17 views

Uploaded by obhichak

maths sample paper solution evergreen 100 percent success model papers....

maths sample paper solution evergreen 100 percent success model papers....

© All Rights Reserved

- Trigonometry
- McGraw-Hill-Geometry_ Concepts and Applications, Skills Practice Workbook Answer Key -Glencoe_McGraw-Hill (2005)
- mathworkbook.pdf
- Formula Handbook
- KTCT2
- C4 June 2006 Mark Scheme
- gat-v 18-oct-15
- WBJEE 2014 Maths Solution
- Rancangan Tahunan Matematik Tingkatan 4 2011
- 2013_11_sp_maths_02
- ELEMENTS-OF-MATHEMATICS_001.docx
- Deepawali Assngment Class 12 Queans Key Only
- Ape Flyer 201516
- Honors Final Review
- g.a.v.leaf
- shooting angle
- AQA-MPC3-W-QP-JAN08
- Introduction to Trigonometry.docx
- lesson 3
- formula.docx

You are on page 1of 113

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

SECTION - A

Sol. 1. Given line is: 5 x -3 y = 18

Since line meets y-axis and at y-axis, x is zero

Put x = 0

5(0) - 3y = 18

=> y= - 6

Hence, the coordinates of the point are (0, - 6).

Sol. 2. Given quadratic equation is :

3V2x2 - V 3 x - V l8 = 0

Discriminant = b2 - 4ac

= 3 + 12 x 6

= 3 + 72 = 75

Sol. 3. Here, AOB is a diameter, therefore, ZACB = 90°

Also, ZB = 180° - 90° - 30° 60° [ ■••ZCAB = 30° & ZACB = 90°]

Thus, ZPCA = ZB = 60° [Zs in the corr. alt. segment]

cos u cos u

Sol. 4. L.H.S. = 1--- :— X ------

1 + sin u cos u

cos2u

(1 + sin u) cos u

p

1- sin u _ (1 + sin u) (1 - sin u)

(1 + sin u) cos u (1 + sin u) cos u

1- sin u

R.H.S.

cos u

Sol. 5. Here, 2nr + r 51

22

2 x — +1 =51

7

44 + 7

r = 51

7

51

51

rX T =

r = 7 cm.

Sol. 6. Sample space {HH, HT, TH, TT}

Atleast one tail {HT, TH, TT}

3

Required probability =

4

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

SECTION - B

q

=> 3 + 5 + 2 n/15 = ^

q

=> 8 + 2 n/15 = P

q

=> 2n/15 = ^ - 8

^ - * i r

=> N/l5 = rational

Which contradicts the fact that ,N/i5 is irrational. Hence, (*J3 + V5)2 is irrational.

Sol. 8. Given polynomial is x3 - 4x

Sum of zeroes = — = ^ = 0

a 1

_d 0

Product of zeroes = — = —= 0

a 1

Sol. 9. Since k + 9, 2k - 1 and 2k + 7 are the consecutive terms of an A.R

2 k - 1 - (k + 9) = 2k + 7 - (2fc- 1)

=> 2k-l-k-9=2k + 7-2k+l

=> fc - 10 = 8

=> fc= 18

Sol. 10. Since (a, 3), (6, - 2) and ( - 3, 4) are collinear.

.•. Area of triangle formed by these points vanishes

i.e., — I a( 2 - 4) + 6(4 - 3) + ( - 3) (3 + 2) | = 0

2 1

=> |- 6 a + 6 -1 5 | = 0

=> |- 6a - 9 | = 0

=> 6a = - 9

9 3

=> a=- —= - —

6 2

Sol. 11. AP and AS are two tangents from an external point A to the circle

AP = AS ...(i)

[ v tangents drawn from an external point to the circle are equal]

Similarly, BP = BQ

CR = CQ

and DR = DS ...(iv)

Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we obtain

AP + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS

(AP + BP) + (CR +DR) = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)

AB + CD = AD + BC

Sol. 12. Volume of each cube = 125 cm3

Side of each cube = ^125 = 5 cm

When these two cubes are joined end to end.

Then, length of the cuboid is 10 cm, breadth and height remains same i.e., 5 cm.

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Now, surface area of cuboid = 2(lb + bh + hi)

= 2(10 x 5 + 5 x 5 + 5 x 10)

= 2(125)

= 250 cm2

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Given quadratic polynomial is : 5X2 + 8x - 4

5X2 + 8 x -4 = 5X2 + lOx - 2x - 4

= 5x(x + 2) - 2(x + 2)

= (5x - 2) (x + 2)

Thus, zeroes of this polynomial are obtained as :

2

5x - 2 = 0 and x + 2 = 0 =>x = — and x = - 2.

5

Sum of zeroes = — - 2

5

2-10 _ - 8 -(Coefficient of x)

Q

5 “ 5 Coefficient of x

2 4

Product of zeroes = ^ (-2) = - —

Constant term

Q

Coefficient of x

Hence, relationship between zeroes and the coefficients is verified.

Sol. 14. Given A.R is : 121, 117, 113, ...

Here, a = 121, d = - 4

Let fc* term is its first negative term.

ak < 0

=> a + (fc- l)d < 0

=> 121 + (fc - 1) ( - 4) < 0

=> ( - 4 ) (fc - 1) < - 121

-121

fc - l>

-4

121

fc> 1 +

125

> 31|

Hence, 32th term of the given A.R is first negative term.

Sol. 15. Given that:

AD2 = BD x CD

=> AD x AD = BD x CD

AD BD

^ CD “ AD

ZADC = ZADB = 90° [given]

AADC - ABDA [by SAS similarity axiom]

=> ZBAD = ZACD

ZDAC = ZDBA

(3) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

In AABC, by angle sum property, we have

ZBAD + ZACD + ZDAC + ZDBA = 180°

ZBAD + ZBAD + ZDAC + ZDAC = 180° [using (i) and (ii)]

2ZBAD + 2ZDAC = 180°

ZBAD + ZDAC = 90°

ZBAC = 90°

ZA = 90°

Hence, AABC is right-angled at A.

Sol. 16. Given : AABC such that AB2 + BC2 = AC2

To Prove : ZB = 90°

Const. : Construct a right triangle PQR,

right-angled at Q, such that

PQ = AB

and QR = BC.

Proof : From right APQR, we have

PR2 = PQ2 + QR2 [using Pythagoras Theorem]

=> PR2 = AB2 + BC2 ... (i) [ v PQ = AB and QR = BC]

Also, we have

AC2 = AB2 + BC2 ... (ii) [given]

From (i) and (ii), we have

PR2 = AC2

=> PR = AC

=> AABC = APQR [SSS congruency criterion]

=> ZB = ZQ = 90° [c.p.c.t.]

=> ZB = 90°

Given that: Q

PR2 = 2PQ2

=> PR2 = PQ2 + PQ2

=> PR2 = PQ2 + QR2 [ ■••PQ = QR(given]

.•. By using converse of Pythagoras Theorem, we have

APQR is rt. Zed triangle, right-angled at Q.

Hence, ZQ = 90°

Sol. 17. Given : A quadrilateral ABCD, circumscribing a circle

having its centre at O. AB, BC, CD and DA touch the

circle at S, R, Q and P respectively.

To Prove : ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° and

ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°

Const. : Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OP OQ, OR and OS.

Proof : In AAPO and AASO,

AP = AS [tangents from an external point]

AO = AO [common]

ZAPO = ZASO = 90°

AAPO = AASO [by RHS cong. axiom]

=> Z l = Z2

Similarly, Z4 = Z3

Z5 = Z6 ... (Hi)

and Z8 = Z 7 ... (iv)

□

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iu), we have

Z l + Z4 + Zb + Z 8 = Z2 + Z3 + Zb + Z l

( Z 1 + Z8) + (Z4 + Zb) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Zb + Z l )

ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (u)

Also, Z l + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 + Zb + Z b + Z l + Z8 = 360°

Z l + Z l + Z4 + Z4 + Z5 + Z5 + Z8 + Z8 = 360°

Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = 180°

(Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = 180°

ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° ... (vi)

From (u) and (vi), we have ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° = ZAOB + ZCOD.

Sol. 18. Given : AABC with base BC = 8 cm and altitude 4 cm.

3

Required : AA'BC' ~ AABC with scale-factor —.

Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a line segment BC = 8 cm.

2. Draw PQ, the perpendicular bisector of BC,

intersecting BC in O.

3. From OP cut off OA = 4 cm.

4. Join AB and AC to get given isosceles

AABC. b

5. Through B, construct ZCBX less than 90°.

6. From BX, cut off five equal parts, such that

BBj = BjBg = B2B3 = B3B4 = B4B5.

7. Join B5C.

8. Through B3, draw B3C' ||B5C, intersecting

BC in C'.

9. Through C', draw C'A' ||CA, intersecting BA in A'.

Thus, AA'BC' is the required triangle.

The triangle A'BC', so obtained, is similar to the given triangle ABC and each side of AA'BC'

3

is — times the corresponding sides of AABC.

5

Sol. 19. (sec2 37° - cot2 53°) tan 21°. tan 69° - sin 51°. cos 39° - cos 51°. sin 39°

= {sec2 37° - cot2 (90° - 37°)} . tan 21°. tan (90° - 21°) - sin (90° - 39°) . cos 39°

- cos (90° - 39°) . sin 39°

= {sec2 37° - tan2 37°} tan 21°. cot 21° - cos 39°. cos 39° - sin 39°. sin 39°

tan 21°

= 1 - (cos2 39° + sin2 39°)

= 1-1

= 0.

Sol. 20. Volume of cylindrical pipe = Volume of cuboid

n(R2 - r2)h = / x b x h

n (35 x 35 - 30 x 30)h = 440 x 260 x 100

440x260x100x7

h

22 x 325

= 11200 cm

= 112 m

(5) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 21. Monthly Consumption of Electricity (in units) No. of Families (ft) c./.

170 - 180 4 4

180 - 190 X x + 4

190 - 200 12 x + 16

200 - 210 15 x + 31

210 - 220 13 x + 44

220 - 230 y x + y + 44

230 - 240 14 x + y + 58

240 - 250 6 ^.x + y + 64

Total 80"*

00

o

w'

Here,

II

=> x + y + 64 = 80

=> x + y = 80 - 64 = 16

Median = 206 (given)

200 - 210 is the median class.

A80 1^^

----- x -16

206 2 x 10 + 200

15 y

24- x

206 = x 10 + 200

15

15x6 „

24- x =

=> x = 24 - 9 = 15

From eqn. (i), we have 15 + y = 16

=> y= i

Hence, the missing frequencies are x = 15 and y = 1.

Sol. 22. Let x be the number of black balls in the bag.

.•. Total number of balls in the bag = 8 + x

According to the statement of the question, we obtain

x 8

4 x

8+ x 8+ x

=> x = 32

Hence, number of black balls in the bag is 32.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Let us assume that the length of rectangular plot be x units and the breadth of the plot be

y units.

.-. Area of rectangular plot to be covered by trees.

= x x y = xy square units

Case - 1 Reduced length = x - 2

Increased breadth = y + 2

Reduced area = (x - 2) (y +2) square units

Reduction in area = 6 square units

Original area - Reduced area = 6

x y - [(x - 2 ) (y + 2)] = 6

xy - [(xy - 2y + 2x - 4)] = 6

x y -x y + 2 y -2 x + 4 = 6

=> 2x - 2y = - 2 ... (i)

(6) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Case - II Increased length = x + 3

Increased breadth = y + 2

Increased area = (x + 3) (y + 2) square units

Increase in area = 79 square units

Increased area - Original area = 79 square units

(x + 3) (y + 2) - xy = 79

xy + 3y + 2x + 6 - xy = 79

2x + 3y = 73 ... (ii)

Now, subtracting (i) from (ii), we have

2x + 3y = 73

2x - 2y = - 2

- + +

5y = 75

y = 15

Put y = 15 in equation (i), we have

2x - 2 x 15 = - 2

=> 2x = 30 —2

=> x = 14

Hence, the length of rectangular plot = x = 14 units

and breadth of rectangular plot = y = 15 units.

Plantation is being discussed here. Planting more trees helps in reducing pollution and makes

the environment green and clean.

Sol. 24. Let x be any positive integer, then it can be expressed as 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.

Now, cubing each of these, we have

(3q)3 = 27q3 = 9 x 3q3 = 9 x some integer

= 9 x m, where m is an integer ... (i)

(3q + l ) 3 = 27q3 + 27q2 + 9q + 1

= 9q (3q2 + 3q + l) + l = 9 x some integer + 1

= 9 x m + 1, where m is an integer ... (ii)

and (3q + 2)3 = 27q3 + 54q2 + 36q + 8

= 9q (3q2 + 6q + 4) + 8 = 9 x some integer + 8

= 9 x m + 8, where m is an integer ... (iii)

Thus, from (i), (ii) and (iii), we have cube of any positive integer is of the form 9m or 9m + 1

or 9m + 8, for some integer m.

Sol. 25. Given that:

2

(x -1 ) (x - 2) (x - 2) (x - 3) 3

-3 +. ■l'] 1 2

x

(x - l)(x - 3 ) x —2 3

2 x -4 1 2

x2 - 4 x +3 x -2 3

2 (x -2 ) 1 2

x

x2 - 4x + 3 (x -2 ) 3

1 _1

x2 - 4x + 3 3

(7) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

=> x2 - 4x + 3 = 3

=> x (x - 4) = 0

=> x = 0 or x = 4

Hence, the required solutions of the given equation are 0 and 4.

Sol. 26. Let coordinates of A, B, C and D are A(6, 3), B( - 3, 5), C(4, - 2) and D(x, 3x).

7x + 6 + 9x + 12x - 20 |

= - | 28x -1 4 |

= | 14x - 7 |sq. units

= 2 |42 + 1 5 - 8 | = g I 49 |

49

= — sq. units.

ar (ADBC) _1

Since

ar (AABC) “ 2

114x - 7 1 _1

49 “ 2

2

49

I 14x - 7 | = ^

„ 49 „ 49

14x - 7 = — or 14x - 7 = - —

4 4

49 _ - 49

or 14x = 7 - —

4 4

77 i/.

14x = — or 14x = - 21

—

4 4

77 21

x = or x =

4 x14 4 x14

n -3

x = or x =

8 8

tan A + tan B

tan (A + B)

1 - tan A tan B

1 1

2+ 3 _ 5

2 3

n

tan (A + B) = tan —

A + B= —

4

or A + B = 45°

Now, sin2 (A + B) + cos2 (A + B) = sin2 45° + cos2 45° = 1

CE _ J _

[vA E = BD]

BD “ 73

60-h

60 73 x 73

60n/3

60 - h

=> 60 - h = 20n/3

=> h = 60 - 20n/3

= 20 (3 - >/3 ) m

Hence, the height of the tower is 20 (3 - ^/3 ) m.

Sol. 29. For bigger semicircles ARC and BSD,

radii (r) = 7 cm

22

= 2 x — x 7 = 44 cm

22

= — x 7x 7

= 154 cm2

For smaller semicircles APB and CQD,

radii (r) = | cm

22 7

= 2 x — x — = 22 cm

22 7 7

= ~ x — x — = 38.5 cm2

Hence, perimeter of the shaded region is 44 + 22 i.e., 66 cm and area of the shaded region

is 154 - 38.5 i.e., 115.5 cm2.

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 30. Age (in yrs) No. of Patients (f;) Class Marks dt = x{ - a fA

0 -8 6 4 -3 2 - 192

8 -1 6 25 12 -2 4 -6 0 0

1 6 -2 4 12 20 -1 6 - 192

2 4 -3 2 13 28 -8 - 104

3 2 -4 0 11 a = 36 0 0

4 0 -4 8 14 44 8 112

4 8 -5 6 11 52 16 176

5 6 -6 4 8 60 24 192

Total E/; = 100 E/jd,. = - 608

Let assumed mean (a) = 36

Mean = a +

-608

= 36 + = 36 - 6.08 = 29.92

100

Hence, the mean age of the patients is 29.92 years.

*** *

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

S E C T IO N -A

Sol. 1. Here, x = 23 x 3 x 52

and y = 23 x 33

HCF of x and y = 23 x 3

Sol. 2. Here, in rt. Zed AABC, ZB = 90° and base AB is x cm.

According to the statement, we have

BC = (x - 7) cm

By using Pythagoras Theorem, we have

AB2 + BC2 = AC2

x2 + (x - 7 )2 = (13)2

or 2X2 - 14x - 120 = 0

or x2 - 7x - 60 = 0

Sol. 3. Here, two vertices of a triangle are (0, 0) and (5, 6)

Let the third vertex be (x, y).

Also, centroid of the triangle is (0, 3).

0+ 5+ x 0+ 6+ y

0 and

3

=> x= - 5 and y= 3

Hence, the third vertex is ( - 5, 3).

4

4

=> 1x y = cosec 0 + cot 0

Hence, cosec 0 + cot 0 = 4

Sol. 5. Here, AB is the diameter of the circle

Now, to2 = 25n

=> r = 5 cm

Thus, the length of AB is 2 x 5 i.e., 10 cm.

5

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Here, 455 = 42 x 10 + 35

42 = 35 x 1 + 7

35 = 7 x 5 + 0

Hence, HCF of 455 and 42 is 7.

(11) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

2ax - 2by + (a + 4b) = 0 (0

2bx + 2ay + (b - 4a) = 0

By cross-multiplication, we have

- 2 b ^ ^ ^ ^ r a + 4b

2a — b - 4a

-2b(b - 4a) - 2a(a + 4b) 2b(a + 4b) - 2a(b - 4a) 2a(2a) + 2b(2b)

y l

-2(b2 + a2) 8(b2 + a2) 4(a2 + b2)

And

8(a2 + b2) 4(a2 + b2)

AP = BP

=> 1 + y2 + 25 - lOy = 16 + y2 + 36 - 12y

=> 2y = 26

=> y = 13

Thus, required point is (0, 13).

Sol. 10. In ACAB and ACST

ZB = Z T = 70° [given]

Z C = ZC [common]

=> ACAB-ACST [by AA similarity criterion]

ST = CT ST CT

AB “ CB ^ AB CT + TB

x pr

x=

P r+q r+q

Sol. 11. Here, the two concentric circles have their centre at O. The tangent to the inner circle through

point L, intersects the outer circle at P and Q. PQ is the chord of the larger circle. The radius

of the larger circle is 5 cm and that of the smaller circle is 3 cm.

Join PO, QO and LO

PQ = 2PL = 2QL

Now, in rt. Zed APLO, Z L = 90°.

.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have

P L = yjpo2 - OL2

= V52 - 3 2 = V 2 5 -9 = y/16 = 4 cm

Thus, PQ = 2PL = 2 x 4 = 8 cm

Hence, the length of the chord of larger circle, touches smaller circle is 8 cm.

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 12. Toted volume of wedl = 270 x 300 x 500 = 28350000 cm3

O

Space covered by the bricks = 28350000 - 3543750 = 24806250 cm3

24806250

Now, total number of bricks used 11200

22.5x11.25 x 8.75

SECTION - C

q

Squaring both sides, we have

_2

=> 5 = ^2 5q2 (i)

q

=> 5 divides p2 => 5 divides p

Let p = 5 x m, where m is an integer.

From (i) and (ii), we have

(5m)2 = 5q2

=> 25 m2 = 5q2

<r 5m2

=> 5 divides q2 => 5 divides q

=> q = 5 x n, where n is an integer.

From (ii) and (Hi), we have 5 as a common factor of p and q.

Which contradicts that p and q are co-prime.

Hence, ^/5 is an irrational number.

Sol. 14. Here, a and P are the zeroes of x2 - 6x + k

=> a + P = 6 and ap = k P= 6- a

Also, 3a + 2p = 20

3a + 2(6 - a) = 20

3a + 12 - 2a = 20 a = 8

Now, a + p= 6 P = 6 -a = 6 -8 =

Again, ap = k => k= (8) (- 2) = - 16

Sol. 15. Let monthly incomes of two persons be llx and 7x.

Let their monthly expenditures be 9y and 5y.

According to the statement of the question, we have

l l x - 9y = 400 (0

7x - 5y = 400

Multiplying (i) by 7 and (ii) by 11 and subtracting, we obtain

7(1 lx - 9y) - ll(7 x - 5y) = 7 x 400 - l l x 400

l l x - 63y - l l x + 55y = 2800 - 4400

- 8y = - 1600

=> y = 200

From (i), we have

l l x - 9(200) = 400

l l x = 400 + 1800

2200

x= = 200

11

Hence, their monthly incomes are ? 2200 and ? 1400.

( 13) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 16. Let present age of daughter Nisha be x years.

Present age of Asha = (x2 + 2) years.

Now, when Nisha grows to her mother’s present age, then her age would be (x2 + 2) years.

Then, her mother’s age would bexz + 2 + xz + 2 - x i.e., 2X2 - x + 4

Now, as per statement of the question, we obtain

2X2 - x + 4 = lOx - 1

=> 2X2 - llx + 5 = 0

=> (x - 5) (2x - 1) = 0

=> Either x -5 = 0 or 2 x -l = 0

=> x= 5 or X = \ (^eject*nS)

Hence, present age of Nisha is 5 years and her mother’s age is 52 + 2 i.e., 27 years.

