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Mar 25, 2018

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Surveying engineering

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Surveying engineering

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2 paces

in walking along a 47.5m course to determine his pace factor.

1. A rectangular lot was being measured using a 30 m metallic He then took 660, 658, 671, and 670 paces in walking an

tape which was 6 mm long. The recorded dimension where unknown distance AB. Compute the distance AB based on his

70.50 m long by 37.10 m wide. What is the error in area pace factor.

introduced due to the erroneous length of tape? a. 607.58m b. 649.39m

a. 1.046 sq.m. c. 1.864 sq.m. c. 553.25m d. 618.36m

b. 0.864 sq.m. d. 2.024 sq.m

11. Given the latitude and departure of the closed traverse.

2. The baseline of a triangulation survey was measured to be The DMD of the line 3-1 is:

1,800 m at a place having an altitude of 8 km above sea level. LINE LATITUDE DEPARTURE

Compute the sea level correction of the baseline if the radius of 1-2 -46.39 -113.42

earth is approximately 6,400 km. 2-3 +103.43 -65.17

a. 4.5 m c. 2.25 m 3-1 -57.04 +178.59

b. 3.25 m d. 3.6 m a. -57.04 b. -178.59

c. +178.59 d. +57.04

3. A turning point has an elevation of 65.15m and the foresight

taken on that point is 0.30 m. If the backsight reading taken at 12. In the two peg test of a dumpy level, the following

BM#10 is 0.42, determine the elevation of BM#10. observations are taken:

a. 64.73m c. 65.03m Instrument at A Instrument at B

b. 65.45m d. 65.27m Rod reading on A 1.506 0.938

Rod reading on B 2.024 1.449

4. A, B and C are angles measured from a given triangle. What is the true difference in elevation between the two

Compute the probable value of angle A: points?

Vertices Hor. Angle No. of meas. a. 0.21 m c. 0.41 m

A 75°20’00’’ 2 b. 0.31 m d. 0.51 m

B 42°42’00’’ 3

C 61°58’30’’ 5 13. The magnetic declination on a certain date at a given place

is 15⁰15’ W. compute the true azimuth of a line if its magnetic

a. 75°19’45.48’’ c. 75°20’36.2’’ azimuth is 124⁰20’.

b. 75°20’21.2’’ d. 75°19’31.27’’ a. 109⁰05’ c. 112⁰25’

b. 139⁰35’ d. 130⁰25’

5. Compute the normal tension which will be applied to a tape

supported over two supports in order to make the tape equal to 14. A man standing on a bench can see the top of a lighthouse

its nominal length when supported only at the end points. The 25 km away. If the eye of the man is 1.5 m above sea level,

steel tape is 30m long and weighs 0.84kg when supported determine the height of the lighthouse above sea level

throughout its length under a standard pull of 5.6kg with the considering curvature and refraction correction.

modulus of elasticity is 2x10^6 kg/cm^2 and area of 0.06 cm^2. a. 26.53 m c. 28.55 m

a. 17.33kg c. 16.55kg b. 27.53 m d. 28.53 m

b. 15.92kg d. 18.10kg

15. The co-ordinates of the corners of a polygonal area of

6. A civil engineer recorded 50.8, 52.3, 51.6, and 53.2 paces in ground are taken in order, as follows, in meters: A (0, 0); B

walking along a 47.5m course to determine his pace factor. He (210, -170); C (620, -225); D (1000, 70); E (750, 390); F (310,

then took 660, 658, 671, and 670 paces in walking an unknown 540); G (-95, 135), returning to A. Compute the area.

distance AB. Compute the distance AB based on his pace a. 1,041,300 sq. m. c. 520,650sq.m.

factor. b. 551,625 sq. m. d. 1,103,250 sq. m.

a. 607.58m b. 649.39m

c. 553.25m d. 618.36m 16. The following data are the observed elevation of a point by

running a line of levels over four different routes. It is required

7. A line of levels, 6km long is run between A to B with average to determine the most probable value of the elevation.

backsight and foresight distances of 150m. The average ROUTE ELEVATION PROBABLE ERROR

backsight reading is 3.8m and each time it is taken, the rod is 1 521.22 ±01

inclined sidewards from the vertical by 5 degrees. What is the 2 520.80 ±02

correct elevation of B is its recorded elevation is 425.16 meters? 3 521.36 ±03

a. 423.12 m c. 424.53 m 4 521.32 ±06

b. 425.74 m d. 424.87 m a. 521.261 c. 521.251

b. 521.16 d. 521.236

8. The rod reading on a rod held at a distance of 100 m from the

instrument is 1.83 m. After causing the level bubble to move 3 17. The point where the vertical produced upward, pierces the

divisions of the tube, the reading is 1.86 m. Determine the celestial sphere is called:

sensitivity of the level tube in seconds. a. zenith c. nadir

a. 17.33 sec. c. 18.667 sec. b. horizon d. pole

b. 19.333 sec. d. 20.63 sec.

