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# a EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPERS

## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-1

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
SECTION - A
Sol. 1. Given line is: 5 x -3 y = 18
Since line meets y-axis and at y-axis, x is zero
Put x = 0
5(0) - 3y = 18
=> y= - 6
Hence, the coordinates of the point are (0, - 6).
Sol. 2. Given quadratic equation is :

3V2x2 - V 3 x - V l8 = 0
Discriminant = b2 - 4ac

## = (-V3)2 -4(3V 2)(-V l8)

= 3 + 12 x 6
= 3 + 72 = 75
Sol. 3. Here, AOB is a diameter, therefore, ZACB = 90°
Also, ZB = 180° - 90° - 30° 60° [ ■••ZCAB = 30° & ZACB = 90°]
Thus, ZPCA = ZB = 60° [Zs in the corr. alt. segment]
cos u cos u
Sol. 4. L.H.S. = 1--- :— X ------
1 + sin u cos u

cos2u
(1 + sin u) cos u
p
1- sin u _ (1 + sin u) (1 - sin u)
(1 + sin u) cos u (1 + sin u) cos u

1- sin u
R.H.S.
cos u
Sol. 5. Here, 2nr + r 51

22
2 x — +1 =51
7

44 + 7
r = 51
7

51
51
rX T =
r = 7 cm.
Sol. 6. Sample space {HH, HT, TH, TT}
Atleast one tail {HT, TH, TT}

3
Required probability =
4

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SECTION - B

## (\/3 + \/5)2 = — , q 0 and p, q e Z

q
=> 3 + 5 + 2 n/15 = ^
q
=> 8 + 2 n/15 = P
q
=> 2n/15 = ^ - 8

^ - * i r
=> N/l5 = rational
Which contradicts the fact that ,N/i5 is irrational. Hence, (*J3 + V5)2 is irrational.
Sol. 8. Given polynomial is x3 - 4x

Sum of zeroes = — = ^ = 0
a 1
_d 0
Product of zeroes = — = —= 0
a 1
Sol. 9. Since k + 9, 2k - 1 and 2k + 7 are the consecutive terms of an A.R
2 k - 1 - (k + 9) = 2k + 7 - (2fc- 1)
=> 2k-l-k-9=2k + 7-2k+l
=> fc - 10 = 8
=> fc= 18
Sol. 10. Since (a, 3), (6, - 2) and ( - 3, 4) are collinear.
.•. Area of triangle formed by these points vanishes

i.e., — I a( 2 - 4) + 6(4 - 3) + ( - 3) (3 + 2) | = 0
2 1
=> |- 6 a + 6 -1 5 | = 0
=> |- 6a - 9 | = 0
=> 6a = - 9
9 3
=> a=- —= - —
6 2
Sol. 11. AP and AS are two tangents from an external point A to the circle
AP = AS ...(i)
[ v tangents drawn from an external point to the circle are equal]
Similarly, BP = BQ
CR = CQ
and DR = DS ...(iv)
Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we obtain
AP + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS
(AP + BP) + (CR +DR) = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)
AB + CD = AD + BC
Sol. 12. Volume of each cube = 125 cm3
Side of each cube = ^125 = 5 cm
When these two cubes are joined end to end.
Then, length of the cuboid is 10 cm, breadth and height remains same i.e., 5 cm.

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Now, surface area of cuboid = 2(lb + bh + hi)
= 2(10 x 5 + 5 x 5 + 5 x 10)
= 2(125)
= 250 cm2

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Given quadratic polynomial is : 5X2 + 8x - 4
5X2 + 8 x -4 = 5X2 + lOx - 2x - 4
= 5x(x + 2) - 2(x + 2)
= (5x - 2) (x + 2)
Thus, zeroes of this polynomial are obtained as :
2
5x - 2 = 0 and x + 2 = 0 =>x = — and x = - 2.
5

Sum of zeroes = — - 2
5
2-10 _ - 8 -(Coefficient of x)
Q
5 “ 5 Coefficient of x
2 4
Product of zeroes = ^ (-2) = - —

Constant term
Q
Coefficient of x
Hence, relationship between zeroes and the coefficients is verified.
Sol. 14. Given A.R is : 121, 117, 113, ...
Here, a = 121, d = - 4
Let fc* term is its first negative term.
ak < 0
=> a + (fc- l)d < 0
=> 121 + (fc - 1) ( - 4) < 0
=> ( - 4 ) (fc - 1) < - 121
-121
fc - l>
-4
121
fc> 1 +

125

> 31|
Hence, 32th term of the given A.R is first negative term.
Sol. 15. Given that:
AADC - ABDA [by SAS similarity axiom]
ZDAC = ZDBA
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In AABC, by angle sum property, we have
ZBAD + ZACD + ZDAC + ZDBA = 180°
ZBAD + ZBAD + ZDAC + ZDAC = 180° [using (i) and (ii)]
ZBAC = 90°
ZA = 90°
Hence, AABC is right-angled at A.
Sol. 16. Given : AABC such that AB2 + BC2 = AC2
To Prove : ZB = 90°
Const. : Construct a right triangle PQR,
right-angled at Q, such that
PQ = AB
and QR = BC.
Proof : From right APQR, we have
PR2 = PQ2 + QR2 [using Pythagoras Theorem]
=> PR2 = AB2 + BC2 ... (i) [ v PQ = AB and QR = BC]
Also, we have
AC2 = AB2 + BC2 ... (ii) [given]
From (i) and (ii), we have
PR2 = AC2
=> PR = AC
=> AABC = APQR [SSS congruency criterion]
=> ZB = ZQ = 90° [c.p.c.t.]
=> ZB = 90°
Given that: Q
PR2 = 2PQ2
=> PR2 = PQ2 + PQ2
=> PR2 = PQ2 + QR2 [ ■••PQ = QR(given]
.•. By using converse of Pythagoras Theorem, we have
APQR is rt. Zed triangle, right-angled at Q.
Hence, ZQ = 90°
Sol. 17. Given : A quadrilateral ABCD, circumscribing a circle
having its centre at O. AB, BC, CD and DA touch the
circle at S, R, Q and P respectively.
To Prove : ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° and
ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°
Const. : Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OP OQ, OR and OS.
Proof : In AAPO and AASO,
AP = AS [tangents from an external point]
AO = AO [common]
ZAPO = ZASO = 90°
AAPO = AASO [by RHS cong. axiom]
=> Z l = Z2
Similarly, Z4 = Z3
Z5 = Z6 ... (Hi)
and Z8 = Z 7 ... (iv)

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Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iu), we have
Z l + Z4 + Zb + Z 8 = Z2 + Z3 + Zb + Z l
( Z 1 + Z8) + (Z4 + Zb) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Zb + Z l )
ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (u)
Also, Z l + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 + Zb + Z b + Z l + Z8 = 360°
Z l + Z l + Z4 + Z4 + Z5 + Z5 + Z8 + Z8 = 360°
Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = 180°
(Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = 180°
ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° ... (vi)
From (u) and (vi), we have ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° = ZAOB + ZCOD.
Sol. 18. Given : AABC with base BC = 8 cm and altitude 4 cm.
3
Required : AA'BC' ~ AABC with scale-factor —.

Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a line segment BC = 8 cm.
2. Draw PQ, the perpendicular bisector of BC,
intersecting BC in O.
3. From OP cut off OA = 4 cm.
4. Join AB and AC to get given isosceles
AABC. b
5. Through B, construct ZCBX less than 90°.
6. From BX, cut off five equal parts, such that
BBj = BjBg = B2B3 = B3B4 = B4B5.
7. Join B5C.
8. Through B3, draw B3C' ||B5C, intersecting
BC in C'.
9. Through C', draw C'A' ||CA, intersecting BA in A'.
Thus, AA'BC' is the required triangle.
The triangle A'BC', so obtained, is similar to the given triangle ABC and each side of AA'BC'
3
is — times the corresponding sides of AABC.
5
Sol. 19. (sec2 37° - cot2 53°) tan 21°. tan 69° - sin 51°. cos 39° - cos 51°. sin 39°
= {sec2 37° - cot2 (90° - 37°)} . tan 21°. tan (90° - 21°) - sin (90° - 39°) . cos 39°
- cos (90° - 39°) . sin 39°
= {sec2 37° - tan2 37°} tan 21°. cot 21° - cos 39°. cos 39° - sin 39°. sin 39°

## = 1. tan 21°. — ------- cos2 39° - sin2 39°

tan 21°
= 1 - (cos2 39° + sin2 39°)
= 1-1
= 0.
Sol. 20. Volume of cylindrical pipe = Volume of cuboid
n(R2 - r2)h = / x b x h
n (35 x 35 - 30 x 30)h = 440 x 260 x 100

## y (1225 - 900)h = 440 x 260 x 100

440x260x100x7
h
22 x 325
= 11200 cm
= 112 m
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Sol. 21. Monthly Consumption of Electricity (in units) No. of Families (ft) c./.
170 - 180 4 4
180 - 190 X x + 4
190 - 200 12 x + 16
200 - 210 15 x + 31
210 - 220 13 x + 44
220 - 230 y x + y + 44
230 - 240 14 x + y + 58
240 - 250 6 ^.x + y + 64
Total 80"*

00
o
w'
Here,

II
=> x + y + 64 = 80
=> x + y = 80 - 64 = 16
Median = 206 (given)
200 - 210 is the median class.
A80 1^^
----- x -16
206 2 x 10 + 200
15 y
24- x
206 = x 10 + 200
15
15x6 „
24- x =
=> x = 24 - 9 = 15
From eqn. (i), we have 15 + y = 16
=> y= i
Hence, the missing frequencies are x = 15 and y = 1.
Sol. 22. Let x be the number of black balls in the bag.
.•. Total number of balls in the bag = 8 + x
According to the statement of the question, we obtain
x 8
4 x
8+ x 8+ x
=> x = 32
Hence, number of black balls in the bag is 32.

SECTION - D
Sol. 23. Let us assume that the length of rectangular plot be x units and the breadth of the plot be
y units.
.-. Area of rectangular plot to be covered by trees.
= x x y = xy square units
Case - 1 Reduced length = x - 2
Increased breadth = y + 2
Reduced area = (x - 2) (y +2) square units
Reduction in area = 6 square units
Original area - Reduced area = 6
x y - [(x - 2 ) (y + 2)] = 6
xy - [(xy - 2y + 2x - 4)] = 6
x y -x y + 2 y -2 x + 4 = 6
=> 2x - 2y = - 2 ... (i)
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Case - II Increased length = x + 3
Increased breadth = y + 2
Increased area = (x + 3) (y + 2) square units
Increase in area = 79 square units
Increased area - Original area = 79 square units
(x + 3) (y + 2) - xy = 79
xy + 3y + 2x + 6 - xy = 79
2x + 3y = 73 ... (ii)
Now, subtracting (i) from (ii), we have
2x + 3y = 73
2x - 2y = - 2
- + +
5y = 75
y = 15
Put y = 15 in equation (i), we have
2x - 2 x 15 = - 2
=> 2x = 30 —2
=> x = 14
Hence, the length of rectangular plot = x = 14 units
and breadth of rectangular plot = y = 15 units.
Plantation is being discussed here. Planting more trees helps in reducing pollution and makes
the environment green and clean.
Sol. 24. Let x be any positive integer, then it can be expressed as 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.
Now, cubing each of these, we have
(3q)3 = 27q3 = 9 x 3q3 = 9 x some integer
= 9 x m, where m is an integer ... (i)
(3q + l ) 3 = 27q3 + 27q2 + 9q + 1
= 9q (3q2 + 3q + l) + l = 9 x some integer + 1
= 9 x m + 1, where m is an integer ... (ii)
and (3q + 2)3 = 27q3 + 54q2 + 36q + 8
= 9q (3q2 + 6q + 4) + 8 = 9 x some integer + 8
= 9 x m + 8, where m is an integer ... (iii)
Thus, from (i), (ii) and (iii), we have cube of any positive integer is of the form 9m or 9m + 1
or 9m + 8, for some integer m.
Sol. 25. Given that:
2
(x -1 ) (x - 2) (x - 2) (x - 3) 3
-3 +. ■l'] 1 2
x
(x - l)(x - 3 ) x —2 3

2 x -4 1 2
x2 - 4 x +3 x -2 3

2 (x -2 ) 1 2
x
x2 - 4x + 3 (x -2 ) 3
1 _1
x2 - 4x + 3 3
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=> x2 - 4x + 3 = 3
=> x (x - 4) = 0
=> x = 0 or x = 4
Hence, the required solutions of the given equation are 0 and 4.
Sol. 26. Let coordinates of A, B, C and D are A(6, 3), B( - 3, 5), C(4, - 2) and D(x, 3x).

## Now, area of ADBC = x (5 + 2) - 3( - 2 - 3x) + 4(3x - 5) |

7x + 6 + 9x + 12x - 20 |

= - | 28x -1 4 |
= | 14x - 7 |sq. units

## Again, area of AABC ^ | 6(5 + 2) - 3( - 2 - 3) + 4(3 - 5) |

= 2 |42 + 1 5 - 8 | = g I 49 |
49
= — sq. units.

Since
ar (AABC) “ 2
114x - 7 1 _1
49 “ 2
2
49
I 14x - 7 | = ^

„ 49 „ 49
14x - 7 = — or 14x - 7 = - —
4 4
49 _ - 49
or 14x = 7 - —
4 4
77 i/.
14x = — or 14x = - 21

4 4
77 21
x = or x =
4 x14 4 x14
n -3
x = or x =
8 8

## Sol. 27. Here, tan A = — and tan B = —

tan A + tan B
tan (A + B)
1 - tan A tan B
1 1
2+ 3 _ 5

2 3
n
tan (A + B) = tan —

A + B= —
4
or A + B = 45°
Now, sin2 (A + B) + cos2 (A + B) = sin2 45° + cos2 45° = 1

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CE _ J _
[vA E = BD]
BD “ 73
60-h
60 73 x 73
60n/3
60 - h

=> 60 - h = 20n/3
=> h = 60 - 20n/3
= 20 (3 - >/3 ) m
Hence, the height of the tower is 20 (3 - ^/3 ) m.
Sol. 29. For bigger semicircles ARC and BSD,

## Perimeter of two bigger semicircles = 2 x ^ x 2nr

22
= 2 x — x 7 = 44 cm

## Area of two bigger semicircles = 2 x ^nr2 = nr2

22
= — x 7x 7

= 154 cm2
For smaller semicircles APB and CQD,

## Perimeter of two smaller semicircles = 2 x ^ x 2nr

22 7
= 2 x — x — = 22 cm

## Area of two smaller semicircles = 2 x ^ nr2 = nr2

22 7 7
= ~ x — x — = 38.5 cm2

Hence, perimeter of the shaded region is 44 + 22 i.e., 66 cm and area of the shaded region
is 154 - 38.5 i.e., 115.5 cm2.

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Sol. 30. Age (in yrs) No. of Patients (f;) Class Marks dt = x{ - a fA
0 -8 6 4 -3 2 - 192
8 -1 6 25 12 -2 4 -6 0 0
1 6 -2 4 12 20 -1 6 - 192
2 4 -3 2 13 28 -8 - 104
3 2 -4 0 11 a = 36 0 0
4 0 -4 8 14 44 8 112
4 8 -5 6 11 52 16 176
5 6 -6 4 8 60 24 192
Total E/; = 100 E/jd,. = - 608
Let assumed mean (a) = 36

Mean = a +

-608
= 36 + = 36 - 6.08 = 29.92
100
Hence, the mean age of the patients is 29.92 years.

*** *

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-2

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
S E C T IO N -A
Sol. 1. Here, x = 23 x 3 x 52
and y = 23 x 33
HCF of x and y = 23 x 3
Sol. 2. Here, in rt. Zed AABC, ZB = 90° and base AB is x cm.
According to the statement, we have
BC = (x - 7) cm
By using Pythagoras Theorem, we have
AB2 + BC2 = AC2
x2 + (x - 7 )2 = (13)2
or 2X2 - 14x - 120 = 0
or x2 - 7x - 60 = 0
Sol. 3. Here, two vertices of a triangle are (0, 0) and (5, 6)
Let the third vertex be (x, y).
Also, centroid of the triangle is (0, 3).
0+ 5+ x 0+ 6+ y
0 and
3
=> x= - 5 and y= 3
Hence, the third vertex is ( - 5, 3).

4

## => cosec2© - cot2© = ^ (cosec 0 + cot 0)

4
=> 1x y = cosec 0 + cot 0
Hence, cosec 0 + cot 0 = 4
Sol. 5. Here, AB is the diameter of the circle
Now, to2 = 25n
=> r = 5 cm
Thus, the length of AB is 2 x 5 i.e., 10 cm.

## Probability of drawing a king =

5

SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Here, 455 = 42 x 10 + 35
42 = 35 x 1 + 7
35 = 7 x 5 + 0
Hence, HCF of 455 and 42 is 7.
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## Sol. 8. Re-write the given equations as :

2ax - 2by + (a + 4b) = 0 (0
2bx + 2ay + (b - 4a) = 0
By cross-multiplication, we have
- 2 b ^ ^ ^ ^ r a + 4b
2a — b - 4a

-2b(b - 4a) - 2a(a + 4b) 2b(a + 4b) - 2a(b - 4a) 2a(2a) + 2b(2b)

y l
-2(b2 + a2) 8(b2 + a2) 4(a2 + b2)

## -2(a2 + b2) 4(a2 + b2) X= -2

And
8(a2 + b2) 4(a2 + b2)

AP = BP

## => s j(0 -1)2 + (y - 5)2 = > - 4 ) 2 + (y -6 )2

=> 1 + y2 + 25 - lOy = 16 + y2 + 36 - 12y
=> 2y = 26
=> y = 13
Thus, required point is (0, 13).
Sol. 10. In ACAB and ACST
ZB = Z T = 70° [given]
Z C = ZC [common]
=> ACAB-ACST [by AA similarity criterion]
ST = CT ST CT
AB “ CB ^ AB CT + TB
x pr
x=
P r+q r+q
Sol. 11. Here, the two concentric circles have their centre at O. The tangent to the inner circle through
point L, intersects the outer circle at P and Q. PQ is the chord of the larger circle. The radius
of the larger circle is 5 cm and that of the smaller circle is 3 cm.
Join PO, QO and LO
PQ = 2PL = 2QL
Now, in rt. Zed APLO, Z L = 90°.
.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have

P L = yjpo2 - OL2

= V52 - 3 2 = V 2 5 -9 = y/16 = 4 cm
Thus, PQ = 2PL = 2 x 4 = 8 cm
Hence, the length of the chord of larger circle, touches smaller circle is 8 cm.

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Sol. 12. Toted volume of wedl = 270 x 300 x 500 = 28350000 cm3

## Space covered by the mortar = 4 x 28350000 = 3543750 cm3

O
Space covered by the bricks = 28350000 - 3543750 = 24806250 cm3
24806250
Now, total number of bricks used 11200
22.5x11.25 x 8.75

SECTION - C

## s/5 = — , q * 0, where p and q are co-prime.

q
Squaring both sides, we have
_2
=> 5 = ^2 5q2 (i)
q
=> 5 divides p2 => 5 divides p
Let p = 5 x m, where m is an integer.
From (i) and (ii), we have
(5m)2 = 5q2
=> 25 m2 = 5q2
<r 5m2
=> 5 divides q2 => 5 divides q
=> q = 5 x n, where n is an integer.
From (ii) and (Hi), we have 5 as a common factor of p and q.
Which contradicts that p and q are co-prime.
Hence, ^/5 is an irrational number.
Sol. 14. Here, a and P are the zeroes of x2 - 6x + k
=> a + P = 6 and ap = k P= 6- a
Also, 3a + 2p = 20
3a + 2(6 - a) = 20
3a + 12 - 2a = 20 a = 8
Now, a + p= 6 P = 6 -a = 6 -8 =
Again, ap = k => k= (8) (- 2) = - 16
Sol. 15. Let monthly incomes of two persons be llx and 7x.
Let their monthly expenditures be 9y and 5y.
According to the statement of the question, we have
l l x - 9y = 400 (0
7x - 5y = 400
Multiplying (i) by 7 and (ii) by 11 and subtracting, we obtain
7(1 lx - 9y) - ll(7 x - 5y) = 7 x 400 - l l x 400
l l x - 63y - l l x + 55y = 2800 - 4400
- 8y = - 1600
=> y = 200
From (i), we have
l l x - 9(200) = 400
l l x = 400 + 1800
2200
x= = 200
11
Hence, their monthly incomes are ? 2200 and ? 1400.
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Sol. 16. Let present age of daughter Nisha be x years.
Present age of Asha = (x2 + 2) years.
Now, when Nisha grows to her mother’s present age, then her age would be (x2 + 2) years.
Then, her mother’s age would bexz + 2 + xz + 2 - x i.e., 2X2 - x + 4
Now, as per statement of the question, we obtain
2X2 - x + 4 = lOx - 1
=> 2X2 - llx + 5 = 0
=> (x - 5) (2x - 1) = 0
=> Either x -5 = 0 or 2 x -l = 0

=> x= 5 or X = \ (^eject*nS)
Hence, present age of Nisha is 5 years and her mother’s age is 52 + 2 i.e., 27 years.
Sol. 17. Let P(x, 0) be point(s) on x-axis which are at a distance of 2^5 units from the point (7 ,-4 ).

