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 About Province of Batangas

 How to get there
 Terrain
 Climate
 Population Density
 Map
Site A = Mabini, Batangas

Site B = Batangas City

Site A Site B
Longitude X A
Latitude Y B
Site A Site B
Longitude 120°54'26.2” 121°3'29.91”
Latitude 13°43'24.78” 13°45'23.27”
Note: the longitude and latitude value is taken from the map.

Longitude = Province (B-A)

L= 121°3'29.91 - 120°54'26.2 = 0°9’3.71”

Distance (D)

D= cos-1(sinYsinB + cosYcosBcosL)

D= cos-1(0.05641399352 + 0.9435825633)

D= cos-1(0.9999965568)

D= 0.1503553478

Path Length (PL)

P= D/1 * 60 nautical mile/1 * 1.151 statue mile/1 * 1.6/1 statue mile

PL= 16.61 km

Azimuth Projection (from A to B)

C= cos-1[(sinB-cosDsinY)/(sinXcosY)]

C= cos-1(5.588336726x10-4)/(0.833505229)

C= 89.96158752 or 89°57’41.72”
Azimuth Projection (from B to A)

C= cos-1[(sinY-cosDsinB)/sinDcosB]

C= cos-1((-5.571980392x10-4)/(2.548918536 x10-3)

C= 102.62692 or 102°37’36.91”
About Batangas Province
About half of the province's terrain is generally rolling, while the rest is mountainous and hilly.
Mt. Makulot rises 1145 meters in the central part. The world-famous Taal Lake and Taal Volcano is in
Batangas. The province is said to be the base of a huge volcano and Taal Lake its crater before it erupted.
The present volcano, the smallest active one in the world, is sometimes referred to as "a volcano within a
volcano. The irregular coastline is dotted with coves, peninsulas and bays. The Maricaban and Verde
Islands in the Verde Island Passage are still part of the province. Batangas has two distinct seasons: dry
from November to April and wet the rest of the year. Batangas was made into a province by the Spaniards
in 1581. It was composed of what is now Batangas, the islands of Mindoro and Marinduque, and the
southeastern portion of Laguna. It was then called Bombon and later renamed to Balayan. By the
beginning of the 17th century, Mindoro and Marinduque were made into a separate province. In 1732,
the capital was transferred to Taal and the province was named after it. In 1754, the capital was moved
to Batangas and the province assumed its present name. The province is known as the home of heroes
and patriots. Apolinario Mabini, the "Sublime Paralvtic" and "Brains of the Revolution", was from Tanauan.
Marcela Agoncillo, who sewd the Filipino flag hoisted during the proclamation of Philippine independence
in Kawit, Cavite, on June 12, 1898, was from Taal. Miguel Malvar, the last Filipino General to surrender to
the Americans, was born in Santo Tomas. Jose P. Laurel, the president of the Japanese-backed Philippine
Republic during World War II, was from Tanauan too. Batangas is one of the principal seats of Tagalog
culture. The people speak the language with a distinct accent. Batangueños are known for their
industriousness as traders. Many commercial center in the country often have establishments owned by
people of Batangas descent. Agriculture is the main economic activity in Batangas. The major crops
produced by the province are palay, sugarcane, coconut, and coffee. The province is a major supplier of
cattle to Metro Manila. Taal Lake and the nearby coast are the main sources of fish for the province. Taal
Church, also known as the Basilica of St. Martin de Tours, is the biggest church in the Philippines. The
General Malvar Museum in Lipa displays historic relics and antique furniture. The Msgr. Clemente Yatco
Museum in Batangas City houses a collection of religious paraphernalia. Resorts can be found throughout
the province. Plaza del Sol in San Nicolas and Volcano Lake View in Agoncillo offer views from the base of
Taal Volcano. Sea Breeze in Taal, Gerthel Beach in Lobo, and the Lobo Submarine Garden are among the
province's aquatic attractions. Scuba diving and sailing resorts can be found in Mabini town. Parada ng
mga Lechon in Balayan, is a parade wherein roasted pigs are carried through the streets before being
eaten by guests. This parade coincides with the feast of St. John the Baptist.
How to get there
 Batangas City is 2 1/2 hours away from Manila when using the old inter town route. Using the
combined South Luzon Expressway (SLex) andSTAR Tollway route, one can reach Batangas City in an
hour. Tanauan City is about 1 hour away and in between Tanauan City and Batangas City; one will find
Lipa City. ALPS The Bus, Inc. [22] is one of many bus companies that travels the said route.
 Travellers can take air-conditioned buses in going to Batangas City. Those who want to go to Nasugbu,
Calatagan and Lian towns (Matabungkay) can pass via the Tagaytay route.
 Travellers going to Puerto Galera can take direct air con buses from Manila (Cubao) to Batangas pier.
The best services are BLTB (every hour) and JAM transit (also every hour) from Kamuning Cubao bus
station or Buendia bus terminal (LTR Gil Puyat; 130 pesos). Sometimes, especially during peak hours,
buses run every 30 minutes. The last stop is Batangas pier from where one can take a ferry to [Puerto
 When driving one's own vehicle to Tanauan-Lipa-Batangas City, travelers will pass through the South
Luzon Expressway, then the STAR Tollway and can just follow the directional signs along the highway.
 For short trips in the desired destinations, passenger jeepneys abound, and then tricycles.
 You can use passenger jeepneys to go to different parts of the province, but you can use tricycles
for short trips. Tricycles could take you to the exact place that you want to go because jeepneys
have routes like buses do. However, tricycles are small and cramped, and could only comfortably
accommodate three passengers (2 if the passenger is over six feet tall).
 Current starting fare for jeepneys is Php 8.00 (eight pesos) for each passenger for the first
kilometer traveled. Senior citizens, students, and differently-abled passengers enjoy a discount:
for each, it is Php 7.00. For tricycles, the minimum fare is Php 20.00, regardless of how many will
ride. The fare schedule (in English) is typically posted inside the jeepney for travelers to refer to,
although you may ask the driver or other passengers themselves if you are not sure how much
you should pay. The locals, like in most other spots in the Philippines, can understand and
converse well in English.
Batangas City has a rolling terrain that ranges from 0% to 30% in slope. Its highest point is Mount
Banoy in Barangay Talumpok Silangan which is 968 meters above sea level and about 13.50 kilometers
east of the Poblacion. The city‟s coastal Barangays starting from Sta. Rita Aplaya from the north down to
Ambulong on the south are nearly level at 0% to 3%.

