About this Manual ....................................... 5 Definitions .................................................... 5 Contacts ....................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................. 5 Approvals and Standards ............................. 5 Health and Safety ......................................... 6 First Aid ........................................................ 7 FM-200® Agent characteristics ..................... 7 Agent Physical Properties ..................... 8 Table 1: FM-200® .............................................................. 8 Table 2: Nitrogen ................................... 8 Table 3: Toxicology/Environmental ....... 8


System Design .............................................. 23 Hazard Analysis .................................... 23 Hazard Structure......................................... 24 Hazard Volume ....................................... 24 Ventilation .............................................. 25 Hazard Temperature ............................... 25 Hazard Fuels .......................................... 25 Personnel Safety .................................... 25 Agent Quantities ................................... 25 Agent Storage ....................................... 25 Manifolds .............................................. 26 Agent Distribution ................................ 26 Agent Flow Characteristics .......................... 27 Nitrogen Superpressurisation ................ 27 Flow in Pipe ........................................... 27 Initial Vapour Discharge ........................ 27 Trailing Vapour Pressure ....................... 27 Nozzle selection and location ....................... 27 Example: Max Limits in pipe Work ......... 28 Example: Nozzle Selection ...................... 29 System Design Procedure ............................. 29 Example: Tee Split Designs .................... 30 Design Example - Calculations ...................... 31 Example .................................................. 31 Piping Practices ............................................ 33

System Components ..................................... 9 FM-200® Container ................................ 9 Table 4: Container Details ...................... 9 Container Label........................................... 10 Fixing Bracket ........................................ 11 Valve Assembly ..................................... 11 Principle of Operation ............................ 11 Burst Disc.................................................... 12 Low Pressure Switch ............................. 12 Manual Actuator ................................... 13 Pneumatic Actuator ............................... 13 Removable Electrical Actuator .............. 13 Side Mounted Electrical Actuator............ 14 Flexible Discharge Hose ........................ 14 Solenoid Adaptor .................................. 15 Manifold Check Valve ............................ 15 Manifold ................................................ 16 Table 5: Manifold Dimensions ............... 16 Manifold Bracket Assembly .................. 17 Flexible Pilot Hose ................................. 18 Male Adaptor ........................................ 18 Male Tee ................................................ 19 Male Elbow ............................................ 19 Pressure Switch ..................................... 19 Discharge Nozzle ................................... 20 Door Notice ........................................... 21 Manual Release Notice.............................. 21 Typical Manifold System ....................... 22

Introduction .................................................. 34 Table 6: Weight Calculations Imperial .... 34 Table 6a: Weight Calculations Metric .... 35 Table 7: Altitude Correction...................... 35 FM-200® Equation Calculations .................... 35 Engineered Systems ..................................... 36 Program Parameters ............................... 36 Table 8: Max/Min Flow Rates ................ 36 Table 9: Equivalent Length for Pipe Fittings ..................................... 37 Table 10: Equivalent Length for other Components .......................................... 37

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


General Comments ........................................ 56 System Detection & Actuation ..................... 56 General ................................................... 56 Manual System ...................................... 56 Fully Automatic System ........................ 56 Fully Automatic System with Manual Intervention .................................................. 57 Conditions During a Fire ............................... 57 FM-200®Concentration .......................... 57 FM-200® Decomposition ....................... 57 FM-200® Discharge Conditions ............. 57 Actions Following a Fire ............................... 58 General ................................................... 58 Actions Immediately Following a Fire ... 58

General Information ...................................... 38 Container Installation ................................... 38 Single Container Installation ......................... 39 Table 11: Bracket Fixing Heights ............ 39 Multiple Container Installation ..................... 40 Manifold Bracket Installation ................ 40 Table 12: Manifold Bracket Height ........ 41 Pipe Installation ............................................ 42 Table 13: UK Steel Pipe Requirements ... 42 Table 14: UK Fittings ............................. 42 Table 15: US Steel Pipe Requirements .... 43 Table 16: US Fittings .............................. 43 Pipe Hangers ......................................... 43 Table 17: Hanger Spacing ...................... 43 Earthing & Electrical Clearance........................ 44 Table 18: Safety Clearances ................... 44 Nozzles .......................................................... 44 Actuation Installation ................................... 45 Single Container Actuation ................... 45 Multiple Container Actuation ................ 47 Ancillary Equipment ..................................... 49 Discharge Pressure Switch .................... 49 Low Pressure Switch ............................. 50 Accessories .................................................. 50 Door Notices ......................................... 50 Manual Release Notices ........................ 50 Completion Procedures ................................. 50 Pre-checks and Visual Inspections ........ 50 Final Connections .................................. 51 Handover Procedures ................................... 52

Introduction .................................................. 59 User's Programme of Inspection ................... 59 Contract Service & Maintenance .................. 60 Mechanical Service Procedure ...................... 61 Specialised Maintenance Duties. .................. 62 Finally .................................................... 62

Valve Refurb ................................................. 63 Testing .......................................................... 63 Container/Valve Assy ................................... 64 Filling ............................................................ 64 Table 19: Fill Tolerance Table ................. 66 Table 20: Temperature Correction Chart . 66 Container/Valve Assy Leak Test ................... 67 Decanting ..................................................... 67 Transportation .............................................. 68

Introduction .................................................. 53 Principle ........................................................ 53 Equivalent Leakage Area (ELA) ................... 53 Below Ceiling Leakage Area (BCLA) ............ 53 Predicting Retention Time ............................ 53 Slab to Slab Walls .................................. 53 Coordination and Planning ........................... 53 Integrity Test Procedure ........................ 54 Enclosure Evaluation ............................. 54 Calculation .................................................... 55 Leakage Location .......................................... 55

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0



Warranty ....................................................... 69 Disclaimers & Limitations ............................. 69

Appendix A - Site Survey / Request Form .... 71 Appendix B - Temperature Correction Chart . 73 Appendix C - Hughes Program printout ....... 74 Appendix D - FM-200® Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).................84

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0

or if there is any concern as to the suitability of the protection. FM-200® is not a direct replacement for existing Halon 1301 installations due to the difference in agent quantity and discharge characteristics. have acquired comprehensive approvals and listings providing further support to the overall product.0: . Please refer to the BFPSA Code of Practice for Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems. Definitions FM-200® FM-200® is a registered trade mark of the Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. This has been further confirmed by a recently published HAG report. design. The contents are arranged in a logical order describing the various procedures in turn. Fax. System Engineered Contacts Should any part of this manual not be understood.07. However. operate and maintain the system. Users of this manual should find that sufficient information is provided to plan. About this Manual This manual is a comprehensive guide that contains all the information necessary to design. install. 2000 edition "Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems. is electrically non-conductive. The systems described in this manual are 'engineered'. However. purchase components. safe fire fighting agent for use in total flooding automatic extinguishing systems. clean. 5 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.INTRODUCTION HYGOOD Introduction FM-200® is a clean. whilst maintaining the excellent fire suppression properties of Halon. install and maintain the FM-200® Engineered Extinguishing system supplied by Macron Safety Systems Limited. Systems may be activated mechanically or electrically. or there are any queries concerning a system. and therefore requires approximately 45% additional storage capacity over that required for Halon in the same area.01/Issue3. alternatively specific sections can be referred to as required. please contact: Macron Safety Systems (UK) Limited Woodlands Place Woodlands Road Guildford Surrey GU1 1RN England Tel. has none of the environmental problems. The manufacturers claim that FM-200® is safer than Halon 1301 for use in total flooding applications and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) accepts extended use exposures of up to 9%. Users who are not familiar with the equipment should first read the complete manual. Mechanical manual actuation is via a strike knob attached to the container valve. manufactured by Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. However the manual does not address information relating to fire detection. In this manual ‘system’ refers to the extinguishing equipment and does not include any electrical system which may initiate an agent release. and leaves no residue. (+44) (0)1483 572222 (+44) (0)1483 302180 Approvals and Standards Macron's manufactured equipment and the FM-200® agent.SECTION 1 . The solenoid can be energised automatically by a signal from a detection and alarm control panel.17%. Engineered systems for example can consist of several FM-200® containers." Section 1-6 "Safety. The FM-200® design concentration for Class A fire risks is 7. Users of this manual are assumed to be competent fire engineers with a basic knowledge of such systems." for additional exposure requirements. do not hesitate to contact one of our specialist engineers for the matter to be quickly resolved. Electrical actuation is via a removable side mounted solenoid. It is intended as a long term replacement for Halon 1301 and. Refer to NFPA 2001. in the event that part of the document is not understood. manifolded together and connected via a pipe network to a number of discharge nozzles. Hydraulic flow program used to predict the two phase flow of FM-200® through a pipe network. Storage and distribution requirements are similar to Halon and the majority of system components are identical. FM200® is rated as Zero Ozone Depletion (ODP).

01/Issue3. Therefore. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. pungent odour long before hazardous maximum exposure levels are reached. The noise created by the FM-200® agent discharging can be loud enough to startle people in the vicinity. Health and Safety A properly designed and installed extinguishing system should not present any significant health or safety problems. inspected. and up to 9. and this can only be given if a thorough understanding of the properties of the agent and its effects in different situations are known.07. is not hazardous to health. applicable BS Standards may additionally be utilized to specific system requirements for these purposes. Reference should also be made to NFPA 2001 and BFPSA Volume 3 section 19 A review of the toxic and asphyxiating hazards of clean agents replacements for Halon 1301. Minor reduction in visibility may occur for a brief period due to the condensation of water vapour. like halon. create a greater hazard. heat.0%. Where determined to be appropriate by the authority having jurisdiction. trained personnel in accordance with The Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems. but is unlikely to cause any permanent injury. installed. Refer to NFPA 2001. 2000 edition Section 1-6 "Safety. Turbulence caused by the high velocity discharge can dislodge substantial objects directly in its path. (Unrestricted Listed Alternative) Australian Industrial Chemicals Notification (Approved) German Institute for Environmental Hygiene and Medicine (Approved) SECTION 1 . Exposure to higher concentrations is permissible for limited periods. FM-200®.g. 2000 edition and to be used in accordance with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Significant New Alternatives Program (SNAP). Current best practice should be ob6 WARNING The discharge of clean agent systems to extinguish a fire can result in a potential hazard to personnel from the natural form of the clean agent or from the products of combustion that results from exposure of the agent to the fire or hot surfaces. As with halons. and oxygen depletion. BS5306: Part 5: Section 5. End-users often require reassurance regarding the safety of personnel. maintained. their presence is readily detected as a sharp. tested and recharged by qualified.HYGOOD FM-200® Agent u u u u u u Factory Mutual (Approved) Underwriters Laboratories Inc." for exposure requirements. and does not remove oxygen like CO2 and other inert agents.INTRODUCTION served e. BS EN ISO 9000 and approved to ISO 9001. and cause enough general turbulence within the protected area to move paper and light objects. the US EPA and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommend that unnecessary exposure to any agent be avoided and that personnel evacuate protected areas as quickly as possible to avoid the decomposition products of the fire. there are basic precautions to be taken to avoid accidents. especially carbon monoxide. and aspects of the system operation that should be understood.17%. NFPA2001. Macron Safety Systems FM-200® Extinguishing System Units are to be designed.1 and the BFPSA Code of Practice for Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems. (UL) Recognised Component NFPA 2001 Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems (Listed Alternative) US EPA SNAP Rpt. extinguishes by causing a chemical reaction with the combustion products. FM-200® can decompose at high temperatures to form halogen acids.0: . exposure to FM-200® at the design concentration of 7. Direct contact with the vaporising liquid discharged from an FM-200® nozzle has a chilling effect on objects and in extreme cases can cause frostbite to the skin. (UL Listed) Loss Prevention Council Board (Listed) Factory Mutual (Listed) Macron Safety Systems manufacture in strict accordance with the internationally recognised Quality assurance Standard. The liquid phase vaporises rapidly when mixed with air and therefore limits the risk to the immediate vicinity of the nozzle. Fire toxicity studies conclude that generally decomposition products from the fire itself. If so. Unnecessary exposure of personnel either to the natural agent or to the products of decomposition shall be avoided. smoke. however. Macron Safety Systems Manufactured Systems u u u Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

• Chemicals capable of undergoing autothermal decomposition. The small quantity of agent discharged minimises over-pressurisation of the protected area. such as cellulose nitrate and gunpowder.0: 7 .07. titanium. gaseous agent containing no particles or oily residues. (Environmental Protection Agency's Significant New Alternatives Program). Typical areas that can be protected by an FM-200® system are detailed below. Consult Great Lakes Chemicals Co. such as certain organic peroxidase and hydrazine. magnesium. Most effective when used with automatic detection to introduce FM-200® rapidly. FM-200® leaves no residue or oily deposits on delicate electronic equipment. Complete suppression using FM-200® has the following advantages: HMIS: 2-0-0/heptafloropropane/contents under pressure. WARNING FM-200® shall not be used on fires involving the following materials unless they have been tested to the satisfaction of the authority having jurisdiction: Bank Vaults Libraries Rare Book Stores Electronic Data Processing Telephone Exchanges Studios Communication Centres Transformer and Switchrooms Control Rooms Test Laboratories Flammable Liquid Stores • Certain chemicals or mixtures of chemicals. The atmospheric lifetime of FM-200® has been determined to be 36. the list is by no means exhaustive: FM-200® is stored as a liquified compressed gas and is discharged into the protected area as a vapour. 0-0-0/nitrogen expellant gas/very cold. that are capable of rapid oxidation in the absence of air. potassium. Maximum safety for personnel due to low toxicity. P. and as such has placed no restrictions on its use. Box 2200. Emergency phone number 800-949-5167. Eyes FM-200® Agent Characteristics FM-200® (HFC-227ea) is a clean.. IN 47996-2200. West LaFayette. Do not rub affected area. It is stored in approved DOT(HSE)4BW500 or DOT(HSE)4BW450 containers and is super-pressurised with dry nitrogen to 25 Bar @ 210 C (360 PSI @ 70 0F). • Reactive metals such as lithium. The ability to prevent re-ignition as long as concentration levels are maintained. sodium. l l l l l The low concentration of FM-200® required means less visual obscurity and minimal risk to personnel. • Metal hydrides. It is produced under ISO 9002 guidelines to strict manufacturing specifications ensuring product purity.SECTION 1 . FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. and can be removed from the protected space by ventilation. uranium and plutonium. The US EPA SNAP does not consider FM-200® to be a long lived substance when discharged. contents under pressure. If frostbite occurs seek medical attention. FM-200® is thermally and chemically stable. but without the extremely long atmospheric lifetimes associated with other proposed halon replacements. First Aid Skin Maintain at body temperature. thaw affected area with gentle heat.5 years (Reference GLCC). zirconium. Apply gentle heat.INTRODUCTION HYGOOD The present understanding of the functioning of FM200® is that 80% of its fire fighting effectiveness is achieved through heat absorption and 20% through direct chemical means (action of the fluorine radical on the chain reaction of a flame).O.01/Issue3. Do not allow patient to touch affected area.

) 621 kg/m3 (38.07.00C (-346 oF) -146.4oF) -210.80C (-320.95 lb.000 9.5 Toxicology Acute Exposure LC50 (ppm) Cardiac Sensitization No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL) (Reference: NFPA 2001. 2000 edition) SECTION 1 .HYGOOD Agent Physical Properties Table 1.9oF) -131. 2000 edition) >800.10C (-204 oF) 101.0% >10.9 psi)  Table 3: Toxicology/Environmental FM-200® Environmental Ozone Depletion (ODP) Atmospheric Lifetime (yrs) (Reference: Great Lakes Chemical Corporation) 0 36.18 kg/m3 (1.0258cu Ft.INTRODUCTION HFC-227ea CF3CHFCF3 Heptafluoropropane 170.0: .40C (1. Agent Physical Properties Chemical structure Chemical name Molecular weight Boiling point Freezing point Critical temperature Critical pressure Critical volume Critical density Saturated vapour density @ 20 oC (68 oF) (Reference: NFPA 2001.76 lb. Agent Physical Properties Chemical structure Chemical name Molecular weight Boiling point Freezing point Critical temperature Critical pressure (Reference: NFPA 2001.70C (214 oF) 2912 kPa (422 psi) 274 cc/mole (.90C (-232.5% 8 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01./Ft3) 31.4 oF) 3399 kPa (492.03 -16.01/Issue3./ft3) Table 2./lb.0 -195. 2000 edition) N2 Nitrogen 28.