## .-. V(x - 7>2 + (° + 4)2 = 2n/5

=> x2 - 14x + 49 + 16 = 20
=> x2 - 14x + 45 = 0
=> (x - 9) (x - 5) = 0
=> Either x- 9= 0 or x- 5= 0
=> x= 9 or x= 5
Hence, the required points are (9, 0) and (5, 0). Two points are there.
Sol. 18. Since tangents to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point.
ZORD = ZOSD = 90°
It is given that ZD = 90°. Also, OR = OS. Therefore, ORDS is a square.
Since tangents from an exterior point of a circle are equal in length.
BP = BQ
CQ = CR
and DR = DS
Now, BP = BQ
=> BQ = 27 [■•BP = 27 cm (given)]
=> BC - CQ = 27
=> 38 - CQ = 27 [ v BC = 38 cm]
=> CQ = 11 cm [ v CR = CQ]
=> CR = 11 cm
=> C D -D R = 11
=> 25 - DR = 11 [ v CD = 25 cm]
=> DR = 14 cm
But ORDS is a square. Therefore, OR = DR = 14 cm.
Hence, r = 14 cm.
Sol. 19. Let PQ be the flagstaff of height x on the tower QR, such that

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In rt. Zed AORR
x 3
x+— —x
PR ____ 2 _ 2 _ Jo
tan 0 tan 60°
OR V3 “ V3

=> 0 = 60°
Sol. 20. Total height of the haystack = 31 cm
Height of conical portion = 15 cm
Radius of conical portion = 20 cm 1
Height of the cone frustum = 31 - 15 = 16 cm
Slant height of conical portion = ^(15)2 + (20)2

= ^225 + 400
= y/625 = 25 cm
Slant height of the cone frustum = + (R - r)2

= yjl62 + (20- 8 )2
= ^256 + 144 = ^400 = 20 cm
Now, the lateral surface area of the haystack
= nrl + nl (R + r)
= 3.14 x 20 x 25 + 3.14 x 20 x 28
= 1570 + 1758.4 =3328.4 cm2
Sol. 21. Classes frequency (/) Class Marks (x,) df = Xf - 25 fA
0 -1 0 12 5 -2 0 -2 4 0
1 0 -2 0 16 15 -1 0 - 160
2 0 -3 0 6 A = 25 0 0
3 0 -4 0 / 35 10 10/
4 0 -5 0 9 45 20 180
E/; = 4 3 + / X/jd,. = 10/ - 220
Take assumed mean A = 25
X/d. 10/ - 220
Mean = (X) = A + => 22 = 25 +
43 + /
0 _ 10/-220
43 + /
- 129-3/= 10/-220
13/= 91 =>/= 7.
C.I. Frequency Cumulative Frequency
More than type
5 -1 0 2 More than 5 30
1 0 -1 5 12 More than 10 30 - 2 = 28
1 5 -2 0 2 More than 15 28 - 12 = 16
2 0 -2 5 4 More than 20 16 - 2 = 14
2 5 -3 0 3 More than 25 14 - 4 = 10
3 0 -3 5 4 More than 30 10 - 3 = 7
3 5 -4 0 3 More than 35 7 -4 = 3
Total 30
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Here, 5, 10, 15, 20, ..., 35 are the lower limits of the respective class intervals 5 - 10, 10 - 15,
..., 35 - 40. To represent the more than type graphically, we plot the lower limits on the x-axis
and the corresponding cumulative frequencies on the y-axis i.e., (5, 30), (10, 28), (15, 16),
(20, 14), (25, 10), (30, 7), (35, 3) on a graph paper and join them by free hand smooth curve.
This curve is the required cumulative frequency curve on an (ogive) of the more than type.

Now, we locate the point on the ogive whose ordinate is 15. The x-coordinate corresponding
to this ordinate is 17.5. Therefore, the required median on the graph is 17.5.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Since two zeroes of the given polynomial /(x) are ^5 and - Vs
.•. (x - \/5 ) (x + \/5 ) i.e., x2 - 5 is a factor of/(x).
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Now, by long division algorithm, we have
__________ 2x2 - 3x + 1_________
x2 -5 ) 2x4 - 3x3 - 9x2 + 15x- 5
y 2x4 -10x2
(-) (+)________________
- 3x3 + x2 + 15x - 5
-3 x 3 + 15x
(+ ) (-)

x2 -5
x2 -5
(-) (+ )
x

## Thus, 2X4 - 3X3 - 9X2 + 15x- 5 = (x2 - 5) (2X2 - 3x + 1)

= (x2- 5) (2X2 - 2x - x + 1)
= (x2 - 5) (2x - 1) (x-1)
Other zeroes are obtained by putting 2x - 1 = 0 and x - 1 = 0

i.e., X = \ anc*x = ^

1
Hence, all zeroes of the given polynomial are - ^5, V5 , 1.
’2
Sol. 24. Let a be the first term and d be the common difference
Sm = n

=> Y [2a + (m - ! ) d] = n

=> 2a + (m - l)d = — - (0
m
and Sn = m

## => 2a + (n - l ) d = — ... (ii)

n
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have
, , 2n 2m
(m - 1 - n + l ) d = ----------
m n

mn mn
-2(m + n)
... (Hi)
mn

## Also, from (i), we have 2a = — - ( m - l)d ... (iv)

m
Now, the sum of first (m + n) terms

= —- — [2a + (m + n - l)d ]

m + n 2n . ,
= ------ --------(m - l)d + (m + n -1 ) d [using (iu)]
2 m

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m+ n 2n , n(m + n)
— + rid = -^~—— - —2 .
+ d
2 m m

n(m + n) 2^ 2(m + n)
[using (iii)]
m mn
n(m + n) 2n - 2m - 2n _ n(m + n) -2m
= - (m + n)
2 mn 2 mn
Sol. 25. Given : A AABC, in which AD, BE and CF are three medians.
To Prove : 3(AB2 + BC2 + CA2) = ^AD 2 + BE2 + CF2)
Proof : Since in any triangle, the sum of the squares of any
two sides is equal to twice the square of the third side
together with twice the square of the median bisecting it,
we have
AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2)

1 2
AB2 + AC2 = 2 AD2 + | B C

## => AB2 + AC2 = 2AD2 + - BC2 ... (i)

2
Similarly, by taking BE and CF as the medians respectively, we have

## =* 2(AB2 + AC2 + BC2) = 4(AD2 + BE2 + CF2)2+(BC2 + AC2 + AB2)

=> 4(AB2 + AC2 + BC2) - (BC2 + AC2 + AB2) = 4(AD2 + BE2 + CF2)
=> 3(AB2 + BC2 + AC2) = 4(AD2 + BE2 + CF2)
Sol. 26. Given : A bangle or a circle whose centre is not known.
Required : A pair of tangent from a point P outside the circle.
Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a given circle with the help of a bangle
or compasses.
2. Take a point P outside the circle.
3. Through P, draw a secant PAB, which
intersects the circle in A and B.
4. Draw the perpendicular bisector of PB, let
it intersect PB in M.
5. With M as centre and PM or MB as radius,
draw a semicircle.
6. Through A, draw a line perpendicular to
PAB, which intersects the semicircle in D.
7. With P as centre and PD as radius, draw two arcs, intersecting the given circle in
T and T . Join PT and PT'.
Thus, PT and PT' are the required tangents.

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## cot A + cosec A -1 cot A + cosec A - (cosec2A - cot2 A)

Sol. 27. L.H.S.
cot A - cosec A +1 cot A - cosec A +1
(cot A + cosec A) - (cosec A - cot A) (cosec A + cot A)
cot A - cosec A +1
(cosec A + cot A) - [1 - (cosec A - cot A)]
cot A - cosec A +1
(cosec A + cot A) - [1 - cosec A + cot A]
cot A - cosec A + l
cos A
= cosec A + cot A
sm, sin <
1 + cos A
= R.H.S.
sin A
Sol. 28. Let AB be the building of height h metres standing on the bank of a
river. Let C be the position of man standing on the opposite bank of
the river such that BC = x m. Let D be the new position of the man.
It is given that CD = 40 m and the angles of elevation of the top of
the building at C and D are 60° and 45° respectively.
i.e., ZACB = 60° and ZADB = 45°
In AACB, we have
AB hm
tan 60° = —
BC
h
tan 60° = -
x
i- h
n/3 = -x (0
_h_
40 m ■x m■
V3
AB AB
tan 45° =
BD BC + CD

h = x + 40 ...(H)
X + 40

## Substituting x in equation (ii), we have

V3

+ 40 h - —j= = 40
h~ S V3
n/3h - h 40V3
= 40 h =
s/3 n/3-1

## => h = 2 0 V 3 ( n/3 + 1) h = 20(3 + V3 ) = 94.64 m

Substituting h in equation (i), we have
94.64
54.64
Vs
Hence, the height of the building is 94.64 m and width of the river is 54.64 m.
(a) Wildlife is a part of our environment and conservation of each of its element is most
important for ecological balance.
(b) (i) Ban on hunting, providing them healthy environment.
(ii) Extra care and protection must be given to endangered species.

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Sol. 29. Radii of each circular tile = 25 cm
Number of circular tiles along its length = 500 ■*- 50 = 10
Number of circular tiles along its breadth = 400 -s- 50 = 8
Total number of circular tiles = 10 x 8 = 80
Area of each circular tile = 3.14 x 25 x 25
= 1962.5 cm2
Area of 80 circular tiles = 80 x 1962.5
= 157000 cm2
Area of the rectangular floor = 500 x 400 <---------5 m--------- ►
= 200000 cm2
Thus,area of the floor that remains uncovered with tiles = 200000 - 157000
= 43000 cm2 = 4.3 m2
Sol. 30. Total number of cards 52
(i) Number of jack of red suit 2

Required probability A - A
52 ~~ 26
(ii) Number of cards having 5 or 9 of club = 2

Required probability A - A
52 ~~ 26
(iii) Number of cards of diamond 13
13 _ 1
Required probability
52 “ 4
(iv) Number of cards having 2 or 3 or 5 of black suit 6

Required probability A - A
52 ~~ 26

****

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-3

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
SECTION - A

49 73
Sol. 1. —j= or —
147 73 3
Which is an irrational number.
Sol. 2. Given that x = 2 is a root of x2 + 2kx + 4 = 0
22 + 2k(2) + 4 = 0
=> 4 + 4k+ 4= 0
=> 4k = - 8
=> k= -2
Sol. 3. Given circle is drawn with centre as origin and passes
through P(4, 3).

## OP ^42 + 32 = 725 = 5 units.

Point Q(0, 6) lies outside the circle because its ordinate

## Sol. 4. Here, sin 20 = cos (0 - 6°)

cos (90° - 20) = cos (0 - 6°)
90° - 20 = 0 - 6°
96° = 30
0 = 32°
Sol. 5. Given that two parallel lines say /and m, touch the circle at A and B.
.•. AB is a diameter of the circle.
Area of the circle = 36n cm2

AB 2
n — = 36rt

AB = f i
2 6
AB = 12 cm

## Sol. 6. Probability of not guessing the correct answer = 1

12
f= l--P
4 12
=» P . = l _ i =I
12 4 4
P

SECTION - B

273
Sol. 7. Let us assume, to the contrary that is rational.

273 p
—— = — , q 0 and p, q e Z.
5 q
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73 = a rational number
273
But this contradicts the fact that 73 is irrational. Hence, — — is an irrational number.

x+1 y + 4
Sol. 8 = 2 (0
~2 lF
x + 3 2y + 3
= 5
2 17
Multiplying (i) by 22 and (ii) be 34, we obtain
l l x + l l - 2 y - 8 = 44
and 17x + 51 + 4y + 6 = 170
l l x - 2y = 41
and 17x + 4y = 113
or 22x - 4y = 82
and 17x + 4y = 113
Adding above two equations, we have
39x = 195 => x = 5
Also, 11(5) - 2y = 41
=> 2y = 55 - 41

14 7
=* V = y = 7
Hence, the values of x and y are x = 5 and y = 7.

## Sol. 9 Required distance = F qJ2

2+ —
-2 - - 2at 2
V t2 t

a2 ± _ _ t2 2 +4q2 l + t 2
t

## oj \ +(t2)2 - 2 — -t2 + 4 l + t2 + 2t--

V r r r f

_ v F + (*2)2 - 2 + ^ - + 4 t 2 + 8

## J ( t 2)2 + ^ + (2)2 +2 t2 ~ + 2(t2)2 + 2(2) 1

“ aJ t2+^ +2
a t2 + \ + 2
t2

a t+—
t
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Sol. 10. Here, ABCD is a parallelogram.
Now, in AAFD and AEFB
ZAFD = ZEFB [vert. opp. Zs]
ZADF = ZEBF [alt. int. Zs]
AAFD-AEFB
[by AA similarity rule]
T, DF FA
Thus, — = —
FB EF
=> DF x EF = FB x FA
Sol. 11. Since radius and tangent at the point of
contact, are perpendicular to each other.
.•. In rt. Zed APQO, by using Pythagoras
Theorem, we have

PQ = <Jo p 2 - OQ2

= Vl32 - 5 2 =^ 1 6 9 -2 5
= Vl44 = 12 cm.
Also, length of the tangents drawn from an external point to the circle are equal.
PQ = PR = 12 cm
Sol. 12. Let /be the length of the wire drawn from metallic sphere.
Volume of wire = Volume of metallic sphere

7 t(l)2 X / :
f * '3’3
/:4 x 3x3x3 36 cm
3
Hence, the length of the wire is 36 cm.

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. We know that any positive integer ‘a’ is of the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 for some integer q.
[•• with a and b = 3, we have a = 3q + r, 0 < r < 3 and q is some integer]
Let a, a + 1 and a + 2 be any three consecutive integers.
Case I : Let a = 3q
a(a + 1) (a + 2) = 3q (3q + 1) (3q + 2)
= 3q (even integer) (3q + 2)
= 6 (some integer)
Case II : Let a = 3q + 1
a(a + 1) (a + 2) = (3q + 1) (3q + 2) (3q + 3)
= (even integer) (3q + 2) 3(q + 1)
= 6 (some integer)
Case III : Let a = 3q + 2
a(a +1) (a + 2) = (3q + 2) (3q + 3) (3q + 4)
= (3q + 2) 3(q + 1) (even integer)
= 6 (some integer)
Thus, the product of three consecutive positive integers is divisible by 6.
Now, n3 - n = n(n2 - 1) = n(n - 1) (n + 1)
= (n - 1) (n) (n + 1)
= Product of three consecutive integers
Hence, n3 - n is divisible by 6.
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Sol. 14. Sum of zeroes = - 1

Product of zeroes = ^
p(x) = x2 - Sx + P

= x 2 -(-l)x + 1

1
= X2 + X +
4
or 4X2 + 4x + 1
Sol. 15. For infinitely many solutions, we have

h, = =
a2 ^2 c2
1 = 2 _] _
a -b a+b a+b-2

1 _ 2 1 1
=> and
a-b a+b a-b a+b
=> a + b = 2a - 2b and a + b-2 = a- b
=> a = 3b and 2b = 2

i— 1
cr
=>

II
=> a = 3(1) = 3
Hence, the values of a and b are a = 3 and b = 1.
Sol. 16. Given quadratic equation is :
(p - qjx2 + 5(p + q)x - 2(p - q) = 0
Discriminant = {5(p + q )}2 + 4(p - q) 2(p - q)
= 25(p + q)2 + 8(p - q)2
> 0
Because sum of squares of two terms in always greater than zero.
Hence, the roots are real and unequal.
Sol. 17. Given that P(x, y) is equidistant from A(a - b, a + b) and B(a + b, b - a),
i.e., |AP | = |BP |

## => \ j{ x -{ a -b )} 2 + { y - ( a + b )}2 = ^ {x - (a+ b )}2 + {y - (b - a )}2

Squaring both sides, we have
^ x 2 + a2 + b2 - 2xa - 2ab + 2xb + y2 + a2 + b2 - 2ya+ 2ab- 2yb
= x2 + a2 + b2- 2xa + 2ab- 2xb + y2 + b2 + a2 - 2yb - 2ab + 2ya
=> 2xb - 2ya = 2ya - 2xb
=> 4xb = 4ya
=> bx = ay
Sol. 18. Given : A circle C(0, r) with centre O. Tangent XY is x p A Y
parallel to tangent X'Y' and AB is another tangent at *—•------------ ^
point of contact C, intersecting XY in A and X'Y' in B.
To Prove : ZAOB = 90°
Const. : Join OA, OB and OC.
Proof : In AAOP and AAOC,
OP = OC = r
OA = OA [common]
ZOPA = ZOCA = 90°
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AAOP = AAOC [by RHS cong. Rule]
=> Z l = Z2 [c.p.c.t.] ... (i)
Similarly, ABOQ = ABOC
=> Z3 = Z4 ...(ii)
Now, POQ is a diameter,
ZPOQ = 180°
=> Z l + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 = 180°
=>Z2 + Z2 + Z3 + Z3 = 180° [using (i) and (ii)]
=> 2(Z2 + Z3) = 180°
=> Z2 + Z3 = 90°
=> ZAOB = 90°
Sol. 19. Let AB be the tower of height h m, P and Q be the two points in line with the foot of the
tower AB, such that
ZAPB = a and ZAQB = p
Consider rt. Zed AQBA,

AB
= tan p
QB

QB tan p
= AB cot p - (0
Again, consider rt. Zed APBA,

AB
tan a
PB

AB
tan a
PQ + QB

=> PQ + QB = AB . ------
tan a
= AB cot a ... (ii)
Subtracting (i) from (ii), we obtain
PQ = AB cot a - AB cot p
PQ = AB (cot a - cot P)
PQ = h (cot a - cot P)
Sol. 20. Radius of base of each of the cone and the cylinder (r) = 8 cm
Height of cylindrical part (h1) = 240 cm
Height of conical part (h2) = 36 cm
Volume of the iron pillar = Volume of cylinder
+ Volume of cone

## = 7t(8)2 x 240 + (8)2 x 36

= 647t (240 + 12)
22
= 64 x — x 252 = 50688 cm3

## Weight of the pillar = 7.5 x 50688 g

= 380160 g = 380.16 kg.

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## Daily Wages No. of Workers Cumulative Frequency

(in?) Less than type
20-40 2 Less than 40 2
40-60 4 Less than 60 6
60-80 12 Less than 80 18
80 - 100 18 Less than 100 36
100 - 120 9 Less than 120 45
120 - 140 8 Less than 140 53
140 - 160 7 Less than 160 60
Total 60
To represent the given data graphically, we mark the upper limit of the class intervals on the
horizontal axis (x-axis) and their corresponding values, cumulative frequencies on the vertical
axis i.e., plot the points (40, 2), (60, 6), (80, 18), (100, 36), (120, 45), (140, 53), (160, 60),
on the graph and get the required ogive.

Here, N = 60, so — =
2
Now, we locate the
point on the ogive
whose ordinate is 30.
The x-coordinate
corresponding to this
ordinate is 92.5.
Therefore, the
required median on
the graph is 92.5.
(b) Guide him to meet
the principal for
issuance of library
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## Sol. 22. Classes Frequency (ft) Mid-Values (x,) fi*i

0 -6 10 3 30
6-12 P 9 9P
1 2- 1 8 4 15 60
1 8- 2 4 7 21 147
24-30 Q 27 27q
30-36 4 33 132
36-42 1 39 39
Total Z/f = p + q + 26 Z/jX,. = 9p + 27q + 408
Now, p + q + 26 = 40
p + q = 14 - (0
^ ixi
Mean

9p + 27q + 408
14.7
40
9p + 27q = 180 or p + 3q = 20 •••(»)
Subtracting (i) from (ii), we obtain
2q = 6 => q= 3
From eqn. (i), we obtain
p + 3 = 14 => p = 11
Hence, the values of p and q are p = 11 and q = 3.

SECTION - D

Sol. 23. Here, two zeroes of the polynomial x4- 4X3 - 2x2 + 12x - 3 are 2 + 73 and 2 - 73 -
/. (x - 2 - 73)( x - 2 + 73)
i.e„ (x -2)2- ( 7 3 )2
i.e., x2- 4x + 1 is the factor of the given polynomial.
Now, by long division method, we have

## x2 -4 x + 1) x4 - 4x3 - 2x2 + 12x - 37x2 -3

x4 - 4x3 + x2
(-) (+) (-)
- 3x2 + 12x - 3
- 3x2 + 12x - 3
(+) (-) (+)
x
Thus, x2 - 3 is the other factor of the given polynomial.
=> x4 - 4X3 - 2X2 + 12x - 3 = (x2 - 4x + 1) (x2 - 3)
= (x2-4x + 1) (x2 - (73 )2)
Hence, x = 73 and x = - 73 are the other zeroes of the given polynomial.
Sol. 24. Let A and D be the first term and common difference of given AF
A + (p - 1)D = a - (0
A + (q - 1)D = b - (n)
A + (r - 1)D= c ... (iii)
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have
(p - q)D = a - b
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Subtracting (iii) from (ii), we have
(q - r)D = b - c
Subtracting (i) from (iii), we have
(r - p)D = c - a
Now, a(q - r) + b(r - p) + c(p - q)

b -c , c-a a-b
a —— + b —— + c
D D D

ab - a c b e-b a ca - cb
----------------- 1
-------------------- 1
-----------------
D D D

a b - a c + be - ba + ca - cb
0.
D D

## Sol. 25. (i) Area of AABC = x BC x AC

— ab (taking BC as base) - (0

Area of AABC = — x AB x CD

cp (taking AB as base)

## From (i) and (ii), we have

-ab cp => ab = cp
2

ab
or c =

## (ii) Now, in rt. AABC,

c2 = a2 + b2 [by Pythagoras Theorem]
Putting the value of c, we have

ab 2 9 . 9
— = a2 + b2 [from (iii)]

„ .2
a2b
a2 + b2

1 a b
^ ~2
p 2,2
a b + a 2,2
b

= A
^ „2 _ a 2 + b, 2
p
Sol. 26. Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a line segment BC = 5 cm.
2. At B, construct an angle ZCBY = 60° and cut off BA = 3 cm.
3. With C and A as centres draw two arcs of radius 3 cm and 5 cm respectively and let they
intersect at D.