In the east beyond the barangays of Mabacong, Simlong and Pinamucan Ibaba, the slope rises from 8% to
30%. The Matuco Point at the southwest tip of the city along the Batangas Bay has a slope of 30%. To the
immediate south is Verde Island composed of six (6) barangays which is mountainous and with a slope
ranging from 3% to 30%.

Batangas City is generally coolest during the months of December to January with temperature
ranging from 22ºC to 26ºC. The mean temperature rises and attains a maximum of 36 degrees Celsius
(36ºC) in May. The month of October marks the steady fall of temperature.

The driest months in Batangas City are from January to April, with the average monthly rainfall of less
than 50 mm per month. The northeast monsoon “amihan” prevails starting the months of November up
to April. Although originally moist, it becomes comparatively drier after crossing the Sierra Madre Range
to the north and east of Batangas, thus attributing for predominantly dry weather during this period. By
May to the later part of October, the situation is reversed. The southwest monsoon “habagat” prevails
bringing with it considerable rain. A pronounced maximum rain period occurs in Batangas during the
months of June, July, August and September when southwest monsoon flow is steadiest and the average
monthly rainfall is 275 mm per month. By the end of October, the northeast monsoon starts to set again.
However, the months from October to December are not characterized by dry weather as compared to
the months from January to April. This is partly due to the fact that typhoons and depressions most
frequently affect the city during the months from July to December.