8") (32.5") (108.220% 1.) 4. and super-pressurised with dry nitrogen to 25 bar @ 210C(360 psi @ 700F).1 71.5 74. Volume Kg (Lbs.5 to 106.8") (23. factory filled with FM-200®.250% 0. Figure 1 .2") (53.4 26.0 to 33.0: .FM-200® Container Dimension A Outlet Size (nominal) Diameter Empty Weight mm (In) mm (In) mm (In) kg (Ibs) 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 (1") (1") (1") (2") (2") (2") (2") 304 502 833 596 1021 1354 1634 (12.5 to 182.SECTION 2 .3") (198.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD FM-200® Container The agent storage vessel consists of a container fitted with a valve and internal syphon tube.0 to 17.2") 9 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0 to 147. Containers sharing the same manifold shall be equal in size and fill density. A nameplate is adhered to the container displaying the agent weight. System Components This section describes the individual components that comprise a complete system.6") (40.0 9.6") (57. 9180 (8 litre) 9190 (16 litre) 9200 (32 litre) 9210 (52 litre) 9220 (106 litre) 9230 (147 litre) 9240 (180 litre) Nom.9 105.5 17. Some items are optional depending on the application. Material Carbon % Manganese % Phosphorus % Sulphur % 0.5 91. Part No. fill density and charge date.0 bar (450 psi) Paint Specification: Alkyd Gloss Enamel P-20187 Federal Red Table 4: Container details.8 (32.0 53.FM-200® Container Technical Information Manufactured in accordance with DOT(HSE)4BW500 or 4BW450.95 bar (1000 psi) 34.8 18.050% max max max max 4BW500 Hydraulic test pressure: Working Pressure: 68. and are indicated as such.8 89. Containers are finished in Alkyd Gloss Enamel Federal red and are available in various sizes ( Figure 1).5 27. tare weight.0 to 53.2") (233.3") (64.0 (10 to 18) (20 to 39) (38 to 74) (59 to 117) (118 to 235) (163 to 325) (201 to 401) Figure 1 .47 bar (500 psi) 4BW450 Hydraulic test pressure: Working Pressure: 62.") (19.01/Issue3.5 to 8.3") 254 254 254 406 406 406 406 (10") (10") (10") (16") (16") (16") (16") 14.1 49.045% 0.1 bar (900 psi) 31.5") (40.07. gross weight.3") (158.

0: .Container Label SECTION 2 .3") 350mm x 50mm (Pt.No.No. and to avoid possible tampering it can not be removed intact. Once the label is applied to the container surface.HYGOOD Container Label The container label details the weight of FM-200® contained.07.9") (8. empty weight.9") Macron Safety Systems (UK) Ltd Guildford.4294) (5.01/Issue3.4284) (13. Surrey GU1 1RN Tel: +44 (0) 1483 57 2222 Fax: +44 (0) 1483 302 180 10 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.8") (1.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Technical Information Material: Adhesive: Dimensions: Aluminum Pre-applied 3M adhesive 9485 150mm x 210mm (Pt. Figure 2 . fill density and charge date.

A mm (in) 400 (15. Container pressure is used within the valve to create a positive force on the piston. 6410 50mm (2") valve assembly Part No. (10 in) 52-180 406mm dia. sealing the valve closed. The only exception is the 8 litre container which only requires one. the shuttle to be forced up. (16 in) Principle of Operation 600 (23. Cont. The bracket assembly is designed to be mounted to a rigid vertical surface with the container assembly resting fully on the floor.Fixing Bracket 25mm (1") valve assembly Part No.01/Issue3. 2"BSP 1/8" NPT 1/8" NPT 1/4" BSPP 1/8" NPT Part No.Valve Assembly Fixing Brackets The bracket assembly consists of a nut and bolt.SECTION 2 . 6430 Technical Information Material: Body Proof Pressure: Outlet Adaptor: Low Pressure Port: Gauge Port: Pilot Pressure Port: Solenoid Adaptor Port: Brass CZ 121 150 bar (2175 psi) 1" BSP.6") 9012 Valve Assembly The Macron Safety Systems designed and manufactured container valve is the result of extensive research and development and incorporates many unique safety features.size Dim. mechanical or pneumatic actuator. two bracket straps and one back channel. Figure 3 . and free flow of FM-200® from the valve. pressure gauge and burst disc. Thereby allowing.0: . To securely hold the container in position during the system discharge. two bracket assemblies are required per container. 11 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Each strap is notched for insertion into the back channel allowing the container to be properly aligned.75") 9011 8-32 Ltr 254mm dia.07. The valve assembly is factory-fitted to the container and is supplied pre-assembled with a low pressure switch. Upper chamber pressure is released by the electrical.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Figure 4 . Operation of the valve occurs when the upper chamber is vented faster than the 'make up device' in the shuttle can replace the pressure. Operation is by means of a pressure-differential piston. The Macron Safety Systems FM-200® valve is a highflow-rate device specially designed for fire protection use.

0: .3Ibs. • A connection for the pneumatic pilot signal output used for multiple container operation.Burst Disc Technical Information Body: Rating: Brass CZ 121 50 bar (725 psi) @ 50oC (120oF) Thread 25mm Valve(1") : M14 x 1. • Main outlet.01/Issue3. Current: Voltage Range: PS20 Hermetically sealed Stainless Steel Open at 20 bar +/-0. fitted with safety shipping cap.HYGOOD The valve incorporates the following features: • A pressure operated safety release device (burst disc). 94085) Hole Orientation: 90o to Body Torque: 18 Nm (13. Figure 6 .ft) (M14 Thread) Torque: 20 Nm (14.10psi) 345 bar (5003 psi) Brass 1/8" NPT Max 2.07.ft) (M18 Thread) Technical Information Body: Switch point: Switch Type: Proof pressure: Connection: Max. SECTION 2 . 94080) Thread 50mm Valve(2") : M18 x 1.7 bar (350 psi (+/.00 (Pt.82m (6Ft) 12 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. The device continuously monitors the container pressure and in the event of the pressure dropping below 20 bar (290 psi) the switch operates to enable the condition to be signalled to a control unit.7 bar (290 psi (+/. Figure 5 . 94181) Burst Disc A burst disc is factory fitted to every valve assembly.No. fitted with safety cap.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Low Pressure Switch A low pressure warning switch is fitted to every container and must be utilised to safeguard the warranty requirements.10psi) Close on rise at 24 bar +/-0. • A connection for a pneumatic or mechanical actuator.25 (Pt. • A connection for an electrical solenoid.No.Low Pressure Switch (Part No.9A 5-28 vdc Wire leads 1. It is designed to rupture when the container becomes over pressurised when subjected to temperatures above the designed storage temperature of the container.8Ibs.

24v dc is required for solenoid operation. Figure 7 . preferably.0: 13 .SECTION 2 .f) 3-pin plug connector Suppression -20oC to +55oC (-4oF to131oF) 10 years from manufacture 100% Check on start / Finish position Underwriters Laboratories Recognised to UL508 Tested in accordance with UL864 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Pressure from a ‘master’ container or other sources is used to actuate the valve.73 Ibf) Pneumatic Actuator The pneumatic actuator is an assembly similar to the manual actuator but without the strike knob. 2880) Removable Electrical Actuator The removable electrical actuator is also similar to the manual actuator and locates to the top of the container valve. Provision is made for the connection of a manual strike Knob to the top of the actuator assembly. a flexible hose. Ib. Actuation Pressure: Brass CZ121 Stainless Steel 1/4" BSPP Female 2 bar (29 psi) Manual Actuator The manual actuator is a simple ‘strike knob’ assembly which is fitted to the top of the valve assembly or solenoid actuator.Manual Actuator (Part No.Electrical Actuator (Part No.07.01/Issue3. Figure 8 .SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Technical Information Body: Actuation Pin: Pipe connection: Min. Figure 9 . 2900) Technical Information Body: Swivel nut: Actuation Pin: Actuation Type: Rest Requirement: Connection: Power requirement: Current: Manual Actuation Force: Electrical connection: Diode Type: Temperature Range: Life Span: Testing: Approval: Mild Steel & Dull Nickel Brass CZ121 Stainless Steel Latching Manual Force Required 1" BSPP 24vdc 0.2A 5 kgf (11.5N (5.Pneumatic Actuator (Part No. Inadvertent operation is prevented by a pin which has to be removed before activation. via small bore piping or. 9490) Technical Information Body: Knob: Safety Pin: Actuation Pin: Min Actuation Force: Brass CZ 121 Nylon Zinc Plated Mild Steel Stainless Steel 25.

50mm (2") Hose (Part No 6540) Technical Information Solenoid Enclosure: Power Requirement: Power Consumption: Conduit Thread: Pressure Connection: Pressure Range: Certification: Max.HYGOOD Side Mounted Electrical Actuator This solenoid actuator differs from other actuators in that it is side mounted. The adaptor enables the actuator to be removed safely without actuation of the container valve. F & G). The 32mm (1 1/4") discharge hose (Part No. It is operated by a 24v dc input signal. Zinc Passivated Mild Steel Connection: Max Bend Angle: 15o @ 0oC (32oF) 14 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.32mm (1 1/4") Hose & Brass Adapter Assy (Part No.Electrical Actuator (Part No 95550) SECTION 2 . etc. It is designed to be used in explosive atmospheres (Class I . The flexible discharge hose is connected to each manifold valve outlet. groups E. 6412) between the valve outlet and the swivel fitting at the inlet of the hose.07.5 watts 1/2" NPT 1/8" NPT Female 0 . Figure 10 . Ambient Temp: Solenoid Orientation: Stainless Steel 24v dc 9.0: . A swivel fitting at the inlet of the hose enables the container to be readily coupled to the distribution system. It can be located directly on the side of the valve or via a solenoid adaptor.01/Issue3.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Flexible Discharge Hose Multiple FM-200® container installations are connected to the system by means of a flexible discharge hose. groups C and D.103 bar (1500 psi) UL 105oC (221oF) 0-30o Off Vertical Technical Information Construction: Twin steel wire braided Oil resistant Seamless synthetic rubber core to DIN 20022. Class II. manifold connections and pipework.4120) requires the addition of a brass adapter (Part No. 4125) . Figure 11 . This enables containers to be disconnected for maintenance or recharge without dismantling other container mountings.

Solenoid Adaptor The adaptor enables the actuator to be removed safely without actuation of the container valve. Part No.01/Issue3.SECTION 2 .Solenoid Adaptor (Part No 5550) Figure 13 . 4090 Part No. 6550 Technical Information Body: Circlip: Max Working Pressure: Proof Pressure: Solenoid Connection: Brass CZ121 Stainless Steel 75 bar (1088 psi) 150 bar (2175 psi) 1/8" NPT Technical Information Body: Stem: Spring: Brass CZ122 Stainless Steel Stainless Steel FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. This action will close the schrader valve and then allow the pressure between the schrader and solenoid actuator to be released safely through the threads of the adaptor body. should a container have been removed.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Manifold Check Valve Manifold check valves are of mushroom pattern type and lift into the manifold as discharge occurs. Figure 12 . All check valves are supplied ready fitted to the manifold assembly.07. 50mm (2") Check Valve Assy.Manifold Check Valve 32mm (1. To remove the solenoid the adapter body should be unscrewed in the anticlockwise direction.25") Check Valve Assy. The function of the check valve is to prevent loss of extinguishing agent during discharge from an outlet.0: 15 .

5") 65 (2.07.Typical Manifold Assembly Technical Information Material: Inlet: Outlet: Test Press. 9335 9336 9337 9352 9353 9345 9346 9355 9356 9354 Size mm 2 port 3 port 4 port 2 port 3 port 4 port 5 port 2 port 3 port 4 port 65 (2. A (m m ) (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") Dim . Ready to paint on site. A mm 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") Dim.01/Issue3. B mm 350 (14") 350 (14") 350 (14") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") Pa rt No. Finish: BS 3601 Schedule 80 Check valve flange connection BSP Taper 90 bar (1305 psi) Primed. Part No.0: . 9357 9358 9312 9313 9314 9315 9316 9317 9318 9319 Size (m m ) Dim . Note: Assembly includes 32 / 50mm check valves and end cap.HYGOOD Manifold SECTION 2 .5") 80 (3") 80 (3") 80 (3") 80 (3") 100 (4") 100 (4") 100 (4") Dim.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Manifolds are fabricated sections of steel pipe-work. They enable multiple containers to be connected to a common pipe network. Figure 14 .5") 65 (2. Table 5: Manifolds. B (m m ) 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") 5 port 100 (4") 150 6 port 100 (4") 150 3 port 150 (6") 150 4 port 150 (6") 150 5 port 150 (6") 150 6 port 150 (6") 150 7 port 150 (6") 150 8 port 150 (6") 150 9 port 150 (6") 150 10 port 150 (6") 150 16 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. They can be used in conjunction with check valves in situations where main / reserve containers arrangements are required.

No. Figure 15 . No. No.07.SECTION 2 . mounted vertically on a wall or bulk head to enable height adjustment of the manifold assembly. 30460 30500 30510 30515 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.Manifold Bracket Assembly 65mm 80mm 100mm 150mm (2.01/Issue3. Cantilever brackets are located over the unirax and each are held in position using a uninut long spring.0: 17 . washer and hex head screw.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Manifold Bracket Assembly A manifold bracket assembly consists of two lengths of unirax. Manifold brackets slot into the cantilever and are clamped using a hex head screw and plain nut.5") Manifold Bracket (3") Manifold Bracket (4") Manifold Bracket (6") Manifold Bracket Part Part Part Part No.

Bend Radius: Connections: Length: Stainless Steel Braided PTFE to BS 4976 190 bar (2755 psi) 759 bar (11008 psi) 60mm (2. etc. Working Pressure: Min.07. e.g.01/Issue3.4")@ 0oC (32oF) 1/4" BSP swivel female 710mm (28") 18 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 91105) Technical Information Material: Connection: Brass 1/4"BSPT x 1/4" BSPP Technical Information Outer sheath: Inner sheath: Max. Figure 17 . 6490) SECTION 2 . Figure 16 . slave container.HYGOOD Flexible Pilot Hose The flexible pilot hose is used to connect pressure activated devices to the system.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Male Adaptor This adaptor is used to connect the pilot hose to the container valve assembly. pressure switch.0: . Burst Pressure: MIn.Male Adaptor (Part No.Flexible hose (Part No.

Pressure Switch (Part No. 99205) Technical Information Material: Connection: Brass 1/4" BSPP x 1/4" BSPT Male Elbow This elbow can be used on the last slave container when the pressure switch connection is taken from the manifold or piping networks. 91109) Figure 20 . The pressure switch incorporates a reset button which has to be depressed following a discharge.0: 19 . Figure 18 .Male Tee (Part No.SECTION 2 .01/Issue3. Figure 19 . Male Tee This is used primarily in manifold systems for connecting pilot lines from one slave container to the next.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Pressure Switch The pressure switch is activated by pressure from the agent during discharge and can be used to signal to a control panel that the system has actually discharged.34 Bar (+/.Male Elbow (Part No.4 bar (2500 psi) 1 A 24v DC -40oC to +71oC (-40 oF to 160 oF) Installation Environment: non-corrosive / indoor FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.5 psi) 1/4" NPT Female 172.0.07. 91101) Technical Information Housing: Pressure Connection: Switch Point: Tolerance: Connection: Proof Pressure: Technical Information Material: Connection: Brass 1/4" BSPT x 1/4" BSPP DC Switch Rating: Temperature Range: Die-cast Aluminium Nickel Plated Brass 4 bar Rising (58 psi) +/.

HYGOOD Discharge Nozzle FM-200® is distributed within the protected area by the discharge nozzle which is sized to ensure the correct flow of agent for the risk. No. No.01/Issue3.1mm (0.7 & 8 Port Nozzle Configuration 10mm (3/8") BSP Nozzle: 15mm (1/2") BSP Nozzle: 20mm (3/4") BSP Nozzle: 25mm (1") BSP Nozzle: 32mm (1 1/4") BSP Nozzle: 40mm (1 1/2") BSP Nozzle: 50mm (2") BSP Nozzle: Part Part Part Part Part Part Part No.004 in) increments to the specified system design.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Figure 21 .0: . No. BSP nozzles are supplied as standard in Brass and Stainless Steel with NPT as optional. 3381/2 3391/2 3401/2 3411/2 3421/2 3431/2 3441/2 Technical Information Material: Brass / Stainless Steel 20 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07. Ports are drilled in 0. No. SECTION 2 . No. No. Nozzles are available with seven or eight ports to allow for 180o or 360o horizontal discharge patterns.