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4. Join CD, AD and BD to get the given
parallelogram.
5. At B, construct an acute angle ZCBX
(< 90°) and mark four points on BX
such that BB1 = B1B2 = B2B3 = B3B4.
6. Join B3C.
7. Through B4, draw B4C' || B3C, inter­
secting BC produced in C'.
8. Through C', draw C'D' || CD, inter­
secting BD produced in O'.
9. Through D7, draw D7Y ||DA, intersecting
BY in A'. Now, in quad. A'BC'D',
=> BC' ||AT)'
and BA' ||CD ||C'D'
=> BA' ||C'D'
Hence, A'BC'D' is also a parallelogram.
Sol. 27. L.H.S. = 2(sin6a + cos6a) - 3(sin4a + cos4a) + 4(sin2a + cos2a)
= 2[(sin2a)3 + (cos2a)3] - 3[(sin2a)2 + (cos2a)2] + 4(1)
= 2[(sin2a + cos2a) (sin4a + cos4a - sin2a cos2a)] - 3[(sin2a)2 + (cos2a)2
+ 2sin2a cos2a - 2sin2a cos2a] + 4
= 2[(sin2a)2 + (cos2a)2 + 2sin2a cos2a - 3sin2a cos2a] - 3[(sin2a + cos2a)2
- 2sinza cos2a] + 4
= 2[(sin2a + cos2a)2 - 3sin2a cos2a] - 3[1 - 2sin2a cos2a] + 4
= 2(1 - 3sin2a cos2a) - 3 + 6sin2a cos2a + 4
= 2 - 6sin2a cos2a - 3 + 6sin2a cos2a + 4
= 6 -3 = 3
= R.H.S.
Sol. 28. Let us assume that,
AB = h m be the height of the tree
AC is the part of the broken tree.
As ZCDB = 30° and DB = 8 m [given]
Consider rt. angled ACBD, we have

tan 30° =
DB
CB
[cross-multiply]
73 8

- (0
CB_ %
Also, in rt. angled ACBD, we have
DB
cos 30°
“ CD

73 _ _ 8_
= ~p=r [cross-multiply]
2 “ CD
16
CD
73
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But height of the tree,
AB(h) = AC + CB
= CD + CB [v A C = CD]
16 8
[from (i) and (ii)]
" V3 + V3
16 + 8 24 73
[rationalise]
" 73 “ 73*73

= 24' /5 = 8V3
3
Height of the tree = 873 m
Sol. 29. Let r be the radius of the circle in the centre.
It area = nr2

## Area APSD | . (llV2) (llV2) - ^Tir2 = nr2 [given]

5 22 2
121 = T x — r2
4 7
121x14 11x14
r2 =
55
154
cm

154 44 154
(i) Circumference of central part = 2nr = 2n cm

3 154
Perimeters APQB = 22 + 22 ^2 - 2r + - (27tr) = 22(1+ 7 2 ) - 1 cm

## Sol. 30. (i) Total number of ball pens = 144

Since one pen is drawn at random,
Total number of possible outcomes = 144
Also, since there are 20 defective ball pens,
Number of good ball pens = 144 - 20 = 124
i.e., Number of favourable outcomes 124
Number of favourable outcomes
Now, P (Nuri will buy the pen)
Total number of possible outcomes
124 31
" 144 36
Number of defective ball pens = 20
Number of favourable outcomes = 20
Number of favourable outcomes
Now, P(Nuri will not buy the pen)
Total number of possible outcomes
20 _ 5
144 “ 36

***

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-4

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
SECTION - A
Sol. 1. Given polynomial is : p(x) = x3 - ax2 + 6 - a
Remainder = p(a)
= a3 - a(a)2 + 6 - a
= a3 - a 3 + 6 - a
= 6- a
Sol. 2. Two-digit numbers divisible by 7 are :
14, 21, 28, ..., 98.
Here, a = 14, d = 7 and an = 98
a + (n - l)d = 98
=> 14 + (n - 1) 7 = 98
=> (n - 1) 7 = 98 - 14 = 84

n - ii = T84 12
=> n = 12 + 1 = 13
Hence, number of two-digit numbers divisible by 7 are 13.
Sol. 3. We know that radius and tangent at the point of contact are perpendicular to each other.
ZP + ZROQ = 180°
60° + ZROQ = 180°
ZROQ = 180° - 60°
ZROQ = 120°

Sol. 4. Distance between two parallel tangents drawn to a circle is the diameter of the circle because
radius and tangent are perpendicular to each other at the point of contact.
Diameter = 16 cm

## Sol. 5. Given that

3 tan x = 4
. 4
tan x=-

AC _ 4
BC “ 3
=> AC = 4k, BC = 3k
Using Pythagoras Theorem, we obtain AB = 5k
AC + BC
Now, sin x + cos x :
AB + AB
4fc 3 fc_7
5k + 5k “ 5

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360°
Sol. 6. Angle subtended at the centre = = 60°

## Radius of circular cake = 60 cm

60° 22
Area of each piece ----- x — x 60 x 60
360° 7
= 1885.7 cm2

SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Here, 1 is a root of ay2 + ay + 3 = 0 and y2 + y + b = 0
a (l)2 + a(l) + 3 = 0 and (l)2 + 1 + b 0
2a = - 3 and 2 + b 0
3
a= - and b= - 2

Now, ab =
-2 X (- 2)
1 + 3 + 5 + . , to n terms
Sol. 8. = 9
2 + 5 + 8 +... to 8 terms

^ [2 x 1 + (n -1)2]
A ______________ = 9
| [2 x 2 + (8 -1)3]

n[l + n -1 ]
= 9
4(25)
n2 = 900
n = 30
Sol. 9. Given that (3, 6), (7, p) and ( - 5, 2) are collinear

.-. - | 3 (p -2 ) + 7 (2 -6 ) + ( - 5 ) ( 6 - p ) | = 0
|3p - 6 - 28 - 30 + 5p | = 0
8p - 64 = 0
8 p = 64
P= 8

## Sol. 10. sec A 17

A = — =>
O co sA = Y j

289 225 _ 15
Also, tan A = \jsec2A -1 = -1 =
64 64 ” 8
l A _ [225 _ 15
And sin A = V1-cos2 A =
289 “ V289 “ 17
3 - 4 sin2 A
L.H.S. =
4 cos2 A - 3
o a 225
3 4x
289 867-900 _ 33
. 64 0 256-867 “ 611
4 x —— - 3
289
3 - tan2 A
R.H.S. =
1 -3 tan2 A

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, 225
13 64 192 - 225 33
“ l_ 3x — ~~ 64 - 675 “ 611
64
L.H.S. = R.H.S.
Hence, verified.
Sol. 11. Let AB be the rod, BC be its shadow and 0 be the angle of elevation.
AB
Now, tan 0
BC

## lfc = 4 = = tan 30°

V3k V3
0 = 30°
Sol. 12. Speed of the car = 66 km/h
Radius of each wheel = 40 cm 43 k
Distance covered in one revolution = 2nr
22
2 x y x 4 0 cm

66x 1 0 0 0 x 1 0 0
Speed of the car = cm/m
60
6 6 x 1 000x100
Distance travelled in 10 minutes = xlO cm = 1100000 cm
60
1100000 x 7
Number of complete revolutions = 4375
2 x 22 x 40

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. We know that any odd positive integer is of the form 4q + 1 or 4q + 3 for some integer q.
Thus, we have the following two cases :
Case-I : When n = 4q + 1
In this case, we have
n2 —i = (4q + l )2 - 1
= 16q2 + 1 + 8q - 1 = 16q2 + 8q = 8q(2q + 1 )
Which is divisible by 8.
=> n2 - 1 is divisible by 8.
Case-II : When n = 4q + 3
In this case, we have
n 2 _ 1 = (4q + 3)2 - 1
= 16q2 + 9 + 24q - 1
= 16q2 + 24q + 8
= 8(8q2 + 3q + 1)
Which is divisible by 8.
=> n2 - 1 is divisible by 8.
Hence, n2 - 1 is divisible by 8, where n is an odd integer.
Sol. 14. Given that 3 is a root of the quadratic equation
3X2 - px - 6 = 0
3(3)2 -p (3 ) - 6 = 0
27 - 3p - 6 = 0 => 3p = 21 => p = 7
7 (x2 - x) + q = 0 has equal roots
7X2 - 7x + q = 0 has equal roots.
(-7 )2 - 4(7) (q) = 0 [ v b2 - 4ac = 0]

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49 - 28q = 0
49
9 28 4

## Hence, the values of p and q are p = 7 and q = ^ .

O
Sol. 15. Let us assume to the contrary that J 2 + _ _ be a rational number.
72

72 + - 7= = qjtO and p, q e Z
v2 q
2+ 3 P
72 9
_5_ P
72 9

72 = ^ rational number
P
Which contradicts the fact that ^/2 is irrational.

## Hence, 72 + —j= is an irrational number.

72
Sol. 16. Let a and d be the first term and common difference of given A.R
7
49 [2a + (7 - l)d] = 49
a + 3d = 7 - (0

## Also, S17 = 289 y [2a + (17 - l)d] = 289

a + 8d = 17
Subtracting (i) from (ii), we obtain
5d = 10 => d = 2
From eqn. (i)a + 6 = 7 => a = 1

## Now, Sn = | [2(1) + (n - 1)2]

= | [2 + 2n - 2] = | [2n] = n2
Sol. 17. Join OA, OB, O'C and O'D.
Here, M is the mid-point of 0 0 '
OM = O'M
In AOMA and AO'MD
OM = O'M
ZOMA = ZO'MD
OA = O'D = r [n
AOMAs AO'MD
Thus, AM = DM
Again, in AOMB and AO'MC
OM = O'M
ZOMB = ZOTVIC [verti. opp. Zs]
OB = O'C = r [radii of equal circles]
AOMB = AO'MC
Thus, BM = CM ... (ii) [c.p.c.t.]
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have
AM - BM = DM - CM
A B = CD
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Sol. 18. Here, AB is a diameter of the circle and AT is a tangent.
ZBAT = 90°
Join AQ
In AOAQ, OA = OQ = r
ZOAQ = ZOQA [Zs opp. to equal sides of a triangle]
Also, ZOAQ + ZOQA + ZAOQ = 180°
=> ZOAQ + ZOAQ + 64° = 180°
=> 2ZOAQ = 180° - 64° = 116°
=> ZOAQ = 58°
Again, ZOAQ + ZQAT = 90°
58° + ZQAT = 90° => ZQAT = 90° - 58° = 32°
In rt. Zed AAQT, ZAQT = ZAQB= 90° [Zs in a semicircle]
ZQAT + ZATQ = 90°
=> 32° + x° = 90°
x° = 90° - 32°
x° = 58°
Sol 20. Let AB be the building of height 7 m and CD be the cable tower of height h m such that:

## h = 7 + 7 sf3 = 7(1 + s/3 ) m

Hence, the height of the cable tower is 7(1 + -J3 ) m.
Sol. 19. Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a circle with O as centre and radius equal
to 5.5 cm.
2. Take any point A on the circumference of this
circle.
3. Join OA and at A construct an angle of 90°.
4. At O, construct an angle of 60° and let it meet
the 90° line through A at R
[As Z A = 90°, ZAOP = 60°, v ZP = 30°
(given)]
Hence, PA is the required tangent line.
Sol. 21. Radius of cylindrical and conical part (r) = 15 m
Height of cylindrical part = 5.5 m
Height of conical part = 8.25 - 5.5
= 2.75 m

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## Slant height (/) = ^/l52 + (2.75)2

= ^225 + 7.5625

= n/232.5625
= 15.25 m
Total curved surface area of the tent
= 2nrh + nrl
= nr (2h + /)
22
= y x l5 (11 + 15.25)

22
= — x 15 x 26.25
7
= 1237.5 m2
Breadth of the canvas = 1.5 m
1237.5
Length of the canvas = 825 m
1.5
Value : Yes, very much because it provides the feeling of self-confidence, sharing, caring and
other social values.
Sol. 22. When two dice marked with numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 are thrown, then
possible outcomes of the sum of the numbers are :
2 —» ( 1 , 1 ), ( 1 , 1 ), only 2 outcomes.
3 - » (1, 2), (2, 1), (2, 1), (1, 2), only 4 outcomes.
4 -> (1, 3), (1, 3), (2, 2), (2, 2),(3, 1), (3, 1), only 6 outcomes.
5 -> (2, 3), (2, 3), (3, 2), (3, 2),(4, 1), (4, 1), only 6 outcomes.
6 - » (3, 3), (3, 3), (4, 2), (4, 2),(5, 1), (5, 1), only 6 outcomes.
7 - » (4, 3), (4, 3), (5, 2), (5, 2),(6, 1), (6, 1), only 6 outcomes.
8 - » (5, 3), (5, 3), (6, 2), (6, 2), only 4 outcomes.
9 —» (6, 3), (6, 3), only 2 outcomes.
.•. Required probabilities are :
2^ _ 6_ _1
P(2) =
36 4 - p (3 ,= ■ H - P(4) 36 6’
6^ _ 6_ 1
P(5) =
36 4 P(6>=J r i P(7>=36" 6’
4_ 1 2 1
P( 8) = = ^ and P(9) = = -±-.
36 9 36 18
SECTION - D
Sol. 23. Given that x2 + 2x + k is a factor of the polynomial 2x4 + x3 - 14X2 + 5x + 6
.•. By using division method, we have

y2x4 +4x3+2kx2
(-) (-) (-)

## - 3x3 - (2k + 14)x2 + 5x + 6

- 3x3 - 6x2 - 3fcx
(+) (+) (+)
- (2k + 8)x2 + (3k + 5)x + 6
- (2k + 8)x2 - (4k + 16)x + k(-2k - 8)
(+) (+) (-)__________
(7fc+ 21)x + 2fc2 + 8fc+ 6
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Now, (7k + 21)x + 2k2 + 8k + 6 = 0
=> 7k + 21 = 0 or 21c2 + 81c + 6 = 0
-2 1
=> k= or k2 + 41c + 3 = 0
7
=> k = -3 or (*c + 3) (*c + 1) = 0
=> k = -3 or k= —
k = - 1 does not satisfy the remainder.
k= - 3
Given polynomials are : x2 + 2x - 3 and 2X4 + x3 - 14X2 + 5x + 6.
x2 + 2 x - 3 = (x + 3) (x - 1 )
=> x= - 3 and x= 1
Also, 2xz - 3 x - 2 = 2xz - 4 x + x - 2
= (2x + 1 ) (x - 2 )

=> x= ~ \ an<^ x = ^

Hence, all the zeroes of the two polynomials are : ( - 3, 1) and —3, —3, —^ 12 .

## Sol. 24. Pair of linear equations are :

x + y= 7 ... (i) and 5x + 2y = 10 ... (ii)
Table of solutions of
eqn. (i) is :

X 0 7
y 7 0

Table of solutions of
eqn. (ii) is :

X 0 2

y 5 0

## Plot the points (0, 7),

(7, 0) and (0, 5),
(2 , 0) and join them
to obtain two straight
lines intersecting each
other at P
4 25
3’ 3 '
Given lines intersect
x-axis at (2 , 0) and
(7, 0).

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Sol. 25. Plot the points P(4, 5),
Q(7, 6), R(4, 3) and Y
S(l, 2) on the cartesian i
plane. Join them to get
(7.6
Here, opposite sides of
^ Pr

equal, therefore, it is
called a parallelogram.

sc
(1.2 )

X
O 3

## Sol. 26. Here, BC = ,Ja B2 + AC2

= \J62 + 82

= ^36 +64

= JlOO
= 10 cm
Clearly, OPQA is a square
AP = OP = OQ = QA = r (say)
CP = CR = AC - AP = (8 - r) cm
BQ = BR = AB - QA = (6 - r) cm
Now, CR + BR = BC
8 - r + 6 - r = 10
=> 14 - 10 = 2r
=> r= 2
Hence, radius of the circle is 2 cm.
Sol. 27. L.H.S. = tan2A - tan2B
sin2A sin2B
cos2A cos2B
sin2A cos2B - cos2A sin2B
- (0
cos2A cos2B
sin2A (1 - sin2 B) - (1 - sin2A) sin2B
cos2A cos2B
sin2A - sin2 A sin2B - sin2B + sin2A sin2B
cos2A cos2B
sin2A - sin2 B
R.H.S.
cos2A cos2B

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Again, from (i), we obtain
(1 - cos2A) cos2 B - cos2 A (1 - cos2 B)
tan2A - tan2B =
cos2A cos2B

cos2A cos2B

cos2B - cos2 A
R.H.S.
cos2A cos2B

## Age (in years) No. of Patients (f;) Mid-Values (x,) fix i

5 -1 5 6 10 60
1 5 -2 5 11 20 220
2 5 -3 5 21 30 630
3 5 -4 5 23 40 920
4 5 -5 5 14 50 700
5 5 -6 5 5 60 300
Total 80 2830
Here, n = 80

2830
Mean = 35.375
80
Modal class is 35 - 45

Mode = / + fl f°— xh
2/ !-/ o - / 2
23-21
= 35 + xlO
2 x 2 3 -2 1 -1 4

= 35 + 20 = 35 + x 818
11
= 36.818
Hence, required mode is 36.8 years and mean is 35.38 years.
Sol. 29. (i) Area of canvas provided = 551 m2
Area remained after wastage = 551 - 1 = 550 m2
Area of conical tent = nrl
Here, r= 7m
. 550x7
So, '= 22 = 25 m
-c

c^L

CM

So,
II

X.
1

## => h = V(25)2 - (7)2

= 1y625-49 = ^/576 = 24 m

1 o
m Volume of tent = —nr h

1 22
= - x — x 7 x 7 x 24
3 7
= 1232 m3

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Space occupied by each student= 1232 -h 4 = 308 m3
(iii) Mensuration, area and volume of a cone.
(iv) It promotes cooperation, culture, creativity, sharing, self-confidence and other social values.
Sol. 30. Weight (in kg) No. of Students (/)) Cumulative Frequency (c./.)
3 6 -3 8 0 0
3 8 -4 0 3 3
4 0 -4 2 2 5
4 2 -4 4 4 9
4 4 -4 6 5 14
4 6 -4 8 14 28
4 8 -5 0 4 32
5 0 -5 2 3 35
Total 35
To represent data graphically, we mark the upper limits of the class interval on x-axis and their
corresponding cumulative frequency on y-axis.
Now, let us plot the points (38, 0), (40, 3), (42, 5), (44, 9), (46, 14), (48, 28), (50, 32) and
(52, 35) on a graph paper and join them by a free hand smooth curve.

Clearly, — = — = 17.5. On the y-axis take a point representing 17.5 and draw a horizontal

line intersecting the ogive at another point. Through this point, draw a vertical line perpendicular
to x-axis. The abscissa of the point on x-axis i.e., 46.5 is the median.

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H e re ,
N=35’ f = T = 17'5,
/= 46,
c.f. = 14,
/ = 14,
h= 2

77 -c./.
Median = / + x h
/
17.5-14
= 46 + x2
14

= 46 + ^ x 2
14

= 46 + —
14
= 46 + 0.5
= 46.5 kg

*** *

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Here,
N=35’ f = T = 17'5,
/= 46,
c.f. = 14,
/ = 14,
h= 2

77 -c./.
Median = / + x h
/
17.5-14
= 46 + x2
14

= 46 + ^ x 2
14

= 46 + —
14
= 46 + 0.5
= 46.5 kg

*** *

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-5

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
S E C T IO N -A
Sol. 1. For zeroes of the given polynomial,
put 4X2 - 9 = 0

=» xZ= \
3 3 9
Hence, — and - — are the two zeroes of 4xr - 9.
Sol. 2. Given A.R is :
x - 8, x - 2, x + 4, ...
Here, a = x - 8 and d = x - 2 - ( x - 8) = 6

## Now, S10 = y {2(x - 8) + ( 10 - 1 ) (6)}

= 5{2x - 16 + 54}
= 5{2x + 38}
= lOx + 190
Sol. 3. Here, radius of the circle (TO) = 16 cm
Length of the tangent (PT) = 30 cm

OP = yj(PT)2 + (TO)2

V(30)2 + (16)2

Sol. 4. A■li

## Sol. 5. Here, sin 0 = — => cosec 0 = 2

1 3 3
Now, sin 0 (sin 0 - cosec 0) 1 4 -2
2 2 - - 2 2 4
Sol. 6. Area of the shaded region = Area of quadrant - Area of triangle
1 22 _ _ 1 „ _
—x — x 7 x 7 — x 2 x 7
4 7 2
38.5 - 7
31.5 cm2

SECTION - B

Sol. 7. 3V2x2 - 5 x - V 2 = 0
3V2x 2 - 6 x + x - V 2 = 0
3 V 2x(x-V 2) + l(x -V 2 ) = 0

(x-V2)(3V2x + l) = 0

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.•. Either or 3 V2 x + 1 = 0

II
i

o
=> X = 42 or
X 2,42
42
X 6
Sol. 8. All odd integers between 2 and 100 divisible by 3 are :
3, 9, 15, 21, 99
Here, a = 3, d = 6 and an = 99
a + (n - 1 ) d = an
=> 3 + (n - 1) 6 = 99
=> 1 + 2n —2 = 33
=> 2n = 34
n = 17

Now, S17 = y (2 X 3 + (1 7 -1 ) 6)

= Y (6 + 96) = 17 x 51 = 867
Sol. 9. Let the coordinates of the fourth vertex E be E(x, y). We know that diagonals of a parallelogram
bisect each other.

