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Salma Halimah

02511540000110

TUGAS 1 POLIMER
14.1 On the basis of the structures presented in this chapter, sketch repeat unit structures for
the following polymers: (a) polychlorotrifluoroethylene, and (b) poly (vinyl alcohol).

(a) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene

(b) Poly(vinyl alcohol)

14.2 Compute repeat unit molecular weights for the following: (a) polytetrafluoroethylene,
(b) poly (methyl methacrylate), (c) nylon 6,6, and (d) poly (ethylene terephthalate).

(a) Untuk polytetrafluoroethylene (C2F4)n, struktur kimianya terdiri dari 2 carbon dan 4
fluorines
Jika AC dan AF merupakan berat atomic carbon dan fluorine, maka:
m = 2(AC) + 4(AF)
𝑔 𝑔
= (2)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (4)(19.00 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝑔
= 100.02 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙

(b) Untuk poly(methyl methacrylate) (C5O2H8)n, struktur kimianya terdiri dari 5 carbon 8
hidriogen dan 2 oksigen, maka:
m = 5(AC) + 8(AH) + 2(AO)
𝑔 𝑔 𝑔
= (5)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (8)(1.008 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (2)(16.00 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 )
𝑔
= 100.11 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙

(c) Untuk nylon 6,6 (C12H22N2O2)n, struktur kimianya terdiri dari 12 carbon 22 hidrogen 2
nitrogen dan 2 oksigen, maka:

m = 12(AC) + 22(AH) + 2(AN) + 2(AO)


𝑔 𝑔 𝑔 𝑔
= (12)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (22)(1.008 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (2)(14.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (2)(16.00 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 )
𝑔
= 226.32 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙

(d) Untuk poly(ethylene terephthalate) (C10H8O4)n, struktur kimianya terdiri dari 10 carbon 8
hidrogen dan 4 oksigen, maka:
m = 10(AC) + 8(AH) + 4(AO)
𝑔 𝑔 𝑔
= (10)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (8)(1.008 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (4)(16.00 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 )

𝑔
= 192.16 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙

14.3 The number-average molecular weight of a polystyrene is 500,000 g/mol. Compute the
degree of polymerization.

m = 8(AC) + 8(AH)
𝑔 𝑔
= (8)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (8)(1.008 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 )
𝑔
= 104.14 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙
Derajat polimerisasinya adalah :
𝑀𝑛
𝐷𝑃 =
𝑚
500000
𝐷𝑃 =
104.14
𝐷𝑃 = 4800

14.4 (a) Compute the repeat unit molecular weight of polypropylene. (b) Compute the
number-average molecular weight for a polypropylene for which the degree of
polymerization is 15,000

(a)Berat molekular polypropylene.


Polypropylene,struktur kimianya terdiri dari 3 karbon dan 6 hidrogen, maka :
m = 3(AC) + 6(AH)
𝑔 𝑔
= (3)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (6)(1.008 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 )
𝑔
= 42.08 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙
(b) Number average molekular weight dari polypropylene dengan derajar polimerisasi 15,000,
adalah
𝑀̅𝑛 = 𝐷𝑃 × 𝑚

̅𝑛 = 15000 × 42.09 𝑔⁄
𝑀 𝑚𝑜𝑙
̅𝑛 = 631350 𝑔⁄
𝑀 𝑚𝑜𝑙
14.5 Below, molecular weight data for a polytetrafluoroethylene material are tabulated.
Compute (a) the number-average molecular weight, (b) the weight-average molecular
weight,and (c) the degree of polymerization

(a) Dari tabel dapat diketahui M n


Molecular wt
Range Mean Mi xi xiMi
10,000-20,000 15,000 0.03 450
20,000-30,000 25,000 0.09 2250
30,000-40,000 35,000 0.15 5250
40,000-50,000 45,000 0.25 11,250
50,000-60,000 55,000 0.22 12,100
60,000-70,000 65,000 0.14 9100
70,000-80,000 75,000 0.08 6000
80,000-90,000 85,000 0.04 3400

̅𝑛 = ∑ 𝑥𝑖 𝑀𝑖
𝑀

̅𝑛 = (0.03 × 15000) + (0.09 × 25000) + (0.15 × 35000) + (0.25 × 45000)


𝑀
+ (0.22 × 55000) + (0.14 × 65000) + (0.08 × 75000) + (0.04 × 85000)

̅𝑛 = 49800 𝑔⁄
𝑀 𝑚𝑜𝑙

(b) Dari tabel dapat diketahui M w,


Molecular wt.
Range Mean Mi wi wiMi
10,000-20,000 15,000 0.01 150
20,000-30,000 25,000 0.04 1000
30,000-40,000 35,000 0.11 3850
40,000-50,000 45,000 0.23 10,350
50,000-60,000 55,000 0.24 13,200
60,000-70,000 65,000 0.18 11,700
70,000-80,000 75,000 0.12 9000
80,000-90,000 85,000 0.07 5950

̅𝑤 = ∑ 𝑤𝑖 𝑀𝑖
𝑀

̅𝑛 = (0.01 × 15000) + (0.04 × 25000) + (0.11 × 35000) + (0.23 × 45000)


𝑀
+ (0.24 × 55000) + (0.18 × 65000) + (0.12 × 75000) + (0.07 × 85000)

̅𝑛 = 55200 𝑔⁄
𝑀 𝑚𝑜𝑙
(c) Derajat polimerisasinya adalah sebagai berikut :
m = 2(AC) + 4(AF)
𝑔 𝑔
= (2)(12.01 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 ) + (4)(19.00 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙 )
𝑔
= 100.02 ⁄𝑚𝑜𝑙

𝑀𝑛
𝐷𝑃 =
𝑚
49800
𝐷𝑃 =
100.02
𝐷𝑃 = 498