
a _______. depth of chest or ___ inches. or __cm. 4cm
8. what is the first rescuer to do check for safety. 25. what compression technique should be used 2 thumb
upon arriving at the scene? for 2 rescuer infant CPR? compressions
with hands
9. lone rescuer compression- 30 compressions to 2
ventilation ratio of _________ to ventilations
26. effective rescue breathing is assessed by watching the
10. explain hand placement for the heel of on hand should
chest rise
chest compressions be placed on the center of
the chest on the lower half 27. use an AED with adult pads for a child and no child
of the breastbone. infant if __ ___ ___ or ___ ____are available pads,
11. when compressions are of the blood flow
appropriate depth it
creates___ ____ to the body. 28. when an advanced airway is in place the 100,without.
rescuers continue compressions at ___ per 6,8, 8,10
12. _____ allows the heart to refill chest recoil
minute _____ pauses. breaths are given every
with blood and is necessary
___ to ___ seconds or ___ to ___ breaths per
for chest compressions to
create blood flow
29. in order to five mouth to mouth breaths the open, seal ,
13. do not move the victim while dangerous environment
rescuer should ___ airway, ___ mouth over pinch,rise
CPR is in progress unless the
victims mouth, ___ victims nose closed and
victim is in a ________ ________.
delivers 2 breaths watching for the chest to
14. the ____ ______ ventilation bag mask ___.
technique is not
30. when victim has a pulse but is not breathing two breaths,
recommended for a lone
effectively, than give __ ___ with___ chest out
rescuer during CPR
15. avoiding excessive ventilation gastric inflation
31. adults require ___ breath every ___ to ___ 1,5,6,1,3,5
also avoids _____ _____.
seconds while infants and children require
16. during 2 rescuer adult CPR, 5 __ breath every __ to ___ seconds for rescue
rescuers switch duties after __ breathing.
cycles. (or 2 minutes)
32. infants and children who do not have compression,
17. the second rescuer's' job is to maintain, breaths effective breathing and a pulse <60/min. ventillation
_________ an open airway and show signs of poor perfusion. start ___ and
to five _____. ______ immediately.
33. if a choking victim becomes activate,emergency 40. 6 steps of start compressions within 10 seconds of
unresponsive______ the ____ _____ response system, critical recognition of cardiac arrest.
_____ and begin with ____ ____ do ___ chest concepts push hard and fast: compress at rate of
check for a ____. compressions,NOT, 100/min.
pulse depth of at least 2" (5cm) for child/adult 1
1/2 (4cm) for infants
34. adults/children/infants who exhibit CPR
allow complete chest recoil
no signs of effective breathing and
limit compression interruptions to less than
no pulse need ___ immediately.
10 seconds
35. choking infants give ___ ____ slaps, 5 back,5 thrusts.
41. explain chest compression
and ___ chest ____.
sequence airway
36. after AED shocks, _____ begin ____ immediately, chest breathing
________. compressions C-A-B
37. they're unresponsive, with no neck tilting, chin lift 42. explain the if the victim is unresponsive, not breathing,
injury, you want to open air way by continued de- or only gasping, healthcare providers may
____ head with ___ ____ method emphasis of take up to 10 seconds to attempt to feel for
38. explain the ADULT chain of survival recognition: of the pulse a pulse (brachial for infant, carotid or
cardiac arrest check femoral for child)
activation: of then if you don't find it start chest
emergency response compressions
system 43. AED for not recommended. use manual defribulator.
CPR: infants if one not available use AED pediatric dose
cardiopulmonary attenuator, otherwise use AED without
resuscitation pediatric as last resort.
w/emphasis on chest
44. C-A-B-D Chest compressions
defribrillation: rapid
advanced life
support: ambulance
etc. 45. 4 steps BLS assess: palpate carotid
post-cardiac arrest activate: EMS, get AED
care check pulse
10 sec. rule: C-A-B sequence
39. explain the pediatric chain of prevention: of arrest
survival bystander CPR: early 46. chest put heel of one hand on the center of the
high quality compression victim's chest on the lower half of the
bystander CPR technique breastbone
activation: rapid
47. deliver 100/min.
