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Curso de Turismo


Profº Marco Ocke Pag 1


Curso de Turismo



MEIOS DE TRANSPORTE ............................................................. 3

LOCALIZAÇÃO ............................................................................. 5

RESTAURANTE ............................................................................. 7

ADJETIVOS DESCRITIVOS............................................................ 9

COMPARATIVOS E SUPERLATIVOS ........................................... 11

FORMAS DE PAGAMENTO ......................................................... 15

ADJETIVOS QUANTITATIVOS..................................................... 17

VERBOS MODAIS ........................................................................ 19

Pag 2
Means of Transportation

A- Leia o itinerário abaixo e circule os meios de transporte mencionados.

Day 1 Depart at Heathrow Airport.

Day2 Arrive in Amsterdam.
Day 3 Take the shuttle bus to Visit the Grand Palace.
Day 4 Cross the border by train to Wineland; explore in the afternoon.
Day 5 Take the boat down the river to Isbruck, then a short bus journey to Venice;
afternoon sightseeing in Bantey Bay on a sailboat.
Day 6 Early morning ferry ride to Lugano Lake
Day 7 Fly to Vientiane, in the capital.
Day 8 Morning mini van journey to Rome.
Day 9 Road trip to Maggiore, a wonderful sight.
Day 10 Early morning flight over Mount Phytom to see the sunrise
Day 11 Speedboat trip to Park Beng.
Day 12 Another boat trip to cross the Mekong back into Maggiore.
Day 13 Fly to Paris in the morning. Night flight to London.
Day 14 Arrive Heathrow Airport.

B- Nomeie os parágrafos de 1 a 4 com os meios de transporte apropriados e em

seguida faça uma lista com as principais características de cada um.

Car Traveling - Air Transport - Rail Transportation - Water Transportation

• 1-_____________________________ is by far the most effective transport mode.

Notably because of prices, only 12.5% of the tourists travel by plane. It has
revolutionized the geographical aspect of distances; the most remote areas can
now be attained, any journey around the world can be measured in terms of
hours of traveling. With jets that can reach up to 1950 km/hr, international
tourism is no longer an ongoing adventure. Businesspeople are among the
biggest users of airline facilities.
• 2- -_____________________________ is usually an independent mean of
transport. The driver decides where, when and how he is going to get to a
destination. It is the only transportation mode that does not require transfers, in
the sense that the whole journey, from door to door can be achieved without
even stopping. It is the dominant mode in the world tourism (77% of all

Pag 3
journeys), notably because of advantages such as flexibility, price,
independence, etc. Tourists will often rent vehicles to journey within their

• 3- _____________________________ is mainly concentrated towards short

journeys of about a week. Cruising has become a significant tourist industry; big
cruisers are like floating resorts where guests can enjoy luxury and
entertainment while moving towards their multiple destination. The principal
geographic locations of the main cruise lines are the Caribbean, the
Mediterranean and South China/Pacific Ocean. This industry is characterized
by a high level of market concentration with a few companies, such as Carnival
and Princess.

• 4- _____________________________ is also another option, it was the dominant

form of mass public transport before the car age in the developed economies,
and still remains the main travel mode in less developed economies. Even if
trains are very fast, the network is not too flexible, pre-established routes have
to be followed. The railway network usually reflects more the commercial needs
of the national economy then the holiday tourist flow which can make it a
second choice as a traveling mode. The railway systems of several countries,
notably in Europe, have seen massive investments for long-distance routes and
high-speed engines.


Pag 4
Location of Places

At the airport

A: Excuse-me, where is the duty free shop?

B: It´s on the third floor
A: On the third floor?
B: Yes, it’s in the middle of the hall; it’s across from the bank.
A: Thanks

As preposições de localização são:



A: I need to go to Rental Car. How do I get there?

B: The Rental Car? Let me see. Go straight for two blocks and turn right. Walk to the
traffic light. Then, turn left and walk until you get to the post office, turn left again. The
Rental Car is on the corner. You can’t miss it.
A: Thanks.

Word List – Asking and Giving Directions

It's on the left/right.