07. 2676).SECTION 2 .01/Issue3. HYGOODSouth Denes ROAD GULI LT W OODLANDS Road. Macron Safety Systems (UK) Limited HYGOODSouth Denes Road. Door Notice A door notice is required at each entrance to the risk to advise personnel that they are entering a protected area. Figure 22 .08 in) Craylon Gloss. Great YarmouthRN D DFORD SURREY GU11 T 013PJ EL 483 80 NR30 483 572222 FAX 01 3021 FM 2 0 0 Ò MacronMacron Safety Systems Limited Safety Systems (UK) Limited Tel: +44 (0)1483 572222 Fax: +44 (0)1483 302180 for areas protected by concentrations less than NOAEL (Part No. 2675) Figure 23 . Great Yarmouth1 LTD W OODLANDS ROAD GULI DFORD SURREY GU1 RN NR30 483 572222 FAX 01 3021 T 01 EL 3PJ 483 80 FM 2 0 0 Ò FM200Ò RELEASE MANUAL CONTROL POINT Tel: +44 (0)1483 572222 Fax: +44 (0)1483 302180 FM200 Ò CAUTION ENSURE ALL PERSONEL ARE EVACUATED BEFORE RELEASING EXTINGUISHANT for areas protected by concentrations greater than NOAEL (unoccupied spaces only). Technical Information Material Finish 2mm (0.0: 21 .08 in) Craylon Gloss. FM200Ò C A UTIO N ! T his area is protected by a FM 20 0 Ò fire extinguishing system W hen alarm sou nds or upon gas discharge evacuate hazard area After system discharge do N O T re-enter until thorou ghly ventilated. scratch resistant Technical Information Material Finish 2mm (0.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Manual Release Notice A notice should be located at each manual release position. 2659) CAUTION! D o N O T enter unless extingu ishing system is lock ed off W hen alarm sou nds evacu ate hazard area After system discharge do N O T re-enter until thorou ghly ventilated.Manual Release Sign (Part No.Door Notice (Part No. scratch resistant FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

07.01/Issue3. manual strike knob. distribution pipework and nozzles.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Figure 24 indicates a typical two container system complete with electrical actuation.0: . 2 x low pressure switch.Typical Manifold System 22 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. flexible connections. Figure 24 .HYGOOD Typical Manifold System SECTION 2 . pressure switch.

plus an additional 3% safety factor for nozzle performance (commercial grade Heptane excluded). and NFPA 2001. and any special requirements. including floor and/or ceiling voids.03 x 1.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD The FM-200® cupburner valve is 6.2 and UL -2166. All systems are designed in accordance with the BFPSA Code of Practise for Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems. 2000 edition.3 = design concentration but not less than 9.17% For Class B (Commercial grade Heptane)6. See table 3 or Refer to NFPA 2001. determining the type of protection required.03 x 1. FM-200® systems are suitable for use in normal commercial and industrial environments. the appropriate British Standards. Fires involving flammable liquids or liquefiable solids and flammable gases. dimensions.0% For Class C Use at least design concentration for Class A surfaces fires (7.07. The second is calculating the quantity of FM-200® required. To determine other recommended design concentrations for Class B flammable liquids. Nozzle efficiency factor = 6. system operation both in normal conditions and after a discharge. equipment location.7% for commercial grade Heptane.3 =9. and can be used subsequently to substantiate the design criteria. paragraph 3-4. positioning of nozzles. exercises in planning an FM-200® extinguishing system is the hazard survey. for comparison see NOAEL / LOAEL values. currently BS5306 section 5.0% Rugged environments.3 Class C = Class A System Design There are two main elements of system design.8% x 1. access and construction limitations. All design concentration calculations are based on extinguishing concentrations plus an additional 20% safety factor for Class A & C and 30% safety factor for Class B. considerations such as ventilation. volumes.03 x 1. openings and restrictions. Nozzle distribution test concentration = 6. environmental conditions.17) Hazard Analysis The first. etc. This can be found in Appendix A. and those requiring intrinsically safe or flameproof equipment.2 Class B = 1. and manually actuated only systems. consult Macron Safety Systems Limited as well as referring to NFPA 2001.3 = Design concentration. For Class A (Determined by fire test) 5.9 = 1. Fires involving energized electrical equipment where the electrical nonconductivity of the extinguishing media is of importance Class B Class C FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.7% x 1. However the minimum design concentration for flammable liquids is 9%.7 Safety factor: Class A = 1.0: 23 . The first is the risk assessment.9% Calculations: Cupburner or fire test concentration X nozzle efficiency factor X safety factor. in which combustion normally takes place with the formation of glowing embers.01/Issue3. A Site Survey / Request form is a useful tool to aidememory for addressing the relevant factors. All system design calculations are calculated at minimum design concentration to determine agent quantity.03 6. and one of the most important.0% For Class B (Other class B fuels)cupburner x 1. The design concentration for Class A & C fires is 7. electrical requirements.SECTION 3 . first edition. Maximum design concentration should be at the maximum anticipated enclosure temperature.03 x 1. etc. The information derived from the survey should include risk assessment. but not less than 9. FM200® is suitable for use with the following materials: Class A Fires involving solid materials usually of an organic nature. personnel considerations. 2000 edition. paragraph 61.1. For systems with only manual actuation cupburner x 1.2(b).2 =7.17% but differs for Class B fires. require special consideration and should be discussed fully with Macron Safety Systems before finalising a system design.

Generally. The rigid elements should have a fire resistance of not less than 30 min when tested in accordance with BS476: Part 20. Part 21.SYSTEM DESIGN Hazard Volume Note. A floor void.ft) above the hazard.. Certain materials in this group may require increased concentrations to achieve satisfactory extinguishment. Consult Macron for details of specific risk. The hazard structure must be capable of withstanding a pressure of 600 pa (0. Similarly. Part 22 or Part 23 as appropriate. Caution. Obstructions greater than 300mm (12") can affect the distribution of agent and may require additional nozzles.3m (1. Each enclosed space is considered as a risk area and requires at least one nozzle.01/Issue3.201 ftH20) developed during discharge. large equipment cabinets and control panels should not be considered in the calculation as it is assumed that the internal area is required to be filled with agent. Consult Macron Safety Systems if in doubt. During agent discharge. is treated as a separate adjacent area and requires simultaneous discharge to occur. ensuring that the scale is accurate and that heights are denoted. To determine the volume refer to the site drawings. • Chemicals capable of auto-thermal recomposition. Calculate the volume of each area. the calculation is based on an empty area. etc. In total flooding applications the risk area must comprise an enclosed space with no significant openings so that the design concentration can be achieved and maintained. Please note that floor voids cannot be protected separately from the associated room. • Chemicals capable of rapid oxidation. • Class D Combustible metals.HYGOOD SECTION 3 .07. FM-200® is not effective on the following: • Class A Deep seated fires. 24 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Ceiling obstructions such as beams that are less than 300mm (12") below the slab need not be considered. ceiling void. cable duct. or make a sketch of the area adding dimensions and any relevant details.0: . the subsequent furniture and fittings having little effect on the actual concentration. the hazard enclosure will experience a pressure change. The ceiling should be not less than 0. • Enclosures with hot surfaces (>400oC) (752oF) Hazard Structure The protected enclosure shall be bounded by rigid elements of building constrution.

Minimum agent quantity requirements are based on minimum hazard. In the event of overexposure. prior to a discharge. avoid any exposure to FM-200® in volume concentrations greater than 9% unless using self contained breathing apparatus. cardiac effects or unconsciousness. mechanical. remove to fresh air immediately and summon medical assistance. the optimum temperature being 21oC (70oF). Limit exposure times as in NFPA 2001. The chosen location should provide protection from severe weather. When the storage temperature varies by + 5. (32oF to 120oF).5% may include dizziness. Section 1-6 "Safety. Hydraulic calculations are made at 21oC (70 oF). impaired coordination. The design concentration (percent by volume) required for the hazard will be the highest concentration required by any one of the fuels present in the hazard. the unit should be shut down and/or dampers operated to close the ducts. no additional agent is required. Nitrogen in the container maintains a superpressurisation of 25 bar at 21oC (360 psi at 70oF). as close as possible to the area. The duct volume between the hazard and the damper must be added to the overall volume. consideration should be given to installing a normally closed means of ventilation with extraction arrangements which will discharge directly to open air. Section 1-6 "Safety.0: 25 .SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD Hazard Fuels All fuels in the hazard must be identified and the corresponding agent concentration requirements. Frostbite: Direct skin contact with FM-200® in the immediate area of discharge may cause frostbite. therefore.SECTION 3 . At maximum temperature. (ii) Central air conditioning unit A central air conditioning unit relies on air from outside and is often linked by ducts to other parts of the building. Ventilation If the hazard enclosure has no means of adequate venting after discharge. filled and pressurised the FM-200® extinguishing system should not be exposed to temperatures other than the storage / operating temperature range of 0 to 500C.5 oC (+ 10 oF) from 21oC (70 oF)." Once assembled .07. there is a risk that the system will not supply the designed quantity of extinguishing agent. Agent Storage FM-200® is stored as a liquified compressed gas in appropriate containers to meet DOT4BW500 & 450 requirements. Agent Quantities Normally the agent quantity is the weight required to produce the desired concentration at the lowest temperature within the hazard enclosure. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.01/Issue3. before discharge occurs. Dampers should be installed in both supply and return air ducts. If the hazard has a self-contained unit and it is located within the area without an outside air supply. Hazard Temperature Determine as accurately as possible the anticipated minimum and maximum temperatures likely to be experienced within the protected area. reduced mental acuity. (i) Self-contained air conditioning unit A self-contained unit conditions the air within the enclosure and does not rely on a fresh air supply. chemical." Symptoms of overexposure to concentrations greater than 10. It is not necessary to shut down the unit prior to a discharge as the mixing effect is beneficial. or draw air from other parts of the building. Sufficient time must be allowed for the plant to stop. This also includes while being in storage or transported. Personnel Safety Natural Agent: To avoid possible injury. or other types of damage. hazard concentration must not exceed the NOAEL/LOAEL values for normally occupied spaces. or dampers to close. Air conditioning and/or forced ventilation can affect the system performance and the quantity of agent required. The ambient temperature of the storage area must be between 0 oC to 49 oC (32 oF to 120 oF). reference NFPA 2001.

A connected reserve may be employed in some circumstances providing a secondary supply of agent. 2.0: . 1. Whenever containers are manifolded. the following rules must be observed. 26 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Pipe size reductions may be made by using reducing tees or reducing bushings or reducing couplings. 3. 4. All containers connected to the same manifold or pipe must be the same size and filled with the same agent weight. pressure and fill density.01/Issue3. Flexible discharge hoses and check valves must be used at each inlet.SYSTEM DESIGN Agent Distribution Distribution piping will be installed only with approved piping as indicated in Section 5.07. Agent containers must be located in a single row and spaced according to section. SECTION 3 . or to make available the proper increments of agent weight for the protection of multiple hazards.HYGOOD Manifolds It may be necessary to manifold agent containers to provide the required amount of agent for a hazard.

05m(33ft) for a 180o nozzle. Maximum distance 180 degree nozzles should be placed from a wall 300mm (12"). Another consequence of two-phase flow is the potential for separation of liquid and vapour. Agent Flow Characteristics Nitrogen Superpressurisation Nitrogen is added to the FM-200® containers. When the storage temperature varies by + 5.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD the remaining FM-200® nitrogen mixture as a vapour.0: . When considering the optimum nozzle location. will cause a portion of the nitrogen to mix with the FM-200®. Flow in Pipe In a properly designed distribution piping network the flow of FM-200® will consist of a two phase mixture of liquid and vapour.01/Issue3. Hydraulic calculations are made at 210C (70oF). this can lead to confusion as to when the discharge is complete. Maximum distance between 9. leading to alternate discharges of liquid and vapour (slugging) or layering of the two phases. Sub-floors & false ceilings). After the liquid portion of the discharge has been completed. the velocity of the mixture will be high enough to maintain highly turbulent flow. therefore. In some systems the transition period is relatively long. when the mixture contacts the pipeline walls. However.1m (30 ft) Nozzles located either above or below the container outlet. known as superpressurisation. Nozzle selection and location The number of nozzles required is based on the hazard size and configuration and the coverage provided by the nozzle. Trailing Vapour Pressure Discharge time is defined as the average liquid discharge time through all nozzles in the system.3m2 (1026 ft2) Nozzle orifices must not be placed where they may discharge into nearby objects.5oC (+ 10oF) there is a risk that the system will not supply the designed quantity of extinguishing agent. 180 degree nozzles must be mounted adjacent to a wall and must be located to cover the entire area.87m(16 ft) maximum protection height for 360o and 180o nozzle. there will be a short transition period followed by the delivery of • • FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. maximum distance between them 9. the remaining portion of the nitrogen will remain in the vapour space above the liquid providing the increased propulsion necessary to discharge the FM-200® from the container. the two phases may separate. Nozzles must be installed a maximum of 300mm(12") below the ceiling. The maximum discharge radius is 8.e. The maximum coverage area for either nozzle is 95. 4.6ft) for a 360o nozzle and 10. Nozzles located both above and below the con tainer outlet. the pipeline must be properly sized to keep the FM-200® flow turbulent enough to prevent phase separation.1m (30 ft) 27 • • • • • Initial Vapour Discharge At the instant the discharge valve is opened. Temperatures other than 21oC (70oF) may result in variations in system discharge characteristics. In a properly designed pipe network. the following factors should be taken into account. • • • • Nozzle location is affected by the shape of the hazard area. This is due to flashing of the trailing edge of the fluid as it moves from the tank to the nozzles.07.7m(28. Measured from centre of the nozzle to the wall. if the pipeline diameter is too large for the design flow rate. Therefore. the minimum 50mm (2"). This addition of nitrogen. possibly resulting in an inaccurate measurement of the discharge time. Nozzles are available in 7-port or 8-port versions to provide 180 or 360 degree discharge patterns respectively. 300mm(12") minimum void height (i.SECTION 3 . the friction decreases the density of the mixture resulting in a non-linear pressure drop and an increase in flow velocity. rapid expansion of the agent will cool the piping network. The properties of this mixture will vary with its composition.

07. See figure 25a. See Figure 25b.0: .01/Issue3.1m (30 ft). then the maximum elevation difference between the container outlet and the furthest horizontal pipe run or discharge nozzle (whichever is furthest) shall not exceed 9. then the maximum distance between the furthest horizontal pipe runs. or discharge nozzles (whichever is further) shall not exceed 9. 28 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. then the maximum elevation difference between the container outlet and the furthest horizontal pipe run or discharge nozzle (whichever is furthest) shall not exceed 9. Note: If a system design violates these limits. Figure 25b - If nozzles are only located below the container outlet.SYSTEM DESIGN Figure 25a - If nozzles are only located above the container outlet. Examples: SECTION 3 . contact Macron Safety Systems to determine what action has to be taken. See figure 25c.HYGOOD Maximum Limits in Pipe Work.1m (30 ft).1m (30 ft). Figure 25c - If nozzles are located both above and below the container outlet.

Check percentage agent split at tee's.01/Issue3.6ft3) Computer Room: 543. • Determine hazard material and required design concentration.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD System Design Procedure The following procedure must be followed when designing FM-200® systems. Determine container size and fill density.0: 29 . Calculate quantity of FM-200® per enclosure. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Design pipe network.6ft) • • • • 10.05m • • (33ft) Example: Nozzle Selection Switch Room: 120.Nozzle Discharge Radius 8. bull tee splits will be between 30-70%.07.3m3 (19237. Calculate quantity of FM-200® per nozzle. Determine hazard altitude and correction factor. rises. falls and nozzle reference numbers. Note: The side tee splits shall be between 10-30%. at minimum design temperature.1ft3) Floor Void: 63. Figure 26 . All Tee outlets must be in the same horizontal plane. Identify individual enclosure volumes and deduct any impermeable volumes where appropriate. Identify all pipe lengths.7m3 (4262.36m3 (2275.4ft3) 2 x 8 port nozzles 4 x 8 port nozzles 1 x 7 port nozzle Nozzle placement and piping arrangements for the example are shown in Figure 28.7m • • • (28. Select nozzle type and location. See examples figure 27 a-f.SECTION 3 .

