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Five Year Plans
Details Of Plan
Second (195661) Third Plan (196166)
Sporadic reference to rural urban relations o µIn-migration¶ to urban areasurban growth problems Community development program, National Extension Service Focus ± boost agricultural production Balwant Rai Committee ± need for democratic decentralisation Emphasis on regional development Concept of ³Balanced Regional Development´ & ³Housing & Urban & Rural Planning Industrial Estate policy as a measure for industrial dispersion and development of medium and small scale industries to benefit rural areas. Emphasized on regional approach to urban development Centrally sponsored programs for area development, i.e. target area approach, target people approach, target sector approach, district level planning, growth centre approach, Emphasised to developing industrially backward areas Comprehensive development plans for metropolitan regions, new towns, Regional balance policy linked to policy of investment allocation
Ist step towards - Micro level planning by creation of community development blocks Panchayats were formed ± working at mercy of State Govt.
Industrial location, not thoroughly decentralized ± increase in regional disparity Plan could not succeed because of international conflicts and two droughts Green revolution benefitted agriculturally developed regions Deteriorating conditions of urban areas - Need was felt to look city as a part of its hinterland Sub plan approach initiated
Fourth Plan (19691974)
block and district level to make development plans Regional balance by focusing on agriculture & rural development activities Growth with social equity & Centrally sponsored projects could not succeed in political instability But. special tribal component plan Stressed making use of Industrial location policy Channelize private industrial investment in small & medium towns Diversion of migrant population towards smaller towns and cities Central thrust ± employment with right to work. Focus on infrastructure development Participatory planning ± bottom up approach Strengthen institutions at village. the need for participatory decentralized planning got reinforced Regional Planning got momentum. under a centralized system Globilisation and liberalization furthered regional disparities Regional planning practice in decentralized manner Failed to achieve objective of human development in social infrastructure. ensure basic minimum need to disadvantaged people.Fifth Plan (19741979) Sixth Plan (19801985) Seventh Plan (19851990) Eighth Plan (92-97) Ninth Plan (98-02) Growth with social justice Use of Multi Level Planning Dantwala Committee (block level planning) Developing Small & Medium towns for regulating growth of metropolises Location of industries in no industries districts under rural industrialisation Attention to development programs for backward regions Lays emphasis on District & Block Level Planning Area Plans integration with national plans Hill area development plans. however. health sanitation education and potable water supply Decentralized planning approach has ensured better results Decentralization has not taken shape effectively . people¶s participation in framing & implementing the development program through decentralized decision making process Issue of regional development at both inter state and intra state.
c. rainfall and water availability were used as the principal characteristics for regionalisation. Based on the earlier attempts at regionalisation of the Indian agricultural economy where soil characteristics. etc. Gradually. This attempt at regionalisation of the country may be grouped under 3 categories: a. tribal regions. economic and social conditions that exists in the country. the planning commission adopted 15 agro climatic regions approach to agricultural planning during the 8th five year plan. Planning Commission endorsed the recommendations of the panel and suggested that the work of delineation shall be undertaken by National Atlas Unit along with TCPO. The need for establishing a set of regions for planning purpose for the country was realised as early as 1955. climate . multi level planning and regional planning got crystallised. wars and most importantly. Committee recommended that the National Atlas Unit should be asked to take up the delineation of planning regions in this country with all possible speed and to this end.g. e. centralised planning approach were the major reasons as to why policies could never be successfully implemented along with diversified nature of physical. power distribution regions. social or physical. need to remove regional imbalances was felt. to act as facilitator Paradigm shift ± performance of regional economies to determine national level growth rather than disaggregation of the national economic and social goals into regional ones.. Political Instability. Division of the country for purpose of geographical description . Focus. Preparation of development plans for such regions be formulated and the phasing of the above program with targets for achievement included in Second Five Year Plan. The concept of Multi level planning was used first time in the Fifth Five Year Plan. after the first two plans. etc to continue State govt. the Unit should be given all possible facilities and assistance. when the Housing and Regional Planning Commission set up in connection with the drafting of the Second Five Year Plan made specific recommendations in this regard: a.faster and more inclusive growth Hill Area development plan.Tenth Plan (20022007) Elevent h Plan (20072011) equality & Govt. regions have been identified for different purposes economic. also the need to have decentralised planning process to implement such policies got reinforced. have not transferred adequate functions to LBs. BADP. Delineation of suitable regions for the development purpose for the whole country b. area planning took shape and decentralised planning approach started and thus. Hardly any MPCs have been constituted Comprehensive District plans are not been prepared y y y y Soon. droughts. In past.
central peninsular Meso regions y y y y Subdivisions of macro level.g. macro. For macro and meso levels data on a comparable basis. sufficiently close to grass root levels 3 types o Urban centres and the influence area around them o Primarily rural areas with a large number of minor roads without any organizational hierarchy influencing the entire area o Essentially problem areas or backward areas E.. Some states formed part of a single macro region. the districts were taken as the basic unit for delimiting the regions. three major area levels of operation were visualized.b.g. North Eastern region. e.g. Kerala coastal plain combined with sub montane plantation districts Micro Regions y y y Areas with absence of serious conflicting interests. form primary economic units for purpose of planning Viable areal units for effective exploitation. some of the states are split of two or more. Metropolitan regions y Based on aforesaid principles tentative scheme for 13 macro and 36 meso regions in India have been formulated. conservation & utilization of resources Specialization in some means of production E. Regions proposed by different individuals or government departments for a single or limited purpose c. e. Macro Regions y y y y y y Programs requiring interrelated solutions & comprehensive resource development Scale may transcend state / local govt. . Kerala..g. jurisdictions Units for resource investigation & analysis & working out alternative patterns of development Within which Mutual dependency exists Shall possess a high degree of self sufficiency E. Maharashtra. but some unifying core interest Suitable units for formulation of area development plans. the requirements for planning regions in the country and the specific criteria which should be looked for in delimiting a region. Regions delineated for the purpose of resource development Keeping in view.g. namely. meso and micro.
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