## => x = Xj + x3 - x2 and y = i>i + y3 - y2

Hence, the coordinates of the fourth vertex in terms of Xj, x2, x3, y2 and y 3 are
(*i + *3 - * 2- yj + y3 - y2).
Sol. 10. tan 1°. tan 2°. tan 3°... tan 89°
= (tan 1° . tan 89°) (tan 2°. tan 88°) ... tan 45°
= (tan 1° . tan (90° - 1°)) (tan 2°. tan (90° - 2°)) ... (1)
= (tan 1 ° . cot 1 °) (tan 2° . cot 2°) ... ( 1 )
= ( 1 ) ( 1 ) ... ( 1 )
= 1
Sol. 11. Let AB and CD be the two towers of height x and y, such that
BM = DM and ZAMB = 30°, ZCMD = 60°
In rt. Zed AAMB,

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Sol. 12. Given : The two concentric circles with centre O. AB is
the chord of larger circle which touches the smaller circle
at C.
To Prove : AC = CB
Construction : Join OA, OC and OB.
Proof : AB is a tangent to inner circle at point C. OC is
the radius drawn at the point of contact.
OC JL AB
=> Z l = Z2 = 90°
In rt. AAOC and ABOC
Hypotenuse OA = Hypotenuse OB [radii of larger circle]
OC = OC [common]
AAOC = ABOC [by RHS congruency axiom]
AC = CB [c.p.c.t.]

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. 231 = 3 x 7 x 11
and 396 = 32 x 22 x 11
HCF of 231 and 396 = 3 x 11 = 33
Here, HCF of 231 and 396 is 33.
Hence, 231 and 396 are not co-primes, because HCF of co-primes is 1.
Sol. 14. 4" = (22)n = 22n
Thus, prime factorisation of 4n for any natural number n consists of only factors of 2. For a
number to end with digit 0, the prime factorisation should consists of factors 2 and 5.
Hence, 4n cannot end with digit 0.
Sol. 15. Let the number of books bought be x.
Cost of x books = ? 80

## So, the cost of each book

x
80
Now, when number of books bought is x + 4, then cost of each book
x+4
According to statement
80 80
x x+4

' 1_ 1 ^
80 = 1
X x+4

x + 4 -x ^
80 = 1
x(x + 4 ),
320 x2 + 4x
x2 + 4x - 320 0
x2 + 20x —16x - 320 0
x(x + 20) - 16(x + 20) 0
(x + 20) (x - 16) 0
Either x -20 or x 16
X 16 [ v x cannot be negative]
Hence, the number of books bought by the shopkeeper is 16.

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Sol. 16. Here, a3 + a8 = 7
a + 2d + a + 7 d = 7
2a + 9d = 7 - (0
And C>7 + = —3
=> a + 6d + a + 13d = - 3
=> 2a + 19d = - 3
Subtracting (i) from (ii), we have
lOd = - 10
=> d= - 1
From eqn. (i), we have
2a + 9( -1) = 7
2a = 7 + 9

## Required A.R is 8, 7, 6, 5, ...

an = a + (n - 1 ) d
a10 = 8 + (10 - 1 ) ( - 1 )
= 8 -9
= - 1
Sol. 17. Since ATPQ is isosceles and TO is the angle bisector of ZPTQ.
Therefore, OT J. PQ and OT bisects PQ.
PR = QR = 4 cm.
In right triangle ORR we have
OP2 = OR2 + PR2 t

## => OR2 = OP2 - PR2 = 25 - 16 = 9

=> OR = 3 cm.
In triangles TRP and PRO, we have
ZTPR + ZPTR = 90° and ZTPR + ZRPO = 90°
=> ZTPR + ZPTR = ZTPR + ZRPO
=> ZPTR = ZRPO
Also, ZTRP = ZORP = 90°
P R = PR [common]
ATRP ~ APRO
TP RP TP 4 ™ 20
^ PO ~~ RO ^ 5 _ 3^ ^ _ 3 Cm
Sol. 18. PA and PD are two tangents from an external point P to the circle.
PA = PD ... (i)
[ v tangents drawn from the external point to the circle are equal]
Similarly, QA = QB ... (ii)
RC = RB ... (Hi)
and SC = SD ... (iv)
Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we have
PA + QA + RC + SC = PD + QB + RB + SD
(PA + QA) + (RC + SC) = (PD + SD) + (QB + RB)
PQ + RS = PS + QR

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Sol. 19. Given : A circle of radius 3.5 cm and a point P 7 cm away from its centre.
Required : A pair of tangents.
Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a circle C(0, r) with centre 0 and radius
3.5 cm.
2. Take a point P such that OP = 7 cm.
3. Draw AB, the perpendicular bisector of OP
and let it intersect OP in M.
4. With M as centre and PM or OM as radius,
draw another circle intersecting the given circle
in T and T'.
5. Join PT and PT'.
Thus, PT and PT' are the required tangents from point P to the circle C(0, r).
Sol. 20. Let A and B be the positions of two windows of a house, such that AC = 2 m, BC = 6 m. Let
G be the position of a balloon of height h m above the ground. ZGBF = 30°, ZGAE = 60°,
GE = h - 2 and GF = h - 6.
Consider rt. Zed ABFG, we obtain
GF
tan 30°
BF

h -6 BF x —j=
n/3

^ 73 (h - 6) = BF (0
Consider rt. Zed AGAE, we obtain
GE
tan 60°
AE
h- 2 AE x 73 hm

h-2
AE
V3
Also, B F= AE
Now, from (i), and (Hi), we have

73 ( h - 6) h~ 2
V3
=> 3h - 18 = h - 2
=> 3h - h = 18 - 2
=> 2 h = 16
=> h= 8
Hence, the height of the balloon above the ground is 8 m.
1.5 1.5
Sol. 21. Volume of each circular disc = n x x x 0.2 cm3

4.5 4.5
Volume of right circular cylinder = n x x x 10 cm3
Let the number of metallic circular discs be n
.•. n x Volume of each circular disc = Volume of cylinder

=> n x jt x ^ x^ x 0.2 = n x x x 10
4.5 4.5 2 2 1
=> n = —— x ———x 10 x ——x ——x ——
2 2 1.5 1.5 0.2
= 450
.•. Required number of metallic circular discs are 450.

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Sol. 22. Let number of red balls in the jar be x and number of blue balls be y.
Number of orange balls = 10
Total number of balls = x + y + 10

## Probability of selecting a red ball = ^

x 1
x + y + 10 “ 4
x + y + 10 4x => 3x - y = 10 (0
_1
Probability of selecting a blue ball =
3
_1
=> ----- L =
x + y + 10 3
=> 3 y = x + y + 10 => x + 2y = 10
On solving (i) and (ii), we obtain
x = 6 and y = 8
Hence, the total number of balls in the jar are 6 + 8 + 1 0 i.e., 24.

SECTION - D

## ► | [2y2 + 3V5y -10] =

► | [2 y 2 + 4 V 5 y-V 5 y-1 0 ] =

## => 2y - 75 0 and y + 2^5 — 0

S
and y and y = -2 7 5
2
75
Thus, the zeroes of the given polynomial are and - 2 75 .

## Sum of zeroes ^ + (-2V5) = - | ^

|V5 -(coefficient of y)
p
coefficient of y

Product of zeroes ^ x (- 2 V 5 )= ^

constant term
coefficient of y
Hence, the relationship between the zeroes and coefficient of the polynomial is verified.
Sol. 24. Let the speed of boat in still water be x km/h and speed of the stream be y km/h.
Effective speed in upward journey = (x - y) km/h
Effective speed in downward journey = (x + y) km/h
According to the statement of the question, we obtain
30 44
+ = 10
x -y x+y

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40 55
and = 13
x -y x+y

## Put 1 = a and —-— = b, we obtain

x -y x+y
30a + 44b = 10
40a + 55b = 13
By using cross-multiplication, we have
a
44 44
55 55
a______ b _ -1
572-550 “ 400-390 “ 1650 -1760
a b 1
22 “ 10 _ T l 0
=> a = ^ and b =
5 11
Again, putting the values of a and b, we obtain
x -y =5 and x + y = 11
Adding the two equations, we have
2x = 16 => x= 8
And x + y = 11
y = 11 —8 = 3
Hence, the speed of the boat in still water is 8 km/h.
Sol. 25. Consider A as origin (0, 0), AB as x-axis and AD as y-axis.
Onkar runs in the 3rd lane with Tagore House flag and distance covered parallel to

AD = \ x 120 = 30 m
4
Coordinates of Tagore House flag are (3, 30) and label it as P i.e., P(3, 30).
Similarly, Pavit runs in the 9th lane with Ashoka House flag and distance covered parallel to

AD = -^-x 120 = 12 m
10
Coordinates of Ashoka House flag are (9, 12) and label it as Q i.e., Q(9, 12).
Also, Pahul has to post a flag of Shivaji House exactly mid-way of PQ, therefore, by using
mid-point formula, we have
3 + 9 30 + 12
i.e., (6, 21 )
2 ’ 2

## |PQ | = ^(9 - 3)2 + (12 - 30)2

= ^36 + 324

= n/360

= 6 VTo m
Sports activities are important in students life because :
(i) It helps to relax mind and body.
(ii) It gives break from routine work.
(iii) It increases concentration in work.

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Sol. 26. ABCD is a rhombus, diagonals AC and BD intersects each other in O.
Diagonals of a rhombus bisects each other at right angle.
In rt. Zed AAOB, by using Pythagoras Theorem, we have
OA2 + OB2 = AB2 ... (i)
Similarly, OB2 + OC2 = BC2 ... (H) A
OC2 + OD2 = CD2 ... (iii)
OD2 + OA2 = DA2 ... (tv)
Adding (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), we have
2(OA2 + OB2 + OC2 + OD2) = AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2 B

## AC^i BD^ AC^i BD^

AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2

## ACZ BDZ ACZ BD^

+■ +■ AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2

ACZ BD^
= AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2
2 2
AC2 + BD2 = AB2 + BC2 + CD2 + DA2
Sol. 27. tan A = n tan B

tan B = — tan A
n

cot B = -— t-
tan A
sin A = m sin B

sin B = — sin A
m
m
=> cosec B :
sin A
Now, cosec2 B - col2 B : 1
m
sin2A tan2A
mi2 n2 cos2 A
= 1
sin2A sin2 A
m2 ■n2 cos2 A
= 1
sin2 A
m2 - n2 cos2A = sin2A
m2 - n2 cos2A = 1 - cos2A
m2 - 1 = (n2 - 1) cos2A

m2 - 1
cos2A
n2 - 1
Sol. 28. Let the radius of the hemisphere and radius of the cylinder be r m.
Let the height of the building be h m.
Since the base diameter of the dome is equal to its total height above the floor
2r = h
h
* r= 2

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Let H m be the height of cylindrical portion
, h h
H h -r = h- — = —m
2 2
Volume of the air inside the building
= Volume of the air inside the dome + Volume of the air inside the cylinder

2 h 3 h 2 h _ 5 h 3
~ 3n 2 +1Z 2 2 ~ 3n 2
19
Also, volume of the air inside the building = 41— m3

5 22 t f 880
—x — x —
3 7 8 21
880 3x7x8
h3
21 5 x2 2
=> h3 = 64
=> h = 4m
Hence, the height of the building is 4 m.

x .-2 5
Sol. 29. Classes Mid-Value (xf) f, c.f.
u ,~ 10
0 -10 5 8 8 -2 -1 6
10 -2 0 15 26 34 -1 -2 6
2 0 -3 0 A = 25 36 70 0 0
3 0 -4 0 35 34 104 1 34
4 0 -5 0 45 16 120 2 32
E/; = 120 Zfrt = 24
Mean : We have A = 25, X/; = 120, l f tut = 24 and h = 10

Now, X = A + 3 “ Lxh
V,
24
= 25 + — x 10 = 25 + 2 = 27

## Median : We have ^ = 60, c.f. =34,1 = 20, h = 10, / = 36

N r
o - c-f-
J ■ 6 0 -3 4 26
Median = / + — xh = 20 + 36 ><1 0 = 2 0 + ^ x 10

260
= 20 + — = 20 + 7.22 = 27.22
36
Mode : We have
Modal class = 2 2 -3 0 [ v Max. frequency 36 belongs to 20 - 30]
/= 20, h = 10,/! = 36,/0 = 26 and/2 = 34

## Now, Mode = /+ „ J 1 ~/° . x h = 20 + 36~26 x 10

2/!-/0 -/ 2 2 x 3 6 -2 6 -3 4
10
= 20 + x 10
72-60

= 20+ ^ x lO

= 20 + 8.33 = 28.33

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## Sol. 30. Marks No. of Candidates Cumulative Frequency

Less than type
400 - 450 20 Less than 450 20
450 - 500 35 Less than 500 55
500 - 550 40 Less than 550 95
550 - 600 32 Less than 600 127
600 - 650 24 Less than 650 151
650 - 700 27 Less than 700 178
700 - 750 18 Less than 750 196
750 - 800 34 Less than 800 230
To represent the given data graphically, we mark the upper limit of the class intervals on the
horizontal axis (x-axis) and their corresponding cumulative frequencies on the vertical axis. Plot
the points (450, 20), (500, 55), (550, 95), (600, 127), (650, 151), (700, 178), (750, 196),

(800, 230). On the graph and get the required ogive. Here, N = 230 and ^ = 115.
Now, locate the point
on the ogive whose
ordinate is 115. The
x-coordinate corres­
ponding to this ordinate
115 is 581.25. Hence,
the required median is
581.25.

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-6

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
S E C T IO N -A
Sol. 1. Given polynomial p(x) intersects the x-axis at four points. Hence, the polynomial p(x) has four
zeroes.
Sol. 2. Here, (- 3, p) lies on the line 7x + 5y = 14
7(- 3) + 5(p) = 14
- 21 + 5p = 14
5 p = 35
P= 7
Sol. 3. Here, DB _L BC and AC i. BC
=> DB ||AC
ZBED = ZACB [each = 90°]
ZDBE = ZBAC [alt. int. Zs]
By using AA similarity rule, we have
BE AC
^ DE “ BC
Sol. 4. Since opposite sides of quadrilateral circumscribe a circle subtend supplementary angles at the
centre.
ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°
105° + ZCOD = 180°
ZCOD = 180° - 105° = 75°
Sol. 5. sin A + cosec A = 2
Squaring both sides, we have
sin2A + cosec2A + 2 sin A cosec A = 4
sin2A + cosec^A + 2 = 4
sin2A + cosec2A = 2
Sol. 6. Probability of an impossible event = 0

SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Given positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq + r;
0 < r < b. This statement is nothing but a restatement of the long division process in which q
is called the quotient and r is called the remainder.
Sol. 8. Given equations are :
X y , ,
—+ — = a + b
a b

and \ = 2 ; a, b * 0
cr bz
or bx + ay = azb + at?- ... (0
b2x + a2y = 2azb2 ... (H)
Multiplying eqn. (i) by a, we obtain
abx + a2y = a3b + a2b2 ... (in)

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Subtracting (ii) from (Hi), we have
(ab - b?)x = a3b + a2b2 - 2a2b2
b(a - b)x = cPb - a2b2

a2b(a - b) 9
x = ----------- = or
b(a-b)
From eqn. (ii), we have
b2a2 + a2y = 2a2b2
a2y = a2b2
y = b2
Hence, x = a2 and y = b2 is the required solution of given equations.
Sol. 9. Let a and d be the first term and common difference of given A.R respectively.
Also, 6a6 = 11an
=> 6(a + 5d) = ll(a + 10d)
6a + 30d= 11a + llQd
5a + 80d = 0
or a + 16d = 0 ...(i)
Now, a17 = a + (17 - l)d
= a + 16d
= 0 [using (i)]
Sol. 10. In APOQ, AB ||PQ [given]
.•. By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have
OA _ OB
...(0
AP “ BQ
Again, in APQR, AC ||PR [given]
.•. By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have
OA _ OC
...in)
AP “ CR

## From (i) and (ii), we have

BQ CR
Thus, by converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have BC ||QR.
Sol. 11. L.H.S. = (sin2 45° - tan2 45°)2 + 3(sin2 90° + tan2 30°)
. .9 \2 f 2^
-o f + 3 (1)2 +
42 \44> j
2
1^ = f ^ o 4 1 . 1 + 16 17
+3
1+Q
+ 3 x — = - + 4 = — -— = = R.H.S.
y 4 4
Sol. 12. Let RQ be the height of the kite, such that:
PQ = 90 m and ZRPQ = 60°.
In rt. Zed APQR,

a.rY>
—— = sin oU
PQ
RQ S

90 ~ 2
RQ = 45 73 m.
Q
Hence, the height of the kite is 45 4 3 m or 77.94 m.

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SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Let the cubic polynomial be :
p(x) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d

## Sum of zeroes i.e., — = ^ (0

a 2
Q
Sum of the product of zeroes taken two at a time i.e., — = - 7
a
-14

## Product of its zeroes i.e., — = - 4

a
8
2
From (i), (ii) and (Hi), take a = 2
From (i), we obtain b = - 5
From (ii), we obtain c = - 14
From (Hi), we obtain d = 8
Hence, the required cubic polynomial is given as :
p(x) = 2X3- 5X2 - 14x + 8
Sol. 14. Let ? x and ? y be invested in two schemes A and B respectively.
According to the statement of the question, we have
8% of x + 9% of y = 1860
8 9
or —— x x + —— x y 1860
100 100
or 8x + 9y = 186000 (0
and 8% of y + 9% of x = 1860 + 20
8 9
or Xy + T ^ X X 1880
100 100
or 9x + 8y = 188000 ... (ii)
Multiplying (i) by 8 and (ii) by 9, we have
64x + 72y = 1488000
81x + 72y = 1692000
Subtracting these two equations, we obtain
17x= 204000
x = 12000
From eqn. (i), we obtain
8(12000) + 9y = 186000
9y = 186000 - 96000
= 90000
=> y = 10000
Hence, ? 12000 and ? 10000 be the required investments in scheme A and scheme B
respectively.
Sol. 15. Here, coordinates of A, B, C and P are A(6, 3), B(- 3, 5), C(4, - 2) and P(x, y).
Now,

## ar(APBC) = | |x(5 + 2) - 3( - 2 - y) + 4(y - 5) |

| 7x + 6 + 3y + 4y - 20 |
2
1
| 7x + 7y - 14 |
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= \ |x + y - 2 |

## ar (AABC) = | | 6(5 + 2) - 3( - 2 - 3) + 4(3 - 5) |

= | |42 + 1 5 -8 | = \ | 49 | = f

7
ar(APBC) 2 | x + y ~ 21 x + y -2
ar(AABC) 49 7
2
x + y -2
Hence, the ratio of the areas of APBC and AABC is
7
Sol. 16. Given that:
AP _ 1
AB “ 3

## Thus, P divides AB in ratio 1 : 2

Coordinates of P are :
p 5 x l + 2 x 2 l x (- 8) + 2 x1
1+2 ’ 1+2

## Also, P (3, - 2) lies on the line 2x - y + k = 0

2(3) - ( - 2) + k = 0
=> 6 + 2 + Jc= 0
Jt:

00
ir

II

X
N

II

## In ABXY and ABAC

Z B = ZB [common]
X
N

II

## ABXY-ABAC [by AAA similarity axiom]

ar (ABXY) _ (BX)2
- (0
ar (ABAC) " (AB)2

ar (ABXY) = ar (XYCA)
2ar (ABXY) = ar (ABXY) + ar (XYCA) = ar (ABAC)

ar(ABXY) _ 1.
ar (ABAC) 2

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From (i) and (ii), we have
1 _ BX2
2 AB2
BX 1
AB ' 42

1 BX 1 1
1 ~ AB 42
A B -B X 4 2 -1
AB 42
AX 4 2 -1 2-42
AB ~ 42
Sol. 18. Here, top of the building is in the form of half of the cylinder of radius 3.5 m and length
10 m, split along the diameter.
.•. Total interior surface area excluding the base floor

= Area of four walls + ^ (curved surface area of the cylinder) + 2 (area of the semicircles)

= 2(10 + 7 ) x 3 + | 2 x y x 3 .5 x l0 + 2 | x y x ( 3 . 5 )2

22 22
= 2 x 17 x 3 + — x 35 + — x 3.5 x 3.5

## = 102 + 110 + 38.5

= 250.5 m2

Sol. 19. Here, the base diameter of the dome is equal to —rd of the total height of the building.
3
2 ,
r + r= -h

2
2 r = - h => h = 3r
- (0
h
or
r~ 3
Volume of the building = Volume of cylinder + Volume of hemisphere
„ 1 22 2 tt , 2 22 3
67— = — x r x H + —x — x r
21 7 3 7
1408 22 Zr 2 22 hd
= — x — x (h - r) + —x — x —
21 7 9 3 7 27
22 ,2 , h 44
63 3 567
22 2.3 44 ,3
= 63X 3 h+ 567 ^
132 + 44
h3
567
176
h3
567
, 3 1408 567 _ __
or h3 = — — x —— = 8 x 27
21 176
h=2x3=6
Hence, the height of the building is 6 m.
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x. —A
Sol. 20. Literacy Rate Number of Class Marks
h
(in %) Cities (fj) (x,)
4 5 -5 5 4 50 -2 -8
5 5 -6 5 11 60 -1 - 11
6 5 -7 5 12 70 0 0
7 5 -8 5 9 80 1 9
8 5 -9 5 4 90 2 8
Total V i = 40 V iui = - 2
Take assumed mean A = 70.

fiu i

Mean = X = A + 1—^---- x h
n
f,
i= i
-2 20
= 70 + 40 x 10 = 70 “ 40
= 69.5%
Sol. 21. Total number of persons = 12
No. of extremely patience persons = 3
No. of extremely honest persons = 6
No. of extremely kind persons = 1 2 - 3 - 6 = 3
3 1
(i) Probability (extremely patience) = — = —

9 3
(ii) Probability (extremely kind or honest) = — = —.

