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SERVICE MANUAL

DIGITAL PLAIN PAPER COPIER 2460


AUTOMATIC DUPLEXING UNIT MD-5004

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Copyright TOSHIBA CORPORATION 1998


ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS REGARDING THE INSTALLATION
AND SERVICE FOR THE COPIER 2460
The installation and service should be done by a qualified service technician.

1. Transportation/Installation
• When transporting/installing the copier, employ two persons and be sure to use the positions as
indicated below.
The copier is fairly heavy and weighs approximately 83 kg (183 lb), therefore pay full attention
when handling it.

4 portions

2. Installation
• Be sure to use a dedicated outlet with AC 115V/15A (220V, 240V/10A) or more for its power
source.
• The copier must be grounded for safety.
Never ground it to a gas pipe or a water pipe.
• Select a suitable place for installation.
Avoid excessive heat, high humidity, dust, vibration and direct sunlight.
• Also provide proper ventilation as the copier emits a slight amount of ozone.
• To insure adequate working space for the copying operation, keep a minimum clearance of 80
cm (32”) on the left, 80 cm (32”) on the right and 10 cm (4”) in the rear.
• Secure the lifting handles with the fixing plates and screws after the installation is finished.

3. Service of Machines
• Basically, be sure to turn the main switch off and unplug the power cord during service.
• Be sure not to touch high-temperature sections such as the exposure lamp, the fuser unit, the
damp heater and their periphery.
• Be sure not to touch high-voltage sections such as the chargers and the high-voltage transformer.
• Be sure not to touch rotating/operating sections such as gears, belts, pulleys, fans, etc.
• When servicing the machines with the main switch turned on, be sure not to touch live sections
and rotating/operating sections. Avoid exposure to laser radiation.
• Use suitable measuring instruments and tools.
4. Main Service Parts for Safety
• The breaker, door switch, fuse, thermostat, thermofuse, thermistor, etc. are particularly important
for safety. Be sure to handle/install them properly.

5. Cautionary Labels
• During servicing, be sure to check the rating plate and the cautionary labels such as “Unplug the
power cord during service”, “Hot area”, “Laser warning label” etc. to see if there is any dirt on
their surface or whether they are properly stuck to the copier.

6. Disposition of Consumable Parts/Packing Materials


• Regarding the recovery and disposal of the copier, supplies, consumable parts and packing
materials, it is recommended to follow the relevant local regulations or rules.

7. When parts are disassembled, reassembly is basically the reverse of


disassembly unless otherwise noted in this manual or other related
documents. Be careful not to reassemble small parts such as screws,
washers, pins, E-rings, toothed washers in the wrong places.

8. Basically, the machine should not be operated with any parts removed or
disassembled.

9. Precautions Against Static Electricity


• The PC board must be stored in an anti-electrostatic bag and handled carefully using a wristband,
because the ICs on it may become damaged due to static electricity.
Caution: Be sure to turn off the copier before attaching the wrist-band.
Always remove the wrist-band before applying power.

xxxxxxxxxxx GENERAL 1-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


1. SPECIFICATIONS • ACCESSORIES • OPTIONS • SUPPLIES
1.1 Specifications
• Copy process ............ Indirect electrophotographic process (dry)
• Type .......................... Desk top type (console type when the pedestal is used)
• Original platen ........... Fixed table and slit exposure type
• Acceptable originals .. Sheets, books, and 3-dimensional objects.
When the document feeder is used, sheet originals only (60~90 g/m2 or 16
lb.~24 lb.)
Maximum size: A3 (Ledger)

• Copy speed
Paper
supply Upper cassette Lower cassette Manual feeding LCF PFP
Paper
size Size selected No size selected
A4, B5, A5-R 22 22 22 12 22 22
LT, ST-R
A4-R, B5-R 17 17 17 12 — 17
LT-R
B4, FOLIO 14 14 14 12 — 14
LG, COMP
A3, LD 12 12 12 12 — 12
Reduction 12 12 12 12 12 12
Enlargement 8 8 8 8 8 8

• System copy speed


Copy mode CPM
Single-sided originals 1 set 19
3 sets 19
Single-sided copies 5 sets 20
Single-sided originals 1 set 7
3 sets 12
Duplex copies 5 sets 15
Two-sided originals 1 set 7
3 sets 12
Duplex copies 5 sets 14
Two-sided originals 1 set 13
3 sets 17
Single-sided copies 5 sets 19
* Ten A4 or LT originals are set in the ADF. This includes the first copy time.
• Copy paper
Cassette Duplexing Manual feeding Note
Size A3 ~ A5-R (Europe) A3 ~ A5-R (Europe) Adjustable to a non-
LD ~ ST-R (USA and LD ~ ST-R (USA and standard size
Canada) Canada)
Thickness 60 ~ 90 64 ~ 80 64 ~ 130 g/m2
Special — — Tracing paper, label paper, Toshiba-recommended
paper OHP film

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 1-1 2460 SPECIFICATIONS


• First copy time ..................... 6.9 seconds (A4 or LT, Upper cassette, Actual size)
• Warm-up time ...................... Approx. 80 sec.
• Multiple copying .................. 1~999, keyboard entry
• Reproduction ratio ............... Actual ratio: 100% or 101% (Setting mode)
Zoom ratios: 25 ~ 400% (in 1% steps)
• Paper supply ....................... Automatic feeding: 2 cassettes (front loading, 600 sheets)
Manual feeding: 50 sheets
• Toner supply ........................ Automatic density detection and replenishment
Toner cartridge replacement
• Exposure control ................. Automatic control and manually selectable (11 steps)
• Weight ................................. Copier: 83 kg
• Power source ...................... AC115V/15A, AC 220 • 240V/10A
• Power consumption ............. 1.5kW or less
• Total counter ........................ Mechanical total counter
• Machine size ....................... Refer to the figure below

680mm

635mm
590mm

2460 SPECIFICATIONS 1-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


1.2 Accessories

Copy receiving tray 1 pc.


Operator’s manual 1 pc.
Periodic maintenance card and case 1 set
Drum 1 pc.
Set-up report 1 set

1.3 Options

Original cover (Hard platen) KA-2060PC


Automatic document feeder (RADF) MR-3006A, MR-3006E
Automatic duplexing unit (ADU) MD-5004
Paper feed unit (cassette module) MY-1006
Slot cover KE-2060
Large capacity feeder (LCF) MP-1501 A4
MP-1501 LT
Paper feed pedestal (PFP) KD-1003 (1 cassette),
KD-2009 (2 cassettes)
Finisher MJ-1003
Staple cartridge STAPLE-600
Extension memory for the memory copy unit KR-3007
Printer unit (GDI board) KR-7006
Hard disk (HDD) KQ-2010
Smoothing unit (BRT board) KR-3005
Extension interface unit (DSI board) KR-8001
Key counter (6 digits) MU-8, MU-10
Working tray KK-2460

1.4 Supplies

Drum OD-2460
Developer D-2460
Toner T-2460
T-2460E

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 1-3 2460 SPECIFICATIONS


Staple cartridge RADF Original cover LCF
STAPLE-600 MR-3006A,MR-3006E KA-2060PC MP-1501A4
MP-1501LT

2460 SPECIFICATIONS
1.5 System list

Finisher Key counter


MJ-1003 Extension memory
MU-8 board for PM
KR-3007
MU-10

HDD
KQ-2010
Working tray Slot cover
KK-2460 KE-2060

1-4
BRT board Damp heater
KR-3005 MF-2460U
MF-2460E
ADU
MD-5004

PFP(1 cassette) PFP(2 cassettes) GDI board


KD-1003 KD-2009 KR-7006

Cassette module
MY-1006 DSI board
KR-8001

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


2. OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE
2.1 Sectional Views and Electrical Parts Location Diagram
2.1.1 Sectional view
[A] Front view

1
2 3 5 71 13 16 12 15 11 9 10 70

7
6
8
67 68 69
14

55 54 58
30 36
29 28 31 32
37
19 33
20
21
18
22
65 49 48

17 42
50 27 24 23 25 26 47 46 45 35
59
64 56 53 57 51 52 41
66
43

60
44
61
40

39
38

62 63
34

(This diagram includes an installed ADU. Refer to Chapter 15 concerning the ADU.)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2-1 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


No. Name No. Name
1 Carriage 1 CQ Manual pickup roller
2 Mirror 1 CR Cassette separation roller
3 Reflector CS Cassette feed roller
5 Exposure lamp DT Cassette pickup roller
6 Carriage 2 DK Upper transport roller
7 Mirror 2 DL Manual feed switch (S6)
8 Mirror 3 DM Paper guide
9 CCD PC board DN Lower transport roller
AT Image PC board DO Aligning switch (S8)
AK Laser optical unit DP Aligning roller (U)
AL Lens DQ Aligning roller (L)
AM Original glass DR Heat roller thermistor-1 (THMS1)
AN Ozone filter DS Thermostat (THERMO)
AO Main charger ET Heater lamp
AP Discharge LED PC board EK Heat roller (upper side)
AQ Receiving tray EL Pressure roller (lower side)
AR Pre-cleaning discharge charger EM Separation claw (for heat roller)
AS Main blade EN Felt roller
BT Recovery blade EO Heat roller cleaning blade
BK Toner recovery auger EP Fuser exit roller
BL Separation claw (for drum) EQ Scraper
BM Transfer charger ER Fuser cover
BN Separation charger ES Paper stop switch-1 (S7)
BO Drum FT Paper stop switch-2 (S16)
BP Bias guide FK Paper empty switch-2 (S14)
BQ Transport belt FL Cassette tray
BR Magnetic roller FM Cassette size switch-2 (S15)
BS Leveler (doctor) FN Exit/ADU selection gate
CT Auto-toner sensor FO Exit roller
CK Mixer 1 FP ADU
CL Mixer 2 FQ Exit fan-1 (M7)
CM Sheet bypass guide FR Duct fan (M8)
CN Cassette FS Exit fan-2 (M10)
CO Manual feed separation pad GT IMG fan (M15)
CP Manual feed roller GK Exposure lamp thermostat (THERM2)

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[B] Rear side view

76
77 93

92

81
85

82
80
86
79
88 78

87

83

90
89
91

No. Name No. Name


GP Scanning motor (M2) HP Aligning roller
GQ Carriage drive wire HQ Paper feed belt
GR Aligning clutch (CLT2) HR Manual feed roller clutch (CLT4)
GS Drum driving pulley HS Transport roller clutch (CLT1)
HT Drum belt IT Transport roller drive belt
HK Belt for dev unit, aligning roller & paper feeding drive IK Feed roller clutch (CLT3, 5)
HL Belt for the toner recovery auger IL Optical fan-F, -R (M6,12)
HM Main motor (M1) IM Document motor (M11)
HO Dev unit drive gear

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2-3 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


2.1.2 Electrical parts layout
[A] Electrical parts (except motors and PC boards)

4
2
30
14
15
7
3
8

31
26
16

10

[Front side] 6

25
12

5
9

17
29
20
13
21
11 22
27 [Rear side]
24
23 28
18
19

No. Name No. Name


1 Total counter (T-CTR) AQ Aligning roller clutch (RGT0-CLT) (CLT2)
2 Automatic original paper sensor (APS-R) AR Transport roller clutch (RGT1-CLT) (CLT1)
3 Automatic original paper sensor (APS-C) AS Manual feed roller clutch (MFED-CLT) (CLT4)
4 Automatic original paper sensor (APS-1~3) BT *1 Feed roller clutch (FED1-CLT) (CLT3)
5 Toner full switch (T-FUL-SW) (S13) BK Cassette size switch-2 (SIZE2-SW) (S15)
6 *1 Cassette size switch-1 (SIZE1-SW) (S5) BL Feed roller clutch-2 (FED2-CLT) (CLT5)
7 Home switch (HOME-SW) (S10) BM Paper empty switch-2 (EMP2-SW) (S14)
8 Platen switch (PTN-SW) (S27) BN Paper stop switch-2 (PSTP2-SW) (S16)
9 Manual switch (M-FED-SW) (S6) BO Heat roller thermistor-2 (THMS2-HTR)
AT Aligning switch-1 (PSTP0-SW) (S8) BP Drum thermistor (THMS-DRUM)
AK Paper stop switch (PSTP1-SW) (S7) BQ *1 Tray-up switch-1 (T-UP1-SW) (S28)
AL Side door switch (U-COV-SW) (S4) BR Tray-up switch-2 (T-UP2-SW) (S29)
AM *1 Paper empty switch-1 (EMP1-SW) (S3) BS Manual door switch (MFED-COV-SW) (S11)
AN Exit switch (EXIT-SW) (S9) CT Drum separation claw solenoid (SCRP-SND)
AO Heat roller thermistor-1 (THMS1-HTR)
AP Auto-toner sensor (SNR-ATC)
*1: for the upper cassette (option)

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[B] PC boards

36
35 42
45
33
34
43
37

41 51

[Front side]

52

40

44
47

38
46
48
39

[Rear side]

No. Name No. Name


CM Key PC board (PWA-F-KEY-220) DM Scanning motor drive PC board (PWA-F-SDV-220)
CN Display PC board (PWA-F-DSP-220) DN Manual size detection PC board (PWA-F-SFB-220)
CO Liquid crystal display PC board (K-LCD-TOUCH-154) DO *2 Hard disk drive (HDD)
CP Panel PC board (PWA-F-PNL-220) DP System PC board (PWA-F-SYS-220)
CQ Control panel PC board (PWA-F-CNT-220) DQ Page memory PC board (PWA-F-PMB-777)
CR High-voltage power supply (PS-HVT-220) DR *2 PM extension memory (KR-3007)
CS Logic PC board (PWA-F-LGC-220) GDI PC board (PWA-F-GDI-778)
EK *2
DT Image process PC board (PWA-F-IMG-220) Extension interface PC board (PWA-F-DSI-784)
DK Discharge LED PC board (LP-ERS) EL *2 Smoothing PC board (PWA-F-BRT-776)
DL CCD PC board (PWA-F-CCD-220)
*2: Option

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2-5 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


[C] Motors

65
61 63

67
58

64
57

[Front side]
62

56

55

66

59
60

[Rear side]

No. Name No. Name


EO Main motor (MAIN-MTR) (M1) FL Optical fan-R (OPT-FAN-R) (M6)
EP Scanning motor (SCN-MTR) (M2) FM Exit fan-1 (EXIT-FAN-1) (M7)
EQ Toner motor (TNR-MTR) (M9) FN Duct fan (DUCT-FAN) (M8)
ER Document motor (DCM-MTR) (M11) FO Exit fan-2 (EXIT-FAN-2) (M10)
ES*1 Tray-up-1 motor (T-UP1-MTR) (M13) FP Cooling fan for the system PC board (SYS-FAN) (M16)
FT Tray-up-2 motor (T-UP2-MTR) (M14) Cooling fan for the Image process PC board
FQ
FK Optical fan-F (OPT-FAN-F) (M12) (IMG-FAN) (M15)

*1: for the 1st (copier upper) cassette (option)

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[D] AC electrical parts

78
80
77

71

76 75

73

79

[Front side]
72

70

80

74

[Rear side]

No. Name No. Name


GT Switching power supply (PS-ACC-220) GP Damp heater-U (D-HTR-U)
GK Door switch (DOOR-SW) (S2) GQ Exposure lamp (EXPO-LAMP)
GL Main switch (MAIN-SW) (S1) GR Thermostat (THERMO-SCN)
GM Heater lamp (HTR-LAMP) GS Fuse PC board (PWA-F-FUS)
GN Damp heater-L (D-HTR-L) HT Mirror damp heater (D-HTR-U2)
GO Thermostat (K-THERMO-HTR)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2-7 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


2.2 Symbol and Function of Electrical Parts
(1) Motors
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
M1 MAIN-MTR (Main motor) Drives the drum, developer, IC motor 10 43
heat roller and transport belt
M2 SCN-MTR (Scanning motor) Scans the optical system Pulse motor 11 3
M5 POL-MTR (Polygonal mirror motor) Drives the polygonal mirror Pulse motor (6 9)
M6 OPT-FAN-R (Optical fan-R) Cools the optical system IC motor: Z80 8 29
M7 EXIT-FAN-1 (Exit-fan-1) Cools the drum and cleaner IC motor: Z60 6 2
M8 DUCT-FAN (Duct fan) Prevents the paper from floating IC motor: Z60 6 2
up through suction
M9 TNR-MTR (Toner motor) Replenishes the toner Brush motor 23 30
M10 EXIT-FAN-2 (Exit-fan-2) Exhaust ozone fan IC motor: Z60 6 2
M11 DCM-MTR (Document motor) Drives copy-area indicators Pulse motor 9 2
M12 OPT-FAN-F (Optical fan-F) Cools the optical system IC motor: Z80 8 29
M13 T-UP1-MTR (Tray-up motor-1) Drives the first (copier upper) Brush motor 12 36
cassette tray to move it up/down
M14 T-UP2-MTR (Tray-up motor-2) Drives the second (copier lower) Brush motor 12 36
cassette tray to move it up/down
M15 IMG-FAN Cools the IMG board IC motor: Z60 11 26
(Fan motor for the IMG board)
M16 SYS-FAN Cools the SYS board IC motor: Z60 7 43
(Fan motor for the SYS board)

(2) Electromagnetic spring clutches, solenoid


Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
CLT1 RGT1-CLT Transmits transport-roller drive. 13 40
(Transport-roller clutch)
CLT2 RGT0-CLT Transmits aligning-roller drive. 16 16
(Aligning-roller clutch)
CLT3 FED1-CLT Transmits feed-roller clutch 12 24
(Feed-roller clutch-1) drive. (First cassette)
CLT4 MFED-CLT Transmits manual-feed roller 15 56
(Manual-feed roller clutch) clutch drive.
CLT5 FED2-CLT Transmits feed-roller clutch 12 24
(Feed-roller clutch-2) drive. (Second cassette)
SOL1 SCRP-SND (Drum separation Drum separation claw ON/OFF 6 23
claw solenoid)

(3) Counters
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
T T-CTR (Total counter) Total counter 6-digit 2 29
K K-CTR (Key-copy counter) Individual counter 6-digit (option) 102 5

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(4) Switches
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
S1 MAIN-SW (Main switch) Power supply Tumbler type 4 15
S2 DOOR-SW (Door switch) For safety, cancels abnormal Push switch 4 2
conditions
S3 EMP1-SW Detects lack of paper in the first Photointerruptor 12 32
(Paper-empty switch-1) cassette
S4 U-COV-SW For safety, detects open/closed Push switch 1 38
(Side door switch) condition of paper jam release cover
S5 SIZE1-SW Detects first cassette size Push switch 13 51
(Cassette size switch-1)
S6 M-FED-SW Detects manual feeding Photointerruptor 15 3
(Manual feed switch)
S7 PSTP1-SW Detects paper in front of the Photointerruptor 13 8
(Paper stop switch-1) upper transport roller
S8 PSTP0-SW Detects paper in front of the Photointerruptor 16 20
(Aligning switch) aligning roller
S9 EXIT-SW (Exit switch) Detects exiting paper Photointerruptor 28 26
S10 HOME-SW (Home switch) Detects home position of the Photointerruptor 8 13
optical system
S11 MFED-COV-SW Detects open/closed condition of Photointerruptor 15 44
(Manual door switch) the manual cover
S13 T-FUL-SW Detects when the used toner bag Push switch 10 6
(Toner-full switch) is full
S14 EMP2-SW Detects lack of paper in the Photointerruptor 12 32
(Paper-empty switch-2) second cassette
S15 SIZE2-SW Detects second cassette size Push switch 13 51
(Cassette size switch-2)
S16 PSTP2-SW Detects paper in front of the lower Photointerruptor 1 37
(Paper stop switch-2) transport roller
S27 PTN-SW Detects open/closed condition of Photointerruptor 8 24
(Platen switch) the platen cover
S28 T-UP1-SW Detects the position of the first Photointerruptor 12 32
(Tray-up-1 switch) cassette tray
S29 T-UP2-SW Detects the position of the second Photointerruptor 12 32
(Tray-up-2 switch) cassette tray

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2-9 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


(5) Heaters and lamps
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
EXP EXPO-LAMP Exposes the original Halogen lamp 18 13
(Exposure lamp) 180W
HTR HTR-LAMP (Heater lamp) Fixing Halogen lamp 25 6
900W
(100V series)
1100W
(200V series)
ERS LP-ERS Discharges the drum LED 22 27
(Discharge LED PC board)
DHU D-HTR-U (Damp heater U) Keeps optical system warm Cement resistor 11 20
DHL D-HTR-L (Damp heater L) Keeps the drum and transfer/separation Cement resistor 3 30
charger case warm
DHU2 D-HTR-U2 Keeps optical mirrors warm Cement resistor 8 24
(Damp heater for mirror)

(6) PC boards
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
LGC PWA-F-LGC-220 Controls the entire copier 7 27
(Logic PC board)
DSP PWA-F-DSP-220 Controls the control panel 2 21
(Display PC board)
KEY PWA-F-KEY-220 Controls operation keys 2 22
(Key PC board)
PNL PWA-F-PNL-220 Controls operation keys 2 23
(Panel PC board)
CNT PWA-F-CNT-220 Controls operation keys 2 24
(Control panel PC board)
LCD K-LCD-TOUCH-154 LCD and touch panel 2 27
(LCD PC board)
IMG PWA-F-IMG-220 Controls image reading and 8 34
(Image process PC board) processing
SDV PWA-F-SDV-220 (Scanning Controls the scanning motor drive 8 33
motor drive PC board)
CCD PWA-F-CCD-220 Photoelectric transfer by CCD (11 19)
(CCD PC board)

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(6) PC boards
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
ERS LP-ERS-130 Discharge LED 22 27
(Discharge LED PC board)
SFB PWA-F-SFB-220 (Manual Detect width of the manual feed size 14 16
size detection PC board)
FUS PWA-F-FUS-351 Fuse for the damp heater circuit 3 31
(Fuse PC board)
SYS PWA-F-SYS-220 Controls the entire system 7 17
(System PC board)
PMA PMA-T220S1 ROM for destination 7 18
(ROM PC board)
PMB PWA-F-PMB-777 Stores the image data and holds the 7 19
(Page memory PC board) storage data
PMM KR-3007 (PM extension Holds the storage data when Option 7 20
memory PC board) employing the PM PC board
GDI PWA-F-GDI-778 WINDOWS PC printer controller Option 7 24
(GDI PC board)
BRT PWA-F-BRT-776 Controls the smoothing process Option 103 10
(Smoothing PC board) when employing the GDI
DSI PWA-F-DSI-784 DSI interface board Option – –

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2 - 11 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


(7) Transformers
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
HVT PS-HVT-220 Generates high voltages for Mono unit type 7 31
(Main charger) each process Minus
(Main charger grid) Minus
(Developer bias) Minus (plus
selectable)
(Transfer) Plus
(Separation) AC+DC (minus)
(Transfer bias) Plus
(Pre-Cleaning discharge charge) AC+DC (minus)
ACC PS-ACC-220 Supplies electrical power for 7 26
(Switching power supply) entire copier and controls the
exposure lamp

(8) Others
Parts list
Symbol Code name Function Remarks
Page Item
ATS SNR-ATC Reads toner density with a magnetic 23 33
(Auto-toner sensor) sensor
THMS1 THMS1-HTR Detects temperature of the heat roller 26 19
(Heat-roller thermistor-1)
THMS2 THMS2-HTR Detects the temperature of the heat roller 26 19
(Heat-roller thermistor-2) end
THMS-D THMS-DRM Detects temperature of atomosphere 23 32
(Drum thermistor) around the drum
THERMO1 K-THERMO-HTR Prevents abnormal heating of heat roller 26 8
(Thermostat)
THERMO2 THERMO-SCN Prevents abnormal heating of the 18 12
(Thermostat) exposure lamp
HDD KQ-2010 Stores the storage data when Option 103 8
(Hard disk drive) employing the PMB

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


2.3 Wire Harness Location Diagram
2.3.1 Scanner unit
To Lower Unit
LGC

SCN-
MTR

To Lower Unit
J40 J38

ACC
J35
J39

IMG

J34

To Upper Unit
J273

SYS
J37

J31
J32
SDV
J272

J36

BRT
To Lower Unit

J271
ACC

J51
CCD

To Lower Unit
D-HTR-U1
(Option)
LDR
To Lower Unit

3BEAM
APS-R

APS-C

THERM2
HOME-SW PLTN-SW

EXPO-LAMP
DC
AC
DCM-
MTR

D-HTR-U2
(Option)

← Rear Side Front Side →


To Lower Unit
September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2 - 13 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE
2.3.2 Lower Unit
To Upper Unit To Scanner Unit

To Scanner Unit
MAIN-SW
Upper Units
To Scanner and
J7 J11 J12 J5 U-COV-SW

J13

J9
PSTP2-SW

J8
J4
FED2-CLT
PFP ADU LCF ADF

J19

T-UP2-MTR

LGC
J18

T-UP2-SW
(Option)

EMP2-SW

J15
J17

SIZE2-SW
J10

J14
FED1-CLT

T-UP1-MTR
J3
J1

J2
J6
T-UP1-SW
IPC

EMP1-SW
SIZE1-SW
To Upper Unit PFP,ADU

RGT1-CLT
J71
HVT

SFB-CLT

J242
RGT0-CLT
(Option)

J99
RGT0-SW
J92
(Option)
LCF

GUIDE BIAS
J93
J94

D-HTR-L
To Scanner Unit To Upper Unit

ACC

TRANSFER
J95

CHARGER

SEPARATION
J96

CHARGER
J97

DOOR-SW
J90

THMS2 THMS1
J98

THERM1
SSR

J102 J101 J100 J91

HTR-LAMP
NF

DC
AC

To Scanner and
Upper Units
BREAKER

FIN To Upper Unit


(Option)

← Rear Side To Scanner Front Side →


Unit AC IN

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


2.3.3 Upper unit
ACC
To Lower Unit To Lower Unit
To Lower Unit
HVT
LGC

SFB-SIZE

J61 J70 J69 J299 J301

SFB-SW

SFB-COV-SW
IMG
To Scanner Unit

J304
J62

J63

CNT
STOP SW-U
PAPER-

KEY
SYS

TNR-
HDD

J229

MTR
J64

J302

A/T

DEV
J291
IMG
To Scanner Unit

DRM-THMS

DSP
J71

J300
MAIN CHARGER
J73 J72

DISCHARGE LED ARRAY

J81 T-FULL-SW LCD

J298
PM

PCC
J297 J292
GDI
CN1

PNL

J303
MAIN-
MTR

UNIT
OPTICAL POL-
LASER

POL
LDR

MTR

T-CTR
T
ACC
To Lower Unit

DUCT-FAN EXIT-FAN

EXIT-SW

To Scanner Unit To Lower Unit


← Rear Side IMG LGC Front Side →

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2 - 15 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


2.4 Removal of Covers and PC Boards
2.4.1 Removal of covers
[A] Front cover
(1) Open the front cover.
(2) Remove the pins on the hinges at both ends (1
each).

[A]

[B] Rear cover


[C]
(1) Remove the 9 screws.

[C] Upper exit cover


(1) Open the front cover and remove the 3 screws.

[D] Lower exit cover


(1) Remove the 5 screws.

[B] [D]

[E] Upper feed cover


(1) Open the front cover and the bypass tray and [E]

then remove the 4 screws.

[F] Feed cover (left and right)


(1) Remove the paper feed cover.
(2) When removing the left feed cover, open the
[B]
front cover.
[A]
(3) Remove the screws (2 on each side).

[F] Bypass tray [F]

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2 - 16 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[G] Rear top cover
(1) Remove the original cover.
(2) Remove the 4 screws.

[I] [G]
[H] Right top cover (feed side)
[H]
(1) Remove the 2 screws.

[I] Left top cover (exit side)


(1) Remove the 3 screws.

[J] Glass fix


[J]
(1) Remove the 2 screws.

[K] Upper inner cover


[K]
(1) Remove the process unit.
(2) Remove the 4 screws.

[L] Fuser inner cover


(1) Remove the 1 screw.

[M] Lower inner cover


(1) Remove the toner box.
(2) Remove the front cover.
(3) Remove the transport belt lever (1 screw).
[L]
(4) Remove the 4 screws.
Transport belt lever [M]

[N] Control panel


(1) Remove the upper inner cover.
(2) Remove the 5 screws.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2 - 17 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


2.4.2 Removal of main PC boards
Logic PC board bracket
[A] Logic PC board (PWA-LGC) PWA-LGC
(1) Remove the rear cover.
(2) Remove the logic board cover (3 screws).
(3) Remove the connectors. (B)

(4) Remove the 2 screws (A). (B)


PS-ACC
(5) Remove the lock supports (2 pcs.) (B).
(6) Remove the logic PC board.

(A) (A)

[B] High-voltage transformer (PS-HVT)


(1) Remove the logic board.
(2) Remove the PC board bracket (6 screws).
(3) Remove the connectors. PS-ACC
(4) Remove the screws (3 screws) (C). (D)
(C)
(5) Remove the lock supports (3 pcs.) (D). HVT bracket
(6) Remove the high-voltage transformer board. (C)
(D) PFP
connector bracket

(D)

(C)
(E) (F) (F)
PS-HVT

[C] Power supply PC board (PS-ACC)


(1) Remove the PS-HVT.
(2) Remove the high-voltage transformer bracket
(1 screws) (E).
(3) Remove the PFP connector bracket (2 screws)
(F). (H) (G)
(G)
(4) Remove the connectors.
(H)
(5) Remove the 4 screws (G).
(6) Remove the power supply PC board. ADU
drawer
connector
[D] ADU drawer connector (G) (G)
(1) Remove the PS-HVT.
(2) Remove the bracket for the ADU drawer con- PS-ACC
nector (2 screws) (H).
2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2 - 18 September 1997 © TOSHIBA
[E] System PC board (PWA-SYS), PM PC board
PC board cover
(PWA-PMB)
(1) Remove the PC board cover (6 screws).

(2) Remove the connectors.


(3) Remove the PM PC board (4 screws each).

PM PC board System PC board

(4) Remove the connectors.


(5) Remove the system PC board (8 screws and 2
locking supports).

System PC board

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 2 - 19 2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE


[F] Scanning motor drive PC board (PWA-SDV)
(1) Remove the upper feed cover.
(2) Remove the right feed cover.
(3) Remove the shield plate (2 screws).
(4) Remove the connectors on the system PC
board.

Shield plate

(5) Remove the PC board bracket (8 screws).

PC board bracket

(6) Remove the connectors. PWA-SDV

(7) Remove the PC board (2 screws, 2 locking sup-


ports).

2460 OUTLINE OF THE MACHINE 2 - 20 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


3. COPYING PROCESS
3.1 Copying Process Image
processing

2 Original exposure 3 Scanning


4 Printing
Halogen lamp CCD
Semiconductor laser
180 W 600 dpi, 7500-pixels
Pw = 3.5 nJ/mm2

1 Charger
Toner
–630V Carrier

12 Discharger LED array


Wavelength 660 nm x 16 – – –
– 5

11 Cleaning – –
– +
+
+ Development
+
– – + Magnetic roller
+ +
– +
Bias –450 VDC
10 Pre-cleaning discharger –
– +150 VDC
AC 4.0 kV –

DC-200V – –
– –
9 ++++

Fixing Manual paper supply


Paper exit
(50 sheets)
Heat roller Separation Transfer Cassette paper supply
900 W x 1 (upper/lower)
H + 5.4 kV (600 sheets)
AC H 4.2 kV C + 5.0 kV
Paper feed pedestal
L 2.8 kV L + 4.4 kV
(600 sheets each)
DC –100V
7
Transfer bias
1 kHz 6
+DC 600V
8

1 Charging: Negatively charges the surface of 7 Transfer: Transfers the visible image from the
the photosensitive drum. drum onto the transfer (copy) sheet.
B B
2 Original exposure: Images are converted to 8 Separation: Separates the transfer sheet,
optical signals. along with the toner, from the drum
B B
3 Scanning: Image optical signals are converted 9 Fixing: Fixes the toner on the transfer sheet by
to electrical signals. applying heat and pressure.
B B
4 Printing: Image electrical signals are converted AT Pre-cleaning discharge: Positive e charge remain-
to optical signals (for laser emission) and ing on the photosensitive film caused by transfer
exposed on the photosensitive film. is removed.
B B
5 Development: d toner adheres to the surface AK Cleaning: Mechanically removes any remain-
of the photosensitive drum and forms a visible ing toner on the drum.
image. B
B AL Discharger LED array: Discharges any remaining
6 Transfer bias: Increases transfer efficiency. d charge from the drum.
B
September 1997 © TOSHIBA 3-1 2460 COPYING PROCESS
3.2. Details of Copying Process
(1) Photosensitive Drum
The photosensitive drum has two layers, an
outer and an inner layer. The outer layer is a Photoconductive layer
photoconductive layer that uses an organic pho- Base
toconductive carrier (OPC), and the inner layer
is an aluminum, conductive cylindrical sheet. Structure of the photosensitive drum
The resistance held by the drum material
changes (increases, decreases) according to
the strength of the light incident to the
photoconductive carrier. Time (t)
(Example) 0
• When incident light is strong, the resistance

Surface potential (V)


decreases (photosensitive drum becomes a
carrier).
• When incident light is weak, the resistance Black area of original
– 500
increases (photosensitive drum becomes an
insulator).
[Formation of Electrostatic Latent Image]
White area of original
The minus potential on the drum surface
Discharge Charging
process
corresponding to black areas of the original are – 1000 process

removed by the charging, scanning, printing


and discharging processes (described later),
Electric potential of the photosensitive drum
and the minus potential remains on areas
corresponding to white areas of the original.
The image on the drum resulting from this minus
potential is called a “latent image” as it cannot Main charger
be seen directly by the human eye.
(2) Charging
“Charging” is the process of uniformly applying a
charge to the surface of the photosensitive drum. Rotation of drum
The minus corona discharge of the charger wire
is controlled by the grid to charge the drum
surface to a uniform minus potential.
The drum surface potential is determined by
Discharge Grid control circuit
the potential of the grid, and the grid is transformer
determined by the grid control circuit inside the
transformer.