How do I get to ...?
What's the best way to ...? straight on
Where is ...? opposite
Go straight on (until you come to near
...). next to
Turn back./Go back. between
Turn left/right (into ...-street).
at the end (of)
Go along .... Cross ... (just) around the corner
traffic lights
Take the first/second road on the
left/right crossroads, junction

Pag 5
1- What's the best way to the post office? Fiil in the gaps.(Use the map for

turn right / turn left / across from / go straight

Excuse me, where is the post office, please? ___________ at the next
corner. Then _____________ until you come to the traffic lights.
___________there. The post office is ___________the cinema.

2- Fill in the words below correctly. (Use the map for orientation.)

continue, end, excuse, get, left (2x), opposite from, right, second, straight
on, thank, turn, welcome

1. ________ me, how do I ____ to the cinema?

2. Go ____________.
3. Turn _______ at the corner.
4. Then take the _______ road on your _______.
5. ________ to the ______ of the road.
6. _______ left there.
7. The cinema is on your ______, ______ the castle.
8. ________ you very much.
9. You're __________.

Pag 6
At the restaurant

Conversation 1 – Going out for dinner!

Sandy: Say, do you want to go out for dinner tonight?
Bob: Sure. Where would you like to go?
Sandy: Well, what do you think of Indian food?
Bob: I love it, but I´m not really in the mood for it today.
Sandy: Yeah. I´m not either. It´s a bit spicy.
Bob: How do you like Japanese food?
Sandy: Oh, I like it a lot.
Bob: I do too and I know a nice Japanese restaurant near here. It´s called Kazan.
Sandy: Great, I´ve always wanted to go there.
Bob: Awesome! Let´s go.

1- Where are Sandy and Bob going for dinner?

a- Indian Restaurant
b- Japanese Restaurant

2- Does Bob enjoy Indian food?

a- Yes, he loves it.
b- No, he prefers Japanese food.

3- What does Sandy think of Indian food?

a- She thinks it´s healthy.
b- She thinks it´s spicy.
Conversation 2 – Ordering a Meal

Waiter: May I take your order?

Customer: Yes. I´d like a hamburger and a large order of French fries, please.
Waiter: All right. And would you like a salad?
Customer: Yes. I´ll have a mixed green salad.
Waiter: Ok. What kind of dressing would you like? We have tomato, Italian and
Customer: Italian, please.
Waiter: Would you like anything else?
Customer: Yes. I´d like a large soda, please.

Grammar Focus & Expressions

What would you like to eat? I´d like a hamburger
I´ll have a small salad.
What kind of dressing would you like? I´d like Italian, please.
I´ll have French.
What would you like to drink? I´d like large soda.
I´ll have coffee.
Would you like anything else? Yes, please. I´d like some water.
No, thank you. That will be all.

Pag 7
Complete this conversation.

Waitress: What _________ you like to order?

Customer: I _________ have the fried chicken.
Waitress: ___________ you like rice or potatoes?
Customer: Potatoes, please.
Waitress: Ok, and what will you ___________ to drink?
Customer: I _________ have a large coke.
Waitress: Would you ___________ anything else?
Customer: No, that´s all.


• appetizers and openers (antepastos e entradas)

• soups (sopas)
• salads (salads)
• main course / main dish ( prato principal)
• side order / side dish (acompanhamentos)
• sauces / dressing (molho)
• desserts (sobremesas)
• beverages (bebidas)

oil and garlic sauce seafood salad peanuts soda potato salad
juice beans fish pork dry tomato
mixed nuts vegetables soup ice cream chicken salad onion soup
fruit salad tonic water tomato sauce red wine baked potato
chicken rice French fries béchamel sauce steak
turkey consommé sparkling water beer pie

appetizers soups salads main side order sauces desserts beverage


Pag 8

Adjetivos são usados para descrever nomes ou pronomes. Eles acrescentam novas
idéias a eles. Costumamos dizer que o adjetivo modifica o significado do nome ou
do pronome.

Observe os exemplos:

1- menina bonita – beautiful girl

2- uma casa bonita e confortável – a big and comfortable house
3- Nações Unidas – United Nations
4- Fundo Monetário Nacional (FMI) – International Monetary Fund

Regra: Como você pode perceber, em inglês, o adjetivo vem antes do substantivo.


• Adjetivos não têm forma singular ou plural nem masculino ou feminino.

Adjetivos se mantém invariáveis. Nunca adicione “S” no final de um adjetivo.