Value : Any one value with proper reasoning is the correct answer.
Sol. 22. We know that sec2© = 1 + tan20

' 1 = 1 + tan20
x + ~~
t
4x j
2 1 1
X + ---- 9 + o = 1 + tan20
16x2 2

tan20 = x 2 + — +4 -1
16x
1
tan20 x2 +
16x 2 2
V f
tan20
4x .

tan 0 =
l 4xy
f 1^ f 1 = 2x
Now, sec 0 + tan 0 = +
l 4xJ l 4xJ

or 1^ f
sec 0 + tan 0 = ( x + — —
1 _
l 4xJ l 4xJ = 2x

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SECTION - D
Sol. 23. Let a be any positive odd integer and b = 8, then there exist integers q and r such that
a = 8 q + r, 0 < r < 8 [by division algorithm]
=> a = 8q or 8q + 1 or 8q + 2 or 8q + 3 or 8q + 4 or 8q + 5 or 8q + 6 or 8q + 7
But 8q, 8q + 2, 8q + 4 and 8q + 6 are even integers.
a = 8q + 1 or 8q + 3 or 8q + 5 or 8q + 7
Hence, any positive odd integer is of the form 8q + 1 or 8q + 3 or 8q + 5 or 8q + 7, where
q is some integer.
Sol. 24. According to the statement of the question, we have
: - 9 _ /— „ x . v x
---- + 2Vx + 3 x — + 4 x — 59
2 7 7
=> 7 x - 63 + 2 8 ^ + 6x + 8 ^/jf
=> 13x + 36 Tx 826 + 63
=> 13x + 36 ^ - 889
Let
=> X y
... 13y2 + 36y - 889 o
=> 13y2 + 127y - 91y - 889
=> 13y(y - 7) + 127(y - 7)
=> (y - 7) (13y + 127)
-127
=> y 7 or y (rejecting - ve value)
13
We have y 7

=>
=> X
(i) Keeping ‘Save environment’ in mind, there should be least cars for maximum students,
i.e., they should travel in pools, which leads to save energy and minimising air pollution.
Sol. 25. Let a and d be the first term and common difference
Now, a3 + a5 = 38
=> a + 2d + a + 4 d = 3 8
=> 2a + 6d = 38
=> a + 3d = 19 - (0
And a7 + a10 = 83
=> a + 6d + a + 9 d = 8 3
=> 2a + 15d = 83 - (n)
Multiplying (i) by 5, we have
5a + 15d = 95 ... m
Subtracting (ii) from (iii), we obtain
3a = 12 => a = 4
From eqn. (i), we have
4 + 3d = 19
3d = 15 => d = 5
Hence, the required A.R is 4, 9, 14, 19, ...
Sol. 26. Given : A quadrilateral ABCD, circumscribing a circle
having its centre at O. AB, BC, CD and DA touch the
circle at S, R, Q and P respectively.
To Prove : ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° and
ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°
Const. : Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OR OQ, OR and OS.
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Proof : In AAPO and AASO,
AP = AS [tangents from an external point]
AO = AO [common]
ZAPO = ZASO 90°
AAPO = AASO [by RHS cong. axiom]
Z1 = Z2 - (0
Similarly, Z4 = Z3
Z5 = Z 6
and Z 8 = Z7 ... (iv)
Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we have
Z1 + Z4 + Z5 + Z 8 = Z2 + Z3 + Z 6 + Z7
(Z1 + Z 8) + (Z4 + Z5) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Z 6 + Z7)
ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (v)
Also, Z1 + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 + Z5 + Z 6 + Z7 + Z 8 = 360°
Z1 + Z1 + Z4 + Z4 + Z5 + Z5 + Z 8 + Z 8 = 360°
Z1 + Z4 + Z5 + Z 8 = 180°
(Z1 + Z 8) + (Z4 + Z5) = 180°
ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° ... (ui)

From (v) and (vi), we have ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° = ZAOB + ZCOD.
Sol. 27. Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a line segment AB = 7 cm.
2. With A as centre, draw a circle of radius
3 cm and with B as centre, draw a circle
3. Draw perpendicular bisector of line 4 -2cm ^^i
<B
m; 1
segment AB and let it intersect AB in M. . f
4. With M as centre and radius MB,
\ ____?
draw a circle and let it intersect the
given two circles in P Q and R,S. zcr^

## 5. Join AP AQ and BR, BS.

Thus, AP AQ, BR and BS are the required tangents.
Sol. 28. Let DG be the building of height 30 m. AE is the height of the boy i.e., 1.5 m.
Let A’ and ‘B’ be the two positions of the eyes.
AE = BF = CG = 1.5 m
As DG = 30 m
DC = DG - CG = 30 - 1.5
= 28.5 m
As ZDAB = 30°
=> ZDAC = 30° and ZDBC = 60°
Consider a rt. AACD, we have
DC
tan30° = AC
28.5
[cross-multiply]
73 AC
AC 28.5^3 - (0
Again, consider a rt. ABCD, we have
DC
tan 60° = = =
BC
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28.5
=> 73 = [cross-multiply]
BC
28.5 73
=> BC = [rationalise]
73 X V3
28.573
BC = - (n)
3
The distance walked by the boy towards the building
= AC - BC

## = 28.573 - [from (i) and (ii)]

28.571x3-28.573
3
28.5(371 - 71) _ 28.5x2V I
3 3

= 1973 m

Hence, the distance walked by the boy towards the building is 1973 m-
Sol. 29. Here, radii of three small circles = 2 cm
And radius of outer big circle = R cm
Area of outer circle = nR2 cm2
Since AABC is an equilateral triangle, because
AB = BC = CA = 2 + 2 = 4 cm
Z A = ZB = Z C = 60°
300°
Now, area of three sectors (major) at the vertices of AABC = 3 x x jix2x 2
360°
= lOrc cm2
Area of shaded portion = tiR2 - IOji
= ti(R2 - 10) cm2 ... (i)
Now, ZABC = 60° and BO bisect ZABC, therefore, ZOBC or ZOBM = 30°. Also, OM is
perpendicular drawn from the centre to the chord BC, implies BM = MC = 2 cm.
In rt. Zed ABMO,

= ^ (1673 - 2) cm2
J

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## Sol. 30. Cumulative frequency

Profit (in lakhs ?) No. of Shops
Less than Type More than Type
0 -5 0 Less than 5 = 0 5 and More than 5 = 30
5 -1 0 2 Less than 10 = 2 10 and More than 10 = 28
1 0 -1 5 12 Less than 15 = 14 15 and More than 15 = 16
1 5 -2 0 2 Less than 20 = 16 20 and More than 20 = 14
2 0 -2 5 4 Less than 25 = 20 25 and More than 25 = 10
2 5 -3 0 3 Less than 30 = 23 30 and More than 30 = 7
3 0 -3 5 4 Less than 35 = 27 35 and More than 35 = 3
3 5 -4 0 3 Less than 40 = 30
Total 30
For less than type, plot the points (5,0), (10, 2), (15,14), (20, 16), (25, 20), (30,23),
(35, 27), (40, 30).
For more than type, plot the points (5, 30), (10, 28), (15, 16), (20, 14), (25, 10), (30, 7),
(35, 3) on the same graph paper. The two ogives intersect at a point, whose x-coordinate
is 17.5.

*** *

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-7

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class : 10
S E C T IO N -A
Sol. 1. f(x) = abx2 + (b2 - ac)x - be
= abx2 + b2x - acx - be
= bx(ax + b) - c(ax + b)
= (ax + b) (bx - c)
For zeroes of given quadratic polynomial, put/(x) = 0
=> (ax + b) (bx - c) = 0
=> ax + b = 0 o r b x - c = 0
b c
x= — or x = —
a b

a b

## Sol. 2. Put — = p and — q, we have

x y

o 2 1 12p + 4q = 1
2” + 3q = 6 =* - (0
3p + 2q = 0
Multiply (ii) by 2 and subtract from (i), we obtain
12p + 4q - 6p - 4q = 1

6p = 1 P=
From (ii), we have
_1
3 x — + 2q = 0 => 2q =
6 2 q= “ 4
Again, substituting the values of p and q, we obtain
1 _ 1
- = \ and
x 6 y 4
=> x= 6 and v = -4
Now, y = a x -4
=> - 4 = a(6) - 4 => 6a = 0 a= 0
Hence, the required solution is x = 6, y = - 4 and a = 0.
Sol. 3. Since AABC is similar to APQR
AB _ BC _ AC
...
PQ “ QR “ PR
AB _ B C _ A C _ AB + BC + AC
PQ QR PR PQ + QR + PR
AC Perimeter of AABC
=>
PR Perimeter of APQR
AC 20
=>
8 40
=> AC = 4 cm
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Sol. 4 Point of contact.
73
Sol. 5 Since cosx =

## cos x = cos 30° x = 30°

Now, 3 sin x - 4 sin3x = 3 sin 30° 4 sin3 30°
3
Q 1
= 3 X 2 ■4 4
, 1 . 1 3 1 1
= 3 x —- 4 x — = — = 1
2 8 2 2
Sol. 6 When a die is thrown two times or two dice thrown once, sample space is 6 x 6 = 36.
Favourable outcomes i.e., a sum of 10 are (4, 6), (5, 5), (6, 4), only 3 cases.
3 1
Required probability = — = —
3b 12

SECTION - B
Sol. 7 Here, for any positive integer a and 3, there exist unique integers q and r such that
a = 3q + r, where r is the remainder
Hence, the values of r are 0 < r < 3.
Sol. 8 Given equations are
4
- + 3y = 8
x

- - 4y = - 5
x
Multiplying eqn. (i) by 4 and eqn. (ii) by 3 and adding, we obtain

“X ♦ “X - i s - i s

— = 17
X
=> x= 2
From eqn. (i), we have

| +3j> 8
3y = 8 - 2

Thus, x = 2 and y
Also, 2 = p(2 ) - 8
=> 2p = 10
=> p= 5
Hence, the values of x, y and p are x = 2, y = 2 and p 5.
Sol. 9 Let a and d be the first term and common difference
a4 = 9 => a + 3d = 9 - (0
a6 + a13 = 40 => a + 5d + a + 12d = 40
=> 2a + 17d = 40 - (ii)
From (i) and (ii), we have
2a + 17d - 2(a + 3d) = 40 - 2(9)
2a + 17d - 2a - 6d = 22
l i d = 22
d= 2
From (i), we have a + 3 x 2 = 9 a= 9-6 = 3
Hence, required A.R is 3, 5, 7, 9, ...
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Sol. 10. Since AABC ~ ADEF
ZA = ZD, ZB = ZE, Z C = ZF
ar(AABC) BC2
Also,

. BC2
EF^
=> EF = BC
Z B = ZE
BC = EF
Z C = ZF
So, by ASA congruence axiom, we have
Sol. 11. Here, 5 cosec 0 = 7
7 5
cosec 0 sin 0 = ~ cosec 0 =
5 ^ sin 0
Now, sin 0 + cos20 -1 = sin 0 - (1 - cos20)
= sin 0 - sin20 [ ■•• 1 - cos20 =sin20]
5 25 35-2 5 10
- 7 49- 49 49
Sol. 12. Let AB be the tower of height h m
In rt. Zed ACBA, we have

^ = tan 45° = 1
BC
AB = BC = 25 m
Hence, the height of the tower is 25 m.

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Let the cost price of a tea set be ? x and that of a lemon set be ? y.
According to the statement of the question, we have
-10 20 ,n
—— x x + —— x y = 60
100 100
=> - x + 2y = 600 - (0

And 5 x x - ——
—— 5 x y = 10
in
100 100
=> x - y = 200
Adding (i) and (ii), we have
y = 800
From equation (ii), we have
x - 800 = 200
x = 1000
Hence, the cost price of tea set is ? 1000 and lemon set is ? 800.
Sol. 14. Let the coordinates of the vertices of AABC be Afx^ y^, B(x2, y2) and C(x3, y3).
Since D(3, 4), E(2, - 3) and F (l, 1) are the mid-points of the sides of the AABC.
x, + x 9
2 =3 => Xi + x2 = 6

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Afoo^)

00
and = 4 =>

II
Vl

CSI
2
x2 + x3
= 2 => x2 + x3 = 4
2
y2 + y3
and = - 3 => V2 + y3 = - 6
2
X3 + X1
= 1 => x3
+ Xj = 2
2

## and ^3+^1 = 1 =>

9 V3 + V i = 2 (x2,y2) (2,-3) U3,y3)
Xi + x2 + x3 = 6 and Vl + J>2 + J>3 = 2
Now, Xj = 6 - (x2 + x3) and Vl = 2 - (J>2 + V3)
= 6 -4 = 2 = 2 + 6=8
x2 = 6 - (x3 + Xj) y2 = 2 - (y3 + y: )
= 6 -2 = 4 = 2 - 2=0
x3 = 6 - (xj + x2) y3 = 2 - (yi + ^2)
= 6-6 = 0 = 2-8 = -6
Thus, coordinates of the vertices of AABC are A(2, 8), B(4, 0) and C(0, - 6).

## Area of AABC = | |2(0 + 6) + 4 ( - 6 - 8) + 0(8 - 0) |

= ^ | 12 - 56 | = ^ x 44 = 22 sq. units.
Sol. 15. Draw ML _LAB and MN i. BC such that LBNM is a square of side x m, where M is a point on AC.
Now, ML _L AB, MN i. BC and ZB = 90°
=> ML ||CB and MN|| AB
Now, MN ||AB and AC is a transversal
Z1 = Z2 [corresponding Zs]
Similarly, ML ||CB and AC is a transversal
Z3 = Z4 [corresponding Zs]
Now, BC = 16 m and BN = x m
=> CN = (16 - x) m
AB = 8 m and LB = x m
=> AL = (8 - x) m
In rt. Zed AALM and AMNC, we have

^ ^ [proved above]
Z 3 = Z4
By AA similarity axiom, we obtain
AALM -AM NC
ML AL
CN MN
x 8- x
a>
16- x x 3
x2 = 128 - 24x + x2
24x = 128
128 _ 16
* “ 24 _ 3 8m
16
Side of the largest square = -g- m.
Highlighting the importance of farmers in the nation building and emphasising the need of
higher agricultural production in the country.

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Sol. 16. Let P and Q trisect the line segment joining A(2, 1) and B(5, 8), such that AP = PQ = QB.
Now, P divides the line segment AB in the ratio 1 :2 .
Coordinates of P are
5 + 4 -8 + 2
i.e., P (3, - 2)
3 3
Also, P lies on the line 2x - y + k 0
2(3) - ( - 2) + k = 0
=> 6 + 2 + Jc= 0
=> k= - 8
Sol. 17. Since a and p are the zeroes of the polynomial
p(x) = 2x2 + 5x + k
5
a + p= and ap
2
21
Now, a2 + p2 + ap = ^ [given]
4
21
=> a 2 + p2 + 2ap - ap
4
21
=> (a + P)2 - ap
4
k 21
-I
2J 2 4
25 k 21
4 2 4
fc 21 25
=> "2 = = -1
=> -k = - 2
=> k= 2
Hence, the value of k is 2.
Sol. 18. (i) Probability of an event cannot be negative. Thus, incorrect statement.
(ii) Sum total of probability of an event is one. Thus, incorrect statement.
[0.67 + 0.31 + 0.05 = 1.03 * 1]
(iii) Again, sum total of probability of an event is one. Thus, incorrect statement.
[0.60 + 0.48 = 1.08 * 1]
Sol. 19. In AABC, ZA, ZB and ZC are its interior angles
Z A + ZB + ZC = 180°
Z A + ZB ZC
= 90°
2 + 2
Z A + ZB ZC
9 0 °-

,Z C , 2 f ZA + ZB^ ZC ZC
(0 cosecz ------ tanz cosec2 ------ tan2 9 0 °-
2 2
9 ZC 9 ZC
cosec2 —— - cor ——
ZB + ZC ZA ..Z A ZA + ZB _ gQo
tan tan 9 0 °-
2 2
ZA
= cot [ ■•tan (90° - 0) = cot 0]

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Sol. 20. Volume of cuboid = 15 x 10 x 3.5 = 525 cm3
1 2
Volume of four conical depressions = 4 x —nr h
*3
4 22 1 1 . . , ,
= —x — x —x —x 1.4 = 1.47 cm3
3 7 2 2
Thus, volume of wood in the entire wooden stand = 525 - 1.47 = 523.53 cm3
Sol. 21. Radii of the two bases upper and lower are : r = 4 cm, R = 10 cm, slant height (/) = 15 cm
Area of the material used for making the turks cap= Area of base circle + Curved surface area
22 . . 22 ..
= — x 4 x 4 + — x l5 x (1 0 + 4
7 7
352 4620 4972
+ = 710.29 cm2
7 7 7
Hence, area of the material used for making the turks cap is 710.29 cm2.
Sol. 22. For computation of median, we have
Monthly Consumption (in units) No. of Consumers Cumulative Frequency
6 5 -8 5 4 4
85 - 105 5 9
105 - 125 13 22
125 - 145 20 42
145 - 165 14 56
165 - 185 8 64
185 - 205 4 68
Total N = 68

Here, N = 68, — = — = 3 4
2 2
34 lies in the class interval 125 - 145
So, 125 - 145 is the median class
/ = 125, c.f. = 22, / = 20, h = 20
''N ^
. 7T - c-f- 34-22
Median = / + x h = 125 + x20 = 125 + 12 = 137
/ 20
Hence, the required median is 137 units.

SECTION - D
Sol. 23. If possible, let us assume that is a rational number.

## J 5 = — , q * 0, where p and q are co-prime.

9
Squaring both sides, we have

p!5=
g2
=> p 2 = 5q2
=> 5 divides p2 => 5 divides p
Let p = 5m, where m is an integer.
(5m )2 = 5q2
=> 25 m2 = 5q2
q 5m2
5 divides q2 5 divides q
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Now, we have 5 as a common factor of p and q which contradicts the fact that p and q are
co-prime.
Thus, ^/5 is an irrational number.

q

— + 8 — 3y[5
q
P + 8q
= 3n/5
q
P + 8q
= n/5
3q
Integer _
Integer ^

## Hence, 3 - 8 is also an irrational number.

Sol. 24. Let total number of students be x.
Entire package with food = ? 960

## Expenditure per head = ?

x
But eight students failed to go.
.•. Total number of students attended the picnic = x - 8

960
Expenditure per head = ? + 6
x

Now, — +6 (x - 8) = 960
x

## => 960 + 6x - - 48 - 960 = 0 or 6X2 - 7680 - 48x = 0

x
=> x2 - 8x - 1280 = 0 => x2 - 40x + 32x - 1280 = 0
=> (x - 40) (x + 32) =0
=> x = 40 or x = - 32, rejecting - ve value
We have x = 40
Hence, total number of students in 10th class is 40 and number of students attended the picnic
is 40 - 8 = 32.
Sol. 25. We know that, tangent to a circle is perpendicular
to its radius at the point of contact.
.•.OR -L PR and OQ i. PQ
ZORP = ZOQP = 90°
ZORP + ZOQP = 90° + 90°
= 180°
Sum of opposite angles of quadrilateral QORP is 180°.
Hence, QORP is a cyclic quadrilateral.

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Sol. 26. Let a and d be the first term and common difference.
„ n
Using [2a + (n - l)d], we have

S7 = g [2a + (7 - l)d ] = 10
14a + 42d =20
7a + 21d = 10 - (0
And 314 10 + 17

Y [2a + 13d] = 27

14a + 91d = 27
From (i) and (ii), we have
14a + 91d - 14a - 42d = 2 7 - 2 0
1
49d = 7 d - 7
From (i), we have

7a + 21 x — = 1 0

7a = 10 - 3 => a= 1
8 9 10
Hence, the required A.R is 1,
7’ 7’ 7 ’
Sol. 27. Steps of Constraction :
1. Construct AABC, with AB = 6 cm, BC = 6 cm and
AC = 4 cm.
2. At A, construct an acute angle ZBAX and divide AX
into three equal parts such that A A j = A jA 2
=
3. Join AgB.
4. Through Ag, draw AgB' ||A 3B, intersecting AB in B'.
5. Through B', draw B'C' ||BC, intersecting AC in C'.
Thus, AAB'C' is the required triangle.

Sol. 28. Let us assume that the man is standing on the deck of a ship at point A and CD is the hill.
Let BC = AE = x m and DE = h m
and ZBCA = 30° [given]
AB = 10 m
Consider a rt. AAED, we have
DE
tan 60” = -

s/3 = - [cross-multiply]
x
h = ^3* - (0

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Again, consider a rt. AABC, we have

AB
tan 30°
BC

10
[cross-multiply]
J3 x

x 10V31 ...(H)
From (i) and we have

## h = y/3x = s/3 x 10^3 =10 x 3 = 30

=> h = DE = 30 m
CD = CE + ED = 10 + 30 = 40 m

Hence, the distance of the hill from the ship is 10^/3 m and the height of the hill is 40 m.
Sol. 29. Length of the rectangle ABCD = 14 cm
Breadth of the rectangle ABCD = 7 cm
Area of the rectangle ABCD = 14 x 7 =98 cm2
Radius of semicircle having diameter AB = 7 cm

## Area of semicircle = ^Ttr2

1 22 _ _
= —x — x 7 x 7
2 7
= 77 cm2

7
Radius of 2 semicircles having diameter AD or BC = — cm

22 7 7
— x —x —
7 2 2

## Now, area of the the shaded region = 98 - 77 + 38.5 = 59.5 cm2

Sol. 30. Let us convert the given data into continuous classes to less than type, we have

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Now, plot the points (9.5, 5), (19.5, 20), (29.5, 40), (39.5, 63), (49.5, 80), (59.5, 91)
and (69.5, 100). Join them free hand to get the required cumulative frequency curve or
cumulative frequency polygon.
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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-8

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
SECTION - A
Sol. 1. Given linear equation is 2x + 3y = 8.
Another linear equation in two variables having coincident geometric representation is :
4x + 6y = 16.
Sol. 2. Given quadratic equation is :
9X2 - 15x + 6 = 0
=> 9X2 - 9x - 6x + 6 = 0
=> 9x(x - 1) - 6(x - 1) = 0
=> (x - 1) (9x - 6) = 0
=> x - l = 0 o r9 x -6 = 0

x = li o r x = g6O r -2

## Sol. 3. Side of the square ABCD = 28 cm

/. Radius of each circle having centres A, B, C and D = 14 cm
/. Area of the shaded region = Area of square - 4 x area of quadrant of the circle

= 28 x 28 - 4 x - x — x l4 x l4
4 7
= 784 - 616 = 168 cm2.