HYGOOD Example: Tee Split Designs Figure 27a . Figure 27c .SYSTEM DESIGN Figure 27b .Side tee orientation "incorrect" Figure 27e .Side tee orientation "correct" Figure 27d . The design would also be outside the parameters permitted by the calculation software. SECTION 3 .Bull tee orientation "correct" Figure 27f .Bull Tee Split limits.07.Side Tee Split limits.0: . See figures 27d and 27f. 30 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.Bull tee orientation "incorrect" NOTE: Incorrect orientation of side and bull tee could result in separation of the FM200 from the Nitrogen (due to FM-200® greater density).01/Issue3.

9Ibs 2.2 = 4262.4 X 7.207 (100-7.885 + 0.) Computer Room: (7. Temperature (t).Calculations Minimum Agent Quantity is based on the hazard volume at the minimum anticipated temperature and concentration required.2 = 676. Switch Room: Computer Room: Floor Void: 22.0: 31 .6% of Agent Floor Void: 2275. (% by volume) at Design When the minimum quantity of FM-200® has been calculated the weight is compared to the available agent container size.4 x 9.4/25775.1/25775. (Separate tank is required for floor voids.5 x 39.5 x 39.0lbs 2. C= 100 WS WS + V Example: Calculation for two rooms and floor void with the following dimensions: To calculate the required agent for each hazard volume as a percentage of the total agent required.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD Floor Void: (7.2% required design concentration example only) W= 19237.6 X 7.1 = 74.2% required design concentration example only) W= 2275.SECTION 3 .7 x 8.0046t t = Design Temperature in Hazard Area (oF) C = Required FM-200® Design Conc.1 = 16.1 X 7.2) It is determined from the above that both the switch Room and the Computer Room can be fed by one manifolded system using 3 x 180 Litre containers.1 = 2275.3lbs 2.2 = 80. the previous equation can be rearranged to determine the concentration based on the actual weight as containers are filled to the nearest kg.2) FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.20% required design concentration example only) W= 4262.9 x 22.207 (100-7.6/25775.3 = 19237.4 x 1. To determine the minimum agent quantity the following equation is used: W = (V/S)* (C/100-C) W = Weight of Agent required (lbs) V = Hazard Volume (ft3) S = Specific Vapour Volume (ft3/lb) S = 1.2 = 149.1ft3 52.4ft3 % Hazard Agent = Individual hazard Volume Sum of hazard volumes Switch Room: 4262.01/Issue3. If protected with nozzle from computer room system.207 (100-7. With the appropriate container selected.6% of Agent t = 21o C (70oF) for calculation example Computer Room: 19237.8% of Agent Switch Room: (7. each filled with 276lbs of Agent.6ft3 52. The Floor Void would use 1 x 52 Litre container filled with 80lbs as it requires less than 10% of the total Agent and therefore equates as follows.2) Design Example . The container size must be equal to or greater then the weight of agent (see Figure 1).1 = 8. the piping would be outside the tee split limits.07.

4 Figure 28 . the maximum concentration can be determined by recalculating the equation based on the maximum temperature anticipated in each enclosure 270C (800F) maximum design temperature.207 = 7.4 = 7.34% Computer Room: C = 100 x 677.8 The minimum enclosure concentrations can be calculated based on the actual container fill (70oF minimum design temperature).2 x2.7 = 18.1/23499.1 Floor Void: C = 100 x 80 x 2.1 Switch Room: C = 100 x 150.2538 = 7.8 x 2.253) + 19237.2x2.14% of Agent Computer Room: 19237.2 x 2.7 = 81.207)+4262.4/2275.207)+19237.1814 x 3 x 276 = 150.4 = 100% of Agent SECTION 3 .36% (677.2538 (80 x 2.6 Floor Void: C = 100 x 80 x 2.253) + 4262. This calculation is required to determine if the maximum concentration is below the NOAEL limit for normally occupied areas.2 x 2.207 = 7.8 x 2.207) + 2275.8 x 2.6/23499.2 = 677.253) + 2275.SYSTEM DESIGN Actual agent to switch Room : 0. Switch Room: C = 100 x 150.22% (150.HYGOOD Switch Room: 4262.2% (80 x 2.8 x 2.6 Computer Room: C = 100 x 677.Example Nozzle Location 32 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.2 lbs Agent to Computer room : 3 x 276 .01/Issue3.207 = 7.36% (150.9% of Agent Floor Void: 2275.0: .150.22% (677.2538 = 7. After determining the minimum weight and concentration.

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.SECTION 3 . a through /side tee and a bull tee. certain piping practices must be adhered to.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD Piping Practices Due to the two phase flow of FM-200®.0: 33 . Both have limitations on the minimum and maximum allowable flow splits which are detailed in section 4. use minimum lengths of pipe. use minimum numbers of elbows.07. maximize pipe volume before the 1st tee and incorporate similar pipe run lengths to nozzles. page 36. Mainly that the flow split must be on the horizontal plane. System designers should aim to design as far as possible balanced pipe networks. There are two types of tee used in FM-200® systems.01/Issue3. It should also be noted that system designers shall allow a minimum of 10 times the nominal pipe diameter around tee splits before any change of direction.

3.0478 0.4366 2.0618 0.0538 0.0: . it is important to assess the hazard area correctly.0549 0. However the equation can be used to give a close approximation of required agent quantities.0394 0.0825 0.0757 0.0540 0.0356 0.07.1612 2.0267 0.0493 0.0675 0.572 0.0572 0. t (oF )c 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 Specific Vapor Volume 6 s (ft3/lb)d 1.0548 0.0441 0.0767 0.17 8 9 10 11 12 13 0.0845 0.01/Issue3.0507 0.0351 x 9182 =322.0563 0.0503 0.99. Note: Specific Vapour Volume data shown in Table 7 are experimentally derived values and the specific vapour volume equation (S) has a correlation coefficient of 0.0642 0.0598 0.0323 0.0537 0.0349 0.0334 0.0302 0. 2.0853 0.0708 0.0659 0.0835 0.0525 0.3912 2. W/V (lb/ft3) Design Concentration (% by Volume) 7.0498 0.0430 0.0501 0. Hazard Volume.0581 0.0306 0.0678 2.0527 0.0663 0.0311 0.0371 0.2994 2.0386 0. The agent concentration is dependant upon the type of hazard being protected.0489 0.0550 0.0584 0. The following information will need to be determined as discussed in Section 3.0787 0.0916 0.0430 0.0770 0. ® Hazard Volume: Room Temperature: Agent Concentration: Flooding Factor: 9182ft3 70oF 7.0391 0.0644 15 0.0448 0.0323 0.0570 0.0262 0.0414 0.0350 0.0805 0.0707 0.2075 2.FLOW CALCULATIONS Example: In determining the quantity of FM-200 required for a particular application.0711 0.2538 2. The quantity of FM-200® can be calculated by using the flooding factors (Table 6. 4.0637 0.0298 Weight Requirements of Hazard Volume.0391 0.0329 0.0612 0.0489 0.0681 0.0257 0.0382 0.0378 0.0381 0.0691 0.0668 0.0406 0.0278 0.0364 0.0483 0.9264 1.0626 0.0253 7 0.0348 0.0321 0.0391 0.0613 0.0517 0.0694 0.0722 0. Minimum Room Temperature.0401 0.0656 0.0210 2.0422 0.0708 0.0411 0.0698 34 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0341 0.0723 0.0331 0.0738 0. Quantity of FM-200® required: 0. metric) or by using the formula (FM-200® Equation Calculations) and then multiplying by the altitude correction factor (table 7).0373 0.0776 0.0739 0.HYGOOD Introduction SECTION 4 .9736 2.1146 2.0303 0.057 0.0451 0.0625 0.0372 0.0474 0.0398 0.3lbs The Hazard volume can be determined by calculating the room volume and deducting any impermeable volumes that may be contained within the area. the type of nozzle used and hazard altitude.0873 0.0351 1.0440 0.3452 2.0468 0.0458 0.0631 0.0283 0.0295 0.0448 0. Hazard Type.0327 0.0421 0.0357 0.0691 0.0344 0.0783 0.0439 0.0753 0.0514 0.0752 0.0357 0. Height above sea-level.0402 0.0316 0.0465 0.0315 0.0737 0.0894 0.0272 0.0335 0.0591 14 0.4820 2.0650 0.0593 0.0645 0.0456 0.0289 0.0817 0.056 0.0309 0.0513 0.0365 0.0364 0.0560 0.0602 0.0677 0.0309 0.0724 0. The anticipated temperature of the Hazard area will normally be advised by the client.0799 0.17% 0. imperial / 6a. Table 6: FM-200® Weight Calculations Imperial Temp.0605 0.0316 0.0342 0.

7205 0.2579 1.823 0.6223 0.2388 1.2856 1.8929 0.8837 0.0 4 1 . A system designed for sea-level conditions will therefore develop an actual higher concentration at levels above sea-level and an actual lower concentration at levels below sea-level.1399 0.0755 1.5284 0.995 0.1546 1.4216 1.4847 7.0908 0. The adjusted agent quantity is calculated by multiplying W (from the equation on the left) by the altitude correction factor.1859 1.4401 0.7 8 0 .5520 0.1225 1.5483 0.8 9 0 .885 + 0.084 1.0484 15 1.57 0.6585 0.5034 0.049 1. The design quantity of the clean agent shall be adjusted to compensate for ambient presFM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0124 0.SECTION 4 .955 0.5996 0.8951 0.4481 0.6357 0.1294 0.1096 1.5625 0.0 0 km ) 1 0 0 0 (0 . W = (V/S) * (C/100-C) W = Weight of Agent required kg (lbs) (BS5306: Part 5: Section 5.8763 0.5142 0.8142 0.0126 0.6701 0.4324 0.3114 1.0: ® S = Specific Vapour Volume cu.5589 0.92 in Hg at 70 oF).1 3 km ) 8 0 0 0 (2 .749 0.1224 1.5851 0.7399 0.5099 0.145 0.8414 0.2038 1.6217 0.1269 + 0.5254 0.FLOW CALCULATIONS HYGOOD Table 6a: FM-200® Weight Calculations Metric.6369 10 0.5734 0.1476 0.1956 1.7661 0.1555 1.6858 0.2168 1.474 0.1425 0.975 0.9748 0.8094 0.7158 0.9230 0.9004 0.1215 0.7528 0.796 12 1.1268 0.1347 0.0005131 t ( oC) Or (S= 1. 35 .4919 0.7276 0.01/Issue3.8586 0.0985 1.1241 0.9784 0.4564 0.1316 1.7156 11 1.7987 0.0886 1. (% by volume) at Design Temperature (t).5012 0.9 3 0 .7071 0.2618 1.9178 0. FM-200 has a greater specific volume because of the reduced atmospheric pressure.0537 1.9573 0.5968 0.3636 1.465 0.1502 0.6064 0.6719 0.2301 1.936 0.8374 0.1029 1.2328 1.5816 0.5326 0.066 1.4 5 km ) 9 0 0 0 (2 .519 0.7944 0.0684 1.3401 1.4929 0. FM-200® Equation Calculations The weight of agent required for a hazard area can also be calculated from the formula shown below.8 3 km ) 7 0 0 0 (2 .6104 0. W/V (kg/m3) Design Concentration (% per volume) 6 0.4973 8 0.418 0.5 2 km ) 6 0 0 0 (1 .2089 1.6457 0.17 0.2264 1.7 5 0 .9 6 0 .3105 1.1553 Weight Requirements of Hazard Volume.0046 t o F) t = Design Temperature in Hazard Area oC (oF) C = Required FM-200® Design Conc.8 6 0 .6091 0.9402 0.8251 0.5420 0.9 1 km ) 4 0 0 0 (1 .0174 0.1785 1.6 1 km ) 3 0 0 0 (0 .5936 0.3 0 km ) 0 (0 . Temp Specific Vapor Volume s (m3/kg)d 0.6335 0.5232 0.0 0 0 .m/kg (ft3/lbs) where S = 0.1 / NPFA2001 Table 3-6) V = Hazard Volume m3 (ft3) At elevations above sea-level.8093 0.5694 0.6 1 km ) -1 0 0 0 (-0 .2839 1.6196 0.579 0.56 9 0.157 0.7 4 km ) 1 0 0 0 0 (3 .6586 0.8676 0.0327 1.7005 0.1751 1.4834 0.425 0.2 2 km ) 5 0 0 0 (1 .8 2 0 .1373 0.6 6 sure that vary more than 11 percent (equivalent to approximately 915m (3000 ft) of elevation change) from standard sea level pressure 760 mm Hg at 0 oC (29.0 5 km ) C o rrectio n F a cto r 1 .9623 14 1.164 1.8782 13 1.6 9 0 .07.6943 0.6819 0.3 0 km ) 2 0 0 0 (0 .9147 0.4111 t (oC )c -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 7 0.9934 0.1 1 1 .4527 1.8522 0.132 0.1428 1.6476 0.0 7 1 .7344 0.3918 1.78 0.4932 0.7642 0.78 0.1365 Table 7: Altitude Correction Factor A ltitu d e a b o v e sea lev el ft -3 0 0 0 (-0 .5891 0.5142 0.0303 1.9 2 km ) -2 0 0 0 (-0 .7 2 0 .5382 0.9957 0.

61 (30.907 (2.00) NOTE: The calculation method has been designed for specific types of fittings.95 (55.80 (80%).0 seconds.907 (2.61 (30.92 (99.00) 13.95 (55. 10 .50) 3.00) 24.30 % side tee split. The ratio between the nozzle area and the pipe cross sectional area immediately preceding the nozzle is limited to a minimum of 0.60) 0. and pipe inside diameter.454 (1. pipes.35 (14.50) 2.82 (90. 10 (3/8) 15(½ ) 20 (¾) 25 (1) 32 (1 ¼) 40 (1 ½) 50 (2) 65 (2 ½) 80 (3) 100 (4) 125 (5) 150 (6) Note: This information is for Schedule 40 pipe. representatives will be required to attend a formal training session.00) 1. Maximum of 20 nozzles per system. As system design calculations are critical to the success of the extinguishing system.00) 56.00) 136.00) 9.588 (3. average nozzle pressures and discharge time.495 (5. Maximum liquid run out time of 2.00) 4.272 (0. Flow Rates.00) 44. the following design parameters should be considered to avoid system reject when running the calculation. and serves as an estimate only. companies other than Macron Safety Systems wish to use the program.87 bar (70.43 (120.67 (12. The program predicts the two phase flow of FM-200® and nitrogen through a pipe network. there is a risk that the system will not supply the required quantity of extinguishing agent.072 (20. • • • • • • 4.50) 5. For further information on the Flow Program.0 seconds.10 seconds discharge time. 0. • • • • • • SECTION 4 .72 (200.HYGOOD Engineered Systems • Macron Safety Systems Engineered systems are based on a Hydraulic Flow Program developed by Hughes Associates Inc.5 kg/L(31.20 (20%) and a maximum of 0. & Min.361 (3.87m (16.0: .00) 24. 80% maximum agent in pipe.(lb/s) 0. (For extended discharge consult Macron Safety Systems Ltd. only Macron Safety Systems or Macron Safety Systems trained personnel are permitted to perform system calculations.4lbs/ft3) fill density.1 (300.0ft) Minimum of 10% agent in pipe before first tee. 36 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.00) Maximum flow rate kg/sec.082 (9.00) 1. Program Parameters When designing pipe network systems. 30 -70 % bull tee split.00) 0.1.00) 90.00) 6.072 (20.7 (125.) Table 8 : Max.2lbs/ft3) . Information detailing the enclosure is entered and the program calculates the required pipe sizes.00) 40.0 kg/L(62.00) 2. Between 6 .07.00) 54. Maximum of 10 enclosures per system. Pipe Size mm (in) Minimum flow rate kg/s (lb/s) 0.01/Issue3. If in the future.FLOW CALCULATIONS Max.6 psi) minimum nozzle pressure. When these limitations are not maintained. nozzle drill sizes. All system calculations are conducted either 'in house' by Macron Safety Systems or authorised suppliers. Maximum nozzle height is 4.855 (8. Pipe and nozzle sizes need to be confirmed by the computer program.00) 13.50) 9.722 (6. refer to the Hughes Hy-Flow User's Manual. liquid arrival time imbalance of 1.