Table 1 : Projected Total Population

By Barangay and By Sex
Batangas City
CY 2014
Batangas City 339,551 169,096 170,454
Barangay 1 784 390 394
Barangay 2 673 335 338
Barangay 3 399 199 200
Barangay 4 1,700 847 853
Barangay 5 705 351 354
Barangay 6 2,231 1,111 1,120
Barangay 7 795 396 399
Barangay 8 641 319 322
Barangay 9 315 157 158
Barangay 10 392 195 197
Barangay 11 853 425 428
Barangay 12 1,530 762 768
Barangay 13 566 282 284
Barangay 14 327 163 164
Barangay 15 189 94 95
Barangay 16 219 109 110
Barangay 17 115 57 58
Barangay 18 424 211 213
Barangay 19 1,061 528 533
Barangay 20 382 190 192
Barangay 21 678 338 340
Barangay 22 261 130 131
Barangay 23 705 351 354
Barangay 24 3,197 1,592 1,605
POBLACION 19,141 9,532 9,609
Alangilan 14,812 7,376 7,435
Balagtas 10,132 5,046 5,086
Balete 10,108 5,034 5,074
Banaba Center 2,204 1,098 1,106
Banaba East 2,146 1,069 1,077
Banaba South 2,248 1,119 1,128
Banaba West 3,792 1,888 1,904
Bilogo 2,032 1,012 1,020
Bolbok 13,116 6,532 6,584
Bucal 2,733 1,361 1,372
Calicanto 11,460 5,707 5,753
Catandala 716 357 359
Concepcion 3,791 1,888 1,903
Conde Itaas 1,450 722 728
Conde Labac 1,958 975 983
Cumba 1,016 506 510
Cuta 12,733 6,341 6,392
Dalig 2,498 1,244 1,254
Dela Paz Proper 2,641 1,315 1,326
Dela Paz Pulot Aplaya 647 322 325
Dela Paz Pulot Itaas 466 232 234
Dumantay 4,094 2,039 2,055
Dumuclay 3,612 1,799 1,813
Gulod Itaas 5,500 2,739 2,761
Gulod Labac 2,703 1,346 1,357
Haligue Kanluran 1,235 615 620
Haligue Silangan 1,887 940 947
Ilijan 4,355 2,169 2,186
Kumintang Ibaba 11,259 5,607 5,652
Kumintang Ilaya 11,466 5,710 5,756
Libjo 12,181 6,066 6,115
Liponpon, Isla Verde 828 412 416
Maapaz 231 115 116
Mabacong 2,082 1,037 1,045
Mahabang Dahilig 1,589 791 798
Mahabang Parang 3,630 1,808 1,822
Mahacot Kanluran 667 332 335
Mahacot Silangan 756 376 379
Malalim 1,321 658 663
Malibayo 512 255 257
Malitam 7,428 3,699 3,729
Maruclap 1,063 529 534
Pagkilatan 1,468 731 737
Paharang Kanluran 1,460 727 733
Paharang Silangan 1,357 676 681
Pallocan Kanluran 6,954 3,463 3,491
Pallocan Silangan 2,251 1,121 1,106
Pinamucan Ibaba 1,566 780 786
Pinamucan Proper 4,008 1,996 2,012
Pinamucan Silangan 1,251 623 628
Sampaga 4,422 2,202 2,220
San Agapito Isla Verde 1,323 659 664
San Agustin Kanluran, Isla Verde 795 396 399
San Agustin Silangan, Isla Verde 861 429 432
San Andres, Isla Verde 1,079 538 542
San Antonio, Isla Verde 1,219 607 612
San Isidro 7,651 3,810 3,841
San Jose Sico 5,140 2,560 2,580
San Miguel 2,496 1,243 1,253
San Pedro 1,678 836 842
Simlong 4,222 2,103 2,119
Sirang Lupa 1,521 757 763
Sorosoro Ibaba 3,014 1,501 1,513
Sorosoro Ilaya 2,000 996 1,004
Sorosoro Karsada 1,960 976 984
Sta. Clara 11,759 5,856 5,903
Sta. Rita Aplaya 2,534 1,262 1,272
Sta. Rita Karsada 19,254 9,589 9,666
Sto. Domingo 1,987 990 998
Sto. Niño 2,799 1,394 1,405
Tabangao Ambulong 5,402 2,690 2,712
Tabangao Aplaya 3,573 1,780 1,794
Tabangao Dao 2,917 1,453 1,464
Talahib Pandayan 2,556 1,273 1,283
Talahib Payapa 638 318 320
Talumpok Kanluran 3,185 1,586 1,599
Talumpok Silangan 2,050 1,021 1,029
Tingga Itaas 3,163 1,575 1,588
Tingga Labac 6,536 3,255 3,281
Tulo 4,093 2,038 2,055
Wawa 7,171 3,571 3,600

