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RA 7586 i.

National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of ii. Education
1992 iii. Maintenance of genetic
(Wildlife Act) resources
2. Natural Park
In general, it provides for:  Relatively large area
1. categories of protected areas  Not materially altered by human
2. establishment of a system activity
a. administer  Where extractive resources are not
b. protect allowed
c. manage these protected areas  Purpose: to protect outstanding and
3. create a management board scenic areas for
4. Creation of IPAS (Integrated Protected Areas i. Scientific
System) Fund ii. Educational
5. prohibited acts iii. Recreational use
6. penalties for violation of prohibited acts 3. Natural Monument
 Relatively small area
What is the National Integrated Protected Areas  Focused on protection of small features
System?  Purpose: to protect/preserve nationally
 It is the classification and administration of all significant natural features
designated protected areas to: 4. Wildlife Sanctuary
1. Maintain essential ecological processes  Areas which assures the natural
and life-support systems conditions necessary to protect
2. To preserve genetic diversity i. Nationally significant species (or
3. To ensure sustainable resources group of species)
4. Maintain their natural condition to the ii. Biotic communities
greatest extent possible iii. Physical features of
 Shall encompass the following as protected environment
areas:  Where these require specific human
1. Outstanding remarkable areas and manipulation for their perpetuation
Biologically important public lands that 5. Protected Landscapes & seascapes
are habitants of rare and endangered
 Areas of national significance
species of plants & animals
 Characterized by harmonious
2. Biogeographic zones & ecosystems
interaction of man and land
 While providing enjoyment through
Categories of Protected Areas
recreation and tourism within the
1. Strict Nature Reserve
normal lifestyle & economic activity of
 Area possessing an outstanding
these areas
6. Resource reserve
 Of national scientific importance
 An extensive & relatively
 Maintained to protect nature and
i. Isolated
maintain processes in an undisturbed
ii. Uninhabited
iii. Normally with difficult access
 Purpose: to have ecologically
 Purpose: to protect natural resources
representative examples of the natural
for future use
environment for
7. Natural biotic areas
 Area set aside to allow the way of life of 6. Squatting, mineral locating or otherwise
societies living in harmony with occupying any land
environment to adopt to modern 7. Constructing or maintaining any kind of
technology at their own pace structure, fences or enclosure conducting any
8. Other categories established by law, business enterprise without permit
conventions or international agreements which 8. Leaving in exposed or unsanitary conditions
the Philippine Government is a signatory refuse or debris or depositing in ground or in
bodies of water
Who will have Control & Administration of the system? 9. Altering, removing, destroying or defacing
 DENR boundary marks or signs
 How?
o Creation of a division in the regional What are the Penalties provided for Violating these
office of DENR called Protected Areas & prohibited acts?
Wildlife Division 1. Fine
 5,000- 500,000 + value of the thing
Who will manage the protected areas? damaged
 Protected Area Management Board 2. Imprisonment
 Composition  1 year- 6 years
1. 1 rep from autonomous regional 3. Both fine & imprisonment
2. 1 rep from municipal government In addition, court may order:
3. 1 rep from each barangay covering 1. Compensation or restoration of the damage
protected area 2. Eviction/ forfeiture of
4. 1 rep from each tribal community (if a. all minerals, timber or any species
applicable) collected or removed
5. 3 reps from non-government b. equipment, devices & firearms in
organizations connection therewith.
6. 1 rep from other government agencies
 Term: 5 years

What are the Prohibited Acts?

1. Hunting, destroying, disturbing or mere
possession of any plants or animals or products
derived therefrom without permit from
Management Board
2. Dumping of any waste products detrimental to
the protected area, or to the plants and animals
or inhabitants therein
3. Use of any motorized equipment without
permit from board
4. Mutilating, defacing or destroying objects of
natural beauty
5. Damaging and leaving roads and trails in a
damaged condition