5 ft).85 (2.37 0.0) 1.24 (0. Check & Flex) 32 mm Check & Flex (1-1/4 in.01/Issue3.06 (15.0: 37 .6) 0.4) Side T ee m (ft) 0.9) 0. valve) 50 mm valve (2 in.31 (4.1) 2.08 (9.56(7.7 (2.1) 2.) 32 mm (1.2) 0.7) 0.8) (3. Nominal pipe size 25 mm (1 in.7) 0.52 (1.79 (2.6) 1.01 (6.5) 0. Component 25 mm valve (1 in.1) T hru T ee m (ft) 0. The second segment has a diameter of 32 mm (1-1/4 in.25 in.096 (20) 10.7) 0.37 (17.6) 7.52 (1.27 0.64 (20.91 1.09 0.4) (0.08 (12.43 0.01 (6.65 (8.74 m (35.29 (7.25 (3.3 (0.82 (2.04 (3.4) 4. Figures based upo n schedule 40 A ST M A 1 06-77 p ipe (nom inal pipe size given in table).5) U nion m (ft) 0.285 (50.) 25 mm (1 in.) See note 1 50 mm (2 in.4) 6.24 0.FLOW CALCULATIONS HYGOOD Table 9 :Equivalent Length D iam eter M m (in) 10 (3/8) 15 (1/2) 20 (3/4) 25 (1) 32 (1 ¼ ) 40 (1 ½ ) 50 (2) 65 (2 ½ ) 80 (3) 100 (4) 125 (5) 150 (6) 90º E lbow m (ft) 0.3) 0.8) (1.94 (15. Table 10 : Equivalent Length for other system components.74 (5.91) 15.3) E quivalent leng th table for pipe fittings.4 (1.2 ft).61 (1.9) 0.37 (4.41 (10.5) 1.) with a total equivalent length of 0.5) 10 (30.5 (7.0) 0.12 0.14 m (0.6) 3.1) 2.06 (3.) 50 mm (2 in.82 (2.0) 3.6) 0.15) 12.0) 45º E lbow m (ft) 0.5) (0.2) 8.7) (2.1) 0.7) 0.15 0.18 (0.4) 4.4 (1.3) (1.1) (1. flex hose) 50 mm flex hose (2 in.5) 1.4) 5.) 50 mm (2 in.92 (5. Check & Flex) 50 mm Check & Flex (2 in.02 (39.94 (1.0) 2.0) 4.7) 2. The first segment has a diameter of 25 mm (1 in.08 (12.) Equivalent length M (ft) 6.2) 1.32 (7.67 (2. Check & Flex) Figures based upon schedule 40 ASTM A 106-77 pipe (nominal pipe size given in table).429) Note 1 – Flex hose consists of two segments.3 (0.) with a total equivalent length of 10.18 0.9) 2.8) 1.52 (4.24 (0.13 (3.55 0.5) 1.7) (0.55 (4.4) 0.07. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.SECTION 4 .07 (0.42 (1.2) 0.593 (24.2) (2.26 (10.6) (0.3) 2.8) 3.35 (25.68 (5.73 0. valve) 32 mm flex hose (1-1/4 in.4) 1. flex hose) 25 mm Check & Flex (1 in.3) (0.6) 1.16 (3.2) 1.5) 1.668 (35) See note 1 5.2) 1.55 (1.

unpack the Macron Safety Systems supplied items and ensure that the components comply with the packing list and installation drawings. Macron Safety Systems can supply this service or provide a list of their factory trained installation contractors. Installation drawings contain the following information. • Container Data. and be accessible for service and maintenance. 94466 Part No. Installation instructions are described under the following main headings. 94463 Specific installation drawings must be prepared for the hazard area in accordance with system design as calculated by the FM-200® Hydraulic Flow Program. Actuation Cap Safety Outlet Cap 38 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. and recorded on the label attached to the container. The containers must be firmly secured to a wall or bulkhead. If for any reason. Determine the container storage temperature and refer to the Temperature Correction Chart to check the pressure within the container (see Appendix B). • Enclosure Volumes.0 .Safety Outlet and Actuation Caps 50mm(2") Safety Outlet Cap 25mm(1") Actuation Cap 25mm(1") Safety Outlet Cap Part No. • Agent Quantities. or leakage is suspected. • Pipe Diameters. the container should be weighed to confirm there is no weight loss. • Scaled Pipe Network Plan. • Pipe Network Isometric. Pipe Length Drops & Rises. the pipe network requires modifications the system must be recalculated before proceeding with installation. • Container Installation • Piping and Nozzles • Actuation Controls • Ancillary Equipment • Completion Procedures Container Installation The container location is identified on the system drawings and should be protected from extremes of temperature. nozzle pressures. 91185 Part No. Figure 29 . • Solenoid Actuator Technical Data.INSTALLATION Installation drawings shall be submitted for approval to the appropriate authority prior to system installation. and in the order of installation. If there is any doubt regarding the weight. agent quantity and various other design considerations.07. On receipt. The pipe network is sized in order to obtain correct discharge time. No Safety Outlet and Actuation Caps should be removed at this stage.01/Issue2.HYGOOD General Information All installation shall be carried out by an approved Macron Safety Systems contractor with the correct equipment and previous experience of gaseous extinguishing systems. These drawings should be followed closely in order to ensure the system meets its design criteria. • Nozzle Data. SECTION 5 . • Low Pressure Switch Wiring Chart • Fittings Data. The container weight is checked at the factory prior to dispatch.

) 106 liter : 53. Remove the Safety Outlet cap from the valve outlet adaptor (see Figure 29).5”) (11.SECTION 5 . 29.25”) (11. 5. 13”) (6.5”) (11.) 52 liter : 27.25”) FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.25”. Fix the back channels of the mounting brackets to the wall at the appropriate heights (see table 11).75”. 39.0 to 33.75”. 4. Figure 30 . 1000 300.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Single Container Installation 1. Excessive tightening may cause the valve outlet thread to be damaged and adversely affect the system operation.) 16 liter : 9. 3. 595 110.5 to 8.0 kg (59 to 117 lbs. 343 300.0 to 147.) 180 liter : 91. install a union coupling.5 to 106. Table 11: Bracket Fixing Heights Container Size L 8 liter : 4. Position the container against the back channel with the valve outlet pointing left. of Unirax Channels 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 Height From Floor to Bracket mm (in) 130 60. Do not over tighten the container connection.0 to 17.5 to 182. Caution.07. using suitable anchor type bolts (not supplied). 13.5 kg (38 to 74 lbs.75”.0 kg (201 to 401 lbs.5”) (4. 1200 (5”) (2.5 kg (118 to 235 lbs.0 kg (10 to 18 lbs.Container Strap Location 2.) No.) 32 liter : 17.25”. 47. 6.5 kg (20 to 39 lbs. 23.0 to 53.5 kg (163 to 325 lbs. Remove the union and replace the Safety Outlet Cap after the initial pipe run has been installed. 750 300. Insert the container straps at top and bottom and secure with the bolts provided (see Figure 30).01/Issue3.5”. 330 160.) 147 liter : 74.0 39 . With the outlet cap removed from the valve outlet adaptor.

3. while pipework is installed.HYGOOD Multiple Container Installation Containers are manifolded together for three main reasons. Combining the correct containers to obtain the required quantity of agent within a specific hazard area. 2 5. Locate and secure the cantilever brackets to each channel using M10 x 40mm Hex Head screw and uninut long spring 10mm. Locate manifold brackets in cantilever channel and unirax end caps. For systems that require main and reserve. 4. Each check valve is bolted to a flanged inlet on the manifold (50mm (2") only) using four M8 x 20mm cap head screws.01/Issue2. Back channels are used to ensure that the appropriate height adjustment is available when connecting the discharge hose from the valve outlet to the manifold check valve (see figure 31). 3 40 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. dimension B). three check valves and an end cap. Adjust cantilever height as required and secure in position. 2.0 . • • • To reduce the amount of piping required by connection to one feeder pipe. For safety remove discharge hose and replace safety caps.INSTALLATION Manifold Bracket Installation 1. Insert the container straps at top and bottom and secure with the bolts provided (see Figure 30). 1 Fix the back channels of the mounting brackets to the wall at the appropriate heights (see table 11). A typical 80mm (3"). Remove outlet safety cap and attach discharge hose between valve and manifold. Position the containers against the back channels with the valve outlets pointing left at the required spacing for the manifold ports (see Figure 14. Fix the two back vertical channels to the wall at the appropriate height using suitable anchor type bolts (see table 12). three port manifold assembly consists of the manifold.07. SECTION 5 . using suitable anchor type bolts (not supplied).

0 to 5 3 .) 1931 (6 7 in .5 ” ) 65 (2 .) 1289 (5 0 ¾ in .) 1931 (7 6 in .5 k g (2 0 to 3 9 lb ) 32 1 7 .5 k g (3 8 to 7 4 lb ) V a lv e S iz e (m m ) 25 (1 ” ) 25 N o m in a l H e ig h t fr o m F lo o r to to p o f c a n tile v e r (m m ) 750 (2 9 ½ in .07.0 to 1 4 7 .) 1931 (7 6 in .0 k g (5 9 to 1 1 7 lb ) 106 5 3 .SECTION 5 .01/Issue3.) 65 (2 .0 ” ) 1601 (6 3 in ) 1931 (7 6 in .0 k g (2 0 1 to 4 0 1 lb .5 ” ) 25 52 2 7 .0 to 1 7 .5 ” ) Table 12: Manifold Bracket Fixing Heights C o n ta in e r S iz e (L ) 8 4 .5 k g (1 6 3 to 3 2 5 lb ) 147 147 180 9 1 .5 to 1 8 2 .Manifold Assembly FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.) 180 50 (2 ” ) 50 80 (3 ” ) 80 (3 ” ) 100 (4 ” ) 80 (3 ” ) 100 (4 ” ) 150 (6 ” ) 100 (4 ” ) 150 (6 ” ) 1133 (4 4 5 /8 in .0 41 .) 949 (3 7 3 /8 in .) 2210 (8 7 in ) 50 50 50 50 50 50 Figure 31 .5 k g (1 1 8 to 2 3 5 lb ) 106 147 7 4 .5 to 1 0 6 .0 to 3 3 .5 to 8 .0 k g (1 0 to 1 8 lb ) 16 9 .INSTALLATION HYGOOD M a n ifo ld S iz e (m m ) 6 5 (2 .) 1601 (6 3 .

BS1740 or Class 150 of ANSI B16. complying with BS1740 or Class 150 of ANSI B16. these determine the minimum wall thickness in accordance with BS1600.9. Screwed. or Forged Steel. Socket Weld. the installation should commence at the union elbow / manifold assembly and progress along to the discharge nozzles.INSTALLATION Table 14: UK Fittings Pipe Size up to & including 20mm Screwed.1. or Forged Steel. or Forged Steel. or Forged Steel. / NFPA 2001 2-2 The pipe must be reamed.07. or Forged Steel. / NFPA 2001 2-2. Where the specified pipe is not obtainable in these dimensions. complying with BS1740. • The piping material must conform to the requirements of BS5306: Part 5 Section 5.3. Screwed complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. 42 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.01/Issue2. Install the Pipework to the installation drawings provided. the next larger thickness should be used. Do not use 90o sharp elbows/ tees for system installation) Table 13: UK Steel Pipework Requirements Nominal Pipe Size Up to and including 50mm Over 50mm up to and including 100mm Above 100mm Publication BS1387 BS3601 BS3602 : Pt 1 ASTM A106-77 BS3601 BS3602 : Pt 1 ASTM A106-77 BS3601 BS3602 : Pt 1 Type of Pipe1) BW S HFS or CFS HF or CD S HFS or CFS HF OR CD S HFS or CFS Grade of Steel 430 360 or 430 A or B 430 360 or 430 A or B 430 360 or 430 Minimum Wall Thickness2) Heavy Schedule 40 (Schedule 80 for screwed joints) Schedule 80 Schedule 40 (Schedule 80 for screwed joints) ASTM A106-77 HF or CD A or B 1) Abbreviations: BW butt welded / CD cold drawn / HFS hot finished seamless / CFS cold finished seamless / S seamless 2) Where schedule numbers are given.HYGOOD Pipe Installation In general. complying with BS1256. Screwed complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. PTFE tape is the only acceptable pipe sealant and must be applied to the male threads. Butt Weld. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS1640: Part 3. blown clear and swabbed with an appropriate solvent to remove mill varnish and cutting oil before assembly as required by BS5306: Part 5 Section 5. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. Screwed complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. or Forged Steel. Butt Weld. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS1640: Part 3 or Class 300 of ANSI B16. Socket Weld. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799.0 .1. Butt Weld. or Forged Steel.9. or Forged Steel.3. Socket Weld. above 20mm up to & including 80mm • above 80mm • (Note: Only use Fittings from table 15 that comply with US requirements specified in table 16. Screwed. or Forged Steel. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS1640: Part 3 or Class 300 of ANSI B16. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. ensuring that the following is adhered to: Fitting Description SECTION 5 .

(3 ft) 1.6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .7 (12 ft) 4.6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” . The Flow Program contains pipe & fittings options together with Equivalent Length information for UK / US pipe & fittings.3 (14 ft) 5.8 (6 ft) 2. Hangers must be placed between elbows that are more than 600mm (24") apart (see Figure 33).5 (11.5 ft) 3.6” NPS 3/8” . FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .SECTION 5 . type of pipe and pipe inside diameter.4 (8 ft) 2.6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .01/Issue3.1 (7 ft) 2.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Connection Threaded Threaded Threaded Threaded Threaded Threaded Welded Welded Welded Welded Welded Welded Pipe Type Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Nominal Pipe Size 3/8” .4 (11 ft) 3.0 43 .7 (9 ft) 3. Table 17: Hanger Spacing Pipe Size mm 10 (3/8”) 15 (1/2”) 20 (3/4”) 25 (1”) 32 (1 ¼”) 40 (1 ½”) 50 (2”) 65 (2 ½”) 80 (3”) 100 (4”) 150 (6”) (Reference: BS ISO 14520-1:2000) Maximum Spacing m 1.2 (17 ft) Pipe Hangers Pipe hangers must be spaced according to the size of pipe (see table 17).6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS Table 15: US Steel Pipe Requirements Pipe Reference ASTM A-106 seamless Grade C ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade B ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade A ASTM A-53 ERW Grade B ASTM A-53 ERW Grade A ASTM A-53 Furnace Weld Class F ASTM A-106 seamless Grade C ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade B ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade A ASTM A-53 ERW Grade B ASTM A-53 ERW Grade A ASTM A-53 Furnace Weld Class F Table 16: US Fittings Fitting Description Class 300 Malleable or Ductile Iron 1000-Ib Rated Ductile Iron or Forged Steel Class 300 Flanged Joints Pipe Size Up to or < 3” NPS > 3” NPS All Note: Cautionary information indicating the calculation method has been investigated for specific types of fittings. • • • Hangers must be placed within 300mm (12") of the discharge nozzle (see Figure 32).5 (5 ft) 1.07. Hangers must be fixed to a structure capable of supporting the Pipework. Also that when the specified limitations are not maintained there is the risk that the system will not supply the required quantity of extinguishing agent.

between the electrical conductors and all parts of the system that may be approached during maintenance (BS5958: Pt.Nozzle Fixing SECTION 5 . Reference NFPA 2001.5ft) 3.35 (11ft) 3.0 .Elbow Support Minimum clearance from any point on or about the permanent equipment where a person may be required to stand (measure from position of the feet). Fit the nozzle to the nipple on the dirt trap and check the nozzle orifice to ensure proper orientation.44 (8ft) 2. clearances no smaller than those given in table 18 shall be provided. Where exposed electrical conductors are present and.5ft) 3.81 (12. 2 nipples. A false ceiling comprising loose tiles must have the tiles retained within a 2m (6.05 (10ft) 3.5ft) 3.44 (8ft) 2.2 Nozzles All nozzles require the installation of a dirt trap comprising 1 side tee.50 (11. Adequate earthing of systems will minimize the risk of electrostatic discharge.74 (9ft) 2.5ft) radius of the nozzle. to prevent movement during system discharge.to the nearest unscreened live conductor in air. Max. and 1 pipe cap.89 (9. Nozzles should be installed a maximum of 300mm (12") below the ceiling.07.to the nearest part not at earth potential of an insulator supporting a live conductor. Dirt trap lengths should be no more than 10 times nominal pipe diameter.44 (8ft) 2.5ft) 2.27 (14.2). where practicable. Ground clearance . Section clearance .1 & Pt.57 (15ft) Min. Ground Clearance (m) 2. Rated Voltage (kV) 15 33 44 66 88 110 132 165 220 275 Min.0ft) 4.59 (8.5ft) 4. Earthing & Electrical Clearance Systems within electrical substations or switchrooms shall be efficiently earthed to prevent the metalwork becoming electrically charged.Dirt Trap 44 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.44 (8ft) 2. section 1-5.44 (8ft) 2. Figure 34 .INSTALLATION Table 18: Safety Clearances.01/Issue2.44 (8ft) Figure 33 . Section Clearance (m) 2.HYGOOD Figure 32 .20 (10.