Sol. 17. Let P(x, 0) be point(s) on x-axis which are at a distance of 2^5 units from the point (7 ,-4 ).

=> x2 - 14x + 49 + 16 = 20

=> x2 - 14x + 45 = 0

=> (x - 9) (x - 5) = 0

=> Either x- 9= 0 or x- 5= 0

=> x= 9 or x= 5

Hence, the required points are (9, 0) and (5, 0). Two points are there.

Sol. 18. Since tangents to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point.

ZORD = ZOSD = 90°

It is given that ZD = 90°. Also, OR = OS. Therefore, ORDS is a square.

Since tangents from an exterior point of a circle are equal in length.

BP = BQ

CQ = CR

and DR = DS

Now, BP = BQ

=> BQ = 27 [■•BP = 27 cm (given)]

=> BC - CQ = 27

=> 38 - CQ = 27 [ v BC = 38 cm]

=> CQ = 11 cm [ v CR = CQ]

=> CR = 11 cm

=> C D -D R = 11

=> 25 - DR = 11 [ v CD = 25 cm]

=> DR = 14 cm

But ORDS is a square. Therefore, OR = DR = 14 cm.

Hence, r = 14 cm.

Sol. 19. Let PQ be the flagstaff of height x on the tower QR, such that

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

In rt. Zed AORR

x 3

x+— —x

PR ____ 2 _ 2 _ Jo

tan 0 tan 60°

OR V3 “ V3

=> 0 = 60°

Sol. 20. Total height of the haystack = 31 cm

Height of conical portion = 15 cm

Radius of conical portion = 20 cm 1

Height of the cone frustum = 31 - 15 = 16 cm

Slant height of conical portion = ^(15)2 + (20)2

= ^225 + 400

= y/625 = 25 cm

Slant height of the cone frustum = + (R - r)2

= yjl62 + (20- 8 )2

= ^256 + 144 = ^400 = 20 cm

Now, the lateral surface area of the haystack

= nrl + nl (R + r)

= 3.14 x 20 x 25 + 3.14 x 20 x 28

= 1570 + 1758.4 =3328.4 cm2

Sol. 21. Classes frequency (/) Class Marks (x,) df = Xf - 25 fA

0 -1 0 12 5 -2 0 -2 4 0

1 0 -2 0 16 15 -1 0 - 160

2 0 -3 0 6 A = 25 0 0

3 0 -4 0 / 35 10 10/

4 0 -5 0 9 45 20 180

E/; = 4 3 + / X/jd,. = 10/ - 220

Take assumed mean A = 25

X/d. 10/ - 220

Mean = (X) = A + => 22 = 25 +

43 + /

0 _ 10/-220

43 + /

- 129-3/= 10/-220

13/= 91 =>/= 7.

C.I. Frequency Cumulative Frequency

More than type

5 -1 0 2 More than 5 30

1 0 -1 5 12 More than 10 30 - 2 = 28

1 5 -2 0 2 More than 15 28 - 12 = 16

2 0 -2 5 4 More than 20 16 - 2 = 14

2 5 -3 0 3 More than 25 14 - 4 = 10

3 0 -3 5 4 More than 30 10 - 3 = 7

3 5 -4 0 3 More than 35 7 -4 = 3

Total 30

(15) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Here, 5, 10, 15, 20, ..., 35 are the lower limits of the respective class intervals 5 - 10, 10 - 15,

..., 35 - 40. To represent the more than type graphically, we plot the lower limits on the x-axis

and the corresponding cumulative frequencies on the y-axis i.e., (5, 30), (10, 28), (15, 16),

(20, 14), (25, 10), (30, 7), (35, 3) on a graph paper and join them by free hand smooth curve.

This curve is the required cumulative frequency curve on an (ogive) of the more than type.

Now, we locate the point on the ogive whose ordinate is 15. The x-coordinate corresponding

to this ordinate is 17.5. Therefore, the required median on the graph is 17.5.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Since two zeroes of the given polynomial /(x) are ^5 and - Vs

.•. (x - \/5 ) (x + \/5 ) i.e., x2 - 5 is a factor of/(x).

(16) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Now, by long division algorithm, we have

__________ 2x2 - 3x + 1_________

x2 -5 ) 2x4 - 3x3 - 9x2 + 15x- 5

y 2x4 -10x2

(-) (+)________________

- 3x3 + x2 + 15x - 5

-3 x 3 + 15x

(+ ) (-)

x2 -5

x2 -5

(-) (+ )

x

= (x2- 5) (2X2 - 2x - x + 1)

= (x2 - 5) (2x - 1) (x-1)

Other zeroes are obtained by putting 2x - 1 = 0 and x - 1 = 0

i.e., X = \ anc*x = ^

1

Hence, all zeroes of the given polynomial are - ^5, V5 , 1.

’2

Sol. 24. Let a be the first term and d be the common difference

Sm = n

=> Y [2a + (m - ! ) d] = n

=> 2a + (m - l)d = — - (0

m

and Sn = m

n

Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have

, , 2n 2m

(m - 1 - n + l ) d = ----------

m n

mn mn

-2(m + n)

... (Hi)

mn

m

Now, the sum of first (m + n) terms

= —- — [2a + (m + n - l)d ]

m + n 2n . ,

= ------ --------(m - l)d + (m + n -1 ) d [using (iu)]

2 m

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

m+ n 2n , n(m + n)

— + rid = -^~—— - —2 .

+ d

2 m m

n(m + n) 2^ 2(m + n)

[using (iii)]

m mn

n(m + n) 2n - 2m - 2n _ n(m + n) -2m

= - (m + n)

2 mn 2 mn

Sol. 25. Given : A AABC, in which AD, BE and CF are three medians.

To Prove : 3(AB2 + BC2 + CA2) = ^AD 2 + BE2 + CF2)

Proof : Since in any triangle, the sum of the squares of any

two sides is equal to twice the square of the third side

together with twice the square of the median bisecting it,

we have

AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2)

1 2

AB2 + AC2 = 2 AD2 + | B C

2

Similarly, by taking BE and CF as the medians respectively, we have

=> 4(AB2 + AC2 + BC2) - (BC2 + AC2 + AB2) = 4(AD2 + BE2 + CF2)

=> 3(AB2 + BC2 + AC2) = 4(AD2 + BE2 + CF2)

Sol. 26. Given : A bangle or a circle whose centre is not known.

Required : A pair of tangent from a point P outside the circle.

Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a given circle with the help of a bangle

or compasses.

2. Take a point P outside the circle.

3. Through P, draw a secant PAB, which

intersects the circle in A and B.

4. Draw the perpendicular bisector of PB, let

it intersect PB in M.

5. With M as centre and PM or MB as radius,

draw a semicircle.

6. Through A, draw a line perpendicular to

PAB, which intersects the semicircle in D.

7. With P as centre and PD as radius, draw two arcs, intersecting the given circle in

T and T . Join PT and PT'.

Thus, PT and PT' are the required tangents.

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 27. L.H.S.

cot A - cosec A +1 cot A - cosec A +1

(cot A + cosec A) - (cosec A - cot A) (cosec A + cot A)

cot A - cosec A +1

(cosec A + cot A) - [1 - (cosec A - cot A)]

cot A - cosec A +1

(cosec A + cot A) - [1 - cosec A + cot A]

cot A - cosec A + l

cos A

= cosec A + cot A

sm, sin <

1 + cos A

= R.H.S.

sin A

Sol. 28. Let AB be the building of height h metres standing on the bank of a

river. Let C be the position of man standing on the opposite bank of

the river such that BC = x m. Let D be the new position of the man.

It is given that CD = 40 m and the angles of elevation of the top of

the building at C and D are 60° and 45° respectively.

i.e., ZACB = 60° and ZADB = 45°

In AACB, we have

AB hm

tan 60° = —

BC

h

tan 60° = -

x

i- h

n/3 = -x (0

_h_

40 m ■x m■

V3

In AADB, we have

AB AB

tan 45° =

BD BC + CD

h = x + 40 ...(H)

X + 40

V3

+ 40 h - —j= = 40

h~ S V3

n/3h - h 40V3

= 40 h =

s/3 n/3-1

Substituting h in equation (i), we have

94.64

54.64

Vs

Hence, the height of the building is 94.64 m and width of the river is 54.64 m.

(a) Wildlife is a part of our environment and conservation of each of its element is most

important for ecological balance.

(b) (i) Ban on hunting, providing them healthy environment.

(ii) Extra care and protection must be given to endangered species.

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 29. Radii of each circular tile = 25 cm

Number of circular tiles along its length = 500 ■*- 50 = 10

Number of circular tiles along its breadth = 400 -s- 50 = 8

Total number of circular tiles = 10 x 8 = 80

Area of each circular tile = 3.14 x 25 x 25

= 1962.5 cm2

Area of 80 circular tiles = 80 x 1962.5

= 157000 cm2

Area of the rectangular floor = 500 x 400 <---------5 m--------- ►

= 200000 cm2

Thus,area of the floor that remains uncovered with tiles = 200000 - 157000

= 43000 cm2 = 4.3 m2

Sol. 30. Total number of cards 52

(i) Number of jack of red suit 2

Required probability A - A

52 ~~ 26

(ii) Number of cards having 5 or 9 of club = 2

Required probability A - A

52 ~~ 26

(iii) Number of cards of diamond 13

13 _ 1

Required probability

52 “ 4

(iv) Number of cards having 2 or 3 or 5 of black suit 6

Required probability A - A

52 ~~ 26

****

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

SECTION - A

49 73

Sol. 1. —j= or —

147 73 3

Which is an irrational number.

Sol. 2. Given that x = 2 is a root of x2 + 2kx + 4 = 0

22 + 2k(2) + 4 = 0

=> 4 + 4k+ 4= 0

=> 4k = - 8

=> k= -2

Sol. 3. Given circle is drawn with centre as origin and passes

through P(4, 3).

Point Q(0, 6) lies outside the circle because its ordinate

is greater than its radius.

cos (90° - 20) = cos (0 - 6°)

90° - 20 = 0 - 6°

96° = 30

0 = 32°

Sol. 5. Given that two parallel lines say /and m, touch the circle at A and B.

.•. AB is a diameter of the circle.

Area of the circle = 36n cm2

AB 2

n — = 36rt

AB = f i

2 6

AB = 12 cm

12

f= l--P

4 12

=» P . = l _ i =I

12 4 4

P

SECTION - B

273

Sol. 7. Let us assume, to the contrary that is rational.

273 p

—— = — , q 0 and p, q e Z.

5 q

(21) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

73 = a rational number

273

But this contradicts the fact that 73 is irrational. Hence, — — is an irrational number.

x+1 y + 4

Sol. 8 = 2 (0

~2 lF

x + 3 2y + 3

= 5

2 17

Multiplying (i) by 22 and (ii) be 34, we obtain

l l x + l l - 2 y - 8 = 44

and 17x + 51 + 4y + 6 = 170

l l x - 2y = 41

and 17x + 4y = 113

or 22x - 4y = 82

and 17x + 4y = 113

Adding above two equations, we have

39x = 195 => x = 5

Also, 11(5) - 2y = 41

=> 2y = 55 - 41

14 7

=* V = y = 7

Hence, the values of x and y are x = 5 and y = 7.

2+ —

-2 - - 2at 2

V t2 t

a2 ± _ _ t2 2 +4q2 l + t 2

t

V r r r f

_ v F + (*2)2 - 2 + ^ - + 4 t 2 + 8

“ aJ t2+^ +2

a t2 + \ + 2

t2

a t+—

t

(22) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 10. Here, ABCD is a parallelogram.

Now, in AAFD and AEFB

ZAFD = ZEFB [vert. opp. Zs]

ZADF = ZEBF [alt. int. Zs]

AAFD-AEFB

[by AA similarity rule]

T, DF FA

Thus, — = —

FB EF

=> DF x EF = FB x FA

Sol. 11. Since radius and tangent at the point of

contact, are perpendicular to each other.

.•. In rt. Zed APQO, by using Pythagoras

Theorem, we have

PQ = <Jo p 2 - OQ2

= Vl32 - 5 2 =^ 1 6 9 -2 5

= Vl44 = 12 cm.

Also, length of the tangents drawn from an external point to the circle are equal.

PQ = PR = 12 cm

Sol. 12. Let /be the length of the wire drawn from metallic sphere.

Volume of wire = Volume of metallic sphere

7 t(l)2 X / :

f * '3’3

/:4 x 3x3x3 36 cm

3

Hence, the length of the wire is 36 cm.

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. We know that any positive integer ‘a’ is of the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 for some integer q.

[•• with a and b = 3, we have a = 3q + r, 0 < r < 3 and q is some integer]

Let a, a + 1 and a + 2 be any three consecutive integers.

Case I : Let a = 3q

a(a + 1) (a + 2) = 3q (3q + 1) (3q + 2)

= 3q (even integer) (3q + 2)

= 6 (some integer)

Case II : Let a = 3q + 1

a(a + 1) (a + 2) = (3q + 1) (3q + 2) (3q + 3)

= (even integer) (3q + 2) 3(q + 1)

= 6 (some integer)

Case III : Let a = 3q + 2

a(a +1) (a + 2) = (3q + 2) (3q + 3) (3q + 4)

= (3q + 2) 3(q + 1) (even integer)

= 6 (some integer)

Thus, the product of three consecutive positive integers is divisible by 6.

Now, n3 - n = n(n2 - 1) = n(n - 1) (n + 1)

= (n - 1) (n) (n + 1)

= Product of three consecutive integers

Hence, n3 - n is divisible by 6.

(23 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 14. Sum of zeroes = - 1

Product of zeroes = ^

Quadratic polynomial is given by

p(x) = x2 - Sx + P

= x 2 -(-l)x + 1

1

= X2 + X +

4

or 4X2 + 4x + 1

Sol. 15. For infinitely many solutions, we have

h, = =

a2 ^2 c2

1 = 2 _] _

a -b a+b a+b-2

1 _ 2 1 1

=> and

a-b a+b a-b a+b

=> a + b = 2a - 2b and a + b-2 = a- b

=> a = 3b and 2b = 2

i— 1

cr

=>

II

=> a = 3(1) = 3

Hence, the values of a and b are a = 3 and b = 1.

Sol. 16. Given quadratic equation is :

(p - qjx2 + 5(p + q)x - 2(p - q) = 0

Discriminant = {5(p + q )}2 + 4(p - q) 2(p - q)

= 25(p + q)2 + 8(p - q)2

> 0

Because sum of squares of two terms in always greater than zero.

Hence, the roots are real and unequal.

Sol. 17. Given that P(x, y) is equidistant from A(a - b, a + b) and B(a + b, b - a),

i.e., |AP | = |BP |

Squaring both sides, we have

^ x 2 + a2 + b2 - 2xa - 2ab + 2xb + y2 + a2 + b2 - 2ya+ 2ab- 2yb

= x2 + a2 + b2- 2xa + 2ab- 2xb + y2 + b2 + a2 - 2yb - 2ab + 2ya

=> 2xb - 2ya = 2ya - 2xb

=> 4xb = 4ya

=> bx = ay

Sol. 18. Given : A circle C(0, r) with centre O. Tangent XY is x p A Y

parallel to tangent X'Y' and AB is another tangent at *—•------------ ^

point of contact C, intersecting XY in A and X'Y' in B.

To Prove : ZAOB = 90°

Const. : Join OA, OB and OC.

Proof : In AAOP and AAOC,

OP = OC = r

OA = OA [common]

ZOPA = ZOCA = 90°

(24 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

AAOP = AAOC [by RHS cong. Rule]

=> Z l = Z2 [c.p.c.t.] ... (i)

Similarly, ABOQ = ABOC

=> Z3 = Z4 ...(ii)

Now, POQ is a diameter,

ZPOQ = 180°

=> Z l + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 = 180°

=>Z2 + Z2 + Z3 + Z3 = 180° [using (i) and (ii)]

=> 2(Z2 + Z3) = 180°

=> Z2 + Z3 = 90°

=> ZAOB = 90°

Sol. 19. Let AB be the tower of height h m, P and Q be the two points in line with the foot of the

tower AB, such that

ZAPB = a and ZAQB = p

Consider rt. Zed AQBA,

AB

= tan p

QB

QB tan p

= AB cot p - (0

Again, consider rt. Zed APBA,

AB

tan a

PB

AB

tan a

PQ + QB

=> PQ + QB = AB . ------

tan a

= AB cot a ... (ii)

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we obtain

PQ = AB cot a - AB cot p

PQ = AB (cot a - cot P)

PQ = h (cot a - cot P)

Sol. 20. Radius of base of each of the cone and the cylinder (r) = 8 cm

Height of cylindrical part (h1) = 240 cm

Height of conical part (h2) = 36 cm

Volume of the iron pillar = Volume of cylinder

+ Volume of cone

= 647t (240 + 12)

22

= 64 x — x 252 = 50688 cm3

= 380160 g = 380.16 kg.

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

(in?) Less than type

20-40 2 Less than 40 2

40-60 4 Less than 60 6

60-80 12 Less than 80 18

80 - 100 18 Less than 100 36

100 - 120 9 Less than 120 45

120 - 140 8 Less than 140 53

140 - 160 7 Less than 160 60

Total 60

To represent the given data graphically, we mark the upper limit of the class intervals on the

horizontal axis (x-axis) and their corresponding values, cumulative frequencies on the vertical

axis i.e., plot the points (40, 2), (60, 6), (80, 18), (100, 36), (120, 45), (140, 53), (160, 60),

on the graph and get the required ogive.

Here, N = 60, so — =

2

Now, we locate the

point on the ogive

whose ordinate is 30.

The x-coordinate

corresponding to this

ordinate is 92.5.

Therefore, the

required median on

the graph is 92.5.

(b) Guide him to meet

the principal for

issuance of library

books.

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

0 -6 10 3 30

6-12 P 9 9P

1 2- 1 8 4 15 60

1 8- 2 4 7 21 147

24-30 Q 27 27q

30-36 4 33 132

36-42 1 39 39

Total Z/f = p + q + 26 Z/jX,. = 9p + 27q + 408

Now, p + q + 26 = 40

p + q = 14 - (0

^ ixi

Mean

9p + 27q + 408

14.7

40

9p + 27q = 180 or p + 3q = 20 •••(»)

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we obtain

2q = 6 => q= 3

From eqn. (i), we obtain

p + 3 = 14 => p = 11

Hence, the values of p and q are p = 11 and q = 3.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Here, two zeroes of the polynomial x4- 4X3 - 2x2 + 12x - 3 are 2 + 73 and 2 - 73 -

/. (x - 2 - 73)( x - 2 + 73)

i.e„ (x -2)2- ( 7 3 )2

i.e., x2- 4x + 1 is the factor of the given polynomial.

Now, by long division method, we have

x4 - 4x3 + x2

(-) (+) (-)

- 3x2 + 12x - 3

- 3x2 + 12x - 3

(+) (-) (+)

x

Thus, x2 - 3 is the other factor of the given polynomial.

=> x4 - 4X3 - 2X2 + 12x - 3 = (x2 - 4x + 1) (x2 - 3)

= (x2-4x + 1) (x2 - (73 )2)

Hence, x = 73 and x = - 73 are the other zeroes of the given polynomial.

Sol. 24. Let A and D be the first term and common difference of given AF

A + (p - 1)D = a - (0

A + (q - 1)D = b - (n)

A + (r - 1)D= c ... (iii)

Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have

(p - q)D = a - b

(27 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subtracting (iii) from (ii), we have

(q - r)D = b - c

Subtracting (i) from (iii), we have

(r - p)D = c - a

Now, a(q - r) + b(r - p) + c(p - q)

b -c , c-a a-b

a —— + b —— + c

D D D

ab - a c b e-b a ca - cb

----------------- 1

-------------------- 1

-----------------

D D D

a b - a c + be - ba + ca - cb

0.

D D

— ab (taking BC as base) - (0

Area of AABC = — x AB x CD

cp (taking AB as base)

-ab cp => ab = cp

2

ab

or c =

c2 = a2 + b2 [by Pythagoras Theorem]

Putting the value of c, we have

ab 2 9 . 9

— = a2 + b2 [from (iii)]

„ .2

a2b

a2 + b2

1 a b

^ ~2

p 2,2

a b + a 2,2

b

= A

^ „2 _ a 2 + b, 2

p

Sol. 26. Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a line segment BC = 5 cm.

2. At B, construct an angle ZCBY = 60° and cut off BA = 3 cm.

3. With C and A as centres draw two arcs of radius 3 cm and 5 cm respectively and let they

intersect at D.

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

4. Join CD, AD and BD to get the given

parallelogram.

5. At B, construct an acute angle ZCBX

(< 90°) and mark four points on BX

such that BB1 = B1B2 = B2B3 = B3B4.

6. Join B3C.

7. Through B4, draw B4C' || B3C, inter

secting BC produced in C'.

8. Through C', draw C'D' || CD, inter

secting BD produced in O'.

9. Through D7, draw D7Y ||DA, intersecting

BY in A'. Now, in quad. A'BC'D',

BC' ||AD || AT)'

=> BC' ||AT)'

and BA' ||CD ||C'D'

=> BA' ||C'D'

Hence, A'BC'D' is also a parallelogram.

