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FOREWORD
Arkitekturang Filipino, Gerard Lico
It shouldn’t be surprising to hear denials of the existence of
Filipino Architecture even from academics and architects.
The various buildings of the Spanish colonial and American
colonial are dismissed as mere imitations of Western
Filipino architecture. The indigenous dwellings, which developed
from traditions, are not considered architecture since they
Indigenous Architecture are not monumental. Such judgments arise from plain
ignorance, colonial mentality, and the national propensity
Prehistoric Dwellings of Philippine Indigents for self-bashing. Anyone who has diligently examined the
buildings in this country and has bothered to look into
history will realize that there is Filipino architecture.

Rodrigo D. Perez III TYPOLOGIES


1930s?-2011
TYPE 1: NORTH
•  Folk Architecture
cold, mountainous areas
•  Balai Vernacular
•  Arkitektura
•  Architects of A Generation

TYPOLOGIES TYPOLOGIES
TYPE 1: NORTH TYPE 1: NORTH
cold, mountainous areas cold, mountainous areas

TYPE 2: SOUTH TYPE 2: SOUTH


Islamic culture Islamic culture

TYPE 3: SOUTH
on water

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TYPE 1: NORTH
TYPOLOGIES cold, mountainous areas
1.1 Batanes
TYPE 1: NORTH
cold, mountainous areas 1.2 Apayao
TYPE 2: SOUTH 1.3 Kalinga
Islamic culture
1.4 Mountain Province
TYPE 3: SOUTH
on water 1.5 Ifugao Province

TYPE 4: CENTRAL
“National Shelter”

1.1 BATANES 1.1 BATANES


Tribe: IVATAN

1.1 BATANES 1.1 BATANES


Tribe: IVATAN Tribe: IVATAN

Sub-types:
1.1.1 Jin-jin
1.1.2 Maytuab

1.1.3 Sinadumparan

1.1.4 Rakuh

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single-storey, single-storey,
1.1.1
made of wood frames, 1.1.2 thick limestone walls,
Jin-jin thatched cogon roof,
and woven bamboo walls
Sinadumparan thatched cogon roof,
that is gable in form

single-storey, single-storey,
1.1.2 thick limestone walls, 1.1.2 thick limestone walls,
Sinadumparan thatched cogon roof, Sinadumparan thatched cogon roof,
that is gable in form that is gable in form

single-storey, single-storey,
1.1.2 thick limestone walls, 1.1.3 thick limestone walls,
Sinadumparan thatched cogon roof, Maytuab thatched cogon roof
that is HIP in form
that is gable in form
WINDOWLESS

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single-storey, thick limestone walls,


1.1.3 thick limestone walls, 1.1.4 thatched cogon roof,
Maytuab thatched cogon roof
that is HIP in form Rakuh
3 out of 4 walls have windows,
1 ½ - 2 storeys

thick limestone walls,


1.1.4 thatched cogon roof, 2 APAYAO Tribe: ISNEG
3 out of 4 walls have windows,
Rakuh 1 ½ - 2 storeys

mga  Isneg  lang  ang  boatmen  kasi  dito  lang  navigable  ang  Cagayan  River

gable roof like inverted boat hull gable roof like inverted boat hull
1.2.1 material is half-sections of bamboo 1.2.1 material is half-sections of bamboo
Binuron Binuron

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gable roof like inverted boat hull gable roof like inverted boat hull
1.2.1 material is half-sections of bamboo 1.2.1 material is half-sections of bamboo
Binuron Binuron walls are slanted and removable

gable roof like inverted boat hull


1.2.1 material is half-sections of bamboo 3 KALINGA Tribe: KALINGA
Binuron walls are slanted and removable
floors are also removable
HOUSE NAME/S:

“binayon”
or
“finaryon”

1.3.1 1.3.1

Binayon Binayon
octagonal plan octagonal plan
floor has 3 sections

silong  na  hindi  accessible  mula  sa  labas.


see  secret  door  on  plan  on  previous  slide
see  elevation  on  next  slide

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1.3.1 1.3.1

Binayon Binayon
octagonal plan octagonal plan
floor has 3 sections floor has 3 sections
logs on wall siding logs on wall siding

4.

Mountain
Types of structures:
Province 1.  fawi dorm  for  elder  men
tribe:
BONTOC 2.  pabafunan mga  binata
common name 3.  olog mga  dalaga
for community:
ATO 4.  afong private  residences
a. fayu for  couple  and  their  young  children
open space:
CHAP-AY
b. katyufong for  spinsters  and  widows Mountain Province - Bontoc - Fayu

“attic”  for  treasures


ang  yaman  nila  ay  ang  saku-­‐sakong  ani
(harvested  rice)

falig (granary) falig (granary)


!  show section drawing here !  show section drawing here

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Mountain Province - Bontoc - Katyufong

Ifugao
Province
tribe:
IFUGAO

bottom  level  =  silong  =  “DAULON” bottom  level  =  silong  =  “DAULON”


pansinin  yung  mga  bato  sa  baba,  nakatapat  sa  roof  line.
bato  margin  =  property  line

bottom  level  =  silong  =  “DAULON” bottom  level  =  silong  =  “DAULON”


pansinin  ang  hagdan  sa  baba  tapos  bukas  ang  pinto
next  slide,  sarado  na

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“TETE”
examples  of  “HALIPAN”  rat  guards
system  of  using  the  ladder  to  lock  the  door

“KANYAO”  animal  skull  decorations


Summary

Summary Summary

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“IGOROT” References:

!  GERARD LICO. Arkitekturang !  http://www.philstar.com/modern-


Apayao Filipino. 2008 living/751675/inspiration-
i – people, dweller, locals
Benguet !  JOVEN IGNACIO. Heritage
generation
golot – mountain range
Kalinga Architecture of Batanes Islands in
the Philippines. (2004-2008?)
!  http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/
lifestyle/09/10/08/2008-gawad-
Ifugao Province ccp-awardees-feted-artistic-
!  RODRIGO PEREZ, ET AL. Folk achievements
collective term for the ethnic
groups that inhabit the Cordillera
Mountain Province Architecture. 1989

areas of Northern Luzon *Baguio City


**Batanes

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