Pre-hispanic Batangas was characterized by large communities, high levels of culture and an
advanced civilization. According to 13th to 15th century records from the Yuan and Ming dynasties,
members of the thriving communities in the province were actively trading with China, Japan, India as
well as the Malay kingdoms.Another reflection of the province’s high level of culture and civilization during
the pre-hispanic era are the intricate pieces of jewelry, pottery and fine furniture the Batangan (early
Batangueños) possessed. Many of the pieces unearthed by present day archeologists were jewelry
fashioned out of chambered nautilus shells, clay medallions and pots. The Batangans’ tombs also suggest
belief in the afterlife, higher beings, the significance of nature and the spirit world.
Spanish missionaries first set foot on the banks of Calumpang River in 1572. They found huge logs, called
“batang” by the natives, in abundance. In 1581, Spanish authorities formally established the town of
“Batangan,” named after the batang logs and appointed Don Agustin Casilao as its first gobernadorcillo.
The town’s first Roman Catholic Church was also built in 1581. It became the provincial capital in 1754.
Known as the “cradle of heroes and nationalists,” Batangas was also among the first Philippine provinces
to revolt against Spain. On August 30, 1896, it was one of the first provinces placed under Martial Law by
Governor General Ramon Blanco. The Batangueños’ role in the county’s emancipation and nationhood is
undeniable. Apolinario Mabini, known as the “Brains of the Revolution”; General Miguel Malvar, the last
Filipino general to surrender to the Americans as well as Marcela Agoncillo, who made the Philippine flag
raised by Emilio Aguinaldo on June 12, 1898, all hail from Batangas. A strong feeling of patriotism is evident
among Batangas City leaders. Proof of this is reflected in the street names, streets perpendicular to the
church were named after revolutionary clergy while streets parallel to the church were named after
revolutionaryleaders.During the American occupation, a local government was set up in the city. Jose
Villanueva was elected as “Municipal President” on July 4, 1901. Subsequent elections installed the
following as municipal presidents: Juan Palacios, 1904-1905; Jose Arguelles, 1906; Marcelo Llana, 1907;
Sisenando Ferriols, 1908-1909; Ventura Tolentino, 1910-1914; Julian Rosales, 1915; Juan Gutierrez, 1916-
1919; Julian Rosales, 1920-1922; Juan Buenafe, 1923-1930; Perfecto Condez, 1931-1937; Juan Buenafe,
1938-1940.The Batangas High School, one of most enduring secondary schools in the region was
inaugurated in 1902. On July 4, 1902, under the American Regime, the Batangas town’s civil government
was inaugurated and a municipal hall was subsequently inaugurated on June 19 of the same year. The
Trade School was established on June 1910. Today it is known as the Batangas State University. Plaza
Mabini, a public park which honors the memory of Apolinario Mabini, was inaugurated on July 25, 1915.
Under the Japanese, the war-torn town of Batangas became a hub for southern Luzon. Roman L. Perez, a
municipal Councilor was appointed Mayor by the Japanese on October 14, 1943. Throughout the country’s
struggle against the Japanese, guerrilla fighters from Batangas safeguarded roads in the province leading
to Quezon and Laguna. Batangueño fighters also spearheaded raids and intelligence gathering operations
against the Japanese.
The town was liberated on March 11, 1945 when the 158th Regimental Combat Team of the US 6th Army
division reached it.
After the United States recognized the sovereignty of the Philippines on July 4, 1946; Batangas’ excellent
port became a gateway for commerce in Southern Luzon and the Visayas. On July 13, 1948, the Batangas
Catholic Church was elevated to status of Basilica Minor of the Infant Jesus and the Immaculate
Concepcion. Batangas was declared a city on June 21, 1969 through Republic Act No. 5495 and its City
Government were formally organized on July 23, 1969.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.