NOT: difficults books

• Adjetivos também podem ser aplicados no final das frases para descrever um

Example: My doctor is excellent.

• Não use o adjetivo depois de um substantivo.

NOT: an apple red

1) Escolha a melhor tradução para:

a) medium-sized businesses ( ) barreiras culturais

b) underdeveloped countries ( ) nova demanda
c) healthy and prosperous industry ( ) países comunistas
d) Communist countries ( ) negócios de médio porte
e) cultural barriers ( ) países subdesenvolvidos
f) new demand ( ) procedimentos básicos
g) basic procedures ( ) indústria salubre e próspera

2) Qual seria a melhor tradução para:

a) foreign culture –
b) specialized training –
c) new jobs –
d) unsatisfactory results –
e) socio-political dimension -

Pag 9
Colocação adjetiva

Para descrever um substantivo com mais de um adjetivo, deve-se obedecer à seguinte


1. Opinion

Example: an interesting book, a boring lecture

2. Dimension

Example: a big apple, a thin wallet

3. Age

Example: a new car, a modern building, an ancient ruin

4. Shape

Example: a square box, an oval mask, a round ball

5. Color

Example: a pink hat, a blue book, a black coat

6. Origin

Example: some Italian shoes, a Canadian town, an American car

7. Material

Example: a wooden box, a woolen sweater, a plastic toy

 A wonderful old Italian clock. (opinion - age - origin)

 A big square blue box. (dimension - shape - color)
 A disgusting pink plastic ornament. (opinion - color - material)
 Some slim new French trousers. (dimension - age - origin)

NOTA: Não se aplica mais de três adjetivos antes de um substantivo

Exercício – Coloque os adjetivos em ordem de acordo com a tabela acima:

• book interesting - small – Spanish

• picture modern - ugly – rectangular
• opinion old - boring – American
• apple ripe - green – delicious
• house beautiful - modern – small

Pag 10


1. De modo geral, para adjetivos curtos, com uma ou duas sílaba, acrescenta-se “er”
ao adjetivo.
cold - colder (mais frio).
old - older (mais velho). warm – warmer ( mais quente).
cheap – cheaper ( mais barato).

2. Para comparar dois substantivos acrescenta-se “er” ao adjetivo mais a palavra

“than” (que/do que).
cold - colder than (mais frio que/do que). Ex: New York is colder than San Diego.
old - older than (mais velho que/do que). Ex: This hotel is older than the museum.
warm – warmer than (mais quente que/do que). Ex: Today the water is warmer than
cheap – cheaper than (mais barato que/do que). Ex: Going abroad is cheaper than
traveling in Brazil.

3. Para adjetivos monossílabos e dissílabos que terminam em “y”, troca-se o y por

heavy – heavier (mais pesado)
noisy – noisier (mais barulhento)

2. Para adjetivos longos, com três ou mais sílabas, usa-se “more” antes do adjetivo.
Expensive - more expensive (mais caro). Living in the city is more expensive than
living in the country.
Comfortable- more comfortable (mais confortável). You car is Nice, but my car is
more comfortable.

NOTA: Alguns adjetivos modificam-se quando formam o comparativo.

Good - better than (melhor que/do que) / Bad – worse than (pior que/do que)

Pag 11
Use os comparativos nas frases abaixo seguindo os exemplos:

Exemplo 1: The restaurant is big but the conference room is bigger.

a) The Royal Hotel is good but the Regency Hotel is ________________.

b) The luxury suite is comfortable but the duplex suite is ___________________.
c) The double room is cheap but the single room is _______________________.
d) The lounge is beautiful but the garden is _____________________________.
e) The restaurant is expensive but the cocktail bar is ______________________.