2460 COPYING PROCESS 3-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(3) Scanning:
“Scanning” is the process of directing light at
the original, and converting light reflected from CCD board

the original to electrical signals.


Scanner control PC
Light reflected from the original is picked up by board
a CCD (charged coupled device), the image
Image LGC
information held by that light is converted to
processor
electrical signals (image signals), and the
image signals are sent to the image processor.
(Example)
Light intensity Value of
at the CCD signals to be
photodetector output


Light 256


 Contrast (differ-

 ences in light and

 dark) is divided

 into 256 steps.


(4) Printing ▼
Dark 0 
“Printing” is the process of converting the image
signals sent from the image processor to optical
signals, and exposing these optical signals on Image Printing
processor control PC
photosensitive drum. board
Logic PC board
Image signals from the image processor are
converted to optical signals, and these optical
signals are exposed by a semiconductor laser
Polygonal mirror
to form a static latent image on the Semiconductor laser

photosensitive drum.

Photo-
sensitive
drum

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 3-3 2460 COPYING PROCESS


(5) Development
Drum Magnetic roller
• “Developing” is the process of converting the
electrostatic latent image to an image visible
to the human eye.

The developing agent is fed to the surface of the photosensitive drum by the magnetic rollers, and
impressed on the rollers. Toner in the developer agent attaches to areas on the photosensitive drum
having a potential lower than the developer bias (reverse developing method).

Intermediate tones
Magnet
White background Black solid

Magnetic roller
Toner

Carrier
(always attracted on to the
magnet)
Toner White background
When the d potential – 630V Image is not developed
of the photosensitive by bias potential.
drum is higher than the – 450V Bias
developer bias:
Image is developed by voltage
Bias voltage toner.
–450 VDC – 300V
When the d potential
of the photosensitive
drum is lower than the – 200V
Toner
developer bias:

– 100V
Drum
Photoconductor layer
0

Aluminum base

• Switching of developing bias polarity


Fogging is reduced by switching the bias of negative d voltage charged areas to positive e polarity
(approx. +150V).

• About Developing Agent


Ferrite
Toner and carrier are mixed. The toner is Carbon
(5 ~ 10%)
charged to minus polarity, and the carrier is
charged to plus polarity by friction caused by
stirring. 5 ~ 20 µm
Resin
Toner: Comprises plastic and carbon. (90 ~ 95%) 30 ~ 100 µm
Carrier: Comprises (i) ferrite and (ii) a [Toner] [Carrier]
coating layer for stabilizing the
friction charge with the toner on the
surface of the ferrite.

2460 COPYING PROCESS 3-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Note:
If the developer material is used for long periods
Toner
(beyond its normal life span), toner will become Carrier

stuck to the carrier.

f
The carrier’s (charging) performance is lowered.
Result: 1. Image density is lowered.
2. Toner scattering occurs.
3. Fogging occurs.
Solution: Exchange the developer material.
Where toner has settled,
no frictional
electrification occurs.

• Magnetic roller
- Magnetic brush development - Lines of magnetic force
The South and North poles are arranged, as
shown in the figure on the right inside the

S
magnetic roller. The developer material contacts
Drum
N
the drum forming a brush.

S
This is caused by the lines of magnetic force
between the South and North poles. Magnetic roller

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 3-5 2460 COPYING PROCESS


(6) Transfer Drum
• This process transfers the (visible) image
developed on the drum surface by the toner
onto the paper.
• Method: Corona discharge (reverse polarity
Transfer
of toner) is caused by the transfer charger
charger to happen to paper passing
Paper
under the drum.
f

The toner moves from the drum Rotation of drum

surface onto the paper. Toner

Progress of
paper
Transfer charger
* For smooth transfer, this machine features a transfer bias stage.
The transfer bias process prevents the charge of the transfer charger from flowing to the pretransfer
guide and transport belt unit through the paper by applying the bias voltage (600V DC) to the guide and
belt unit. This is done to improve transfer efficiency.
Normally, the corona discharge is applied by a voltage of 5.0 kV DC. However, to improve transferabil-
ity at the leading/trailing edge of the paper, a higher output (5.4 kV DC) is applied to the 14 mm from the
leading edge of the paper, and a lower output (4.4 kV DC) is applied to the 10 mm from the trailing
edge.
(7) Separation
• At the transfer process, the sheet of paper
Rotation of drum
becomes temporarily attached to the drum
due to static electricity. The separation
process separates the paper from the drum.
Progress of paper
• Method: In addition to a negative d DC bias,
an AC voltage is applied to the
separation charger. Separation charger
f

The negative charge on the paper


is decreased.
f

The electrostatic attraction between


the paper and the drum weakens.
f

The paper is separated from the


drum by its own weight.
2460 COPYING PROCESS 3-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA
* Output is controlled as follows to obtain satis-
factory separability and transferability.

Position of Paper in Relation to Transfer Point Separation Output

Leading edge to 10 mm from trailing edge (H) 4.2 kV AC/–100 V DC


10 mm from trailing edge (L) 2.8 kV AC/–100 V DC

Reference
• Combined use of separation charger and
Separation claw
separation claw.
To prevent the copy paper from failing to be
Rotation of drum
separated during the operation, due to incomplete
transfer charging, incomplete separation
charging, or absorption of moisture, and thus Paper
movement
jamming up the cleaner, a separation claw
mechanically separates any copy paper which
Separation charger
fails to be separated.

(8) Fixing
The toner on the paper is melted by applying
heat and fixed on the paper. Heat roller

Method: Melting point of the toner (main Paper


component: resin) is 100°C -
110°C.
f

(Heat) A heat roller with a surface tem-


perature melts the toner. Pressure

plus +
Heat roller Heater lamp
(Pressure) A pressure roller pressured by a
spring solidifies the toner. Separation claw

▼ D Direction of paper
movement
(Fixing) Heat and pressure are applied to
the paper going through the two
rollers. (Pressure)

The toner on the paper becomes


Pressure roller
fixed.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 3-7 2460 COPYING PROCESS


(9) Pre-cleaning discharge Potential of drum surface
• “Pre-cleaning discharge” is the process of
800V
removing positive e charge applied on the
drum by the transfer process.

As an OPC drum does not have an optical


discharging mechanism for positive e charges,
AC corona discharge is caused in the same way 0

as in the separation process by a pre-cleaning


discharge before the cleaning process to
remove positive e charge generated during the
transfer process.
– 800V
Transfer Pre- Discharge Main
cleaning charger
discharge

(10)Cleaning
This process collects any toner remaining on Main blade
the drum.
Method: The edge of a urethane rubber blade
(main blade) is placed against the
drum surface. Rotation of drum
f

This blade scrapes off the remain-


ing toner from the drum.
Recovery blade
f

Another blade collects the scraped


toner (recovery blade).
f

The drum surface is cleaned.

2460 COPYING PROCESS 3-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(11) Discharge
Erases any electric charge remaining on the
drum after transfer.
If discharge is not performed:
f
The electric charge remains on the drum sur-
face.
f

The potential of the drum surface becomes Discharge LED array


uneven at charging for the next copy.
f

The copy image is doubled (the previous im- Drum


age remains).
Method: Discharge LED array illuminates the
entire drum surface.
f

The drum becomes a conductor.


f

Since the drum is grounded, the


electric charge escapes.
f

The drum is ready for the next copy.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 3-9 2460 COPYING PROCESS


3.3 Comparison of Copying Process Conditions with the 3850
Process 3850 2460
1. Drum OD-3850 (OPC ø78) OD-2460 (OPC ø60)
(1) Sensitivity Highly sensitized drum (1) Highly sensitized, high copy
volume drum
(2) Surface potential DC –595V (2) –630 V DC
2. Main charger Scolotron system (constant current)
Variable grid output (constant voltage)
3. Exposure
(1) Light control Automatic exposure/manual 11-step (1) Automatic exposure and
LED setting manual 11-step LCD setting
(2) Light source Laser scan (adjustment not needed) (2)
4. Development
(1) Magnetic roller One magnetic roller (with two shaft (1)
mixers)
(2) Auto-toner Magnetic bridge-circuit system (2)
(3) Toner replenishment Toner cartridge system (3)
(4) Toner-empty detection Density sensing system (4)
(5) Toner T-3850 (5) T2460
(6) Developing material D-3850 (6) D2460
(7) Developer bias –400V DC, volume adjustable (at (7) –450 V DC, output adjustable (at
printing) printing)
+150 V DC fix (others) +150 V DC fix (others)
5. Transfer bias Adjustment not needed
6. Transfer Adjustable output (constant current)
using the digital keys
7. Separation AC: Adjustable output (constant
voltage)
DC: Adjustment not needed
8. Discharge before cleaning AC: Output adjustable (constant
voltage)
DC: Adjustment not needed
9. Discharge
(1) Discharging position Discharge by exposure after cleaning (1)
(2) Discharge lamp Discharge by red LED (2)
10. Cleaning
(1) System Blade system (1)
(2) Recovered toner Non-reusable (2)

2460 COPYING PROCESS 3 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


4. COPIER OPERATION
4.1 Operation Outline
Copier operation Operation during warm up and standby
Automatic feed copying using PRINT key
Copying operation Bypass-feed copying
Interrupt copying

4.2 Description of Operation


4.2.1 Warming up
(1) Initialize operation
• The main switch is turned ON.
• Copy quantity indicator “0” and “WAIT WARMING UP” are displayed.
• Exit (-1,-2), duct and optical (F/R) fan motors are running at low speed.
• Initialization of the optical system
~ Carriages move to their home position and then stop.
~ Carriages move to the detection position of the peak.
~ Halogen lamp ON f Detects peak (white color detection of the shading correction board)
f Halogen lamp OFF
~ Original size indicators perform the initialization operation and move to a position indicating the
copy area.
• Initialization of the paper feed section
~ Each slot’s cassette trays move upward. (If they were raised already, they are not moved.)
• Initialization of the laser optical system
~ The polygonal motor rotates at standby speed.
(2) Pre-running operation
• 65 seconds after power is turned ON
~ Main motor energizes ~ Fuser unit drive section rotates: Pre-running

Pressure roller is warmed


• After pre-running for 15 sec., the main motor stops
~ Fuser unit drive section stops
(3) When the heat roller temperature is sufficient for fixing, the heater lamp is turned OFF, and the copier
indicates copy quantity “0” and displays “READY”.

4.2.2 Standby (ready)


• All keys on the control panel are operable.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4-1 2460 COPIER OPERATION


• When there is no key input for a set amount of time.
~ The copy quantity “1” will be shown, the reproduction ratio will indicate “actual size”, and the
exposure will be set at automatic.

4.2.3 Automatic feed copying using the START key


(1) The START key is depressed
• “READY” is changed to “COPYING”.
• The main and separation chargers, developer bias, pre-cleaning discharge charger (PCC) and
discharge lamp are turned ON.
• The polygonal motor (M5), optical fan motor -F, -R (M12, M6), exit fan motor-1, -2 (M7, M10) and
duct fan (M8) are running at high speed.
• The main motor (M1) is turned ON
~ The drum, developer unit, transport belt, heat roller, and exit roller are running.
(2) Cassette feeding
• The feed clutch (CLT3 or 5) is energized
~ The pick-up roller, paper feed roller, separation roller and transport roller are engaged.
• Paper reaches the transport roller
~ Paper stop switch-2 (S14) is energized.
• After a set amount of time, the feed clutch (CLT3 or 5) is turned off.
• Paper reaches the aligning roller.
~ Paper stop switch-1 (S7) is energized. ~ Aligning operation
• After a set amount of time, the feed roller stops rotating (CLT1).
(3) Carriage operation
• The exposure lamp is turned ON.
• Carriages -1 and -2 scan in a forward direction
~ The scanning motor (M2) is turned ON.
• At this time, if the toner density of the developer material is lower than the set value, the copier
enters the toner supply operation.
~ The toner motor (M9) is turned ON.
(4) A set time lag after the carriage operation:
• The aligning clutch (CLT2) is energized:
~ paper is sent to the transfer unit.
• The counter is increased by 1.
(5) Shortly after the aligning clutch energizes:
The separation claw solenoid, transfer charge and transfer charger guide bias come on.
(6) Termination of carriage scanning
• The scanning motor (M2) is turned OFF.
• The transfer charger, transfer guide bias and exposure lamp are turned OFF.
• The aligning clutch (CLT2) is turned OFF. (Timing of shutting off depends on paper size.)
(7) Shortly after the separation claw solenoid comes on, it goes off.

2460 COPIER OPERATION 4-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(8) Exit operation
• The exit switch (S9) detects the passing of the paper’s trailing edge.
• The main motor (M1), main charger, developer bias, pre-cleaning discharge charger (PCC), sepa-
ration chargers and discharge lamp are turned off.
• Optical fan motor -F, -R (M12, M6) stop, and duct fan motor (M8) and exit fan motor-1, -2 (M7,
M10) are running at low speed. The polygonal motor (M5) is running at standby speed.
• The copier displays “READY” and enters the standby mode.

Timing chart for two A4 actual-size cassette feedings

0.1 10.24
ON
MAIN-MTR Reverse
1.72 3.59 4.19 4.38 6.25 6.85
SCN FWD BWD FWD BWD

2.12 3.90 4.78 6.56


RGT
ON ON

4.81 6.41 7.46 9.06


EXIT-SW
ON ON

1.32 3.59 3.98 6.25


EXPO ON ON

0.1 9.87
HVT-M ON

AC 0.467 10.24
–DC 10.48
Developer
bias +DC
AC=0 2.44 2.63 5.1 5.30
High 4.22 High 6.88
Center 4.38 Center 7.04
Transfer Low Low
2.64 4.38 5.30 7.04
ON ON
Transfer guide
bias 0.1 4.22 4.38 6.88 7.04 10.48
High High High
Separation Low Low
AC 0.1 10.48

Separation ON

DC 0.1 10.48

ON
PCC
2.41 2.86 5.07 5.52
ON ON
Separation claw
solenoid 1.92 3.57 4.58 6.23

ON ON
Laser

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4-3 2460 COPIER OPERATION


4.2.4 Bypass-feed copying
(1) A sheet of paper is inserted through the bypass guide
• The manual feed switch (S6) is turned on. f “READY FOR BYPASS FEEDING” is displayed.
• Carriages move to the home position.
(2) The START key is pressed
• “READY FOR BYPASS FEEDING” is changed to “COPYING”.
• The main and separation chargers, developer bias, pre-cleaning discharge charger (PCC) and
discharge lamp are turned on.
• The polygonal motor (M5), optical fan motor -F, -R (M12, M6), duct fan motor (M8) and exit fan
motor-1, -2 (M7, M10) are running at high speed.
• The main motor (M1) is turned on
~ The drum, developer unit, transport belt, heat roller, and exit roller are running.
(3) Sheet-bypass feeding
• The manual feed clutch (CLT4) is turned on
~ The manual feed roller is lowered.
~ The manual feed roller, paper feed roller, and separation roller are running.
• Aligning operation
• Paper reaches aligning roller
~ Paper stop switch-1 (S7) is turned on.
• After a set time lag, the manual feed clutch (CLT4) is turned off.
~ Paper feeding is terminated.
(4) Same as operation (3) through (6) of “4.2.3 Automatic feed copying using the START key”.

4.2.5 Interrupt copying


(1) The INTERRUPT key is pressed.
• The interruption LED is turned on.
• The copying operation is temporarily halted and carriages-1 and -2 return to their home position.
• “JOB INTERRUPTED JOB 1 SAVED” is displayed.
• The copying mode is set to automatic exposure and 1-to-1 reproduction ratio. The copy quantity
indicator remains unchanged.
(2) The preferred copying modes are specified.
(3) After interrupt copying is terminated:
• “PRESS INTERRUPT TO RESUME JOB 1” is displayed.
• When the INTERRUPT key is pressed again, the interrupt lamp goes off and the copier returns to
the conditions before the interruption.
• “READY TO RESUME JOB 1” is displayed.
(4) The START key is pressed.
The copying operation before the interruption is resumed.

2460 COPIER OPERATION 4-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


4.3 Fault Detection
If a fault occurs in the copier, a symbol corresponding to the type of fault will be displayed in order to draw
the attention of the operator.

4.3.1 Classification of faults


A) Faults which can be cleared without resetting the door switch.
(1) ADD PAPER
(2) BYPASS MISFEED
(3) INSERT KEY COPY COUNTER
B) Faults which cannot be cleared without resetting the door switch.
(1) CLEAR PAPER
(2) ADD TONER
(3) REPLACE TONER BAG
(4) MAIN CHARGER MISLOADING
(5) DEVELOPER UNIT MISLOADING
C) Faults which cannot be cleared unless the main switch (S1) is turned OFF.
(1) CALL SERVICE

4.3.2 Explanation of faults


A-1) ADD PAPER
[In the case of the copier and PFP cassettes] (When the cassette is not installed)
The size switch (S5 or S15) detects the absence of the cassette tray. ~Size switches are all switched
off.

D
When the cassette is not installed:

When the cassette is installed but  ➞ Paper empty status.
there is no paper in the cassette: 

Signal sent to control circuit.


The ADD PAPER display will flash.


*The START key will not function.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4-5 2460 COPIER OPERATION


[In the case of the Copier and LCF and the pedestal] (When the cassette is installed)
By combining the operation of the tray motor and the condition of the tray-up switch and the empty
switch, the CPU detects whether or not there is paper.
• When the power is turned on or when the LCF door is opened/closed (for the pedestal: when the
power is turned on or when the cassette is loaded) ~
The PFC (Paper Feed Controller) causes the LCF to initialize.

Detects whether or not there is paper


Tray motor comes on ~ The tray rises.
At this time, both tray-up and LCF empty switches are off.
→ A fixed time later, if the tray-up switch is not turned on:

The tray is The “ADD PAPER” is displayed regardless



not normal of paper being present or not.

Turning off/on the power clears this condition.

→ Within a fixed time, the tray-up switch is turned on:


~ The tray motor stops.
At this time, if the empty switch is on ~ It is determined there is paper.
At this time, if the empty switch is off ~ It is determined there is no paper.

The add paper LED comes on.


• During copying, sheets of paper are fed and when the paper supply becomes low
→ The tray-up switch goes off → The PFC turns on the tray motor ~ The tray moves up.
→ The tray-up switch come on → The tray motor stops.
• During copying, when the empty switch goes off despite the tray-up switch being on

It is determined there is no paper.


The add paper LED comes on.


Copying stops.

2460 COPIER OPERATION 4-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


A-2) BYPASS MISFEED ( )
• During sheet bypass copying

 The manual feed clutch (CLT4) has been turned on



 The paper stop switch-1 (S7) comes on
* If the paper stop switch-1 (S7) does not come on within the specified time: (E12)


BYPASS MISFEED

The BYPASS MISFEED symbol is displayed


Copying cannot be started


Clearing method: Remove the paper from the sheet-bypass guide. The manual-feed switch
(S6) goes off.

A-3) INSERT KEY COPY COUNTER


• If the key copy counter (optional) is installed in the copier and is then withdrawn:
The INSERT KEY COPY COUNTER display appears

Copying is not possible


• If the counter is withdrawn during copying:
The machine will stop after the paper being copied has exited.

B-1) CLEAR PAPER ( )


• Leading-edge jam detection by the exit switch (S9): (E01)
The aligning clutch (CLT2) is turned on

3.17 sec.*
The exit switch (S9) comes on
ON
* When the exit switch (S9) has not come Aligning clutch

on after 3.17 seconds have elapsed. ON


Exit switch

The CLEAR PAPER symbol (E01) ap- Timer


0 3.17sec
pears and copying will stop.

CLEAR PAPER (E01)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4-7 2460 COPIER OPERATION


• Trailing-edge jam detection by the exit switch Aligning clutch
OFF
(S9): (E02)
The aligning clutch (CLT2) goes off. Exit switch ON


2.982 sec*
The exit switch (S9) goes off (detects paper exit) Timer
0 2.982sec
* When the exit switch (S9) does not go off even
after 2.982 seconds:

CLEAR PAPER (E02)


The CLEAR PAPER symbol appears (E02), and
copying stops.

• Immediately after power on


The exit switch (S9) is detecting paper (on)


CLEAR PAPER (E03)

• If the front cover is opened during copying


CLEAR PAPER (E41)

• Leading edge jam detection by the paper stop switch in front of the aligning roller:(E05)
After the leading edge of the paper passes the transport rollers, if the paper stop switch-1 (S7) is
not turned on within a fixed time

Paper misfeeding (E05)

• During paper feeding from the ADU:


After the feed clutch is turned on, if the paper stop switch (S16) does not come on within a fixed
time.

Paper misfeeding (E11)

• During paper stacking in the ADU:


If the ADU jam switch (SA4) does not detect any paper at the fixed timing

Paper misfeeding (E08)

• During paper feeding from the copier and the pedestal:


After the feed clutch is turned on, if paper stop switch (S7/S16) does not come on within a fixed time

Paper misfeeding (E13 – E19: The error code is different according to the cassette used.)

2460 COPIER OPERATION 4-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


B-2) ADD TONER ( )
Toner density has become low


Toner empty detection: Auto-toner sensor


Control circuit: f the ADD TONER symbol appears: copying is not possible
Clearing method: Replace the toner cartridge and close the front cover.
Toner supply operation: copying is possible

B-3) REPLACE TONER BAG ( )


The toner bag becomes full of toner

The toner-recovery auger moves towards the rear of the copier: the toner-full switch (S13) will be
turned on.

REPLACE TONER BAG display


• When the toner-full switch (S13) comes on during copying

Copying will stop after the last sheet has exited during copying
Clearing method: Replace with a new toner bag.

B-4) Main charger misloading


Main charger is unloading or incorrect loading.

Main charger loading abnormal is displayed.


Clearing method: Reset the main charger and close the front cover.

B-5) Developer unit misloading


Disconnection of the developer unit.

Developer unit loading abnormal is displayed.


Clearing method: Connect the developer unit connector and close the front cover.

C-1) CALL SERVICE


If the CLEAR/STOP key and the “8” key are pressed simultaneously when the CALL SERVICE
symbol is flashing, one of the error codes will appear on the message display.
For the contents of the error codes, refer to the “SERVICE HANDBOOK”.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4-9 2460 COPIER OPERATION


4.4 Flow Charts
4.4.1 Power on to ready

Main switch on

DC power on

Restart

YES
Cover open?

NO

Heater lamp HTR ON



• SCN-MTR 
• DCM-MTR 
• STOP-MTR  Start initialization

• GUIDE-MTR 

P-STP-SW YES

ON?

NO

YES
EXIT-SW ON?

NO

YES
ADU-JAM-SW ON?

NO

Paper jam “E03”


A

2460 COPIER OPERATION 4 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


A

POL-MTR ON at
standby speed

YES
T-FUL-SW
ON?
NO

NO
Toner empty?

YES
Main motor (Toner-full removal
Toner replen- 6 sec. ON operation)
ishment

NO
Initialization NO
T-FULL SW
YES Toner bag
over? replacement
ON
NO Have 20 sec. YES
passed since start
of initialization? • Carriage and indicator
indicate copy area
YES

CALL SERVICE
Is heat roller NO
“C21”or “C22” or “C23” pre-running sufficient
for fixing?

YES

Main motor ON Is the NO Is the NO NO


POL-MTR
Pre-running operation starts thermistor heater lamp abnormal?
open? open?
YES YES YES
Main charger check
starts
CALL SERVICE CALL SERVICE CALL SERVICE

“C41” “C44” “CA1”


NO Have 3 sec.
passed?
YES

Main charger check


stops

NO Have 7 sec.
passed?
YES

Main motor OFF


Pre-running stops

READY

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4 - 11 2460 COPIER OPERATION


4.4.2 Automatic feed copying

START key ON

POL-MTR ON at high speed


Developer bias ON
Pre-cleaning charger ON
Main charger ON
Separation charger ON
Discharge lamp ON

Process control Transport control Optical section control

POL-MTR NO
PLL check NO
OK? for main motor
OK?
YES CALL SERVICE
YES
“CA1” CALL SERVICE
“C01”
Laser power on
Feed clutch ON Exposure lamp ON

Transfer charger ON
Feed clutch OFF Carriage advances

Transfer guide bias ON


Carriages stops
Aligning clutch ON
Transfer charger OFF Counter ON/OFF
Exposure lamp OFF

Transfer guide bias OFF Separation solenoid ON

YES Is number
of remaining copies
Separation solenoid OFF zero?
NO
HSYNC Aligning clutch OFF NO
OK?

YES Carriage retreats to


CALL home position
SERVICE
NO Is number of
“CA2” remaining copies
zero?
Is number YES
NO Carriage backward
of remaining copies
zero?
YES Carriage stops
Exit switch NG

check 1
Optical section
OK control end

Process control end B Paper jam “E01”

2460 COPIER OPERATION 4 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


B

NG
Paper jam Exit switch check 2

“E02”

OK

Main charger OFF


Separation charger OFF
Discharge lamp OFF
Developer bias OFF
Pre-cleaning charger OFF

Drum rotation reversed

Standby

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 4 - 13 2460 COPIER OPERATION


5. DISPLAY UNIT

The display unit consists of key switches and touch-panel switches for copier operation/selection of each
mode, LEDs and an LCD displaying the copier state or messages.
Especially, when the operator’s attention is needed, a graphic symbol lights or flashes and a message
indicating that condition is displayed in the LCD panel.

5.1 Detailed Drawing of the Control Panel and the Display Panel

TIMER PAUSE FUNCTION CLEAR


FC
ENERGY SAVER INTERRUPT 25% 100% 400%
ZOOM
1 2 3
ORIGINAL COPY SIZE
A4
HELP 4 5 6
A3
COPY 7 8 9 B5

FAX MEMORY RX ✱ 0 # A5
COMM.
CLEAR/STOP START UNIVERSAL
ALARM
AMS APS
PRINTER/NETWORK C/
DATA
ERROR

Arrangement of the control panel

LCD panel indicating operator’s attention

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 5-1 2460 DISPLAY UNIT


5.2 Items Shown on the Display Panel
5.2.1 Display during normal copying

No. Message Conditions of machine Notes


1 WAIT WARMING UP Being warmed up • The number and reproduction ratio
• Indicated after the main switch of copies are indicated, for example,
is switched on up until the ma- as “0”, “100%” when the main
chine becomes capable of copy- switch comes on.
ing.
2 READY Capable of copying. • Copy quantity indicator indicates as
• Indicated when the machine is “1”. When a digital key is pressed,
capable of copying and the op- the set number is indicated.
erator’s instructions for copying • The set number is cleared to “1” by
conditions are awaited. pressing the CLEAR/STOP key.
• Returns to the initial condition if • Manual copying is possible.
no key input is given for 45 sec-
onds.
3 COPYING Now copying. • After completion of copying, the
• Indicated by pressing the START copy quantity indicator returns to
key. the initially set number.
• Copy quantity indicator becomes
“1” and copying is completed.
4 WAIT 30 SEC FOR Energy saving conditions. • Released by pressing the ENERGY
WARMING UP SAVER key or the START key.
5 PLACE NEXT ADU 1-sided copying standby • When using ADU 1-sided, and
ORIGINAL state. Fig. 5.2-1 C. when not using ADF.
6 Timer off • Press the START key to clear.
• No message is displayed in the
display panel.
• Timer LED is turned on.
In case of lateral paper feeding, the symbol A lights up and for longitudinal feeding, the symbol B lights
up on the display panel.

Fig. 5.2-1 B

2460 DISPLAY UNIT 5-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


5.2.2 Display in the event of faulty conditions

No. Message Abnormal state & indication Solution


7 ADD PAPER Indication of lack of paper. • Supply paper to the selected cas-
• Flashes when there is no paper in sette.
the cassette E in Fig. 5.2-2. • Select another cassette.
• Manual copying is possible.
8 ADD TONER Indication of lack of toner. • Released after the toner is supplied
• B in Fig. 5.2-2 is indicated when and the front cover is closed.
the toner in the toner cartridge
runs out.
• When this message is displayed,
it is not possible to copy.
9 SET KEY COPY Key copy counter withdrawn. • Released and returned to normal
COUNTER • Indicated when the key copy conditions by inserting the key copy
counter is withdrawn when the counter.
machine is READY or during
copying. C in Fig. 5.2-2.
• When it is removed after the
pressing of the START key, the
machine stops after that copy is
completed, but the counter
counts it.
10 DISPOSE OF Indication of need to replace the Open the front cover and replace the
USED TONER toner bag. toner bag.
• Indicated when the toner bag is
full. D in Fig. 5.2-2.
The copier stops.

D B

Fig. 5.2-2

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 5-3 2460 DISPLAY UNIT


No. Message Abnormal state & indication Solution
11 PAPER MISFEED Bypass paper jamming The machine is returned to normal
IN BYPASS • Indicated when paper jams at the conditions automatically by pulling
bypass guide. A in Fig. 5.2-3. the paper out from the bypass guide.
12 MISFEED IN COPIER Paper jammed in the machine. Press the HELP/INFO key and re-
• Indicated when paper jams in the move the paper jammed in the copier
machine. B, C, and F in Fig. by following the message.
5.2-3.
13 MISFEED IN LCF paper misfeed. Press the HELP/INFO key and re-
COPIER • Indicated when paper supplied move the paper jammed in the copier
from the LCF does not reach the by following the message.
sensor in front of the aligning roller
in a set time. C in Fig. 5.2-3.
14 MISFEED IN DOC. Original jammed Open the jam access cover and ADF
FEEDER • Indicates when an original is unit, and remove the jammed origi-
jammed in the document feeder. nal.
D in Fig. 5.2-3.
15 MISFEED IN Paper jammed in the finisher. Remove the paper jammed in the fin-
FINISHER • Indicates when paper is jammed isher and open and close the front
in the finisher. E in Fig. 5.2-3. cover once.
16 MISFEED IN Indicates when paper is jammed Press the HELP/INFO key and remove
DUPLEXER in the ADU section. the paper jammed in the copier by fol-
G in Fig. 5.2-3. lowing the message.

D D

B A

B
G

E C

Fig. 5.2-3

2460 DISPLAY UNIT 5-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


No. Message Abnormal state & indication Solution
17 CALL FOR SERVICE Some part of the mechanism, Turn off the machine, remove the
motors, switches or sensors is cause of the fault and turn the ma-
abnormal. A in Fig. 5.2-4. chine back on.
18 TIME FOR PERIODIC Indication of PM cycle. Maintenance and inspection by a
MAINTENANCE • Indicated when it is time for peri- qualified service technician.
odic maintenance and inspec-
tion.
• Capable of copying.

Fig. 5.2-4

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 5-5 2460 DISPLAY UNIT


Operation Paper Copy Energy Manual
START Clear Digital Zoom Density Cassette Interrupt Touch
size size saver feed
key key keys keys key key key panel
key key key insertion
Condition

Warm-up _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2460 DISPLAY UNIT


Copy ready _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Zoom switching – _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Copying – _ – – _ – – – _ – _ –
Lack of paper – _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Lack of toner – _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Key counter missing – _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manual feed jammed – – – – – – – – – – – –
Toner bag replaced – – – – – – – – – – – –
Paper jammed in the unit – – – – – – – – – – – –
Serviceman call – – – – – – – – – – – –

5-6
Interrupted _ – – _ _ _ _ _ _ – _ _
Pre-heating _ – – – – – – – – _ – –

_: Performs the action or indication according to the operation. – : Ignores the operation

(1) Energy saver condition is released by pressing the Energy saver key or the START key.
(2) Avoid switching the exposure during copy operation.
(3) Functions of the Clear key are as follows according to the machine condition.
5.3 Relation between Copier Conditions and Operator’s Actions

Copy operation --- Abort copy operation (Stop function; the number placed will not change.)
Except for case of copy operation --- Press the key once to return the number placed to “1”.
(Note) Interruption condition is automatically released if the machine is not used for 45 sec.
(4) Avoid manual insertion during the copying operation since this may result in paper jamming.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


5.4 Description of Operation
5.4.1 Dot matrix LCD circuit
(1) Structure

(320 x 240)

The DSP-LCD-154 is an STN black & white mode transmissive type LCD with a 320x240-dot display
capacity. It includes a driver LSI, frame, print board, and lateral CFL backlighting.
*STN:Super Twisted Nematic

(2) Block diagram

XSCL

UD0
UD1
UD2
UD3
IC1 IC2 IC3 IC4

WF 80 80 80 80

IC5 80
LP
LCDEN
IC6 80 LCD PANEL
320 x 240 DOTS

VDD
GND power IC7 80
supply
V0
VEE

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 5-7 2460 DISPLAY UNIT


(3) LCD drive operation
The following describes the drive operation to display the message “100% COPY READY”.

PWA-F-SYS-220
1
3
GA SM
PROM
(scc) CPU
2
3 3 R
LCD A
M
controller 4

1 The SM CPU requests the data for


4 displaying “100% COPY READY”
LED
driver from the PROM.
2 The PROM outputs the data for dis-
LED LCD KEY CPU
playing the message to the SM CPU.
3 The SM CPU writes the data for LCD
Key switches display to RAM IC41.
and
touch panel 4 The LCD controller/driver IC42

PWA-F-DSP-220
reads the display data from RAM
IC41, and outputs the data to the
LCD.

(4) Data Transmission Method

1/tF 1/tF

FRAME
240 1 2 240 1 2 240 1 2
LOAD

FRAME

LOAD

CP
CP x(320/4) pulses

D0-D3

2460 DISPLAY UNIT 5-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


5.4.2 LED display circuit
(1) Method of LED display
The following description is based on the example of displaying “TIME” on the LED display.

