About this Manual ....................................... 5 Definitions .................................................... 5 Contacts ....................................................... 5 Introduction .................................................. 5 Approvals and Standards ............................. 5 Health and Safety ......................................... 6 First Aid ........................................................ 7 FM-200® Agent characteristics ..................... 7 Agent Physical Properties ..................... 8 Table 1: FM-200® .............................................................. 8 Table 2: Nitrogen ................................... 8 Table 3: Toxicology/Environmental ....... 8


System Design .............................................. 23 Hazard Analysis .................................... 23 Hazard Structure......................................... 24 Hazard Volume ....................................... 24 Ventilation .............................................. 25 Hazard Temperature ............................... 25 Hazard Fuels .......................................... 25 Personnel Safety .................................... 25 Agent Quantities ................................... 25 Agent Storage ....................................... 25 Manifolds .............................................. 26 Agent Distribution ................................ 26 Agent Flow Characteristics .......................... 27 Nitrogen Superpressurisation ................ 27 Flow in Pipe ........................................... 27 Initial Vapour Discharge ........................ 27 Trailing Vapour Pressure ....................... 27 Nozzle selection and location ....................... 27 Example: Max Limits in pipe Work ......... 28 Example: Nozzle Selection ...................... 29 System Design Procedure ............................. 29 Example: Tee Split Designs .................... 30 Design Example - Calculations ...................... 31 Example .................................................. 31 Piping Practices ............................................ 33

System Components ..................................... 9 FM-200® Container ................................ 9 Table 4: Container Details ...................... 9 Container Label........................................... 10 Fixing Bracket ........................................ 11 Valve Assembly ..................................... 11 Principle of Operation ............................ 11 Burst Disc.................................................... 12 Low Pressure Switch ............................. 12 Manual Actuator ................................... 13 Pneumatic Actuator ............................... 13 Removable Electrical Actuator .............. 13 Side Mounted Electrical Actuator............ 14 Flexible Discharge Hose ........................ 14 Solenoid Adaptor .................................. 15 Manifold Check Valve ............................ 15 Manifold ................................................ 16 Table 5: Manifold Dimensions ............... 16 Manifold Bracket Assembly .................. 17 Flexible Pilot Hose ................................. 18 Male Adaptor ........................................ 18 Male Tee ................................................ 19 Male Elbow ............................................ 19 Pressure Switch ..................................... 19 Discharge Nozzle ................................... 20 Door Notice ........................................... 21 Manual Release Notice.............................. 21 Typical Manifold System ....................... 22

Introduction .................................................. 34 Table 6: Weight Calculations Imperial .... 34 Table 6a: Weight Calculations Metric .... 35 Table 7: Altitude Correction...................... 35 FM-200® Equation Calculations .................... 35 Engineered Systems ..................................... 36 Program Parameters ............................... 36 Table 8: Max/Min Flow Rates ................ 36 Table 9: Equivalent Length for Pipe Fittings ..................................... 37 Table 10: Equivalent Length for other Components .......................................... 37

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


General Comments ........................................ 56 System Detection & Actuation ..................... 56 General ................................................... 56 Manual System ...................................... 56 Fully Automatic System ........................ 56 Fully Automatic System with Manual Intervention .................................................. 57 Conditions During a Fire ............................... 57 FM-200®Concentration .......................... 57 FM-200® Decomposition ....................... 57 FM-200® Discharge Conditions ............. 57 Actions Following a Fire ............................... 58 General ................................................... 58 Actions Immediately Following a Fire ... 58

General Information ...................................... 38 Container Installation ................................... 38 Single Container Installation ......................... 39 Table 11: Bracket Fixing Heights ............ 39 Multiple Container Installation ..................... 40 Manifold Bracket Installation ................ 40 Table 12: Manifold Bracket Height ........ 41 Pipe Installation ............................................ 42 Table 13: UK Steel Pipe Requirements ... 42 Table 14: UK Fittings ............................. 42 Table 15: US Steel Pipe Requirements .... 43 Table 16: US Fittings .............................. 43 Pipe Hangers ......................................... 43 Table 17: Hanger Spacing ...................... 43 Earthing & Electrical Clearance........................ 44 Table 18: Safety Clearances ................... 44 Nozzles .......................................................... 44 Actuation Installation ................................... 45 Single Container Actuation ................... 45 Multiple Container Actuation ................ 47 Ancillary Equipment ..................................... 49 Discharge Pressure Switch .................... 49 Low Pressure Switch ............................. 50 Accessories .................................................. 50 Door Notices ......................................... 50 Manual Release Notices ........................ 50 Completion Procedures ................................. 50 Pre-checks and Visual Inspections ........ 50 Final Connections .................................. 51 Handover Procedures ................................... 52

Introduction .................................................. 59 User's Programme of Inspection ................... 59 Contract Service & Maintenance .................. 60 Mechanical Service Procedure ...................... 61 Specialised Maintenance Duties. .................. 62 Finally .................................................... 62

Valve Refurb ................................................. 63 Testing .......................................................... 63 Container/Valve Assy ................................... 64 Filling ............................................................ 64 Table 19: Fill Tolerance Table ................. 66 Table 20: Temperature Correction Chart . 66 Container/Valve Assy Leak Test ................... 67 Decanting ..................................................... 67 Transportation .............................................. 68

Introduction .................................................. 53 Principle ........................................................ 53 Equivalent Leakage Area (ELA) ................... 53 Below Ceiling Leakage Area (BCLA) ............ 53 Predicting Retention Time ............................ 53 Slab to Slab Walls .................................. 53 Coordination and Planning ........................... 53 Integrity Test Procedure ........................ 54 Enclosure Evaluation ............................. 54 Calculation .................................................... 55 Leakage Location .......................................... 55

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0



Warranty ....................................................... 69 Disclaimers & Limitations ............................. 69

Appendix A - Site Survey / Request Form .... 71 Appendix B - Temperature Correction Chart . 73 Appendix C - Hughes Program printout ....... 74 Appendix D - FM-200® Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).................84

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0

purchase components. have acquired comprehensive approvals and listings providing further support to the overall product. operate and maintain the system. install and maintain the FM-200® Engineered Extinguishing system supplied by Macron Safety Systems Limited. in the event that part of the document is not understood. Users of this manual should find that sufficient information is provided to plan. It is intended as a long term replacement for Halon 1301 and. Users of this manual are assumed to be competent fire engineers with a basic knowledge of such systems. Users who are not familiar with the equipment should first read the complete manual. The solenoid can be energised automatically by a signal from a detection and alarm control panel. please contact: Macron Safety Systems (UK) Limited Woodlands Place Woodlands Road Guildford Surrey GU1 1RN England Tel. The contents are arranged in a logical order describing the various procedures in turn. About this Manual This manual is a comprehensive guide that contains all the information necessary to design. safe fire fighting agent for use in total flooding automatic extinguishing systems. install. 2000 edition "Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems. or there are any queries concerning a system. The FM-200® design concentration for Class A fire risks is 7. do not hesitate to contact one of our specialist engineers for the matter to be quickly resolved.01/Issue3. This has been further confirmed by a recently published HAG report. Please refer to the BFPSA Code of Practice for Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems. Definitions FM-200® FM-200® is a registered trade mark of the Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. Fax. clean." Section 1-6 "Safety. and leaves no residue.07. The manufacturers claim that FM-200® is safer than Halon 1301 for use in total flooding applications and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) accepts extended use exposures of up to 9%. Engineered systems for example can consist of several FM-200® containers. whilst maintaining the excellent fire suppression properties of Halon. However the manual does not address information relating to fire detection. The systems described in this manual are 'engineered'. has none of the environmental problems. Storage and distribution requirements are similar to Halon and the majority of system components are identical. Hydraulic flow program used to predict the two phase flow of FM-200® through a pipe network. 5 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Systems may be activated mechanically or electrically.0: . manifolded together and connected via a pipe network to a number of discharge nozzles. However. However." for additional exposure requirements. FM-200® is not a direct replacement for existing Halon 1301 installations due to the difference in agent quantity and discharge characteristics.17%. Mechanical manual actuation is via a strike knob attached to the container valve. manufactured by Great Lakes Chemical Corporation. and therefore requires approximately 45% additional storage capacity over that required for Halon in the same area. In this manual ‘system’ refers to the extinguishing equipment and does not include any electrical system which may initiate an agent release. (+44) (0)1483 572222 (+44) (0)1483 302180 Approvals and Standards Macron's manufactured equipment and the FM-200® agent. design.SECTION 1 . FM200® is rated as Zero Ozone Depletion (ODP). System Engineered Contacts Should any part of this manual not be understood. alternatively specific sections can be referred to as required. or if there is any concern as to the suitability of the protection. Electrical actuation is via a removable side mounted solenoid. is electrically non-conductive. Refer to NFPA 2001.INTRODUCTION HYGOOD Introduction FM-200® is a clean.

(UL) Recognised Component NFPA 2001 Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems (Listed Alternative) US EPA SNAP Rpt. create a greater hazard. and up to 9. The noise created by the FM-200® agent discharging can be loud enough to startle people in the vicinity. applicable BS Standards may additionally be utilized to specific system requirements for these purposes. If so. their presence is readily detected as a sharp. The liquid phase vaporises rapidly when mixed with air and therefore limits the risk to the immediate vicinity of the nozzle. and aspects of the system operation that should be understood. the US EPA and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommend that unnecessary exposure to any agent be avoided and that personnel evacuate protected areas as quickly as possible to avoid the decomposition products of the fire.INTRODUCTION served e.0%. 2000 edition Section 1-6 "Safety. trained personnel in accordance with The Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems. installed. (UL Listed) Loss Prevention Council Board (Listed) Factory Mutual (Listed) Macron Safety Systems manufacture in strict accordance with the internationally recognised Quality assurance Standard. As with halons. Current best practice should be ob6 WARNING The discharge of clean agent systems to extinguish a fire can result in a potential hazard to personnel from the natural form of the clean agent or from the products of combustion that results from exposure of the agent to the fire or hot surfaces. BS5306: Part 5: Section 5. BS EN ISO 9000 and approved to ISO 9001. and this can only be given if a thorough understanding of the properties of the agent and its effects in different situations are known. Direct contact with the vaporising liquid discharged from an FM-200® nozzle has a chilling effect on objects and in extreme cases can cause frostbite to the skin. and oxygen depletion.07. pungent odour long before hazardous maximum exposure levels are reached. inspected. FM-200® can decompose at high temperatures to form halogen acids.HYGOOD FM-200® Agent u u u u u u Factory Mutual (Approved) Underwriters Laboratories Inc. there are basic precautions to be taken to avoid accidents. FM-200®. Exposure to higher concentrations is permissible for limited periods.1 and the BFPSA Code of Practice for Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems. maintained. 2000 edition and to be used in accordance with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Significant New Alternatives Program (SNAP).01/Issue3. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Unnecessary exposure of personnel either to the natural agent or to the products of decomposition shall be avoided. Turbulence caused by the high velocity discharge can dislodge substantial objects directly in its path. End-users often require reassurance regarding the safety of personnel.g. and cause enough general turbulence within the protected area to move paper and light objects. Health and Safety A properly designed and installed extinguishing system should not present any significant health or safety problems.0: . Therefore. NFPA2001. Reference should also be made to NFPA 2001 and BFPSA Volume 3 section 19 A review of the toxic and asphyxiating hazards of clean agents replacements for Halon 1301. tested and recharged by qualified. heat. extinguishes by causing a chemical reaction with the combustion products. Where determined to be appropriate by the authority having jurisdiction." for exposure requirements.17%. like halon. (Unrestricted Listed Alternative) Australian Industrial Chemicals Notification (Approved) German Institute for Environmental Hygiene and Medicine (Approved) SECTION 1 . especially carbon monoxide. Macron Safety Systems Manufactured Systems u u u Underwriters Laboratories Inc. is not hazardous to health. Refer to NFPA 2001. smoke. exposure to FM-200® at the design concentration of 7. and does not remove oxygen like CO2 and other inert agents. Minor reduction in visibility may occur for a brief period due to the condensation of water vapour. however. Fire toxicity studies conclude that generally decomposition products from the fire itself. but is unlikely to cause any permanent injury. Macron Safety Systems FM-200® Extinguishing System Units are to be designed.

First Aid Skin Maintain at body temperature. It is stored in approved DOT(HSE)4BW500 or DOT(HSE)4BW450 containers and is super-pressurised with dry nitrogen to 25 Bar @ 210 C (360 PSI @ 70 0F). The US EPA SNAP does not consider FM-200® to be a long lived substance when discharged.INTRODUCTION HYGOOD The present understanding of the functioning of FM200® is that 80% of its fire fighting effectiveness is achieved through heat absorption and 20% through direct chemical means (action of the fluorine radical on the chain reaction of a flame). Eyes FM-200® Agent Characteristics FM-200® (HFC-227ea) is a clean. Box 2200. If frostbite occurs seek medical attention. l l l l l The low concentration of FM-200® required means less visual obscurity and minimal risk to personnel. Typical areas that can be protected by an FM-200® system are detailed below. and can be removed from the protected space by ventilation. FM-200® is thermally and chemically stable.01/Issue3. the list is by no means exhaustive: FM-200® is stored as a liquified compressed gas and is discharged into the protected area as a vapour. The small quantity of agent discharged minimises over-pressurisation of the protected area. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. (Environmental Protection Agency's Significant New Alternatives Program). West LaFayette. • Chemicals capable of undergoing autothermal decomposition. contents under pressure. • Reactive metals such as lithium.07. • Metal hydrides. 0-0-0/nitrogen expellant gas/very cold. Emergency phone number 800-949-5167. thaw affected area with gentle heat. WARNING FM-200® shall not be used on fires involving the following materials unless they have been tested to the satisfaction of the authority having jurisdiction: Bank Vaults Libraries Rare Book Stores Electronic Data Processing Telephone Exchanges Studios Communication Centres Transformer and Switchrooms Control Rooms Test Laboratories Flammable Liquid Stores • Certain chemicals or mixtures of chemicals.0: 7 . such as certain organic peroxidase and hydrazine. P. but without the extremely long atmospheric lifetimes associated with other proposed halon replacements. zirconium.5 years (Reference GLCC). IN 47996-2200. The atmospheric lifetime of FM-200® has been determined to be 36.. potassium. titanium. and as such has placed no restrictions on its use. Consult Great Lakes Chemicals Co.SECTION 1 . gaseous agent containing no particles or oily residues. that are capable of rapid oxidation in the absence of air. Do not rub affected area. It is produced under ISO 9002 guidelines to strict manufacturing specifications ensuring product purity. uranium and plutonium. Complete suppression using FM-200® has the following advantages: HMIS: 2-0-0/heptafloropropane/contents under pressure. Do not allow patient to touch affected area. Maximum safety for personnel due to low toxicity. magnesium. sodium. such as cellulose nitrate and gunpowder. FM-200® leaves no residue or oily deposits on delicate electronic equipment. Apply gentle heat.O. The ability to prevent re-ignition as long as concentration levels are maintained. Most effective when used with automatic detection to introduce FM-200® rapidly.

0% >10. 2000 edition) >800.0 -195.INTRODUCTION HFC-227ea CF3CHFCF3 Heptafluoropropane 170.07.000 9.40C (1.9 psi)  Table 3: Toxicology/Environmental FM-200® Environmental Ozone Depletion (ODP) Atmospheric Lifetime (yrs) (Reference: Great Lakes Chemical Corporation) 0 36.5% 8 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.4 oF) 3399 kPa (492.90C (-232.5 Toxicology Acute Exposure LC50 (ppm) Cardiac Sensitization No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL) (Reference: NFPA 2001.18 kg/m3 (1.) 621 kg/m3 (38./ft3) Table 2. Agent Physical Properties Chemical structure Chemical name Molecular weight Boiling point Freezing point Critical temperature Critical pressure Critical volume Critical density Saturated vapour density @ 20 oC (68 oF) (Reference: NFPA 2001./Ft3) 31.0258cu Ft.00C (-346 oF) -146.HYGOOD Agent Physical Properties Table 1.9oF) -131.76 lb.95 lb.70C (214 oF) 2912 kPa (422 psi) 274 cc/mole (. 2000 edition) SECTION 1 .03 -16.80C (-320.10C (-204 oF) 101.01/Issue3. 2000 edition) N2 Nitrogen 28.4oF) -210./lb.0: . Agent Physical Properties Chemical structure Chemical name Molecular weight Boiling point Freezing point Critical temperature Critical pressure (Reference: NFPA 2001.

