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Chapter 1Introduction To Chemistry Chapter 1

1.1 Chemistry and Its Importance
1.2 Scientific Method
1.3 Scientific Attitudes and Values in Conducting Sientific Investigations

Chapter 2The Structure Of The Atom

2.1 Matter Chapter 2
2.2 The Atomic Structure
2.3 Isotopes And Their Importance
2.4 The Elecronic Structure of an Atom
2.5 Appreciating the Orderliness and Uniqueness of the Atomic Structure

Chapter 3Chemical Formulae and Equations

3.1 Relative Atomic Mass and Relative Molecular Mass
3.2 Relationship between the Number of Moles and the Number of Particles
3.3 Relationship between the Number of Moles of a Substance and its Mass
3.4 Relationship between the Number of Moles of a Gas and its Volume
3.5 Chemical Formulae
3.6 Chemical Equations
3.7 Sientific Attitudes and Values in Investigating Matter Chapter 3

Chapter 4Periodic Table of Elements

4.1 Periodic Table of Elements
4.2 Group 18 Elements
4.3 Group 1 Elements
4.4 Group 17 Elements
4.5 Elements in a Period Chapter 4
4.6 Transition Elements
4.7 Appreciating the Existence of Elements and Their Compounds

Chapter 5Chemical Bonds

5.1 Formation of Compounds
5.2 Formation of Ionic Bonds
5.3 Formation of Covalent Bonds
5.4 The Properties of Ionic Compounds and Covalent Compounds Chapter 5

Chapter 6Electrochemistry
6.1 Electrolytes and Non-electrolytes
6.2 Electrolysis and Molten Compounds
6.3 Electrolysis of Aqueous Solutions
6.4 Electrolysis in Industries
6.5 Voltaic Cells
6.6 The Electrochemical Series
6.7 Developing Awareness and Responsible Practises when Handling Chemicals
used in the Electrochemical Industries
Chapter 7Acids and Bases
7.1 Characteristics and Properties of Acids and Bases
7.2 The Strength of Acids and Alkalis
7.3 Concentration of Acids and Alkalis
7.4 Neutralisation

Chapter 8Salts
8.1 Salts
8.2 Qualitative Analysis of Salts
8.3 Practising Systematic and Meticulous Methods when Carrying Out Activities

Chapter 9Manufactured Substances in industry

9.1 Sulphuric Acid
9.2 Ammonia and Its Salts
9.3 Alloys
9.4 Synthetic Polymers
9.5 Glass and Ceramic
9.6 Composite Materials
9.7 Appreciating Various Synthetic Industrial Materials
Rate of Reaction
Rate of Reaction
Factors that Affect the Rate of Reaction
The Collision Theory
Practising Scientific Knowledge to Enhance Quality Life

Carbon Compounds
Carbon Compounds
Carboxylic Acids
Oils and Fats
Natural Rubber
Order in Homologous Series
The Variety of Organic Materials in Nature

Oxidation and Reduction

Redox Reactions
Rusting as a Redox Reaction
The Reactivity Series of Metals and Its Applications
Redox Reactions in Electrolytic Cell and Chemical Cell
Appreciating the Ability of the Elements to Change their Oxidation Numbers

Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
Heat Of Precipitation
Heat of Displacement
Heat of Neutralisation
Heat of Combustion
Appreciating the Existence of Various Energy Sources

Chemicals for Consumers

Soaps and Detergents
Used of Food Addictives
Appreciating the Existence of Chemicals
Chapter 1Introduction to Biology Chapter 10
1.1 The Study of Biology 10.1
1.2 Scientific Investigation 10.2
Chapter 2Cell Structure and Cell Organisation 10.4
2.1 Cell Structure and Function 10.5
2.2 Cell Organisation 10.6
2.3 The Uniqueness of the Cell 10.7
Chapter 3Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane
3.1 The Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane Chapter 11
3.2 The Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane in Everyday Life 11.1
3.3 Appreciating the Movement of Substances Across the Plasma Membrane 11.2
Chapter 4Chemical Compounds of the Cell
4.1 Chemical Composition of the Cell Chapter 12
4.2 Carbohydrates 12.1
4.3 Proteins 12.2
4.4 Lipids 12.3
4.5 Enzymes 12.4
Chapter 5Cell Division
5.1 Mitosis Chapter 13
5.2 Meiosis 13.1
5.3 Appreciating the Movement of Chromosomes during Mitosis and Meiosis 13.2
Chapter 6Nutrition 13.4
6.1 Types of Nutrition 13.5
6.2 A Balanced Diet 13.6
6.3 Malnutrition 13.7
6.4 Food Digestion 13.8
6.5 Absroption and Assimilation
6.6 Formation of Faeces and Defecation Chapter 14
6.7 Eating Habits 14.1
6.8 The Importance of a Healthy Digestive System 14.2
6.9 Macronutrients and Micronutrients in Plants 14.3
6.10 Photosynthesis
6.11 The Mechanism of Photosynthesis Chapter 15
6.12 Factors Affecting Photosynthesis 15.1
6.13 Caring Attitude Towards Plants 15.2
6.14 Technology in Food Production 15.3
6.15 Technology Development in Food Processing

