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Innovative ironmaking technology for a - low Carbon - and

- Resource Efficient - future of the European Steel Sector


Workshop on Raw materials in the Juncker Plan
20th May 2015

HIsarna Ironmaking Technology


HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 2

Outline

1 The HIsarna Project

2 Commercial impact of the technology

3 Funding of the Demonstration phase

4 Benefits of the new technology

5 Conclusions
HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 3

1. The HIsarna project

 HIsarna is an innovative ironmaking technology developed under the ULCOS


(Ultra Low CO2 Steelmaking) initiative of the European Steel Industry
 The work started in 2004 and resulted in the construction and operation of a
unique pilot plant at Tata Steel IJmuiden, The Netherlands
 Before industrial implementation construction and operation of a semi-industrial
demonstration plant is required, also located at the IJmuiden site

• Tata Steel IJmuiden is a fully integrated


steelmaking site producing 100 % flat high
Tata Steel IJmuiden
value added products

• Tata Steel IJmuiden has a deep sea Harbor


to receive internationally traded raw
materials and has good logistic connections

• In IJmuiden an R&D department of over 300


FTE and in-house Engineering are located
HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 4

2. Commercial impact of the technology


 Primary ironmaking accounts for 85 % of the energy consumption and CO2
emissions of steelmaking and accounts for large parts of the invested capital,
environmental measures and land requirement of an integrated steelmaking
site

Iron ore Liquid iron

Coal Coking/Agglomeration Ironmaking


HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 5

2. Commercial impact of the technology


 Primary ironmaking accounts for 85 % of the energy consumption and CO2
emissions of steelmaking and accounts for large parts of the invested capital,
environmental measures and land requirement of an integrated steelmaking
site

Iron ore Liquid iron

Coal Coking/Agglomeration

Iron ore Liquid iron

Coal Ironmaking

 HIsarna is a revolutionary innovation in ironmaking that can eliminate 2 out of


the 3 process steps for ironmaking
HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 6

2. Commercial impact of the technology

 HIsarna offers a unique combination of Environmental and


Economical benefits
 Reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions per ton of steel
 Flexibility in raw material quality
 Lower operational and capital sustaining costs
 Zero waste, recycling of Zn rich waste
 Improved competitive position in Global market due to innovative
technology
HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 7

3. Funding of the Demonstration phase

 The HIsarna demo project will cost 300 – 350 M Euro


 The Demo project is the final stage in a development path that has
already demanded considerable money and resources
 Because the technology is not free of risks yet such an investment can
not be justified by an individual steelmaker
 Especially because the steel market has not recovered yet from the
financial crisis
 Scarce funds are used for higher priority investments
HIsarna Tata Steel Slide 8

4. Benefits of the HIsarna Technology for Europe


Blast Furnace Technology HIsarna Technology

Iron ore
Iron ore
Hot metal
Hot metal

Coal Ironmaking
Coal Coking/Agglomeration Ironmaking

 1.9 t-CO2 per ton steel  Lower carbon footprint


 Continuous improvement (no “break through”)  20 % CO2 reduction
 80 % CO2 reduction with CCS
 Strong dependence on import  Less depending on imports
 Requires coking coal  Non coking coals
 Prime quality iron ores  Allows higher levels of “contamination” in iron
ore
 High level of recycling, but limitation on return of Zn  Circular economy
in the cycle  Zero waste
 Recycling of high Zn scrap and waste
 Blast Furnace Technology is available globally  Innovation leadership for Europe