Sol. 27. L.H.S. = 2(sin6a + cos6a) - 3(sin4a + cos4a) + 4(sin2a + cos2a)

= 2[(sin2a)3 + (cos2a)3] - 3[(sin2a)2 + (cos2a)2] + 4(1)

= 2[(sin2a + cos2a) (sin4a + cos4a - sin2a cos2a)] - 3[(sin2a)2 + (cos2a)2

+ 2sin2a cos2a - 2sin2a cos2a] + 4

= 2[(sin2a)2 + (cos2a)2 + 2sin2a cos2a - 3sin2a cos2a] - 3[(sin2a + cos2a)2

- 2sinza cos2a] + 4

= 2[(sin2a + cos2a)2 - 3sin2a cos2a] - 3[1 - 2sin2a cos2a] + 4

= 2(1 - 3sin2a cos2a) - 3 + 6sin2a cos2a + 4

= 2 - 6sin2a cos2a - 3 + 6sin2a cos2a + 4

= 6 -3 = 3

= R.H.S.

Sol. 28. Let us assume that,

AB = h m be the height of the tree

AC is the part of the broken tree.

As ZCDB = 30° and DB = 8 m [given]

Consider rt. angled ACBD, we have

tan 30° =

DB

CB

[cross-multiply]

73 8

- (0

CB_ %

Also, in rt. angled ACBD, we have

DB

cos 30°

“ CD

73 _ _ 8_

= ~p=r [cross-multiply]

2 “ CD

16

CD

73

(29 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

But height of the tree,

AB(h) = AC + CB

= CD + CB [v A C = CD]

16 8

[from (i) and (ii)]

" V3 + V3

16 + 8 24 73

[rationalise]

" 73 “ 73*73

= 24' /5 = 8V3

3

Height of the tree = 873 m

Sol. 29. Let r be the radius of the circle in the centre.

It area = nr2

5 22 2

121 = T x — r2

4 7

121x14 11x14

r2 =

55

154

cm

154 44 154

(i) Circumference of central part = 2nr = 2n cm

3 154

Perimeters APQB = 22 + 22 ^2 - 2r + - (27tr) = 22(1+ 7 2 ) - 1 cm

Since one pen is drawn at random,

Total number of possible outcomes = 144

Also, since there are 20 defective ball pens,

Number of good ball pens = 144 - 20 = 124

i.e., Number of favourable outcomes 124

Number of favourable outcomes

Now, P (Nuri will buy the pen)

Total number of possible outcomes

124 31

" 144 36

Number of defective ball pens = 20

Number of favourable outcomes = 20

Number of favourable outcomes

Now, P(Nuri will not buy the pen)

Total number of possible outcomes

20 _ 5

144 “ 36

***

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

SECTION - A

Sol. 1. Given polynomial is : p(x) = x3 - ax2 + 6 - a

Remainder = p(a)

= a3 - a(a)2 + 6 - a

= a3 - a 3 + 6 - a

= 6- a

Sol. 2. Two-digit numbers divisible by 7 are :

14, 21, 28, ..., 98.

Here, a = 14, d = 7 and an = 98

a + (n - l)d = 98

=> 14 + (n - 1) 7 = 98

=> (n - 1) 7 = 98 - 14 = 84

n - ii = T84 12

=> n = 12 + 1 = 13

Hence, number of two-digit numbers divisible by 7 are 13.

Sol. 3. We know that radius and tangent at the point of contact are perpendicular to each other.

ZP + ZROQ = 180°

60° + ZROQ = 180°

ZROQ = 180° - 60°

ZROQ = 120°

Sol. 4. Distance between two parallel tangents drawn to a circle is the diameter of the circle because

radius and tangent are perpendicular to each other at the point of contact.

Diameter = 16 cm

3 tan x = 4

. 4

tan x=-

AC _ 4

BC “ 3

=> AC = 4k, BC = 3k

Using Pythagoras Theorem, we obtain AB = 5k

AC + BC

Now, sin x + cos x :

AB + AB

4fc 3 fc_7

5k + 5k “ 5

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

360°

Sol. 6. Angle subtended at the centre = = 60°

60° 22

Area of each piece ----- x — x 60 x 60

360° 7

= 1885.7 cm2

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Here, 1 is a root of ay2 + ay + 3 = 0 and y2 + y + b = 0

a (l)2 + a(l) + 3 = 0 and (l)2 + 1 + b 0

2a = - 3 and 2 + b 0

3

a= - and b= - 2

Now, ab =

-2 X (- 2)

1 + 3 + 5 + . , to n terms

Sol. 8. = 9

2 + 5 + 8 +... to 8 terms

^ [2 x 1 + (n -1)2]

A ______________ = 9

| [2 x 2 + (8 -1)3]

n[l + n -1 ]

= 9

4(25)

n2 = 900

n = 30

Sol. 9. Given that (3, 6), (7, p) and ( - 5, 2) are collinear

.-. - | 3 (p -2 ) + 7 (2 -6 ) + ( - 5 ) ( 6 - p ) | = 0

|3p - 6 - 28 - 30 + 5p | = 0

8p - 64 = 0

8 p = 64

P= 8

A = — =>

O co sA = Y j

289 225 _ 15

Also, tan A = \jsec2A -1 = -1 =

64 64 ” 8

l A _ [225 _ 15

And sin A = V1-cos2 A =

289 “ V289 “ 17

3 - 4 sin2 A

L.H.S. =

4 cos2 A - 3

o a 225

3 4x

289 867-900 _ 33

. 64 0 256-867 “ 611

4 x —— - 3

289

3 - tan2 A

R.H.S. =

1 -3 tan2 A

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

, 225

13 64 192 - 225 33

“ l_ 3x — ~~ 64 - 675 “ 611

64

L.H.S. = R.H.S.

Hence, verified.

Sol. 11. Let AB be the rod, BC be its shadow and 0 be the angle of elevation.

AB

Now, tan 0

BC

V3k V3

0 = 30°

Sol. 12. Speed of the car = 66 km/h

Radius of each wheel = 40 cm 43 k

Distance covered in one revolution = 2nr

22

2 x y x 4 0 cm

66x 1 0 0 0 x 1 0 0

Speed of the car = cm/m

60

6 6 x 1 000x100

Distance travelled in 10 minutes = xlO cm = 1100000 cm

60

1100000 x 7

Number of complete revolutions = 4375

2 x 22 x 40

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. We know that any odd positive integer is of the form 4q + 1 or 4q + 3 for some integer q.

Thus, we have the following two cases :

Case-I : When n = 4q + 1

In this case, we have

n2 —i = (4q + l )2 - 1

= 16q2 + 1 + 8q - 1 = 16q2 + 8q = 8q(2q + 1 )

Which is divisible by 8.

=> n2 - 1 is divisible by 8.

Case-II : When n = 4q + 3

In this case, we have

n 2 _ 1 = (4q + 3)2 - 1

= 16q2 + 9 + 24q - 1

= 16q2 + 24q + 8

= 8(8q2 + 3q + 1)

Which is divisible by 8.

=> n2 - 1 is divisible by 8.

Hence, n2 - 1 is divisible by 8, where n is an odd integer.

Sol. 14. Given that 3 is a root of the quadratic equation

3X2 - px - 6 = 0

3(3)2 -p (3 ) - 6 = 0

27 - 3p - 6 = 0 => 3p = 21 => p = 7

7 (x2 - x) + q = 0 has equal roots

7X2 - 7x + q = 0 has equal roots.

(-7 )2 - 4(7) (q) = 0 [ v b2 - 4ac = 0]

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

49 - 28q = 0

49

9 28 4

O

Sol. 15. Let us assume to the contrary that J 2 + _ _ be a rational number.

72

72 + - 7= = qjtO and p, q e Z

v2 q

2+ 3 P

72 9

_5_ P

72 9

72 = ^ rational number

P

Which contradicts the fact that ^/2 is irrational.

72

Sol. 16. Let a and d be the first term and common difference of given A.R

7

49 [2a + (7 - l)d] = 49

a + 3d = 7 - (0

a + 8d = 17

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we obtain

5d = 10 => d = 2

From eqn. (i)a + 6 = 7 => a = 1

= | [2 + 2n - 2] = | [2n] = n2

Sol. 17. Join OA, OB, O'C and O'D.

Here, M is the mid-point of 0 0 '

OM = O'M

In AOMA and AO'MD

OM = O'M

ZOMA = ZO'MD

OA = O'D = r [n

AOMAs AO'MD

Thus, AM = DM

Again, in AOMB and AO'MC

OM = O'M

ZOMB = ZOTVIC [verti. opp. Zs]

OB = O'C = r [radii of equal circles]

AOMB = AO'MC

Thus, BM = CM ... (ii) [c.p.c.t.]

Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have

AM - BM = DM - CM

A B = CD

(34 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 18. Here, AB is a diameter of the circle and AT is a tangent.

ZBAT = 90°

Join AQ

In AOAQ, OA = OQ = r

ZOAQ = ZOQA [Zs opp. to equal sides of a triangle]

Also, ZOAQ + ZOQA + ZAOQ = 180°

=> ZOAQ + ZOAQ + 64° = 180°

=> 2ZOAQ = 180° - 64° = 116°

=> ZOAQ = 58°

Again, ZOAQ + ZQAT = 90°

58° + ZQAT = 90° => ZQAT = 90° - 58° = 32°

In rt. Zed AAQT, ZAQT = ZAQB= 90° [Zs in a semicircle]

ZQAT + ZATQ = 90°

=> 32° + x° = 90°

x° = 90° - 32°

x° = 58°

Sol 20. Let AB be the building of height 7 m and CD be the cable tower of height h m such that:

ZCAE = 60°. ZEAD = ZADB = 45°

Hence, the height of the cable tower is 7(1 + -J3 ) m.

Sol. 19. Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a circle with O as centre and radius equal

to 5.5 cm.

2. Take any point A on the circumference of this

circle.

3. Join OA and at A construct an angle of 90°.

4. At O, construct an angle of 60° and let it meet

the 90° line through A at R

[As Z A = 90°, ZAOP = 60°, v ZP = 30°

(given)]

Hence, PA is the required tangent line.

Sol. 21. Radius of cylindrical and conical part (r) = 15 m

Height of cylindrical part = 5.5 m

Height of conical part = 8.25 - 5.5

= 2.75 m

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

= ^225 + 7.5625

= n/232.5625

= 15.25 m

Total curved surface area of the tent

= 2nrh + nrl

= nr (2h + /)

22

= y x l5 (11 + 15.25)

22

= — x 15 x 26.25

7

= 1237.5 m2

Breadth of the canvas = 1.5 m

1237.5

Length of the canvas = 825 m

1.5

Value : Yes, very much because it provides the feeling of self-confidence, sharing, caring and

other social values.

Sol. 22. When two dice marked with numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 are thrown, then

possible outcomes of the sum of the numbers are :

2 —» ( 1 , 1 ), ( 1 , 1 ), only 2 outcomes.

3 - » (1, 2), (2, 1), (2, 1), (1, 2), only 4 outcomes.

4 -> (1, 3), (1, 3), (2, 2), (2, 2),(3, 1), (3, 1), only 6 outcomes.

5 -> (2, 3), (2, 3), (3, 2), (3, 2),(4, 1), (4, 1), only 6 outcomes.

6 - » (3, 3), (3, 3), (4, 2), (4, 2),(5, 1), (5, 1), only 6 outcomes.

7 - » (4, 3), (4, 3), (5, 2), (5, 2),(6, 1), (6, 1), only 6 outcomes.

8 - » (5, 3), (5, 3), (6, 2), (6, 2), only 4 outcomes.

9 —» (6, 3), (6, 3), only 2 outcomes.

.•. Required probabilities are :

2^ _ 6_ _1

P(2) =

36 4 - p (3 ,= ■ H - P(4) 36 6’

6^ _ 6_ 1

P(5) =

36 4 P(6>=J r i P(7>=36" 6’

4_ 1 2 1

P( 8) = = ^ and P(9) = = -±-.

36 9 36 18

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Given that x2 + 2x + k is a factor of the polynomial 2x4 + x3 - 14X2 + 5x + 6

.•. By using division method, we have

y2x4 +4x3+2kx2

(-) (-) (-)

- 3x3 - 6x2 - 3fcx

(+) (+) (+)

- (2k + 8)x2 + (3k + 5)x + 6

- (2k + 8)x2 - (4k + 16)x + k(-2k - 8)

(+) (+) (-)__________

(7fc+ 21)x + 2fc2 + 8fc+ 6

(36 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Now, (7k + 21)x + 2k2 + 8k + 6 = 0

=> 7k + 21 = 0 or 21c2 + 81c + 6 = 0

-2 1

=> k= or k2 + 41c + 3 = 0

7

=> k = -3 or (*c + 3) (*c + 1) = 0

=> k = -3 or k= —

k = - 1 does not satisfy the remainder.

k= - 3

Given polynomials are : x2 + 2x - 3 and 2X4 + x3 - 14X2 + 5x + 6.

x2 + 2 x - 3 = (x + 3) (x - 1 )

=> x= - 3 and x= 1

Also, 2xz - 3 x - 2 = 2xz - 4 x + x - 2

= (2x + 1 ) (x - 2 )

=> x= ~ \ an<^ x = ^

Hence, all the zeroes of the two polynomials are : ( - 3, 1) and —3, —3, —^ 12 .

x + y= 7 ... (i) and 5x + 2y = 10 ... (ii)

Table of solutions of

eqn. (i) is :

X 0 7

y 7 0

Table of solutions of

eqn. (ii) is :

X 0 2

y 5 0

(7, 0) and (0, 5),

(2 , 0) and join them

to obtain two straight

lines intersecting each

other at P

4 25

3’ 3 '

Given lines intersect

x-axis at (2 , 0) and

(7, 0).

□

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 25. Plot the points P(4, 5),

Q(7, 6), R(4, 3) and Y

S(l, 2) on the cartesian i

plane. Join them to get

(7.6

a quadrilateral.

Here, opposite sides of

^ Pr

the quadrilateral are a

equal, therefore, it is

called a parallelogram.

sc

(1.2 )

X

O 3

= \J62 + 82

= ^36 +64

= JlOO

= 10 cm

Clearly, OPQA is a square

AP = OP = OQ = QA = r (say)

CP = CR = AC - AP = (8 - r) cm

BQ = BR = AB - QA = (6 - r) cm

Now, CR + BR = BC

8 - r + 6 - r = 10

=> 14 - 10 = 2r

=> r= 2

Hence, radius of the circle is 2 cm.

Sol. 27. L.H.S. = tan2A - tan2B

sin2A sin2B

cos2A cos2B

sin2A cos2B - cos2A sin2B

- (0

cos2A cos2B

sin2A (1 - sin2 B) - (1 - sin2A) sin2B

cos2A cos2B

sin2A - sin2 A sin2B - sin2B + sin2A sin2B

cos2A cos2B

sin2A - sin2 B

R.H.S.

cos2A cos2B

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Again, from (i), we obtain

(1 - cos2A) cos2 B - cos2 A (1 - cos2 B)

tan2A - tan2B =

cos2A cos2B

cos2A cos2B

cos2B - cos2 A

R.H.S.

cos2A cos2B

5 -1 5 6 10 60

1 5 -2 5 11 20 220

2 5 -3 5 21 30 630

3 5 -4 5 23 40 920

4 5 -5 5 14 50 700

5 5 -6 5 5 60 300

Total 80 2830

Here, n = 80

2830

Mean = 35.375

80

Modal class is 35 - 45

Mode = / + fl f°— xh

2/ !-/ o - / 2

23-21

= 35 + xlO

2 x 2 3 -2 1 -1 4

= 35 + 20 = 35 + x 818

11

= 36.818

Hence, required mode is 36.8 years and mean is 35.38 years.

Sol. 29. (i) Area of canvas provided = 551 m2

Area remained after wastage = 551 - 1 = 550 m2

Area of conical tent = nrl

Here, r= 7m

. 550x7

So, '= 22 = 25 m

-c

c^L

CM

So,

II

X.

1

= 1y625-49 = ^/576 = 24 m

1 o

m Volume of tent = —nr h

1 22

= - x — x 7 x 7 x 24

3 7

= 1232 m3

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Space occupied by each student= 1232 -h 4 = 308 m3

(iii) Mensuration, area and volume of a cone.

(iv) It promotes cooperation, culture, creativity, sharing, self-confidence and other social values.

Sol. 30. Weight (in kg) No. of Students (/)) Cumulative Frequency (c./.)

3 6 -3 8 0 0

3 8 -4 0 3 3

4 0 -4 2 2 5

4 2 -4 4 4 9

4 4 -4 6 5 14

4 6 -4 8 14 28

4 8 -5 0 4 32

5 0 -5 2 3 35

Total 35

To represent data graphically, we mark the upper limits of the class interval on x-axis and their

corresponding cumulative frequency on y-axis.

Now, let us plot the points (38, 0), (40, 3), (42, 5), (44, 9), (46, 14), (48, 28), (50, 32) and

(52, 35) on a graph paper and join them by a free hand smooth curve.

Clearly, — = — = 17.5. On the y-axis take a point representing 17.5 and draw a horizontal

line intersecting the ogive at another point. Through this point, draw a vertical line perpendicular

to x-axis. The abscissa of the point on x-axis i.e., 46.5 is the median.

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

H e re ,

N=35’ f = T = 17'5,

/= 46,

c.f. = 14,

/ = 14,

h= 2

77 -c./.

Median = / + x h

/

17.5-14

= 46 + x2

14

= 46 + ^ x 2

14

= 46 + —

14

= 46 + 0.5

= 46.5 kg

*** *

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Here,

N=35’ f = T = 17'5,

/= 46,

c.f. = 14,

/ = 14,

h= 2

77 -c./.

Median = / + x h

/

17.5-14

= 46 + x2

14

= 46 + ^ x 2

14

= 46 + —

14

= 46 + 0.5

= 46.5 kg

*** *

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

S E C T IO N -A

Sol. 1. For zeroes of the given polynomial,

put 4X2 - 9 = 0

=» xZ= \

3 3 9

Hence, — and - — are the two zeroes of 4xr - 9.

Sol. 2. Given A.R is :

x - 8, x - 2, x + 4, ...

Here, a = x - 8 and d = x - 2 - ( x - 8) = 6

= 5{2x - 16 + 54}

= 5{2x + 38}

= lOx + 190

Sol. 3. Here, radius of the circle (TO) = 16 cm

Length of the tangent (PT) = 30 cm

OP = yj(PT)2 + (TO)2

V(30)2 + (16)2

Sol. 4. A■li

1 3 3

Now, sin 0 (sin 0 - cosec 0) 1 4 -2

2 2 - - 2 2 4

Sol. 6. Area of the shaded region = Area of quadrant - Area of triangle

1 22 _ _ 1 „ _

—x — x 7 x 7 — x 2 x 7

4 7 2

38.5 - 7

31.5 cm2

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. 3V2x2 - 5 x - V 2 = 0

3V2x 2 - 6 x + x - V 2 = 0

3 V 2x(x-V 2) + l(x -V 2 ) = 0

(x-V2)(3V2x + l) = 0

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

.•. Either or 3 V2 x + 1 = 0

II

i

o

=> X = 42 or

X 2,42

42

X 6

Sol. 8. All odd integers between 2 and 100 divisible by 3 are :

3, 9, 15, 21, 99

Here, a = 3, d = 6 and an = 99

a + (n - 1 ) d = an

=> 3 + (n - 1) 6 = 99

=> 1 + 2n —2 = 33

=> 2n = 34

n = 17

Now, S17 = y (2 X 3 + (1 7 -1 ) 6)

= Y (6 + 96) = 17 x 51 = 867

Sol. 9. Let the coordinates of the fourth vertex E be E(x, y). We know that diagonals of a parallelogram

bisect each other.

Hence, the coordinates of the fourth vertex in terms of Xj, x2, x3, y2 and y 3 are

(*i + *3 - * 2- yj + y3 - y2).

Sol. 10. tan 1°. tan 2°. tan 3°... tan 89°

= (tan 1° . tan 89°) (tan 2°. tan 88°) ... tan 45°

= (tan 1° . tan (90° - 1°)) (tan 2°. tan (90° - 2°)) ... (1)

= (tan 1 ° . cot 1 °) (tan 2° . cot 2°) ... ( 1 )

= ( 1 ) ( 1 ) ... ( 1 )

= 1

Sol. 11. Let AB and CD be the two towers of height x and y, such that

BM = DM and ZAMB = 30°, ZCMD = 60°

In rt. Zed AAMB,

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 12. Given : The two concentric circles with centre O. AB is

the chord of larger circle which touches the smaller circle

at C.

To Prove : AC = CB

Construction : Join OA, OC and OB.

Proof : AB is a tangent to inner circle at point C. OC is

the radius drawn at the point of contact.

OC JL AB

=> Z l = Z2 = 90°

In rt. AAOC and ABOC

Hypotenuse OA = Hypotenuse OB [radii of larger circle]

OC = OC [common]

AAOC = ABOC [by RHS congruency axiom]

AC = CB [c.p.c.t.]

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. 231 = 3 x 7 x 11

and 396 = 32 x 22 x 11

HCF of 231 and 396 = 3 x 11 = 33

Here, HCF of 231 and 396 is 33.

Hence, 231 and 396 are not co-primes, because HCF of co-primes is 1.