Chapter 7Respiration
7.1 The Respiratory Process
7.2 Respiratory Structures and Breathing Mechanisms in Humans and Animals
7.3 Gaseous Exchange Across the Respiratory Surfaces and Transport of Gases
in Humans
7.4 The Regulatory Mechanism in Respiration
7.5 The Importance of Maintaining a Healthy Respiratory System
7.6 Respiration in Plants

Chapter 8Dynamic Ecosystem

8.1 The Abiotic and Biotic Components of the Environment
8.2 Colonisation and Succession in an Ecosystem
8.3 Population Ecology
8.4 Biodiversity
8.5 The Impact of Microorganisms on Life

Chapter 9Endangered Ecosystem

9.1 Human Activities that Endanger an Ecosystem
9.2 The Greenhouse Effect and the Thinning of the Ozone Layer
9.3 The Importance of Proper Management of Development Activities and
the Ecosystem
Transport Systems in Multicellular Organisms
The Concept of Circulatory System
The Mechanism of Blood Clotting
Lymphatic System
Role of the Circulatory System in Body Defence Mechanism
Appreciating a Healthy Cardiovascular System
Understanding the Transport of Substances in Plants
Sysnthesising the Concept of Transport of Substances in Plants

Support and Locomotion

Support and Locomotion in Humans and Animals
Appreciating Healthy Musculoskeletal System
Support in Plants

Coordination and Response

Response and Coordination
The Role of Human Nervous System
Homeostasis in Humans
Practising a Healthy Lifestyle
Understanding Plant Hormones

Reproduction and Growth

Gamete Formation
The Role of Hormones in the Menstrual Cycle
Early Develpoment of a Zygote in Humans
The Contribution of Science and Technology to Human Reproduction
Sexual Reprodution in Flowering Plants
Growth in Multicellular Organisms
The Growth Curve
Primary and Secondary Growth in Plants

Mendel's First Law and Second Law
Understanding Inheritance
Genes and Chromosomes

Variation in Organisms
The Causes of Variation
Be Respectful Towards One Another Despite Variation
Chapter 1Introduction to Physics Chapter 6
1.1 Understanding Physics 6.1
1.2 Base Quantities and Derived Quantities 6.2
1.3 Scalar and Vector Quantities 6.3
1.4 Measurements 6.4
1.5 Scientific Investigations 6.5
Chapter 2Forces and Motion 6.7
2.1 Linear Motion 6.8
2.2 Inertia
2.3 Linear Momentum Chapter 7
2.4 The Effects of a Force 7.1
2.5 Safety Features in Vehicles 7.2
2.6 Gravity 7.3
2.7 Forces in Equilibrium 7.4
2.8 Work, Energy, Power and Efficiency 7.5
2.9 Elasticity
Chapter 8
Chapter 3Forces and Pressure 8.1
3.1 Pressure 8.2
3.2 Pressure in Liquids 8.3
3.3 Gas Pressure and Atmospheric Pressure 8.4
3.4 Pascal's Principle 8.5
3.5 Archimedes' Principle 8.6
3.6 Bernoulli's Principle
Chapter 9
Chapter 4Heat 9.1
4.1 Thermal Equilibrium 9.2
4.2 Specific Heat Capacity 9.3
4.3 Specific Latent Heat 9.4
4.4 The Gas Laws
Chapter 10
Chapter 5Light 10.1
5.1 Reflection of Light 10.2
5.2 Refraction of Light 10.3
5.3 Total Internal Reflection of Light 10.4
5.4 Lenses
Understanding Waves
Reflection of Waves
Refraction of Waves
Diffraction of Waves
Interference of Waves
Sound Waves
Light Waves
Electromagnetic Waves