Exemplo 2: The meeting room is smaller than the conference room. (small)

a) The lobby is ____________________ the restaurant. (large)

b) The Brazilian coast is _____________________ the Australian coast.
c) Air travel is much ___________________ road travel. (fast)
d) Our staff is _________________ any other in this region. (good)
e) The mini-van is _________________ the station wagon. (bad)


1. Em geral, para adjetivos curtos, com no máximo duas sílabas, use primeiro “the” e
acrescente “est” ao adjetivo.
cheap - the cheapest (o mais barato)
small – the smallest ( o menor)

2. Quando o adjetivo é monossílabo ou dissílabo e termina em “y”, mude a terminação

para “iest”.
dirty – the dirtiest (o mais sujo)
ugly – the ugliest (o mais feio)

2. Para adjetivos longos, com três ou mais sílabas, você deve usar primeiro “the
most” seguido do substantivo.

beautiful – the most beautiful ( o mais bonito)
interesting – the most interesting (o mais interessante)

Pag 12
NOTA: good and bad também mudam no superlativo.
good (bom) - the best (o/a melhor)
bad (mau) - the worst (o/a pior)

1) Use o superlativo, seguindo o modelo:

Exemplo: The church is very old. It´s the oldest building in town.
a) Money is important, but it´s not ________________________ thing in life.
b) Ibis is an expensive hotel, but Mercury is _________________________ hotel
in São Paulo.
c) The film was very bad. I think it´s _________________________ film I´ve ever
d) Ronaldinho is a very good player. He was elected _________________ player
in the world.
e) English is an easy language. It´s ____________________ language for me.

2) Escolha a alternativa correta:

1- Papyrus was used _____________________ than paper.

a) early b) earlier c) more early d) earlier

2- She´s sure the __________________ girl in town.

a) prettiest b) prettier c) pretty d) most pretty

3- Today his mother is _________________ than usually.

a) sad b) more sad c) sadder d) saddest

4- Today my sister is __________________ person in the world.

a) happier b) the most happy c) happiest d) the happiest

5- Helen is _______________________ of all those people.

a) the most generous b) most generous c) the more generous d) more

6- Dogs are ___________________ animals that I know.

a) the more faithful b) the most faithful c) most faithful d) more faithful

Pag 13

The Coldest and the Windiest

Antarctica is the most southern continent in the world. It is like nowhere else on earth. It is
much larger than Europe, and nearly twice the size of Australia. It is an icy plateau with the
South Pole at its center. Antarctica is the coldest and the windiest place in the world, even
colder and windier than the North Pole. In the summer, the sun shines for twenty –four hours a
day, but in the winter it´s completely dark for about three months. Very few plants grow there,
but there is some wildlife, including whales, seals, and penguins. Today, a few scientists work in
Antarctica, but they only spend fairly short periods there. Many scientists in Antarctica are
studying the ozone layer. The ozone layer is getting thinner and thinner worldwide. The
biggest hole is over Antarctica, where the weather is getting warmer. Scientists think that this
cold and lonely place can teach us a lot about the earth and how to keep it safe.

1- Assinale Verdadeiro ou falso:

A Europa é menor que a Antártica.

O Pólo Norte é o lugar mais frio e também o lugar onde há mais ventos no mundo.
Na Antártica, nunca escurece no verão.
Há alguns animais na Antártica, mas poucas plantas.
O clima está ficando cada vez mais frio na Antártica.

2- Identifique no texto os adjetivos que estão na forma comparativa.

3- Identifique no texto os adjetivos que estão na forma superlativa.

Pag 14

Escolha o local apropriado onde ocorrem as conversa (a-d) listadas abaixo.

Travel Agency / Bar / Currency Exchange / Hotel

a- __________________________
A I'd like to change some Canadian dollars. Is the exchange rate the same as
B Yes, it is.
A: And what´s the commission?
B: It's two per cent.
A: OK, can I change two hundred dollars, please?

b- _______________________
C Good morning. I 'd like to settle my bill now.
D Yes, sir. How would you like to pay?
C Do you take traveler’s checks?
D I'm afraid not. We only take credit cards or cash.
C I´ll pay by credit card, then. Is Visa OK?
D Visa is fine. What's your room number?

c- ___________________________
E Can we have the bill, please?
F Yes, that´s € 27.50 altogether.
E OK. Here's fifty. Sorry, I don't have anything smaller.
F No problem.
E Can I have a receipt, please?
F Sure. Here's your change, and your receipt.

d- ______________________
G So, the total price is € 1,500 - that includes flights, hotel vouchers, and insurance.
H That´s fine.
G I need to take a ten per cent deposit now.
H OK, here's my credit card.