5VL

Current
LDON0 "L" 6
"L" G
D16
Q3
R1
(TIME)
LP1
IC1(7932)

When the signal LDON0-0 changes to “L” level, the transistor is turned on.
Also when pin 6 (D16) of IC1 changes to “L”, a current flows from 5VL via the transistor to LP1
(“TIME”) i.e. LP1 (“TIME”) is turned on.

(2) The circuit is controlled as shown below.

5VL

LDON1
Q2

LDON0
Q3

6 R1 1 2 100 TIME LDON0-1


D16 2 1
D15 7 LTL16KG LP1
D14 9
R3 1 2 100 INT
VDD D13 10 2 1
LTL16KG LP3
27 LAST D12 11
4 12 R2 1 2 100 PS
L/R D11 2 1
DPOUT-0 26 SIN D10 14 LTL16KG LP2
DPLTH-0 28 LATCH D9 15
RST-0 R4 1 2 1000 2 16 R9 1 2 100 PRT
BE0 D8 2 1
3 STB D7 17 LTL16KG LP11 P DAT LDON1-1
DPCLK-0 29 CK D6 19 2 1
R8 1 LTL16KG LP10
D5 20 2 100 COPY
2 1
30 VDD D4 21 LTL16KG LP4
C1 1 F COM
33P/50 1 VSSL D3 22 2 1
R5 1 LTL16KG LP6
2 1 23 VSSD3 D2 24 2 100 FAX
C2 2 1
CKME0.1/25 18 VSSD2 D1 25 LTL16KG LP7
2 P LIN
13 VSSD1 2 1
LTL16KG LP9
8 VSSD0 SOUT 5
IC1 R7 1 2 100 P ALM
7932M 2 1
LTL16KY LP12
GND
R6 1 2 100 F ALM
GNDL 2 1
LTL16KY LP8
F MEM
2 1
LTL16KY LP5

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 5-9 2460 DISPLAY UNIT


6.4ms 6.4ms
• LDON0 and LDON1 alternatively change
Q2
to “L” every 6.4 msec. Q2 ON
LDON0
OFF
• Q2 or Q3 comes on when LDON0 or
LDON1 becomes “L”. Q1
LDON1 ON Q1
• The LED on/off signal from SYS goes via OFF

the DPOUT signal line and is input to SIN


DPOUT
(pin 26) of IC1 (serial data) on the PNL
board.
D8
• The LED on/off signal is input two 16-bit
drivers (7932) which are connected in cas- LP11 ON
cade and then output are parallel format
from 16 bits 2 output terminals. LP10 ON ON

2460 DISPLAY UNIT 5 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Conditions for LED to light
1 The transistor (Q2 or Q3) connected to the LED anode is on.
2 The output connected to the cathode of that LED is “L”.
The LED comes on when 1 and 2 above are satisfied.

The names of the LEDs controlled by signals LDON0 and LDON1 are shown below.

Transmission Signal Signal


LP No. Color LDON 0 LP No. Color LDON 1 IC7932's pin
order name name
1~8
9 LP1 TIME G TIMER (Blank) PNL board 6
10 LP3 INT G INTERRUPT 7
11 LP2 PS G ENERGY SAVER 9
12 (Blank) 10
13 11
14 12
15 14
16 9 9 15
17 LP11 PRT G PRINTER LP10 P DAT G PRT receiving 16
18 LP4 COPY G COPY (Blank) 17
19 (Blank) 19
9
20 LP12 P ALM Y PRINTER ALARM 20
21 (Blank) 21
22 22
23 24
24 9 9 25
9
25 (Blank) KEY board CNT board 6
26 LP1 FC Y FUNCTION CLEAR 7
9
27 LP11 AMS G AMS LP12 APS G APS 9
28 LP9 O/4 G ORIGINAL Small LP10 P/4 G COPY SIZE Small 10
f

29 LP7 O/3 G ORIGINAL LP8 P/3 G COPY SIZE 11


30 LP5 O/2 G ORIGINAL LP6 P/2 G COPY SIZE 12
f

31 LP3 O/1 G ORIGINAL LP4 P/1 G COPY SIZE 14


32 LP1 O/0 G ORIGINAL Large LP2 P/0 G COPY SIZE Large 15
33 (Blank) (Blank) 16
34 17
35 19
36 20
37 21
38 22
39 24
40 9 9 9 25
Note: G : Green
Y : Yellow

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 5 - 11 2460 DISPLAY UNIT


6. DRIVE SYSTEM
6.1 Construction of Drive System
The drive system drives the drum (cleaner unit), developer unit, transport belt, heat roller, exit roller,
transport roller, cassette feed roller and aligning roller.
The drive system is driven by the main motor.

6.2 Description of Operations


• Drum drive ......................... Main motor rotation is transmitted to the drum drive pulley via the timing
belt, and drives the drum.
• Developer unit drive ........... Main motor rotation is transmitted to the developer unit drive gear via
the timing belt and the gear.
• Heat roller drive .................. Main motor rotation is transmitted to the heat roller gear via timing belt
and gears, and drives the heat roller.
• Transport belt ..................... The transport belt gear is driven by the heat roller gear via the idle gear.
• Exit roller ............................ The exit roller gear is driven by the heat roller gear via the idle gear.
• Cleaner unit ........................ Main motor rotation is transmitted to the cleaner unit drive gear via the
timing belt and the gear.
• Aligning roller ..................... Main motor rotation is transmitted to the aligning roller clutch via the
timing belt and gears.
• Transport roller ................... Main motor rotation is transmitted to the transport roller clutch via timing
belts and gears.
• Cassette feed roller ............ Main motor rotation is transmitted to the cassette feed roller via timing
belts and gears.
Timing pulley (TP25/G25)
Cleaning auger (G16)
Dev-unit drive Belt (840 pitch)
Timing pulley (G25/TP25) gear (G23) Timing pulley
(TP24/G16)
Timing pulley (TP39/G29/TP21)
(TP30)
Manual paper Drum Belt (190 pitch)

feed roller Belt (201 pitch) (G28) Transport roller


(Clutch/G28) (G20) Transport roller
(G26)
Belt (466 pitch) (G20)
Timing pulley Timing pulley (G55/G48)
(TP110) Transport
Heat roller
(TP24/TP30) belt
(G56)
(G20)
Belt (324 pitch) (G20) (G50/G28)
(G33)
Belt (384 pitch) (G21)
(G33/G22) (G22)
Finisher transport roller
(G35)
(G30) (G17)
(G24/G18) (G22)

Aligning roller (G27/G19)


(Clutch G30)
Upper transport roller (One-way/ (TP20) ADU transport roller (G20)
TP15)(One-way clutch/TP20) (G44/G24)

Timing pulley (TP39/G36)


Belt (297 pitch)
Timing pulley (G58/TP29/TP25)
Belt (394 pitch) Timing pulley (G117/TP24)

Upper cassette paper feed roller (Clutch/G28) Main motor (G10)


(G28)
Timing pulley (TP30/G28)
(G28)
Lower transport roller (Clutch/G28)

(TP15) Lower cassette paper feed roller (Clutch/G28)

(G28)

Drive system (Rear side view)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 6-1 2460 DRIVE SYSTEM


6.3 Disassembly and Replacement Fly wheel
[A] Fly wheel
(1) Remove the fly wheel (4 screws).

[B] Feed drive unit


(1) Remove the LCF connector bracket (2
screws).

LCF connector bracket

(2) Remove the feed drive holder (2 screws).

Feed drive
holder

2460 DRIVE SYSTEM 6-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(3) Remove the lower feed roller clutch (1 set-
screw).

Clutch

Setscrew

(4) Remove the oneway clutch, the pulley and the


belt for the upper feed roller (1 stop-ring).

Pulley

Stop-ring Belt

(5) Remove the feed drive unit (3 screws).


• This is easy to do if the feed drive unit is
slanted.

Feed drive unit

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 6-3 2460 DRIVE SYSTEM


[C] Manual drive unit
(1) Remove the manual drive unit (one connec-
tor, 3 screws).

Manual drive
unit

Connector

[D] Main motor


(1) Remove the main motor (2 connectors and 2
screws).

Main motor Connector

[E] Main drive unit


(1) Remove the main drive unit (one connector Connector
and 5 screws).

Main drive unit

2460 DRIVE SYSTEM 6-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[F] Main drive unit gears
Drum drive coupling
(1) The developer-unit drive gear and the cleaning
auger drive gear are press-fitted to their shafts.

Developer-unit
Cleaner auger
drive gear
drive gear

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 6-5 2460 DRIVE SYSTEM


6.4 Main Motor
6.4.1 Main motor drive

FG pulse

Difference Phase V
Wave
shaping Phase
comparator
Voltage Photo-
Reference frequency detection Excitation interruptor
Speed circuit Hall
comparator phase Phase W element B Phase U
(F-MTR-REF) switching

PLL-OK Difference
+ section
Hall element A Hall element C
 MAIN-CW/CCW
Control 
signal  MTR-BRK Rotation
control Rotor
MAINMTR-ON position
detection
Lock
protection
circuit Main motor (M1)

(1) The LGC transmits control signals for main motor rotation. (MAIN-CW/CCW: Direction of rotation,
MAINMTR-ON: Motor rotation command)
(2) The excited phase switching unit excites each phase on the main motor → The main motor runs.
(3) Hall elements A to C are used to detect the rotation position of the motor (or rotor).
(4) The excited phase switching unit switches the excitation for each phase.
(By repeating (2) through (4) above, the motor keeps running.)
(5) The FG pulse is generated by the FG pulse pattern and N/S magnets of rotor installed on the main
motor.
(6) The phases and velocities of the FG pulse and the reference frequency from the LGC are com-
pared, and the differences are added. Further to this are added the fluctuations in the supply volt-
age. (Signal generation)
(7) Changes the switching timing for the excited phase switching unit to match the signal amount ob-
tained in step (6).
i.e. control is done to equalize the FG pulse and reference frequency. → The main motor runs at a
constant speed. (Locked range state.)
(8) When the main motor enters the locked range state, the excited phase switching unit transmits the
PLL-OK signal to the LGC. (“L” level).
(9) When the MTR-BRK from LGC enters “L” level, the main motor rotation is braked, and when the
MAINMTR-ON signal enters “H” level, the main motor stops.

2460 DRIVE SYSTEM 6-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


6.4.2 Control signals
(1) MAIN-CW/CCW signal (LGC → MTR: Input)
Switches the rotation direction of the main motor. When this signal becomes “L” level, the main
motor rotates counterclockwise as viewed from the rear side, and drives the developer unit, drum,
heat roller, etc.
(2) PLL-OK signal (MTR → LGC: Output)
When the cycle of FG pulse deviation from the reference frequency is within the fixed range, this
state is specified as the lock range (normal rotation), and this PLL-OK signal becomes “L” level.
Also, at this time, the LED “LP1” light comes on.
(3) F-MTR-REF signal (LGC → MTR: Input)
This signal is a reference clock signal for the main motor to rotate at a fixed speed.
(4) MTR-BRK signal (LGC → MTR: Input)
When it becomes “L” level, the main motor rotation is broken down.
(5) MAINMTR-ON signal (LGC → MTR: Input)
This signal is main motor ON/OFF control signal, when it becomes “L” level, the motor rotates.

Signal level of motor circuit.

Signal “H” level “L” level


MAIN-CW/CCW CW CCW direction
PLL-OK Speed is out of the locked range. Locked range state.
F-MTR-REF Reference clock
MTR-BRK Brake OFF Brake ON
MAINMTR-ON Motor OFF Motor ON

* The signal names indicate a level in the connector J543, respectively.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 6-7 2460 DRIVE SYSTEM


7. IMAGE PROCESSING
7.1 Introduction
The following diagram shows the processes from the scanning of the original on the digital copier up to
transfer onto the photosensitive drum.
ASIC which is short for “Application Specific IC” is for a specific use.

Scanner Image processor Printer

Original Page memory


board

Adaptor board
Original glass

CCD board

Image processing
Image processing/Print Laser drive board
Scanner control [LDR]
ASIC(RFL) ASIC(HPS)
ASIC(SARAH)
Polygonal motor
[IMG] board drive board
[PDV]

Semicon-
ductor laser
device

Photosen-
sitive drum

The following table shows the functions carried out by the two image processing boards.

Board ASIC Q’ty Function


IMG board 3 Shading correction, high quality image processing, image memory editing,
(PWA-F-IMG-220) rectangular area signal generation, editing, gamma correction processing,
tone processing, external systems interface, image area control, laser rela-
tion control.
Adaptor board 1 Smoothing processing
(PWA-F-BRT-776,
option)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 7-1 2460 IMAGE PROCESSING


7.2 Image Processing Circuit
7.2.1 Overview

Unlike existing analog copiers where an original placed on the glass is optically scanned and its reflected
light is directly projected onto a photosensitive drum, this digital copier has an original placed on the
glass optically scanned and its reflected light read by a CCD (charge coupled device) to convert the
optical image into electrical signals. After that, they undergo shading correction (compensation for vari-
ance in the CCD and the light source) and then are output as image signals from the scanner section.
These image signals from the scanner section are input to an image processing section where various
image processing operations are performed on them and the output results from the image processing
section are provided to the printer section.
The above processes are performed by means of ASICs (short for Application Specific IC) made for
specific purposes.
The image processing operation of this copier is done by the IMG board (PWA-F-IMG-220) and the
optional Adaptor board (PWA-F-BRT-776) which is connected by a connector on the IMG board.

(1) Image processing circuit on the IMG board


Two image processing ASICs are mounted on the IMG board and implement the following func-
tions:
<Functions>
High quality image processing, image memory editing, rectangular area signal genaration, editing
processing, gamma correction, tone processing, external systems interface, image area control,
and laser related control

(2) Image processing circuit on the Adaptor board (optional)


An image processing ASIC is mounted on the Adaptor board and implements the following func-
tions:
<Functions>
Smoothing processing

2460 IMAGE PROCESSING 7-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


7.2.2 Configuration
Figure A shown below represents the image processing section of this digital copier.

CCD CCD board (PWA-F-CCD-220)

A/D conversion IMG board


(PWA-F-IMG-220)

ASIC [SARAH]
Shading correction
Image processing section

ASIC [RFL], [HPS]


Adaptor board (optional)
(PWA-F-BRT-776)
High quality image processing (PWA-F-BRT-776)
Image memory editing
Rectangular area signal ASIC [BRT]
generation
Editing processing Smoothing processing
Gamma correction
Tone processing
External system interface
Image area control
Laser related control

Page memory board


(PWA-F-PMB-777)

Memory copy, vertical/horizontal alter-


Laser drive nate copy, sort copy, group copy, maga-
zine copy, simplex reduction
Laser drive board
(PWA-F-LDR-220)
concatenation, duplex reduction
(PWA-F-LDR-220) concatenation, image combination, date
annotation, sheet insertion mode, etc.

: Image data flow

Fig. A. Construction of the image processing section

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 7-3 2460 IMAGE PROCESSING


7.3 IMG Board (PWA-F-IMG-220)
7.3.1 Features

(1) The image processing ASICs are controlled by CPU on the SYS board (PWA-F-SYS-220).
(However, part of the laser related control section is controlled by CPU on the LGC board (PWA-F-
LGC-220).)

(2) The image processing functions of the IMG PC board implement


the following functions:
• High quality image processing
• Image memory editing
• Rectangular area signal generation
• Editing processing
• Gamma correction
• Tone processing
• External system interfacing
• Image area control
• Laser related control

7.3.2 Functional description of the image processing circuit


The two ASICs mounted on the IMG PC board implement the functions described below.
(1) High quality image processing function

(A)Range correction function


This function works to convert image signals to density range width and correct it to match each
original. When copying originals with a certain level of background such as newspapers, it is
possible to reduce the background density by means of this function.
<Example>

Dynamic range width Extended dynamic range width


Larger

Larger

After range
correction
Back-
No. of pixels

No. of pixels

ground

Text
Smaller

Smaller

Density Density
Lower Higher Lower Higher

Histogram

2460 IMAGE PROCESSING 7-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(B) Filtering function
This function is comprised of a low-pass filter circuit and a high-pass filter circuit.
(a) Low-pass filter circuit
By averaging the differences between the target pixel and its adjacent ones, this circuit works to
eliminate image and electrical noise as well as restricting moire to provide an image with high
reproducibility of the original.
For example, assuming the density of the target pixel position to be x and the densities of its
front and back positions to be a and b, respectively, the density of the target pixel position x’ after
low-pass filter operation is given:
For (3 x 1) matrix,
a+b+x
a x b x’ =
3

The above operation is performed for all pixel positions to accomplish high original reproducibil-
ity.
The following figure shows the primary scanning pixel is processed by the low-pass filter.

Density Density
After low-pass filter
operation

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Primary scanning pixel positions Primary scanning pixel positions

(b) High-pass filter circuit


When an original with sharp image edges (text originals, etc.) are optically scanned and its
image signals are output through CCD, the edges tend to become dull due to the characteristics
of the lens used and other reasons.
To compensate for this phenomenon, edge enhancement operation is performed on the differ-
ences in density between the target pixel and its adjacent ones to accomplish an image with
high reproducibility of the original.

Solid black area

Low contrast area


Original

Image signal

After correction

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 7-5 2460 IMAGE PROCESSING


(2) Image memory editing functions
Editing functions such as enlargement/reduction and mirror image copying are performed by using
a line memory. The line memory is used for storing one line of pixel data in the primary scanning
direction and is updated with new pixel data each time the next line is scanned.

(a) Enlargement/reduction function


This function is accomplished by using line memory control in the portion of the operation.
<Example> Enlargement function

100% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

200% 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5

<Example> Reduction function

100% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

50% 1 3 5 7 9

(b) Mirror image function


This function reverses the right side and the left side in the primary direction of the original and
this reversed image is output.

(3) Rectangular area signal generation function


The rectangular area signal is generated by specifying the rectangular coordinate position signal.
This rectangular area signal allows various editing operations to be implemented.

(4) Editing operations functions


Trimming, masking and negative/positive reversal functions are accomplished.
(a) Trimming function
With the rectangular area signal, the image signals inside the rectangular area are left and other
image signals are erased.

(b) Masking function


Using the rectangular area signal, the image data inside the rectangular area are erased with
other image signals left.

2460 IMAGE PROCESSING 7-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(c) Negative/positive reversal function
This function reverses image data from negative to positive or vice versa on the entire area.

(5) Gamma correction function


This function is used to correct the input/output characteristics of the scanner/printer so that image
signals are obtained which have input/output characteristics matching a particular copying mode.

(6) Tone processing function


This function works to process tone so that faithful reproduction of halftone images such as photo-
graphs are accomplished.

(7) Interface to system function


This function performs the input/output control of the interface for the page memory PC board
(PWA-F-PMB-777).

(8) Laser related control


The ON/OFF control of the semiconductor laser and APC (Auto Power Control) are performed by
this function.

(9) Image area control


Effective image areas above and below and to the right and left of the image signal to be output are
set by this function.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 7-7 2460 IMAGE PROCESSING


7.4 Scanner
Light reflected from the original surface is picked up by the CCD (Charge Coupled Device) where photo-
voltaic conversion is carried out. By photo-voltaic conversion, optical image data are converted to electrical
signals. These analog electrical signals are then converted to digital signals by A/D conversion, and the
required image processing is carried out on these digital signals.

Signal A/D Shading


CCD To next stage
amplification conversion compensation

(1) Photo-voltaic conversion


Optical signals from the original are converted to electrical signals by the CCD device. For details,
see Chapter 8, 6-1.
(2) Signal amplification
After conversion by the CCD, the electrical signals are amplified.
(3) A/D conversion
Analog signals are converted to digital signals.
(4) Shading correction
The signals picked up by the CCD device are compensated. For details, see Chapter 8, 6-2.

2460 IMAGE PROCESSING 7-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


7.5 Printer
Image signals processed on the IMG board are processed on the print-control ASIC and the laser drive
board on the same IMG board. Then, they are laser-controlled for the write operation.

(1) Setting of effective image area ............................. • The top, bottom, left and right margins are set.
(2) Synchronization Clock Generation block ............. • HSYNC and the reference clock signal at printer
of horizontal synchronizing signal (HSYNC) block synchronized with the signal.
(3) Laser drive block .................................................. • ON/OFF control of the semiconductor laser and
APC (Auto Power Control) control.

7.6 Adaptor Board (PWA-F-BRT-776)(optional)


7.6.1 Features

(1) The image processing ASICs are controlled by CPU mounted on the SYS PC board (PWA-F-SYS-
220).

(2) The image processing functions of the Adaptor board work to accomplish the following:
• Smoothing operation

7.6.2 Description of image processing functions


The image processing circuit of the Adaptor board works to accomplish the following:
(1) Smoothing processing
This function works to eliminate jaggedness occurring on character edges of images input from the
external system interface (GDI image) for smooth image output.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 7-9 2460 IMAGE PROCESSING


8. SCANNER
8.1 Functions
In this copier’s scanner, light is directed at the surface of the original, and the light reflected from the
original projects to the CCD (Charge Coupled Device) by means of mirrors, lens and a slit. Photo-voltaic
conversion by this CCD converts optical image data to electrical signals. These resultant analog signals
undergo A/D conversion to be converted to digital signals. These digital signals undergo various com-
pensation processes to create the required image. These digital signals are computed and processed,
and then sent to the printer.

Original glass
Exposure lamp (Halogen)
Reflector CRG-1 Rail for CRG-1 Rail for CRG-2
Lens cover

CCD Image processing


CRG-2 Drive pulley Lens Sensor board (IMG board)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8-1 2460 SCANNER


8.2 Configuration
The following describes the configuration of the optical system and the purpose of its components.
(1) Original glass
The original glass is for placing the original. The original is illuminated by light from the exposure
lamp passing through the original glass.

(2) Carriage 1
Carriage 1 is driven by the scanning motor to scan the original, and is made up of the following
parts:

Thermostat

Mirror-1

Reflector Exposure lamp

Carriage 1

a. Exposure lamp
The exposure lamp emits the light for illuminating the original. (180W Halogen lamp)
b. Reflector
The reflector is for efficiently directing light from the exposure lamp onto the surface of the
original.

Original

Glass

Reflector

Sub-reflector
Lamp

Mirror-1

2460 SCANNER 8-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


c. Mirror 1
Mirror 1 is for guiding light reflected from the original to mirror 2. Mirror 2 is described later on.
d. Thermostat
The thermostat prevents rises in temperature caused by erroneous lighting of the exposure
lamp.

(3) Carriage 2
Carriage 2 leads light reflected from mirror 1 to the lens by mirrors 2 and 3, and is made up the
following:
Carriage 2 is driven by a scanning motor in the same way as carriage 1, and scans at a speed half
that of carriage 1. (The distance that the carriage scans is half that of carriage 1.)

Mirror-2

Mirror-3

Carriage 2

(4) Lens f CCD


Light reflected from mirror 3 is projected to the CCD. The CCD is located at the focal point of a fixed
lens.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8-3 2460 SCANNER


(5) Image processing board
The Image processing board performs image processing (amplification, mixing and A/D conversion
of electrical signals obtained by photo-voltaic conversion by the CCD).

Image processing board

Lens

CCD board

Automatic original
detection unit

(6) Automatic original detection unit


The automatic original detection unit (APS sensor) uses sensors located in front of the lens cover
and on the base frame for detection of the size of the original without the process of scanning.

(7) Original width indicator unit


The original width indicator unit is for indicating the original width currently selected by the copier.
The original size is displayed by the yellow lines on the indicator and carriage 1.

Copiable length

Copiable width

Original holder Original indicator Carriage


unit

2460 SCANNER 8-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


8.3 Description of Operation
8.3.1 Scanning motor

Motor pulley
2GT-Z26
Scanning motor CRG-2
(5 phase) CRG-1
Wire tension spring Wire CRG-2 pulley
φ1.0 φ24

Idler pulley Wire winding pulley/Motor


φ22 slowdown pulley
Timing belt φ30.83
2GT-216 2GT-Z43 Idler pulley
φ22

Optical System (rear side)

Rotation of the scanning motor is transmitted to carriages 1 and 2 via the timing belt and carriage drive
wire. First of all, carriage 1 moves to the home position. Home position is detected by carriage 1 passing
the home switch. Carriages 1 and 2 then scan the original when the START key on the control panel is
depressed.
1.93~17.8

0.062
0.01 0.293

SCN-MTR
BWD FWD
1.883 0.544
0.231 0.121
0.4

EXPO-LAMP
2.260

* Above timing chart vary with the machine condition.

8.3.2 Document motor


The original width indicators at the front and rear are set to the home position, that is, the maximum
original width via the timing belt. The original width indicators move according to the paper size, or, when
the reproduction ratio has been changed, to the specified size, and the original placement position is
selected on the original glass.

8.3.3 Optical fan motor


The optical fan motors rotate to cool the optical unit during copying and stop rotation during standby.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8-5 2460 SCANNER


8.4 Drive of the 5-Phase Stepping Motor
8.4.1 Features
Up till now, 2-phase hybrid stepping motors having a step angle of 1.8° have been regarded as being the
highest performing motors. Compared to these motors, however, 5-phase stepping motors have the
following features:
(1) A small step angle (full step: 0.72°, half-step: 0.36°) achieves a resolution 2.5 times that of conven-
tional stepping motors. As 2.5 times the number of steps can be used when moving the same
distance, high-speed positioning using optimum acceleration and deceleration is now possible.
(2) Extremely small fluctuation in operating torque achieves little vibration and smooth rotation. This
makes a 5-phase stepping motor ideal for applications where uneven torque and noise are a prob-
lem.
(3) As vibrations are small even at the resonant point, special dampers are not required, and the motor
can be used in all operating ranges.
(4) The self-start frequency is roughly 2.5 times higher than that of 2-phase stepping motors, and
moreover, 5-phase stepping motors do not have a resonant range. This achieves speed control with
a large variable speed ratio without the need for acceleration and deceleration.
(5) Response is much faster than that of 2-phase stepping motors, allowing higher speed setting.
(6) 4- and 5-phase excitation systems achieve excellent damping characteristics.
(7) The step angle can be varied (e.g. 0.72°, 0.36°, 1.44°) depending on the excitation system.

8.4.2 Principle of the stepping motor


The fundamental differences between a 2-phase hybrid stepping motor and a 5-phase stepping motor
are the number of stator main poles and the winding configuration. A 2-phase stepping motor is wound in
a 2-phase, 4-pole configuration, whereas a 5-phase stepping motor is wound in a 5-phase, 2-pole con-
figuration. Fig. 8.4-1 shows the relationship between stator and rotor teeth in a 5-phase stepping motor,
and the winding configuration. Stator
A phase (blue)
B phase (white)
(green)
Stator

C phase (brown)

(gray)
Rotor

D phase (black)
(purple)

E phase (orange)
(yellow)
(red)
Fig. 8.4-1 Structure of 5-phase Stepping Motor

2460 SCANNER 8-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


The stator comprises 10 main poles, with two main poles in apposition forming a single phase. The coil
is wound so that the two opposite main poles are the same polarity (N or S). Assuming a rotor tooth pitch
of τR, the stator teeth are arranged in such a way that the stator teeth on adjacent main poles shift by 0.6
τR with respect to the rotor teeth. This means that the stator teeth on adjacent main poles shift by (0.6-
0.5) τR=τR/10 with respect to teeth on the rotor cup on the opposite side that are shifted by 0.5 τR. Fig.
8.4-2 illustrates this relationship.

Stator 0.6 τR
0.5τR
1
10
τ
R

Rotor

Fig. 8.4-2 Relationship between Stator Teeth and Rotor Teeth

Consequently, if the polarity of the stator is moved as shown in Fig. 8.4-3, the rotor rotates clockwise 1/
10th of the rotor tooth pitch at a time.

τR 360 1
= x = 0.72° ...................... (1)
10 50 10

A Phase B Phase C Phase D Phase E Phase


N
S N
N S
1 2 3 4 5
N S
S N
N

A Phase B Phase C Phase D Phase E Phase


S N S
S N
6 7 8 9 10
S N
N S
S

Fig. 8.4-3 Movement of Poles at 1-phase Excitation

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8-7 2460 SCANNER


8.4.3 5-phase motor drive circuit (fixed current type)
The drive circuit mainly comprises the following:
• microstep drive controller (IC1)
• pre-driver (IC2)
• fixed current control IC (IC3)
• drivers (Q1, Q2)
• current detection resistor (R1).

+24V
+5V
R61 C32 +5V
Q3
R59 Q1
L1
19 43 GND 13 1 1 12
Q2 R11 R10
R60 D1 2 40 2 3 10
AP
C13 9 IC1
DO1 +5V 41 R2 4 5 R9
BP 6
C9
3 1 SCCLK 44 R3 6 7 R8 4
1 CP
C11
IC3
CWCCW 2 2 E
45 R4 8 9 R7
24G 3 DP D
R7 C10
46 R5 10 11 R6 11 9 7 5 3
4
EP B phase
DATA0 14 C12 E phase
14 15 C
DATA1 15 IC6
16 GND
DATA2 5- phase
GND –12V Motor
DATA3 17 +12V C phase D phase
C2 3 5 7 9 11
+ 22 IC4 R25
10 26 LS07 R20 B
2 A phase
AN
R66 R63 R62 11 R26 4 A
LS07 R21
27
12 BN 6
R27
13 28 LS07 R22 8
R64 CN
21 R28 10
IC2
29 LS07 R23
5 DN
+24G R29
H. OFF-1 7 LS07 R24 1 12
30
EN
R31

+5V R65 R1
IC5 IC5
20 +12V
32
33 C35
9 24G
C30
34 C34
R13 R12
R32

35 24G 12 C3
X1
38M 36 1 8
37 R74 R73 2 9
*1
C20 C21 SBRST 24 38 11
C38 R70 C40
39 3 10
R68
IC8 R71
GND GND 15 4
47 13,16
GND C42 R75 C8 24G
48 23 14

7 5 6
6 18 31 42 C41 C36
R69

GND GND
12G R67 12G

Fig. 8.4-4. PWA-SDV *1:*1: Phase current value setting signal

– Excitation Process of Phase A –


1 H.OFF is set to ON (Low).
2 CW/CCW and division data (DATA 0 to 3) are input.
3 After about 10 ms, SCCLK is input.
4 IC6 outputs excitation ON according to the division data from AP to EP (Pch side) and AN to EN (Nch
side). IC3 receives this excitation signal to drive IC1 and flows current to the motor.
Note: This motor is a new pentagonal drive motor. So, when carrying out 4-/5-phase and 5-phase excita-
tion drive, a current of twice that of the set current flows on the motor leads.

2460 SCANNER 8-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


5 The current flowing to the motor passes through the current detection resistor R1 as it is as the total
current. The total current and the CPU set current value are compared by IC3. IC3 controls the motor
drive power turning ON/OFF the Q3.

Operation spec.
SCCLK H. OFF CW/ DATA Operation
-0 -1 CCW 3 2 1 0
H H -- -- -- -- -- Hold OFF state (Open winding circuit)
H L * * * * * Excitation ON state
L * * * * Normal operation (CW)
H * * * * Normal operation (CCW)
L L L L (250 division) 0.00288°
L L L H (200 division) 0.00360°
L L H L (125 division) 0.00576°

* L
* L
L
L
H
H
L
H
L
(100 division)
(80 division)
0.00720°
0.0090°
L H L H (50 division) 0.0144°
L H H L (40 division) 0.0180°
L H H H (25 division) 0.0288°
H L L L (20 division) 0.036°
H L L H (10 division) 0.072°
H L H L 2W4–5 phase (8 division) 0.090°
H L H H (5 division) 0.144°
H H L L W4–5 phase (4 division) 0.180°
H H L H (2.5 division) 0.288°
H H H L 4–5 phase (2 division) 0.36°
H H H H 4 phase (1 division) 0.72°

*: unfixed

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8-9 2460 SCANNER


Timing chart
FWD start FWD end BWD start

H. OFF-0
10ms 17.5ms 10ms

SCCLK
1µs or more

CW/CCW

0
Micro step
change
DATA 1

Micro step (1/10 division) drive 4 phases excitation drive

Fig. 8.4-5

The figure below shows the relationship between the pulses input to IC1 and the current flowing to the
motor and the signals output from A Pch and A Nch (Micro step 1/4 division).

Pulse input
64µs
100%
98.9%

A phase 50%

1.2%
0%

A phase
AP
Pch gate

A phase
AN
Nch gate

Fig. 8.4-6

2460 SCANNER 8 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


8.5 Exposure Control Circuit
8.5.1 Overview
[A] The exposure control circuit is comprised of the following four blocks:
(1) Lamp regulator
This causes the exposure lamp to be applied with a voltage corresponding to the duty ratio of the
PWM signal.
(2) CCD sensor circuit
This circuit works to convert the reflected amount of light from the original and the shading correc-
tion plate to the electrical signal. To control the amount of exposure, the circuit reads in the reflected
amount of light from the shading correction plate.
(3) Image processing circuit
This circuit converts output signals from the CCD into binary values and performs a series of image
processing operations such as gamma correction, shading correction, etc.
(4) Control panel
The duty ratio of PWM signal can be set at increments of 1% through the digital keys by the
operator.
Note: The ON/OFF switching of the exposure lamp is carried out by a unique signal (EXPO-ON,J1-10)
separate from the PWM signal.

Original Shading correction plate

Exposure lamp

Lamp
regulator
PWA-CCD
CCD sensor

PWA-IMG
PWA-LGC

A/D
Control panel Gate array
IC33
Image processing
0 • #
7 8 9 circuit
4 5 6 Main CPU
1 2 3 IC37

Key input
RAM
IC42

Construction of exposure control circuit

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 11 2460 SCANNER


[B] The exposure control circuit has two functions:
(1) Normal mode
The duty ratio of the PWM signal is controlled at 55% (lamp voltage : 63V)

(2) Check mode


1 Through input from the digital keys, the PWM signal output is varied from 50% - 70% to allow the
exposure to be set arbitrarily.

