You are on page 1of 4

3/21/2018 Diamond DA40 - Wikipedia

Diamond DA40
The Diamond DA40 Star is an Austrian four-seat, single engine, light aircraft constructed from composite materials.
DA40 Diamond Star
Built in both Austria and Canada, it was developed as a four-seat version of the earlier DA20 by Diamond Aircraft
Industries.

Contents
Design and development
Operational history
Variants
Operators
Civil Role Light aircraft
Military
Manufacturer Diamond Aircraft Industries
Specifications (2007 model Diamond DA40 XL Diamond Star)
First flight 5 November 1997
See also
Status In production
References
Produced 1997-present
External links
Unit cost $420,000 DA-40XLT (2013
price)[1]

Design and development Developed from Diamond DA20

Based on the success of the earlier DV20/DA20 two-seat aircraft, the company designed a four-seat variant, the DA40. The DA40
is a four-seat low-wing cantilever monoplane made from composite materials. It has a fixed tricycle landing gear and a T-tail. The
Rotax 914-powered prototype DA40-V1, registered OE-VPC, first flew on the 5 November 1997 and was followed by a second
prototype DA40-V2 (registered OE-VPE) which was powered by a Continental IO-240. In 1998 a third prototype DA40-V3 flew
powered by a Lycoming IO-360 engine. Four more test aircraft were produced followed by the first production aircraft in 2000.
JAR23 certification of the IO-360 production variant was obtained in October 2000. In 2002 the production of the Lycoming-
engined variant was moved to Canada and the Austrian factory concentrated on diesel-engined variants.

The DA40 has officially appeared in only three versions, the DA 40, DA 40D and DA 40F, as documented on its type certificates. Diamond Star DA40-TDI diesel
powered model
The various model names that the aircraft has been sold under are marketing names and are not officially recognized by the
authorities that have certified the aircraft.[2][3]

The DA40 was initially marketed as the DA40-180, powered by a fuel injected Textron Lycoming IO-360 M1A engine.[2][3]

In late 2006, the XL and FP models replaced the DA40-180. The FP replaced the fixed pitch propeller version of the 180 and the
XL replaced the constant speed propeller version. The major difference between the new models and the 180 is the higher
maximum cruise speeds. The DA40-XL is approximately four knots faster than the preceding DA40-180/G1000 with the two-blade
Hartzell propeller and the "Speed Gear" option. The XL's speed increase is mostly due to the Powerflow exhaust system.

The DA40-XL has a constant speed propeller and is powered by a 180 hp (130 kW) Lycoming IO-360-M1A fuel injected engine. It
has a maximum cruise speed of 147 knots, burning 9.2 gallons of Avgas per hour. Its maximum takeoff weight is 2,535 lb
Diamond Star DA40 FP Fixed Pitch
(1,150 kg).[4]
variant
The DA40-F (marketed as the "FP") has a fixed pitch propeller, a 180 hp (130 kW) Lycoming O-360-A4M engine, which has a
carburettor rather than fuel injection and a more basic interior, but is otherwise similar to the XL.[2][3]

The DA40-TDI uses a Thielert "Centurion" 135 hp (101 kW) diesel engine and burns diesel or jet fuel. It has a constant speed
propeller and FADEC (single lever) engine control. The first flight of the DA40D was made on Nov. 28, 2002. This model is not
certified in the US.[2][3][5]

Efforts to increase the DA40's cruising speed centered on the propeller and wheel spats. The wheel fairing streamlining was
improved, a three-blade scimitar-type constant speed propeller was incorporated and the Powerflow exhaust system from the XL
was retained. The canopy contour was also revised, with the sides being more vertical before curving into the roof, which provides
more shoulder and head room.
Diamond Star DA40-180 instrument
panel showing the G1000 glass
In the last half of 2007 the company updated the DA40 line by introducing the XLS and CS versions and eliminated the FP model.
cockpit installation
The XLS is the deluxe version, with the integration of some options into the standard offering including a Powerflow tuned
exhaust, WAAS-capable G1000, GDL69 datalink, and TAS traffic alert system. The CS is the budget version, with fewer standard
features.[6]

Both CS and XLS versions of the DA40 use the Lycoming IO-360-M1A fuel injected engine. The major difference is the choice of
propeller, with the CS using a Hartzell two-blade aluminum constant speed prop and the XLS using an MT composite three-blade
unit.[2][3]