activation of the EMS
advanced life
at a rate of
support: abulance
etc. 48. chest recoils blood to flow into the heart and is
post-cardiac arrest allows for necessary for chest compressions to create
care what blood flow. these compressions recoils
function? should be equal
49. try to place hard
victim onto a
_____ surface if
it is safe to
move him
50. moving victim in a dangerous environment ( such as
only when burning vehicle)
necessary like if you can not perform CPR effectively in
if they are the position or location he is currently in
51. mouth to mask lone rescuer is at the victims side to 62. what method of air if no bag mouth to mouth and nose
breaths perform compressions and breath. tilt chin is available for child CPR head tilt-chin lift keep the
lift deliver breath for over 1 second until airway open.
chest rises
63. what method is used when a rescuers should give breaths
30:2 x 5 cycles
victim has a pulse but not without compressions
52. bag mask not recommended by lone rescuer. breathing adults: every 5-6 seconds:10-
device 12/min.
infants and children: every 3-
53. duties for 2 rescuer 1: at victims side 30:2 compressions
5 seconds 12-20/min.
rescuer rescuer 2: maintain open airways
head tilt-chin lift 64. choking victim activate EMS
jaw thrust lower the victim to the
give breaths watching for chest to rise ground begin CPR starting
avoiding excessive ventilation with compressions.C-A-B
switch duties every 5 cycles or about 2 min. sequence.
54. AED step 1. power on the AED
check airway for object.
2. attach
3. "clear" analyze 65. choking in a RESPONSIVE kneel or sit with infant in your
4. shock if AED advises it infant lap.lay across your forearm
5. if no shock is needed IMMEDIATELY faced down 5 back slaps flip
resume CPR compressions faced up and do 5 chest
6. after 5 cycles / 2 min. of CPR compressions
repeat process when advised
66. When they are available, the True
55. child BLS the lone rescuer should use the universal rescuer should use child
compression-ventilllation ratio of 30:2 pads with a pediatric dose
attenuator for infants and
56. 2 rescuer child compression to breath ratio 15:2
children less than 8 years of
57. infant/child one rescuer: 30:2 two rescuer: 15:2 True or False?
58. infant child place 2 or 3 fingers on the inside of the 67. Adult AED pads should False
steps of action upper arm, between the infant's elbow and never be used on an infant. Adult AED pads may be used
shoulder True or False? on an infant if pediatric pads
press the index and middle fingers gently with a dose attenuator or
on the inside of the upper arm for at least manual defibrillator is not
5-10 sec. available
single rescuer 30:2 x 5 cycles 2 fingers
68. Adult AED pads deliver a True
centered below the nipple line.
higher shock dose, but a Although adult pads deliver a
compressions of 4cm (1 1/2" deep) 100/min.
higher shock dose is higher shock dose, a higher
if pulse <60
preferred to no shock for shock dose rather than no
59. infant BLS : 2 this is a 2 rescuer chest compression for infants and children less shock is preferred for infants
thumb infants on lower half of the breast bone. than 8 years of age. and children less than 8 years
encircling 15:2 use head-tilt chin lift method True or False? of age.
technique switch roles every 2 minutes or 5 cycles.
69. It is acceptable for AED False
60. advanced compressions 100/min without pauses for pads to touch or overlap It is important to place the
airway breaths each other when applied to AED pads so that they do not
1 breath every 6-8 seconds 8-10 the victim's bare chest. touch or overlap each other.
breath/min. no breaks on chest True or False
61. breaths to air to enter the stomach causing gastric
quickly or too inflation
much force can
70. Your adult friend Pinch the nose closed and seal your 74. When an advanced False
suddenly collapses lips around his mouth before airway is in place, the The compression rate when an
at home, and you delivering a breath rescuer should advanced airway is in place should
determine that he compress at a rate of remain at 100 to 120/min, with no
needs CPR. You To deliver mouth-to-mouth breaths, 90 to 100/min. pause to deliver breaths.
begin CPR, starting after opening the victim's airway with True or False?