2 The reflected amount of light from the shading correction plate is taken in by the CCD sensor,
compared with the reference value, and controlled so that the amount of reflected light becomes
closest to the reference value.

8.5.2 Lamp regulator function


The figure below shows a typical characteristic diagram. Control is performed so that a voltage across
the lamp voltage proportional to the duty ratio of PWM signal is produced.

Lamp voltage

[V]

70

Actual-use range
63

50

Actual-use range

50 55 70 PWM duty [%]

Setting for normal operation

Characteristic diagram of the lamp regulator

2460 SCANNER 8 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


8.5.3 Control section
The control section consists of the folllowing three blocks:

1 Main CPU
Comprised of software, the main CPU calculates the voltage to be applied to the lamp according to
the normal mode and check mode.

2 SRAM with built-in battery


Comprised of IC 42, this is used to store exposure adjustment data such as settings for the duty
width of PWM signal in the check mode so that the optimum exposure is accomplished.

3 PWM timer circuit


This comprised by the following circuit. The data for exposure lamp is converted to PWM signal via
a gate array and is output from the PWM output terminal of the gate array to J1-11 via IC41.

Gate array PS-ACC


IC41 J1-11
PWM LRG

7407 Lamp regulator

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 13 2460 SCANNER


8.5.4 Lamp regulator circuit
The lamp regulator performs control by monitoring lamp current so that the amount of light from the lamp
is maintained at a constant value. In the copier, DC switching ON/OFF is used and the construction of the
lamp regulator circuit is the same as that of the switching power source.

Its principle control is as follows:

(1) AC115V (or 220/240V) power source is rectified to provide DC160V (or 310/340V) which is used as
the power source for the exposure lamp.

(2) The PWM1 signal for light adjustment is averaged by an integration circuit and provides reference
VS for feedback control of the lamp regulator circuit.

(3) When the oscillator circuit is triggered by EXPO-ON/OFF signal, it generates a lamp drive PWM2
signal which turns on the lamp drive transistor (Tr1), causing current I1 to flow through:

Capacitor C → Exposure lamp (L) → Primary side of T1 (P) → Lamp drive transistor (Tr1) → Capaci-
tor C

This causes current I2 proportional to the winding ratio of T1 and the rate of change of I1 to gener-
ated on the secondary side of T1(s).

(4) The amount of lamp current converted to detection voltage VD by a current detection circuit is
compared with the smoothing signal VS of PWM1 signal from the logic circuit by a comparison
circuit whose difference signal VF is fed back to the oscillator circuit.

2460 SCANNER 8 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(5) When the lamp drive transistor (Tr1) is turned OFF, the counter electromotive force of T1 causes
current to flow along:
Primary winding of transformer T1 (P) → Freewheeling diode D1 → Exposure lamp (L) → Primary
winding of tranformer T1 (P)
This causes continuous current I3 to flow through the exposure lamp (L) regardless of the drive
transistor (Tr1) being turned ON/OFF.

Rectification I3
AC circuit Capacitor Exposure lamp (L)
C
DI
I1
TI

detection
I2

Current
P S

VD

Comparison
Lamp

Oscillator circuit
drive PWM2 VF

circuit
(Tr1)
Vcc
VS

Vcc

EXPO PC
ON/OFF

Integration
PC
PWA-LGC

circuit
PWM1
PC: Photo coupler

Construction of lamp regulator circuit

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 15 2460 SCANNER


8.6 Outline of Control
8.6.1 Photo-voltaic conversion
The purpose of photo-voltaic conversion is to form electrical signals corresponding to the intensity of light
reflected from the original. A CCD (Charge Coupled Device) is used for photo-voltaic conversion. CCDs
are single-chip photo-voltaic conversion device in which several thousands of photosensing elements
several microns square are arranged in a single line. This copier uses a CCD having 7,500 of these
photosensing elements.
The photosensor comprises a P-layer, N-layer semiconductor. Optical energy generates a (–) (minus)
charge on the P-layer proportional to the optical energy and irradiation time. The charge generated at the
photosensor is transferred to the transfer area, shifted from left to right in the figure below according to
the transfer clock, and is output from the CCD. During this operation, the reaction speed of the CCD is
slow (it takes time for the charge to be transferred by the shift register), so even-numbered and odd-
numbered image signals are output in parallel.

Transfer block Optical energy

Transfer area P-layer


1 2 3 4 7497 7498 7499 7500 N-layer
Photosensor area Detailed photosensor

Transfer area

Shift register Transfer clock

Fig. 8.6-1 Principle of CCD Photo-Voltaic Conversion

2460 SCANNER 8 - 16 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


8.6.2 Shading compensation
The following problems effect the voltage values obtained by photo-voltaic conversion by the CCD:
1 As a light distribution of light source is varied.
2 The reflected light is collected by a lens (the light path is shortest at the CCD center and longest at
the ends), there is a difference in the intensities of light reaching the CCD.
3 The photo-voltaic capacities of each of the 7,500 CCD elements are uneven.
Consequently, these problems must be compensated. This is called “shading compensation.” Shading
compensation involves normalizing optical energy according to the following equation based on
already known scanned black data and white data, and compensating for uneven illuminance of the
image data and device unevenness.

(S – K)
I = k x ————
(W – K)

where,
k: Coefficient
S: Image data before compensation
K: Black data (in black memory)
W: White data (in white memory)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 17 2460 SCANNER


8.7 Automatic Original-Size Detection Circuit
This circuit detects the original size (standard sizes only) using the 3-beam type reflecting photosensor
and 2 reflecting photosensors on the base frame of the optical unit.

8.7.1 Principle of original-size detection


On the base frame of the optical unit, the reflecting photosensor (3-beam type) and 2 reflecting
photosensors. Each photosensor consists of an infrared light emitting diode (light-emitting side LED) and
a phototransistor (light-receiving side). When an original is placed on the original glass, the light emitted
by the LEDs is reflected by the original and led to the phototransistor. In this way, the presence or ab-
sence of an original is detected by whether reflected light exists or not.

[A4 Series] [LT Series]


APS-C APS-R APS-R

Original Original glass Original Original glass


APS-C

APS-1,2,3 APS-1,2,3
Fig. 8.7-1

8.7.2 Original size detection


(1) If the copier is set in the original size detection mode, the carriage is set at its home position.
(2) Detection is performed in an instant when the platen cover is opened, each sensor receive the
reflecting light and the condition of a matrix shown in (4) are satisfied.
(3) Original size detection is performed when the output signals from each sensor are input to the gate
array (IC33) on the logic PC board.
VDD

Reflecting 64
photosensor APS-R IN12

Reflecting 63
photosensor APS-C IN11

152 IN16
Reflecting APS-3
multibeam 151 IN15
APS-2
sensor 150
APS-1 IN14
(IC33)

GND PWA-LGC

Fig. 8.7-2 Original Size Detection Circuit

2460 SCANNER 8 - 18 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[A4 Series]

A4

B4

A3
A5-R

B5-R
A5

B5
APS-C
A5-R
+ A5-R + APS-R

B5-R B5-R

A4-R,A5 + APS-3
A5 A4-R

+ APS-1
B4,B5 B5 B4

+ APS-2

A3,A4 A4 A3

Sensor detection points

[LT Series]
LT,ST-R

LD
LG
LT-R
ST

ST-R APS-R

ST APS-C
APS-3
LG,LT-R LT-R LG

APS-1

LD,LT APS-2 LT LD

Sensor detection points

Fig. 8.7-3 Sensor Detection Points

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 19 2460 SCANNER


(4) Original size is determined by a combination of the presence/absence of the original at the each
locations stated in step (3). Combination charts for size determination of A4 series and LT series are
shown below.
[A4 Series]

3-beam sensor Size


No. Handling on control
APS-C APS-R APS-2 APS-1 APS-3 judgement
1 1 1 1 1 1 No original No original decision
2 1 1 1 1 0 – Hold
3 1 1 1 0 1 – Hold
4 1 1 1 0 0 – Hold
5 1 1 0 1 1 – Hold
6 1 1 0 1 0 – Hold
7 1 1 0 0 1 – Hold
8 1 1 0 0 0 – Hold
9 1 0 1 1 1 – Hold
10 1 0 1 1 0 – Hold
11 1 0 1 0 1 – Hold
12 1 0 1 0 0 – Hold
13 1 0 0 1 1 – Hold
14 1 0 0 1 0 – Hold
15 1 0 0 0 1 – Hold
16 1 0 0 0 0 – Hold
17 0 1 1 1 1 A5-R Size decision
18 0 1 1 1 0 A5 Size decision
19 0 1 1 0 1 – Hold
20 0 1 1 0 0 B5 Size decision
21 0 1 0 1 1 – Hold
22 0 1 0 1 0 – Hold
23 0 1 0 0 1 – Hold
24 0 1 0 0 0 A4 Size decision
25 0 0 1 1 1 B5-R Size decision
26 0 0 1 1 0 A4-R Size decision
27 0 0 1 0 1 – Hold
28 0 0 1 0 0 B4 Size decision
29 0 0 0 1 1 – Hold
30 0 0 0 1 0 – Hold
31 0 0 0 0 1 – Hold
32 0 0 0 0 0 A3 Size decision

2460 SCANNER 8 - 20 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[LT Series]

3-beam sensor Size


No. Handling on control
APS-C APS-R APS-2 APS-1 APS-3 judgement
1 1 1 1 1 1 No original No original decision
2 1 1 1 1 0 ST Size decision
3 1 1 1 0 1 – Hold
4 1 1 1 0 0 – Hold
5 1 1 0 1 1 – Hold
6 1 1 0 1 0 – Hold
7 1 1 0 0 1 – Hold
8 1 1 0 0 0 – Hold
9 1 0 1 1 1 ST-R Size decision
10 1 0 1 1 0 LT-R Size decision
11 1 0 1 0 1 – Hold
12 1 0 1 0 0 – Hold
13 1 0 0 1 1 – Hold
14 1 0 0 1 0 – Hold
15 1 0 0 0 1 – Hold
16 1 0 0 0 0 LT Size decision
17 0 1 1 1 1 Hold
18 0 1 1 1 0 – Hold
19 0 1 1 0 1 – Hold
20 0 1 1 0 0 – Hold
21 0 1 0 1 1 – Hold
22 0 1 0 1 0 – Hold
23 0 1 0 0 1 – Hold
24 0 1 0 0 0 – Hold
25 0 0 1 1 1 – Hold
26 0 0 1 1 0 LG Size decision
27 0 0 1 0 1 – Hold
28 0 0 1 0 0 – Hold
29 0 0 0 1 1 – Hold
30 0 0 0 1 0 – Hold
31 0 0 0 0 1 – Hold
32 0 0 0 0 0 LD Size decision

Code Output signal Original state


1 H Original absence
0 L Original presence
* Platen SW=OFF
• Following judgement is performed by the APS sensor output signal.
Size decision : Size is displayed on the original size display and select a specific paper or reproduction ratio.
Hold : Hold the recognized original size (or no original state) just before the sensor output signal is changed.
No original : Original size LED is turned OFF (Reproduction ratio and paper are not selected)
• Size change is done as possible.
• The carriage-1 is stay on the standby position even though the reproduction ratio is changed when original
size is changed.
* Platen SW=ON
Keep the recognized original size (or no original state) just before the platen SW is turned on regardless the
APS sensor output signal.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 21 2460 SCANNER


Supplementary comments

(1) Concerning the reflecting photointerruptor:


The reflecting photointerruptor consists of an infrared diode and a phototransistor. It detects
originals by use of pulse modulation.

Original

8µsec

130µsec LED Phototransistor

The light emitting diode (LED) is driven by pulses with a period of 130 µsec. If a signal which has
the same characteristics is received by the phototransistor, an original is determined to be
present. Pulse modulation is performed within the reflecting photointerruptor.

(2) Multibeam sensor circuit composition diagram


Detection principle is same as the reflecting photosensor.

PD1
Pulse Output
Pre-Amp Amp Comparator counter
circuit APS-2

Latch Latch
LED PD3 APS-1
Pulse
Pre-Amp Amp Comparator counter
circuit APS-3

Oscilla- Timing
Drive Dividing
tion control
circuit circuit
circuit circuit

2460 SCANNER 8 - 22 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


8.8 Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Original Glass
(1) Remove the glass holder (2 screws).
Glass fix

Original glass

(2) Take out the original glass in the direction of


the arrow as shown in the figure.
Notes: (1) Be careful not to peel off the shading
2
Original glass

board stuck on the original glass when


removing the glass.
(2) Pay attention to the direction of the
shading board on the original glass as
shown in the figure below at the time of
1
reinstallation.
Original scale

Shading board Shading board


Orignal glass

Automatic original
[B] Automatic Original Detection Units –1, 2, 3 detection unit-1

[B-1] Unit-1
(1) Remove the original glass and move the car-
riage in the paper exit direction.
(2) Remove the right top cover (2 screws).
Remove the lens cover (12 screws).
(3) Remove the screw and connector to take out
unit-1.

Connector

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 23 2460 SCANNER


[B-2] Unit-2 Unit-2
Square hole of the
(1) Remove unit-2 (2 screws) inside the duct of BASE-SCAN
the machine and disconnect the connector.

Connector

[B-3] Unit-3
=A4 series=
(1) Remove one screw fixing the unit, raise unit-
3 and disconnect the connector to remove it.

Screw

Unit-3 Connector

2460 SCANNER 8 - 24 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


=United States and Canada series=
(1) Remove the optical cover. Lens Connector
(2) Remove unit-3 (1 screw, 1 connector).

[C] Exposure Lamp


(1) Remove the indicator unit.
(2) Move the carriage to the notch portion of the Carriage-1
glass stay.
(3) Remove the exposure lamp from the blade.

Blade Blade

Exposure lamp

Note: When installing the exposure lamp, face the


projection of the lamp opposite to the
reflector.
Do not touch the glass surface of the expo-
Projection
sure lamp with your bare hand.
Lamp
Exit side ←

Reflector

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 25 2460 SCANNER


[D] Thermostat
Thermostat
(1) Extract the thermostat from the carriage-1 (1
screw).
(2) Remove the thermostat disconnecting the ter-
minals.
Note: If the thermostat has been used once, it
should be replaced with a new one, because
it is designed basically for one-time use only.
Therefore do not push its reset pin to reuse
a thermostat, which has been operated once.

Terminal

[E] Original Width Indicator Unit


(1) Remove the left top cover.
(2) Disconnect the connector from the relay Indicator unit

harness.
(3) Remove the screws (3 pcs.) fixing the indica-
tor unit to take out the indicator unit.

(4) To remove the document motor, take out the Stepped Cover
Screw
screw
screws (2 pcs.).
(5) To remove the belt, take out one screw,
stepped screw and spring to extract the cover. Belt Indicator
Spring

Document motor

2460 SCANNER 8 - 26 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[F] Scanning Motor
(1) Remove the PC board unit.
Scanning motor
(2) Disconnect the connector (J72) from the
scanning motor relay connector.
(3) Remove the tension spring.
(4) Take out the screws (2 pcs.) to remove the
scanning motor bracket.

Tension spring

(5) Take out the screws (3 pcs.) to remove the


scanning motor.
Note: At assembly, temporarily fasten the scanning
motor bracket, hook a tension spring, and
secure the screws at the position where the
scanning motor is hanging by the force of
the tension spring.

Scanning motor

[G] Optical fan (front)


[G-1]
Optical fan (front)
(1) Open the front cover.
(2) Remove the inner cover (3 screws).
(3) Disconnect a connector and remove 2 screws.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 27 2460 SCANNER


Optical fan

Air filter

[G-2] Optical fan (rear)


(1) Remove the upper rear cover.
(2) Remove the connector (1) and the screws (2). Optical fan (rear)

Duct
Optical fan

2460 SCANNER 8 - 28 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[H] Carriage drive wire
Rear top frame
(1) Remove the original glass, rear top cover, right
cover, exit cover, original width indicator unit,
rear top frame, PC board and PC board
bracket, ADF bracket, rear cover and feed
cover.

(2) Remove the control panel cover and front top


frame (3 screws).
(3) Disconnect the connectors on PC boards
which are connected to the scanner unit. Front top frame

(4) Remove the laser unit cover on the scanner


base and disconnect the 2 connectors for the
laser unit.
Screw

Laser unit cover

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 29 2460 SCANNER


Connector

Connector

(5) Remove 2 screws and the wire fixing bracket.

Screw
Screw

(6) Remove the screws (2 pcs.) which are fixing Hook

carriage-1 to the wire and take out carriage-1.


Remove the springs (2 pcs.) which are pull-
ing the wire and take out carriage-2.
Spring Wire hook portion
Carriage wire

Idler pulley

2460 SCANNER 8 - 30 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(7) Remove the scanner unit removing the screws
and wire harness which are connecting the
machine frame and the scanner unit.

[Front side]

[Rear side]

(8) Remove the lens cover (refer to [K]).


Remove 4 screws then 2 drive covers under
the scanner base can be removed.

Screw
Screw

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 31 2460 SCANNER


Drive shaft

Drive cover
Underside view of the scanner

(9) Remove the wire harness (2 clamps).


Remove the harness cover (1 screw).

Screw
Harness cover

(10) Turn over the scanner frame.


Take out the assembly of the shaft and pulley
(E-ring, 2 pcs.) and remove the wire from the
pulley.
Note: • When attaching the wire, make sure that
the wire is hooked on as shown in the
following diagram.
• When attaching the wire, refer to the
Service Handbook.
• When attaching carriage-1, the carriage-2
and the wire, adjustment is necessary. Assembly of
shaft and pulley

2460 SCANNER 8 - 32 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Motor pulley
CRG-2
2GT-Z26
Drive motor Wire CRG-1 CRG-2 pulley
Wire tension spring
ø1.0 ø24

Idler pulley
ø19 Wire winding pulley/Motor speed-down pulley
Timing belt ø30.83/2GT-Z42
2GT-216
Idler pulley
ø19

[I] Platen Switch


(1) Remove the PC board unit.
(2) Take out the screw (1 pc.) to remove the Connector

bracket.

Platen switch

(3) When removing the platen switch:


Push and rotate the platen swich actuator in Actuator for platen switch
the direction of the arrows (1) to (3) to remove 3

it. Then take out the connector (1 pc.) and 1


2
claws (2 pcs.) to remove the platen switch.

Original cover
Original cover switch claws
switch

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 33 2460 SCANNER


[J] Home Switch
(1) Remove the home switch releasing the claws
Connector
(2 pcs).

Home switch

[K] Carriage 1
(1) Remove the original glass. Lens cover

(2) Take out the screws (12 pcs.) and the con-
nector (1 pc.) to remove the lens cover.

Connector

(3) Remove the lens unit.


(4) Remove the grounding terminal of the expo- Lens unit
sure cable (1 screw).

Exposure
cable

Connector Grounding terminal

2460 SCANNER 8 - 34 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(5) Remove the rear cover, feed side top cover, Bracket

glass fix, feed cover and the key counter


bracket, then disconnect the connector of the
cable.

Connector

(6) Remove the power supply cable from the 3 Clamp


Connector
clamps and disconnect the connector.
Lens unit

IMG
board

Wiring of the carriage-1

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 35 2460 SCANNER


(7) Move carriage 1 to the notch on the glass stay.
(8) Remove the screw (1 pc.) fixing carriage 1
Carriage-1
onto the wire at both the front and rear sides.
(9) Remove the entire carriage 1 at an angle.
Note: When installing carriage 1, the carriage must
be adjusted.

[Front side] [Rear side]

[L] Mirror 1
(1) Remove carriage 1.
(2) Remove the plate springs (2 pcs.) fixing mir-
ror 1.

Mirror-1
Plate spring
Plate spring

[M] Carriage 2
(1) Remove the screws (2 pcs.) fixing carriage 2.
(2) Remove carriage 2 upwards.
Note: When assembling carriage 2, the carriage
must be adjusted.

Carriage-2

2460 SCANNER 8 - 36 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[N] Mirrors 2, 3
(1) Remove carriage 2. Plate spring
(2) Remove each of the plate springs.
Mirror-2

Mirror-3

Plate spring

[O] Lens Unit


(1) Remove the screws (3 pcs.), connector (1 pc.) Lens unit

and harness band (1 pc.).


(2) Draw out the lens unit upwards.

Connector

Note: (1) Do not touch the paint locked screws G


(7 pcs.) when replacing the lens unit.

[Front side] [Rear side]

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 37 2460 SCANNER


Note: (2) Also, when handling the unit, take sufficient care not to hold the adjustment portion and the
lens.

Note: (3) When installing the lens unit, secure the


[Front side] [Rear side]
unit while pushing it fully toward the di-
rections in the figure.
Pushing fully
(Installation
starting position)

Pushing fully
(Installation
starting position)

[P] Upper Damp Heater (OPTION)


(1) Remove the lens cover.
Upper damp heater
(2) Remove the screw (1 pc.), clamp (3 pc.) and
relay connector screw (1 pc.) to take out the
upper damp heater.

Clamp

2460 SCANNER 8 - 38 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(3) Remove the one screw fixing the damp heater
for the mirror, 2 brackets and 2 screws.
Remove the clamp fixing the cable.

Bracket

Damp heater for mirror

(4) Remove the damp heater unit removing one Connector Connector
Clamp
connector and cable from the clamp.

Damp heater for mirror

[Q] Ozone filter


(1) Remove the exit cover.
(A)
(2) Take out the filter (A) and (B).
Note: Be careful when handling the filter, since the (B)

ozone filter is fragile.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 39 2460 SCANNER


[R] Duct fan, Exit fan
(1) Remove the upper inner cover.
(2) Remove the duct unit fixing screw (Front side
2 screws).
(3) Remove the drive unit.

(4) Remove the SDV board (3 connectors, 2 Connector


screws and 2 locking supports).

Locking support

Connector

Locking support

(5) Remove the duct unit fixing screw (Rear side


Connector
2 screws).
Disconnect the connector (2 connectors each).

2460 SCANNER 8 - 40 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(6) Take out the duct unit.
Duct unit

(7) Disconnect the connector and remove the fan


(2 screws each).

Duct fan Exit fan-1

Exit fan-2

[S] Cooling fan for the IMG board


(1) Remove the glass and lens cover. Connector
(2) Remove the fan motor (2 screws, 4 clamps Clamp
and one connector).

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 8 - 41 2460 SCANNER


8.9 Adjustment
8.9.1 Installation of carriage drive belt and carriage
Refer to the Service Handbook item.

8.9.2 Image inclination


Refer to the Service Handbook item.

8.9.3 Image distortion


Refer to the Service Handbook item.

2460 SCANNER 8 - 42 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


9. PRINTING
9.1 Introduction

Electrical signals which are converted in the scanning portion are processed to the image signals in the
image process portion and the image signals light up the laser diode in the laser drive portion.
The laser beams are irradiated on a photosensitive surface after passing through the lens, polygonal
mirror, fθ lenses and mirrors.
As this set of components is very susceptible to dust, they are assembled in a clean room. Also, they are
adjusted to a high quality.
For this reason, this unit should not be disassembled unnecessarily in the field.

Laser unit

Laser diode
[Rear side]
Polygonal mirror motor Lens

Laser drive board


Polygonal mirror motor

Lens Aperture
Polygonal mirror
Mirror-1

HSYNC detection board


Lens-2
[Exit side]

Mirror-2

Polygonal mirror
motor drive board
Lens-1
[Feed side]

HSYNC detection
[Front side] mirror To the drum Slit glass (Laser light window)

Fig. 9.1-1 Laser scanning unit overview

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9-1 2460 PRINTING


Feed side

Rear side

Laser drive
board

Front side

Exit side
Polygonal motor Polygonal motor drive board

Fig. 9.1-2 Laser optical unit overview

2460 PRINTING 9-2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


9.2 Structure
(1) Laser Unit
The laser unit comprises a laser diode, finite lens and aperture.
1 Laser diode
The laser diode is compact, efficient, low-priced, operates on lower power, and has a long life.
However, it is sensitive to heat.
Laser diode controls emission of laser beams based on the laser control (ON/OFF) signals from
the laser drive board.
2 LASER SAFETY
The beam of the semiconductor laser is itself extremely weak (about 5 mW), but focusing the
parallel rays results in an increase in energy to which extended exposure is hazardous.
The laser optical system of the digital plain paper copier is encased in metal which in turn is
housed in the external cover. There is thus no risk of leaks during use, nor during normal servic-
ing.
Note, however, that the laser beam is not visible, and extreme care must be exercised when
servicing involves focusing the laser. Such operations are hazardous and must not be attempted
unless you are specifically trained to work in this area.
The warning label shown below is attached on the left side of the upper inner cover.

[CAUTION]
• Do not insert tools that are highly reflective into the path of the laser beam.
• Remove all watches, rings, bracelets, etc.

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9-3 2460 PRINTING


Laser light
(2) Polygonal-Mirror Motor Unit
A
The polygonal-mirror motor unit comprises a
polygonal mirror and a polygonal-mirror motor. Drum

1 Polygonal-mirror motor
The polygonal-mirror motor rotates the
polygonal mirror at high speed.
The DC motor controls the rotation speed of
the mirror as follows:
During standby : 12,000 rpm
Laser light
During copying (600 dpi) : 22,500 rpm
B
2 Polygonal mirror
The laser beams emitted from the laser diode Drum
are reflected by this mirror. As the polygonal
mirror is rotated by the polygonal-mirror motor,
the direction of the reflected laser light moves
in sync with the rotation. The direction of
movement is the primary scanning direction of
the image with each single scan ending in one Laser light
plane of the polygonal mirror.
As the polygonal mirror has eight planes, eight
C
scans are completed in one rotation of the Drum
polygonal mirror.

Fig. 9.2-1

One scan is completed by completion of steps A to C.


One scan is carried out on one plane of the polygonal
mirror. Eight scans can be carried out with one rotation
of the polygonal mirror.

2460 PRINTING 9-4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(3) Lenses 1 and 2
These lenses perform the following compensations on the laser light reflected by the polygonal mirror.

1 Equidistant scanning.
The reflected laser light on the polygonal mirror Wide
is scanned at the same angle, because the
polygonal mirror is rotated at the same speed.
That is, when the scan is completed, the dot- Narrow

pitch on the drum becomes the wide spaces at


the both edges and the narrow spaces in the
center. So, in order to regularize intervals of Drum

dots, laser light is compensated so that it is


scanned on the drum at equal speeds.

Lens 1
Lens 2

Equidistant

Fig. 9.2-2

2 Pyramidal error compensation Mirror plane is tilted. Deviation

The reflected face on polygonal mirror is tilted


in either of two directions for the perfect vertical
direction. Deviation of the laser light (for the
perfect horizontal) caused by this reflected
face’s pyramidal error is compensated.
3 The section’s shape of the laser beam on the
drum is compensated. Fig. 9.2-3

(4) HSYNC detection PC board


The laser light, which is scanned by the any reflected face on the polygonal mirror, is reflected by the
HSYNC detection mirror, and becomes incident to the PIN diode on the HSYNC detection PC board.
Then, the primary scanning synchronizing is formed by detection of the laser light.

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9-5 2460 PRINTING


(5) Laser Drive Board
This control board has the following functions:
1 APC control function (for compensating disparity in the laser intensity caused by temperature)
2 Laser ON/OFF generating function
3 Function for generating synchronizing signals in the primary scanning direction

(6) Mirror
The laser light reflected by the polygonal mirror is guided onto the drum by reflection from this mirror.

(7) Slit glass


The slit glass is provided at the position where the laser light is output from the laser unit, and is to
prevent dust as the laser unit is in a sealed structure.

2460 PRINTING 9-6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


9.3 Laser Diode
The laser used in this copier is a AlGaAs type semiconductor laser. This semiconductor laser outputs in
the single-horizontal mode, and its oscillation wavelength is about 780 nm. This semiconductor laser is
powered by a + 5 V DC power supply, and its optical output is controlled to about 1 mW. Output of a PIN
diode for monitoring light output built into the semiconductor laser is used for controlling this.
The semiconductor laser has the optical forward-
output current, and monitors the current
characteristics shown in the figure on the right. High temp.

Optical Output (mW)


Emission of light is started when the forward current
reaches or becomes greater than the threshold
Low temp.
current. A monitor current proportional to the optical
output is output. These threshold currents and
monitor currents are each disparate due to the Forward current
Monitor current
characteristics of each of the semiconductor lasers.
Optical output must be adjusted so that it is main- Current (mA)

tained at a constant value. Also, as the optical out-


Threshold current
put of the semiconductor laser drops when its tem-
perature increases, APC is also required to main- Fig. 9.3-1
tain the optical output at a constant value.

Semiconductor laser

Laser power
Laser driver
comparison
circuit
circuit Constant optical
output

Monitor output
Monitor
output
conversion

Fig. 9.3-2 Block diagram

Fig. 9.3-2 shows a block diagram of the semiconductor laser control circuit. The monitor output from the
semiconductor laser is controlled for each of the semiconductor lasers beforehand so that a constant
voltage is maintained when the optical output is 1 mW. After conversion, the voltages are fed back to the
laser power comparison circuit. Here, comparison of the laser power voltage set to the control circuit is
carried out for every single scanning. As a result, when the laser power is insufficient, the forward current
is increased in the laser driver circuit, and alternatively when the laser power is excessive, the forward
current is decreased so that the optical current is constant.

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9-7 2460 PRINTING


9.4 Disassembly and Replacement
A) Remove the process unit.
(Refer to 11.4.1 Process unit)
B) Remove the fuser entrance guide.
Remove one screw.
Pull it out holding the light blue handle as shown
in the figure on the right.
C) Remove the fuser unit.
(Refer to 14.5.1 Fuser unit)

D) Stay
1) Remove the right stay for the process unit (1
screw).
2) Remove the left stay (1 screw and 1 connec-
tor).

Left stay for the Right stay for the


process unit process unit

Right stay for the


process unit

Left stay for the


process unit Connector

2460 PRINTING 9-8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


3) Remove the duct inside of the machine frame
by taking out 2 screws on the upper inner cover.

Upper
inner cover

Frame

Duct

4) Remove the duct beneath the laser unit by


sliding it to the front.

Laser unit

Duct

E) Laser optical unit Lens cover


1) Remove the original glass.
2) Remove the rubber caps from the screw holes.
Loosen the 3 screws completely. Laser drive
Note: Screws may remain in the unit if they are PC board (a) (a)
cover
loosened completely.

Rubber cap
(a)
Hole

3) Remove the laser drive PC board cover (1


screw). (b)

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9-9 2460 PRINTING


4) Remove the 2 connectors on the laser unit.
Connector A
Note: Make sure that connector A is connected
firmly at the time of connecting.

Connector

Laser unit

5) Remove the unit in the following order:


Feed side stay

Unit
Exit side stay

Front frame opening

• Raise the feed side of the unit slightly and re-


move the (positioning pin) located on the back
side of the unit from the positioning hole.
Unit

Positioning
pin

2460 PRINTING 9 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


• Slide the unit to the feed side once.

• Lower the exit side of the unit.

• Slide the unit to the exit side through the bot-


tom of the exit side stay.

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9 - 11 2460 PRINTING


• Remove the unit from the laser unit fixing stays.

6) Remove the connector on the polygonal mirror


motor drive PC board located in front of the unit.

Connector
Polygonal motor
drive board

Note: 1. Make sure that the laser optical unit is


correctly positioned on the machine by Positioning pin
Stay
the positioning pin beneath the unit at
the time of its installation.
2. Be careful not to cause vibration or shock
to this laser optical unit because the la-
ser emission unit and the polygonal mir-
ror motor in this unit are precision parts.
Unit

Front frame opening

2460 PRINTING 9 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


3. Place the unit so that the motor faces
toward the top when placing the unit tem-
porarily during replacement.
Motor
Giving a shock to the motor may cause
the generation of a noise or a vibration.

September 1996 © TOSHIBA 9 - 13 2460 PRINTING


10 PAPER FEEDING SECTION
10.1 Functions
This unit transports paper which is set in the paper cassette or the bypass tray to the transfer position.
The paper feeding section is mainly comprised of manual feed roller, pick-up rollers, paper feed rollers,
separation rollers, transport rollers, aligning roller, manual feed switch, paper empty switch, paper size
switch, paper stop switch, paper aligning switch and also their drive mechanisms.
The following explains each part function.
(1) Pick-up roller/manual feed roller
Feeds paper in the bypass tray or the paper cassette to the paper feed roller and the roller moves up
and down on each occasion of paper feeding.
(2) Paper feed roller
This is the opposite of the separation roller, sending paper fed from the pick-up roller to the transport
roller.
(3) Separation roller
This is the opposite of the paper feed roller. When two sheets or more are fed from the pick-up roller,
the load of the torque limiter of the separation roller is greater than the friction power between the
sheets of paper, the separation roller stops, causing the lower sheet also to stop and not be fed at
that moment. But in the case of single sheet feeding, it rotates at the same timing as the paper feed
roller so that it has the rotation force of that roller.
(4) Transport roller
Transport the paper from the feed roller to the aligning roller.
(5) Aligning roller
Paper fed from the paper feed roller is stuck against the aligning roller which is at rest, and leading
edge alignment is performed.
Then the aligning roller rotates to feed paper to the developing position.
Further, the lower aligning roller is contacted with the brush to prevent paper dust from adhering to
the aligning roller due to paper alignment.
The following explains about switches which detect paper size, paper presence and paper feeding posi-
tion for ON/OFF control of each roller.
(6) Manual feed switch
Detects if paper is set in the bypass tray. If this is the case, manual paper feeding has priority over
cassette paper feeding.
(7) Paper empty switch
This sensor detects paper in the paper cassette by the use of the actuator. When there is no paper in
the cassette, the actuator intercepts the transmitted light in the sensor, causing a paper-empty situ-
ation to be detected.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 1 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


(8) Paper size switch
Consists of four push-type switches.
In the paper cassette, tabs are installed so that any of these switches (1 to 4) is pressed when a
paper cassette is installed in the copier.
Corresponding to which switch is being pressed, paper size detection is performed.
(9) Paper stop switch
Detects the leading/trailing edge of paper passing through the paper transport roller.
Jam detection such as for paper misfeeding, etc. is also used.
(10)Paper aligning switch
Detects that the leading edge of the paper has arrived at the aligning roller.
Also detects that the trailing edge of the paper has passed through the aligning roller.
If the former is detected, it reads that the aligning roller has completed paper alignment.