18. The principal subdivision of a transit which carries the

9. The sum of the deflection angle for the closed traverse, telescope is known as:

where “n” equals the number of traverse lines is: a. leveling plate group

a. (n-2) 180 c. 180n b. vertical Vernier

b. (n-1) 360 d. 360 c. lower plate

d. upper plate

30. Compute the width of the roadway for a given cross-

19. A long, extremely slow swing of the needle of the compass section:

is: Cross-section Notes

a. daily variation c. secular variation 6.67 4.63

+ 3.2

+1.84 +0.42

b. annual variation d. irregular variation

a. 8 m c. 9 m

b. 10 m d. 12 m

20. An alidade is almost commonly used in conjunction with a

a. transit c. theodolite

31. The external distance of a simple curve is 15 m. and a

b. plane table d. dumpy level

central of 30°. If the length of one station is 20 m. long, find the

radius of the curve.

21. A curved surface, every element of which is normal to the

a. 336.42 m c. 521.64 m

plumb line:

b. 425.22 m d. 632.46 m

a. plumb surface c. plane surface

b. curved surface d. level surface

32. Layout a simple curve with tangents at point A and B

respectively. A line from point A to the intersection of the

22. Given the latitude and departure of the closed traverse.

tangents which passes through A and B has a bearing and

Determine the corrected latitude of line 1-2 using transit rule.

distance of N65°E and 30.5 m. respectively. If the bearing of

LINE LATITUDE DEPARTURE

point B from the point of intersection of the tangents is S47°E.,

1-2 -46.56 -121.36

determine the length of the curve.

2-3 +109.43 -62.46

a. 65.60 m c. 76.40m

3-1 -62.04 +183.29

b. 53.67 m d. 48.94 m

a. -46.38 c. -46.74

b. -46.45 d. -46.65

33. An unsymmetrical parabolic curve has a forward tangent of

-8% and a back tangent of +5%.The length of the curve on the

23. Given the latitude and departure of the closed traverse.

left side (P.C.) is 60 m., what is the elevation of P.C. if the

Determine the corrected departure of line 2-3 using compass

vertex is at elevation of 100 m.

rule.

a. 88 m c. 89 m

LINE LATITUDE DEPARTURE

b. 96 m d. 97 m

1-2 -46.56 -121.36

2-3 +109.43 -62.46

34. The tangents of a compound curve intersect at an angle of

3-1 -62.04 +183.29

104°. The first curve has a radius of 420 m. and a central angle

a. -62.55 c. -62.31

of 38°. If the common tangent is 200 m. long, what is the radius

b. -62.61 d. -62.37

of the second curve?

a. 85.28 m c. 79.8 m

24. Determine the latitude of a line 86.43 m long if it has a

b. 92.4 m d. 69.64 m

bearing of 𝑁35°42′′𝐸.

a. 70.19 m North c. 50.44 m North

35. The perpendicular distance between two parallel tangents of

b. 50.44 m East d. 70.19 m East

a reversed curve is 7.5m and the length of the long chord is

equal to 65m. Compute the common radius of the reversed

25. The latitude and departure of a line AB are 30.56m South

curve.

and 57.89 m East. Determine the bearing of the line.

a. 156.20 c. 140.87

a. 𝑆 27.83°𝐸 c. 𝑆 57.36°𝐸

b. 160.40 d. 149.20

b. 𝑆 32.57°𝐸 d. 𝑆 62.17°𝐸

36. In order to determine the stadia interval factor of a transit

26. A spiral 80m long connects a tangent with a 6°30′ circular on the field, the transit was set up at a certain point on the

curve. If the stationing of the T.S. is 10+000, determine the ground. Observations were made on the rod placed at a

deflection angle at the end point. distance of 100 m from the instrument and the rod readings

a. 4.33° c. 3.50° were 3.125 and 2.123 for the upper and lower stadia hairs

b. 5.42° d. 6.25° respectively. If instrument interval used has an interior focusing

