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A Rough Draft submitted in partial fulfilment of the course CRIMINAL
LAW-II, 4th SEMESTER during the Academic Year 2017-2018

Khushbu Kumari
Roll No. - 1533


MARCH, 2018

criminal courts and revenue courts. These Courts hear civil cases. INTRODUCTION In each district of India there are various types of subordinate or lower courts. against the accused. . 1973 under Section 6. imprisonment or even death sentence. dacoity. Metropolitan Magistrate in any Metropolitan area 3. pick-pocketing. directs that beside High Courts in every state the following criminal courts will be established: 1. Criminal Courts hear criminal cases which are related to violation of laws. Criminal cases relate to violation of laws. the Constitution of India gave the judiciary system. All these criminal courts are competent to try the accused and to award punishment. Mumbai and Chennai. It may be fine. various courts having different powers were established. pick pocketing. murder. physical assault. imprisonment or even death sentence. These cases involve theft. Executive Magistrate The Court of the Sessions Judge (known as Sessions Courts) is the highest court for criminal cases in a district. Calcutta. Code of Criminal Procedure. These cases are filed in the lower court by the police. arson. divorce or landlord – tenant disputes. Judicial Magistrate of the first class in areas other than Metropolitan area 4. Second and Third class. In such cases the accused. Below this court. Revenue cases relate to land revenue on agriculture land in the district. as sanctioned by law. They do not award any punishment as violation of law is not involved in civil cases. physical assault. dacoity. if found guilty. breach of agreement or contract. First Class Magistrates are called Metropolitan Magistrates. To ensure that the judiciary is working in an efficient manner. These cases involve theft. In such cases the guilty person is awarded punishment. Civil Courts settle these disputes. In metropolitan cities like Delhi. Civil cases pertain to disputes between two or more persons regarding property. They are civil courts. on behalf of the state. respectively. criminal cases and revenue cases. rape. Courts of Session 2. murder etc. to those who are found guilty of violation of law. there are courts of magistrates of First. To ensure that justice is served to the one whose right has been infringed. etc. is awarded punishment like fine. rape.

The District Judge is the highest judicial authority (civil and criminal) in the district since the enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure. are bifurcated. The criminal trials are conducted exclusively by Judicial Magistrates. To study the territorial jurisdiction of criminal courts in India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The Aims and Objectives of this project are: 1. at the level of districts and lower levels. Various articles. . have almost similar structure all over the country with slight variation. essential for this study. SOURCES OF DATA The researcher will rely upon both primary and secondary sources of data. The primary sources include cases while the secondary sources include books. to which the Cr PC does not apply. primary research method was utilised. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY For this study. the two branches of judicial system. civil and criminal. They deal with civil and criminal cases in accordance with their respective jurisdictions. 1973 (CrPC). except in Jammu & Kashmir and Nagaland. 2. HYPOTHESIS The subordinate courts. The method used in writing this research is primarily analytical. At the lowest stage. reports and books from library were used extensively in framing all the data and figures in appropriate form. To study the session’s court jurisdiction in criminal law. e-articles.

but the topic is so dynamic field of law. MODE OF CITATION The researcher will be using a uniform mode of citation throughout this paper. Retirement and Removal of Session’s Court Judges 6. Hierarchy of Criminal Courts in India 3. Conclusion and Suggestions BIBLIOGRAPHY . Territorial jurisdiction of Criminal Courts 4. the researcher will sight with some of unavoidable limitations. The limitations encountered by the researcher were the paucity of time. STYLE OF WRITING The researcher will be using both descriptive and analytical styles of writing. Introduction 2. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY Though the researcher will try her level best not to leave any stone unturned in doing this project work to highlight various aspects relating to the topic. Session’s court jurisdiction 5. Appointment. TENTATIVE CHAPTERIZATION 1.