## Sol. 5. Total number of days in the year 2012 = 366

Total number of ways in which two friends have their birthdays = 366 x 366
Number of ways in which both have same birthday = 366
366 1
Probability that both have same birthday
366x366 366

## a _ 3(cos2 25° + cos2 65°)

Sol. 6. Here
3 (sin2 27° + sin2 63°)

## _ „ „ (cos2 25° + cos2(90° - 25°))

0 * (sin2 27° + sin2(90° -2 7 °))

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## 9(cos2 25° + sin2 25°) _ 9 x l

(sin2 27° + cos2 27°) ~ 1

SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Here, x = 3 x 7 = 21
and y = 4x = 4 x 2 1 = 84

= 2 -S

## Now, product of zeroes = (2 + V5)(2 - n/5)

= 4 - 5 = -1
Thus, the required quadratic polynomial is x2 - 4x - 1.
Sol. 9. Here, Sn = 3n2 + 3n
Sn_ 1 = 3 ( n - \ ) 2 + 3 ( n - \ )
= 3(n2 + 1 - 2n) + 3n - 3
= 3n2 + 3 - 6n + 3n - 3
= 3n2 - 3n
Now, a = S —S i
an = 3n2 + 3n - 3n2 + 3n
an = 6 n
Sol. 10. Since the points A(k + 1, 2k), B(3k, 2k+ 3) and C(5k - 1, 5k) are collinear.
/. Area of the triangle formed by these points is zero

## => |(fc + 1) (2fc + 3 - 5k) + 3k(5k - 2k) + (5k - 1) (2k - 2 k - 3 ) \ = 0

=> |(fc + 1) (3 - 3fc) + 3k(3k) + (5k - 1) (- 3) | = 0
=> |3/c - 3k2 + 3 -3 k + 9k2 - 15k + 3| = 0
=> 6k2 - 15k + 6 = 0
2k2 - 5k + 2 = 0
2k2 - 4k - k + 2 0
=> 2fc(fc - 2) - l(fc - 2) = 0
=> (fc - 2 ) (2fc - 1 ) = 0
=> Either fc - 2 = 0 or 2fc - 1 = 0

1
fc = 2 or fc =
2'
Sol. 11. Since BOR is a diameter
ZBAR = 90° [angle in a semicircle]

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Also, ZPAB = 58° [given]
ZPAB + ZBAR + ZRAQ = 180° [straight angle]
58° + 90° + ZRAQ = 180°
ZRAQ = 180° - 90° - 58° = 32°
ZABQ = ZRAQ = 32° [Zs in the corresp. alt. segment]
Now, ZAQB = 180° - ZABQ - ZBAQ
= 180° - 32° - 90° - 32°
= 26°
Sol. 12. Note : Read the statement as “Wax cylinder of diameter 21 cm and height 21 cm is chipped
ff and shaped to form a cone and a sphere. If radius and height of the cone and cylinder are
same, find the diameter of the sphere.”
21
Radius of cylinder (r) = — cm

## Height of cylinder (h) = 21 cm

Let rj be the radius of sphere
As per statement, we have
Volume of solid sphere = Volume of cylinder - Volume of cone
4 3
—Ttr, = nr2h - —nr2h
3 1 3
4 3 2 r2hL
—n
3 1 “ 3
3 21 21 21
1 = —
r-f
2 2
x— x—
2

rl =
2
.•. Diameter of the sphere cm

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Since a and p are the zeroes of the polynomial
p(x) = x2 - 4x + 3
a + p = 4 and ap = 3
Now, sum of zeroes = 2a + 2p
= 2(a + p) = 2(4) = 8
Product of zeroes = (2a) (2P)
= 4ap = 4(3) = 12
Hence, the required quadratic equation having 2a and 2p as the zeroes is x2 - 8x + 12.
Sol. 14. Let a and d be the first term and common difference and number of terms is 50.

Now, Sn = | [2 a + (n -l)d ]

## s 10 = y [2a + 9 d > = 210

2a + 9d = 42 ...(«•)

Also, S50= ^ [2 a + 4 9 d ]

## Y [2a + 34d] + 2565 = 50a + 1225d

35 [a + 17d] + 2565 = 50a + 1225d
35a + 595d + 2565 = 50a + 1225d

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## => 2565 = 50a+ 1225d - 35a - 595d

=> 15a + 630d = 2565
=> a + 42d = 171
or 2a + 84d = 342 - (ii)
Subtracting (i) from (ii), we have
75d = 300 => d = 4
From eqn. (i), we obtain
2a + 36 = 42 => a = 3
Hence, the A.F is 3, 7, 11, 15, ...
Sol. 15. Given : AABC ~ APQR, in which AD J. BC and PM J. QR
To Prove :
PQ PM
Proof : Since AABC ~ APQR, we have
Z A = ZP, ZB = ZQ, Z C = ZR

AB _ BC _ AC
...(0
PQ QR “ PR
Now, in AABD and APQM
ZB = Z Q [given]
Z D = ZM [each = 90°]
So, by AA similarity axiom, we have
AABD ~ APQM
^ PQ “ PM
Sol. 16. In ABDR, PQ ||BR
.\ By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have
PD _ QD
...(0
BD ~~ RD
In APRD, PR ||CA
.\ By Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have
PD RD
CD “ QD

CD QD
or —— = ----- - (ii)
PD RD
From (i) and (ii), we have
PD _ CD
BD “ PD
=> BD x CD = (PD)2 = (12)2= 144
Hence, BD x CD = 144 cm2
Sol. 17. Since ABCD is a parallelogram.
AB = CD and AD = BC ...(0
Again, AP AS are tangents to the circle from point A.
AP = AS
Similarly, BP = BQ
CR = CQ
DP = DS

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AP + BP + CR + DR = AS + BQ + CQ + DS
(AP + BP) + (CR + DR) = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)
AB + CD = AD + BC
Hence, parallelogram ABCD is a rhombus.
Sol. 18. Given : An isosceles AABC with base BC = 6 cm, AB = AC and Z A 90°

## Required : AA'BC' AABC with — scale-factor.

5
Steps of Construction :
1. Construct an isosceles triangle ABC with
base BC = 6 cm, AB = AC and Z A = 90°.

[v ZB Z C = 2 X 90° 45°]

## 2. Through B, construct an acute angle CBX,

(<90°).
3. Mark five points B1, B2, B3, B4, B5 such
that BB1 = B 1B2 = B 2B3 = B3B4
= B4B5. Join B5C.
4. Through B4, draw B4C' ||B5C, intersecting
BC in C'.
5. Through C', draw C'A' ||CA, intersecting AB in A'.
Hence, AA'BC' is the required triangle. \ x
Sol. 19. L.H.S. = 2(sin6 0 + cos6 0) - 3(sin4 0 + cos4 0) + 1
= 2{(sin2 0)3 + (cos2 0)3} - 3{(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2} + 1
= 2 {(sin2 0 + cos2 0) [(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2 - sin2 0 cos20]}
- 3{(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2 + 2 sin2 0 cos2 0 - 2 sin2 0 cos2 0} + 1
= 2 {(sin2 0)2 + (cos2 0)2 + 2 sin20 cos2 0 - 3 sin2 0 cos2 0}
- 3{(sin2 0 + cos2 0)2 - 2 sin2 0 cos2 0} + 1
= 2{(sin2 0 + cos2 0)2 - 3 sin2 0 cos2 0} - 3{1 - 2 sin2 0 cos2 0} + 1
= 2 ( 1)2 - 6 sin2 0 cos2 0 - 3 + 6 sin2 0 cos2 0 + 1
= 3 _ 3 = 0 = R.H.S.
Sol. 20. For the given cone and cone cut o ff :

l - h - 1
...(«•)
R ~ H ~ L
Also, from the given statement, we have
g
C.S.A. of the upper cone = 1- — C.S.A. of the given cone

mi = —JiRL ...(H)

r h_ h_ 1_
From (i), and
R H H ~ L

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Rh
r= and ...(Hi)
H H
From (ii) eind (iii), we have

Rh Lh 1
’tx 3 r x H = 9 !tRL

1
Yr 9

h_ 1 H _3
or
H 3 h_ l

■ f - 1

H -h 3 -1 1
= T or
H -h 2
Hence, the required ratio is 1 : 2.
Sol. 21. Here, in the word ‘MATHEMATICS’.
M appears twice, T appears twice and A appears twice.

2
r (M) “ r (A) - r (T) - YJ P (H) - P (E) - P (I) - P (C) - P (S) - n

Sol. 22. Clearly, class interval 20 - 25 has maximum frequency i.e., 75. So, it is the modal class.
... / = 20,/i = 75, /0 = 40, f2 = 35, h = 5

## Mode = 1+ k-fo Axh = 20 + f 75-40

x5 = 20 +
175
2x/i /o /2 2x75 - 40 - 35 75

20 + 2.33 = 22.33

SECTION - C
Sol. 23. Let x be any positive integer, then it is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.
Now, squaring each of these, we have
(3q )2 = 9qz
= 3 x3q2
= 3 x some integer
= 3 x m, where m is an integer ...(i)
(3q + l )2 = 9q2 + 6q + 1
= 3q(3q + 2) + 1
= 3 x (3q2 + 2q) + 1
= 3 x some integer + 1
= 3 x m + 1, where m is an integer ...(ii)
and (3q + 2)2 = 9q2 + 12q + 4
= 3 x 3q2 + 3 x 4 q + 3 + l
= 3(3q2 + 4q + 1) + 1
= 3 x some integer + 1
= 3 x m + 1, where m is an integer ...(iii)
Thus, from (i), (ii) and (iii), we have square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or
3m + 1 for some integer m.

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Sol. 24. Let the cost price of a memento be ? x and cost price of a trophy be ? y.
According to the statement of the question, we have
8x + 5y = 1300 ...(0
And 5x + 8y = 1612 - (ii)

## Adding (i) and (ii), we obtain

13x + 13y = 2912
or x + y = 224 ...(iii)
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we obtain
3x - 3y = - 312
or x - y = - 104 ■■■{iv)
Adding (iii) and (iv), we have
2x = 120
=> x = 60
From (iii), we have
60 + y = 224
=> y = 224 - 60 = 164
Hence, the cost price of a memento is ? 60 and the cost price of a trophy is ? 164.
Value : Any of the value with proper reasoning is the correct answer.
4 x -3 _
Put
2x + l V

2x + l _ 1 io „
=> y ^
4 x -3 y y
=> y2 - 10 = 3y
=> y2 - 3y - 10 = 0
=> y2 - 5y + 2y - 10 = 0
=> y (y - 5) + 2(y - 5) = 0
=> (y + 2) (y - 5) = 0
=> y = -2 or y= 5
4 x -3
Again, put y = ------- , we have
2x + l
CO

0
X

4 x -3 _
i

J1
1

or
2x + l 2x + l
=> 4x - 3 = - 4x - 2 or 4x - 3 = lOx + 5
x3

vS

00

=> or
II

II

ON| 00

1
1

or
X

=>
II

x_ 8

4
or
X“ 3

4
Hence, the required roots are x = ^and x =

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= 7 (^ ) 2 + (- 1)2

= V l 6 + l= V l 7 units.

## Area of the square PQRS = (PQ )2 = (V l7 )2 = 17 sq.units

Side of the square ABCD say AB is given as :

|A B |=, 3 2+ 3 H 2

-3 2 -5 2
2 + 2

= 11 & 34 units
14 4 V4

34
4 4

## Area of square PQRS 17 17x4 2

Now,
Area of square ABCD 34 34 1
T

## Sol. 27. Rewriting the given equation, we have

sec A-tan A cos A cos A sec A+ tan A

1 1 1 secA+tanA
Now, L.H.S. -sec A
sec A-tan A cos A sec A-tan A secA+tanA

secA+tanA . secA+tanA .
-secA = ------- ---------secA
sec2 A-tan 2A 1

## = sec A + tan A - sec A = tan A ...(0

1 1 1 sec A-tan A
R.H.S. = = sec A —
cos A secA+tanA secA+tanA secA-tanA

## sec A-tan A sec A-tan A

= sec A - sec A -
sec2 A-tan 2A 1

## = sec A - sec A + tan A = tan A

From (i) and (ii), we have
L.H.S. = R.H.S.
Hence, verified.
Sol. 28. Let AB be a tower of height h m, BD and CB be two
shadows when Sun’s altitude is 60° and 30°.

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In rt. Zed AABC,

BC 73

BC = AB73

BD + 30 = h73

## -^= + 30 = h S [using (i)]

73

h 7 3 - - )= = 30
73

30V3=15V3 m

## Sol. 29. Diameter of largest semicircle = 14 cm

Radius of the largest semicircle = 7 cm

1 2 49 2
Area of the largest semicircle = —ti(7) = — 7tcm

2

## Radius of the smallest semicircle = -cm

4

1 7
Area of the smallest semicircle = —7t —
2 4

1 49 49 2
Area of two such smallest semicircles = 2 x —7t — = — 7t cm
2 16 16

## Radius of another semicircle = —cm

2

1 7 49 2
Area of another semicircle = —7t — = — n cm
2 2 8

49 49 49
Area of the shaded region = — n -----n + — n
2 16 8

. n 1 11
i9K 2 _ 16 + 8

22 8 -1 + 2 22 9
= 49xy _ 49 x y x i 6

693 Q, , Qt. 2
---- = 86.625 cirr
8

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Sol. 30. Firstly, convert the given distribution to a less than type cumulative frequency distribution.
Class Frequency Cumulative firequency
0 -10 10 Less than 10 10
10 -2 0 20 Less than 20 30
2 0 -3 0 35 Less than 30 65
3 0 -4 0 40 Less than 40 105
4 0 -5 0 25 Less than 50 130
5 0 -6 0 25 Less than 60 155
6 0 -7 0 15 Less than 70 170
Total 170

For less than type cumulative frequency curve, plot the points (10, 10), (20, 30), (30, 65),
(40, 105), (50, 130), (60, 155) and (70, 170).
Join them freehand and get a smooth curve.

Here, N = 170, ^ = 85

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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-9

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
SECTION - A
Sol. 1. Given polynomial is :
p(x) = 2X2 + 3x + 5
3 5
Here, a + p = - - and ap = -

1 1 _ a + p _ -3/2 3
Now,
a + P ~~ ap 5/2 5
Sol. 2. Numbers between 250 and 1000, which are exactly divisible by 3 are :
252, 255, 258, ..., 999
Using a + (n - l)d = an, we have
252 + (n - 1)3 = 999
(n - 1)3 = 999 - 252 = 747
747
n-1 249

n = 249 + 1 = 250

## Now, required sum of all such numbers = — [a + an]

250
[252 + 999] = 125 x 1251 = 156375

Sol. 4. 3 :1
12
Sol. 5. In AABC, ZC = 90° and tan B = —
5
BC = 5 and AC =12

## A B = ^(5)2 + (12)2 = <J25 +144 = >/l69 = 13 12

Now, ■ r AC 12
a n B = AB = 13

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Sol. 6. Area of shaded region = Area of outer circle - Area of inner circle
= jiR2 - nr2
= n(R2 - 12)

SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Let the natural number be x.
Now, according to given statement, we have

x + 12 = 160 x -
x
=> x2 + 12x - 160 = 0
=> x2 + 20x - 8x - 160 = 0
=> x(x + 20) - 8(x + 20) = 0
=> (x - 8) (x + 20) = 0
=>x = 8 orx = -2 0 (rejectingx = - 20, v x is natural number)
Thus, x= 8
Hence, the required natural number is 8.
Sol. 8. Here, given A.R is : 84, 80, 76, ...
a = 84 and d = - 4
Let nth term is zero
a + (n - l)d = an
=> 84 + (n - 1) ( - 4) = 0
=> 84 - 4n + 4 = 0
=> 88 - 4n = 0
=> n = 22
Sol. 9. Since A(0, 2) is equidistant from B(3, p) and C(p, 5).
|AB |2 = |AC |2
=> (3 - 0)2 + (p - 2)2 = (p - 0)2+ (5 - 2)2
=> 9 + p2 + 4 - 4p = p2 + 9
=> P= 1
4
Sol. 10. Here, tan 0 = ^

## 1 - sin 0 -sin 0 1 - sin 0 1(1 - sin 0r l- s in 0

Now, x
1 + sin 0 1 + sin 0 1 - sin 0 cos20 cos 0
1 sin 0
cos 0 cos 0

## = \jl + tan2 0 - tan 0 [ sec2© = 1 + tan20]

, 16 4 _5 4__1
4 + 9 3 3 3 3
Hence, proved.
Sol. 11. Here, AB is an observer of height 1.5 m, CD be the tower
such that BD = AE = 18.5 m and ZCAE = 45°.
In rt. angled AAEC, we have
CE
— = tan 45°
AE
=> CE = AE = 18.5 m
Now, height of the tower CD = CE + ED = CE + AB
= 18.5 + 1.5 = 20 m [vE D = AB]
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Sol. 12. (i) r = 5 m, 0 = 90°
0 o
Area of the field in which horse can graze = ____x nr
360°
90°
x 3 .1 4 x 5 x 5
360°

- x 3.14 x 25 = 19.625 m2
4
(ii) Here, R = 10 m, 0 = 90°

## .•. Area of sector AG HA = x rcR2

360°
90°
x 3.14x10x10
360°

= 4 x 314 = 78.5 m2
4
Thus, increase in the area = 78.5 - 19.625 = 58.875 m2

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Let a be any positive odd integer and b = 4. By Euclid’s division algorithm, there exists integers
q and r such that a = 4q + r, where 0 < r < 4
=> a = 4q or 4q + 1 or 4q + 2 or 4q + 3
Since a is an odd integer.
=> a 4q and a * 4q + 2, because they are divisible by 2.
Thus, a = 4q + 1 or 4q + 3
Hence, any positive odd integer is of the form 4q + 1 or 4q + 3.
Sol. 14. The greatest number that divide 445, 572 and 699 leaving remainders 4, 5 and 6 respectively
is the H.C.E of 445 - 4, 572 - 5 and 699 - 6 i.e., 441, 567 and 693.
For H.C.E of 441, 567 and 693, we have
441 = 32 x 72
567 = 34 x 7
693 = 32 x 7 x 11
H.C.E of 441, 567 and 693 = 32 x 7 = 63
Hence, the required number is 63.
Sol. 15. o W - 4b4x + 3a4x - 12a2b2 =0
b2x(a2x - 4b2) + 3a2(a2x - 4b2) = 0
(cPx - 4b2) [b?x + 3a2) = 0
Either a2x - 4b2 = 0 or b2x + 3a2 = 0
=> a2x = 4b2 or b2x = - 3a2
4b2 -3a 2
=> or x=
X_ „2
4k2 _3q2
Hence, roots of the given quadratic equation are — or — — .
a biZ
Sol. 16. Let a and d be the first term and common difference respectively.

a = a + (p -l)d = - - (0

a = a + (q - l)d = —
q P

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Subtracting from (i), we obtain
1 1
(p - 1 - q + l)d
Q P
p -q
(p - q)d =
pq
1
d= —
pq
From (i), we have
_1
a + (p - 1 )
pq q
_l
a=
q pq
p-p+l= l
pq pq
Now, pq a + (pq - 1 )d

= — + (pq - 1) —
pq pq
1
+ 1 - — =1
pq pq
Sol. 17. From the figure,
OAJ. PA and OBJ. PB
ZOAP = 90° and ZOBP = 90°
ZOAP + ZOBP = 180°
But they are opposite angles of the quadrilateral.
Hence, AOBP is a cyclic quadrilateral.
Sol. 18. Let P be the point of contact and /be the tangent
at the point P on the circle with centre O.
Since OP is the radius of the circle and /is tangent.
OP ±1
Similarly, OQJ. m
Since /and m are two parallel tangents.
.•. Perpendicular at P and Q passes through the centre of the circle.
Sol. 19. Given : A circle of radius 6 cm (since diameter is 12 cm) and a point P is 10 cm away from its
centre.
Required : A pair of tangents.
Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a circle C(0, r) with centre O and
2. Take a point P such that OP = 10 cm.
3. Draw AB, the perpendicular bisector of
OP and let it intersect OP in M.
4. With M as centre and PM or MO as
the given circle in T and T .
5. Join PT and PT'.
Thus, PT and PT' are the required tangents from point P to the circle C(0, r).
Length of tangents PT and PT' are 8 cm each.