Pilot and passengers enter the DA40 via the leading edge of the wing, an unusual feature among low-wing aircraft. The aircraft's
nosewheel is free-castoring and directional control while taxiing is by mainwheel differential braking.[7]
G1000-equipped Diamond DA-40

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_DA40 1/4
3/21/2018 Diamond DA40 - Wikipedia

DA40s are produced at Diamond's aircraft factories in Wiener Neustadt, Austria and in London, Ontario, Canada. A joint venture has also been set up in China with Shandong
Bin Ao Aircraft Industries for production of the DA40 TDI (Diesel) in Shandong Province.[8] Capacity is available for up to 1,000 aircraft a year to be produced with
certification by the European Aviation Safety Agency in 2008.[9][10] A Chinese flying school has used its CD-135 for 13 hours per day on average.[11]

Past DA40 models were available with either traditional mechanical instruments or an optional Garmin G1000 glass cockpit suite. Current production DA40s are built only
with the Garmin G1000 as standard equipment. In April 2008, Diamond introduced the optional availability of Garmin Synthetic Vision Technology on the DA40 XLS.[12]

Operational history
The DA40 has accumulated a very low accident record, particularly with regard to stall and spin accidents. Its overall and fatal accident rates are one-eighth that of the general
aviation fleet and include no stall-related accidents. The level of safe operation is attributed to its high aspect ratio wing, low wing loading and benign flight characteristics.
The aircraft can be trimmed full nose up, engine set to idle and it will descend at 600–1200 feet per minute at 48 kn (89 km/h) hands-off, a lower rate of descent than the
competitor Cirrus SR22 can achieve with its airframe ballistic parachute deployed.[13]

In a 2011 analysis by Aviation Consumer magazine, the DA40 was shown to have had a fatal accident rate of 0.35/100,000 hours, the lowest in US general aviation and
considerably better than the market leading Cirrus SR20 and SR22, which that year had a combined fatal accident rate of 1.6/100,000, despite its full aircraft parachute
system. By comparison, the Cessna 172 had a fatal accident rate of 0.45/100,000 hours.[14]

Variants
DA40
Initial model, powered by a Textron Lycoming IO-360 M1A 180 hp (135 kW) engine and a MT
Propellers MTV-12-B/180-17. Maximum gross weight is 1150 kg (2535 lb) or 1200 kg (2646 lb) with
modifications installed. In increasingly refined versions marketed as the DA40-180, XL, CS and
XLS.[2][3][6]
DA40 D
Diesel model, powered by a Thielert TAE 125-01 (Centurion 1.7) or TAE 125-02-99 (Centurion 2.0)
engine of 135 hp (101 kW) and MT Propellers MTV-6-A/187-129. Maximum gross weight is 1150 kg DA40 XLS preparing to taxi
(2535 lb). Marketed primarily in Europe, although certified in Canada and Australia as well, as the
DA40 TDI.[2][3][5]
DA40 F
Fixed pitch propeller model, powered by Textron Lycoming O-360-A4M and a Sensenich 6EM8S10-0-
63 or a MT-Propeller MT 188R135-4G propeller. Maximum gross weight is 1150 kg (2535 lb). Marketed
as the DA40 FP. This model is no longer offered.[2][3]
DA40 NG
Latest model, offered in select markets only (DA40 model is still offered in other markets), powered by
an Austro Engine AE 300 170 hp (127 kW) running on JET A-1 fuel. EASA certified April 2010[15][16][17]
T-52A
Military trainer version, 20 acquired in 2009 and used by the 557th Flying Training Squadron at T-52A of the USAF Academy
USAFA[18] The type was replaced in 2012 with the Cirrus SR20-based T-53A.[19]
DA40 XLT
Version introduced in April 2013 with an upgraded interior, including sun-resistant deluxe leather seats, improved lumbar contours, sun
visors, more cup holders and improved storage for hand-held devices.[20]
DA40 Tundra Star
Version with strengthened landing gear, larger tires for operation from unimproved surfaces and a 168 hp (125 kW) Austro AE300 diesel
engine that burns jet fuel.[21][22]

Operators

Civil
The aircraft is popular with flying schools and is operated by private individuals and companies.