INSTALLATION HYGOOD Figure 36 . discharging the container (see figure 35 for location of side mounted actuator fitted with adaptor and figure 36 for location of side mounted actuator with no adaptor).01/Issue3. 5540 as this will cause the upper valve chamber to be vented. If no other actuators are to be installed ensure that the actuation cap on the valve is retained in position.Side Mounted Electrical Actuator Wiring Diagram FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Figure 35 . The actuator cannot be removed or tested on site unless fitted with solenoid adaptor part no.SECTION 5 .07. Ensure that solenoid is installed between 0-30o off vertical.Side Mounted Electrical Actuator Location (No Solenoid Adaptor Fitted) Actuation Installation The method of actuation depends on the system configuration and any specific contract requirements and can be broken down as follows: • • Single Container Actuation Multiple Container Actuation Single Container Actuation Side Mounted Electrical Actuator The electrical actuator is factory fitted to the side port of the valve assembly.0 45 .Side Mounted Electrical Actuator & Solenoid Adaptor Location Figure 37 .

With power to the actuator.177-.197 in) WITH NUT AGAINST BODY SOLENOID CAN BE LOCATED ANY 9Oo ANGLE Figure 39 .Electrical Actuator Wiring Diagram • • Figure 38 . Figure 40 .e. SECTION 5 . 46 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.5-5. the removable solenoid can be checked by firing the system. REMOVE THE SOLENOID ACTUATOR from the valve. i. End of line monitoring device (if required) to be fitted on site. Before this system is put into operation. Carefully screw the actuator to the valve assembly (see Figure 39). The electrical signal from the detection and/or control equipment is connected in accordance with the wiring diagram detailed in Figure 40 when all other installations have been completed.Electrical Actuator Location The Solenoid Actuator is fitted with a suppression diode in parallel to the coil as indicated.01/Issue3. on plug connector.07. pin retracted (see Figure 38). Remove the actuator cap from the top of the valve assembly (see Figure 29).0 .INSTALLATION If no other actuators are to be installed ensure that the protective cap on the actuator is retained in position. To do this.0 mm (. Connect +ve from control panel to terminal 1 and -ve from control panel to terminal 2. Note: The actuator must be hand tight only. the pin should be firmly in the down position.Actuator Non-Fire Position 4.HYGOOD Removable Solenoid Actuator The removable electrical actuator is fitted to the top of the valve assembly as follows: • Check the actuator mechanism to ensure that it is in the non-fired position.

Pneumatic Actuator Location FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.01/Issue3.4mm (1/4") MINIMUM 6. Figure 43 . Remove the actuation cap from the top of the valve assembly (see Figure 29) and carefully screw the pneumatic actuator to the valve on each slave container.Manual Actuator Location Figure 44 . The slave containers are actuated pneumatically by the action of the master container discharging.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Multiple Container Actuation Where several containers comprise one system and are discharged simultaneously.Manual Actuator Non-Fire Position 6.07. The actuator must be hand-tight only. Before attaching the strike knob to the electrical actuator or valve. The master container can be actuated electrically or manually. Figure 41 . and the others are ‘slave’ containers.Pneumatic Actuator Non-Fire Position Manual Actuator The manual strike knob actuator can be fitted to the top of the electrical actuator or directly onto the valve. one container is designated as the ‘master’ container. Note. Pneumatic Actuator Check that the actuating plungers are in the raised position (see Figure 43).4mm (1/4") MINIMUM Figure 42 .0 47 . The strike knob must be hand-tight only.SECTION 5 . Caution. after first removing the protective cap. ensure that the firing pin is retracted and the safety pin is in place (see Figure 41).

Connect one end of the pilot hose Part No. The maximum number of slave actuated containers is 9 (10 containers system in total). To fit the pilot hoses.07. Part No.0 . part number 91105. 48 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 91109 on to all pneumatic actuators (wrench tight). remove the 1/4" pilot pressure port plug from the master container valve assembly and install the 1/4" male adaptor.INSTALLATION Figure 45 . 6490 to the adaptor on the master container and one end to the pilot line tee on the pneumatic actuator.HYGOOD Slave Actuation Pilot Line For slave containers the pneumatic connection is made using flexible pilot hoses.Multiple Container Actuation Install the pilot line tee. Connect pilot hoses between pilot line tees on all pneumatic actuators (see Figure 45).01/Issue3. SECTION 5 .

Multiple Container Systems On multi-container installations the pressure switch should be located close to the last slave container and connected by pilot hose to the tee connector on the pneumatic actuator (see Figure 47).Discharge Pressure Switch Installation FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Ancillary Equipment Discharge Pressure Switch Single Container Systems On single container installations the pressure switch should be located close to the valve assembly and connected with a pilot hose from the pressure port outlet on the valve to the connector on the pressure switch (see Figure 46).0 49 .07.Discharge Pressure Switch Installation Figure 46 .SECTION 5 . Figure 47 .01/Issue3.

Connect to the appropriate terminals on the microswitch or if supplied with wires.Low Pressure Switch to Control Panel diagram. See Pyrochem PCR-400 manual for programming details. Plates may be drilled and screw fixed or attached using suitable adhesive. Accessories Door Notices Warning notices are required at all exits and entrances to protected area. Connections to Pyrochem FMM-101 or FMM-1 Module NOTE: Program the addressable module as supervisory. To wire the discharge pressure switch to the control panel. remote manual actuators and call points. In the event of delay between hand-over and the risk area being available for protection. Completion Procedures For ease of reference completion procedures may be subdivided into the following sections.INSTALLATION NOTE: When the device (i..0 .HYGOOD Discharge Pressure Switch continued. pressure switch) is connected to a standard supervisory input circuit. Voltage input can be applied to either terminal. commissioning tests and hand-over may occur before the area is ready for use. Figure 48 . Final Connections. Hand over Procedures. unscrew and remove the switch cover plate.07. there will be no distinction between a wiring fault and device actuation . then the system must be left in a 'safe' condition to avoid accidental discharge.. ideally mounted on the door. Connections to Pyrochem PCR-100 NOTE: Program output circuit 4 as a supervisory input circuit. CAUTION: The completion of the installation system. • • • Pre Checks and Visual Inspections. Manual Release Notices Manual release notices are required at all manual actuators.01/Issue3. 50 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. to the coloured wires which are labelled as follows:Common (C) (violet) Normally Open (NO) (blue) Normally Closed (NC) (black) SECTION 5 . Plates may be drilled and screw fixed or attached using suitable adhesive. The system must only be made operative once the area for protection has been completed and is operational. See Pyrochem PCR-100 manual for programming details.e. Low Pressure Switch All container valves are 'Factory fitted' with low pressure warning switches. This device is to only be utilised when accepted by the authority having jurisdiction.

actuation.0 51 . and properly orientated.SECTION 5 . correctly placed.01/Issue3. and before making the final connections. Disconnect pilot hose from the master container valve adaptor (see Figure 45). indication. • • • • • • • Before replacing the pneumatic actuators. If the solenoid adaptor is not present. shutdown. reconnect the pilot hose to the master container valve adaptor (see Figure 45). After reinstalling the pneumatic actuators. For multi-container systems. • All apertures in hazard enclosure are closed by dampers or other suitable methods. The final connection of the discharge piping occurs at the container valve assembly. Check that solenoid is activated when system is triggered. ensure that all pistons are fully reset (see Figure 43). Provide 4 bar (58 psi) pressure to the master container valve pilot hose. For complex electrical systems the scope and operating requirements will be described in other documents. etc. During detection system actuation verify the following functions operate. All pipe connections must be tight. Electrical checks are given below for a basic system using electrical actuation of the container valve. For single container systems. Pneumatic Checks The slave actuators on manifolded systems are fired by agent discharge. Nozzles to be the proper type.07. Verify that all warning and instruction plates are mounted where required. Containers should be securely held within brackets. • • Building work should be thoroughly checked to ensure that enclosures have been properly constructed and that voids in floors and above suspended ceilings have been sealed. • • • Remove pneumatic actuator from container valve.INSTALLATION HYGOOD • Remove top mounted or side mounted solenoid (if connected via solenoid adaptor) from valve. All back channels should be secured firmly to the wall or bulk head. the following checks should be made: Mechanical Checks Inspect protected area closely for conformance to original risk specifications and for enclosable openings or sources of agent loss which may have been overlooked in the original specification. Final Connections • Discharge Piping Electrical Checks The electrical systems may include interfaces with many other systems for alarm. the valve safety outlet cap can be removed and the discharge pipe connected to the container outlet. Pre-checks and Visual Inspections General When the installation is complete. Check model and weight markings on container nameplates to verify that correct containers and charges have been installed as required. Verify all pneumatic actuator pistons are in the fired position. Pneumatic checks are detailed below. remove electrical connections from side mounted solenoid and check wiring voltage is correct for actuation when system is triggered. the valve safety caps can be removed and all discharge hoses fitted. Piping should be securely fixed within hangers. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Electrical equipment in the protected area is tripped and isolated.

07.HYGOOD Hand-over Procedures The entire system shall be thoroughly inspected to make sure that it is complete and that all tests required during installation have been properly carried out. acceptability and availability of the system for the hazard area. Refer to Appendix B for pressures at other container temperatures.(Operating pressure of unit at 25 bar at 21oC . 3.0 . In addition. Issue of the appropriate documentation shall constitute completion of the Hand-over procedure. Ensure adequate escape routes with directional signs are provided. Appropriate records shall be issued by fire and/or insurance authorities as to the suitability. the following items are particularly important. Check container weight information label against system requirement. 52 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. If there is any doubt or if there has been a loss of pressure the container must be weighed. 360 psi at 70oF).INSTALLATION 2. 1. Make sure the system is armed and the actuating systems are operational.01/Issue3. A container should be refilled or replaced when it shows a loss in agent quantity of more than 5% or a loss in pressure (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10%. SECTION 5 .

which has been used in the energy conservation field for over 25 years. Having established that any outstanding works are completed prior to the test date. and walls beneath the ceiling. The enclosure integrity test has been developed to locate the source of leaks and. This is called the Below Ceiling Leakage Area. from the data collected. Principle The test is conducted with a device known as a door fan. The result of the calculation is the number of minutes it takes for the FM200®/air interface to reach the minimum protected height required. By measuring the air flow required it becomes possible to calculate the ELA.SECTION 6 . and then blowing air into the enclosure (pressurisation). Like water leaking from the holes in the bottom of a swimming pool. predict the retention time.07.01/Issue3. gaps and holes in the enclosure. advise all interested parties in writing. It has three basic components as follows: • An adjustable panel that fits in the doorway of the protected area A calibrated fixed speed fan A variable speed fan Slab to Slab Walls The only major limitation is that it cannot be used to accurately predict a retention time if the perimeter walls do not extend from slab to slab. normally about 75% of the enclosure area. The enclosure will almost invariably fail due to extensive leakage through the ceiling tiles. BCLA and static pressures have been measured the next step is to calculate the retention time of the enclosure. Introduction The hazard integrity is the ability to retain the discharged FM-200®. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. must be conducted. and that the relevant people have been informed. A cool chemical smoke or other air current indicator is used to detect the approximate size and location of leaks. The leakage measurement achieved by taking air out of the enclosure (depressurisation). the design concentration must be achieved and then maintained for at least ten minutes. The rate at which FM-200® is lost is therefore primarily governed by the leakage below the floor. proving system performance and removing the need for actual FM-200® discharge. Equivalent Leakage Area (ELA) The test to measure the ELA is conducted by blowing air into or out of the enclosure to develop the same pressure differential as would be created by the discharging FM-200®. is then averaged. which is the total of all cracks. Predicting Retention Time Once the ELA. FM-200® tends to escape from leaks in the lower part of the enclosure due to the weight of the mixture above it. Coordination and Planning It should only be necessary to conduct one integrity test. The only method of testing the agent retention within the protected area is to verify the integrity of the enclosure by applying proven test procedures.INTEGRITY TESTING HYGOOD Below Ceiling Leakage Area (BCLA) Experience has shown that leakage above a suspended ceiling has a negligible effect on the FM-200® concentration. • • The pressure created by the door fan causes the air to move through leaks in the enclosure at high speed making it easy to pinpoint where leaks exist. if necessary outlining the testing method and principles involved.0 53 . therefore it is essential to ensure that the enclosure is ready. For a total flooding extinguishing system to be effective. where necessary an Enclosure Integrity Test in accordance with BS5306:Part 5: Section 5:1 / NFPA 2001 appendix B. The formula is derived from a standard engineering/fluid dynamics principle. In order to determine with any degree of confidence that the hazard area will hold the gas for the required time period.

This is confirmed by using cool chemical smoke to check that no air is flowing through the false ceiling. Ventilation. The volume of the enclosure is confirmed and the highest equipment measured to ascertain the required level for retention time. preventing unnecessary disruption and inconvenience. Therefore the enclosure should be overgassed to obtain the required ten minute retention time at minimum concentration. The gauges are zeroed by taking them to full scale deflection and holding for approximately ten seconds.0 . ventilation system shut down. relief area. This procedure is used to improve the accuracy of the predicted retention time where a reasonable air-tight ceiling exists. before discharge occurs. and the air flow through the fan(s) used to depressurise the room and false ceiling are made. It is not necessary to shut down the unit prior to a discharge as the mixing effect is beneficial. This is carried out for both pressurisation and depressurisation modes. The below ceiling leakage area is then calculated and used in conjunction with the ELA to predict a revised retention time. The volumes above and below the false ceiling are depressurised to the same extent but using separate fans. If the measurement is unduly high its causes are ascertained and if possible permanently reduced or eliminated. All doors outside the area that are required to be open for the test are wedged open with suitable notices posted to advise personnel. a measurement of any pressure difference between the enclosure and the relief area is made. However if the air-conditioning unit is left running. the unit should be shut down and/or dampers operated to close the ducts. Total Enclosure Leakage Method. The concentration will be depleted due to leakage. and that there is an adequate relief area and return air path. The duct volume between the hazard and the damper must be added to the overall volume. Preparation. 54 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. or draw air from other parts of the building. Door Fan Installation. Where voids are protected by FM-200®. With the door fan equipment fully installed and set up. e. and the air flow required to generate this. The pressure difference. The enclosure and immediate surrounding area is initially examined visually to assess the readiness for testing.HYGOOD Integrity Test Procedure Evaluation. SECTION 6 . Suspended Ceiling Leakage Neutralisation Method.g. Using an adequate range on one fan. Sufficient time must be allowed for the plant to stop. whether or not the ceiling is protected with FM-200®. no additional agent is required. If the hazard has a self-contained unit and it is located within the area without an outside air supply. or a number of fans. a pressure difference of between column pressure and column pressure plus 30% is created. Leak paths through the ceiling may be temporarily sealed. The enclosure is put in the state it would be in prior to a discharge. after which the gauges are gently tapped and zeroed. dampers closed. (i) Self-contained air conditioning unit A self-contained unit conditions the air within the enclosure and does not rely on a fresh air supply. (ii) Central air conditioning unit A central air conditioning unit relies on air from outside and is often linked by ducts to other parts of the building. etc. the existence of any attached spaces that could affect the results. Readings of the pressure difference between the enclosure.INTEGRITY TESTING Dampers should be installed in both supply and return air ducts. Note.07. Equipment within the enclosure that does not affect the integrity may be left running even if it will be shut down in the event of a discharge. and then the procedure is repeated in the pressurisation mode. but with all openings closed. prior to a discharge. Air conditioning and/or forced ventilation can affect the system performance and the quantity of agent required. tiles are removed to ensure a uniform air flow.01/Issue3. as close as possible to the area. A Retrotec RD860 door fan unit is installed in the designated test door in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Note. is then recorded. Enclosure Evaluation Static Pressure Measurements. The total equivalent leakage area and the predicted retention time is calculated. therefore. or dampers to close. a depleting concentration rather than a descending FM-200®/air interface will be formed.