1 49.5 27. Volume Kg (Lbs.0: .SECTION 2 .FM-200® Container Dimension A Outlet Size (nominal) Diameter Empty Weight mm (In) mm (In) mm (In) kg (Ibs) 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 (1") (1") (1") (2") (2") (2") (2") 304 502 833 596 1021 1354 1634 (12.01/Issue3. and super-pressurised with dry nitrogen to 25 bar @ 210C(360 psi @ 700F). Containers sharing the same manifold shall be equal in size and fill density.1 71. 9180 (8 litre) 9190 (16 litre) 9200 (32 litre) 9210 (52 litre) 9220 (106 litre) 9230 (147 litre) 9240 (180 litre) Nom.) 4.3") (198.6") (57.250% 0.0 to 147.0 (10 to 18) (20 to 39) (38 to 74) (59 to 117) (118 to 235) (163 to 325) (201 to 401) Figure 1 .2") (53.5 to 182.3") 254 254 254 406 406 406 406 (10") (10") (10") (16") (16") (16") (16") 14.95 bar (1000 psi) 34.3") (158.8 (32.5 to 106.2") (233.8 18.8") (23.8") (32. factory filled with FM-200®.6") (40. Material Carbon % Manganese % Phosphorus % Sulphur % 0.5 to 8.2") 9 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.5 17.0 to 17.07.5 74. fill density and charge date.0 to 33. Some items are optional depending on the application.4 26.050% max max max max 4BW500 Hydraulic test pressure: Working Pressure: 68. System Components This section describes the individual components that comprise a complete system.5") (40.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD FM-200® Container The agent storage vessel consists of a container fitted with a valve and internal syphon tube. gross weight.220% 1.1 bar (900 psi) 31. tare weight. A nameplate is adhered to the container displaying the agent weight. Part No.0 to 53.0 bar (450 psi) Paint Specification: Alkyd Gloss Enamel P-20187 Federal Red Table 4: Container details. Containers are finished in Alkyd Gloss Enamel Federal red and are available in various sizes ( Figure 1).8 89.3") (64.045% 0.47 bar (500 psi) 4BW450 Hydraulic test pressure: Working Pressure: 62.0 53. and are indicated as such.") (19.9 105.5") (108.5 91. Figure 1 .FM-200® Container Technical Information Manufactured in accordance with DOT(HSE)4BW500 or 4BW450.0 9.

3") 350mm x 50mm (Pt.8") (1.01/Issue3.No. and to avoid possible tampering it can not be removed intact.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Technical Information Material: Adhesive: Dimensions: Aluminum Pre-applied 3M adhesive 9485 150mm x 210mm (Pt.0: .Container Label SECTION 2 . Figure 2 . Once the label is applied to the container surface.No.9") (8. fill density and charge date.4284) (13. Surrey GU1 1RN Tel: +44 (0) 1483 57 2222 Fax: +44 (0) 1483 302 180 10 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.9") Macron Safety Systems (UK) Ltd Guildford.07. empty weight.HYGOOD Container Label The container label details the weight of FM-200® contained.4294) (5.

Operation is by means of a pressure-differential piston. 2"BSP 1/8" NPT 1/8" NPT 1/4" BSPP 1/8" NPT Part No. Operation of the valve occurs when the upper chamber is vented faster than the 'make up device' in the shuttle can replace the pressure.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Figure 4 .75") 9011 8-32 Ltr 254mm dia. 11 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. The bracket assembly is designed to be mounted to a rigid vertical surface with the container assembly resting fully on the floor. (16 in) Principle of Operation 600 (23. pressure gauge and burst disc.Fixing Bracket 25mm (1") valve assembly Part No. two bracket assemblies are required per container. Figure 3 . 6430 Technical Information Material: Body Proof Pressure: Outlet Adaptor: Low Pressure Port: Gauge Port: Pilot Pressure Port: Solenoid Adaptor Port: Brass CZ 121 150 bar (2175 psi) 1" BSP.Valve Assembly Fixing Brackets The bracket assembly consists of a nut and bolt. Upper chamber pressure is released by the electrical. (10 in) 52-180 406mm dia.size Dim. The valve assembly is factory-fitted to the container and is supplied pre-assembled with a low pressure switch. two bracket straps and one back channel. The only exception is the 8 litre container which only requires one.0: . Container pressure is used within the valve to create a positive force on the piston. Cont.A mm (in) 400 (15. To securely hold the container in position during the system discharge. sealing the valve closed.07. 6410 50mm (2") valve assembly Part No. Each strap is notched for insertion into the back channel allowing the container to be properly aligned.6") 9012 Valve Assembly The Macron Safety Systems designed and manufactured container valve is the result of extensive research and development and incorporates many unique safety features.01/Issue3. Thereby allowing.SECTION 2 . the shuttle to be forced up. mechanical or pneumatic actuator. and free flow of FM-200® from the valve. The Macron Safety Systems FM-200® valve is a highflow-rate device specially designed for fire protection use.

10psi) 345 bar (5003 psi) Brass 1/8" NPT Max 2. Figure 5 .25 (Pt. • Main outlet.82m (6Ft) 12 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. • A connection for the pneumatic pilot signal output used for multiple container operation. Current: Voltage Range: PS20 Hermetically sealed Stainless Steel Open at 20 bar +/-0. Figure 6 .9A 5-28 vdc Wire leads 1.00 (Pt.ft) (M14 Thread) Torque: 20 Nm (14. 94080) Thread 50mm Valve(2") : M18 x 1.Low Pressure Switch (Part No.7 bar (350 psi (+/.8Ibs. 94085) Hole Orientation: 90o to Body Torque: 18 Nm (13. fitted with safety shipping cap.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Low Pressure Switch A low pressure warning switch is fitted to every container and must be utilised to safeguard the warranty requirements. The device continuously monitors the container pressure and in the event of the pressure dropping below 20 bar (290 psi) the switch operates to enable the condition to be signalled to a control unit.07. fitted with safety cap.7 bar (290 psi (+/. • A connection for a pneumatic or mechanical actuator.0: .No.ft) (M18 Thread) Technical Information Body: Switch point: Switch Type: Proof pressure: Connection: Max.No.Burst Disc Technical Information Body: Rating: Brass CZ 121 50 bar (725 psi) @ 50oC (120oF) Thread 25mm Valve(1") : M14 x 1.01/Issue3.HYGOOD The valve incorporates the following features: • A pressure operated safety release device (burst disc).3Ibs. SECTION 2 . • A connection for an electrical solenoid. 94181) Burst Disc A burst disc is factory fitted to every valve assembly. It is designed to rupture when the container becomes over pressurised when subjected to temperatures above the designed storage temperature of the container.10psi) Close on rise at 24 bar +/-0.

Electrical Actuator (Part No. 9490) Technical Information Body: Knob: Safety Pin: Actuation Pin: Min Actuation Force: Brass CZ 121 Nylon Zinc Plated Mild Steel Stainless Steel 25. Figure 9 .SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Technical Information Body: Actuation Pin: Pipe connection: Min. Provision is made for the connection of a manual strike Knob to the top of the actuator assembly. Ib.5N (5.0: 13 . Pressure from a ‘master’ container or other sources is used to actuate the valve. Actuation Pressure: Brass CZ121 Stainless Steel 1/4" BSPP Female 2 bar (29 psi) Manual Actuator The manual actuator is a simple ‘strike knob’ assembly which is fitted to the top of the valve assembly or solenoid actuator. via small bore piping or.07.SECTION 2 . Figure 8 .Pneumatic Actuator (Part No.73 Ibf) Pneumatic Actuator The pneumatic actuator is an assembly similar to the manual actuator but without the strike knob. a flexible hose. Inadvertent operation is prevented by a pin which has to be removed before activation. 2900) Technical Information Body: Swivel nut: Actuation Pin: Actuation Type: Rest Requirement: Connection: Power requirement: Current: Manual Actuation Force: Electrical connection: Diode Type: Temperature Range: Life Span: Testing: Approval: Mild Steel & Dull Nickel Brass CZ121 Stainless Steel Latching Manual Force Required 1" BSPP 24vdc 0. preferably. 2880) Removable Electrical Actuator The removable electrical actuator is also similar to the manual actuator and locates to the top of the container valve. 24v dc is required for solenoid operation.f) 3-pin plug connector Suppression -20oC to +55oC (-4oF to131oF) 10 years from manufacture 100% Check on start / Finish position Underwriters Laboratories Recognised to UL508 Tested in accordance with UL864 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.Manual Actuator (Part No. Figure 7 .01/Issue3.2A 5 kgf (11.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS Flexible Discharge Hose Multiple FM-200® container installations are connected to the system by means of a flexible discharge hose.07.01/Issue3. F & G). This enables containers to be disconnected for maintenance or recharge without dismantling other container mountings. Ambient Temp: Solenoid Orientation: Stainless Steel 24v dc 9. 6412) between the valve outlet and the swivel fitting at the inlet of the hose. Zinc Passivated Mild Steel Connection: Max Bend Angle: 15o @ 0oC (32oF) 14 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. manifold connections and pipework. groups C and D.50mm (2") Hose (Part No 6540) Technical Information Solenoid Enclosure: Power Requirement: Power Consumption: Conduit Thread: Pressure Connection: Pressure Range: Certification: Max. It is designed to be used in explosive atmospheres (Class I . A swivel fitting at the inlet of the hose enables the container to be readily coupled to the distribution system. The flexible discharge hose is connected to each manifold valve outlet. Class II. 4125) . It can be located directly on the side of the valve or via a solenoid adaptor.0: . The 32mm (1 1/4") discharge hose (Part No. Figure 11 . Figure 10 .5 watts 1/2" NPT 1/8" NPT Female 0 .HYGOOD Side Mounted Electrical Actuator This solenoid actuator differs from other actuators in that it is side mounted.32mm (1 1/4") Hose & Brass Adapter Assy (Part No. etc.Electrical Actuator (Part No 95550) SECTION 2 . groups E.4120) requires the addition of a brass adapter (Part No. It is operated by a 24v dc input signal.103 bar (1500 psi) UL 105oC (221oF) 0-30o Off Vertical Technical Information Construction: Twin steel wire braided Oil resistant Seamless synthetic rubber core to DIN 20022. The adaptor enables the actuator to be removed safely without actuation of the container valve.

Solenoid Adaptor (Part No 5550) Figure 13 .SECTION 2 .Manifold Check Valve 32mm (1.07. To remove the solenoid the adapter body should be unscrewed in the anticlockwise direction.01/Issue3. should a container have been removed.25") Check Valve Assy. 6550 Technical Information Body: Circlip: Max Working Pressure: Proof Pressure: Solenoid Connection: Brass CZ121 Stainless Steel 75 bar (1088 psi) 150 bar (2175 psi) 1/8" NPT Technical Information Body: Stem: Spring: Brass CZ122 Stainless Steel Stainless Steel FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 4090 Part No. The function of the check valve is to prevent loss of extinguishing agent during discharge from an outlet.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Manifold Check Valve Manifold check valves are of mushroom pattern type and lift into the manifold as discharge occurs. Part No.0: 15 . Solenoid Adaptor The adaptor enables the actuator to be removed safely without actuation of the container valve. All check valves are supplied ready fitted to the manifold assembly. Figure 12 . 50mm (2") Check Valve Assy. This action will close the schrader valve and then allow the pressure between the schrader and solenoid actuator to be released safely through the threads of the adaptor body.

9335 9336 9337 9352 9353 9345 9346 9355 9356 9354 Size mm 2 port 3 port 4 port 2 port 3 port 4 port 5 port 2 port 3 port 4 port 65 (2.HYGOOD Manifold SECTION 2 .0: . Figure 14 . Part No. A (m m ) (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") (6") Dim . B mm 350 (14") 350 (14") 350 (14") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") 508 (20") Pa rt No.01/Issue3. Table 5: Manifolds. They can be used in conjunction with check valves in situations where main / reserve containers arrangements are required. Ready to paint on site.5") 65 (2. Note: Assembly includes 32 / 50mm check valves and end cap. Finish: BS 3601 Schedule 80 Check valve flange connection BSP Taper 90 bar (1305 psi) Primed.5") 80 (3") 80 (3") 80 (3") 80 (3") 100 (4") 100 (4") 100 (4") Dim. B (m m ) 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 508 (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") (20") 5 port 100 (4") 150 6 port 100 (4") 150 3 port 150 (6") 150 4 port 150 (6") 150 5 port 150 (6") 150 6 port 150 (6") 150 7 port 150 (6") 150 8 port 150 (6") 150 9 port 150 (6") 150 10 port 150 (6") 150 16 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Manifolds are fabricated sections of steel pipe-work. They enable multiple containers to be connected to a common pipe network. A mm 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") 150 (6") Dim.5") 65 (2.Typical Manifold Assembly Technical Information Material: Inlet: Outlet: Test Press. 9357 9358 9312 9313 9314 9315 9316 9317 9318 9319 Size (m m ) Dim .07.

Manifold brackets slot into the cantilever and are clamped using a hex head screw and plain nut.01/Issue3. Cantilever brackets are located over the unirax and each are held in position using a uninut long spring. No.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Manifold Bracket Assembly A manifold bracket assembly consists of two lengths of unirax. mounted vertically on a wall or bulk head to enable height adjustment of the manifold assembly.07.Manifold Bracket Assembly 65mm 80mm 100mm 150mm (2.SECTION 2 . No.5") Manifold Bracket (3") Manifold Bracket (4") Manifold Bracket (6") Manifold Bracket Part Part Part Part No. Figure 15 . No. washer and hex head screw.0: 17 . 30460 30500 30510 30515 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS Male Adaptor This adaptor is used to connect the pilot hose to the container valve assembly. pressure switch. 6490) SECTION 2 . Figure 16 . slave container. Bend Radius: Connections: Length: Stainless Steel Braided PTFE to BS 4976 190 bar (2755 psi) 759 bar (11008 psi) 60mm (2.Flexible hose (Part No. Burst Pressure: MIn. Figure 17 .07. e.4")@ 0oC (32oF) 1/4" BSP swivel female 710mm (28") 18 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0: . Working Pressure: Min.g.HYGOOD Flexible Pilot Hose The flexible pilot hose is used to connect pressure activated devices to the system. etc.01/Issue3. 91105) Technical Information Material: Connection: Brass 1/4"BSPT x 1/4" BSPP Technical Information Outer sheath: Inner sheath: Max.Male Adaptor (Part No.

07.Male Tee (Part No.SECTION 2 . The pressure switch incorporates a reset button which has to be depressed following a discharge.5 psi) 1/4" NPT Female 172. 99205) Technical Information Material: Connection: Brass 1/4" BSPP x 1/4" BSPT Male Elbow This elbow can be used on the last slave container when the pressure switch connection is taken from the manifold or piping networks.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Pressure Switch The pressure switch is activated by pressure from the agent during discharge and can be used to signal to a control panel that the system has actually discharged.Male Elbow (Part No. Figure 19 .Pressure Switch (Part No.01/Issue3.34 Bar (+/. 91101) Technical Information Housing: Pressure Connection: Switch Point: Tolerance: Connection: Proof Pressure: Technical Information Material: Connection: Brass 1/4" BSPT x 1/4" BSPP DC Switch Rating: Temperature Range: Die-cast Aluminium Nickel Plated Brass 4 bar Rising (58 psi) +/. Figure 18 . 91109) Figure 20 .4 bar (2500 psi) 1 A 24v DC -40oC to +71oC (-40 oF to 160 oF) Installation Environment: non-corrosive / indoor FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0: 19 .0. Male Tee This is used primarily in manifold systems for connecting pilot lines from one slave container to the next.

1mm (0.01/Issue3.07.HYGOOD Discharge Nozzle FM-200® is distributed within the protected area by the discharge nozzle which is sized to ensure the correct flow of agent for the risk. Nozzles are available with seven or eight ports to allow for 180o or 360o horizontal discharge patterns. No. No. 3381/2 3391/2 3401/2 3411/2 3421/2 3431/2 3441/2 Technical Information Material: Brass / Stainless Steel 20 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Ports are drilled in 0.004 in) increments to the specified system design. BSP nozzles are supplied as standard in Brass and Stainless Steel with NPT as optional. No.7 & 8 Port Nozzle Configuration 10mm (3/8") BSP Nozzle: 15mm (1/2") BSP Nozzle: 20mm (3/4") BSP Nozzle: 25mm (1") BSP Nozzle: 32mm (1 1/4") BSP Nozzle: 40mm (1 1/2") BSP Nozzle: 50mm (2") BSP Nozzle: Part Part Part Part Part Part Part No.0: . SECTION 2 .SYSTEM COMPONENTS Figure 21 . No. No. No.