Electric Field and Charge Flow
Relationship between Electric Current and Potential Difference
Series and Parallel Ciruits
Electromotive Force and Internal Resistance
Elecrtical Energy and Power

Magnetic Effects of Current-carrying Conductors
Force on a Current-carrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field
Electromagnetic Induction
Direct Currrent and Alternating Current
Generation and Transmission of Electricity

Uses of the Cathode-ray Oscilloscope (CRO)
Semiconductor Diodes
Logic Gates

The Nucleus of an Atom
Radioactive Decay
Uses of Radioisotopes
Nuclear Energy
Chapter 1 Functions Chapter 1
1.1 Relations
1.2 Functions
1.3 Absolute Value Functions
1.4 Composite Functions
1.5 Inverse Functions

Chapter 2 Quadratic Equations

2.1 Quadratic Equations and their Roots
2.2 Solving Quadratic Equations
2.3 Formation of Quadratic Equation from Roots Chapter 2
2.4 Conditions for the Types of Roots of Quadratic Equations

Chapter 3 Quadratic Functions

3.1 Quadratic Functions and their Graphs Chapter 3
3.2 Maximum and Minimum Values of Quadratic Functions 3.1
3.3 Skteching Graphs of Quadratic Functions
3.4 Quadratic Inequalities 3.2
Chapter 4 Simultaneous Equations 3.4
4.1 Simultaneous Equations in Two Unknowns: 3.5
4.2 a Linear Equation and a Non-Linear Equation 3.6
4.3 Simultaneous Equations Involving Real-Life Situations
Chapter 4
Chapter 5 Indices and Logarithms 4.1
5.1 Indices and Law of Indices 4.2
5.2 Logarithms and Laws of Logarithms 4.3
5.3 Changing the Base of Logarithms 4.4
5.4 Solving Equations that Involve Indices and Logarithms 4.5
Chapter 6 Coordinate Geometry 4.7
6.1 Distance Between Two Points 4.8
6.2 Division of a Line Segment 4.9
6.3 Areas of Polygons 4.10
6.4 Equations of Straight Lines 4.11
6.5 Parallel Lines and Perpendicular Lines
6.6 Equation of a Locus that Involves Distance Between Two Points
Chapter 5
Chapter 7 Statistics
7.1 Measures of Central Tendency
7.2 Mean, Mode and Median of Ungrouped Data and Grouped Data with
Class Intervals
7.3 Effects of Uniform Data Changes on Measures of Central Tendency
7.4 Measures of Dispersion
7.5 Range and Interquartile Range of Grouped Data
7.6 Standard Deviation and Variance Chapter 6
7.7 Effects of Uniform Data Changes on Measures of Dispersion

Chapter 8 Circular Measures

8.1 Radians
8.2 Length of an Arc of a Circle
8.3 Area of Sector of a Circle Chapter 7

Chapter 9 Differentiation
9.1 Concept of Tangents to a Curve and its Relation to Differentiation
9.2 Differentiation of the Function y=ax^n, Differentiation of the Sum
and Difference of Algebraic Functions
9.3 Differentiation of the Product and Quotient of Algebraic Functions; Chapter 8
Differentiation of Composite Functions; Chain Rule
9.4 Gradients of Tangents, Equations of Tangents and Normals
9.5 Second-Order Differentiation, Turning Points,
Maximum and Minimum Points Chapter 9
9.6 Problems and Maxima and Minima
9.7 Related Rates of Change
9.8 Small Changes and Approximation

Chapter 10 Solution of Triangles Chapter 10

10.1 Sine Rule
10.2 Cosine Rule
10.3 Areas of Triangles
10.4 Three-Dimensional Geometry

Chapter 11 Index Numbers

11.1 Index Numbers
11.2 Composite Indices
Sequences and Series
Characteristics of Arithmetic Progressions
The nth Term of an Arithmetic Progression
Sum of the First n Terms of Arithmetic Progressions
Characteristics of Geometric Progressions
The nth Term of a Geometric Progressions
Sum of the First n Terms of Geometric Prorgessions
Sum to Infinity of Geometric Progressions