Pag 15
Complete as definições (1-10) com os vocábulos abaixo. Todas as palavras estão
presentes nos diálogos do exercício 3.

cash credit card traveler’s check change commission deposit

exchange rate bill receipt Insurance

1 The _________________is extra money that you pay for a service.

2 A _________________ is a piece of paper that shows how much you must pay.

3 A _______________ is a sum of money which is the first payment for something.

4 ________________ is money in the form of notes or coins.

5 ________________ is money you pay to protect yourself against something bad happening.

6 A ________________ is a piece of paper that shows how much you have paid.

7 A __________________ is a check you can exchange for foreign money.

8 A _________________ is a plastic card you can use to pay for things

9 _________________ is the money you get back if you pay more than something costs.

10 The _________________ is the value of one currency compared to another.


Who says these things, the customer (C) or the person (P) serving them? Write C or P
next to each statement.

1 Can I have a receipt, please? 8 I need to take a ten per cent deposit.

2 How would you like to pay? 9 Can I change two hundred dollars, please?
3 Can you tell me the exchange rate for 10 That´s € 27.50 altogether.

Canadian dollars? 11 The total price is € 1,500.

4 Do you take traveler's checks? 12 And what's the commission?

5 Here's your change, and your receipt. 13 Is Visa OK?

6 We only take credit cards or cash.
7 Can we have the bill, please?

Pag 16

Os adjetivos quantitativos são formas usadas antes de substantivos. Importante,

porém, é o fato da diferença entre substantivos contáveis e incontáveis.

São adjetivos quantitativos usados apenas antes de substantivos contáveis no


MANY – muitos, muitas

FEW / A FEW - poucos, poucas
SOME – alguns, algumas

Ex: many friends / many people / few cars / a few countries.

Expressões: a lot of, plenty of, a great deal of, a good deal of, a lot of.

São adjetivos quantitativos usados apenas antes de substantivos incontáveis no


MUCH – muito, muita

LITTLE – pouco, pouca
A LITTLE – um pouco

Ex: much time / much luck / little money / a little time.

Expressões: a lot of, plenty of, a great deal of, a good deal of

OBS: * São considerados incontáveis no singular os seguintes substantivos:

NEWS (notícia, notícias; INFORMATION (informação); ADVICE (conselho);
FURNITURE (mobília); PROGRESS (progresso); knowledge(conhecimento);
TIME(tempo); MONEY(dinheiro).

Complete as frases utilizando much ou many.

1- We must hurry. We don´t have _____________ time.

2- I didn´t take ___________ photos when I was on holiday.
3- _____________ people do not like flying.
4- She´s very quiet. She doesn´t talk _____________.
5- Tom has taken ___________ trips by bus.

Complete as frases utilizando a little ou a few.

1- We don´t have any money, but Tom has _____________.

2- I´ve traveled ___________ years ago.
3- This city is small and _____________ tourists come here.
4- She doesn´t speak much English. Only _____________ words.
5- Would you like more coffee? Yeah, but just ___________, please.

Pag 17

I hate my hometown. For one thing, there are too many cars, and there is too much smog,
especially at rush hour. The air pollution is terrible. This problem is particularly bad downtown
in the business district. Too many people drive their cars to work. I think there should be more
police officers at busy intersections. They could stop traffic jams. We also need fewer parking
garages downtown. The city spends too much money building them. It´s easy to park, so too
many people drive to work. On the other hand, the city doesn´t spend much money on public
transportation. There aren´t enough subway lines, and the train system needs a lot of

1- Transcreva os adjetivos quantitativos presentes no texto.

2- Por que o autor detesta sua cidade natal?

3- Por que o autor é contra a construção de garagens no centro da cidade?

4- Como é o sistema de transporte público nesta cidade?

Pag 18

• Can, could e may (forma mais polida/formal) podem ser usados para fazer um
pedido, solicitar alguma coisa ou pedir permissão para fazer alguma coisa.

Ex: Can I leave five minutes earlier today?

May I come in?
Could you help me with this box?
Could you say that again?
Can I use your cell phone?

1) Could you repeat that? ( ) Posso sentar aqui?