Door Notice A door notice is required at each entrance to the risk to advise personnel that they are entering a protected area.08 in) Craylon Gloss. Macron Safety Systems (UK) Limited HYGOODSouth Denes Road.07.SYSTEM COMPONENTS HYGOOD Manual Release Notice A notice should be located at each manual release position.08 in) Craylon Gloss. Great YarmouthRN D DFORD SURREY GU11 T 013PJ EL 483 80 NR30 483 572222 FAX 01 3021 FM 2 0 0 Ò MacronMacron Safety Systems Limited Safety Systems (UK) Limited Tel: +44 (0)1483 572222 Fax: +44 (0)1483 302180 for areas protected by concentrations less than NOAEL (Part No. scratch resistant Technical Information Material Finish 2mm (0.Manual Release Sign (Part No.0: 21 . 2675) Figure 23 .SECTION 2 . Technical Information Material Finish 2mm (0. FM200Ò C A UTIO N ! T his area is protected by a FM 20 0 Ò fire extinguishing system W hen alarm sou nds or upon gas discharge evacuate hazard area After system discharge do N O T re-enter until thorou ghly ventilated. Figure 22 .01/Issue3.Door Notice (Part No. HYGOODSouth Denes ROAD GULI LT W OODLANDS Road. scratch resistant FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 2659) CAUTION! D o N O T enter unless extingu ishing system is lock ed off W hen alarm sou nds evacu ate hazard area After system discharge do N O T re-enter until thorou ghly ventilated. Great Yarmouth1 LTD W OODLANDS ROAD GULI DFORD SURREY GU1 RN NR30 483 572222 FAX 01 3021 T 01 EL 3PJ 483 80 FM 2 0 0 Ò FM200Ò RELEASE MANUAL CONTROL POINT Tel: +44 (0)1483 572222 Fax: +44 (0)1483 302180 FM200 Ò CAUTION ENSURE ALL PERSONEL ARE EVACUATED BEFORE RELEASING EXTINGUISHANT for areas protected by concentrations greater than NOAEL (unoccupied spaces only). 2676).

01/Issue3. distribution pipework and nozzles.HYGOOD Typical Manifold System SECTION 2 . 2 x low pressure switch. Figure 24 . flexible connections.07.Typical Manifold System 22 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. pressure switch.0: . manual strike knob.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Figure 24 indicates a typical two container system complete with electrical actuation.

To determine other recommended design concentrations for Class B flammable liquids. system operation both in normal conditions and after a discharge.SECTION 3 . electrical requirements. Nozzle efficiency factor = 6. However the minimum design concentration for flammable liquids is 9%.03 6. Nozzle distribution test concentration = 6. For systems with only manual actuation cupburner x 1. All design concentration calculations are based on extinguishing concentrations plus an additional 20% safety factor for Class A & C and 30% safety factor for Class B.17% For Class B (Commercial grade Heptane)6. and one of the most important.17) Hazard Analysis The first.9 = 1. but not less than 9. Fires involving flammable liquids or liquefiable solids and flammable gases. All systems are designed in accordance with the BFPSA Code of Practise for Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems. plus an additional 3% safety factor for nozzle performance (commercial grade Heptane excluded). for comparison see NOAEL / LOAEL values. FM200® is suitable for use with the following materials: Class A Fires involving solid materials usually of an organic nature.3 = Design concentration. The first is the risk assessment. FM-200® systems are suitable for use in normal commercial and industrial environments.0% For Class B (Other class B fuels)cupburner x 1.03 x 1. exercises in planning an FM-200® extinguishing system is the hazard survey. All system design calculations are calculated at minimum design concentration to determine agent quantity.2 and UL -2166. volumes. The second is calculating the quantity of FM-200® required.3 =9. etc. positioning of nozzles.7% for commercial grade Heptane. and NFPA 2001.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD The FM-200® cupburner valve is 6. paragraph 3-4. first edition. considerations such as ventilation. and any special requirements. the appropriate British Standards. etc. currently BS5306 section 5.03 x 1. consult Macron Safety Systems Limited as well as referring to NFPA 2001. and manually actuated only systems. equipment location. A Site Survey / Request form is a useful tool to aidememory for addressing the relevant factors.0: 23 . See table 3 or Refer to NFPA 2001.7 Safety factor: Class A = 1. paragraph 61. personnel considerations. This can be found in Appendix A.0% For Class C Use at least design concentration for Class A surfaces fires (7. Maximum design concentration should be at the maximum anticipated enclosure temperature.17% but differs for Class B fires. 2000 edition. in which combustion normally takes place with the formation of glowing embers. The design concentration for Class A & C fires is 7.03 x 1. environmental conditions. Fires involving energized electrical equipment where the electrical nonconductivity of the extinguishing media is of importance Class B Class C FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. dimensions.2 Class B = 1.01/Issue3. and can be used subsequently to substantiate the design criteria. openings and restrictions. including floor and/or ceiling voids. require special consideration and should be discussed fully with Macron Safety Systems before finalising a system design.03 x 1.3 Class C = Class A System Design There are two main elements of system design. The information derived from the survey should include risk assessment. and those requiring intrinsically safe or flameproof equipment.3 = design concentration but not less than 9. 2000 edition.7% x 1.2 =7. For Class A (Determined by fire test) 5. determining the type of protection required.0% Rugged environments. access and construction limitations.07.1.9% Calculations: Cupburner or fire test concentration X nozzle efficiency factor X safety factor.8% x 1.2(b).

3m (1. Each enclosed space is considered as a risk area and requires at least one nozzle. Certain materials in this group may require increased concentrations to achieve satisfactory extinguishment. is treated as a separate adjacent area and requires simultaneous discharge to occur.SYSTEM DESIGN Hazard Volume Note. The hazard structure must be capable of withstanding a pressure of 600 pa (0. ceiling void. • Class D Combustible metals.. or make a sketch of the area adding dimensions and any relevant details. A floor void.01/Issue3. During agent discharge. Generally. Part 22 or Part 23 as appropriate.HYGOOD SECTION 3 . Part 21. In total flooding applications the risk area must comprise an enclosed space with no significant openings so that the design concentration can be achieved and maintained. 24 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. • Enclosures with hot surfaces (>400oC) (752oF) Hazard Structure The protected enclosure shall be bounded by rigid elements of building constrution. FM-200® is not effective on the following: • Class A Deep seated fires. Calculate the volume of each area. the calculation is based on an empty area. etc. large equipment cabinets and control panels should not be considered in the calculation as it is assumed that the internal area is required to be filled with agent. Caution. Consult Macron Safety Systems if in doubt. Obstructions greater than 300mm (12") can affect the distribution of agent and may require additional nozzles. the subsequent furniture and fittings having little effect on the actual concentration.0: . Consult Macron for details of specific risk. • Chemicals capable of rapid oxidation. Please note that floor voids cannot be protected separately from the associated room. The rigid elements should have a fire resistance of not less than 30 min when tested in accordance with BS476: Part 20. the hazard enclosure will experience a pressure change. To determine the volume refer to the site drawings. ensuring that the scale is accurate and that heights are denoted. cable duct.07.201 ftH20) developed during discharge. Similarly. Ceiling obstructions such as beams that are less than 300mm (12") below the slab need not be considered.ft) above the hazard. • Chemicals capable of auto-thermal recomposition. The ceiling should be not less than 0.

Dampers should be installed in both supply and return air ducts. or other types of damage. It is not necessary to shut down the unit prior to a discharge as the mixing effect is beneficial. Air conditioning and/or forced ventilation can affect the system performance and the quantity of agent required. The chosen location should provide protection from severe weather. At maximum temperature.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD Hazard Fuels All fuels in the hazard must be identified and the corresponding agent concentration requirements. consideration should be given to installing a normally closed means of ventilation with extraction arrangements which will discharge directly to open air.5 oC (+ 10 oF) from 21oC (70 oF).01/Issue3. This also includes while being in storage or transported." Once assembled . Hydraulic calculations are made at 21oC (70 oF). prior to a discharge. Limit exposure times as in NFPA 2001. Agent Storage FM-200® is stored as a liquified compressed gas in appropriate containers to meet DOT4BW500 & 450 requirements. reduced mental acuity.SECTION 3 . mechanical. impaired coordination. Section 1-6 "Safety. Agent Quantities Normally the agent quantity is the weight required to produce the desired concentration at the lowest temperature within the hazard enclosure. Sufficient time must be allowed for the plant to stop.0: 25 . or dampers to close. reference NFPA 2001. Section 1-6 "Safety. cardiac effects or unconsciousness. before discharge occurs. there is a risk that the system will not supply the designed quantity of extinguishing agent. The design concentration (percent by volume) required for the hazard will be the highest concentration required by any one of the fuels present in the hazard. filled and pressurised the FM-200® extinguishing system should not be exposed to temperatures other than the storage / operating temperature range of 0 to 500C. Minimum agent quantity requirements are based on minimum hazard. avoid any exposure to FM-200® in volume concentrations greater than 9% unless using self contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation If the hazard enclosure has no means of adequate venting after discharge. therefore. When the storage temperature varies by + 5. Personnel Safety Natural Agent: To avoid possible injury.5% may include dizziness. (ii) Central air conditioning unit A central air conditioning unit relies on air from outside and is often linked by ducts to other parts of the building. as close as possible to the area. Nitrogen in the container maintains a superpressurisation of 25 bar at 21oC (360 psi at 70oF). FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01." Symptoms of overexposure to concentrations greater than 10. Hazard Temperature Determine as accurately as possible the anticipated minimum and maximum temperatures likely to be experienced within the protected area.07. The ambient temperature of the storage area must be between 0 oC to 49 oC (32 oF to 120 oF). no additional agent is required. the optimum temperature being 21oC (70oF). remove to fresh air immediately and summon medical assistance. The duct volume between the hazard and the damper must be added to the overall volume. Frostbite: Direct skin contact with FM-200® in the immediate area of discharge may cause frostbite. the unit should be shut down and/or dampers operated to close the ducts. (i) Self-contained air conditioning unit A self-contained unit conditions the air within the enclosure and does not rely on a fresh air supply. hazard concentration must not exceed the NOAEL/LOAEL values for normally occupied spaces. If the hazard has a self-contained unit and it is located within the area without an outside air supply. (32oF to 120oF). or draw air from other parts of the building. In the event of overexposure. chemical.

4.01/Issue3. SECTION 3 . pressure and fill density.0: . 26 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07. Agent containers must be located in a single row and spaced according to section. Whenever containers are manifolded. 1.SYSTEM DESIGN Agent Distribution Distribution piping will be installed only with approved piping as indicated in Section 5. the following rules must be observed. A connected reserve may be employed in some circumstances providing a secondary supply of agent. 3. 2.HYGOOD Manifolds It may be necessary to manifold agent containers to provide the required amount of agent for a hazard. All containers connected to the same manifold or pipe must be the same size and filled with the same agent weight. Flexible discharge hoses and check valves must be used at each inlet. or to make available the proper increments of agent weight for the protection of multiple hazards. Pipe size reductions may be made by using reducing tees or reducing bushings or reducing couplings.

Hydraulic calculations are made at 210C (70oF). when the mixture contacts the pipeline walls. the following factors should be taken into account.5oC (+ 10oF) there is a risk that the system will not supply the designed quantity of extinguishing agent. possibly resulting in an inaccurate measurement of the discharge time. leading to alternate discharges of liquid and vapour (slugging) or layering of the two phases. Maximum distance 180 degree nozzles should be placed from a wall 300mm (12"). if the pipeline diameter is too large for the design flow rate.05m(33ft) for a 180o nozzle. The maximum coverage area for either nozzle is 95. The properties of this mixture will vary with its composition. known as superpressurisation. the velocity of the mixture will be high enough to maintain highly turbulent flow. When the storage temperature varies by + 5. 180 degree nozzles must be mounted adjacent to a wall and must be located to cover the entire area. Nozzles located both above and below the con tainer outlet. Flow in Pipe In a properly designed distribution piping network the flow of FM-200® will consist of a two phase mixture of liquid and vapour.6ft) for a 360o nozzle and 10. Sub-floors & false ceilings). The maximum discharge radius is 8. Temperatures other than 21oC (70oF) may result in variations in system discharge characteristics. Therefore. In a properly designed pipe network. Nozzles must be installed a maximum of 300mm(12") below the ceiling. the two phases may separate.0: .87m(16 ft) maximum protection height for 360o and 180o nozzle. This is due to flashing of the trailing edge of the fluid as it moves from the tank to the nozzles. Trailing Vapour Pressure Discharge time is defined as the average liquid discharge time through all nozzles in the system.3m2 (1026 ft2) Nozzle orifices must not be placed where they may discharge into nearby objects. the minimum 50mm (2"). Another consequence of two-phase flow is the potential for separation of liquid and vapour. When considering the optimum nozzle location. Measured from centre of the nozzle to the wall. this can lead to confusion as to when the discharge is complete. will cause a portion of the nitrogen to mix with the FM-200®. This addition of nitrogen. the remaining portion of the nitrogen will remain in the vapour space above the liquid providing the increased propulsion necessary to discharge the FM-200® from the container. Maximum distance between 9. there will be a short transition period followed by the delivery of • • FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. However.1m (30 ft) 27 • • • • • Initial Vapour Discharge At the instant the discharge valve is opened. maximum distance between them 9. the friction decreases the density of the mixture resulting in a non-linear pressure drop and an increase in flow velocity. rapid expansion of the agent will cool the piping network. • • • • Nozzle location is affected by the shape of the hazard area. 300mm(12") minimum void height (i. After the liquid portion of the discharge has been completed.07. Nozzle selection and location The number of nozzles required is based on the hazard size and configuration and the coverage provided by the nozzle.7m(28. the pipeline must be properly sized to keep the FM-200® flow turbulent enough to prevent phase separation.SECTION 3 . Agent Flow Characteristics Nitrogen Superpressurisation Nitrogen is added to the FM-200® containers.e.1m (30 ft) Nozzles located either above or below the container outlet. 4.01/Issue3.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD the remaining FM-200® nitrogen mixture as a vapour. In some systems the transition period is relatively long. therefore. Nozzles are available in 7-port or 8-port versions to provide 180 or 360 degree discharge patterns respectively.

Figure 25b - If nozzles are only located below the container outlet.07.HYGOOD Maximum Limits in Pipe Work. See Figure 25b.1m (30 ft).0: . then the maximum elevation difference between the container outlet and the furthest horizontal pipe run or discharge nozzle (whichever is furthest) shall not exceed 9. then the maximum elevation difference between the container outlet and the furthest horizontal pipe run or discharge nozzle (whichever is furthest) shall not exceed 9. Examples: SECTION 3 . See figure 25a. 28 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Note: If a system design violates these limits. Figure 25c - If nozzles are located both above and below the container outlet. See figure 25c.1m (30 ft). then the maximum distance between the furthest horizontal pipe runs. or discharge nozzles (whichever is further) shall not exceed 9. contact Macron Safety Systems to determine what action has to be taken.SYSTEM DESIGN Figure 25a - If nozzles are only located above the container outlet.01/Issue3.1m (30 ft).

36m3 (2275. Determine container size and fill density. Figure 26 .4ft3) 2 x 8 port nozzles 4 x 8 port nozzles 1 x 7 port nozzle Nozzle placement and piping arrangements for the example are shown in Figure 28. Select nozzle type and location. Determine hazard altitude and correction factor. All Tee outlets must be in the same horizontal plane.1ft3) Floor Void: 63. Calculate quantity of FM-200® per enclosure. Calculate quantity of FM-200® per nozzle.01/Issue3. • Determine hazard material and required design concentration.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD System Design Procedure The following procedure must be followed when designing FM-200® systems.6ft3) Computer Room: 543. Identify individual enclosure volumes and deduct any impermeable volumes where appropriate.SECTION 3 . rises.05m • • (33ft) Example: Nozzle Selection Switch Room: 120. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0: 29 .3m3 (19237. See examples figure 27 a-f.Nozzle Discharge Radius 8. Note: The side tee splits shall be between 10-30%. falls and nozzle reference numbers. Check percentage agent split at tee's.6ft) • • • • 10.07. Design pipe network. bull tee splits will be between 30-70%.7m3 (4262.7m • • • (28. Identify all pipe lengths. at minimum design temperature.