with chest a head tilt-chin lift, pinch the nose
75. A rescuer should give True
compressions, and closed with the thumb and index
breaths at the rate of During 2-rescuer CPR for an adult
are about to deliver finger. Next, take a regular (not deep)
1 breath every 6 when an advanced airway is in
breaths by using the breath, and seal the lips around the
seconds during 2- place, the rescuer does not stop
mouth-to-mouth victim's mouth, creating an airtight
rescuer CPR for an compressions to give breaths. The
technique. You open seal. Then deliver 1 breath over 1
adult when an rescuer gives 1 breath every 6
your friend's airway second, watching for the chest to rise.
advanced airway is in seconds, which results in 10 breaths
with a head tilt-chin
place. per minute.
lift. Which action
True or False?
should you do next?
76. A rescuer arrives at Give 1 breath every 5 to 6 seconds
71. An infant is Repeat the head tilt-chin lift and try to
the side of an adult
unresponsive and give a breath that makes the chest
victim and suspects For a suspected opioid-associated
not breathing but rise
an opioid-associated life-threatening emergency in a
has a strong pulse.
life-threatening victim who is unresponsive and not
Emergency medical To deliver breaths by using the
emergency. The breathing normally but does have a
services has been mouth-to-mouth-and-nose technique,
victim is unresponsive pulse, the rescuer should give 1
notified. There is no maintain a head tilt-chin lift to keep
and not breathing breath every 5 to 6 seconds in an
barrier device the airway open. Then, place your
normally but has a adult, and every 3 to 5 seconds in a
readily available. mouth over the infant's mouth and
pulse. Which action child or infant. Then, if local
When attempting to nose and create an airtight seal, and
should the rescuer do protocol allows, the rescuer may
deliver breaths by blow into the infant's nose and mouth
next? give naloxone. But the rescuer
using the mouth-to- (pausing to inhale between breaths),
should not delay breaths to give
mouth-and-nose just enough to make the chest rise
technique, the with each breath. If the chest does
rescuer notices that not rise, repeat the head tilt-chin lift 77. A rescuer has Provide high-quality CPR and use
the chest does not to reopen the airway, and try to give a determined that the the AED as soon as it is available
rise. What would be breath that makes the chest rise. It victim suspected of
the most may be necessary to move the infant's having an opioid- For a suspected opioid-associated
appropriate next head through a range of positions to associated life- life-threatening emergency in a
step? provide effective breaths. When the threatening victim who is unresponsive, is not
airway is open, give breaths that make emergency is breathing normally, and has no
the chest rise. unresponsive, is not pulse, the rescuer should provide
breathing normally, high-quality CPR and use the AED
72. Rescue breathing is True
and has no pulse. as soon as it is available. Then, if
providing breaths to If a victim has a pulse but isn't
Which action should local protocol allows, the rescuer
a victim who has a breathing, rescuers should deliver
the rescuer do next? may give naloxone after starting
pulse but is not breaths without chest compressions.
breathing. This is known as rescue breathing.
True or False? 78. When delivering back True
slaps to an infant who The rescuer should deliver up to 5
73. For an unresponsive False
is choking, the back slaps forcefully between the
child who has a For rescue breathing given to infants
rescuer should use infant's shoulder blades, using the
pulse but is not and children, give 1 breath every 3 to
the heel of the hand heel of the hand, delivering each
breathing, deliver 1 5 seconds, or about 12 to 20 breaths
and forcefully deliver slap with enough force to attempt to
breath every 6 per minute.
the slap between the remove the obstruction. For choking
infant's shoulder relief in an infant, the sequence of
True or False?
blades up to 5 back slaps and up to 5 chest
True or False? thrusts is repeated until the object is
removed or the infant becomes
79. In an infant who is choking, False
chest thrusts are delivered in While keeping the infant's head lower than the chest, the rescuer should deliver up to 5 quick,
the middle of the chest, over downward chest thrusts in the same location as for chest compressions, just below the nipple line,
the upper half of the over the lower half of the breastbone. For choking relief in an infant, the sequence of up to 5 back
breastbone. slaps and up to 5 chest thrusts is repeated until the object is removed or the infant becomes
True or False? unresponsive.