telescope (f + c) = 0, what would be the stadia interval factor of

27. From the mass diagram drawn from data obtained for an the instrument?

earthwork, the overhaul volume is 5000 cu.m. and the average a. 99.80 c. 88.90

distance is 110m long measured from centroid of excavation to b. 77.90 d. 87.80

the centroid of embankment. If the cost of hauling is P4.50 per

cu.m-station, compute the total cost of overhaul. Free haul 37. In a mass diagram, ascending curve denotes:

distance is 50m. a. embankment c. excavation

a. P67,500.00 c. P58,800.00 b. haul backward d. limit of economic haul

b. P45,600.00 d. P72,400.00

38. An instrument used to measure the velocity of flowing

28. Compute the desirable length of a spiral curve for a velocity water through rivers of lakes is called

of 80 kph if the degree of central curve is 6°. a. venture meter c. hood gage

a. 96.51 m c. 87.80 m b. weirs d. current meter

b. 110.25 m d. 121.60 m

39. When an embankment is built, the volume of compacted

29. If the cost of hauling is P0.20 per cubic meter station and earth is generally less than its volume before excavation from

the cost of borrow is P4.00 per cubic meter, compute the free its original location. The difference is usually defined as:

haul distance for a limit of economical haul of 450 m. a. swell index c. swell

a. 60 m c. 40 m b. shrinkage d. compaction index

b. 70 m d. 50 m

40. This instrument is well suited to hydrograhic work which 6.0 6.9

+ 1.2

+2.0 +2.6

could measure angles in any plane. Its limb includes one sixth

a. 229.875 cu.m. c. 222.578 cu.m.

of a circle, although the arc is limited to 60° but this instrument

b. 239.237 cu.m d. 278.025 cu.m.

can measure angles yo 120°

a. protractor c. sextant

48. The slope of the back tangent of a parabolic curve is

b. shoran d. hydrographic transit +4.2%, while the slope of the forward tangent is -3.6%. The

length of curve is 120 m. long with elevation of the P.C. equal

41. The hydrographic works that determine depth of

to 82.77 m. Determine the elevation of the curve directly below

underwater bed:

the P.I.

a. hydrograph c. soundings a. 84.12 m. c. 83.72 m.

b. ocultations d. port survey

b. 82.16 m. d. 86.35 m.

42. Find the area of a piece of land with an irregular boundary

49. The length of the throw of a spiral is 1.42 m. What is the

as follows: corresponding offset distance at the S.C.?

STA. OFFSET DISTANCE (m)

a. 3.42 m c. 4.48

0+000 5.59

b. 5.68 d. 2.92

0+010 3.38

0+020 2.30

50. A 6% downgrade meets a 3% upgrade at elevation 100 m.

0+030 3.96

at station 10 + 000. If the length of the parabolic curve is 160

0+040 4.80

m. long, find the stationing of the lowest point of the curve.

The stations are on a straight line boundary. Find the area of

a. 9 + 946.67 c. 10 + 042.34

the land in square meters by Trapezoidal Rule.

b. 9 + 834.22 d. 10 + 026.67

a. 138.4 m^2 c. 128.5 m^2

b. 118.5 m^2 d. 148.4 m^2

51. Compute the required length of the safe stopping sight

distance in a two-way traffic in a two-way traffic in a two lane

43. The dumpy level is set up at one end of a line 160 m long

road if the design speed is 60 kph. Perception and reaction

for the purpose of determining the instrument stadia interval

time of the driver is 2.6 sec. and the coefficient of friction

factor. The line is marked by hubs at every 40 m and a stadia

between tires and pavement is 0.40. Assume the slope of

rod is held at each hub. The stadia intercept at each location of

roadway to be horizontal.

the rod were observed as follows: 0.402, 0.813, 1.231, 1.602

a. 51.75 m c. 78.73 m

respectively. Compute the average value of the stadia interval b. 63.24 m d. 61.56 m

factor. Height of instrument is 1.5 m.

a. 98.815 c. 97.875

52. A car weighing 1000 kg runs at 60 kph around an

b. 98.625 d. 97.925

unbanked circular curve with a radius of 100 m. What force of

friction on the tires should be to prevent the car from sliding?