Sol. 14. 4" = (22)n = 22n

Thus, prime factorisation of 4n for any natural number n consists of only factors of 2. For a

number to end with digit 0, the prime factorisation should consists of factors 2 and 5.

Hence, 4n cannot end with digit 0.

Sol. 15. Let the number of books bought be x.

Cost of x books = ? 80

x

80

Now, when number of books bought is x + 4, then cost of each book

x+4

According to statement

80 80

x x+4

' 1_ 1 ^

80 = 1

X x+4

x + 4 -x ^

80 = 1

x(x + 4 ),

320 x2 + 4x

x2 + 4x - 320 0

x2 + 20x —16x - 320 0

x(x + 20) - 16(x + 20) 0

(x + 20) (x - 16) 0

Either x -20 or x 16

X 16 [ v x cannot be negative]

Hence, the number of books bought by the shopkeeper is 16.

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 16. Here, a3 + a8 = 7

a + 2d + a + 7 d = 7

2a + 9d = 7 - (0

And C>7 + = —3

=> a + 6d + a + 13d = - 3

=> 2a + 19d = - 3

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we have

lOd = - 10

=> d= - 1

From eqn. (i), we have

2a + 9( -1) = 7

2a = 7 + 9

an = a + (n - 1 ) d

a10 = 8 + (10 - 1 ) ( - 1 )

= 8 -9

= - 1

Sol. 17. Since ATPQ is isosceles and TO is the angle bisector of ZPTQ.

Therefore, OT J. PQ and OT bisects PQ.

PR = QR = 4 cm.

In right triangle ORR we have

OP2 = OR2 + PR2 t

=> OR = 3 cm.

In triangles TRP and PRO, we have

ZTPR + ZPTR = 90° and ZTPR + ZRPO = 90°

=> ZTPR + ZPTR = ZTPR + ZRPO

=> ZPTR = ZRPO

Also, ZTRP = ZORP = 90°

P R = PR [common]

ATRP ~ APRO

TP RP TP 4 ™ 20

^ PO ~~ RO ^ 5 _ 3^ ^ _ 3 Cm

Sol. 18. PA and PD are two tangents from an external point P to the circle.

PA = PD ... (i)

[ v tangents drawn from the external point to the circle are equal]

Similarly, QA = QB ... (ii)

RC = RB ... (Hi)

and SC = SD ... (iv)

Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we have

PA + QA + RC + SC = PD + QB + RB + SD

(PA + QA) + (RC + SC) = (PD + SD) + (QB + RB)

PQ + RS = PS + QR

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 19. Given : A circle of radius 3.5 cm and a point P 7 cm away from its centre.

Required : A pair of tangents.

Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a circle C(0, r) with centre 0 and radius

3.5 cm.

2. Take a point P such that OP = 7 cm.

3. Draw AB, the perpendicular bisector of OP

and let it intersect OP in M.

4. With M as centre and PM or OM as radius,

draw another circle intersecting the given circle

in T and T'.

5. Join PT and PT'.

Thus, PT and PT' are the required tangents from point P to the circle C(0, r).

Sol. 20. Let A and B be the positions of two windows of a house, such that AC = 2 m, BC = 6 m. Let

G be the position of a balloon of height h m above the ground. ZGBF = 30°, ZGAE = 60°,

GE = h - 2 and GF = h - 6.

Consider rt. Zed ABFG, we obtain

GF

tan 30°

BF

h -6 BF x —j=

n/3

^ 73 (h - 6) = BF (0

Consider rt. Zed AGAE, we obtain

GE

tan 60°

AE

h- 2 AE x 73 hm

h-2

AE

V3

Also, B F= AE

Now, from (i), and (Hi), we have

73 ( h - 6) h~ 2

V3

=> 3h - 18 = h - 2

=> 3h - h = 18 - 2

=> 2 h = 16

=> h= 8

Hence, the height of the balloon above the ground is 8 m.

1.5 1.5

Sol. 21. Volume of each circular disc = n x x x 0.2 cm3

4.5 4.5

Volume of right circular cylinder = n x x x 10 cm3

Let the number of metallic circular discs be n

.•. n x Volume of each circular disc = Volume of cylinder

=> n x jt x ^ x^ x 0.2 = n x x x 10

4.5 4.5 2 2 1

=> n = —— x ———x 10 x ——x ——x ——

2 2 1.5 1.5 0.2

= 450

.•. Required number of metallic circular discs are 450.

a

EVERGREEN

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 22. Let number of red balls in the jar be x and number of blue balls be y.

Number of orange balls = 10

Total number of balls = x + y + 10

x 1

x + y + 10 “ 4

x + y + 10 4x => 3x - y = 10 (0

_1

Probability of selecting a blue ball =

3

_1

=> ----- L =

x + y + 10 3

=> 3 y = x + y + 10 => x + 2y = 10

On solving (i) and (ii), we obtain

x = 6 and y = 8

Hence, the total number of balls in the jar are 6 + 8 + 1 0 i.e., 24.

SECTION - D

► | [2 y 2 + 4 V 5 y-V 5 y-1 0 ] =

S

and y and y = -2 7 5

2

75

Thus, the zeroes of the given polynomial are and - 2 75 .

|V5 -(coefficient of y)

p

coefficient of y

Product of zeroes ^ x (- 2 V 5 )= ^

constant term

coefficient of y

Hence, the relationship between the zeroes and coefficient of the polynomial is verified.

Sol. 24. Let the speed of boat in still water be x km/h and speed of the stream be y km/h.

Effective speed in upward journey = (x - y) km/h

Effective speed in downward journey = (x + y) km/h

According to the statement of the question, we obtain

30 44

+ = 10

x -y x+y

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

40 55

and = 13

x -y x+y

x -y x+y

30a + 44b = 10

40a + 55b = 13

By using cross-multiplication, we have

a

44 44

55 55

a______ b _ -1

572-550 “ 400-390 “ 1650 -1760

a b 1

22 “ 10 _ T l 0

=> a = ^ and b =

5 11

Again, putting the values of a and b, we obtain

x -y =5 and x + y = 11

Adding the two equations, we have

2x = 16 => x= 8

And x + y = 11

y = 11 —8 = 3

Hence, the speed of the boat in still water is 8 km/h.

Sol. 25. Consider A as origin (0, 0), AB as x-axis and AD as y-axis.

Onkar runs in the 3rd lane with Tagore House flag and distance covered parallel to

AD = \ x 120 = 30 m

4

Coordinates of Tagore House flag are (3, 30) and label it as P i.e., P(3, 30).

Similarly, Pavit runs in the 9th lane with Ashoka House flag and distance covered parallel to

AD = -^-x 120 = 12 m

10

Coordinates of Ashoka House flag are (9, 12) and label it as Q i.e., Q(9, 12).

Also, Pahul has to post a flag of Shivaji House exactly mid-way of PQ, therefore, by using

mid-point formula, we have

3 + 9 30 + 12

i.e., (6, 21 )

2 ’ 2

= ^36 + 324

= n/360

= 6 VTo m

Sports activities are important in students life because :

(i) It helps to relax mind and body.

(ii) It gives break from routine work.

(iii) It increases concentration in work.

a

EVERGREEN

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 26. ABCD is a rhombus, diagonals AC and BD intersects each other in O.

Diagonals of a rhombus bisects each other at right angle.

In rt. Zed AAOB, by using Pythagoras Theorem, we have

OA2 + OB2 = AB2 ... (i)

Similarly, OB2 + OC2 = BC2 ... (H) A

OC2 + OD2 = CD2 ... (iii)

OD2 + OA2 = DA2 ... (tv)

Adding (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), we have

2(OA2 + OB2 + OC2 + OD2) = AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2 B

AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2

+■ +■ AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2

ACZ BD^

= AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2

2 2

AC2 + BD2 = AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2

Sol. 27. tan A = n tan B

tan B = — tan A

n

cot B = -— t-

tan A

sin A = m sin B

sin B = — sin A

m

m

=> cosec B :

sin A

Now, cosec2 B - col2 B : 1

m

sin2A tan2A

mi2 n2 cos2 A

= 1

sin2A sin2 A

m2 ■n2 cos2 A

= 1

sin2 A

m2 - n2 cos2A = sin2A

m2 - n2 cos2A = 1 - cos2A

m2 - 1 = (n2 - 1) cos2A

m2 - 1

cos2A

n2 - 1

Sol. 28. Let the radius of the hemisphere and radius of the cylinder be r m.

Let the height of the building be h m.

Since the base diameter of the dome is equal to its total height above the floor

2r = h

h

* r= 2

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Let H m be the height of cylindrical portion

, h h

H h -r = h- — = —m

2 2

Volume of the air inside the building

= Volume of the air inside the dome + Volume of the air inside the cylinder

2 h 3 h 2 h _ 5 h 3

~ 3n 2 +1Z 2 2 ~ 3n 2

19

Also, volume of the air inside the building = 41— m3

5 22 t f 880

—x — x —

3 7 8 21

880 3x7x8

h3

21 5 x2 2

=> h3 = 64

=> h = 4m

Hence, the height of the building is 4 m.

x .-2 5

Sol. 29. Classes Mid-Value (xf) f, c.f.

u ,~ 10

0 -10 5 8 8 -2 -1 6

10 -2 0 15 26 34 -1 -2 6

2 0 -3 0 A = 25 36 70 0 0

3 0 -4 0 35 34 104 1 34

4 0 -5 0 45 16 120 2 32

E/; = 120 Zfrt = 24

Mean : We have A = 25, X/; = 120, l f tut = 24 and h = 10

Now, X = A + 3 “ Lxh

V,

24

= 25 + — x 10 = 25 + 2 = 27

N r

o - c-f-

J ■ 6 0 -3 4 26

Median = / + — xh = 20 + 36 ><1 0 = 2 0 + ^ x 10

260

= 20 + — = 20 + 7.22 = 27.22

36

Mode : We have

Modal class = 2 2 -3 0 [ v Max. frequency 36 belongs to 20 - 30]

/= 20, h = 10,/! = 36,/0 = 26 and/2 = 34

2/!-/0 -/ 2 2 x 3 6 -2 6 -3 4

10

= 20 + x 10

72-60

= 20+ ^ x lO

= 20 + 8.33 = 28.33

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Less than type

400 - 450 20 Less than 450 20

450 - 500 35 Less than 500 55

500 - 550 40 Less than 550 95

550 - 600 32 Less than 600 127

600 - 650 24 Less than 650 151

650 - 700 27 Less than 700 178

700 - 750 18 Less than 750 196

750 - 800 34 Less than 800 230

To represent the given data graphically, we mark the upper limit of the class intervals on the

horizontal axis (x-axis) and their corresponding cumulative frequencies on the vertical axis. Plot

the points (450, 20), (500, 55), (550, 95), (600, 127), (650, 151), (700, 178), (750, 196),

(800, 230). On the graph and get the required ogive. Here, N = 230 and ^ = 115.

Now, locate the point

on the ogive whose

ordinate is 115. The

x-coordinate corres

ponding to this ordinate

115 is 581.25. Hence,

the required median is

581.25.

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

S E C T IO N -A

Sol. 1. Given polynomial p(x) intersects the x-axis at four points. Hence, the polynomial p(x) has four

zeroes.

Sol. 2. Here, (- 3, p) lies on the line 7x + 5y = 14

7(- 3) + 5(p) = 14

- 21 + 5p = 14

5 p = 35

P= 7

Sol. 3. Here, DB _L BC and AC i. BC

=> DB ||AC

Now, in ADBE and ABAC

ZBED = ZACB [each = 90°]

ZDBE = ZBAC [alt. int. Zs]

By using AA similarity rule, we have

ADBE-ABAC

BE AC

^ DE “ BC

Sol. 4. Since opposite sides of quadrilateral circumscribe a circle subtend supplementary angles at the

centre.

ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°

105° + ZCOD = 180°

ZCOD = 180° - 105° = 75°

Sol. 5. sin A + cosec A = 2

Squaring both sides, we have

sin2A + cosec2A + 2 sin A cosec A = 4

sin2A + cosec^A + 2 = 4

sin2A + cosec2A = 2

Sol. 6. Probability of an impossible event = 0

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Given positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq + r;

0 < r < b. This statement is nothing but a restatement of the long division process in which q

is called the quotient and r is called the remainder.

Sol. 8. Given equations are :

X y , ,

—+ — = a + b

a b

and \ = 2 ; a, b * 0

cr bz

or bx + ay = azb + at?- ... (0

b2x + a2y = 2azb2 ... (H)

Multiplying eqn. (i) by a, we obtain

abx + a2y = a3b + a2b2 ... (in)

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subtracting (ii) from (Hi), we have

(ab - b?)x = a3b + a2b2 - 2a2b2

b(a - b)x = cPb - a2b2

a2b(a - b) 9

x = ----------- = or

b(a-b)

From eqn. (ii), we have

b2a2 + a2y = 2a2b2

a2y = a2b2

y = b2

Hence, x = a2 and y = b2 is the required solution of given equations.

Sol. 9. Let a and d be the first term and common difference of given A.R respectively.

Also, 6a6 = 11an

=> 6(a + 5d) = ll(a + 10d)

6a + 30d= 11a + llQd

5a + 80d = 0

or a + 16d = 0 ...(i)

Now, a17 = a + (17 - l)d

= a + 16d

= 0 [using (i)]

Sol. 10. In APOQ, AB ||PQ [given]

.•. By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have

OA _ OB

...(0

AP “ BQ

Again, in APQR, AC ||PR [given]

.•. By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have

OA _ OC

...in)

AP “ CR

BQ CR

Thus, by converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have BC ||QR.

Sol. 11. L.H.S. = (sin2 45° - tan2 45°)2 + 3(sin2 90° + tan2 30°)

. .9 \2 f 2^

-o f + 3 (1)2 +

42 \44> j

2

1^ = f ^ o 4 1 . 1 + 16 17

+3

1+Q

+ 3 x — = - + 4 = — -— = = R.H.S.

y 4 4

Sol. 12. Let RQ be the height of the kite, such that:

PQ = 90 m and ZRPQ = 60°.

In rt. Zed APQR,

a.rY>

—— = sin oU

PQ

RQ S

90 ~ 2

RQ = 45 73 m.

Q

Hence, the height of the kite is 45 4 3 m or 77.94 m.

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Let the cubic polynomial be :

p(x) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d

a 2

Q

Sum of the product of zeroes taken two at a time i.e., — = - 7

a

-14

a

8

2

From (i), (ii) and (Hi), take a = 2

From (i), we obtain b = - 5

From (ii), we obtain c = - 14

From (Hi), we obtain d = 8

Hence, the required cubic polynomial is given as :

p(x) = 2X3- 5X2 - 14x + 8

Sol. 14. Let ? x and ? y be invested in two schemes A and B respectively.

According to the statement of the question, we have

8% of x + 9% of y = 1860

8 9

or —— x x + —— x y 1860

100 100

or 8x + 9y = 186000 (0

and 8% of y + 9% of x = 1860 + 20

8 9

or Xy + T ^ X X 1880

100 100

or 9x + 8y = 188000 ... (ii)

Multiplying (i) by 8 and (ii) by 9, we have

64x + 72y = 1488000

81x + 72y = 1692000

Subtracting these two equations, we obtain

17x= 204000

x = 12000

From eqn. (i), we obtain

8(12000) + 9y = 186000

9y = 186000 - 96000

= 90000

=> y = 10000

Hence, ? 12000 and ? 10000 be the required investments in scheme A and scheme B

respectively.

Sol. 15. Here, coordinates of A, B, C and P are A(6, 3), B(- 3, 5), C(4, - 2) and P(x, y).

Now,

| 7x + 6 + 3y + 4y - 20 |

2

1

| 7x + 7y - 14 |

(54 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

= \ |x + y - 2 |

= | |42 + 1 5 -8 | = \ | 49 | = f

7

ar(APBC) 2 | x + y ~ 21 x + y -2

ar(AABC) 49 7

2

x + y -2

Hence, the ratio of the areas of APBC and AABC is

7

Sol. 16. Given that:

AP _ 1

AB “ 3

Coordinates of P are :

p 5 x l + 2 x 2 l x (- 8) + 2 x1

1+2 ’ 1+2

2(3) - ( - 2) + k = 0

=> 6 + 2 + Jc= 0

Jt:

00

ir

II

X

N

II

Z B = ZB [common]

X

N

II

ar (ABXY) _ (BX)2

- (0

ar (ABAC) " (AB)2

ar (ABXY) = ar (XYCA)

2ar (ABXY) = ar (ABXY) + ar (XYCA) = ar (ABAC)

ar(ABXY) _ 1.

ar (ABAC) 2

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

From (i) and (ii), we have

1 _ BX2

2 AB2

BX 1

AB ' 42

1 BX 1 1

1 ~ AB 42

A B -B X 4 2 -1

AB 42

AX 4 2 -1 2-42

AB ~ 42

Sol. 18. Here, top of the building is in the form of half of the cylinder of radius 3.5 m and length

10 m, split along the diameter.

.•. Total interior surface area excluding the base floor

= Area of four walls + ^ (curved surface area of the cylinder) + 2 (area of the semicircles)

= 2(10 + 7 ) x 3 + | 2 x y x 3 .5 x l0 + 2 | x y x ( 3 . 5 )2

22 22

= 2 x 17 x 3 + — x 35 + — x 3.5 x 3.5

= 250.5 m2

Sol. 19. Here, the base diameter of the dome is equal to —rd of the total height of the building.

3

2 ,

r + r= -h

2

2 r = - h => h = 3r

- (0

h

or

r~ 3

Volume of the building = Volume of cylinder + Volume of hemisphere

„ 1 22 2 tt , 2 22 3

67— = — x r x H + —x — x r

21 7 3 7

1408 22 Zr 2 22 hd

= — x — x (h - r) + —x — x —

21 7 9 3 7 27

22 ,2 , h 44

63 3 567

22 2.3 44 ,3

= 63X 3 h+ 567 ^

132 + 44

h3

567

176

h3

567

, 3 1408 567 _ __

or h3 = — — x —— = 8 x 27

21 176

h=2x3=6

Hence, the height of the building is 6 m.

(56 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

x. —A

Sol. 20. Literacy Rate Number of Class Marks

h

(in %) Cities (fj) (x,)

4 5 -5 5 4 50 -2 -8

5 5 -6 5 11 60 -1 - 11

6 5 -7 5 12 70 0 0

7 5 -8 5 9 80 1 9

8 5 -9 5 4 90 2 8

Total V i = 40 V iui = - 2

Take assumed mean A = 70.

fiu i

Mean = X = A + 1—^---- x h

n

f,

i= i

-2 20

= 70 + 40 x 10 = 70 “ 40

= 69.5%

Sol. 21. Total number of persons = 12

No. of extremely patience persons = 3

No. of extremely honest persons = 6

No. of extremely kind persons = 1 2 - 3 - 6 = 3

3 1

(i) Probability (extremely patience) = — = —

9 3

(ii) Probability (extremely kind or honest) = — = —.

Value : Any one value with proper reasoning is the correct answer.

Sol. 22. We know that sec2© = 1 + tan20

' 1 = 1 + tan20

x + ~~

t

4x j

2 1 1

X + ---- 9 + o = 1 + tan20

16x2 2

tan20 = x 2 + — +4 -1

16x

1

tan20 x2 +

16x 2 2

V f

tan20

4x .

tan 0 =

l 4xy

f 1^ f 1 = 2x

Now, sec 0 + tan 0 = +

l 4xJ l 4xJ

or 1^ f

sec 0 + tan 0 = ( x + — —

1 _

l 4xJ l 4xJ = 2x

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Let a be any positive odd integer and b = 8, then there exist integers q and r such that

a = 8 q + r, 0 < r < 8 [by division algorithm]

=> a = 8q or 8q + 1 or 8q + 2 or 8q + 3 or 8q + 4 or 8q + 5 or 8q + 6 or 8q + 7

But 8q, 8q + 2, 8q + 4 and 8q + 6 are even integers.

a = 8q + 1 or 8q + 3 or 8q + 5 or 8q + 7

Hence, any positive odd integer is of the form 8q + 1 or 8q + 3 or 8q + 5 or 8q + 7, where

q is some integer.

Sol. 24. According to the statement of the question, we have

: - 9 _ /— „ x . v x

---- + 2Vx + 3 x — + 4 x — 59

2 7 7

=> 7 x - 63 + 2 8 ^ + 6x + 8 ^/jf

=> 13x + 36 Tx 826 + 63

=> 13x + 36 ^ - 889

Let

=> X y

... 13y2 + 36y - 889 o

=> 13y2 + 127y - 91y - 889

=> 13y(y - 7) + 127(y - 7)

=> (y - 7) (13y + 127)

-127

=> y 7 or y (rejecting - ve value)

13

We have y 7

=>

=> X

(i) Keeping ‘Save environment’ in mind, there should be least cars for maximum students,

i.e., they should travel in pools, which leads to save energy and minimising air pollution.