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


36

37

42

47 46 45 35
59
41

60

44

39

38

40

Paper feeding section sectional view (Front side)

No. Name No. Name


CO Manual feed separation pad DL Manual feed switch
CP Manual feed roller DN Lower transport roller
CQ Manual pick-up roller DO Aligning switch
CR Cassette separation roller DP Aligning roller (U)
CS Cassette feed roller DQ Aligning roller (L)
DT Cassette pick-up roller ES Paper stop switch-1
DK Upper transport roller FT Paper stop switch-2

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 3 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


88

78

91
83

89

91

Paper feeding section drive system (Rear side)

No. Name
GR Aligning clutch
HM Main motor
HR Manual feed clutch
HS Transport roller clutch
IK Cassette feed clutch

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


10.1.1 Manual pick-up roller vertical movement

Spring clutch
Drive power
Lever spring

Feed roller

Pick-up lever

Pick-up roller

Pick-up arm

When drive power is transmitted to the feed roller, rotation power is sent to the pick-up lever via the spring
clutch. Then the pick-up arm falls by its own weight and the spring clutch stops in the position in which it
has bumped into the stopper.
When the drive power of the feed roller is lost, the pick-up lever is lifted up by the force of the lever spring
after which the pick-up arm is also raised.

10.1.2 Cassette pick-up roller vertical movement

Lever a
Cassette insertion direction

Lever d
Spring

Pick-up roller

Lever b Lever c

When the cassette is inserted, the cassette lever d pushes up the lever a in the direction A. Then the
pick-up roller is caused to fall by its own weight due to the link mechanism of the levers b and c.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 5 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


10.1.3 Paper separation operation
Since no paper separation claws are used in the
Feed roller
cassette, a paper separation roller is installed in-
side the machine. The separation roller section
consists of a paper feed roller, separation roller,
spring joint, etc., as shown.
The feed roller is rotated by the feed clutch in the
direction of the arrow ( ) at the same timing
Spring joint
as the pick-up roller.
As shown in the lower right-hand figure, the feed-
Separation roller
ing of two sheets has occurred. Since the friction
between the sheets is smaller, the lower sheet is
stopped being fed any further while the upper sheet
is forcibly transported by the feed roller in the di-
rection of the arrow ( ).

[Example]
When only one sheet of paper 1 has entered into Feed roller
the separation roller section, since the feed roller’s
transporting force is stronger than the separation
roller’s braking force, the separation roller is forced
to rotate causing the sheet to be sent toward the
aligning roller ( ).
When, two sheets (1 and 2) have entered into
the separation roller section at the same time, since
the powers of the feed roller’s transporting and
separation roller’s braking are greater than the fric-
Separation roller
tion power of the paper, the paper 1 is transported
toward in the direction of the arrow ( ) and
the paper 2 is not transported any further by the
separation roller.

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


10.2 Cassette Feeding Operations
10.2.1 Operation explanation
[A] From power-on until standby status
(1) When the power is turned on for the copier, the tray motors (M13/14) are set to ON and the trays at
each level start to rise. When the trays are raised, the tray-up switches (S28/29) are turned on (L →
H), and the tray motors (M13/14) are turned off, which stops the upward motion of the trays. At this
point, if the empty switches (S3/14) are off (L), it is determined that paper is not present. If the empty
switches are on (H), it is determined that paper is present. The trays stop in their raised position
regardless of whether there is paper or not.
(2) If the power is turned on when the cassette has been removed, the tray motor for that level does not
come on. When the cassette is inserted in the slot, the tray is raised and the presence or absence of
paper is determined.
(3) If either of the paper stop switches (S7/16) or the aligning switch (S8) is ON (because there is paper
in the paper path) when the power is turned on, it is determined that a paper jam has occurred and
operation is not possible until the paper is removed.

[B] Standby mode


(1) After the paper supply is checked by the raising of the trays as described above, the standby mode
is obtained. In the standby mode, the trays remain in their raised position.
(2) When the cassette is inserted or removed in the standby mode, the tray is raised again to check the
paper supply.

[C] Manual feeding


• The manual feed switch detects the presence of manual feeding paper.
• The manual solenoid is turned on and the manual pick-up roller and the manual feed roller are
rotated.
• The manual pick-up roller is lowered and paper feeding is started.
• The leading edge of the paper turns on the paper aligning switch and is aligned at the aligning
roller.
• The manual feed clutch is turned off, the manual pick-up roller and manual feed roller are stopped
rotating, and then the manual pick-up roller is raised.
• The aligning clutch is turned on and the paper is transported to the transfer process.

[D] Cassette feeding (upper or lower)


• The feed clutch and the transport clutch are turned on, the feed roller and the transport roller are
rotated, and then paper feeding is started.
• The leading edge of the paper turns on the paper stop switch, then the feed clutch is turned off.
• The leading edge of the paper turns on the aligning switch and is aligned at the aligning roller.
• The transport clutch is turned off and the transport roller is stopped.
• The aligning clutch is turned on and the paper is transported to the transfer process.
September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 7 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION
10.3 Motor Drive Circuit
10.3.1 Brush motor drive circuit
Tray-up motor (T-UP-MTR) : Driven by IC13 (upper cassette)/IC12 (lower cassette) (PWA-LGC:
TA8428)
The block diagram of TA8428 is shown below.

Protection for
overheating and
over current

Control logic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

IN1 IN2 M(+) GND M(–) N.C. VCC

IN1 and IN2 are input terminals for the signals from the microcomputer. In the control section, the motor
is controlled on and off based on the signals from the microcomputer. For the control, refer to the table
below.

Input Output
IN1 IN2 M (+) M (–) Description
H H L L BRAKE
L H L H CCW (upward)
H L H L CW (downward)
L L OFF (high impedance) STOP

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


10.4 Disassembly and Replacement
10.4.1 Manual feed roller
[A] Manual feed roller
(1) Remove the stop ring.
(2) Pull out the feed roller in the direction of the
arrow A.
A
Manual feed
roller Stop ring

[B] Pick-up roller


(1) Remove the stop ring. Pick-up
(2) Pull out the ø6 shaft in the direction of the ar- roller

row B.
Notes: Pay attention to the following points when B
reassembling the manual, pick-up, feed and
separation rollers.
1. Set the timing belt securely on the pul-
ley.
2. Be careful not to mistake the setting po-
sition of the timing belt (manual feed
roller). Stop ring
3. Put the clip properly into the slot of the
shaft.
4. Check that oil etc. has not adhered to
the surface of the timing belts, pulleys
and rollers.
5. Make sure of the roller orientation.

Paper feed roller

Paper

Pick-up roller
Separation pad

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 9 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


10.4.2 Manual feed unit (roller)
(1) Remove the rear cover.
(2) Remove the upper feed cover.
(3) Remove the right feed cover.
(4) Remove the shield plate (2 screws).

Shield plate

(5) Remove the stopper bracket (1 screw).

Stopper bracket

(6) Remove the portion indicated with “a” (1 screw).

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(7) Remove the 2 connectors and manual feed unit.

Connector

10.4.3 Separation pad


(1) Remove the manual feed cover (2 screws).
(2) Remove the manual tray removing the front side
bracket (2 screws).

Front side bracket Manual tray

(3) Remove the lower side bracket (3 screws).

Lower side bracket

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 11 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


(4) Remove the separation pad bracket (2 screws)
and then take the bracket out toward the front.

Separation pad bracket

Separation pad
Separation pad bracket

(5) Remove the spring and then the separation pad.


Note: Be careful not to damage the manual feed
switch at the time of installation. Spring

Separation pad

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


10.4.4 Aligning unit
(1) Remove the lower front inner cover.
(2) Lower the transport belt.
(3) Remove the main drive unit (See 6.3.E).
(4) Remove the belt and connectors of the clutch
and switch on the rear side of the aligning roller.
(5) Remove the stop rings (front, rear, 1 each).
(6) Remove the fixing bracket (rear side, 2 screws).
(7) Remove the aligning unit fixing screws (front:
2, rear: 1).
(8) Slide the bush from the frame and take out the
aligning unit.
Note: When installing the aligning unit, insert the
rotation stopper of the electromagnetic
clutch properly into the rear side bracket Connector Bush
and securely hook the belt to the pulley.

Belt Stop ring

[A] Aligning roller (upper, lower)


(1) Remove the aligning guide (2 screws).

Upper aligning roller

Aligning guide

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 13 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


(2) Remove the aligning pressure springs (front and
Aligning pressure
rear).
spring Aligning roller (U)
(3) Remove the bushes (upper, lower, 2 each).

Bush (U)

Bush (L) [Front side]

(4) Lift up the aligning rollers (upper and lower) in


the direction of the arrow D to remove them.
Pressure spring

Aligning
roller (U)

Bush (U)
Aligning roller (L)

Bush (L)
[Rear side]

[B] Paper dust cleaning brush


(1) Remove the brush (1 screw).
(When the unit is installed in the machine, the
brush can be removed/installed).

Paper dust cleaning brush

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


10.4.5 Cassette feed section
(1) Remove the right feed cover. Connector Jam release
(2) Open the jam release cover. cover

(3) Remove the stop ring.


(4) Remove the harness cover.
(5) Remove the jam release cover.
(6) Disconnect the connector from the feed unit.

Stop ring

(7) Pull out the cassette.


(8) Disconnect the paper size detection switch
harness from the switch.
(9) Remove the two paper feed unit fixing screws,
and pull out the unit toward the front side.

Harness
Paper feed unit

Note: If the LCF has been installed on the copier,


LCF
use the following procedure to remove the
harness cover and the connector.
1. Remove the right feed cover.
2. Remove the hinge stopper for the LCF
in order to open it fully.
3. Open the LCF fully.
4. Remove the harness cover.
5. Disconnect the connector from the feed
unit.

Right feed cover Hinge stopper

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 15 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


[A] Cassette feed unit (rollers)
(1) Remove the clutch bracket.

Clutch bracket

(2) Remove the separation roller holder (2 screws). Pick-up arm


Feed roller One-way clutch
(3) Remove the pick-up roller from the arm. Separation (CLUTCH-6-L)
(4) Slide the feed roller in the direction of the arrow Stop-ring roller
Clutch
A and pull out the bush from the shaft. bracket
Bush
(5) Remove the stop-ring and pick-up arm from the
shaft and pull out the feed roller.

One-way clutch
(CLUTCH-6-R)
Pick-up roller
Cassette feed unit

(6) Remove the lever and separation roller with


shaft from the holder.
(7) Remove the cover, arbor and clutch spring, and
Holder
then separation roller from the shaft.
Cover
Clutch spring
Lever
Arbor Separation roller

Spring Shaft

Arbor

Spring

2460 PAPER FEEDER SECTION 10 - 16 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Note: When installing the manual feed, pick-up,
paper feed and separation rollers, pay at-
tention to the following items.
1. Insert a pin in the pulley.
2. Make sure the timing belt is correctly
looped on the pulley.
3. Make sure the lock direction of the one-
way clutch is correct.

LO
CK
LOCK

CLUTCH-6-L

LOCK

CLUTCH-6-R

4. Make sure the clip is set in the shaft


groove.
5. Make sure no oil gets on the surface of
the timing belt, pulley and roller.
6. Make sure of the roller orientation.

Paper feed roller

Paper

Pick-up roller
Separation roller

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 10 - 17 2460 PAPER FEEDING SECTION


11. DRUM-RELATED SECTION
11.1 Construction

Discharge LED
Main charger
Pre-cleaning
discharge charger

Transport belt Bias guide


Drum
Transfer charger

Separation charger

In this section, the drum-related parts including the drum are described. (The cleaner unit is excepted.)
Construction of the parts is as follows.
• Cleaner unit Drum
Main charger High-voltage transformer unit
Discharge LED

• Transport unit Transfer/separation charger High-voltage transformer unit


Transfer guide bias
Transport-belt unit

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 1 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


11.2 Drive Mechanism

Timing pulley (TP25/G25) Cleaning auger (G16)


Dev. unit drive gear (G23)
Belt (840 pitch)
Timing pulley (TP24/G16)

Timing pulley (TP39/G29/TP21)


(TP30)
Drum Belt
(190 pitch)
(G28)

(G26)
Belt
(G55/G48)
Timing pulley (466 pitch) Heat roller
(TP110) (G56)

Transport
belt (G20) (G50/G28)

(G35)

(G27/G19)

Timing pulley (G58/TP29/TP25)


Timing pulley
(G117/TP24) Main motor (G10)

Rear side view

Dev-unit drive gear G23

Transport belt drive Transport belt unit


gear G27/G19
Drum drive coupling

Front side view Removing fuser unit

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


11.3 Functions
11.3.1 Main charger Discharge LED

Applies a negative electrostatic charge to the drum Main charger


(through a high-voltage transformer).

Drum

11.3.2 Transfer/separation charger, transport


belt Transfer/separation
Transport belt charger
[A] Transfer charger
(1) Transfers the toner on the drum to the copy
paper (high-voltage transformer: DC).
[B] Separation charger
(1) Separates the copy paper with toner from the
drum (high-voltage transformer: AC).
[C] Transport belt
(1) Transports the paper, which has been trans-
ferred and separated from the drum, to the fuser
unit.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 3 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


11.4 Disassembly/Replacement
Remove the switch cover and the process unit as required to create easy-to-service conditions.

11.4.1 Process unit


[A] Process unit removal
(1) Remove the toner cartridge.
(2) Remove the toner bag.
(3) Lower the transport unit turning the jam release
lever in the direction of the arrow.
(4) Unplug the connector from the developer unit.
(5) Remove the 2 screws shown by the arrow. Pull
out the unit to the front side.
Notes: 1. Be careful not to damage the drum, or to
touch the its surface.
2. Check that the transport belt unit is low-
Jam release lever Toner bag
ered at the removal/installation of the
unit.

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[B] Removal and attachment of the cleaner unit and developer unit
(1) Place the process unit on a flat surface. Pull up the front side lever and remove the rear side guide in
the cleaner section. Separate the developer unit from the cleaner section.

Guide
Front side lever

[Front side] [Rear side]

Cleaner

Rear side guide

Dev-unit

Front side lever

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 5 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


[C] Process unit installation
When installing the process unit into the copier,
align the 3 guides. Positioning hole Guide
Positioning hole

Finally, insert the positioning pin into the upper


frame hole pushing the 2 portions indicating the
arrow.

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


11.4.2 Main charger
(1) Remove the main charger in the order of 1 – Main charger
2.

2
1
Hook

Cleaner

[A] Grid
(1) Push the terminal head hard in the direction of
the arrow and unhook the grid. Terminal head
Note: During replacement, do not touch the mesh
section of the grid with your bare hands.
Grid

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 7 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


[B] Replacement of charger wire

 Total length: 353 mm


 Tungsten wire: ø0.06 mm V-groove
(1) Remove the terminal cover at the front and rear. Terminal (F)

Terminal cover

[Front side]

V-groove

[Rear side]
Terminal(R) Terminal cover

Notes: 1. Pay attention to direction of the spring


hanger on the front.
2. Insert fully in the V-groove on the front
and rear.
3. The wire must not be kinked. Spring hanger

4. Do not touch the wire directly with your


hands.
Terminal base

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[C] Replacing the cleaning pad:
(1) Remove the charge wire. Cleaning pad

(2) Remove the rear terminal.


(3) Move the cleaning pad to the rear side.
(4) Remove the pad holder snap from the shaft.

[Rear side]
Pad holder

Notes: 1. When reassembling, pay attention to the


direction in which the pad holder faces.
2. When moved to the rear, the pads (2
Charging wire
pcs.) should be clearly away from the
wires.

Cleaning pad

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 9 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


11.4.3 Transfer/separation charger
(1) Remove the toner bag.
(2) Remove the inner cover for the fuser unit (1
screw).
(3) Turn the jam release lever to the release posi-
tion.
(4) Lift up the belt unit (the transfer/separation
charger) and rotate the jam release lever
counterclockwise. Lower the belt unit then it
stops at the extraction position for the transfer/
separation charger unit.
1 Jam release lever Toner bag
Inner cover
3

(5) Remove the stopper bracket for the transfer/


separation charger (1 screw).
(6) Pull out the transfer/separation charger.
(7) When reinstalling, turn the jam release lever
clockwise while raising the belt unit, and lower
the belt unit until it stops at the jam release
position.

Jam release lever Transfer/separation


charge stopper bracket

[A] Replacement of charging wire

 Total length: 353 mm


 Gold plated tungsten wire: ø0.06 mm Charging wire terminal Charging wire

(1) Remove the terminal cover on the front and rear.


In the case of the separation charger, remove
the supporter.

Spring
[Front side]

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Notes: 1. Pay attention to the direction of the spring
Charging wire
hanger on rear.
Charging wire terminal
2. Ensure that the charge wires are firmly
inserted in V-grooves at the front and
rear.
3. The wire must not be kinked.
4. Do not touch the wire directly with your
hand.
5. Insert the supporter securely into the
hook or slot.

[Rear side]

[B] Replacing the cleaning pad:


(1) Remove the charge wire.
Cleaning pad holder
(2) Remove the rear terminal.
(3) Move the cleaning pad to the rear side.
(4) Remove the pad holder snap from the shaft.

Notes: 1. When reassembling, pay attention to the


Charging wire
direction in which the pad holder faces.
2. When moved to the rear, the pads (2
pcs.) should be clearly away from the
wires.

Cleaning pad

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 11 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


11.4.4 Transport belt unit
Transport belt unit
(1) Remove the toner box.
(2) Remove the jam release lever.
(3) Remove the lower inner cover.
(4) Remove the bracket for the transport belt unit
(1 screw), pull out the unit carefully.

Bracket Jam release lever

[A] To replace the belts:


(1) Remove the belt unit from the transport belt unit
(4 screws).
(2) Remove the idler roller on the drum side.
(3) Remove the stop-ring and shaft.
(4) Remove the belt case (4 screws).
(5) Remove the belt.
Note: The belt position for installation is shown in
the figure below.

Idler roller on
drum side

5±1 mm

Transport belt

Drum side idler roller


Front side
Belt case
Notes: 1. To reinstall the transport-belt unit in the
copier, fit its rear guide projection (2) in
the hole in the rear copier frame and the
front guide projection in the cut-out
portion of the front copier frame.
2. Check that the gears on the front and
rear are properly engaged. Gear Shaft

Belt Stop-ring

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


11.4.5 Lower damp heater, fuse PC board, and
thermostat
(1) Remove the toner bag.
(2) Remove one screw and connector then the
bracket.
Note: The damp heater unit is installed in the 2
slots on the machine as shown in the figure
below.

Damp heater unit

[A] Lower damp heater Lower damp heater


(1) Remove one connector on the fuse PC board,
2 faston terminals for the thermostat and one Fuse PC board
screw then the lower damp heater.

Faston terminal
[B] Fuse PC board
(1) Remove the fuse PC board by disconnecting
one connector and unlocking the locking sup-
Installation stay
ports. for the machine

[C] Thermostat
Thermostat
(1) Remove the installation stay for the machine
by taking out two screws.
(2) Remove the thermostat by taking out 2 faston
terminals and 2 screws.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 13 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


11.5 Main, Transfer, Separation, and Pre-Cleaning Discharge Chargers,
and Transfer Guide Bias and Developer-Bias Control Circuit
11.5.1 Outline
• Circuit to create the output control voltage Vc of the charging/transfer/separation/developer-bias.
• Vc is varied → output current or voltage varies linearly.
11.5.2 Operation explanation

PWA-F-SYS-220 PWA-F-LGC-220 PS-HVT-220

Digital
Adjustment Main/
data
BC-RAM value Main Gate D/A Analog Vc transfer/
separation/ Output
processor array converter
developer-
bias output/
IC27 Pre-
IC45&51
cleaning
IC37 IC33 charger

• Charging/transfer/separation/developer-bias output adjustment value inside BC-RAM is output


to the main processor.

• Outputs control voltage data from the main processor to the D/A converter.

• Analog conversion by the D/A converter.


• Outputs control voltage Vc to the main/transfer/separation/pre-cleaning discharge chargers and


developer-bias transformer.

• The main/transfer/separation/pre-cleaning discharge chargers and developer-bias transformer


generates an output current or voltage proportional to control the voltage Vc.
* Adjustment of control voltage Vc (adjustment data change) is performed in the AJ mode.
* Output value of the transfer guide bias is fixed when the PS-HVT is shipped.

2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION 11 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


J2-4 GRVREFA
J2-5 DEDVREFA
D/A J2-7 TVREFA
Converter
J2-11 SPAVREFA

Gate J2-12 SPDVREFA


Array J2-14 PCAVREFA

IC45&51
IC33
MAIN
CPU

PWA-F-SYS-220

BC-RAM

IC37 IC27

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 11 - 15 2460 DRUM-RELATED SECTION


12. DEVELOPER UNIT
12.1 Construction

Top cover

Upper cover

Guide roller

Magnetic roller

Guide roller

Leveler Mixer 1 Mixer 2


Drum

Auto-toner sensor

Magnetic roller (sleeve)

Front side sectional view

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 1 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


12.2 Developer drive
12.2.1 Magnetic roller, mixer 1 and mixer 2
[Rear of copier] Gear (teeth: 23)

a
Developer drive gear (teeth: 24) → Mixer-1

→ Gear (teeth: 24) → Mixer 2

a
Gear (teeth:22)
[Rear of developer
unit]
a
Idle gear (teeth: 26)
Pulley (teeth:18)
Timing belt (2M-88)

a
Sleeve drive pulley (teeth: 27) → Magnetic roller

Mixer-2 Mixer-1 Timing pulley Z18


Mixer-2 gear Z22
Timing belt (2M-88)
Magnetic roller

Timing pulley Z27

Guide roller

Idle gear Z26

Mixer-2 gear Z24 Dev unit drive gear Z24

Copier rear side gear (teeth: 23)

Timing pulley Z27


Mixer-2 gear Z22

Mixer-2 gear Z24


Timing pulley Z18

Dev unit drive gear Z24


Idle gear Z26
[Rear side]
2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA
12.2.2 Toner cartridge
[Developer front] Toner cartridge drive motor


Drive gear (teeth: 32)


Toner cartridge (toner replenishment)


Mix toner with mixer 1 and 2.

Toner cartridge
Cartridge drive gear G32 drive motor

Mixer 2

[Front side]

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 3 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


12.3 Disassembly/Replacement
12.3.1 Developer unit removal and attachment
Upper cover
(Refer to 11.4.1 Process unit)

12.3.2 Pouring in developer material


(1) Remove the upper cover (2 screws).

(2) Remove the cap of the developer material


bottle. Pour the developer material into the
developer unit.

(3) After the pouring in has been completed, turn


the gear in the direction of the arrow, and have
the developer material transported onto the
magnetic roller.

Gear

2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(4) Install the upper cover. After fully inserting the
Hooks
hooks (four places), fasten with screws.

Upper cover

(5) Pay attention to the overlapping between the side seal (front, rear) and the rubber seal. (Be careful
when reassembling the upper cover.) The side seal must come between the outer rubber seal and
inner one.

Side seal

Outer rubber seal

Inner rubber seal

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 5 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


12.3.3 Discharging developer material
(1) Set the cap jig on the toner replenishment ori- Hooks

fice on the developer unit as shown in the fig-


ure. (This is done to prevent the developing
material around the toner replenishment orifice
from splattering into the toner cartridge drive
unit when the developer unit is turned upside
down.)
(2) Remove the upper cover (2 screws).
Upper cover

Toner
replenishment
orifice Cap jig

(3) Incline the developer unit and discharge


developer material from the position indicated
by the arrow.
Notes: 1. Do not discharge developer material
from the toner replenishment orifice, as
the developer will adhere to the gear of
the toner cartridge drive motor, causing
the motor to seize.
2. Take care to avoid the connector
becoming smeared with developer
material when discharging is performed.

2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


12.3.4 Guide roller
Toner holder
[A] Front side
(1) Discharge the developer material.
(2) Remove the toner holder bracket (2 screws).

Toner holder bracket

(3) Remove the connector.

Connector
Toner holder bracket

(4) Remove the nozzle (3 screws).

Nozzle

[Front side]

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 7 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


(5) Remove the plate (3 screws and 1 coil spring).
Coil spring

Plate
[Front side]

(6) Remove the E-ring.


Replace the guide roller.

Guide roller

E-ring

[B] Rear side


(1) Remove the adjustment plate (1 screw).
(2) Remove the plate (4 screws and 1 coil spring). Plate Coil spring

Adjuster plate

2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(3) Replace the guide roller.
Notes: 1. The guide roller is common to the front
and rear.
2. After reassembly, adjust the polarity
position and the doctor sleeve gap ac-
cording to the method given in the
Service Handbook.

Guide roller

12.3.5 Toner cartridge drive


(1) Discharge the developer material.
Motor unit
(2) Remove the toner holder bracket, nozzle and
side plate.
(3) Pull out the harness and disconnect the
connector. Remove the motor unit (1 screw).

Harness

Connector

(4) Remove the motor (2 screws).


Replace the motor.
When the gear is defective, replace the entire
unit.

Motor

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 9 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


12.3.6 Toner sensor
(1) Discharge the developer material.
(2) Reverse the developer unit and remove the
harness cover (1 screw).

Harness cover

(3) Remove the toner sensor (1 connector).


Replace the sensor. Toner sensor

12.3.7 Magnetic roller


(1) Discharge the developer material.
(2) Remove the toner holder, nozzle, plate and Leveler
guide roller.
(3) Remove the leveler (2 screws).
(4) Remove the sleeve drive pulley.

Sleeve drive
pulley

Guide roller

2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(5) Peel off the seal after removing the front E-ring,
and then remove the magnetic roller bearing. Magnetic roller
Shift the magnetic roller in the direction of the
arrow, remove it from the slit in the frame and
pull it out towards the front.

Seal Magnetic roller


bearing

(6) Remove the V-ring.


Notes: 1. Pay attention to the direction (obverse/
reverse) of the V-ring when reassembly.
2. After reassembly, adjust the polarity
position and the doctor sleeve gap ac-
cording to the method given in the
Service Handbook.

V-ring

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 11 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


12.3.8 Drum thermistor
(1) Discharge the developer material (refer to
12.3.3). Drum thermistor
(2) Remove the bracket holder, toner nozzle and
side plate (refer to 12.3.4).
(3) Remove the drum thermistor fixed on the doc-
tor (1 screw).

2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


12.4 Brush Motor (Toner Motor (M15)) Drive Circuit
The toner motor is provided to supply toner for the developer unit.
The toner motor is driven by transistor 2SD1417 (Q2 on the logic PC board), and its circuit is structured
as follows.

MAIN-CPU +24
+5SW
PD2
D5
Toner motor
129 Q11
R304
Q2
IC37 TMON-0A
R303
2SD1417

PWA-LGC

The motor winding is connected to the +24V at its (+) side and to the collector of Q2 at its (–) side.
– When PD2 (TMON-0A signal) of the main-CPU becomes “L” level –
• Q11 is turned on → Q2 is turned on
• The +24V power supply supplies current in Q2 via the motor winding → the motor rotates

– When TMON-0A signal becomes “H” level –


• Q11 is turned off → Q2 is turned off
• The current which was flowing in the motor winding flows via the route of diode D5.
~ It decreases at the rate of the time constant determined by the inductance and resistance of the
winding.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 12 - 13 2460 DEVELOPER UNIT


12.5 Auto-Toner Sensor Circuit
12.5.1 Brief description
• Functions of auto-toner circuit.

 • Detects the density of the toner in the developer material.

 ~ Density drops → toner supply.

• Detects that the toner in the toner cartridge has been used up (toner empty).
• Configuration of auto-toner circuit.

 • Auto-toner sensor : Detects toner density.

 • Control section : Control to maintain the toner in the developer material at a constant specific

 density.

 • Toner motor : Replenishes the toner in the developer material.

• Display unit : Displays the toner-empty status.

Arithmetic and control unit

PWA-SYS
BC-RAM
Control panel IC27

GA
IC28 CPU
Display SCC IC14
R3904

Toner cartridge

Toner PWA-LGC
Toner
motor
DA converter GA
Control voltage signal
IC51 IC33
M62353(A03) C2XB

Toner density +24 +5SW CPU


signal D5 IC37
Toner sensor 95C063F

Q2

Developer material

Developer unit

2460 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


13. CLEANER UNIT
13.1 Construction
The cleaner unit consists of a drive section, main blade, recovery blade, toner-recovery auger, pre-
cleaning discharge charger (PCC), discharge lamp, and toner bag (see Chapter 9 for main charger).

Drum

Main charger

Toner recovery auger


Drum shaft

When the main charger has been removed

Discharge LED
Pre-cleaning discharge
Toner recovery auger Main blade charger (PCC)

Drum separation claw

Gear

When the drum has been removed

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 13 - 1 2460 CLEANER UNIT


13.2 Drive system

Toner recovery auger drive gear

Drum drive coupling

Front view

• Drum drive
Gear (teeth: 45)-----Rear of machine (inside frame)
→ Drum drive coupling (teeth: 45) → Drum

• Toner recovery auger drive


Gear (teeth: 16)

→ Gear (teeth: 16)

2460 CLEANER UNIT 13 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


13.3 Description of Functions
[A] Main blade Main
blade
Scrapes off residual toner on the drum sur-
face. The blade is pushed against the drum
at a constant pressure by the pressure spring.
Pressure
spring

Toner recovery
auger Recovery blade

Front cross-section view

Note: When the blade is released from the drum


such as for adjustment of the high- voltage
transformer, rotate the blade pressure re-
lease cam in the direction of the arrow.
[B] Recovery blade
Catches the toner scraped off by the main
blade.
[C] Toner recovery auger
Transports scraped off residual toner into the
toner bag.

Toner recovery
Blade release cam auger

[D] Toner bag Drive unit


The toner scraped off by the cleaner blade is
carried by the recovery auger into the toner
bag.
[E] Toner-full switch
When the toner bag becomes full of recov-
ered toner, the recovery auger is pushed back
towards the rear, causing the toner-full switch
S13 to come on.

Toner full switch


When the flywheel has been removed

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 13 - 3 2460 CLEANER UNIT


13.4 Disassembly/Replacement
13.4.1 Cleaner unit
(1) Pull out the process unit. (Refer to 11.4.1)
(2) Disconnect the cleaner unit from the developer
unit (Refer to 11.4.1 [B].
Notes: 1. Be careful not to damage the drum.
2. Check that the drum shaft is in the Release
cleaner unit.
3. In this copier’s cleaner unit, the main Press
blade is in constant contact with the
drum. Consequently, when fitting a new Blade
release cam
drum to the cleaner unit, release the main
Drum shaft
blade pressure by turning the blade pres-
sure release cam.
4. After applying powder to the entire drum,
turn the cam and bring the main blade in
contact with the drum.
5. When rotating the cam, use a screw-
driver to perform certain operations.
(3) Remove the main charger from the cleaner unit.
Note: Be careful not to stain the grid such as by
touching it with your bare hands.
(4) Remove the drum shaft on the front side (2
screws).

2460 CLEANER UNIT 13 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(5) When removing the drum from the cleaner unit,
hold the side of the drum as shown (in diagram),
and slowly take it out.
Note: 1. This is easy to remove the drum from the
cleaner unit if the drum is raised from in-
side of the unit by inserting your finger
into the rear side hole for drum holding.
2. When reinstalling the drum in the cleaner
unit, the drive gear should be installed to
the rear. Drum

13.4.2 Main blade


(1) Remove the LED holder (Refer to 13.4.7).
(2) Remove the main charger (Refer to 11.4.2). Main blade

(3) Remove the 3 screws.


3 1
When reassembling the main blade, tighten the 2
3 screws temporarily and make adjustment so
that the main blade does not touch the mylar
sheets on both its sides and that gaps between
the blade and the moltplane parts on the front
and rear become approximately even, then fas-
ten the screws in order 1 f 2 f 3.
Gap Gap LED holder
Hook Spring Hook
Main blade
moltplane
Front side Rear side
13.4.3 Recovery blade
(1) Make sure the LED holder is attached on the
cleaner unit.
Recovery blade
(2) Turn the cleaner unit upside down.
(3) Remove the separation claw holder (4 screws).
(4) Remove the recovery blade (2 screws).
Note: When installing, secure the recovery blade
pushing fully toward in the direction of the
arrow.
Separation claw holder

Screw
Recovery blade

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 13 - 5 2460 CLEANER UNIT


13.4.4 Separation claw
(1) Make sure the LED holder has been installed
on the cleaner unit.
(2) Turn the cleaner unit upside down.
(3) Remove the 4 screws and take out the separa-
tion claw with the holder.
(4) Remove the separation claw from its fitting.

Separation claw Separation claw


holder

13.4.5 Toner-full switch


(1) Remove the rear cover.
(2) Remove the PC board bracket.
(3) Remove the flywheel (4 screws).
(4) Remove the toner-full switch, (1 screw).

Toner-full switch

2460 CLEANER UNIT 13 - 6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


13.4.6 Pre-Cleaning discharge charger (PCC)
(1) Make sure the LED holder is attached on the
cleaner unit.
(2) Turn the cleaner unit upside down.
(3) Remove the separation holder (4 screws).
(4) Remove the PCC stopper on the front side
turning it.
(5) Pull out the PCC to the front and remove the
rear side from the case.