Linear Law
Line of Best Fit
Applications of Linear Law to Non-Linear Functions

Integration as the Inverse of Differentiation, Integration of ax^n and
Integration of the Functions of the Sum/Difference of Algebraic Terms
Integration by Substitution
Finding Equation of a Curve from its Gradient Function
Definite Integrals
Integration as the Summation of Areas
Integration as the Summation of Volumes

Definition of Vector and Vector Notation
Equality of Two Vectors
Multiplication of Vcetor by a Scalar and the Parallel Condtition of Two Vectors
Addition of Vectors
Subtraction of Vectors
Expression of a Vector as the Linear Combination of a Few Vectors
Vectors in the Cartesian Coordinates
Unit Vector in the Direction of a Vector
Addition and Subtraction of Vectors in the Cartesian Coordinates
Position Vectors in the Cartesian Coordinates
Expression of a Vector as the Linear Combination of a Few Vectors in the
Cartesian Coordinates

Trigonometric Functions
Positive and Negative Angles
Six Trigonometric Functions of ang Angle
Simple Trigonometric Equations
Graphs of the Functions of Sine, Cosine and Tangent
Basic Trigonometric Identities
Formulae of sin (A±B), cos (A±B), tan (A±B), sin 2A, cos 2A and tan 2A
Permutations and Combinations
Multiplication Principle/Rule
Permutations and Combinations
Permutations of n Different Objects, Taken r at a Time

Probability of an Event
Probability of the Combination of Two Events
Probability on Manually Exclusive Events
Probability of Independent Events

Probability Distriutions
Binomial Distribution
Normal Distribution

Motion Along a Straight Line


Linear Programming
Region that Satisfies a Few Linear Inequalities
Problem Interpretation and Formation of the Related Inequalities or Equations
Solving Linear Programming Problems using Graphical Method
Chapter 1 Standard Form Chapter 1
Significant Figure
Standard Form
Chapter 2
Chapter 2 Quadratic Expressions and Equations
Quadratic Expressions
Factorisation of Qudratic Expressions
Quaratic Equations
Roots of Qudratic Equations Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Sets
Subsets, Universal Sets and Complement of a Set Chapter 4
Operation on Sets

Chapter 4 Mathematical Reasoning

Quantifiers 'All' and 'Some'
Operations on Statements
Decution and Induction
Chapter 5
Chapter 5 The Straight Line
Gradient of a Straight Line
Gradient of a Straight Line on a Cartesian Coordinates
Equation of a Straight Line Chapter 6
Parallel Lines

Chapter 6 Statistics III

Class Intervals Chapter 7
Mode and Mean of Grouped Data
Frequency Polygons
Cumulative Frequencies
Measures of Dispersion
Chapter 8
Chapter 7 Probability I
Sample Space
Probability of an Event

Chapter 8 Circles III

Tangents of a Circle
Angles between Tangents and Chords
Common Tangents

Chapter 9 Trigonometry III Chapter 9

Values of Sine, Cosine and Tangent of an Angle
Graphs of Sine, Cosine and Tangent

Chapter 10 Angles of Elevation and Depression

Angles of Elevation and Depression
Solving Problems

Chapter 11 Lines and Planes in 3-Dimensions

Angle between a Line and a Plane Chapter 10
Angle between Two Planes
Number Bases
Numbers in Base Two, Eight and Ten

Graphs of Functions II
Graphs of Functions
Solution of Equations by the Graphical Method
Regions Representing Inequalities In Two Variables

Transformations III
Combination of Two Transfomations
Solving Problems involving Transformations

Equal Matrices
Addition and Subtraction of Matrices
Multiplication of a Matrix by a Number
Multiplication of Two Matrices
Identity Matrices
Inverse Matrices
Solving Simulataneous Linear Equations using Matrices

Direct Variation
Inverse Variation
Joint Variation

Gradient and Area Under a Graph

Quantity Represented by the Gradient of a Graph
Quantity Represented by the Area Under a Graph

Probability II
Probability of an Event
Probability of the Complement of an Event
Probability of a Combined Event
Solving Problems using Tree Diagrams

Earth as a Sphere
Location of a Place
Distance between Two Points Along a Great Circle
Distance between Two Points Along a Parallel of Latitude
Shortest Distance between Two Points
Solving Problems