2015 2010 ▴
041016001 Anilao Proper 1.4% 650 611 ▴ 1.19%
041016002 Anilao East 3.5% 1,626 1,566 ▾ 0.72%
041016003 Bagalangit 5.3% 2,458 2,613 ▴ −1.16%
041016004 Bulacan 2.9% 1,351 1,281 ▴ 1.02%
041016005 Calamias 2.4% 1,123 1,023 ▴ 1.79%
041016006 Estrella 1.5% 716 631 ▴ 2.44%
041016007 Gasang 5.3% 2,455 2,349 ▴ 0.84%
041016008 Laurel 2.6% 1,220 1,183 ▾ 0.59%
041016009 Ligaya 1.9% 889 1,205 ▴ −5.63%
041016010 Mainaga 4.2% 1,951 1,735 ▴ 2.26%
041016011 Mainit 2.3% 1,076 1,050 ▴ 0.47%
041016012 Majuben 1.6% 725 640 ▴ 2.40%
041016014 Malimatoc I 2.1% 955 938 ▾ 0.34%
041016015 Malimatoc II 2.2% 999 1,141 ▾ −2.50%
041016016 Nag-Iba 1.9% 886 904 ▴ −0.38%
041016017 Pilahan 1.7% 765 643 ▴ 3.36%
041016018 Poblacion 4.1% 1,911 1,472 ▾ 5.10%
041016019 Pulang Lupa 2.1% 969 1,220 ▴ −4.29%
041016020 Pulong Anahao 2.7% 1,227 1,200 ▴ 0.42%
041016021 Pulong 2.0% 940 887 1.11%
Balibaguhan ▴
041016022 Pulong Niogan 3.8% 1,755 1,268 ▾ 6.38%
041016023 Saguing 2.8% 1,302 1,313 ▴ −0.16%
041016024 Sampaguita 3.5% 1,621 1,550 ▴ 0.86%
041016025 San Francisco 4.4% 2,052 1,762 ▴ 2.94%
041016026 San Jose 1.9% 876 865 ▴ 0.24%
041016027 San Juan 4.6% 2,124 1,975 ▴ 1.39%
041016028 San Teodoro 4.1% 1,913 1,783 ▾ 1.35%
041016029 Santa Ana 1.3% 585 712 ▾ −3.67%
041016030 Santa Mesa 2.4% 1,126 1,193 ▴ −1.09%
041016031 Santo Niño 1.5% 678 531 ▴ 4.76%
041016032 Santo Tomas 2.6% 1,210 1,136 ▾ 1.21%
041016033 Solo 5.9% 2,725 2,756 ▴ −0.22%
041016034 Talaga Proper 3.5% 1,636 1,571 ▴ 0.77%
041016035 Talaga East 3.7% 1,716 1,684 0.36%

TOTAL 46,211 44,391 0.77%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1918 11,925 —

1939 10,259 −0.71%

1948 11,850 +1.61%

1960 15,548 +2.29%

1970 19,522 +2.30%

1975 21,694 +2.14%

1980 23,637 +1.73%

1990 30,474 +2.57%

1995 33,499 +1.79%

2000 37,474 +2.43%

2007 40,629 +1.12%

2010 44,391 +3.28%

2015 46,211 +0.77%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Legend states that the first Malay settlers to inhabit the vast fertile land bordering the two bodies
of water now known as the Anilao Batangas Bay and the Balayan Bay, first found anchor along the shores
of the land protruding down Southwest ward known geographically as the Calumpan Peninsula.

These Malay settlers found the land fertile and agriculturally appropriate and the sea rich in
marine resources. They established their settlement in this once vast unknown land. As more Malay
settlers arrived from distant lands, more settlements were founded until even the upland regions of the
peninsula were settled. The inhabitants had their own form of village government. They were ruled by a
headman, a datu, or a sultan, in case of big encampments. Malay civilization began to take roots. Rapid
increase of population brought about the settlements of all the neighboring regions, that it did not take
long before eastward, northward, and southward of these known regions were inhabited to comprised
later on the whole province of Kumintang, better known later as Batangas.

It was also mentioned among the folklore of this community that a Chinese explorer and
geographer whose name could no longer be recalled, first landed on the shores of this peninsula in one
of his trips to the island of Mai which is now known as Mindoro. Chinese, Indonesians and other races
found haven for their trade along the shores of this peninsula during the pre-Spanish era. During the
Spanish times, a certain galleon of the Spanish government, plying between this country and Mexico, was
attacked, plundered and sunk by the Moro pirates riding in glittering vintas along the shores of this
peninsula. It can also be said in passing that the Malay settlers were subjected to the uttermost cruelty
and vandalism done by the Moro pirates who wantonly attacked the villagers along the coasts. These
Moro forages caused hardships and other difficulties to the inhabitants, resulting in their formation of
stronger measures to counteract the Moro depredations. This menace to the lives and properties during
the pre-Spanish era continued during the Spanish times, and for purposes of administrative expediency,
there were created political subdivisions-the insular territories to provinces, the provinces to
municipalities or “pueblos”, the “pueblos” or municipalities to barrios and lastly to sitio.