Bull tee orientation "incorrect" NOTE: Incorrect orientation of side and bull tee could result in separation of the FM200 from the Nitrogen (due to FM-200® greater density).SYSTEM DESIGN Figure 27b .0: .Bull Tee Split limits.Side tee orientation "correct" Figure 27d .07.01/Issue3. SECTION 3 .HYGOOD Example: Tee Split Designs Figure 27a .Side tee orientation "incorrect" Figure 27e .Bull tee orientation "correct" Figure 27f . Figure 27c . The design would also be outside the parameters permitted by the calculation software. 30 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.Side Tee Split limits. See figures 27d and 27f.

885 + 0.6% of Agent Floor Void: 2275.5 x 39.207 (100-7.4 x 9.4 x 1.1 = 74.5 x 39.2 = 80.1 = 8.4/25775.0046t t = Design Temperature in Hazard Area (oF) C = Required FM-200® Design Conc. the piping would be outside the tee split limits.1 X 7.4ft3 % Hazard Agent = Individual hazard Volume Sum of hazard volumes Switch Room: 4262. To determine the minimum agent quantity the following equation is used: W = (V/S)* (C/100-C) W = Weight of Agent required (lbs) V = Hazard Volume (ft3) S = Specific Vapour Volume (ft3/lb) S = 1.6/25775.07. With the appropriate container selected.2) It is determined from the above that both the switch Room and the Computer Room can be fed by one manifolded system using 3 x 180 Litre containers.2 = 149.2% required design concentration example only) W= 19237. Switch Room: Computer Room: Floor Void: 22.4 X 7. The Floor Void would use 1 x 52 Litre container filled with 80lbs as it requires less than 10% of the total Agent and therefore equates as follows.0: 31 .Calculations Minimum Agent Quantity is based on the hazard volume at the minimum anticipated temperature and concentration required.3lbs 2.8% of Agent Switch Room: (7.7 x 8.SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD Floor Void: (7.207 (100-7. the previous equation can be rearranged to determine the concentration based on the actual weight as containers are filled to the nearest kg.1ft3 52.1/25775.2 = 4262.6ft3 52. (Separate tank is required for floor voids.2 = 676. C= 100 WS WS + V Example: Calculation for two rooms and floor void with the following dimensions: To calculate the required agent for each hazard volume as a percentage of the total agent required.01/Issue3.) Computer Room: (7. Temperature (t).SECTION 3 .2) Design Example .6% of Agent t = 21o C (70oF) for calculation example Computer Room: 19237.20% required design concentration example only) W= 4262.0lbs 2.9 x 22. (% by volume) at Design When the minimum quantity of FM-200® has been calculated the weight is compared to the available agent container size.6 X 7. The container size must be equal to or greater then the weight of agent (see Figure 1).2) FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.3 = 19237. If protected with nozzle from computer room system.9Ibs 2.1 = 16.2% required design concentration example only) W= 2275.1 = 2275. each filled with 276lbs of Agent.207 (100-7.

2 lbs Agent to Computer room : 3 x 276 .7 = 18.1 Switch Room: C = 100 x 150.8 The minimum enclosure concentrations can be calculated based on the actual container fill (70oF minimum design temperature).4 = 7.207 = 7. This calculation is required to determine if the maximum concentration is below the NOAEL limit for normally occupied areas.34% Computer Room: C = 100 x 677.2538 (80 x 2. Switch Room: C = 100 x 150.0: .07.4 Figure 28 .1 Floor Void: C = 100 x 80 x 2.150.8 x 2. the maximum concentration can be determined by recalculating the equation based on the maximum temperature anticipated in each enclosure 270C (800F) maximum design temperature.2 x 2.207) + 2275.1/23499.22% (150.2538 = 7.207)+4262.253) + 19237.7 = 81.2% (80 x 2.6/23499.8 x 2.2x2.4 = 100% of Agent SECTION 3 .2 x 2.SYSTEM DESIGN Actual agent to switch Room : 0.253) + 4262. After determining the minimum weight and concentration.253) + 2275.207)+19237.HYGOOD Switch Room: 4262.207 = 7.2538 = 7.8 x 2.01/Issue3.2 = 677.207 = 7.6 Computer Room: C = 100 x 677.36% (150.8 x 2.9% of Agent Floor Void: 2275.6 Floor Void: C = 100 x 80 x 2.22% (677.14% of Agent Computer Room: 19237.Example Nozzle Location 32 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.1814 x 3 x 276 = 150.36% (677.2 x2.4/2275.

07.0: 33 . maximize pipe volume before the 1st tee and incorporate similar pipe run lengths to nozzles.SECTION 3 .SYSTEM DESIGN HYGOOD Piping Practices Due to the two phase flow of FM-200®. System designers should aim to design as far as possible balanced pipe networks. use minimum numbers of elbows. It should also be noted that system designers shall allow a minimum of 10 times the nominal pipe diameter around tee splits before any change of direction. Both have limitations on the minimum and maximum allowable flow splits which are detailed in section 4.01/Issue3. certain piping practices must be adhered to. a through /side tee and a bull tee. Mainly that the flow split must be on the horizontal plane. There are two types of tee used in FM-200® systems. page 36. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. use minimum lengths of pipe.

0799 0.17 8 9 10 11 12 13 0. 4.0549 0.0618 0.0540 0. Table 6: FM-200® Weight Calculations Imperial Temp. 2.0739 0.0767 0.1146 2. Minimum Room Temperature.0805 0.0631 0.99.0283 0.2538 2.0656 0.0691 0.0503 0.0626 0.0262 0.0430 0.0873 0.0845 0. it is important to assess the hazard area correctly.0489 0.9264 1. metric) or by using the formula (FM-200® Equation Calculations) and then multiplying by the altitude correction factor (table 7).0493 0.0327 0.0394 0.0668 0.0: .0414 0.0572 0.0711 0.0550 0.057 0.0560 0.0644 15 0.0817 0.0386 0.0391 0.0465 0.0309 0.2994 2.0323 0.0527 0.3912 2.0315 0.0257 0.9736 2.0458 0.0853 0.0478 0. The agent concentration is dependant upon the type of hazard being protected. Hazard Type.0341 0. Hazard Volume.0787 0.0303 0.0538 0.0253 7 0.0371 0. The quantity of FM-200® can be calculated by using the flooding factors (Table 6.0422 0.0501 0. 3. Quantity of FM-200® required: 0.0439 0.0298 Weight Requirements of Hazard Volume.0642 0.0698 34 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0677 0.056 0.0468 0.0440 0.0335 0.0650 0. the type of nozzle used and hazard altitude.0357 0.0323 0.0364 0.0694 0.0306 0.0351 1.0507 0.0605 0.0321 0.0737 0.0678 2. t (oF )c 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 Specific Vapor Volume 6 s (ft3/lb)d 1. ® Hazard Volume: Room Temperature: Agent Concentration: Flooding Factor: 9182ft3 70oF 7.0309 0.0381 0.3452 2.0448 0.0723 0.0398 0.0349 0.4820 2.0441 0.0498 0.0753 0.0613 0.0406 0.0289 0.0707 0. Note: Specific Vapour Volume data shown in Table 7 are experimentally derived values and the specific vapour volume equation (S) has a correlation coefficient of 0.0489 0.0364 0.0708 0.2075 2.0752 0.0602 0.0372 0.17% 0. imperial / 6a.0598 0.0451 0.0825 0.0456 0.0584 0.0663 0.0365 0.0548 0.0625 0.0675 0.0581 0.0916 0.0724 0.0334 0.FLOW CALCULATIONS Example: In determining the quantity of FM-200 required for a particular application.0448 0.0770 0.0329 0.0311 0.0344 0.0722 0.0316 0. The anticipated temperature of the Hazard area will normally be advised by the client.0331 0.0272 0.0402 0.0295 0.0757 0.0637 0. However the equation can be used to give a close approximation of required agent quantities.0783 0.HYGOOD Introduction SECTION 4 .0563 0.0302 0.0537 0.0591 14 0.0659 0.0525 0. The following information will need to be determined as discussed in Section 3.0474 0.0391 0.0513 0.0356 0.0835 0.0373 0.0316 0.0517 0.572 0.01/Issue3.0382 0.0421 0.0278 0.1612 2.0612 0.0738 0.0708 0.0593 0.0378 0.0348 0.0430 0.0401 0.0391 0.0776 0.0570 0. Height above sea-level.0350 0.0351 x 9182 =322. W/V (lb/ft3) Design Concentration (% by Volume) 7.0411 0.0894 0.3lbs The Hazard volume can be determined by calculating the room volume and deducting any impermeable volumes that may be contained within the area.0357 0.0267 0.0691 0.0645 0.07.4366 2.0342 0.0210 2.0681 0.0514 0.0483 0.

066 1.2168 1.7 2 0 .8414 0.5694 0.5142 0.2839 1.8 6 0 .6 1 km ) 3 0 0 0 (0 .9 2 km ) -2 0 0 0 (-0 .5034 0.975 0.0 7 1 .5816 0.6223 0.8586 0.0484 15 1.164 1.8094 0.6104 0.995 0.2579 1.9 1 km ) 4 0 0 0 (1 .1215 0.4973 8 0.5 2 km ) 6 0 0 0 (1 .9573 0.7276 0.6943 0.6217 0.7 4 km ) 1 0 0 0 0 (3 .6196 0.1096 1.5420 0.5968 0.2089 1.2 2 km ) 5 0 0 0 (1 .145 0.3636 1.4932 0.9623 14 1.2856 1.7 8 0 .1751 1. The design quantity of the clean agent shall be adjusted to compensate for ambient presFM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.8374 0.07.8251 0.5996 0.78 0.6701 0.6457 0.8929 0.3 0 km ) 2 0 0 0 (0 .519 0.2388 1.465 0.3105 1.8093 0. FM-200® Equation Calculations The weight of agent required for a hazard area can also be calculated from the formula shown below.9230 0.8676 0.7158 0.6064 0. (% by volume) at Design Temperature (t).6 6 sure that vary more than 11 percent (equivalent to approximately 915m (3000 ft) of elevation change) from standard sea level pressure 760 mm Hg at 0 oC (29.5254 0.6586 0.4527 1.5589 0.936 0.3918 1.1029 1.6 1 km ) -1 0 0 0 (-0 .7005 0.7528 0.1785 1.78 0.1553 Weight Requirements of Hazard Volume.0: ® S = Specific Vapour Volume cu.1428 1.6585 0.7156 11 1. Temp Specific Vapor Volume s (m3/kg)d 0.0537 1.9147 0.4564 0.5326 0.9957 0.157 0.418 0.9748 0.6 9 0 .1268 0.9004 0.7071 0.4847 7.1316 1.4 5 km ) 9 0 0 0 (2 .1347 0.8522 0.6091 0.4929 0.6476 0.6335 0.9178 0.2328 1.1546 1. W/V (kg/m3) Design Concentration (% per volume) 6 0.8 3 km ) 7 0 0 0 (2 .3401 1.823 0.1225 1.1269 + 0. W = (V/S) * (C/100-C) W = Weight of Agent required kg (lbs) (BS5306: Part 5: Section 5.5520 0.0174 0.474 0.FLOW CALCULATIONS HYGOOD Table 6a: FM-200® Weight Calculations Metric.01/Issue3.1224 1.4481 0.17 0.7642 0.9784 0.084 1.4834 0.0886 1.9934 0. A system designed for sea-level conditions will therefore develop an actual higher concentration at levels above sea-level and an actual lower concentration at levels below sea-level.1425 0. The adjusted agent quantity is calculated by multiplying W (from the equation on the left) by the altitude correction factor.8837 0.132 0.1373 0.57 0.7944 0.0 5 km ) C o rrectio n F a cto r 1 .1 3 km ) 8 0 0 0 (2 .6819 0.4324 0.3114 1.8 9 0 .1 / NPFA2001 Table 3-6) V = Hazard Volume m3 (ft3) At elevations above sea-level.4401 0.0755 1.5382 0.7 5 0 .2301 1.2038 1. 35 .0327 1.5012 0.9 3 0 .749 0.7987 0.8763 0.0 0 km ) 1 0 0 0 (0 .1476 0.9402 0.SECTION 4 .1241 0.5142 0.0124 0.5232 0.5734 0.1294 0.0 0 0 .1859 1.4111 t (oC )c -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 7 0.0046 t o F) t = Design Temperature in Hazard Area oC (oF) C = Required FM-200® Design Conc.5483 0.1502 0.8782 13 1.425 0.1956 1.5284 0.56 9 0.5936 0.6369 10 0.1365 Table 7: Altitude Correction Factor A ltitu d e a b o v e sea lev el ft -3 0 0 0 (-0 .7399 0.955 0.5851 0.2618 1.3 0 km ) 0 (0 .0908 0.5099 0.5625 0.7344 0.579 0.8 2 0 .2264 1.885 + 0.6357 0.0126 0. FM-200 has a greater specific volume because of the reduced atmospheric pressure.8951 0.049 1.m/kg (ft3/lbs) where S = 0.92 in Hg at 70 oF).4216 1.0303 1.0985 1.1 1 1 .7205 0.4919 0.0 4 1 .1399 0.1555 1.0684 1.7661 0.9 6 0 .6719 0.8142 0.796 12 1.5891 0.0005131 t ( oC) Or (S= 1.6858 0.

361 (3.HYGOOD Engineered Systems • Macron Safety Systems Engineered systems are based on a Hydraulic Flow Program developed by Hughes Associates Inc. nozzle drill sizes. representatives will be required to attend a formal training session.95 (55.00) 4.67 (12. Pipe and nozzle sizes need to be confirmed by the computer program.072 (20. If in the future. Maximum of 20 nozzles per system. and pipe inside diameter.60) 0.72 (200.) Table 8 : Max.00) 1.722 (6. • • • • • • SECTION 4 .6 psi) minimum nozzle pressure.5 kg/L(31. As system design calculations are critical to the success of the extinguishing system.80 (80%).0 seconds.61 (30.588 (3.082 (9.50) 9.50) 5. Pipe Size mm (in) Minimum flow rate kg/s (lb/s) 0.0 seconds.0 kg/L(62.43 (120. there is a risk that the system will not supply the required quantity of extinguishing agent. The ratio between the nozzle area and the pipe cross sectional area immediately preceding the nozzle is limited to a minimum of 0.00) 24.50) 2. (For extended discharge consult Macron Safety Systems Ltd.495 (5.95 (55. average nozzle pressures and discharge time.454 (1. 36 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. All system calculations are conducted either 'in house' by Macron Safety Systems or authorised suppliers.35 (14.4lbs/ft3) fill density.00) 24.61 (30.855 (8.87 bar (70.20 (20%) and a maximum of 0. Maximum nozzle height is 4.907 (2.072 (20.00) 56. Between 6 . Maximum of 10 enclosures per system.1.30 % side tee split. 0. Flow Rates.10 seconds discharge time.00) 1. 10 (3/8) 15(½ ) 20 (¾) 25 (1) 32 (1 ¼) 40 (1 ½) 50 (2) 65 (2 ½) 80 (3) 100 (4) 125 (5) 150 (6) Note: This information is for Schedule 40 pipe.00) 2. 30 -70 % bull tee split. companies other than Macron Safety Systems wish to use the program. and serves as an estimate only.00) 6. 80% maximum agent in pipe.82 (90.92 (99. refer to the Hughes Hy-Flow User's Manual. 10 .00) 0. Information detailing the enclosure is entered and the program calculates the required pipe sizes.50) 3.00) 9. The program predicts the two phase flow of FM-200® and nitrogen through a pipe network.00) 13. For further information on the Flow Program. the following design parameters should be considered to avoid system reject when running the calculation.1 (300.(lb/s) 0.2lbs/ft3) . liquid arrival time imbalance of 1.00) Maximum flow rate kg/sec. Maximum liquid run out time of 2.00) 13. When these limitations are not maintained.00) 54.00) 136. pipes.00) NOTE: The calculation method has been designed for specific types of fittings.87m (16.907 (2.7 (125. only Macron Safety Systems or Macron Safety Systems trained personnel are permitted to perform system calculations. & Min.272 (0. • • • • • • 4.00) 44.0ft) Minimum of 10% agent in pipe before first tee.01/Issue3.00) 90. Program Parameters When designing pipe network systems.07.FLOW CALCULATIONS Max.00) 40.0: .

