You are on page 1of 7

A RESEARCH

ON
EFFECTIVE COLLECTION, PURIFICATION, STORAGE AND
SUPPLY OF RAIN WATER IN DEBRE TABORE TOWN
(A CASE STUDY FOR TECHNIC AREA)

Submitted to
Department of Hydraulics and Water Resource Engineering,
Faculty of Technology, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor

By
Ch.Sudheer
G.siva Sankar
Md. Sahanaaz fathima
M.Phanikumar
Kiduse t

DEBRE TABOR UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF TECHNOLOGY


DEPARTMENT OF HYDRAULICS AND WATER RESOURCE
ENGINEERING
DEBRE TABOR, ETHIOPIA

P.O. BOX: 272


TABLE OF CONTENT

1. INTRODUCTION

2. PROBLEM STATEMENT

3. OBJECTIVES

4. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

5. STUDY AREA

6. METHODOLOGY

7. EXPECTED OUTCOMES

7. BUDGET

8. WORK PLAN

9. REFERENCES
1. INTRODUCTION

Supply of water in adequate quantity and quality is difficult task for water authorities especially in a
developing towns unless there is a availability of sufficient water at source and optimum operation of water
distribution systems.

As WHO (2006, E C) only 16 percent of people in sub-Saharan Africa had access to drinking water
through a household connection which can be an indoor tap or a tap in the yard.

The population of Ethiopia is about 83 million people and which only 38 percent have access to safe
drinking water sources and only 12 percent of the population use improved sanitation facilities. Access to
safe potable water in Ethiopia in the year 2000 for urban areas was 72 percent, and if Addis Ababa is
excluded the figure becomes much worse, 38 percent, that is more than 60% of people in urban Ethiopia do
not have access to clean drinking water, indicating that the level of coverage and services for water supply
for domestic uses must be addressed (csa, 2008).

2. PROBLEM STATEMENT
Especially in rural areas, Most of the people are facing problems in getting or accessing to the treated
drinking water and it is not available at the door steps. In many areas of Ethiopia, people carry the water
from common taps or nearby the source. It does not satisfy the demand for daily activities. It may be due to
the financial instability or poor operations and maintenance of water distribution systems. The major
drinking water source of Debre Tabor town is ground water and it fluctuates with respect to the season. Some
problems are observed in some Debre Tabor in getting sufficient quantity of water by the consumers.

3. OBJECTIVE
The main objective of this study is to prepare possible solutions to overcome the problem in accessing
safe drinking water and to create the awareness in people about the importance of rain water harvesting
system by developing a simple model at the study area.

4. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
• To identify the problems facing by the consumers in accessing the treated drinking water in the study
area
• To install the rain water harvesting system.
• To collect and store the rainwater in a temporary storage reservoir
• To check the quality of rainwater as per drinking water standards
• To treat and remove the impurities from the rainwater and to make it fit for domestic activities by
adopting economical water treatment methods
• To supply the treated water to the consumers by common tapping or individual tapings.
• To operate and maintain the rain water harvesting system after installation

5. STUDY AREA
The area chosen for this study is Technic, Debre tabor town which is located at an altitude of 2800m with
longitude and latitude of 11o 51N, 38,1E. The population of the town is 87, 627 as per 2009 E.C csa in which the
more than 50% of people are not accessing to safe drinking water at their door steps. Remain are getting the
water at common tapings and from the nearby sources. The major source of water for this town is 9 bore holes
with the Capacity of 3-5 l/s. Existing main reservoirs are of 5 with total capacity of 1020 cu.m and Type of
water supply the town is adopting is intermittent with 3 times supply in week.

5. METHODOLOGY

The methodology of this study will include field study to identify the problems, preliminary and primary
survey to get the information about existing water utilization, identifying the problem; prepare the model at the
field, check the quality of rainwater, install the purification system, supply the water to the individual house.
6. EXPECTED OUTCOMES

The following will be the outcomes of this study after conducting the research

 Model will show the simple way of collecting, storing and purifying the rainwater
 The quantity of water which is not being satisfied with the supply by water distribution system will be
compensated with stored rain water
 Most of the house owners will know this technique to store the water at their door step
 It can be suggested to the water supply authorities to install this system for each individual house based
on its feasibility and scope.

7. BUDGET

Approximate budget for conducting this study is given based on the preliminary study. The prices may
vary depending on the methods and techniques to be adopted after identifying the criticalities in the study area.

Storage water tank with capacity of 10000 lt……………………………………ETB 30,000

Pipes, valves, bends, mortar and accessories ……………………………………ETB 15,000

Purification devices………………………………………………………………ETB 20,000

Field trips…………………………………………………………………………ETB 10,000

Miscellaneous…………………………………………………………………….ETB 5000

-------------------------------------
ETB 80,000
--------------------------------------
8. WORK PLAN

Event/Month Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct
Field survey preliminary
and primary
Analyzing and identifying
the problem
Estimating water storage
Planning the model
experiment
Collecting the rain water
samples
Rain water quality
assessment
Installing the storage tank
and collecting the water
Installing purification
devices
Water quality check at
output
Report writing and
presentation

9. REFERENCES

1. A water Harvesting manual: case studies from Delhi, 2003: center for science and environment

2. McConville, Jennifer (2006) Applying life cycle thinking to Internatio nal Water and sanitation
Development projects

3. Prempridi and chatuthasry, (1982). An Introduction to Rain Water Harvesting Retrieved Dec 2004 from
http://www.gdrc.org/uem/water/rainwater/introduction.html

4. Rainwater Collection for the Mechanically Challenged, Suzy Banks with Richard Heinichen (2004)
www.rainwatercollection.com

5. The Texas Manual on Rainwater Harvesting, Texas Water Development Board (2005)
http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/home/404.asp