Sol. 25. Let a and d be the first term and common difference

Now, a3 + a5 = 38

=> a + 2d + a + 4 d = 3 8

=> 2a + 6d = 38

=> a + 3d = 19 - (0

And a7 + a10 = 83

=> a + 6d + a + 9 d = 8 3

=> 2a + 15d = 83 - (n)

Multiplying (i) by 5, we have

5a + 15d = 95 ... m

Subtracting (ii) from (iii), we obtain

3a = 12 => a = 4

From eqn. (i), we have

4 + 3d = 19

3d = 15 => d = 5

Hence, the required A.R is 4, 9, 14, 19, ...

Sol. 26. Given : A quadrilateral ABCD, circumscribing a circle

having its centre at O. AB, BC, CD and DA touch the

circle at S, R, Q and P respectively.

To Prove : ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° and

ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°

Const. : Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OR OQ, OR and OS.

(58 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Proof : In AAPO and AASO,

AP = AS [tangents from an external point]

AO = AO [common]

ZAPO = ZASO 90°

AAPO = AASO [by RHS cong. axiom]

Z1 = Z2 - (0

Similarly, Z4 = Z3

Z5 = Z 6

and Z 8 = Z7 ... (iv)

Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we have

Z1 + Z4 + Z5 + Z 8 = Z2 + Z3 + Z 6 + Z7

(Z1 + Z 8) + (Z4 + Z5) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Z 6 + Z7)

ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (v)

Also, Z1 + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 + Z5 + Z 6 + Z7 + Z 8 = 360°

Z1 + Z1 + Z4 + Z4 + Z5 + Z5 + Z 8 + Z 8 = 360°

Z1 + Z4 + Z5 + Z 8 = 180°

(Z1 + Z 8) + (Z4 + Z5) = 180°

ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° ... (ui)

From (v) and (vi), we have ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° = ZAOB + ZCOD.

Sol. 27. Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a line segment AB = 7 cm.

2. With A as centre, draw a circle of radius

3 cm and with B as centre, draw a circle

of radius 2 cm.

3. Draw perpendicular bisector of line 4 -2cm ^^i

<B

m; 1

segment AB and let it intersect AB in M. . f

4. With M as centre and radius MB,

\ ____?

draw a circle and let it intersect the

given two circles in P Q and R,S. zcr^

Thus, AP AQ, BR and BS are the required tangents.

Sol. 28. Let DG be the building of height 30 m. AE is the height of the boy i.e., 1.5 m.

Let A’ and ‘B’ be the two positions of the eyes.

AE = BF = CG = 1.5 m

As DG = 30 m

DC = DG - CG = 30 - 1.5

= 28.5 m

As ZDAB = 30°

=> ZDAC = 30° and ZDBC = 60°

Consider a rt. AACD, we have

DC

tan30° = AC

28.5

[cross-multiply]

73 AC

AC 28.5^3 - (0

Again, consider a rt. ABCD, we have

DC

tan 60° = = =

BC

(59 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a

EVERGREEN

_ SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

28.5

=> 73 = [cross-multiply]

BC

28.5 73

=> BC = [rationalise]

73 X V3

28.573

BC = - (n)

3

The distance walked by the boy towards the building

= AC - BC

28.571x3-28.573

3

28.5(371 - 71) _ 28.5x2V I

3 3

= 1973 m

Hence, the distance walked by the boy towards the building is 1973 m-

Sol. 29. Here, radii of three small circles = 2 cm

And radius of outer big circle = R cm

Area of outer circle = nR2 cm2

Since AABC is an equilateral triangle, because

AB = BC = CA = 2 + 2 = 4 cm

Z A = ZB = Z C = 60°

300°

Now, area of three sectors (major) at the vertices of AABC = 3 x x jix2x 2

360°

= lOrc cm2

Area of shaded portion = tiR2 - IOji

= ti(R2 - 10) cm2 ... (i)

Now, ZABC = 60° and BO bisect ZABC, therefore, ZOBC or ZOBM = 30°. Also, OM is

perpendicular drawn from the centre to the chord BC, implies BM = MC = 2 cm.

In rt. Zed ABMO,

= ^ (1673 - 2) cm2

J

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Profit (in lakhs ?) No. of Shops

Less than Type More than Type

0 -5 0 Less than 5 = 0 5 and More than 5 = 30

5 -1 0 2 Less than 10 = 2 10 and More than 10 = 28

1 0 -1 5 12 Less than 15 = 14 15 and More than 15 = 16

1 5 -2 0 2 Less than 20 = 16 20 and More than 20 = 14

2 0 -2 5 4 Less than 25 = 20 25 and More than 25 = 10

2 5 -3 0 3 Less than 30 = 23 30 and More than 30 = 7

3 0 -3 5 4 Less than 35 = 27 35 and More than 35 = 3

3 5 -4 0 3 Less than 40 = 30

Total 30

For less than type, plot the points (5,0), (10, 2), (15,14), (20, 16), (25, 20), (30,23),

(35, 27), (40, 30).

For more than type, plot the points (5, 30), (10, 28), (15, 16), (20, 14), (25, 10), (30, 7),

(35, 3) on the same graph paper. The two ogives intersect at a point, whose x-coordinate

is 17.5.

*** *

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class : 10

S E C T IO N -A

Sol. 1. f(x) = abx2 + (b2 - ac)x - be

= abx2 + b2x - acx - be

= bx(ax + b) - c(ax + b)

= (ax + b) (bx - c)

For zeroes of given quadratic polynomial, put/(x) = 0

=> (ax + b) (bx - c) = 0

=> ax + b = 0 o r b x - c = 0

b c

x= — or x = —

a b

a b

x y

o 2 1 12p + 4q = 1

2” + 3q = 6 =* - (0

3p + 2q = 0

Multiply (ii) by 2 and subtract from (i), we obtain

12p + 4q - 6p - 4q = 1

6p = 1 P=

From (ii), we have

_1

3 x — + 2q = 0 => 2q =

6 2 q= “ 4

Again, substituting the values of p and q, we obtain

1 _ 1

- = \ and

x 6 y 4

=> x= 6 and v = -4

Now, y = a x -4

=> - 4 = a(6) - 4 => 6a = 0 a= 0

Hence, the required solution is x = 6, y = - 4 and a = 0.

Sol. 3. Since AABC is similar to APQR

AB _ BC _ AC

...

PQ “ QR “ PR

AB _ B C _ A C _ AB + BC + AC

PQ QR PR PQ + QR + PR

AC Perimeter of AABC

=>

PR Perimeter of APQR

AC 20

=>

8 40

=> AC = 4 cm

(62)

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 4 Point of contact.

73

Sol. 5 Since cosx =

Now, 3 sin x - 4 sin3x = 3 sin 30° 4 sin3 30°

3

Q 1

= 3 X 2 ■4 4

, 1 . 1 3 1 1

= 3 x —- 4 x — = — = 1

2 8 2 2

Sol. 6 When a die is thrown two times or two dice thrown once, sample space is 6 x 6 = 36.

Favourable outcomes i.e., a sum of 10 are (4, 6), (5, 5), (6, 4), only 3 cases.

3 1

Required probability = — = —

3b 12

SECTION - B

Sol. 7 Here, for any positive integer a and 3, there exist unique integers q and r such that

a = 3q + r, where r is the remainder

Hence, the values of r are 0 < r < 3.

Sol. 8 Given equations are

4

- + 3y = 8

x

- - 4y = - 5

x

Multiplying eqn. (i) by 4 and eqn. (ii) by 3 and adding, we obtain

“X ♦ “X - i s - i s

— = 17

X

=> x= 2

From eqn. (i), we have

| +3j> 8

3y = 8 - 2

Thus, x = 2 and y

Also, 2 = p(2 ) - 8

=> 2p = 10

=> p= 5

Hence, the values of x, y and p are x = 2, y = 2 and p 5.

Sol. 9 Let a and d be the first term and common difference

a4 = 9 => a + 3d = 9 - (0

a6 + a13 = 40 => a + 5d + a + 12d = 40

=> 2a + 17d = 40 - (ii)

From (i) and (ii), we have

2a + 17d - 2(a + 3d) = 40 - 2(9)

2a + 17d - 2a - 6d = 22

l i d = 22

d= 2

From (i), we have a + 3 x 2 = 9 a= 9-6 = 3

Hence, required A.R is 3, 5, 7, 9, ...

(63 )

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 10. Since AABC ~ ADEF

ZA = ZD, ZB = ZE, Z C = ZF

ar(AABC) BC2

Also,

ar(ADEF) £p2

. BC2

EF^

[■•• ar(AABC) = ar(ADEF) (given)]

=> EF = BC

Now, in AABC and ADEF

Z B = ZE

BC = EF

Z C = ZF

So, by ASA congruence axiom, we have

AABC = ADEE

Sol. 11. Here, 5 cosec 0 = 7

7 5

cosec 0 sin 0 = ~ cosec 0 =

5 ^ sin 0

Now, sin 0 + cos20 -1 = sin 0 - (1 - cos20)

= sin 0 - sin20 [ ■•• 1 - cos20 =sin20]

5 25 35-2 5 10

- 7 49- 49 49

Sol. 12. Let AB be the tower of height h m

In rt. Zed ACBA, we have

^ = tan 45° = 1

BC

AB = BC = 25 m

Hence, the height of the tower is 25 m.

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Let the cost price of a tea set be ? x and that of a lemon set be ? y.

According to the statement of the question, we have

-10 20 ,n

—— x x + —— x y = 60

100 100

=> - x + 2y = 600 - (0

And 5 x x - ——

—— 5 x y = 10

in

100 100

=> x - y = 200

Adding (i) and (ii), we have

y = 800

From equation (ii), we have

x - 800 = 200

x = 1000

Hence, the cost price of tea set is ? 1000 and lemon set is ? 800.

Sol. 14. Let the coordinates of the vertices of AABC be Afx^ y^, B(x2, y2) and C(x3, y3).

Since D(3, 4), E(2, - 3) and F (l, 1) are the mid-points of the sides of the AABC.

x, + x 9

2 =3 => Xi + x2 = 6

(64 )

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Afoo^)

00

and = 4 =>

II

Vl

CSI

2

x2 + x3

= 2 => x2 + x3 = 4

2

y2 + y3

and = - 3 => V2 + y3 = - 6

2

X3 + X1

= 1 => x3

+ Xj = 2

2

9 V3 + V i = 2 (x2,y2) (2,-3) U3,y3)

Adding above equations, we have

Xi + x2 + x3 = 6 and Vl + J>2 + J>3 = 2

Now, Xj = 6 - (x2 + x3) and Vl = 2 - (J>2 + V3)

= 6 -4 = 2 = 2 + 6=8

x2 = 6 - (x3 + Xj) y2 = 2 - (y3 + y: )

= 6 -2 = 4 = 2 - 2=0

x3 = 6 - (xj + x2) y3 = 2 - (yi + ^2)

= 6-6 = 0 = 2-8 = -6

Thus, coordinates of the vertices of AABC are A(2, 8), B(4, 0) and C(0, - 6).

= ^ | 12 - 56 | = ^ x 44 = 22 sq. units.

Sol. 15. Draw ML _LAB and MN i. BC such that LBNM is a square of side x m, where M is a point on AC.

Now, ML _L AB, MN i. BC and ZB = 90°

=> ML ||CB and MN|| AB

Now, MN ||AB and AC is a transversal

Z1 = Z2 [corresponding Zs]

Similarly, ML ||CB and AC is a transversal

Z3 = Z4 [corresponding Zs]

Now, BC = 16 m and BN = x m

=> CN = (16 - x) m

AB = 8 m and LB = x m

=> AL = (8 - x) m

In rt. Zed AALM and AMNC, we have

^ ^ [proved above]

Z 3 = Z4

By AA similarity axiom, we obtain

AALM -AM NC

ML AL

CN MN

x 8- x

a>

16- x x 3

x2 = 128 - 24x + x2

24x = 128

128 _ 16

* “ 24 _ 3 8m

16

Side of the largest square = -g- m.

Highlighting the importance of farmers in the nation building and emphasising the need of

higher agricultural production in the country.

(65 )

a

EVERGREEN

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 16. Let P and Q trisect the line segment joining A(2, 1) and B(5, 8), such that AP = PQ = QB.

Now, P divides the line segment AB in the ratio 1 :2 .

Coordinates of P are

5 + 4 -8 + 2

i.e., P (3, - 2)

3 3

Also, P lies on the line 2x - y + k 0

2(3) - ( - 2) + k = 0

=> 6 + 2 + Jc= 0

=> k= - 8

Sol. 17. Since a and p are the zeroes of the polynomial

p(x) = 2x2 + 5x + k

5

a + p= and ap

2

21

Now, a2 + p2 + ap = ^ [given]

4

21

=> a 2 + p2 + 2ap - ap

4

21

=> (a + P)2 - ap

4

k 21

-I

2J 2 4

25 k 21

4 2 4

fc 21 25

=> "2 = = -1

=> -k = - 2

=> k= 2

Hence, the value of k is 2.

Sol. 18. (i) Probability of an event cannot be negative. Thus, incorrect statement.

(ii) Sum total of probability of an event is one. Thus, incorrect statement.

[0.67 + 0.31 + 0.05 = 1.03 * 1]

(iii) Again, sum total of probability of an event is one. Thus, incorrect statement.

[0.60 + 0.48 = 1.08 * 1]

Sol. 19. In AABC, ZA, ZB and ZC are its interior angles

Z A + ZB + ZC = 180°

Z A + ZB ZC

= 90°

2 + 2

Z A + ZB ZC

9 0 °-

,Z C , 2 f ZA + ZB^ ZC ZC

(0 cosecz ------ tanz cosec2 ------ tan2 9 0 °-

2 2

9 ZC 9 ZC

cosec2 —— - cor ——

= 1 [v cosec2© = 1 + cot2©]

ZB + ZC ZA ..Z A ZA + ZB _ gQo

tan tan 9 0 °-

2 2

ZA

= cot [ ■•tan (90° - 0) = cot 0]

(66 )

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 20. Volume of cuboid = 15 x 10 x 3.5 = 525 cm3

1 2

Volume of four conical depressions = 4 x —nr h

*3

4 22 1 1 . . , ,

= —x — x —x —x 1.4 = 1.47 cm3

3 7 2 2

Thus, volume of wood in the entire wooden stand = 525 - 1.47 = 523.53 cm3

Sol. 21. Radii of the two bases upper and lower are : r = 4 cm, R = 10 cm, slant height (/) = 15 cm

Area of the material used for making the turks cap= Area of base circle + Curved surface area

22 . . 22 ..

= — x 4 x 4 + — x l5 x (1 0 + 4

7 7

352 4620 4972

+ = 710.29 cm2

7 7 7

Hence, area of the material used for making the turks cap is 710.29 cm2.

Sol. 22. For computation of median, we have

Monthly Consumption (in units) No. of Consumers Cumulative Frequency

6 5 -8 5 4 4

85 - 105 5 9

105 - 125 13 22

125 - 145 20 42

145 - 165 14 56

165 - 185 8 64

185 - 205 4 68

Total N = 68

Here, N = 68, — = — = 3 4

2 2

34 lies in the class interval 125 - 145

So, 125 - 145 is the median class

/ = 125, c.f. = 22, / = 20, h = 20

''N ^

. 7T - c-f- 34-22

Median = / + x h = 125 + x20 = 125 + 12 = 137

/ 20

Hence, the required median is 137 units.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. If possible, let us assume that is a rational number.

9

Squaring both sides, we have

p!5=

g2

=> p 2 = 5q2

=> 5 divides p2 => 5 divides p

Let p = 5m, where m is an integer.

(5m )2 = 5q2

=> 25 m2 = 5q2

q 5m2

5 divides q2 5 divides q

(67 )

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Now, we have 5 as a common factor of p and q which contradicts the fact that p and q are

co-prime.

Thus, ^/5 is an irrational number.

q

— + 8 — 3y[5

q

P + 8q

= 3n/5

q

P + 8q

= n/5

3q

Integer _

Integer ^

Sol. 24. Let total number of students be x.

Entire package with food = ? 960

x

But eight students failed to go.

.•. Total number of students attended the picnic = x - 8

960

Expenditure per head = ? + 6

x

Now, — +6 (x - 8) = 960

x

x

=> x2 - 8x - 1280 = 0 => x2 - 40x + 32x - 1280 = 0

=> (x - 40) (x + 32) =0

=> x = 40 or x = - 32, rejecting - ve value

We have x = 40

Hence, total number of students in 10th class is 40 and number of students attended the picnic

is 40 - 8 = 32.

Sol. 25. We know that, tangent to a circle is perpendicular

to its radius at the point of contact.

.•.OR -L PR and OQ i. PQ

ZORP = ZOQP = 90°

ZORP + ZOQP = 90° + 90°

= 180°

Sum of opposite angles of quadrilateral QORP is 180°.

Hence, QORP is a cyclic quadrilateral.

(68 )

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 26. Let a and d be the first term and common difference.

„ n

Using [2a + (n - l)d], we have

S7 = g [2a + (7 - l)d ] = 10

14a + 42d =20

7a + 21d = 10 - (0

And 314 10 + 17

Y [2a + 13d] = 27

14a + 91d = 27

From (i) and (ii), we have

14a + 91d - 14a - 42d = 2 7 - 2 0

1

49d = 7 d - 7

From (i), we have

7a + 21 x — = 1 0

7a = 10 - 3 => a= 1

8 9 10

Hence, the required A.R is 1,

7’ 7’ 7 ’

Sol. 27. Steps of Constraction :

1. Construct AABC, with AB = 6 cm, BC = 6 cm and

AC = 4 cm.

2. At A, construct an acute angle ZBAX and divide AX

into three equal parts such that A A j = A jA 2

=

3. Join AgB.

4. Through Ag, draw AgB' ||A 3B, intersecting AB in B'.

5. Through B', draw B'C' ||BC, intersecting AC in C'.

Thus, AAB'C' is the required triangle.

Sol. 28. Let us assume that the man is standing on the deck of a ship at point A and CD is the hill.

Let BC = AE = x m and DE = h m

As ZEAD = 60°

and ZBCA = 30° [given]

AB = 10 m

Consider a rt. AAED, we have

DE

tan 60” = -

s/3 = - [cross-multiply]

x

h = ^3* - (0

(69 )

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Again, consider a rt. AABC, we have

AB

tan 30°

BC

10

[cross-multiply]

J3 x

x 10V31 ...(H)

From (i) and we have

=> h = DE = 30 m

CD = CE + ED = 10 + 30 = 40 m

Hence, the distance of the hill from the ship is 10^/3 m and the height of the hill is 40 m.

Sol. 29. Length of the rectangle ABCD = 14 cm

Breadth of the rectangle ABCD = 7 cm

Area of the rectangle ABCD = 14 x 7 =98 cm2

Radius of semicircle having diameter AB = 7 cm

1 22 _ _

= —x — x 7 x 7

2 7

= 77 cm2

7

Radius of 2 semicircles having diameter AD or BC = — cm

22 7 7

— x —x —

7 2 2

Sol. 30. Let us convert the given data into continuous classes to less than type, we have

(70 )

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Now, plot the points (9.5, 5), (19.5, 20), (29.5, 40), (39.5, 63), (49.5, 80), (59.5, 91)

and (69.5, 100). Join them free hand to get the required cumulative frequency curve or

cumulative frequency polygon.

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

SECTION - A

Sol. 1. Given linear equation is 2x + 3y = 8.

Another linear equation in two variables having coincident geometric representation is :

4x + 6y = 16.

Sol. 2. Given quadratic equation is :

9X2 - 15x + 6 = 0

=> 9X2 - 9x - 6x + 6 = 0

=> 9x(x - 1) - 6(x - 1) = 0

=> (x - 1) (9x - 6) = 0

=> x - l = 0 o r9 x -6 = 0

x = li o r x = g6O r -2

/. Radius of each circle having centres A, B, C and D = 14 cm

/. Area of the shaded region = Area of square - 4 x area of quadrant of the circle

= 28 x 28 - 4 x - x — x l4 x l4

4 7

= 784 - 616 = 168 cm2.

Total number of ways in which two friends have their birthdays = 366 x 366

Number of ways in which both have same birthday = 366

366 1

Probability that both have same birthday

366x366 366

Sol. 6. Here

3 (sin2 27° + sin2 63°)

0 * (sin2 27° + sin2(90° -2 7 °))

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

(sin2 27° + cos2 27°) ~ 1

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Here, x = 3 x 7 = 21

and y = 4x = 4 x 2 1 = 84

= 2 -S

= 4 - 5 = -1

Thus, the required quadratic polynomial is x2 - 4x - 1.

Sol. 9. Here, Sn = 3n2 + 3n

Sn_ 1 = 3 ( n - \ ) 2 + 3 ( n - \ )

= 3(n2 + 1 - 2n) + 3n - 3

= 3n2 + 3 - 6n + 3n - 3

= 3n2 - 3n

Now, a = S —S i

an = 3n2 + 3n - 3n2 + 3n

an = 6 n

Sol. 10. Since the points A(k + 1, 2k), B(3k, 2k+ 3) and C(5k - 1, 5k) are collinear.