5) U nion m (ft) 0.55 (1.2) 1.6) 0.9) 0.1) 2.27 0.7 (2.7) (2.8) 3.5) 1.8) (3.3) E quivalent leng th table for pipe fittings.25 in.0) 3.7) 0. Check & Flex) 50 mm Check & Flex (2 in.07 (0.18 0. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0: 37 .5) 0.32 (7.35 (25.1) T hru T ee m (ft) 0.1) 2.1) 0.2) 1.3 (0.92 (5.74 m (35.16 (3.52 (1.4) 4. Component 25 mm valve (1 in.1) 2.2 ft).01 (6.64 (20.) 50 mm (2 in.15 0. Check & Flex) 32 mm Check & Flex (1-1/4 in.0) 45º E lbow m (ft) 0.2) 1.3) 2.7) 0.12 0.4) 0.85 (2.0) 4.82 (2.285 (50.2) 0.668 (35) See note 1 5. Check & Flex) Figures based upon schedule 40 ASTM A 106-77 pipe (nominal pipe size given in table).4) 1.02 (39.37 (17.7) (0.FLOW CALCULATIONS HYGOOD Table 9 :Equivalent Length D iam eter M m (in) 10 (3/8) 15 (1/2) 20 (3/4) 25 (1) 32 (1 ¼ ) 40 (1 ½ ) 50 (2) 65 (2 ½ ) 80 (3) 100 (4) 125 (5) 150 (6) 90º E lbow m (ft) 0.) See note 1 50 mm (2 in.6) 0.91) 15.55 (4.5) 1.6) 1.4) 4.7) 0.94 (15.82 (2.56(7.) Equivalent length M (ft) 6.6) 1.14 m (0.SECTION 4 .08 (12. flex hose) 50 mm flex hose (2 in.08 (12.25 (3.4) (0.74 (5. The first segment has a diameter of 25 mm (1 in. valve) 50 mm valve (2 in.3) (0.15) 12.07. Figures based upo n schedule 40 A ST M A 1 06-77 p ipe (nom inal pipe size given in table).5) 1.429) Note 1 – Flex hose consists of two segments.1) (1.29 (7.4) 6.3) 0.24 (0. The second segment has a diameter of 32 mm (1-1/4 in.5) (0.65 (8.2) 8.41 (10.4) Side T ee m (ft) 0.06 (3.593 (24.7) 2.94 (1.37 0.26 (10.08 (9.43 0.68 (5.5 ft).2) (2.91 1.55 0.01/Issue3.67 (2.2) 0.61 (1.01 (6.52 (1.096 (20) 10.) 25 mm (1 in.7) 0. Table 10 : Equivalent Length for other system components.5 (7.4) 5.8) 1.09 0.04 (3.18 (0.0) 1.) 32 mm (1.6) 7.6) 3.52 (4.) with a total equivalent length of 10.0) 2. valve) 32 mm flex hose (1-1/4 in.6) (0.5) 10 (30.79 (2.) 50 mm (2 in.0) 0.4 (1.8) (1. flex hose) 25 mm Check & Flex (1 in.31 (4.) with a total equivalent length of 0.06 (15.3) (1.9) 2.3 (0.37 (4.13 (3.42 (1.73 0.5) 1.9) 0.4 (1.24 (0. Nominal pipe size 25 mm (1 in.24 0.

the container should be weighed to confirm there is no weight loss. agent quantity and various other design considerations. 94466 Part No. 91185 Part No. and in the order of installation. and be accessible for service and maintenance. The container weight is checked at the factory prior to dispatch. • Enclosure Volumes.HYGOOD General Information All installation shall be carried out by an approved Macron Safety Systems contractor with the correct equipment and previous experience of gaseous extinguishing systems. unpack the Macron Safety Systems supplied items and ensure that the components comply with the packing list and installation drawings. No Safety Outlet and Actuation Caps should be removed at this stage. • Agent Quantities. • Pipe Diameters. Determine the container storage temperature and refer to the Temperature Correction Chart to check the pressure within the container (see Appendix B). • Solenoid Actuator Technical Data. Installation instructions are described under the following main headings.07. • Low Pressure Switch Wiring Chart • Fittings Data. nozzle pressures. The containers must be firmly secured to a wall or bulkhead. • Container Data. On receipt. • Nozzle Data. 94463 Specific installation drawings must be prepared for the hazard area in accordance with system design as calculated by the FM-200® Hydraulic Flow Program. Actuation Cap Safety Outlet Cap 38 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Pipe Length Drops & Rises.Safety Outlet and Actuation Caps 50mm(2") Safety Outlet Cap 25mm(1") Actuation Cap 25mm(1") Safety Outlet Cap Part No. Figure 29 .INSTALLATION Installation drawings shall be submitted for approval to the appropriate authority prior to system installation.0 .01/Issue2. These drawings should be followed closely in order to ensure the system meets its design criteria. Macron Safety Systems can supply this service or provide a list of their factory trained installation contractors. • Pipe Network Isometric. • Container Installation • Piping and Nozzles • Actuation Controls • Ancillary Equipment • Completion Procedures Container Installation The container location is identified on the system drawings and should be protected from extremes of temperature. The pipe network is sized in order to obtain correct discharge time. If there is any doubt regarding the weight. SECTION 5 . If for any reason. or leakage is suspected. • Scaled Pipe Network Plan. the pipe network requires modifications the system must be recalculated before proceeding with installation. and recorded on the label attached to the container. Installation drawings contain the following information.

39.5 kg (118 to 235 lbs. 29. 47.0 kg (59 to 117 lbs. Remove the Safety Outlet cap from the valve outlet adaptor (see Figure 29). 595 110. 343 300. Remove the union and replace the Safety Outlet Cap after the initial pipe run has been installed.5”) (4. With the outlet cap removed from the valve outlet adaptor. Do not over tighten the container connection. 23.0 kg (10 to 18 lbs.5”) (11.) 180 liter : 91. Excessive tightening may cause the valve outlet thread to be damaged and adversely affect the system operation.25”) FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 750 300.0 to 147.) 147 liter : 74.75”.5 to 8.SECTION 5 .25”.Container Strap Location 2.0 kg (201 to 401 lbs. 3.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Single Container Installation 1. 13”) (6.5”. Fix the back channels of the mounting brackets to the wall at the appropriate heights (see table 11).0 to 53.25”) (11. 1200 (5”) (2. 1000 300.) 106 liter : 53. 5. 330 160. 4. Table 11: Bracket Fixing Heights Container Size L 8 liter : 4.25”.5 kg (20 to 39 lbs. Position the container against the back channel with the valve outlet pointing left.0 to 17.5 kg (38 to 74 lbs.) 32 liter : 17.75”. Caution.5”) (11. using suitable anchor type bolts (not supplied).5 to 106.) 52 liter : 27.07. 6.5 to 182.5 kg (163 to 325 lbs.) 16 liter : 9.0 39 . Insert the container straps at top and bottom and secure with the bolts provided (see Figure 30).0 to 33.75”. of Unirax Channels 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 Height From Floor to Bracket mm (in) 130 60. Figure 30 . 13.01/Issue3.) No. install a union coupling.

• • • To reduce the amount of piping required by connection to one feeder pipe. three port manifold assembly consists of the manifold. Locate and secure the cantilever brackets to each channel using M10 x 40mm Hex Head screw and uninut long spring 10mm.0 . 2. 4. A typical 80mm (3"). three check valves and an end cap. dimension B). Remove outlet safety cap and attach discharge hose between valve and manifold. using suitable anchor type bolts (not supplied). Back channels are used to ensure that the appropriate height adjustment is available when connecting the discharge hose from the valve outlet to the manifold check valve (see figure 31). SECTION 5 .INSTALLATION Manifold Bracket Installation 1. Locate manifold brackets in cantilever channel and unirax end caps. Combining the correct containers to obtain the required quantity of agent within a specific hazard area. 2 5.07.01/Issue2. For systems that require main and reserve. Insert the container straps at top and bottom and secure with the bolts provided (see Figure 30). Each check valve is bolted to a flanged inlet on the manifold (50mm (2") only) using four M8 x 20mm cap head screws. 3 40 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Position the containers against the back channels with the valve outlets pointing left at the required spacing for the manifold ports (see Figure 14. Adjust cantilever height as required and secure in position. 3. 1 Fix the back channels of the mounting brackets to the wall at the appropriate heights (see table 11). while pipework is installed. Fix the two back vertical channels to the wall at the appropriate height using suitable anchor type bolts (see table 12).HYGOOD Multiple Container Installation Containers are manifolded together for three main reasons. For safety remove discharge hose and replace safety caps.

0 k g (1 0 to 1 8 lb ) 16 9 .Manifold Assembly FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.SECTION 5 .01/Issue3.5 k g (1 6 3 to 3 2 5 lb ) 147 147 180 9 1 .) 1601 (6 3 .5 to 1 0 6 .0 to 5 3 .INSTALLATION HYGOOD M a n ifo ld S iz e (m m ) 6 5 (2 .5 ” ) 25 52 2 7 .5 ” ) 65 (2 .) 65 (2 .0 to 1 4 7 .5 k g (3 8 to 7 4 lb ) V a lv e S iz e (m m ) 25 (1 ” ) 25 N o m in a l H e ig h t fr o m F lo o r to to p o f c a n tile v e r (m m ) 750 (2 9 ½ in .0 to 3 3 .) 1931 (6 7 in .) 1931 (7 6 in .0 41 .5 k g (2 0 to 3 9 lb ) 32 1 7 .07.0 k g (5 9 to 1 1 7 lb ) 106 5 3 .) 949 (3 7 3 /8 in .0 to 1 7 .5 to 8 .) 1289 (5 0 ¾ in .) 2210 (8 7 in ) 50 50 50 50 50 50 Figure 31 .5 ” ) Table 12: Manifold Bracket Fixing Heights C o n ta in e r S iz e (L ) 8 4 .0 ” ) 1601 (6 3 in ) 1931 (7 6 in .) 180 50 (2 ” ) 50 80 (3 ” ) 80 (3 ” ) 100 (4 ” ) 80 (3 ” ) 100 (4 ” ) 150 (6 ” ) 100 (4 ” ) 150 (6 ” ) 1133 (4 4 5 /8 in .0 k g (2 0 1 to 4 0 1 lb .5 k g (1 1 8 to 2 3 5 lb ) 106 147 7 4 .5 to 1 8 2 .) 1931 (7 6 in .

1. Where the specified pipe is not obtainable in these dimensions.1. Screwed. or Forged Steel. • The piping material must conform to the requirements of BS5306: Part 5 Section 5. or Forged Steel.3. Install the Pipework to the installation drawings provided. complying with BS1740. or Forged Steel. complying with BS1256. / NFPA 2001 2-2.BS1740 or Class 150 of ANSI B16. Butt Weld. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS1640: Part 3. 42 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Socket Weld.0 . Butt Weld. blown clear and swabbed with an appropriate solvent to remove mill varnish and cutting oil before assembly as required by BS5306: Part 5 Section 5.INSTALLATION Table 14: UK Fittings Pipe Size up to & including 20mm Screwed. or Forged Steel.9. PTFE tape is the only acceptable pipe sealant and must be applied to the male threads. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS1640: Part 3 or Class 300 of ANSI B16. or Forged Steel. Screwed. Screwed complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. or Forged Steel. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. above 20mm up to & including 80mm • above 80mm • (Note: Only use Fittings from table 15 that comply with US requirements specified in table 16. Socket Weld. these determine the minimum wall thickness in accordance with BS1600. Screwed complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. the installation should commence at the union elbow / manifold assembly and progress along to the discharge nozzles. Socket Weld.07.9. or Forged Steel. or Forged Steel.3. the next larger thickness should be used.01/Issue2. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS1640: Part 3 or Class 300 of ANSI B16. Screwed complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799.HYGOOD Pipe Installation In general. Butt Weld. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799. / NFPA 2001 2-2 The pipe must be reamed. or Forged Steel. Do not use 90o sharp elbows/ tees for system installation) Table 13: UK Steel Pipework Requirements Nominal Pipe Size Up to and including 50mm Over 50mm up to and including 100mm Above 100mm Publication BS1387 BS3601 BS3602 : Pt 1 ASTM A106-77 BS3601 BS3602 : Pt 1 ASTM A106-77 BS3601 BS3602 : Pt 1 Type of Pipe1) BW S HFS or CFS HF or CD S HFS or CFS HF OR CD S HFS or CFS Grade of Steel 430 360 or 430 A or B 430 360 or 430 A or B 430 360 or 430 Minimum Wall Thickness2) Heavy Schedule 40 (Schedule 80 for screwed joints) Schedule 80 Schedule 40 (Schedule 80 for screwed joints) ASTM A106-77 HF or CD A or B 1) Abbreviations: BW butt welded / CD cold drawn / HFS hot finished seamless / CFS cold finished seamless / S seamless 2) Where schedule numbers are given. ensuring that the following is adhered to: Fitting Description SECTION 5 . complying with BS1740 or Class 150 of ANSI B16. complying with grade WPA or WPB of BS3799.

8 (6 ft) 2.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Connection Threaded Threaded Threaded Threaded Threaded Threaded Welded Welded Welded Welded Welded Welded Pipe Type Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Schedule 40 Nominal Pipe Size 3/8” .5 (5 ft) 1.7 (9 ft) 3.6” NPS 3/8” .0 43 .5 ft) 3.5 (11.2 (17 ft) Pipe Hangers Pipe hangers must be spaced according to the size of pipe (see table 17). Also that when the specified limitations are not maintained there is the risk that the system will not supply the required quantity of extinguishing agent. Hangers must be fixed to a structure capable of supporting the Pipework.3 (14 ft) 5. Table 17: Hanger Spacing Pipe Size mm 10 (3/8”) 15 (1/2”) 20 (3/4”) 25 (1”) 32 (1 ¼”) 40 (1 ½”) 50 (2”) 65 (2 ½”) 80 (3”) 100 (4”) 150 (6”) (Reference: BS ISO 14520-1:2000) Maximum Spacing m 1.6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” . (3 ft) 1.6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” .7 (12 ft) 4.4 (11 ft) 3. • • • Hangers must be placed within 300mm (12") of the discharge nozzle (see Figure 32).6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS Table 15: US Steel Pipe Requirements Pipe Reference ASTM A-106 seamless Grade C ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade B ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade A ASTM A-53 ERW Grade B ASTM A-53 ERW Grade A ASTM A-53 Furnace Weld Class F ASTM A-106 seamless Grade C ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade B ASTM A-106/A-53 seamless Grade A ASTM A-53 ERW Grade B ASTM A-53 ERW Grade A ASTM A-53 Furnace Weld Class F Table 16: US Fittings Fitting Description Class 300 Malleable or Ductile Iron 1000-Ib Rated Ductile Iron or Forged Steel Class 300 Flanged Joints Pipe Size Up to or < 3” NPS > 3” NPS All Note: Cautionary information indicating the calculation method has been investigated for specific types of fittings.4 (8 ft) 2.6” NPS 3/8” .07. type of pipe and pipe inside diameter. Hangers must be placed between elbows that are more than 600mm (24") apart (see Figure 33).01/Issue3.SECTION 5 .6” NPS 3/8” .6” NPS 3/8” . The Flow Program contains pipe & fittings options together with Equivalent Length information for UK / US pipe & fittings.1 (7 ft) 2. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

81 (12. 2 nipples.44 (8ft) Figure 33 .44 (8ft) 2.5ft) 3. Figure 34 .Elbow Support Minimum clearance from any point on or about the permanent equipment where a person may be required to stand (measure from position of the feet).44 (8ft) 2.5ft) 3. where practicable.Dirt Trap 44 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Reference NFPA 2001.0ft) 4. A false ceiling comprising loose tiles must have the tiles retained within a 2m (6.5ft) 3.5ft) 4.57 (15ft) Min.44 (8ft) 2.2 Nozzles All nozzles require the installation of a dirt trap comprising 1 side tee.74 (9ft) 2.INSTALLATION Table 18: Safety Clearances. Adequate earthing of systems will minimize the risk of electrostatic discharge.to the nearest unscreened live conductor in air.01/Issue2.1 & Pt.Nozzle Fixing SECTION 5 .59 (8.50 (11. Section Clearance (m) 2. Nozzles should be installed a maximum of 300mm (12") below the ceiling.44 (8ft) 2. clearances no smaller than those given in table 18 shall be provided.to the nearest part not at earth potential of an insulator supporting a live conductor.35 (11ft) 3.20 (10. Where exposed electrical conductors are present and. Section clearance .44 (8ft) 2.07.5ft) 2.HYGOOD Figure 32 . between the electrical conductors and all parts of the system that may be approached during maintenance (BS5958: Pt.89 (9. Dirt trap lengths should be no more than 10 times nominal pipe diameter.27 (14. Fit the nozzle to the nipple on the dirt trap and check the nozzle orifice to ensure proper orientation.2). Ground Clearance (m) 2.5ft) radius of the nozzle.05 (10ft) 3. Max. Ground clearance . Earthing & Electrical Clearance Systems within electrical substations or switchrooms shall be efficiently earthed to prevent the metalwork becoming electrically charged. Rated Voltage (kV) 15 33 44 66 88 110 132 165 220 275 Min.0 . and 1 pipe cap. to prevent movement during system discharge. section 1-5.