PCC
PCC stopper

13.4.7 Discharge LED Discharge LED


(1) Remove the LED holder from the cleaner pull-
ing the hook on the front side.
(2) Reverse the LED holder.
Pull out the LED from the rear side pushing the
hook on the front side.

13.4.8 Separation claw guide mylar


(1) Make sure that the LED holder is installed on
the cleaner unit.
(2) Turn over the cleaner unit. LED holder
(3) Remove the separation claw guide mylar and
double faced adhesive tape on the separation
claw holder.
(4) Affix new separation claw guide mylar as shown
in the figure below.
Be careful not to damage the mylar.
Affixing position
Align the surface
5.5 –0.5mm

0~0.5mm
Separation claw
0

Align the surface


holder

Mylar-1
Mylar-2
(Right/Left
(Left/Right
differs) Separation claw
differs)
holder

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 13 - 7 2460 CLEANER UNIT


14 FUSER UNIT/PAPER EXIT UNIT
14.1 General Description

Heat roller Cleaning felt roller


cleaning blade
Fuser cover

Exit paper guide

Upper exit roller Thermistor


Pre-fuser guide

Thermostat

Entrance paper guide

Separation Heat roller


Lower exit roller claw Heater lamp
Scraper

Pressure roller

Heat and pressure are applied to the transfer paper which has been separated from the drum, and the
toner image is fixed there. The transfer paper which has completed the fixing process exits onto the
receiving tray through the paper exit unit.
The fuser unit comprises the heater lamp, heat roller, pressure roller, separation claws, scraper, cleaning
felt roller, thermistor, thermostat, etc. The paper exit unit consists of exit rollers, discharge brush, etc..

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 1 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


14.2 Description of Operations
(1) Fuser unit
Heat and pressure are applied to the paper which has been separated from the drum and trans-
ported into the fuser unit, and the toner image is fixed there. Steady pressure is applied always to the
upper and lower rollers by springs and they are rotated by the main motor. (The upper roller (heat
roller) has a heater lamp, but it does not rotate.)
The paper, which has been fixed, is smoothly removed from the heat roller by the use of the separa-
tion claws.
The detection unit monitors the heat roller temperature using a thermistor, and when the temperature
becomes abnormally high, the power supply to the heater lamp is stopped by a thermostat.
(2) Paper-exit unit
The upper and lower exit rollers rotate using the gear drive from the fuser unit.
The paper, which has completed the fixing process, exits smoothly onto the receiving tray through
the upper and lower exit rollers.

14.3 Functions of Each Part


(1) Heater lamp
This halogen lamp is located inside the heat roller, where it applies heat to the heat roller. The heater
lamp is secured as it is while the heat roller rotates.
(2) Heat roller
This roller is made of aluminum whose heat conductivity is relatively good, and has heat applied by
the heater lamp. Steady pressure is applied to both the heat and pressure rollers (mentioned later).
Fixing is performed by the transfer paper to be passed between the two rollers as above, so that the
toner image faces the heat roller. The toner is fused by the heat roller, the heat conductivity rate is
increased by the pressure roller, causing the toner to permeate the paper fiber. However, during this
process, a problem may occur. That is, because the toner is fixed by contacting with the heat roller, it
may adhere to the roller (called “offset phenomenon”). Therefore, for easier removal of the toner from
the heat roller, a Teflon coating has been applied on the surface of the heat roller.
(3) Pressure roller
This is made of rubber for smooth application of pressure to the heat roller. The pressure roller has
pressure applied always by springs.
(4) Separation claws/Scraper
By the use of the separation claws/scraper, the paper which has been fixed to the both heat and
pressure rollers, is smoothly removed.

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(5) Cleaning felt roller
This cleans the toner remaining on the drum at the fixing process. The cleaning felt roller is located
so that it can come in contact with the heat roller. The silicon oil soaked in the pressure roller is
evaporated by the heat roller, causing it to adhere to the surface of the heat roller. As a result, the
cleaning of the toner on the heat roller can be smoothly performed.
(6) Thermistor-1
Surface temperature of the heat roller should be maintained within a fixed range, (actually, around
200 °C), i.e. higher than the minimum temperature at which improper fixing may occur, lower than the
maximum temperature at which “baking” may occur. The thermistor detects the surface temperature
of the heat roller. If the temperature is lower than the standard one, it turns on the heater lamp, if
higher it turns it off.
(7) Thermistor-2
Temperature distribution in the axis of the heat roller may differ greatly at its center and ends accord-
ing to conditions. The thermistor-2 detects the temperature of the heat roller end.
When either thermistor-1 or -2 detects the temperature over the specifieds, heater lamp is turned off
by their thermal controls.
(8) Thermostat
When the surface temperature of the heat roller becomes excessively high due to thermistor failure,
etc., the thermostat stops the power supply to the heater lamp.
As the thermostat used in this copier is a type which protects against abnormal operation, when it
detects an abnormal operation, it is set to stay OFF. Therefore, during repair, this should be replaced
together with other damaged parts in the fuser unit.
(9) Exit rollers
Through the exit rollers, the paper removed by the separation claws or scraper exits smoothly onto
the receiving tray via the ADU exit roller.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 3 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


14.4 Heater Control Circuit
14.4.1 Temperature detection unit
To maintain the heat roller temperature, this unit detects the heat-roller temperature by thermistor-1, and
then performs heater lamp ON/OFF control.
The thermistor is an electrical element whose resistance decreases as its detected temperature in-
creases. If the thermistor is open-circuited, the control circuit erroneously determines that the fuser tem-
perature is extremely low and continues to energize the heater lamp. As a result, the fuser temperature
rises abnormally high, possibly activating the thermostat provided for safety purposes. The CPU works
to detect the breakage of the thermistor and prevents the condition mentioned above.
The following abnormalities are detected:
(1) Abnormal detection during warming up
25 sec. after the power has been turned on, if the thermistor output voltage does not exceed 0.078 V,
CALL SERVICE (C41) is displayed.
(2) Abnormal detection during stand-by/copying (Thermistor-1)
If the thermistor-1 output voltage decreases to and remains at 0.078 V or lower for 500 msec. or
more, CALL SERVICE (C43) is displayed.
(3) Abnormal detection during stand-by/copying (Thermistor-2)
If the thermistor-2 output voltage decreases to and remains at 0.192 V or lower for 260 msec. or
more, CALL SERVICE (C45) is displayed.
(4) Thermistor status counter control
• For improved fuser-unit safety, the CPU works as follows: After a C41 error occurs two times in
succession, even when the power is turned on, the heater will not come on and the C41 error will be
immediately displayed.
• However, with “1” or less stored in the Thermistor status counter, if the copier becomes ready cor-
rectly, the Thermistor status counter clears to “0”.
• After CALL SERVICE (C41 – C45) has occurred and the thermistor, heater lamp, etc. have been
repaired (or replaced), if turning on the power switch does not cause the heater to energize resulting
in an error, check the Thermistor status counter (08-code 400) and reset it to “0”.

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Surface temperature of heat roller: 190°C (Thermistor resistance value: about 4.0 kΩ)

Reference

1. A value other than 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 is never written in the Thermistor status counter.


• At the power on, if the heater is not turned on and the copier goes into C41 CALL SERVICE, check the
Thermistor status counter to see if it is 2 or more. If it is 2 or more, be sure to check the thermistor and
heater lamp, and after repair, reset the Thermistor status counter (08-code 400) to 0 and then turn on
the power switch.
• If the value of the Thermistor status counter is more than 10 (11, for example), it may be possible that
BC-RAM or the data in it have been destroyed by charger leaking, etc. In this case, check the guide
bias, high-voltage transformers, charger wires, etc. for any defects. Also, all the data inside BC-RAM
need to be rechecked.
2. Relationship between the output voltage and the fusing temperature.
• 190°C corresponds to approx. 2.5V and 0.078 V corresponds to approx. 40°C.
3. Relationship between heat roller surface temperature and thermistor-1 resistance.

Temperature Thermistor resistance Heater lamp state


Less than 190°C More than 4.0 KΩ ON
190°C 4.0 KΩ Maintains previous status
More than 190°C Less than 4.0 KΩ OFF

°C
Warm-up Standby (190°C) Copying (190°C)

190

Heat roller
temperature
distribution
OFF

OFF

Heater lamp OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON ON


ON

4. Temperature control at heat roller ends


During multicopying, the temperature at each end (no paper-contact area) of the heat roller normally tends
to rise higher than the controlled temperature of the paper-contact area. Therefore, the circuit is so de-
vised that if the temperature in the no paper-contact area rises to 220°C, the second thermistor detects
this, causing the heater to be turned off immediately regardless of the temperature in the paper-contact
area.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 5 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


14.4.2 Detection of thermistor burnout
* Since thermistor burnout detection circuits of the thermistor-1 and -2 are common, it is explained
with the thermistor-1.

+5
• The input voltage is obtained by voltage divid-
Main
processor ing R328, thermistor, R269 and R270.
R328
• The surface temperature of the heat roller
Thermistor-1
changes.
HTRTH- PC2/AN2
→ The thermistor resistance value changes
R269 → The input voltage also changes
C125 • The main processor detects an abnormality
R270 IC37 → thermistor broken

14.4.3 Control for abnormal heater condition


When something abnormal occurs in the heater turn-on circuit, such as a shorted triac, it may become
incapable of ON/OFF control. In this case, the microcomputer detects abnormal temperatures through
the first and second thermistors, determines the corresponding error codes and counter values, and
causes the main power to switch off to protect the fuser unit.
(1) Temperature detection
The following abnormal temperatures are detected by the respective thermistors:
First thermistor: 230°C
Second thermistor: 270°C
(2) Error codes
“C44” : Displayed when keys C/S + 8 are pressed simultaneously at the time of Call
Service.
Counter value “9”: Displayed when you input “400” in the AD (0 + 8) mode.
(3) Machine condition
After de-energizing all outputs (heater lamp, exposure lamp, control-panel displays, motors, etc.),
the microcomputer causes the main power to switch off.
(4) Corrective action
After the error code and counter value in (2) have been determined, abnormal temperature detection
in (1) continues. So, if the main switch is turned on immediately, it will be turned off again as long as
the temperature on the heater surface remains above the abnormal detection temperatures of
thermistors. Thereafter, this will be repeated. So, after waiting for the heater surface temperature to
drop, turn on the main switch and you can check the counter value before the main switch is turned
off again. After confirming that an abnormal heater condition has occurred, repair the problem and
then clear code 400 of the AD (0 + 8) mode with “0”. After that, you can bring the copier into its
normal operating condition.

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


14.5 Disassembly and Replacement
14.5.1 Fuser unit
(1) Remove the lower inner sub cover.
(2) Remove the 3 connectors on the front side.
(3) Remove the 1 screw which secures the fuser
unit.
(4) Raise the pre-fuser guide.
(5) Open the exit unit.

Connector

(6) Slide the entire unit to the front side and re-
move it .

Fuser unit

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 7 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


14.5.2 Cleaning felt roller
(1) Remove the fuser cover (2 screws).

Fuser cover

(2) Remove the upper cover (2 screws).

Upper cover

(3) Remove the cleaning felt roller by lifting the


Front spring
roller. (Silver)
Cleaning felt
Note: When installing the cleaning felt roller, make roller
sure the color of pressure springs (Front Rear spring
side: Silver, Rear: Black). (Black)

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


14.5.3 Heat roller cleaning blade
(1) Remove the felt roller.
(2) Remove the heat roller cleaning blade by taking
out the two screws.
Heat roller
Note: When installing the heat roller cleaning Cleaning blade
blade, use the original hole (round) of the
blade.

14.5.4 Thermistor and thermostat


(1) Remove the felt roller, cleaning blade and up-
Upper frame
per frame.
(2) Remove the thermistor bracket (1 screw).
• Be careful not to deform the root of the
thermistor harness.
(3) Remove the 2 thermistors (1 screw each).
(4) Unscrew 2 screws and take off the thermostat
from the holder.
Note: When installing, make sure the thermistor
and thermostat both contact the heat roller
surface evenly. Thermistor bracket

Thermostat

Thermistor

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 9 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


14.5.5 Separation claw units
(1) Remove the separation claw unit (2 screws,
Separation
golden). claw unit

(2) Remove the separation claw cover from the claw


unit (3 screws).

Separation claw cover

[Separation claw unit]

(3) There are 6 separation claws in all. For each


claw, remove the spring and then remove the Separation claw

claw.
Note: Check that the edges (tips) of the claws are
not chipped.

Spring

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


14.5.6 Lower exit roller
(1) Remove the fuser unit.
(2) Remove the fuser cover and the fuser front
cover.
(3) Remove the stop ring.
Note: Attach the stop ring as shown in the figure
below.
Stop ring

Lower exit roller Stop ring


Handle

14.5.7 Heater lamp


(1) Remove the fuser unit.
(2) Remove the fuser cover.
(3) Remove the lamp-terminal fixing screw (1
screw).

(4) Remove the lamp holder bracket at the front


side (1 screw).

Lamp holder bracket


[Front side]

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 11 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


(5) Remove the lamp holder bracket on the rear
side (2 screws).

Lamp holder bracket [Rear side]

(6) Pull the heater lamp out towards the rear side.
Notes: 1. Do not touch the heater lamp surface
directly with your hands.
Rear side
2. Set the TOSHIBA mark facing the front
side.

Heater Lamp

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


14.5.8 Heat roller
(1) Remove the heater lamp.
(2) Remove the separation claw unit (2 screws).
(3) Remove the cleaning felt roller by lifting it up.
(4) Remove the cleaning blade.
(5) Remove the upper frame.
(6) Remove the thermistor bracket.
Note: Be careful not to deform the root of the ther-
mistor harness when removing the bracket.

(7) Remove the C-ring at the front and rear side,


and the gear at the rear side. C-ring
Gear

[Rear side]

(8) Remove the ball bearing from the frame.


Bearing C-ring

[Front side]

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 13 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


(9) Slide the heat roller to the front side and pull it
off from the rear side frame. Then take out the
heat roller toward the exit side.
Note: Be careful not to damage the heat roller
surface by knocking it against the bracket,
etc.

Heat roller

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


14.5.9 Pressure roller
(1) Remove the fuser unit.
Exit roller
(2) Remove the fuser cover.
(3) Remove the heat roller.
(4) Remove the exit roller.
Stop ring

(5) Take off the paper entrance guide by unscrew-


ing the two screws.
(6) Remove the paper exit guide hook.
Paper entrance guide

Paper exit guide

Pressure roller

(7) Lift up the pressure roller holding both its ends


and take it out with its bearings.

Bearing

Pressure roller

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 15 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


Note: When installing the pressure roller, make
sure the bearing grooves on both front and
rear are set in the pressure levers.
Bearing

Pressure lever

14.5.10 Upper entrance guide mylar


(1) Remove the fuser cover (2 screws). Screw
(2) Remove the upper entrance guide (2 screws).
(3) Remove the upper entrance guide mylar and
its double faced adhesive tape on the guide.
(4) Affix new upper entrance guide mylar as shown
in the figure below.
Be careful not to damage the maylar.

Affixing position
Upper entrance
0~0.5 mm

Upper Upper entrance guide mylar-1


Entrance
entrance guide mylar-2
guide
guide
mm
.5
0
0~

0.5

Mylar-1
Mylar-2
mm

0~0.5 mm

2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT 14 - 16 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


14.5.11 Pre-fuser guide mylar
(1) Remove one screw. Screw
(2) Pull the handle (sky blue) of the pre-fuser guide
to pull out the guide.

(3) Remove the mylar and its double faced adhe-


sive tape from the guide.

(4) Affix new mylar as shown in the figure. Be care- Affixing position
ful not to damage the mylar. 0~0.5mm Pre-fuser guide
0~0.5mm

Pre-fuser guide mylar

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 14 - 17 2460 FUSER UNIT/PAPER-EXIT UNIT


15. AUTOMATIC DUPLEXING UNIT (ADU) MD-5004
15.1 Specifications

Type: Unit type


Function: Feeding for duplex copying
Paper sizes: 50 sheets stackable: A3, B4, A4, B5, A5, Folio (for Europe)
Ledger, Legal, Letter, Computer, Statement
(for the U.S.A. and Canada)
Type of paper: Toshiba-recommended paper 64~80 g/m2 (17~22 lb) (sheets of
paper)
Max. number of copies 1~50 sheets
in multicopying:
Dimensions: W598 x D620 x H110 mm
Weight: Approx. 10 kg
Power Source: Supplied from the copier

Note: Specifications are subject to change without notice.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 1 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.2 Names of Various Components
15.2.1 Front-side view

Idle rollers
Paper guide (U)
Gate cover

Front cover Jam lever


Ground plate spring

Motor cover

Side guides Tray


End guide

End switch

Gate arm

Gate solenoid PC board

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Open guide (L) Transport rollers

Open guide (U)

Side motor

End motor

15.2.2 Rear-side view

Drawer connector

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 3 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.2.3 Feed-side section

Stack/feed roller (Sub)

Stack/feed roller
(Main)

Pick-up roller

ADU motor
Feed clutch (Z28)
Jam switch
Empty switch
Separation roller
Side switch

Stack clutch (Z45) Stack roller

15.2.4 Copier’s exit-side section

Gate

Transport roller

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.2.5 Sectional view

9 8 9 AK AN AO

6
AT

7 4 5 2 3 AM 1 AL AP

[Front side]

1 ADU motor 9 Transport roller


2 Side guide AT Stacking section
3 Side motor AK Jam switch
4 End guide AL Empty switch
5 End motor AM Tray
6 EXIT/ADU selection gate AN Pickup roller
7 Gate solenoid AO Stack/feed roller
8 Open guide AP Separation roller

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 5 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.3 Description of ADU Operation
15.3.1 Paper stacking operation
When the ADU (duplex copying) mode is selected and the START key is pressed on the copier’s control
panel, the ADU motor starts rotating, and the side guides and the end guide in the stacking section are
moved to the positions corresponding to the selected size of paper by their respective motors. Then, the
stack clutch comes on, the transport roller rotates and the EXIT/ADU selection gate is switched in the
direction of the stacking section by the gate solenoid.
The copy paper which has exited from the copier is sent into the ADU’s open guide by the EXIT/ADU
selection gate. This paper is further carried by transport rollers into the stacking section, where the paper
is stacked face up. This operation is repeated until the specified number of sheets are stacked.

At the start of the stacking operation, the side guides are set with a 5 mm gap relative to each side of the
paper, and each time 5 sheets are stacked consecutively during stacking, the side guides perform a
paper aligning operation.
A jam switch is provided to have paper jams in the open guide detected. The empty switch is to detect
whether or not paper is present in the stacking section.

15.3.2 Duplex copying


After the paper stacking operation, when a second original is set and the START key is pressed, the
ADU motor starts rotating, causing the elevator arm to rotate. This will cause the tray positioned under
the stacked sheets of paper to rise, making the sheets come into contact with the rotating pick-up roller
and sending the topmost sheet out. The separation roller rotates with the feed roller. At this time, if two or
more sheets are sent out, the separation roller stops rotating, causing the lower sheet(s) to stop its
movement.
The sheet of paper thus sent out is carried by the copier’s upper transport roller to the copier’s aligning
roller and aligned. The sheet is then copied on the side not copied previously. The sheet copied on both
its sides passes through the copier’s exit roller and over the EXIT/ADU selection gate which is already
positioned in the direction of exiting, further passing through the exit roller to exit finally into the receiving
tray.

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 6 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.4 Drive System
15.4.1 Driving of the EXIT/ADU gate
Lever
When the gate solenoid is turned on, the arm
rotates and pushes up the lever, causing the
gate to open. The copied sheet is then trans-
ported to the ADU’s stacking section. When
the gate solenoid is turned off, the arm is
pulled back to its original position by a spring,
causing the gate to close, and the copied
sheet will exit.

Gate

Arm

Gate solenoid

Arm

Spring

Gate solenoid

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 7 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.4.2 Driving of the stack guides
(1) Side guides

Side motor
Side guides End guide

End motor

The side motor rotates corresponding to the size of paper selected, causing the side guides to move
to the positions specified. In addition, each time five sheets are stacked, the side motor performs
paper aligning by moving the side guides to the right and left.
(2) End guide
The end motor rotates corresponding to the size of paper selected, causing the end guide to move to
the position specified.

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.4.3 Driving of the ADU pick-up roller, ADU feed roller and ADU transport rollers

Transport rollers

ADU pick-up roller


ADU stack/feed roller
C
B
P24
P24 One-way clutch

P24
P24
P24
Z16 Z24

P36
Feed clutch (Z28)

Stack clutch (Z45)*


Z57/Z28
Z43/Z15*

A
ADU motor

The * marked gears are unique parts for this model.

• When the ADU motor rotates in the direction of the arrow A and stack clutch (Z45) energizes, the
transport rollers are rotated and the ADU stack/feed roller is rotated in the direction of the arrow B (in
the stacking direction).
• When the ADU motor rotates (arrow A) and the feed clutch (Z28) energizes, the pick-up roller and
the ADU stack/feed roller are rotated in the feeding direction (arrow C).
At this time, the transport rollers do not rotate since a one-way clutch is contained inside of the gear
(Z16) on the transport roller shaft.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 9 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.5 Disassembling and Reassembling
Various Parts
Gate cover
15.5.1 Removing the ADU covers
[A] Motor cover and gate cover
(1) Remove one screw fastening each cover.

Motor cover

[B] Lower cover


(1) Place the ADU upside down.
(2) Remove the 7 screws fastening the cover.

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 10 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.5.2 Transport system
[A] ADU vertical transport roller, exit roller and
EXIT/ADU selection gate
(1) Open the front cover.
Remove the ADU exit cover (4 screws).

ADU exit cover

(2) Remove the exit sensor’s connector and clamp.


Remove the stop ring on the pivot shaft. Connector Stop ring
Take out the unit lifting up it from the pivot shaft.

(3) Take out two screws from the ADU exit unit and
remove the vertical transport guide unit.

Vertical transport guide unit

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 11 2460 ADU MD-5004


(4) To take out the vertical transport roller, remove
the stop ring and bushing at the front and rear.
Vertical transport guide

Stop ring Bush


Bush

Vertical transport Stop ring


roller

(5) To take out the EXIT/ADU selection gate and Bush


Gear
exit roller, remove the stop ring and bushing at
the front, and the gear and bushing at the rear,
from the exit roller of ADU exit unit whose ver- Gate
tical transport guide unit has already been ex-
tracted.

Exit roller

Bush
Stop ring

[B] Transport rollers 1, 2 and 3


(1) Take out the upper paper guide by removing
its two screws.

Upper paper guide

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(2) Remove the stop ring securing the open guide Open guide (lower) Open guide stopper
stopper.
Take out the open guide stopper from the open
Stop ring
guide (lower) while pushing it toward the rear.

Rear side

(3) To remove the open guide units (upper and Front side
Stud
lower), remove the stop ring (front and rear, 1
each) and the snap pin (rear), push the units
toward the rear to have the front stud disen-
gaged, and then take out the units toward the
front.

Stop ring
Open guide unit
Rear side (upper and lower)

Front side

Rear side Open guide unit


(upper and lower)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 13 2460 ADU MD-5004


[B-1] Removing transport roller-1
(1) Remove the open guide unit (lower), and two Transport roller-1 Open guide unit (lower)

stop rings, guide roller, gear, pulley, pin and


bushing at the front.
(2) Remove the stop ring and bushing at the rear.
(3) Remove the timing belt, bring transport roller-1
near to the front and then take it out toward the
rear.

Transport roller-2

Transport roller-3

Timing belt

Gear Pulley
Pin

Guide roller
Stop ring Stop ring
Bush

Transport roller-1, front side

Bush

Stop ring

Roller shaft

Transport roller-1, 2, 3, rear side

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 14 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[B-2] Removing transport roller-2
(1) Remove the open guide unit (lower), and the
stop ring, two pulleys, two pins and bushing at
the front.
Timing belt Pulley
(2) Remove the stop ring and bushing at the rear. Pin Bush
(3) Remove the timing belt, bring transport roller-2
near to the front and then take it out toward the
rear.
Pulley Pin
Stop ring
Timing belt

Transport roller-2, front side

[B-3] Removing transport roller-3


(1) Remove the open guide unit (lower), and the
stop ring, pulley, pin and bushing at the front.
(2) Remove the stop ring and bushing at the rear. Stop ring

(3) Remove the timing belt, bring transport roller-3 Pulley Bush

near to the front and then take it out toward the


rear.

Pin
Timing belt
Roller shaft

Transport roller-3, front side

[C] ADU pick-up roller


(1) Take out the upper paper guide by removing Pick-up roller guide
two screws. Stop ring
Take out the open guide stopper from the open
guide after removing one stop ring.
(2) Take out the open guide unit (upper and lower)
by removing two stop rings and one snap pin.
(3) Remove the stacker from the pick-up roller Gear
shaft.
(4) Remove the stop ring on each end of the ADU
pick-up roller shaft and the gear at the front,
and push the bushing to the inside.
(5) Remove the four pick-up roller guides from the Bush Stop ring
pick-up roller shaft by pushing them downward, ADU pick-up roller
Stacker
and lift the rear end of the shaft.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 15 2460 ADU MD-5004


(6) Remove the bushing from the rear end of the
pick-up roller shaft and the stop ring at the rear
of the pick-up roller. Then, take the pick-up roller
out toward the rear.

Pick-up roller

[D] ADU stack/feed rollers (Main and sub)


(1) Take out the upper paper guide by removing Pick-up roller guide
ADU stack/feed ADU stack/feed
two screws. roller (sub) roller (sub)
Take out the open guide stopper from the open
guide (lower) after removing one stop ring.
(2) Remove the open guide units (upper and lower)
by removing two stop rings and one snap ring.

Stop ring

Stop ring
ADU stack/feed roller (main)

(3) Remove the stop ring on each end of the ADU


stack/feed roller shaft, and push the bushing Bush ADU stack/feed roller
toward the inside.
(4) Remove the four pick-up roller guides from the
pick-up roller shaft by pushing them downward.
Then, lift the rear end of the shaft.

Stop ring

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 16 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(5) Remove the bushing from the rear end of the
stack/feed roller shaft, and the stop ring and
Bush
pick-up roller guide at the rear. ADU stack/feed roller
(6) After removing the front stop ring, move the Stop ring

roller and the entire guide toward the front and


remove the pin.
(7) From the rear, take out the sub-stack/feed roller,
pick-up roller guide, pin and main stack/feed
roller, pick-up roller guide, pin and sub-stack/
feed roller in this order.

Pick-up roller guide


Stop ring Pin Stack/feed roller (sub)

Stack/feed roller (main)

Bush

[E] ADU separation roller


(1) Remove the two screws of the ADU separation
roller.

ADU separation roller

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 17 2460 ADU MD-5004


(2) Take out the unit toward the feed side.

Separation roller unit

(3) Remove the stop ring, pull out the shaft, and
take out the separation roller. Separation roller

Stop ring Shaft

15.5.3 Drive system


[A] ADU motor
(1) Remove the upper paper guide by unscrewing
two screws.
Take out the open guide stopper from the open
guide (lower) after removing one stop ring. Open guide unit
(2) Take out the open guide unit (upper and lower) (upper and
lower)
by removing two stop rings and one snap pin.
(3) Remove the motor cover by unscrewing a
Paper guide (upper)
screw.

Motor cover

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 18 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(4) Remove the spring on the rear.

Spring

(5) Move the side guides toward the center. Take


out the ADU feed unit by unscrewing four
ADU feed unit
screws.

Side guides

(6) Remove two screws and take out the ADU mo-
tor.

ADU motor

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 19 2460 ADU MD-5004


[B] Feed clutch and stack clutch
(1) Remove the ADU motor bracket from the ADU
feed unit by unscrewing four screws.
ADU motor bracket

(2) Remove the switch bracket by unscrewing a


screw.
Switch bracket

(3) Disconnect the connectors of the feed clutch Setscrews


and stack clutch. Loosening two setscrews of Feed clutch
each of the feed and stack clutches, take them
out from their shafts.
Align
(4) Align the end surface of the shaft and clutch,
then securely tighten the two setscrews at this
Gap
position when reassembling the feed and stack
clutches.
Note) Make a gap of approx. 0.5 mm between Gear
the feed clutch and the gear, and also be- Align
Gap
tween the stack clutch and the bush.
Bush
Stack clutch

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 20 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[C] Gate solenoid
(1) Remove the gate cover and motor cover by
unscrewing each screw.
(2) Disconnect the gate solenoid connector and
take out the gate unit by removing two screws.

Gate solenoid

(3) Remove the gate solenoid by unscrewing two


screws.
Arm

Spring

Gate solenoid

[D] Side motor and end motor


Side motor
(1) Place the ADU upside down. bracket Timing belt
(2) Remove the lower cover by unscrewing 7
screws.
(3) Unscrew two screws, take out the timing belt,
and remove the side motor bracket.
(4) The end motor can be removed by the same
procedure.

End motor Timing belt


bracket

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 21 2460 ADU MD-5004


(5) Remove the side motor and the end motor from
their brackets by unscrewing two screws for
each.

Side motor

End motor

(6) Fix the side motor bracket at the position of 21


± 0.5 mm from the case when reassembling.

21±0.5
Side motor bracket

15.5.4 Various switches


[A] Jam switch and empty switch
Empty switch
(1) Remove the ADU feed unit.
(2) Remove the switch bracket.
(3) Unlatch the claws of the switches.
(4) Disconnect the connector.

Jam switch
Switch bracket

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 22 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[B] Side switch
ADU motor bracket
(1) Remove the ADU feed unit.
(2) Remove the ADU motor bracket.
(3) Disconnect the connector.
(4) Remove the guide switch bracket from the ADU
motor bracket by unscrewing a screw.

Side switch bracket

(5) Unlatch the claws of the switch.

Side switch

[C] End switch


(1) Remove the upper paper guide and the open
guide units (upper and lower).
(2) Place the ADU upside down and remove the
lower cover.
(3) Remove the rail guide.

Rail guide

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 23 2460 ADU MD-5004


(4) Disconnect the switch connector and unlatch
the claws of the switch.
End switch

Connector

End switch claws

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 24 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.6 Symbols and Functions of Electrical Parts
15.6.1 Motors M

Symbol Abbreviation Function Remarks


DM1 ADU-MTR Drives paper transport rollers. Brushless motor
(ADU motor)
DM2 END-MTR Drives the end guide in the Pulse motor
(End motor) stack section.
DM3 SID-MTR Drives the side guides in the stack Pulse motor
(Side motor) section.

15.6.2 Solenoids

Symbol Abbreviation Function Remarks

SOL1 STSOL Used to open and close the gate.


(Gate solenoid)

15.6.3 Clutches

Symbol Abbreviation Function Remarks


CLT1 FEDCLT (Feed clutch) Used for paper re-feeding.
CLT2 STCLT (Stack clutch) Used for stacking operation.

15.6.4 Switches and sensors

Symbol Abbreviation Function Remarks


SA1 END-SW Detects the end guide position in Semiconductor sensor
(End switch) the stacking section.
SA2 SID-SW Detects the side guide position in the Semiconductor sensor
(Side switch) stacking section.
SA3 EMP-SW Detects when the ADU cassette runs Semiconductor sensor
(Empty switch) out of paper.
SA4 JAM-SW Detects the passage of paper through Semiconductor sensor
(Jam switch) the guide up to the stacking section.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 25 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.7 Layout for Electrical Parts

Drawer connector for


connecting with the copier JAM-SW SA4

EMP-SW SA3
STCLT CLT2

FEDCLT CLT1
Rear side

ADU-MTR DM1

SID-SW SA2

SID-MTR DM3
END-MTR DM2

END-SW SA1

STSOL SOL1 Front side

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 26 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.8 Description of Operation
15.8.1 General operation
(1) Initializing
When the power switch is turned on or when the front cover is opened/closed or when the ADU is
pulled out/pushed in, this operation is performed.
(2) Stacking operation
This is an operation in which sheets of paper fed from the cassette and copied on their surface (first
side) are sent into the ADU stacking section and stacked there.
(3) Duplex copying
Sheets of paper which have been copied on their first sides are automatically sent into the copier and
copied on their reverse surface (second side).
(4) ADU paper feeding
This operation causes sheets of paper to be fed from the ADU into the copier.

15.8.2 Description of each operation


[A] Initializing
[A-1] Initializing when the power switch is turned on
(1) When the power switch is turned on, the end motor (END-MTR) DM2 rotates to move the end
guide in the stacking section to its home position.
(2) The side motor (SID-MTR) DM3 rotates to move the side guides to their home position.
[A-2] Initializing when the copier’s front cover is opened/closed
(1) The operation in step (1) above is performed.
[A-3] Initializing when the ADU is pulled out/pushed in
(1) The end motor (END-MTR) DM2 rotates to move the end guide to its home position once,
then moves it to the position corresponding to the selected size of paper.
(2) The side motor (SID-MTR) DM3 rotates to move the side guides to their home position once,
then moves them to the position corresponding to the selected size of paper.
[B] Stacking operation
(1) When the START key is pressed, the SID-MTR DM3 and END-MTR DM2 are rotated to
move the side and end guides to the position corresponding to the specified size of paper, and
the ADU-MTR DM1 is rotated clockwise to transport the paper. STSOL ( SOL1 ) is en-
ergized to position the EXIT/ADU selection gate in the direction of stacking, and STCLT CLT2 is
energized to rotate the ADU transport rollers in the direction of stacking.
(2) Jam detection inside the ADU is performed as follows:
JAM-SW SA4 is checked if it is turned on within a specified period of time after the copied
paper has turned on the copier’s exit switch. The switch is also checked if it is turned off within a
specified period of time after the exit switch was turned off by the paper.