019 7. Witnessed By: X Software Conforms to 1992 NFPA 12A/2001 TCD Room Integrity Procedure.00 7.INTEGRITY TESTING HYGOOD Leakage Location If the enclosure fails the test.00 3. Figure 49 .0 0. etc.002 0. Test Enclosure Test H ouse Tem p erature O UT: 0 20 DEPR ES SUR E Operator and G auges Lo cation R oom Pressure Gauge R eading C orrected R oo m Delta P (pa) Blow er R ange C onfig Used Flow Pressure Gauge R eading C orrected Flow Pressure C alcu lated Air Flow (1s) Tem p .7 0. C orrected Flow Leakage Area (m 2) Average Leakage Area (m 2) OUT 14.0 -14.1 minutes for the agent/air interface to drop below the minimum protected height.1 RETENTION TIME PREDICTION MODEL FAN TEST R EADINGS & DATA Location: Hygood.96 Whole Room Test.000 1.4 13.SECTION 6 .Typical Printout RETROTEC DISCHARGE SIMULATION VER. Calculation A portable computer is used to collate the data and calculate the values.0 13.00 30.000 PC = ALLC 4= K1T= FA= K2= TD= 13.00 Location: R oom Nam e: Tem p erature IN : 20 Static Pressure @ Fan Test: Hygo od. an inspection of the enclosure with the door fan running can be made.01/Issue3.90 10.12.7 1. Test Enclosure Room Name: Test House Testing Company: HYGOOD LIMITED Technician: C Uzzell Date: 12. Gas Being Modelled: Lbs/Kgs of Agent in Cylinder(s): Net Room Volume (m3): Room Height (m): Minimum Protected Height (m).20 2.260 9. or if the client requests.0 55 .0 0.2 0.0025 This Room PASSES the Test as the Predicted Retention Time is 10.1 45. All Outputs are in METRIC Units. Maximum Allowable ELA (m2): Interface Height @ 10 minutes: 0.679 0.639 0.0050 0. HA5. The associated printer provides a detailed hard copy of the data on site.374 13.003 3. This makes it possible to locate the source of any leakage by using cool chemical smoke.903 RM= AT= C 3= GD= AR = PA= C F= EL= 1.000 0.0050 PR ESS UR E OUT 14.0046 20.07.005 2.0055 Equivalent Leakage Area (ELA m2): Hole in Ceiling (m2): Hole in Floor (BCLA m2): 0.8850 605.0 14.0025 0. Minimum Retention Time (min): Initial Gas Concentration (%): Static Pressure @ Discharge: FM200 17.1 45.4 0.22 0.0 31.0 45.0046 0.500 0.0 16.2 16. This procedure also tests the efficiency of any dampers.000 Page 2 Of 2 Licensed to: MARCRON SAFETY SYSTEMS (UK) LIMITED Registration # : 207 Page 1 Of 2 Licensed to: MARCRON SAFETY SYSTEMS (UK) LIMITED Registration # : 207 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

is not always of MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS supply. If required MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS can assist the user to prepare the procedures for safety and fire precautions. signal distribution. Ideally.01/Issue3. The number of detectors and their spacing is designed to ensure a satisfactory response time.SYSTEM OPERATION Fully Automatic System Where a sensitive fire detection system is included for the automatic release of extinguishing agent. Prior to system discharge (and at the commencement of any time delay period) a clearly audible alarm different from any other used shall sound and continue until the complete system is reset. Detectors shall be UL Listed for the intended application. the system shall only be capable of automatic release once two or more sensors detect the fire. and whether the detection/actuation devices are to be manual or automatic. 56 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. The method of system operation is chosen at the design stage to suit the protection required for the hazard area and the environmental factors appropriate to that area. All other instructions associated with manual operation form part of the user’s procedures on safety precautions and fire drill. • Fully Automatic. All life-saving equipment must be properly maintained. in addition to the audible warning. SECTION 7 .0 . Therefore. The permutation of systems is large but from an operational point of view. alarms. whether the area is normally manned or unmanned. Control Panels shall be UL Listed for releasing device service and compatible with detection and MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS FM-200® Engineered Total Flooding Fire Extinguishing System. The design of a system for automatic detection. etc.HYGOOD General Comments Personnel required to work in the protected area should be conversant with the detection and extinguishing equipment installed. To ensure personnel may safely evacuate the risk area an adjustable time delay should be fitted such that sufficient time may elapse prior to system discharge. details appertaining to fire detection and alarm operation and maintenance are not included in this document. This part of the document provides information relevant to ALL the standard operational systems to cover the eventuality of changes to. and trained in fire procedures. the delay period shall not exceed 30 seconds (BS5306 Pt5). • Automatic with Manual Intervention. In areas of high ambient noise level. a visual indication may also be required. the systems are best grouped as:- • Manual. or expansion of the original design.07. UL Listed Detection & Control Equipment System Detection and Actuation General Each system is designed to suit the hazard area. Manual System Manual systems depend on human detection of a fire in the hazard area and prompt action to actuate the local or remote strike knob for the FM-200® system to discharge and flood the protected area and extinguish the fire.

Refer to NFPA 2001. This advice is intended to prepare the personnel for the situations likely to arise and therefore minimise the risks of panic. A normally occupied area is defined as an area intended for occupancy. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.1. Paragraph 1-6. it is recommended that the automatic feature of the system is isolated during occupation. This material generates a sharp acrid odour. In protected areas where personnel are present and the concentration is greater than NOAEL. Care should be taken to avoid working within 1 metre (3. so the minimum amount of decomposition occurs. hot metal surfaces. and also upon the length of FM-200® exposure time. Any area protected by FM-200® should be evacuated prior to start of system discharge.SYSTEM OPERATION HYGOOD FM-200® Decomposition FM-200® decomposes when exposed to temperatures exceeding 482oC (900oF). This may be achieved either by an electrically contacted lock assembly or by a clearly marked key switch at a suitable location outside the risk area.07.1 for additional information.SECTION 7 . The rate of this decomposition is dependent upon the size of the area where extreme temperatures are found. care should be taken to insure that objects which may become dangerous projectiles are secured or removed from the hazard area.01/Issue3. The average duration of discharge for these systems at 21oC (70oF) is less than 10 seconds. FM-200® Concentration FM-200® total flooding systems greater than 9% design concentration should only be used with manual actuation in normally occupied areas. Where egress of normally occupied areas cannot be accomplished within one minute. FM-200® Discharge Conditions Conditions During a Fire The user’s fire and safety instructions to personnel should include advice on the conditions prevailing during the discharge of an FM-200® system.0 57 .2. consequently the discharge is very cold at the point where it leaves the nozzle. Fully Automatic System with Manual Intervention Manual intervention of an automatic system may be included for the following condition. etc.0% concentration. FM-200® total flooding systems shall be designed not to exceed 9. Hydrogen Fluoride is the most toxic decomposition product. such as flames. To avoid decomposition. The velocity of discharge of FM-200® from a discharge nozzle is very high.ft) of FM-200® discharge nozzles. • Where personnel are required to work within the protected area. which is easily detected and acts as a warning and a good safeguard to personnel. MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS are designed to discharge and extinguish the fire quickly. Three major conditions prevail during FM-200® discharge of which personnel should be made aware: FM-200® has low boiling point.

include the following: • • • Advise the emergency services. 58 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. or combine with other forms of fire protection systems then composite instructions for all systems are necessary to ensure the safety of personnel and property following a fire. Actions following a fire should be co-ordinated and/or directed by the Fire Officer. Ensure that all pressurised equipment is isolated or safe from release. It is essential that the fire be completely extinguished before ventilating the space. Prevent unauthorised personnel from entering the hazard area. Where such a system may form part of. a responsible person to act as a ‘Fire Officer’. Accident. • Do not enter the hazard area in which fire has been extinguished with an open flame or lighted cigarette as the possible presence of flammable vapours may cause re-ignition or explosion. Before permitting any one to enter the space. the hazard space should be kept tightly closed for at least 60 minutes after discharge of the FM-200® extinguishing agent. • In the case of deep seated fires. at a minimum.SYSTEM OPERATION Should it be necessary to enter a space containing FM200® or decomposition products the following precautions should be taken. Actions Immediately Following a Fire These actions should.0 . ventilate thoroughly or ensure self-contained breathing equipment is used. Do Not enter space unless you are under observation from outside the space.07. SECTION 7 . In accordance with BS5839: Part 1 the organisation will have appointed.HYGOOD Actions Following a Fire General These notes are only applicable to the hazard area(s) protected by a FM-200® fire extinguishing system. Police if appropriate. MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS are available to assist a client prepare composite instructions. Do Not use a filter mask or canister type mask.01/Issue3. • • • • Use a fresh air mask or self contained breathing equipment. Organize a ‘roll-call’ of employees and any visitors. or tethered by a lifeline. Fire. or nominated.



Weekly Check of Containers This section provides user inspection and maintenance guidance for FM-200® Engineered Systems. A log book will be provided to record all inspections, maintenance, measurements and actions taken. The continued capability for effective performance of an FM-200® Total Flooding Fire Suppression System depends on fully adequate maintenance procedures, with periodic testing. Reference NFPA 2001 section 4-1 to 4-6. Check storage container pressure gauges and ambient temperature, compare these pressures to the Temperature Correction Chart to determine temperature corrected pressure. If the container corrected pressure shows a loss of more than 10%, the containers should be removed for weighing. All measurements and actions shall be recorded in the log book.

User's Programme of Inspection
The installer should provide the user with an inspection programme for the system and components. The programme shall include instructions on the action to be taken in respect of faults. The user's inspection programme is intended to detect faults at an early stage to allow rectification before the system may have to operate.

Weekly Check of System Components Make a visual inspection of the system components, distribution piping and nozzles. Check the immediate vicinity of all equipment to ensure that no accidental damage or tampering has occurred.

Weekly General Check Inspect the hazard area, access routes, container storage area, floor voids and areas above suspended ceilings to ensure housekeeping is good and that no refuse has accumulated. Ensure that access to the system container assemblies and local remote controls is unobstructed.

A suitable programme is as follows:-

Weekly Check of Hazard Area Inspect the hazard area against the original layout to ensure that there have been no changes that might affect the proper performance of the fire protection system. Changes might include:

Monthly Check of Notices Inspect system and protected spaces to ensure that warning signs, safety precautions and operating instructions are posted and clearly visible.

• Contents of area. • Use of area. • Air Handling equipment in area. • Openings in area. • Floor/ceiling voids. • Partitioning.

Monthly Personnel Training Check Check that all personnel who may have to operate the equipment or system are properly trained and are authorized to do so, and in particular that new employees have been instructed in its use.

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


Contract Service & Maintenance


Container Weighing Systems shall be thoroughly inspected and tested for proper operation by qualified contract personnel in accordance with the requirements of British Standard 5430 Part 2. Before any checks are carried out, ensure the extinguishing system is isolated electrically and mechanically and remove all solenoid and pneumatic actuators. No maintenance work should be carried out without obtaining approval from the Fire Officer and advising any personnel within the hazard area. The following Programme should be carried out in addition to the User's Programme of Inspection. The user shall be provided with a signed and dated report of the inspection advising any rectification carried out or needed. 3 Monthly Actuator Check. Test and service all actuating mechanisms. • • 3 Monthly Electrical Systems Check Test and service all electrical detection and alarm systems as recommended in BS 5839 Part 1 Where a Client does not wish to use a MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS maintenance contract or the specialised liquid level detection equipment, then containers must be weighed to establish the FM200® content. The weighing procedure is as follows:

Remove all manual controls, pressure actuators and pressure actuation pipe or tubing and flexible electrical connectors.

Disconnect and remove discharge piping / discharge hoses from container valves. Fit Safety Outlet Caps onto container valves. Remove containers from bracketing and weigh containers. Any container showing more than the maximum allowable weight loss must be recharged by a qualified recharge agent. Record weight of container on record tag. Replace containers in bracketing and remove Safety Outlet Caps. Reconnect discharge piping / discharge hoses and all control heads, pressure actuators, pressure actuation pipe or tubing and flexible electric connectors.

• •

6 Monthly Container Check Externally inspect containers for signs of damage or unauthorised modifications. Check container labels are securely fixed and legible. Check container brackets and fittings. •

6 Monthly Contents Check Examine the container pressure gauge reading and refer to the temperature correction chart. If the container pressure corrected to temperature is below 10% of the stated pressure it must be replaced or recharged. Verification of the content of FM200® in the containers may be achieved through either liquid level detection or container weighing. If containers show a extinguishant loss of more than 5% or a pressure loss for superpressurised liquefiable gases (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10%, the container should be refilled or replaced.


FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


Personnel Training All persons who may be expected to inspect , test, maintain or operate the fire extinguishing system shall be kept adequately trained in the functions they are expected to perform. Personnel working in an enclosure protected by a gaseous extinguishant shall receive training in the operation, use of the system and safety issues.

6 Monthly Control Valve & Actuator Check Check all manual and pneumatic actuators for free movement of the piston. Replace whole unit where appropriate. Check all control valves for correct manual function and automatic valves additionally, for correct automatic function.

6 Monthly Pipe Network Check Externally check Pipe-work to determine its conditions. Replace or pressure test and repair as necessary Pipework showing corrosion or mechanical damage.

Mechanical Servicing Procedure

6 Monthly Nozzle Check Inspect nozzles for dust and debris, clean out where necessary.


Remove valve actuator(s) (where possible) from the container valve(s) and replace actuation cap(s). For master/slave system complete the following steps to check the slave actuation system:1. Disconnect pneumatic valve actuators from the slave container valves and install actuation caps. 2. Disconnect the pilot loop from the master container valve and install the appropriate plug. 3. Introduce 4 bar (58 psi) pressure into the pilot actuation line to the pneumatic actuators. 4. Check that the pistons in the pneumatic valve actuators have fully fired. 5. Before installing the pneumatic actuator onto the container valve ensure that the piston is reset.

b. 6 Monthly Enclosure Check Carry out a full visual check of the enclosure for integrity and confirm the dimensions and the configuration of the hazard are as the original drawings or previous visit. If drawings are not available and this is the first visit then dimensions should be taken and passed to the engineering department together with the quantity of agent to enable a calculation to be carried out to ensure the correct quantity of gas has been used.

12 Monthly Hose Check All system hoses should be examined for damage. If visual examination shows any deficiency, the hose shall be replaced.

12 Monthly Integrity Test Integrity test the enclosure to determine if the leakage area has changed sufficiently from that measured during installation. c.

This section only applies if: (1) Macron Safety Systems Ltd. is carrying out the maintenance on the detection system. (2) If the servicing of the detection system is being carried out at the same time as the mechanical service by another nominated body.

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


The interval between the first and second periodic inspection and hydrostatic pressure test may not exceed 10 years. the release circuit of the detection system must operate the electric actuators causing the plungers to be firmly extended. For master/slave system. If Pressure switch(es) have operated.07. When this test is performed. Subsequent retests are not to exceed 5 years. ii) Activate the detection system in accordance with procedures provided with the system. e. Specialised Maintenance Duties Container Hydrostatic Pressure Testing Providing containers are submitted to a full external inspection every 12 months from the date of introduction.MAINTENANCE Finally Carry out a final visual inspection of the system and the protected area to ensure that all equipment has been reinstalled and reconnected properly. door closers etc. the allowable interval period before the first periodic inspection and hydrostatic pressure test is 20 years. remove the appropriate port plug and reconnect the pilot actuation line to the slave port on the back of the master valve. Ensure that any associated control/indication panel is displaying normal operation.0 . (BS5430: Part 1) ( NFPA 2001 Section 4-2 ref: containers & Section 4-3 ref: hoses) 62 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Complete the site log book. d.. recording work carried out and parts used. check that connected devices have activated or shut down as required and reset. SECTION 8 . Inform the responsible person that the work is complete and that the system is back on-line. have all operated correctly. Any container that is discharged between 10 years and 20 years of being introduced into service shall be submitted to a full periodic inspection and a hydrostatic pressure test before being refilled.HYGOOD i) Remove solenoid actuators from valve assembles. iii) Examine the auxiliary electrical device/alarm.01/Issue3. iv) Ensure actuator is reset before refitting.