01/Issue3.Side Mounted Electrical Actuator & Solenoid Adaptor Location Figure 37 .Side Mounted Electrical Actuator Wiring Diagram FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07. If no other actuators are to be installed ensure that the actuation cap on the valve is retained in position.0 45 . 5540 as this will cause the upper valve chamber to be vented.Side Mounted Electrical Actuator Location (No Solenoid Adaptor Fitted) Actuation Installation The method of actuation depends on the system configuration and any specific contract requirements and can be broken down as follows: • • Single Container Actuation Multiple Container Actuation Single Container Actuation Side Mounted Electrical Actuator The electrical actuator is factory fitted to the side port of the valve assembly. The actuator cannot be removed or tested on site unless fitted with solenoid adaptor part no.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Figure 36 . discharging the container (see figure 35 for location of side mounted actuator fitted with adaptor and figure 36 for location of side mounted actuator with no adaptor). Figure 35 .SECTION 5 . Ensure that solenoid is installed between 0-30o off vertical.

The electrical signal from the detection and/or control equipment is connected in accordance with the wiring diagram detailed in Figure 40 when all other installations have been completed.Electrical Actuator Wiring Diagram • • Figure 38 . Note: The actuator must be hand tight only. End of line monitoring device (if required) to be fitted on site. the removable solenoid can be checked by firing the system. Figure 40 . the pin should be firmly in the down position.0 .01/Issue3. To do this.Actuator Non-Fire Position 4. 46 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.e. Remove the actuator cap from the top of the valve assembly (see Figure 29).INSTALLATION If no other actuators are to be installed ensure that the protective cap on the actuator is retained in position. Carefully screw the actuator to the valve assembly (see Figure 39). i.197 in) WITH NUT AGAINST BODY SOLENOID CAN BE LOCATED ANY 9Oo ANGLE Figure 39 .Electrical Actuator Location The Solenoid Actuator is fitted with a suppression diode in parallel to the coil as indicated.5-5. pin retracted (see Figure 38). SECTION 5 . on plug connector.07. With power to the actuator.HYGOOD Removable Solenoid Actuator The removable electrical actuator is fitted to the top of the valve assembly as follows: • Check the actuator mechanism to ensure that it is in the non-fired position. Before this system is put into operation.0 mm (. Connect +ve from control panel to terminal 1 and -ve from control panel to terminal 2.177-. REMOVE THE SOLENOID ACTUATOR from the valve.

ensure that the firing pin is retracted and the safety pin is in place (see Figure 41). Before attaching the strike knob to the electrical actuator or valve.Pneumatic Actuator Location FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07. The strike knob must be hand-tight only. Figure 43 . after first removing the protective cap. Pneumatic Actuator Check that the actuating plungers are in the raised position (see Figure 43). Remove the actuation cap from the top of the valve assembly (see Figure 29) and carefully screw the pneumatic actuator to the valve on each slave container.Manual Actuator Non-Fire Position 6.4mm (1/4") MINIMUM 6. The slave containers are actuated pneumatically by the action of the master container discharging.SECTION 5 . The master container can be actuated electrically or manually. Note. Figure 41 .Manual Actuator Location Figure 44 . one container is designated as the ‘master’ container.01/Issue3.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Multiple Container Actuation Where several containers comprise one system and are discharged simultaneously. The actuator must be hand-tight only. Caution.0 47 .Pneumatic Actuator Non-Fire Position Manual Actuator The manual strike knob actuator can be fitted to the top of the electrical actuator or directly onto the valve.4mm (1/4") MINIMUM Figure 42 . and the others are ‘slave’ containers.

91109 on to all pneumatic actuators (wrench tight). Connect pilot hoses between pilot line tees on all pneumatic actuators (see Figure 45). The maximum number of slave actuated containers is 9 (10 containers system in total). SECTION 5 .0 .INSTALLATION Figure 45 . remove the 1/4" pilot pressure port plug from the master container valve assembly and install the 1/4" male adaptor.01/Issue3. Part No.HYGOOD Slave Actuation Pilot Line For slave containers the pneumatic connection is made using flexible pilot hoses. part number 91105. 6490 to the adaptor on the master container and one end to the pilot line tee on the pneumatic actuator. To fit the pilot hoses. Connect one end of the pilot hose Part No.Multiple Container Actuation Install the pilot line tee. 48 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.

Discharge Pressure Switch Installation FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.INSTALLATION HYGOOD Ancillary Equipment Discharge Pressure Switch Single Container Systems On single container installations the pressure switch should be located close to the valve assembly and connected with a pilot hose from the pressure port outlet on the valve to the connector on the pressure switch (see Figure 46).Discharge Pressure Switch Installation Figure 46 .0 49 . Figure 47 .01/Issue3.SECTION 5 . Multiple Container Systems On multi-container installations the pressure switch should be located close to the last slave container and connected by pilot hose to the tee connector on the pneumatic actuator (see Figure 47).07.

pressure switch) is connected to a standard supervisory input circuit. Connections to Pyrochem PCR-100 NOTE: Program output circuit 4 as a supervisory input circuit. CAUTION: The completion of the installation system. Plates may be drilled and screw fixed or attached using suitable adhesive.INSTALLATION NOTE: When the device (i. 50 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.e. Manual Release Notices Manual release notices are required at all manual actuators. Figure 48 . Accessories Door Notices Warning notices are required at all exits and entrances to protected area. remote manual actuators and call points. then the system must be left in a 'safe' condition to avoid accidental discharge. to the coloured wires which are labelled as follows:Common (C) (violet) Normally Open (NO) (blue) Normally Closed (NC) (black) SECTION 5 . commissioning tests and hand-over may occur before the area is ready for use. In the event of delay between hand-over and the risk area being available for protection. The system must only be made operative once the area for protection has been completed and is operational. Connect to the appropriate terminals on the microswitch or if supplied with wires. unscrew and remove the switch cover plate.HYGOOD Discharge Pressure Switch continued. To wire the discharge pressure switch to the control panel.01/Issue3. Hand over Procedures. Low Pressure Switch All container valves are 'Factory fitted' with low pressure warning switches. • • • Pre Checks and Visual Inspections. there will be no distinction between a wiring fault and device actuation . Final Connections. See Pyrochem PCR-100 manual for programming details. Voltage input can be applied to either terminal.Low Pressure Switch to Control Panel diagram. Completion Procedures For ease of reference completion procedures may be subdivided into the following sections. ideally mounted on the door.0 ...07. Plates may be drilled and screw fixed or attached using suitable adhesive. See Pyrochem PCR-400 manual for programming details. Connections to Pyrochem FMM-101 or FMM-1 Module NOTE: Program the addressable module as supervisory. This device is to only be utilised when accepted by the authority having jurisdiction.

Pneumatic checks are detailed below. During detection system actuation verify the following functions operate. indication. Provide 4 bar (58 psi) pressure to the master container valve pilot hose. Verify all pneumatic actuator pistons are in the fired position. reconnect the pilot hose to the master container valve adaptor (see Figure 45). • All apertures in hazard enclosure are closed by dampers or other suitable methods. Pneumatic Checks The slave actuators on manifolded systems are fired by agent discharge. Check that solenoid is activated when system is triggered. the following checks should be made: Mechanical Checks Inspect protected area closely for conformance to original risk specifications and for enclosable openings or sources of agent loss which may have been overlooked in the original specification.INSTALLATION HYGOOD • Remove top mounted or side mounted solenoid (if connected via solenoid adaptor) from valve. the valve safety outlet cap can be removed and the discharge pipe connected to the container outlet. All back channels should be secured firmly to the wall or bulk head. Verify that all warning and instruction plates are mounted where required. Piping should be securely fixed within hangers. etc. and before making the final connections. Electrical checks are given below for a basic system using electrical actuation of the container valve. actuation. For multi-container systems. Nozzles to be the proper type. • • • • • • • Before replacing the pneumatic actuators.01/Issue3. • • • Remove pneumatic actuator from container valve. shutdown. remove electrical connections from side mounted solenoid and check wiring voltage is correct for actuation when system is triggered. Final Connections • Discharge Piping Electrical Checks The electrical systems may include interfaces with many other systems for alarm.0 51 .SECTION 5 .07. Pre-checks and Visual Inspections General When the installation is complete. and properly orientated. After reinstalling the pneumatic actuators. Electrical equipment in the protected area is tripped and isolated. For single container systems. Check model and weight markings on container nameplates to verify that correct containers and charges have been installed as required. Disconnect pilot hose from the master container valve adaptor (see Figure 45). • • Building work should be thoroughly checked to ensure that enclosures have been properly constructed and that voids in floors and above suspended ceilings have been sealed. If the solenoid adaptor is not present. The final connection of the discharge piping occurs at the container valve assembly. ensure that all pistons are fully reset (see Figure 43). the valve safety caps can be removed and all discharge hoses fitted. For complex electrical systems the scope and operating requirements will be described in other documents. All pipe connections must be tight. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. correctly placed. Containers should be securely held within brackets.

the following items are particularly important.INSTALLATION 2. Make sure the system is armed and the actuating systems are operational. Ensure adequate escape routes with directional signs are provided. Appropriate records shall be issued by fire and/or insurance authorities as to the suitability. Check container weight information label against system requirement.0 . 360 psi at 70oF).01/Issue3. 52 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.HYGOOD Hand-over Procedures The entire system shall be thoroughly inspected to make sure that it is complete and that all tests required during installation have been properly carried out. A container should be refilled or replaced when it shows a loss in agent quantity of more than 5% or a loss in pressure (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10%. acceptability and availability of the system for the hazard area. Issue of the appropriate documentation shall constitute completion of the Hand-over procedure. SECTION 5 . If there is any doubt or if there has been a loss of pressure the container must be weighed. 3.(Operating pressure of unit at 25 bar at 21oC . In addition. Refer to Appendix B for pressures at other container temperatures. 1.

advise all interested parties in writing. the design concentration must be achieved and then maintained for at least ten minutes. Equivalent Leakage Area (ELA) The test to measure the ELA is conducted by blowing air into or out of the enclosure to develop the same pressure differential as would be created by the discharging FM-200®. gaps and holes in the enclosure. In order to determine with any degree of confidence that the hazard area will hold the gas for the required time period. Predicting Retention Time Once the ELA. BCLA and static pressures have been measured the next step is to calculate the retention time of the enclosure. from the data collected. Coordination and Planning It should only be necessary to conduct one integrity test. Having established that any outstanding works are completed prior to the test date.SECTION 6 . therefore it is essential to ensure that the enclosure is ready. For a total flooding extinguishing system to be effective. • • The pressure created by the door fan causes the air to move through leaks in the enclosure at high speed making it easy to pinpoint where leaks exist.07. The formula is derived from a standard engineering/fluid dynamics principle. proving system performance and removing the need for actual FM-200® discharge. It has three basic components as follows: • An adjustable panel that fits in the doorway of the protected area A calibrated fixed speed fan A variable speed fan Slab to Slab Walls The only major limitation is that it cannot be used to accurately predict a retention time if the perimeter walls do not extend from slab to slab. which has been used in the energy conservation field for over 25 years. The enclosure will almost invariably fail due to extensive leakage through the ceiling tiles. if necessary outlining the testing method and principles involved. normally about 75% of the enclosure area. and then blowing air into the enclosure (pressurisation).INTEGRITY TESTING HYGOOD Below Ceiling Leakage Area (BCLA) Experience has shown that leakage above a suspended ceiling has a negligible effect on the FM-200® concentration. The leakage measurement achieved by taking air out of the enclosure (depressurisation). By measuring the air flow required it becomes possible to calculate the ELA. and walls beneath the ceiling.01/Issue3. A cool chemical smoke or other air current indicator is used to detect the approximate size and location of leaks. must be conducted. predict the retention time. The only method of testing the agent retention within the protected area is to verify the integrity of the enclosure by applying proven test procedures. Principle The test is conducted with a device known as a door fan. The rate at which FM-200® is lost is therefore primarily governed by the leakage below the floor. is then averaged. where necessary an Enclosure Integrity Test in accordance with BS5306:Part 5: Section 5:1 / NFPA 2001 appendix B. The enclosure integrity test has been developed to locate the source of leaks and. and that the relevant people have been informed. Like water leaking from the holes in the bottom of a swimming pool. Introduction The hazard integrity is the ability to retain the discharged FM-200®. This is called the Below Ceiling Leakage Area.0 53 . FM-200® tends to escape from leaks in the lower part of the enclosure due to the weight of the mixture above it. which is the total of all cracks. The result of the calculation is the number of minutes it takes for the FM200®/air interface to reach the minimum protected height required. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

is then recorded. All doors outside the area that are required to be open for the test are wedged open with suitable notices posted to advise personnel. A Retrotec RD860 door fan unit is installed in the designated test door in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. However if the air-conditioning unit is left running. 54 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. The enclosure is put in the state it would be in prior to a discharge. e. The enclosure and immediate surrounding area is initially examined visually to assess the readiness for testing. and then the procedure is repeated in the pressurisation mode. (i) Self-contained air conditioning unit A self-contained unit conditions the air within the enclosure and does not rely on a fresh air supply. Ventilation. relief area. a depleting concentration rather than a descending FM-200®/air interface will be formed. With the door fan equipment fully installed and set up. no additional agent is required. It is not necessary to shut down the unit prior to a discharge as the mixing effect is beneficial. but with all openings closed.07. therefore. The volume of the enclosure is confirmed and the highest equipment measured to ascertain the required level for retention time. Where voids are protected by FM-200®. This procedure is used to improve the accuracy of the predicted retention time where a reasonable air-tight ceiling exists. SECTION 6 . Leak paths through the ceiling may be temporarily sealed. Therefore the enclosure should be overgassed to obtain the required ten minute retention time at minimum concentration. whether or not the ceiling is protected with FM-200®. Readings of the pressure difference between the enclosure. as close as possible to the area. Door Fan Installation. etc. a measurement of any pressure difference between the enclosure and the relief area is made. after which the gauges are gently tapped and zeroed. and the air flow through the fan(s) used to depressurise the room and false ceiling are made.0 . Air conditioning and/or forced ventilation can affect the system performance and the quantity of agent required. The below ceiling leakage area is then calculated and used in conjunction with the ELA to predict a revised retention time. Using an adequate range on one fan. Note. and the air flow required to generate this. dampers closed. or a number of fans. the existence of any attached spaces that could affect the results.INTEGRITY TESTING Dampers should be installed in both supply and return air ducts. This is carried out for both pressurisation and depressurisation modes. or dampers to close. If the hazard has a self-contained unit and it is located within the area without an outside air supply. The gauges are zeroed by taking them to full scale deflection and holding for approximately ten seconds. preventing unnecessary disruption and inconvenience. or draw air from other parts of the building. tiles are removed to ensure a uniform air flow. Enclosure Evaluation Static Pressure Measurements. Note. Total Enclosure Leakage Method. the unit should be shut down and/or dampers operated to close the ducts. a pressure difference of between column pressure and column pressure plus 30% is created.g. (ii) Central air conditioning unit A central air conditioning unit relies on air from outside and is often linked by ducts to other parts of the building. and that there is an adequate relief area and return air path. Suspended Ceiling Leakage Neutralisation Method. The total equivalent leakage area and the predicted retention time is calculated. Preparation. Equipment within the enclosure that does not affect the integrity may be left running even if it will be shut down in the event of a discharge. The volumes above and below the false ceiling are depressurised to the same extent but using separate fans.HYGOOD Integrity Test Procedure Evaluation. This is confirmed by using cool chemical smoke to check that no air is flowing through the false ceiling.01/Issue3. The duct volume between the hazard and the damper must be added to the overall volume. If the measurement is unduly high its causes are ascertained and if possible permanently reduced or eliminated. prior to a discharge. ventilation system shut down. The concentration will be depleted due to leakage. The pressure difference. Sufficient time must be allowed for the plant to stop. before discharge occurs.