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 27 2460 ADU MD-5004


(3) Each time five sheets of paper are stacked in the ADU, the side motor (SID-MTR) DM3 is
rotated to move the side guides so that the sheets stacked are aligned, then the side guides are
returned to their previous position.
(4) The above procedure (2)~(3) is repeated until the specified number of copies are made.
(5) After the final sheet is stacked in the ADU stack section, STSOL ( SOL1 ), STCLT
CLT2 and ADU-MTR DM1 are turned off.
[C] Feeding from ADU
(1) When the START key is pressed, the SID-MTR DM3 is rotated to move the side guides to
the specified size of paper and ADU-MTR DM1 is rotated clockwise and FEDCLT CLT1 is
turned on, causing the ADU feed roller and pick-up roller to rotate.
(2) Due to the operation in (1), the ADU tray is raised, causing the copy paper to come into contact
with the pick-up roller for paper feeding.
(3) A sheet of paper is fed out of the ADU and transported toward the copier’s aligning roller.
(4) When the sheet pushes the copier’s paper transport switch on, FEDCLT CLT1 is turned off,
causing the pick-up roller and feed roller to stop rotating.
(5) Then, the copier’s aligning roller starts rotating, and the copying process commences.
(6) The above procedure (2)~(5) is repeated until the specified number of copies are made. When
copies are finished, ADU-MTR DM1 is stopped rotation.
[D] Duplex copying
(1) When the first-side copying operation is started, ADU-MTR DM1 is rotated, and the side and
end guides are moved to the position of specified paper size by the SID-MTR DM3 and END-
MTR DM2 .
Additionally, the STSOL ( SOL1 ) and the STCLT CLT2 are turned on in the same way as
the [B] Stacking operation.
(2) The first-side copied sheet is transported into the ADU from the copier exit switch and gate
sections, and then stacked through the JAM-SW SA4 .
The ADU inside jam symbol comes on when the JAM-SW SA4 is not turned on within a
specified time after the copier exit switch is turned on, or the JAM-SW is not turned off within a
specified time after the copier exit switch is turned off.
(3) Each time five sheets of paper are stacked, the stacked sheets are aligned by the side motor
SID-MTR DM3 moving the side guides.
(4) The above procedure (2)~(3) is repeated until the specified number of sheets are stacked.
(5) The final sheet is stacked in the ADU, and then STSOL ( SOL1 ) and STCLT CLT2 are
turned off.
(6) When the RADF is not used, ADU-MTR DM1 is stopped once to turn over the original. After the
original has been turned over, ADU-MTR DM1 is rotated again to make a copy of the next
original in step 7 or later.
When the RADF is used, ADU-MTR DM1 is not stopped since the original is turned over
continuously.

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 28 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(7) When the second-side copying is started, the side guides are moved by the SID-MTR DM3 to
the specified size position.
(8) When the FEDCLT CLT1 is turned on, the ADU paper feed tray is lifted up, and also the pickup
and feed rollers are driven, then one sheet of paper is separated and fed.
When the sheet reaches the copier’s transport switch, the FEDCLT CLT1 is turned off.
The ADU feed jam symbol comes on when the copier’s transport switch is not turned on within a
specified time after the FEDCLT CLT1 is turned on.
(9) The above step (8) is repeated until the specified number of copies are made. After copying has
been finished, ADU-MTR DM1 is stopped.

15.8.3 Meaning of signals

Meaning of signals
Signal name Remarks
“L” LOW level “H”HIGH level
FEDCLT Paper feeding from ADU –
STCLT Paper stacking in ADU –
STSOL ADU stacking Normal paper existing
(Gate solenoid) Sending paper into ADU
JAM-SW No paper on ADU stack path Paper on ADU stack path
(Jam switch)
EMP-SW No paper in ADU stack section Paper in ADU stack section
(Empty switch)
SID-SW – Side guide home position L: Off
(Side switch) (Photosensor shielded) H:On
END-SW – End guide home position L: Off
(End switch) (Photosensor shielded) H: On

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 29 2460 ADU MD-5004


15.8.4 Detection of abnormal status
When an abnormal condition is detected inside the ADU, a symbol corresponding to the condition is
shown on the copier’s control panel. The following kinds of abnormal statuses may be encountered:
(1) Abnormal statuses which can be cleared without pulling out/pushing in the ADU:
• Paper misfeeding which occurs while paper is being fed from the stacking section.
(2) Abnormal statuses which can be cleared by pulling out/pushing in the ADU:
• Paper misfeeding in the paper stacking section.
(3) Abnormal statuses which can be cleared only by turning off/on the copier’s power switch:
• When the side guides or end guide cannot be initialized to their correct positions.
[A] Paper misfeeding
(1)Paper misfeeding during duplex copying:
While paper is fed from the ADU, if the copier’s P-STP-SW is not turned on within about 1 sec.
after FEDCLT CLT1 was energized, it is judged that paper misfeeding has occurred during
ADU paper feeding, and a paper misfeed symbol is displayed. This condition can be cleared by
opening/closing the copier’s side cover.
(2)Paper misfeeding during paper stacking:
During paper stacking, if the ADU’s JAM-SW SA4 is not turned on within about 3 sec. after the
copier’s EXIT-SW was turned on/off, it is judged that paper misfeeding has occurred inside the
ADU. To clear this condition, pull out the ADU, remove the misfed sheet, then push in the ADU. (If
necessary, open/close the copier’s front cover.)
[B] Abnormal statuses at power on
(1)Paper remaining in the stacking section at power on:
If a sheet of paper is left in the stacking section when the power is turned on, a symbol indicating
that paper is still there is displayed on the copier’s control panel when the duplexing mode is
selected. This mode cannot be started until the paper is removed.
(2)Misfed paper remaining inside the ADU when the power is turned on:
If a misfed sheet of paper remains on the ADU’s paper path when the power is turned on, the ADU
misfeed symbol is shown. To clear this condition, pull out the ADU, remove the misfed sheet and
then push in the ADU. (If necessary, open/close the copier’s front cover.)
[C] “Serviceman Call” errors
(1)The paper side guides and end guide cannot be initialized :
During the initialization of the SID-MTR DM3 and END-MTR DM2 , if the respective home
switch positions are not detected, a message will be displayed indicating that the ADU cannot
function.

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 30 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.8.5 Flow charts
[A] General flow charts
(1) Duplex copying from single-sided originals

START key ON 1

Paper fed from Paper fed from


the cassette the ADU

Copying Copying

Copy transported
Copy exits from
into the ADU
the machine

NO Required NO
number of copies Final copy?
made?
YES
YES
Change originals
End

START key ON

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 31 2460 ADU MD-5004


(2) Duplex copying from single-sided originals through ADF

START key ON?

1
Odd NO
number of
YES
originals?
Next original fed from
YES
the ADF
Original fed from the
ADF
Paper fed from the
ADU
Paper fed from
the cassette
Copying

Copying
Copy exits from
the machine
Copy exits from the *
machine
Required NO
number of copies
NO Required made?
number of copies YES
made?
NO
YES
Final original?

Next original fed from YES


the ADF
End

Paper fed from the


cassette

Copying

Copy transported to
the ADU

NO Required
number of copies
made?
YES

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 32 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


(3) Duplex copying from two-sided originals

START key ON

Place the original

Paper fed from


the cassette

Copying

Copy transported into


the ADU

NO Required
number of copies
made?
YES

Turn over the original

START key ON

Paper fed from the


ADU

Copying

Copy exits from


the machine

NO
Final copy?

YES

End

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 33 2460 ADU MD-5004


(4) Duplex copying from two-sided originals through RADF

START key ON 1

Original fed from Original reversed


the RADF

Original reversed Paper fed from the


ADU

Paper fed from the


Copying
cassette

Copy exiting from


Copying
the machine

Copy transported Required NO


into the ADU number of copies
made?
YES
NO Required
number of copies
NO
made? Final originals?
YES

YES
1
End

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 34 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


[B] Control flow charts
(1) Stacking operation

Stacking operation

Side guides move to the


paper size width +5 mm
position. JAM-SW YES

SA4
OFF?

End guide moves to the


NO
position matching the paper
size. NO 2.5 sec. elapsed
after copier’s EXIT-SW was
turned OFF?
ADU-MTR DM1 YES
rotates CW
ADU jam

STSOL
SOL1 ON

NO
Align/5 sheet
STCLT
stacked?
CLT2 ON
YES

Side guides move to the


JAM-SW YES paper size width +1 mm
position. (Aligning)
SA4 ON?

NO
Side guides move back to
NO 3 sec. elapsed the paper size width +5 mm
after copier’s EXIT-SW was position
turned ON?

YES

ADU jam
NO
Final copy?

YES
STSOL
SOL1 OFF

STCLT
CLT2 OFF

ADU-MTR DM1 stops

Standby

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 35 2460 ADU MD-5004


(2) Duplex copying operation

Duplex copying

ADU-MTR
DM1 ON

FEDCLT
CLT1 ON

Copier YES
PSTP-SW
ON?
FEDCLT
NO
CLT1 stops

NO
1.1 sec
elapsed after
FEDCLT was
turned on?

YES

ADU jam

NO
Final copy?

YES

NO
Has the
final copy exited
into the copy
tray?
YES

ADU-MTR DM1
stops

Standby

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 36 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


Copier side
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00

PSTPCU
0.76 2.26
15.8.6 Timing charts

(Paper stop switch)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


PSTPC0 1.06 3.26
(Paper stop switch)
RGT-CLT 1.61 3.31
(Aligning roller)
EXIT-SW 4.20 5.85
(Exit switch)

ADU side

15 - 37
ADU-MTR 0.1 11.41
(ADU motor)

STSOL 1.71 11.41


(Gate solenoid)

STCLT 1.71 11.41


(A) Timing for ADU stacking (A4 size, feeding from copier’s two cassettes)

(Stack clutch)

EMP-SW 9.34
(ADU empty switch)
JAM-SW 8.54 9.79
(Jam detection
sensor)

2460 ADU MD-5004


Copier side
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00

2460 ADU MD-5004


PSTPCU
0.65 2.15
(Paper stop switch)
PSTPC0
1.02 3.17
(Paper stop switch)
RGT-CLT 1.52 3.22
(Aligning roller)
EXIT-SW 4.11 5.76
(Exit switch)

ADU side

15 - 38
ADU-MTR 0.1 7.50
(ADU motor)
STSOL
(B) Timing for ADU re-feeding (A4 size, single-sheet stacking)

(Gate solenoid)
STCLT
(Stack clutch)

0.71
EMP-SW
(ADU empty switch)
FEDCLT 0.17 0.67
(Feed clutch)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


15.8.7 Harness connection diagram

To copier

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 15 - 39 2460 ADU MD-5004


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A A

2460 ADU MD-5004


VDD
VDD

+5VSW 24V +5VSW VDD 24V

[I62308S] [I62308S]
IC2 IC3
CLAMP 16 CLAMP 16 B
CLAMP 9 CLAMP 9

R9 1[R]24.7K
R8 1[R]24.7K
R6 1[R]24.7K
R7 1[R]24.7K
B 3 2 3 2
15.8.8 Circuit diagrams (1/2)

R12 1[R]24.7K
R10 1[R]24.7K
R11 1[R]24.7K
[ENDM-A] ENDM-A ENDMA [ENDMA]
[ENDM-C] ENDM-C 6 7 ENDMC [ENDMC] [STSOL-AD] STSOL-AD 6 7 STSOLAD [STSOLAD]
[ENDM-B] ENDM-B 11 10 ENDMB [ENDMB] [FDCLT-AD] FDCLT-AD 11 10 FDCLTAD [FDCLTAD]
[ENDM-D] ENDM-D 14 15 ENDMD [ENDMD] [STCLT-AD] STCLT-AD 14 15 STCLTAD [STCLTAD]
1 [VCC] 1 [VCC]
8 [VCC] 8 [VCC]
4 [GND] 4 [GND]
1 5 [GND] 1 1 5 [GND] 1
C7 [C] 12 [GND] [C] C9 [C] 12 [GND] [C]
0.1/12 2 2 C6 0.1/12 2 2 C8
13 [GND] 0.1/50 13 [GND] 0.1/50
HINT

C C
GND DG DG GND DG DG

15 - 40
VDD

+5VSW 24V D
D
[I62308S]
IC1
circuit diagram has jumped to.

CLAMP 16
CLAMP 9

R3 1[R]24.7K
R4 1[R]24.7K
R2 1[R]24.7K
R5 1[R]24.7K
[SIDM-A] SIDM-A 3 2 SIDMA [SIDMA]
[SIDM-C] SIDM-C 6 7 SIDMC [SIDMC]
[SIDM-B] SIDM-B 11 10 SIDMB [SIDMB]
14 15
How to search for where a signal in a

[SIDM-D] SIDM-D SIDMD [SIDMD]


1 [VCC]
8 [VCC]
4 [GND]
1 5 [GND] 1
E C5 [C] 12 [GND] [C]
0.1/12 2 2 C4 E
13 [GND] 0.1/50

GND DG DG

F
F

1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

A A

J402 [CN10]ENDM-A
+5VSW VDD 17548710V 1 [ENDM-A]
2 ENDM-C [ENDM-C]
3 ENDM-B [ENDM-B]
4 ENDM-D [ENDM-D]
1 [CEP]
J401 [CN13] C1 22/16 TO LGC 5 STSOL-AD [STSOL-AD]
17548713V 1 2 6 STCLT-AD [STCLT-AD]
2 SIDM-A [SIDM-A] 7 FDCLT-AD [FDCLT-AD]
Circuit diagrams (2/2)

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


3 SIDM-C [SIDM-C] 8 MOTON-AD
4 SIDM-B [SIDM-B] 9 MOTBK-AD
5 SIDM-D [SIDM-D] 10 PLLOK-AD B
6 PJAM1AD
B TO LGC 7 PEMPAD 24V VDD
8 SIDSW
9 ENDSW
10 AD-CNT
11 J410 [CN14]
12 53052-14V 1
13 2
3
ADU-NOT 4
FED-CLT 5
VDD 6
HINT

C GND STK-CLT 7 C
8
J405 [CN9] 9
175487-9V 1 10
2 11
3 12 FDCLTAD [FDCLTAD]
PJAM1SW
4 13
PEMPSW 5 14 STCLTAD [STCLTAD]
6

15 - 41
SIDSW
7 24V
8
9 DG GND

J414 [CN2]
GND 53052-2V 1 D
D GATE-SOL STSOLAD
24V 2 [STSOLAD]
circuit diagram has jumped to.

24V VDD

J413 [CN6] ENDMA


53324-6 1 [ENDMA] J416 [CN4]
How to search for where a signal in a

2 53052-4V 1 1 [CEP] 1 [CEP]


C3 47/50 C2 22/16
R1

3 ENDMC [ENDMC] 2 2 2
1[R]2

ENDMB
1/2W10K

END-MTR 4 [ENDMB] TO ACC 3


5 4
6 ENDMD [ENDMD]
E
E
DG GND

J418 [CN6] SIDMA


53324-6 1 [SIDMA]
2
3 SIDMC [SIDMC]
SID-MTR 4 SIDMB [SIDMB]
5
6 SIDMD [SIDMD]
F
F

2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2

2460 ADU MD-5004


15.8.9 PC board assembly

2460 ADU MD-5004 15 - 42 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
16. ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM VDD

1
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 1/20
1

1 RTP 2
R224
1/10W4700
MDT[0:15]-1A
[MDT[0:15]-1A]

MDT15-1A 91 D15 /P17 A23 /P27 93 MMON-0 [MMON-0]


7407M
MDT14-1A 90 94 11 10 IC53 MMBRK-0
D14 /P16 A22 /P26 7407M [MMBRK-0]
MDT13-1A 89 95 13 12 CW-0
D13 /P15 A21 /P25 [CW-0]
MDT12-1A 88 D12 /P14 A20 /P24 96 IC53 RGTCLT-0 [RGTCLT-0]
MDT11-1A 87 D11 /P13 A19 /P23 97 WDTEN [WDTEN]
VDD MDT10-1A 86 98 MAD18-1A MAD[0:18]-1A
D10 /P12 A18 /P22 [MAD[0:18]-1A]
MDT9-1A 85 D9 /P11 A17 /P21 99 MAD17-1A
MDT8-1A 84 100 MAD16-1A

R315

R246
R242
D8 /P10 A16 /P20

R174

R83
MDT7-1A 82 101 MAD15-1A
2

D7 A15

2
MDT6-1A 81 D6 A14 102 MAD14-1A
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
MDT5-1A 80 D5 A13 103 MAD13-1A
MDT4-1A 79 D4 A12 104 MAD12-1A
VDD
MDT3-1A 78 D3 A11 105 MAD11-1A
MDT2-1A 77 D2 A10 106 MAD10-1A
MDT1-1A 76 D1 A9 107 MAD9-1A

R307
R316
MDT0-1A 75 D0 A8 109 MAD8-1A

R64
A7 110 MAD7-1A
7407M
MMOTCK-0 4 3 31 111 MAD6-1A

1 RTP 2 1/10W10K
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
[MMOTCK-0] P97 /TO7 A6
[IMGFAN-0A] IMGFAN-0A IC53 30 P96 /TI6 A5 112 MAD5-1A

[OPTFAN2-0] OPTFAN2-0 29 P95 /TO5 A4 113 MAD4-1A

[DUCTFAN-0] DUCTFAN-0 28 P94 /TI4 A3 114 MAD3-1A


7407M
PFCK-0 10 11 27 115 MAD2-1A
[PFCK-0] P93 /TO3 A2

3
DUCTFAN3-0 IC18 26 116 MAD1-1A
[DUCTFAN3-0] P92 /TI2 A1
SCCLK-0 25 117 MAD0-1A
3

[SCCLK-0] P91 /TO1 A0


[RST-SW] RST-SW 24 P90 /TI0
119 R305 1 RTP 2 PLTM-1
PE7 [PLTM-1]
R243 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 47 120 1/10W22K
P87 /INT3 PE6
R237 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 46 121 R325 1 RTP 2 PSTP-1
P86 /INT2 PE5 [PSTP-1]
[PFINT2-1] PFINT2-1 45 P85 /INT1 PE4 122 1/10W22K
[COM] COM 44 P84 /INT0 PE3 123 DFACK [DFACK]
HSYNG-1 R82 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 43 124 FNCNT-0
[HSYNG-1] P83 /NMI2 PE2 [FNCNT-0]
[WAIT] WAIT 34 P82 /WAIT PE1 125 ADCNT-0 [ADCNT-0]
MMPLL-0 R314 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 33 126 R317 1 RTP 2 DEVCNT-0
[MMPLL-0] P81 /SCOUT PE0 [DEVCNT-0]
HOME-1 R172 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 32 1/10W22K
[HOME-1] P80 /BS
PD4 127 RGTST [RGTST]
[DOCD-0] DOCD-0 GND 56 P77 /PG13 PD3 128 SCRSOL-0 [SCRSOL-0]
[DOCC-0] DOCC-0 55 P76 /PG12 PD2 129 TMON-0A [TMON-0A]
4

DOCB-0 54 130 SSR+

4
[DOCB-0] P75 /PG11 PD1 [SSR+]
[DOCA-0] DOCA-0 53 P74 /PG10 PD0 131 HTRDY-0 [HTRDY-0]
/INT8
52 P73 /PG03
51 P72 /PG02 PC7 140
/AN7
50 P71 /PG01 PC6 139
/AN6
49 P70 /PG00 PC5 138 24VCHK [24VCHK]
/AN5
PC4 137 R318 1 RTP 2 DRMTH
/AN4 [DRMTH]
ATN-0 58 P67 /UCAS3 PC3 136 1/10W22K HTRTH2-
[ATN-0] /UW3 /WE3 /AN3 [HTRTH2-]
[MVDEN-0] MVDEN-0 59 P66 /REFOUT3 PC2 135 HTRTH- [HTRTH-]
/LW3 /LCAS3 /AN2
[EXPON-0] EXPON-0 60 P65 /CAS3 PC1 134
/WE3 /AN1
[LRGON-0] LRGON-0 61 P64 /CS3 PC0 133 ATTN0 [ATTN0]
/RAS3 /AN0
[UW1] UW1 62 P63 /UCAS1 1
/UW1 /WE1 C137
[LW1] LW1 63 P62 /REFOUT1 PB7 13
/LW1 /LCAS1 /TOB 2 C CC0.1/25
[CAS1-0] CAS1-0 64 P61 /CAS1 PB6 12
/WE1 /TOA
5

5
[RAS1-0] RAS1-0 65 P60 /CS1 PB5 /INT7 11 TXRDY [TXRDY]
/RAS1 /TIB
PB4 /INT6 10 DFREQ [DFREQ]
/TIA
CS2-0 R65 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 66 P57 9
[CS2-0] /CS2 PB3 /TO9
[CS0-0] CS0-0 67 P56 PB2 /TO8 8
/CS0 GND
[GAWR-0] GAWR-0 68 P55
/R/W PB1 /INT5
/TI9
7

[PVDEN-0] PVDEN-0 69 P54


/BUSAK PB0 /INT4
/TI8
6
70 P53
/BUSRQ 7407M
71 P52 PA7 22 11 10 MREQDFA
VDD /HWR /SCLK1 7407M [MREQDFA]
PA6 21 IC8 5 6 MACKDFA
/CTS1 [MACKDFA]
141 VREFH PA5 20 IC8 DFRXD [DFRXD]
R250 1 /RXD1 7407M
1 RTP 2 C85 142 PA4 19 3 4 DFTXDA
CC0.1/25 VREFL /TXD1 [DFTXDA]
1/10W1M 2 C 1 PA3 17 IC8
DAREFH /SCLK0
2 DAREFL PA2 16
X3 1 2 22M 1 /CTS0
PA1 15 6
C107 /RXD0
2 C
1 1 35 AM8 /16 PA0 14
CC0.1/25 /TXD0
C45 C46
6

23 NMI
CC10P/50F 2 C CC10P/50F 2 C
40 EA WDTOUT 42 WDTOUT [WDTOUT]
GND
39 X2 DAOUT1 4
GND GND
38 X1 DAOUT0 3
MRST-0 R152 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 41
[MRST-0] RESET
RD 73 MRD-0A [MRD-0A]
132 DVCC5 WR 72 MWR-0A [MWR-0A]
108 36
C86

DVCC4 CLK
83
C88

1 DVCC3
C114

1 48 DVCC2 VDD
2 C
18 DVCC1
2 C1
118 R100 2 RTP 1 1/10W4700
DVSS6
2 C 92 R135 2 RTP 1 1/10W4700
DVSS5
7

74 R142 2 RTP 1 1/10W4700


7

DVSS4
57 DVSS3
CC0.1/25 37 DVSS2
5 DVSS1
144 AVCC
C106

C104

143
C95

AVSS
1 1 1 IC37
95C063F AC04F
2 C 2 C 2 C 5 6 CPUCK-1 [CPUCK-1]
1
IC23
CC0.1/25 C115
*3 2 C
8

CC2200P/50
1

GND
20

A
D

B
F

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 16 - 1 2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 2/20 E8 16 IO17 O37 135 13
7407M
12 ZMDTCT [ZMDTCT]

1
E7 15 IO16 O36 134 IC54 MREQ-PF [MREQ-PF]
E6 14 IO15 O35 133 MACK-PF [MACK-PF]
1

7407M
E5 13 132 11 10 A3DTCT
IO14 O34 7407M [A3DTCT]
E4 11 129 9 8 IC54 ERROR
IO13 O33 7407M [ERROR]
E3 10 128 IC54 9 8 SZ0
IO12 O32 7407M [SZ0]
E2 9 127 5 6 IC53 SZ1
IO11 O31 7407M [SZ1]
E1 8 126 IC53 1 2 SZ2
IO10 O30 [SZ2]
IC53
6 IO07 O27 125 WDTCLK [WDTCLK]
5 IO06 O26 124 CTR-ON [CTR-ON]
[DATA3-1] DATA3-1 4 IO05 O25 123 LE-0 [LE-0]
[DATA2-1] DATA2-1 3 IO04 O24 122 LDON-1 [LDON-1]
[DATA1-1] DATA1-1 206 IO03 O23 120 MNLOFF-1 [MNLOFF-1]
[DATA0-1] DATA0-1 205 IO02 O22 119 CLKSL1-1 [CLKSL1-1]
2

[CWCCW-0] CWCCW-0 204 IO01 O21 118 CLKSL0-1 [CLKSL0-1]

2
[H.OFF-1] H.OFF-1 203 IO00 O20 117 DRVEN-0 [DRVEN-0]
MDT[0:7]-1A 7407M
[MDT[0:7]-1A] MDT7-1A 148 116 13 12 PMBRK-0A
VDD DT7 O17 7407M [PMBRK-0A]
MDT6-1A 147 115 IC8 1 2 CTRADD
DT6 O16 7407M [CTRADD]
MDT5-1A 146 114 9 8 IC54 PMSP1-0A
DT5 O15 [PMSP1-0A]
MDT4-1A 145 DT4 O14 113 IC8 PMON-0A [PMON-0A]

R156
R153
R150
R241
R233

R310
R103
MDT3-1A 143 DT3 O13 110 FANCHG0 [FANCHG0]
R72

R18
MDT2-1A 142 DT2 O12 109 FANCHG1 [FANCHG1]
MDT1-1A 141 DT1 O11 108 DUCTFAN2-0 [DUCTFAN2-0]
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
MDT0-1A 140 DT0 O10 107 FANCHG2 [FANCHG2]
1/10W4700
*9
R168 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 197 92 OPTFAN-0
IN32 O07 [OPTFAN-0]
R173 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 196 91 PCC-0A
IN31 O06 [PCC-0A]

3
R176 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 195 90 ERSLP-0
IN30 O05 [ERSLP-0]
3

R183 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 194 89 HVGB-0A


IN27 O04 7407M [HVGB-0A]
R186 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 193 87 1 2 PMSP0-0A
IN26 O03 [PMSP0-0A]
R308 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 192 86 IC8 HVM-0A
IN25 O02 [HVM-0A]
HVMNG-0A R311 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 166 85 HVSP-0A
[HVMNG-0A] IN24 O01 [HVSP-0A]
ENABLE R19 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 165 84 HVTR-0A
[ENABLE] IN23 O00 [HVTR-0A]
ATSET-0 R230 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 164
[ATSET-0] IN22
OVUN-0 R247 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 163 24
[OVUN-0] IN21 Y3B
CTR-RET R99 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 154 23
[CTR-RET] IN20 Y2B
R171 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 153 22
IN17 Y1B
APS3 R146 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 152 21
[APS3] IN16 Y0B
APS2 R154 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 151
[APS2] IN15
APS1 R161 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 150 75
[APS1] IN14 TXRD2
1
C138 RXRD2 76
CC0.1/25 2 C R212 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 66 72
4

IN33 TXD2

4
R207 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 65 95
GND IN13 RXD2
[APSR] APSR 64 IN12 RTS2 74

[APSC] APSC 63 IN11 DSR2 93


R106 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 62 73
IN10 DTR2
R201 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 61 IN07 CTS2 94

[PGNCNT-0] PGNCNT-0 R511 RTP 2 1/10W22K 60 IN06 UARTINT2 77


SCNCNT-0 R8 1 1/10W22K
[SCNCNT-0] RTP 2 59 IN05
[TFUL-0] TFUL-0 R319 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 58 IN04 TXRD1 41

[PFACK] PFACK 50 IN03 RXRD1 42

[EXITSW-0] EXITSW-0 R73 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 49 IN02 TXD1 38

[PMTLK-0] PMTLK-0 R313 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 48 IN01 RXD1 82

[PSTPR] PSTPR 47 IN00 RTS1 40

DSR1 80
MAD14-1A GND 175 39
5

[MAD14-1A] ADRS14 DTR1

5
[MAD13-1A] MAD13-1A 174 ADRS13 CTS1 81

[MAD12-1A] MAD12-1A 173 ADRS12 UARTINT1 43

[MAD11-1A] MAD11-1A 172 ADRS11


[MAD10-1A] MAD10-1A 171 ADRS10 TXRD0 34 TXRDY [TXRDY]
[MAD9-1A] MAD9-1A 170 ADRS9 RXRD0 35

[MAD2-1A] MAD2-1A 169 ADRS2 TXD0 31 PFTXD [PFTXD]


[MAD1-1A] MAD1-1A 168 ADRS1 RXD0 70 PFRXD [PFRXD]
[MAD0-1A] MAD0-1A 167 ADRS0 RTS0 33
VDD
VDD DSR0 68 PFREQ [PFREQ]
R217 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 96 32
UTEST2 DTR0
R216 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 83 69
R48 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 UTEST1 CTS0
R206 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 71 36 PFINT2-1
R46 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 UTEST0 UARTINT0 [PFINT2-1]
R205 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 111
R320 TEST2

6
1 RTP 2 1/10W4700
R185 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 136 181
R312 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 TE01 DSPLTH
DSPDAT 184
6

46 INVO DSON1 180


R204 1 RTP 2 1/10W470 45 179
INVI DSON0
DALTH 186 DALTH [DALTH]
R155
1 RTP 2 [FDCLTAD] FDCLTAD 28 MULTD1 DADAT 187 DADAT1 [DADAT1]
R184 1 RTP 2 1/10W470 25 177
1/10W1M 7407M MULTD0 LELTH
FDCLT-AD 4 3 30 178 DADAT2
[FDCLT-AD] MULTY LEDAT 7407M [DADAT2]
X1 1 2 8M STCLTAD IC41 29 190 5 6 R116 1 RTP 2 PLGCLK
[STCLTAD] MULTA TO1 [PLGCLK]
19 101 IC54 1/10W100
DECOB CSIPC1
18 100 1/10W100 CSIP2-0
DECOA CSIPC0 [CSIP2-0]
1 1 99 R70 1 RTP 2 SARAHCS-0
CSRAM1 [SARAHCS-0]
C58 C82 55 98 R69 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 CSSCC
2 C 2 C X2O CSRAM0 [CSSCC]
CC10P/50F R218 1 RTP 2 1/10W470 56 188
*2 X1I WRRAM 7407M
160 189 9 8 EXPPWM
X2 PWM [EXPPWM]
7

GND GND
7

161 185 IC41 DACLK [DACLK]


X1 SCK

MRD-0A GND 200


R200
R195
R211

[MRD-0A] RD
[GAWR-0] GAWR-0 138 RW
[MWR-0A] MWR-0A 199 WR
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2
1 RTP 2

[CS0-0] CS0-0 102 CSI0 1/10W470 *3


VDD 20 ENB
R177 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 137 EN0
GARST R151 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 201
[GARST] RST
IC33
C2XB
1
C62 VDD_PIN=27,53,67,78 GND
VDD_PIN=104,130,157
8

CC2200P/50 2 C VDD_PIN=183,198,208
GND_PIN=1,2,7,12,17
GND_PIN=26,37,44,51
GND_PIN=52,57,79,88,97
GND GND_PIN=105,106,112,121
GND_PIN=131,139,144,149
2

GND_PIN=155,156,159,162
8

GND_PIN=176,182,191,202
20

A
D

B
F

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 16 - 2 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


VDD
VDD VDD
VDD
1 RTP 2

1 RTP 2

2 RTP 1 R101
2 RTP 1 R105
2 RTP 1 R110
R81 R124 1 RR14 4700
2 RTP 1

1/10W4700 1/10W4700 A
A
1/10W4700
R90

1/10W4700 *3
[SKT] 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7407M
PSTP-1 R84 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 56 16 9 8 SIDM-D
[PSTP-1] P30/RXD P73/M13 7407M [SIDM-D]
PFTXD 57 15 5 6 IC18 SIDM-C
[PFTXD] P31/RXD P72/M12 7407M [SIDM-C]
MACK-PF 60 14 IC18 3 4 SIDM-B
[MACK-PF] P34/CTS P71/M11 7407M [SIDM-B]
13 1 2 IC18 SIDM-A
P70/M10 [SIDM-A]
[24VCHK] 24VCHK 8 IC18
P55/AN5 7407M
AD-CNT R123 1 RTP 2 1/10W22K 7 12 9 8 ENDM-D
[AD-CNT] P54/AN4 P63/M03 7407M [ENDM-D]
SIZE3 6 11 5 6 IC26 ENDM-C
P53/AN3 P62/M02 7407M [ENDM-C]
SIZE2 5 10 IC26 3 4 ENDM-B
P52/AN2 P61/M01 7407M [ENDM-B]
SIZE1 4 9 1 2 IC26 ENDM-A
P51/AN1 P60/M00 [ENDM-A]
SIZE[0:3] SIZE0 3 IC26
[SIZE[0:3]] P50/AN0 B
31 DRV-7 DRV-[0:7]
P07/D7 [DRV-[0:7]]
B
How to search for where a signal in a

1 30 DRV-6 BIN/OCT
VREF P06/D6 VDD
2 29 DRV-5 [HC138A]
AGND P05/D5
1 IC15 15
21 28 DRV-4 1 0 SCSW-A [SCSW-A]
NMI P04/D4
19 27 DRV-3 2 14 SCSW-B
GND P82/INT2 P03/D3 2 1 [SCSW-B]
MREQ-PF 18 26 DRV-2 3 13 SCSW-C
[MREQ-PF] P81/INT1 P02/D2 4 2 [SCSW-C]
circuit diagram has jumped to.