/. Area of the triangle formed by these points is zero

=> |(fc + 1) (3 - 3fc) + 3k(3k) + (5k - 1) (- 3) | = 0

=> |3/c - 3k2 + 3 -3 k + 9k2 - 15k + 3| = 0

=> 6k2 - 15k + 6 = 0

2k2 - 5k + 2 = 0

2k2 - 4k - k + 2 0

=> 2fc(fc - 2) - l(fc - 2) = 0

=> (fc - 2 ) (2fc - 1 ) = 0

=> Either fc - 2 = 0 or 2fc - 1 = 0

1

fc = 2 or fc =

2'

Sol. 11. Since BOR is a diameter

ZBAR = 90° [angle in a semicircle]

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Also, ZPAB = 58° [given]

ZPAB + ZBAR + ZRAQ = 180° [straight angle]

58° + 90° + ZRAQ = 180°

ZRAQ = 180° - 90° - 58° = 32°

ZABQ = ZRAQ = 32° [Zs in the corresp. alt. segment]

Now, ZAQB = 180° - ZABQ - ZBAQ

= 180° - 32° - 90° - 32°

= 26°

Sol. 12. Note : Read the statement as “Wax cylinder of diameter 21 cm and height 21 cm is chipped

ff and shaped to form a cone and a sphere. If radius and height of the cone and cylinder are

same, find the diameter of the sphere.”

21

Radius of cylinder (r) = — cm

Let rj be the radius of sphere

As per statement, we have

Volume of solid sphere = Volume of cylinder - Volume of cone

4 3

—Ttr, = nr2h - —nr2h

3 1 3

4 3 2 r2hL

—n

3 1 “ 3

3 21 21 21

1 = —

r-f

2 2

x— x—

2

rl =

2

.•. Diameter of the sphere cm

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Since a and p are the zeroes of the polynomial

p(x) = x2 - 4x + 3

a + p = 4 and ap = 3

Now, sum of zeroes = 2a + 2p

= 2(a + p) = 2(4) = 8

Product of zeroes = (2a) (2P)

= 4ap = 4(3) = 12

Hence, the required quadratic equation having 2a and 2p as the zeroes is x2 - 8x + 12.

Sol. 14. Let a and d be the first term and common difference and number of terms is 50.

Now, Sn = | [2 a + (n -l)d ]

2a + 9d = 42 ...(«•)

Also, S50= ^ [2 a + 4 9 d ]

35 [a + 17d] + 2565 = 50a + 1225d

35a + 595d + 2565 = 50a + 1225d

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

=> 15a + 630d = 2565

=> a + 42d = 171

or 2a + 84d = 342 - (ii)

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we have

75d = 300 => d = 4

From eqn. (i), we obtain

2a + 36 = 42 => a = 3

Hence, the A.F is 3, 7, 11, 15, ...

Sol. 15. Given : AABC ~ APQR, in which AD J. BC and PM J. QR

AB AD

To Prove :

PQ PM

Proof : Since AABC ~ APQR, we have

Z A = ZP, ZB = ZQ, Z C = ZR

AB _ BC _ AC

...(0

PQ QR “ PR

Now, in AABD and APQM

ZB = Z Q [given]

Z D = ZM [each = 90°]

So, by AA similarity axiom, we have

AABD ~ APQM

AB AD

^ PQ “ PM

Sol. 16. In ABDR, PQ ||BR

.\ By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have

PD _ QD

...(0

BD ~~ RD

In APRD, PR ||CA

.\ By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have

PD RD

CD “ QD

CD QD

or —— = ----- - (ii)

PD RD

From (i) and (ii), we have

PD _ CD

BD “ PD

=> BD x CD = (PD)2 = (12)2= 144

Hence, BD x CD = 144 cm2

Sol. 17. Since ABCD is a parallelogram.

AB = CD and AD = BC ...(0

Again, AP AS are tangents to the circle from point A.

AP = AS

Similarly, BP = BQ

CR = CQ

DP = DS

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Adding vertically, we have

AP + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS

(AP + BP) + (CR + DR) = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)

AB + CD = AD + BC

AB + AB = AD + AD [using (i)]

2AB = 2AD

AB = AD

Hence, parallelogram ABCD is a rhombus.

Sol. 18. Given : An isosceles AABC with base BC = 6 cm, AB = AC and Z A 90°

5

Steps of Construction :

1. Construct an isosceles triangle ABC with

base BC = 6 cm, AB = AC and Z A = 90°.

[v ZB Z C = 2 X 90° 45°]

(<90°).

3. Mark five points B1, B2, B3, B4, B5 such

that BB1 = B 1B2 = B 2B3 = B3B4

= B4B5. Join B5C.

4. Through B4, draw B4C' ||B5C, intersecting

BC in C'.

5. Through C', draw C'A' ||CA, intersecting AB in A'.

Hence, AA'BC' is the required triangle. \ x

Sol. 19. L.H.S. = 2(sin6 0 + cos6 0) - 3(sin4 0 + cos4 0) + 1

= 2{(sin2 0)3 + (cos2 0)3} - 3{(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2} + 1

= 2 {(sin2 0 + cos2 0) [(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2 - sin2 0 cos20]}

- 3{(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2 + 2 sin2 0 cos2 0 - 2 sin2 0 cos2 0} + 1

= 2 {(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2 + 2 sin20 cos2 0 - 3 sin2 0 cos2 0}

- 3{(sin2 0 + cos2 0)2 - 2 sin2 0 cos2 0} + 1

= 2{(sin2 0 + cos2 0)2 - 3 sin2 0 cos2 0} - 3{1 - 2 sin2 0 cos2 0} + 1

= 2 ( 1)2 - 6 sin2 0 cos2 0 - 3 + 6 sin2 0 cos2 0 + 1

= 3 _ 3 = 0 = R.H.S.

Sol. 20. For the given cone and cone cut o ff :

l - h - 1

...(«•)

R ~ H ~ L

Also, from the given statement, we have

g

C.S.A. of the upper cone = 1- — C.S.A. of the given cone

mi = —JiRL ...(H)

r h_ h_ 1_

From (i), and

R H H ~ L

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Rh

r= and ...(Hi)

H H

From (ii) eind (iii), we have

Rh Lh 1

’tx 3 r x H = 9 !tRL

1

Yr 9

h_ 1 H _3

or

H 3 h_ l

■ f - 1

H -h 3 -1 1

= T or

H -h 2

Hence, the required ratio is 1 : 2.

Sol. 21. Here, in the word ‘MATHEMATICS’.

M appears twice, T appears twice and A appears twice.

2

r (M) “ r (A) - r (T) - YJ P (H) - P (E) - P (I) - P (C) - P (S) - n

Sol. 22. Clearly, class interval 20 - 25 has maximum frequency i.e., 75. So, it is the modal class.

... / = 20,/i = 75, /0 = 40, f2 = 35, h = 5

x5 = 20 +

175

2x/i /o /2 2x75 - 40 - 35 75

20 + 2.33 = 22.33

SECTION - C

Sol. 23. Let x be any positive integer, then it is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.

Now, squaring each of these, we have

(3q )2 = 9qz

= 3 x3q2

= 3 x some integer

= 3 x m, where m is an integer ...(i)

(3q + l )2 = 9q2 + 6q + 1

= 3q(3q + 2) + 1

= 3 x (3q2 + 2q) + 1

= 3 x some integer + 1

= 3 x m + 1, where m is an integer ...(ii)

and (3q + 2)2 = 9q2 + 12q + 4

= 3 x 3q2 + 3 x 4 q + 3 + l

= 3(3q2 + 4q + 1) + 1

= 3 x some integer + 1

= 3 x m + 1, where m is an integer ...(iii)

Thus, from (i), (ii) and (iii), we have square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or

3m + 1 for some integer m.

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 24. Let the cost price of a memento be ? x and cost price of a trophy be ? y.

According to the statement of the question, we have

8x + 5y = 1300 ...(0

And 5x + 8y = 1612 - (ii)

13x + 13y = 2912

or x + y = 224 ...(iii)

Subtracting (ii) from (i), we obtain

3x - 3y = - 312

or x - y = - 104 ■■■{iv)

Adding (iii) and (iv), we have

2x = 120

=> x = 60

From (iii), we have

60 + y = 224

=> y = 224 - 60 = 164

Hence, the cost price of a memento is ? 60 and the cost price of a trophy is ? 164.

Value : Any of the value with proper reasoning is the correct answer.

4 x -3 _

Put

2x + l V

2x + l _ 1 io „

=> y ^

4 x -3 y y

=> y2 - 10 = 3y

=> y2 - 3y - 10 = 0

=> y2 - 5y + 2y - 10 = 0

=> y (y - 5) + 2(y - 5) = 0

=> (y + 2) (y - 5) = 0

=> y = -2 or y= 5

4 x -3

Again, put y = ------- , we have

2x + l

CO

0

X

4 x -3 _

i

J1

1

or

2x + l 2x + l

=> 4x - 3 = - 4x - 2 or 4x - 3 = lOx + 5

x3

vS

00

=> or

II

II

ON| 00

1

1

or

X

=>

II

x_ 8

4

or

X“ 3

4

Hence, the required roots are x = ^and x =

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

= 7 (^ ) 2 + (- 1)2

= V l 6 + l= V l 7 units.

Side of the square ABCD say AB is given as :

|A B |=, 3 2+ 3 H 2

-3 2 -5 2

2 + 2

= 11 & 34 units

14 4 V4

34

4 4

Now,

Area of square ABCD 34 34 1

T

sec A-tan A cos A cos A sec A+ tan A

1 1 1 secA+tanA

Now, L.H.S. -sec A

sec A-tan A cos A sec A-tan A secA+tanA

secA+tanA . secA+tanA .

-secA = ------- ---------secA

sec2 A-tan 2A 1

1 1 1 sec A-tan A

R.H.S. = = sec A —

cos A secA+tanA secA+tanA secA-tanA

= sec A - sec A -

sec2 A-tan 2A 1

From (i) and (ii), we have

L.H.S. = R.H.S.

Hence, verified.

Sol. 28. Let AB be a tower of height h m, BD and CB be two

shadows when Sun’s altitude is 60° and 30°.

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

In rt. Zed AABC,

BC 73

BC = AB73

BD + 30 = h73

73

h 7 3 - - )= = 30

73

30V3=15V3 m

Radius of the largest semicircle = 7 cm

1 2 49 2

Area of the largest semicircle = —ti(7) = — 7tcm

2

4

1 7

Area of the smallest semicircle = —7t —

2 4

1 49 49 2

Area of two such smallest semicircles = 2 x —7t — = — 7t cm

2 16 16

2

1 7 49 2

Area of another semicircle = —7t — = — n cm

2 2 8

49 49 49

Area of the shaded region = — n -----n + — n

2 16 8

. n 1 11

i9K 2 _ 16 + 8

22 8 -1 + 2 22 9

= 49xy _ 49 x y x i 6

693 Q, , Qt. 2

---- = 86.625 cirr

8

EVERGREEN MODEL TES T PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 30. Firstly, convert the given distribution to a less than type cumulative frequency distribution.

Class Frequency Cumulative firequency

0 -10 10 Less than 10 10

10 -2 0 20 Less than 20 30

2 0 -3 0 35 Less than 30 65

3 0 -4 0 40 Less than 40 105

4 0 -5 0 25 Less than 50 130

5 0 -6 0 25 Less than 60 155

6 0 -7 0 15 Less than 70 170

Total 170

For less than type cumulative frequency curve, plot the points (10, 10), (20, 30), (30, 65),

(40, 105), (50, 130), (60, 155) and (70, 170).

Join them freehand and get a smooth curve.

Here, N = 170, ^ = 85

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

SECTION - A

Sol. 1. Given polynomial is :

p(x) = 2X2 + 3x + 5

3 5

Here, a + p = - - and ap = -

1 1 _ a + p _ -3/2 3

Now,

a + P ~~ ap 5/2 5

Sol. 2. Numbers between 250 and 1000, which are exactly divisible by 3 are :

252, 255, 258, ..., 999

Using a + (n - l)d = an, we have

252 + (n - 1)3 = 999

(n - 1)3 = 999 - 252 = 747

747

n-1 249

n = 249 + 1 = 250

250

[252 + 999] = 125 x 1251 = 156375

Sol. 4. 3 :1

12

Sol. 5. In AABC, ZC = 90° and tan B = —

5

BC = 5 and AC =12

Now, ■ r AC 12

a n B = AB = 13

(8 2 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 6. Area of shaded region = Area of outer circle - Area of inner circle

= jiR2 - nr2

= n(R2 - 12)

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Let the natural number be x.

Now, according to given statement, we have

x + 12 = 160 x -

x

=> x2 + 12x - 160 = 0

=> x2 + 20x - 8x - 160 = 0

=> x(x + 20) - 8(x + 20) = 0

=> (x - 8) (x + 20) = 0

=>x = 8 orx = -2 0 (rejectingx = - 20, v x is natural number)

Thus, x= 8

Hence, the required natural number is 8.

Sol. 8. Here, given A.R is : 84, 80, 76, ...

a = 84 and d = - 4

Let nth term is zero

a + (n - l)d = an

=> 84 + (n - 1) ( - 4) = 0

=> 84 - 4n + 4 = 0

=> 88 - 4n = 0

=> n = 22

Sol. 9. Since A(0, 2) is equidistant from B(3, p) and C(p, 5).

|AB |2 = |AC |2

=> (3 - 0)2 + (p - 2)2 = (p - 0)2+ (5 - 2)2

=> 9 + p2 + 4 - 4p = p2 + 9

=> P= 1

4

Sol. 10. Here, tan 0 = ^

Now, x

1 + sin 0 1 + sin 0 1 - sin 0 cos20 cos 0

1 sin 0

cos 0 cos 0

, 16 4 _5 4__1

4 + 9 3 3 3 3

Hence, proved.

Sol. 11. Here, AB is an observer of height 1.5 m, CD be the tower

such that BD = AE = 18.5 m and ZCAE = 45°.

In rt. angled AAEC, we have

CE

— = tan 45°

AE

=> CE = AE = 18.5 m

Now, height of the tower CD = CE + ED = CE + AB

= 18.5 + 1.5 = 20 m [vE D = AB]

(83) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 12. (i) r = 5 m, 0 = 90°

0 o

Area of the field in which horse can graze = ____x nr

360°

90°

x 3 .1 4 x 5 x 5

360°

- x 3.14 x 25 = 19.625 m2

4

(ii) Here, R = 10 m, 0 = 90°

360°

90°

x 3.14x10x10

360°

= 4 x 314 = 78.5 m2

4

Thus, increase in the area = 78.5 - 19.625 = 58.875 m2

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Let a be any positive odd integer and b = 4. By Euclid’s division algorithm, there exists integers

q and r such that a = 4q + r, where 0 < r < 4

=> a = 4q or 4q + 1 or 4q + 2 or 4q + 3

Since a is an odd integer.

=> a 4q and a * 4q + 2, because they are divisible by 2.

Thus, a = 4q + 1 or 4q + 3

Hence, any positive odd integer is of the form 4q + 1 or 4q + 3.

Sol. 14. The greatest number that divide 445, 572 and 699 leaving remainders 4, 5 and 6 respectively

is the H.C.E of 445 - 4, 572 - 5 and 699 - 6 i.e., 441, 567 and 693.

For H.C.E of 441, 567 and 693, we have

441 = 32 x 72

567 = 34 x 7

693 = 32 x 7 x 11

H.C.E of 441, 567 and 693 = 32 x 7 = 63

Hence, the required number is 63.

Sol. 15. o W - 4b4x + 3a4x - 12a2b2 =0

b2x(a2x - 4b2) + 3a2(a2x - 4b2) = 0

(cPx - 4b2) [b?x + 3a2) = 0

Either a2x - 4b2 = 0 or b2x + 3a2 = 0

=> a2x = 4b2 or b2x = - 3a2

4b2 -3a 2

=> or x=

X_ „2

4k2 _3q2

Hence, roots of the given quadratic equation are — or — — .

a biZ

Sol. 16. Let a and d be the first term and common difference respectively.

a = a + (p -l)d = - - (0

a = a + (q - l)d = —

q P

(8 4 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subtracting from (i), we obtain

1 1

(p - 1 - q + l)d

Q P

p -q

(p - q)d =

pq

1

d= —

pq

From (i), we have

_1

a + (p - 1 )

pq q

_l

a=

q pq

p-p+l= l

pq pq

Now, pq a + (pq - 1 )d

= — + (pq - 1) —

pq pq

1

+ 1 - — =1

pq pq

Sol. 17. From the figure,

OAJ. PA and OBJ. PB

ZOAP = 90° and ZOBP = 90°

Now, in quad. AOBP

ZOAP + ZOBP = 180°

But they are opposite angles of the quadrilateral.

Hence, AOBP is a cyclic quadrilateral.

Sol. 18. Let P be the point of contact and /be the tangent

at the point P on the circle with centre O.

Since OP is the radius of the circle and /is tangent.

OP ±1

Similarly, OQJ. m

Since /and m are two parallel tangents.

.•. Perpendicular at P and Q passes through the centre of the circle.

Sol. 19. Given : A circle of radius 6 cm (since diameter is 12 cm) and a point P is 10 cm away from its

centre.

Required : A pair of tangents.

Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a circle C(0, r) with centre O and

radius 6 cm.

2. Take a point P such that OP = 10 cm.

3. Draw AB, the perpendicular bisector of

OP and let it intersect OP in M.

4. With M as centre and PM or MO as

radius, draw another circle intersecting

the given circle in T and T .

5. Join PT and PT'.

Thus, PT and PT' are the required tangents from point P to the circle C(0, r).

Length of tangents PT and PT' are 8 cm each.

(8 5 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 20. Here, radius of conical portion (r) = 3 cm

and height of conical portion (h) = 4 cm

Now, total surface area of a lattu

= Curved surface area of cone + Curved surface area of hemisphere

22 22

= nrl + 2iir2 = x 3 x 5+ 2 x x 3 x 3

7 7

330 396 726

= ------ 1------= = 103.7 cm2

7 7 7

Total surface area to be painted = 20 x 103.7 cm2 = 2074 cm2

(i) Children are the future of any society or country and they possess various talents. So,

providing them opportunities to grow by giving proper education instead of involving them

in work will help in the development of society. With education and proper nurturance of

their talent, they contribute in a better way for the development of society and the country.

(ii) (a) Spreading awareness against child labour in the society.

(b) Abolishing the use of products involving child labour.

(c) Providing free education, free food at elementary level to poor children.

(d) Enforcing the law to abolish child labour.

Sol. 21. As red queens and black jacks are removed from 52 playing cards.

Remaining cards = 52 - 2 - 2 = 48

(0 P(akm g)=^ = i

24 1

(ii) P (a red colour card) = — = —

40 Z

8 1

(iii) P (a face card) = — = —

48 6

Sol. 22. Let AB be a building and CD be a cable tower.

c

AB

In AABD, tan 45°

BD

7

1

BD

BD 7m

In AACE, AE BD = 7m

CE

tan 60°

AE

CE

s/3

7

CE 7 j3

CD CE + ED = (7sf3 + 7) m [ vED = BD = 7 m]

7 ( j 3 + l)m

(8 6 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

SECTION - D

p(x) = x3 - 3 s/5 x2 + 13x - 3 ^5

By long division algorithm, we have

x - V s ) x 3 - 3s[5x 2 + 13x - 3 n/ 5 ( x 2 - 2 n/ 5 x + 3

x3 - ^ x 2

(-) (+)_________________

- 2 V 5 x 2 + 1 3 x - 3 V 5

- 2-Jbx2 + lOx

(+) (-)_________

3 x -3 j5

3 x -3 j5

(-) (+)

0

= (x - n/ 5 ){ x2 - ( n/ 5 - n/2) x + ( n/5 + n/2) x + 3}

= (x-V5){x(x-V5 + n/2 ) - ( V5 + n/2 ) (x - >/5 + n/2 )>

= ( x - V 5 ) ( x - V 5 + n/2 ) (x - ^5 - n/2 )

= (x - V s) [x - (V5 - n/2 )] [x —(>/5 + V 2 )]

Hence, all the zeroes of given polynomial are V5 + V2 , V5 - V2 .

Sol. 24. Let the time taken by 1 man alone to finish the work be x days and the time taken by 1 boy

alone to finish the work be y days.

Since 2 men and 7 boys can do a piece of work in 4 days

x y 4 - (0

Also, 4 men and 4 boys can do it in 3 days

4 4 _1

x y 3

1 1 _ _1 _

x y 12

1 1

Put — = p and — = q, we have

x H y ^

_1

2p + 7q =

4

p + q= ... (iv)

12

Multiplying (iv) by 2 and subtract from (Hi), we have

1 3 -2

6 12 12

(8 7 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

From (iv), we have

P + 65 12

5 -1 4_

=> P =

12 60 60 60 : 15

Thus, P ^andg

60

1

x 15 y 60

=> x = 15 and y = 60

Hence, time taken by one man to finish the work is 15 days and time taken by one boy to

finish the work is 60 days.