000 Page 2 Of 2 Licensed to: MARCRON SAFETY SYSTEMS (UK) LIMITED Registration # : 207 Page 1 Of 2 Licensed to: MARCRON SAFETY SYSTEMS (UK) LIMITED Registration # : 207 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0 -14.903 RM= AT= C 3= GD= AR = PA= C F= EL= 1.7 0. C orrected Flow Leakage Area (m 2) Average Leakage Area (m 2) OUT 14.07.002 0.Typical Printout RETROTEC DISCHARGE SIMULATION VER.0 0.1 RETENTION TIME PREDICTION MODEL FAN TEST R EADINGS & DATA Location: Hygood.INTEGRITY TESTING HYGOOD Leakage Location If the enclosure fails the test. an inspection of the enclosure with the door fan running can be made.96 Whole Room Test.374 13. or if the client requests.0 31. Calculation A portable computer is used to collate the data and calculate the values.003 3.22 0. Witnessed By: X Software Conforms to 1992 NFPA 12A/2001 TCD Room Integrity Procedure. etc. Figure 49 . Gas Being Modelled: Lbs/Kgs of Agent in Cylinder(s): Net Room Volume (m3): Room Height (m): Minimum Protected Height (m).639 0.0046 0.8850 605.20 2.4 13.000 1.SECTION 6 .260 9.0050 PR ESS UR E OUT 14.2 16.4 0.0055 Equivalent Leakage Area (ELA m2): Hole in Ceiling (m2): Hole in Floor (BCLA m2): 0.000 0.00 30. This makes it possible to locate the source of any leakage by using cool chemical smoke. The associated printer provides a detailed hard copy of the data on site. All Outputs are in METRIC Units.01/Issue3.0 14.12. Maximum Allowable ELA (m2): Interface Height @ 10 minutes: 0.1 45.00 3.7 1.500 0. Test Enclosure Room Name: Test House Testing Company: HYGOOD LIMITED Technician: C Uzzell Date: 12.019 7. HA5. This procedure also tests the efficiency of any dampers. Minimum Retention Time (min): Initial Gas Concentration (%): Static Pressure @ Discharge: FM200 17.00 Location: R oom Nam e: Tem p erature IN : 20 Static Pressure @ Fan Test: Hygo od.0025 0.0 0.0050 0.0046 20. Test Enclosure Test H ouse Tem p erature O UT: 0 20 DEPR ES SUR E Operator and G auges Lo cation R oom Pressure Gauge R eading C orrected R oo m Delta P (pa) Blow er R ange C onfig Used Flow Pressure Gauge R eading C orrected Flow Pressure C alcu lated Air Flow (1s) Tem p .1 minutes for the agent/air interface to drop below the minimum protected height.90 10.0 13.0025 This Room PASSES the Test as the Predicted Retention Time is 10.000 PC = ALLC 4= K1T= FA= K2= TD= 13.005 2.0 55 .2 0.679 0.1 45.0 45.0 16.00 7.

The method of system operation is chosen at the design stage to suit the protection required for the hazard area and the environmental factors appropriate to that area. The design of a system for automatic detection. in addition to the audible warning. 56 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Detectors shall be UL Listed for the intended application.07. All life-saving equipment must be properly maintained. details appertaining to fire detection and alarm operation and maintenance are not included in this document. the system shall only be capable of automatic release once two or more sensors detect the fire. and whether the detection/actuation devices are to be manual or automatic.01/Issue3. alarms. The number of detectors and their spacing is designed to ensure a satisfactory response time. whether the area is normally manned or unmanned. UL Listed Detection & Control Equipment System Detection and Actuation General Each system is designed to suit the hazard area. Therefore. To ensure personnel may safely evacuate the risk area an adjustable time delay should be fitted such that sufficient time may elapse prior to system discharge. Manual System Manual systems depend on human detection of a fire in the hazard area and prompt action to actuate the local or remote strike knob for the FM-200® system to discharge and flood the protected area and extinguish the fire. Control Panels shall be UL Listed for releasing device service and compatible with detection and MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS FM-200® Engineered Total Flooding Fire Extinguishing System. In areas of high ambient noise level. a visual indication may also be required. All other instructions associated with manual operation form part of the user’s procedures on safety precautions and fire drill. the delay period shall not exceed 30 seconds (BS5306 Pt5). and trained in fire procedures. etc. the systems are best grouped as:- • Manual. or expansion of the original design.SYSTEM OPERATION Fully Automatic System Where a sensitive fire detection system is included for the automatic release of extinguishing agent. The permutation of systems is large but from an operational point of view. • Fully Automatic. SECTION 7 .0 . is not always of MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS supply.HYGOOD General Comments Personnel required to work in the protected area should be conversant with the detection and extinguishing equipment installed. This part of the document provides information relevant to ALL the standard operational systems to cover the eventuality of changes to. signal distribution. If required MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS can assist the user to prepare the procedures for safety and fire precautions. • Automatic with Manual Intervention. Ideally. Prior to system discharge (and at the commencement of any time delay period) a clearly audible alarm different from any other used shall sound and continue until the complete system is reset.

Care should be taken to avoid working within 1 metre (3.ft) of FM-200® discharge nozzles. it is recommended that the automatic feature of the system is isolated during occupation.1. such as flames. The rate of this decomposition is dependent upon the size of the area where extreme temperatures are found. Where egress of normally occupied areas cannot be accomplished within one minute. etc. care should be taken to insure that objects which may become dangerous projectiles are secured or removed from the hazard area. Hydrogen Fluoride is the most toxic decomposition product. Paragraph 1-6.2. hot metal surfaces. Three major conditions prevail during FM-200® discharge of which personnel should be made aware: FM-200® has low boiling point. Any area protected by FM-200® should be evacuated prior to start of system discharge.07.0% concentration. consequently the discharge is very cold at the point where it leaves the nozzle. and also upon the length of FM-200® exposure time. which is easily detected and acts as a warning and a good safeguard to personnel. FM-200® Discharge Conditions Conditions During a Fire The user’s fire and safety instructions to personnel should include advice on the conditions prevailing during the discharge of an FM-200® system.1 for additional information. A normally occupied area is defined as an area intended for occupancy.SECTION 7 . To avoid decomposition. FM-200® Concentration FM-200® total flooding systems greater than 9% design concentration should only be used with manual actuation in normally occupied areas. MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS are designed to discharge and extinguish the fire quickly. This may be achieved either by an electrically contacted lock assembly or by a clearly marked key switch at a suitable location outside the risk area. This material generates a sharp acrid odour.SYSTEM OPERATION HYGOOD FM-200® Decomposition FM-200® decomposes when exposed to temperatures exceeding 482oC (900oF). FM-200® total flooding systems shall be designed not to exceed 9. so the minimum amount of decomposition occurs. • Where personnel are required to work within the protected area. This advice is intended to prepare the personnel for the situations likely to arise and therefore minimise the risks of panic. Fully Automatic System with Manual Intervention Manual intervention of an automatic system may be included for the following condition. The average duration of discharge for these systems at 21oC (70oF) is less than 10 seconds. In protected areas where personnel are present and the concentration is greater than NOAEL.01/Issue3. The velocity of discharge of FM-200® from a discharge nozzle is very high. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0 57 . Refer to NFPA 2001.

It is essential that the fire be completely extinguished before ventilating the space. ventilate thoroughly or ensure self-contained breathing equipment is used. • Do not enter the hazard area in which fire has been extinguished with an open flame or lighted cigarette as the possible presence of flammable vapours may cause re-ignition or explosion.SYSTEM OPERATION Should it be necessary to enter a space containing FM200® or decomposition products the following precautions should be taken. or tethered by a lifeline. • In the case of deep seated fires. Do Not enter space unless you are under observation from outside the space. include the following: • • • Advise the emergency services. Where such a system may form part of. or nominated. • • • • Use a fresh air mask or self contained breathing equipment. Actions Immediately Following a Fire These actions should. Organize a ‘roll-call’ of employees and any visitors.01/Issue3. Fire.0 . 58 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. Accident. a responsible person to act as a ‘Fire Officer’. Actions following a fire should be co-ordinated and/or directed by the Fire Officer. Do Not use a filter mask or canister type mask. the hazard space should be kept tightly closed for at least 60 minutes after discharge of the FM-200® extinguishing agent. at a minimum.07. MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS are available to assist a client prepare composite instructions. Prevent unauthorised personnel from entering the hazard area. or combine with other forms of fire protection systems then composite instructions for all systems are necessary to ensure the safety of personnel and property following a fire. Police if appropriate. SECTION 7 . Ensure that all pressurised equipment is isolated or safe from release. Before permitting any one to enter the space.HYGOOD Actions Following a Fire General These notes are only applicable to the hazard area(s) protected by a FM-200® fire extinguishing system. In accordance with BS5839: Part 1 the organisation will have appointed.



Weekly Check of Containers This section provides user inspection and maintenance guidance for FM-200® Engineered Systems. A log book will be provided to record all inspections, maintenance, measurements and actions taken. The continued capability for effective performance of an FM-200® Total Flooding Fire Suppression System depends on fully adequate maintenance procedures, with periodic testing. Reference NFPA 2001 section 4-1 to 4-6. Check storage container pressure gauges and ambient temperature, compare these pressures to the Temperature Correction Chart to determine temperature corrected pressure. If the container corrected pressure shows a loss of more than 10%, the containers should be removed for weighing. All measurements and actions shall be recorded in the log book.

User's Programme of Inspection
The installer should provide the user with an inspection programme for the system and components. The programme shall include instructions on the action to be taken in respect of faults. The user's inspection programme is intended to detect faults at an early stage to allow rectification before the system may have to operate.

Weekly Check of System Components Make a visual inspection of the system components, distribution piping and nozzles. Check the immediate vicinity of all equipment to ensure that no accidental damage or tampering has occurred.

Weekly General Check Inspect the hazard area, access routes, container storage area, floor voids and areas above suspended ceilings to ensure housekeeping is good and that no refuse has accumulated. Ensure that access to the system container assemblies and local remote controls is unobstructed.

A suitable programme is as follows:-

Weekly Check of Hazard Area Inspect the hazard area against the original layout to ensure that there have been no changes that might affect the proper performance of the fire protection system. Changes might include:

Monthly Check of Notices Inspect system and protected spaces to ensure that warning signs, safety precautions and operating instructions are posted and clearly visible.

• Contents of area. • Use of area. • Air Handling equipment in area. • Openings in area. • Floor/ceiling voids. • Partitioning.

Monthly Personnel Training Check Check that all personnel who may have to operate the equipment or system are properly trained and are authorized to do so, and in particular that new employees have been instructed in its use.

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


Contract Service & Maintenance


Container Weighing Systems shall be thoroughly inspected and tested for proper operation by qualified contract personnel in accordance with the requirements of British Standard 5430 Part 2. Before any checks are carried out, ensure the extinguishing system is isolated electrically and mechanically and remove all solenoid and pneumatic actuators. No maintenance work should be carried out without obtaining approval from the Fire Officer and advising any personnel within the hazard area. The following Programme should be carried out in addition to the User's Programme of Inspection. The user shall be provided with a signed and dated report of the inspection advising any rectification carried out or needed. 3 Monthly Actuator Check. Test and service all actuating mechanisms. • • 3 Monthly Electrical Systems Check Test and service all electrical detection and alarm systems as recommended in BS 5839 Part 1 Where a Client does not wish to use a MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS maintenance contract or the specialised liquid level detection equipment, then containers must be weighed to establish the FM200® content. The weighing procedure is as follows:

Remove all manual controls, pressure actuators and pressure actuation pipe or tubing and flexible electrical connectors.

Disconnect and remove discharge piping / discharge hoses from container valves. Fit Safety Outlet Caps onto container valves. Remove containers from bracketing and weigh containers. Any container showing more than the maximum allowable weight loss must be recharged by a qualified recharge agent. Record weight of container on record tag. Replace containers in bracketing and remove Safety Outlet Caps. Reconnect discharge piping / discharge hoses and all control heads, pressure actuators, pressure actuation pipe or tubing and flexible electric connectors.

• •

6 Monthly Container Check Externally inspect containers for signs of damage or unauthorised modifications. Check container labels are securely fixed and legible. Check container brackets and fittings. •

6 Monthly Contents Check Examine the container pressure gauge reading and refer to the temperature correction chart. If the container pressure corrected to temperature is below 10% of the stated pressure it must be replaced or recharged. Verification of the content of FM200® in the containers may be achieved through either liquid level detection or container weighing. If containers show a extinguishant loss of more than 5% or a pressure loss for superpressurised liquefiable gases (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10%, the container should be refilled or replaced.


FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


Personnel Training All persons who may be expected to inspect , test, maintain or operate the fire extinguishing system shall be kept adequately trained in the functions they are expected to perform. Personnel working in an enclosure protected by a gaseous extinguishant shall receive training in the operation, use of the system and safety issues.

6 Monthly Control Valve & Actuator Check Check all manual and pneumatic actuators for free movement of the piston. Replace whole unit where appropriate. Check all control valves for correct manual function and automatic valves additionally, for correct automatic function.

6 Monthly Pipe Network Check Externally check Pipe-work to determine its conditions. Replace or pressure test and repair as necessary Pipework showing corrosion or mechanical damage.

Mechanical Servicing Procedure

6 Monthly Nozzle Check Inspect nozzles for dust and debris, clean out where necessary.


Remove valve actuator(s) (where possible) from the container valve(s) and replace actuation cap(s). For master/slave system complete the following steps to check the slave actuation system:1. Disconnect pneumatic valve actuators from the slave container valves and install actuation caps. 2. Disconnect the pilot loop from the master container valve and install the appropriate plug. 3. Introduce 4 bar (58 psi) pressure into the pilot actuation line to the pneumatic actuators. 4. Check that the pistons in the pneumatic valve actuators have fully fired. 5. Before installing the pneumatic actuator onto the container valve ensure that the piston is reset.

b. 6 Monthly Enclosure Check Carry out a full visual check of the enclosure for integrity and confirm the dimensions and the configuration of the hazard are as the original drawings or previous visit. If drawings are not available and this is the first visit then dimensions should be taken and passed to the engineering department together with the quantity of agent to enable a calculation to be carried out to ensure the correct quantity of gas has been used.

12 Monthly Hose Check All system hoses should be examined for damage. If visual examination shows any deficiency, the hose shall be replaced.

12 Monthly Integrity Test Integrity test the enclosure to determine if the leakage area has changed sufficiently from that measured during installation. c.

This section only applies if: (1) Macron Safety Systems Ltd. is carrying out the maintenance on the detection system. (2) If the servicing of the detection system is being carried out at the same time as the mechanical service by another nominated body.

FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.07.01/Issue3.0


the release circuit of the detection system must operate the electric actuators causing the plungers to be firmly extended. Any container that is discharged between 10 years and 20 years of being introduced into service shall be submitted to a full periodic inspection and a hydrostatic pressure test before being refilled. e. remove the appropriate port plug and reconnect the pilot actuation line to the slave port on the back of the master valve. If Pressure switch(es) have operated. ii) Activate the detection system in accordance with procedures provided with the system. SECTION 8 . iii) Examine the auxiliary electrical device/alarm.HYGOOD i) Remove solenoid actuators from valve assembles. door closers etc. Complete the site log book. Subsequent retests are not to exceed 5 years. d.MAINTENANCE Finally Carry out a final visual inspection of the system and the protected area to ensure that all equipment has been reinstalled and reconnected properly. Ensure that any associated control/indication panel is displaying normal operation. (BS5430: Part 1) ( NFPA 2001 Section 4-2 ref: containers & Section 4-3 ref: hoses) 62 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0 . have all operated correctly. iv) Ensure actuator is reset before refitting.01/Issue3. The interval between the first and second periodic inspection and hydrostatic pressure test may not exceed 10 years.07. When this test is performed. recording work carried out and parts used. Specialised Maintenance Duties Container Hydrostatic Pressure Testing Providing containers are submitted to a full external inspection every 12 months from the date of introduction. Inform the responsible person that the work is complete and that the system is back on-line. check that connected devices have activated or shut down as required and reset. For master/slave system.. the allowable interval period before the first periodic inspection and hydrostatic pressure test is 20 years.

