0 views

Uploaded by S Kiong Ting

a

You are on page 1of 1

The measure of the internal friction of a fluid is defined as viscosity. This friction

takes place when a layer of fluid moves in relative to another layer. As the friction

increases, the amount of force needed to cause this movement also increases.

Considering two layers of a fluid dL cm apart(Figure 2)and each of these two layers

has the area of A sq cm. Assume the top layer is moving parallel to the bottom layer

at a velocity of dU cm/sec relative to the bottom layer, then the force needed to

maintain the velocity dU cm/sec is F dynes. Based on the experimental measurements

it has been observed that the force, F is directly proportional to area, A while the

velocity gradient dU is inversely proportional to the distance dL. This can be

expressed mathematically as:

AdU

F (1)

dL

we obtain

( F / A)

(2)

(dU / dL)

Shear stress

Shear rate

The term (F/A) is known as the shear stress,denote the force per unit area required

when producing shear action,to move the intermediate layer with a velocity dU at

distance dL apart.The term (dU/dL) is known as the shear rate,whereby the liquid

experiences shearing under stress.

Figure 2

- CFD project.docxUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- nano (1)Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Project BackgroundUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- hahaUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- EditedUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Video AssignmentUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- AppendicesUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- example 1 discussion.docxUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- seborg - chapter2Uploaded byNatan Padoin
- PSM and MethodsUploaded byAzizi Aziz
- Term Paper Assignment1Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- EDITED.docxUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- TechnologyUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- simulinkUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Published AensirasullUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Agama & MasyarakatUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- ExampleUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- quiz 1Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- ProblemsUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Work in pair 2Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- G14 Ting Sing KiongUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Run NoUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Assign 1Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- AbstractUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- BreakUploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Expert Group 3Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- pre-lab 17 (1)Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- 会议七Uploaded byS Kiong Ting
- Ekc108 Task 1Uploaded byS Kiong Ting