2) Could you close the door? ( ) Posso anotar seu pedido?
3) Can I have some beer? ( ) Posso comer mais um pedaço de bolo?
4) May I go to the bathroom? ( ) Seria possível efetuar um pagto. único?
5) Can I leave a message? ( ) Poderia fechar a porta?
6) Can we schedule a meeting for
Friday? ( )Você poderia me encaminhar o relatório?
7) Could we pay in one lump sum? ( ) Poderia abrir a porta, por favor?
8) Could you forward the report to me? ( 1 ) Poderia repetir?
9) May I have another piece of cake? ( ) Posso ir ao banheiro?
10) May I please have the remote control? ( ) Posso falar com a Chris, por favor?
11) May I take your order? ( ) Posso tomar um pouco de cerveja?
12) May I ask a question? ( ) Posso deixar um recado?
13) Can I sit here? ( ) Poderia me passar o controle?
14) Could you open the door, please? ( ) Posso fazer uma pergunta?
15) Can I speak to Chris, please? ( ) Poderia esperar um momento?
16) Could you wait a moment, please? ( ) Podemos marcar uma reunião p/ sexta?

Pag 19

Presente Passado Indica Tradução Exemplos

Can Could Capacidade Poder Joe can drive a car
Habilidade Joe could drive a car

May Might Probabilidade Poder It may snow tomorrow

Must Had to Dever (obrigatório) Dever You must follow the law
Have to You have to vote when you are 16

Should Should Conselho Dever You should study more

Ought to Ought to Deveria You ought to study more
Conclusão lógica Joe lives in England
He should speak English
He ought to speak English

Junto às frases seguintes, escreva o número correspondente à idéia indicada pelo verbo
modal na lista:

Lista 1
1. Obrigação/necessidade
2. Recomendação/conselho/sugestão
3. Possibilidade/impossibilidade
4. Conclusão lógica/suposição
5. Probabilidade
6. Probabilidade mais remota
7. Capacidade/incapacidade - habilidade/inabilidade
8. Permissão mais formal
9. Permissão mais informal

________ a. You should take a taxi or a bus, sir.

________ b. You may get there on time if you leave three hours earlier.
________ c. You can get an iron by dialing 7 on the dial of your room telephone.
________ d. Can I help you?
________ e. I´, sorry, ma´am, unfortunately I can´t help you now.
________ f. Yes, we can make arrangements for that.
________ g. May I help you?
________ h. You have to take a bus three hours before your flight.
________ i. You must dial the housekeeper´s office number.
________ j. Could you wait a moment, please?
________ k. Computers can´t think.
________ l. If you leave now, you may catch your plane on time.
________ m. If you leave now, you might catch your plane on time.
________ n. The housekeeper took your shirt 5 min. ago. She must be ironing it now.
________ o. You can´t be serious.
________ p. You must be joking!
________ q. The housekeeper may get an iron for you.
________ r. The Laundromat might still be open now.
________ s. John has been living in Greece for 10 years. He must speak Greek well now.

Pag 20
Visiting New York: Tourist tips

A: What should people do to make their visit to New York City safe and pleasant?
B: I think the biggest mistake people make is to try to do too much in a short time. There´s so
much to see and do that you need to have a plan. It´s best to start planning before you get
here. So, you have information about hotels, restaurants, sightseeing and so on. Visitors can
use our website to get the information to start planning before they come here.

A: How safe is New York city to tourists?

B: New York is a much safer place than many people think, but id doesn´t mean that people
have to be careful. Tourists in New York ought to be careful just like in any big city in the world.
For students, I would say to travel in groups. If you get lost, it is easier as a group to find your
way. You really shouldn´t go out on your own, you should find someone to go with you. Another
thing to remember is: don´t be afraid to ask for directions. Even if your English isn´t perfect.
people usually stop to ask for directions, and it is not only foreign people, Americans visitors
also find their way around. You will find New Yorkers very friendly.

A: Is there any other advice you can give visitors?

B: Another thing to remember is not to leave anything valuable in your car if you have one. You
shouldn´t leave suitcases on the backseat. New York is an wonderful city, tourists can see
fantastic musicals, take a walk at central park, enjoy Italian and Chinese food, go shopping at
the fabulous department stores. All I can say is that most people have a great time when they
come to New York.

1- Identifique os “modals” que indicam sugestão /conselhos/ possibilidade.

2- O que o turista deve fazer antes de chegar a Nova Iorque?

3- O que a entrevistada diz com relação à segurança em Nova Iorque?

4- Quais atividades os turistas podem fazer em Nova Iorque?

Pag 21