44. A reverse curve connects two parallel tangents 8 m apart.

a. 1 554 N c. 2.778 kN

If the central angle is 10° determine the common radius.

b. 2 778 kN d. 1 690 N

a. 234.84 b. 266.67

c. 321.543 d. 211.453 53. What is the peak hour factor (PHF) if the volume of the

traffic is 1 500 vehicles per hour and the highest 5-minute

45. A hydrographic survey of a reservoir generated the volume is 210?

following informations. The areas bounded by the water line is a. 0.089 c. 1.305

determined by using a planimeter. The contour interval is 2m. b. 0.595 d. 1.062

ELEVATION AREAS ENCLOSED BY WATER LINES

90 20,800 sq.m. 54. Compute the braking distance for a car moving at an initial

88 18,400 velocity of 60 kph and a final velocity of 40 kph. Slope of

86 12,300 roadway is +5 %. Coefficient of friction between road pavement

84 10,400 3

82 8,600 and tires = 0.15. Perception-reaction time is = sec.

4

Determine the capacity of the reservoir by using Primoidal a. 39.33 m c. 78.66 m

Formula: b. 70.78 m d. 51.83 m

a. 143 350 m3 b. 154 300 m3

c. 112 800 m3 d. 136 400 m3 55. Vehicles arrive at a stop sign at an average rate of 300 per

hour. Average delay time at the stop sign is 10 seconds per

46. The distance between two stations was measured six times vehicle. Compute the traffic intensity.

and the average distance found to be 346.215 m. If one a. 0.438 c. 0.176

measurement of 351.205 m is deleted form the data as being b. 0.587 d. 0.224

inconsistent with the other measurement, then the average of

the remaining five measurements is: 56. From the following data of a freeway surveillance, there are

a. 345.205 b.345.217 5 vehicles counted for a length of 200 m and the following are

c. 345.221 d. 345.227 the time for each vehicle to pass through the given segment of

the freeway: 8, 8.33,8.75,9.86 and 10.1 sec. Compute the flow

47. From the given cross-section of the proposed municipal of traffic if the density of flow is 25 vehicles per km. Express in

road, it is required to determine the volume of earthworks by km/hr.

end area method. a. 1 338 veh/hr c. 2 615 veh/hr

CROSS SECTIONS b. 1 144 veh/hr d. 1 998 veh/hr

Station 1 + 120

6.45 4.5 57. The spacing of vehicles in a two lane highway is equal to

+ 1.5

+2.3 +1.0 80 m, center to center. If the average speed of the car is 50

Station 1 + 040

kph, determine the volume of traffic in vehicles per hour.

a. 365 c. 482 69. Determine the maximum velocity that a car could pass

b. 540 d. 625 through the curve.

a. 165.33 kph c. 72 kph

58. It is a measure of the time that elapses between the b. 157.45 kph d. 149.16 kph

departure of the time that elapses between the departure of the

first vehicle and the arrival of the second at the designated test 70. Determine the minimum velocity to prevent sliding.

point. It is the measure of the time between the rear bumper of a. 45.33 kph c. 72 kph

the first vehicle and the front bumper of the second vehicle. b. 15.42 kph d. 0 kph

a. Occupancy c. Gap

b. Clearance d. Headway

the road is occupied by vehicles.

a. Occupancy c. Gap

b. Clearance d. Time Headway

vehicles.

a. Occupancy c. Gap

b. Clearance d. Headway

is P3.00 per vehicle. Studies have shown that for each

increase in toll of 50 cents, the traffic volume will decrease by

1000 veh/day. It is desired to increase the toll to a point where

revenue will be maximized.

61. Determine the toll charge to maximize revenue.

a. P4.00 c. P5.00

b. P4.50 d. P5.50

62. Determine the traffic volume per day after the toll increase.

a. 6000veh/day c. 8000veh/day

b. 7000veh/day d. 9000veh/day

63. determine the total revenue increase with the new tool.

a. P1000 c. P2000

b. P1500 d. P2500

sections x and y of a highway 600ft apart. Observation at x

show that five vehicles passed that section at intervals of 8.18,

9.09, 10.23, 11.68 and 13.64 sec. respectively.

a. 40 veh/mi c. 44 veh/mi

b. 48 veh/mi d. 50 veh/mi

a. 30 mph c. 40 mph

b. 38.7 mph d. 45 mph

a. 30 mph c. 40 mph

b. 38.7 mph d. 45 mph

segment of a roadway.

a. Speed c. Traffic Flow

b. Traffic Density d. Time Headway

banked curve of radius equal to 500m experiences no frictional

force along the banked surface of the curve. If the coefficient of

friction between the tire and the pavement is 0.35:

a. 0.43 c. 0.08

b. 0.39 d. 0.35

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