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Sol. 20. Here, radius of conical portion (r) = 3 cm
and height of conical portion (h) = 4 cm

## Slant height of the conical portion (/) = ^ 32 + 4 2 = ,J25 = 5 cm

Now, total surface area of a lattu
= Curved surface area of cone + Curved surface area of hemisphere
22 22
= nrl + 2iir2 = x 3 x 5+ 2 x x 3 x 3
7 7
330 396 726
= ------ 1------= = 103.7 cm2
7 7 7
Total surface area to be painted = 20 x 103.7 cm2 = 2074 cm2
(i) Children are the future of any society or country and they possess various talents. So,
providing them opportunities to grow by giving proper education instead of involving them
in work will help in the development of society. With education and proper nurturance of
their talent, they contribute in a better way for the development of society and the country.
(ii) (a) Spreading awareness against child labour in the society.
(b) Abolishing the use of products involving child labour.
(c) Providing free education, free food at elementary level to poor children.
(d) Enforcing the law to abolish child labour.
Sol. 21. As red queens and black jacks are removed from 52 playing cards.
Remaining cards = 52 - 2 - 2 = 48

(0 P(akm g)=^ = i
24 1
(ii) P (a red colour card) = — = —
40 Z

8 1
(iii) P (a face card) = — = —
48 6
Sol. 22. Let AB be a building and CD be a cable tower.
c
AB
In AABD, tan 45°
BD
7
1
BD
BD 7m
In AACE, AE BD = 7m
CE
tan 60°
AE

CE
s/3
7

CE 7 j3

CD CE + ED = (7sf3 + 7) m [ vED = BD = 7 m]

7 ( j 3 + l)m

## Hence, the height of the cable tower is 7( -J3 + 1) m.

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SECTION - D

## Sol. 23. Given, x - ^5 is a factor of the given cubic polynomial

p(x) = x3 - 3 s/5 x2 + 13x - 3 ^5
By long division algorithm, we have

x - V s ) x 3 - 3s[5x 2 + 13x - 3 n/ 5 ( x 2 - 2 n/ 5 x + 3

x3 - ^ x 2
(-) (+)_________________
- 2 V 5 x 2 + 1 3 x - 3 V 5

- 2-Jbx2 + lOx
(+) (-)_________
3 x -3 j5
3 x -3 j5
(-) (+)
0

## = (x: - n/ 5 ){ x2 - ( n/ 5 - n/2 + V5 + n/2 ) x + 3}

= (x - n/ 5 ){ x2 - ( n/ 5 - n/2) x + ( n/5 + n/2) x + 3}
= (x-V5){x(x-V5 + n/2 ) - ( V5 + n/2 ) (x - >/5 + n/2 )>

= ( x - V 5 ) ( x - V 5 + n/2 ) (x - ^5 - n/2 )
= (x - V s) [x - (V5 - n/2 )] [x —(>/5 + V 2 )]
Hence, all the zeroes of given polynomial are V5 + V2 , V5 - V2 .
Sol. 24. Let the time taken by 1 man alone to finish the work be x days and the time taken by 1 boy
alone to finish the work be y days.
Since 2 men and 7 boys can do a piece of work in 4 days

x y 4 - (0
Also, 4 men and 4 boys can do it in 3 days
4 4 _1
x y 3
1 1 _ _1 _
x y 12
1 1
Put — = p and — = q, we have
x H y ^
_1
2p + 7q =
4

p + q= ... (iv)
12
Multiplying (iv) by 2 and subtract from (Hi), we have

1 3 -2
6 12 12

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From (iv), we have

P + 65 12
5 -1 4_
=> P =
12 60 60 60 : 15
Thus, P ^andg
60
1
x 15 y 60
=> x = 15 and y = 60
Hence, time taken by one man to finish the work is 15 days and time taken by one boy to
finish the work is 60 days.
Z l = Z2 [■••AB ||DC ||EF Z l and Z2 are corresponding angles]
So, by AA criterion of similarity, we have
DF FG
DA “ AB
(0
In trapezium ABCD, we have
EF ||AB ||DC
AF BE
DF CE
AF 3 BE 3 , . ,
■-----= — (given)
DF 4 CE 4 a
3
— +i = 4 +1 [adding 1 on both sides]
DF 4
AF + DF 7
DF 4
DA 7
DF = 4
DF 4
DA = 7
From (i) and i), we have
FG4
7
AB =
4
FG = AB
7
In ABEG and ABCD, we have
ZBEG = ZBCD [corresponding angles]
Z B = ZB [common]
ABEG ~ ABCD [by AA criterion of similarity]
BE EG
BC CD
3 EG BE 3 CE 4 CE 4 1 BC
Z Z A
7 CD CE 4 BE 3 BE 3 BE
3
EG CD
7
3
EG x 2AB [ v CD 2AB (given)]
7
6
EG = ^ AB ...(iv)
7
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Adding (Hi) and (iu), we have
4 6
FG + E G = y A B + y A B

10
FE: AB

7FE = 10AB
Sol. 26. As A + B = 90°
B = (90° - A)

## tan A tan B + tan A cot B sin2B

L.H.S.
sin A sec B cos2A

## j tan A tan (90° - A) + tan A cot (90° - A) sin2(90° - A)

sin A sec (90° - A) cos2A

## tan A cot A + tan A tan A cos2A

sin A cosec A cos2A

## = tJ1 + k ” 2 A -1 = + tan2 A -1 = Vtan2 A

= tan A = R.H.S.
Sol. 27. Let the line 2x + 3y - 5 = 0 divides the line segment joining the points (8, - 9) and (2, 1) in
the ratio k : 1 .

2k+ 8 k - 9
P( x, y)
k+ 1 ’ k+ 1

- n , 2k + 8 j k -9
Thus, x = —— — and y , „
fc+1 fc+1
Point P(x, y) lies on the given line.
2 2fc + 8 +3 k -9
5=0
fc+1 fc+1
=> 4k + 16 + 3k - 27 - 5k - 5 = 0
=> 2 k = 16 fc = 8
Thus, the required ratio is 8 : 1.
Point of division is given as :

2(8) +8 8 - 9 p 8 -1
8+ 1 ’ 8+ 1 ' " 3’ 9

## Sol. 28. Radius of cylindrical tank (R) = 5 m

Height of cylindrical tank (H) = 2 m
Volume of tank = nR2H = jix 5 x 5 x 2 = 50n m3

## Volume through pipe per hour = n x ^ x ^ x 3000

” x is
3 On m3
50n 5
Time required to fill the tank —— = - x 60 100 minutes
30n 3
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Sol. 29. Firstly, convert the given data to frequency distribution table.
Marks Number of Students Cumulative Frequency
0 -10 0 0
1 0 -3 0 10 10
3 0 -5 0 15 25
5 0 -7 0 18 43
7 0 -9 0 22 65
90 - 110 22 87
110 - 130 9 96
130 - 150 4 100
Total N = 100

Here, N = 100, ^ = 50
50 lies in the class interval 70 - 90. So, 70 - 90 is the median class.
/= 70, c.f. = 43, / = 22, h = 20
''N ^
-77 - co­ '50 - 43'
Now, median = /+ x h = 70 + x 20
/ 22 .

140
= 70 + ^ = 70 + 6.36 = 76.36
22
Hence, the required median is 76.36.
Sol. 30. Here, N = 100
and Median = 525
Classes frequency (/) Cumulative Frequency (c.f.)
200 - 300 16 16
300 - 400 X 16 + x
400 - 500 17 33 + x
500 - 600 20 53 + x
600 - 700 15 68 + x
700 - 800 y ^ 68 + x + y
Total 100 *
''N ^
Median = /+ 2 ~ C/- xh
v / y
aoo
33
525 = 500 + xlOO
20
525 - 500 = (50 - 33 - x) x 5
25= (17 - x)5
5= 17 - x
x= 1 7 _ 5 = 12
Also, E/; = 100
=> 68 + x + y = 100
=> 68 + 12 + y = 100
=> y = 100 - 12 - 68 = 20
Hence, the missing frequencies x and y are x = 12 and y = 20.
*** *
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## EVERGREEN MODEL TEST PAPER-10

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
S E C T IO N -A

## Sol. 1. Let the two zeroes of the given polynomial be a and — .

a
1 n
Product of zeroes = a — = ^
a 3

=> p= 3

## Sol. 2. For parallel lines (no solution), we have

°i bi „ ci ^ 2 3 7
a2 k2 c2 a -1 a+ 1 3a+ 1
=> 2a + 2 = 3a - 3 => a= 5
AP 6 „ DP 5
Sol. 3. Here,
P B = 3 =2 3,1(1 PC 2.5
and ZAPB = ZDPC = 50° [vert. opp. Zs]
=> ZPBA = ZPCD
= 180° - 50° - 30° = 100°
O
o

a
II

## c = 2(a) [ v Z subtended at the centre is double the

= 2 x 40° = 80° Z subtended at the remaining part of the circle]
Also, ABCE is a cyclic quadrilateral
ZB + ZE = 180°
b + 40° = 180°
=> b = 180° - 40° = 140°
Now, a + b + c = 40° + 140° + 80° = 260°
3
Sol. 5. Here, cosec 0 = —

4

4 x — —2
4
= 9 -2
= 7
Sol. 6. When a die is thrown once, the total possible outcomes are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
Numbers having at least 2 factors are 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

5
P(at least two factors)
6

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SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Since 867 > 255, so we start with 867 as dividend and 255 as divisor, we have
867 = 255 x 3 + 102
Now, 102 is the remainder, which is not zero, so we again apply Euclid’s Division Algorithm to
255 and 102, we have
255 = 102 x 2 + 51
Again, the remainder 51 is not zero, so we once again apply Euclid’s Division Algorithm to
102 and 51, we have
102 = 51 x 2 + 0
Now, the remainder has become zero and 51 is the divisor.
Hence, the HCF of 867 and 255 is 51.
Sol. 8. For infinite number of solutions, we have

bl _ cl
a2 °2 u2
k^ 4 _ fc-4
16 k~
k2 64 Also, 4 = k-4
=> k= ±8 => k= 8
Hence, the value of k is 8.
Sol. 9. fc2 + 4/c + 8, 21c2 + 31c + 6 and 31c2 + 41c + 4 are three consecutive terms of an A.R
.-. 21c2 + 31c + 6 - (k2 + 41c + 8) = 31c2 + 41c + 4 - (2k2 + 3k + 6)
=> 1c2 - 1c- 2 = k2 + lc-2
=> 21c = 0
=> lc= 0
Sol. 10. Here, AABR- APQR

AB BR AR
PQ QR PR
45 BR AR
30 42 1 PR
45 BR 45x42
* BR = = 63 cm
30 42 30
AR 45
Also,
PR 30
Adding 1 to both sides, we obtain
AR 45 1
+ 1
PR 30 + 1
AR + PR 45 + 30
PR 30
AP _ 75
PR “ 30
72 75
PR “ 30
72x30
PR = = 28.8 cm
75
And AR = AP - PR = 72 - 28.8 = 43.2 cm
Hence, PR = 28.8 cm, AR = 43.2 cm and BR = 63 cm.

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Sol. 11. Given that:
cos (A + B) = 0 cos (A + B) = cos 90° => A + B = 90° - (0

<
0Q
CO
O
o
sin (A - B) = ^ sin (A - B) = sin 30° => ... (ii)

II
Adding (i) and (ii), we obtain
2A = 120° A = 60°
From (i), we have
60° + B = 90° B = 90° - 60° = 30°
Hence, A = 60° and B = 30°.
Sol. 12. Let AB be the building and CD be the tower, such that ZADB = 30° and ZCBD = 45°
In rt. Zed ABDC,

## Hence, the height of the building is 10>/3 m.

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Consider p(x) = x3 - 3X2 + x + 1
=> A = l , B = - 3, C = l , D = 1
As a - b, a, a + b are the zeroes of p(x).
p
Coefficient of x
(a - b) + a + (a + b) = 1 ^ = 3
Coefficient of x 3 1
3a = 3 a= 1
Constant term 1
and (a - b) (a) (a + b) =
Coefficient of x 3 1
a(a2 - b2) = - 1
1(1 - b2) = - 1
b2 = 1 + 1 = 2
b = ± J2
Hence, a = 1 and 5 = 1 ^ 2
Sol. 14. Let the cost price of one chair be ? x and that of one table be ? y.
Profit on a chair is 25%.
25 125
Selling price of one chair = x +
io o x - 100 x
Profit on a table = 10%
lOy 110
Selling price of one table = y +
100 ioo y
According to the given condition, we have
125 110
x+ y = 1520
100 100
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=> 125x + llO y = 152000
=> 25x + 22y = 30400 - (0
If profit on a chair is 10% and on a table is 25%, then total selling price is ? 1535.
f 10 'l + r 25 a 1535
l 100 J ly 100 yJ
110
x + -125
— y = 11535
CQC
100 100-

## => llO x + 125y = 153500

=> 22x + 25y = 30700
Subtracting equation (ii) from equation (i), we have
3x - 3y = - 300 = x - y = - 100 ...m
Adding equations (i) and (ii), we have
47x + 47y = 61100 x + y = 1300 ... (iu)
Solving equations (Hi) and (iu), we have
x = 600 and y = 700
Hence, the cost price of a chair is ? 600 and that of a table is ? 700.
Sol. 15. Point P (l, 1) lies on the line segment joining the point A(3, - 2) and B(—1, 4), iff P A, B are
collinear.
.•. Area of the triangle formed by these points is 0
1
i.e., 1( - 2 - 4) + 3(4 - 1) + ( - 1) (1 + 2) | = 0

- I -6 + 9 -3 I = 0
2 1 1

I * 0=0
0=0
Which is true.
Hence, P lies on the line segment joining A and B. P (2,- 4)
Sol. 16. Let P(2, - 4), Q(6, 2) and R (- 4, 6) be the vertices of
the given APQR. L, M and N be the mid-points of PQ,
QR and PR respectively.
.•. Coordinates of L, M and N are
2+6 - 4 + 2

## i.e., L(4, - 1), M (l, 4) and N( - 1, 1).

Q (6,2) R (-4,6)
Area of APQR = ^ |2(2 - 6) + 6(6 + 4) + ( - 4) ( - 4 - 2) |

= | |- 8 + 60 + 24 |

= — x 76 = 38 sq. units

## Area of ALMN = | |4(4 - 1) + 1(1 + 1) + ( - 1) ( - 1 - 4) |

= \ | 12 + 2 + 5 |

## = 2 X19 9.5 sq. units

Required ratio = 9.5 : 38
= 1 :4

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Sol. 17. Given : AD and PM are the medians of AABC and APQR respectively, such that
AB = A C _ AD
PQ “ PR PM
To Prove : AABC ~ APQR
Produce PM to N, such that PM = MN.
- k
2 \

## Join BE and QN.

D \
Proof : In AADC and AEDB b
\
CD = BD [given] \
_
\
\ J
ZADC = ZEDB [vertically opposite Zs]
\
\\ \
AADC = AEDB [by SAS congruence rule] \
=> BE = AC [c.p.c.t.]
Similarly, APMRs ANMQ
QN = PR [given]
Now, —— = __ = _w [given]
PQ = PR “ PM
PQ QN 2PM
AB BE _ AE
[■•• 2AD = AE and 2PM = PN by const.]
PQ : = Q N _ PN
AABE- APQN [by SSS similarity criterion]
=> Z1 = Z3 - (0
[corresponding Zs of similar triangles]
Similarly, Z2 = Z4
Adding (i) and (ii), we have
Z1 + Z2 = Z3 + Z4
=> Z A = ZP
Now, in AABC and APQR
AB _ AC
[given]
PQ “ PR
=> Z A = ZP [proved]
=> AABC-APQR [by SAS similarity criterion]
sec 0 - tan 0
Sol. 18. L.H.S. =
Isec 0 + tan 0
sec 0 - tan 0 sec 0 + tan 0
-------------- x ---------------
I sec 0 + tan 0 sec 0 + tan 0

Isec2 0 - tan2 0
I (sec 0 + tan 0)2
1
sec 0 + tan 0
1
1 sin 0
------- 1-------
cos 0 cos 0
cos 0
1 + sin 0
cos 0 x _______
________ 1 - sin 0
(1 + sin 0) 1 - sin 0
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cos 0 (1 - sin 0)
1 - sin2 0
cos 0 (1 - sin 0)
cos2 0
1- sin 0
cos 0
= R.H.S.
Sol. 19. Dimensions of cuboidal well are 1 m by 1 m by 7 m.
Volume of cuboidal well = 1 x 1 x 7 = 7 m3
Cost of digging = ? 450/m3
Total cost of digging = ? 450 x 7
= ? 3150

## Volume of cylindrical well = y x ^ x ^x7

= 5.5 m3
Total cost of digging = ? 450 x 5.5
= ? 2475
Value : Economical.
Sol. 20. Radius of cylindrical base = 15 m
Height of cylindrical portion = 5.5 m
Radius of conical portion = 15 m
Height of conical portion = 8.25 - 5.5

8.25 m
= 2.75 m

## Slant height (/) = J(15)2 + (2.75)2

= ^225 + 7.5625

= V232.5625
= 15.25 m
Area of canvas used = C.S.A. of cylindrical portion + C.S.A. of conical portion
= 2nrh + nrl = nr{2h + /)

= y x 15 (2 x 5.5 x 15.25)

22
x 15 x 26.25
7
1237.5 m2
1237.5
Length of the canvas used 825 m
1.5
Sol. 21. Total number of cards = 52
16 4
(0 P(a spade or an ace) = = To
o2 lo

P (red king) = =^

44 11
P (neither a king nor a queen) = — = —
52 13
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## Sol. 22. Clas Interval Frequency c.f.

0 -1 0 X X

1 0 -2 0 5 5+ x
2 0 -3 0 9 14 + x
3 0 -4 0 12 26 + x
4 0 -5 0 y 26 + x + y
5 0 -6 0 3 29 + x + y
6 0 -7 0 2 ____ > 31 + x + y
Total 2f, = 40
Here, X/; = 40
=> 31 + x + y = 40 = > x + y= 9 = > y = 9 -x ... (i)
Also, median = 32.5
.•. 30 - 40 is the median class
''N ^
Median = /+ xh
/ y
2 0 -1 4 -x \
32.5 = 30 + xlO
12
(6 - x)5
32.5 - 30 =
6
2.5 x 6 = 30 - 5x
=> 5x = 30 - 15 => 5x = 15 => x = 3
From (i), we have
y = 9 -3 = 6
Hence, the values of x and y are x = 3 and y = 6.

SECTION - D
Sol. 23. Put n = 5p
=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p)2 + (5p) + 1
= 25p2 + 5p + 1
= 5(5p2 + p) + 1 = 5k + 1, where k = 5p2 + p
Put n = bp + 1
=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + l ) 2 + (5p + 1) + 1
= 25p2 + 1 + lOp + 5p + 1 + 1
= 25p2 + 15p + 3 = 5(5p2 + 3p) + 3
= 5k + 3, where k = 5p2 + 3p
Put n = bp + 2
=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + 2)2 + (5p + 2) + 1
= 25p2 + 4 + 20p + 5p + 2 + 1
= 25p2 + 25p + 5 + 2
= 5(5p2 + 5p + 1) + 2
= 5k + 2, where k = 5p2 + 5p + 1
Put n = 5p + 3
=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + 3)2 + (5p + 3) + 1
= 25p2 + 9 + 30p + 5p + 3 + 1
= 25p2 + 35p + 10 + 3

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= 5(5p2 + 7p + 2) + 3
= 5k + 3, where k = 5p2 + 7p + 2
Put n = 5p + 4
=> n2 + n + 1 = (5p + 4)2 + (5p + 4) + 1
= 25p2 + 16 + 40p + 5p + 4 + 1
= 25p2 + 45p + 20 + 1
= 5(5p2 + 9p + 4) + 1
= 5k + 1, where k = 5p2 + 9p + 4
Thus, for all n, n2 + n + 1 is never of the form 5k, which shows that n2 + n + 1 is not
divisible by 5 for any natural number.

Sol. 24. Time taken by two taps together to fill the tank = hours.
8
Let V be the volume of tank and x be the number of hours required by the large tap to fill the
tank.
Number of hours required by the smaller tap to fill the tank = (x + 10)
V
Portion of the tank filled by larger tap in 1 hour = —
x
V
Portion of the tank filled by smaller tap in 1 hour = ---- —
x +10
V
Portion of the tank filled by both taps in 1 hour =
75
8
As per the given condition, we have
V V V
x x +10 75
8
1 1
V
x x + 10 = V X 75
x + 10 + x _8_
x(x +10) = 75
2x + 10 _8_
x2 + lOx “ 75
8(x2 + lOx) 75(2x + 10)
=> Sx2 + 80x = 150x + 750
=> Sx2 + 80x - 150x - 750 = 0
=> Sx2 - 70x - 750 = 0
Divide by 2, we have
=> 4X2 - 35x - 375 = 0
Compare with ax2 + bx + c = 0, we have
a = 4, b = - 35, c = - 375
D = b2 - 4ac = (- 35)2 - 4 x 4 x (- 375)
= 1225 + 6000 = 7225
-b ± n/D -(-35) ± V7225
* 2a 2x4
35 + 85
=> x = ---------
8
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35 + 85 3 5 -8 5
8 8
120 50
X = x
8 8
25
15, x = -
4
25
But — — is not possible.

