96870 Preventive Maintenance Products and Procedures | Computer Monitor | Vacuum Cleaner

Introduction You should now be familiar with proper installation and configuration procedures for many computer devices

. You should also be familiar with determining when components need to replaced or reconfigured. In this chapter, you will learn about procedures you can perform to prevent problems from occurring in the first place. You will also learn about procedures you should follow so that you do not cause damage to computer components or cause harm to yourself or the environment. 4.1 Preventive Maintenance Products and Procedures
Regular cleaning of computer components can extend a computer’s life. For example, by regularly cleaning the power supply fan, you can ensure that it is able to properly cool the computer’s internal components. Regular cleaning can also help stop problems before they start, as in dust build-up inside a mouse. Giving a computer a regular cleaning also gives you a good opportunity to inspect the computer’s components and determine if the potential for a problem exists. For example, while cleaning the system, take note of loose components or connections and tighten them up. You should also look for frayed or cracked cables and replace them, even if they have not yet caused a problem. Liquid Cleaning Compounds Before using a liquid cleaner on any device, make sure that the computer is off and that the component is completely dry before you turn the computer on again. In addition, note that you should stick to the procedures discussed within this section. That is, do not use a type of liquid cleaner on a device other than the ones discussed here. For example, if you were to use water rather than alcohol on the floppy drive, you might cause permanent damage to it. Some of the cleaning components are shown in Fig 4-1.

Fig 4-1 Cleaning Components.

Some computer components, such as a mouse ball, the mouse casing, and the case on the monitor and computer itself, can be cleaned using mild, soapy water or a damp (not wet) cloth as shown in Fig 4-2. In short, most plastic external coverings in the computer system can be cleaned this way. Make sure that no liquid drips on the components.

Fig 4-2 (a) Fig 4-2 Cleaning a Mouse. . and make sure that the water contains no impurities such as soap or iron. distilled water. Ensure that the keyboard is entirely dry before reattaching it to the computer. If the keyboard is sticky. you can clean it with plain. Make sure that you unplug the keyboard from the computer. Keyboard can also be cleaned with a Vacuum cleaner or a brush as shown in Fig 4-3. Fig 4-3 (a) Cleaning a Keyboard using handheld vacuum.

5. Be careful not to let any cleaner drip. commonsense practices around the monitor. Follow the steps in Exercise 4-1 to properly clean a monitor. You can also use alcohol to clean any residue on a mouse roller that you can’t remove with your fingers. the cleaning liquid that comes in most floppy drive cleaning kits is alcohol. Never spray the cleaner directly on the screen. You can use a regular glass cleaner to clean the screen on a CRT monitor. or other solvent-based cleaners. Cleaning an LCD monitor is different from a glass monitor. 3. Aerosol sprays. Avoid glass cleaner. Use the cloth to rub fingerprints or other smudges off the monitor screen. Plug the monitor back in and turn it on. 4. Cleaning an LCD monitor The life and usefulness of the portable’s LCD panel can be extended through proper care and handling. Exercise 4-1 Cleaning a CRT Monitor 1. dusting. You can usually clean an LCD monitor with non-abrasive glasses cleaners. Cleaning a monitor is shown in Fig 4-4. alcohol. For example. Follow the manufacturer’s cleaning instructions to avoid scratching or damaging the plastic cover of the monitor. Turn the monitor off and unplug it from the electrical outlet. Some devices are harmed by water and/or soap and should be cleaned with denatured (isopropyl) alcohol. Spray a small amount of glass cleaner on a clean cloth or paper towel. 2. Spray the cleaner on the cloth and then wipe the screen. Allow the glass cleaner to completely evaporate (about a minute). Cleaning a CRT The preventive maintenance associated with monitors consists of periodic cleaning. .Fig 4-3 (b) Using Brush. and good. or by using a water mist and an eyeglass cloth to dry the monitor. Shut down the computer. and commercial cleaners should be avoided because they can damage the screen and cabinet. such as those from Lens crafters. solvents. 6.

Because dust can cause ESD (electrostatic discharge) and lead to overheated components. In addition to contributing to the heat-buildup problem. Bad connections cause malfunctions. smoke collects on all exposed surfaces. the bottom of the computer chassis. it’s important to clean the inside of the computer regularly. You can clean connectors using contact cleaner. It can do the same thing with dust. Cleaning Contacts and Connectors It’s a good idea to check your system’s contacts to make sure that they are establishing a good connection. Pay particular attention to the system board. Remember to make sure that your computer is unplugged and turned off before doing any preventative maintenance. fan motors. Removing Dust and Debris from the System One of the most common reasons to clean a computer is to remove dust buildup. Smoke is a more dangerous cousin of dust.Fig 4-4 (a) A Glass Cleaner Fig 4-4 (b) Cleaning a Monitor. and so forth. Recall that the power supply’s fan draws air into the computer and distributes it over the internal components. . and all fan inlets and outlets. smoke residue is particularly destructive to moving parts such as floppy disks. Make sure you power down the computer before you start cleaning it. Like dust particles. The residue of smoke particles is sticky and clings to the surfaces.

Remember.Note: Be aware of the effect that missing expansion-slot covers have on the operation of the system unit. Note: Compressed air is more effective in cleaning places that are hard to get at. One of the easiest ways to remove dust from the system is to use compressed air to blow the dust out. it is not worth the time to do much repair work or anything more than a superficial cleaning. Another common method for removing dust is to vacuum it out. Avoid using the newer dust cloths that work by “statically attracting” dust. Fig 4-5 (a) Compressed Air Fig 4-5 Removing dust using Compressed Air. and ports. but vacuums cause less mess. In many cases. a liquid at the bottom of the can compresses the air and forces it out when you depress the can’s nozzle. They tend to range in price from less than $10 to $80. Dust buildup inside system components can be taken care of with a soft brush. Keyboards have become extremely inexpensive. static is harmful to the computer. Remove the nozzle from inside. This has the advantage of removing dust without allowing the dust to settle elsewhere. You can also use compressed air to blow dust out of the keyboard. That is. Compressed air comes in cans that are roughly the size of spray-paint cans. It is best to use a special handheld vacuum that allows you to get into smaller places and clean the computer without accidentally hitting and damaging other internal components. You should also be aware of where the dust is being blown. . you can cause the liquid to be released. If the keyboard is misbehaving. you can use a lint-free cloth to wipe off dusty surfaces. and move the vacuum cleaner away from the computer before turning it off. Avoid doing so. the liquid can cause freeze burns on your skin and damage the computer’s components. expansion slots. Finally. Typically. make sure that the dust is not being blown from one component only to settle on another. Using a compressed air is shown in Fig 4-5. replace it. If you turn the can upside-down.

use a can of compressed air to blow debris out of the keyboard. and you could end up having to remove each keycap to properly clean the keyboard. Be careful of the Spacebar. or use a small hand-held vacuum. Some types of crud can be stubborn. (Make sure that the computer is off before you do so. Taking the keyboard apart like this can be very time-consuming. so it should really be a last resort. If this doesn’t do the trick. . You’ll probably be surprised at the amount of stuff that falls out. it sometimes contains springs that can fly out and disappear.Another good way to clean the keyboard is to simply turn it upside-down and shake it.) To replace a keycap. Use a flathead screwdriver to pry the keycap(s) off. simply orient it the right way and snap it into place.

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