Sol. 25. In ADFG and ADAB, we have

Z l = Z2 [■••AB ||DC ||EF Z l and Z2 are corresponding angles]

ZFDG = ZADB [common]

So, by AA criterion of similarity, we have

ADFG ~ ADAB

DF FG

DA “ AB

(0

In trapezium ABCD, we have

EF ||AB ||DC

AF BE

DF CE

AF 3 BE 3 , . ,

■-----= — (given)

DF 4 CE 4 a

3

— +i = 4 +1 [adding 1 on both sides]

DF 4

AF + DF 7

DF 4

DA 7

DF = 4

DF 4

DA = 7

From (i) and i), we have

FG4

7

AB =

4

FG = AB

7

In ABEG and ABCD, we have

ZBEG = ZBCD [corresponding angles]

Z B = ZB [common]

ABEG ~ ABCD [by AA criterion of similarity]

BE EG

BC CD

3 EG BE 3 CE 4 CE 4 1 BC

Z Z A

7 CD CE 4 BE 3 BE 3 BE

3

EG CD

7

3

EG x 2AB [ v CD 2AB (given)]

7

6

EG = ^ AB ...(iv)

7

(8 8 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Adding (Hi) and (iu), we have

4 6

FG + E G = y A B + y A B

10

FE: AB

7FE = 10AB

Sol. 26. As A + B = 90°

B = (90° - A)

L.H.S.

sin A sec B cos2A

sin A sec (90° - A) cos2A

sin A cosec A cos2A

= tan A = R.H.S.

Sol. 27. Let the line 2x + 3y - 5 = 0 divides the line segment joining the points (8, - 9) and (2, 1) in

the ratio k : 1 .

2k+ 8 k - 9

P( x, y)

k+ 1 ’ k+ 1

- n , 2k + 8 j k -9

Thus, x = —— — and y , „

fc+1 fc+1

Point P(x, y) lies on the given line.

2 2fc + 8 +3 k -9

5=0

fc+1 fc+1

=> 4k + 16 + 3k - 27 - 5k - 5 = 0

=> 2 k = 16 fc = 8

Thus, the required ratio is 8 : 1.

Point of division is given as :

2(8) +8 8 - 9 p 8 -1

8+ 1 ’ 8+ 1 ' " 3’ 9

Height of cylindrical tank (H) = 2 m

Volume of tank = nR2H = jix 5 x 5 x 2 = 50n m3

” x is

3 On m3

50n 5

Time required to fill the tank —— = - x 60 100 minutes

30n 3

(8 9 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 29. Firstly, convert the given data to frequency distribution table.

Marks Number of Students Cumulative Frequency

0 -10 0 0

1 0 -3 0 10 10

3 0 -5 0 15 25

5 0 -7 0 18 43

7 0 -9 0 22 65

90 - 110 22 87

110 - 130 9 96

130 - 150 4 100

Total N = 100

Here, N = 100, ^ = 50

50 lies in the class interval 70 - 90. So, 70 - 90 is the median class.

/= 70, c.f. = 43, / = 22, h = 20

''N ^

-77 - co '50 - 43'

Now, median = /+ x h = 70 + x 20

/ 22 .

140

= 70 + ^ = 70 + 6.36 = 76.36

22

Hence, the required median is 76.36.

Sol. 30. Here, N = 100

and Median = 525

Classes frequency (/) Cumulative Frequency (c.f.)

200 - 300 16 16

300 - 400 X 16 + x

400 - 500 17 33 + x

500 - 600 20 53 + x

600 - 700 15 68 + x

700 - 800 y ^ 68 + x + y

Total 100 *

''N ^

Median = /+ 2 ~ C/- xh

v / y

aoo

33

525 = 500 + xlOO

20

525 - 500 = (50 - 33 - x) x 5

25= (17 - x)5

5= 17 - x

x= 1 7 _ 5 = 12

Also, E/; = 100

=> 68 + x + y = 100

=> 68 + 12 + y = 100

=> y = 100 - 12 - 68 = 20

Hence, the missing frequencies x and y are x = 12 and y = 20.

*** *

(9 0 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

S E C T IO N -A

a

1 n

Product of zeroes = a — = ^

a 3

=> p= 3

°i bi „ ci ^ 2 3 7

a2 k2 c2 a -1 a+ 1 3a+ 1

=> 2a + 2 = 3a - 3 => a= 5

AP 6 „ DP 5

Sol. 3. Here,

P B = 3 =2 3,1(1 PC 2.5

and ZAPB = ZDPC = 50° [vert. opp. Zs]

Thus, AAPB ~ ADPC

=> ZPBA = ZPCD

= 180° - 50° - 30° = 100°

O

o

a

II

= 2 x 40° = 80° Z subtended at the remaining part of the circle]

Also, ABCE is a cyclic quadrilateral

ZB + ZE = 180°

b + 40° = 180°

=> b = 180° - 40° = 140°

Now, a + b + c = 40° + 140° + 80° = 260°

3

Sol. 5. Here, cosec 0 = —

=> cosec2© = %

4

Now, 2(cosec20 + cot2©) = 2(cosecz0 + cosec2© - 1)

= 4 cosec2© - 2 [v cosec2© = 1 + cot2©]

4 x — —2

4

= 9 -2

= 7

Sol. 6. When a die is thrown once, the total possible outcomes are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

Numbers having at least 2 factors are 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

5

P(at least two factors)

6

(9 1 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Since 867 > 255, so we start with 867 as dividend and 255 as divisor, we have

867 = 255 x 3 + 102

Now, 102 is the remainder, which is not zero, so we again apply Euclid’s Division Algorithm to

255 and 102, we have

255 = 102 x 2 + 51

Again, the remainder 51 is not zero, so we once again apply Euclid’s Division Algorithm to

102 and 51, we have

102 = 51 x 2 + 0

Now, the remainder has become zero and 51 is the divisor.

Hence, the HCF of 867 and 255 is 51.

Sol. 8. For infinite number of solutions, we have

bl _ cl

a2 °2 u2

k^ 4 _ fc-4

16 k~

k2 64 Also, 4 = k-4

=> k= ±8 => k= 8

Hence, the value of k is 8.

Sol. 9. fc2 + 4/c + 8, 21c2 + 31c + 6 and 31c2 + 41c + 4 are three consecutive terms of an A.R

.-. 21c2 + 31c + 6 - (k2 + 41c + 8) = 31c2 + 41c + 4 - (2k2 + 3k + 6)

=> 1c2 - 1c- 2 = k2 + lc-2

=> 21c = 0

=> lc= 0

Sol. 10. Here, AABR- APQR

AB BR AR

PQ QR PR

45 BR AR

30 42 1 PR

45 BR 45x42

* BR = = 63 cm

30 42 30

AR 45

Also,

PR 30

Adding 1 to both sides, we obtain

AR 45 1

+ 1

PR 30 + 1

AR + PR 45 + 30

PR 30

AP _ 75

PR “ 30

72 75

PR “ 30

72x30

PR = = 28.8 cm

75

And AR = AP - PR = 72 - 28.8 = 43.2 cm

Hence, PR = 28.8 cm, AR = 43.2 cm and BR = 63 cm.

(9 2 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

□

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 11. Given that:

cos (A + B) = 0 cos (A + B) = cos 90° => A + B = 90° - (0

<

0Q

CO

O

o

sin (A - B) = ^ sin (A - B) = sin 30° => ... (ii)

II

Adding (i) and (ii), we obtain

2A = 120° A = 60°

From (i), we have

60° + B = 90° B = 90° - 60° = 30°

Hence, A = 60° and B = 30°.

Sol. 12. Let AB be the building and CD be the tower, such that ZADB = 30° and ZCBD = 45°

In rt. Zed ABDC,

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Consider p(x) = x3 - 3X2 + x + 1

=> A = l , B = - 3, C = l , D = 1

As a - b, a, a + b are the zeroes of p(x).

p

Coefficient of x

(a - b) + a + (a + b) = 1 ^ = 3

Coefficient of x 3 1

3a = 3 a= 1

Constant term 1

and (a - b) (a) (a + b) =

Coefficient of x 3 1

a(a2 - b2) = - 1

1(1 - b2) = - 1

b2 = 1 + 1 = 2

b = ± J2

Hence, a = 1 and 5 = 1 ^ 2

Sol. 14. Let the cost price of one chair be ? x and that of one table be ? y.

Profit on a chair is 25%.

25 125

Selling price of one chair = x +

io o x - 100 x

Profit on a table = 10%

lOy 110

Selling price of one table = y +

100 ioo y

According to the given condition, we have

125 110

x+ y = 1520

100 100

(9 3 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

=> 125x + llO y = 152000

=> 25x + 22y = 30400 - (0

If profit on a chair is 10% and on a table is 25%, then total selling price is ? 1535.

f 10 'l + r 25 a 1535

l 100 J ly 100 yJ

110

x + -125

— y = 11535

CQC

100 100-

=> 22x + 25y = 30700

Subtracting equation (ii) from equation (i), we have

3x - 3y = - 300 = x - y = - 100 ...m

Adding equations (i) and (ii), we have

47x + 47y = 61100 x + y = 1300 ... (iu)

Solving equations (Hi) and (iu), we have

x = 600 and y = 700

Hence, the cost price of a chair is ? 600 and that of a table is ? 700.

Sol. 15. Point P (l, 1) lies on the line segment joining the point A(3, - 2) and B(—1, 4), iff P A, B are

collinear.

.•. Area of the triangle formed by these points is 0

1

i.e., 1( - 2 - 4) + 3(4 - 1) + ( - 1) (1 + 2) | = 0

- I -6 + 9 -3 I = 0

2 1 1

I * 0=0

0=0

Which is true.

Hence, P lies on the line segment joining A and B. P (2,- 4)

Sol. 16. Let P(2, - 4), Q(6, 2) and R (- 4, 6) be the vertices of

the given APQR. L, M and N be the mid-points of PQ,

QR and PR respectively.

.•. Coordinates of L, M and N are

2+6 - 4 + 2

Q (6,2) R (-4,6)

Area of APQR = ^ |2(2 - 6) + 6(6 + 4) + ( - 4) ( - 4 - 2) |

= | |- 8 + 60 + 24 |

= — x 76 = 38 sq. units

= \ | 12 + 2 + 5 |

Required ratio = 9.5 : 38

= 1 :4

(9 4 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 17. Given : AD and PM are the medians of AABC and APQR respectively, such that

AB = A C _ AD

PQ “ PR PM

To Prove : AABC ~ APQR

Const. : Produce AD to E, such that AD = DE.

Produce PM to N, such that PM = MN.

- k

2 \

D \

Proof : In AADC and AEDB b

\

CD = BD [given] \

_

\

\ J

AD = EB [by construction]

ZADC = ZEDB [vertically opposite Zs]

\

\\ \

AADC = AEDB [by SAS congruence rule] \

=> BE = AC [c.p.c.t.]

Similarly, APMRs ANMQ

QN = PR [given]

AB AC _ AD

Now, —— = __ = _w [given]

PQ = PR “ PM

AB BE 2AD

PQ QN 2PM

AB BE _ AE

[■•• 2AD = AE and 2PM = PN by const.]

PQ : = Q N _ PN

AABE- APQN [by SSS similarity criterion]

=> Z1 = Z3 - (0

[corresponding Zs of similar triangles]

Similarly, Z2 = Z4

Adding (i) and (ii), we have

Z1 + Z2 = Z3 + Z4

=> Z A = ZP

Now, in AABC and APQR

AB _ AC

[given]

PQ “ PR

=> Z A = ZP [proved]

=> AABC-APQR [by SAS similarity criterion]

sec 0 - tan 0

Sol. 18. L.H.S. =

Isec 0 + tan 0

sec 0 - tan 0 sec 0 + tan 0

-------------- x ---------------

I sec 0 + tan 0 sec 0 + tan 0

Isec2 0 - tan2 0

I (sec 0 + tan 0)2

1

sec 0 + tan 0

1

1 sin 0

------- 1-------

cos 0 cos 0

cos 0

1 + sin 0

cos 0 x _______

________ 1 - sin 0

(1 + sin 0) 1 - sin 0

(9 5 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

cos 0 (1 - sin 0)

1 - sin2 0

cos 0 (1 - sin 0)

cos2 0

1- sin 0

cos 0

= R.H.S.

Sol. 19. Dimensions of cuboidal well are 1 m by 1 m by 7 m.

Volume of cuboidal well = 1 x 1 x 7 = 7 m3

Cost of digging = ? 450/m3

Total cost of digging = ? 450 x 7

= ? 3150

= 5.5 m3

Total cost of digging = ? 450 x 5.5

= ? 2475

Value : Economical.

Sol. 20. Radius of cylindrical base = 15 m

Height of cylindrical portion = 5.5 m

Radius of conical portion = 15 m

Height of conical portion = 8.25 - 5.5

8.25 m

= 2.75 m

= ^225 + 7.5625

= V232.5625

= 15.25 m

Area of canvas used = C.S.A. of cylindrical portion + C.S.A. of conical portion

= 2nrh + nrl = nr{2h + /)

= y x 15 (2 x 5.5 x 15.25)

22

x 15 x 26.25

7

1237.5 m2

1237.5

Length of the canvas used 825 m

1.5

Sol. 21. Total number of cards = 52

16 4

(0 P(a spade or an ace) = = To

o2 lo

P (red king) = =^

44 11

P (neither a king nor a queen) = — = —

52 13

(9 6 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a

EVERGREEN

SERIES

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

0 -1 0 X X

1 0 -2 0 5 5+ x

2 0 -3 0 9 14 + x

3 0 -4 0 12 26 + x

4 0 -5 0 y 26 + x + y

5 0 -6 0 3 29 + x + y

6 0 -7 0 2 ____ > 31 + x + y

Total 2f, = 40

Here, X/; = 40

=> 31 + x + y = 40 = > x + y= 9 = > y = 9 -x ... (i)

Also, median = 32.5

.•. 30 - 40 is the median class

''N ^

Median = /+ xh

/ y

2 0 -1 4 -x \

32.5 = 30 + xlO

12

(6 - x)5

32.5 - 30 =

6

2.5 x 6 = 30 - 5x

=> 5x = 30 - 15 => 5x = 15 => x = 3

From (i), we have

y = 9 -3 = 6

Hence, the values of x and y are x = 3 and y = 6.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Put n = 5p

=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p)2 + (5p) + 1

= 25p2 + 5p + 1

= 5(5p2 + p) + 1 = 5k + 1, where k = 5p2 + p

Put n = bp + 1

=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + l ) 2 + (5p + 1) + 1

= 25p2 + 1 + lOp + 5p + 1 + 1

= 25p2 + 15p + 3 = 5(5p2 + 3p) + 3

= 5k + 3, where k = 5p2 + 3p

Put n = bp + 2

=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + 2)2 + (5p + 2) + 1

= 25p2 + 4 + 20p + 5p + 2 + 1

= 25p2 + 25p + 5 + 2

= 5(5p2 + 5p + 1) + 2

= 5k + 2, where k = 5p2 + 5p + 1

Put n = 5p + 3

=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + 3)2 + (5p + 3) + 1

= 25p2 + 9 + 30p + 5p + 3 + 1

= 25p2 + 35p + 10 + 3

(9 7 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

= 5(5p2 + 7p + 2) + 3

= 5k + 3, where k = 5p2 + 7p + 2

Put n = 5p + 4

=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + 4)2 + (5p + 4) + 1

= 25p2 + 16 + 40p + 5p + 4 + 1

= 25p2 + 45p + 20 + 1

= 5(5p2 + 9p + 4) + 1

= 5k + 1, where k = 5p2 + 9p + 4

Thus, for all n, n2 + n + 1 is never of the form 5k, which shows that n2 + n + 1 is not

divisible by 5 for any natural number.

Sol. 24. Time taken by two taps together to fill the tank = hours.

8

Let V be the volume of tank and x be the number of hours required by the large tap to fill the

tank.

Number of hours required by the smaller tap to fill the tank = (x + 10)

V

Portion of the tank filled by larger tap in 1 hour = —

x

V

Portion of the tank filled by smaller tap in 1 hour = ---- —

x +10

V

Portion of the tank filled by both taps in 1 hour =

75

8

As per the given condition, we have

V V V

x x +10 75

8

1 1

V

x x + 10 = V X 75

x + 10 + x _8_

x(x +10) = 75

2x + 10 _8_

x2 + lOx “ 75

8(x2 + lOx) 75(2x + 10)

=> Sx2 + 80x = 150x + 750

=> Sx2 + 80x - 150x - 750 = 0

=> Sx2 - 70x - 750 = 0

Divide by 2, we have

=> 4X2 - 35x - 375 = 0

Compare with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have

a = 4, b = - 35, c = - 375

D = b2 - 4ac = (- 35)2 - 4 x 4 x (- 375)

= 1225 + 6000 = 7225

By quadratic formula, we have

-b ± n/D -(-35) ± V7225

* 2a 2x4

35 + 85

=> x = ---------

8

(9 8 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

35 + 85 3 5 -8 5

8 8

120 50

X = x

8 8

25

15, x = -

4

25

But — — is not possible.

Hence, the time required by the larger tap x = 15 hours and time required by the smaller

tap = x + 10 = 15 + 10 = 25 hours.

Sol. 25. Let there be (2n + 1) stones. Clearly, one stone lies in the middle and n stones on each side

of it in a row. Let P be the mid-stone and let A and B be the end stones on the left and right

of P respectively.

Clearly, there are n intervals each of length

10 metres on both the sides of R Now, suppose

s„ sn-1 s2 S'i S '2 sv S'„

the man starts from A. He picks up the end stone i--- h —I— -i—H— H ---1- H—

on the left of mid-stone and goes to the mid 10 m 10 m

left, picks it up, goes to the mid-stone and drops it. This process is repeated till he collects all

stones on the left of the mid-stone at the mid-stone. So, distance covered in collecting stones

on the left of the mid-stones is

10 x n + 2[10 x (n - 1) + 10 x (n - 2) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]

After collecting all stones on left of the mid-stone the man goes to the stone B on the right

side of the mid-stone, picks it up, goes to the mid-stone and drops it. Then, he goes to

(n - 1)* stone on the right and the process is repeated till to collects all stones at the mid-stone.

Distance covered in collecting the stones on the right side of the mid-stone

= 2[10 x n + 10 x (n-1) + 10 x (n-2 ) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]

.•. Total distance covered = 10 x n + 2[10 x (n - 1) + 10 x (n - 2) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]

+ 2[10 x n + 10 x (n - 1) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]

= 4[10 x n + 10 x (n - 1) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1] - 10 x n

= 40 {1 + 2 + 3 + ... + n} - lOn

20n2 + lOn = 3000 => 2n2 + n - 300 = 0

25

=> (n - 12) (2n + 25) = 0=>n = 12orn = — — (Rejecting - ve value)

Sol. 26. Steps of Construction :

1. Draw two concentric circles with radii 3 cm and 6 cm, mark O as their centre.

2. Take any point P on the outer circle and join OR

3. Draw AB, the perpendicular bisector of OR let it intersect OP

in M.

4. With M as centre and radius MP or MO, draw a circle and

let it intersect the inner circle in Q and T.

5. Join PT and PQ.

Thus, PT and PQ are the required tangents.

On measuring, PT = PQ = 5.2 cm.

(9 9 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 27. Let C and F be the two positions of the balloon. Let AB be the height of the girl, such that

AB = DE = GH = 1.2 m

FG

= tan 30°

AG

87 1

AG “ 73

AG = 87^3 m

Thus, EH = DG = AG - AD

8 7 x 3 -8 7 174 n/3

73 73 X V3

174 r-

= — x V3 = 58^/3 = 58 x 1.73 = 100.34 m

Hence, distance travelled by the balloon during the interval is 100.34 m.

Sol. 28. Given : A quadrilateral ABCD, circumscribing a cirlce

having its centre at O. AB, BC, DA touch the circle at S,

R, Q and P respectively.

To Prove : ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° and

ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°

Const. : Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OQ, OR and OS.

Proof : In AAPO and AASO,

AP = AS [tangents from an external point]

AO = AO [common]

ZAPO = ZASO = 90°

AAPO = AASO [by RHS cong. axiom]

=> Z l = Z2

Similarly, Z4 = Z3 ... (ii)

Z5 = Z6 ...(Hi)

and Z8 = Z7 ...(iv)

Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we have

Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = Z2 + Z3 + Z6 + Z7

(Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Z6 + Z7)

ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (u)

Also, Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = Z2 + Z3 + Z6 + Z7

(Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Z6 +Z7)

ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (u)

(1 0 0 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Also, Z l + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 + Z5 + Z7 + Z8 = 360°

Z l + Z l + Z4 + Z4 + Z5 + Z5 + Z8 + Z8 = 360°

Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = 180°

( Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = 180°

ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° ... (iu)

From (u) and (vi), we have ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° = ZAOB + ZCOD.

Sol. 29. For computation of Median, we have

Class Intervals frequency (ft) Cumulative frequency (c.f.)

0 -1 0 5 5

1 0 -2 0 X 5+ x

2 0 -3 0 20 25 + x

3 0 -4 0 15 40 + x

4 0 -5 0 y 40 + x + y

5 0 -6 0 5 45 + x + y

zf, = 60

Given that: Median = 28.5

Clearly, it lies in the class interval 20 - 30. So, 20 - 30 is the median class.

.-. / = 20, h = 10, / = 20, c.f. = 5 + x and N = 60

77- c /-

Now, Median = / + x h

/

3 0 -(5 + x)

28.5 = 20 + xlO

20

25- x

28.5 = 20 +

2S - v

8.5 = ^ = > 2 5 -x = 1 7 = > x = 8

We have

N = 60

45 + x + y = 60 => x + y = 15

Putting x = 8 in x + y = 15, we have y = 7

Hence, x = 8 and y = 7.