Military

Bolivia

Bolivian Air Force - 9 for basic flight training.[23]

Ecuador
T-52A
Ecuadorian Air Force - 12 [24][25]

Academy “Cosme Rennella Barbatto”

Jamaica

Jamaican Defence Force[26]

Singapore

Singapore Youth Flying Club - 13[27]

United States

United States Air Force Academy - 20[28]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_DA40 2/4
3/21/2018 Diamond DA40 - Wikipedia

Specifications (2007 model Diamond DA40 XL Diamond Star)


Data from Diamond Aircraft website[29]

General characteristics

Crew: one pilot


Capacity: three passengers
Length: 26 ft 5 in (8.1 m)
Wingspan: 39 ft 2 in (11.9 m)
Height: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Wing area: 145.3 ft² (13.5 m²)
Empty weight: 1,755 lb (795 kg)
Useful load: 890 lb (403 kg)
Loaded weight: 2,645 lb (1198 kg)
Max. takeoff weight: 2,645 lb (1198 kg)
Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-360-M1A air-cooled, 4-cylinder horizontally-opposed piston engine, 180 hp (134 kW)
Performance

Cruise speed: 150 knots TAS (173 mph, 279 km/h)


Stall speed: 49 knots flaps down (56 mph, 91 km/h)
Range: 720 nm (828 mi, 1341 km)
Service ceiling: 16400 ft (5000 m)
Rate of climb: 1120 ft/min (5.69 m/s)
Power/mass: 0.06802 hp/lb (110 W/kg)

See also
Related development

Diamond DA20
Diamond DA42
Diamond DA62

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Cessna 182T Skylane


Cirrus SR20
Lancair Columbia
Mooney M20
Tecnam P2010
Vans RV-10

References
1. Flying Magazine (2013). "Diamond Introduces DA40 XLT for 2013" (http://www.fly 12. Diamond Aircraft (April 2008). "Diamond Aircraft introduces Synthetic Vision on
ingmag.com/aircraft/pistons/diamond-introduces-da40-xlt-2013). Retrieved DA40 Diamond Stars" (https://archive.is/20130121113928/http://www.diamondair.
24 December 2014. com/news/2008_04_08.php). Archived from the original (http://www.diamondair.c
2. Transport Canada (August 2007). "Type Certificate Data Sheet A-224 Issue 7" (h om/news/2008_04_08.php) on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
ttp://www.tc.gc.ca/aviation/applications/nico-celn/en/getfile_inc.asp?x_lang=e&A 13. Bertorelli, Paul (30 October 2011). "Fun With Parachute Mode" (http://www.avwe
FCflag=Y&doc_type=pdf&aprv_num=A-224&isu_num=7&isu_dt_start=2007%2D b.com/blogs/insider/AVwebInsider_ParachuteMode_205652-1.html). AVweb.
08%2D17+00%3A00%3A00&proj_num=070092). Retrieved 11 September 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
3. Federal Aviation Administration (October 2007). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA 14. AVweb staff (20 December 2011). "Aviation Consumer: Cirrus Safety Record Just
SHEET NO. A47CE Revision 9" (http://www.airweb.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Gui Average" (http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/Cirrus_Safety_Record_Avera
dance_Library/rgMakeModel.nsf/0/ff82b098d4144df886257379006ed078/$FILE/ ge_205914-1.html). AVweb. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
A47CE.pdf) (PDF). Retrieved 11 September 2008. 15. EASA (April 2012). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET EASA.A.022 Issue 15"
4. "DA40 XL Fact Sheet" (https://web.archive.org/web/20120205010723/http://www. (http://easa.europa.eu/certification/type-certificates/docs/aircraft/EASA-TCDS-A.0
diamond-air.at/fileadmin/uploads/files/productfacts/da40_diamond_star/preisliste 22_Diamond_DA_40-15-18042012.pdf) (PDF). Retrieved 24 May 2012.
n_und_datenblaetter/DA40_XL_Fact_Sheet.pdf) (PDF). Archived from the 16. Diamond Aircraft Industries. "DA40 New Generation" (http://www.diamond-air.at/
original (http://www.diamond-air.at/fileadmin/uploads/files/productfacts/da40_dia da40_diamond_star+M52087573ab0.html). Retrieved 24 May 2012.
mond_star/preislisten_und_datenblaetter/DA40_XL_Fact_Sheet.pdf) (PDF) on 5
17. Diamond Aircraft Industries (April 2010). "Air Flight Manual DA 40 NG" (http://ww
February 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
w.cockpitseeker.com/wp-content/uploads/goodies/ac/Flight%20Manual%20DA4
5. Diamond Aircraft Industries. "DA40 Diamond Star Innovation in Motion" (http://w 0.pdf) (PDF). Retrieved 24 May 2012.
ww.diamond-air.at/da40_diamond_star+M52087573ab0.html). Retrieved
18. USAFA (August 2009). "557 FTS Aircraft – T-52A" (https://web.archive.org/web/2
11 September 2008.
0110716224524/http://www.aetc.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090825-02
6. Diamond Aircraft Industries. "DA40 Diamond Star XLS and CS" (https://web.archi 4.pdf) (PDF). Archived from the original (http://www.aetc.af.mil/shared/media/doc
ve.org/web/20111026061928/http://www.diamondaircraft.com/aircraft/da40.php). ument/AFD-090825-024.pdf) (PDF) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
Archived from the original (http://www.diamondaircraft.com/aircraft/da40.php) on
19. Associated Press (June 2011). "Academy gets 25 new trainer aircraft for $6.1M"
26 October 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
(http://www.airforcetimes.com/news/2011/06/ap-academy-gets-25-new-trainer-air
7. Flying the Diamond Star XLS, Flying Magazine, Vol. 135., No. 5, May 2008, p. 64 craft-061611/). Air Force Times. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
8. "Aviation Week & Space Technology". 14 October 2013: 60. 20. "Diamond Introduces DA40 XLT" (http://www.avweb.com/news/snf/SunNFun201
9. "News Breaks", Aviation Week & Space Technology, 1 January 2007. 3_DiamondIntroducesDA40XLT_208465-1.html). Avweb.com. 9 April 2013.
10. Mark Phelps. "Fear and Loathing for China". Sport Aviation: 100. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
11. Pope, Stephen (2 April 2015). "Diesel Trainer Market Booming in China" (http://w 21. Diamond Aircraft Industries. "DA40 Tundra Star – Takes you places" (http://www.
ww.flyingmag.com/news/diesel-trainer-market-booming-china). Flying. Retrieved diamond-air.at/single-engine-aircraft/da40-tundra-star.html). diamond-air.at.
9 April 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_DA40 3/4
3/21/2018 Diamond DA40 - Wikipedia