RGTST 17 25 DRV-1 VDD 1/10W470 12 SCSW-D


[RGTST] P80/INT0 P01/D1 R108 3 [SCSW-D]
24 DRV-0 6 & 11 SCSW-E
P00/D0 1 RTP 2 4 [SCSW-E]
63 4 10 SCSW-F
P37/WAIT EN 5 [SCSW-F]
33 54 1 RR8 4700 5 9
X1 P43/A19 6
55 53 7
EA P42/A18 7
PFCRST R147 1 RTP 2 1/10W4700 22 52
[PFCRST] RST P41/A17
C 51 8 9 4 3 7 2 5 6 RGCLT-CU
P40/A16 [RGCLT-CU] C
1
C60 CC2200P/50 7407M
2 C 50 13 12 CLK-D

16 - 3
P27/A15 7407M [CLK-D]
49 IC41 11 10 CLK-C
P26/A14 [CLK-C]
GND 48 IC41 CLK-B [CLK-B]
P25/A13
47 CLK-A [CLK-A]
P24/A12 7407M
46 1 2 AMOT-BRK
P23/A11 [AMOT-BRK]
45 IC41 FDCLTAD [FDCLTAD]
P22/A10 7407M
44 11 10 STSOL-AD
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 3/20

P21/A9 7407M [STSOL-AD]


43 IC26 13 12 STCLT-AD
P20/A8 [STCLT-AD]
HINT

IC26 STCLTAD [STCLTAD]


42 RETS7

2 RTP 1
P17/A7
R109
41 RETS6
P16/A6 1/10W470
40 RETS5
P15/A5
39 RETS4
P14/A4
D
D 38 RETS3 GND
P13/A3
37 RETS2
P12/A2
36 RETS1
P11/A1
35 RETS0
P10/A0
58 PFACK [PFACK]
P32/TXD
X2 59 PFRXD [PFRXD]
P33/TXD
1 3 20 PSTPR [PSTPR]

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


P83/TO34
61 PFREQ [PFREQ]
P35/RD 7407M
62 5 6 AMOT-OFF
2 12M P36/WR [AMOT-OFF]
34 IC41
X2
23
GND CK
IC20
E R157
1 RTP 2 91C640N
E
RETS[0:7] 1/10W1M
[RETS[0:7]]
3
20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 4/20

1
1

MDT[0:15]-1A
[MDT[0:15]-1A]

MAD[0:18]-1A
[MAD[0:18]-1A]

DRAM64KX16
[M61664]
VDD MAD1-1A 15 IC38 2 MDT0-1A
0 B1
MAD2-1A 16 3 MDT1-1A
2

1 B2

2
MAD3-1A 17 4 MDT2-1A
2 B3
MAD4-1A 18 5 MDT3-1A
3 0 B4

1 RTP 2

1 RTP 2
MAD5-1A 19 A 6 MDT4-1A
R231 R236 4 255 B5
1/10W3300 1/10W3300 MAD6-1A 22 7 MDT5-1A
5 B6
MAD7-1A 23 8 MDT6-1A
6 B7
MAD8-1A 24 9 MDT7-1A
7 B8
CAS1-0 29 32 MDT8-1A
[CAS1-0] CAS B9
RAS1-0 14 33 MDT9-1A
[RAS1-0] RAS B10
R125 1 RTP 2 28 34 MDT10-1A
OE B11
LW1 1/10W100 13 35 MDT11-1A
[LW1] LW B12
UW1 12 36 MDT12-1A
[UW1] UW B13
37 MDT13-1A
B14
38 MDT14-1A
B15

3
39 MDT15-1A
60 B16
3

VDD

[SKT]
MAD18-1A 39 3 MDT15-1A
A17 Q15
MAD17-1A 38 4 MDT14-1A
A16 Q14
MAD16-1A 37 5 MDT13-1A
A15 Q13
MAD15-1A 36 6 MDT12-1A
A14 Q12
MAD14-1A 35 7 MDT11-1A
A13 Q11
MAD13-1A 34 8 MDT10-1A
A12 Q10
MAD12-1A 33 9 MDT9-1A
A11 Q9
4

MAD11-1A 32 10 MDT8-1A

4
A10 Q8
MAD10-1A 31 12 MDT7-1A
A9 Q7
MAD9-1A 29 13 MDT6-1A
A8 Q6
MAD8-1A 28 14 MDT5-1A
A7 Q5
MAD7-1A 27 15 MDT4-1A
A6 Q4
MAD6-1A 26 16 MDT3-1A
A5 Q3
MAD5-1A 25 17 MDT2-1A
A4 Q2
MAD4-1A 24 18 MDT1-1A
A3 Q1
MAD3-1A 23 19 MDT0-1A
A2 Q0
MAD2-1A 22
A1
MAD1-1A 21
A0

[CS2-0] CS2-0 2
CE
[MRD-0A] MRD-0A 20
OE
5

5
1
VPP
IC42
27C4002100F1

D/A8
[AA62353S]
IC45
DADAT1 14 11
[DADAT1] DI DO
DACLK R115 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 13 15
[DACLK] CK AO1
DALTH R112 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 12 2 GRVREF
[DALTH] LD AO2 [GRVREF]
3
AO3

6
4 DEDVREF
AO4 [DEDVREF]
5 TVREF
AO5 [TVREF]
6

VDD 6
AO6
7 SPAVREF
AO7 [SPAVREF]
10 SPDVREF
AO8 [SPDVREF]
9
[VCC]
1 8
[VDD/U]
C36 16
CC0.1/25 2 C [GND]
1
[VSS/L]

GND

D/A8
[AA62353S]
IC51
DADAT2 14 11
[DADAT2] DI DO
7

DACLK R114 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 13 15 PCAVREF


[DACLK] CK AO1 [PCAVREF]
DALTH R113 1 RTP 2 1/10W100 12 2
[DALTH] LD AO2
3 ATVREF
AO3 [ATVREF]
4 LPVREF1
AO4 [LPVREF1]
5 LPVREF2
AO5 [LPVREF2]
VDD 6 SCNVREF
AO6 [SCNVREF]
7 HTRVREF
AO7 [HTRVREF]
10
AO8
9
[VCC]
1 8
[VDD/U]
C132 16
CC0.1/25 2 C [GND]
8

1
[VSS/L]

GND
8
4
20

A
D

B
F

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 16 - 4 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


VDD
1 RTP 2

+5VSW
R104
1/10W4700
4700 A
A
2
[EXPON-0] EXPON-0 2 MC74
HC 3 1 Q9 RN1401 3 EXPON-0A [EXPON-0A]
1 32F
VDD IC17 4700 3 1 4700 Q14
RN2401 2
4700
1 RTP 2

VDD +5VSW
R136
1/10W4700
4700 DG
2
[LRGON-0] LRGON-0 13 MC74
HC 11 1 Q13 RN1401 3 LRGON-0A [LRGON-0A]
12 32F
IC17 4700 3 1 4700 Q16
RN2401 2
3

4700
+5VSW B
D8 11 10 VDD
BB QB
1SS184 5 6 DG
B BA QA R169
How to search for where a signal in a

1/10W4700
2

R119 R120 1 RTP 2


[WDTCLK] WDTCLK 1 RTP 2 1 RTP 2 12 9
AB NQB D9
4 7 02CZ3.3X R166 3
1/10W1000 1/10W4700 AA NQA MC74 RN1401 3 2 3 1 RTP 2 1 Q1
1 5 MC74 HC14F 2SA1428Y
C52
R121 HC 6 1 2 1 4700 Q3 1/10W68 2
1 RTP 2 14 4 32F
2 C CC0.1/25
circuit diagram has jumped to.

CX/RXB IC17 IC32 2


1/10W100K 2
1 CX/RXA 4700

1 RTP 2
C7 R175
CE4.7/16 2 13 1/10W3300
GND CLRB
3
CLRA GND
IC22
C 14538F
GND C
MC74 GND
HC132F
[WDTOUT] WDTOUT 10
8

16 - 5
[WDTEN] WDTEN 9
IC16
[DRVEN-0] DRVEN-0 10 MC74
HC 8 DRVEN-0A [DRVEN-0A]
VDD VDD 9 32F
IC17
VDD
MC74
2 RTP 1

2 RTP 1

HC14F
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 5/20

R167 R180
1/10W4700 1/10W4700 11 10 MRST-0 [MRST-0]
IC32 MC74
HINT

MC74 RN1401 3 HC14F


HC14F 13 12 PFCRST [PFCRST]
1 3 3 4 1 4700 Q4
VCC O IC32
2 RTP 1

IC32 2 R179
1/10W120 GARST [GARST]
2 4700
GND MC74 MC74
IC31 R178 HC14F HC14F R118 D
D 2 RTP 1 5 6 9 8 1 RTP 2 FINRST-0
7046P [FINRST-0]
1/10W22K IC32 IC32 1/10W4700
GND 1 VDD
C34
1 CC2200P/50 2 C
GND C9
CE4.7/16

3
2
D6
+24V GND
1SS184
GND

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


R91 R85
1 RTP 2 1 RTP 2 24VCHK [24VCHK]
1/10W22K 1/10W22K
1

1 RTP 2
C41
R102
E 1/10W4700 CC0.1/25 2 C
E
GND
F
F 5
20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


A
A
DRV-[0:7] DRV-7
[DRV-[0:7]]
18 19
DRV-6 LC-LED [LC-LED]
17 16
DRV-5 FDCLT-SF [FDCLT-SF]
14 15
DRV-4
13 12
DRV-3 FDMLC-B [FDMLC-B]
8 9
DRV-2 FDMLC-A [FDMLC-A]
7 6
DRV-1 TRMLC-B [TRMLC-B]
4 5
DRV-0 1D TRMLC-A [TRMLC-A]
3 2
1 1 1 1
[CLK-A] CLK-A C1 C24 C33 C40 C43
R75 11
PFCRST 1 RTP 2 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C
[PFCRST] R
1
1/10W4700 IC19 CC0.1/50G
[HC273] *4 B
DG
B
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

DRV-7
C 18 19 C
DRV-6
17 16
DRV-5 FDCLT-CL [FDCLT-CL]
14 15
DRV-4 FDCLT-CU [FDCLT-CU]
13 12
DRV-3 TRMCL-B +24V
8 9
DRV-2 TRMCL-A
7 6

16 - 6
DRV-1 TRMCU-B 2 IN2 OA1 3 TRMCLB [TRMCLB]
4 5
DRV-0 1D TRMCU-A 1 IN1 OA0 5 TRMCLA [TRMCLA]
3 2
1 1
[CLK-B] CLK-B C1 C32 C31
11 1 1 7 VCC
C2 C16 2 C 2 C
R 4
1 GND
IC13 2 2 C
IC5 CC0.1/50G
[HC273]
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 6/20

CE10/50 CC0.1/50G 8428KS


DG
HINT

2 IN2 OA1 3 TRMCUB [TRMCUB]


1 IN1 OA0 5 TRMCUA [TRMCUA]
D
D 1 1
1 7 C30 C29
1 VCC
C3 C28 2 C 2 C
4 GND
2 2 C
VDD IC6 CC0.1/50G
CE10/50 CC0.1/50G 8428KS
DG

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


DRV-7 17 3 DG DRV7 [DRV7]
2A3 2Y3
DRV-6 15 5 DRV6 [DRV6]
2A2 2Y2
DRV-5 13 7 DRV5 [DRV5]
2A1 2Y1
DRV-4 11 9 DRV4 [DRV4]
2A0 2Y0
DRV-3 8 12 DRV3 [DRV3]
1A3 1Y3
DRV-2 6 14 DRV2 [DRV2]
1A2 1Y2
DRV-1 4 16 DRV1 [DRV1]
1A1 1Y1
E
DRV-0 2 18 DRV0 [DRV0]
1A0 1Y0
E
R170 19
1/10W470 OE2
1 RTP 2 1
OE1
20
VDD
10
GND
IC30
MC74HC244F
GND F
F
6
20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
+5VSW +24V

16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 7/20

1
[DOCD-0] DOCD-0 14 15 DOCD-0A [DOCD-0A]
I3 O3
[DOCC-0] DOCC-0 11 10 DOCC-0A [DOCC-0A]
I2 O2
1

[DOCB-0] DOCB-0 6 7 DOCB-0A [DOCB-0A]


I1 O1
[DOCA-0] DOCA-0 3 2 DOCA-0A [DOCA-0A]
I0 O0

8 16
VDD1 COM1
1 9
VDD0 COM0
13
GND3
12 1
GND2
5 C117 CC0.1/50G
1 GND1 2 C
C118 4
CC0.1/25 2 C GND0
18
GND1FIN
17
GND0FIN DG
IC44
GND
2

62308F

2
DG
+5VSW +24V

FANCHG2 14 15 R117 1 2 2W100


[FANCHG2] I3 O3
[OPTFAN2-0] OPTFAN2-0 11 10 OPTFAN2-0A [OPTFAN2-0A]
I2 O2
[OPTFAN-0] OPTFAN-0 6 7 OPTFAN-0A [OPTFAN-0A]
I1 O1
FANCHG1 3 2 R3 1 2 2W100
[FANCHG1] I0 O0

8 16
VDD1 COM1
1 9
VDD0 COM0
13
1 GND3
C127 12 1
GND2
CC0.1/25 2 C 5 C123 CC0.1/50G

3
GND1 2 C
4
GND0
3

18
GND1FIN
17
GND GND0FIN DG
IC55
62308F

DG
+5VSW +24V

[DUCTFAN3-0] DUCTFAN3-0 14 15 DUCTFAN3-0A [DUCTFAN3-0A]


I3 O3
[DUCTFAN2-0] DUCTFAN2-0 11 10 DUCTFAN2-0A [DUCTFAN2-0A]
I2 O2
[DUCTFAN-0] DUCTFAN-0 6 7 DUCTFAN-0A [DUCTFAN-0A]
I1 O1
FANCHG0 3 2 R2 1 2
[FANCHG0] I0 O0
2W180

8 16 R1 1 2
VDD1 COM1
4

1 9 2W180

4
VDD0 COM0
13 R249 1 2
GND3
12 2W180
1

CC0.1/50G
GND2

C17
1 5
GND1 2 C
C22 4 +24V
CC0.1/25 2 C GND0
18
GND1FIN
17
GND0FIN DG
IC2
GND
62308F

1S1834
DG +24V
+5VSW

D22
2
[FDCLT-SF] FDCLT-SF 14 15 FEDCLTSF [FEDCLTSF]
I3 O3
[IMGFAN-0A] IMGFAN-0A 11 10 IMGFAN-0B [IMGFAN-0B]
I2 O2
5

[RGTCLT-0] RGTCLT-0 6 7 RGTCLT-0A [RGTCLT-0A]

5
I1 O1
[CTR-ON] CTR-ON 3 2 CTR-ONA [CTR-ONA]
I0 O0

8 16
VDD1 COM1
1 9
VDD0 COM0
13
GND3
12 1
GND2
C23 CC0.1/50G
1 5
GND1 2 C
C21 4
CC0.1/25 2 C GND0
18
GND1FIN
17
GND0FIN DG
IC3
62308F
GND

6
DG
+5VSW +24V
6

[SCRSOL-0] SCRSOL-0 14 15 SCRSOL-0A [SCRSOL-0A]


I3 O3
[RGCLT-CU] RGCLT-CU 11 10 RGTCLTCU [RGTCLTCU]
I2 O2
[FDCLT-CL] FDCLT-CL 6 7 FEDCLTCL [FEDCLTCL]
I1 O1
[FDCLT-CU] FDCLT-CU 3 2 FEDCLTCU [FEDCLTCU]
I0 O0

8 16
VDD1 COM1
1 9
VDD0 COM0
13
GND3
12 1
GND2 C15
1 5
C20 GND1 2 C CC0.1/50G
CC0.1/25 4
2 C GND0
18
GND1FIN
7

17
7

GND0FIN DG
IC4
62308F
GND DG PCC GB TR SP M

+5VSW TP8 TP9 TP10 TP11 TP12

[ERSLP-0] ERSLP-0 8 11 ERSLP-0A [ERSLP-0A]


I7 O7
[PMON-0A] PMON-0A 7 12 PMON-0B [PMON-0B]
I6 O6
[HVM-0A] HVM-0A 6 13 HVM-0B [HVM-0B]
I5 O5
[HVSP-0A] HVSP-0A 5 14 HVSP-0B [HVSP-0B]
I4 O4
[HVTR-0A] HVTR-0A 4 15 HVTR-0B [HVTR-0B]
I3 O3
[MMON-0] MMON-0 3 16 MMON-0A [MMON-0A]
I2 O2
[HVGB-0A] HVGB-0A 2 17 HVGB-0B [HVGB-0B]
I1 O1
[PCC-0A] PCC-0A 1 18 PCC-0B [PCC-0B]
I0 O0
8

10
8

VDD
1 9 GND
C119 IC43
CC0.1/25 2 C
62385F
7
20

GND
A
D

B
F

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 16 - 7 2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

A
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 8/20
[AC08]
12
& 11
AC04F
MWR-0A 1 2 13 IC28
[MWR-0A]
IC23
VDD

4 4 10 10

PR PR PR PR
2

2 D Q 5 2 D Q 5 12 D Q 9 12 D Q 9

2
IC39 IC35 IC39 IC35
3 CK NQ 6 3 CK NQ 6 11 CK NQ 8 11 CK NQ 8
R R R R

1 AC74F 1 AC74F 13 AC74F 13 AC74F

CPUCK-1 R98 1 RTP 2 1/10W22


[CPUCK-1]
[7SH08]
2
& 4 R97 1/10W22
1 RTP 2 MAINWR-0 [MAINWR-0]
1
IC57

3
3

+24V

+5V
D14 3
R262 R261
2 3 1 RTP 2 1 RTP 2 1 Q10
2SC2712Y
1/10W680 1/10W22K 2
1
4

3
1

4
D16
C12 1
1SS184 CE47/35 02CZ5.1Y
2 C10
2

CE22/16 2

GND
3

D15 +5V
02CZ18 GND
2

1 RTP 2

R256
1/10W10K

RN1401 3 MMBRK-0 [MMBRK-0]


RN1401 3 1 4700 Q19
1 4700 Q8 2
2 4700
5

5
4700
1 RTP 2

R255
GND
1/10W2200
GND

GND

RN1401 3

[PWR-DN] PWR-DN 1 4700 Q20


2
4700

GND 6
6
7

7
8
20

A
D

B
E

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 16 - 8 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
16.1 Logic circuit VDD

(PWA-LGC) 9/20

1
1

2 RTP 1 R12
2 RTP 1 R13
2 RTP 1 R14
2 RTP 1 R15
1/10W4700
*4
17 3
2A3 2Y3
15 5
2A2 2Y2
13 7
2A1 2Y1
11 9
2A0 2Y0
SSIZE3 R42 1 RTP 2 8 12
[SSIZE3] 1A3 1Y3
SSIZE2 R41 1 RTP 2 6 14
[SSIZE2] 1A2 1Y2
SSIZE1 R40 1 RTP 2 4 16
[SSIZE1] 1A1 1Y1
SSIZE0 R39 1 RTP 2 2 18
[SSIZE0] 1A0 1Y0
1/10W22K *4
SCSW-F 19
2

[SCSW-F] VDD OE2

2
1
OE1

20
VDD
10
VDD VDD GND
IC7
RR7 RR3 GND MC74HC244F
1 RRS9 4700/22K 1 RRS9 4700/22K

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
SIZCL3 17 3 SIZE3 SIZE[0:3]
[SIZCL3] 2A3 2Y3 [SIZE[0:3]]
[SIZCL2] SIZCL2 15 5 SIZE2
2A2 2Y2
[SIZCL1] SIZCL1 13 7 SIZE1
2A1 2Y1
[SIZCL0] SIZCL0 11 9 SIZE0
2A0 2Y0

3
[SIZCU3] SIZCU3 8 12
1A3 1Y3
SIZCU2 6 14
3

[SIZCU2] 1A2 1Y2


[SIZCU1] SIZCU1 4 16
1A1 1Y1
[SIZCU0] SIZCU0 2 18
1A0 1Y0
VDD
19
OE2
VDD 1
OE1
2 RTP 1 R76
2 RTP 1 R27
2 RTP 1 R23
2 RTP 1 R16
2 RTP 1 R57
2 RTP 1 R47
2 RTP 1 R60
2 RTP 1 R10

1/10W4700 20
VDD
*8 10
GND
IC10
MC74HC244F
GND

SFBSW R37 1 RTP 2 17 3


[SFBSW] 2A3 2Y3
4

SCOVDOR R126 1 RTP 2 15 5

4
[SCOVDOR] 2A2 2Y2
LC-KEY R50 1 RTP 2 13 7
[LC-KEY] 2A1 2Y1
LC-CNT R53 1 RTP 2 11 9
[LC-CNT] 2A0 2Y0
SF-CNT R43 1 RTP 2 8 12 RETS7 RETS[0:7]
[SF-CNT] 1A3 1Y3 [RETS[0:7]]
TUPCL R24 1 RTP 2 6 14 RETS6
[TUPCL] 1A2 1Y2
PEMPCL R28 1 RTP 2 4 16 RETS5
[PEMPCL] 1A1 1Y1
PSTPCL R38 1 RTP 2 2 18 RETS4
[PSTPCL] 1A0 1Y0
1/10W22K *8
VDD 19
OE2
VDD 1
OE1

20
VDD
1/10W4700

1/10W4700
1/10W4700
1/10W4700
1/10W4700

10
1/10W470

1/10W470
1/10W470

GND
IC12
5

MC74HC244F

5
GND
2 RTP 1 R145
2 RTP 1 R87
2 RTP 1 R149
2 RTP 1 R141
2 RTP 1 R132
2 RTP 1 R93
2 RTP 1 R159
2 RTP 1
R160

17 3
2A3 2Y3
15 5
2A2 2Y2
APLL-OK R94 1 RTP 2 13 7
[APLL-OK] 2A1 2Y1
SIDSW R131 1 RTP 2 11 9
[SIDSW] 2A0 2Y0
ENDSW R140 1 RTP 2 8 12
[ENDSW] 1A3 1Y3
PJAM1AD R148 1 RTP 2 6 14
[PJAM1AD] 1A2 1Y2
4 16
1A1 1Y1 6
PEMPAD R144 1 RTP 2 2 18
[PEMPAD] 1A0 1Y0
1/10W22K *5
6

[SCSW-E] SCSW-E 19
OE2
VDD VDD 1
OE1

20
VDD
10
GND
2 RTP 1 R92
2 RTP 1 R22
2 RTP 1 R26
2 RTP 1 R9
2 RTP 1 R66
2 RTP 1 R77
2 RTP 1 R86
2 RTP 1 R35

IC29
1/10W4700
*8 MC74HC244F

GND

LCDOR R29 1 RTP 2 17 3


[LCDOR] 2A3 2Y3
TDWNLC R88 1 RTP 2 15 5
[TDWNLC] 2A2 2Y2
TUPLC R74 1 RTP 2 13 7
[TUPLC] 2A1 2Y1
PEMPLC R71 1 RTP 2 11 9
[PEMPLC] 2A0 2Y0
7

UCOVDOR R36 1 RTP 2 8 12 RETS3


[UCOVDOR] 1A3 1Y3
TUPCU R25 1 RTP 2 6 14 RETS2
[TUPCU] 1A2 1Y2
PEMPCU R21 1 RTP 2 4 16 RETS1
[PEMPCU] 1A1 1Y1
PSTPCU R44 1 RTP 2 2 18 RETS0
[PSTPCU] 1A0 1Y0
1/10W22K *8
[SCSW-B] SCSW-B 19
OE2
[SCSW-A] SCSW-A 1
VDD OE1

20
VDD
8

10
GND
IC27
8

MC74HC244F
9

GND
20

A
D

B
F

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 16 - 9 2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


VDD
A
A
MRST-0 17 3 R68 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MRST-0B
[MRST-0] 2A3 2Y3 [MRST-0B]
SCCLK-0 15 5 R133 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 SCCLK-0A
[SCCLK-0] 2A2 2Y2 [SCCLK-0A]
DATA3-1 13 7 R80 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 DATA3-1A
[DATA3-1] 2A1 2Y1 [DATA3-1A]
DATA2-1 11 9 R128 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 DATA2-1A
[DATA2-1] 2A0 2Y0 [DATA2-1A]
DATA1-1 8 12 R129 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 DATA1-1A
[DATA1-1] 1A3 1Y3 [DATA1-1A]
DATA0-1 6 14 R130 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 DATA0-1A
[DATA0-1] 1A2 1Y2 [DATA0-1A]
CWCCW-0 4 16 R79 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 CWCCW-0A
[CWCCW-0] 1A1 1Y1 [CWCCW-0A]
H.OFF-1 2 18 R78 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 H.OFF-1A
[H.OFF-1] 1A0 1Y0 [H.OFF-1A]
19
OE2
1
OE1
C235 C236 C237 C238 C240 C241 C242 C239
B
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 RTP 2

VDD
10
How to search for where a signal in a

1/10W100

B GND CC100P/50 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C
IC1 *8
MC74HC244F
R67

GND
circuit diagram has jumped to.

GND
MDT7-1A 9 11 R193 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT7-1D
[MDT7-1A] A7 B7 [MDT7-1D]
MDT6-1A 8 12 R253 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT6-1D
[MDT6-1A] A6 B6 [MDT6-1D]
MDT5-1A 7 13 R252 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT5-1D
[MDT5-1A] A5 B5 [MDT5-1D]
MDT4-1A 6 14 R258 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT4-1D
C [MDT4-1A] A4 B4 [MDT4-1D]
R259 C
[MDT3-1A] MDT3-1A 5 15 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT3-1D [MDT3-1D]
A3 B3
R260 1 RTP 2 1/10W22

16 - 10
[MDT2-1A] MDT2-1A 4 16 MDT2-1D [MDT2-1D]
A2 B2
MDT1-1A 3 17 R263 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT1-1D
[MDT1-1A] A1 B1 [MDT1-1D]
MDT0-1A 2 18 R264 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT0-1D
[MDT0-1A] A0 B0 [MDT0-1D]
AC04F
[GAWR-0] GAWR-0 9 8 5 MC74
HC 6 1
IC23 4 DIR
32F
[AC08] 19
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 10/20

IC50 9 OE
& 8 IC52
10 IC28 MC74HC245F
HINT

IC50
10 MC74
HC 8 MRD-0D [MRD-0D]
[MRD-0A] MRD-0A 9 32F
[CSIP2-0] CSIP2-0 2 MC74
HC 3 MWR-0D [MWR-0D]
[MAINWR-0] MAINWR-0 1 32F
IC50 VDD D
D
MAD7-1A 17 3 R286 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD7-1D
[MAD7-1A] 2A3 2Y3 [MAD7-1D]
R284 1 RTP 2 1/10W22

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


[MAD6-1A] MAD6-1A 15 5 MAD6-1D [MAD6-1D]
2A2 2Y2
MAD5-1A 13 7 R285 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD5-1D
[MAD5-1A] 2A1 2Y1 [MAD5-1D]
MAD4-1A 11 9 R283 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD4-1D
[MAD4-1A] 2A0 2Y0 [MAD4-1D]
MAD3-1A 8 12 R282 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD3-1D
[MAD3-1A] 1A3 1Y3 [MAD3-1D]
MAD2-1A 6 14 R279 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD2-1D
[MAD2-1A] 1A2 1Y2 [MAD2-1D]
MAD1-1A 4 16 R278 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD1-1D
[MAD1-1A] 1A1 1Y1 [MAD1-1D]
MAD0-1A 2 18 R277 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MAD0-1D
[MAD0-1A] 1A0 1Y0 [MAD0-1D]
19
OE2
1
OE1
E

1/10W22

R276
1 20

1 RTP 2
VDD E
C253 10
CC0.1/25 2 C GND
IC56
MC74HC244F
GND
F 10
20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

A
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 11/20

1
VDD VDD
1

R327
HTRTH2+ 1 RTP 2 R17
[HTRTH2+] 1 RTP 2
1/10W4700F
1/10W1000

2 RTP 1
R4
1/10W3300F R49
1 RTP 2

1/10W1MF
4
R11
1 RTP 2 10 2902M MC74
1 HC132F
C8 1/10W3300F 8 13 7407M
11 13 12 SSR-
CC0.1/25 2 C 12 [SSR-]
9 IC48
[HTRTH2-] HTRTH2- IC16 IC18
11

2 RTP 1

2 RTP 1
R326 R127
2

1 1/10W4700F 1/10W3300F

2
C55
CC0.1/25 2 C

2 RTP 1
GND
R306
1/10W1500F

VDD
GND

R139
1 RTP 2
VDD
1/10W1000
R328 R267
[HTRTH+] HTRTH+ 1 RTP 2 1 RTP 2

3
1/10W4700F 1/10W1MF
1 RTP 2

R290
3

1/10W10KF
1
4 C135
R288 R268 2 C CC0.1/25
HTRVREF 1 RTP 2 1 RTP 2 12 2902M
[HTRVREF]
1/10W3900F 1 1/10W1000F 14 HTRDY-0 [HTRDY-0]
C124
CC0.1/25 13 IC48
2 C
[HTRTH-] HTRTH-
11
2 RTP 1

R269
2 RTP 1

1 1/10W4700F
R289
C125 1/10W3300F
CC0.1/25 C 2
2 RTP 1

R270 GND
1/10W3900F
4

4
GND

+5VSW +24V

4700
1

2 D2
[RST-SW] RST-SW 1 Q18 1S1834
2

4700 3
RN2401 RSTSW
2 [RSTSW]
5

R137

5
1 RTP 2 1 Q17
2SD1417
1/10W1000 3

R138
1 RTP 2

1/10W3300

DG
+5VSW +24V

4700
1

2
D5
[TMON-0A] TMON-0A 1 Q11
1S1834
2

4700 3
6

RN2401 TMON-0B
R304 2 [TMON-0B]
1 RTP 2 1 Q2
2SD1417
6

1/10W1000 3

R303
1 RTP 2

1/10W3300

DG

+5VSW

4700
2 D18
Q12 1 2 3 SSR+
7

[SSR+]
7

[SSRA+] SSRA+ 3 4700


RN2401 1

1SS184
11
20

A
D

B
E

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 16 - 11 2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 12/20

1
+24V
1

4
SCNVREF 12 2902M
[SCNVREF]
14 SCNVREFA [SCNVREFA]
IC49
13

11
2

2
DG

+24V

R299
1 RTP 2

1/10W15K

4
2902M

3
[GRVREF] GRVREF 5
7 GRVREFA [GRVREFA]
3

6 IC47
2 RTP 1

R300 11
1/10W10K

DG

+24V
4

R280

4
1 RTP 2

1/10W15K

4
TVREF 10 2902M
[TVREF]
8 TVREFA [TVREFA]
IC47
9

11
2 RTP 1

R281
1/10W10K
1
C134
2 C CC0.1/50G
5

5
DG
DG

+24V

R298
1 RTP 2

1/10W15K

4
SPAVREF 3 2902M
[SPAVREF]
IC47 1 SPAVREFA [SPAVREFA]

6
2

11
2 RTP 1
6

R297
1/10W10K

DG

+24V
7

R295
7

1 RTP 2

1/10W15K

4
SPDVREF 12 2902M
[SPDVREF]
14 SPDVREFA [SPDVREFA]
IC47
13

11
2 RTP 1

R296
1/10W10K
8

DG
12

8
20

A
D

B
E

2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 16 - 12 September 1997 © TOSHIBA


HINT
How to search for where a signal in a
circuit diagram has jumped to.

D
F

A
+24V

16.1 Logic circuit (PWA-LGC) 13/20

1
R291
1 RTP 2
1

1/10W15K

4
PCAVREF 10 2902M
[PCAVREF]
8 PCAVREFA [PCAVREFA]
9 IC49

11

2 RTP 1
R292
1/10W10K
2

2
DG

VDD

LDV

TP3
4
LPVREF1 3 2902M
[LPVREF1]
1 LPVREFA1 [LPVREFA1]
2 IC48

11

3
3

GND

VDD

4
LPVREF2 5 2902M
[LPVREF2]
7 LPVREFA2 [LPVREFA2]
6 IC48

11
4

4
GND

+24V

ATC

TP1
4
R273
ATTN0A 1 RTP 2 3 2902M
[ATTN0A] R272
1/10W22K 1 1 RTP 2 ATTN0 ATTN0
2 IC49 1/10W220

CC0.1/25
1/10W330

1 11 1
02CZ5.1Y

C126
C122 C136 1
1 RTP 2
R271
D17
5

5
2 C CC0.1/50G 2 C CC0.1/50G
2 C
2

GND DG DG

GND

+24V

R274
1 RTP 2 ATV

1/10W15K
TP2
4
ATVREF 5 2902M 6
[ATVREF]
7 ATVREFA
6

[ATVREFA]
6 IC49

11
1 RTP 2

R275
1/10W10K

DG
+24V

R52
1 RTP 2
7

1/10W15K

8
DEDVREF 3 358M
[DEDVREF]
1 DEDVREFA [DEDVREFA]
2 IC46
1
CC0.1/50G
C128

4
2 C

R54
1 RTP 2
8

1/10W10K
13

DG
20

A
D

B
F

8
E

September 1997 © TOSHIBA 16 - 13 2460 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

September 1997 © TOSHIBA


VDD
680 RR16 1
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
MDT7-1A R235 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT7-1B A
A [MDT7-1A] [MDT7-1B]
9 11 R229
[MDT6-1A] MDT6-1A 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT6-1B [MDT6-1B]
8 12 R226
[MDT5-1A] MDT5-1A 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT5-1B [MDT5-1B]
7 13 R223
[MDT4-1A] MDT4-1A 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT4-1B [MDT4-1B]
6 14 R209
[MDT3-1A] MDT3-1A 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT3-1B [MDT3-1B]
5 15 R203
[MDT2-1A] MDT2-1A 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT2-1B [MDT2-1B]
4 16 R199
[MDT1-1A] MDT1-1A 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT1-1B [MDT1-1B]
3 17
2
MDT0-1A R194 1 RTP 2 1/10W22 MDT0-1B
[MDT0-1A] 1 [MDT0-1B]
2 18
AC04F 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
GAWR-0 11 10 2 MC74 3EN2[AB]
[GAWR-0] HC 3
1 3EN1[BA] C4 C35 C37 C59 C120 C121 C131 C133
32F [AC08] 1
IC23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1