1. 231(part no. test bottom cap and closing down adaptor.6Nm. (94085) Valve Refurb On receiving a container that requires to be recharged the following operations are carried out. Remove shuttle from valve body. Check that the container is empty. 327(part no. 14. 11. Remove bottom cap from shuttle and replace lower O rings : 25mm(1") valve O ring No. torque to 18Nm. The shuttle has two O rings an upper and lower.RECHARGING PROCEDURE HYGOOD Recharging This section describes the procedures to enable the refilling of a container that has been discharged and will require recharging. (94080) 50mm(2") valve : M18 assy. O ring seal for the top cap has to be removed and replaced : 25mm(1") valve O ring No. 9. Once that has been taken off the schrader should also be removed.90025) & 50mm(2") valve O ring No.90140) 8. Re-fit outlet safety cap.3 1/4" 8UN neck O ring No. (See figure 51) 63 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07. Screw new schrader into top cap using schrader tool set to 0. Testing On completion of a valve refurb the valve assy is subjected to two tests . Replace top cap to valve and lock into place with grub screw. 2. 122 (part no. (This operation only needs to be undertaken if the burst disc needs replacing). In the event that the pressure gauge or pressure switch needs to be replaced: 12. Remove 50 bar (725psi) burst disc assy if damaged from burst disc port and replace with a new assy. The outlet adapter may require to be replaced if this is so the outlet will need to be removed and threads cleaned. 327 50mm(2") valve . This covers both 25mm(1") and 50mm(2") container valve assemblies. Apply PTFE tape to replacement components and refit. Unscrew top cap by removing locking grub screw located behind safety cap chain fixing screw.Valve Assy Pre-dome and Leak Test. this should be initially tighten fully and then loosen by 1/2 a turn. 4. spray a small quantity of PTFE silicone grease into the bore of the valve body.01/Issue3. 10. Replace bottom cap to shuttle and shuttle to valve. 227. Upper O ring : 25mm(1") valve O ring No. replace neck seal : (This is to pre-dome burst disc if required) 25mm(1") valve . syphon tube grub screw and syphon tube from container. 25mm(1") valve : M14 assy. Remove to reveal grub screw. (test required if burst disc was replaced) The tests are conducted on a Nitrogen rig using a outlet filling adapter cap. 13.90185) & 50mm(2") valve O ring No. (part no.90130) 7. both have to be replaced. All O ring seals must be lubricated using PTFE / silicone grease. Remove valve. Check the grub screw setting.90120) 5.337 Figure 50 50mm (2") Valve exploded View.Section 9 .2" 8UN neck O ring No. Apply Loctite 648 to the thread of the new outlet adapter and screw fully home. 122 & 50mm(2") valve O ring No. If valve has been removed from neck ring. torque to 20Nm. 6.0 . 3. 212(part no.

25mm (1") valve . until the valve bottoms onto the top of the neck ring. ensuring that the grub screw hole's line up. Secure the container in to the pneumatic belt vice and tighten the valve using the "C" spanner. insuring that the neck O ring is in place. 337 9. 8. 4. The outlet adapter cap is also fitted. date and fill details record. A Water /soap solution is poured into the top cap schrader and leak detection spray is applied to all ports on the valve to check for leakage.2"8UN neck ring No. time. Apply Loctite 572 around the circumference of the syphon tube above the grub screw hole. this is to pre-dome the burst disc. The container is placed on a scales and the appropriate filling adapter attached to the container valve discharge port. Once again check for leaks. 327 50mm (2") valve . The valve assy is assembled to the nitrogen rig bottom cap using PTFE/silicon greased O ring on the valve neck thread.07. Remove debris from inside the container as well as from the neck thread. 64 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.HYGOOD 1. FILLING 1. The nitrogen regulator is opened to 40 bar (580psi) and the pressure to the valve is slowly increased to this pressure. Use care when cleaning neck threads as the O ring seal could be damaged. ensuring that the vent tap is closed. Attach the fill hose / vent line from the filling rig outlet to filling adapter. 2. 6. vent from closing down adapter and ensure that the outlet cap adapter tap is opened before attempting to remove the adapter. 5. Fit the syphon tube into the valve assy. 2. If a leak is identified it should be rectified. 40 bar (580psi) is applied through the closing down adapter. The syphon must be cleaned either by hand with paper towels or in the workshop washer. Figure 51 Nitrogen Test Station Component Layout 3. if the leak persists the valve assembly should be rejected. Take container and clean neck thread using a power drill and the appropriate attachment. PTFE grease must be applied to the clean container neck thread.0 . making sure that the syphon tube and grub screw hole has been properly de-burred. 4. 3. Slowly release the gas from the test rig. To close the valve shuttle down. Reset the scale to zero to compensate for weight of container and fill hose. this should be done using the workshop vacuum cleaner and airline. 7.RECHARGING PROCEDURE Replacing Valve Assembly to container 1.5psi) and the closing down adapter fitted.3 1/4"8UN neck ring No. Take the appropriate syphon tube for the correct container and valve assy. Section 9 . 4. 5.01/Issue3. 2. 3. This pressure is held for 1 minute ensuring that there is no drop in pressure indicated by nitrogen rig gauge. If no leaks are present the pressure to the valve must be reduced to 25 bar (362. Remove excess loctite adhesive and screw in grub screw. With the Container ready for filling a check is made to the filling instruction sheet and the container fill weight. Fit valve and syphon tube assembly to container.

making the relevant allowances in pressure to compensate for the current room temperature (see the temperature correction chart Table 20. examine quickly from an angle. When superpressurising. 20. Remove container from scales. Attach label to container stating the following information. The container valve can be heard to close. replace container gauge if outside this tolerance). the valve has closed.Section 9 . 18. After 24 hours a Leak Test on the container is conducted . Agitate the container to accelerate nitrogen absorption into the agent and top up the pressure accordingly. zero scales and weigh to verify fill is within tolerance. and Schrader with water/soap solution. Type of agent.5 psi) of the fill gauge.0 65 . Reset scales and note down gross weight. a pressure regulator must be used when the pressure source is a tank of high pressure gas. Place container in bonded area for leak monitoring for at least 24 hours prior to dispatch. (Top up if necessary) 23. Refer to section on "Decanting Containers through rig. 6. 7. Regulate the nitrogen pressure to 40 bar (580 psi) with the fill rig. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Date filled.01/Issue3. 11. 16. Slowly increase the nitrogen pressure on the approved pressure regulator to the stated pressure on the filling instruction sheet. Attach low pressure switch wires to test box and regulate nitrogen pressure to 13. leak test the outlet and attach safety cap. refer to fill tolerances table 19. Container size. Vent the fill hose to atmosphere. Turn off the nitrogen supply and vent the closing down line with the needle valve. Read off the calibrated external fill pressure gauge to determine when the intended charging pressure has been reached. Note : When leak testing outlet with spray.1bar (+/. (Check that the container pressure gauge reads within +/.). 12. Insert fill information on to container label.8 bar (200psi) on fill rig and switch on supply. 8. Make certain all safety caps are in place. 21. When the fill is reached switch off pump. 8 Ltr Container: 16 to 180 Ltr Container: Label part No. 10. If the pressure drops to zero as shown on fill rig gauge marked outlet within 10 seconds.see section on Container / valve assy leakage test. 9. Open the closing down valve for 1 second only to force the valve shuttle down. Remove fill hose and filling adapter." Ensure vent valve is closed when not required to prevent contamination on fill line. Caution. Job number. Gross weight. If a leaks is observed. 22. 15. Attach the closing down adaptor to the container valve top cap and connect the nitrogen closing down line. schrader protection cap Part No' 91185. adjust if required.4294 5.14. Test all ports with leak detection spray. If valve does not close after 5 applications. Adhere label to container 50mm (2") below the container top fixing bracket height. Project.4284 Label part No.RECHARGING PROCEDURE HYGOOD 13. Switch off nitrogen supply once absorption has stopped.07. Remove the closing down line adapter. 14. minor leaks may be cured by tightening the offending components. Fill weight.) 17. Switch on the pump marked 'Liquid' on filling cabinet and fill container to required weight. 19. the cylinder must be de-pressurised. Ensure that the test box registers a change in state (normally open to normally closed or normally closed to normally open) at approximately 21 bar rising (350 psi). Customer. (less approximately 0. do not look directly into port.5lbs) which is present in pipework and will be forced through during pressurisation).7kg ( 1.

4) (391.6 (78) 26.2 27.9 (48) 9.7 47.0) (469.2 (90) 32.7 (459.9 28.0 31.6 (87) 31.1) (387.3 27.4) (413.5 28. -0 kg +0.7 (427.7 (89) 32. -0 psi) (+11.8 (46) 8.2 17.08.0 (304.9 (317.5) (422.7) 21.1 41.1 21.1 (52) 11.3 (47) 8.5) (467.3) (366.3 25.1 (43) 6.1 46.6) (454.5) (344.0 (289.4 24.0 .6) 20.4) (348.8 31.3 48.6 27.1 30.5) (429.1) 21.00.1) (451.3) (354.1 25. -0 kg +1.4 45.9) (444.9 (302.8 13.0 26.3) (446.3 (83) 28.7 17.1) 20.7) (437. -0 lb) (+0.1) (439.6) 21.75.2 22.4 25. -0 lb) (+2. Temperature Developed Temperature Developed Temperature Developed Temperature Developed Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure o o o o C ( oF) Bar (Psi) C ( oF) Bar (Psi) C ( oF) Bar (Psi) C (oF) Bar (Psi) 0 (32) 0.75. -0 psi) (+11. -0 kg +0.7) (416.7 (80) 27.9 24.0 (36) 2.9 32.2 24.4) 21.16.4) 20.1 (306.5 30.4) (352.2 (99) 37.2 (321.07.10.1 (97) 36. -0 lb) (+1.0 29. -0 kg +0.7 27.6 29.6) 25.8 25.75.8) Table 20: Temperature Correction Chart.0 32.0) (385.8 (91) 33.8 92.9) 20.6 24.75.0 (55) (56) (57) (58) (59) (60) (61) (62) (63) (64) (65) (66) (67) (68) (69) (70) (71) (72) (73) (74) (75) (76) (77) 22.0 20.9 39.6 46.3) (364. -0 bar (+11.8 (331.2) (456.3 18.5) (372.5 29.6) (340.6 (96) 36.09.0 (319.8 23.8 (100) 26.6 26.2 (54) 19.4 27.7 (98) 37.7 22.4 32.6 21.4 (94) 35.7 42.9 23.7 26.5) (342.3) 21. -0 kg +0.6 (327.9 (93) 34. -0 psi) (+11.3 (308.6 25.7 (44) 7.3 38.7 (329.3 (323.4 (49) 10.3 26.9 (288.4 (85) 30.4 15.4 42.7 24.50.2) (360.RECHARGING PROCEDURE Container Size 8ltr 16ltr 32ltr 52ltr 106ltr 147ltr 180ltr Fill Tolerance +0.5) (441. -0 lb) (+0.8 22. -0 lb) (+0.0) 12. -0 bar +0.6 (51) 11.1) 38. -0 psi) (+11.8) (383.9) 21.4 (40) 5.4) (350. -0 bar +0.8) (425.0 30.6 23. -0 kg (+0.8 (37) 3.6) (374.1 23.0 15.4) (368.0) 20.8 18.3) (461.2 29.5 31.4 (325.9 19.4 20.5 (297.1 28.1 16.4 (295.9 (84) 29. -0 bar +0.6 32.5) 22.0) (418.4 26.6 (472.18.9 24.6) (393.5 (33) 1.8) (336.7 31.75.3 23.2 32. -0 psi) (+11.0 (86) 30.8) 21. -0 kg +0.1 (291.6 (42) 6.6) (406.4) 22.7) (395.1 26.01/Issue3.2) 21.3 22.5 (312.57.2 (45) 7.8 (82) 28.9 14.7) 22.3 (92) 33.9) (409.0 (50) 10. -0 bar +0.0 45.75.7) 20.7) (449.3) (356.3) (358.7 25.3 13.6 (299.9) (432.0 40.2 47. -0 bar +0.3) (434.2 23.8 23.4 40.8 (315.2 (293.0 24.2) 22.75.7) (380.9) (334.3 30.75.3) (420.1 22.2 28.1) (411.9) 20.8 43.3 31.4) (346.9 (101) (102) (103) (104) (105) (106) (107) (108) (109) (110) (111) (112) (113) (114) (115) (116) (117) (118) (119) (120) 29. -0 psi) (+11.9) (398.35.2) (362.8 (300.0 (41) 5.7 (53) 12.0 (34) 1.3 (38) 3.3) (389.0) (400.9 (39) 4.8 48.26.0 25.5 23.6 (35) 2. 66 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.21.7) (338.4 25.9) (464. -0 lb) (+1.6 41.2 (81) 27. -0 lb) Charging Pressure +0.0) (332.2) 20.4 28. -0 psi) Table 19 :Fill Tolerance Table.65.3 24.6 30.6 16.2) (402. -0 bar +0.3 (376.4 (310.1 31.3 43.0 (95) 35.7 28.9 44.1 (88) 31.0 27.04.2) (474.HYGOOD Section 9 .7) (378.1 (79) 26.4) (370.9 27.3) (404.8 30.6 (313.4 23.

0 67 .21oz/year should be conditioned to a temperature of 200C +/-50C (680F +/. Container / Valve Assy leakage Test This Test is required for all filled FM-200® valves and container assemblies after being left to stand in a bonded area for at least 24 hours. 3. Remove the probe from the nozzle and position the Halotek unit away from the gas source. 2. Place the Halotek probe into the calibration nozzle. contact R&D department for instruction. of about 2 to 4 pulses per second. Adjust the Halotek leak detector to gain a steady audible pulse. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Refit or rejection. If the valve has been shut down. Within 5 seconds the pulse rate should start to increase and be a continuous tone within 15 seconds. After 24hrs standing. The test equipment used is a leak detector and calibration gas. proceed to the container leak test. The container and valve assembly should then be checked for leakage using the Halotek leak detector unit. repeat check in an alternative clean environment. if this is necessary the appropriate outlet adapter should be attached to the valve and a direct line connected to a storage vessel. repeat stability check in an alternative clean environment. If repeatability problems persist. If stability problems persist. 2.07. Any significant and repeatable increase of the audible pulse rate should be taken as an indication of a leak and the container and valve assembly should be rejected.RECHARGING PROCEDURE HYGOOD However. the container and valve assembly should be subjected to a further leak test using the Halotek unit. 4. 6. Failure to do so could cause severe container movement upon actuation. Open the ball valve on the line that is direct to the storage vessel and flush the FM200® back into it.90F) for at least 24 hours. in free air. Switch on the fan to pressurise/purge the room for a minimum of 20 minutes before testing. Container Leak Test. Once the leakage source has been rectified. If repeatability test indicates that the unit is functioning within the set parameters. If the stability check is inconclusive. Remove the cap from the leak standard. 5. ensure that the line is shut off and activate the valve. the valve pressure gauge should be checked for pressure loss (refer to temperature correction chart to adjust for temperature change). Decanting is necessary if a container / valve assy has been rejected due to a leak after filling. Decanting a container through filling rig. if the repeatability check is inconclusive. Shut off line and vent remaining pressure to atmosphere. screw the calibration nozzle into the outlet of the bottle and open the hand valve fully. Caution. If the pulse rate is observed to stay within the range of 2 to 4 pulses per second. The leak standard of 0.Section 9 . Calibration Repeatability Test 1.01/Issue3. Conduct a stability check by leaving the Halotek unit for approximately 3 minutes in a clean air environment. Close the hand valve of the leak standard after use. resulting in personal injury or property damage. Repeat test a further two times.e. 4. 3. Ensure that the probe is not brought into direct contact with any objects as this can lead to spurious results and ensure that the dwell time of the probe is sufficiently long (more than 5 seconds) to ensure any leak is detected. Make certain that the container is secured to a rigid surface. Take the Halotek unit & calibration gas and retire to an FM200® free environment to calibration of the unit. Carefully probe the container/valve assembly at all probes and openings. contact R&D department for instruction. The pulse rate should revert back to the original rate of 2 to 4 pulses per second within 15 seconds. Label up cylinder with appropriate instructions i. proceed to the repeatability check. 1.

transported and installed in the vertical position. 68 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. See figure 52.01/Issue3. Transportation Warning Label.07.52 Ltr containers only. Section 9 . This only applies to 8 .0 .RECHARGING PROCEDURE Figure 52. A warning label will be placed on a container to indicate this requirement.HYGOOD Transportation Containers that have passed all required tests and have been filled or recharged must be stored.

Disclaimers & Limitations Whilst every care has been taken in the publication of this user's guide to describe our products accurately.07.Section 10 . FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. All issues are uncontrolled copies. Disclaimers & Limitations HYGOOD Warranty Following the commissioning of the system. MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS reserves the right to make any alterations without notice. all equipment will be covered by the company's twelve month parts warranty (excluding parts accidentally or maliciously damaged by others).01/Issue3. it is not considered binding.0 69 . For further information.Warranty. refer to MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS 'Terms and conditions' document.

01/Issue3.0 .APPENDICES 70 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.HYGOOD SECTION 11 .

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