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Unit- 6

ULTRASONIC THICKNESS GAUGING (UTG / UTM)

1. INTRODUCTION:

An Ultrasonic Thickness Gauge is a “Transit Time Measuring Device”.

Used to find the thickness of a material.

2. PRINCIPLE:

Pulse-Echo principle

How it works?

T/R Probe (Dual Element)

3. FORMULA: T=V*t/2

Where,

V  Velocity

t  Transit time ( Time measured for one to & fro distance).


4. TEMPERATURE LIMIT:

Below 93 degree Celsius (200 Fahrenheit)

5. TESTING RANGE:

1mm to 300 mm

6. AREA OF APPLICATION:

 Metals, plastics, ceramics, glass (or) virtually any other materials which

satisfactorily conduct ULTRASOUND.

 A major application of this gauge is for assessing wall thinning due to

corrosion & erosion.

7. SOME TYPICAL APPLICATION:

1. Heat Exchanger Tubing

2. Pressure Vessels

3. Casting

4. Forging

5. Boilers

6. Pipe/Tubing

7. Storage Tanks

8. Steam lines
9. Equipment :

Modsonic Einsten -1

10.Gauging/Measuring Techniques

1. Clean Surface:

Before to gauging, always remove any dirt, loose scale, corrosion,

Particles or other foreign substance from the material surface.

2. For Excessive Surface Roughness or Grooved Surface:

For very rough surface or grooved surface high viscosity couplant like
grease is recommended.

3. Couplant :( For Smooth Surface)

For smooth surface suitable couplant is machine oil or even water is sufficient.

9. CALIBRATION BLOCK

STEP WEDGE BLOCK (1-10 MM)


10. PROBE SPECIFICATION:

RANGE (IN STEEL)

FREQ CONTACT
PROBE ACCURACY APPLICATION
MHZ FACE DIA
FLAT CYLINDRICAL
SURFACE SURFACE

2 to 25mm Small dia


DT
10 6.5mm 1 to 25mm with OD 0.1 mm tubes ,thin
212
25mm & more plates etc..
General
2 to 200mm 0.1mm upto purpose,ideal
DT
5 12.5mm 2 to 200mm with OD- 60mm0.5m for
201
45mm & more m>60mm tube,vessels,
plates.
5 to 300mm 0.3mm upto
Attenuative
DT with OD- 50mm 1%
2 22.5mm 5 to 300mm material like
203 100mm & above
casting etc
more 50mm

Advantage:

● Does not require access to both side of the sample.

● Good accuracy (0.1mm & less) can be achieved.

● Digital UTM gives direct thickness on display.

12. Disadvantage:

● Usually requires calibration for each material.

● Requires good contact with the material.

● Requires couplant material b/w measured surfacae of the probe.