Sol. 30. Area of + Area of R3 = Area of square PQRS - Area of two semicircles having centres at

B and D

f

1 0 x l0 -2 x —x3.14x52

2

[ radius = PA = 5 cm]

= (100 - 3.14 x 25) cm2

Similarly, we have

Area of Rg + Area of R4 = 21.5 cm2

.•. Area of the shaded region = Area of square PQRS - (Area of Rj

+ Area of Rg + Area of R3 + Area of R4)

= (100 - 2 x 21.5) cm2 = 57 cm2

****

(1 0 1 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Subject: MATHEMATICS

Class: 10

SECTION - A

Sol. 1. 5 x 7 x 1 1 + 7 = 7(55 + 1)

= 7(56)

= a composite number

Sol. 2. Let the two consecutive integers be n and n + 1. According to the statement, we obtain

n(n + 1) = 306

n2 + n - 306 = 0

Sol. 3. Perpendicular distance of the point P(4, 2) from the y-axis is 4 units.

Sol. 4. Given that:

x = a cos 0 and y = b sin 0

x2 = a2 cos20 and y2 = b2 sin20

Now, b V + a2y2 - a2b2 = b2(a2 cos2©) + a2(b2 sin20) - a2b?

= a2b2 (cos20 + sin20) - a2b2

= a2b2 - c^b2

= 0

Sol. 5. Here, OP = OQ = OR = radii of circle

Also, OP = PQ [sides the rhombus]

OP = PQ = OQ = 8 cm

/. AOPQ is an equilateral triangle.

Similarly, AOQR is an equilateral triangle.

.\ Area of shaded region = area of rhombus OPQR

= 2 x area of AOPQ

/o

= 2 x — x 8 x 8

4

= 32 73 sq. cm.

Sol. 6. When three coins are tossed, then the number of possible outcomes

= 8(HHH, HTT, HTH, THH, HHT, THT, TTH, TTT)

Total outcomes of at least one head = 7

7

Required probability =

8

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. Given numbers are 12 and 42

Now, 12 = 2 x 2 x 3

42 = 2 x 3 x 7

LCM = 22 x 3 x 7 = 84

According to the statement, we obtain

10m + 4 = 84

10m = 80

=> m= 8

(1 0 2 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 8. For infinite number of solution, we have

1r <■>

1^

Q1 .

ii

a2 ^2 c2

2 3 7

2a a + p 28

1 _ 3 _ 1

a a+p 4

s I

ii

j and - -

4 a a+P

a = 4 and 3a = a + p

=> 2a = p

=> p= 8

Hence, a = 4 and P = 8.

Sol. 9. Given that P(x, y) is equidistant from A(a - b, a + b) and B(a + b, b a ).

Squaring both sides, we have

=> x2 + a2 + b2 - 2xa - 2ab + 2xb + y2 + a2 + b2- 2ya + 2ab - 2yb

= x2 + a2 + b2 - 2xa + 2ab - 2xb + y2 + b2+ a2 - 2yb - 2ab + 2ya

=> 2xb - 2ya = 2ya - 2xb

=> 4xb = 4ya

=> bx = ay

Sol. 10. In AABC, Z A = ZB

BC = AC

Also, BE = AD [given]

Dividing the two equations, we obtain

BC AC

BE AD

BC _ i _ AC

or

BE AD

B C -B E A C -A D

BE AD

CE CD

BE AD

By converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have

DE ||AB

Sol. 11. We know that the lengths of the tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

AE = AH

=> x = 4 -x

=> 2x = 4 => x = 2

Now, AH + DH = AD

=> 4 - 2 + DH = 5

=> DH = 5 - 2 = 3 cm

Similarly, CF = CG

2y - 3 = y

=> y=3

(1 0 3 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Also, DG = DH = 3 cm

Now, CD = DG + CG

= 3+ y

= 3+ 3

= 6

Hence, the length of the side CD is 6 cm.

Sol. 12. Internal radius of cylindrical pipe (r) = 30 cm

External radius of cylindrical pipe (R) = 35 cm

Now, Volume of hollow cylindrical pipe = Volume of cuboidal block

22

y x 65 x 5 x h 440 x 26000

440 x 26000 x 7

h=

22 x 65 x 5

= 11200 cm

h = 112 m

Hence, the length of the pipe is 112 m.

SECTION - C

Sol. 13. Since 210 > 55, therefore, 210 is dividend and 55 is the divisor.

210 = 3 x 55 + 45 - (0

55 = 1 x 45 + 10 - (n)

45 = 4 x 10 + 5 ... (Hi)

10 = 2 x 5 + 0 ...(iv)

Since remainder becomes zero, there divisor 5 is the required HCF of 210 and 55.

Now, 210x + 55y = 5

From (in), we obtain

5 = 45 - 10 x 4

5 = 45 - (55 - 45) x 4 [using (ii)]

5 = 45 - 55 x 4 + 45 x 4

5 = 45 x 5 - 55 x 4

5 = (210 - 3 x 55) x 5 - 55 x 4 [using (i)]

5 = 210 x 5 - 15 x 55 - 55 x 4

5 = 210 x 5 - 19 x 55

Hence, x = 5 and y = - 19.

Sol. 14. Given polynomial is

p(x) = x3 + 2x2 + toc + 3

According to given statement, we obtain

p(3) = (3)3 + 2(3)2 + Jc(3) + 3 = 21

27 + 18 + 3k + 3 = 21

3k = -2 7

k= -9

Thus, given polynomial is :

p(x) = x3 + 2X2 - 9x + 3

(1 0 4 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

By using long division method, we have

x - 3^ x3 + 2x2 - 9x + 3 (x 2 + 5x + 6

x° - 3x^

(-) (+)

5x2 - 9 x + 3

5x2 - 15x

(-) +

6x + 3

6x -1 8

(-) (+)

21

Hence, the quotient is x2 + 5x + 6 and value of k is - 9.

Sol. 15. (a - b)x + (a + b)y = a2 - b2 - 2ab ...(0

(a + b)x + (a + b)y = a2 + b2

Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have

( a - b - a - b)x = a2 - b2 - 2ab b2

- 2 b x = - 2b2 - 2ab

-2 b{b + a)

a+ b

X= ^2b =

From eqn. (ii), we have

(a + b) (a + b) + (a + b)y = a2 + b2

a2 + b2 + 2ab + (a + b)y = a2 + b2

(a + b)y = - 2ab

-2 ab

y = ^Tb

Hence, the values of x and y are :

-2 ab

x = a + b and y

a+ b '

Sol. 16. Let the original speed of the plane be x km/h

1500 .

/. Time taken to cover 1500 km at x km/h =

Now, speed of the plane = (x + 100) km/h

1500

/.Time taken to cover 1500 km at (x + 100) km/h =

x + 100

According to the statement of the question, we have

1500 1500 30

x + 100 60

x + 100-x 1

1500

x(x +100) 2

1500 x 100 1

x2 + lOOx 2

x2 + lOOx - 300000: 0

x2 + 600x - 500x - 300000 = 0

(x + 600) (x - 500) = 0

=> x + 600 = 0 or x - 500 = 0

=> x = - 600 or x = 500

Rejecting - ve value, because speed can’t be - ve, we have x 500

Hence, the original speed of the plane is 500 km/h.

Value : Promptness in providing timely help to the injured, as well as concern about all passengers.

(1 0 5 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 17. Coordinates of A, B and C are A( - 3, 10), B( - 1, 6) and C(6, - 8).

= 2 :7

Hence, verified.

Sol. 18. Given : A circle C(0, r) with centre O. Through the external point P tangents PT and PT' are

drawn.

To Prove : PT = PT'

Const. : Join PO, TO and T'O.

Proof : In rt. Zed APTO and APT'O, we have

TO = T'O = r

hypt. PO = hypt. PO [common]

ZPTO = ZPT'O = 90°

APTO = APT'O [by RHS congruency axiom]

=> PT = PT' [c.p.c.t.]

Let OP intersect AB at a point C. Here, PA and PB are the two tangents from a point P lying

outside the circle, to the circle with centre O.

ZAPO = ZBPO [ v O lies on the bisector of ZAPB]

Now, in AACP and ABCP we have

AP = BP [tangents from an external point]

P C = PC [common]

ZAPO = ZBPO [proved above]

=> AACP = ABCP [by SAS congruence axiom]

=> A C = BC [c.p.c.t.]

and ZACP = ZBCP

= | x 180° = 90°

Hence, OP is the perpendicular bisector of AB.

Sol. 19. Let AB be tower of height h m. Let C and D respectively denote the initial and the second

point of observations. Here, CD = 10 m, ZACB = 60°, ZADE = 30°, BE = DC = 10 m

and AE = AB - BE = (h - 10) m.

Now, in ACBA, ZB = 90°

AB _

— = tan 60° = 73

^ = BC -('•)

(1 0 6 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

In rt. Zed ADEA, we have

AE

= tan 30°

DE 73

AE = DE x -

73

1 = = BC x -

73

1

=

l i n

h - 10= ^

— j= X — j=

1

—

h

—

73 73 3

l ft=10

h = 10 x | = 15

Hence, the height of the tower is 15 m.

Sol. 21. Frequency distribution table of given data is :

Daily Income No. of Men Class Marks fa

(in?) (fi) (x,)

0 -1 0 0 12 50 600

100 - 200 16 150 2400

200 - 300 6 250 1500

300 - 400 7 350 2450

400 - 500 9 450 4050

Total % = 50 Z/jX,. = 11000

H000

Mean 220

2/, 50

Hence, the average daily income is ? 220.

Sol. 21. Here, AC = AD = 6 cm

[ v length of the two tangents from an external point to a circle are equal]

OC = 8 cm

OD = OA - AD = 10 cm - 6 cm = 4 cm

OP = OC - PC = 8 - r

Now, OP2 = OD2 + PD2

=> (8 - r)2 = 42 + r2

=> 64 - 16r + r2 = 16 + r2

=> 16r = 64 - 16 = 48

48

t t , cm

= 3

lb

Now,

3 3 7

4 o 4 22 o

Volume of sphere = —Jtr3 = — x — x (3)3

3: 7

4 22 ,

= - X y x 2 7 cm3

/. The volume of water overflows = Volume of the sphere

(1 0 7 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

ran

EVERGREEN

s SERIES

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Volume of sphere

/.Fraction of water which overflows =

Volume of cone 1 22 , , _

—x — x 6 x 6 x 8

3 7

4 x 22 x 27 3

22 x 36 x 8 8

Sol. 22. More than type frequency distribution of the given data is

Classes Frequency Cumulative Frequency

1 0 -2 0 10 More than 10 100

2 0 -3 0 15 More than 20 90

3 0 -4 0 30 More than 30 75

4 0 -5 0 32 More than 40 45

5 0 -6 0 8 More than 50 13

6 0 -7 0 5 More than 60 5

2$ = 100 More than 70 0

Plot the points (10, 100), (20, 90), (30, 75), (40, 45), (50, 13), (60, 5), (70, 0) and join

them freehand to get the required more than type ogive by taking marks along x-axis and

cumulative frequency along y-axis.

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Given that:

cosec 0 - sin 0 = /

l-s in 20 _

=> —----- sin 0 = /

sin 0 sin 0

cos2 0 j

=> cot 0 . cos 0 = /

sin 0

=> Z2 = cot2© . cos20

Also sec 0 - cos 0 = m

=> —------cos 0 = m

cos 0

1- cos2 0

=> —m

cos 0

sin2©

=> „ = m

cos 0

=> m2 = tan20 . sin20

Now, /2 m2 (/2 + m2 + 3)

= cot2© . cos20 . tan20 . sin20 (cot2© cos20 + tan20 . sin20 + 3)

' 4^ 4 >

cos 0 sin 0 „

cos2 0. sin2 0 --- 2~ + ----2~ + 3

sin 0 cos 0

= (cos20)3 + (sin20)3 + 3 sin20 cos2©

= (cos20 + sin20) (cos40 + sin40 - sin20 cos20) + 3 sin20 cos20

= (cos20)2 + (sin20)2 - sin20 cos20 + 3 sin20 cos20

= (cos20)2 + (sin20)2 + 2 sin20 cos2©

= (cos20 + sin20)2

= 1 = R.H.S.

Sol. 24. Let a be the first term of given A.F

a = 8, d = 9 and an = 350

Using a + (n - l)d = an, we have

8 + (n - 1) 9 = 350

350-8

n- 1= = 38

9

=> n = 39

39

Now, s 39= t [8 + 350]

39

x 358

2

= 39 x 179 = 6981.

(1 0 9 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN

^ SERIES ^

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 25. Steps of Construction :

1. Draw a line segment BC = 6 cm.

2. At B, construct an angle ZABC = 60°.

3. Join AC.

4. At B, construct an acute angle ZCBX < 90°.

5. Mark seven points on BX, such that:

BB1 = B1B2 = B2B3 = B3B4 = B4B5

= = ®6®7'

6. Join B7C and through B5, draw B5C' ||B7C,

intersecting BC in C'.

7. Through C', draw C'A' ||CA, intersecting AB

in A'. Thus, A'BC' is the required triangle.

To Prove : 4(BL2 + CM2) = 5BC2

Proof : In ACAB, Z A = 90°

.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have

CB2 = AC2 + BA2 ... (i)

Also, in rt. ALAB, Z A = 90°

.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have

BL2 = AL2 + AB2

„ AC *

BL2 = ~2~ + AB2

[ •••L is the mid-point of AC]

AC^

BL2 + AB2

Now, in rt. ACAM, Z A = 90°

.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have

CM2 = AC2 + AM2

AB"

CM2 = AC2 +

Adding (ii) and (in), we have

4BL2 + 4CM2 = AC2 + 4AB2 + 4AC2 + AB2

4(BL2 + CM2) = 5AC2 + 5AB2

=> 4(BL2 + CM2) = 5(AC2 + AB2)

=> = 5(BC2) [using (i)]

=> 4(BL2 + CM2) = 5BC2

(1 1 0 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 27. Since two zeroes of the given polynomial x4 - 2X3- 26X2 + 54x - 27 are 3 73 and - 3 73

(x - 3 73 ) (x + 3 73 ) or x2 - 27 is a factor of given polynomial.

Now, by long division algorithm, we have

x2 - 2x +1

x2 - 27 x4 - 2x3 - 26x2 + 54x - 27

' x4 -2 7 x 2

(-) (+)

-2x3 + x2 + 54x - 27

-2xd + 54x

(+) (-)

-2 7

x -2 7

(-) (+)

0

=> (x - 1) (x - 1) = 0

=> x = 1 or x = 1

Hence, all the zeroes of the given polynomial are

Sol. 28. Let A be point of observation and C be position of cloud. Let DE be surface of the lake and

C' be reflection of C in the lake.

ZCAB = 30°

and ZC'AB = 60°

Let BC = h m

AB

h

AB 73

AB = 7 3 h (0

C'B

In rt. AABC', = tan 60°

AB

h + 60 + 60

= 73 ( v B C ' = BE + EC')

AB

h + 120

AB

~ l3 ~ - m

From equations (i) and (ii), we have

r - u h + 120

3 h = h + 120

2h = 120

=> h = 60

Height of cloud = BC + BE

= 60 + 60 = 120 m.

(1 1 1 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

EVERGREEN MOCK PAPER

EVERGREEN SAMPLE QUESTION PAPERS - MATHEMATICS

Sol. 29. Here, radius of the pulley i.e., OA = OB = 5 cm and OP = 10 cm.

Since tangent is perpendicular to the radius at the point of contact.

ZOAP = ZOBP = 90°

Consider rt. Zed AOAP we have

OP 10 2

=> ZOPA = 30°

0 = 180° - 90° - 30°

= 60° [using Zsum property of a A]

ZAOB = 20 = 2 x 60° = 120°

or Reflex ZAOB = 360° - 120° = 240°

Now, the length of the belt in contact with the pulley

240° _ 22 _

= ----- x 2 x — x 5

360° 7

2 44 ,

= —x — x 5

3 7

440

= 20.95 cm.

21

Area of the shaded region = 2(area of AOAP) - area of sector OACBO

_ 1 _ _ 120 ° 22 _ _

= 2 x - x 5V3 x 5 “ 360^ x y x5 x5

[ •••in rt. Zed AOAP AP Jop2 OA2 = VlOO-25 V75 = 5^3 cm]

1

= 43.25 - 26.19

43-25 _ i x y x 25

= 17.06 cm2

Sol. 30. Total number of marbles in the jar = 54

Let number of blue marbles be x

— = I x = 18

54 3 =>

Thus, number of blue marbles in the jar = 18

Let number of green marbles be y

= * y = 6 x 4 = 24

54 9

Thus, number of green marbles in the jar = 24

Hence, number of white marbles in the jar = 5 4 - 1 8 - 2 4 12

(1 1 2 ) e -m a il: epildelhi@gmail.com

- TrigonometryUploaded byYasser Albatol
- McGraw-Hill-Geometry_ Concepts and Applications, Skills Practice Workbook Answer Key -Glencoe_McGraw-Hill (2005)Uploaded byNestor Bong Bordaje Nemeño
- mathworkbook.pdfUploaded byJavoO95
- Formula HandbookUploaded byAnanth Mariadhass
- KTCT2Uploaded byMua He
- C4 June 2006 Mark SchemeUploaded byhanihassan7268
- gat-v 18-oct-15Uploaded byAhmadRaza
- WBJEE 2014 Maths SolutionUploaded byManoj
- Rancangan Tahunan Matematik Tingkatan 4 2011Uploaded bynard_eiya
- 2013_11_sp_maths_02Uploaded byArun Chauhan
- ELEMENTS-OF-MATHEMATICS_001.docxUploaded byChristian Arlo Sikat Magadia
- Deepawali Assngment Class 12 Queans Key OnlyUploaded byNaved Anjoom
- Ape Flyer 201516Uploaded byKitkat
- Honors Final ReviewUploaded byVivian Ho
- g.a.v.leafUploaded byapi-3733260
- shooting angleUploaded byapi-334639746
- AQA-MPC3-W-QP-JAN08Uploaded byShiwanka Handapangoda
- Introduction to Trigonometry.docxUploaded byYayerad Mekonnen (MrRad Productions)
- lesson 3Uploaded byapi-270322298
- formula.docxUploaded byPratyush Panda
- Trial Stpm 2014 p1 Sigs[1]1Uploaded byLoey Lola Stuart
- MAT_ExemplarQuestions-1.pdfUploaded bypatience sibanda
- JEE SyllabusUploaded bymridul2312
- 9709_s14_qp_32Uploaded bymalyks
- Btec12 First Eng Sow u10Uploaded bynjenns
- ritconceptsreferenceUploaded byapi-327325143
- Exam Guidelines Paper 2 from 2008 to 2012.pptxUploaded byRowanChibi
- elprojectodetoweroficialUploaded byapi-311617915
- 2008_CJC_Paper_1.pdfUploaded bykarpeo
- Section 6.3 Properties of the Trigonometric Functions (5)Uploaded byJames Wong

- Analytical method for the kinetostatic analysis of the second-class RRR Assur group allowing for friction in the kinematic pairsUploaded bygerman
- EDI810SpecDocumentationFAQ.pdfUploaded byMohamed Ali Amri
- 143_1255_american_catalog_2013Uploaded byFelipe Aranda
- Personal EffctUploaded byNikhil Agrawal
- Receipts Orders InvoicesUploaded byAyush53
- L-25(SS)(IAC) ((EE)NPTEL)Uploaded byMarvin Bayanay
- Warralong Journal of an XO deploymentUploaded byJonathan Nalder
- Chapter 11 - Fault ModelingUploaded bybella_ds
- Manual MountzUploaded byDavid Resendiz M
- BP Final ReportUploaded byrohitashav
- Design_ Performance_ Fire Modelling_ Two-Zone Models-useUploaded byKenneth Okoye
- T033 - A Genetic Algorithm for Railway Scheduling ProblemsUploaded byikhsan854n
- Monarch CPI Sep Brochure[1]Uploaded bykumarvns111
- Service Manual 6800338Uploaded byrowan
- Pendulum.pdfUploaded byĐỗ Lê Duy
- M.tech (SE)Uploaded byrgkumarsietk
- Rockwool Rti Product Catalogue ExportUploaded byBeomHee Lee
- PRC FORM for SPUP NURSING STUDENTSUploaded byhay_nako434
- Hack Harvard Showcase Program January, 23, 2011Uploaded bychris_kelvin_lee
- BM3388 Strategic Brand Management Module OutlineUploaded byMunish Nagar
- Training Report(Ntpc) (2)Uploaded byRupak Kumar
- Smart Attendance Management SytemUploaded byLuvv Wadhwani
- DS4243 SpecificationUploaded byarif_rustam
- TB Chapter24Uploaded byRoberto De La Paz
- Query to provide 11i Customer and Address for an OrderUploaded byRadhe Lanka
- Daily Lesson Plan - Science Year 6 (SDP)Uploaded byhellowu
- CPS_Pt2_HomescanUploaded bymithunrecdgp
- 1000247 001REP Increased SAG Grinding Capacity at Goldex RAUploaded byrodrigoalcaino
- GCR 14-917-27_Analysis Research Program(2)Uploaded byjachoijachoi
- NetworkingUploaded byCharanjit Singh Saini