The shuttle has two O rings an upper and lower. 122 & 50mm(2") valve O ring No.6Nm. torque to 20Nm. 11. 9. Re-fit outlet safety cap.90120) 5.337 Figure 50 50mm (2") Valve exploded View. 1.90025) & 50mm(2") valve O ring No. Replace bottom cap to shuttle and shuttle to valve. 13. Remove to reveal grub screw.3 1/4" 8UN neck O ring No. Upper O ring : 25mm(1") valve O ring No. (See figure 51) 63 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.90185) & 50mm(2") valve O ring No. In the event that the pressure gauge or pressure switch needs to be replaced: 12.01/Issue3. (This operation only needs to be undertaken if the burst disc needs replacing).90140) 8. Remove bottom cap from shuttle and replace lower O rings : 25mm(1") valve O ring No. both have to be replaced. 4. Screw new schrader into top cap using schrader tool set to 0. (94085) Valve Refurb On receiving a container that requires to be recharged the following operations are carried out. All O ring seals must be lubricated using PTFE / silicone grease. (test required if burst disc was replaced) The tests are conducted on a Nitrogen rig using a outlet filling adapter cap. Once that has been taken off the schrader should also be removed. 327(part no. 122 (part no. syphon tube grub screw and syphon tube from container. The outlet adapter may require to be replaced if this is so the outlet will need to be removed and threads cleaned. 212(part no. replace neck seal : (This is to pre-dome burst disc if required) 25mm(1") valve .90130) 7. spray a small quantity of PTFE silicone grease into the bore of the valve body.0 .Section 9 . 25mm(1") valve : M14 assy. Remove valve.Valve Assy Pre-dome and Leak Test.2" 8UN neck O ring No. Check that the container is empty. This covers both 25mm(1") and 50mm(2") container valve assemblies. torque to 18Nm. 10. Check the grub screw setting. Apply Loctite 648 to the thread of the new outlet adapter and screw fully home. this should be initially tighten fully and then loosen by 1/2 a turn. (part no. 327 50mm(2") valve . 14. O ring seal for the top cap has to be removed and replaced : 25mm(1") valve O ring No. Replace top cap to valve and lock into place with grub screw. Remove 50 bar (725psi) burst disc assy if damaged from burst disc port and replace with a new assy.07. 6. Apply PTFE tape to replacement components and refit. 231(part no. Testing On completion of a valve refurb the valve assy is subjected to two tests . test bottom cap and closing down adaptor. (94080) 50mm(2") valve : M18 assy. 2. 3. Remove shuttle from valve body. Unscrew top cap by removing locking grub screw located behind safety cap chain fixing screw. 227. If valve has been removed from neck ring.RECHARGING PROCEDURE HYGOOD Recharging This section describes the procedures to enable the refilling of a container that has been discharged and will require recharging.

327 50mm (2") valve . 8. Remove debris from inside the container as well as from the neck thread. making sure that the syphon tube and grub screw hole has been properly de-burred. The container is placed on a scales and the appropriate filling adapter attached to the container valve discharge port. date and fill details record. 3. This pressure is held for 1 minute ensuring that there is no drop in pressure indicated by nitrogen rig gauge. until the valve bottoms onto the top of the neck ring. 2.07. ensuring that the vent tap is closed. Use care when cleaning neck threads as the O ring seal could be damaged. 4. The valve assy is assembled to the nitrogen rig bottom cap using PTFE/silicon greased O ring on the valve neck thread.HYGOOD 1. 2. If no leaks are present the pressure to the valve must be reduced to 25 bar (362. Remove excess loctite adhesive and screw in grub screw. Figure 51 Nitrogen Test Station Component Layout 3. To close the valve shuttle down. The outlet adapter cap is also fitted.RECHARGING PROCEDURE Replacing Valve Assembly to container 1. 25mm (1") valve . Secure the container in to the pneumatic belt vice and tighten the valve using the "C" spanner. Fit valve and syphon tube assembly to container. time. Reset the scale to zero to compensate for weight of container and fill hose. Apply Loctite 572 around the circumference of the syphon tube above the grub screw hole. Fit the syphon tube into the valve assy. 4. this should be done using the workshop vacuum cleaner and airline. ensuring that the grub screw hole's line up.0 . 337 9. 5. 3. 4. 7. FILLING 1. With the Container ready for filling a check is made to the filling instruction sheet and the container fill weight. Section 9 . The syphon must be cleaned either by hand with paper towels or in the workshop washer. If a leak is identified it should be rectified. The nitrogen regulator is opened to 40 bar (580psi) and the pressure to the valve is slowly increased to this pressure. 5. A Water /soap solution is poured into the top cap schrader and leak detection spray is applied to all ports on the valve to check for leakage. PTFE grease must be applied to the clean container neck thread.2"8UN neck ring No. vent from closing down adapter and ensure that the outlet cap adapter tap is opened before attempting to remove the adapter. Take the appropriate syphon tube for the correct container and valve assy. Slowly release the gas from the test rig. Attach the fill hose / vent line from the filling rig outlet to filling adapter.5psi) and the closing down adapter fitted. this is to pre-dome the burst disc. 6. Take container and clean neck thread using a power drill and the appropriate attachment.01/Issue3. insuring that the neck O ring is in place. if the leak persists the valve assembly should be rejected. 2.3 1/4"8UN neck ring No. 40 bar (580psi) is applied through the closing down adapter. Once again check for leaks. 64 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

adjust if required.see section on Container / valve assy leakage test. Switch on the pump marked 'Liquid' on filling cabinet and fill container to required weight. Turn off the nitrogen supply and vent the closing down line with the needle valve. 6. 8. After 24 hours a Leak Test on the container is conducted . the valve has closed. a pressure regulator must be used when the pressure source is a tank of high pressure gas. Type of agent.RECHARGING PROCEDURE HYGOOD 13.). Attach label to container stating the following information. When superpressurising. Test all ports with leak detection spray. the cylinder must be de-pressurised. 21. zero scales and weigh to verify fill is within tolerance. Caution.5lbs) which is present in pipework and will be forced through during pressurisation). If a leaks is observed.8 bar (200psi) on fill rig and switch on supply.7kg ( 1. Reset scales and note down gross weight. Remove fill hose and filling adapter. minor leaks may be cured by tightening the offending components. Slowly increase the nitrogen pressure on the approved pressure regulator to the stated pressure on the filling instruction sheet. Gross weight. Read off the calibrated external fill pressure gauge to determine when the intended charging pressure has been reached. 8 Ltr Container: 16 to 180 Ltr Container: Label part No. Attach the closing down adaptor to the container valve top cap and connect the nitrogen closing down line. Note : When leak testing outlet with spray. Make certain all safety caps are in place.4284 Label part No.0 65 . Project. Ensure that the test box registers a change in state (normally open to normally closed or normally closed to normally open) at approximately 21 bar rising (350 psi)." Ensure vent valve is closed when not required to prevent contamination on fill line. (Top up if necessary) 23.07. do not look directly into port. Refer to section on "Decanting Containers through rig. leak test the outlet and attach safety cap. Insert fill information on to container label. making the relevant allowances in pressure to compensate for the current room temperature (see the temperature correction chart Table 20. Customer. Open the closing down valve for 1 second only to force the valve shuttle down. Remove container from scales.4294 5. (less approximately 0. Vent the fill hose to atmosphere. Fill weight. examine quickly from an angle.1bar (+/. 16. Remove the closing down line adapter. 15. 22.01/Issue3. 11. (Check that the container pressure gauge reads within +/. 10. Regulate the nitrogen pressure to 40 bar (580 psi) with the fill rig. Date filled. If the pressure drops to zero as shown on fill rig gauge marked outlet within 10 seconds. Place container in bonded area for leak monitoring for at least 24 hours prior to dispatch. 12.14. Agitate the container to accelerate nitrogen absorption into the agent and top up the pressure accordingly. 18. Switch off nitrogen supply once absorption has stopped. Container size. 20. Job number.5 psi) of the fill gauge. Attach low pressure switch wires to test box and regulate nitrogen pressure to 13. schrader protection cap Part No' 91185. replace container gauge if outside this tolerance). 7.) 17. The container valve can be heard to close.Section 9 . 14. Adhere label to container 50mm (2") below the container top fixing bracket height. 9. refer to fill tolerances table 19. When the fill is reached switch off pump. If valve does not close after 5 applications. and Schrader with water/soap solution. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 19.

4 15.3) (446. Temperature Developed Temperature Developed Temperature Developed Temperature Developed Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure o o o o C ( oF) Bar (Psi) C ( oF) Bar (Psi) C ( oF) Bar (Psi) C (oF) Bar (Psi) 0 (32) 0.2 29. -0 psi) (+11.8 (37) 3.9 (93) 34.7 25.1 (88) 31.8 (82) 28.4) (352. -0 bar (+11.3 (38) 3.0 (34) 1.1 30.2 (45) 7.8 23. -0 bar +0.5) (422.75.4 25.4 26.6) (374.8 (91) 33.0 (304.4) (368.0 27.3 22.2 (54) 19.3) (354.8 31.7 (53) 12.1 (52) 11.6 (87) 31.7) 22.1) (387.8) (425.9 (317.8 30.8 22.7 47.5 (33) 1.0) (469.6 (96) 36. -0 lb) (+1.9 44.57.3 48.8 13.9 24. -0 kg +0.0 (319.9 (302.6 (78) 26. -0 kg +0.07.3 38.4) (346. -0 kg (+0.6 (51) 11. -0 bar +0.2) 20.8 (315.2 (81) 27.7 (459.0) (332.2) 21.3) 21.5) (342. -0 psi) (+11.0) 20.3 (92) 33.6 (313.1) (451.3) (389.9) (432.7 17.3 (47) 8.6 32.0 40.3) (420. -0 lb) (+1.9) (334.6 (472.0 30.7) 20.3) (461.04.1 22.7 42.5) (372.2) 22. -0 psi) (+11.4) 22.1) (80) 27.4 (49) 10.75.6 41.75.7) (338.9 19.3) (364.3 18.3 (308.2 (90) 32.2) (402. -0 bar +0.9) (409.09.8 (100) 26.2) (362.8) (383.9) 20.5) (467.6 46.16.6) 25.0 26.6 29. -0 lb) Charging Pressure +0.8) 21.2 22.3 (83) 28.8 (46) 8.7 (427.9) 21. 66 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.3) (404.8 23.7) (395.4 42.6 30.9) 20.1) 21. -0 lb) (+0.7 (89) 32. -0 bar +0.2) (456.3 (323.0) (385.8 25.1 28.0 (36) 2.3 13.5) (429.65.5 30.9 (101) (102) (103) (104) (105) (106) (107) (108) (109) (110) (111) (112) (113) (114) (115) (116) (117) (118) (119) (120) 29.6 24.4 45.6 27.01/Issue3.1) (411.9 28.3 24.9 14.75.5) 22.0 31.6) 20.4 23.2 17.0 (86) 30.4 20.1) (439.5 (297.1 41.0 29.9 32.6 (327.7) (449.1 (79) 26.75.6 (35) 2.7 31.0) (418. -0 lb) (+0.0 32.4 24.1 21.0 25.6 (42) 6.50.4 (94) 35.HYGOOD Section 9 .4 40.2 47. -0 kg +0. -0 kg +1.0 15.5 23. -0 psi) (+11.9 (288.2) (360.4) (348.5 29.9 39.3 30.3) (356.2 (321.4 (40) 5.6 23.4 32.7) (437.3 23.0 45.3 26.4 (295.9 23.7 27.3) (434. -0 lb) (+2.1 (291.9) (464.2 (99) 37.8 18.1 (43) 6.6) (393.7) (380.1) 20.2 24.08.7 26.0 (95) 35. -0 kg +0. -0 bar +0.3) (366.9 (39) 4.5) (441.6 25.2) (474.1 46. -0 bar +0.35.6) (340.26.4 (310.8 43.5 (312.1 (97) 36.0 (41) 5.1 31. -0 lb) (+0.2 32.2 23.4) (391.7) (378.18.0 (289. -0 psi) (+11.7 (329.9 (48) 9.7 24.4 28.1 25.9 27.75.3 25.0) (400.5 28.0 .4 (85) 30.2 (293.2 28.8 (331.4) (350.RECHARGING PROCEDURE Container Size 8ltr 16ltr 32ltr 52ltr 106ltr 147ltr 180ltr Fill Tolerance +0.3 27.00.3) (358.4 (325.8) (336.6 (299.7 28.0 24.7) 21.4) 20.3 (376.4 25.2 27.0) 12.7 (44) 7.0 (50) 10.10.6 16.0 (55) (56) (57) (58) (59) (60) (61) (62) (63) (64) (65) (66) (67) (68) (69) (70) (71) (72) (73) (74) (75) (76) (77) 22.8 48.1 26.9 (84) 29.8 (300.8 92.4) 21.1 (306. -0 kg +0.4) (370.0 20.7 22.1 23.5) (344.6 26.6) (454.3 43. -0 psi) Table 19 :Fill Tolerance Table.4 27.6) 21.75.6 21.7 (98) 37.9) (398.6) (406.5 31. -0 psi) (+11.4) (413.7) (416.9) (444.9 24.3 31.1 16.8) Table 20: Temperature Correction Chart.

e.01/Issue3. repeat stability check in an alternative clean environment. Container Leak Test. Repeat test a further two times. Any significant and repeatable increase of the audible pulse rate should be taken as an indication of a leak and the container and valve assembly should be rejected. After 24hrs standing. 4. if this is necessary the appropriate outlet adapter should be attached to the valve and a direct line connected to a storage vessel. contact R&D department for instruction. the valve pressure gauge should be checked for pressure loss (refer to temperature correction chart to adjust for temperature change).21oz/year should be conditioned to a temperature of 200C +/-50C (680F +/.RECHARGING PROCEDURE HYGOOD However. If the stability check is inconclusive. proceed to the container leak test. If repeatability test indicates that the unit is functioning within the set parameters. Make certain that the container is secured to a rigid surface. 4. Shut off line and vent remaining pressure to atmosphere. proceed to the repeatability check. If stability problems persist. Container / Valve Assy leakage Test This Test is required for all filled FM-200® valves and container assemblies after being left to stand in a bonded area for at least 24 hours. Remove the probe from the nozzle and position the Halotek unit away from the gas source. The pulse rate should revert back to the original rate of 2 to 4 pulses per second within 15 seconds. 5. The test equipment used is a leak detector and calibration gas. Conduct a stability check by leaving the Halotek unit for approximately 3 minutes in a clean air environment. 1. contact R&D department for instruction. Close the hand valve of the leak standard after use. Open the ball valve on the line that is direct to the storage vessel and flush the FM200® back into it. The container and valve assembly should then be checked for leakage using the Halotek leak detector unit. 2. Ensure that the probe is not brought into direct contact with any objects as this can lead to spurious results and ensure that the dwell time of the probe is sufficiently long (more than 5 seconds) to ensure any leak is detected. screw the calibration nozzle into the outlet of the bottle and open the hand valve fully. Failure to do so could cause severe container movement upon actuation. of about 2 to 4 pulses per second. Decanting is necessary if a container / valve assy has been rejected due to a leak after filling. The leak standard of 0. Adjust the Halotek leak detector to gain a steady audible pulse. Carefully probe the container/valve assembly at all probes and openings. ensure that the line is shut off and activate the valve. If repeatability problems persist. Remove the cap from the leak standard. Label up cylinder with appropriate instructions i.90F) for at least 24 hours.Section 9 . Once the leakage source has been rectified. the container and valve assembly should be subjected to a further leak test using the Halotek unit. Calibration Repeatability Test 1. 3.0 67 . Switch on the fan to pressurise/purge the room for a minimum of 20 minutes before testing.07. Caution. 3. Refit or rejection. in free air. 6. resulting in personal injury or property damage. repeat check in an alternative clean environment. Decanting a container through filling rig. Take the Halotek unit & calibration gas and retire to an FM200® free environment to calibration of the unit. if the repeatability check is inconclusive. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. 2. If the valve has been shut down. If the pulse rate is observed to stay within the range of 2 to 4 pulses per second. Within 5 seconds the pulse rate should start to increase and be a continuous tone within 15 seconds. Place the Halotek probe into the calibration nozzle.

01/Issue3.RECHARGING PROCEDURE Figure 52. A warning label will be placed on a container to indicate this requirement. Transportation Warning Label. transported and installed in the vertical position.0 .07. Section 9 .52 Ltr containers only.HYGOOD Transportation Containers that have passed all required tests and have been filled or recharged must be stored. This only applies to 8 . See figure 52. 68 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.

Warranty.01/Issue3. refer to MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS 'Terms and conditions' document. Disclaimers & Limitations HYGOOD Warranty Following the commissioning of the system.Section 10 . all equipment will be covered by the company's twelve month parts warranty (excluding parts accidentally or maliciously damaged by others).0 69 . MACRON SAFETY SYSTEMS reserves the right to make any alterations without notice. All issues are uncontrolled copies. it is not considered binding.07. Disclaimers & Limitations Whilst every care has been taken in the publication of this user's guide to describe our products accurately. FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01. For further information.

HYGOOD SECTION 11 .07.APPENDICES 70 FM-200® Installation Guide/11100/01.0 .01/Issue3.

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