It came to pass then that the Calumpan Peninsula was made a part and parcel of the pueblo or
municipality of Bauan, in the province of Kumintang, now Batangas. The same peninsula territory of Bauan
was subdivided into barrios, namely: Mainaga, Pulong-Niogan, Pulong-Balibaguhan, Anilao, Solo, Pulong-
Anahao, Bagalangit, Nag-Iba, Malimatoc, Saguing and Talaga. For more than three hundred years, while
the Archipelago was under Spanish domination, this peninsula remained a part of the “pueblo” of Bauan
and even in the early part of the American occupation. The people of this peninsula, like other people of
other regions, suffered untold hardships under the Spanish rule. The yoke of the Spanish tyranny was
thrown off after the gallant uprising of 1896. The revolution emancipated the people from the tyrants of
Spain. In that revolutions, the people of this peninsula were not found wanting in courage, as the cream
of the youths of the community joined the revolutionary forces, and even during the fight against the
American forces they did not withdraw their support of the insurgents’ cause. Foremost of the heroic
young men was Don Francisco Castillo, known as Apian Kiko, who led the fight for freedom in this
peninsula. In this glorious revolution, many valiant heroes, hailing from the different places of the
peninsula, offered their lives to the altar of the motherland.

The present generation of this community failed not to reciprocate the great deeds of those who
fell in the dark of the night, when under popular subscriptions, headed by no less than Dr. Laureano
Castillo, son of the famed leader, Kapitan Kiko and the then Municipal President Julian Bautista, Chairman
and Vice-Chairman, respectively, of the drive, they honor to the men who died for their country with a
monument constructed in front of the old presidencia building. Although it was built primarily to erect
the image of the Great Sublime Paralytic, Apolinario Mabini, it now also serves as a repository for the
bones of the thirteen martyrs of this place who died in the memorable battle of Mahabang-Dahilig, during
the Philippine–American War namely: Tirso Sumadsad, Juan del Espiritu Santo, Ramon Ilagan, Julian
Matulin, Bernardo de los Reyes, Enrique Castillo, Zacarias Castillo, Francisco de Claro, Moises Maramot,
Nicolas Adalia, Pantaleon Panopio, Serapio Aspi and Gavino Garcia upon the advent of the American rule,
the same peninsular territory of Bauan remained with the mother municipality, until, after great efforts
had been exerted by the proponents of establishing a new municipality, independent of the town of
Bauan, fortunately for this peninsula, such men as Don Regino Marasigan, then Municipal President of
Bauan, and such illustrious sons of this community, namely: Don Francisco Castillo whose gallantry had
been mentioned above; Ignacio Leynes, who later on became the father-in-law of the famed revolutionary
leader, Tomas Castillo, Indalecio Calangi, Anselmo Sandoval, Marcelino Castillo, Epifanio Abrigonda,
Andres Castillo, Nicomedes Guia, Venancio Castillo, Esteban Castillo, Juan Dolor, Pedro Manalo,
Bartolome Jusi, Agaton Axalan and many many others that cannot be mentioned for lack of space, left no
stones unturned, and in the end, found the good graces of the then Governor General Leonard Wood and
the great leader of our country, then Senate President Manuel L. Quezon, resulting in the declaration of
the new municipality, comprising the eleven barrios of the Calumpan Peninsula and the whole of the
Maricaban Island, as an independent municipality, with the name of MABINI, derived from the great name
of that Sublime Paralytic, Brain of the Revolution and Premier Adviser to the president of the erstwhile
Philippine Republic, Gat Apolinario Mabini.

The new-born municipality of Mabini province of Batangas, was inaugurated on January 1, 1918,
with Captain Francisco Castillo, known as the founder of the town, as the first appointive Municipal
President. With him to form the local officials of the newly inaugurated town were: Marcelino Castillo as
Municipal Vice-President; Esteban de Joya as Municipal Secretary; Jose Generoso as Municipal Treasurer
and Tomas Cuevas as Justice of the Peace. Appointed Municipal Councilors were Tomas Castillo, Pedro
Manalo, Epifanio Abrigonda, Valeriano de Chavez, Tranquilino Buenviaje, Nicomedes Guia, Fermin
Buenviaje and Juan Castillo. To form the local police force, Esteban Castillo was appointed Acting Chief of
Police, and Messrs. Julian Bautista, Nicomedes Aguila, Policarpio Axalan, Marcos Panopio, Marcelo Reyes
and Nazario Manalo, as policemen.

Map of Batangas

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