22. "NBAA: Diamond unveils jet fuel variant of DA40 Tundra" (https://www.flightgloba 26. ncoicinnet. "Diamond DA40 FP" (http://jdfmil.org/equipment/aircraft/aircraft_home
l.com/news/articles/nbaa-diamond-unveils-jet-fuel-variant-of-da40-tundr- _Diamond_DA40.php). Jdfmil.org. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
419230/). Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 27. "Singapore Registered Aircraft Engine Nos - Nov 2017" (https://www.caas.gov.s
23. New Basic Trainers for Bolivian Air Force, Air Forces Monthly, September 2010, g/docs/default-source/pdf/singapore-registered-aircraft-engine-nos---nov-2017.pd
p. 23 f) (PDF). caas.gov.sg. Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore. 30 November 2017.
24. Pope, Stephen (1 November 2011). "Ecuador Air Force Buys DA20s | Flying Retrieved 10 December 2017.
Magazine" (http://www.flyingmag.com/aircraft/pistons/ecuador-air-force-buys-da2 28. Doss Aviation (December 2008). "Diamond DA40 Selected For USAF Academy
0s). Flyingmag.com. Retrieved 27 August 2012. Powered Flight Program" (https://web.archive.org/web/20110710145512/http://w
25. "Ecuador Air Force accepts delivery of Diamond DA20 fleet" (https://web.archive. ww.dossaviation.com/page.asp?id=71&name=Dec+2008). Archived from the
org/web/20120525102927/http://www.diamondaircraft.com/news/news-article.ph original (http://www.dossaviation.com/page.asp?id=71&name=Dec+2008) on 10
p?id=133). Diamond Aircraft. Archived from the original (http://www.diamondaircr July 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
aft.com/news/news-article.php?id=133) on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 27 August 29. Diamond Aircraft Industries. "Diamond DA40 XLS Specs and Options" (https://we
2012. b.archive.org/web/20081013110138/http://www.diamondaircraft.com/aircraft/da40
_xls/specs.php). Archived from the original (http://www.diamondaircraft.com/aircr
aft/da40_xls/specs.php) on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008.

External links
Diamond Aircraft - corporate website (http://www.diamond-air.at/home+M52087573ab0.html)
Diamond Aircraft - North American website (https://web.archive.org/web/20080413231405/http://www.diamondair.com/)

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diamond_DA40&oldid=822380515"

This page was last edited on 26 January 2018, at 01:25.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy
Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_DA40 4/4