Plans and Elevations

Orthogonal Porjections
Plans and Elevations
Bab 1 Kemunculan Tamadun Awal Manusia Bab 11
Pengertian Tamadun
Ciri-ciri Tamadun Awal Manusia
Proses Pembentukan Tamadun
Tamadun Mesopotamia Bab 12
Tamadun Mesir Purba
Tamadun Indus
Tamadun Hwang Ho

Bab 2 Peningkatan Tamadun Bab 13

Aspek-aspek Peningkatan Tamadun
Sumbangan Tamadun Yunani, Rom, India, dan China
Kemunculan Agama dan Ajaran Utama di Dunia

Bab 3 Tamadun Awal Asia Tenggara Bab 14

Bentuk-bentuk Kerajaan Awal
Pengaruh Agama Hindu dan Buddha

Bab 4 Kemunculan Tamadun Islam dan Perkembangannya di Makkah

Pengenalan Bab 15
Masyarakat Arab Jahiliah
Ciri-ciri Masyarakat Arab Jahiliah
Nabi Muhammad S.A.W. sebelum Dilantik Menjadi Rasul
Penyebaran Islam di Makkah
Reaksi Masyarakat Arab
Bab 16
Bab 5 Kerajaan Islam di Madinah
Perjanjian Aqabah Pertama dan Perjanjian Aqabah Kedua
Piagam Madinah
Penyebaran Islam
Perjanjian Hudaibiyah
Bab 17
Bab 6 Pembentukan Kerajaan Islam dan Sumbangannya
Kerajaan Khulafa al-Rasyidin
Kerajaan Bani Umaiyah dan Pembentukannya
Kerajaan Bani Abbasiyah
Kerajaan Turki Uthmaniyah Bab 18
Pertembungan Tamadun Islam dengan Tamadun Lain di Dunia
Bab 7 Islam di Asia Tenggara Bab 19
Kedatangan Islam ke Asia Tenggara
Penyebaran Islam di Asia Tenggara
Pengaruh Islam di Asia Tenggara

Bab 8 Pembaharuan dan Pengaruh Islam di Malaysia sebelum Kedatangan Barat

Pengaruh Islam dalam Politik
Pengaruh Islam terhadap Sosiobudaya
Pengaruh Islam dalam Ekonomi

Bab 9 Perkembangan di Eropah

Perubahan Masyarakat dan Budaya di Eropah
Penjelajahan dan Penerokaan
Revolusi Pertanian dan Revolusi Perindustrian di Eropah
Imperialisme Barat di Asia

Bab 10 Dasar British dan Kesannya terhadap Ekonomi Negara

Ekonomi Tradisional
Ekonomi Dagangan
Dasar British terhadap Pertanian
Kesan-kesan Dasar Ekonomi
Kemunculan dan Perkembangan Nasionalisme di Asia Tenggara
Perubahan Sistem Politik
Nasionalisme di Asia Tenggara

Nasionalisme di Malaysia sehingga Perang Dunia Kedua

Perjuangan Pemimpin Tempatan
Gerakan Nasionalisme sehingga Perang Dunia Kedua

Kesedaran Pembinaan Negara dan Bangsa

Latar Belakang Pembinaan Negara dan Bangsa
Kesultanan Melayu Melaka Menjadi Asas Pembentukan Negara dan Bangsa
Warisan Negeri-negeri Melayu

Pembinaan Negara dan Bangsa Malaysia

Malayan Union 1946
Persekutuan Tanah Melayu 1948
Pergerakan Politik di Sarawak dan Sabah

Pembinaan Negara dan Bangsa yang Merdeka

Sistem Ahli
Pakatan Murni
Perjanjian Persekutuan Tanah Melayu 1946

Pengukuhan Negara dan Bangsa Malaysia

Cadangan Pembentukan Malaysia
Faktor-faktor Penubuhan Malaysia
Reaksi terhadap Penubuhan Malaysia
Langkah-langkah Penubuhan Malaysia
Perjanjian Malaysia 1963

Sistem Pemerintahan dan Pentadbiran Negara Malaysia

Ciri-ciri Demokrasi Berparlimen
Negara Persekutuan
Lambang-lambang Negara

Pembangunan dan Perpaduan untuk Kesejahteraan

Pembangunan Ekonomi
Pembangunan dan Perpaduan Bangsa
Malaysia ke Arah Negara Maju Wawasan 2020

Malaysia dalam Kerjasama Antarabangsa

Konflik Antarabangsa
Peranan dan Sumbangan Malaysia dalam Pertubuhan Antarabangsa