Hence, the time required by the larger tap x = 15 hours and time required by the smaller
tap = x + 10 = 15 + 10 = 25 hours.
Sol. 25. Let there be (2n + 1) stones. Clearly, one stone lies in the middle and n stones on each side
of it in a row. Let P be the mid-stone and let A and B be the end stones on the left and right
of P respectively.
Clearly, there are n intervals each of length
10 metres on both the sides of R Now, suppose
s„ sn-1 s2 S'i S '2 sv S'„
the man starts from A. He picks up the end stone i--- h —I— -i—H— H ---1- H—
on the left of mid-stone and goes to the mid­ 10 m 10 m

## stone, drops it and goes to (n - l)th stone on

left, picks it up, goes to the mid-stone and drops it. This process is repeated till he collects all
stones on the left of the mid-stone at the mid-stone. So, distance covered in collecting stones
on the left of the mid-stones is
10 x n + 2[10 x (n - 1) + 10 x (n - 2) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]
After collecting all stones on left of the mid-stone the man goes to the stone B on the right
side of the mid-stone, picks it up, goes to the mid-stone and drops it. Then, he goes to
(n - 1)* stone on the right and the process is repeated till to collects all stones at the mid-stone.
Distance covered in collecting the stones on the right side of the mid-stone
= 2[10 x n + 10 x (n-1) + 10 x (n-2 ) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]
.•. Total distance covered = 10 x n + 2[10 x (n - 1) + 10 x (n - 2) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]
+ 2[10 x n + 10 x (n - 1) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1]
= 4[10 x n + 10 x (n - 1) + ... + 10 x 2 + 10 x 1] - 10 x n
= 40 {1 + 2 + 3 + ... + n} - lOn

## But, the total distance covered is 3 km i.e., 3000 m

20n2 + lOn = 3000 => 2n2 + n - 300 = 0
25
=> (n - 12) (2n + 25) = 0=>n = 12orn = — — (Rejecting - ve value)

## Hence, the number of stones = 2n + 1 = 25

Sol. 26. Steps of Construction :
1. Draw two concentric circles with radii 3 cm and 6 cm, mark O as their centre.
2. Take any point P on the outer circle and join OR
3. Draw AB, the perpendicular bisector of OR let it intersect OP
in M.
4. With M as centre and radius MP or MO, draw a circle and
let it intersect the inner circle in Q and T.
5. Join PT and PQ.
Thus, PT and PQ are the required tangents.
On measuring, PT = PQ = 5.2 cm.

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Sol. 27. Let C and F be the two positions of the balloon. Let AB be the height of the girl, such that
AB = DE = GH = 1.2 m

## Again, consider a rt. Zed AAGF; ZG = 90°, ZFAG = 30°, we have

FG
= tan 30°
AG
87 1
AG “ 73
AG = 87^3 m
Thus, EH = DG = AG - AD

## = 87^/3 87 [using (i) and

8 7 x 3 -8 7 174 n/3
73 73 X V3
174 r-
= — x V3 = 58^/3 = 58 x 1.73 = 100.34 m
Hence, distance travelled by the balloon during the interval is 100.34 m.
Sol. 28. Given : A quadrilateral ABCD, circumscribing a cirlce
having its centre at O. AB, BC, DA touch the circle at S,
R, Q and P respectively.
To Prove : ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° and
ZAOB + ZCOD = 180°
Const. : Join OA, OB, OC, OD, OQ, OR and OS.
Proof : In AAPO and AASO,
AP = AS [tangents from an external point]
AO = AO [common]
ZAPO = ZASO = 90°
AAPO = AASO [by RHS cong. axiom]
=> Z l = Z2
Similarly, Z4 = Z3 ... (ii)
Z5 = Z6 ...(Hi)
and Z8 = Z7 ...(iv)
Adding (i), (ii), (Hi) and (iv), we have
Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = Z2 + Z3 + Z6 + Z7
(Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Z6 + Z7)
ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (u)
Also, Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = Z2 + Z3 + Z6 + Z7
(Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = (Z2 + Z3) + (Z6 +Z7)
ZAOD + ZBOC = ZAOB + ZCOD ... (u)
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Also, Z l + Z2 + Z3 + Z4 + Z5 + Z7 + Z8 = 360°
Z l + Z l + Z4 + Z4 + Z5 + Z5 + Z8 + Z8 = 360°
Z l + Z4 + Z5 + Z8 = 180°
( Z l + Z8) + (Z4 + Z5) = 180°
ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° ... (iu)
From (u) and (vi), we have ZAOD + ZBOC = 180° = ZAOB + ZCOD.
Sol. 29. For computation of Median, we have
Class Intervals frequency (ft) Cumulative frequency (c.f.)
0 -1 0 5 5
1 0 -2 0 X 5+ x
2 0 -3 0 20 25 + x
3 0 -4 0 15 40 + x
4 0 -5 0 y 40 + x + y
5 0 -6 0 5 45 + x + y

zf, = 60
Given that: Median = 28.5
Clearly, it lies in the class interval 20 - 30. So, 20 - 30 is the median class.
.-. / = 20, h = 10, / = 20, c.f. = 5 + x and N = 60

77- c /-
Now, Median = / + x h
/
3 0 -(5 + x)
28.5 = 20 + xlO
20
25- x
28.5 = 20 +

2S - v
8.5 = ^ = > 2 5 -x = 1 7 = > x = 8

We have
N = 60
45 + x + y = 60 => x + y = 15
Putting x = 8 in x + y = 15, we have y = 7
Hence, x = 8 and y = 7.
Sol. 30. Area of + Area of R3 = Area of square PQRS - Area of two semicircles having centres at
B and D
f
1 0 x l0 -2 x —x3.14x52
2
[ radius = PA = 5 cm]
= (100 - 3.14 x 25) cm2

Similarly, we have
Area of Rg + Area of R4 = 21.5 cm2
.•. Area of the shaded region = Area of square PQRS - (Area of Rj
+ Area of Rg + Area of R3 + Area of R4)
= (100 - 2 x 21.5) cm2 = 57 cm2

****

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## MOCK TEST PAPER

Subject: MATHEMATICS
Class: 10
SECTION - A
Sol. 1. 5 x 7 x 1 1 + 7 = 7(55 + 1)
= 7(56)
= a composite number
Sol. 2. Let the two consecutive integers be n and n + 1. According to the statement, we obtain
n(n + 1) = 306
n2 + n - 306 = 0
Sol. 3. Perpendicular distance of the point P(4, 2) from the y-axis is 4 units.
Sol. 4. Given that:
x = a cos 0 and y = b sin 0
x2 = a2 cos20 and y2 = b2 sin20
Now, b V + a2y2 - a2b2 = b2(a2 cos2©) + a2(b2 sin20) - a2b?
= a2b2 (cos20 + sin20) - a2b2
= a2b2 - c^b2
= 0
Sol. 5. Here, OP = OQ = OR = radii of circle
Also, OP = PQ [sides the rhombus]
OP = PQ = OQ = 8 cm
/. AOPQ is an equilateral triangle.
Similarly, AOQR is an equilateral triangle.
.\ Area of shaded region = area of rhombus OPQR
= 2 x area of AOPQ
/o
= 2 x — x 8 x 8
4
= 32 73 sq. cm.
Sol. 6. When three coins are tossed, then the number of possible outcomes
= 8(HHH, HTT, HTH, THH, HHT, THT, TTH, TTT)
Total outcomes of at least one head = 7
7
Required probability =
8

SECTION - B
Sol. 7. Given numbers are 12 and 42
Now, 12 = 2 x 2 x 3
42 = 2 x 3 x 7
LCM = 22 x 3 x 7 = 84
According to the statement, we obtain
10m + 4 = 84
10m = 80
=> m= 8

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Sol. 8. For infinite number of solution, we have

1r <■>
1^
Q1 .

ii
a2 ^2 c2
2 3 7
2a a + p 28
1 _ 3 _ 1
a a+p 4

s I
ii
j and - -
4 a a+P
a = 4 and 3a = a + p
=> 2a = p
=> p= 8
Hence, a = 4 and P = 8.
Sol. 9. Given that P(x, y) is equidistant from A(a - b, a + b) and B(a + b, b a ).

## => ^ / {x -(a -b )}2 + {y - (a + b)}2 = <J{x-(a + b)}2 + {y - ( b - a ) }2

Squaring both sides, we have
=> x2 + a2 + b2 - 2xa - 2ab + 2xb + y2 + a2 + b2- 2ya + 2ab - 2yb
= x2 + a2 + b2 - 2xa + 2ab - 2xb + y2 + b2+ a2 - 2yb - 2ab + 2ya
=> 2xb - 2ya = 2ya - 2xb
=> 4xb = 4ya
=> bx = ay
Sol. 10. In AABC, Z A = ZB
BC = AC
Dividing the two equations, we obtain
BC AC
BC _ i _ AC
or
B C -B E A C -A D
CE CD
By converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem, we have
DE ||AB
Sol. 11. We know that the lengths of the tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.
AE = AH
=> x = 4 -x
=> 2x = 4 => x = 2
Now, AH + DH = AD
=> 4 - 2 + DH = 5
=> DH = 5 - 2 = 3 cm
Similarly, CF = CG
2y - 3 = y
=> y=3

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Also, DG = DH = 3 cm
Now, CD = DG + CG
= 3+ y
= 3+ 3
= 6
Hence, the length of the side CD is 6 cm.
Sol. 12. Internal radius of cylindrical pipe (r) = 30 cm
External radius of cylindrical pipe (R) = 35 cm
Now, Volume of hollow cylindrical pipe = Volume of cuboidal block

## y x (352 -3 0 2) x h 440 x 260 x 100

22
y x 65 x 5 x h 440 x 26000

440 x 26000 x 7
h=
22 x 65 x 5
= 11200 cm
h = 112 m
Hence, the length of the pipe is 112 m.

SECTION - C
Sol. 13. Since 210 > 55, therefore, 210 is dividend and 55 is the divisor.
210 = 3 x 55 + 45 - (0
55 = 1 x 45 + 10 - (n)
45 = 4 x 10 + 5 ... (Hi)
10 = 2 x 5 + 0 ...(iv)
Since remainder becomes zero, there divisor 5 is the required HCF of 210 and 55.
Now, 210x + 55y = 5
From (in), we obtain
5 = 45 - 10 x 4
5 = 45 - (55 - 45) x 4 [using (ii)]
5 = 45 - 55 x 4 + 45 x 4
5 = 45 x 5 - 55 x 4
5 = (210 - 3 x 55) x 5 - 55 x 4 [using (i)]
5 = 210 x 5 - 15 x 55 - 55 x 4
5 = 210 x 5 - 19 x 55
Hence, x = 5 and y = - 19.
Sol. 14. Given polynomial is
p(x) = x3 + 2x2 + toc + 3
According to given statement, we obtain
p(3) = (3)3 + 2(3)2 + Jc(3) + 3 = 21
27 + 18 + 3k + 3 = 21
3k = -2 7
k= -9
Thus, given polynomial is :
p(x) = x3 + 2X2 - 9x + 3

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By using long division method, we have

x - 3^ x3 + 2x2 - 9x + 3 (x 2 + 5x + 6
x° - 3x^
(-) (+)
5x2 - 9 x + 3
5x2 - 15x
(-) +
6x + 3
6x -1 8
(-) (+)
21
Hence, the quotient is x2 + 5x + 6 and value of k is - 9.
Sol. 15. (a - b)x + (a + b)y = a2 - b2 - 2ab ...(0
(a + b)x + (a + b)y = a2 + b2
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we have
( a - b - a - b)x = a2 - b2 - 2ab b2
- 2 b x = - 2b2 - 2ab
-2 b{b + a)
a+ b
X= ^2b =
From eqn. (ii), we have
(a + b) (a + b) + (a + b)y = a2 + b2
a2 + b2 + 2ab + (a + b)y = a2 + b2
(a + b)y = - 2ab
-2 ab
y = ^Tb
Hence, the values of x and y are :
-2 ab
x = a + b and y
a+ b '
Sol. 16. Let the original speed of the plane be x km/h
1500 .
/. Time taken to cover 1500 km at x km/h =
Now, speed of the plane = (x + 100) km/h
1500
/.Time taken to cover 1500 km at (x + 100) km/h =
x + 100
According to the statement of the question, we have
1500 1500 30
x + 100 60
x + 100-x 1
1500
x(x +100) 2
1500 x 100 1
x2 + lOOx 2
x2 + lOOx - 300000: 0
x2 + 600x - 500x - 300000 = 0
(x + 600) (x - 500) = 0
=> x + 600 = 0 or x - 500 = 0
=> x = - 600 or x = 500
Rejecting - ve value, because speed can’t be - ve, we have x 500
Hence, the original speed of the plane is 500 km/h.
Value : Promptness in providing timely help to the injured, as well as concern about all passengers.

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Sol. 17. Coordinates of A, B and C are A( - 3, 10), B( - 1, 6) and C(6, - 8).

= 2 :7

## And AB + BC = 2>/5 + 7^5 = 975 = AC

Hence, verified.
Sol. 18. Given : A circle C(0, r) with centre O. Through the external point P tangents PT and PT' are
drawn.
To Prove : PT = PT'
Const. : Join PO, TO and T'O.
Proof : In rt. Zed APTO and APT'O, we have
TO = T'O = r
hypt. PO = hypt. PO [common]
ZPTO = ZPT'O = 90°
APTO = APT'O [by RHS congruency axiom]
=> PT = PT' [c.p.c.t.]
Let OP intersect AB at a point C. Here, PA and PB are the two tangents from a point P lying
outside the circle, to the circle with centre O.
ZAPO = ZBPO [ v O lies on the bisector of ZAPB]
Now, in AACP and ABCP we have
AP = BP [tangents from an external point]
P C = PC [common]
ZAPO = ZBPO [proved above]
=> AACP = ABCP [by SAS congruence axiom]
=> A C = BC [c.p.c.t.]
and ZACP = ZBCP

= | x 180° = 90°
Hence, OP is the perpendicular bisector of AB.
Sol. 19. Let AB be tower of height h m. Let C and D respectively denote the initial and the second
point of observations. Here, CD = 10 m, ZACB = 60°, ZADE = 30°, BE = DC = 10 m
and AE = AB - BE = (h - 10) m.
Now, in ACBA, ZB = 90°
AB _
— = tan 60° = 73

^ = BC -('•)
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In rt. Zed ADEA, we have
AE
= tan 30°
DE 73

AE = DE x -

73
1 = = BC x -

73
1
=

l i n
h - 10= ^
— j= X — j=
1

h

73 73 3

l ft=10
h = 10 x | = 15
Hence, the height of the tower is 15 m.
Sol. 21. Frequency distribution table of given data is :
Daily Income No. of Men Class Marks fa
(in?) (fi) (x,)
0 -1 0 0 12 50 600
100 - 200 16 150 2400
200 - 300 6 250 1500
300 - 400 7 350 2450
400 - 500 9 450 4050
Total % = 50 Z/jX,. = 11000

H000
Mean 220
2/, 50
Hence, the average daily income is ? 220.
Sol. 21. Here, AC = AD = 6 cm
[ v length of the two tangents from an external point to a circle are equal]
OC = 8 cm

## O A = ^AC2 + OC2 = ^62 + 82 = T lM = 10cm

OD = OA - AD = 10 cm - 6 cm = 4 cm
OP = OC - PC = 8 - r
Now, OP2 = OD2 + PD2
=> (8 - r)2 = 42 + r2
=> 64 - 16r + r2 = 16 + r2
=> 16r = 64 - 16 = 48

48
t t , cm
= 3
lb

Now,
3 3 7
4 o 4 22 o
Volume of sphere = —Jtr3 = — x — x (3)3
3: 7
4 22 ,
= - X y x 2 7 cm3
/. The volume of water overflows = Volume of the sphere
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Volume of sphere
/.Fraction of water which overflows =
Volume of cone 1 22 , , _
—x — x 6 x 6 x 8
3 7
4 x 22 x 27 3
22 x 36 x 8 8
Sol. 22. More than type frequency distribution of the given data is
Classes Frequency Cumulative Frequency
1 0 -2 0 10 More than 10 100
2 0 -3 0 15 More than 20 90
3 0 -4 0 30 More than 30 75
4 0 -5 0 32 More than 40 45
5 0 -6 0 8 More than 50 13
6 0 -7 0 5 More than 60 5
2\$ = 100 More than 70 0

Plot the points (10, 100), (20, 90), (30, 75), (40, 45), (50, 13), (60, 5), (70, 0) and join
them freehand to get the required more than type ogive by taking marks along x-axis and
cumulative frequency along y-axis.

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SECTION - D
Sol. 23. Given that:
cosec 0 - sin 0 = /
l-s in 20 _
=> —----- sin 0 = /
sin 0 sin 0

cos2 0 j
=> cot 0 . cos 0 = /
sin 0
=> Z2 = cot2© . cos20
Also sec 0 - cos 0 = m

=> —------cos 0 = m
cos 0

1- cos2 0
=> —m
cos 0

=> „ = m
cos 0

## => tan 0 . sin 0 = m

=> m2 = tan20 . sin20
Now, /2 m2 (/2 + m2 + 3)
= cot2© . cos20 . tan20 . sin20 (cot2© cos20 + tan20 . sin20 + 3)

' 4^ 4 >
cos 0 sin 0 „
cos2 0. sin2 0 --- 2~ + ----2~ + 3
sin 0 cos 0

## = cos60 + sin60 + 3 sin20 cos2©

= (cos20)3 + (sin20)3 + 3 sin20 cos2©
= (cos20 + sin20) (cos40 + sin40 - sin20 cos20) + 3 sin20 cos20
= (cos20)2 + (sin20)2 - sin20 cos20 + 3 sin20 cos20
= (cos20)2 + (sin20)2 + 2 sin20 cos2©
= (cos20 + sin20)2
= 1 = R.H.S.
Sol. 24. Let a be the first term of given A.F
a = 8, d = 9 and an = 350
Using a + (n - l)d = an, we have
8 + (n - 1) 9 = 350

350-8
n- 1= = 38
9
=> n = 39

39
Now, s 39= t [8 + 350]

39
x 358
2
= 39 x 179 = 6981.

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Sol. 25. Steps of Construction :
1. Draw a line segment BC = 6 cm.
2. At B, construct an angle ZABC = 60°.
3. Join AC.
4. At B, construct an acute angle ZCBX < 90°.
5. Mark seven points on BX, such that:
BB1 = B1B2 = B2B3 = B3B4 = B4B5
= = ®6®7'
6. Join B7C and through B5, draw B5C' ||B7C,
intersecting BC in C'.
7. Through C', draw C'A' ||CA, intersecting AB
in A'. Thus, A'BC' is the required triangle.

## Sol. 26. Given : A AABC right-angled at A; BL and CM are the medians.

To Prove : 4(BL2 + CM2) = 5BC2
Proof : In ACAB, Z A = 90°
.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have
CB2 = AC2 + BA2 ... (i)
Also, in rt. ALAB, Z A = 90°
.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have
BL2 = AL2 + AB2

„ AC *
BL2 = ~2~ + AB2
[ •••L is the mid-point of AC]
AC^
BL2 + AB2

## 4BL2 AC2 + 4AB2

Now, in rt. ACAM, Z A = 90°
.•. By Pythagoras Theorem, we have
CM2 = AC2 + AM2

AB"
CM2 = AC2 +

## 4CM2 = 4AC2 + AB2

Adding (ii) and (in), we have
4BL2 + 4CM2 = AC2 + 4AB2 + 4AC2 + AB2
4(BL2 + CM2) = 5AC2 + 5AB2
=> 4(BL2 + CM2) = 5(AC2 + AB2)
=> = 5(BC2) [using (i)]
=> 4(BL2 + CM2) = 5BC2

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Sol. 27. Since two zeroes of the given polynomial x4 - 2X3- 26X2 + 54x - 27 are 3 73 and - 3 73
(x - 3 73 ) (x + 3 73 ) or x2 - 27 is a factor of given polynomial.
Now, by long division algorithm, we have

x2 - 2x +1
x2 - 27 x4 - 2x3 - 26x2 + 54x - 27
' x4 -2 7 x 2
(-) (+)
-2x3 + x2 + 54x - 27
-2xd + 54x
(+) (-)
-2 7
x -2 7
(-) (+)
0

## Thus, other zeroes of the given polynomial is obtained by putting x2 - 2x + 1 = 0

=> (x - 1) (x - 1) = 0
=> x = 1 or x = 1
Hence, all the zeroes of the given polynomial are

## 1, 1, 373 and - 373 .

Sol. 28. Let A be point of observation and C be position of cloud. Let DE be surface of the lake and
C' be reflection of C in the lake.
ZCAB = 30°
and ZC'AB = 60°
Let BC = h m

## In rt. AABC, = tan 30°

AB
h
AB 73

AB = 7 3 h (0
C'B
In rt. AABC', = tan 60°
AB
h + 60 + 60
= 73 ( v B C ' = BE + EC')
AB
h + 120
AB
~ l3 ~ - m
From equations (i) and (ii), we have

r - u h + 120

3 h = h + 120
2h = 120
=> h = 60
Height of cloud = BC + BE
= 60 + 60 = 120 m.

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Sol. 29. Here, radius of the pulley i.e., OA = OB = 5 cm and OP = 10 cm.
Since tangent is perpendicular to the radius at the point of contact.
ZOAP = ZOBP = 90°
Consider rt. Zed AOAP we have

## sin (ZOPA) = ^ = A = I sin 30°

OP 10 2
=> ZOPA = 30°
0 = 180° - 90° - 30°
= 60° [using Zsum property of a A]
ZAOB = 20 = 2 x 60° = 120°
or Reflex ZAOB = 360° - 120° = 240°
Now, the length of the belt in contact with the pulley
240° _ 22 _
= ----- x 2 x — x 5
360° 7
2 44 ,
= —x — x 5
3 7
440
= 20.95 cm.
21
Area of the shaded region = 2(area of AOAP) - area of sector OACBO
_ 1 _ _ 120 ° 22 _ _

= 2 x - x 5V3 x 5 “ 360^ x y x5 x5

[ •••in rt. Zed AOAP AP Jop2 OA2 = VlOO-25 V75 = 5^3 cm]
1
= 43.25 - 26.19
43-25 _ i x y x 25
= 17.06 cm2
Sol. 30. Total number of marbles in the jar = 54
Let number of blue marbles be x

— = I x = 18
54 3 =>
Thus, number of blue marbles in the jar = 18
Let number of green marbles be y

= * y = 6 x 4 = 24
54 9
Thus, number of green marbles in the jar = 24
Hence, number of white marbles in the jar = 5 4 - 1 8 - 2 4 12

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